Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Puerto Rico

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Datasheet

Puerto Rico

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Puerto Rico
  • General data
  • Region: Caribbean
  • Area (km2): 890,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: San Juan
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 3,943,229

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Introduced YesSegarra-Carmona et al., 2010; Zimmermann et al., 2010.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Restricted distribution
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present Romero et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present Romero et al., 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; Beaver et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced YesHepperly and Craig, 1986; UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present Rosa-Márquez et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CPPC; CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Irish et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferae Present Serrato-Diaz et al., 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Nollo, 1929; Stevenson, 1975; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present MacLachlan, 1938; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; Arthur, 1915; Arthur, 1917; ROURE, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Jensen et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Burrowes et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Widespread Howard et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present NHM, unda; Medina-Gaud et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Henry and McLaughlin, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Widespread Native NoSein, 1933; Stone, 1942; Norrbom, 2004a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) Widespread Native Seín Jr, 1933; Stone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced YesCox, 1994; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2000; ISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Encyclopedia of Life, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoMaier and Lemmon, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Transient: actionable, under eradication Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Widespread Introduced Williams et al., 2001; Garcia Vazquez, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteus Present Native Southward, 1975; Zardus and Hadfield, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Eradicated Wyss, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Forbes , 1930; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesWolcott, 1924.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Porter, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbetti Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Widespread CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Nakahara, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Denmark, 1967; UK CAB International, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid) Present Introduced Segarra-Carmona et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Restricted distribution NAPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present CPPC; IIE, 1988; FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Introduced NAPPO, 2007; Le Pelley(1968); CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced NoRosenberry , 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced YesLemon and Borland, 1997; Kairo et al., 2000; Anon., 2000a; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present Caldwell and Martorell, 1951; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Absent, invalid record Hicks, 2017; Cruz, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Kaiser and Vakili, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Present Homziak Homziak, 2006; Segarra-Carmona et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Pollard, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale) Present Segarra-Carmona and Cabrera-Asencio, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4).
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Absent, intercepted only Introduced USDA, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Le Pelley, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced ISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Introduced YesRodrigues et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Potter, 1935.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present Introduced Cabrera-Asencio and Ramirez, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present Setliff and Anderson, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly) Present Wolcott, 1936, July; Abercrombie, 1970.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native Buren, 1982; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Widespread Introduced YesDavis et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Smith, 1965.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Restricted distribution Pantoja et al., 1988; CABI and EPPO, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Restricted distribution Yokomi et al., 1994; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesFranqui, 1991; CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Widespread Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2014; USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis cristatellus (Puerto Rican crested anole) Widespread Native NoJoglar, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar) Widespread Introduced Lee et al., 1983; Erdsman, 1984; USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoReynolds et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoRaffaele et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced DIAS, 2007; Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Present Introduced Erdman, 