Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Oman

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Datasheet

Oman

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Oman
  • General data
  • Region: Middle East
  • Area (km2): 212,000
  • Climates: Dry
  • Capital: Muscat
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 2,599,551

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Anon., 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Present Wyk et al., 2005.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present NHM, 1992; Elwan, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Al-Zadjali et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Widespread Kinawy, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeae Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Present Introduced White and Elson-Harris, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Apel and Spiridonov, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesSpradbery et al., 1992; Hall et al., 2009; Wardhana et al., 2012b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Harbach, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present White and Elson-Harris, 1994; Azam et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present NHM, undated
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present Deeming, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present ANEPPN, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Al-Zadjali et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Widespread Larsen & Larsen, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present unpublished data, R. Muniappan, Virginia Tech, USA, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Kinawy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Present Native Khvorov et al., 2012; Lai et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Elwan, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present NHM, 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoBirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Widespread Native
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Widespread Introduced YesRyall, 2010b.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Present, few occurrences BirdLife International, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Randall, 1995; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Present Native IUCN, 2016; Prater, 1965; Corbett and Hill, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Localised Native NoRandall, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia) Present Introduced Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPagrus aurata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly) Present Introduced Randall, 1995; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced Lever, 2005; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoAvibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Brown and Gallagher, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoAl-Khayat and Al-Ansi, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present, few occurrences Al-Zidgali et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present Introduced YesMani et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Waller and Bridge, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Restricted distribution Waller and Bridge, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Mani et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Waller and Bridge, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native Lock and Simpson, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Miller and Cope, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora of China, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Chaudhary et al., 1981; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016; Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Introduced e-flora of Sultanate of Oman, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort) Localised Native Ghazanfar and Fisher, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Carlón et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Localised Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesSaghir, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced Lock and Simpson, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced YesAlhammadi, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native Lonard et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced YesPasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native Lock and Simpson, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Widespread Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Native Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoMusselman, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed) Present Parker and Riches, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present Musselman and Hepper, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Chaudhary et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present Bente et al., 2013; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Zouba et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWest Nile virus Last reported OIE, 2003.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Present Jones and Wood, 1988.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Present OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
blackleg Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Hassan, 1992a.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Present OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cercarial dermatitis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesSpradbery et al., 1992; Hall et al., 2009; Wardhana et al., 2012b.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Present OIE, 2009; Jones and Wood, 1988.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Bente et al., 2013; WHO, 2001.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE, 2009.
fowlpox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Localised Elnour et al., 2001.
leptospirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease No information available OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Kwantes and Harby, 1995.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Present OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent Native Scrimgeour et al., 2000; Scrimgeour et al., 2003; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009; World Health Organization, 1992.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Present OIE, 2009; Kitching et al., 1987a; Fernandez, 1991; OIE, 1999.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present OIE, 1998.
