Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Panama

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Datasheet

Panama

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFrederiksen and Renfro (1977); UK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMicrocyclus ulei (South American leaf blight of rubber)PresentNativeInvasiveHolliday (1970); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStover (1987); Mourichon and Fullerton (1990); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentPiepenbring (2006); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFerrer et al. (1980)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)Present, LocalizedEspino (1989); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot)PresentInvasiveCABI (Undated); Miranda (1986); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, Few occurrencesMuller (1953)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Flores et al. (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaThecaphora solani (potato smut)PresentNativeMcguire and Crandall (1967); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrem and Lips (2008); Woodhams et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrocinus longimanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); Mound and Halsey (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1942); Norrbom (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha grandis (South American cucurbit fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Stone (1942); Norrbom (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNorrbom et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentNativeNorrbom (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha serpentina (sapodilla fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1942); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha striata (guava fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1942); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnopheles quadrimaculatus (common malaria mosquito)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoubik et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentIntroducedVanhaecke et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBrown et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedWolda et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Absent, Formerly presentSmith (1879)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnkerlin et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresent, WidespreadNativeDando and Southward (1980); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNickle and Collins (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHeinemann and Belkin (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentGarcía Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood (1980); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Ben-Dov (1994); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnandrosoma aurantianum (citrus fruit borer)PresentAdamski and Brown (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)PresentNativeKramer (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCristancho et al. (2007); IPPC (2007); IPPC (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBen-Dov et al. (1998); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus hemerocallisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Remaudière et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams and Willink (1992); Ben-Dov (1994); Granara de Willink et al. (2007); Kondo et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentNativeHodges (1986); UK, CAB International (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)PresentGimpel and Miller (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentEPPO (2020); Gimpel and Miller (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentMedianero and Zachrisson (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedAbele and Kim (1989); Roche and Torchin (2007); Roche et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEsser and Meredith (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2009); Torres (1984); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)PresentPovolny (1973); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, WidespreadYokomi et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoa imperator (Central American Boa)Present, WidespreadNativeHynková et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis latrans (Coyote)PresentNativeGese et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenosaura similis (black spiny-tailed iguana)PresentNativeKöhler (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FAO (1996); Lever (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDendrobates auratus (Green and black dart-poison frog)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCrawford et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRand and Myers (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHoagland et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Pérez et al. (2003); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeLeenders (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentAvibase (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPiaractus brachypomus (pirapitinga)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis annularis (white crappie)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomoxis nigromaculatus (black crappie)PresentIntroducedFroese R and Pauly D (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentNativeGoldman (1950)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSchofield (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeKing (2016); IUCN (2017); FAO (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentFlores Nava (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentNatureserve (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHildenbrand (1939); Jones and Rutzler (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCounts et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHutchinson et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEualetes