Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Poland

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Datasheet

Poland

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentKamińska and Śliwa (2008); Krawczyk et al. (2016); Zwolińska et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, Few occurrencesZwolińska et al. (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Formerly presentBradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSławiak et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2015); Potrykus et al. (2016)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBORECKI and LYSKANOWSKA (1968); Sobiczewski and Suski (1988); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadInvasiveWaleron et al. (2002); Waleron et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeRakowska (2001); Kawecka and Sanecki (2003); Noga (2003); Mrozinska et al. (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedSeligo (1895); Własow et al. (2004)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentInvasiveOrlikowski et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2008); Aguayo et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentOrlikowski et al. (2002); EPPO (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedOszako and Orlikowski (2005)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentZarzycka and Sujkowski (2000)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, Few occurrencesOrlikowski and Szkuta (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, Formerly presentKucmierz (1976); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentKowalski and Kehr (1992)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentGolebrink (1995); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentIntroducedPrzybył (1980); Przybyl (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBenben (1969)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFilipowicz (1986); Hruszka (1991); Mikołajska et al. (1991); UK, CAB International (1993); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentInvasiveKowalski (2006); Kowalski and Holdenrieder (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)PresentInvasiveCzaplinska (1981); Lisowicz (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentSpaulding (1961)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentJacobs and Wingfield (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedKowalski and Jankowiak (1998); CABI and EPPO (2010); Boroń et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentPuechmaille et al. (2011); Sachanowicz et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeLuszczynski (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentTylus et al. (1981); UK, CAB International (1983); Nowacka et al. (1990); EPPO (2020); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeŁakomy and Werner (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeŁakomy and Werner (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentMajewski (1979)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, LocalizedRALSKI and MUSZYNSKA (1968); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedZamorski (1982); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, Intercepted onlyUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Przetakiewicz (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAcipenserobdella volgensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGruszka (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix bavaricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix vejdovskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentSkoracka and Magowski (2002); Jeżewska (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWiniarska (1996); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Napiorkowska-Kowalik (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara aulicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara majusculaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara montivagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOlszewska (1999); Olszewska (2000); Jazdewski and Grabowski (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus caucasicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis oenotheraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentRakauskas et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApopestes spectrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus lynxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, Few occurrencesde Barro (1995); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedKrzemińska et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia roscipennella (walnut leaf miner)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarabus convexusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZmudzinski (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)Present, WidespreadCmoluch (1980); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedJazdzewski and Konopacka (1996); Konopacka (2004); Jazdzewski et al. (2005); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNapiórkowska-Kowalik and Gawłowska (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentDziedzicka (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentWatson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara juniperiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeLecompte et al. (2016); Miszczak (1974); Sądej (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentBaran (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrypturgus subcribrosusPresentMokrzycki et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes coronatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveYardim et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Absent, Formerly presentKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus haemobaphes (demon shrimp)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKonopacka (2004); Jazdzewski et al. (2005); Bącela et al. (2008); Gruszka and Woźniczka (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeHardy (1939); Gornas (1968); Liston (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentNativeKloft et al. (1964); Heie (1992); Bartkowski (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEperigone trilobataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentSieminska et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2004); NHM (2004); Ojaveer et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentJaśkiewicz and Sławińska (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupithecia lariciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHoldich DM et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentChmielewski (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGruszka (1999); Gruszka (1995); Dobrzycka-Krahel et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeListon (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGronops inaequalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentŁabanowski and Soika (2010); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHasarius adansoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); Seczkowska (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedInvasiveJanas and Wysocki (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentKorczyński (1988); Skrzecz (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeBurakowski et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeBurakowski et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBurakowski et al. (1992); Grodzki (2003); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeBurakowski et al. (1992); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentWalczak et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Pruszyński et al. (1987); Godzińska (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeCox (2001); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, LocalizedIntroducedMichels (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLongicaudus trirhodusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum ptericolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia gregariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia tamilnaduensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKozikowski (1949); Madziara (1955); Schnaider (1970); UK, CAB International (1977); Szmidt and Banaszak (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadLucht (1987); Burdajewicz and Nowacka (1994); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetaphycus anneckeiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentBense (1995); Plewa et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentInvasiveDominik (1986); Althoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentKlimaszewski et al. (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeSitowski (1925); Gornas (1968); Kolk and Sierpinski (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedNentwig et al. (2016); Rozwalka et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, Few occurrencesBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentJakubowska (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObesogammarus crassusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentSkrzypczyńska (2008); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligonychus laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligonychus pritchardiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentKlejdysz et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); Cagáň et al. (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadBaranowski and Dankowska (1996); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedKouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGrabowski (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadStrojny (1958); Schnaiderova (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeriphyllus acericolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeriphyllus acerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBuszko and Nowacki (2000); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); Narkiewicz-Jodko (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentWojtan et al. (2006); Jaśkiewicz and Sławińska (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeLucht (1987); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveKarpinski (1931); Burakowski et al. (1992); Kolk (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentKowalczyk and Szczepko (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPonera coarctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGruszka (1999); Jazdzewski and Konopacka (2000); Grabowski et al. (2006); Surowiec and Dobrzycka-Krahel (2008); Dobrzycka-Krahel and Rzemykowska (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora wesmaeliPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedDemel (1953); Turoboyski (1973); Normant et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalosiphum rufulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentKlejdysz and Nawrot (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentStrojny (1953); Schnaiderowa (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentChłodny (1982); Dominik (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchizotetranychus parasemusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)PresentNativeCapecki (1972); Smith (1978); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda castaneaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStephanitis obertiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTelmatogeton japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetramorium caldariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus sinhaiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeZielinski (1998); Danilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentBlaik et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek and Theowald (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadBorkowski (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentBaranowski and Gorski (1991); Domagala et al. (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeInvasiveŁabanowski and Soika (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUloborus plumipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUrocerus albicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon pseudambrosiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon telekiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2009); Sanford et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeArcher (1998); Skibinska (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDominik and Kinelski (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyBright and Skidmore (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentMokrzycki et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentIntroducedNeely et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeira divagansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001); Nowak et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)PresentIntroducedSolarz (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanks et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSemenchenko et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWawrzyniak et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedFAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004); Czerniejewski and Wawrzyniak (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentOttens and Ryall (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGlyptoperichthys gibbiceps (leopard pleco)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWitkowski (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Winkler et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Holcík (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDanilkiewicz (1998); Kostrzewa and Grabowski (2002); Kostrzewa et al. (2004); Grabowska et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSkóra and Stolarski (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNowak and Pielowski (1964); Jedrzejewska and Jedrzejewski (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNOBANIS (2011); Grabowska et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWeller (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveHall (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAntychowicz (1994); Kakareko (1999); Terlecki and Palka (1999); Kostrzewa et al. (2004); Nowak et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, Few occurrencesNativeVladykov (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBartoszewicz et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (1997); Witkowski (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Blanc et al. (1971); Winkler et al. (2000); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Jansson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, Few occurrencesNativeMuus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGrabowska et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveArndt (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentKocylowski (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion fasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion rufusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella neglectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLabêcka et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHelix Consulting (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al. (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOlenin (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelicella italaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax flavusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSlosarski (1877); Wiktor and Jurkowska (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLithoglyphus naticoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLucilla singleyanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMenetus dilatatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOpeas pumilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeKerney et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus translucidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLewin and Smolinski (2006); Brzezinski and Kolodziejczyk (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)Present, Few occurrencesDidžiulis (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRolbiecki (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentSuski (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentSZCZYGIEL (1967); SZCZYGIEL (1970); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedBrzeski (1972); Radziwinowicz (1972); Kornobis and Wolny (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020); Wolny (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWolny (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011); Przetakiewicz (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)Present, WidespreadBrzeski et al. (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentBerbec (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)PresentBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentGLASER and SKOWROÑSKI (1970); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedPanczyk and Zelazny (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZajac et al. (1998); Mędrzycki and Pabjanek (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)Present, WidespreadNativeKorcz (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)Present, Few occurrencesNativeNowak and Nowak (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla sericataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeBoratynski (1980); Tomialojc et al. (1984); Czuraj (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Korniak and Szubstarski (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)Present, LocalizedNativeZając and Zając (2001); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLove (1976); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Karnkowski (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedKarnkowski (2001); Euro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedKurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHiepko (1988); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresentIntroducedSzkudlarz and Celka (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedJehlík (1984); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster tradescantiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex oblongifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex polonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadWarcholińska (1986); Rola (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentIntroducedLabanowski (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)Present, WidespreadIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachyactis ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassaia actinophylla (octopus tree)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2018); Kell (2011); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedKorniak and Dynowski (2011); Kubicka et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeKosina and Frey (1996); Krzakowa (1997); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedTokarska-Guzik (2003); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNOBANIS (2009); Poland, Institute of Nature Conservation, Polish Academy of Sciences (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum longifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea micranthosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOchsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Kubat et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Brenan and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Skrzyczyńska (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1964); Czekalski (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedStace (1972); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedPliszko (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDickoré and Kasperek (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclamen purpurascensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeSKALINSKA and ET AL. (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, LocalizedMilczak et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, LocalizedNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedMarciniak and Sikorski (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeLipecki and Szwedo (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHołdyński (1991); Holm et al. (1991); Woźniak and Hołdyński (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTokarska-Guzik (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedKubus (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDandy (1980); NOBANIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholzia ciliata (crested latesummer mint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedKorsmo (1954); Holm et al. (1991); Rola and Rola (1994); Badowski and Rola (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis albensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis multicaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron ramosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum hungaricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum marschallianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum wahlenbergiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentDuer (1986); Hochół (1990); Holm et al. (1991); Sawicka and Skalski (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStypinski (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresent, WidespreadInvasiveFojcik and Tokarska-Guzik (2000); Bailey and Wisskirchen (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca rupicaprinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadChoroszewski (1994); Zając and Zając (2001); Klikocka and Wesolowski (2002); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKabuce and Priede (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium bohemicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium divaricatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeWalters (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHacquetia epipactisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelleborus viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGreuter (2006); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJahodová et al. (2007); Kabuce (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta plantagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyacinthella leucophaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedCook and Luond (1982); Kłosowski and Tomaszewicz (1997); Preston and Croft (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedGalera and Ratyńska (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Lhotska and Kopecky (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHulten and Fries (1986); Zając and Zając (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentBall and Akeroyd (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGuzik (1989); Moraczewski and Sudnik-Wójcikowska (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus heterophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedBanaszek and Musial (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentWolek (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadInvasiveLipa (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedBraun (1977); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora Europaea (1968); ILDIS (2015); NOBANIS (2015); DAISIE (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia punctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelampyrum barbatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978); Hutorowicz et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMajtkowski and Majtkowsk (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNuphar pumilaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera acutifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera cruciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fallaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera hoelscheriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera issleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera jueterbogensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera paradoxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera perangustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera pycnocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera royfraseriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera salicifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera subterminalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera victoriniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera wieniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera x albipercurvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeSzafer (1966); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche lucorumPresentSzczęśniak (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)Present, LocalizedIntroducedChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInstitute of Nature Conservation and Polish Academy of Sciences (2012); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2020); Euro+Med PlantBase (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Szeląg (1997); Czyż et al. (1999); Grynia et al. (1999); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum rhaeticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeKozlowski et al. (1997); Grzegorczyk and Alberski (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Holeksa and Holeksa (1987); Trzaskoś (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago serpentinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)Present, WidespreadEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeSamecka-Cymerman and Kempers (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla albaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVanhellemont (2009); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa blandaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa gorenkensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentWeidema (2006); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedBoratyn'ska (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus senticosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeVirtual Herbaria Austria (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedKocián (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium bermudianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago x niederederiPresentPliszko (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedKorsmo (1930); Hultén (1950); Hanf (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeRostanski (1978); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedFalkowski et al. (1990); Capecka and Gaweda (2001); Malawska and Wilkomirski (2001); Malawska and Wiłkomirski (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeloxys aristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)Present, WidespreadNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha laxmanniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGabka (2002); Hutorowicz and Hutorowicz (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentNativeFrey and Paszko (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica gentianoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)Present, LocalizedNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeSzczęśniak (2013); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium albinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); USDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFudali et al. (2009); Lisowski and Urbanski (1989)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentSulgostowska and Czaplińska (1987)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentPejsak et al. (2014)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentLandowska-Plazewska and Plazewski (1968)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentHoppe et al. (1983)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Present, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Borodynko-Filas et al. (2017)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentZarzynska-Nowak et al. (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Balukiewicz and Kryczyński (2005); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentTrzmiel and Jeżewska (2008)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentHasiów-Jaroszewska et al. (2010)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