1984; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Absent, formerly present Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErythrocebus patas Present Introduced YesEngeman et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish) Present Introduced USGS, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerichthys cyanoguttatus (Rio Grande cichlid) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Widespread Introduced YesAnon., 1895; US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Present Introduced USGS, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Neal et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Introduced YesLópez-Torres et al., 2012; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gulosus (warmouth) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Widespread Introduced Martin and Patus, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis microlophus (redear sunfish) Widespread Introduced Fuller et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque) Localised Introduced YesUS Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011; Rawlins and Kessler, 1986; González-Martínez, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Erdman, 1984; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Fuller, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Erdman, 1984; Welcomme, 1988; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; USGS, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Present Introduced USGS NAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2007; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Absent, formerly present Introduced Perez-Riviera, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced Morris and Akins, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Orinoco sailfin catfish) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys pardalis (Amazon sailfin catfish) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python) Present, few occurrences Introduced ISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Benetti et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced López-Flores et al., 2003; FAO, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Erdman, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Natureserve, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Barrett and Birmingham, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThorichthys meeki (firemouth cichlid) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2014; Nico et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami) Present Introduced Nico and Fuller, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced Erdman, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced DIAS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Present Native NoFIGIS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Widespread Introduced YesOliver-Gonzales et al., 1956; Jobin et al., 1977; Jobinn et al., 1984; Cowie and Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Introduced YesAbbott, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug) Present Introduced Aguayo, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail) Present Introduced YesStange, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode) Present Perry and Rhoades, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present, few occurrences Introduced Smith and Chavarria-Carvajal, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Widespread Rammah and Hirschmann, 1988; Rammah, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Widespread Roman et al., 1974; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Steiner and Buhrer, 1934; Ayala and Acosta, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Ayala, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Bunkley-Williams and Williams, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Introduced Garrison Hanks, 1998; Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Widespread Introduced YesNauman, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPhymatosorus scolopendria (monarch fern) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present Native Madeira et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Jong et al., 1999; Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced NoAxelrod, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; PROTA, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Restricted distribution Introduced ILDIS, 2002; USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced YesFrancis and Liogier, 1991; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgdestis clematidea (rockroot) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Johnson, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced YesFrancis and Liogier, 1991; Federal Highway Administration, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Widespread Introduced YesFrancis and Liogier, 1991; Chinea-Rivera, 1995; Federal Highway Administration, 2001; ILDIS, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced Krisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Localised Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Gangstad, 1977; EPPO, 2014; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Native Liogier and Martorell, 1982; Liogier, 1990; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Britton and Wilson, 1924.