Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pakistan

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Datasheet

Pakistan

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 216,565,318 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,410 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 304,452.24 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 278,221.91 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 22.04 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentAyesha Bibi et al. (2018)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)PresentBhutta (2008); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentGul et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); Hussnain et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentFauqia Fahmeed et al. (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentBové (2006); CABI/EPPO (2017); Yaqub et al. (2017); Yaqub et al. (2019); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019); Garnier and Bové (1996)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentNativeKhan and Khan (1997)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)PresentSohaib Sarfraz et al. (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021); Begum et al. (2012); Tahir et al. (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury (1986); Pruvost et al. (1992); Vernière et al. (1998); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri pv. punicae (bacterial blight of pomegranate)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Akhtar and Bhatti (1992)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentAkhtar and Aslam (1986); Akhtar (1988); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeMetzeltin and Lange-Bertalot (1995)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew of maize)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); Murray (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentAmna Ali et al. (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentSaleem et al. (1993)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)PresentShagufta Perveen et al. (2018); Akhtar et al. (2014);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentAhmad et al. (1997)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentHerb IMI (undated); Kamran Saleem et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentFateh et al. (2006); Poussio et al. (2010); Asad Masood et al. (2014); Oliveira et al. (2015); Alam et al. (2017); Latif et al. (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur and King (1988); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeCannon and Minter (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKhan et al. (1983); Iqbal et al. (1988); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Abbas and Naz (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); Syed et al. (2015); Ordoñez et al. (2016); Zheng SiJun et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4)PresentOrdoñez et al. (2016); Aish Muhammad et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentAnwar and Khan (1973); UK, CAB International (1982); Rajput et al. (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPodosphaera spiraeae (Japanese spiraea powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBraun and Cook (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentShakir et al. (1997); Khan and Kamal (1974); UK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentAhmad (1956); UK, CAB International (1983); Zakaullaii (1994); Sultan et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadHussain (1952); UK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentHassan et al. (1977); Malka Saba and Khalid (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentMagarey (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentAhmad et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedBonde et al. (1996); UK, CAB International (1996); Khan et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); Muhammad Shakur et al. (2007); Fazal Said et al. (2018); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2022); Mound and Halsey (1978); Ghani and Inayatullah (1985); UK, CAB International (1995); Muhammad Tayyib et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1983); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Amad et al. (2003); Muhammad Arif et al. (2005); Muhammad Shakeel et al. (2014); Fazal Said et al. (2018); Mehroz Khan et al. (2019); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis ceranaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Present, WidespreadWhite and Elson-Harris (1992); CABI and EPPO (2003); Bilal Rasool et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); Gogi et al. (2009); Gogi et al. (2010); Virgilio et al. (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, WidespreadInvasiveDrew and Hancock (1994); Wan XuanWu et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Bo et al. (2014); Zain-ul-Aabdin Abro et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentSyed (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentKapoor (1993); Nardi et al. (2005); Nardi et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2015); Bon et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentNativeSyed et al. (1970); Qureshi et al. (1991); Stonehouse et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2013); Zain-ul-Aabdin Abro et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); Hill (2008); Malik et al. (2012); Riaz Mahmood et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Mansoor et al. (2001); Simón et al. (2003); Ahmed et al. (2010); Hameed et al. (2014); Muhammad Tayyib et al. (2014); Hu Jian et al. (2015); Mariyam Masood et al. (2017); Fazal Said et al. (2018); Zia-Ur-Rehman et al. (2018); Raza et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); Simón et al. (2007); Mariyam Masood et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentQazi (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadSulehrie et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, Formerly presentTirmizi and Kazmi (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadNativeApel and Spiridonov (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentMohyuddin and Attique (1978); UK, CAB International (1989); Yasmin Ahmad et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947); Hall et al. (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentVeilleux et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentTalpur and Khuhro (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes formosanus (Formosan subterranean termite)PresentMehroz Khan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadHarbach (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Drew et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); APPPC (1987); International Institute of Entomology (1996); Muhammad Tayyib et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); Muhammad Arif et al. (2005); Muhammad Arshad et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentDanzig (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentThe International Barcode of Life Consortium (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016); Williams (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErthesina fullo (yellow-spotted stink bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams (2004); UK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentAPPPC (1987); UK, CAB International (1993); Mushtaq Ahmad et al. (2003); Alvi et al. (2012); Fazal Said et al. (2018); Mehroz Khan et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus clypealis (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nagpurensis (mango leafhopper)PresentImran Khatri and Webb (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis divinatoriusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeBen-Dov (1994); Williams (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedHassan et al. (1993); Muhammad Amin et al. (2017); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzaphis turanicaPresentMuhammad Amin et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentBlackman and Eastop (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Muhammad Arif et al. (2005); Bilal Atta et al. (2019); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019); Khan