tulipaPresentKeen (1971); Hughes (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)PresentNativeSimone (2006); Cowie and Hayes (2012); Horgan et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAbbott (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentNativeJones and Rutzler (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrodie (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBrodie (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSher (1966); WEHUNT and EDWARDS (1968); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadSosa Moss (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadSosa Moss (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadEdwards and Wehunt (1973); Pinochet and Duarte (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)Present, WidespreadBriton-Jones (1940); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadTarjan (1967); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedChoudhury et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSmith (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeTaylor (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeTaylor (1960)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAchigan-Dako (2010); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); JOHNSON (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia adinocephala (cream albizia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); ILDIS (2005); Flora of Panama (2016); Proyecto Ecológico Azuero (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia carbonaria (carbonero)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedFlora of Panama (2016); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium neapolitanum (False onion weed)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia (hairy joyweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Davidse et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia peruviana (Peruvian ragweed)PresentNativeFlora Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedFlora of Panama (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); Flora Mesoamericana (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentStandley and Williams (1969); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2011); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Missouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Condit et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedGrandtner and Chevrette (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedAlvarez (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedFlora of Panama (2014); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana (calliandra)PresentNativeWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedSauer (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Aguilar-Meléndez et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2020); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentNativeIUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedFlora of Panama (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)PresentNativeCondit et al. (2011); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentNativePittier (1910); Cokeley et al. (2000); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium mexicanum (Mexican thistle)PresentNativeCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedPhilcox (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCochrane and Iltis (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeWester and Wood (1977); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedHenderson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016); Flora Mesoamericana (2016); Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDavidse et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentLorenzi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia dentata (white manjack)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of Panama (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Panama Checklist (2014); Flora of Panama (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria maypurensis (rattlebox weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCroton argenteus (silver July croton)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentNativeFlora, Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePruski (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentIntroducedZuloaga et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus meyenianus (Meyen's flatsedge)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); Flora of Panama (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentTropicos (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedVega and Rúgolo de Agrasar (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentIntroducedStandley (1928); PROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentGarita et al. (1995); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentNativeTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentNativeUK, Royal Botanic Gardens (Kew) (2009); USA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009); USDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadGopal (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009); Missouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigasPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012); Belcher (1956)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedD'Arcy (1975); Meusel and Jäger (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedNaturalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina berteroana (coralbean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2014); WBN Flora Database (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004); ILDIS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGarcia nutans (false tung oil tree)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentNativeILDIS (2002); WAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNativeFloridata (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHertentains et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentIntroducedShenk (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliocarpus americanus (white moho)Present, WidespreadNativeLay (1949); USDA-ARS (2012); Grandtner and Chevrette (2013); Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHolm et al. (1977); Miller (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentPFAF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHura crepitans (sand box)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, WidespreadIntroducedPieterse (1981); Cook and Luond (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne)Present, WidespreadNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis brevipes (lesser roundweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedChristenhusz MJM (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInga punctata (ice cream bean tree)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeStaples (2016); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperatiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentNativeDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentNativeStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentOrdetx (1949)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedGreen (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentNativeCSIRO (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentNativeDaniel (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDavidse et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeAustin et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentDavidse et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeAustin et al. (2012); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentNativeMeyer (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativePIER (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)PresentNativeCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentNativePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadNativePinzón et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, WidespreadNativeFlora, Mesoamericana (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentNativeILDIS (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentDaniel (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris)PresentIntroducedD'Arcy (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedFlora of Panama (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedFlora Mesoamericana (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema callistachyum (purple firespike)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedDaniel and McDade (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Flora Mesoamericana (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentNativeILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentHammel (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); Croat (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedZhao LiFeng and Qin ShaoWei (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentClayton et al. (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentNativeKillip (1938)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, WidespreadNativeDavidse et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora subpeltata (white passionflower)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPereskia aculeata (Lemon-vine)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedRodriquez (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFrancis (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); Govaerts (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedD'Arcy (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentNativeBurkart (1976); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)PresentIntroducedNational Museum of Natural History (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedSvenning (2002); Govaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedD'Arcy (1987); ILDIS (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMillhollon and Burner (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSvenning (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2014); Simão-Bianchini (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia macrophylla (large leaved ruellia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of Panama (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRytidostylis carthagenensisPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American elder)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDaniel (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSedas et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedIrwin and Barneby (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals)PresentNativeD'Arcy (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentLim (2013); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentFlora Mesoamericana (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum wendlandiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFlora Mesoamericana (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeGibson (1970); Davidse et al. (2012); PIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)PresentNativeCroat (1981); Govaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, WidespreadNativeWoodson and Schery (1980); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrimezia steyermarkii (yellow walking iris)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Barker and Govaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedD'Arcy (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriplaris americana (ant tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum dactyloides (eastern gamagrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum latifolium (wideleaf gamagrass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta bogotensis (parquet bur)Present, WidespreadNativeFlora Mesoamericana (2018); Lay KK (1950)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeAustin et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeD'Arcy (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentIntroducedD'Arcy (1980); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNativeCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)PresentNativeCorrea et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKissmann (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeWoodson and Schery (1980); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedDavidse et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora, Mesoamericana (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeSousa and Herman (1982)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentIntroducedDesquesnes (2004)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresent, WidespreadKirmse and Loftin (1969)