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia confertiflora Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine) Unconfirmed record Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; EPPO, 2014; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Randall, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced YesFrancis, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Widespread Native Barnés, 1946; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced Parsons and Cuthbertson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; NMNH, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Liogier, 1985; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Introduced Morton, 1987; Orwa et al., 2009; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced Federal Highway Administration, 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Plank, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced YesBlundell et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Introduced Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodriguez, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Widespread Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Introduced Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; Liogier and Martorell, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Localised Introduced YesBritton and Wilson, 1926; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Cook and Collins, 1903.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Crespo et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant) Present Native YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005; Más and Lugo, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Aguilar-Meléndez et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Introduced Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced YesFrancis and Liogier, 1991; Parrotta, 1993; Federal Highway Administration, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Lowden, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaedorea elegans (parlour palm) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Martorell et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviforme Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Introduced NoHarper and Winters, 1946.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced YesLiogier, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Widespread Native NoFrancis, 1993; Riffle, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodriguez, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Liogier and Martorell, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez, 2005; Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Liogier, 1980; Liogier and Martorell, 1982; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Yuncker, 1932.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Introduced YesMas and Garcia-Molinari, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Present Introduced Más and Molinari, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Introduced YesKennedy et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Liu and Lozano, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Velez, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium intortum (Green-leaf desmodium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane) Present Native NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced Vega et al., 2010; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass) Present Introduced UPRRP, 2016; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present BONAP, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; New York Botanical Garden, 2017; Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Widespread Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (Pigeonberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present YesHolm et al., 1979; Almodovar-Vega et al., 1988a; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Más and Molinari, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005; USGS, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2009; USDA-NRCS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Velez & van Overbeek, 1950.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present Almodovar-Vega et al., 1988b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Introduced NoLiogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013; Liogier and Martorell, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Widespread Introduced YesFrancis, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Restricted distribution Introduced Francis and Liogier, 1991; ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced Liogier, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005; Medina and Woodbury, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced YesLiogier and Martorell, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Introduced Liogier, 2000; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Introduced Snyder et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Adams et al., 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Introduced US National Herbarium.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015; Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Native NoLiogier, 1990; Csurhes, 1999; Padua et al., 1999; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced New York Botanical Garden, 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2004; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca floridana (woodland lettuce) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Restricted distribution Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-NRCS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa nealleyi (Nealley's sprangletop) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesFederal Highway Administration, 2001; ILDIS, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present Introduced Nesom, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesLiogier, 2000; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2007; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced Francis & Liogier, 1991; Anon, 2001; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Introduced Little and Wadsworth, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012; McKenzie et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Widespread Native Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Introduced YesDuncan, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa ceratonia (climbing mimosa) Present Native YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Barneby, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced YesFrancis, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present Introduced Tropicos, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Axelrod, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced NMNH, 2017; Axelrod, 2011; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015; Little et al., 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoNew York Botanical Garden, 2017; Spencer, 1955.