Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Pakistan

Toolbox

Datasheet

Pakistan

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)PresentBhutta (2008); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentGul et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); Hussnain et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019); Garnier and Bové (1996)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentCABI/EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentNativeKhan and Khan (1997)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeMetzeltin and Lange-Bertalot (1995)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora philippinensis (Philippine downy mildew of maize)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); Murray (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentAmna Ali et al. (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentSaleem et al. (1993)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)PresentShagufta Perveen et al. (2018); Akhtar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentAhmad et al. (1997)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentHerb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentFateh et al. (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur and King (1988); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeCannon and Minter (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKhan et al. (1983); Iqbal et al. (1988); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); Syed et al. (2015); Ordoñez et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (TR4)PresentOrdoñez et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentAnwar and Khan (1973); UK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentShakir et al. (1997); Khan and Kamal (1974); UK, CAB International (1984);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentAhmad (1956); UK, CAB International (1983); Zakaullaii (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadHussain (1952); UK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentHassan et al. (1977); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentMagarey (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentAhmad et al. (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); Mound and Halsey (1978); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentRose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly)Present, WidespreadWhite and Elson-Harris (1992); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Present, WidespreadInvasiveDrew and Hancock (1994); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)PresentSyed (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentKapoor (1993); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentNativeQureshi et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentQazi (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadSulehrie et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, Formerly presentTirmizi and Kazmi (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadNativeApel and Spiridonov (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947); Hall et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentVeilleux et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentTalpur and Khuhro (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadHarbach (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); APPPC (1987); International Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentDanzig (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWilliams (2004); UK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentAPPPC (1987); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus clypealis (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nagpurensis (mango leafhopper)PresentImran Khatri and Webb (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper)PresentViraktamath (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis divinatoriusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedHassan et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentBlackman and Eastop (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Ben-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Present, WidespreadTalbot (1939); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAsim Munwar et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentAli (1971); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); Zhang (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGhulam Abbas et al. (2005); Arif et al. (2007); Saeed et al. (2007); Abbas et al. (2008); Hodgson et al. (2008); Arif et al. (2009); Dhawan et al. (2009); Ghulam Abbas et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeHabib and Ghani (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentShah and Rafi (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Shah and Rafi (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedNHM (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeLai et al. (2010); Tirmizi and Kazmi (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsectrosema maniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentWilliams (1986); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentTilton et al. (1983); Taylor and Halliday (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentYano (1978); Knutson and Orth (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); Khan et al. (1991); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1970); Blackman and Eastop (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp and Dyte (1977); Ahmed et al. (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAhmed et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentNativeAhmed and Mahmood (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedNaeem-Ullah et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentSakimura et al. (1986); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMartin (1987); Martin et al. (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys holosericeus (apple stem borer)PresentNativeSengupta and Sengupta (1981); Löbl and Smetana (2010); Mitra et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsPresentRaffique et al. (2012); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps clareaePresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)PresentNativeArcher (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeDas and Gupta (1989); Dvorak (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentNativeBrowne (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentKhuhro et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolorPresentNativeBrowne (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFreyhof and Kottelat (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeCockrill (1977); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead)PresentNativeCourtenay and Williams (2004); Froese R and Pauly D (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveAli and Ripley (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, WidespreadNativeGrimmett et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad)PresentNativeDijk et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, WidespreadNativeThe Reptile Database (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeIUCN (2016); Prater (1965); Corbet and Hill (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRab et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedNativeCollar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)PresentNativeKapoor et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca mulatta (rhesus macaque)PresentNativeTimmins et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedMirza (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFAO (1997); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)Present, Few occurrencesNativeAvibase (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentNativeAplin et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012); Ahmad et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeKonig and Weick (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeSchlesch (1908); Annandale et al. (1919); Zhadin (1952); Kasymov (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)Present, Few occurrencesNativeHlavac (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeQi (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)Present, WidespreadThorne (1961); CABI and EPPO (2002); Khan (2005); Mukhtar et al. (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBelonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode)PresentPathan et al. (2004);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentKhan et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZaheer (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMunir et al. (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentBrown (1962); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedMaqbool (1980); Shahina and Maqbool (1995); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ficiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001); Jabbar et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentGul and Saeed (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentQureshi et al. (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002); Hussain et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadGul and Saeed (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadKhan et al. (1989); Maqbool et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentAatika et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentShahina and Maqbool (1992); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadAKHTAR and HUSSAIN (1968); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentQasim et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentNativeSabina et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedUSDA-ARS (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeStewart (1945); Khan et al. (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveImran et al. (2013); Pallewatta et al. (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)Present, LocalizedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Absent, Formerly presentKahn et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeInvasiveILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentNative and IntroducedCook et al. (2005); Orwa et al. (2009); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ramosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentRashid et al. (1988); Cope (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentIntroducedOEPP/EPPO (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeKhan and Mohib Shah (2013); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Stewart (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentSteward (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadFazali Subhan-I and Muhammad Khan (1991); Holm et al. (1991); Ghafoor and Shad (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium minutissimum (Himalayan dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeInvasiveHawksworth and Wiens (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeHawksworth and Wiens (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAreca catechu (betelnut palm)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Mahmood (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia capillarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus heterophyllus (jackfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2011); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentAHMAD et al. (1968); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe rivularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex dimorphostegiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHussain and Rashid (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, WidespreadNaturalizedChampion et al. (1965); Abdulla (1972); Sheikh (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedIndia Biodiversity Portal (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoehmeria pendulifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHooker (1885); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeBor (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDuke (1983); Warwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa subsp. oleifera (turnip rape)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedWu et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail)PresentNativeLi and Leeuwenberg (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis gigantea (Yercum fibre)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedQasim and Hashmi (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeInvasivePitcher and Russo (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentIrum Mukhtar et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadAheer et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentCope (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine )PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)PresentNativeRueda (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeus blumei (common coleus)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015); Flora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Kamran Saleem et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedKhalid (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHussain et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster acuminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster hissaricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster insignisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster roseusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucurbita foetidissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedIrum Mukhtar et al. (2011); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentAnjum Perveen and Mohammad Qaiser (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentMaryam Mirza et al. (2005); Somia Khattak et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)Present, WidespreadAhmed (1954)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresent, PlantedNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Moody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedCTAHR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedHussain and Rashid (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedShah and Khan (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHussain and Rashid (1989); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedMoody (1989); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGopal (1987); Imran et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)Present, Localized, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentMoody (1989); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSiddiqi (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSiddiqi (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipactis helleborinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopoa persicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedHussain (2002); WAC (2005); Khan et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); GrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)Present, PlantedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, PlantedIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, PlantedNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013); Akhter and Ghazanfar (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium himalayensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nepalensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentStewart (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedPieterse (1981); Cook (1996); Buckingham and Bennett (1998); Govaerts (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentNativeDrescher and Prots (2000); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentShad (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKochia indicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKhan et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium pinnatifidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedBor (1960); Chowdhry and Wadhwa (1984); Hussain and Rashid (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentTalpur et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeMal et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthocerasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedCope (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentIntroducedPlants of the World Online (2018); Austin (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolmes (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedAli (1973)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentIRRI (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeAfridi et al. (2015); Kumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMosla dianthera (miniature beefsteakplant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeFlora of Pakistan (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1993); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentHabib-ur-Rahman et al. (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativePlant Gene Resources of Canada (2016); Muhammad Akmal et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea tetragonaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeRechinger (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Parker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Parker and Wilson (1986); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentParker (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentAnjum Perveen and Mohammad Qaiser (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAsad Shabbir et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeAli (1977); Royal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedIntroducedSiddiqui and Khan (1989); Bajwa and Gul (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum flaccidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeInvasiveMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentStewart (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, Few occurrences, PlantedIntroducedBurkart (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBurkart (1976); Imran et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentKhushk et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativeAli (1977); ILDIS (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMaddox et al. (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of Pakistan Editorial Committee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentCope (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentAllah Bakhsh et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex vesicariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentHolm et al. (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Present, PlantedIntroducedMirza (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedAthar and Mahmood (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeZhengyi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedAthar and Siddiqi (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentMahmood (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeAli (1977); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentCope (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentEPPO (2020); Flora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); GISD (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeStewart (1972); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedNativeCope (1982); Holm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentMoody (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)Present, WidespreadParker and Riches (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentGRIN (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978); Sheikh (1993); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAhmad (1993); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedAyaz and Arshad (1999); Aurang Zeb et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedValkenburg and Waluyo (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentNativeHua and Edmonds (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachomitum venetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentMoinuddin Ahmed (1986); Mahmood (1987); Rahmatullah Qureshi et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentKhalid (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa clusianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeOmer and Rizwan (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentNativeNew Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentFlora of Pakistan (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeeFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFlora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of Pakistan (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeLari (1959)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKhalid et al. (1993); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Aslam and Ahmad (1990); EPPO (2014)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentBashir (1992); Bashir and Hampton (1993); CABI and EPPO (2010); CABI (Undated)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al. (2013); CABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentAli et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentAhsan et al. (2019)
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentMakkouk et al. (1998)
VirusIndian citrus ringspot virusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedIftikhar et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentAftab et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentAli et al. (2004); Noshad et al. (2015)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentAhmad et al. (2015)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKollerová et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)PresentNativeZaidi et al. (2016); Tahir and Haider (2005); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentEPPO (2020)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentEPPO (2009)
Aeromonas infection in fishPresentOIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
anaplasmosisPresentBuriro et al. (1994)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadAnjum (1990); Afzal et al. (1991)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2009); Muneer et al. (1987)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2004); CABI (Undated)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2009)
babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Buriro et al. (1994); Shabbir Ahmed and Ali (1995)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Hawkes (1996)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresentKnowles et al. (1932); Rashid and Ali (1991)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentMEADOWS (1919); Asi et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentMeas et al. (2000)
bovine papillomatosisPresentInayat et al. (1999)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentAfzal et al. (1987)
buffalopoxPresentMahmood and Shah (1985)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)Dance (1991)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveJames (1947); Hall et al. (2001)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al. (2013); BURNEY et al. (1980); WHO (2001); OIE (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentRahmatullah Rind et al. (2002)
dourinePresentOIE (2009)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic ulcerative syndromePresentKanchanakhan (1996)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentKhan and Khan (1997)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Kitching (1998)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2009)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentCABI (Undated)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Daniels et al. (2002)
leishmaniosisPresentRab et al. (1995)
leptospirosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentNativeKhan and Khan (1997)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentWaseem Shahzad et al. (2013)
Mycoplasma iowae infectionsPresentAl-Ankari and Bradbury (1996)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentKhan et al. (1982)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2009)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Khan and Huq (1962)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, WidespreadSheikh et al. (1996)
peste des petits ruminantsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeLari (1959)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Q feverPresentAyaz et al. (1993)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Rehman et al. (1988)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2009); Kitching (1994); OIE (1999)
surraPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2009)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentKhan and Huq (1962); Zaki (1965); Siddiqui (1977); OIE (1998); Muhammad et al. (1999)
theileriosisPresentOIE (2009)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesPresentRaffique et al. (2012); Schotman (1989)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2009)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Hayes (1989)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 10790 10939 11000 11060 10817
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 21465 21935 26400 26614 23382
Almonds, with shell Yield 19893.4 Fc 20052.1 Fc 24000 Fc 24063.3 Fc 21616 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 110411 110562 111597 51700 * 51700 *
Apples Production Quantity 598804 525855 366360 441062 441575
Apples Yield 54234.1 Fc 47562 Fc 32828.8 Fc 85311.8 Fc 85411 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 29634 29648 30206 31018 31256
Apricots Production Quantity 189420 190174 193936 237937 240192
Apricots Yield 63919.8 Fc 64144 Fc 64204.5 Fc 76709.3 Fc 76846.7 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 25000 F 29591 34830 36056 35558
Bananas Production Quantity 130000 F 141145 154825 157319 157962
Bananas Yield 52000 Fc 47698.6 Fc 44451.6 Fc 43631.8 Fc 44423.8 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 77100 84100 86000 91100 94000
Barley Production Quantity 71200 71400 81500 87400 93000
Barley Seed 5250 Fc 5397 Fc 5887 Fc 6020 Fc 6377 Fc
Barley Yield 9234.76 Fc 8489.89 Fc 9476.74 Fc 9593.85 Fc 9893.62 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 165278 161914 207400 247300 278400
Beans, dry Production Quantity 103915 87492 129400 171100 195000
Beans, dry Seed 6611.12 Fc 6611.12 Fc 6476.56 Fc 8296 Fc 9892 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 6287.29 Fc 5403.61 Fc 6239.15 Fc 6918.72 Fc 7004.31 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 1263 1184 840 789 821
Beans, green Production Quantity 7825 6509 6327 6153 6320
Beans, green Yield 61955.7 Fc 54974.7 Fc 75321.4 Fc 77984.8 Fc 76979.3 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 629 Im 639 724 624 818
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2855 Im 2949 3293 2950 3717
Berries Nes Yield 45389.5 Fc 46150.2 Fc 45483.4 Fc 47275.6 Fc 45440.1 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 4983 4722 4824 4345 4797
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 74282 69080 71988 71731 75695
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 149071 Fc 146294 Fc 149229 Fc 165089 Fc 157797 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 13725 12861 13817 13400 13248
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 241580 219339 245531 236590 236869
