Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

New Zealand

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Datasheet

New Zealand

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 4,917,000 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 42,760 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 210,229.50 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 206,928.77 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 5.81 (2017)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma australiensePresentBoyce and Newhook (1953); Liefting et al. (1996); Andersen et al. (1998); Liefting et al. (1998); Andersen et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2001); Charles et al. (2002); Davis et al. (2003); Beever et al. (2004); Andersen et al. (2006); Liefting et al. (2009); Liefting et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLiefting et al. (2008); Liefting et al. (2009); Liefting et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); Puketapu et al. (2013); Vereijssen et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentAlley (2002)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadInvasivePitman et al. (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, WidespreadWilkie and Dye (1974); Bradbury (1986); Young et al. (1987); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); New Zealand MAF Biosecurity (2010); Everett et al. (2011); Vanneste et al. (2011); Vanneste et al. (2011); Vanneste et al. (2014); Ferrante and Scortichini (2015); Sawada et al. (2016); Andersen et al. (2018); Garcia et al. (2018); He Rong et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesWatson (1970); Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, EradicatedBradbury (1986); Pruvost et al. (1992); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); Lin HsinCheng et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, EradicatedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKilroy (2004); Biggs et al. (2005); Kilroy (2005); Jellyman et al. (2006); Kilroy et al. (2006); Larned et al. (2006); Cary et al. (2007); Kilroy et al. (2007); Sutherland et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1991); Waipara et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Tantius et al. (1986); Carter et al. (1990)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaePresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2008); Anon (2013); Dick et al. (2014); Gardner et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Hall (1989); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDingley (1969); Pennycook (1989); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentSutton (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCromey and Hanson (1992); CABI and EPPO (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentCrowe et al. (1995); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCrous et al. (2002); Henricot and Culham (2002); CABI/EPPO (2012); Gehesquière et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedSlade (1960); Baker et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2022); Miller et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGilmour (1959); Bulman (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentDhanushka Udayanga et al. (2014); NURSERY STOCK RESEARCH AND EXTENSION COMMITTEE, N.Z. (1956)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGaunt and Liew (1981); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Billones et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI (Undated); Pennycook (1989); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDingley (1973); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWingfield and Marasas (1983); MacKenzie and Dick (1984); Reay et al. (2005); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGadgil et al. (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBoesewinkel (1979)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBirch (1933); Cunningham (1950); Beresford and Mulholland (1982); Chou (1989); Chou (1990); Self and Chou (1994); Hood et al. (2001); Hood et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentInvasiveCurtis (1930); Birch (1936); UK, CAB International (1969); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970); Burgess et al. (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)Absent, Intercepted onlyLau and Sheridan (1975); UK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGaut (1969); Gadgil (2005); Ireland et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria limoneaPresent, WidespreadNativeStevenson (1964)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria novae-zelandiaePresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveStevenson (1964)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Ho et al. (2019);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDingley (1969); CABI/EPPO (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion araucariaePresent, WidespreadBuchanan (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadLuig (1985); CLOSE (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromycladium spp. that cause gall rusts (Acacia gall rusts)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGadgil (2005); Cunningham (1931); Dick (1985); McKenzie (1998)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentBell et al. (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRead and Gordon (1991); Probert (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedInvasiveLee (1959)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabella spallanzaniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthococcus araucariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentCottier and Taylor (1937); Massee (1937); Manson (1984); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdistemia watsoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)Absent, Intercepted onlyHolder et al. (2010); Laird et al. (1994); Derraik (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentAllan (1975); Allan (1987); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleochara puberulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFoster and Willan (1979); Cranfield et al. (1998); Ahyong and Wilkens (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)Absent, Intercepted onlyInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAntonina crawiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling (1959); APPPC (1987); Rose (1990); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcMillan (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentIntroducedVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta amiculaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta sordidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta trinotataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus pellioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Absent, Intercepted onlyInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresentNativeDarwin (1854); Hutton (1879); Gruvel (1905); Jennings (1918); Oliver (1923); Young (1929); Kolosváry (1942); Moore (1944); Cassie (1959); Cassie (1959); Cassie (1960); Cassie (1962); Leslie (1968); Foster (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGill (2006); Teulon et al. (2009); Thomas et al. (2011); Yen et al. (2013); Arp et al. (2014); Biosecurity New Zealand (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); Vereijssen et al. (2015); Vereijssen et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Baker and Cowley (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera facialisAbsent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2020); IPPC (2014); IPPC (2015); IPPC (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBarro et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentScott et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius sordidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Landcare Research (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus hortorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHopkins (1914); Gurr (1957); Mac Farlane and Gurr (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant)PresentIntroducedBrown (1958)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Manson (1959)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaliothrips fasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyMaier and Lemmon (2000); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedAshton et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedHolder et al. (1997); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon depressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeroplastes destructor (white wax scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1960); Qin and Gullan (1994); Blank et al. (1997); Hodgson and Henderson (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWebber (2001); Gust and Inglis (2006); Willis and Morrisey (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedLawrence and Jones (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentSpitzer (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Absent, EradicatedGill (2005); Biosecurity New Zealand (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara juniperiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveChynoweth et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConoderus posticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCordalia obscuraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria ferrugineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria serrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptamorpha desjardinsiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus pilosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophilus integerPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBennett (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroggatt (1903); Tuthill (1952); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWeinstein et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDactylosternum abdominalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadBorchsenius (1966); New Zealand MAF Biosecurity (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDienerella filumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDienerella ruficollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDumbleton (1932); Cottier (1953); Zondag (1983); Nicol et al. (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphistemus globulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNHM (1950); Carter (1984); Armstrong and Suckling (1990); Suckling et al. (1990); UK, CAB International (1992); Macfarlane and van den Ende (1995); Suckling et al. (1998); Suckling et al. (2007); Barr et al. (2009); Barr et al. (2011); El-Sayed et al. (2011); Rubinoff et al. (2011); Tooman et al. (2011); Suckling et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Redlich et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus brevipilosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Redlich et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEumerus funeralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx melissaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTillyard (1925); Tillyard (1926); Hincks (1949); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMound and Walker (1982); Martin and Workman (1994); Nakahara (1997); Teulon and Nielsen (2005); Rugman-Jones et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFurchadaspis zamiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGabrius nigritulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, WidespreadMiller (1927); Clark (1938); CABI and EPPO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaemaphysalis longicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalobrecta flavipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); Cameron et al. (1995); Richardson et al. (1997); Cameron et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1961); APPPC (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hill et al. (1993); Charles et al. (1995); New Zealand MAF Biosecurity (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tomkins et al. (1992); Blank et al. (1993); Hill et al. (1993); Charles et al. (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHenoticus californicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clark (1932); Reay et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHosking (1979); Brockerhoff et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEl-Sayed et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptacinus pusillusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Bain (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentIntroducedMcQuire (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLindingaspis rossi (black araucaria scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Harris (2002); Cooling et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiothrips vaneeckeiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Muggeridge (1933); Morrone (1993); Zimmerman and May (1994); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Absent, EradicatedKean et al. (2015); Ross (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1984); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedPeacock (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma bicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma longicollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma picipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonotoma spinicollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis boerneriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cottier (1953); Blackman and Eastop (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus hemerocallisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1979); Toor et al. (2008); Fenton et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNausibius clavicornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNecrobia ruficollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeotoxoptera oliveriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesothrips propinquusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1970); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNiditinea fuscellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOdontofroggatia galiliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOemona hirta (lemon tree borer)Present, WidespreadNativeLu and Wang (2005); Broun (1893); Hudson (1934); Dumbleton (1957); Duffy (1963); Hosking (1978); Clearwater (1981); Qiao Wang et al. (1998); Wang and Shi (1999); Wang and Shi (2001); Wang Qiao et al. (2002); Wang Qiao and Davis (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus formicariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus eucalyptiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona omoscopaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChapman et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadBarratt et al. (1989); Garnham and McNab (1990); McNeill et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus sculptusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatillus carusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Peacock (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParopsis charybdis (eucalyptus tortoise beetle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentKirkaldy (1902); Green (1929); UK, CAB International (1979); Hodgson and Henderson (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBerry et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus graminicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus politusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Broun (1893); Kuschel (1972); Spiller and Wise (1982); Butcher (1984); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWang Qiao (1995); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadAPPPC (1987); CABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhylacteophaga froggatti (leafblister sawfly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter messaniellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1952); Walker et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveZondag (1977); McClure (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NHM (1979); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadBeck and Cameron (1992); Walker et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPorotermes adamsoni (damp wood termite)PresentIntroducedInvasivePhilip et al. (2008); Ross (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWard (1966); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtenidium pusillumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)AbsentFarm Forestry New Zealand (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichodella novaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRadumeris tasmaniensis (yellow flower wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadIntroducedJessep (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus dianthiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus falciferPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chapman et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1952); Henderson et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaprosites mendaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)PresentIntroducedHutton (1901); Miller (1921); Thompson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Charles and Froud (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRawlings and Wilson (1949); Smith (1978); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNHM (1959); LOWE (1969); Close and Tomlinson (1975); APPPC (1987); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Absent, EradicatedDrees and Gold (2003); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpilococcus mamillariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, Transient under surveillanceEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Present, LocalizedInvasiveBoardman (1977); UK, CAB International (1993); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); Malone and Wigley (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSunius propinquusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachyporus nitidulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachystola acroxanthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentPeacock (2012); Harris et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTechnomyrmex albipes (white-footed ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTeia anartoides (painted apple moth)Absent, EradicatedHoare (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Sopow and George (2012); Saavedra et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips imaginis (plague thrips)PresentNHM (1979); Mound and Walker (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea pallescentellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTineola bisselliella (webbing clothes moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis ulmiparvifoliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, LocalizedEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrechicus nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Beck et al. (1993); Clover et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCrabtree (1997); Mansfield et al. (2005); Mansfield et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); Zhang (2000); Goodwin et al. (2005); Stevenson et al. (2005); Biosecurity New Zealand (2006); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveClapperton et al. (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)Absent, Intercepted onlyISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyBain (1974); Bain (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusAbsent, Intercepted onlyBrockerhoff et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylodromus concinnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Wood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (1997); Brockerhoff et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Brockerhoff et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Francis et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Absent, EradicatedLong (1981); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)Absent, EradicatedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiAbsent, Formerly presentLever (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMiers (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDonne (1924); Nugent and Fraser (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanwell (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt)PresentNativeBrewin (1946); Dupont et al. (2007); Monniot (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillum (carpet sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAllen (1956)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGill et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedMcDowall (1990); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFlux (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, LocalizedNativeFrancis (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)Absent, Formerly presentWodzicki and Wright (1984); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPagrus aurataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)Absent, Formerly presentMcDowall (1999); McDowall (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedLever (2005); Qu et al. (2009); Clements et al. (2014); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMcDowall (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMcDowall (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ruscoe (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); McDowall (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Greathead and Greathead (1992); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTorr (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichosurus vulpecula (brushtail possum)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, Few occurrencesHyde et al. (2020); Hyde et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedMcDowall (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoch (1924); Cranfield et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentIntroducedHewitt and Little (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWillan (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBarker (1999); Mahlfeld (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTaylor (1914); Godan (1983); Bleakney et al. (1989); Barker et al. (1991); Barker (1999); Brook (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveReise et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBarker (2004); White-McLean and Redford (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentBarker (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLauria cylindraceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedQuick (1949); Barker (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLucilla singleyanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDinamani (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDuggan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagatesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentMcDonald et al. (1991); Daguin and Borsa (2000); Gérard et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Barker (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus cellariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadNativeWinterbourn (1969); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTestacella haliotideaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVallonia excentricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentThorne (1961); CABI and EPPO (2002); Riley and Barbetti (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, WidespreadSoteros (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentBoesewinkel (1980); Boesewinkel (1982); CABI and EPPO (2000); Knight et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedFoot and Wood (1982); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadKnight et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, WidespreadMarshall (1993); Mercer (1994); Marshall (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDale (1973); Marshall (1993); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)PresentMarshall et al. (2001); Nobbs et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); Shah et al. (2010); Rohan et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentDale (1973); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, LocalizedBrown (1983); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesArthurdendyus triangulatus (New Zealand flatworm)Present, WidespreadNativeDendy (1894); Johns et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiAbsent, Intercepted onlyEdwards and Hine (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedTrowbridge (1999); Begin and Scheibling (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresent, WidespreadNativeHeesch et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresentIntroducedBowers et al. (2006); Riisberg and Edvardsen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hay