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced YesGonzález-Díaz and Ackerman, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Native YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Liogier, 2000; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present USDA-ARS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Native NoDale, 1981; Aneja et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Mas and Lugo-Torres, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced UPRRP, 2017; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980; USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Widespread Introduced YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Introduced Mas and Garcia-Molinari, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native Flora of North America, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Liogier, 1998; Más and Lugo, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Introduced Ackerman and Castillo, 1992; eMonocot, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Widespread Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Parthasarathy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Widespread YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced YesFrancis and Liogier , 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Randall, 2012; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present GBIF, 2015; Wagner and Lorence, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite) Present Introduced Johnston, 1962; Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Hicks, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhynchosia caribaea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Velez and Semidey, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2008; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodriguez, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present Liogier, 1997; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoLiogier, 1995; New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced Francis and Liogier , 1991; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesFrancis and Liogier, 1991; Kairo et al., 2003; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced NoPerkins, 1907; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1979; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Introduced YesPerkins, 1907.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Axelrod, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present EPPO, 2014; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Bryson and Byrd, 2007; Axelrod, 2011; Más and Lugo, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Kuntze, 1891; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2008; Kairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Introduced YesAckerman, 1995; Recart et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2008; USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2016; Acevedo-Rodriguez et al., 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Liogier, 1965; Axelrod, 2011; New York Botanical Garden, 2016; Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2016; UPRRP, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2016; Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Introduced YesCroat, 1981; Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced YesLittle and Wadsworth, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Little et al., 1974; UPRRP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005; USDA-NRCS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2013; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003; Rojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew) Present Introduced Farr et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1977; USDA-NRCS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris) Present Introduced Barker and Govaerts, 2017; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced YesLiogier, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Fernández et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Native Gonzalez Ibanez, 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Liogier, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Liogier, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present Introduced New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Introduced YesRojas-Sandoval and Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Native Feenstra and Clements, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2016; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Localised Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2016; USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced Morton, 1987; Francis and Liogier, 1991; USDA-NRCS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Localised Introduced Liogier and Martorell, 2000.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesLockhart and Jones, 1999.
VirusChelonid herpesvirus 5 Present
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present ADSUAR, 1947; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present Laakso and Moyer, 1989.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present, few occurrences Bird et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 922 Im 1004 Im 918 Im 811 Im 890 F
Avocados Production Quantity 2297 Im 2180 Im 1958 Im 2000 P 1900 F
Avocados Yield 24913.2 Fc 21713.2 Fc 21329 Fc 24660.9 Fc 21348.3 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 3419 Im 2560 Im 2407 Im 2154 Im 2300 F
Bananas Production Quantity 68202 Im 62165 Im 53895 Im 48783 Im 53500 F