Carrots and turnips Yield 176015 Fc 170546 Fc 177702 Fc 176560 Fc 178796 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 3651 3394 1355 8216 3567
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 3986 3380 803 4023 2219
Castor oil seed Seed 54.77 Fc 54.77 Fc 50.91 Fc 20.33 Fc 123.24 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 10917.6 Fc 9958.75 Fc 5926.2 Fc 4896.54 Fc 6220.91 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 13103 12637 12896 11961 11472
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 227591 213414 234664 215629 212228
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 173694 Fc 168880 Fc 181967 Fc 180277 Fc 184997 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 13303800 A 13332400 A 13674300 A 13387900 A 13051400 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 34105500 A 32402200 A 34716000 A 32055300 A 33033900 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1760860 A 1636790 A 1653310 A 1547200 A 1672680 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 25635.9 Fc 24303.4 Fc 25387.8 Fc 23943.5 Fc 25310.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13303800 A 13332400 A 13674300 A 13387900 A 13051400 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 36156900 A 34811500 A 38157400 A 35527800 A 35812800 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1760860 A 1636790 A 1653310 A 1547200 A 1672680 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 27177.9 Fc 26110.5 Fc 27904.5 Fc 26537.3 Fc 27439.8 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 1003 993 993 995 1003
Cherries Production Quantity 1999 1973 1976 2314 2321
Cherries Yield 19930.2 Fc 19869.1 Fc 19899.3 Fc 23256.3 Fc 23140.6 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 1053800 1066900 1080600 1106800 1052000
Chick peas Production Quantity 496000 561500 740500 474600 838000
Chick peas Seed 52750 Fc 52690 Fc 53345 Fc 54030 Fc 55340 Fc
Chick peas Yield 4706.78 Fc 5262.91 Fc 6852.67 Fc 4288.04 Fc 7965.78 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 68370 Im 63600 74800 73800 64200
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 202934 Im 171700 186700 187700 116100
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 29681.7 Fc 26996.9 Fc 24959.9 Fc 25433.6 Fc 18084.1 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 194500 A 198400 A 199940 A 199400 A 193211 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1982200 A 2150000 A 2132000 A 2293600 A 1472470 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 101913 Fc 108367 Fc 106632 Fc 115025 Fc 76210.5 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1831890 A 1835480 A 1745200 A 1875500 A 1958000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4782720 A 4265510 A 3790000 A 4141000 A 4173000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 122099 A 107865 A 104244 A 117696 A 107267 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 26108.1 Fc 23239.3 Fc 21716.7 Fc 22079.5 Fc 21312.6 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 1485 1479 1495 1528 1585
Coconuts Production Quantity 10027 9920 9987 11623 11795
Coconuts Yield 67521.9 Fc 67072.4 Fc 66802.7 Fc 76066.8 Fc 74416.4 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 2312000 1869000 2111400 1923260 1892280
Cottonseed Production Quantity 4293300 3664600 4138200 3760000 3694900
Cottonseed Seed 127733 Fc 127733 Fc 121010 Fc 139757 Fc 126896 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 3397 3159 2983 1257 1275
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 48535 43713 40551 7501 5539
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 142876 Fc 138376 Fc 135940 Fc 59673.8 Fc 43443.1 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 93088 90124 90584 90700 90135
Dates Production Quantity 557279 524041 531191 566400 557524
Dates Yield 59865.8 Fc 58146.7 Fc 58640.7 Fc 62447.6 Fc 61854.3 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 8490 9044 8673 9019 8480
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 84707 89972 88148 87434 86528
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 99772.7 Fc 99482.5 Fc 101635 Fc 96944.2 Fc 102038 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2839700 A 2690590 A 3107250 A 2821630 A 3056150 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2312440 A 1869640 A 2112190 A 1924290 A 1893300 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 8143.25 Fc 6948.8 Fc 6797.62 Fc 6819.79 Fc 6195.05 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 145 160 162 162 164
Figs Production Quantity 621 712 741 773 720
Figs Yield 42827.6 Fc 44500 Fc 45740.7 Fc 47716.1 Fc 43902.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 773926 A 780860 A 785939 A 724229 A 716494 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6339510 A 6369690 A 6090820 A 6490720 A 5644040 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 81913.7 Fc 81572.8 Fc 77497.4 Fc 89622.4 Fc 78773.1 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 42000 F 42000 F 41891 42581 41895
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 270000 F 270000 F 261319 258840 243557
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 64285.7 Fc 64285.7 Fc 62380.7 Fc 60787.7 Fc 58135.1 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 65000 F 64450 62550 62679 63803
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 520000 F 516900 512100 515203 541871
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 80000 Fc 80201.7 Fc 81870.5 Fc 82197.1 Fc 84928.8 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 6521 6856 8357 8125 7779
Garlic Production Quantity 55308 57229 67204 63799 62333
Garlic Yield 84815.2 Fc 83472.9 Fc 80416.4 Fc 78521.9 Fc 80129.8 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 22 247 269 195 121
Ginger Production Quantity 8 115 111 95 57
Ginger Yield 3636.36 Fc 4655.87 Fc 4126.39 Fc 4871.79 Fc 4710.74 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 15066 Im 15274 15312 15358 15323
Grapes Production Quantity 62347 Im 64413 64727 76095 75369
Grapes Yield 41382.6 Fc 42171.7 Fc 42272.1 Fc 49547.5 Fc 49186.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 95486 82905 87400 92800 94900
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 87894 67803 53200 85500 83400
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 14322.9 Fc 14322.9 Fc 12435.8 Fc 13110 Fc 13920 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 9204.91 Fc 8178.4 Fc 6086.96 Fc 9213.36 Fc 8788.2 Fc
Jute Area Harvested 16 Im 20 Im 22 Im 21 Im 22 Im
Jute Production Quantity 14 Im 20 Im 22 Im 20 Im 21 Im
Jute Yield 8750 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 9523.81 Fc 9545.45 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 1202 A 1492 A 1545 A 1734 A 1849 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 440 A 639 A 787 A 1034 A 1021 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 3660.57 Fc 4282.84 Fc 5093.85 Fc 5963.09 Fc 5521.9 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 7780 * 7936 * 7998 * 7976 * 7728 *
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 79288 86000 * 85280 * 91780 * 58899 *
Lemons and limes Yield 101913 Fc 108367 Fc 106627 Fc 115070 Fc 76215.1 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 26100 24000 30900 30400 39000
Lentils Production Quantity 13200 10900 14400 14600 21000
Lentils Seed 783 Fc 783 Fc 720 Fc 927 Fc 912 Fc
Lentils Yield 5057.47 Fc 4541.67 Fc 4660.19 Fc 4802.63 Fc 5384.62 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 218 99 80 104 125
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 278 135 118 134 148
Lettuce and chicory Yield 12752.3 Fc 13636.4 Fc 14750 Fc 12884.6 Fc 11840 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 3946 4207 5432 4647 5241
Linseed Production Quantity 2776 2714 3056 3105 3631
Linseed Seed 118.38 Fc 118.38 Fc 126.21 Fc 162.96 Fc 139.41 Fc
Linseed Yield 7034.97 Fc 6451.15 Fc 5625.92 Fc 6681.73 Fc 6928.07 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1083060 974180 935100 1052000 1052000
Maize Production Quantity 4270900 3706910 3261500 3593000 3605000
Maize Seed 107081 Fc 92700 * 87200 * 101000 * 90000 *
Maize Yield 39433.6 Fc 38051.6 Fc 34878.6 Fc 34154 Fc 34268.1 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 172008 173731 170166 166223 164558
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 1888450 1845530 1727930 1753690 1719180
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 109789 Fc 106229 Fc 101544 Fc 105502 Fc 104473 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 458300 548400 475700 469700 531000
Millet Production Quantity 303600 346000 292900 296100 305000
Millet Seed 5499.6 Fc 5499.6 Fc 6580.8 Fc 5708.4 Fc 5636.4 Fc