and Muhammed Naveed (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Ben-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentWilliams (2004); CABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022); Khan et al. (2014); Atta et al. (2015); Saif Ullah et al. (2016); Shah et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Present, WidespreadTalbot (1939); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAsim Munwar et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentAli (1971); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentHusain and Khan (1940); Flint et al. (1979); UK, CAB International (1990); Zhang (1994); Attique et al. (2001); Liu YuDi et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAbbas et al. (2005); Arif et al. (2007); Saeed et al. (2007); Abbas et al. (2008); Hodgson et al. (2008); Abbas et al. (2009); Arif et al. (2009); Dhawan et al. (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Khuhro et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeHabib and Ghani (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentIntroducedIshtiaq et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentLatif and Yunus (1951); UK, CAB International (1986); Ullah et al. (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentShah and Rafi (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Shah and Rafi (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedNHM (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeLai et al. (2010); Tirmizi and Kazmi (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsectrosema maniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentWilliams (1986); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentShar et al. (2012); Shar et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTilton et al. (1983); Taylor and Halliday (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeMound and Palmer (1981); Baloch et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano (1978); Knutson and Orth (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); Khan et al. (1991); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1970); Blackman and Eastop (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp and Dyte (1977); Ahmed et al. (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAhmed et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentNativeAhmed and Mahmood (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedNaeem-Ullah et al. (2019); Gilal et al. (2020); Zeeshan Bhatti et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); Solangi et al. (2001); Munir Ahmad et al. (2005); Mushtaq Ahmad et al. (2007); Munir Ahmad et al. (2008); Mushtaq Ahmad (2009); Muhammad Sarwar (2012); Ahmad et al. (2013); Mushtaq Ahmad and Rashid Mehmood (2015); Ullah et al. (2016); Mushtaq Ahmad and Sanobar Gull (2017); Fazal Said et al. (2018); Hina Safdar et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); Mehroz Khan et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentSakimura et al. (1986); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); Waseem Akram et al. (2003); Khan et al. (2015); Iftikhar et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMartin (1987); Martin et al. (2000); Muhammad Tayyib et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentMuhammad Tayyib et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys holosericeus (apple stem borer)PresentNativeSengupta and Sengupta (1981); Löbl and Smetana (2010); Mitra et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys sartus (city longhorn beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentEPPO (2022); Alam et al. (1999); Ali et al. (2012); Ghimire et al. (2017); Muhammad Fiaz et al. (2018); Habib-ur-Rehman et al. (2019); Saddam Hussain et al. (2019); Wilches et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentRaffique et al. (2012); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps clareaePresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)PresentNativeArcher (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeDas and Gupta (1989); Dvorak (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervataPresentMuhammad Amin et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeBrowne (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentKhuhro et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeBrowne (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFreyhof and Kottelat (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay and Williams (2004); Froese R and Pauly D (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveAli and Ripley (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, WidespreadNativeGrimmett et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)PresentNativeDijk et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, WidespreadNativeThe Reptile Database (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeIUCN (2016); Prater (1965); Corbet and Hill (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRab et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedNativeCollar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)PresentNativeKapoor et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)PresentNativeTimmins et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Mirza (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1997); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Widespread, Confirmed present by surveyNativeForshaw (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, Few occurrencesNativeAvibase (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentNativeAplin et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012); Ahmad et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig and Weick (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeSchlesch (1908); Annandale et al. (1919); Zhadin (1952); Kasymov (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)Present, Few occurrencesNativeHlavac (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeQi (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)Present, WidespreadThorne (1961); CABI and EPPO (2002); Khan (2005); Mukhtar et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Gill and Firoza (2014); Samina and Erum (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentPathan et al. (2004); Qaiser Shakeel et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Jabbar Khan et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentKhan et al. (1987); Khan et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZaheer (1998); Shahina and Erum (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMunir et al. (2004); Shahina and Erum (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentBrown (1962); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedMaqbool (1980); Shahina and Maqbool (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ficiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Tariq et al. (2007); Jiskani et al. (2009); Hussain et al. (2015); Jabbar et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001); Jabbar et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentGul and Saeed (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentQureshi et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002); Khanzada et al. (2007); Tariq et al. (2007); Qaiser Shakeel et al. (2009); Zarina and Shahina (2010); Zarina and Shaheen (2014); Hussain et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadGul and Saeed (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); Khan et al. (2005); Khan et al. (2007); Shahid et al. (2007); Bhatti and Musarrat (2008); Khanzada and Khan (2008); Jiskani et al. (2009); Qaiser Shakeel et al. (2009); Anwar and McKenry (2010); Kamran et al. (2010); Zarina and Shahina (2010); Muhammad Ismail et al. (2012); Zia et al. (2014); Jabbar Khan et al. (2015); Yasir et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadKhan et al. (1989); Maqbool et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentAatika et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentShahina and Maqbool (1992); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadAKHTAR and HUSSAIN (1968); CABI and EPPO (1999); Shahid et al. (2007); Khanzada et al. (2008); Asma Safdar et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentQasim et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeSabina et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedUSDA-ARS (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentAsad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum ramosissimumPresentShah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeStewart (1945); Khan et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort)PresentMuhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Rabbani et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedShaheen et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveImran et al. (2013); Pallewatta et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentMansoor et al. (2001); Simón et al. (2003); Shahid et al. (2007); Shahina and Erum (2007); Abbas et al. (2010); Khuhro et al. (2011); Hussain et al. (2015); Jabbar Khan et al. (2015); Bilal Ahmed et al. (2017); Zia-ur-Rehman et al. (2017); Samina and Erum (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)Present, LocalizedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); Abbas et al. (2010); Khuhro et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Absent, Formerly presentKahn et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (blackthorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeInvasiveILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016); ILDIS (2007); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Abbas et al. (2010); Khan et al. (2012); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Tahira et al. (2010); Irum Mukhtar et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNative and IntroducedCook et al. (2005); Orwa et al. (2009); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2016); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Shah and Khan (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ramosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of Pakistan (2018); Tariq et al. (2007); Alam et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentRashid et al. (1988); Cope (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedOEPP/EPPO (2016); Akhtar et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); Khan et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeKhan and Mohib Shah (2013); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Stewart (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentAbbas et al. (2010); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentTahira and Khan (2017); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Shah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015); Holm et al. (1977); Abbas et al. (2010); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentSteward (1972); Abbas et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Haroon Khan et al. (2014); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentFazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadFazali Subhan-I and Muhammad Khan (1991); Holm et al. (1991); Ghafoor and Shad (1995); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Marwat et al. (2006); Shah and Khan (2006); Kazi et al. (2007); Bhatti and Musarrat (2008); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium minutissimum (Himalayan dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeInvasiveHawksworth and Wiens (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeHawksworth and Wiens (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Shah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Mahmood (1987); Shah and Khan (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida adscensionisPresentIhsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia capillarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2011); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentAHMAD et al. (1968); Holm et al. (1991); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe rivularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex dimorphostegiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHussain and Rashid (1989); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Marwat et al. (2006); Shah and Khan (2006); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Jabbar et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); Tahira and Khan (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, WidespreadNaturalizedChampion et al. (1965); Abdulla (1972); Sheikh (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Tariq et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); Shah and Khan (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoehmeria pendulifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHooker (1885); Holm et al. (1979); Shah and Khan (2006); Abbas et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018); Abbas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeBor (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDuke (1983); Warwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Anwar and McKenry (2010); Khan et al. (2012); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Hanif et al. (2016); Bilal Ahmed et al. (2017); Israr et al. (2017); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedWu et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi and Leeuwenberg (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis gigantea (Yercum fibre)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Mukhtar et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Zaidi et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentZeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016); Shah and Khan (2006); Abbas et al. (2010); Haroon Khan et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedQasim and Hashmi (1988); Shah and Khan (2006); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentHussain et al. (2003); Abbas et al. (2010); Ahmad et al. (2015); Nawaz et al. (2016); Ahmad et al. (2017); Ashfaq and Ahmad (2017); Shahid et al. (2017); Tariq et al. (2017); Ahmad et al. (2018); Hyder et al. (2018); Naz et al. (2018); Tariq et al. (2018); Yasmin et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedISSG (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentTahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeInvasivePitcher and Russo (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentRehmat Ullah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurium pulchellumPresentKhan et al. (2012); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentTahira and Khan (2017); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Marwat et al. (2006); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Tahira et al. (2010); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Tahira and Khan (2017); Sehrish Ijaz et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentFazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Shah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadAheer et al. (1997); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentCope (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Marwat et al. (2006); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013); Muhammad Arif et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013); Muhammad Arif et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativeRueda (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016); Zarina and Shahina (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentShahina and Erum (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Flora of Pakistan (2015); Naureen Akhtar et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentZeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Marwat et al. (2006); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Khan et al. (2013); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Kamran Saleem et al. (2015); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedKhalid (1995); Abbas et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorchorus depressusPresentKhan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentLodhi et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHussain et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster acuminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster hissaricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster insignisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster roseusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucurbita foetidissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedIrum Mukhtar et al. (2011); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentAnjum Perveen and Mohammad Qaiser (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativeWorld Flora Online (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativeWorld Flora Online (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentMaryam Mirza et al. (2005); Somia Khattak et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Anwar et al. (2013); Haroon Khan et al. (2014); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Shoaib Ali et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)Present, WidespreadAhmed (1954)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentMoody (1989); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1979); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Haroon Khan et al. (2014); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Jabbar et al. (2016); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016); Tahira and Khan (2017); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2015); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Holm et al. (1979); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Jabbar et al. (2016); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresent, PlantedNativeILDIS (2007); Poussio et al. (2010); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentRehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Abbas et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khuhro et al. (2011); Atiq Mehsud et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Shah and Khan (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIsrar et al. (2017); Anwar and McKenry (2010); Bilal Ahmed et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Moody (1989); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedCTAHR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedHussain and Rashid (1989); Shah and Khan (2006); Khan et al. (2011); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDimorphotheca sinuata (Cape marigold)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentLodhi et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentMustujab et al. (2015); Abbas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedShah and Khan (2006); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Khan et al. (2012); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHussain and Rashid (1989); Shah and Khan (2006); Khan et al. (2011); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Clayton et al. (2014); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoody (1989); Holm et al. (1991); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Jabbar et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Abbas et al. (2010); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Jabbar et al. (2016); Zaidi et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGopal (1987); Imran et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)Present, Localized, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentMoody (1989); Shah and Khan (2006); Khan et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Afshan et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSiddiqi (1973); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSiddiqi (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipactis helleborinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2018); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopoa persicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentAlam et al. (2018); Hafeez et al. (2015); Abbas et al. (2016); Butt et al. (2016); Abbas et al. (2017); Naz et al. (2017); Abbas et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKhan et al. (2011); Hussain (2002); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Shah and Khan (2006); Kazi et al. (2007); Abbas et al. (2010); Atiq Mehsud et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia neriifolia (Indian spurge tree)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia oblongata (eggleaf spurge)PresentIhsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentShah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia dumetorumPresentShah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); GrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, PlantedUSDA-ARS (2014); Akhtar and Nayab (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, PlantedIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, PlantedNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Nayab and Akhtar (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago pyramidataPresentIhsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013); Akhter and Ghazanfar (1984); Lodhi et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Shah and Khan (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Marwat et al. (2006); Shah and Khan (2006); Sultan et al. (2006); Khan et al. (2011); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentKhan et al. (2012); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium himalayensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nepalensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentStewart (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Khan et al. (2012); Shah et al. (2014); Shahzad Asad et al. (2017); Fazal Said et al. (2018); Mehroz Khan et al. (2019); Shoaib Ali et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Abbas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Abbas et al. (2010); Khuhro et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1997); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedPieterse (1981); Cook (1996); Buckingham and Bennett (1998); Govaerts (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypecoum pendulumPresentIhsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentNativeDrescher and Prots (2000); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Khan et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentShad (1986); Memon et al. (2007); Sultan et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentZeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentAkram et al. (2017); Zarina and Shahina (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus articulatusPresentFazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKochia indicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Malka Saba and Khalid (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentNativeKumar (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018); Ali et al. (2004); Shahina and Erum (2007); Mukhtar et al. (2013); Bilal Ahmed et al. (2017); Samina and Erum (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKhan et al. (2010); Shah and Khan (2006); Abbas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea (bitter lettuce)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentFazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Marwat et al. (2006); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Khan et al. (2011); Haroon Khan et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium pinnatifidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); GBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004); Abdul Qadir et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedBor (1960); Chowdhry and Wadhwa (1984); Hussain and Rashid (1989); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Shahid et al. (2007); Ashfaq et al. (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentTalpur et al. (1998); Anwar and McKenry (2010); Falak Naz and Mian Inayatullah (2013); Zia-ur-Rehman et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeMal et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock)PresentIhsan Ullah et al. (2011); Marwat et al. (2006); Khan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Shah and Khan (2006); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentTahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009); Khanzada et al. (2004); Fateh et al. (2006); Shahid et al. (2007); Shahina and Erum (2007); Khaskheli et al. (2008); Abdul Rehman et al. (2011); Abdul Rehman et al. (2011); Alam et al. (2017); Ahmad et al. (2019); Zain-ul-Aabdin