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)PresentDominguez et al. (2000); Dominguez et al. (2001); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusAbsentEPPO (2020)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresent, WidespreadKirmse and Loftin (1969)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedChoudhury et al. (2013)
botulismPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
bovine papillomatosisPresentOlson et al. (1965)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2009)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrem and Lips (2008); Woodhams et al. (2008)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, EradicatedCABI (Undated)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
encephalomyocarditisPresentMurnane et al. (1960)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2009); OIE (1999)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)PresentAndreadis et al. (1998)
equine infectious anaemiaPresentOIE (2009)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentHerbst (1994)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious coryzaPresentCalderón et al. (2010)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeSousa and Herman (1982)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentObaldia (1991)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedRyder et al. (1986)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresentIntroducedDesquesnes (2004)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisPresentOIE (2009); Johnson et al. (1969); Nichol (1988)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 1098 Im 1094 Im 1001 Im 960 F 940 F
Avocados Production Quantity 4700 Im 4208 4108 4010 3914
Avocados Yield 42805.1 Fc 38464.3 Fc 41039 Fc 41770.8 Fc 41638.3 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 7389 Im 7482 Im 7300 F 10400 F 12400 F
Bananas Production Quantity 340342 Im 338280 320535 456522 545162
Bananas Yield 460606 Fc 452125 Fc 439089 Fc 438963 Fc 439647 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 7347 Im 7979 Im 8272 8830 9550
Beans, dry Production Quantity 3265 Im 3468 3133 3777 3727
Beans, dry Seed 139 F 139 125 151 149
Beans, dry Yield 4443.99 Fc 4346.41 Fc 3787.48 Fc 4277.46 Fc 3902.62 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 342 Im 338 Im 316 Im 300 F 300 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 4530 Im 4285 4280 4274 4268
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 132456 Fc 126775 Fc 135443 Fc 142467 Fc 142267 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 444 Im 441 Im 440 Im 462 Im 477 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 4453 Im 4151 4104 4057 4010
Carrots and turnips Yield 100293 Fc 94127 Fc 93272.7 Fc 87813.9 Fc 84067.1 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1460 Im 1494 Im 1442 1039 1438
Cassava Production Quantity 24923 Im 24493 22796 20159 21564
Cassava Yield 170705 Fc 163942 Fc 158086 Fc 194023 Fc 149958 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 156300 A 155126 A 158149 A 159349 A 151474 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 297610 A 275040 A 250935 A 294334 A 253098 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 5243 A 5243 A 5546 A 6282 A 5792 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 19040.9 Fc 17730.1 Fc 15867 Fc 18471 Fc 16709 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 156300 A 155126 A 158149 A 159349 A 151474 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 401461 A 366289 A 331363 A 394580 A 332012 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 5243 A 5243 A 5546 A 6282 A 5792 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 25685.3 Fc 23612.3 Fc 20952.6 Fc 24762 Fc 21918.8 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 192 Im 191 Im 189 Im 180 F 175 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 2566 Im 2808 2787 2767 2746
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 133646 Fc 147016 Fc 147460 Fc 153722 Fc 156914 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5419 A 5340 A 5309 A 5463 A 5400 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 53361 A 50722 A 49139 A 47606 A 46121 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 98470.2 Fc 94985 Fc 92557.9 Fc 87142.6 Fc 85409.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 53651 A 52307 A 51371 A 54701 A 51974 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 89595 A 92268 A 89838 A 93542 A 95034 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1352 A 1352 A 1655 A 1110 A 1085 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 16699.6 Fc 17639.7 Fc 17488.1 Fc 17100.6 Fc 18284.9 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 4309 Im 4083 Im 4200 F 5200 F 5050 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 748 Im 611 561 707 686
Cocoa beans Yield 1735.9 Fc 1496.45 Fc 1335.71 Fc 1359.62 Fc 1358.42 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 4039 Im 4101 Im 4222 Im 4200 F 4015 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 16028 Im 15492 15257 15026 14798
Coconuts Yield 39683.1 Fc 37776.2 Fc 36136.9 Fc 35776.2 Fc 36856.8 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 28119 Im 28692 Im 28800 F 29600 F 30600 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 12011 Im 12470 12961 13324 13790
Coffee, green Yield 4271.49 Fc 4346.16 Fc 4500.35 Fc 4501.35 Fc 4506.54 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 323 Im 321 Im 318 Im 312 Im 322 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 2415 Im 2724 2705 2686 2667