theileriosis Present OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009; OIE, 2003.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested 4374 3720 2436 2435 2435
Bananas Production Quantity 61584 56686 28890 29000 28892
Bananas Yield 140796 Fc 152382 Fc 118596 Fc 119097 Fc 118653 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 944 529 700 1200 1170.6
Barley Production Quantity 2871 2163 2040 3500 3417
Barley Yield 30413.1 Fc 40888.5 Fc 29142.9 Fc 29166.7 Fc 29190.2 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 282 369 286 272 279
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 8659 12885 7631 7210 7416
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 307057 Fc 349187 Fc 266818 Fc 265074 Fc 265806 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 121 228 171 80 69
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 1743 3804 2012 760 710
Carrots and turnips Yield 144050 Fc 166842 Fc 117661 Fc 95000 Fc 102899 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 248 473 259 124 135
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 6045 12254 5854 2700 2989
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 243750 Fc 259070 Fc 226023 Fc 217742 Fc 221407 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 4140 A 2979 A 3061 A 4425 A 4643 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 42513 A 31723 A 46962 A 14786 A 16265 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 111.9 A 111.9 A 101.4 A 107.78 A 97 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 102688 Fc 106489 Fc 153420 Fc 33414.7 Fc 35031.2 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 595 Im 575 Im 591 Im 775 Im 817 Im
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 1287 Im 1216 Im 1434 Im 1316 Im 1462 Im
Cereals, nes Seed 47.6 Fc 47.6 Fc 46 Fc 47.28 Fc 62 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 21630.3 Fc 21147.8 Fc 24264 Fc 16980.7 Fc 17894.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4140 A 2979 A 3061 A 4425 A 4643 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 42513 A 31723 A 46962 A 14786 A 16265 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 111.9 A 111.9 A 101.4 A 107.78 A 97 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 102688 Fc 106489 Fc 153420 Fc 33414.7 Fc 35031.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 475 639 428 504 416
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 12298 22624 8159 9400 7348
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 258905 Fc 354053 Fc 190631 Fc 186508 Fc 176635 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1236 A 1233 A 1233 A 1231 A 1231 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6503 A 6354 A 6354 A 7440 A 5983 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 52613.3 Fc 51532.8 Fc 51532.8 Fc 60438.7 Fc 48602.8 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3497 A 2425 A 2456 A 4075 A 4332.6 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 40387 A 29437 A 45088 A 13716 A 15318 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 47.6 A 47.6 A 46 A 47.28 A 62 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 115490 Fc 121390 Fc 183583 Fc 33658.9 Fc 35355.2 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 66 36 54 110 94
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 3635.3 * 3151.9 * 3433.6 * 2680 2354
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 550803 Fc 875528 Fc 635852 Fc 243636 Fc 250426 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 31348 31353 31353 31353 32746
Dates Production Quantity 268011 276405 258572 267000 255871
Dates Yield 85495.4 Fc 88159 Fc 82471.2 Fc 85159.3 Fc 78138.1 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 340 537 311 250 240
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 9185 18461 6161 5140 4753
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 270147 Fc 343780 Fc 198103 Fc 205600 Fc 198042 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 38118 A 37474 A 36190 A 36186 A 37579 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 346783 A 351557 A 305928 A 315340 A 299022 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 90976.2 Fc 93813.6 Fc 84533.9 Fc 87144.2 Fc 79571.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield
Garlic Area Harvested 73 62 68 70 65
Garlic Production Quantity 862 789 695 650 635
Garlic Yield 118082 Fc 127258 Fc 102206 Fc 92857.1 Fc 97692.3 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1236 1233 1233 1231 1231
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 6503 6354 6354 7440 5983
Lemons and limes Yield 52613.3 Fc 51532.8 Fc 51532.8 Fc 60438.7 Fc 48602.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1071 1071 1071 1071 1071
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 8949 10199 10199 10000 6373
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 83557.4 Fc 95228.8 Fc 95228.8 Fc 93370.7 Fc 59505.1 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 270 247 174 320 286
Okra Production Quantity 3837 2180 2896 5340 4736
Okra Yield 142111 Fc 88259.1 Fc 166437 Fc 166875 Fc 165594 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 360 200 247 580 444
Onions, dry Production Quantity 7800 4382 5183 11600 9078
Onions, dry Yield 216667 Fc 219100 Fc 209838 Fc 200000 Fc 204459 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 407 318 252 409 385
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 11208 11797 6060 9800 9289
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 275381 Fc 370975 Fc 240476 Fc 239609 Fc 241273 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 89 97 97 96 96
Papayas Production Quantity 1736 1913 1913 1900 1903
Papayas Yield 195056 Fc 197216 Fc 197216 Fc 197917 Fc 198229 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 311 341 339 390 319
Potatoes Production Quantity 8058 7191 9631 11100 9067
Potatoes Yield 259100 Fc 210880 Fc 284100 Fc 284615 Fc 284232 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 171 250 83 111 125
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 2184 4097 790 1100 1185