VirusPoplar mosaic virusPresentCABI (Undated)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentTrzmiel (2009)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1982); Jeźewska and Wieczorek (1998)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO (2009)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverPresentPejsak et al. (2014)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anguillicolosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRolbiecki (2008)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972)
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadKarpinska and Samorek-Salamonowicz (1981)
avian bordetellosisPresentCABI (Undated)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentWieliczko et al. (2000)
avian trichomoniasisPresentNativeWieliczko et al. (2003)
avipoxPresentLandowska-Plazewska and Plazewski (1968)
bacterial kidney diseasePresentKozińska et al. (2001)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedPanczyk and Zelazny (1974)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadBuczek and Wrzolek-Lobocka (1977); Majewska et al. (1978)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentWrzołek-Łobocka (1998)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadKlimentowski et al. (1995)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentKlimentowski et al. (1995)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresentOIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Boryczko and Królak (1987)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentTruszczynski (1989); Kita and Anusz (1991)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium novyi infectionsPresentGözün and Kİran (1999); Cygan (2000)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentCygan and Buczek (1997)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedSeligo (1895); Własow et al. (2004)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadKozakiewicz and Palkovič (1989); Bajer et al. (2002); Bajer et al. (2003); Bednarska et al. (2003)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentWachnik (1974)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentCygan and Buczek (1995)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentPopović et al. (2001); Kozińska and Pękala (2004)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2009); OIE (1999)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentPejsak (1995)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentOsek (1998); Osek (1999); Osek (1999)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)Landowska-Plazewska and Plazewski (1968); OIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentSvobodová and Chroust (1995); Bednarska et al. (1998); Majewska et al. (1998)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentStefaniak (1996)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fishPresentBielecki (1997)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentPuechmaille et al. (2011); Sachanowicz et al. (2014)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Antychowicz et al. (2001)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentHaenen et al. (2004)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentThiede et al. (2002)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresentRoss (1993)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentKondracki et al. (1992)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2009); Ramisz (1970)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentSulgostowska and Czaplińska (1987)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentPejsak and Markowska-Daniel (1996)
proliferative enteropathyPresentPejsak et al. (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Kopczewski et al. (1986); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009); Lis (1999); Mól (1999)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresentGazdzinski and Minta (1978)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadWernicki and Rzedzicki (1988); Markowska-Daniel et al. (1996); Winiarczyk and Grądzki (1999)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpPresentOIE (2009); Fijan (1999); Antychowicz and Kozińska (2000)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadŚwiderek (1996); Kleczkowski et al. (1999); Twardoń et al. (1999)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentAmtsberg (1979)
summer mastitisPresentMalinowski and Smulski (2007)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
swine influenzaPresentMarkowska-Daniel and Pejsak (1999)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadCygan (1996)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tickborne encephalitisPresentMatuszczyk et al. (1997)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaPresentOIE (2009); Moniuszko et al. (2011)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentPilaszek (1988)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009); Sanford et al. (2007)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2009)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2009)
whirling diseasePresentKocylowski (1953)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity
Apples Area Harvested 183526 170443 173607 171963 175595
Apples Production Quantity 2493080 1877910 2626270 2830660 1039970
Apples Yield 135843 Fc 110178 Fc 151277 Fc 164609 Fc 59225.5 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 1692 1667 1821 1670 1638
Apricots Production Quantity 4024 3376 5244 4101 1076
Apricots Yield 23782.5 Fc 20252 Fc 28797.4 Fc 24556.9 Fc 6568.99 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 163 Im 146 Im 187 Im 179 Im 196 Im
Asparagus Production Quantity 2200 F 1829 Im 2100 F 1908 Im 2094 Im
Asparagus Yield 134969 Fc 125274 Fc 112299 Fc 106592 Fc 106837 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 1018000 1118800 1157000 1206560 1232370
Barley Production Quantity 3325900 3533000 3983900 3619460 4008100
Barley Seed 222000 F 222000 238000 242000 235000
Barley Yield 32670.9 Fc 31578.5 Fc 34433 Fc 29998.2 Fc 32523.5 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 17541 17833 14267 15104 20061
Beans, dry Production Quantity 34896 33436 28500 29841 38845
Beans, dry Seed 2455.74 Fc 2455.74 Fc 2496.62 Fc 1997.38 Fc 2114.56 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 19894 Fc 18749.5 Fc 19976.2 Fc 19757 Fc 19363.4 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 108 Im 97 Im 125 Im 120 Im 132 Im
Beans, green Production Quantity 2848 Im 2492 Im 2861 Im 2658 Im 2917 Im
Beans, green Yield 263704 Fc 256907 Fc 228880 Fc 221500 Fc 220985 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 9418 13447 6020 6522 7053
Berries Nes Production Quantity 50578 57034 39302 46927 38851
Berries Nes Yield 53703.6 Fc 42413.9 Fc 65285.7 Fc 71951.9 Fc 55084.4 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 2404 2167 2366 2256 1954
Blueberries Production Quantity 8595 9195 11023 7857 5226
Blueberries Yield 35752.9 Fc 42431.9 Fc 46589.2 Fc 34827.1 Fc 26745.1 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested 75768 88525 69830 64514 72680
Buckwheat Production Quantity 92985 97220 81226 68726 84236
Buckwheat Seed 5500 F 5500 F 5500 F 5500 F 5500 F
Buckwheat Yield 12272.3 Fc 10982.2 Fc 11632 Fc 10652.9 Fc 11590 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 28808 24130 34331 33300 37299
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 1288740 1047000 1337350 1256470 1389200
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 447355 Fc 433900 Fc 389546 Fc 377318 Fc 372450 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 23522 19570 29547 28213 31412
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 887374 764585 913304 817024 938230
Carrots and turnips Yield 377253 Fc 390692 Fc 309102 Fc 289591 Fc 298685 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 14948 13482 15617 14661 15128
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 297649 272991 291131 274904 282425
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 199123 Fc 202486 Fc 186419 Fc 187507 Fc 186690 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 7676880 A 7864570 A 8503510 A 8598810 A 8352850 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 25775300 A 26652600 A 29571100 A 27664300 A 27142800 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1714080 A 1714080 A 1735470 A 1777800 A 1795040 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 33575.2 Fc 33889.4 Fc 34775.2 Fc 32172.3 Fc 32495.3 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 5053 16333 2585 1945 2936
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 10812 29560 6617 3821 6728
