Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Poland

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Datasheet

Poland

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 37,970,874 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 15,350 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 582,676.20 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 595,858.21 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 2.35 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentKrawczyk et al. (2016); Kamińska and Śliwa (2008); Jarzembowski et al. (2015); Zwolińska et al. (2016); Jarzembowski et al. (2018); Zwolińska et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, Few occurrencesZwolińska et al. (2012); Quaglino et al. (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentKaminska and Sliwa (2007); Kamińska and Śliwa (2008); Kamińska and Śliwa (2008); Cieślińska and Kruczyńska (2011); Cieślińska and Morgaś (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010); Cieślińska and Morgaś (2011)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, LocalizedCieślińska and Morgaś (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Formerly presentBradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSławiak et al. (2009); Degefu et al. (2013); Tsror et al. (2013); Wolf et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); Potrykus et al. (2016)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBorecki and Lyskanowska (1968); Sobiczewski and Suski (1988); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWaleron et al. (2002); Waleron et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeRakowska (2001); Kawecka and Sanecki (2003); Noga (2003); Mrozinska et al. (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedSeligo (1895); Własow et al. (2004)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentInvasiveOrlikowski et al. (2003); Orlikowski and Oszako (2005); CABI and EPPO (2008); Aguayo et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentOrlikowski et al. (2002); Orlikowski et al. (2006); Stępniewska et al. (2008); EPPO (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oszako and Orlikowski (2005)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Goodwin et al. (1999); Zarzycka and Sujkowski (2000); Gavino and Fry (2002)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Orlikowski and Szkuta (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, Formerly presentKucmierz (1976); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentKowalski and Kehr (1992)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentGolebrink (1995); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentIntroducedPrzybył (1980); Przybyl (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentAbramczyk et al. (2018); Przybył (2002); Lombard et al. (2014); Abramczyk and Król (2016); Kowalski et al. (2016); Żółciak et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBenben (1969)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFilipowicz (1986); Hruszka (1991); Mikołajska et al. (1991); UK, CAB International (1993); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentInvasiveKowalski (2006); Kowalski and Holdenrieder (2009); Queloz et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); Baral and Bemmann (2014); Schoebel et al. (2014); Gross and Holdenrieder (2015); Gross and Sieber (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentInvasiveCzaplinska (1981); Lisowicz (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentSpaulding (1961)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentJacobs and Wingfield (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Fulton and Brown (1997); Pizzuolo et al. (2006); Michalecka et al. (2016); Zhou et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentRaitelaitytė et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedKowalski and Jankowiak (1998); CABI and EPPO (2010); Boroń et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Mitchell and Brasier (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPodosphaera spiraeae (Japanese spiraea powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWołczańska and Mułenko (2002)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentPuechmaille et al. (2011); Sachanowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeLuszczynski (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tylus et al. (1981); UK, CAB International (1983); Nowacka et al. (1990); EPPO (2022); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaEntyloma gaillardianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeŁakomy and Werner (2003);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeŁakomy and Werner (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Wołczańska (1999); Piątek et al. (2001); Mułenko et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentMajewski (1979)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, LocalizedRALSKI and MUSZYNSKA (1968); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedZamorski (1982); CABI and EPPO (2008); Backer et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, Intercepted onlyUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromyces limoniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromyces silphiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Przetakiewicz (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAcipenserobdella volgensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGruszka (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix bavaricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix moldaviensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix vejdovskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentSkoracka and Magowski (2002); Jeżewska (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentPlaskota and Datail˜browski (1986); Minks et al. (1994); Szwejda (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWiniarska (1996); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Napiorkowska-Kowalik (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara aulicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara majusculaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara montivagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOlszewska (1999); Olszewska (2000); Jazdewski and Grabowski (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus caucasicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Starowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis oenotheraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentRakauskas et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Starowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApopestes spectrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller)PresentKot and Jaśkiewicz (2006); Gantner (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyrotaenia ljungianaPresentKubasik (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus lynxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Present, Few occurrencesŁabanowski (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Labanowski (1999); Klasa (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, Few occurrencesde Barro (1995); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedKrzemińska et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBorkhausenia nefraxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia roscipennella (walnut leaf miner)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); Dzięgielewska et al. (2017); Walczak et al. (2017); Sucharzewska et al. (2018); Jagiełło et al. (2019); Melosik et al. (2019); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarabus convexusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZmudzinski (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)Present, WidespreadCmoluch (1980); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedJazdzewski and Konopacka (1996); Konopacka (2004); Jazdzewski et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium robustumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNapiórkowska-Kowalik and Gawłowska (2006);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentDziedzicka (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentWatson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara juniperiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeLecompte et al. (2016); Miszczak (1974); Sądej (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentBaran (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrypturgus subcribrosusPresentMokrzycki et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); Pomorski and Tarnawski (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio nucum (hazelnut weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Bury