Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Panama

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Datasheet

Panama

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Panama
  • General data
  • Region: Central America
  • Area (km2): 760,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Panama City
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 3,340,605
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$5,500
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$18,382,364,672
  • GDP: US$19,485,399,040
  • Agriculture, value added: US$1,211,016,704

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Introduced YesFrederiksen and Renfro, 1977; UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber) Present Native YesHolliday, 1970; CMI, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesStover, 1987; Mourichon and Fullerton, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Piepenbring, 2006; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesFerrer et al., 1980.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao) Restricted distribution CMI, 1989; Espino, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Present YesPhillips-Mora et al., 2007; Miranda, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present, few occurrences Muller, 1953.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; Flores et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut) Present Native McGuire and Crandall, 1967; IMI, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Widespread Introduced YesBrem and Lips, 2008; Woodhams et al., 2008b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrocinus longimanus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present NHM, unda; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942a; Norrbom, 2004b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Stone, 1942a; Norrbom, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly) Localised Introduced YesNorrbom et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Native NoStone, 1942; Norrbom, 2004a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942a; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Introduced YesRoubik et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Introduced Vanhaecke et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Brown et al., 1995a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Wolda et al., 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoSmith, 1879.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesEnkerlin et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteus Widespread Native Dando and Southward, 1980; Zabin et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; US Federal Register, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present Introduced YesNickle and Collins, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced YesHeinemann and Belkin, 1978a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesWood, 1980b; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Williams and Granara de Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Denmark, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid) Present Native Kramer, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present CPPC; IIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2005; IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present NHM collection; Ben-Dov et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Native NoPerez Farfante , 1975; Perez and Kensley , 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus hemerocallis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Remaudiere et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced YesWilliams and Willink, 1992; Ben-Dov, 1994; Granara et al., 2007; Kondo et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4).
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present Native Hodges, 1986; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug) Present Gimpel and Miller, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; Gimpel and Miller, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Present Introduced Abele and Kim, 1989; Roche and Torchin, 2007; Roche et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present Esser and Meredith, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly) Present W.L. Murphy (unpublished)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009; Torres, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth) Present Povolny, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Widespread Yokomi et al., 1994; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Zachrisson, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Widespread Native Schmitter-Soto, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa) Widespread Native NoHynková et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote) Present Native NoGese et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Present Introduced YesWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Shireman and Smith, 1983; Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana) Present Native Köhler, 2003; The Reptile Database, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996; Lever, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDendrobates auratus (Green and black dart-poison frog) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread Native NoIUCN, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) Localised Introduced Crawford et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Introduced YesRand and Myers, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesHoagland et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Pérez et al., 2003; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Native Leenders, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie) Present Introduced NoFroese and Pauly, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Present Native NoGoldman, 1950.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced Schofield, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native King, 2016; IUCN, 2017; FAO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present FAO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Natureserve, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present World Register of Marine Species, WoRMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesHildenbrand, 1939; Jones and Rutzler, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Present Introduced YesCounts et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Morales de Ruiz V, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesHutchinson et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEualetes tulipa Present Keen, 1971; Hughes, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn) Present Native NoSimone, 2006; Cowie and Hayes, 2012; Horgan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Introduced YesAbbott, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Present Native Jones and Rutzler, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBrodie, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present Introduced YesBrodie, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Sher, 1966; Wehunt and Edwards, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Edwards and Wehunt, 1973; Pinochet and Duarte, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Widespread Briton-Jones, 1940; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Tarjan, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Choudhury et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Reported present or known to be present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern) Present Introduced Smith, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced Godman and Salvin, 1879-1915; Achigan-Dako, 2010; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Johnson, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia carbonaria Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Acevedo-Rodríguez,, pers. observ..
