Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Portugal

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Datasheet

Portugal

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 10,269,417 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 23,200 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 238,204.19 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 238,785.09 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 2.06 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Sousa et al. (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresentParente et al. (1994)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentCABI (Undated); Ferreira-Pinto and Oliveira (1993); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentBradbury (1986)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Balestra et al. (2010); Balestra et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Renzi et al. (2012); Ferrante and Scortichini (2015); Garcia et al. (2018); He Rong et al. (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentCruz et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Bradbury (1986)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentSilva (1946)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedBernardo and Ilheu (1997); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentInvasiveKanoun-Boulé et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); Petri (1917)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1991); Moreira (2002); Moreira and Martins (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Andrivon et al. (1994)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Gomes and Amaro (2008); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); García-Carneros and Molinero-Ruiz (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedLogrieco et al. (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Present, LocalizedMansilla et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2015); Bragança et al. (2005); Gouveia and Coelho (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentLucas and Da Camara (1954)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Barradas et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Bragança et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Guarnaccia et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHarpophora maydis (late wilt of maize)PresentMolinero-Ruiz et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentEsteves (1984)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1989)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentVillarino et al. (2016); Fulton and Brown (1997); Pizzuolo et al. (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentPaiva-Cardoso et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedNeves et al. (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022); Caetano (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentOliveira (1944); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeCABI 2009 (2009); Cardoso et al. (1992)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeGonçalves Da Cunha (1936); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaInonotus rickiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentGonzalez Fragoso (1918); Tavares et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadSantiago (1955); Santiago (1961); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1991)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, WidespreadGarner et al. (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedTen Hove (1978); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudopolydora paucibranchiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcalyptris plataniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcleris varieganaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrocinus longimanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentGomez-Bustillo (1979); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaActinopteryx fucicolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIlharco (1996); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, Intercepted onlyMurilhas (2005); FERA (Food and Environment Research Agency) (2010); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); Leandro et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleochara clavicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2022); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisopilothrips venustulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoscopus albifronsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnotylus nitidulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnotylus speculifronsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus museorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella tinerfensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphaenogaster senilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1968); Nauen and Elbert (2003); Borges et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis salicariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Leandro et al. (2003); Borges et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphodius gracilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentBella (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyrotaenia ljungianaPresentCorley et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium assimilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta acuticollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta amiculaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta atramentariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta castanopteraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta dilutipennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta divisaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta luridipennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta oblitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta sordidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta triangulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta trinotataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthous haemorrhoidalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria apicalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria mundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFischer-Piette and Prenant (1957); Fischer-Piette and Forest (1961); Barnes and Barnes (1965); O'Riordan and Ramsay (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Nardi et al. (2005); Nardi et al. (2006); Almeida et al. (2008); Horta Lopes et al. (2010); Kakani et al. (2014); Asch et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus eburneusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus trigonusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBellardia trixago (bellardia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Queirós et al. (2000); Ramos et al. (2002); Louro et al. (2004); Louro et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentAhmed et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius sordidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlaps gigasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlastobasis maroccanellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypeplus mauliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachytemnus porcatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius foveolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius lividimanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus rufipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuchananiella continuaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1997); Fuentes Garcia (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCafius xantholomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jensen (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalymmaderus oblongusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesCorley et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella scauraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Present, WidespreadNativeRoman and Palumbi (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla emeryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla mauritanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla nudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus fumatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus pilosellusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus quadrisignatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus succisusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus zeaphilusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCathormiocerus curvipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFimiani (1989); Epsky et al. (1999); Achterberg et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon depressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon haemorhoidalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon inquinatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon obsoletusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon quisquiliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); Marques et al. (1999); Pires and Corley (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysoesthia sexguttellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1969); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIlharco (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara laporteiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara nudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCirrospilus ingenuusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClavigesta sylvestranaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClytus arietisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeLecompte et al. (2016); Gonçalves et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus posticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus rufangulusPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCordalia obscuraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCordicomus instabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bella (2013); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCosmopterix pulchrimellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrenidorsum aroidephagusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptamorpha desjardinsiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptocephalus sulphureusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus cellarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus dentatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus saginatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus schmidtiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNunes et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAzevedo and Figo (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCypha pulicariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes dermestinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes murinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadKosztarab and Kozár (1988); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDienerella ruficollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus bifoveolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiplopseustis perieresalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNativeKarsholt and Razowski (1996); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI and EPPO (2008); Ueda (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus pumilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentIntroducedIlharco (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnochrus bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpermenia aequidentellusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphistemus globulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentCABI (Undated); Hummer et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea aestivaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea longulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedCigoña and Ferreira (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1975); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEsperia sulphurellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuplectus infirmusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuplexia luciparaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerraria crispa (Black flag)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFiorinia pinicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativePavón-Gozalo et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGabrius nigritulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGabronthus thermarumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGastrodes grossipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium psylloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGisilia stereodoxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valente and Hodkinson (2009); Bella (2013); Dhahri et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentJacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyrophaena bihamataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalacritus punctumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalobrecta flavipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedBrown et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); Nibouche et al. (1998); Leandro et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelochares lividusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeterota plumbeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoplandrothrips consobrinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoplothrips ulmiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); Sousa et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Borges et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaKarnyothrips melaleucusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptacinus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Branco et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Corley et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLicinus punctatulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeFauna Europaea (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentNativeBorges et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLindingaspis rossi (black araucaria scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Silva Dias (1955); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentTormos and Garrido (1991); Martinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGodinho and Mexia (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBALACHOWSKY (1963); CABI and EPPO (2000); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis ochraceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadTavares et al. (1988); Altieri and Nicholls (2002); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLongitarsus kutscheraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLongitarsus lateripunctatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLyctus parallelocollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Serrão (2002); Leandro et al. (2003); Keena et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1984); Leandro et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale)Present, WidespreadBurban et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMecinus pascuorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia gregariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelanotus dichrousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes incanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonelliopsis caryaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium salomonisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma picipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma quadrifoveolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma spinicollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentIntroducedBatista et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrmecopora sulcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrmecopora uvidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentLauckner (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentBella (2013); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus hemerocallisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeobisnius lathrobioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeobisnius procerulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeocrepidodera ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeotoxoptera oliveriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesothrips propinquusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Leandro et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNiditinea fuscellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, Few occurrencesBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNosopsyllus londinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOinophila v-flavaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligonychus bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota pusillimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus formicariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOnthophagus illyricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)Present, LocalizedBranco et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona omoscopaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDavis and Peña (1990); CABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Sousa et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Champ and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)Present, WidespreadMutuura and Munroe (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus sculptusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bernardo et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCuesta et al. (2004); González-Ortegón et al. (2005); Chícharo et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPanulirus guttatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)PresentIntroducedMorgun and Wiemers (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacerceis sculptaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes bondariPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes citricolusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanchus albipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentNogueira and Ferreira (1968); Lastuvka and Lastuvka (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentNeves (1936); UK, CAB International (1979); Carvalho et al. (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhalacrus coruscusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhalacrus politusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Beltrà et al. (2010); Franco et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenolia tibialisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus concinnusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus fenestratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus politusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus quisquiliariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus umbratilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilopedon plagiatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeopora teresPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Perez Moreno (2001); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWay et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhycita diaphanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter messaniellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, Few occurrencesNativeCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Sousa et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedOliveira (1887); Escalera (1919); Baeta Neves (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fernandes (1990); Pedroso et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlesiothrips perplexusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPraeacedes atomosellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)Present, WidespreadCarmona and Dias (1966); Carvalho and Franquinho Aguiar (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrenolepis jaegerskioeldiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudacysta perseaePresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kozar and Franco (1995); Borges et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtenidium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtycholoma peritanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyroderces argyrogrammosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichodella novaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRemus pruinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaReticulaphis distyliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, LocalizedNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalomesites tardyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1952); De Lotto (1965); Ben-Dov (1993); Pereira et al. (2007); Horta Lopes et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentZuzarte (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaprinus acuminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaprinus caerulescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaprinus planiusculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaprinus semistriatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaprinus subnitescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentEvaristo (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSilvanus lateritiusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSilvanus unidentatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978); Sousa et al. (2002); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitona cinnamomeusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitona puberulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitona puncticollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); Neto et al. (2020);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda nobilis (false widow spider)PresentSnazell and Jones (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictoleptura rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStigmella atricapitellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStigmella aurellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStigmella centifoliellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrophosoma melanogrammumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrumigenys membraniferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrumigenys silvestriiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSunius propinquusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachyporus nitidulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTaeniotes cayennensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTaeniotes scalatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis arundicolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTebenna micalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTenebroides fuscusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetramorium caldariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGarcia et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Zhang QingHe and Paiva (1998); Schmidt et al. (1999); Way et al. (1999); Arnaldo and Torres (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea murariellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTingis carduiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); Sousa et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1998); Ilharco (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Byrne et al. (1990); Queirós et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrichocorixa verticalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuberculatus kuricolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTychius cupriferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGrosso-Silva and Maia (2012); Rome et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeDiniz (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella arbutiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXantholinus longiventrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelleria oleastrellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula dentataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMarchini et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres cristatellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlloeocarpa loculosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmazona amazonica (orange winged parrot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChamaeleo chameleonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClavelina oblongaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEl-Nagar et al. (2010); WoRMS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGallotia gallotiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCatálogo Español Especies Exóticas Invasoras (2013); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveClavero and García-Berthou (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresentIntroducedTuron et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBonesi and Palazon (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWeller (2001); Vingada et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCranswick and Hall (2010); Hall (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeCollares-Pereira et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPloceus cucullatus (village weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis dugesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGonzalez Veja et al. (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Strubbe and Matthysen (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Azevedo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedAlmaça (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Azevedo et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedFujisaki et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedClergeau and Yésou (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion rufusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentNativeMatos and Corte-Real (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Nagel (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMouthon (1981); Nagel (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Taylor (1914); Godan (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)Present, WidespreadCastillejo (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentStrayer (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeMorelet (1845); Rodriquez and Hermida (1993); Bank (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)Present, WidespreadNativeBarroso et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Almeida et al. (1999); Bernardino (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentCunha et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus cellariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSousa et al. (2005); Simoes (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Goulletquer (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTenellia adspersa (miniature aeolis)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentJones et al. (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); Cowie (1990); Bank (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMaíllo et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Mota et al. (1999); Braasch (2001); Sousa et al. (2002); Ribeiro et al. (2012); Inácio et al. (2015); Inácio et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2009); Carmo et al. (1974); Pereira and Santos (1974); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDracunculus vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSantos et al. (1995); Cunha et al. (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); Cunha et al. (2012); Esteves et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSantos et al. (1995); Cunha et al. (2000); Cunha et al. (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); Inácio et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ficiPresentAbrantes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentMacara (1963); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Santos et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentSantos et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); Abrantes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); Abrantes et al. (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedSantos et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadMacara (1963); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, WidespreadBrown and Taylor (1987); Bravo and Lemos (1997); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentBravo (1983); Bravo and Lemos (1997); CABI and EPPO (2000); Abrantes et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa webbianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGuiry and Guiry (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEngelen and Santos (2009); Monteiro et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedVeiga et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveReed (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedBonafede et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDoodia caudataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum ramosissimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedEuro+Med (2019); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveGarcia (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria coerulescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaDasya baillouvianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBárbara and Cremades (2004); Araújo et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeArdré (1970); Araújo et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLaurencia brongniartiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresent, WidespreadNativeArdré (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia fucoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDomingues Almeida and Freitas (2012); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon pictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon sonneratianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEFSA Panel on Plant Health (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMarchante and Marchante (2005); ILDIS (2007); ISSG (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha amentaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ageratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes siculaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAetheorhiza bulbosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgathis browniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis nebulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAichryson dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAizoon hispanicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlisma lanceolatum (Alisma)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium subvillosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeCoutinho et al. (2015); Kanoun-Boulé et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe ciliarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe plicatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Govaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Clarke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria pulchellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993); Carretero (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedde Almeida and Freitas (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonnaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Allard (1943); Love (1976); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeReis et al. (2005); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelodesmos mauritanicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmphilophium buccinatoriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus radiatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndryala integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentHand (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium nodiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis stoechadifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis venustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyranthemum pinnatifidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArisarum vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia tournefortianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson and Smythies (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus cymbicarposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus stellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, LocalizedCosta (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena matritensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Costa (1988); Caiado et al. (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGiraldo-Cañas (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia foliosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBegonia minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBencomia caudataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens biternataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBiorede (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella auriculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlackstonia perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa japonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassaia actinophylla (octopus tree)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica barrelieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeAcedo and Llamas (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum fruticosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum lancifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCakile edentulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallitriche brutiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallitriche deflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia soldanellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula erinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lusitanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentCABI (Undated); Talhinhas et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeQueirós (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex bohemicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex curtaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex debilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex lividaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex muricataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex paniceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex viridulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea dilutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentNativeDostal (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea sonchifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea sphaerocephalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium erythraea (European centaury)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium maritimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium pulchellumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium tenuiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus calcitrapaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum elegans (purple cestrum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum parqui (Chilean jessamine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Carapeto (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaemelum mixtumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthe aethiopicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium opulifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum carinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium scabrumPresentCarapeto (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClivia nobilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClytostoma callistegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, WidespreadStace (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus farinosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza ivifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorrigiola litoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMarchante and Marchante (2005); DAISIE (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula aquaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); OEPP/EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula multicavaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula peduncularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula tillaeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula vaillantiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis foetidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrinum bulbispermumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrinum moonieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus serotinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis aculeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCullen americanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea viscosissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Govaerts (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclospermum leptophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbidium insignePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum creticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus flavescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus ovularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, LocalizedNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus striatus (striated broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium australePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia spicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCarvalho and Vasconcellos (1958); Moore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus durieuaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus subacaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus tripunctatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiascia barberaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichorisandra thyrsifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDietes iridioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria debilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeMonteiro and Rocha (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDimorphotheca barberaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis catholicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDisphyma crassifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoryanthes palmeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosanthemum floribundumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosera capensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentVasconcelos (1989); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeGibbs (1972); Couthinho (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGBIF (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentCarapeto (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis flavescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis obtusaAbsent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachyaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleutheranthera ruderalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedDandy (1980); EPPO (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus athericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentFontes and Fernandes (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, LocalizedNativeTutin et al. (1964); Holm et al. (1979); Jalas and Suominen (1979); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium obscurumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium parviflorum (Small flowered hairy willow herb)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis barrelieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica ciliarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica lusitanica (Spanish heath)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMarchante and Marchante (2005); Meusel and Jäger (1992); República Portuguesa (1999); DAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriocephalus africanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEryngium pandanifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEscallonia bifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEscallonia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2015); Valente and Hodkinson (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedHenriques et al. (2015); Silva et al. (2015); Bragança et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia pseudograntiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum dibotrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas and Suominen (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFascicularia pitcairniifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016); Inácio et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Abrantes et al. (2008); FAO (2009); Minafra et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilaginella uliginosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago lutescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago pyramidataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrankenia laevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria bastardiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria sepiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasivede Almeida and Freitas (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGahnia aspera subsp. globosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalactites tomentosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium divaricatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium muralePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium palustrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium parisiensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium saxatilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta americanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta filagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta purpureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta subfalcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium phleoides (nit grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium ventricosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, Few occurrencesGibbs (1968); Gibbs and Dingwall (1971); Pignatti (1982); Greuter et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus blandusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus cardinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus natalensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus undulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlandularia canadensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium calvicepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium gaudichaudianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium undulatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnidia polystachyaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus fruticosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGraptopetalum paraguayensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnostyles stoloniferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAnon (2019); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedypnois creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedysarum coronariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); García-Carneros and Molinero-Ruiz (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus laetiflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)Present, LocalizedIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum foetidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum orbicularePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum petiolare (strawflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Silva et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteranthera rotundifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Popescu et al. (1983); Chirilă and Pintilie (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHowea belmoreanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle bonariensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Fried G et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum gymnanthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum hircinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum mutilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypoestes phyllostachyaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIllecebrum verticillatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea coccinea (red morningglory)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperatiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017); Fiallo-Olivé et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris albicansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris foetidissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris japonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris susianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris xiphiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Spataro and Negri (2008); Ball and Akeroyd (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxia paniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacobaea erraticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasione montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum polyanthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedBerhaut (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus articulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus compressus (flattened rush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Âlvarez (1981); Kirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus hybridusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus imbricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus pygmaeusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus striatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Almeida and Freitas (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia cirrhosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia spuriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKleinia aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKniphofia uvaria (redhot poker)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedScher (2007); Carapeto (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeInvasiveINRA (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLampranthus falciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLampranthus multiradiatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLapeirousia laxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus angulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus heterophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus tingitanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia pentagoniaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia scabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedGalán et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis leonurusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum lacustrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia tussilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum henryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Nesom (2009); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilaeopsis attenuataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimoniastrum monopetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum narbonensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia laxifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia pinifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia urensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013); Inácio et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera etrusca (Etruscan honeysuckle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus cytisoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus hispidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentIntroducedUK, Center for Ecology and Hydrology (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus hispanicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula congestaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula multifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycopus europaeus (European water horehound)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum borysthenicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum hyssopifolium (hyssop loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum junceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia flexuosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalope trifidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago blancheanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago italicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha cervinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha requieniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontanoa bipinnatifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuehlenbeckia complexaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuehlenbeckia sagittifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis discolor (changing forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis latifolia (broadleaf forget-me-not)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis ramosissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis secundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrica aethiopicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentMurphy et al. (1993); Costa et al. (1999); Ferreira and Moreira (1999); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeCatarino et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus bulbocodiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus calcicolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus cyclamineusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus papyraceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNesaea myrtifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); Freitas et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedCandolle (1885); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana wigandioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNolina recurvataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNothoscordum gracilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOchna atropurpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOchna serrulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera affinisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fallaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera indecoraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ammophilaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia dillenii (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia maximaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia tunaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche sanguineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOsteospermum ecklonisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis bowieiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank (2013); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis exilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentValentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentValentine (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis triangularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis variabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPancratium maritimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPandorea pandoranaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum bulbosumAbsent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pinnatifidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeUTAD (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria debilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora antioquiensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSims (1818)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora morifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora subpeltata (white passionflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPelargonium cordifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPelargonium inquinansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPelargonium radensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPelargonium vitifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedValdes and Scholz (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveINRA (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Costa (1981); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Trenado et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentCABI (Undated); Trenado et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhytolacca heterotepalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilea microphyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeSell and West (1976); Gottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); Braasch (2001); Sousa et al. (2002); Moreira and Martins (2005); Bragança et al. (2009); Ribeiro et al. (2012); Vieira and Mota (2013); Fonseca et al. (2014); Inácio et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bragança et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedGoodland and Healey (1996); Ferreira et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago loeflingiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago myosurosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago patagonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus fruticosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPleioblastus argenteo-striatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa angustifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)Present, WidespreadEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016); Inácio et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Monteiro et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Walters (1964); Vasconcelos (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla anglicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016); Polunin and Smythies (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsoralea pinnata (blue psoralea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtilostemon casabonaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulicaria paludosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus gramineusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus trilobusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReichardia picroidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReinwardtia indicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda mediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRetama monosperma (bridal broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhagadiolus stellatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron mucronatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, LocalizedNativeCross (1975); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRidolfia segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoldana petasitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRomulea columnaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentGovaerts (2014); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus flagellarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentScott et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia brevifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex cristatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex frutescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex violascensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuschia caroliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidosperma tenuiusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina apetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria subulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpichroa origanifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia microphyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSantolina rosmarinifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla peruvianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus maculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scorodoniaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScutellaria minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum forsterianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum praealtumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum reflexumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sediformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio elegansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio glastifolius (holly-leaved senecio)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976); Franco (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio serpensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio tamoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna corymbosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesuvium portulacastrumAbsent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedAlmeida and Freitas (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSibthorpia europaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSibthorpia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene psammitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium polyceratiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmilax canariensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSobralia macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolandra maximaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum capsicastrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum chenopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum heterodoxumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum hispidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cruz et al. (2008); Inácio et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum wendlandiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago rugosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva pterospermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSollya heterophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeCoutinho (1939); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSparaxis bulbiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSparaxis fragransPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina patens (saltmeadow cordgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia bocconeiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa tenacissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStrobilanthes maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTalinum paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk)Present, LocalizedNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamus communisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum ekmaniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum maderensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedBaraud and Branco (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum perssoniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetradenia ripariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetrapanax papyriferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThamnocalamus tessellatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThapsia villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTinantia erectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTinantia fugaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTolpis umbellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAguiar et al. (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium cernuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium isthmocarpumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squarrosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriglochin scilloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriglochin striataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa clusianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUmbilicus rupestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrospermum picroidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica membranaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica morifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentTutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeCABI (Undated); Menezes and Silva (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentNativeSequeira et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum pulverulentumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum virgatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Almeida and Freitas (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica catenataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dispermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia johannisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca difformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort)Present, LocalizedNativeTewksbury et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia geniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWatsonia borbonica (cape bugle lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWatsonia meriana (bulbil bugle lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWigandia urensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedSergio et al. (2003); Sergio (1997)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); López-Sanmartín et al. (2015); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, LocalizedFranco et al. (1995)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, WidespreadFranca and Almeida (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaKarenia mikimotoiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria cerviPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentHenriques (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); Louro et al. (2000); Louro et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); Adam et al. (1987); EPPO (2022)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentPedroso et al. (1991); Notte et al. (1997); Mansinho et al. (1999)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentEPPO (2022)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusPresentNativeOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); EPPO (2021)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Bragard et al. (2020)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Louro et al. (1996); Queirós et al. (2000)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); EPPO (2009); OIE (2019)