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 74767.8 Fc 84859.8 Fc 85062.9 Fc 86089.7 Fc 82826.1 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 28698 A 28347 A 28209 A 31795 A 33233 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 636452 A 618056 A 592623 A 727696 A 820777 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 221776 Fc 218032 Fc 210083 Fc 228871 Fc 246977 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3104 Im 3077 Im 3032 Im 3134 Im 3103 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 19346 Im 18685 Im 17916 Im 22000 F 26795 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 62326 Fc 60724.7 Fc 59089.7 Fc 70197.8 Fc 86351.9 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 215 Im 200 F 210 F 199 Im 205 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 4704 Im 4368 4305 4243 4182
Lettuce and chicory Yield 218791 Fc 218400 Fc 205000 Fc 213216 Fc 204000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 51886 Im 50706 Im 49885 52375 50590
Maize Production Quantity 84668 Im 87626 85544 84759 86097
Maize Seed 1239 F 1239 1542 1069 1052
Maize Yield 16318.1 Fc 17281.2 Fc 17148.2 Fc 16183.1 Fc 17018.6 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1019 Im 938 Im 903 Im 900 F 890 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 6046 Im 5800 5772 5744 5716
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 59332.7 Fc 61833.7 Fc 63920.3 Fc 63822.2 Fc 64224.7 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 7650 F 7650 F 7650 F 6300 F 7550 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 77650 F 77650 F 77650 F 64100 F 76500 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 101503 Fc 101503 Fc 101503 Fc 101746 Fc 101325 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 12357 A 12386 A 12510 A 11116 A 12160 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2518.85 A 2462.66 A 2514.34 A 2295.94 A 2452.18 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1.98 A 1.98 A 1.86 A 1.98 A 1.9 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2038.4 Fc 1988.26 Fc 2009.86 Fc 2065.44 Fc 2016.6 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 12357 A 12386 A 12510 A 11116 A 12160 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 18372.7 A 18292.8 A 18605.1 A 15688.8 A 18302.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 1.67 A 1.67 A 1.57 A 1.67 A 1.6 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 14868.2 Fc 14768.9 Fc 14872.2 Fc 14113.8 Fc 15051.1 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1148 Im 1174 Im 1098 Im 1072 1187
Onions, dry Production Quantity 25001 Im 25177 29608 27602 30756
Onions, dry Yield 217779 Fc 214455 Fc 269654 Fc 257481 Fc 259107 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 5419 Im 5340 Im 5309 Im 5463 Im 5400 F
Oranges Production Quantity 53361 Im 50722 49139 47606 46121
Oranges Yield 98470.2 Fc 94985 Fc 92557.9 Fc 87142.6 Fc 85409.3 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 3371 Im 3500 F 6600 F 16964 Im 17500 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 13623 Im 13646 43891 110586 116591
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 40412.3 Fc 38988.6 Fc 66501.5 Fc 65188.6 Fc 66623.4 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 2000 F 2000 Im 2140 F 1760 F 2100 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 15248 F 15248 15528 12818 15306
Papayas Area Harvested 198 Im 218 Im 211 Im 215 F 210 F
Papayas Production Quantity 7779 Im 8258 8028 7805 7588
Papayas Yield 392879 Fc 378807 Fc 380474 Fc 363023 Fc 361333 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 4017 Im 4378 Im 4525 Im 4830 F 3200 Im
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 1831 Im 1969 1965 1962 1959
Pigeon peas Seed 80.34 Fc 39 39 39 39
Pigeon peas Yield 4558.13 Fc 4497.49 Fc 4342.54 Fc 4062.11 Fc 6121.88 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 1368 Im 1355 F 1225 F 1060 F 990 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 107446 Im 96909 87849 75907 71002
Pineapples Yield 785424 Fc 715196 Fc 717135 Fc 716104 Fc 717192 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 9103 Im 8843 Im 9228 Im 9663 Im 9300 F
Plantains Production Quantity 97432 Im 95194 99276 108102 114479
Plantains Yield 107033 Fc 107649 Fc 107581 Fc 111872 Fc 123096 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1127 Im 1134 Im 1104 868 1084
Potatoes Production Quantity 25032 Im 23493 25764 22314 23688
Potatoes Seed 100 F 100 467 56 252
Potatoes Yield 222112 Fc 207169 Fc 233370 Fc 257074 Fc 218524 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 4733 Im 5178 Im 5902 Im 6300 F 6150 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 3153 Im 4311 3461 3704 3738
Pulses, nes Seed 172 F 172 138 148 150
Pulses, nes Yield 6661.74 Fc 8325.61 Fc 5864.11 Fc 5879.37 Fc 6078.05 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16097 A 17535 A 18699 A 19960 A 18900 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8249 A 9748 A 8559 A 9443 A 9424 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 391.34 A 350 A 302 A 338 A 338 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5124.56 Fc 5559.17 Fc 4577.25 Fc 4730.96 Fc 4986.24 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 102649 Im 102819 Im 106778 104648 99500
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 311866 Im 274021 241525 301038 236978
Rice, paddy Seed 3891 F 3891 F 3891 5172 4707
Rice, paddy Yield 30381.8 Fc 26650.8 Fc 22619.4 Fc 28766.7 Fc 23816.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 6 F 6 F 8 F 40 F 40 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 119 Im 125 171 848 861
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 198333 Fc 208333 Fc 213750 Fc 212000 Fc 215250 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7701 A 7675 A 7670 A 5779 A 6168 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 76924 A 76982 A 80105 A 72471 A 78199 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2409 A 2409 A 2976 A 2388 A 2819 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 99888.3 Fc 100302 Fc 104439 Fc 125404 Fc 126782 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 389 Im 365 Im 388 Im 373 Im 358 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 243 Im 220 Im 217 Im 214 Im 211 Im