Cereals, nes Seed 909.54 Fc 909.54 Fc 2939.94 Fc 465.3 Fc 350.1 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 21397.2 Fc 18098.3 Fc 25597.7 Fc 19645.2 Fc 22915.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7676880 A 7864570 A 8503510 A 8598810 A 8352850 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25775300 A 26652600 A 29571100 A 27664300 A 27142800 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1714080 A 1714080 A 1735470 A 1777800 A 1795040 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 33575.2 Fc 33889.4 Fc 34775.2 Fc 32172.3 Fc 32495.3 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 11555 12031 10625 9903 10289
Cherries Production Quantity 37984 40134 50505 40818 20186
Cherries Yield 32872.3 Fc 33358.8 Fc 47534.1 Fc 41217.8 Fc 19619 Fc
Chestnuts Production Quantity 451 Im 393 Im 509 Im 500 F 260 F
Chicory roots Area Harvested 1397 1407 1763 1320 1300 F
Chicory roots Production Quantity 35002 36998 38347 30402 34633
Chicory roots Yield 250551 Fc 262957 Fc 217510 Fc 230318 Fc 266408 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5418180 A 5458470 A 6157310 A 6320860 A 6240870 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 16436100 A 17164800 A 19781500 A 18389400 A 18825600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1109080 A 1109080 A 1125470 A 1192800 A 1210040 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 30335 Fc 31446.2 Fc 32126.9 Fc 29093.2 Fc 30164.9 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 17461 14942 20144 19960 21036
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 510892 442212 480553 501571 511357
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 292590 Fc 295952 Fc 238559 Fc 251288 Fc 243087 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 39884 45224 43094 43321 45816
Currants Production Quantity 169634 196658 196453 196587 138568
Currants Yield 42531.8 Fc 43485.3 Fc 45587.1 Fc 45379.2 Fc 30244.5 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 918 A 616 A 1967 A 2498 A 2111 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 299 A 247 A 472 A 758 A 552 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3257.08 Fc 4009.74 Fc 2399.59 Fc 3034.43 Fc 2614.87 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 848 546 1897 2428 2041
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 249 197 422 708 502
Flax fibre and tow Yield 2936.32 Fc 3608.06 Fc 2224.57 Fc 2915.98 Fc 2459.58 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 407369 A 385855 A 395745 A 394789 A 403807 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3461940 A 2780670 A 3685280 A 3880860 A 1731070 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 84983 Fc 72065 Fc 93122.5 Fc 98302.1 Fc 42868.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 5970 Im 5655 Im 5800 F 5712 6190
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 49800 Im 40000 F 46000 F 44809 37011
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 83417.1 Fc 70733.9 Fc 79310.3 Fc 78447.1 Fc 59791.6 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 3096 3159 2824 2902 3122
Gooseberries Production Quantity 14590 14189 15787 16156 13736
Gooseberries Yield 47125.3 Fc 44916.1 Fc 55903 Fc 55671.9 Fc 43997.4 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 3489 3575 2663 3131 3100
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 3103 2649 3055 3434 3470
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 8893.67 Fc 7409.79 Fc 11472 Fc 10967.7 Fc 11193.5 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 70 F 70 F 70 F 70 F 70 F
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 54 Im 63 Im 53 Im 50 Im 52 Im
Hempseed Production Quantity 27 Im 32 Im 36 Im 23 Im 20 Im
Hempseed Seed 5 Fc 5 Fc 5 Fc 5 Fc 5 Fc
Hempseed Yield 5000 Fc 5079.37 Fc 6792.45 Fc 4600 Fc 3846.15 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 1643 1709 2195 2316 2292
Hops Production Quantity 2580 2193 3924 3491 3392
Hops Yield 15703 Fc 12832.1 Fc 17877 Fc 15073.4 Fc 14799.3 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 6281 6659 6805 6385 6967
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 122269 131175 120120 106522 117847
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 194665 Fc 196989 Fc 176517 Fc 166832 Fc 169150 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 1354 1441 1568 1277 1432
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 10783 11417 11973 9184 10528
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 79638.1 Fc 79229.7 Fc 76358.4 Fc 71918.6 Fc 73519.6 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 1488 1501 1231 1180 1395
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 32204 29108 14806 14401 20541
Lettuce and chicory Yield 216425 Fc 193924 Fc 120276 Fc 122042 Fc 147247 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 2162 3441 1624 1341 1759
Linseed Production Quantity 2611 3379 2082 1564 2039
Linseed Seed 86.48 Fc 86.48 Fc 137.64 Fc 64.96 Fc 53.64 Fc
Linseed Yield 12076.8 Fc 9819.82 Fc 12820.2 Fc 11662.9 Fc 11591.8 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 52508 75689 35678 30670 41904
Lupins Production Quantity 78562 126200 56954 39686 56480
Lupins Seed 7351.12 Fc 7351.12 Fc 10596.5 Fc 4994.92 Fc 4293.8 Fc
Lupins Yield 14961.9 Fc 16673.5 Fc 15963.3 Fc 12939.7 Fc 13478.4 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 291572 Im 298700 274100 317193 261975
Maize Production Quantity 1659710 Im 1716200 1706600 1844440 1722300
Maize Seed 9000 F 9000 9000 24000 26000
Maize Yield 56922.8 Fc 57455.6 Fc 62261.9 Fc 58148.8 Fc 65742.9 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 1985 1907 1832 1606 1490
Maize, green Production Quantity 25889 24138 20953 17577 18184
Maize, green Yield 130423 Fc 126576 Fc 114372 Fc 109446 Fc 122040 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 12054 11874 7465 6037 6755
Millet Production Quantity 16072 18923 12142 9490 11692
Millet Seed 301.35 Fc 301.35 Fc 296.85 Fc 186.63 Fc 150.93 Fc
Millet Yield 13333.3 Fc 15936.5 Fc 16265.2 Fc 15719.7 Fc 17308.7 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 1114800 992113 1260330 1444010 1505160
Mixed grain Production Quantity 3112970 3007950 3628760 3672890 4257400
Mixed grain Seed 178368 Fc 178368 Fc 158738 Fc 201653 Fc 231042 Fc
Mixed grain Yield 27924 Fc 30318.6 Fc 28792.1 Fc 25435.3 Fc 28285.4 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 198235 Im 173448 Im 199148 Im 185000 F 180000 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 78 Im 67 Im 66 Im 62 Im 60 Im
Oats Area Harvested 546200 539000 525300 550617 582556
Oats Production Quantity 1381600 1334400 1415400 1262390 1462350
Oats Seed 160000 F 160000 F 160000 F 160000 F 160000 F
Oats Yield 25294.8 Fc 24757 Fc 26944.6 Fc 22926.8 Fc 25102.3 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 850752 A 985969 A 833858 A 800143 A 832137 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1132400 A 1363470 A 1516100 A 1279980 A 1294900 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 49866.7 A 49866.7 A 56858.8 A 48642.4 A 46301.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 13310.6 Fc 13828.7 Fc 18181.8 Fc 15996.9 Fc 15561.1 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 850752 A 985969 A 833858 A 800143 A 832137 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 716072 A 860880 A 958546 A 809305 A 818785 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 31577.1 A 31577.1 A 36003 A 30802.8 A 29320.6 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 8416.92 Fc 8731.3 Fc 11495.3 Fc 10114.5 Fc 9839.55 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 15404 33143 19805 25000 F 30000 F
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 18268 36327 24276 22000 F 21000 F
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 11859.3 Fc 10960.7 Fc 12257.5 Fc 8800 Fc 7000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 26629 23705 31419 30187 34415
Onions, dry Production Quantity 676956 577983 707792 618233 752468
Onions, dry Yield 254218 Fc 243823 Fc 225275 Fc 204801 Fc 218645 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 3461 3378 3354 3176 3310
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 8695 9317 12536 12096 3614
Peaches and nectarines Yield 25122.8 Fc 27581.4 Fc 37376.3 Fc 38085.6 Fc 10918.4 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 11670 8377 13152 13028 13036
Pears Production Quantity 62784 46542 83032 72813 30746
Pears Yield 53799.5 Fc 55559.3 Fc 63132.6 Fc 55889.6 Fc 23585.5 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 14287 16749 10669 10684 13454
Peas, dry Production Quantity 36893 38081 24900 23373 32440
Peas, dry Seed 2571.66 Fc 2571.66 Fc 3014.82 Fc 1920.42 Fc 1923.12 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 25822.8 Fc 22736.3 Fc 23338.6 Fc 21876.6 Fc 24111.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 5774 5557 6794 6263 6845
Peas, green Production Quantity 30402 37022 37076 32345 36734
Peas, green Yield 52653.3 Fc 66622.3 Fc 54571.7 Fc 51644.6 Fc 53665.4 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 20244 17880 21044 21129 22187
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 91772 83798 120718 113578 53467
Plums and sloes Yield 45332.9 Fc 46866.9 Fc 57364.6 Fc 53754.6 Fc 24098.3 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 400500 490853 507952 548884 549400
Potatoes Production Quantity 8196700 8765960 9702800 10462100 11791100
Potatoes Seed 1016000 F 1016000 1355000 1220000 1360000