Bananas Yield 199479 Fc 242832 Fc 223909 Fc 226476 Fc 232609 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 25 Im 27 Im 28 Im 27 Im 25 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 25 Im 18 Im 23 Im 19 Im 20 F
Beans, dry Yield 10000 Fc 6666.67 Fc 8214.29 Fc 7037.04 Fc 8000 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 8 Im 9 Im 10 Im 9 Im 10 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 11 Im 10 Im 12 Im 11 Im 12 F
Beans, green Yield 13750 Fc 11111.1 Fc 12000 Fc 12222.2 Fc 12000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 13 Im 11 Im 13 Im 16 Im 14 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 195 Im 173 Im 189 Im 211 Im 210 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 150000 Fc 157273 Fc 145385 Fc 131875 Fc 150000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 85 Im 79 Im 65 Im 54 Im 60 F
Cassava Production Quantity 688 Im 633 Im 494 Im 459 Im 500 F
Cassava Yield 80941.2 Fc 80126.6 Fc 76000 Fc 85000 Fc 83333.3 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 311 A 346 A 354 A 263 A 290 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 607 A 563 A 530 A 464 A 550 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 19517.7 Fc 16271.7 Fc 14971.8 Fc 17642.6 Fc 18965.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 311 A 346 A 354 A 263 A 290 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 607 A 563 A 530 A 464 A 550 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 19517.7 Fc 16271.7 Fc 14971.8 Fc 17642.6 Fc 18965.5 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 300 F 300 F 300 F 300 F 300 F
Chicory roots Production Quantity 5850 F 5850 F 5850 F 5850 F 5850 F
Chicory roots Yield 195000 Fc 195000 Fc 195000 Fc 195000 Fc 195000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 123 Im 133 Im 150 Im 145 Im 140 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 5081 Im 4361 Im 5005 Im 4971 Im 4450 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 413089 Fc 327895 Fc 333667 Fc 342828 Fc 317857 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1634 A 2026 A 2338 A 2128 A 2270 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 17071 A 20645 A 22925 A 19290 A 24550 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 104474 Fc 101900 Fc 98053.9 Fc 90648.5 Fc 108150 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 311 A 346 A 354 A 263 A 290 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 607 A 563 A 530 A 464 A 550 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 19517.7 Fc 16271.7 Fc 14971.8 Fc 17642.6 Fc 18965.5 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 205 Im 216 Im 236 Im 291 Im 310 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 4055 Im 3787 Im 3281 Im 3765 Im 4100 F
Coconuts Yield 197805 Fc 175324 Fc 139025 Fc 129381 Fc 132258 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 41527 Im 41521 Im 41517 Im 31001 Im 22500 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 4486 Im 3595 Im 5846 Im 5524 Im 8100 F
Coffee, green Yield 1080.26 Fc 865.83 Fc 1408.1 Fc 1781.88 Fc 3600 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 29 Im 28 Im 33 Im 48 Im 50 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 382 Im 361 Im 418 Im 503 Im 550 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 131724 Fc 128929 Fc 126667 Fc 104792 Fc 110000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 51 Im 63 Im 68 Im 55 Im 45 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 997 Im 979 Im 1117 Im 907 Im 780 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 195490 Fc 155397 Fc 164265 Fc 164909 Fc 173333 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12831 A 13478 A 12641 A 11658 A 12860 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 237439 A 218030 A 207786 A 175948 A 202050 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 185051 Fc 161767 Fc 164375 Fc 150925 Fc 157115 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 594 Im 647 Im 592 Im 893 Im 700 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 5543 Im 4468 Im 3657 Im 4394 Im 5000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 93316.5 Fc 69057.2 Fc 61773.7 Fc 49204.9 Fc 71428.6 Fc
Ginger Production Quantity 117 Im 103 Im 119 Im 80 Im 95 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 103 Im 121 Im 115 Im 115 Im 125 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 3937 Im 4890 Im 4164 Im 5535 Im 4800 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 382233 Fc 404132 Fc 362087 Fc 481304 Fc 384000 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 36 Im 38 Im 48 Im 39 Im 45 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 331 Im 314 Im 282 Im 226 Im 250 F
Lemons and limes Yield 91944.4 Fc 82631.6 Fc 58750 Fc 57948.7 Fc 55555.6 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 3 Im 4 F 4 Im 2 F 2 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 91 Im 85 Im 97 Im 94 Im 84 Im
Lettuce and chicory Yield 303333 Fc 212500 Fc 242500 Fc 470000 Fc 420000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 311 Im 346 Im 354 Im 263 Im 290 F
Maize Production Quantity 607 Im 563 Im 530 Im 464 Im 550 F
Maize Yield 19517.7 Fc 16271.7 Fc 14971.8 Fc 17642.6 Fc 18965.5 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 614 Im 670 Im 786 Im 730 Im 660 F
Maize, green Production Quantity 540 Im 502 Im 574 Im 548 Im 570 F
Maize, green Yield 8794.79 Fc 7492.54 Fc 7302.8 Fc 7506.85 Fc 8636.36 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1225 Im 1334 Im 1220 Im 1078 Im 1250 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 12652 Im 13790 Im 18321 Im 15389 Im 13500 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 103282 Fc 103373 Fc 150172 Fc 142755 Fc 108000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 205 A 216 A 236 A 291 A 310 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 324.4 A 302.96 A 262.48 A 301.2 A 328 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 15824.4 Fc 14025.9 Fc 11122 Fc 10350.5 Fc 10580.7 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 205 A 216 A 236 A 291 A 310 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 527.15 A 492.31 A 426.53 A 489.45 A 533 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 25714.6 Fc 22792.1 Fc 18073.3 Fc 16819.6 Fc 17193.5 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 69 Im 59 Im 58 Im 47 Im 45 F