Millet Yield 6624.48 Fc 6309.26 Fc 6157.24 Fc 6304.02 Fc 5743.88 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 4391 Im 4281 Im 4333 Im 4352 Im 4337 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 4084 Im 4065 Im 4858 Im 4881 Im 4760 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 9300.84 Fc 9495.44 Fc 11211.6 Fc 11215.5 Fc 10975.3 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 3535840 A 3302060 A 3844660 A 3641520 A 3954630 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2882930 A 2439440 A 2751790 A 2638800 A 2588300 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 83535.4 A 81767.1 A 77492.4 A 87500.8 A 80755 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8153.43 Fc 7387.61 Fc 7157.42 Fc 7246.42 Fc 6544.98 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3539490 A 3305460 A 3846020 A 3649740 A 3958190 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1137480 A 956740 A 1085290 A 1102020 A 1060820 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 32055.4 A 31171.2 A 29355.4 A 32807.9 A 30952.8 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3213.69 Fc 2894.42 Fc 2821.86 Fc 3019.46 Fc 2680.06 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 558239 Im 460000 F 473718 Im 450000 F 400000 F
Oilseeds, Nes Seed 16770.1 Fc 13822.9 Fc 14216.3 Fc 13507.8 Fc 12005.7 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 13919 14148 15179 15081 14996
Okra Production Quantity 102577 107453 116096 114657 103659
Okra Yield 73695.7 Fc 75949.3 Fc 76484.6 Fc 76027.4 Fc 69124.4 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 147600 124700 129600 153100 131400
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1939600 1701100 1704100 2015200 1816400
Onions, dry Yield 131409 Fc 136415 Fc 131489 Fc 131626 Fc 138234 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 136150 * 138880 * 139958 * 139580 * 135248 *
Oranges Production Quantity 1387540 * 1505000 * 1492400 * 1606150 * 1030730 *
Oranges Yield 101913 Fc 108367 Fc 106632 Fc 115070 Fc 76210.4 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1186 Im 1472 Im 1523 Im 1713 Im 1827 Im
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 426 Im 619 Im 765 Im 1014 Im 1000 F
Other Bastfibres Yield 3591.91 Fc 4205.16 Fc 5022.98 Fc 5919.44 Fc 5473.45 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 22718 Im 20000 F 18930 * 18626 18382
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 333489 Im 290000 F 278091 * 274664 241234
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 146795 Fc 145000 Fc 146905 Fc 147463 Fc 131234 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 1500 1537 1545 1671 1739
Papayas Production Quantity 7708 7932 8732 9325 7986
Papayas Yield 51386.7 Fc 51607 Fc 56517.8 Fc 55804.9 Fc 45922.9 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 15409 15096 15349 15774 15624
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 54378 52579 53994 83670 82392
Peaches and nectarines Yield 35289.8 Fc 34829.8 Fc 35177.5 Fc 53043 Fc 52734.3 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1936 1955 3130 2128 2105
Pears Production Quantity 19045 19291 20225 24657 24152
Pears Yield 98372.9 Fc 98675.2 Fc 64616.6 Fc 115869 Fc 114736 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 82500 82800 96900 105700 120700
Peas, dry Production Quantity 57100 54000 60400 63800 71200
Peas, dry Yield 6921.21 Fc 6521.74 Fc 6233.23 Fc 6035.95 Fc 5898.92 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 14702 12191 11987 12526 11931
Peas, green Production Quantity 98680 80535 84280 83240 92134
Peas, green Yield 67120.1 Fc 66061 Fc 70309.5 Fc 66453.8 Fc 77222.4 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested F F F F F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity F F F F F
Pigeon peas Seed
Pigeon peas Yield
Pistachios Area Harvested 195 197 190 189 185
Pistachios Production Quantity 659 663 773 773 536
Pistachios Yield 33794.9 Fc 33654.8 Fc 40684.2 Fc 40899.5 Fc 28973 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 6597 Im 6700 6960 7160 7602
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 54408 Im 56200 57470 66881 73053
Plums and sloes Yield 82473.9 Fc 83880.6 Fc 82571.8 Fc 93409.2 Fc 96097.1 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 159300 138500 145000 154300 133400
Potatoes Production Quantity 3491800 3141500 2941300 2539000 2581500
Potatoes Seed 185100 Fc 159300 Fc 138500 Fc 145000 Fc 154300 Fc
Potatoes Yield 219196 Fc 226823 Fc 202848 Fc 164550 Fc 193516 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 230331 Im 231700 179400 154800 163200
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 135668 Im 146000 110800 102300 120600
Pulses, nes Seed 9213.24 Fc 9213.24 Fc 9268 Fc 7176 Fc 6192 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 5890.13 Fc 6301.25 Fc 6176.14 Fc 6608.53 Fc 7389.71 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1558010 A 1567310 A 1595200 A 1645000 A 1653300 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 805883 A 859892 A 1055500 A 826400 A 1245800 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 69357.4 A 69297.4 A 69809.6 A 70429 A 72336 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5172.52 Fc 5486.41 Fc 6616.73 Fc 5023.71 Fc 7535.23 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 25394 25879 27007 26004 26328
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 252028 251798 264789 259966 252446
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 99247.1 Fc 97298.2 Fc 98044.6 Fc 99971.5 Fc 95885 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 219951 190440 244893 234584 399000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 194823 162244 198984 185035 368000
Rapeseed Seed 1539.66 Fc 1539.66 Fc 1333.08 Fc 1714.25 Fc 1642.09 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 8857.56 Fc 8519.43 Fc 8125.34 Fc 7887.79 Fc 9223.06 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 2571200 2365300 2883100 2962600 2515400
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 6160400 7235190 10334400 10428000 8345100
Rice, paddy Seed 246835 Fc 246835 Fc 227069 Fc 276778 Fc 284410 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 23959.2 Fc 30588.9 Fc 35844.8 Fc 35198.8 Fc 33176 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 27002 25482 25204 25652 28672
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 481157 416370 429501 432305 467825
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 178193 Fc 163398 Fc 170410 Fc 168527 Fc 163164 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 187653 A 165063 A 171250 A 180832 A 162997 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3986420 A 3569700 A 3382750 A 2981120 A 3059910 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 185100 A 159300 A 138500 A 145000 A 154300 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 212436 Fc 216263 Fc 197533 Fc 164856 Fc 187728 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 39 52 73 66 58
Safflower seed Production Quantity 34 45 65 60 49
Safflower seed Yield 8717.95 Fc 8653.85 Fc 8904.11 Fc 9090.91 Fc 8448.28 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 2838500 2689100 3105700 2819900 3054300
Seed cotton Production Quantity 6605770 5613930 6334700 5770380 5677400
Seed cotton Yield 23272 Fc 20876.6 Fc 20397 Fc 20463.1 Fc 18588.2 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 75694 77670 79874 90639 76420
Sesame seed Production Quantity 30195 31041 33427 40997 32788
Sesame seed Seed 378.47 Fc 378.47 Fc 388.35 Fc 399.37 Fc 453.2 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 3989.09 Fc 3996.52 Fc 4184.97 Fc 4523.11 Fc 4290.5 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 213433 228796 248400 262700 281000
Sorghum Production Quantity 137024 141198 154100 164500 170000
Sorghum Seed 4268.66 Fc 4268.66 Fc 4575.92 Fc 4968 Fc 5254 Fc
Sorghum Yield 6420 Fc 6171.35 Fc 6203.7 Fc 6261.9 Fc 6049.82 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 128 89 51 49 55
Soybeans Production Quantity 89 51 31 29 32
Soybeans Yield 6953.13 Fc 5730.34 Fc 6078.43 Fc 5918.37 Fc 5818.18 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 19865 19672 22111 22517 26137
Spices, nes Production Quantity 53620 53647 52229 45062 47113
Spices, nes Yield 26992.2 Fc 27270.7 Fc 23621.3 Fc 20012.4 Fc 18025.4 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 8167 7847 7884 6770 6863
Spinach Production Quantity 103446 95433 100125 82239 82693
Spinach Yield 126663 Fc 121617 Fc 126998 Fc 121476 Fc 120491 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 800 1300 F 2300 F 1926 2046
Sugar beet Production Quantity 20900 53336 93010 * 64095 83600
Sugar beet Yield 261250 Fc 410277 Fc 404391 Fc 332788 Fc 408602 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 987700 942800 1029400 1241300 1029000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 55308500 49372900 50045400 63920000 54741600
Sugar cane Seed 5530850 Fc 4937290 Fc 5004540 Fc 6392000 Fc 5474160 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 559973 Fc 523684 Fc 486161 Fc 514944 Fc 531988 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 300614 256121 319743 397306 323067
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 404391 325478 420487 603894 407224
Sunflower seed Seed 3607.37 Fc 3607.37 Fc 3073.45 Fc 3836.92 Fc 4767.67 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 13452.2 Fc 12708 Fc 13150.8 Fc 15199.7 Fc 12604.9 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1351 1081 1046 880 925
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 13459 11828 11951 9810 10587
Sweet potatoes Yield 99622.5 Fc 109417 Fc 114254 Fc 111477 Fc 114454 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 50570 * 51584 * 51984 * 51844 * 50235 *
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 515372 * 559000 * 554320 * 595670 * 382842 *