et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Pszczolkowski and Smagghe (1999); Sukovata et al. (2002); Grodner and Zander (2010); Konecka et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes coronatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveYardim et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus haemobaphes (demon shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKonopacka (2004); Jazdzewski et al. (2005); Bącela et al. (2008); Gruszka and Woźniczka (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeHardy (1939); Gornas (1968); Liston (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2016); Piotrowski and Łabanowska (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)Present, Only undercover/indoorsŁabanowski (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentNativeKloft et al. (1964); Heie (1992); Bartkowski (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEnarmonia formosana (bark tortrix)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEperigone trilobataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentSieminska et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2004); NHM (2004); Ojaveer et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus brevipilosusPresentStarowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentJaśkiewicz and Sławińska (2005); Starowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupithecia lariciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHoldich DM et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentChmielewski (2010); Łabanowska and Piotrowski (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGruszka (1999); Gruszka (1995); Dobrzycka-Krahel et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeListon (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGronops inaequalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Łabanowski and Soika (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHasarius adansoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); Seczkowska (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedInvasiveJanas and Wysocki (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentKorczyński (1988); Skrzecz (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeBurakowski et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeBurakowski et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBurakowski et al. (1992); Grodzki (2003); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBurakowski et al. (1992); BAWBILT (2002); Hilszczański et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentWalczak et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Pruszyński et al. (1987); Godzińska (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Maciesiak and Olszak (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeCox (2001); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, LocalizedIntroducedMichels (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedLabanowski (1999); Dankowska and Baranowski (2000); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLongicaudus trirhodusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresentCABI (Undated); Kozłowski and Legutowska (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); Keena et al. (2008); Łabanowski and Soika (2012); Harrison et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveJohansson et al. (2002); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984); Starowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum ptericolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia gregariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia tamilnaduensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKozikowski (1949); Madziara (1955); Schnaider (1970); UK, CAB International (1977); Szmidt and Banaszak (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadLucht (1987); Burdajewicz and Nowacka (1994); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelita nitidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetaphycus anneckeiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentBense (1995); Plewa et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentInvasiveDominik (1986); Gutowski (1986); Althoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer)PresentEPPO (2022); Sweeney et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentKlimaszewski et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Starowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeSitowski (1925); Gornas (1968); Kolk and Sierpinski (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedNentwig et al. (2016); Rozwalka et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, Few occurrencesBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentJakubowska (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObesogammarus crassusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Skrzypczyńska (2008); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligonychus laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligonychus pritchardiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentKlejdysz et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); Cagáň et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadBaranowski and Dankowska (1996); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGrabowski (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon longirostrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadStrojny (1958); Schnaiderova (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeriphyllus acericolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Starowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeriphyllus acerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Starowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBuszko and Nowacki (2000); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); Narkiewicz-Jodko (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentWojtan et al. (2006); Jaśkiewicz and Sławińska (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeLucht (1987); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeGrodzki (1997); Avtzis et al. (2008); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveKarpinski (1931); Burakowski et al. (1992); Kolk (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentKowalczyk and Szczepko (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPonera coarctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGruszka (1999); Jazdzewski and Konopacka (2000); Grabowski et al. (2006); Surowiec and Dobrzycka-Krahel (2008); Dobrzycka-Krahel and Rzemykowska (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora wesmaeliPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedDemel (1953); Turoboyski (1973); Normant et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalosiphum rufulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentKlejdysz and Nawrot (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRosalia alpinaPresentMichalcewicz et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentStrojny (1953); Schnaiderowa (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentChłodny (1982); Dominik (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchizotetranychus parasemusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeCapecki (1972); Smith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda castaneaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStephanitis obertiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTelmatogeton japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetramorium caldariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus sinhaiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeZielinski (1998); Danilevsky (2003); Sweeney et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Jankowiak and Kolařík (2010); Sweeney et al. (2010); Zurawlew and Melke (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentBlaik et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecabius affinisPresentStarowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek and Theowald (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadBorkowski (2001); Jankowiak and Bilański (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrechicus nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTreptoplatypus solidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentBaranowski and Gorski (1991); Domagala et al. (1992); Pospieszny et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeInvasiveŁabanowski and Soika (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron domesticumPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUloborus plumipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUrocerus albicornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon pseudambrosiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon telekiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); Sanford et al. (2007); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998); Skibinska (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Łabanowska and Piotrowski (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDominik and Kinelski (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyBright and Skidmore (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentMokrzycki et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))PresentKlejdysz et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentIntroducedNeely et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeira divagansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001); Nowak et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser canagicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jennings (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedSolarz (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos bison (American bison)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanks et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSemenchenko et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWawrzyniak et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004); Czerniejewski and Wawrzyniak (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentOttens and Ryall (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO (1996); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGlyptoperichthys gibbiceps (leopard pleco)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWitkowski (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Winkler et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Holcík (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDanilkiewicz (1998); Kostrzewa and Grabowski (2002); Kostrzewa et al. (2004); Grabowska et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSkóra and Stolarski (1993); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNowak and Pielowski (1964); Jedrzejewska and Jedrzejewski (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNOBANIS (2011); Grabowska et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWeller (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveHall (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAntychowicz (1994); Kakareko (1999); Terlecki and Palka (1999); Kostrzewa et al. (2004); Nowak et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, Few occurrencesNativeVladykov (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBartoszewicz et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (1997); Witkowski (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Few occurrences, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedAncillotto et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Blanc et al. (1971); Winkler et al. (2000); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Jansson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, Few occurrencesNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGrabowska et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveArndt (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentKocylowski (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion fasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion rufusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Kozlowski (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella neglectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLabêcka et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHelix Consulting (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al. (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOlenin (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelicella italaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax flavusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSlosarski (1877); Wiktor and Jurkowska (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLithoglyphus naticoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLucilla singleyanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMenetus dilatatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOpeas pumilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeKerney et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus translucidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLewin and Smolinski (2006); Brzezinski and Kolodziejczyk (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRangia cuneataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)Present, Few occurrencesDidžiulis (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRolbiecki (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentSuski (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentSZCZYGIEL (1967); SZCZYGIEL (1970); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedBrzeski (1972); Radziwinowicz (1972); Kornobis and Wolny (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); Jeszke et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); Wolny (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011); Karnkowski et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWolny (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011); Przetakiewicz (2013); Oro et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)Present, WidespreadBrzeski et al. (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentBerbec (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002); Skwiercz et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentGLASER and SKOWROÑSKI (1970); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedPanczyk and Zelazny (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAsplenium ceterachPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Piekarczyk et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZajac et al. (1998); Mędrzycki and Pabjanek (2001); Starowicz et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); Łagowska et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedNativeStarowicz et al. (2015); Łagowska et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeMichalcewicz et al. (2013); Starowicz et al. (2015); Łagowska et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)Present, WidespreadNativeKorcz (2001); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)Present, Few occurrencesNativeNowak and Nowak (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla monticolaPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla sericataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium vineale (crow garlic)PresentPaduch-Cichal and Bereda (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeBoratynski (1980); Tomialojc et al. (1984); Czuraj (1990); Kornobis and Sobczyńska (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Korniak and Szubstarski (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)Present, LocalizedNativeZając and Zając (2001); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus capensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedEuro+Med (2019); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLove (1976); Euro+Med (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Karnkowski (2001); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Karnkowski (2001); Euro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009); Klejdysz et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus clavatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus officinarumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus radiatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus valentinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHiepko (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndryala integrifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia pyrenaicaPresentPtaszek (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis pendulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresentIntroducedSzkudlarz and Celka (2005); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedJehlík (1984); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia sieversiana (sieversian wormwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia tournefortianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster dumosusPresentPieczul (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster salignusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster tradescantiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex oblongifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex polonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadWarcholińska (1986); Rola (1990); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxyris amaranthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia sedoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentIntroducedLabanowski (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora testiculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachyactis ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassaia actinophylla (octopus tree)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2018); Kell (2011); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus briziformis (rattlesnake brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus grossusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus scopariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedKorniak and Dynowski (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Kubicka et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeKosina and Frey (1996); Krzakowa (1997); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tokarska-Guzik (2003); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNOBANIS (2009); Poland, Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium bulbocastanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum fontanesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum lancifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha sylvaticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Piekarczyk et al. (2019); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentHasiów-Jaroszewska et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine chelidoniaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus hamulosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex vulpinoideaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea dilutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea micranthosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea nigrescens (alpine knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOchsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocapnos claviculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeGBIF (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaemelum mixtumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Kubat et al. (1996); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Piekarczyk et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium berlandieriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium desiccatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium hircinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Brenan and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris truncataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Skrzyczyńska (1999); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClaytonia parvifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1964); Czekalski (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina coelestisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConopodium majusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedStace (1972); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedPliszko (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum nitidum (shiny bugseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster divaricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDickoré and Kasperek (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula anthemoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007); Starowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis foetidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis nicaeensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis sanctaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis setosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis vesicariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta gronoviiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclamen purpurascensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeSKALINSKA and ET AL. (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, LocalizedMilczak et al. (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus elongatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, LocalizedNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Trzmiel and Jeżewska (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasypyrum villosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedMarciniak and Sikorski (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus aureusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthelium acuminatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeLipecki and Szwedo (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDinebra retroflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentKocián (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba muralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHołdyński (1991); Holm et al. (1991); Woźniak and Hołdyński (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa esculentaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa microstachyaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTokarska-Guzik (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedKubus (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentStarowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDandy (1980); NOBANIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NOBANIS (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholzia ciliata (crested latesummer mint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus athericusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedKorsmo (1954); Holm et al. (1991); Rola and Rola (1994); Badowski and Rola (1997); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Woźniak (2020); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Goliszek et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentOrlikowski and Ptaszek (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis albensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis mexicanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis multicaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Nobis and Nobis (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NOBANIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron ramosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Piekarczyk et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium laciniatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium stephanianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum gallicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum hungaricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum marschallianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum wahlenbergiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia taurinensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuthamia graminifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentDuer (1986); Hochół (1990); Holm et al. (1991); Sawicka and Skalski (1996); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Woźniak (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStypinski (1977); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresent, WidespreadInvasiveFojcik and Tokarska-Guzik (2000); Bailey and Wisskirchen (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca rupicaprinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilaginella uliginosaPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Goliszek et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGahnia aspera subsp. globosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis speciosaPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadChoroszewski (1994); Zając and Zając (2001); Klikocka and Wesolowski (2002); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); DAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKabuce and Priede (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium humifusumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium parisiensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium verrucosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium ventricosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium bohemicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium divaricatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium lucidum (shining geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus imbricatusPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeWalters (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila viscosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHacquetia epipactisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968); Orlikowski and Ptaszek (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedypnois creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium autumnalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus laetiflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGreuter (2006); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Glowniak et al. (2000); Walasek et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJahodová et al. (2007); Kabuce (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria polygamaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHonorius nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta plantagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedCook and Luond (1982); Kłosowski and Tomaszewicz (1997); Preston and Croft (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum gymnanthumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum mutilumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedGalera and Ratyńska (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Lhotska and Kopecky (1966); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHulten and Fries (1986); Zając and Zając (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentBall and Akeroyd (2010); Spataro and Negri (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGuzik (1989); Moraczewski and Sudnik-Wójcikowska (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifoliaPresentStarowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus articulatusPresentJarzembowski et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus bufoniusPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca perennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Piekarczyk et al. (2019); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula deflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula marginataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLapsana communis (nipplewort)PresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus heterophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia speculum-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Banaszek and Musial (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentWolek (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadInvasiveLipa (1983); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria chalepensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria simplexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedBraun (1977); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora Europaea (1968); ILDIS (2015); NOBANIS (2015); DAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia punctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia vulgarisPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum junceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago caeruleaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecoxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelampyrum barbatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Lubiarz and Musik (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMinuartia hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoenchia erectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoenchia manticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentPieczul et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentPieczul et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978); Hutorowicz et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculata subsp. thracicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMajtkowski and Majtkowsk (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea roseaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNuphar pumilaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera acutifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera cruciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fallaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera hoelscheriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera indecoraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera issleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera jueterbogensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera paradoxaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera perangustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera pycnocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera royfraseriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera salicifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera subterminalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera victoriniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera wieniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera x albipercurvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeSzafer (1966); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche hederaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche lucorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Szczęśniak (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)Present, LocalizedIntroducedChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979); Piwowarczyk et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInstitute of Nature Conservation and Polish Academy of Sciences (2012); Valentine (1968); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis dilleniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis tetraphyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParapholis incurvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria lusitanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Głowacka (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia dubia (hairypink)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhacelia congestaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Szeląg (1997); Czyż et al. (1999); Grynia et al. (1999); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum arenariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum rhaeticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum subulatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); Adamska (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris sprengeranaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeKozlowski et al. (1997); Grzegorczyk and Alberski (1999); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Holeksa and Holeksa (1987); Trzaskoś (1996); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago patagonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago serpentinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)Present, WidespreadEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Clayton et al. (2014); Piekarczyk et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); ISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycnemum heuffeliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycnemum majusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum patulumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon viridis (water bent)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Walters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeSamecka-Cymerman and Kempers (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla albaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVanhellemont (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perennePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda inodoraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhagadiolus stellatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Łagowska et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa blandaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa gorenkensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentStarowicz et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Weidema (2006); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); Starowicz et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentLubiarz and Musik (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Boratyn'ska (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Cieślińska (2001); Łabanowska and Piotrowski (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus senticosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia hirtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obovatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pulcherPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex triangulivalvisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola soda (oppositeleaf Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Kalinowska et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga umbrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchistophyllidium bifurcumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus hispanicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScutellaria altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScutellaria minorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeVirtual Herbaria Austria (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum arachnoideumPresentPtaszek (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedKocián (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio ovatusPresentBaran (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSigesbeckia orientalis (common St. Paul's wort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conoideaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene csereiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene linicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene scabrifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene viscosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentKozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium volgensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium bermudianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentGolas et al. (2010); Waleron et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentWaleron et al. (2019); Sławiak et al. (2009); Przetakiewicz (2013); Waleron et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKozłowska-Makulska et al. (2007); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago x niederederiPresentPliszko (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedKorsmo (1930); Hultén (1950); Hanf (1982); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeRostanski (1978); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Baran (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphytum asperumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedFalkowski et al. (1990); Capecka and Gaweda (2001); Malawska and Wilkomirski (2001); Malawska and Wiłkomirski (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeloxys aristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)Present, WidespreadNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019); Woźniak (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis arvensis (spreading hedgeparsley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis nodosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragopogon hybridusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2020); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium constantinopolitanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Chambers et al. (2008); Mazurkiewicz-Zapałowicz et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010); Mazurkiewicz-Zapałowicz et al. (2011); Adamska (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha laxmanniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedHolm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica cannabinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Kornobis et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica piluliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella carinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella coronataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella eriocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGabka (2002); Hutorowicz and Hutorowicz (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentNativeFrey and Paszko (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum chaixiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum sinuatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum virgatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica gentianoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepiumPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015); Dąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)Present, LocalizedNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia geniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeSzczęśniak (2013); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium albinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentDąbkowska and Sygulska (2013); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFudali et al. (2009); Lisowski and Urbanski (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentSulgostowska and Czaplińska (1987)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020); Pejsak et al. (2014); OIE (2020)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentLandowska-Plazewska and Plazewski (1968)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentHoppe et al. (1983)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCocksfoot mottle virus (Cocksfoot mottle virus)PresentTrzmiel and Jeżewska (2017);
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Borodynko-Filas et al. (2017); Hasiów-Jaroszewska et al. (2019)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentZarzynska-Nowak et al. (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Balukiewicz and Kryczyński (2005); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentTrzmiel and Jeżewska (2008); Trzmiel (2009)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentHasiów-Jaroszewska et al. (2010);
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesHasiów-Jaroszewska et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); Minicka et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentHasiów-Jaroszewska et al. (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); Głowacka and Rozpara (2017); EPPO (2022)
VirusPoplar mosaic virusPresentCABI (Undated)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesHennig et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentTrzmiel (2009);
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1978); Balukiewicz and Kryczyński (2005); Zarzyńska-Nowak et al. (2016)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1982); Jeźewska and Wieczorek (1998)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); EPPO (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020); Pejsak et al. (2014); OIE (2020)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anguillicolosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRolbiecki (2008)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadKarpinska and Samorek-Salamonowicz (1981)
avian bordetellosisPresentCABI (Undated)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2019); Wieliczko et al. (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian trichomoniasisPresentNativeWieliczko et al. (2003)
avipoxPresentLandowska-Plazewska and Plazewski (1968)
bacterial kidney diseasePresentKozińska et al. (2001)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedPanczyk and Zelazny (1974)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadBuczek and Wrzolek-Lobocka (1977); Majewska et al. (1978)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentWrzołek-Łobocka (1998)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadKlimentowski et al. (1995)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentKlimentowski et al. (1995)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); Boryczko and Królak (1987); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentTruszczynski (1989); Kita and Anusz (1991)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Clostridium novyi infectionsPresentGözün and Kİran (1999); Cygan (2000)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentCygan and Buczek (1997)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedSeligo (1895); Własow et al. (2004)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadKozakiewicz and Palkovič (1989); Bajer et al. (2002); Bajer et al. (2003); Bednarska et al. (2003)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentWachnik (1974)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentCygan and Buczek (1995)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentPopović et al. (2001); Kozińska and Pękala (2004)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentPejsak (1995)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentOsek (1998); Osek (1999); Osek (1999)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)Landowska-Plazewska and Plazewski (1968); OIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentSvobodová and Chroust (1995); Bednarska et al. (1998); Majewska et al. (1998)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentStefaniak (1996)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fishPresentBielecki (1997)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentPuechmaille et al. (2011); Sachanowicz et al. (2014)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE (2019); Antychowicz et al. (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE (2019); Haenen et al. (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentThiede et al. (2002)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresentRoss (1993)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentKondracki et al. (1992)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); Ramisz (1970); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentSulgostowska and Czaplińska (1987)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentPejsak and Markowska-Daniel (1996)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