Sesame seed Seed 3.89 Fc 3.89 Fc 3.65 Fc 3.88 Fc 3.73 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6246.79 Fc 6027.4 Fc 5592.78 Fc 5737.27 Fc 5893.85 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 1765 Im 1601 Im 1486 2326 1384
Sorghum Production Quantity 4927 Im 4642 4294 8783 8937
Sorghum Seed 113 F 113 F 113 41 33
Sorghum Yield 27915 Fc 28994.4 Fc 28896.4 Fc 37760.1 Fc 64573.7 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 279 Im 270 Im 250 Im 243 Im 237 Im
Soybeans Production Quantity 92 Im 90 Im 89 Im 88 Im 87 Im
Soybeans Yield 3297.49 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3560 Fc 3621.4 Fc 3670.89 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 32364 F 32364 31825 31676 33913
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2095010 F 2095010 1913850 1774930 1724660
Sugar cane Seed 38210 F 38210 32705 31095 21570
Sugar cane Yield 647327 Fc 647327 Fc 601367 Fc 560339 Fc 508554 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 212 Im 214 Im 215 F 200 F 195 F
Tea Production Quantity 166 Im 155 Im 160 P 151 145
Tea Yield 7830.19 Fc 7242.99 Fc 7441.86 Fc 7550 Fc 7435.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1482 Im 1465 Im 1441 Im 1404 Im 1500 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2961 Im 2456 Im 2676 Im 2599 Im 2800 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 19979.8 Fc 16764.5 Fc 18570.4 Fc 18511.4 Fc 18666.7 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 563 Im 600 F 680 F 541 477
Tomatoes Production Quantity 16125 Im 16634 24586 19210 18429
Tomatoes Yield 286412 Fc 277233 Fc 361559 Fc 355083 Fc 386352 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1280 Im 1300 Im 1450 F 5200 F 5100 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 58244 Im 50000 F 16100 F 57400 F 56400 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 455031 Fc 384615 Fc 111034 Fc 110385 Fc 110588 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 11069 A 11365 A 16101 A 33830 A 33043 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 187504 A 178711 A 212022 A 375000 A 360721 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 169396 Fc 157247 Fc 131683 Fc 110848 Fc 109167 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11069 A 11365 A 16101 A 33830 A 33043 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 187504 A 178711 A 212022 A 375000 A 360721 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 169396 Fc 157247 Fc 131683 Fc 110848 Fc 109167 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 3191 Im 3300 F 4800 F 8600 F 7300 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 55843 Im 54918 79656 142175 120672
Watermelons Yield 175002 Fc 166418 Fc 165950 Fc 165320 Fc 165304 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 4073 Im 4117 Im 4005 Im 3000 F 2506
Yams Production Quantity 19289 Im 21768 26093 23760 25615
Yams Seed 1741 F 1741 2087 1901 2049
Yams Yield 47358.2 Fc 52873.4 Fc 65151.1 Fc 79200 Fc 102215 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 1035 Im 924 Im 1111 Im 832 Im 1100 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 7561 Im 7103 5281 5390 6471
Yautia (cocoyam) Seed 568 F 568 422 431 518
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 73053.1 Fc 76872.3 Fc 47533.8 Fc 64783.7 Fc 58827.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 920 F 900 F 933 Im 890 F 870 F
Avocados Production Quantity 3821 3732 3695.7 3571 3485
Avocados Yield 41532.6 Fc 41466.7 Fc 39610.9 Fc 40123.6 Fc 40057.5 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 12200 F 10400 F 11728 11728 11708
Bananas Production Quantity 538852 439228 497076 508980 521692
Bananas Yield 441682 Fc 422335 Fc 423837 Fc 433987 Fc 445586 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 9860 12380 12980 12810 11130
Beans, dry Production Quantity 4743 4294 4153 4144 4358
Beans, dry Seed 190 172 166 166 174
Beans, dry Yield 4810.34 Fc 3468.5 Fc 3199.54 Fc 3234.97 Fc 3915.54 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 300 F 295 F 295 F 295 F 290 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 4263 4251.9 4246 4240 4235
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 142100 Fc 144132 Fc 143932 Fc 143729 Fc 146034 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 430 F 522 Im 420 F 467 Im 470 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 3964 3874 3829 3786 3742
Carrots and turnips Yield 92186.1 Fc 74214.6 Fc 91166.7 Fc 81070.7 Fc 79617 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1407 2341 2184 2235.3 1682
Cassava Production Quantity 23295 27693 26094 30487 20307
Cassava Yield 165565 Fc 118296 Fc 119478 Fc 136389 Fc 120731 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 151278 A 178573 A 201283 A 205720 A 187116 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 247282 A 255967 A 260101 A 303490 A 272197 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 5809 A 7572 A 7106 A 9593 A 10108 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 16346.2 Fc 14334 Fc 12922.2 Fc 14752.6 Fc 14547 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 151278 A 178573 A 201283 A 205720 A 187116 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 324672 A 334273 A 341146 A 408706 A 370559 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 5809 A 7572 A 7106 A 9593 A 10108 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 21461.9 Fc 18719.2 Fc 16948.6 Fc 19867.1 Fc 19803.7 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 175 F 175 F 170 F 170 F 168
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 2726 2685 2665 2645 2626