Abro et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthocerasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); Abbas et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedCope (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Shah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentIntroducedPlants of the World Online (2018); Austin (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolmes (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedAli (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020); Flora of Pakistan (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1997); Shahid et al. (2007); Shahina and Erum (2007); Ali et al. (2010); Anwar and McKenry (2010); Falak Naz and Mian Inayatullah (2013); Bilal Ahmed et al. (2017); Shahid et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria hastata (hastate-leaved pondweed)PresentIntroducedMubarak Ali et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIRRI (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeAfridi et al. (2015); Kumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedMubashir Niaz et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMosla dianthera (miniature beefsteakplant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1993); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentNativePROTA (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentHabib-ur-Rahman et al. (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculata subsp. thracicaPresentFazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014); Shah and Khan (2006); Abbas et al. (2010); Aatika et al. (2017); Shakir et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea pullaPresentIhsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativePlant Gene Resources of Canada (2016); Muhammad Akmal et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea tetragonaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentShah and Khan (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Bon et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeRechinger (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Parker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Parker and Wilson (1986); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentParker (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentMoody (1989); Mian (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); Holm et al. (1991); Shah and Khan (2006); Tahira et al. (2010); Khan et al. (2012); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentAnjum Perveen and Mohammad Qaiser (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAsad Shabbir et al. (2011); Shah and Khan (2006); Abbas et al. (2010); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Atiq Mehsud et al. (2013); Haroon Khan et al. (2014); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Qurashi et al. (2017); Tahira and Khan (2017); Iqbal et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeAli (1977); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Jabbar et al. (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Mian (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedIntroducedSiddiqui and Khan (1989); Bajwa and Gul (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum flaccidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Shah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Marwat et al. (2006); Kazi et al. (2007); Afshan et al. (2008); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Jabbar et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Khan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentZeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentFazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Khan et al. (2011); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Shah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Holm et al. (1991); Khan et al. (2011); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Shah et al. (2014); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum plebeium (small knotweed)PresentAsad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Kazi et al. (2007); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005); Afshan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentStewart (1972); Abbas et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, Few occurrences, PlantedIntroducedBurkart (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBurkart (1976); Khan et al. (2011); Imran et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentKhushk et al. (2009); Shahina and Erum (2007); Akhtar et al. (2018); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativeAli (1977); ILDIS (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Shah and Khan (2006); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentShamesa Maryam et al. (2019); Anwar and McKenry (2010); Bilal Ahmed et al. (2017); Ismail et al. (2017); Israr et al. (2017); Samina and Erum (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMaddox et al. (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014); Tariq et al. (2007); Fareed et al. (2012); Khan et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentCope (1982); Sultan et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014); Sultan et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentShamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHaroon Khan et al. (2014); Khan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex dentatusPresentTahira and Khan (2017); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Jabbar et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex longifolius (Yard dock)PresentShah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentAllah Bakhsh et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex vesicariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Gul et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Present, PlantedIntroducedMirza (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedAthar and Mahmood (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeZhengyi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedAthar and Siddiqi (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna italica (Senegal senna)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentMahmood (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeAli (1977); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentCope (1982); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene viscosaPresentFazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Marwat et al. (2006); Khan et al. (2011); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentTahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentTahira and Khan (2017); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Kazi et al. (2007); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Abbas et al. (2010); Khan et al. (2012); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO (2022); Flora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentMian (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan (2014); Shamim Iftikhar et al. (2003); Shahid et al. (2007); Shahina and Erum (2007); Abbas et al. (2010); Shams-ur-Rehman et al. (2014); Shams-ur-Rehman et al. (2014); Shoaib et al. (2014); Tahir et al. (2014); Sarwar et al. (2016); Aatika et al. (2017); Hameed et al. (2017); Sagir and Erum (2017); Sarwar et al. (2017); Shahid et al. (2017); Iftikhar et al. (2018); Sarfraz et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedShah and Khan (2006); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); Abdul Waheed et al. (2009); Tahira et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Tahira and Khan (2017); GISD (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeStewart (1972); Rahmatullah Qureshi and Bhatti (2001); Shah and Khan (2006); Kazi et al. (2007); Muhammad Tauseef et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2014); Akhtar et al. (2016); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedNativeCope (1982); Holm et al. (1991); Khan et al. (2012); Asad Ullah and Abdur Rashid (2013); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Tahira and Khan (2017); Abdul Qadir et al. (2019); Fahad et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Kazi et al. (2007); Khan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); Shah