proliferative enteropathyPresentPejsak et al. (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Kopczewski et al. (1986); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); Lis (1999); Mól (1999); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresentGazdzinski and Minta (1978)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadWernicki and Rzedzicki (1988); Markowska-Daniel et al. (1996); Winiarczyk and Grądzki (1999)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019); Fijan (1999); Antychowicz and Kozińska (2000); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadŚwiderek (1996); Kleczkowski et al. (1999); Twardoń et al. (1999)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentAmtsberg (1979)
summer mastitisPresentMalinowski and Smulski (2007)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
swine influenzaPresentMarkowska-Daniel and Pejsak (1999)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadCygan (1996)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tickborne encephalitisPresentMatuszczyk et al. (1997)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); Moniuszko et al. (2011); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentPilaszek (1988)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); Sanford et al. (2007); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
whirling diseasePresentKocylowski (1953)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
ApplesArea harvested166,440166,150176,352177,203180,399
Production quantity3,080,6003,999,5202,441,3933,604,2713,168,818
Yield185,088 Fc240,717 Fc138,439 Fc203,398 Fc175,656 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested1,0609701,0491,0781,110
Production quantity3,1403,6001,3353,0733,690
Yield29,623 Fc37,113 Fc12,726 Fc28,506 Fc33,243 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested
Production quantity100
AsparagusArea harvested1,8001,950204 Im204 Im218 Im
Production quantity12,70012,6502,792 Im2,751 Im2,861 F
Yield70,556 Fc64,872 Fc136,863 Fc134,853 Fc131,239 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested975,290975,740953,784915,321839,265
Production quantity3,311,5702,991,5603,793,0323,441,0902,960,662
Yield33,955 Fc30,659 Fc39,768 Fc37,594 Fc35,277 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested6,2006,420121 Im122 Im121 Im
Production quantity45,40051,7803,071 Im3,078 Im3,052 Im
Yield73,226 Fc80,654 Fc253,802 Fc252,295 Fc252,231 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested14,28014,24012,61512,4718,735
Production quantity54,02065,98053,39254,11541,956
Yield37,829 Fc46,334 Fc42,324 Fc43,393 Fc48,032 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested8,4808,0907,0705,0393,230
Production quantity34,77025,30016,34314,72114,112
Yield41,002 Fc31,273 Fc23,116 Fc29,214 Fc43,690 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested27,24036,00031,22132,90035,300
Production quantity62,97081,81083,74886,85083,220
Yield23,117 Fc22,725 Fc26,824 Fc26,398 Fc23,575 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested25,80026,40024,44224,09123,528
Production quantity899,100985,3501,083,6081,091,653874,964
Yield348,488 Fc373,239 Fc443,339 Fc453,137 Fc371,882 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested22,50022,67022,11822,30822,149
Production quantity678,300726,370827,138822,003677,702
Yield301,467 Fc320,410 Fc373,966 Fc368,479 Fc305,974 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested15,80015,18014,27614,09014,724
Production quantity282,500292,750317,017314,738252,868
Yield178,797 Fc192,852 Fc222,063 Fc223,377 Fc171,739 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested93,86096,2402,4202,3835,294
Production quantity117,530120,7703,0222,5396,619
Yield12,522 Fc12,549 Fc12,488 Fc10,655 Fc12,503 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested7,891,440 A7,806,310 A7,601,996 A7,400,264 A7,511,852 A
Production quantity28,450,920 A26,281,580 A31,924,964 A29,849,223 A28,002,726 A
Yield36,053 Fc33,667 Fc41,996 Fc40,335 Fc37,278 Fc
CherriesArea harvested8,9708,9409,5789,6329,508
Production quantity44,43059,96019,66653,77348,138
Yield49,532 Fc67,069 Fc20,532 Fc55,827 Fc50,629 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested28,33027,97029,45329,31129,587
Production quantity151,930200,63071,598194,817179,360
Yield53,629 Fc71,730 Fc24,309 Fc66,465 Fc60,621 Fc
ChestnutArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested3,7003,710
Production quantity164,700166,950
Yield445,135 Fc450,000 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested17,10016,47015,03114,79216,178
Production quantity519,400538,680543,726538,057487,245
Yield303,743 Fc327,067 Fc361,736 Fc363,749 Fc301,178 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested43,35043,65044,04144,18144,374
Production quantity126,190164,640128,808166,110159,922
Yield29,110 Fc37,718 Fc29,247 Fc37,598 Fc36,040 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested
Production quantity
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested2,340 A390 A256 A242 A377 A
Production quantity15,510 A1,990 A88 A104 A122 A
Yield66,282 Fc51,026 Fc3,438 Fc4,298 Fc3,236 Fc
FigsArea harvested
Production quantity
Flax fibre and towArea harvested51090174159295
Production quantity1,550250355069
Yield30,392 Fc27,778 Fc2,011 Fc3,145 Fc2,339 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested374,070 A372,430 A402,924 A402,736 A400,455 A
Production quantity3,931,420 A5,066,930 A3,226,399 A4,714,251 A4,168,817 A
Yield105,099 Fc136,051 Fc80,075 Fc117,056 Fc104,102 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested1,4001,450
Production quantity15,10015,830
Yield107,857 Fc109,172 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested931,920992,540880,388797,857812,889
Production quantity2,426,3602,458,9002,847,4092,415,1532,249,945
Yield26,036 Fc24,774 Fc32,343 Fc30,270 Fc27,678 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
GrapesArea harvested740730
Production quantity3,2103,920
Yield43,378 Fc53,699 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested3,7503,7203,7403,7223,553
Production quantity5,4406,6404,6355,5265,422
Yield14,507 Fc17,849 Fc12,393 Fc14,847 Fc15,260 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested1,83030082 Im83 Im82 Im
Production quantity13,9601,74053 Im54 Im53 Im
Yield76,284 Fc58,000 Fc6,463 Fc6,506 Fc6,463 Fc
HopsArea harvested1,7601,6601,6711,2151,471
Production quantity3,7703,2103,2512,0032,303
Yield21,420 Fc19,337 Fc19,455 Fc16,486 Fc15,656 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested
Production quantity
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested4,5004,5306,4756,5665,632
Production quantity83,60088,150122,649118,64797,478
Yield185,778 Fc194,592 Fc189,419 Fc180,699 Fc173,079 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested3,5003,4402,1352,0651,617
Production quantity61,60059,51043,23140,83733,402
Yield176,000 Fc172,994 Fc202,487 Fc197,758 Fc206,568 Fc
LinseedArea harvested3,6704,9805,8757,2974,499
Production quantity4,7706,7209,1008,2876,097
Yield12,997 Fc13,494 Fc15,489 Fc11,357 Fc13,552 Fc
LupinsArea harvested117,43095,640103,276126,899207,837
Production quantity145,690122,000168,678206,247291,182
Yield12,407 Fc12,756 Fc16,333 Fc16,253 Fc14,010 Fc
MaizeArea harvested664,950645,410562,105593,514670,295
Production quantity3,664,5503,792,1404,021,5924,342,9103,156,212
Yield55,110 Fc58,756 Fc71,545 Fc73,173 Fc47,087 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested
Production quantity200
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested300
Production quantity362,400200,160291,357 Im280,348 Im268,990 Im
Yield12,080,000 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
OatsArea harvested495,500497,220491,241472,475460,695
Production quantity1,209,5801,144,3601,464,6061,358,0791,219,620
Yield24,411 Fc23,015 Fc29,814 Fc28,744 Fc26,473 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested915,950 A891,180 A965,385 A862,435 A994,293 A
Production quantity2,326,120 A2,170,290 A2,790,227 A2,279,749 A2,762,767 A
Yield25,396 Fc24,353 Fc28,903 Fc26,434 Fc27,786 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested915,950 A891,180 A965,385 A862,435 A994,293 A
Production quantity1,398,257 A1,303,149 A1,677,457 A1,370,440 A1,657,558 A
Yield15,266 Fc14,623 Fc17,376 Fc15,890 Fc16,671 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested915,950 A891,180 A965,385 A862,435 A994,293 A
Production quantity878,150 A819,641 A1,051,553 A860,499 A1,045,438 A
Yield9,587 Fc9,197 Fc10,893 Fc9,978 Fc10,514 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested27,15029,97032,61422,78141,315
Production quantity33,03038,33057,30533,86953,658
Yield12,166 Fc12,789 Fc17,571 Fc14,867 Fc12,988 Fc
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested25,20025,45026,01926,54825,011
Production quantity535,400562,870667,407651,349548,447
Yield212,460 Fc221,167 Fc256,508 Fc245,348 Fc219,282 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested2,1502,1202,2622,3462,426
