Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

New Zealand

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Datasheet

New Zealand

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma australiensePresentBoyce and Newhook (1953); Liefting et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLiefting et al. (2008); Liefting et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2011); Vereijssen et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentAlley (2002)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadInvasivePitman et al. (2008)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, WidespreadWilkie and Dye (1974); Bradbury (1986); Young et al. (1987); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); New Zealand MAF Biosecurity (2010); Everett et al. (2011); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesWATSON (1970); Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, EradicatedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, EradicatedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKilroy (2004); Biggs et al. (2005); Kilroy (2005); Jellyman et al. (2006); Kilroy et al. (2006); Larned et al. (2006); Cary et al. (2007); Kilroy et al. (2007); Sutherland et al. (2007); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaePresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Hall (1989); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDingley (1969); Pennycook (1989); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentSutton (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCromey and Hanson (1992); CABI and EPPO (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentCrowe et al. (1995); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCrous et al. (2002); Henricot and Culham (2002); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedSLADE (1960); Baker et al. (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGilmour (1959); Bulman (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGaunt and Liew (1981); Punithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusicladium effusum (pecan scab)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI (Undated); Pennycook (1989); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDingley (1973); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWingfield and Marasas (1983); MacKenzie and Dick (1984); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGadgil et al. (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBoesewinkel (1979)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBirch (1933); Cunningham (1950); Beresford and Mulholland (1982); Chou (1989); Chou (1990); Self and Chou (1994); Hood et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentInvasiveCurtis (1930); Birch (1936); UK, CAB International (1969); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)Absent, Intercepted onlyLau and Sheridan (1975); UK, CAB International (1984);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGaut (1969); Gadgil (2005); Ireland et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria limoneaPresent, WidespreadNativeStevenson (1964)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria novae-zelandiaePresent, WidespreadNativeInvasiveStevenson (1964)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDingley (1969); CABI/EPPO (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion araucariaePresent, WidespreadBuchanan (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadLuig (1985); CLOSE (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromycladium spp. that cause gall rusts (Acacia gall rusts)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGadgil (2005); Cunningham (1931); Dick (1985); McKenzie (1998)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentBell et al. (2004)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRead and Gordon (1991); Probert (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedInvasiveLee (1959)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSabella spallanzaniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentCOTTIER and TAYLOR (1937); Massee (1937); Manson (1984); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)Absent, Intercepted onlyHolder et al. (2010); Laird et al. (1994); Derraik (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentAllan (1975); Allan (1987); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFoster and Willan (1979); Cranfield et al. (1998); Ahyong and Wilkens (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha fraterculus (South American fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha ludens (Mexican fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)Absent, Intercepted onlyInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentEbeling (1959); APPPC (1987); Rose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMcMillan (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentIntroducedVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)Absent, Intercepted onlyInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresentNativeDarwin (1854); Hutton (1879); Gruvel (1905); Jennings (1918); Oliver (1923); Young (1929); Kolosváry (1942); Moore (1944); Cassie (1959); Cassie (1959); Cassie (1960); Cassie (1962); Leslie (1968); Foster (1982)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGill (2006); Teulon et al. (2009); Thomas et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); Baker and Cowley (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2020); IPPC (2014); IPPC (2015); IPPC (2017); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBarro et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedLandcare Research (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus hortorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHopkins (1914); Gurr (1957); Mac Farlane and Gurr (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant)PresentIntroducedBrown (1958)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Manson (1959)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaliothrips fasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyMaier and Lemmon (2000); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedAshton et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedHolder et al. (1997); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Absent, Never occurredCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWebber (2001); Gust and Inglis (2006); Willis and Morrisey (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedLawrence and Jones (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Absent, EradicatedGill (2005); Biosecurity New Zealand (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveChynoweth et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBennett (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroggatt (1903); Tuthill (1952); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina spatulataPresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWeinstein et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadBorchsenius (1966); New Zealand MAF Biosecurity (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDUMBLETON (1932); Cottier (1953); Zondag (1983); Nicol et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNHM (1950); Carter (1984); Armstrong and Suckling (1990); Suckling et al. (1990); UK, CAB International (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentRedlich et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus brevipilosusPresentRedlich et al. (2019); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupteryx melissaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTillyard (1925); Tillyard (1926); Hincks (1949)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMound and Walker (1982); Martin and Workman (1994); Nakahara (1997); Rugman-Jones et al. (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, WidespreadMiller (1927); Clark (1938); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); APPPC (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentHill et al. (1993); Charles et al. (1995); New Zealand MAF Biosecurity (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentTomkins et al. (1992); Blank et al. (1993); Hill et al. (1993); Charles et al. (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedCLARK (1932)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHosking (1979); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentEl-Sayed et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Bain (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentIntroducedMcQuire (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Harris (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMUGGERIDGE (1933); Morrone (1993); Zimmerman and May (1994); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Absent, EradicatedKean et al. (2015); Ross (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedPeacock (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentCottier (1953); Blackman and Eastop (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesothrips propinquusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOemona hirta (lemon tree borer)PresentAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus eucalyptiPresentCABI/EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadBarratt et al. (1989); Garnham and McNab (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Peacock (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParopsis charybdis (eucalyptus tortoise beetle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentKirkaldy (1902); GREEN (1929); UK, CAB International (1979); Hodgson and Henderson (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleaePresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBerry et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra)PresentIntroducedBroun (1893); Kuschel (1972); Spiller and Wise (1982); Butcher (1984); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWang Qiao (1995); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadAPPPC (1987); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhylacteophaga froggatti (leafblister sawfly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter messaniellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveZondag (1977); McClure (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentNHM (1979); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)Present, WidespreadBeck and Cameron (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPorotermes adamsoni (damp wood termite)PresentIntroducedInvasivePhilip et al. (2008); Ross (1999);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWard (1966); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)AbsentFarm Forestry New Zealand (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRadumeris tasmaniensis (yellow flower wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadIntroducedJessep (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Henderson et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)PresentIntroducedHutton (1901); Miller (1921); Thompson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Charles and Froud (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRawlings and Wilson (1949); Smith (1978); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNHM (1959); LOWE (1969); Close and Tomlinson (1975); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Absent, EradicatedDrees and Gold (2003); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Present, LocalizedInvasiveMalone and Wigley (1980); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentPeacock (2012); Harris et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTeia anartoides (painted apple moth)Absent, EradicatedHoare (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentSopow and George (2012); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips imaginis (plague thrips)PresentNHM (1979); Mound and Walker (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTineola bisselliella (webbing clothes moth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Present, LocalizedEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentBeck et al. (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUraba lugens (eucalypt leaf skeletonizer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCrabtree (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2009); Zhang (2000); Goodwin et al. (2005); Stevenson et al. (2005); Biosecurity New Zealand (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveClapperton et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)Absent, Intercepted onlyISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyBain (1974); Bain (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusAbsent, Intercepted onlyBrockerhoff et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Wood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (1997); Brockerhoff et al. (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); Brockerhoff et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumiiPresentIntroducedFrancis et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Absent, EradicatedLong (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiAbsent, Formerly presentLever (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMiers (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDonne (1924); Nugent and Fraser (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanwell (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt)PresentNativeBrewin (1946); Dupont et al. (2007); Monniot (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAllen (1956)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGill et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedMcDowall (1990); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFlux (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, LocalizedNativeFrancis (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer)Absent, Formerly presentWodzicki and Wright (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPagrus aurataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)Absent, Formerly presentMcDowall (1999); McDowall (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedLever (2005); Qu et al. (2009); Clements et al. (2014); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMcDowall (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMcDowall (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentRuscoe (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedMcDowall (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Greathead and Greathead (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTorr (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichosurus vulpecula (brushtail possum)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, Few occurrencesHyde et al. (2013); Hyde et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedMcDowall (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoch (1924); Cranfield et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentIntroducedHewitt and Little (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWillan (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBarker (1999); Mahlfeld (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTaylor (1914); Godan (1983); Bleakney et al. (1989); Barker et al. (1991); Barker (1999); Brook (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDinamani (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveReise et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBarker (2004); White-McLean and Redford (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentBarker (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedQuick (1949); Barker (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDuggan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagatesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentMcDonald et al. (1991); Daguin and Borsa (2000); Gérard et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentIntroducedBarker (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadNativeWinterbourn (1969); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentThorne (1961); CABI and EPPO (2002); Riley and Barbetti (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, WidespreadSoteros (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentBoesewinkel (1980); Boesewinkel (1982); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedFoot and Wood (1982); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, WidespreadMarshall (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDale (1973); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)PresentNobbs et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); Rohan et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentDale (1973); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, LocalizedBrown (1983); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesArthurdendyus triangulatus (New Zealand flatworm)Present, WidespreadNativeDendy (1894); Johns et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiAbsent, Intercepted onlyEdwards and Hine (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedTrowbridge (1999); Begin and Scheibling (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresent, WidespreadNativeHeesch et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresentIntroducedBowers et al. (2006); Riisberg and Edvardsen (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedHay and Luckens (1987); Stapleton (1988); Hay (1990); Hay and Villouta (1993); Brown and Lamare (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWilson (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedBailey (1902); Large and Braggins (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBrownsey and Smith-Dodsworth (1989); Lange et al. (1999); GBIF (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyathea cooperi (australian tree fern)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedHeenan et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); To-anun et al. (2010); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedEsler (1988); Heiss-Dunlop and Fillery (2006); Howell and Sawyer (2006); Mountier (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWright and Cameron (1985); New Zealand National Herbarium Network (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentNativeNZPCN (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentNativeNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)PresentNativeWhistler (1988); Brownsey PJ (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadInvasiveFarrell (1978); Considine (1985); Yamoah et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveD'Archino et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresentIntroducedInvasiveAdams (1991); Nelson (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCSIRO (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHaysom and Murphy (2003); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena novae-zelandiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); Bourdot et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of New Zealand (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentNativeVictorian Resources Online (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Edgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMinistry for Primary Industries (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeOyen (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentAtlas of Living Australia (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGBIF (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAston (1973); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedWebb (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadTaylor (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Dastgheib (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGardner et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentRichardson (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Randall (2002); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAphanes inexspectataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyosPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHeenan et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000); eMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000); PIER (2007); USDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRoy et al. (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHealy and Edgar (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia cylindrica (cane cactus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedNZPCN (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedNZPCN (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHafliger and Scholz (1981); Bourdôt and Saville (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentEdgar (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedAtlas of Living Australia (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGrey-Wilson (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachyglottis monroiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQi XiaoXiao et al. (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedCooper and Moerkerk (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedForde and Edgar (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedForde and Edgar (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTalbot (1982); Forde and Edgar (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedForde and Edgar (1995); Owen (1996); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWilliams (1979); Smale (1990); Bellingham et al. (2005); Tallent-Halsell (2008); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedRowarth et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress)PresentIntroducedAustralian Tropical Rainforest Plants (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex buchananiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassinia leptophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedBulloch (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedBulloch (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus macrourusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedHealey (1944)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadChapman et al. (1974); Wells and Clayton (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012); ISSG (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentIntroducedParsons and Cuthbertson (1992); Mallinson (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Jessep (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium palustre (marsh thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Kelly and Popay (1985); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAtkinson (1984); Timmins (1984); West (1991); Ogle et al. (2000); Hill et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveThompson (1922); Webb et al. (1988); PIER (2015); Royal New Zealand Institute of Horticulture (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMichael (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, LocalizedSimpson (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGosling et al. (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorynocarpus laevigatus (karaka)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCostall et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentEPPO (2020); New Zealand Plant Conservation Network (NZPCN) (2005); OEPP/EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Weeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)Present, LocalizedIntroducedChampion and Hofstra (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Fowler and Syrett (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentIntroducedEdgar et al. (1991); Edgar and Connor (2000); NZPCN (New Zealand Plant Conservation Network) (2015); Roskov et al. (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentParham and Healy (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedNZ Naturewatch (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus glochidiatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Owen (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedWardle et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHowell and Sawyer (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Rahman and James (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2000); Blood (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedChampion and Clayton (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGopal (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedClawson et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedChapman (1970); Forsyth and Howard-Williams (1983); Coffey and Clayton (1987); Bowmer et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Panetta and Mitchell (1991); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedCameron (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedNZPCN (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites glomerata (fireweed)PresentNativeWilken and Hannah (1998); Nijveldt and Beuk (2000); Atlas of Living Australia (2016); Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Cameron (2000); Pruski (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2013); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentWebb et al. (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Mitchell and Abernethy (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBailey (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGibson and Newman (2001); eMonocot (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWeeds of Australia (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentWeber (2003); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Esler (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWilcox (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAllan (1940)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera manicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams et al. (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea gibbosa (rock hakea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWilliams et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCronk and Fuller (1995); PIER (2000); ISSG (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelenium quadridentatum (longdisk sneezeweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCockayne (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHolzapfel (1994); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveDevine (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGarry Oak Ecosystems Recovery Team (2003); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedCook and Luond (1982); Winton and Clayton (1996); Hofstra et al. (1999); Hofstra and Clayton (2001); PIER (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentEPPO (2020); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)PresentIntroducedHeenan et al. (2004); NZVH (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Edgar (1964); Esler and Astridge (1987); Kirschner (2002); Heiss-Dunlop and Fillery (2006); Howell (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHealy and Edgar (1980); ISSG (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedAllan Herbarium (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKunzea ericoides (kanuka)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveAllan (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Waipara et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAllan Herbarium (2000); Howell and Sawyer (2006); Wilton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentEdwards (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontodon taraxacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, Few occurrencesHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcGregor (2000); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Thomas (1979); Latch et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWilliams et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)Present, WidespreadIntroducedILDIS (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentIntroducedMal et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)Present, WidespreadNativeEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedLeavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGBIF (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)Present, PlantedIntroducedOwen (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedAmaglo et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedJames et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1981); Sykes (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella tenuissima (Mexican feather grass)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHealy (1945); Campbell (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentRahman (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNZPCN (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenanthe pimpinelloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlearia avicenniifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlearia macrodontaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis exilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); Howell and Sawyer (2006); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHeenan and Sykes (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHeenan and Sykes (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedNZPCN (New Zealand Plant Conservation Network) (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Little (1983); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012); Edgar and Connor (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)Absent, EradicatedGalloway and Lepper (2010); USDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)Absent, Formerly presentNew Zealand Biosecurity Institute (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentParham and Healy (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEdgar and Connor (2010); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedKew (2015); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMoore and Edgar (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedLouppe et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLedgard (2001); Brockerhoff and Kay (1998); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKnowles and Miller (1989); Richardson et al. (1994); Cronk and Fuller (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBurdon and Miller (1992); Weber (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Absent, EradicatedMack and Lonsdale (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedHaysom and Murphy (2003); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Ferguson and Fraser (1993); Suckling et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Popay et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedNew Zealand Plants (2015); Edgar (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger and Wolf (1988); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Weed Science Society of America (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedHaysom and Murphy (2003); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP (2016); Webb et al. (1988); Beckmann et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus campanulata (Taiwan cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); GISD (2011); NZ-DOC (2014); NZPCN (2014); NRC (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedVanhellemont (2009); Herbarium (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveDevine (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentEPPO (2020); EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLandcare (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus argutus (sawtooth blackberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); USDA-NRCS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedFrancis (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePennycook (1998); Roy et al. (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMoore (1954); Webb et al. (1988); NZPCN (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria platyphyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); Roy et al. (2005); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedWilliams (1983); Williams and Karl (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveOwen (1996); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio glastifolius (holly-leaved senecio)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeautrais (2013); Webb et al. (1988); Timmins and Braithwaite (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAllan (1940)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedWebb (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Edgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedGarnock-Jones (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)Absent, EradicatedUpritchard (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcGregor (1999); Withers et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentRoy et al. (1998); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedNZPCN (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedWeber (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedInvasiveHarrington (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); GISD (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRahman and James (1993); ISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBascand (1968); Bascand (1970); Shaw and Gosling (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHubbard and Partridge (1981); Partridge and Wilson (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHonore (1970); PIER (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012); Govaerts (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentIntroducedWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAskarian et al. (1993); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentILDIS (2013); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, WidespreadNativeAllan (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedWilliams and Randall (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988); PIER (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNZPCN (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWellington NL (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTimmins and MacKenzie (1995); Roy et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentIntroducedGlobal Invasive Species Database (2006); Champion et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSykes (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveEsler (1988); Webb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeZhenyu and Cheek (2011); FBIS (2005); Biosecurity New Zealand (2008); Wells and Champion (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria nanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWinton et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); ISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWebb et al. (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedNew Zealand