and Khan (2006); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)Present, WidespreadParker and Riches (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentGRIN (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI (2005); Shamesa Maryam et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978); Sheikh (1993); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAhmad (1993); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedAyaz and Arshad (1999); Aurang Zeb et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedValkenburg and Waluyo (1991); Tariq et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua and Edmonds (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTorilis nodosaPresentKhan et al. (2012); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachomitum venetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Shah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentAli et al. (2009); Flora of Pakistan (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentMoinuddin Ahmed (1986); Mahmood (1987); Rahmatullah Qureshi et al. (2001); Abbas et al. (2010); Ihsan Ullah et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2011); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentKhalid (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella balansaePresentIhsan Ullah et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa clusianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Shah and Khan (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeOmer and Rizwan (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeNew Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2003); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Abbas et al. (2010); Khan et al. (2011); Khan et al. (2012); Haroon Khan et al. (2014); Rehmat Ullah et al. (2014); Shah et al. (2014); Fazal Hadi and Muhammad Ibrar (2015); Zeeshan Ahmad et al. (2016); Tahira and Khan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan (2016); Akhtar et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (2005); Alam et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeLari (1959)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentOIE (2020); Desquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Nawaz-ul-Rehman et al. (2012)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKhalid et al. (1993); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Aslam and Ahmad (1990); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusPresentOIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCotton leaf curl disease complex (leaf curl disease of cotton)PresentHussain and Ali (1975); Mansoor et al. (1993); Hussain et al. (2003); Zia-ur-Rehman et al. (2013); Sattar et al. (2017); Islam et al. (2018)
VirusCotton leaf curl Gezira virusPresentIntroducedTahir et al. (2011); Tahir et al. (2011)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentBashir (1992); Bashir and Hampton (1993); Bashir et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2010); CABI (Undated)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al. (2013); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentAli et al. (2004); Ali et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentAhsan et al. (2019)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentMakkouk et al. (1998)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentSunniya Rasool et al. (2019)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusIndian citrus ringspot virusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019);
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedIftikhar et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); Ahsan and Ashfaq (2018); EPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentAftab et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentAli et al. (2004); Naseem et al. (2013); Noshad et al. (2015)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentAhmad et al. (2015)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKollerová et al. (2006); Kollerová et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentEPPO (2022); Sial and Farah Khan (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)PresentNativeZaidi et al. (2016); Tahir and Haider (2005); CABI and EPPO (2016); Hameed et al. (2017); Zaidi et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); Ashfaq and Ahmad (2017); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO (2022); Zaidi et al. (2017)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO (2009)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishPresentOIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentBuriro et al. (1994)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadAnjum (1990); Afzal et al. (1991)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian infectious bronchitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Muneer et al. (1987); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2004); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Buriro et al. (1994); Shabbir Ahmed and Ali (1995)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bluetonguePresentOIE (2019); Hawkes (1996)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresentKnowles et al. (1932); Rashid and Ali (1991)
bovine anaplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020)
bovine babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentMeadows (1919); Asi et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentMeas et al. (2000)
bovine papillomatosisPresentInayat et al. (1999)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentAfzal et al. (1987)
buffalopoxPresentMahmood and Shah (1985)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)Dance (1991)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947); Hall et al. (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al. (2013); BURNEY et al. (1980); WHO (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentRahmatullah Rind et al. (2002)
dourineAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); Kanchanakhan (1996); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentKhan and Khan (1997)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Kitching (1998); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
glandersAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Daniels et al. (2002); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
leishmaniosisPresentRab et al. (1995); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
leptospirosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentNativeKhan and Khan (1997)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentWaseem Shahzad et al. (2013)
Mycoplasma iowae infectionsPresentAl-Ankari and Bradbury (1996)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentKhan et al. (1982)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); Khan and Huq (1962); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, WidespreadSheikh et al. (1996)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeLari (1959)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Q feverPresentAyaz et al. (1993); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Rehman et al. (1988); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2020); Kitching (1994); OIE (1999); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
surraPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentKhan and Huq (1962); Zaki (1965); Siddiqui (1977); OIE (1998); Muhammad et al. (1999)
theileriosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentRaffique et al. (2012); Schotman (1989)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); Hayes (1989); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested9,6029,88810,26810,46510,624
Production quantity19,99420,61521,74721,45121,881
Yield20,823 Fc20,849 Fc21,179 Fc20,498 Fc20,596 Fc
ApplesArea harvested73,995 Im82,04188,58995,26096,928
Production quantity499,490 Im543,645564,693669,912620,481
Yield67,503 Fc66,265 Fc63,743 Fc70,325 Fc64,015 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested19,372 Im18,62922,71524,94025,746
Production quantity104,743 Im107,986141,721165,918172,933
Yield54,069 Fc57,967 Fc62,391 Fc66,527 Fc67,169 Fc
BananasArea harvested29,73530,03129,19728,70328,171
Production quantity135,660135,056137,449134,634118,044