Okra Production Quantity 159 Im 123 Im 126 Im 112 Im 110 F
Okra Yield 23043.5 Fc 20847.5 Fc 21724.1 Fc 23829.8 Fc 24444.4 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 319 Im 315 Im 275 Im 253 Im 250 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 4940 Im 3976 Im 3616 Im 3619 Im 3850 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 154859 Fc 126222 Fc 131491 Fc 143043 Fc 154000 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 1495 Im 1867 Im 2175 Im 1974 Im 2100 F
Oranges Production Quantity 12803 Im 15441 Im 18479 Im 13529 Im 19500 F
Oranges Yield 85638.8 Fc 82704.9 Fc 84960.9 Fc 68536 Fc 92857.1 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 5 Im 6 Im 8 Im 6 F 6 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 1851 Im 1380 Im 1399 Im 2000 F 2000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 3702000 Fc 2300000 Fc 1748750 Fc 3333330 Fc 3333330 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 241 Im 262 Im 240 Im 294 Im 400 F
Papayas Production Quantity 8651 Im 8793 Im 6600 P 6500 P 6600 F
Papayas Yield 358963 Fc 335611 Fc 275000 Fc 221088 Fc 165000 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 324 Im 326 Im 344 Im 304 Im 285 F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 297 Im 214 Im 259 Im 211 Im 230 F
Pigeon peas Yield 9166.67 Fc 6564.42 Fc 7529.07 Fc 6940.79 Fc 8070.18 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 649 Im 645 Im 623 Im 644 Im 550 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 32531 Im 24893 Im 22574 Im 18510 Im 17000 F
Pineapples Yield 501248 Fc 385938 Fc 362344 Fc 287422 Fc 309091 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 4147 Im 5000 Im 4303 Im 3656 Im 4500 F
Plantains Production Quantity 90492 Im 81096 Im 77856 Im 61082 Im 80000 F
Plantains Yield 218211 Fc 162192 Fc 180934 Fc 167073 Fc 177778 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 349 A 353 A 372 A 331 A 310 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 322 A 232 A 282 A 230 A 250 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9226.36 Fc 6572.24 Fc 7580.65 Fc 6948.64 Fc 8064.52 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 835 Im 832 Im 967 Im 1038 Im 1010 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 11624 Im 11637 Im 13470 Im 13511 Im 14300 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 139210 Fc 139868 Fc 139297 Fc 130164 Fc 141584 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested F F F F F
Rice, paddy Production Quantity F F F F F
Rice, paddy Yield
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 373 Im 324 Im 275 Im 236 Im 250 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 3811 Im 3233 Im 2858 Im 2304 Im 2350 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 102172 Fc 99783.9 Fc 103927 Fc 97627.1 Fc 94000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1318 A 1541 A 1585 A 1305 A 1320 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12732 A 13004 A 12927 A 11318 A 11250 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 96600.9 Fc 84386.8 Fc 81558.4 Fc 86728 Fc 85227.3 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested F F F F F
Sugar cane Production Quantity F F F F F
Sugar cane Yield
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 281 Im 463 Im 453 Im 343 Im 370 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 2974 Im 3516 Im 3852 Im 3267 Im 3400 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 105836 Fc 75939.5 Fc 85033.1 Fc 95247.8 Fc 91891.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1 Im 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 20000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 381 Im 339 Im 492 Im 439 Im 410 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 20156 Im 17042 Im 22071 Im 18413 Im 18800 F
Tomatoes Yield 529029 Fc 502714 Fc 448598 Fc 419431 Fc 458537 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2456 A 2475 A 2870 A 2794 A 2646 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 46111 A 40709 A 48189 A 44993 A 45811 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 187748 Fc 164481 Fc 167906 Fc 161034 Fc 173133 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2456 A 2475 A 2870 A 2794 A 2646 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 46111 A 40709 A 48189 A 44993 A 45811 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 187748 Fc 164481 Fc 167906 Fc 161034 Fc 173133 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 6 F 6 F 6 F 6 F 4 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 84 Im 80 Im 95 Im 93 Im 95 Im
Watermelons Yield 140000 Fc 133333 Fc 158333 Fc 155000 Fc 237500 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 301 Im 357 Im 381 Im 280 Im 300 F
Yams Production Quantity 3593 Im 3929 Im 3416 Im 2618 Im 2600 F
Yams Yield 119369 Fc 110056 Fc 89658.8 Fc 93500 Fc 86666.7 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 278 Im 318 Im 411 Im 392 Im 340 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 1666 Im 1693 Im 2307 Im 2670 Im 2400 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 59928.1 Fc 53239 Fc 56131.4 Fc 68112.2 Fc 70588.2 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 751 Im 704 Im 892 Im 880 F 900 F
Avocados Production Quantity 1893 Im 1879 4780 2646 2733
Avocados Yield 25206.4 Fc 26690.3 Fc 53587.4 Fc 30068.2 Fc 30366.7 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 2250 F 2247 2431 2334 3320 F
Bananas Production Quantity 52250 F 52201 56490 51916 49918
Bananas Yield 232222 Fc 232314 Fc 232374 Fc 222434 Fc 150355 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 20 F 16 19 19 48 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 15 F 12 12 11 273
