Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Oman

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Datasheet

Oman

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 4,974,986 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 14,110 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 70,217.01 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 76,331.52 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 2.35 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentKhan et al. (2001)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Fahdi et al. (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumPresentEl-Neweshy et al. (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentVernière et al. (1998); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)PresentWyk et al. (2005); Al-Adawi et al. (2006); Oliveira et al. (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4)PresentDita et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2022); Watts and Alam (1973); UK, CAB International (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1992); Elwan (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentAl-Zadjali et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, WidespreadKinawy (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeaeAbsent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022); White (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)PresentIntroducedWhite (2006); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Al-Shehi et al. (2014); Shahid et al. (2017); Shahid et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentAl-Shehi and Khan (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresent, WidespreadNativeApel and Spiridonov (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveHall et al. (2009); Wardhana et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadHarbach (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentWhite and Elson-Harris (1994); Azam et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); Zadjali et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentAl-Jahdhami et al. (2020);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentDeeming (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentAnon (1986); Kinawy (2004); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentAl-Zadjali et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedAhmed et al. (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentKinawy et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresentNativeKhvorov et al. (2012); Lai et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentElwan (2000); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentNHM (1976); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveWiltshire (1977); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRyall (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, Few occurrencesBirdLife International (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentNativeIUCN (2016); Prater (1965); Corbet and Hill (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, LocalizedNativeRandall (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bartley (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPagrus aurataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPloceus cucullatus (village weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedRandall (1995); Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Few occurrences, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedAncillotto et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLever (2005); BirdLife International (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentNativeRandall (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeAvibase (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadNativeBrown and Gallagher (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeAl-Khayat and Al-Ansi (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, Few occurrencesAl-Zidgali et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMani et al. (1993); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2003); Mani et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentWaller and Bridge (1978); CABI and EPPO (2002); Mani et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedWaller and Bridge (1978); CABI and EPPO (2002); Mani et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentMani et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (2000); Mani et al. (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentWaller and Bridge (1978); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (blackthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeLock and Simpson (1991); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedMiller and Cope (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentChaudhary et al. (1981); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeLansdown et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Akhtar et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013); Al-Sadi et al. (2012); Al-Sadi et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentAl-Sadi et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentNativeMishra et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentNativeILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedParker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon schoenanthus (camel grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Chaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentAl-Jahdhami et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea (bitter lettuce)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2014); Al-Adawi et al. (2003); Al-Adawi et al. (2006); Kvas et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020); Al-Jahdhami et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)Present, LocalizedNativeShahina et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedShahid and Rao (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeCarlón et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)Present, LocalizedParker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSaghir (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedLock and Simpson (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAlhammadi (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeLonard et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeRobson (1976); Chaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePasiecznik et al. (2001); Al-Jahdhami et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentAl-Jahdhami et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna italica (Senegal senna)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeLock and Simpson (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentNativeChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeMusselman (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)PresentParker and Riches (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentMusselman and Hepper (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymophylla tenuiloba (Dahlberg daisy)PresentSherwani (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativePROTA (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentChaudhary et al. (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentEl-Nagerabi and Elshafie (2014); Al-Jahdhami et al. (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCotton leaf curl Gezira virusPresentKhan et al. (2012); Shih et al. (2009); Akhtar et al. (2014); Al-Shihi et al. (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al. (2013); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentEPPO (2022); Shahid et al. (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentZouba et al. (1993); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentJones and Wood (1988)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
cercarial dermatitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveHall et al. (2009); Wardhana et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2019); Jones and Wood (1988); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al. (2013); WHO (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
heartwaterPresentEl-Neweshy et al. (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresent, LocalizedElnour et al. (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentKwantes and Harby (1995)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentNativeScrimgeour et al. (2000); Scrimgeour et al. (2003); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2019); World Health Organization (1992); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2019); Kitching et al. (1987); Fernandez (1991); OIE (1999); OIE (2019)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentOIE (1998)
theileriosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
BananasArea harvested1,5751,5601,5641,4211,421
Production quantity18,44718,26518,39716,57816,578
Yield117,124 Fc117,083 Fc117,628 Fc116,664 Fc116,664 Fc
BarleyArea harvested613606606606882
Production quantity1,6771,6611,6951,6952,313
Yield27,357 Fc27,409 Fc27,970 Fc27,970 Fc26,224 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested669662645448574
Production quantity20,24220,03620,9089,51312,964
Yield302,571 Fc302,659 Fc324,155 Fc212,344 Fc225,854 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested582575535254123
Production quantity18,30318,10916,4943,9501,494
Yield314,485 Fc314,939 Fc308,299 Fc155,512 Fc121,463 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested1,2681,2551,2431,189760
Production quantity28,31528,03129,18127,05314,417
Yield223,304 Fc223,355 Fc234,763 Fc227,527 Fc189,697 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested520 Im532 Im545 Im559 Im577 Im
Production quantity1,344 Im1,345 Im1,346 Im1,346 Im1,350 Im
Yield25,846 Fc25,282 Fc24,697 Fc24,079 Fc23,397 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested4,872 A4,848 A4,856 A4,856 A5,646 A
Production quantity65,375 A64,742 A63,381 A63,162 A78,950 A
Yield134,185 Fc133,544 Fc130,521 Fc130,070 Fc139,834 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested1,0741,0631,029998786
Production quantity65,33164,66366,01610,92211,337
Yield608,296 Fc608,307 Fc641,555 Fc109,439 Fc144,237 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested1,414 A1,399 A1,302 A1,207 A1,208 A
Production quantity7,189 A7,112 A6,340 A6,199 A6,199 A
Yield50,842 Fc50,836 Fc48,694 Fc51,359 Fc51,316 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested623 Im646 Im583 Im382 Im410 Im
Production quantity73,98373,26762,97739,18538,482
Yield1,187,528 Fc1,134,164 Fc1,080,223 Fc1,025,785 Fc938,585 Fc
DatesArea harvested25,38225,12524,61724,12024,120
Production quantity372,572368,808360,917355,332344,690
Yield146,786 Fc146,789 Fc146,613 Fc147,318 Fc142,906 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested697690682480438
Production quantity32,53932,21432,06210,06810,018