Virtual Herbarium (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEdgar and Connor (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Mahon (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentWebb (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedSykes and West (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeStreimann (2002); Vitt (1974); Vitt (1979)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, WidespreadHansen et al. (2003)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaPresentDinamani et al. (1987)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBeadell et al. (2006); Tompkins and Gleeson (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentWesterskov (1953); Quinn (1971); Austin et al. (1973)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Johnstone et al. (1990); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCocksfoot mottle virus (Cocksfoot mottle virus)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveMohamed (1980); Brunt et al. (1996); Campbell and Guy (2001)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Ward et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentIntroducedVeerakone and Tang (2015)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Formerly presentBiosecurity New Zealand (2019); Ward et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentRännäli et al. (2009)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLebas et al. (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Actinobacillus suis infectionsPresentFairley (1997)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
astrovirus infectionsPresentRice et al. (1993); Thompson (1999)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentManktelow (1984)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadGreen et al. (1976); Bains and Watson (1977); Saifuddin and Wilks (1992)
avian chlamydiosisPresentOIE (2009)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2009); Lohr (1976); Lohr et al. (1991)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2009)
avian nephritisPresentJones (1992)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentWesterskov (1953); Quinn (1971); Austin et al. (1973)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Bibersteinia trehalosi infectionsPresentBlack (1997)
blacklegPresentBruere (1982); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)PresentDinamani et al. (1987)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionAbsent, Intercepted onlyEdwards and Hine (1974)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentThompson (1977); Horner et al. (1980)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentHorner (1977)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentHorner (1991)
bovine papillomatosisPresentJohnstone et al. (1994)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentJolly and Daniel (1976)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadMotha et al. (1997); Motha and Hansen (1998)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2009)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2009); West and Bruce (1991)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chicken anaemiaPresentStanislawek (1992); Stanislawek and Howell (1994)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentCHILDS et al. (1980); Johnston and Philips (2004)
ChytridiomycosisPresentBell et al. (2004)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Clostridium septicum bacteraemiaPresentBlack (1997)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentLearmonth et al. (2002); Grinberg et al. (2003); Learmonth et al. (2003); Learmonth et al. (2004)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentLiardet et al. (1989)
Digenean infections of fishPresentMcArthur (1978)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
encephalomyocarditisPresentSutherland et al. (1977)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (1999)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine coital exanthemaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisPresentOIE (2009)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentAustin et al. (1973); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentSutherland and Clarkson (1984); Hunt et al. (2000)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentFairley (1996)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadGarkavenko et al. (2004)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
inclusion body rhinitisPresentHartley and Done (1963)
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresentHine and Diggles (2002)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentTisdall and Phipps (1987); Reno (1999)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentBrett et al. (1998); OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentHarris et al. (1978); Beatson (1985); Tham (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentAlley (2002)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentMotha et al. (2003)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentMeglitsch (1960)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
neosporosisPresent, WidespreadSchares et al. (1999); Reichel (2000)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2009); Davidson (1970)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBeadell et al. (2006); Tompkins and Gleeson (2006); CABI (Undated)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresentHorner (1991)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine intestinal spirochaetosisPresentFairley (1997)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentFairley (1997)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2009)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresentHemsley (1996)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedFu and Hampson (1987); Fu et al. (1989); Jones et al. (1989)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadPankey and Pankey (1994); Black (1997); Carman and Gardner (1997); Salmon et al. (1998)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentHolland and Hodges (1981)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)PresentRobertson (1986); Robertson and Blackmore (1989)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentBlack (1997)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
swine dysenteryPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadGardner (1990)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentJames et al. (1984)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
torovirus infectionsPresentHorner (1994); Smith et al. (1997)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
TrichinellaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
trichomonosisPresentOIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentThornton and Wake (1997)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009); Zhang (2000); Goodwin et al. (2005); Stevenson et al. (2005); Biosecurity New Zealand (2006)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
whirling diseasePresentIntroducedHewitt and Little (1972)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
wobbly possum diseasePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
yersiniosisPresentMcSporran et al. (1984); Orr et al. (1987); Gill (1996)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 8995 8900 Im 9284 8832 8945
Apples Production Quantity 437782 Im 386119 Im 431000 446000 421000
Apples Yield 486695 Fc 433842 Fc 464240 Fc 504982 Fc 470654 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 423 410 Im 426 450 F 457
Apricots Production Quantity 2995 Im 3106 Im 3200 F 3400 F 3500 F
Apricots Yield 70803.8 Fc 75756.1 Fc 75117.4 Fc 75555.6 Fc 76586.4 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 596 680 Im 639 700 F 871
Asparagus Production Quantity 1936 Im 2221 Im 2200 F 2400 F 3200 F
Asparagus Yield 32483.2 Fc 32661.8 Fc 34428.8 Fc 34285.7 Fc 36739.4 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 3976 4000 Im 4117 4000 F 4004
Avocados Production Quantity 19184 Im 19896 Im 20500 F 17000 F 20000 F
Avocados Yield 48249.5 Fc 49740 Fc 49793.5 Fc 42500 Fc 49950.1 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 64900 52340 77669 67435 51481
Barley Production Quantity 368000 308298 435270 408730 355627
Barley Seed 6700 F 6700 F 6700 F 6600 F 6500 F
Barley Yield 56702.6 Fc 58902.9 Fc 56041.7 Fc 60611 Fc 69079.3 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 1060 780 Im 736 730 F 724
Beans, green Production Quantity 4310 Im 4946 Im 4900 F 4666 Im 5000 F
Beans, green Yield 40660.4 Fc 63410.3 Fc 66576.1 Fc 63917.8 Fc 69060.8 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 325 260 Im 268 280 F 383 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2948 Im 3057 Im 3150 F 3250 F 2451 Im