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 101913 Fc 108367 Fc 106633 Fc 114897 Fc 76210.2 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 51307 55800 49676 51398 50861
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 102834 119323 104996 107765 103240
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 20042.9 Fc 21384 Fc 21136.2 Fc 20966.8 Fc 20298.5 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 52247 49992 53393 53150 47047
Tomatoes Production Quantity 529620 476826 561891 536217 502292
Tomatoes Yield 101369 Fc 95380.5 Fc 105237 Fc 100887 Fc 106764 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16559 A 16657 A 16820 A 16893 A 16836 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 36514 A 37501 A 44779 A 44990 A 43873 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 22050.8 Fc 22513.7 Fc 26622.5 Fc 26632.3 Fc 26059 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 63446 67223 70009 72564 72762
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 894439 941042 988478 1013880 1026560
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 140976 Fc 139988 Fc 141193 Fc 139722 Fc 141085 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 432142 A 400542 A 414850 A 434760 A 405279 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5456860 A 5063580 A 5268770 A 5481030 A 5164930 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 126275 Fc 126418 Fc 127004 Fc 126070 Fc 127441 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 432142 A 400542 A 414850 A 434760 A 405279 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5456860 A 5063580 A 5268770 A 5481030 A 5164930 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 126275 Fc 126418 Fc 127004 Fc 126070 Fc 127441 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1183 1240 1297 1292 1497
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 10306 10838 12748 12722 15195
Walnuts, with shell Yield 87117.5 Fc 87403.2 Fc 98288.4 Fc 98467.5 Fc 101503 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 32249 Im 28000 F 28391 * 27939 27573
Watermelons Production Quantity 462874 Im 420000 F 416391 * 411996 361850
Watermelons Yield 143531 Fc 150000 Fc 146663 Fc 147463 Fc 131233 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 8900700 9131600 9046000 8549800 8578000
Wheat Production Quantity 25213800 23310800 24033000 20958800 23294700
Wheat Seed 1391930 Fc 1282090 * 1322000 * 1152730 * 1281000 *
Wheat Yield 28327.9 Fc 25527.6 Fc 26567.5 Fc 24513.8 Fc 27156.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 10362 10277 10120 9231 9560
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 23344 23129 23924 23688 26414
Almonds, with shell Yield 22528.5 Fc 22505.6 Fc 23640.3 Fc 25661.4 Fc 27629.7 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 51500 51200 51000 50400 47544
Apples Production Quantity 348440 351232 351916 333741 315400
Apples Yield 67658.3 Fc 68600 Fc 69003.1 Fc 66218.4 Fc 66338.6 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 29214 28884 28972 28389 13758
Apricots Production Quantity 177266 197239 214800 210882 129700
Apricots Yield 60678.4 Fc 68286.6 Fc 74140.6 Fc 74283 Fc 94272.4 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 34889 32512 32822 31599 29747
Bananas Production Quantity 150450 163477 148321 154073 142900
Bananas Yield 43122.5 Fc 50282.1 Fc 45189.5 Fc 48758.8 Fc 48038.5 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 89900 93300 101600 107700 110600
Barley Production Quantity 87500 91700 97600 99600 99800
Barley Seed 6580 Fc 6293 Fc 6531 Fc 7112 Fc 7539 Fc
Barley Yield 9733.04 Fc 9828.51 Fc 9606.3 Fc 9247.91 Fc 9023.51 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 250900 243100 262800 304600 313100
Beans, dry Production Quantity 154300 130400 148300 165300 167500
Beans, dry Seed 11136 Fc 10036 Fc 9724 Fc 10512 Fc 12184 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 6149.86 Fc 5364.05 Fc 5643.07 Fc 5426.79 Fc 5349.73 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 872 912 872 1023 1475
Beans, green Production Quantity 6220 6391 6323 7525 11043
Beans, green Yield 71330.3 Fc 70076.8 Fc 72511.5 Fc 73558.2 Fc 74867.8 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 822 844 858 820 774
Berries Nes Production Quantity 4221 4249 4710 4052 3944
Berries Nes Yield 51350.4 Fc 50343.6 Fc 54895.1 Fc 49414.6 Fc 50956.1 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 4805 4413 4424 4247 3929
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 74649 69074 69507 66873 61208
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 155357 Fc 156524 Fc 157113 Fc 157459 Fc 155785 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 13885 13846 13200 12261 11104
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 244279 242292 231907 215308 195034
Carrots and turnips Yield 175930 Fc 174991 Fc 175687 Fc 175604 Fc 175643 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 5066 2089 3400 3900 1900
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 2866 2089 2100 2500 1100
Castor oil seed Seed 53.51 Fc 75.99 Fc 31.34 Fc 51 Fc 58.5 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 5657.32 Fc 10000 Fc 6176.47 Fc 6410.26 Fc 5789.47 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 11304 11350 11343 11061 11038
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 208548 206385 204971 199570 200792
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 184490 Fc 181837 Fc 180703 Fc 180427 Fc 181910 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 12932000 A 12809800 A 12470000 A 12481100 A 12016000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 30311400 A 30737000 A 27801400 A 26542100 A 24935800 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1507050 A 1532980 A 1410560 A 1361660 A 1301480 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 23439.1 Fc 23994.9 Fc 22294.6 Fc 21265.8 Fc 20752.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12932000 A 12809800 A 12470000 A 12481100 A 12016000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 33027900 A 33507800 A 30311300 A 28963500 A 27172900 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1507050 A 1532980 A 1410560 A 1361660 A 1301480 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 25539.7 Fc 26157.9 Fc 24307.4 Fc 23205.9 Fc 22613.9 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 978 1181 1173 1168 897
Cherries Production Quantity 1629 2080 2017 1965 1500
Cherries Yield 16656.4 Fc 17612.2 Fc 17195.2 Fc 16823.6 Fc 16722.4 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 1028900 1093800 982300 963000 933900
Chick peas Production Quantity 479500 868200 611100 675200 362100
Chick peas Seed 52600 Fc 51445 Fc 54690 Fc 49115 Fc 48150 Fc
Chick peas Yield 4660.32 Fc 7937.47 Fc 6221.11 Fc 7011.42 Fc 3877.29 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 43700 64531 48724 55791 56423
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 69900 122890 90474 96394 98872
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 15995.4 Fc 19043.6 Fc 18568.7 Fc 17277.7 Fc 17523.3 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 192274 A 192700 A 184200 A 176900 A 181500 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2458380 A 2458400 A 1943300 A 1760400 A 1701000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 127858 Fc 127577 Fc 105499 Fc 99513.9 Fc 93719 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1902900 A 1830400 A 1734200 A 1986600 A 1733500 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3593500 A 3574700 A 3274300 A 2508800 A 2228600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 95572 A 96181 A 86907.4 A 64781.6 A 65260.6 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 18884.3 Fc 19529.6 Fc 18880.8 Fc 12628.6 Fc 12856.1 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 1542 1536 1580 1506 1523
Coconuts Production Quantity 8431 8367 8567 8344 8477
Coconuts Yield 54675.8 Fc 54472.7 Fc 54221.5 Fc 55405.1 Fc 55659.9 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 2083790 2214480 2426500 1709100 1736800
Cottonseed Production Quantity 4065200 4430000 4852900 3418200 3473600
Cottonseed Seed 137444 Fc 138371 Fc 139635 Fc 143667 Fc 134519 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1178 969 839 598 762
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 6804 5488 4461 3079 4234
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 57758.9 Fc 56635.7 Fc 53170.4 Fc 51488.3 Fc 55564.3 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 84695 81991 81727 74791 77866
Dates Production Quantity 426281 496576 622404 426822 625000
Dates Yield 50331.3 Fc 60564.7 Fc 76156.5 Fc 57068.6 Fc 80266.1 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 8864 8647 8823 8580 9273
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 88434 88112 89606 90273 99443
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 99767.6 Fc 101899 Fc 101560 Fc 105213 Fc 107239 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3076670 A 3104820 A 3194420 A 2991610 A 2796020 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2084900 A 2215600 A 2427620 A 1710730 A 1738520 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 6776.47 Fc 7136.01 Fc 7599.57 Fc 5718.4 Fc 6217.86 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 249 198 225 195 229