Yield466,844 Fc466,870 Fc470,117 Fc209,750 Fc228,721 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested33,144 A32,805 A32,126 A29,576 A29,832 A
Production quantity510,473 A505,114 A495,765 A427,567 A416,832 A
Yield154,017 Fc153,975 Fc154,319 Fc144,566 Fc139,726 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
GarlicArea harvested185183183183187
Production quantity2,5012,4772,9152,9141,636
Yield135,189 Fc135,355 Fc159,290 Fc159,235 Fc87,487 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested1,4141,3991,3021,2071,208
Production quantity7,1897,1126,3406,1996,199
Yield50,842 Fc50,836 Fc48,694 Fc51,359 Fc51,316 Fc
MaizeArea harvested1,0271,0261,0211,0071,318
Production quantity8,9168,8277,0756,85615,762
Yield86,816 Fc86,033 Fc69,295 Fc68,083 Fc119,590 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested1,5221,5061,5051,4961,496
Production quantity16,00615,84715,92415,67315,673
Yield105,164 Fc105,226 Fc105,807 Fc104,766 Fc104,766 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested1,2091,1951,144525640
Production quantity33,81333,46333,97115,94912,780
Yield279,677 Fc280,025 Fc296,949 Fc303,790 Fc199,688 Fc
OkraArea harvested813805801694592
Production quantity16,84316,67519,99216,7995,468
Yield207,171 Fc207,143 Fc249,588 Fc242,061 Fc92,365 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested556551586550385
Production quantity9,3619,27410,3879,7825,827
Yield168,363 Fc168,312 Fc177,253 Fc177,855 Fc151,351 Fc
PapayasArea harvested294290290290291
Production quantity5,8305,5725,7725,7725,772
Yield198,299 Fc192,138 Fc199,034 Fc199,034 Fc198,351 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested582576585500875
Production quantity15,76615,61315,73713,11623,144
Yield270,893 Fc271,059 Fc269,009 Fc262,320 Fc264,503 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested491486449286160 F
Production quantity10,56510,45210,7345,4582,107
Yield215,173 Fc215,062 Fc239,065 Fc190,839 Fc131,688 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested582 A576 A585 A500 A875 A
Production quantity15,766 A15,613 A15,737 A13,116 A23,144 A
Yield270,893 Fc271,059 Fc269,009 Fc262,320 Fc264,503 Fc
SorghumArea harvested1,7731,7551,7551,7552,024
Production quantity49,82349,33049,28549,28557,000
Yield281,010 Fc281,083 Fc280,826 Fc280,826 Fc281,621 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested136 Im127 Im137 Im160 *160 *
Production quantity1,437 Im1,442 Im1,530 Im1,650 *1,650 *
Yield105,662 Fc113,543 Fc111,679 Fc103,125 Fc103,125 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested136 A127 A137 A160 A160 A
Production quantity1,437 A1,442 A1,530 A1,650 A1,650 A
Yield105,662 Fc113,543 Fc111,679 Fc103,125 Fc103,125 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested256 Im257 Im257 Im257 Im257 Im
Production quantity1,164 Im1,167 Im1,170 Im1,173 Im1,171 Im
Yield45,469 Fc45,409 Fc45,525 Fc45,642 Fc45,564 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested2,5582,5322,4471,7151,798
Production quantity201,293199,232191,59789,086116,408
Yield786,916 Fc786,856 Fc782,987 Fc519,452 Fc647,430 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested25,103 A24,405 A23,520 A20,907 A19,312 A
Production quantity668,619 A657,707 A640,474 A395,874 A385,066 A
Yield266,350 Fc269,497 Fc272,310 Fc189,350 Fc199,392 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested15,587 Im14,957 Im14,337 Im13,728 Im13,099 Im
Production quantity189,343 Im183,277 Im177,211 Im171,144 Im164,908 Im
Yield121,475 Fc122,536 Fc123,604 Fc124,668 Fc125,894 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested1,7481,7301,704517656
Production quantity56,61656,04754,44412,06415,140
Yield323,890 Fc323,971 Fc319,507 Fc233,346 Fc230,793 Fc
WheatArea harvested939929929929845
Production quantity3,6153,5793,9803,9802,525
Yield38,498 Fc38,525 Fc42,842 Fc42,842 Fc29,882 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea1,459 Fc1,452 Fm1,436 Fm1,434 Fm1,420 Fm
AgricultureArea1,459 Fc1,452 Fc1,436 Fc1,434 Fc1,420 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea101 Fm101 Fm85 Q83 Q69 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area0 I0 I0 I0 I
Arable landArea77 Q69 W56 Q52 Q38 Q
Country areaArea30,950 Q30,950 Q30,950 Q30,950 Q30,950 Q
CroplandArea109 Q101 W85 Q83 Q69 Q
Forest landArea3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Fm
Land areaArea30,950 Fm30,950 Q30,950 Q30,950 Q30,950 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea101 Q101 Q85 Q83 Q69 Q
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1,350 Fm1,351 Fm1,351 Q1,351 Q1,351 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea32 Q32 W29 Fm31 Fm31 Fm
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea50 Q43 W31 Q32 Q20 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea27 Q27 W25 Q20 Q18 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea2 Q2 Q2 Q2 Q2 Fm
Other landArea29,489 Fc29,495 Fc29,511 Fc29,513 Fc29,527 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea1,350 Q1,350 Fm1,350 Q1,350 Q1,350 Q
Planted ForestArea1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Fm
Cropland area under organic agric.Area0 I
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea1 Fm1 Q1 Q1 Q
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Q0 Fm
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea84 Fm82 Fm68 Fm
Land used for aquacultureArea0 Q0 Q0 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area actually irrig.Area1 Q1 Q1 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.