Berries Nes Yield 90707.7 Fc 117577 Fc 117537 Fc 116071 Fc 63994.8 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 549 520 Im 539 450 F 512 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 2526 Im 2620 Im 2700 F 2250 F 1400 Im
Blueberries Yield 46010.9 Fc 50384.6 Fc 50092.8 Fc 50000 Fc 27343.8 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 651 810 Im 765 718 Im 768
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 37048 Im 42512 Im 42118 Im 38593 Im 44000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 569094 Fc 524840 Fc 550562 Fc 537507 Fc 572917 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1396 1600 Im 1481 1295 Im 1500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 55091 Im 65608 Im 64648 Im 66874 Im 66595 Im
Carrots and turnips Yield 394635 Fc 410050 Fc 436516 Fc 516402 Fc 443967 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 826 900 Im 836 695 Im 860
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 36945 Im 42393 Im 42000 F 41454 Im 45000 F
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 447276 Fc 471033 Fc 502392 Fc 596460 Fc 523256 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 143797 A 135547 A 162737 A 135409 A 117089 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 999494 A 1001300 A 1124280 A 999287 A 926928 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 17973.2 A 17973.2 A 17980.2 A 17885 A 16784.7 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 69507.3 Fc 73870.8 Fc 69085.8 Fc 73797.7 Fc 79164.4 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 1727 2008 2200 F 2189 2267
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 9528 11688 14000 F 16187 13709
Cereals, nes Seed 43.18 Fc 43.18 Fc 50.2 Fc 55 Fc 54.73 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 55170.8 Fc 58207.2 Fc 63636.4 Fc 73947 Fc 60472 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143797 A 135547 A 162737 A 135409 A 117089 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 999494 A 1001300 A 1124280 A 999287 A 926928 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 17973.2 A 17973.2 A 17980.2 A 17885 A 16784.7 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 69507.3 Fc 73870.8 Fc 69085.8 Fc 73797.7 Fc 79164.4 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 584 580 Im 597 550 F 520
Cherries Production Quantity 1731 Im 1795 Im 1850 F 2133 Im 1900 F
Cherries Yield 29640.4 Fc 30948.3 Fc 30988.3 Fc 38781.8 Fc 36538.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 164 Im 160 F 156 Im 160 F 159
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 4967 Im 5700 F 5500 F 5650 F 5600 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 302866 Fc 356250 Fc 352564 Fc 353125 Fc 352201 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 867 Im 847 Im 880 F 850 F 1061 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 8142 Im 8444 Im 8700 F 8600 F 8500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 93910 Fc 99693 Fc 98863.6 Fc 101176 Fc 80113.1 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2794 A 2721 A 2822 A 2740 A 2895 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 30259 A 32830 A 31868 A 31614 A 31300 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 108300 Fc 120654 Fc 112927 Fc 115380 Fc 108117 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 91197 A 80785 A 108852 A 93083 A 76551 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 616194 A 556406 A 720817 A 655937 A 582494 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 7973.18 A 7973.18 A 7980.2 A 7885 A 7784.73 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 67567.4 Fc 68874.9 Fc 66219.9 Fc 70468 Fc 76092.3 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield
Currants Area Harvested 1256 1200 Im 1268 1270 F 1275
Currants Production Quantity 7486 Im 7764 Im 8000 F 8250 F 8500 F
Currants Yield 59601.9 Fc 64700 Fc 63091.5 Fc 64960.6 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 4600 F 4600 Im 6200 F 6200 F 6200 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 2800 F 2800 Im 2753 Im 2128 Im 2959 Im
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 6086.96 Fc 6086.96 Fc 4440.32 Fc 3432.26 Fc 4772.58 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 4600 A 4600 A 6200 A 6200 A 6200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2800 A 2800 A 2753 A 2128 A 2959 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 6086.96 Fc 6086.96 Fc 4440.32 Fc 3432.26 Fc 4772.58 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 70637 A 67084 A 70875 A 74703 A 67046 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1180510 A 1135670 A 1219870 A 1262030 A 1147290 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 167123 Fc 169291 Fc 172115 Fc 168939 Fc 171120 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1278 Im 1249 Im 1298 Im 1281 Im 1261 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 19244 Im 19958 Im 20564 Im 21113 Im 18805 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 150579 Fc 159792 Fc 158428 Fc 164817 Fc 149128 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 804 Im 786 Im 817 Im 806 Im 793 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 2788 Im 2892 Im 2980 Im 2436 Im 2170 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 34676.6 Fc 36793.9 Fc 36474.9 Fc 30223.3 Fc 27364.4 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 343 Im 334 Im 314 Im 300 F 290 F
Garlic Production Quantity 1407 Im 1615 Im 1600 F 1539 Im 1550 F
Garlic Yield 41020.4 Fc 48353.3 Fc 50955.4 Fc 51300 Fc 53448.3 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Gooseberries Production Quantity 10 F 10 F 10 F 10 F 9 Im
Gooseberries Yield 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 45000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 38 45 F 40 40 F 41
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 1012 Im 1050 F 918 Im 950 F 1000 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 266316 Fc 233333 Fc 229500 Fc 237500 Fc 243902 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 34060 31000 F 33442 38000 F 29616
Grapes Production Quantity 234284 Im 230000 F 250000 F 285000 F 215000 F
Grapes Yield 68785.7 Fc 74193.6 Fc 74756.3 Fc 75000 Fc 72595.9 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 350 F 350 F 350 F 350 F 350 F
Hops Production Quantity 800 F 800 F 800 F 800 F 800 F
Hops Yield 22857.1 Fc 22857.1 Fc 22857.1 Fc 22857.1 Fc 22857.1 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 13066 12800 Im 13287 13200 F 13250
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 364958 Im 378508 Im 390000 F 385000 F 365000 F
Kiwi fruit Yield 279319 Fc 295709 Fc 293520 Fc 291667 Fc 275472 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 66 Im 64 Im 60 Im 57 Im 66 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 2861 Im 3283 Im 3253 Im 3178 Im 3202 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 433485 Fc 512969 Fc 542167 Fc 557544 Fc 485152 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 114 Im 111 Im 104 Im 99 Im 114 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 927 Im 1064 Im 1054 Im 1029 Im 1037 Im
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 81315.8 Fc 95855.9 Fc 101346 Fc 103939 Fc 90964.9 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 359 330 Im 346 340 F 332
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 4538 Im 4707 Im 4850 F 5726 Im 5100 F
Lemons and limes Yield 126407 Fc 142636 Fc 140173 Fc 168412 Fc 153614 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 3874 Im 2982 Im 2184 Im 1877 Im 1800 F
Lentils Production Quantity 4046 Im 3195 Im 3263 Im 3157 Im 3300 F
Lentils Yield 10444 Fc 10714.3 Fc 14940.5 Fc 16819.4 Fc 18333.3 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 1048 1300 Im 1241 1300 F 1331
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 28149 Im 32300 Im 32000 F 33000 F 34000 F
Lettuce and chicory Yield 268597 Fc 248462 Fc 257857 Fc 253846 Fc 255447 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1276 F 1276 Im 1261 Im 1198 Im 1000 Im
Linseed Production Quantity 2351 F 2351 Im 2291 Im 1901 Im 1663 Im
Linseed Seed 89.32 Fc 89.32 Fc 89.32 Fc 88.27 Fc 83.86 Fc
Linseed Yield 18424.8 Fc 18424.8 Fc 18168.1 Fc 15868.1 Fc 16630 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 18500 17548 21558 18300 17030
Maize Production Quantity 210200 188812 237844 205557 185627
Maize Seed 230 F 230 F 230 F 230 F 230 F
Maize Yield 113622 Fc 107597 Fc 110327 Fc 112326 Fc 109000 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 3558 5400 Im 5059 6200 F 6210
Maize, green Production Quantity 79168 Im 90843 Im 90000 F 85000 F 90000 F
Maize, green Yield 222507 Fc 168228 Fc 177901 Fc 137097 Fc 144928 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 36 Im 31 Im 36 Im 35 Im 40 F
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 9884 Im 8213 Im 8635 Im 9368 Im 8500 F