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1977; Davidse et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Flora of Panama, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2015; Panama Checklist, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Standley and Williams, 1969; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014; Flora of Panama, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; Condit et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Alvarez, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced Flora of Panama, 2014; ILDIS, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana (calliandra) Present Native Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant) Present Native Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Native Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily) Present Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009; Panama Checklist, 2014; Aguilar-Meléndez et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced Flora of Panama, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Native Condit et al., 2011; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present Native Pittier, 1910; Cokeley et al., 2000; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle) Present Native Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced Woodson and, 1948; Philcox, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced Cochrane and Iltis, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Wester and Wood, 1977; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Henderson et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2015; Panama Checklist, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Lorenzi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced YesFlora of Panama, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger) Absent, invalid record Panama Checklist, 2014; Flora of Panama, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton) Present Native Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Present Native NoFlora Mesoamericana, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced YesPruski, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present Covich Nickerson, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Flora of Panama, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Tropicos, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced Vega and Rúgolo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam) Present Introduced Standley, 1928; PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Native Ulloa, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (Pigeonberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Garita et al., 1995; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; USDA-ARS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012; Belcher, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced D'Arcy, 1975; Meusel and Jäger, 1992; Correa A et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004; ILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Native ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesHertentains et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Introduced Shenk, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho) Widespread Native NoLay, 1949; USDA-ARS, 2012; Grandtner and Chevrette, 2013; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Holm et al., 1977; Miller, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe) Present PFAF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Widespread Introduced Pieterse, 1981; Cook and Lüönd, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperati Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Native Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Ordetx, 1949.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced Green, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Native CSIRO, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Native Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced YesHolm and et al. , 1979; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Austin et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Davidse et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Austin et al., 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Native Meyer, 1994b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Native Cock, 1980; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa) Present Native Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced YesScholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present ILDIS, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Widespread Native Flora Mesoamericana, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Native ILDIS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Daniel, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris) Present Introduced D'Arcy, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced Flora of Panama, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced Daniel and McDade, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Native ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Hammel, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Croat, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced Encyclopedia of Life, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla) Widespread Native Davidse et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit) Present Coppens d'Eeckenbrugge et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Native No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Introduced Rodriguez, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Francis, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Fernández et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced D'Arcy, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Native Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Introduced Svenning, 2002; Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced NoD'Arcy, 1987; ILDIS, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Millhollon and Burner, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Introduced YesSvenning, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2014; Simão-Bianchini, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia macrophylla (large leaved ruellia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoFlora of Panama, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensis Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American elder) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced Daniel, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Sedas et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Native Panama Checklist, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Irwin and Barneby, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced NoIrwin and Barneby, 1982; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Widespread Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals) Present Native D'Arcy, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Lim, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Panama Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum wendlandii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced Flora Mesoamericana, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native Gibson, 1970; Davidse et al., 2012; PIER, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Native Croat, 1981; Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced YesMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced Davidse et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Native Woodson and Schery, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017; Barker and Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced D'Arcy, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine) Present Native Austin et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native D'Arcy, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced D'Arcy, 1980; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Native Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Correa et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present Introduced YesKissmann, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native NoWoodson and Schery, 1980; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoFlora Mesoamericana, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoSousa and Herman, 1982.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Widespread Kirmse and Loftin, 1969.
Virusbluetongue virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Present Dominguez et al., 2000; Dominguez et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis No information available Obaldía, 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Present OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Widespread Kirmse and Loftin, 1969.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue No information available OIE, 2009; Thompson et al., 1992; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Choudhury et al., 2013.
botulism Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine papillomatosis Present Olson et al., 1965.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chytridiomycosis Widespread Introduced YesBrem and Lips, 2008; Woodhams et al., 2008b.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Eradicated US Federal Register, 2008.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Kourany and et al. , 1977.
encephalomyocarditis Present Murnane et al., 1960.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) No information available OIE, 2009; Andreadis et al., 1998.
equine infectious anaemia Present OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Herbst, 1994.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE, 2009.