and Luckens (1987); Stapleton (1988); Hay (1990); Hay and Villouta (1993); Brown and Lamare (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWilson (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedBailey (1902); Large and Braggins (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBrownsey and Smith-Dodsworth (1989); Lange et al. (1999); GBIF (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedHeenan et al. (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); To-anun et al. (2010); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedEsler (1988); Heiss-Dunlop and Fillery (2006); Howell and Sawyer (2006); Mountier (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWright and Cameron (1985); New Zealand National Herbarium Network (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora of New Zealand (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum hyemale (Horsetail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentNativeNZPCN (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentNativeNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentNativeNational Museum of Natural History (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNZPCN (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadInvasiveFarrell (1978); Considine (1985); Yamoah et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveD'Archino et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedInvasiveAdams (1991); Nelson (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia subtilissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRandall (2012); CSIRO (2000); Hanelt et al. (2001); ILDIS (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012); ILDIS (2007); PIER (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena novae-zelandiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcetosa sagittata (Rambling Dock)PresentKnight et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); Bourdot et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of New Zealand (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentNativeVictorian Resources Online (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Edgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMinistry for Primary Industries (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeOyen (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentAtlas of Living Australia (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGBIF (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAston (1973); Bassett et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHowell and Sawyer (2006); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); James et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedWebb (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadTaylor (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Dastgheib (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGardner et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentRichardson (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Randall (2002); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013); Bentley et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes inexspectataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyosPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHeenan et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000); eMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000); PIER (2007); USDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus aethiopicusPresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRoy et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHealy and Edgar (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia cylindrica (cane cactus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedNZPCN (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedNZPCN (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHafliger and Scholz (1981); Bourdôt and Saville (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentEdgar (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedAtlas of Living Australia (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGrey-Wilson (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachyglottis monroiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQi XiaoXiao et al. (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedCooper and Moerkerk (2000); Guy (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedForde and Edgar (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedForde and Edgar (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTalbot (1982); Forde and Edgar (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedForde and Edgar (1995); Owen (1996); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWilliams (1979); Smale (1990); Knight et al. (2002); Bellingham et al. (2005); Tallent-Halsell (2008); GBIF (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentKnight et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedRowarth et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Tyson (2001); Lebas et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedAustralian Tropical Rainforest Plants (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex buchananiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNZPCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassinia leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedBulloch (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedBulloch (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus macrourusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedHealey (1944)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadChapman et al. (1974); Wells and Clayton (1993); Winton et al. (2009); Hyldgaard et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012); ISSG (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentIntroducedParsons and Cuthbertson (1992); Mallinson (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Jessep (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Kelly and Popay (1985); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAtkinson (1984); Timmins (1984); West (1991); Ogle et al. (2000); Hill et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedKuhn (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveThompson (1922); Webb et al. (1988); PIER (2015); Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Knight et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMichael (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, LocalizedSimpson (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGosling et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCostall et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentEPPO (2022); New Zealand Plant Conservation Network (NZPCN) (2005); OEPP/EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Weeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)Present, LocalizedIntroducedChampion and Hofstra (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Fowler and Syrett (2000); Thompson et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentIntroducedEdgar et al. (1991); Edgar and Connor (2000); NZPCN (New Zealand Plant Conservation Network) (2015); Roskov et al. (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentParham and Healy (1985); Vereijssen et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedNZ Naturewatch (2015); Tang et al. (2009); Trivedi et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus glochidiatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Owen (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedWardle et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHowell and Sawyer (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Rahman and James (1992); James et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedBreitwieser et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2000); Blood (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedChampion and Clayton (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGopal (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedClawson et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleutheranthera ruderalisPresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedChapman (1970); Forsyth and Howard-Williams (1983); Coffey and Clayton (1987); Bowmer et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Panetta and Mitchell (1991); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedCameron (2005); James et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedNZPCN (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentNativeWilken and Hannah (1998); Nijveldt and Beuk (2000); Atlas of Living Australia (2016); Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Cameron (2000); James et al. (2011); Pruski (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2013); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentWebb et al. (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Mitchell and Abernethy (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBailey (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGibson and Newman (2001); eMonocot (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWeeds of Australia (2017); Minafra et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Esler (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWilcox (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlossostigma cleistanthum (mudmat)PresentLange et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAllan (1940)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera manicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams et al. (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea gibbosa (rock hakea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWilliams et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); PIER (2000); ISSG (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium quadridentatum (longdisk sneezeweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCockayne (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHolzapfel (1994); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentTang et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveDevine (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDyer and Bradshaw (2002); Garry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team (2003); Bentley et al. (2006); Guy (2006); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedCook and Luond (1982); Winton and Clayton (1996); Hofstra et al. (1999); Hofstra and Clayton (2001); PIER (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentEPPO (2022); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)PresentIntroducedHeenan et al. (2004); NZVH (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifoliaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Edgar (1964); Esler and Astridge (1987); Kirschner (2002); Heiss-Dunlop and Fillery (2006); Howell (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHealy and Edgar (1980); ISSG (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedAllan Herbarium (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKunzea ericoides (kanuka)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveAllan (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); James et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Waipara et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAllan Herbarium (2000); Howell and Sawyer (2006); Wilton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentEdwards (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontodon taraxacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, Few occurrencesHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedUzzell (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcGregor (2000); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveeMonocot (2013); Guy (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Thomas (1979); Latch et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentIntroducedNZPCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)Present, WidespreadIntroducedILDIS (2015); Harvey et al. (1996); Hejda (2013); PIER (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedMal et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHinsley (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)Present, WidespreadNativeEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGBIF (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, PlantedIntroducedOwen (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedAmaglo et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedJames et al. (2012); James et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1981); Sykes (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2013); Tang et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella tenuissima (Mexican feather grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHealy (1945); Campbell (1982); Kriticos et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentCorona et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentRahman (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNZPCN (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenanthe pimpinelloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlearia avicenniifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlearia macrodontaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrbea variegata (carrion-flower)PresentIntroducedAtlas of Living Australia (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis exilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentMcKenzie and Latch (1984); Esler (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); GBIF (2012); NZPCN (2018);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Howell and Sawyer (2006); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHeenan and Sykes (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHeenan and Sykes (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedNZPCN (New Zealand Plant Conservation Network) (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Little (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012); Edgar and Connor (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)Absent, EradicatedGalloway and Lepper (2010); USDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Knight et al. (2002); Weed Science Society of America (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)Absent, Formerly presentNew Zealand Biosecurity Institute (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentParham and Healy (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2010); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMoore and Edgar (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Mound et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentJames et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012); Ward et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedLouppe et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLedgard (2001); Brockerhoff and Kay (1998); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKnowles and Miller (1989); Richardson et al. (1994); Cronk and Fuller (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBurdon and Miller (1992); Weber (2003); Reay et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Absent, EradicatedMack and Lonsdale (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedHaysom and Murphy (2003); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Ferguson and Fraser (1993); Suckling et al. (1998); Knight et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Popay et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedNew Zealand Plants (2015); Edgar (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger and Wolf (1988); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedHaysom and Murphy (2003); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedGunawardana et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP (2016); Webb et al. (1988); Beckmann et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); GISD (2011); NZ-DOC (2014); NZPCN (2014); NRC (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedVanhellemont (2009); Herbarium (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveDevine (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentThannheiser and Holland (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentEPPO (2022); EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLandcare (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedFrancis (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePennycook (1998); Roy et al. (1998); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMoore (1954); Webb et al. (1988); NZPCN (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria platyphyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); Roy et