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 2745560 Fc 2649350 Fc 2398610 Fc 2676570 Fc 2125000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 6070 8889 7425 5159 5773
Oats Production Quantity 28466 47608 33703 25463 27531
Oats Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F
Oats Yield 46896.2 Fc 53558.3 Fc 45391.3 Fc 49356.5 Fc 47689.2 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 3792 A 3792 A 3748 A 3657 A 2855 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3091.53 A 3091.53 A 3012.93 A 2460.63 A 2247.69 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 56.27 A 56.27 A 56.27 A 55.61 A 52.83 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8152.77 Fc 8152.77 Fc 8038.77 Fc 6728.55 Fc 7872.82 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3792 A 3792 A 3748 A 3657 A 2855 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1842.77 A 1842.77 A 1795.93 A 1465.25 A 1342.05 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 31.26 A 31.26 A 31.26 A 30.89 A 29.35 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4859.63 Fc 4859.63 Fc 4791.7 Fc 4006.7 Fc 4700.7 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 5142 4800 Im 4511 4500 F 4594
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 178566 Im 204900 Im 203000 F 200000 F 205620 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 347270 Fc 426875 Fc 450011 Fc 444444 Fc 447584 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 746 Im 729 Im 757 Im 720 F 681
Oranges Production Quantity 7789 Im 10467 Im 9300 F 9200 F 8800 F
Oranges Yield 104410 Fc 143580 Fc 122853 Fc 127778 Fc 129222 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 280 260 Im 247 250 F 259
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 3079 Im 3533 Im 3500 F 3300 F 3400 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 109964 Fc 135885 Fc 141700 Fc 132000 Fc 131274 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 837 830 Im 867 890 F 904
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 7486 Im 7764 Im 8000 F 8100 F 8200 F
Peaches and nectarines Yield 89438.5 Fc 93542.2 Fc 92272.2 Fc 91011.2 Fc 90708 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 619 700 Im 723 750 F 791
Pears Production Quantity 32564 Im 25126 Im 31800 F 32500 F 35000 F
Pears Yield 526074 Fc 358943 Fc 439834 Fc 433333 Fc 442478 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 11186 12018 7491 6185 6273
Peas, dry Production Quantity 32401 37094 21201 20047 22053
Peas, dry Seed 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3500 F
Peas, dry Yield 28965.7 Fc 30865.4 Fc 28302 Fc 32412.3 Fc 35155.4 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 6232 6400 Im 5988 6500 F 6791
Peas, green Production Quantity 37825 Im 43403 Im 43000 F 47000 F 50000 F
Peas, green Yield 60694.8 Fc 67817.2 Fc 71810.3 Fc 72307.7 Fc 73626.9 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 151 170 Im 180 183 Im 180
Persimmons Production Quantity 2526 Im 2620 Im 2700 F 2900 F 2153 Im
Persimmons Yield 167285 Fc 154118 Fc 150000 Fc 158470 Fc 119611 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 361 330 Im 343 390 F 413
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 1778 Im 1844 Im 1900 F 2100 F 2350 F
Plums and sloes Yield 49252.1 Fc 55878.8 Fc 55393.6 Fc 53846.2 Fc 56900.7 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 10724 12700 Im 11398 11000 F 10050
Potatoes Production Quantity 521852 Im 590707 Im 545000 F 505000 F 480000 F
Potatoes Seed 52185.2 Fc 59070.7 Fc 54500 Fc 50501.8 Fc 48000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 486621 Fc 465124 Fc 478154 Fc 459091 Fc 477612 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1756 1402 632 796 420
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 4573 3800 1445 1863 847
Pulses, nes Yield 26042.1 Fc 27104.1 Fc 22863.9 Fc 23404.5 Fc 20166.7 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16816 A 16402 A 10307 A 8858 A 8493 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 41020 A 44089 A 25909 A 25067 A 26200 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3000 A 3000 A 3000 A 3000 A 3500 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 24393.4 Fc 26880.3 Fc 25137.3 Fc 28298.7 Fc 30848.9 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 7510 8300 Im 7843 8800 F 8840
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 140742 Im 161498 Im 160000 F 175000 F 185000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 187406 Fc 194576 Fc 204004 Fc 198864 Fc 209276 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 99 Im 97 Im 101 Im 99 Im 97 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 1113 Im 1154 Im 1189 Im 971 Im 865 Im
Quinces Yield 112424 Fc 118969 Fc 117723 Fc 98080.8 Fc 89175.3 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 2516 F 2516 Im 2487 Im 2459 Im 1855 Im
Rapeseed Production Quantity 2684 F 2684 Im 2616 Im 2105 Im 2000 F
Rapeseed Yield 10667.7 Fc 10667.7 Fc 10518.7 Fc 8560.39 Fc 10781.7 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 114 Im 111 Im 115 200 F 412 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 141 Im 146 Im 150 F 350 F 339 Im
Raspberries Yield 12368.4 Fc 13153.2 Fc 13043.5 Fc 17500 Fc 8228.16 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12108 A 13900 A 12434 A 12100 A 11314 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 533666 A 604080 A 557400 A 518200 A 495200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 53374.8 A 60416.2 A 55745 A 51831 A 49531.5 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 440755 Fc 434590 Fc 448287 Fc 428264 Fc 437688 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Yield
Spinach Area Harvested 600 Im 585 Im 550 F 500 F 450 F
Spinach Production Quantity 2331 Im 2675 Im 2650 F 2400 F 2150 F
Spinach Yield 38850 Fc 45726.5 Fc 48181.8 Fc 48000 Fc 47777.8 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 121 Im 118 Im 123 Im 100 F 120 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 2251 Im 2335 Im 2406 Im 2350 F 2350 F
Stone fruit, nes Yield 186033 Fc 197881 Fc 195610 Fc 235000 Fc 195833 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 223 300 Im 256 230 F 216
Strawberries Production Quantity 6453 Im 6127 Im 5900 F 5300 F 5000 F
Strawberries Yield 289372 Fc 204233 Fc 230469 Fc 230435 Fc 231481 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1384 1200 Im 1036 1100 F 1264
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 11814 Im 13373 Im 12400 F 13200 F 15200 F
Sweet potatoes Seed 1189.6 Fc 1345.5 Fc 1245 Fc 1329.2 Fc 1531.5 Fc
Sweet potatoes Yield 85361.3 Fc 111442 Fc 119691 Fc 120000 Fc 120253 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 784 770 Im 799 790 F 780
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 8778 Im 8162 Im 8100 F 7138 Im 7900 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 111964 Fc 106000 Fc 101377 Fc 90354.4 Fc 101282 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 691 850 Im 745 690 F 847
Tomatoes Production Quantity 63074 Im 98646 Im 92000 F 90000 F 110000 F
Tomatoes Yield 912793 Fc 1160540 Fc 1234900 Fc 1304350 Fc 1298700 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3967 Im 3867 Im 3637 Im 3478 Im 4010 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 134605 Im 154456 Im 153023 Im 142526 Im 143580 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 339312 Fc 399421 Fc 420740 Fc 409793 Fc 358055 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 34534 A 37480 A 35181 A 37255 A 38974 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 824871 A 972053 A 957655 A 955960 A 1010130 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 238858 Fc 259352 Fc 272208 Fc 256599 Fc 259182 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 34534 A 37480 A 35181 A 37255 A 38974 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 824871 A 972053 A 957655 A 955960 A 1010130 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 238858 Fc 259352 Fc 272208 Fc 256599 Fc 259182 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity
Watermelons Area Harvested 254 Im 248 Im 233 Im 248 Im 250 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 1956 Im 2244 Im 2574 Im 2983 Im 2700 F
Watermelons Yield 77007.9 Fc 90483.9 Fc 110472 Fc 120282 Fc 108000 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 52600 54762 53885 42326 40538
Wheat Production Quantity 383300 444891 403464 343350 344434
Wheat Seed 10000 F 10000 F 10000 F 10000 F 9000 F
Wheat Yield 72870.7 Fc 81240.8 Fc 74875 Fc 81120.4 Fc 84965.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 9720 10980 10934 10580 11717
Apples Production Quantity 354000 524000 546000 501192 530633
Apples Yield 364198 Fc 477231 Fc 499360 Fc 473716 Fc 452874 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 500 F 487 590 590 636
Apricots Production Quantity 3700 F 3678 3914 4500 7000