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 127719 Fc 163880 Fc 95180.7 Fc 99099.1 Fc 94800 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 311 A 341 A 339 A 390 A 319 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8058 A 7191 A 9631 A 11100 A 9067 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 259100 Fc 210880 Fc 284100 Fc 284615 Fc 284232 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 1958 1321 1165 2100 2345
Sorghum Production Quantity 36229 26058 41614 8900 10439
Sorghum Yield 185031 Fc 197260 Fc 357202 Fc 42380.9 Fc 44516 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 40
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1150 F 1150 F 1150 F 1130 952
Sugar cane Yield 230000 Fc 230000 Fc 230000 Fc 226000 Fc 238000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 237 Im 269 Im 259 Im 276 Im 277 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1157 Im 1343 Im 1317 Im 1307 Im 1371 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 48818.6 Fc 49925.7 Fc 50849.4 Fc 47355.1 Fc 49494.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1048 1431 1591 930 916
Tomatoes Production Quantity 53742 82207 73609 41780 41426
Tomatoes Yield 512805 Fc 574472 Fc 462659 Fc 449247 Fc 452249 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 10587 Im 12940 Im 10485 Im 6511 Im 6983 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 145000 F 143000 Im 96569 Im 88387 Im 83445 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 136960 Fc 110510 Fc 92102.1 Fc 135750 Fc 119497 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 15059 A 18406 A 14914 A 10915 A 10994 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 284794 A 340699 A 234444 A 206967 A 192597 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 189119 Fc 185102 Fc 157197 Fc 189617 Fc 175184 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15059 A 18406 A 14914 A 10915 A 10994 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 284794 A 340699 A 234444 A 206967 A 192597 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 189119 Fc 185102 Fc 157197 Fc 189617 Fc 175184 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 611 676 505 644 557
Watermelons Production Quantity 18596 19067 15391 20420 17233
Watermelons Yield 304354 Fc 282056 Fc 304772 Fc 317081 Fc 309390 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 643 554 605 350 310.4
Wheat Production Quantity 2126 2286 1874 1070 947
Wheat Seed 64.3 Fc 64.3 Fc 55.4 Fc 60.5 Fc 35 Fc
Wheat Yield 33063.8 Fc 41263.5 Fc 30975.2 Fc 30571.4 Fc 30509 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested 2224.7 2224.7 2856 2520 2610
Bananas Production Quantity 25955 26720 34000 28750 32915
Bananas Yield 116667 Fc 120106 Fc 119048 Fc 114087 Fc 126111 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 1128.6 1128.6 1255
Barley Production Quantity 3224 3327 3700
Barley Yield 28566.4 Fc 29479 Fc 29482.1 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 328.4 187.7 320
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 8685 5064 8500
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 264464 Fc 269792 Fc 265625 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 56.7 62.2 88.2
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 567 733 930
Carrots and turnips Yield 100000 Fc 117846 Fc 105442 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 167.2 142.4 96.6
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 3784 313.4 2050
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 226316 Fc 22008.4 Fc 212215 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 4279.6 A 4393.6 A 5317.5 A 4145 A 3753 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 14471 A 15269 A 19430 A 14339 A 13570 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 96.4 A 93.76 A 102.78 A 97.57 A 115 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 33813.9 Fc 34752.8 Fc 36539.7 Fc 34593.5 Fc 36157.7 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 827 Im 946 Im 734 Im 975 Im 704 Im
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 1697 Im 1536 Im 1530 Im 1629 Im 1349 Im
Cereals, nes Seed 65.36 Fc 66.16 Fc 75.68 Fc 58.72 Fc 78 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 20520 Fc 16236.8 Fc 20844.7 Fc 16707.7 Fc 19161.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4279.6 A 4393.6 A 5317.5 A 4145 A 3753 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14471 A 15269 A 19430 A 14339 A 13570 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 96.4 A 93.76 A 102.78 A 97.57 A 115 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 33813.9 Fc 34752.8 Fc 36539.7 Fc 34593.5 Fc 36157.7 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 330 294.4 622.9
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 4558 5527 11960
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 138121 Fc 187738 Fc 192005 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1242.4 A 1242.4 A 1209.6 A 1440 A 1690 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5916 A 6159 A 5875 A 6830 A 8385 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 47617.5 Fc 49573.4 Fc 48569.8 Fc 47430.6 Fc 49615.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4003.6 A 4122.6 A 4929 A 3775 A 3304 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13696 A 14404 A 18230 A 13129 A 12149 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 65.36 A 66.16 A 75.68 A 58.72 A 78 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 34209.2 Fc 34939.1 Fc 36985.2 Fc 34778.8 Fc 36770.6 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 86.9 56.7 138.2
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 2401 1360 3300
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 276295 Fc 239859 Fc 238784 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 31352.6 31352.6 35532 33848 33869
Dates Production Quantity 258738 247331 231000 219770 238611
Dates Yield 82525.2 Fc 78886.9 Fc 65011.8 Fc 64928.5 Fc 70451.1 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 212.5 233.5 274.8
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 4250 4585 5425
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 200000 Fc 196360 Fc 197416 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 35961.3 A 35960.7 A 41214.6 A 39448 A 39826 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 298928 A 289324 A 282475 A 268775 A 293336 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 83124.9 Fc 80455.6 Fc 68537.6 Fc 68134 Fc 73654.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield
Garlic Area Harvested 42.4 73.1 79.8
Garlic Production Quantity 476 774 656
Garlic Yield 112264 Fc 105882 Fc 82205.5 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1242.4 1242.4 1209.6 1440 1690
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 5916 6159 5875 6830 8385
Lemons and limes Yield 47617.5 Fc 49573.4 Fc 48569.8 Fc 47430.6 Fc 49615.4 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 1070.6 1070 1470 1500 F 1510
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 6882 7743 8700 10910 10910
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 64281.7 Fc 72364.5 Fc 59183.7 Fc 72733.3 Fc 72251.7 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 219.2 240.7 396.9
Okra Production Quantity 3654 3984 6570
Okra Yield 166697 Fc 165517 Fc 165533 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 183.5 365.9 880.7 870 770
Onions, dry Production Quantity 4244 5389 17600 17640 15646
Onions, dry Yield 231281 Fc 147281 Fc 199841 Fc 202759 Fc 203195 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 211.3 496.4 448.1
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 5026 12040 10800
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 237861 Fc 242546 Fc 241018 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 71 71 147 140 F 147
Papayas Production Quantity 1437 1371 2900 2515 2515
Papayas Yield 202394 Fc 193099 Fc 197279 Fc 179643 Fc 171088 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 190 208.7 559.6 538 Im 500 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 5391 5940 15500 F 15454 15454
Potatoes Yield 283737 Fc 284619 Fc 276984 Fc 287249 Fc 309080 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 141.5 155.4 77.7
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 1348 1471 735
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 95265 Fc 94658.9 Fc 94594.6 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 190 A 208.7 A 559.6 A 538 A 500 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5391 A 5940 A 15500 A 15454 A 15454 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 283737 Fc 284619 Fc 276984 Fc 287249 Fc 309080 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 2048 2048 2940 2800 F 2600 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 8775 9541 13000 11500 F 10800 F
Sorghum Yield 42846.7 Fc 46586.9 Fc 44217.7 Fc 41071.4 Fc 41538.5 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 23.9 23.9 71 80
Sugar cane Production Quantity 519 626 1710 1470
Sugar cane Yield 217155 Fc 261925 Fc 240845 Fc 183750 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 292 Im 287 Im 291 Im 270 F 267
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1382 Im 1407 Im 1392 Im 1270 1270
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 47328.8 Fc 49024.4 Fc 47835.1 Fc 47037 Fc 47565.5 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 893.8 863.9 990 930 1005
Tomatoes Production Quantity 40444 39359 44477 41930 43065
Tomatoes Yield 452495 Fc 455597 Fc 449263 Fc 450860 Fc 428507 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 7768 Im 6374 Im 6508 Im 6924 Im 6941 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 69242 Im 70255 Im 98500 F 87691 Im 101322 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 89137.5 Fc 110221 Fc 151352 Fc 126648 Fc 145976 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 11048.4 A 10121.3 A 11721.9 A 9474 A 9562 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 159815 A 170112 A 238503 A 173881 A 186995 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 144650 Fc 168074 Fc 203468 Fc 183535 Fc 195561 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11048.4 A 10121.3 A 11721.9 A 9474 A 9562 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 159815 A 170112 A 238503 A 173881 A 186995 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 144650 Fc 168074 Fc 203468 Fc 183535 Fc 195561 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 407 575 Im 800 F 750 846
Watermelons Production Quantity 11136 19258 Im 27000 F 26620 26962
Watermelons Yield 273612 Fc 334922 Fc 337500 Fc 354933 Fc 318700 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 276 271 388.5 370 449
Wheat Production Quantity 775 865 1200 1210 1421
Wheat Seed 31.04 Fc 27.6 Fc 27.1 Fc 38.85 Fc 37 Fc
Wheat Yield 28079.7 Fc 31918.8 Fc 30888 Fc 32702.7 Fc 31648.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1770.5 Fm 1770.4 Fm 1836 Fm 1767 Fm 1765 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 0.03 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 0.01 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 74 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.04 I 0.04 I 0.03 I
Arable land Area 32 Fm 32.2 W 99 Q 30 W 28 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 70.5 Fm 70.4 W 136 Q 67 W 65 W
Country area Area 30950 W 30950 W 30950 Q 30950 W 30950 W
Fallow land Area 62 Q
Forest area Area 2 Fm 2 Q 2 Q 2 Fm 2 Fm
Land area Area 30950 W 30950 W 30950 Q 30950 W 30950 W
Other land Area 29177.5 Fm 29177.6 Fm 29112 Fm 29181 Fm 29183 Fm
Permanent crops Area 38.5 Fm 38.2 W 37 Q 37 W 37 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1700 Fm 1700 Fm 1700 Fm 1700 Fm 1700 Fm
Temporary crops Area 11.6 W 20 Q 13 W 13 W
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 20.6 W 17 Q 17 W 15 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 59 Fm 59 Fm 59 Fm 59 Fm 59 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1763 Fm 1765 Fm 1772 Fm 1073 Fm 1073.4 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 26 W 28 W 29 W 31 W 31 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 63 W 65 W 72 W 73 W 73.4 W
Country area Area 30950 W 30950 W 30950 Q 30950 Q 30950 Q
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 2 Fm 2 Q 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Land area Area 30950 W 30950 W 30950 Q 30950 Q 30950 Q
Other land Area 29185 Fm 29183 Fm 29176 Fm 29875 Fm 29874.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 37 W 37 W 43 Q 42 W 42.4 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1700 Fm 1700 Fm 1700 E 1000 F 1000 F
Temporary crops Area 12 W 12 W 13 W 13 W 13 W
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 14 W 16 W 16 Fm 18 W 18 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 59 Fm 59 Fm 59 I 59 Fm 60 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files