fowlpox No information available Kirmse and Lofteh, 1969; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Present Calderón et al., 2010.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoSousa and Herman, 1982.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Obaldia, 1991.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease No information available OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Ryder et al., 1986.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Present OIE, 2009; Johnson et al., 1969; Nichol, 1988.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 1098 Im 1094 Im 1001 Im 960 F 940 F
Avocados Production Quantity 4700 Im 4208 4108 4010 3914
Avocados Yield 42805.1 Fc 38464.3 Fc 41039 Fc 41770.8 Fc 41638.3 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 7389 Im 7482 Im 7300 F 10400 F 12400 F
Bananas Production Quantity 340342 Im 338280 320535 456522 545162
Bananas Yield 460606 Fc 452125 Fc 439089 Fc 438963 Fc 439647 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 7347 Im 7979 Im 8272 8830 9550
Beans, dry Production Quantity 3265 Im 3468 3133 3777 3727
Beans, dry Seed 139 F 139 125 151 149
Beans, dry Yield 4443.99 Fc 4346.41 Fc 3787.48 Fc 4277.46 Fc 3902.62 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 342 Im 338 Im 316 Im 300 F 300 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 4530 Im 4285 4280 4274 4268
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 132456 Fc 126775 Fc 135443 Fc 142467 Fc 142267 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 444 Im 441 Im 440 Im 462 Im 477 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 4453 Im 4151 4104 4057 4010
Carrots and turnips Yield 100293 Fc 94127 Fc 93272.7 Fc 87813.9 Fc 84067.1 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1460 Im 1494 Im 1442 1039 1438
Cassava Production Quantity 24923 Im 24493 22796 20159 21564
Cassava Yield 170705 Fc 163942 Fc 158086 Fc 194023 Fc 149958 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 156300 A 155126 A 158149 A 159349 A 151474 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 297610 A 275040 A 250935 A 294334 A 253098 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 5243 A 5243 A 5546 A 6282 A 5792 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 19040.9 Fc 17730.1 Fc 15867 Fc 18471 Fc 16709 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 156300 A 155126 A 158149 A 159349 A 151474 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 401461 A 366289 A 331363 A 394580 A 332012 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 5243 A 5243 A 5546 A 6282 A 5792 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 25685.3 Fc 23612.3 Fc 20952.6 Fc 24762 Fc 21918.8 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 192 Im 191 Im 189 Im 180 F 175 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 2566 Im 2808 2787 2767 2746
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 133646 Fc 147016 Fc 147460 Fc 153722 Fc 156914 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5419 A 5340 A 5309 A 5463 A 5400 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 53361 A 50722 A 49139 A 47606 A 46121 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 98470.2 Fc 94985 Fc 92557.9 Fc 87142.6 Fc 85409.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 53651 A 52307 A 51371 A 54701 A 51974 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 89595 A 92268 A 89838 A 93542 A 95034 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1352 A 1352 A 1655 A 1110 A 1085 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 16699.6 Fc 17639.7 Fc 17488.1 Fc 17100.6 Fc 18284.9 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 4309 Im 4083 Im 4200 F 5200 F 5050 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 748 Im 611 561 707 686
Cocoa beans Yield 1735.9 Fc 1496.45 Fc 1335.71 Fc 1359.62 Fc 1358.42 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 4039 Im 4101 Im 4222 Im 4200 F 4015 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 16028 Im 15492 15257 15026 14798
Coconuts Yield 39683.1 Fc 37776.2 Fc 36136.9 Fc 35776.2 Fc 36856.8 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 28119 Im 28692 Im 28800 F 29600 F 30600 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 12011 Im 12470 12961 13324 13790
Coffee, green Yield 4271.49 Fc 4346.16 Fc 4500.35 Fc 4501.35 Fc 4506.54 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 323 Im 321 Im 318 Im 312 Im 322 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 2415 Im 2724 2705 2686 2667