Figs Production Quantity 730 729 1207 749 738
Figs Yield 29317.3 Fc 36818.2 Fc 53644.4 Fc 38410.3 Fc 32227.1 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 696236 A 685013 A 630952 A 617074 A 598278 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6340920 A 6368500 A 5403560 A 5044800 A 5018690 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 91074.3 Fc 92969.1 Fc 85641.4 Fc 81753.6 Fc 83885.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 41347 41848 43349 48898 49793
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 246130 248430 264729 334806 292609
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 59527.9 Fc 59364.8 Fc 61069.2 Fc 68470.3 Fc 58765.1 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 62940 62256 63915 62024 63199
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 558133 555139 574626 552226 534236
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 88677 Fc 89170.4 Fc 89904.7 Fc 89034.2 Fc 84532.4 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 7000 6600 6849 7032 6952
Garlic Production Quantity 57292 55900 56483 57649 56546
Garlic Yield 81845.7 Fc 84697 Fc 82469 Fc 81980.9 Fc 81337.7 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 80 109 97 119 94
Ginger Production Quantity 31 50 41 47 36
Ginger Yield 3875 Fc 4587.16 Fc 4226.8 Fc 3949.58 Fc 3829.79 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 13867 13133 12994 12793 12745
Grapes Production Quantity 46570 48802 49076 50833 52000
Grapes Yield 33583.3 Fc 37159.8 Fc 37768.2 Fc 39735 Fc 40800.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 93500 93714 105816 102400 86500
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 73900 69129 76448 114700 90300
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 14235 Fc 14025 Fc 14057.1 Fc 15872.4 Fc 15360 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 7903.74 Fc 7376.59 Fc 7224.62 Fc 11201.2 Fc 10439.3 Fc
Jute Area Harvested 21 Im 20 F 18 P 14 Im 15 Im
Jute Production Quantity 20 F 22 Im 20 Im 25 Im 22 F
Jute Yield 9523.81 Fc 11000 Fc 11111.1 Fc 17857.1 Fc 14666.7 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 1771 A 1820 A 1818 A 2314 A 2415 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 1107 A 1122 A 1120 A 1625 A 1722 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 6250.71 Fc 6164.84 Fc 6160.62 Fc 7022.47 Fc 7130.43 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 7691 * 7700 * 7400 * 7000 * 7300 *
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 98335 * 98400 * 77700 * 70400 * 68000 *
Lemons and limes Yield 127857 Fc 127792 Fc 105000 Fc 100571 Fc 93150.7 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 33900 43400 51600 49000 44800
Lentils Production Quantity 17900 25900 31100 29200 26200
Lentils Seed 1170 Fc 1017 Fc 1302 Fc 1548 Fc 1470 Fc
Lentils Yield 5280.24 Fc 5967.74 Fc 6027.13 Fc 5959.18 Fc 5848.21 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 99 94 98 84 92
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 100 95 108 89 100
Lettuce and chicory Yield 10101 Fc 10106.4 Fc 11020.4 Fc 10595.2 Fc 10869.6 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 5816 5448 6172 5946 6200
Linseed Production Quantity 2781 2558 3091 2966 3021
Linseed Seed 157.23 Fc 174.48 Fc 163.44 Fc 185.16 Fc 178.38 Fc
Linseed Yield 4781.64 Fc 4695.3 Fc 5008.1 Fc 4988.23 Fc 4872.58 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1017000 1042000 981800 947100 935500
Maize Production Quantity 3088000 3109600 2797000 1897400 1737100
Maize Seed 77000 * 78000 * 70000 * 47400 * 43400 *
Maize Yield 30363.8 Fc 29842.6 Fc 28488.5 Fc 20033.8 Fc 18568.7 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 156570 151535 103110 102793 98967
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 1753910 1673950 1055990 1034580 1037140
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 112021 Fc 110466 Fc 102414 Fc 100647 Fc 104797 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 504000 440700 343300 539300 349300
Millet Production Quantity 238000 220800 193300 273700 189200
Millet Seed 6372 Fc 6048 Fc 5288.4 Fc 4119.6 Fc 6471.6 Fc
Millet Yield 4722.22 Fc 5010.21 Fc 5630.64 Fc 5075.1 Fc 5416.55 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 4170 Im 4130 Im 4229 Im 3717 Im 3826 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 4727 Im 4697 Im 4950 Im 4605 Im 4919 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 11335.7 Fc 11372.9 Fc 11704.9 Fc 12389 Fc 12856.8 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 3937680 A 3910010 A 4014650 A 3619960 A 3346010 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2703310 A 2848160 A 3111280 A 2224510 A 2167860 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 85597.6 A 84961.1 A 85296 A 87176.6 A 80283.5 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 6865.22 Fc 7284.28 Fc 7749.81 Fc 6145.12 Fc 6478.93 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3942750 A 3912100 A 4018050 A 3623860 A 3347910 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1069770 A 1103690 A 1204700 A 856972 A 820007 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 32303.1 A 31864.1 A 31775 A 32524 A 29557.8 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2713.26 Fc 2821.23 Fc 2998.22 Fc 2364.81 Fc 2449.31 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 350000 F 300000 F 300000 F 250000 Im 192794 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Seed 10500.1 Fc 9006.42 Fc 9045.42 Fc 7542.66 Fc 5812.05 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 14780 14384 13833 12921 13443
Okra Production Quantity 111565 109239 106722 99588 103093
Okra Yield 75483.8 Fc 75944.8 Fc 77150.3 Fc 77074.5 Fc 76689 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 148700 127800 108931 108020 103759
Onions, dry Production Quantity 2055700 1764800 1449030 1427480 1385020
Onions, dry Yield 138245 Fc 138091 Fc 133023 Fc 132150 Fc 133484 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 134592 * 135000 * 129000 * 124000 * 127000 *
Oranges Production Quantity 1720870 * 1721000 * 1360600 * 1232000 * 1190000 *
Oranges Yield 127858 Fc 127481 Fc 105473 Fc 99354.8 Fc 93700.8 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1750 Im 1800 1800 2300 2400
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 1087 Im 1100 1100 1600 1700
Other Bastfibres Yield 6211.43 Fc 6111.11 Fc 6111.11 Fc 6956.52 Fc 7083.33 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 18080 15180 17167 15708 * 16176 *
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 255703 235403 257625 251813 * 265227 *
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 141429 Fc 155074 Fc 150070 Fc 160309 Fc 163963 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 1704 1837 1896 1920 2078
Papayas Production Quantity 8824 9604 9707 8500 8225 Im
Papayas Yield 51784 Fc 52280.9 Fc 51197.3 Fc 44270.8 Fc 39581.3 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 15396 15231 15061 14746 9186
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 71266 70305 69586 76223 76300
Peaches and nectarines Yield 46288.7 Fc 46159.2 Fc 46202.8 Fc 51690.6 Fc 83061.2 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 2298 2256 2313 2410 2517
Pears Production Quantity 28234 28343 30474 30679 32200
Pears Yield 122863 Fc 125634 Fc 131751 Fc 127299 Fc 127930 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 90300 83700 97400 91000 96700
Peas, dry Production Quantity 52300 47100 57500 54000 56900
Peas, dry Yield 5791.81 Fc 5627.24 Fc 5903.49 Fc 5934.07 Fc 5884.18 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 11083 10571 10481 10125 10087
Peas, green Production Quantity 82955 78438 76444 73196 72128
Peas, green Yield 74848.9 Fc 74201.1 Fc 72935.8 Fc 72292.4 Fc 71505.9 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested F F F F F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity F F F F F
Pigeon peas Seed
Pigeon peas Yield
Pistachios Area Harvested 201 171 733 135 135
Pistachios Production Quantity 632 597 3425 195 195
Pistachios Yield 31442.8 Fc 34912.3 Fc 46725.8 Fc 14444.4 Fc 14444.4 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 7493 7407 7337 7228 7478
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 60449 59946 60699 64273 65800
Plums and sloes Yield 80674 Fc 80931.6 Fc 82730 Fc 88922.3 Fc 87991.4 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 117500 112000 109700 115832 105220
Potatoes Production Quantity 1568000 2024900 1938100 1946300 1721700
Potatoes Seed 133400 Fc 117500 Fc 112000 Fc 109700 Fc 115832 Fc
Potatoes Yield 133447 Fc 180795 Fc 176673 Fc 168028 Fc 163629 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 163800 130800 131100 174600 122200
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 120900 99000 108300 142300 104400
Pulses, nes Seed 6528 Fc 6552 Fc 5232 Fc 5244 Fc 6984 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 7380.95 Fc 7568.81 Fc 8260.87 Fc 8150.06 Fc 8543.37 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1567800 A 1594800 A 1525200 A 1582200 A 1510700 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 824900 A 1170600 A 956300 A 1066000 A 717100 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 71434 A 69050 A 70948 A 66419 A 68788 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5261.51 Fc 7340.11 Fc 6270 Fc 6737.45 Fc 4746.81 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 26201 25398 25357 24721 24680