Yield45,623 Fc44,972 Fc47,076 Fc46,906 Fc41,903 Fc
BarleyArea harvested56,48357,58260,91466,04867,754
Production quantity54,68555,13158,06060,54962,744
Yield9,682 Fc9,574 Fc9,531 Fc9,167 Fc9,261 Fc
Bastfibres, otherArea harvested125 Im141 Im174 Im207 Im337 Im
Production quantity74 Im84 Im104 Im124 Im204 Im
Yield5,920 Fc5,957 Fc5,977 Fc5,990 Fc6,053 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested200,636177,257177,859195,863165,423
Production quantity139,150124,702129,259137,284110,575
Yield6,935 Fc7,035 Fc7,267 Fc7,009 Fc6,684 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested1,4931,7161,6901,6961,677
Production quantity7,5057,8217,7267,6507,571
Yield50,268 Fc45,577 Fc45,716 Fc45,106 Fc45,146 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested493378443442459
Production quantity1,7861,8041,9522,1342,100
Yield36,227 Fc47,725 Fc44,063 Fc48,281 Fc45,752 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested4,8544,9235,0404,9364,983
Production quantity78,54679,80479,75377,31177,233
Yield161,817 Fc162,104 Fc158,240 Fc156,627 Fc154,993 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested29,18728,95429,10628,59928,548
Production quantity504,425499,585503,088493,364489,582
Yield172,825 Fc172,544 Fc172,847 Fc172,511 Fc171,494 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvested9841,5511,7411,7411,795
Production quantity1,1071,5981,8011,8011,850
Yield11,250 Fc10,303 Fc10,345 Fc10,345 Fc10,306 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested12,57012,62012,66112,63412,487
Production quantity212,364212,431217,518216,743217,559
Yield168,945 Fc168,329 Fc171,802 Fc171,555 Fc174,228 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested13,902,637 A13,735,791 A13,928,846 A14,087,724 A13,961,922 A
Production quantity43,260,318 A43,259,347 A44,299,995 A42,555,022 A41,081,682 A
Yield31,117 Fc31,494 Fc31,804 Fc30,207 Fc29,424 Fc
CherriesArea harvested9929951,1761,0631,128
Production quantity2,0961,9642,0672,1402,083
Yield21,129 Fc19,739 Fc17,577 Fc20,132 Fc18,466 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested943,058976,580971,043939,488942,673
Production quantity446,584323,364329,751286,162379,192
Yield4,735 Fc3,311 Fc3,396 Fc3,046 Fc4,023 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested47,34965,27563,61964,82964,829
Production quantity101,659148,114142,730142,163142,200
Yield21,470 Fc22,691 Fc22,435 Fc21,929 Fc21,935 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested201,472 A199,820 A201,063 A199,164 A193,057 A
Production quantity2,289,262 A2,259,346 A2,262,603 A2,342,486 A2,398,822 A
Yield113,627 Fc113,069 Fc112,532 Fc117,616 Fc124,255 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested1,449 Im1,4431,4451,4861,507
Production quantity9,917 Im9,8029,7659,86710,040
Yield68,440 Fc67,928 Fc67,578 Fc66,400 Fc66,622 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested3,5773,3673,5493,5163,381
Production quantity77,57368,66465,59759,20354,288
Yield216,866 Fc203,932 Fc184,832 Fc168,382 Fc160,568 Fc
DatesArea harvested104,836 Im99,03298,41597,71397,107
Production quantity483,071 Im446,995440,606438,989467,756
Yield46,079 Fc45,136 Fc44,770 Fc44,926 Fc48,169 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested8,5668,5758,4278,5358,368
Production quantity89,72487,58784,25583,52983,832
Yield104,744 Fc102,142 Fc99,982 Fc97,866 Fc100,182 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested2,527,134 A2,373,120 A2,700,469 A2,489,178 A2,902,326 A
Production quantity85 A96 A116 A137 A218 A
YieldFcFcFc1 Fc1 Fc
FigsArea harvested67777290121
Production quantity225254248423459
Yield33,582 Fc32,987 Fc34,444 Fc47,000 Fc37,934 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested981,318 A1,004,825 A1,024,485 A1,041,641 A1,042,323 A
Production quantity9,572,590 A9,468,526 A9,359,163 A9,568,644 A9,795,029 A
Yield97,548 Fc94,231 Fc91,355 Fc91,861 Fc93,973 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested189,746200,201203,042212,356213,590
Production quantity2,547,4402,434,9972,263,3592,444,9002,499,755
Yield134,255 Fc121,628 Fc111,472 Fc115,132 Fc117,035 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested64,852 Im64,843 Im64,824 Im64,791 Im64,580 Im
Production quantity430,328 Im439,552 Im448,777 Im458,001 Im468,450 Im
Yield66,355 Fc67,787 Fc69,230 Fc70,689 Fc72,538 Fc
GarlicArea harvested8,1098,6998,2347,8827,973
Production quantity75,34281,16775,00270,92572,987
Yield92,912 Fc93,306 Fc91,088 Fc89,984 Fc91,543 Fc
GingerArea harvested1243280286291
Production quantity820132133130
Yield6,667 Fc4,651 Fc4,714 Fc4,650 Fc4,467 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
GrapesArea harvested16,311 Im15,67515,72414,71914,775
Production quantity67,953 Im68,47166,98766,18565,854
Yield41,661 Fc43,682 Fc42,602 Fc44,966 Fc44,571 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested102,90998,61399,02289,52791,876
Production quantity94,54797,31186,03071,15091,655
Yield9,187 Fc9,868 Fc8,688 Fc7,947 Fc9,976 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
HempseedArea harvested81759
Production quantity5826
Yield6,250 Fc4,706 Fc4,407 Fc
JuteArea harvested10 Im11 Im11 Im12 Im12 Im
Production quantity11 Im12 Im12 Im13 Im14 Im
Yield11,000 Fc10,909 Fc10,909 Fc10,833 Fc11,667 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested13,56911,93714,03414,6237,713 *
Production quantity77,59764,52878,97682,48695,822
Yield57,187 Fc54,057 Fc56,275 Fc56,408 Fc124,234 Fc
LentilsArea harvested12,92313,63414,62317,89117,736
Production quantity5,9576,3526,6927,8008,905
Yield4,610 Fc4,659 Fc4,576 Fc4,360 Fc5,021 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested367397406415389
Production quantity420420432441418
Yield11,444 Fc10,579 Fc10,640 Fc10,627 Fc10,746 Fc
LinseedArea harvested2,5972,8212,8913,0483,031
Production quantity1,8862,0532,0852,1892,141
Yield7,262 Fc7,278 Fc7,212 Fc7,182 Fc7,064 Fc
MaizeArea harvested1,413,2461,373,9221,250,8271,348,4521,191,211
Production quantity7,236,3136,826,3795,901,6306,134,2745,270,914
Yield51,203 Fc49,685 Fc47,182 Fc45,491 Fc44,248 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested214,800232,837237,135240,325236,194
Production quantity2,270,2292,320,0502,331,7362,159,0462,204,499
Yield105,690 Fc99,643 Fc98,329 Fc89,839 Fc93,334 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested1,0551,1351,2251,2029,812 Im
Production quantity8,0909,8099,4429,26794,042 Im
Yield76,682 Fc86,423 Fc77,078 Fc77,097 Fc95,844 Fc
MilletArea harvested522,187455,660488,706469,104486,019
Production quantity384,378350,010339,088304,795299,549
Yield7,361 Fc7,681 Fc6,938 Fc6,497 Fc6,163 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested3,322 Im3,500 Im3,681 Im3,866 Im4,070 Im
Production quantity3,185 Im3,324 Im3,462 Im3,600 Im3,741 Im
Yield9,588 Fc9,497 Fc9,405 Fc9,312 Fc9,192 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested3,131,273 A2,888,897 A3,179,493 A2,962,430 A3,448,450 A
Production quantity5,728,934 A5,957,025 A6,851,691 A6,187,010 A5,919,029 A
Yield18,296 Fc20,620 Fc21,550 Fc20,885 Fc17,164 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested3,130,289 A2,887,346 A3,177,752 A2,960,689 A3,446,655 A
Production quantity2,135,289 A2,178,776 A2,437,205 A2,216,566 A2,142,446 A
Yield6,821 Fc7,546 Fc7,670 Fc7,487 Fc6,216 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested3,131,273 A2,888,897 A3,179,493 A2,962,430 A3,448,450 A
Production quantity871,960 A865,556 A919,763 A841,378 A843,446 A
Yield2,785 Fc2,996 Fc2,893 Fc2,840 Fc2,446 Fc
Oilseeds nesProduction quantity589,253 Im574,321 Im559,388 Im544,456 Im529,601 Im
OkraArea harvested16,23915,71315,66815,92315,529
Production quantity124,779120,637121,484122,157118,986
Yield76,839 Fc76,775 Fc77,536 Fc76,717 Fc76,622 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested148,272150,199137,880135,884130,532
Production quantity2,079,5932,119,6751,833,1601,736,3611,671,012
Yield140,255 Fc141,124 Fc132,953 Fc127,783 Fc128,016 Fc
OrangesArea harvested136,435 Im136,586 Im136,077 Im134,561 *134,982 *
Production quantity1,615,198 Im1,603,648 Im1,594,386 Im1,650,000 F1,680,000 F
Yield118,386 Fc117,409 Fc117,168 Fc122,621 Fc124,461 Fc
PapayasArea harvested1,6631,5551,4721,3701,404
Production quantity7,6307,2016,5486,1856,743
Yield45,881 Fc46,309 Fc44,484 Fc45,146 Fc48,027 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested16,185 Im15,03214,35014,38513,819