al. (2005); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); Gunawardana et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGunawardana et al. (2014); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix humboldtiana (pencil willow)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2020); Gunawardana et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedWilliams (1983); Williams and Karl (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedNZPCN (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio glastifolius (holly-leaved senecio)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeautrais (2013); Webb et al. (1988); Timmins and Braithwaite (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAllan (1940)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedWebb (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Edgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedGarnock-Jones (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentEPPO (2022); Upritchard (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentGolas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcGregor (1999); Withers et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentRoy et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHowell and Sawyer (2006); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedNZPCN (2014); Marshall et al. (2001); Liefting et al. (2009); Fletcher (2012); Puketapu et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedInvasiveHarrington (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); GISD (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRahman and James (1993); ISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBascand (1968); Bascand (1970); Shaw and Gosling (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHubbard and Partridge (1981); Partridge and Wilson (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHonore (1970); PIER (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012); Govaerts (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAskarian et al. (1993); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentILDIS (2013); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, WidespreadNativeAllan (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedWilliams and Randall (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); PIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNZPCN (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWellington NL (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTimmins and MacKenzie (1995); Roy et al. (1998); Tang et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentTang et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentTang et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentCorona et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa gesnerianaPresentVeerakone et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedGlobal Invasive Species Database (2006); Champion et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSykes (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveEsler (1988); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu and Cheek (2011); FBIS (2005); Biosecurity New Zealand (2008); Wells and Champion (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria nanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWinton et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); ISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Virtual Herbarium (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Mahon (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentWebb (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedSykes and West (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeStreimann (2002); Vitt (1974); Vitt (1979)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, WidespreadHansen et al. (2003)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaPresentOIE (2019); Dinamani et al. (1987); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBeadell et al. (2006); Tompkins and Gleeson (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentWesterskov (1953); Quinn (1971); Austin et al. (1973)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Johnstone et al. (1990); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCocksfoot mottle virus (Cocksfoot mottle virus)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveMohamed (1980); Brunt et al. (1996); Campbell and Guy (2001)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentVeerakone et al. (2020)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Ward et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPassion fruit woodiness virus (passionfruit woodiness disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Sokhandan et al. (1997)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentEPPO (2021); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentIntroducedVeerakone and Tang (2015)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Formerly presentBiosecurity New Zealand (2019); Elliott et al. (2001); Verhoeven et al. (2004); Lebas et al. (2005); Ward et al. (2010); Marn and Pleško (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); Mackie et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentRännäli et al. (2009); Perez-Egusquiza et al. (2009)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLebas et al. (2009);
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Actinobacillus suis infectionsPresentFairley (1997)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
astrovirus infectionsPresentRice et al. (1993); Thompson (1999)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentManktelow (1984)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadGreen et al. (1976); Bains and Watson (1977); Saifuddin and Wilks (1992)
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); Lohr (1976); Lohr et al. (1991); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian nephritisPresentJones (1992)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentWesterskov (1953); Quinn (1971); Austin et al. (1973)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bibersteinia trehalosi infectionsPresentBlack (1997)
blacklegPresentBruere (1982); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)PresentOIE (2019); Dinamani et al. (1987); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionAbsent, Intercepted onlyEdwards and Hine (1974)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentThompson (1977); Horner et al. (1980)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentHorner (1977)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentHorner (1991)
bovine papillomatosisPresentJohnstone et al. (1994)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentJolly and Daniel (1976)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadMotha et al. (1997); Motha and Hansen (1998)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2019); West and Bruce (1991); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chicken anaemiaPresentStanislawek (1992); Stanislawek and Howell (1994)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentCHILDS et al. (1980); Johnston and Philips (2004)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisPresentBell et al. (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentBlack (1997)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentLearmonth et al. (2002); Grinberg et al. (2003); Learmonth et al. (2003); Learmonth et al. (2004)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentLiardet et al. (1989)
Digenean infections of fishPresentMcArthur (1978)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
encephalomyocarditisPresentSutherland et al. (1977)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentAustin et al. (1973); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentSutherland and Clarkson (1984); Hunt et al. (2000)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentFairley (1996)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadGarkavenko et al. (2004)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
inclusion body rhinitisPresentHartley and Done (1963)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentOIE (2019); Hine and Diggles (2002); OIE (2019)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentTisdall and Phipps (1987); Reno (1999)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentBrett et al. (1998); OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentHarris et al. (1978); Beatson (1985); Tham (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentAlley (2002)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentMotha et al. (2003)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentMeglitsch (1960)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