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 74767.8 Fc 84859.8 Fc 85062.9 Fc 86089.7 Fc 82826.1 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 28698 A 28347 A 28209 A 31795 A 33233 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 636452 A 618056 A 592623 A 727696 A 820777 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 221776 Fc 218032 Fc 210083 Fc 228871 Fc 246977 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3104 Im 3077 Im 3032 Im 3134 Im 3103 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 19346 Im 18685 Im 17916 Im 22000 F 26795 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 62326 Fc 60724.7 Fc 59089.7 Fc 70197.8 Fc 86351.9 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 215 Im 200 F 210 F 199 Im 205 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 4704 Im 4368 4305 4243 4182
Lettuce and chicory Yield 218791 Fc 218400 Fc 205000 Fc 213216 Fc 204000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 51886 Im 50706 Im 49885 52375 50590
Maize Production Quantity 84668 Im 87626 85544 84759 86097
Maize Seed 1239 F 1239 1542 1069 1052
Maize Yield 16318.1 Fc 17281.2 Fc 17148.2 Fc 16183.1 Fc 17018.6 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1019 Im 938 Im 903 Im 900 F 890 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 6046 Im 5800 5772 5744 5716
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 59332.7 Fc 61833.7 Fc 63920.3 Fc 63822.2 Fc 64224.7 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 7650 F 7650 F 7650 F 6300 F 7550 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 77650 F 77650 F 77650 F 64100 F 76500 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 101503 Fc 101503 Fc 101503 Fc 101746 Fc 101325 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 12357 A 12386 A 12510 A 11116 A 12160 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2518.85 A 2462.66 A 2514.34 A 2295.94 A 2452.18 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1.98 A 1.98 A 1.86 A 1.98 A 1.9 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2038.4 Fc 1988.26 Fc 2009.86 Fc 2065.44 Fc 2016.6 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 12357 A 12386 A 12510 A 11116 A 12160 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 18372.7 A 18292.8 A 18605.1 A 15688.8 A 18302.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 1.67 A 1.67 A 1.57 A 1.67 A 1.6 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 14868.2 Fc 14768.9 Fc 14872.2 Fc 14113.8 Fc 15051.1 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1148 Im 1174 Im 1098 Im 1072 1187
Onions, dry Production Quantity 25001 Im 25177 29608 27602 30756
Onions, dry Yield 217779 Fc 214455 Fc 269654 Fc 257481 Fc 259107 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 5419 Im 5340 Im 5309 Im 5463 Im 5400 F
Oranges Production Quantity 53361 Im 50722 49139 47606 46121
Oranges Yield 98470.2 Fc 94985 Fc 92557.9 Fc 87142.6 Fc 85409.3 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3371 Im 3500 F 6600 F 16964 Im 17500 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 13623 Im 13646 43891 110586 116591
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 40412.3 Fc 38988.6 Fc 66501.5 Fc 65188.6 Fc 66623.4 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 2000 F 2000 Im 2140 F 1760 F 2100 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 15248 F 15248 15528 12818 15306
Papayas Area Harvested 198 Im 218 Im 211 Im 215 F 210 F
Papayas Production Quantity 7779 Im 8258 8028 7805 7588
Papayas Yield 392879 Fc 378807 Fc 380474 Fc 363023 Fc 361333 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 4017 Im 4378 Im 4525 Im 4830 F 3200 Im
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 1831 Im 1969 1965 1962 1959
Pigeon peas Seed 80.34 Fc 39 39 39 39
Pigeon peas Yield 4558.13 Fc 4497.49 Fc 4342.54 Fc 4062.11 Fc 6121.88 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 1368 Im 1355 F 1225 F 1060 F 990 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 107446 Im 96909 87849 75907 71002
Pineapples Yield 785424 Fc 715196 Fc 717135 Fc 716104 Fc 717192 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 9103 Im 8843 Im 9228 Im 9663 Im 9300 F
Plantains Production Quantity 97432 Im 95194 99276 108102 114479
Plantains Yield 107033 Fc 107649 Fc 107581 Fc 111872 Fc 123096 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1127 Im 1134 Im 1104 868 1084
Potatoes Production Quantity 25032 Im 23493 25764 22314 23688
Potatoes Seed 100 F 100 467 56 252
Potatoes Yield 222112 Fc 207169 Fc 233370 Fc 257074 Fc 218524 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 4733 Im 5178 Im 5902 Im 6300 F 6150 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 3153 Im 4311 3461 3704 3738
Pulses, nes Seed 172 F 172 138 148 150
Pulses, nes Yield 6661.74 Fc 8325.61 Fc 5864.11 Fc 5879.37 Fc 6078.05 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16097 A 17535 A 18699 A 19960 A 18900 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8249 A 9748 A 8559 A 9443 A 9424 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 391.34 A 350 A 302 A 338 A 338 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5124.56 Fc 5559.17 Fc 4577.25 Fc 4730.96 Fc 4986.24 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 102649 Im 102819 Im 106778 104648 99500