Production quantity95,731 Im87,84472,53671,63970,750
Yield59,148 Fc58,438 Fc50,548 Fc49,801 Fc51,198 Fc
PearsArea harvested1,698 Im1,6971,7361,7761,820
Production quantity15,078 Im15,64215,92616,45216,569
Yield88,799 Fc92,174 Fc91,740 Fc92,635 Fc91,038 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested39,67840,35541,84645,32446,479
Production quantity26,64027,12328,33429,74330,741
Yield6,714 Fc6,721 Fc6,771 Fc6,562 Fc6,614 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested25,20426,99225,54922,94922,135
Production quantity171,511178,231166,215145,404140,229
Yield68,049 Fc66,031 Fc65,057 Fc63,360 Fc63,352 Fc
Pigeon peasArea harvested6 Im6 Im6 Im6 Im6 Im
Production quantity4 Im4 Im4 Im4 Im4 Im
Yield6,667 Fc6,667 Fc6,667 Fc6,667 Fc6,667 Fc
PistachiosArea harvested169171176192193
Production quantity695654667706659
Yield41,124 Fc38,246 Fc37,898 Fc36,771 Fc34,145 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested6,332 Im6,0846,1276,2006,949
Production quantity48,496 Im47,70146,42345,86354,634
Yield76,589 Fc78,404 Fc75,768 Fc73,973 Fc78,621 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested195,654193,992179,620177,297170,517
Production quantity4,869,3124,591,7763,852,8973,977,5953,997,579
Yield248,874 Fc236,699 Fc214,503 Fc224,346 Fc234,439 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested138,040 Im139,143 Im137,920 Im124,600199,600
Production quantity112,074 Im110,707 Im114,989 Im118,200124,600
Yield8,119 Fc7,956 Fc8,337 Fc9,486 Fc6,242 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested1,334,341 A1,346,975 A1,343,297 A1,323,172 A1,371,917 A
Production quantity730,409 A592,252 A609,029 A579,193 A654,017 A
Yield5,474 Fc4,397 Fc4,534 Fc4,377 Fc4,767 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested26,51526,46926,73226,47226,665
Production quantity267,563266,137270,678267,674260,069
Yield100,910 Fc100,547 Fc101,256 Fc101,116 Fc97,532 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested264,198223,402204,035214,859228,294
Production quantity342,650260,523196,003200,200211,432
Yield12,969 Fc11,662 Fc9,606 Fc9,318 Fc9,261 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested3,033,9652,810,0302,900,5952,724,0132,739,495
Production quantity11,115,42810,802,94911,174,81610,273,96810,201,840
Yield36,637 Fc38,444 Fc38,526 Fc37,716 Fc37,240 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity7,413,990 Fc7,205,567 Fc7,453,602 Fc6,852,737 Fc6,804,627 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested33,445 Im33,144 Im32,845 Im32,698 Im31,601 Im
Production quantity529,827 Im525,804 Im521,781 Im519,839 Im508,909 Im
Yield158,417 Fc158,642 Fc158,862 Fc158,982 Fc161,042 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested230,787 A228,722 A214,015 A211,545 A203,526 A
Production quantity5,415,102 A5,130,216 A4,387,168 A4,509,948 A4,517,590 A
Yield234,636 Fc224,299 Fc204,993 Fc213,191 Fc221,966 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested122021
Production quantity132122
Yield10,833 Fc10,500 Fc10,476 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested2,526,9992,372,9682,700,2842,488,9592,901,977
Production quantity4,494,6454,828,4395,855,0255,237,1624,871,738
Yield17,786 Fc20,348 Fc21,683 Fc21,042 Fc16,788 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested128,53883,33682,68580,05978,535
Production quantity62,18235,69935,16334,05631,800
Yield4,838 Fc4,284 Fc4,253 Fc4,254 Fc4,049 Fc
SorghumArea harvested199,026241,370255,382256,384273,569
Production quantity120,531148,729152,698148,408160,461
Yield6,056 Fc6,162 Fc5,979 Fc5,789 Fc5,865 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested1727264741
Production quantity1528194022
Yield8,824 Fc10,370 Fc7,308 Fc8,511 Fc5,366 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested16,65317,15318,63218,46618,451
Production quantity76,08277,54878,74979,74373,654
Yield45,687 Fc45,210 Fc42,265 Fc43,184 Fc39,919 Fc
SpinachArea harvested8,9998,8208,9118,6988,610
Production quantity111,215108,725110,355107,032104,288
Yield123,586 Fc123,271 Fc123,841 Fc123,054 Fc121,124 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested1,014771703600500
Production quantity38,62029,46826,63021,40016,900
Yield380,868 Fc382,205 Fc378,805 Fc356,667 Fc338,000 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested1,039,7771,101,9461,341,7811,217,5081,131,476
Production quantity66,880,01167,173,97583,332,74075,482,25365,482,334
Yield643,215 Fc609,594 Fc621,061 Fc619,973 Fc578,734 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested1,040,791 A1,102,717 A1,342,484 A1,218,108 A1,131,976 A
Production quantity66,918,631 A67,203,443 A83,359,370 A75,503,653 A65,499,234 A
Yield642,959 Fc609,435 Fc620,934 Fc619,844 Fc578,627 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested103,582104,73687,34482,667141,314
Production quantity132,732147,251106,39486,060168,702
Yield12,814 Fc14,059 Fc12,181 Fc10,410 Fc11,938 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested1,6881,5861,5501,5501,408
Production quantity15,96312,63612,49012,51411,102
Yield94,568 Fc79,672 Fc80,581 Fc80,735 Fc78,849 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested51,468 Im51,297 Im50,952 Im49,980 *50,362 *
Production quantity596,467 Im591,170 Im589,241 Im610,000 F623,000 F
Yield115,891 Fc115,245 Fc115,646 Fc122,049 Fc123,704 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested44,87746,33147,24752,70453,804
Production quantity104,355106,727100,015115,574120,022
Yield23,254 Fc23,036 Fc21,169 Fc21,929 Fc22,307 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested55,25858,35961,00762,54160,671
Production quantity561,293550,979572,837587,111566,043
Yield101,577 Fc94,412 Fc93,897 Fc93,876 Fc93,297 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested14,832 A15,264 A15,780 A16,126 A16,573 A
Production quantity38,736 A39,211 A40,149 A39,508 A41,112 A
Yield26,117 Fc25,689 Fc25,443 Fc24,500 Fc24,807 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested411,980 A421,370 A407,346 A405,630 A402,297 A
Production quantity5,462,905 A5,456,219 A5,048,616 A4,936,720 A4,784,710 A
Yield132,601 Fc129,488 Fc123,939 Fc121,705 Fc118,935 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested62,77065,56762,48664,95070,349
Production quantity1,101,0521,074,356940,516961,815920,613
Yield175,411 Fc163,856 Fc150,516 Fc148,085 Fc130,864 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested1,7391,7051,6551,6031,686
Production quantity14,86214,61814,27313,75114,831
Yield85,463 Fc85,736 Fc86,242 Fc85,783 Fc87,966 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested37,71434,76337,18037,14236,663
Production quantity565,282540,209546,090534,470531,055
Yield149,887 Fc155,398 Fc146,877 Fc143,899 Fc144,848 Fc
WheatArea harvested8,677,7308,797,2278,972,4229,223,7239,203,874
Production quantity24,348,98325,076,14926,673,70325,633,02825,086,174
Yield28,059 Fc28,505 Fc29,729 Fc27,790 Fc27,256 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea36,300 Fm37,003 Fm36,794 Fm36,202 Fm36,252 Fm
AgricultureArea36,300 Fc37,003 Fc36,794 Fc36,202 Fc36,252 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea19,320 W18,220 Q18,601 Q18,730 Q18,590 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea61 I43 I44 I34 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area65 I51 I45 I34 I24 I
Arable landArea30,507 Fm31,210 Q30,990 Q30,400 Q30,440 Q
Country areaArea79,610 Fm79,610 Q79,610 Q79,610 Q79,610 Q
CroplandArea31,300 Fm32,003 Q31,794 Q31,202 Q31,252 Q
Forest landArea3,809 Q3,850 Q3,868 Q3,933 Q3,965 Fm
Inland watersArea2,522 Fm2,522 Fm2,522 Fm2,522 Fm2,522 Fm
Land areaArea77,088 Fm77,088 Fm77,088 Fm77,088 Fm77,088 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea20,200 Fm20,200 Fm20,200 Fm20,200 Fm20,200 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea5,000 Fm5,000 Fm5,000 Fm5,000 Fm5,000 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea793 Fm793 Q804 Q802 Q812 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea15,560 Fm15,560 Q15,350 Q14,690 Q14,810 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea3,555 Q3,596 Q3,614 Q3,679 Q3,711 Fm
Other landArea36,979 Fc36,235 Fc36,426 Fc36,953 Fc36,871 Fc
Planted ForestArea254 Q254 Q254 Q254 Q254 Fm
Cropland area certified organicArea43 I
Cropland area under organic agric.Area51 I
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.