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 255941 247409 244173 241560 244932
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 97683.7 Fc 97412.8 Fc 96294.1 Fc 97714.5 Fc 99243.1 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 365000 360000 386000 353000 263000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 350000 347000 401000 353000 244000
Rapeseed Seed 2793 Fc 2555 Fc 2520 Fc 2702 Fc 2471 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 9589.04 Fc 9638.89 Fc 10388.6 Fc 10000 Fc 9277.57 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 2581200 2621400 2519600 2460600 2225000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 8157600 8320800 7537200 7271400 6717750
Rice, paddy Seed 241478 Fc 247795 Fc 251654 Fc 241882 Fc 236218 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 31603.9 Fc 31741.8 Fc 29914.3 Fc 29551.3 Fc 30192.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 29082 28450 27881 25314 26548
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 470280 458307 454198 411543 429550
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 161708 Fc 161092 Fc 162906 Fc 162575 Fc 161801 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 147423 A 141344 A 138537 A 141985 A 132676 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2048250 A 2493270 A 2403150 A 2366870 A 2160370 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 133400 A 117500 A 112000 A 109700 A 115832 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 138937 Fc 176397 Fc 173466 Fc 166698 Fc 162830 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 47 47 48 70 61
Safflower seed Production Quantity 38 38 35 49 47
Safflower seed Yield 8085.11 Fc 8085.11 Fc 7291.67 Fc 7000 Fc 7704.92 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 3074900 3103000 3192600 2989300 2793600
Seed cotton Production Quantity 6252000 6644000 7279400 5127200 5210400
Seed cotton Yield 20332.4 Fc 21411.5 Fc 22800.8 Fc 17151.8 Fc 18651.2 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 71422 82045 66457 59719 88000
Sesame seed Production Quantity 30393 35067 29788 24673 19300
Sesame seed Seed 382.1 Fc 357.11 Fc 410.23 Fc 332.29 Fc 298.6 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 4255.41 Fc 4274.12 Fc 4482.3 Fc 4131.52 Fc 2193.18 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 292000 254400 307500 392500 338100
Sorghum Production Quantity 180000 152600 186400 238100 202500
Sorghum Seed 5620 Fc 5840 Fc 5088 Fc 6150 Fc 7850 Fc
Sorghum Yield 6164.38 Fc 5998.43 Fc 6061.79 Fc 6066.24 Fc 5989.35 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 373 220 298 297 1101
Soybeans Production Quantity 421 264 371 351 1266
Soybeans Yield 11286.9 Fc 12000 Fc 12449.7 Fc 11818.2 Fc 11498.6 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 23887 29266 19936 9192 9013
Spices, nes Production Quantity 45121 49357 46109 43619 42104
Spices, nes Yield 18889.3 Fc 16865 Fc 23128.5 Fc 47453.2 Fc 46714.8 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 7136 7720 7706 7363 7145
Spinach Production Quantity 84771 86557 86598 79698 77542
Spinach Yield 118793 Fc 112120 Fc 112377 Fc 108241 Fc 108526 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 3101 2813 7263 7037 8600
Sugar beet Production Quantity 93345 120902 250169 215411 316500
Sugar beet Yield 301016 Fc 429797 Fc 344443 Fc 306112 Fc 368023 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 907300 966400 1074500 1099600 999700
Sugar cane Production Quantity 44665500 47244100 53820000 52055800 48041600
Sugar cane Seed 4466550 Fc 4724410 Fc 5582000 Fc 5205580 Fc 4804160 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 492290 Fc 488867 Fc 500884 Fc 473407 Fc 480560 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 325082 264004 255679 107717 106029
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 348275 327650 358532 128531 184000
Sunflower seed Seed 3876.8 Fc 3900.98 Fc 3168.05 Fc 3068.15 Fc 1292.6 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 10713.5 Fc 12410.8 Fc 14022.7 Fc 11932.3 Fc 17353.7 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 841 894 956 839 908
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 9967 10065 10848 9023 9115
Sweet potatoes Yield 118514 Fc 112584 Fc 113473 Fc 107545 Fc 100385 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 49991 * 50000 * 47800 * 45900 * 47200 *
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 639179 * 639000 * 505000 * 458000 * 443000 *
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 127859 Fc 127800 Fc 105649 Fc 99782.1 Fc 93855.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 56360 50500 45600 46600 49400
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 112592 100500 86200 88200 94500
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 19977.3 Fc 19901 Fc 18903.5 Fc 18927 Fc 19129.5 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 46239 41412 38959 30957 29381
Tomatoes Production Quantity 468146 432309 412786 306290 294112
Tomatoes Yield 101245 Fc 104392 Fc 105954 Fc 98940.5 Fc 100103 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16188 A 16033 A 16417 A 14429 A 14852 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 43570 A 43290 A 45618 A 42442 A 45339 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 26915 Fc 27000.6 Fc 27787 Fc 29414.4 Fc 30527.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 73976 73225 72281 73946 73854
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1049660 1050830 1061220 1075880 1075730
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 141892 Fc 143507 Fc 146819 Fc 145495 Fc 145656 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 421130 A 385291 A 366914 A 351694 A 346802 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5433740 A 5031830 A 4744400 A 4572260 A 4542550 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 129028 Fc 130598 Fc 129306 Fc 130007 Fc 130984 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 421130 A 385291 A 366914 A 351694 A 346802 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5433740 A 5031830 A 4744400 A 4572260 A 4542550 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 129028 Fc 130598 Fc 129306 Fc 130007 Fc 130984 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1455 1455 1335 1346 1331
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 14867 14867 13319 13954 13811
Walnuts, with shell Yield 102179 Fc 102179 Fc 99767.8 Fc 103670 Fc 103764 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 26928 22770 25751 23047 * 23652 *
Watermelons Production Quantity 382968 353105 386438 376393 * 396367 *
Watermelons Yield 142219 Fc 155075 Fc 150067 Fc 163315 Fc 167583 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 8447900 8358000 8216200 8033900 8057500
Wheat Production Quantity 21276800 21612300 19499800 19183300 18226500
Wheat Seed 1170000 * 1189000 * 1072000 * 1055000 * 1000000 *
Wheat Yield 25185.9 Fc 25858.2 Fc 23733.4 Fc 23877.9 Fc 22620.5 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 26550 Fm 26400 Fm 26380 Fm 26270 Fm 26880 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 18630 W 20060 W 19390 W 19130 Q 19100 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 22 I 20.3 I 24.5 I 25 I
Arable land Area 20714 Fm 20548 Fm 20523 Fm 20417 Fm 21047 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 21550 W 21400 W 21380 W 21270 W 21880 W
Country area Area 79610 W 79610 W 79610 W 79610 W 79610 W
Fallow land Area 5040 W 4930 W 5720 W
Forest area Area 1644 Fm 1687 E 1730 Fm 1773 Fm 1816.4 Fm
Inland water Area 2522 Fm 2522 Fm 2522 Fm 2522 Fm 2522 Fm
Land area Area 77088 Fm 77088 Fm 77088 Fm 77088 W 77088 W
Other land Area 48894 Fm 49001 Fm 48978 Fm 49045 Fm 48391.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 836 Fm 852 Fm 857 W 853 Q 833 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 5000 Fm 5000 Fm 5000 Fm 5000 Fm 5000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 20200 Fm 20200 Fm 20200 Fm 19990 I 19500 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 27290 Fm 27060 Fm 27030 Fm 27230 Fm 27270 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 19130 Q 18980 Q 18760 W 18230 W 17990 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 25 I 20.3 I
Arable land Area 21475 Fm 21265 Fm 21295 Fm 21578 Fm 21606 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 22290 Q 22060 W 22030 W 22230 W 22270 W
Country area Area 79610 W 79610 Q 79610 Q 79610 Q 79610 Q
Fallow land Area 6710 Q 6680 W 6060 W 6620 W 6600 Q
Forest area Area 1859.2 Fm 1902 Q 1944.8 Fm 1987.6 Fm 2030.4 Fm
Inland water Area 2522 Fm 2522 Fm 2522 Fm 2522 Fm 2522 Fm
Land area Area 77088 W 77088 Q 77088 Q 77088 Q 77088 Q
Other land Area 47938.8 Fm 48126 Fm 48113.2 Fm 47870.4 Fm 47787.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 815 Q 795 Q 735 Q 652 Q 664 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 5000 Fm 5000 Fm 5000 Fm 5000 F 5000 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 19300 Fm 18980 Q 18760 W 18230 W 17990 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files