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 311866 Im 274021 241525 301038 236978
Rice, paddy Seed 3891 F 3891 F 3891 5172 4707
Rice, paddy Yield 30381.8 Fc 26650.8 Fc 22619.4 Fc 28766.7 Fc 23816.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 6 F 6 F 8 F 40 F 40 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 119 Im 125 171 848 861
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 198333 Fc 208333 Fc 213750 Fc 212000 Fc 215250 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7701 A 7675 A 7670 A 5779 A 6168 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 76924 A 76982 A 80105 A 72471 A 78199 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2409 A 2409 A 2976 A 2388 A 2819 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 99888.3 Fc 100302 Fc 104439 Fc 125404 Fc 126782 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 389 Im 365 Im 388 Im 373 Im 358 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 243 Im 220 Im 217 Im 214 Im 211 Im
Sesame seed Seed 3.89 Fc 3.89 Fc 3.65 Fc 3.88 Fc 3.73 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6246.79 Fc 6027.4 Fc 5592.78 Fc 5737.27 Fc 5893.85 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 1765 Im 1601 Im 1486 2326 1384
Sorghum Production Quantity 4927 Im 4642 4294 8783 8937
Sorghum Seed 113 F 113 F 113 41 33
Sorghum Yield 27915 Fc 28994.4 Fc 28896.4 Fc 37760.1 Fc 64573.7 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 279 Im 270 Im 250 Im 243 Im 237 Im
Soybeans Production Quantity 92 Im 90 Im 89 Im 88 Im 87 Im
Soybeans Yield 3297.49 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3560 Fc 3621.4 Fc 3670.89 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 32364 F 32364 31825 31676 33913
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2095010 F 2095010 1913850 1774930 1724660
Sugar cane Seed 38210 F 38210 32705 31095 21570
Sugar cane Yield 647327 Fc 647327 Fc 601367 Fc 560339 Fc 508554 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 212 Im 214 Im 215 F 200 F 195 F
Tea Production Quantity 166 Im 155 Im 160 P 151 145
Tea Yield 7830.19 Fc 7242.99 Fc 7441.86 Fc 7550 Fc 7435.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1482 Im 1465 Im 1441 Im 1404 Im 1500 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2961 Im 2456 Im 2676 Im 2599 Im 2800 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 19979.8 Fc 16764.5 Fc 18570.4 Fc 18511.4 Fc 18666.7 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 563 Im 600 F 680 F 541 477
Tomatoes Production Quantity 16125 Im 16634 24586 19210 18429
Tomatoes Yield 286412 Fc 277233 Fc 361559 Fc 355083 Fc 386352 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1280 Im 1300 Im 1450 F 5200 F 5100 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 58244 Im 50000 F 16100 F 57400 F 56400 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 455031 Fc 384615 Fc 111034 Fc 110385 Fc 110588 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 11069 A 11365 A 16101 A 33830 A 33043 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 187504 A 178711 A 212022 A 375000 A 360721 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 169396 Fc 157247 Fc 131683 Fc 110848 Fc 109167 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11069 A 11365 A 16101 A 33830 A 33043 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 187504 A 178711 A 212022 A 375000 A 360721 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 169396 Fc 157247 Fc 131683 Fc 110848 Fc 109167 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 3191 Im 3300 F 4800 F 8600 F 7300 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 55843 Im 54918 79656 142175 120672
Watermelons Yield 175002 Fc 166418 Fc 165950 Fc 165320 Fc 165304 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 4073 Im 4117 Im 4005 Im 3000 F 2506
Yams Production Quantity 19289 Im 21768 26093 23760 25615
Yams Seed 1741 F 1741 2087 1901 2049
Yams Yield 47358.2 Fc 52873.4 Fc 65151.1 Fc 79200 Fc 102215 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 1035 Im 924 Im 1111 Im 832 Im 1100 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 7561 Im 7103 5281 5390 6471
Yautia (cocoyam) Seed 568 F 568 422 431 518
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 73053.1 Fc 76872.3 Fc 47533.8 Fc 64783.7 Fc 58827.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 920 F 900 F 933 Im 890 F 870 F
Avocados Production Quantity 3821 3732 3695.7 3571 3485
Avocados Yield 41532.6 Fc 41466.7 Fc 39610.9 Fc 40123.6 Fc 40057.5 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 12200 F 10400 F 11728 11728 11708
Bananas Production Quantity 538852 439228 497076 508980 521692
Bananas Yield 441682 Fc 422335 Fc 423837 Fc 433987 Fc 445586 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 9860 12380 12980 12810 11130