Potatoes Yield 204662 Fc 178586 Fc 191018 Fc 190607 Fc 214618 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 69699 54007 56248 55000 F 58000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 180785 148709 156784 135000 F 140000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 2787.96 Fc 2787.96 Fc 2160.28 Fc 2249.92 Fc 2200 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 25938 Fc 27535.1 Fc 27873.7 Fc 24545.5 Fc 24137.9 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 156817 A 169661 A 119884 A 113217 A 135978 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 335145 A 355661 A 272263 A 230840 A 270708 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 15277.8 A 15277.8 A 18483.5 A 11283.5 A 10601.8 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 21371.7 Fc 20963 Fc 22710.5 Fc 20389.2 Fc 19908.2 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 1767 1716 1883 1547 1528
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 60687 59560 53069 39596 40250
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 343447 Fc 347086 Fc 281832 Fc 255953 Fc 263416 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 830149 946147 809970 771069 796751
Rapeseed Production Quantity 1861810 2228680 2496830 2105840 2129870
Rapeseed Seed 83014.9 Fc 83014.9 Fc 94614.7 Fc 80997 Fc 77106.9 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 22427.4 Fc 23555.3 Fc 30826.2 Fc 27310.7 Fc 26731.9 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 27063 29556 20223 19971 20604
Raspberries Production Quantity 117995 92864 81778 81552 56391
Raspberries Yield 43600.1 Fc 31419.7 Fc 40438.1 Fc 40835.2 Fc 27369 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 400500 A 490853 A 507952 A 548884 A 549400 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8196700 A 8765960 A 9702800 A 10462100 A 11791100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1016000 A 1016000 A 1355000 A 1220000 A 1360000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 204662 Fc 178586 Fc 191018 Fc 190607 Fc 214618 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 1085470 1063220 1395700 1396520 1316200
Rye Production Quantity 2600680 2851710 3712900 3448550 3125690
Rye Seed 268000 F 268000 272000 270000 262000
Rye Yield 23959 Fc 26821.5 Fc 26602.4 Fc 24693.9 Fc 23747.8 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 33982 33019 35464 36176 37634
Sour cherries Production Quantity 175049 147238 189220 201681 107651
Sour cherries Yield 51512.3 Fc 44591.9 Fc 53355.5 Fc 55749.9 Fc 28604.7 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 208 181 127 67 332
Soybeans Production Quantity 331 249 209 102 525
Soybeans Yield 15913.5 Fc 13756.9 Fc 16456.7 Fc 15223.9 Fc 15813.3 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 2882 Im 2730 Im 2800 F 2900 F 3070 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 11205 Im 9000 F 8500 F 10500 F 10000 F
Stone fruit, nes Yield 38879.3 Fc 32967 Fc 30357.1 Fc 36206.9 Fc 32573.3 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 50522 37122 53551 54160 52309
Strawberries Production Quantity 166159 153410 198907 200723 174578
Strawberries Yield 32888.4 Fc 41325.9 Fc 37143.5 Fc 37061.1 Fc 33374.4 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 7263 6490 7864 7494 7329
String beans Production Quantity 68580 69624 70098 63851 65101
String beans Yield 94423.8 Fc 107279 Fc 89137.8 Fc 85202.8 Fc 88826.6 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 203512 206407 199936 187484 247432
Sugar beet Production Quantity 11674200 9972600 10849200 8715120 12681600
Sugar beet Yield 573637 Fc 483152 Fc 542634 Fc 464846 Fc 512529 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 2775 2994 2279 2616 3243
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5179 4507 4128 4669 5662
Sunflower seed Yield 18663.1 Fc 15053.4 Fc 18113.2 Fc 17847.9 Fc 17459.1 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 15895 15724 16900 17395 17570
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 34428 34782 39293 41153 39482
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 21659.6 Fc 22120.3 Fc 23250.3 Fc 23658 Fc 22471.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 13441 10493 15278 14640 15909
Tomatoes Production Quantity 712295 558064 709223 702546 689719
Tomatoes Yield 529942 Fc 531844 Fc 464212 Fc 479881 Fc 433540 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 30040 A 32634 A 22769 A 22714 A 22588 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14088 A 12284 A 15871 A 15573 A 10162 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 4689.75 Fc 3764.17 Fc 6970.44 Fc 6856.12 Fc 4498.85 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 1269260 1329900 1465000 1333460 1260240
Triticale Production Quantity 4235330 4575810 5234000 4459610 4147060
Triticale Seed 265000 F 265000 279000 289000 290000
Triticale Yield 33368.5 Fc 34407.2 Fc 35727 Fc 33443.9 Fc 32906.9 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 33329 33573 37504 36314 40259
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 850287 853023 833221 748563 836933
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 255119 Fc 254080 Fc 222169 Fc 206136 Fc 207887 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 184321 A 165409 A 212129 A 203326 A 222772 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5778290 A 5055670 A 5804780 A 5392350 A 5894530 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 313491 Fc 305647 Fc 273644 Fc 265207 Fc 264599 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 184321 A 165409 A 212129 A 203326 A 222772 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5778290 A 5055670 A 5804780 A 5392350 A 5894530 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 313491 Fc 305647 Fc 273644 Fc 265207 Fc 264599 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 2782 5383 3022 1759 2559
Vetches Production Quantity 4009 9235 5125 2940 2943
Vetches Seed 111.28 Fc 111.28 Fc 215.32 Fc 120.88 Fc 70.36 Fc
Vetches Yield 14410.5 Fc 17155.9 Fc 16959 Fc 16714 Fc 11500.6 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 26551 29059 20106 19583 19488
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 10456 9175 12241 11577 6372
Walnuts, with shell Yield 3938.08 Fc 3157.37 Fc 6088.23 Fc 5911.76 Fc 3269.7 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2258700 2406100 2346200 2277950 2111980
Wheat Production Quantity 9339200 9487800 9789590 9274920 8317270
Wheat Seed 605000 F 605000 610000 585000 585000
Wheat Yield 41347.7 Fc 39432.3 Fc 41725.3 Fc 40716.1 Fc 39381.4 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity
Apples Area Harvested 161989 169650 175206 159278 168456
Apples Production Quantity 2304890 2074950 2521510 2427750 2167520
Apples Yield 142287 Fc 122308 Fc 143917 Fc 152422 Fc 128670 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 1501 1469 1720 1655 1805 Im
Apricots Production Quantity 2448 3158 4889 4794 5200 F
Apricots Yield 16309.1 Fc 21497.6 Fc 28424.4 Fc 28966.8 Fc 28808.9 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 208 Im 200 F 261 Im 250 F 140 Im
Asparagus Production Quantity 1919 Im 2000 F 2745 Im 2500 F 2000 F
Asparagus Yield 92259.6 Fc 100000 Fc 105172 Fc 100000 Fc 142857 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 1220600 1113140 1013900 1016150 1050710
Barley Production Quantity 3161040 3581160 3570790 2831490 3369850
Barley Seed 232000 230000 F 248000 F 226000 F 227000
Barley Yield 25897.4 Fc 32171.7 Fc 35218.4 Fc 27864.9 Fc 32072.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 21369 15900 20424 18077 23921
Beans, dry Production Quantity 27699 28743 37971 33623 46380
Beans, dry Seed 2808.54 Fc 2991.66 Fc 2226 Fc 2859.36 Fc 2530.78 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 12962.2 Fc 18077.4 Fc 18591.4 Fc 18599.9 Fc 19388.8 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 140 Im 135 Im 127 Im 122 Im 107 Im
Beans, green Production Quantity 2673 Im 2786 Im 2853 Im 2598 Im 2395 Im
Beans, green Yield 190929 Fc 206370 Fc 224646 Fc 212951 Fc 223832 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 5387 5500 F 323 Im 300 F 200 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 40880 40000 F 1500 F 2000 F 986 Im
Berries Nes Yield 75886.4 Fc 72727.3 Fc 46439.6 Fc 66666.7 Fc 49300 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 1440 1500 F 3968 Im 3687 Im 3800 F
Blueberries Production Quantity 4940 5000 F 16500 F 23000 * 20900 *
Blueberries Yield 34305.6 Fc 33333.3 Fc 41582.7 Fc 62381.3 Fc 55000 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested 80432 67531 47849 33826 36000
Buckwheat Production Quantity 54161 72096 61697 37657 40042
Buckwheat Seed 8500 F 5500 F 5600 F 4000 F 2800 F
Buckwheat Yield 6733.76 Fc 10676 Fc 12894.1 Fc 11132.6 Fc 11122.8 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 38111 38844 36074 35318 27039
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 1249070 1381640 1432400 1289200 1188480
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 327745 Fc 355689 Fc 397073 Fc 365026 Fc 439543 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 32516 33218 30384 30277 27767
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 833218 929014 927949 834621 692073
Carrots and turnips Yield 256249 Fc 279672 Fc 305407 Fc 275662 Fc 249243 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 14395 14059 12752 12464 9722
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 250421 238841 239549 215214 176372