Beans, dry Yield 7500 Fc 7500 Fc 6315.79 Fc 5789.47 Fc 56875 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 7 Im 8 8 8
Beans, green Production Quantity 9 Im 11 10 10
Beans, green Yield 12857.1 Fc 13750 Fc 12500 Fc 12500 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 12 Im 13 133 98 70 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 139 Im 190 755 1410 1538
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 115833 Fc 146154 Fc 56766.9 Fc 143878 Fc 219714 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 50 F 49 60 60 191 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 480 F 456 552 552 601 Im
Cassava Yield 96000 Fc 93061.2 Fc 92000 Fc 92000 Fc 31466 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 270 A 299 A 281 A 270 A 241 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 500 A 543 A 572 A 529 A 469 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 18518.5 Fc 18160.5 Fc 20355.9 Fc 19592.6 Fc 19460.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 270 A 299 A 281 A 270 A 241 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 500 A 543 A 572 A 529 A 469 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 18518.5 Fc 18160.5 Fc 20355.9 Fc 19592.6 Fc 19460.6 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 375 Im 298 305 304 300 F
Chicory roots Production Quantity 5776 F 5776 5919 5889 5800 F
Chicory roots Yield 154027 Fc 193826 Fc 194066 Fc 193717 Fc 193333 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 147 Im 139 136 135 580 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 3803 Im 4428 4317 4292 4189
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 258707 Fc 318561 Fc 317426 Fc 317926 Fc 72224.1 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2213 A 2189 A 2055 A 2038 A 3120 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 23709 A 23558 A 22905 A 18710 A 19058 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 107135 Fc 107620 Fc 111460 Fc 91805.7 Fc 61083.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 270 A 299 A 281 A 270 A 241 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 500 A 543 A 572 A 529 A 469 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 18518.5 Fc 18160.5 Fc 20355.9 Fc 19592.6 Fc 19460.6 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 300 F 292 542 433 891 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 4000 F 3908 7245 5789 5214
Coconuts Yield 133333 Fc 133836 Fc 133672 Fc 133695 Fc 58518.5 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 22100 F 22008 22008 27510 30590
Coffee, green Production Quantity 8000 F 7938 10206 9308 7600
Coffee, green Yield 3619.91 Fc 3606.87 Fc 4637.4 Fc 3383.5 Fc 2484.47 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 33 Im 46 60 48
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 375 Im 503 725 529
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 113636 Fc 109348 Fc 120833 Fc 110208 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 49 Im 43 57 42
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 912 Im 752 995 754
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 186122 Fc 174884 Fc 174561 Fc 179524 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12401 A 12316 A 15603 A 15395 A 17497 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 193344 A 191965 A 248468 A 231388 A 210736 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 155910 Fc 155866 Fc 159244 Fc 150301 Fc 120441 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 857 Im 803 Im 1017 Im 1003 Im 887 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 3253 Im 3228 Im 3805 Im 3832 Im 3020 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 37958 Fc 40199.3 Fc 37414 Fc 38205.4 Fc 34047.3 Fc
Ginger Production Quantity 98 Im 90 121 119
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 120 F 117 133 133 1190 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 4600 F 4571 5185 1149 1169
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 383333 Fc 390684 Fc 389850 Fc 86391 Fc 9823.53 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 43 Im 40 7 7 130 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 209 Im 222 40 38 1139
Lemons and limes Yield 48604.7 Fc 55500 Fc 57142.9 Fc 54285.7 Fc 87615.4 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 2 F 2 2 2
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 96 Im 81 53 53
Lettuce and chicory Yield 480000 Fc 405000 Fc 265000 Fc 265000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 270 F 299 Im 281 Im 270 Im 241 Im
Maize Production Quantity 500 F 543 Im 572 Im 529 Im 469 Im
Maize Yield 18518.5 Fc 18160.5 Fc 20355.9 Fc 19592.6 Fc 19460.6 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 655 F 654 756 65
Maize, green Production Quantity 550 F 549 635 54
Maize, green Yield 8396.95 Fc 8394.5 Fc 8399.47 Fc 8307.69 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1220 F 1211 1320 1574 995
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 13100 F 12938 13983 12135 10559
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 107377 Fc 106837 Fc 105932 Fc 77096.6 Fc 106121 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 300 A 292 A 542 A 433 A 891 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 320 A 312.64 A 579.6 A 463.12 A 417.12 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 10666.7 Fc 10706.9 Fc 10693.7 Fc 10695.6 Fc 4681.48 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 300 A 292 A 542 A 433 A 891 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 520 A 508.04 A 941.85 A 752.57 A 677.82 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 17333.3 Fc 17398.6 Fc 17377.3 Fc 17380.4 Fc 7607.41 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 52 Im 41 60 60
Okra Production Quantity 113 Im 95 138 138
Okra Yield 21730.8 Fc 23170.7 Fc 23000 Fc 23000 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 242 Im 246 322 332 330 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 3827 Im 3770 4939 5102 5000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 158141 Fc 153252 Fc 153385 Fc 153675 Fc 151515 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 2050 F 2032 1915 1898 1800 F