Beans, dry Production Quantity 4743 4294 4153 4144 4358
Beans, dry Seed 190 172 166 166 174
Beans, dry Yield 4810.34 Fc 3468.5 Fc 3199.54 Fc 3234.97 Fc 3915.54 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 300 F 295 F 295 F 295 F 290 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 4263 4251.9 4246 4240 4235
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 142100 Fc 144132 Fc 143932 Fc 143729 Fc 146034 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 430 F 522 Im 420 F 467 Im 470 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 3964 3874 3829 3786 3742
Carrots and turnips Yield 92186.1 Fc 74214.6 Fc 91166.7 Fc 81070.7 Fc 79617 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1407 2341 2184 2235.3 1682
Cassava Production Quantity 23295 27693 26094 30487 20307
Cassava Yield 165565 Fc 118296 Fc 119478 Fc 136389 Fc 120731 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 151278 A 178573 A 201283 A 205720 A 187116 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 247282 A 255967 A 260101 A 303490 A 272197 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 5809 A 7572 A 7106 A 9593 A 10108 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 16346.2 Fc 14334 Fc 12922.2 Fc 14752.6 Fc 14547 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 151278 A 178573 A 201283 A 205720 A 187116 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 324672 A 334273 A 341146 A 408706 A 370559 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 5809 A 7572 A 7106 A 9593 A 10108 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 21461.9 Fc 18719.2 Fc 16948.6 Fc 19867.1 Fc 19803.7 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 175 F 175 F 170 F 170 F 168
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 2726 2685 2665 2645 2626
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 155771 Fc 153429 Fc 156765 Fc 155588 Fc 156310 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5200 A 4900 A 4700 A 4600 A 4492 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 44683 A 41938.2 A 40623.9 A 39362 A 38135 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 85928.9 Fc 85588.2 Fc 86433.8 Fc 85569.6 Fc 84895.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 55608 A 69072.5 A 71183 A 71840 A 59556 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 92269 A 99118.3 A 97767.7 A 92743 A 75179 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 947 A 987 A 1067 A 1190 A 1270 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 16592.8 Fc 14349.9 Fc 13734.7 Fc 12909.7 Fc 12623.3 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 4800 F 3700 F 3600 F 3500 F 2700 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 653 466 430 417 354
Cocoa beans Yield 1360.42 Fc 1259.46 Fc 1194.44 Fc 1191.43 Fc 1311.11 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 4100 F 4204 Im 4167 Im 4088 Im 4041 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 14574 14353 14135 13709 13921
Coconuts Yield 35546.3 Fc 34141.3 Fc 33921.3 Fc 33534.7 Fc 34449.4 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 28500 F 29200 F 28400 F 25700 F 25300 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 12844 13153 12778.8 11586.5 11390
Coffee, green Yield 4506.67 Fc 4504.45 Fc 4499.58 Fc 4508.37 Fc 4501.98 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 290 Im 385 F 380 F 375 F 370 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 2649 2612 2594 2576 2558
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 91344.8 Fc 67844.2 Fc 68263.2 Fc 68693.3 Fc 69135.1 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 32743 A 30307 A 31421 A 31284 A 30339 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 785851 A 673893 A 734044 A 734394 A 733701 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 240006 Fc 222355 Fc 233616 Fc 234751 Fc 241834 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3000 F 3000 F 2900 F 2000 F 2600 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 25655 Im 22000 F 21000 F 15000 F 18000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 85516.7 Fc 73333.3 Fc 72413.8 Fc 75000 Fc 69230.8 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 188 Im 249 Im 200 F 195 F 190 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 4122 4004 3946.6 3890 3834
Lettuce and chicory Yield 219255 Fc 160803 Fc 197330 Fc 199487 Fc 201789 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 54570 66090 69480 69470 58650
Maize Production Quantity 84383 89100 90493 86787 72394
Maize Seed 929 918 959 1158 1233
Maize Yield 15463.3 Fc 13481.6 Fc 13024.3 Fc 12492.7 Fc 12343.4 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1018 Im 936 Im 880 F 925 Im 870
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 5688 5632.3 5604.9 5580 5550
