Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Palau

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Datasheet

Palau

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera frauenfeldi (mango fruit fly)PresentLeblanc (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosaPresentLeblanc (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentBEARDSLEY jr. (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBohart (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); BEARDSLEY jr. (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedMuniappan et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2012); Vaqalo (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)Absent, Formerly presentStanford and Rodda (2007); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCrombie and Pregill (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); ISSG (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); ISSG (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTillier et al. (1993); Cowie (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedMMDC (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiveyrel and Simberloff (1996); Cowie (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativePoutiers (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, LocalizedBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, Few occurrencesNativeHillman Kitalong et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evectaPresentNativePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeDoty (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeTsuda (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMiles (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentWagner et al. (2012); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003); PIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRagone (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007); Space et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979); Swarbrick (1997); Space et al. (2003); USDA-ARS (2011); Wagner et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens albaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentUSDA Forest Service (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2003); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979); Raulerson et al. (1996); Space et al. (2003); Space et al. (2009); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosusPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentWhistler (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEsguerra (2002); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentNativeSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Absent, Formerly presentFosberg et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatumPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWester and Wood (1977); PIER (2007); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedChan and Elevitch (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentNew York Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeWagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeWagner et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDypsis lutescens (yellow butterfly palm)PresentIntroducedLorence and Wagner (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentWhistler (1995); Space et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentLittle and Skolmen (1989); PIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979); Space et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedUSDA Forest Service (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentSpace et al. (2003); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)Absent, EradicatedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982); PIER (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentNativePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveChadhokar (1978); Fosberg et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1979); Dehgan (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979); Space et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMeyer (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentDefilipps et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979); Space et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse and Norris (1987); Englberger (2009); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm and Michaels (2003); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentNativePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentNativeWagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentLorence and Flynn (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Space et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979); Space et al. (2003); Wagner et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHartemink (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedRaulerson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativePIER (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedLorence and Flynn (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)Absent, EradicatedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); HEAR (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979); Space et al. (2003); Space et al. (2009); PIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedSpace and Imada (2004); GBIF (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentFriday and Okano (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentFosberg et al. (1979); PIER (2004); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu and Cheek (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, WidespreadNativeNYBG (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedSpace et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)Present, LocalizedPIER (2016)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 5 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm
Arable land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Country area Area 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm
Forest area Area 40.3 Fm 40.3 Q 40.3 Fm 40.3 Fm 40.3 Fm
Land area Area 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm
Other land Area 0.7 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.7 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 5 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm 5 Fm
Arable land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Country area Area 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Q 46 Q
Forest area Area 40.3 Fm 40.3 Q 40.2 Fm 40 Fm 39.9 Fm
Land area Area 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Q 46 Q
Other land Area 0.7 Fm 0.7 Fm 0.8 Fm 1 Fm 1.1 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files