neosporosisPresent, WidespreadSchares et al. (1999); Reichel (2000)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentHa et al. (2016)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); Davidson (1970); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBeadell et al. (2006); Tompkins and Gleeson (2006); CABI (Undated)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresentHorner (1991)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine intestinal spirochaetosisPresentFairley (1997)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentFairley (1997)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresentHemsley (1996)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedFu and Hampson (1987); Fu et al. (1989); Jones et al. (1989)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadPankey and Pankey (1994); Black (1997); Carman and Gardner (1997); Salmon et al. (1998)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentHolland and Hodges (1981)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)PresentRobertson (1986); Robertson and Blackmore (1989)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentBlack (1997)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadGardner (1990)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentJames et al. (1984)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
torovirus infectionsPresentHorner (1994); Smith et al. (1997)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentThornton and Wake (1997)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); Zhang (2000); Goodwin et al. (2005); Stevenson et al. (2005); Biosecurity New Zealand (2006); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
whirling diseasePresentIntroducedHewitt and Little (1972)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
wobbly possum diseasePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yersiniosisPresentMcSporran et al. (1984); Orr et al. (1987); Gill (1996)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested9,7608,594 Im8,61510,129 Im9,999 Im
Production quantity553,606 Im480,000 F470,000 F550,000 F540,000 F
Yield567,219 Fc558,529 Fc545,560 Fc542,995 Fc540,054 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested385389 Im445419 Im438 Im
Production quantity2,812 Im2,863 Im3,295 Im3,125 Im3,276 Im
Yield73,039 Fc73,599 Fc74,045 Fc74,582 Fc74,795 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested611563 Im744621 Im630 Im
Production quantity2,047 Im1,878 Im2,469 Im2,050 Im2,087 Im
Yield33,502 Fc33,357 Fc33,185 Fc33,011 Fc33,127 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested4,5204,575 Im3,9794,937 Im3,934 Im
Production quantity34,368 Im32,477 Im27,000 F35,000 F29,000 F
Yield76,035 Fc70,988 Fc67,856 Fc70,893 Fc73,716 Fc
BarleyArea harvested55,45756,27141,96751,89264,164
Production quantity383,651379,704297,599364,186437,144
Yield69,180 Fc67,478 Fc70,913 Fc70,182 Fc68,129 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested648778 Im630851 Im871 Im
Production quantity6,060 Im7,070 F7,220 F7,970 F8,150 F
Yield93,519 Fc90,874 Fc114,603 Fc93,655 Fc93,571 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested248 Im248 Im247 Im247 Im196 Im
Production quantity2,929 Im2,925 Im2,922 Im2,930 Im2,319 Im
Yield118,105 Fc117,944 Fc118,300 Fc118,623 Fc118,316 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested755684 Im624634 Im615 Im
Production quantity3,606 Im3,269 Im2,987 Im3,056 Im3,013 Im
Yield47,762 Fc47,792 Fc47,869 Fc48,202 Fc48,992 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested1,066873 Im804802 Im779 Im
Production quantity72,691 Im58,811 Im53,497 Im52,711 Im51,769 Im
Yield681,904 Fc673,666 Fc665,386 Fc657,244 Fc664,557 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,727 Im1,763 Im1,8511,743 Im1,708 Im
Production quantity75,791 Im77,146 Im80,743 Im75,799 Im74,536 Im
Yield438,859 Fc437,584 Fc436,213 Fc434,877 Fc436,393 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested3,3133,076 Im2,8282,934 Im2,899 Im
Production quantity46,856 Im44,239 Im41,359 Im43,607 Im43,576 Im
Yield141,431 Fc143,820 Fc146,248 Fc148,626 Fc150,314 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested2,263 Im1,8884,1272,5291,435
Production quantity13,345 Im10,77023,64415,9858,544
Yield58,970 Fc57,044 Fc57,291 Fc63,207 Fc59,540 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested124,292 A121,249 A110,698 A130,787 A138,865 A
Production quantity1,017,867 A977,780 A936,994 A1,096,490 A1,114,618 A
Yield81,893 Fc80,642 Fc84,644 Fc83,838 Fc80,266 Fc
CherriesArea harvested907777 Im726693 Im692 Im
Production quantity3,397 Im2,861 Im2,624 Im2,459 Im2,351 Im
Yield37,453 Fc36,821 Fc36,143 Fc35,483 Fc33,974 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested74 Im65 Im61127 Im161 Im
Production quantity3,753 Im4,140 F5,080 F6,850 F7,830 F
Yield507,162 Fc636,923 Fc832,787 Fc539,370 Fc486,335 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested2,789 A3,124 A2,650 A3,104 A3,027 A
Production quantity24,800 A25,095 A24,464 A27,202 A29,145 A
Yield88,921 Fc80,330 Fc92,317 Fc87,635 Fc96,283 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested17 Im18 Im2121 Im21 Im
Production quantity426 Im434 Im511 Im503 Im534 Im
Yield250,588 Fc241,111 Fc243,333 Fc239,524 Fc254,286 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested1,249 Im1,166 Im1,1581,217 Im1,243 Im
Production quantity9,206 Im8,494 Im8,339 Im8,662 Im8,829 Im
Yield73,707 Fc72,847 Fc72,012 Fc71,175 Fc71,030 Fc
Fibre crops nesArea harvested7,910 Im7,787 Im7,664 Im7,540 Im7,359 Im
Production quantity4,245 Im4,165 Im4,085 Im4,005 Im3,932 Im
Yield5,367 Fc5,349 Fc5,330 Fc5,312 Fc5,343 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested7,910 A7,787 A7,664 A7,540 A7,359 A
Production quantity4,245 A4,165 A4,085 A4,005 A3,932 A
Yield5,367 Fc5,349 Fc5,330 Fc5,312 Fc5,343 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested76,048 A75,005 A68,233 A80,806 A68,528 A
Production quantity1,670,932 A1,514,119 A1,417,411 A1,578,272 A1,452,052 A
Yield219,721 Fc201,869 Fc207,731 Fc195,316 Fc211,892 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested1,027 Im1,009 Im988 Im967 Im951 Im
Production quantity8,583 Im8,573 Im8,562 Im8,552 Im8,576 Im
Yield83,574 Fc84,965 Fc86,660 Fc88,438 Fc90,179 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested1,612 Im1,556 Im1,504 Im1,454 Im1,407 Im
Production quantity21,740 Im21,562 Im21,393 Im21,219 Im21,092 Im
Yield134,864 Fc138,573 Fc142,241 Fc145,935 Fc149,908 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested147 Im143 Im139 Im135 Im133 Im
Production quantity2,516 Im2,495 Im2,473 Im2,452 Im2,469 Im
Yield171,156 Fc174,476 Fc177,914 Fc181,630 Fc185,639 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested418 Im424 Im431 Im436 Im492 Im
Production quantity2,313 Im2,338 Im2,366 Im2,382 Im2,670 Im
Yield55,335 Fc55,142 Fc54,896 Fc54,633 Fc54,268 Fc
GarlicArea harvested334 Im329 Im324 Im319 Im317 Im
Production quantity2,016 Im1,986 Im1,956 Im1,926 Im1,932 Im
Yield60,359 Fc60,365 Fc60,370 Fc60,376 Fc60,946 Fc
GooseberriesArea harvestedImImIm1 Im1 Im
Production quantity3 Im3 Im3 Im3 Im3 Im
Yield30,000 Fc30,000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested3027 Im3030 Im32 Im
Production quantity753 Im686 Im755 Im748 Im794 Im
Yield251,000 Fc254,074 Fc251,667 Fc249,333 Fc248,125 Fc
GrapesArea harvested35,97038,050 Im33,98140,757 Im30,750 Im
Production quantity417,900420,610 Im396,000436,000326,000
Yield116,180 Fc110,541 Fc116,536 Fc106,975 Fc106,016 Fc
HopsArea harvested343 Im342 Im341 Im340 Im348 Im
Production quantity882 Im876 Im871 Im865 Im873 Im
Yield25,714 Fc25,614 Fc25,543 Fc25,441 Fc25,086 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested14,92212,871 Im11,70512,422 Im12,254 Im
Production quantity558,191 Im473,607 Im419,813 Im443,423 Im437,819 Im
Yield374,073 Fc367,964 Fc358,661 Fc356,966 Fc357,287 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested63 Im64 Im65 Im66 Im66 Im
Production quantity2,647 Im2,619 Im2,616 Im2,580 Im2,581 Im
Yield420,159 Fc409,219 Fc402,462 Fc390,909 Fc391,061 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested345354 Im340365 Im363 Im