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 55874.3 Fc 60174.2 Fc 63692.1 Fc 60324.3 Fc 63793.1 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 6800 F 6700 F 6400 F 5800 F 5700 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 69000 F 67500 F 65000 F 59000 F 57500 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 101471 Fc 100746 Fc 101563 Fc 101724 Fc 100877 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 11508 A 11560 A 11210 A 10497 A 10288 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2327.94 A 2287.14 A 2230.98 A 2085.22 A 2083.19 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1.83 A 1.88 A 2.14 A 2.12 A 2.11 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2022.89 Fc 1978.49 Fc 1990.17 Fc 1986.49 Fc 2024.87 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 11508 A 11560 A 11210 A 10497 A 10288 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 16673.5 A 16324.9 A 15762.9 A 14411.2 A 14121.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 1.54 A 1.59 A 1.81 A 1.78 A 1.78 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 14488.7 Fc 14121.9 Fc 14061.5 Fc 13728.9 Fc 13726.1 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 971 1241.4 783.5 907 778
Onions, dry Production Quantity 26142 25354 19313 21819 19504
Onions, dry Yield 269228 Fc 204237 Fc 246496 Fc 240562 Fc 250694 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 5200 F 4900 F 4700 F 4600 F 4492
Oranges Production Quantity 44683 41938.2 40623.9 39362 38135
Oranges Yield 85928.9 Fc 85588.2 Fc 86433.8 Fc 85569.6 Fc 84895.4 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 15600 F 15600 F 10000 F 6021 Im 5500 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 100309 102893 68980 39025 36037
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 64300.6 Fc 65957.1 Fc 68980 Fc 64814.8 Fc 65521.8 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 1900 F 1860 F 1790 F 1620 F 1580 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 13800 * 13500 * 13000 * 11800 * 11500 *
Papayas Area Harvested 205 F 195 F 190 F 185 F 180
Papayas Production Quantity 7377 6972.3 6778.5 6590 6409
Papayas Yield 359854 Fc 357554 Fc 356763 Fc 356216 Fc 356056 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 3304 Im 4149 Im 4350 F 4949 Im 4300 F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 1958 1949 1946 1943 1940
Pigeon peas Seed 49 49 49 49 49
Pigeon peas Yield 5926.15 Fc 4697.52 Fc 4473.56 Fc 3926.05 Fc 4511.63 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 700 F 640 F 690 F 479 413
Pineapples Production Quantity 49805 45627.9 49770.5 34424 24152
Pineapples Yield 711500 Fc 712936 Fc 721312 Fc 718664 Fc 584794 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 9500 F 9336 Im 9400 F 10477 9206
Plantains Production Quantity 109970 108762 109494 120887 116278
Plantains Yield 115758 Fc 116497 Fc 116483 Fc 115383 Fc 126307 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 861 1257 1101 1050 1142
Potatoes Production Quantity 23822 25205 24743 24076 25712
Potatoes Seed 188 166 190 213 363
Potatoes Yield 276678 Fc 200517 Fc 224732 Fc 229295 Fc 225149 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 6350 F 6650 F 6100 F 6000 F 5836 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 3742 3946 2490 2425 2105
Pulses, nes Seed 250 250 250 195 195
Pulses, nes Yield 5892.91 Fc 5933.83 Fc 4081.97 Fc 4041.67 Fc 3606.92 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19514 A 23179 A 23430 A 23759 A 21266 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10443 A 10189 A 8589 A 8512 A 8403 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 489 A 471 A 465 A 410 A 418 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5351.54 Fc 4395.79 Fc 3665.81 Fc 3582.64 Fc 3951.38 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 95670 109500 130100 133880 127560
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 232403 235155 243378 315963 295380
Rice, paddy Seed 4862 6585 6039 8403 8838
Rice, paddy Yield 24292.2 Fc 21475.3 Fc 18707 Fc 23600.5 Fc 23156.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 93 F 230 F 55 F 100 F 140 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 1979 4890 1169 2118 2926
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 212796 Fc 212609 Fc 212545 Fc 211800 Fc 209000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6570 A 8759 A 9288 A 8750.3 A 6701 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 81431 A 91827 A 84078 A 85311 A 80359 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2775 A 2590 A 2756 A 2504 A 2877 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 123944 Fc 104837 Fc 90523.3 Fc 97494.9 Fc 119921 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 369 Im 420 F 415 F 414 Im 371 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 208 Im 205 F 202 F 161 Im 163 Im