Actinobaculum suis infectionsPresentVieira et al. (1993)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishPresentOIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2019); Mellor and Boorman (1995); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
anguillicolosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMaíllo et al. (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); Cavanagh et al. (1992); Cavanagh et al. (1992); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian trichomoniasisPresentPonce Gordo et al. (2002)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine papillomatosisPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentStilwell et al. (2007)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)Ribeiro et al. (1988); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, WidespreadGarner et al. (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedBernardo and Ilheu (1997); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadNativeAlves et al. (2000); Alves et al. (2001); Alves et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentSousa et al. (1996); Sousa et al. (2001)
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentPerestrelo-Vieira et al. (1997)
epitheliocystisPresentCruz e Silva et al. (2000)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadBerto et al. (2012)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); López-Sanmartín et al. (2015); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Costa et al. (2012); OIE (2019)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentPaiva-Cardoso et al. (2014)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresentOIE (2019); Bourdeau et al. (2014); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresent, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentSantos et al. (2003)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresent, WidespreadMachado et al. (1987)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentRosario Goncalves (1984)
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentIntroducedBatista et al. (2009)
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentLauckner (1983)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
neosporosisPresentCABI (Undated)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentVieira and Perestrelo Vieira (1981)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
pseudotuberculosis in fishPresentBaptista et al. (1996)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisPresentMadeira (1949); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedVieira et al. (1984)
scrapiePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, Intercepted onlyFERA (Food and Environment Research Agency) (2010); Murilhas (2005); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseasePresentNativeOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentLeitao (1943); OIE (1998); Caeiro (1999)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentAboim-Inglez and Orvalho Teixeira (1942)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentMachado et al. (1987)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral erythrocytic necrosisPresentEiras (1984); Eiras et al. (1996)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested39,64039,64034,00231,46430,150
Production quantity33,55021,64023,1408,71310,090
Yield8,464 Fc5,459 Fc6,805 Fc2,769 Fc3,347 Fc
ApplesArea harvested14,58014,58014,78614,39914,006
Production quantity355,700263,960329,371241,611324,994
Yield243,964 Fc181,043 Fc222,759 Fc167,797 Fc232,039 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested560560561430422
Production quantity3,5103,5104,5752,3302,893
Yield62,679 Fc62,679 Fc81,551 Fc54,186 Fc68,555 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested
Production quantity
AsparagusArea harvested3030
Production quantity280280
Yield93,333 Fc93,333 Fc
BananasArea harvested1,0401,0501,0381,0411,034
Production quantity27,84022,65027,84426,22424,258
Yield267,692 Fc215,714 Fc268,247 Fc251,912 Fc234,603 Fc
BarleyArea harvested19,50020,53023,20020,62221,170
Production quantity53,30062,34055,26146,61544,402
Yield27,333 Fc30,365 Fc23,819 Fc22,605 Fc20,974 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested740740694513571
Production quantity10,34010,34011,0679,3599,695
Yield139,730 Fc139,730 Fc159,467 Fc182,437 Fc169,790 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested130130
Production quantity1,3201,3201,4281,045838
Yield101,538 Fc101,538 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested1,9301,930MMM
Production quantity11,06011,0609,8406,5724,436
Yield57,306 Fc57,306 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested5,0304,190421297392
Production quantity3,6603,0602,8923,0373,049
Yield7,276 Fc7,303 Fc68,694 Fc102,256 Fc77,781 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested5,4205,4204,9216,5455,991
Production quantity145,300145,300133,889186,557151,099
Yield268,081 Fc268,081 Fc272,077 Fc285,037 Fc252,210 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,7201,7202,9683,0313,105
Production quantity91,57091,570112,022127,697116,961
Yield532,384 Fc532,384 Fc377,433 Fc421,303 Fc376,686 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested4,0504,0503,5663,2702,716
Production quantity55,42055,42051,49446,52147,681
Yield136,840 Fc136,840 Fc144,403 Fc142,266 Fc175,556 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested2,0002,000
Production quantity2,8803,100
Yield14,400 Fc15,500 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested226,300 A231,740 A236,552 A257,348 A269,207 A
Production quantity1,106,280 A1,114,440 A1,125,906 A1,138,085 A1,240,203 A
Yield48,886 Fc48,090 Fc47,597 Fc44,224 Fc46,069 Fc
CherriesArea harvested6,0606,0606,2156,3506,286
Production quantity19,13017,42019,56317,36217,714
Yield31,568 Fc28,746 Fc31,477 Fc27,342 Fc28,180 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested909080 Im80 Im79
Production quantity150150189 Im188 Im191
Yield16,667 Fc16,667 Fc23,625 Fc23,500 Fc24,177 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested38,87038,87036,75935,71835,595
Production quantity35,83034,13029,87526,78027,628
Yield9,218 Fc8,781 Fc8,127 Fc7,498 Fc7,762 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested93093058 Im66 Im68
Production quantity38,14038,140822 Im862 Im884
Yield410,108 Fc410,108 Fc141,724 Fc130,606 Fc130,000 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested21,070 A21,070 A20,507 A20,357 A20,209 A
Production quantity398,830 A398,830 A374,414 A354,305 A301,519 A
Yield189,288 Fc189,288 Fc182,579 Fc174,046 Fc149,200 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested130130175 Im185 Im222
Production quantity9,2309,2309,557 Im9,635 Im10,565
Yield710,000 Fc710,000 Fc546,114 Fc520,811 Fc475,901 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested120120
Production quantity260260
Yield21,667 Fc21,667 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested110110112 Im122 Im61
Production quantity6,8506,8505,267 Im5,089 Im2,968
Yield622,727 Fc622,727 Fc470,268 Fc417,131 Fc486,557 Fc
FigsArea harvested4,1304,1304,1304,1034,329
Production quantity3,3803,7403,4023,1613,039
Yield8,184 Fc9,056 Fc8,237 Fc7,704 Fc7,020 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested255,710 A255,720 A264,757 A259,887 A264,323 A
Production quantity2,044,580 A1,894,910 A2,099,216 A1,801,080 A2,016,018 A
Yield79,957 Fc74,101 Fc79,288 Fc69,302 Fc76,271 Fc
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested1,3701,370
Production quantity9,6309,630
Yield70,292 Fc70,292 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested210210178 Im183 Im216
Production quantity910910797 Im814 Im967
Yield43,333 Fc43,333 Fc44,775 Fc44,481 Fc44,769 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested1,6701,670
GarlicArea harvested170170239152100 F
Production quantity2,0402,0402,6602,6221,695
Yield120,000 Fc120,000 Fc111,297 Fc172,500 Fc169,500 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested
Production quantity
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested2020222120
Production quantity240240237240 F220 F
Yield120,000 Fc120,000 Fc107,727 Fc114,286 Fc110,000 Fc
GrapesArea harvested178,780178,780178,884174,976178,957
Production quantity863,220802,080868,635773,904934,633
Yield48,284 Fc44,864 Fc48,559 Fc44,229 Fc52,227 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested350350357386393
Production quantity250240307321360
Yield7,143 Fc6,857 Fc8,599 Fc8,316 Fc9,160 Fc
HopsArea harvested10109 Im10 Im11
Production quantity202016 Im19 Im23
Yield20,000 Fc20,000 Fc17,778 Fc19,000 Fc20,909 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested2,7402,7402,6502,3802,305
Production quantity32,36034,06035,41121,07528,331
Yield118,102 Fc124,307 Fc133,626 Fc88,550 Fc122,911 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested890890
Production quantity24,01024,010
Yield269,775 Fc269,775 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested1,0701,070997983967
Production quantity16,45016,45015,38215,44015,452
Yield153,738 Fc153,738 Fc154,283 Fc157,070 Fc159,793 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested1,9901,9902,2842,1812,149
Production quantity46,23046,23056,34551,98856,910
Yield232,312 Fc232,312 Fc246,694 Fc238,368 Fc264,821 Fc
LinseedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
MaizeArea harvested83,36083,36086,52088,61497,911
Production quantity748,780713,860745,123710,634827,544
Yield89,825 Fc85,636 Fc86,121 Fc80,194 Fc84,520 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested1,9401,9401,6511,6412,105
Production quantity67,25067,25039,58845,07461,036
Yield346,649 Fc346,649 Fc239,782 Fc274,674 Fc289,957 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested4040
Production quantity6,7006,70011,085 Im11,840 Im10,754
Yield1,675,000 Fc1,675,000 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested65,17065,170
Production quantity
OatsArea harvested36,00037,33035,43542,41140,415
Production quantity47,32057,72045,85665,77448,971