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 155771 Fc 153429 Fc 156765 Fc 155588 Fc 156310 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5200 A 4900 A 4700 A 4600 A 4492 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 44683 A 41938.2 A 40623.9 A 39362 A 38135 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 85928.9 Fc 85588.2 Fc 86433.8 Fc 85569.6 Fc 84895.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 55608 A 69072.5 A 71183 A 71840 A 59556 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 92269 A 99118.3 A 97767.7 A 92743 A 75179 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 947 A 987 A 1067 A 1190 A 1270 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 16592.8 Fc 14349.9 Fc 13734.7 Fc 12909.7 Fc 12623.3 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 4800 F 3700 F 3600 F 3500 F 2700 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 653 466 430 417 354
Cocoa beans Yield 1360.42 Fc 1259.46 Fc 1194.44 Fc 1191.43 Fc 1311.11 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 4100 F 4204 Im 4167 Im 4088 Im 4041 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 14574 14353 14135 13709 13921
Coconuts Yield 35546.3 Fc 34141.3 Fc 33921.3 Fc 33534.7 Fc 34449.4 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 28500 F 29200 F 28400 F 25700 F 25300 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 12844 13153 12778.8 11586.5 11390
Coffee, green Yield 4506.67 Fc 4504.45 Fc 4499.58 Fc 4508.37 Fc 4501.98 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 290 Im 385 F 380 F 375 F 370 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 2649 2612 2594 2576 2558
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 91344.8 Fc 67844.2 Fc 68263.2 Fc 68693.3 Fc 69135.1 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 32743 A 30307 A 31421 A 31284 A 30339 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 785851 A 673893 A 734044 A 734394 A 733701 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 240006 Fc 222355 Fc 233616 Fc 234751 Fc 241834 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 3000 F 3000 F 2900 F 2000 F 2600 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 25655 Im 22000 F 21000 F 15000 F 18000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 85516.7 Fc 73333.3 Fc 72413.8 Fc 75000 Fc 69230.8 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 188 Im 249 Im 200 F 195 F 190 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 4122 4004 3946.6 3890 3834
Lettuce and chicory Yield 219255 Fc 160803 Fc 197330 Fc 199487 Fc 201789 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 54570 66090 69480 69470 58650
Maize Production Quantity 84383 89100 90493 86787 72394
Maize Seed 929 918 959 1158 1233
Maize Yield 15463.3 Fc 13481.6 Fc 13024.3 Fc 12492.7 Fc 12343.4 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1018 Im 936 Im 880 F 925 Im 870
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 5688 5632.3 5604.9 5580 5550
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 55874.3 Fc 60174.2 Fc 63692.1 Fc 60324.3 Fc 63793.1 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 6800 F 6700 F 6400 F 5800 F 5700 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 69000 F 67500 F 65000 F 59000 F 57500 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 101471 Fc 100746 Fc 101563 Fc 101724 Fc 100877 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 11508 A 11560 A 11210 A 10497 A 10288 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2327.94 A 2287.14 A 2230.98 A 2085.22 A 2083.19 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1.83 A 1.88 A 2.14 A 2.12 A 2.11 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2022.89 Fc 1978.49 Fc 1990.17 Fc 1986.49 Fc 2024.87 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 11508 A 11560 A 11210 A 10497 A 10288 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 16673.5 A 16324.9 A 15762.9 A 14411.2 A 14121.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 1.54 A 1.59 A 1.81 A 1.78 A 1.78 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 14488.7 Fc 14121.9 Fc 14061.5 Fc 13728.9 Fc 13726.1 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 971 1241.4 783.5 907 778
Onions, dry Production Quantity 26142 25354 19313 21819 19504
Onions, dry Yield 269228 Fc 204237 Fc 246496 Fc 240562 Fc 250694 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 5200 F 4900 F 4700 F 4600 F 4492
Oranges Production Quantity 44683 41938.2 40623.9 39362 38135
Oranges Yield 85928.9 Fc 85588.2 Fc 86433.8 Fc 85569.6 Fc 84895.4 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 15600 F 15600 F 10000 F 6021 Im 5500 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 100309 102893 68980 39025 36037
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 64300.6 Fc 65957.1 Fc 68980 Fc 64814.8 Fc 65521.8 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 1900 F 1860 F 1790 F 1620 F 1580 F
Palm oil Production Quantity 13800 * 13500 * 13000 * 11800 * 11500 *
Papayas Area Harvested 205 F 195 F 190 F 185 F 180
Papayas Production Quantity 7377 6972.3 6778.5 6590 6409
Papayas Yield 359854 Fc 357554 Fc 356763 Fc 356216 Fc 356056 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 3304 Im 4149 Im 4350 F 4949 Im 4300 F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 1958 1949 1946 1943 1940
Pigeon peas Seed 49 49 49 49 49
Pigeon peas Yield 5926.15 Fc 4697.52 Fc 4473.56 Fc 3926.05 Fc 4511.63 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 700 F 640 F 690 F 479 413
Pineapples Production Quantity 49805 45627.9 49770.5 34424 24152
Pineapples Yield 711500 Fc 712936 Fc 721312 Fc 718664 Fc 584794 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 9500 F 9336 Im 9400 F 10477 9206
Plantains Production Quantity 109970 108762 109494 120887 116278
Plantains Yield 115758 Fc 116497 Fc 116483 Fc 115383 Fc 126307 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 861 1257 1101 1050 1142
Potatoes Production Quantity 23822 25205 24743 24076 25712
Potatoes Seed 188 166 190 213 363
Potatoes Yield 276678 Fc 200517 Fc 224732 Fc 229295 Fc 225149 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 6350 F 6650 F 6100 F 6000 F 5836 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 3742 3946 2490 2425 2105
Pulses, nes Seed 250 250 250 195 195
Pulses, nes Yield 5892.91 Fc 5933.83 Fc 4081.97 Fc 4041.67 Fc 3606.92 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19514 A 23179 A 23430 A 23759 A 21266 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10443 A 10189 A 8589 A 8512 A 8403 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 489 A 471 A 465 A 410 A 418 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5351.54 Fc 4395.79 Fc 3665.81 Fc 3582.64 Fc 3951.38 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 95670 109500 130100 133880 127560