Production quantity8,54010,5804,84310,6239,945
Yield39,721 Fc49,906 Fc21,410 Fc45,281 Fc40,993 Fc
PearsArea harvested7,2207,3007,7517,8189,219
Production quantity67,58090,91055,14281,46969,555
Yield93,601 Fc124,534 Fc71,142 Fc104,207 Fc75,447 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested17,42015,32030,10537,36037,983
Production quantity30,88025,74082,76895,16191,254
Yield17,727 Fc16,802 Fc27,493 Fc25,471 Fc24,025 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested9,0008,7209,0398,7248,611
Production quantity43,80041,73051,75345,25243,748
Yield48,667 Fc47,856 Fc57,255 Fc51,871 Fc50,805 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested13,63013,48014,34414,50613,895
Production quantity94,950121,08058,403109,50394,931
Yield69,663 Fc89,822 Fc40,716 Fc75,488 Fc68,320 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested302,480290,970329,323309,896300,355
Production quantity6,481,6207,311,9609,171,7338,872,4456,313,669
Yield214,283 Fc251,296 Fc278,503 Fc286,304 Fc210,207 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested78,180105,020158,00498,811123,251
Production quantity154,760227,850311,784158,576278,029
Yield19,795 Fc21,696 Fc19,733 Fc16,048 Fc22,558 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested240,270 A251,980 A347,229 A328,742 A442,045 A
Production quantity394,300 A457,400 A697,943 A623,180 A801,360 A
Yield16,411 Fc18,152 Fc20,100 Fc18,957 Fc18,128 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested2,6002,5502,6752,5091,941
Production quantity88,90092,620103,00089,31763,150
Yield341,923 Fc363,216 Fc385,047 Fc355,986 Fc325,348 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested875,210845,110914,266822,624947,075
Production quantity2,268,8502,105,6102,697,2652,219,2702,700,776
Yield25,923 Fc24,915 Fc29,502 Fc26,978 Fc28,517 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested29,52029,61029,31729,28227,375
Production quantity75,660115,610104,482129,06379,895
Yield25,630 Fc39,044 Fc35,639 Fc44,076 Fc29,185 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested
Production quantity
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested302,480 A290,970 A329,323 A309,896 A300,355 A
Production quantity6,481,620 A7,311,960 A9,171,733 A8,872,445 A6,313,669 A
Yield214,283 Fc251,296 Fc278,503 Fc286,304 Fc210,207 Fc
RyeArea harvested903,800893,960873,222775,087725,257
Production quantity2,415,6402,126,5702,673,6422,199,5782,013,148
Yield26,728 Fc23,788 Fc30,618 Fc28,378 Fc27,758 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested7,9205,4509,3337,642
Production quantity15,54010,39020,29714,747
Yield19,621 Fc19,064 Fc21,748 Fc19,297 Fc
SpinachArea harvested7001,030
Production quantity5,4007,470
Yield77,143 Fc72,524 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested49,90049,18049,64250,60052,139
Production quantity185,400205,200177,921196,972204,889
Yield37,154 Fc41,724 Fc35,841 Fc38,927 Fc39,297 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested240,780238,920231,716203,389180,119
Production quantity13,836,62014,302,91015,732,95213,523,7819,364,467
Yield574,658 Fc598,649 Fc678,976 Fc664,922 Fc519,904 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested240,780 A238,920 A231,716 A203,389 A180,119 A
Production quantity13,836,620 A14,302,910 A15,732,952 A13,523,781 A9,364,467 A
Yield574,658 Fc598,649 Fc678,976 Fc664,922 Fc519,904 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested2,0005,6703,2382,0301,341
Production quantity3,9309,2406,2323,5472,206
Yield19,650 Fc16,296 Fc19,246 Fc17,473 Fc16,450 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested15,41016,39012,88511,95813,405
Production quantity28,77033,19032,49331,20127,251
Yield18,670 Fc20,250 Fc25,218 Fc26,092 Fc20,329 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested13,50013,11011,44211,23912,694
Production quantity917,800928,830898,012866,980789,644
Yield679,852 Fc708,490 Fc784,838 Fc771,403 Fc622,061 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested6,020 A6,030 A6,462 A6,524 A6,035 A
Production quantity10,680 A15,120 A8,353 A12,741 A12,502 A
Yield17,741 Fc25,075 Fc12,926 Fc19,529 Fc20,716 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested1,314,7901,287,9701,352,0131,373,5291,516,168
Production quantity4,498,2004,009,6605,312,0615,102,4455,339,437
Yield34,212 Fc31,132 Fc39,290 Fc37,148 Fc35,217 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested191,063 A191,705 A183,441 A184,337 A181,445 A
Production quantity5,402,394 A5,503,800 A6,001,996 A5,896,363 A5,070,030 A
Yield282,755 Fc287,097 Fc327,189 Fc319,869 Fc279,425 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested35,46336,44535,63335,56436,126
Production quantity673,494717,950910,714882,206826,807
Yield189,915 Fc196,995 Fc255,582 Fc248,062 Fc228,868 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested2,0002,1802,2282,1501,720
Production quantity12,70014,15019,06915,81412,366
Yield63,500 Fc64,908 Fc85,588 Fc73,553 Fc71,895 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested2,2702,3102,7222,8022,482
Production quantity5,2408,4803,7187,2157,080
Yield23,084 Fc36,710 Fc13,659 Fc25,749 Fc28,525 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested
Production quantity800
WheatArea harvested2,511,3302,417,2302,391,8532,364,0782,395,451
Production quantity10,807,4909,637,62011,665,70210,827,90210,957,787
Yield43,035 Fc39,871 Fc48,773 Fc45,802 Fc45,744 Fc
SorghumArea harvested
Production quantity
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Beans, dryArea harvested18,00321,89025,829
Production quantity49,92458,55740,679
Yield27,731 Fc26,751 Fc15,749 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvested78,02781,46858,529
Production quantity113,113118,56263,524
Yield14,497 Fc14,553 Fc10,853 Fc
Chicory rootsArea harvested1,1271,0101,321
Production quantity29,13024,12028,620
Yield258,474 Fc238,812 Fc216,654 Fc
CranberriesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested13,810 Im13,555 Im12,972 Im
Production quantity71,857 Im71,386 Im69,721 Im
Yield52,033 Fc52,664 Fc53,747 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested3,306 Im3,334 Im3,274 Im
Production quantity11,759 Im11,893 Im11,759 Im
Yield35,569 Fc35,672 Fc35,916 Fc
GooseberriesArea harvested2,3342,3802,212
Production quantity9,45712,46212,126
Yield40,518 Fc52,361 Fc54,819 Fc
HempseedArea harvested59 Im61 Im63 Im
Production quantity28 Im29 Im30 Im
Yield4,746 Fc4,754 Fc4,762 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested5,2366,6864,915
Production quantity60,00775,92341,264
Yield114,605 Fc113,555 Fc83,955 Fc
MilletArea harvested16,94324,55228,009
Production quantity30,78540,96535,772
Yield18,170 Fc16,685 Fc12,772 Fc
String beansArea harvested6,3676,6796,260
Production quantity57,44557,41046,042
Yield90,223 Fc85,956 Fc73,550 Fc
VetchesArea harvested6,62010,88211,845
Production quantity1,04117,78916,996
Yield1,573 Fc16,347 Fc14,349 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea14,512 Q14,462 Q14,374 Q14,371 Q14,424 Q
AgricultureArea14,669 Q14,620 Q14,543 Q14,545 Q14,558 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea364 Q383 Q431 Q502 Q556 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area485 Q495 Q537 Q581 Q658 Q
Arable landArea11,009 Q10,907 Q10,806 Q10,887 Q10,928 Q
Country areaArea31,269 Q31,268 Q31,268 Q31,268 Q31,268 Q
CroplandArea11,362 Q11,291 Q11,199 Q11,278 Q11,304 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea285 W288 W93 W74 W376 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area385 W379 W399 W423 W451 Q
Forest landArea9,459 Q9,447 Q9,435 Q9,420 Q9,402 Fm
Inland watersArea652 Q651 Q649 Q649 Q649 Q
Land areaArea30,617 Q30,619 Q30,619 Q30,619 Q30,619 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea271 Fm271 Fm271 Q205 Fm140 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea3,150 Q3,171 Q3,175 Q3,093 Q3,120 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea353 Q384 Q393 Q391 Q376 Q
Land under protective coverArea157 Fc158 Fc169 Fc174 Fc134 Fc
Land under temporary cropsArea10,829 Q10,757 Q10,640 Q10,753 Q10,453 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea180 Q150 Q166 Q134 Q475 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea2,054 Fm2,054 Fm2,054 Fm2,054 Q2,054 Fm
Other landArea6,489 Fc6,552 Fc6,641 Fc6,654 Fc6,659 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea2,959 Q2,986 Q2,908 Q2,658 Q3,120 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea191 Q185 Q267 Q435 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea79 W95 W116 W139 W180 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area100 W116 W137 W158 W207 Q
Planted ForestArea7,366 Fm7,366 Fm7,366 Fm7,366 Q7,366 Fm
Primary ForestArea59 Fm59 Fm59 Q58 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea133 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.