Yield13,144 Fc15,462 Fc12,941 Fc15,509 Fc12,117 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested368,150 A370,670 A371,736 A374,397 A371,269 A
Production quantity1,010,650 A754,570 A920,764 A525,899 A771,403 A
Yield27,452 Fc20,357 Fc24,769 Fc14,047 Fc20,777 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested8,200 A9,490 A13,460 A18,214 A19,929 A
Production quantity6,397 A7,529 A24,024 A26,527 A25,889 A
Yield7,801 Fc7,934 Fc17,848 Fc14,564 Fc12,991 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested368,150 A370,670 A371,736 A374,397 A371,269 A
Production quantity224,929 A169,049 A208,422 A122,576 A176,311 A
Yield6,110 Fc4,561 Fc5,607 Fc3,274 Fc4,749 Fc
OlivesArea harvested359,950361,180358,276356,183351,340
Production quantity997,040738,550876,215476,003722,893
Yield27,699 Fc20,448 Fc24,456 Fc13,364 Fc20,575 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested1,5301,5305,209 Im5,198 Im5,253 Im
Production quantity54,09054,090129,788 Im128,972 Im129,264 Im
Yield353,529 Fc353,529 Fc249,161 Fc248,119 Fc246,077 Fc
OrangesArea harvested17,47017,47016,97716,84416,722
Production quantity340,820340,820319,743299,583246,639
Yield195,089 Fc195,089 Fc188,339 Fc177,857 Fc147,494 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested3,7403,7403,9023,8723,750
Production quantity42,62042,62041,64632,34746,899
Yield113,957 Fc113,957 Fc106,730 Fc83,541 Fc125,064 Fc
PearsArea harvested12,50012,50012,56412,11012,115
Production quantity153,300161,350202,277137,805141,186
Yield122,640 Fc129,080 Fc160,997 Fc113,794 Fc116,538 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested1,6701,6701,5567161,140
Production quantity13,07013,07011,81010,42018,796
Yield78,263 Fc78,263 Fc75,900 Fc145,531 Fc164,877 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested1,8001,8001,7821,7991,788
Production quantity17,48017,48029,78426,06724,536
Yield97,111 Fc97,111 Fc167,138 Fc144,897 Fc137,226 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested21,65020,80023,73523,29624,622
Production quantity490,720431,690515,030451,041486,790
Yield226,661 Fc207,543 Fc216,992 Fc193,613 Fc197,705 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested16,20016,280ImImIm
Production quantity12,49012,550ImImIm
Yield7,710 Fc7,709 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested21,230 A20,470 A5,811 A5,500 A5,227 A
Production quantity16,150 A15,610 A6,801 A6,645 A6,259 A
Yield7,607 Fc7,626 Fc11,704 Fc12,082 Fc11,974 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested3,3203,3201,231 Im1,514 Im1,292 Im
Production quantity93,00093,00022,667 Im28,000 F24,000 F
Yield280,120 Fc280,120 Fc184,135 Fc184,941 Fc185,759 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested28,50029,35028,94429,14929,142
Production quantity152,750160,790179,777169,289184,918
Yield53,596 Fc54,784 Fc62,112 Fc58,077 Fc63,454 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity101,884 Fc107,247 Fc119,911 Fc112,916 Fc123,340 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested21,650 A20,800 A24,825 A24,520 A25,935 A
Production quantity490,720 A431,690 A540,564 A476,287 A514,094 A
Yield226,661 Fc207,543 Fc217,750 Fc194,244 Fc198,224 Fc
RyeArea harvested15,76015,76016,24917,26818,099
Production quantity17,29017,29014,43915,58815,494
Yield10,971 Fc10,971 Fc8,886 Fc9,027 Fc8,561 Fc
SorghumArea harvested
Production quantity
SpinachArea harvested440440536611595
Production quantity6,9506,9506,4985,7099,925
Yield157,955 Fc157,955 Fc121,231 Fc93,437 Fc166,807 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested320320314394321
Production quantity10,63010,6309,34710,7539,659
Yield332,188 Fc332,188 Fc297,675 Fc272,919 Fc300,903 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested282 F265 Im100
Production quantity10,099 Im9,657 Im5,761
Yield358,121 Fc364,415 Fc576,100 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAA344 A327 A162 A
Production quantityAA15,599 A15,112 A11,165 A
Yield453,459 Fc462,141 Fc689,198 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested8,2009,49013,46018,21419,929
Production quantity13,61016,02020,81426,23924,744
Yield16,598 Fc16,881 Fc15,464 Fc14,406 Fc12,416 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested2,5102,5102,5112,5092,500
Production quantity41,32041,32039,05239,04239,208
Yield164,622 Fc164,622 Fc155,524 Fc155,608 Fc156,832 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested404098 Im93 Im122
Production quantity9090245 Im231 Im276
Yield22,500 Fc22,500 Fc25,000 Fc24,839 Fc22,623 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested16,13015,83020,87320,85420,807
Production quantity1,544,3801,329,7601,747,6341,693,8601,929,102
Yield957,458 Fc840,025 Fc837,270 Fc812,247 Fc927,141 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested147,880 A147,880 A74,655 A70,883 A69,425 A
Production quantity74,380 A60,760 A57,907 A40,129 A42,140 A
Yield5,030 Fc4,109 Fc7,757 Fc5,661 Fc6,070 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested14,74016,38017,18521,08522,734
Production quantity22,36029,23025,84040,16838,481
Yield15,170 Fc17,845 Fc15,036 Fc19,051 Fc16,927 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested40,470 A40,170 A54,117 A53,754 A52,946 A
Production quantity2,161,420 A1,946,800 A2,569,033 A2,541,432 A2,721,422 A
Yield534,080 Fc484,640 Fc474,718 Fc472,789 Fc514,000 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested5005006,9645,8236,128
Production quantity7,2107,210177,597138,435129,006
Yield144,200 Fc144,200 Fc255,022 Fc237,738 Fc210,519 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested6606601,042 Im1,028 Im963
Production quantity6,6106,61014,584 Im13,937 Im12,743
Yield100,152 Fc100,152 Fc139,962 Fc135,574 Fc132,326 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested3,8503,8503,5373,3153,287
Production quantity4,7504,7504,5854,3154,062
Yield12,338 Fc12,338 Fc12,963 Fc13,017 Fc12,358 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested9309301,1101,1091,052
Production quantity26,00026,00030,95731,72729,099
Yield279,570 Fc279,570 Fc278,892 Fc286,087 Fc276,606 Fc
WheatArea harvested26,44027,03029,01938,19939,736
Production quantity61,60070,11059,61090,01780,393
Yield23,298 Fc25,938 Fc20,542 Fc23,565 Fc20,232 Fc
AvocadosArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Beans, dryArea harvested3,5473,2063,193
Production quantity2,3971,9371,811
Yield6,758 Fc6,042 Fc5,672 Fc
Canary seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
CarobsArea harvested13,240 Im13,363 Im13,909
Production quantity41,329 Im40,087 Im34,398
Yield31,215 Fc29,999 Fc24,731 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested1,8331,9871,630
Production quantity1,5061,6651,392
Yield8,216 Fc8,379 Fc8,540 Fc
Chicory rootsArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAAA
Production quantityAAA
Flax fibre and towArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMM
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested381 Im460 Im563
Production quantity4,499 Im4,742 Im5,593
Yield118,084 Fc103,087 Fc99,343 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Hemp tow wasteArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
HempseedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
LupinsArea harvested10 Im10 Im12 Im
Production quantity6 Im6 Im7 Im
Yield6,000 Fc6,000 Fc5,833 Fc
MilletArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Oilseeds nesProduction quantity23,735 Im23,657 Im23,766 Im
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested1,6891,9451,785
Production quantity64,24769,92959,374
Yield380,385 Fc359,532 Fc332,627 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested565958
Production quantity9489981,052
Yield169,286 Fc169,153 Fc181,379 Fc
QuincesArea harvested728 Im781 Im819
Production quantity5,492 Im5,917 Im6,088
Yield75,440 Fc75,762 Fc74,335 Fc
RaspberriesProduction quantity17,88016,97212,659
Safflower seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Spices nesProduction quantityImImIm
Sugar caneArea harvested62 Im62 Im62 Im
Production quantity5,500 Im5,455 Im5,404 Im
Yield887,097 Fc879,839 Fc871,613 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested954 Im1,088 Im1,178
Production quantity23,206 Im22,935 Im24,958
Yield243,249 Fc210,800 Fc211,868 Fc
TeaArea harvested18 Im19 Im21 Im
Production quantity78 Im84 Im89 Im
Yield43,333 Fc44,211 Fc42,381 Fc
VanillaArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
YamsArea harvested136 Im136 Im135 Im
Production quantity2,328 Im2,311 Im2,346 Im
Yield171,176 Fc169,926 Fc173,778 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea3,574 Fc3,588 Fc3,619 Fc3,639 Fc3,664 Fc
AgricultureArea3,591 Q3,603 Q3,636 Q3,695 Q3,700 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea195 W216 Q172 W156 W178 W
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area213 W254 Q245 W241 W212 W
Arable landArea919 Q944 Q982 Q1,070 Q1,098 Q
Country areaArea9,223 Q9,223 Q9,223 Q9,223 Q9,223 Q
CroplandArea1,698 Q1,712 Q1,743 Q1,822 Q1,847 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea78 W82 Q64 W44 W51 W
Cropland area under organic agric.Area89 W107 Q93 W74 W61 W
Forest landArea3,312 Q3,312 Q3,312 Q3,312 Q3,300 Fm
Inland watersArea62 Fm62 Fm62 Fm62 Fm62 Fm
Land areaArea9,161 Fm9,161 Fm9,161 Fm9,161 Fm9,161 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea548 Fm548 Fm548 Q549 Fm550 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1,876 Q1,876 Q1,876 Q1,817 Q1,817 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea779 Q768 Q761 Q752 Q749 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea57 Q57 Q57 Q56 Q29 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea611 Q635 Q674 Q735 Q763 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea252 Q252 Q252 Q279 Q306 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea1,056 Q1,056 Q1,056 Q1,056 Q1,051 Fm
Other landArea2,257 Fc2,246 Fc2,212 Fc2,154 Fc2,161 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea513 Q513 Q513 Q548 Q548 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea1,363 Q1,363 Q1,363 Q1,269 Q1,269 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea117 W134 Q108 W113 W127 W
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area124 W147 Q152 W168 W151 W
Planted ForestArea2,256 Q2,256 Q2,256 Q2,256 Q2,249 Fm
Primary ForestArea24 Fm24 Fm24 Q24 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea474 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea383 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea349 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea16 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.