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 173964 Fc 169885 Fc 187852 Fc 172668 Fc 181415 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 8381130 A 8328910 A 8377270 A 8163260 A 8293400 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 21775900 A 26927900 A 29635200 A 23390800 A 26877300 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1829020 A 1832860 A 1853770 A 1830050 A 1809740 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 25982.1 Fc 32330.7 Fc 35375.7 Fc 28653.7 Fc 32408 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 1708 1306 1265 1746
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 2880 2971 2908 3212
Cereals, nes Seed 528.48 Fc 250 F 235.08 Fc 227.7 Fc 314.28 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 16861.8 Fc 22748.8 Fc 22988.1 Fc 18396.3 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8381130 A 8328910 A 8377270 A 8163260 A 8293400 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 21775900 A 26927900 A 29635200 A 23390800 A 26877300 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1829020 A 1832860 A 1853770 A 1830050 A 1809740 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 25982.1 Fc 32330.7 Fc 35375.7 Fc 28653.7 Fc 32408 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 9674 9548 10879 11040 11867
Cherries Production Quantity 38364 37508 48442 44122 40756
Cherries Yield 39656.8 Fc 39283.6 Fc 44528 Fc 39965.6 Fc 34344 Fc
Chestnuts Production Quantity 54 Im 64 Im 52 Im 66 Im 51 Im
Chicory roots Area Harvested
Chicory roots Production Quantity 34533 30000 F 29854 Im 31492 Im 24775 Im
Chicory roots Yield
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6205400 A 6110820 A 6066530 A 5855210 A 5879220 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14716300 A 18156500 A 19742700 A 15532600 A 17573300 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1259020 A 1242860 A 1265770 A 1218050 A 1197740 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 23715.3 Fc 29712 Fc 32543.6 Fc 26527.8 Fc 29890.5 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 22216 21889 21192 21541 18200
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 491909 468467 463829 488458 260000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 221421 Fc 214019 Fc 218870 Fc 226757 Fc 142857 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 43020 47107 38914 38906 42320
Currants Production Quantity 194539 186809 194498 192475 157434
Currants Yield 45220.6 Fc 39656.3 Fc 49981.5 Fc 49471.8 Fc 37200.8 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2656 A 6042 A 3526 A 2997 A 5170 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 613 A 2020 A 1489 A 1087 A 10150 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2307.98 Fc 3343.26 Fc 4222.92 Fc 3626.96 Fc 19632.5 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 2586 5972 3456 2927 5100
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 563 1970 1439 1037 10100
Flax fibre and tow Yield 2177.11 Fc 3298.73 Fc 4163.77 Fc 3542.88 Fc 19803.9 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 379815 A 388256 A 389016 A 360711 A 372035 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3252410 A 2953910 A 3505100 A 3291390 A 3009590 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 85631.4 Fc 76081.5 Fc 90101.6 Fc 91247.3 Fc 80895.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 4758 4000 F 2152 Im 2000 F 4000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 39536 35000 F 6500 F 7500 * 8700 *
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 83093.7 Fc 87500 Fc 30204.5 Fc 37500 Fc 21750 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 2980 3131 3636 3613 3640
Gooseberries Production Quantity 16223 16719 19896 20345 21738
Gooseberries Yield 54439.6 Fc 53398.3 Fc 54719.5 Fc 56310.6 Fc 59719.8 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2241 2638 1651 1637
Hazelnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2637 3061 2278 2320
Hazelnuts, with shell Yield 11767.1 Fc 11603.5 Fc 13797.7 Fc 14172.3 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 70 F 70 F 70 F 70 F 70 F
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc
Hempseed Area Harvested 41 Im 36 Im 35 Im 28 Im 26 Im
Hempseed Production Quantity 23 Im 20 F 12 Im 11 Im 13 Im
Hempseed Seed 5 Fc 5 Fc 5 Fc 5 Fc 5 Fc
Hempseed Yield 5609.76 Fc 5555.56 Fc 3428.57 Fc 3928.57 Fc 5000 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 2234 2291 2239 2172 2198
Hops Production Quantity 2889 3414 2898 3057 2405
Hops Yield 12932 Fc 14901.8 Fc 12943.3 Fc 14074.6 Fc 10941.8 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 7238 7048 6221 5800 5000 F
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 111840 114541 110664 94064 94000 F
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 154518 Fc 162516 Fc 177888 Fc 162179 Fc 188000 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 1489 1481 1481 1248 1100 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 9486 12216 12216 9149 8500 F
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 63707.2 Fc 82484.8 Fc 82484.8 Fc 73309.3 Fc 77272.7 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 1456 1457 1026 929 800 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 16947 19913 15125 11542 11000 F
Lettuce and chicory Yield 116394 Fc 136671 Fc 147417 Fc 124241 Fc 137500 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1391 1016 774 740 621
Linseed Production Quantity 1348 1685 870 733 641
Linseed Seed 70.36 Fc 55.64 Fc 40.64 Fc 30.96 Fc 29.6 Fc
Linseed Yield 9690.87 Fc 16584.7 Fc 11240.3 Fc 9905.41 Fc 10322.1 Fc
Lupins Area Harvested 25423 28903 11621 8907 4464
Lupins Production Quantity 27985 40913 19027 11218 6477
Lupins Seed 5866.56 Fc 3559.22 Fc 4046.42 Fc 1626.94 Fc 1246.98 Fc
Lupins Yield 11007.8 Fc 14155.3 Fc 16373 Fc 12594.6 Fc 14509.4 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 302977 339342 411704 356337 318694
Maize Production Quantity 1260660 1945400 2344030 1883680 1961980
Maize Seed 50000 F 40000 F 42000 F 51000 F 50000
Maize Yield 41609.1 Fc 57328.6 Fc 56934.8 Fc 52862.3 Fc 61563.1 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 1393 1297 1256 1046 900 F
Maize, green Production Quantity 14770 15910 12874 10976 10300 F
Maize, green Yield 106030 Fc 122668 Fc 102500 Fc 104933 Fc 114444 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 4611 3958 3413 1682
Millet Production Quantity 5185 7066 6935 3199
Millet Seed 168.88 Fc 115.28 Fc 98.95 Fc 85.33 Fc 42.05 Fc
Millet Yield 11244.9 Fc 17852.5 Fc 20319.4 Fc 19019 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 1543720 1436450 1460830 1453670 1364750
Mixed grain Production Quantity 3379030 3916350 4321860 3607640 3836100
Mixed grain Seed 240826 Fc 246995 Fc 229832 Fc 233733 Fc 232588 Fc
Mixed grain Yield 21888.9 Fc 27264.1 Fc 29585 Fc 24817.5 Fc 28108.4 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 153497 Im 160000 F 150000 F 130196 Im 120000 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 55 F 43 Im 50 F 150 F 49 Im
Oats Area Harvested 539074 539211 519734 526897 605175
Oats Production Quantity 1034720 1324130 1430470 1181890 1486560
Oats Seed 200000 F 160000 F 160000 F 155000 F 157000 F
Oats Yield 19194.4 Fc 24556.8 Fc 27523.1 Fc 22431.1 Fc 24564.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 659619 A 581843 A 567430 A 448249 A 455333 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1007830 A 886328 A 992704 A 486075 A 580454 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 47852.6 A 37469.5 A 33040.8 A 32316.1 A 25598.1 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 15278.9 Fc 15233.1 Fc 17494.8 Fc 10843.9 Fc 12747.9 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 659619 A 581843 A 567430 A 448249 A 455333 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 636946 A 560428 A 627704 A 306674 A 366468 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 30302.4 A 23727.1 A 20923 A 20464.5 A 16209.8 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 9656.27 Fc 9631.95 Fc 11062.2 Fc 6841.6 Fc 8048.34 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 29431 Im 25961 Im 25318 Im 20000 F 15700
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 22098 Im 19412 Im 16600 Im 15000 F 14000
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 7508.41 Fc 7477.37 Fc 6556.6 Fc 7500 Fc 8917.2 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 34942 34664 36548 32463 27698
Onions, dry Production Quantity 590195 714070 865735 678262 584917
Onions, dry Yield 168907 Fc 205998 Fc 236876 Fc 208934 Fc 211177 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 3210 3291 3703 3763 500 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 5520 9590 14339 12462 2600 F
Peaches and nectarines Yield 17196.3 Fc 29140.1 Fc 38722.7 Fc 33117.2 Fc 52000 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 12503 12566 14462 14530 14372
Pears Production Quantity 59297 59311 87292 77178 92056
Pears Yield 47426.2 Fc 47199.6 Fc 60359.6 Fc 53116.3 Fc 64052.3 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 15203 15031 12924 13278 17581
Peas, dry Production Quantity 28933 33897 32834 26708 40225
Peas, dry Seed 2421.72 Fc 2736.54 Fc 2705.58 Fc 2326.32 Fc 2390.04 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 19031.1 Fc 22551.4 Fc 25405.5 Fc 20114.5 Fc 22879.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 6807 7086 6094 5840 5000 F
Peas, green Production Quantity 33925 38022 33722 28252 28000 F