Production quantity6,033 Im6,104 Im5,788 Im6,130 Im6,223 Im
Yield174,870 Fc172,429 Fc170,235 Fc167,945 Fc171,433 Fc
LentilsArea harvested770 Im766 Im761 Im757 Im772 Im
Production quantity2,087 Im2,044 Im2,000 Im1,956 Im1,947 Im
Yield27,104 Fc26,684 Fc26,281 Fc25,839 Fc25,220 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested1,5051,487 Im1,5321,507 Im1,514 Im
Production quantity40,098 Im39,587 Im40,742 Im40,041 Im40,220 Im
Yield266,432 Fc266,221 Fc265,940 Fc265,700 Fc265,654 Fc
LinseedArea harvested1,910 Im1,855 Im1,802 Im1,749 Im1,733 Im
Production quantity2,519 Im2,470 Im2,421 Im2,372 Im2,355 Im
Yield13,188 Fc13,315 Fc13,435 Fc13,562 Fc13,589 Fc
MaizeArea harvested16,70017,34717,45917,99319,778
Production quantity195,955191,993175,586210,325226,278
Yield117,338 Fc110,678 Fc100,570 Fc116,893 Fc114,409 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested3,7605,194 Im3,8717,153 Im9,070 Im
Production quantity22,866 Im33,829 Im26,879 Im52,752 Im71,776 Im
Yield60,814 Fc65,131 Fc69,437 Fc73,748 Fc79,136 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested261 Im244 Im211256 Im261 Im
Production quantity3,758 Im3,490 Im3,000 Im3,617 Im3,771 Im
Yield143,985 Fc143,033 Fc142,180 Fc141,289 Fc144,483 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested9 Im10 Im86 Im5 Im
Production quantity1,540 Im1,924 Im1,614 Im1,280 Im1,071 Im
Yield1,711,111 Fc1,924,000 Fc2,017,500 Fc2,133,333 Fc2,142,000 Fc
OatsArea harvested4,872 Im4,3326,0708,4285,803
Production quantity26,82424,28634,98346,64529,119
Yield55,057 Fc56,062 Fc57,633 Fc55,345 Fc50,179 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested2,348 A2,303 A2,260 A2,322 A2,572 A
Production quantity3,407 A3,376 A3,345 A3,528 A4,047 A
Yield14,510 Fc14,659 Fc14,801 Fc15,194 Fc15,735 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested2,348 A2,303 A2,260 A2,322 A2,572 A
Production quantity2,120 A2,100 A2,080 A2,188 A2,499 A
Yield9,028 Fc9,117 Fc9,202 Fc9,423 Fc9,716 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested2,348 A2,303 A2,260 A2,322 A2,572 A
Production quantity1,219 A1,209 A1,198 A1,269 A1,467 A
Yield5,192 Fc5,249 Fc5,303 Fc5,467 Fc5,705 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested5,9205,817 Im6,0096,133 Im5,258 Im
Production quantity264,864 Im259,247 Im266,735 Im271,000 F253,000 F
Yield447,405 Fc445,671 Fc443,892 Fc441,872 Fc481,172 Fc
OrangesArea harvested637587 Im584605 Im636 Im
Production quantity8,394 Im7,734 Im7,701 Im7,976 Im8,284 Im
Yield131,774 Fc131,755 Fc131,866 Fc131,835 Fc130,252 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested660664 Im3742,348 Im1,391 Im
Production quantity362 Im383 Im227 Im1,489 Im2,549 Im
Yield5,485 Fc5,768 Fc6,070 Fc6,342 Fc18,325 Fc
PearsArea harvested340385 Im372445 Im474 Im
Production quantity17,563 Im19,693 Im18,882 Im22,407 Im24,095 Im
Yield516,559 Fc511,506 Fc507,581 Fc503,528 Fc508,333 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested5,180 Im5,477 Im5,777 Im5,999 Im6,572 Im
Production quantity17,266 Im18,185 Im19,105 Im19,636 Im22,109 Im
Yield33,332 Fc33,202 Fc33,071 Fc32,732 Fc33,641 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested4,2004,478 Im4,0754,878 Im5,188 Im
Production quantity27,728 Im29,538 Im26,860 Im32,130 Im34,282 Im
Yield66,019 Fc65,962 Fc65,914 Fc65,867 Fc66,079 Fc
PersimmonsArea harvested134138 Im138148 Im157 Im
Production quantity2,164 Im2,219 Im2,204 Im2,368 Im2,474 Im
Yield161,493 Fc160,797 Fc159,710 Fc160,000 Fc157,580 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested331323 Im290337 Im355 Im
Production quantity1,692 Im1,666 Im1,507 Im1,764 Im1,828 Im
Yield51,118 Fc51,579 Fc51,966 Fc52,344 Fc51,493 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested10,3179,940 Im9,4509,395 Im9,266 Im
Production quantity513,532 Im492,392 Im465,855 Im460,883 Im456,405 Im
Yield497,753 Fc495,364 Fc492,968 Fc490,562 Fc492,559 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Pulses, TotalArea harvested5,950 A6,243 A6,538 A6,756 A7,344 A
Production quantity19,353 A20,229 A21,105 A21,592 A24,056 A
Yield32,526 Fc32,403 Fc32,281 Fc31,960 Fc32,756 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested6,7837,118 Im6,9538,103 Im8,023 Im
Production quantity129,318 Im137,000 F141,000 F160,000 F159,000 F
Yield190,650 Fc192,470 Fc202,790 Fc197,458 Fc198,180 Fc
QuincesArea harvested117 Im114 Im112 Im109 Im107 Im
Production quantity1,383 Im1,359 Im1,334 Im1,310 Im1,288 Im
Yield118,205 Fc119,211 Fc119,107 Fc120,183 Fc120,374 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested438 Im448 Im458 Im573 Im839 Im
Production quantity888 Im906 Im924 Im1,156 Im1,692 Im
Yield20,274 Fc20,223 Fc20,175 Fc20,175 Fc20,167 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested7786 Im92103 Im113 Im
Production quantity42 Im51 Im58 Im73 Im90 Im
Yield5,455 Fc5,930 Fc6,304 Fc7,087 Fc7,965 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFcFcFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested11,519 A11,055 A10,591 A10,588 A10,516 A
Production quantity525,582 A503,769 A477,696 A473,474 A469,595 A
Yield456,274 Fc455,693 Fc451,040 Fc447,180 Fc446,553 Fc
SoybeansArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
SpinachArea harvested491 Im488 Im486 Im483 Im487 Im
Production quantity2,004 Im2,011 Im2,019 Im2,027 Im2,001 Im
Yield40,815 Fc41,209 Fc41,543 Fc41,967 Fc41,088 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested212215 Im205240 Im253 Im
Production quantity4,072 Im4,144 Im3,999 Im4,804 Im5,466 Im
Yield192,075 Fc192,744 Fc195,073 Fc200,167 Fc216,047 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested1,202 Im1,115 Im1,1411,193 Im1,250 Im
Production quantity12,050 Im11,377 Im11,841 Im12,591 Im13,190 Im
Yield100,250 Fc102,036 Fc103,777 Fc105,541 Fc105,520 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested7501,147 Im7081,137 Im1,045 Im
Production quantity1,037 Im1,998 Im1,658 Im3,796 Im5,268 Im
Yield13,827 Fc17,419 Fc23,418 Fc33,386 Fc50,411 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
TomatoesArea harvested691 Im507 Im408608 Im653 Im
Production quantity74,008 Im54,837 Im44,525 Im66,910 Im74,088 Im
Yield1,071,027 Fc1,081,598 Fc1,091,299 Fc1,100,493 Fc1,134,579 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested368 A450 A455 A500 A500 A
Production quantityAAAAA
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested36,372 A37,781 A35,816 A41,494 A42,913 A
Production quantity937,874 A917,746 A905,564 A978,166 A988,033 A
Yield257,856 Fc242,912 Fc252,838 Fc235,737 Fc230,241 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested5,102 Im5,094 Im5,085 Im5,077 Im5,200 Im
Production quantity162,627 Im160,908 Im159,188 Im157,469 Im159,031 Im
Yield318,751 Fc315,878 Fc313,054 Fc310,162 Fc305,829 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested58 Im59 Im61 Im62 Im63 Im
Production quantity534 Im542 Im551 Im561 Im569 Im
Yield92,069 Fc91,864 Fc90,328 Fc90,484 Fc90,317 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested368450 F455500 F500 F
Production quantityMMMMM
WatermelonsArea harvested234 Im235 Im235 Im235 Im236 Im
Production quantity2,509 Im2,515 Im2,521 Im2,527 Im2,505 Im
Yield107,222 Fc107,021 Fc107,277 Fc107,532 Fc106,144 Fc
WheatArea harvested45,00041,41141,07549,94547,685
Production quantity398,092371,027405,182459,349413,533
Yield88,465 Fc89,596 Fc98,644 Fc91,971 Fc86,722 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea10,467 Fm10,644 Q10,614 Fm10,712 Fm11,116 Q
AgricultureArea10,467 Fc10,644 Fc10,614 Fc10,712 Fc11,116 Fc
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area89 I89 I74 I74 I107 I
Arable landArea491 Fm491 Q541 Q478 Q590 Q
Country areaArea26,771 Q26,771 Q26,771 Q26,771 Q26,771 Q
CroplandArea558 Fm558 Fc608 Fm545 Fm657 Q
Forest landArea9,855 Q9,851 Q9,847 Q9,847 Q9,847 Fm
Inland watersArea440 Fm440 Fm440 Fm440 Fm440 Fm
Land areaArea26,331 Q26,331 Q26,331 Q26,331 Q26,331 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea747 Fm747 W742 Fm737 Fm732 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea9,909 Q10,086 Q10,006 Q10,167 Q10,459 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea67 Fm67 Q67 Fm67 Fm67 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea7,803 Q7,803 Q7,821 Q7,822 Q7,822 Fm
Other landArea6,009 Fc5,836 Fc5,870 Fc5,772 Fc5,368 Fc
Planted ForestArea2,053 Q2,048 Q2,026 Q2,025 Q2,025 Fm
Primary ForestArea2,160 Fm2,160 Fm2,160 Q2,157 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea700 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.