Oranges Production Quantity 18900 F 18765 17680 17523 16750
Oranges Yield 92195.1 Fc 92347.4 Fc 92323.8 Fc 92323.5 Fc 93055.6 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 6 F 6 F 6 F 6 F 6 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F 2000 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 3333330 Fc 3333330 Fc 3333330 Fc 3333330 Fc 3333330 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 310 Im 392 461 97 204 Im
Papayas Production Quantity 6539 Im 6477 7615 1600 3353 Im
Papayas Yield 210935 Fc 165230 Fc 165184 Fc 164948 Fc 164363 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 280 F 272 206 309 290 F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 225 F 218 192 357 350
Pigeon peas Yield 8035.71 Fc 8014.71 Fc 9320.39 Fc 11553.4 Fc 12069 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 500 F 474 473 536 871
Pineapples Production Quantity 15600 F 15332 15286 17325 21144
Pineapples Yield 312000 Fc 323460 Fc 323171 Fc 323228 Fc 242755 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 4300 F 4296 6954 6933 7200 F
Plantains Production Quantity 77000 F 76352 123604 123224 100951
Plantains Yield 179070 Fc 177728 Fc 177745 Fc 177735 Fc 140210 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 300 A 288 A 225 A 328 A 338 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 240 A 230 A 204 A 368 A 623 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 8000 Fc 7986.11 Fc 9066.67 Fc 11219.5 Fc 18432 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 812 Im 1004 917 913 2230 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 11899 Im 14254 13014 12968 13824
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 146539 Fc 141972 Fc 141919 Fc 142037 Fc 61991 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested F F F F F
Rice, paddy Production Quantity F F F F F
Rice, paddy Yield
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 245 F 242 298 296 470 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2250 F 2234 2750 2736 1087
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 91836.7 Fc 92314.1 Fc 92281.9 Fc 92432.4 Fc 23127.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1280 A 1266 A 1388 A 1202 A 1617 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10930 A 10774 A 12062 A 10574 A 9548 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 85390.6 Fc 85102.7 Fc 86902 Fc 87970.1 Fc 59047.6 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested F F F F 2000
Sugar cane Production Quantity F F F 40000
Sugar cane Yield 200000 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 360 F 355 328 325 400 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 3300 F 3276 3238 3028 3231
Sweet potatoes Yield 91666.7 Fc 92281.7 Fc 98719.5 Fc 93169.2 Fc 80775 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 352 Im 406 387 387 890 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 15343 Im 18737 17881 17880 11605
Tomatoes Yield 435881 Fc 461502 Fc 462041 Fc 462016 Fc 130393 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2374 A 2614 A 2854 A 2105 A 4106 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 39176 A 45486 A 45672 A 45380 A 38156 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 165021 Fc 174009 Fc 160028 Fc 215582 Fc 92927.4 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2374 A 2614 A 2854 A 2105 A 4106 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 39176 A 45486 A 45672 A 45380 A 38156 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 165021 Fc 174009 Fc 160028 Fc 215582 Fc 92927.4 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 5 Im 6 10 9
Watermelons Production Quantity 110 Im 116 210 190
Watermelons Yield 220000 Fc 193333 Fc 210000 Fc 211111 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 290 F 289 378 378 414 Im
Yams Production Quantity 2550 F 2504 3274 3269 3563
Yams Yield 87931 Fc 86643.6 Fc 86613.8 Fc 86481.5 Fc 86062.8 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 335 F 331 324 143 142 Im
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 2350 F 2304 2248 989 1066 Im
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 70149.3 Fc 69607.3 Fc 69382.7 Fc 69160.8 Fc 75070.4 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 190 Fm 190 Fm 190 Fm 187 Fm 189 W
Agricultural area irrigated Area 16.2 W
Arable land Area 60 Fm 60 Fm 60 Fm 60 Fm 62 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 97 Fm 99 Fm
Country area Area 887 I 887 I 887 I 887 I 887 Fm
Fallow land Area 24 W
Forest area Area 560.8 Fm 552 Q 543.2 Fm 534.4 Fm 525.6 Fm
Land area Area 887 Fm 887 Fm 887 Fm 887 Fm 887 Q
Other land Area 136.2 Fm 145 Fm 153.8 Fm 165.6 Fm 172.4 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area
Permanent crops Area 40 Fm 40 Fm 40 Fm 37 Fm 37 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm 90 Fm
Temporary crops Area
Temporary meadows and pastures Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 22 Fm 22 Fm 22 Fm 22 Fm 22 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 201 Fm 202 Fm 215 Fm 215 Fm 222 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 17 Q 17 Q
Arable land Area 64 Fm 65 Fm 65 Fm 65 Fm 68 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 101 Fm 102 Fm 105 Fm 105 Fm 108 Q
Country area Area 887 Fm 887 Fm 887 Fm 887 Fm 887 Fm
Fallow land Area 22 Q 25 Q
Forest area Area 516.8 Fm 508 Q 499.2 Fm 490.4 Fm 481.6 Fm
Land area Area 887 Q 887 Q 887 Q 887 Q 887 Q
Other land Area 169.2 Fm 177 Fm 172.8 Fm 181.6 Fm 183.4 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 70 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 44 Q
Permanent crops Area 37 Fm 37 Fm 40 Fm 40 Fm 40 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 100 Fm 100 Fm 110 Fm 110 Fm 114 Q
Temporary crops Area 10 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 33 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 22 Fm 22 I 22 Fm 22 Fm 22 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files