Peas, green Yield 49838.4 Fc 53657.9 Fc 55336.4 Fc 48376.7 Fc 56000 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 21120 20822 25370 24979 26894
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 93638 91387 132613 109563 102892
Plums and sloes Yield 44336.2 Fc 43889.6 Fc 52271.6 Fc 43862 Fc 38258.3 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 597230 588184 713250 765771 803384
Potatoes Production Quantity 8981980 10369300 13998700 13731500 15523900
Potatoes Seed 1395000 1480000 1493000 1775000 1915000
Potatoes Yield 150394 Fc 176293 Fc 196266 Fc 179316 Fc 193231 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 60000 F 46300 * 52700 * 67450 * 52750 *
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 150000 F 126000 * 154300 * 166000 F 134600 *
Pulses, nes Seed 2320 Fc 2400 Fc 1852 Fc 2108 Fc 2698 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 25000 Fc 27213.8 Fc 29278.9 Fc 24610.8 Fc 25516.6 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 122894 A 108808 A 98352 A 108320 A 100016 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 235597 A 233401 A 245215 A 238330 A 229012 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 13519.2 A 11723.4 A 10937 A 8947.94 A 8890.12 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 19170.8 Fc 21450.7 Fc 24932.4 Fc 22002.4 Fc 22897.5 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 1830 1672 1253 1192 1100 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 39889 36247 26362 22698 21000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 217973 Fc 216788 Fc 210391 Fc 190419 Fc 190909 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 623853 550200 538222 426270 438986
Rapeseed Production Quantity 1651530 1449760 1632920 792971 952737
Rapeseed Seed 79675.1 Fc 62385.3 Fc 55020 Fc 53822.2 Fc 42627 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 26473.1 Fc 26349.7 Fc 30339.2 Fc 18602.5 Fc 21703.1 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 17025 17200 * 14200 * 13253 13417
Raspberries Production Quantity 52539 60000 * 56800 * 42941 44874
Raspberries Yield 30859.9 Fc 34883.7 Fc 40000 Fc 32401 Fc 33445.6 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 597230 A 588184 A 713250 A 765771 A 803384 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8981980 A 10369300 A 13998700 A 13731500 A 15523900 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1395000 A 1480000 A 1493000 A 1775000 A 1915000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 150394 Fc 176293 Fc 196266 Fc 179316 Fc 193231 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 1318000 1415340 1549640 1479300 1560000
Rye Production Quantity 2621630 3404310 4280720 3172240 3831000
Rye Seed 257000 280000 F 300000 F 300000 F 296000
Rye Yield 19891 Fc 24053 Fc 27624 Fc 21444.2 Fc 24557.7 Fc
Sour cherries Area Harvested 36608 34433 39095 37776 39002
Sour cherries Production Quantity 194928 139851 201734 191127 173154
Sour cherries Yield 53247.4 Fc 40615.4 Fc 51601 Fc 50594.8 Fc 44396.2 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 294 296 268 447
Soybeans Production Quantity 336 334 429 260
Soybeans Yield 11428.6 Fc 11283.8 Fc 16007.5 Fc 5816.55 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 3000 F 2900 F 3000 F 2000 F 3800 F
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 11000 F 10000 F 13000 F 4800 * 17700 *
Stone fruit, nes Yield 36666.7 Fc 34482.8 Fc 43333.3 Fc 24000 Fc 46578.9 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 55600 55139 52388 43931 37962
Strawberries Production Quantity 193666 184627 185583 131332 153083
Strawberries Yield 34832 Fc 33483.9 Fc 35424.7 Fc 29895.1 Fc 40325.3 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 7288 7272 6010 6081 5000 F
String beans Production Quantity 52122 64893 51852 53430 49000 F
String beans Yield 71517.6 Fc 89236.8 Fc 86276.2 Fc 87863.8 Fc 98000 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 262046 286175 297257 286300 303000
Sugar beet Production Quantity 11474800 11912400 12730400 11739500 13433900
Sugar beet Yield 437893 Fc 416263 Fc 428262 Fc 410042 Fc 443363 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 4609 4334 2813 764
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5359 7418 4463 1315
Sunflower seed Yield 11627.3 Fc 17115.8 Fc 15865.6 Fc 17212 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 16819 14875 17255 10299 10296
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 40512 33483 29065 22000 20728
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 24087 Fc 22509.6 Fc 16844.4 Fc 21361.3 Fc 20132.1 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 15973 15571 14515 13821 8749
Tomatoes Production Quantity 651567 600664 582232 606351 221414
Tomatoes Yield 407918 Fc 385758 Fc 401124 Fc 438717 Fc 253073 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8586 A 4966 A 4644 A 5248 A 2500 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9179 A 9004 A 10568 A 11015 A 6100 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 10690.7 Fc 18131.3 Fc 22756.2 Fc 20989 Fc 24400 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 1194280 1194540 1058190 985600 943895
Triticale Production Quantity 3196960 3903000 3723270 2811600 3047740
Triticale Seed 270000 280000 F 280000 F 248000 F 232000
Triticale Yield 26768.9 Fc 32673.7 Fc 35185.3 Fc 28526.8 Fc 32289 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 50046 41100 * 37800 * 35600 * 39600 *
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 886448 819000 * 810000 * 743300 * 1351900 *
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 177127 Fc 199270 Fc 214286 Fc 208792 Fc 341389 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 236048 A 226993 A 212994 A 203992 A 177922 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5389900 A 5618220 A 5740110 A 5220810 A 4821350 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 228339 Fc 247506 Fc 269496 Fc 255932 Fc 270981 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 236048 A 226993 A 212994 A 203992 A 177922 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5389900 A 5618220 A 5740110 A 5220810 A 4821350 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 228339 Fc 247506 Fc 269496 Fc 255932 Fc 270981 Fc
Vetches Area Harvested 899 2674 683 608 1300 *
Vetches Production Quantity 980 3848 1083 781 1330 *
Vetches Seed 102.36 Fc 35.96 Fc 106.96 Fc 27.32 Fc 24.32 Fc
Vetches Yield 10901 Fc 14390.4 Fc 15856.5 Fc 12845.4 Fc 10230.8 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 6345 2328 2993 3611 2500 F
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 6433 5836 8188 8479 6000 F
Walnuts, with shell Yield 10138.7 Fc 25068.7 Fc 27357.2 Fc 23481 Fc 24000 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2175730 2218090 2310740 2308050 2414180
Wheat Production Quantity 7059670 8771430 9892480 7858160 9304000
Wheat Seed 570000 590000 F 588000 F 612000 F 612000
Wheat Yield 32447.4 Fc 39545 Fc 42810.9 Fc 34046.8 Fc 38539 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 14779 Q 14604 Q 16119 Q 16154 Q 16177 W
Agricultural area certified organic Area 308 W 222 Q 179 Q 138 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 211 W 145 Q 136 Q 150 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 72 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 519 W 367 Q 315 Q 288 Q
Arable land Area 11098 Q 10922 Q 12539 Q 12571 Q 12502 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 11488 Q 11320 Q 12939 Q 12970 Q 12906 W
Country area Area 31268 Q 31268 Q 31268 Q 31268 Q 31268 Q
Fallow land Area 468 Q 450 Q 528 Q 492 Q 413 Q
Forest area Area 9364.4 Fm 9337 Q 9309.6 Fm 9282.2 Fm 9254.8 Fm
Inland water Area 853 Q 848 Q 848 Fm 846 Fm 843 Fm
Land area Area 30415 Q 30420 Q 30420 Q 30422 Q 30425 Q
Other land Area 6271.6 Q 6479 Q 4991.4 Fm 4985.8 Fm 4993.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 3291 Q 3284 Q 3180 Q 3184 Q 3271 Q
Permanent crops Area 390 Q 398 Q 400 Q 399 Q 404 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 3291 Q 3284 Q 3180 Q 3184 Q 3271 W
Temporary crops Area 10630 Q 10472 Q 12011 Q 12079 Q 12089 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 116 Fm 116 Fm 116 Fm 116 Fm 115.7 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 15957 W 15906 Q 16327 Q 16169 Q 16899 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 75 Q 39 Q 38 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 153 Q 128 Q 45 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area 71 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 228 Q 166 Q 83 Q
Arable land Area 12368 Q 12141 Q 12610 Q 12587 Q 13010 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 12741 Q 12519 Q 12962 Q 12901 Q 13337 Q
Country area Area 31268 W 31269 Q 31269 Q 31269 Q 31269 Q
Fallow land Area 984 W 1029 Q 1399 Q 1762 Q 2302 Q
Forest area Area 9227.4 Fm 9200 Q 9171.8 Fm 9143.6 Fm 9115.4 Fm
Inland water Area 841 Fm 636 Fm 839 Fm 645 Fm 640 Fm
Land area Area 30427 Q 30633 Q 30430 Q 30624 Q 30629 Q
Other land Area 5242.6 Fm 5527 Fm 4931.2 Fm 5311.4 Fm 4614.6 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 3216 Q 3387 Q 3365 Q 3268 Q 3562 Q
Permanent crops Area 373 Q 378 Q 352 Q 314 Q 327 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 3216 W 3387 Q 3365 Q 3268 Q 3562 Q
Temporary crops Area 11384 Q 11112 Q 11211 Q 10825 Q 10708 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 120 Fm 124.2 I 111 Fm 98 I 94 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files