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 232403 235155 243378 315963 295380
Rice, paddy Seed 4862 6585 6039 8403 8838
Rice, paddy Yield 24292.2 Fc 21475.3 Fc 18707 Fc 23600.5 Fc 23156.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 93 F 230 F 55 F 100 F 140 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 1979 4890 1169 2118 2926
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 212796 Fc 212609 Fc 212545 Fc 211800 Fc 209000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6570 A 8759 A 9288 A 8750.3 A 6701 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 81431 A 91827 A 84078 A 85311 A 80359 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2775 A 2590 A 2756 A 2504 A 2877 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 123944 Fc 104837 Fc 90523.3 Fc 97494.9 Fc 119921 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 369 Im 420 F 415 F 414 Im 371 Im
Sesame seed Production Quantity 208 Im 205 F 202 F 161 Im 163 Im
Sesame seed Seed 3.58 Fc 3.69 Fc 4.2 Fc 4.15 Fc 4.14 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 5636.86 Fc 4880.95 Fc 4867.47 Fc 3888.89 Fc 4393.53 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 1038 2982.5 1703 2370 906
Sorghum Production Quantity 7886 10018.3 7274.7 5956 2785
Sorghum Seed 18 69 108 32 37
Sorghum Yield 75973 Fc 33590.3 Fc 42717 Fc 25130.8 Fc 30739.5 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 239 Im 236 Im 228 Im 195 Im 176 Im
Soybeans Production Quantity 86 Im 85 Im 84 Im 81 Im 82 Im
Soybeans Yield 3598.33 Fc 3601.69 Fc 3684.21 Fc 4153.85 Fc 4659.09 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 33316 33192 32811 28858 32447
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1771500 1766090 1749490 1572050 1601280
Sugar cane Seed 17297 17671 17506 17628 19791
Sugar cane Yield 531727 Fc 532083 Fc 533202 Fc 544754 Fc 493506 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 190 F 310 F 215 F 160 F 150 F
Tea Production Quantity 141 234.7 161 120 113
Tea Yield 7421.05 Fc 7570.97 Fc 7488.37 Fc 7500 Fc 7533.33 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1400 F 1300 F 1250 F 1200 F 1180 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2600 F 2400 F 2300 F 2200 F 2150 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 18571.4 Fc 18461.5 Fc 18400 Fc 18333.3 Fc 18220.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 529 746.5 815 689 680
Tomatoes Production Quantity 18968 20691 22242 22774 20506
Tomatoes Yield 358563 Fc 277173 Fc 272908 Fc 330537 Fc 301559 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3500 F 4800 F 2600 F 2550 F 2500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 39000 F 53000 F 29000 F 28000 F 27500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 111429 Fc 110417 Fc 111538 Fc 109804 Fc 110000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 27583 A 28363.9 A 18363.5 A 14069 A 12502 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 294490 A 291304 A 201298 A 168252 A 145861 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 106765 Fc 102702 Fc 109618 Fc 119591 Fc 116670 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 27583 A 28363.9 A 18363.5 A 14069 A 12502 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 294490 A 291304 A 201298 A 168252 A 145861 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 106765 Fc 102702 Fc 109618 Fc 119591 Fc 116670 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 5600 F 4350 F 2700 F 2400 F 1556
Watermelons Production Quantity 92347 71938.7 44482 39497 25319
Watermelons Yield 164905 Fc 165376 Fc 164748 Fc 164571 Fc 162719 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 3159 3831 4798 4365 2837
Yams Production Quantity 26122 27593 23847 22746 26119
Yams Seed 2090 1908 1908 1820 2090
Yams Yield 82690.7 Fc 72025.6 Fc 49702 Fc 52110 Fc 92065.6 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 1050 F 1100 F 1150 F 1000 F 900 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 6213 6446 8225 5884 5295
Yautia (cocoyam) Seed 497 516 658 471 424
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 59171.4 Fc 58600 Fc 71521.7 Fc 58840 Fc 58833.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 2267 Fm 2260 Fm 2255 Fm 2250 Fm 2250 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 3.2 I 5.2 I 5.2 I 5.2 I
Arable land Area 540 W 540 Fm 540 Fm 540 Fm 540 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 729 Fm 725 Fm 720 Fm 715 Fm 715 Fm
Country area Area 7542 Fm 7542 Fm 7542 Fm 7542 W 7542 W
Fallow land Area 286 W
Forest area Area 3239.2 Fm 3251 Q 3262.8 Fm 3274.6 Fm 3286.4 Fm
Inland water Area 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm
Land area Area 7434 Fm 7434 Fm 7434 Fm 7434 Fm 7434 W
Other land Area 1927.8 Fm 1923 Fm 1916.2 Fm 1909.4 Fm 1897.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 189 W 185 Fm 180 Fm 175 Fm 175 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1538 W 1535 Fm 1535 Fm 1535 Fm 1535 Fm
Temporary crops Area 254 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 2240 Fm 2243 Fm 2243 Fm 2243 Fm 2243 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 5.2 I 5.2 I
Arable land Area 540 Fm 548 Fm 548 Fm 548 F 548 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 705 Fm 708 Fm 708 Fm 708 F 708 F
Country area Area 7542 W 7542 W 7542 W 7542 W 7542 W
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 3298.2 Fm 3310 Q 3321.8 Fm 3333.6 Fm 3345.4 Fm
Inland water Area 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm 108 Fm
Land area Area 7434 W 7434 W 7434 W 7434 W 7434 W
Other land Area 1895.8 Fm 1881 Fm 1869.2 Fm 1857.4 Fm 1845.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 165 Fm 160 Fm 160 Fm 160 Fm 160 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1535 Fm 1535 Fm 1535 Fm 1535 F 1535 F
Temporary crops Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 Fm 43 F 43 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files