Sesame seed Seed 3.58 Fc 3.69 Fc 4.2 Fc 4.15 Fc 4.14 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 5636.86 Fc 4880.95 Fc 4867.47 Fc 3888.89 Fc 4393.53 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 1038 2982.5 1703 2370 906
Sorghum Production Quantity 7886 10018.3 7274.7 5956 2785
Sorghum Seed 18 69 108 32 37
Sorghum Yield 75973 Fc 33590.3 Fc 42717 Fc 25130.8 Fc 30739.5 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 239 Im 236 Im 228 Im 195 Im 176 Im
Soybeans Production Quantity 86 Im 85 Im 84 Im 81 Im 82 Im
Soybeans Yield 3598.33 Fc 3601.69 Fc 3684.21 Fc 4153.85 Fc 4659.09 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 33316 33192 32811 28858 32447
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1771500 1766090 1749490 1572050 1601280
Sugar cane Seed 17297 17671 17506 17628 19791
Sugar cane Yield 531727 Fc 532083 Fc 533202 Fc 544754 Fc 493506 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 190 F 310 F 215 F 160 F 150 F
Tea Production Quantity 141 234.7 161 120 113
Tea Yield 7421.05 Fc 7570.97 Fc 7488.37 Fc 7500 Fc 7533.33 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1400 F 1300 F 1250 F 1200 F 1180 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2600 F 2400 F 2300 F 2200 F 2150 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 18571.4 Fc 18461.5 Fc 18400 Fc 18333.3 Fc 18220.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 529 746.5 815 689 680
Tomatoes Production Quantity 18968 20691 22242 22774 20506
Tomatoes Yield 358563 Fc 277173 Fc 272908 Fc 330537 Fc 301559 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3500 F 4800 F 2600 F 2550 F 2500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 39000 F 53000 F 29000 F 28000 F 27500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 111429 Fc 110417 Fc 111538 Fc 109804 Fc 110000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 27583 A 28363.9 A 18363.5 A 14069 A 12502 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 294490 A 291304 A 201298 A 168252 A 145861 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 106765 Fc 102702 Fc 109618 Fc 119591 Fc 116670 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 27583 A 28363.9 A 18363.5 A 14069 A 12502 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 294490 A 291304 A 201298 A 168252 A 145861 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 106765 Fc 102702 Fc 109618 Fc 119591 Fc 116670 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 5600 F 4350 F 2700 F 2400 F 1556
Watermelons Production Quantity 92347 71938.7 44482 39497 25319
Watermelons Yield 164905 Fc 165376 Fc 164748 Fc 164571 Fc 162719 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 3159 3831 4798 4365 2837
Yams Production Quantity 26122 27593 23847 22746 26119
Yams Seed 2090 1908 1908 1820 2090
Yams Yield 82690.7 Fc 72025.6 Fc 49702 Fc 52110 Fc 92065.6 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 1050 F 1100 F 1150 F 1000 F 900 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 6213 6446 8225 5884 5295
Yautia (cocoyam) Seed 497 516 658 471 424
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 59171.4 Fc 58600 Fc 71521.7 Fc 58840 Fc 58833.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 2267 Fm 2260 Fm 2255 Fm 2250 Fm 2250 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 3.2 I 5.2 I 5.2 I 5.2 I
Arable land Area 540 W 540 Fm 540 Fm 540 Fm 540 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 729 Fm 725 Fm 720 Fm 715 Fm 715 Fm
Country area Area 7542 Fm 7542 Fm 7542 Fm 7542 W 7542 W
Fallow land Area 286 W
Forest area Area 3239.2 Fm 3251 Q 3262.8 Fm 3274.6 Fm 3286.4 Fm
Inland water Area 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm
Land area Area 7434 Fm 7434 Fm 7434 Fm 7434 Fm 7434 W
Other land Area 1927.8 Fm 1923 Fm 1916.2 Fm 1909.4 Fm 1897.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 189 W 185 Fm 180 Fm 175 Fm 175 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1538 W 1535 Fm 1535 Fm 1535 Fm 1535 Fm
Temporary crops Area 254 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 2240 Fm 2243 Fm 2243 Fm 2243 Fm 2243 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 5.2 I 5.2 I
Arable land Area 540 Fm 548 Fm 548 Fm 548 F 548 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 705 Fm 708 Fm 708 Fm 708 F 708 F
Country area Area 7542 W 7542 W 7542 W 7542 W 7542 W
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 3298.2 Fm 3310 Q 3321.8 Fm 3333.6 Fm 3345.4 Fm
Inland water Area 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm
Land area Area 7434 W 7434 W 7434 W 7434 W 7434 W
Other land Area 1895.8 Fm 1881 Fm 1869.2 Fm 1857.4 Fm 1845.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 165 Fm 160 Fm 160 Fm 160 Fm 160 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1535 Fm 1535 Fm 1535 Fm 1535 F 1535 F
Temporary crops Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 F 43 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files