Apricots Yield 74000 Fc 75523.6 Fc 66339 Fc 76271.2 Fc 110063 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 810 1372 1500 2015 2015
Asparagus Production Quantity 2920 4680 6000 5300 4000
Asparagus Yield 36049.4 Fc 34110.8 Fc 40000 Fc 26302.7 Fc 19851.1 Fc
Avocados Area Harvested 3000 F 2902 2563 2249 3106
Avocados Production Quantity 15000 F 22970 11752 10642 13398
Avocados Yield 50000 Fc 79152.3 Fc 45852.5 Fc 47318.8 Fc 43135.9 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 47078 49825 50000 64700 78097
Barley Production Quantity 277020 302023 303000 378340 440883
Barley Seed 6500 F 6500 F 6500 F 6400 7600
Barley Yield 58842.8 Fc 60616.8 Fc 60600 Fc 58476 Fc 56453.3 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 850 F 800 F 790 F 780 776
Beans, green Production Quantity 5700 F 5400 F 5300 F 5200 5173
Beans, green Yield 67058.8 Fc 67500 Fc 67088.6 Fc 66666.7 Fc 66662.4 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 319 Im 316 Im 300 F 270 Im 280 F
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2764 Im 3415 Im 3500 F 2994 Im 3300 F
Berries Nes Yield 86645.8 Fc 108070 Fc 116667 Fc 110889 Fc 117857 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 426 Im 421 Im 400 F 372 Im 385 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 1579 Im 1951 Im 2000 F 1282 Im 1413 Im
Blueberries Yield 37065.7 Fc 46342 Fc 50000 Fc 34462.4 Fc 36701.3 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 750 F 700 790 F 780 780
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 43000 F 40000 35000 F 29746 29746
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 573333 Fc 571429 Fc 443038 Fc 381359 Fc 381359 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1450 1900 F 1713 Im 1800 1831
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 65000 65000 65000 65000 57312
Carrots and turnips Yield 448276 Fc 342105 Fc 379451 Fc 361111 Fc 313009 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 1067 Im 1300 F 1250 F 1200 1181
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 65391 Im 56000 F 54500 F 54300 53422
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 612849 Fc 430769 Fc 436000 Fc 452500 Fc 452345 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 112204 A 115175 A 114762 A 134218 A 145015 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 800050 A 867722 A 835000 A 938056 A 936715 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 16786.7 A 16260 A 16272.5 A 16397.5 A 17470 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 71303.2 Fc 75339.4 Fc 72759.3 Fc 69890.5 Fc 64594.3 Fc
Cereals, nes Area Harvested 1200 1700 2700 F 2400 3200 F
Cereals, nes Production Quantity 5700 11500 16000 12100 10500 F
Cereals, nes Seed 56.68 Fc 30 Fc 42.5 Fc 67.5 Fc 60 Fc
Cereals, nes Yield 47500 Fc 67647.1 Fc 59259.3 Fc 50416.7 Fc 32812.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 112204 A 115175 A 114762 A 134218 A 145015 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 800050 A 867722 A 835000 A 938056 A 936715 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 16786.7 A 16260 A 16272.5 A 16397.5 A 17470 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 71303.2 Fc 75339.4 Fc 72759.3 Fc 69890.5 Fc 64594.3 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 550 F 524 550 550 550
Cherries Production Quantity 1650 F 1598 2017 1220 634
Cherries Yield 30000 Fc 30496.2 Fc 36672.7 Fc 22181.8 Fc 11527.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 128 Im 165 F 152 Im 160 160
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 5295 Im 5600 F 5200 Im 5000 5000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 413672 Fc 339394 Fc 342105 Fc 312500 Fc 312500 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 883 Im 873 Im 829 Im 773 Im 800 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 8400 F 9336 Im 9569 Im 7713 Im 8500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 95130.2 Fc 106942 Fc 115428 Fc 99780.1 Fc 106250 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2521 A 2476 A 2774 A 2720 A 2898 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25177 A 29336 A 30169 A 27213 A 31211 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 99869.1 Fc 118481 Fc 108756 Fc 100048 Fc 107698 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 74242 A 75760 A 75700 A 91318 A 102828 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 538252 A 548776 A 516000 A 617556 A 635217 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 7786.68 A 7760 A 7772.5 A 7797.5 A 8770 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 72499.7 Fc 72436.1 Fc 68163.8 Fc 67627 Fc 61774.7 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity F F F F F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield
Currants Area Harvested 1400 F 1311 1400 1400 1308
Currants Production Quantity 6717 Im 8300 7800 6042 2300
Currants Yield 47978.6 Fc 63310.4 Fc 55714.3 Fc 43157.1 Fc 17584.1 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Area Harvested 6200 F 6256 Im 6153 Im 6196 Im 6200 F
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 3051 Im 2926 Im 2956 Im 3118 Im 3100 F
Fibre Crops Nes Yield 4920.97 Fc 4677.11 Fc 4804.16 Fc 5032.28 Fc 5000 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 6200 A 6256 A 6153 A 6196 A 6200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3051 A 2926 A 2956 A 3118 A 3100 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 4920.97 Fc 4677.11 Fc 4804.16 Fc 5032.28 Fc 5000 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity
Flax fibre and tow Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 57247 A 56494 A 53717 A 50216 A 51985 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 997921 A 1133370 A 1169340 A 951163 A 1047600 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 174318 Fc 200617 Fc 217685 Fc 189414 Fc 201519 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1049 Im 1038 Im 985 Im 918 Im 950 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 16890 Im 20870 Im 21390 Im 17241 Im 19000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 161010 Fc 201060 Fc 217157 Fc 187810 Fc 200000 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 660 Im 653 Im 620 F 638 Im 660 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 2448 Im 3025 Im 3100 F 2989 Im 3294 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 37090.9 Fc 46324.7 Fc 50000 Fc 46849.5 Fc 49909.1 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 224 Im 273 Im 266 Im 280 268
Garlic Production Quantity 1500 F 1480 1430 1480 1415
Garlic Yield 66964.3 Fc 54212.4 Fc 53759.4 Fc 52857.1 Fc 52798.5 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 2
Gooseberries Production Quantity 10 Im 12 Im 11 Im 10 10
Gooseberries Yield 50000 Fc 60000 Fc 55000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 50 F 48 60 60 82
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 1400 P 1000 F 1600 F 1500 1600
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 280000 Fc 208333 Fc 266667 Fc 250000 Fc 195122 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 22616 21002 18112 15800 13787
Grapes Production Quantity 185000 142000 165500 76400 118700
Grapes Yield 81800.5 Fc 67612.6 Fc 91375.9 Fc 48354.4 Fc 86095.6 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 333 Im 452 Im 330 F 350 350
Hops Production Quantity 648 Im 790 780 885 724
Hops Yield 19459.5 Fc 17477.9 Fc 23636.4 Fc 25285.7 Fc 20685.7 Fc
Kiwi fruit Area Harvested 11500 F 11464 10934 10580 11960
Kiwi fruit Production Quantity 329384 P 318000 309000 238000 248495
Kiwi fruit Yield 286421 Fc 277390 Fc 282605 Fc 224953 Fc 207772 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 60 Im 73 Im 71 Im 75 Im 68 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 3270 Im 3145 Im 3353 Im 3068 Im 3192 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 545000 Fc 430822 Fc 472254 Fc 409067 Fc 469412 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 104 Im 127 Im 124 Im 130 130
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 1059 Im 907 Im 1040 Im 1000 1000
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 101827 Fc 71417.3 Fc 83871 Fc 76923.1 Fc 76923.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 350 F 334 360 F 362 364
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 4047 Im 5000 5000 5000 3731
Lemons and limes Yield 115629 Fc 149701 Fc 138889 Fc 138122 Fc 102500 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1700 F 1500 F 1804 1804 500
Lentils Production Quantity 3100 F 2800 F 3302 3302 1000
Lentils Yield 18235.3 Fc 18666.7 Fc 18303.8 Fc 18303.8 Fc 20000 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 1200 F 1207 1237 Im 1300 1287
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 31569 Im 27035 Im 31000 F 30792 30484
Lettuce and chicory Yield 263075 Fc 223985 Fc 250606 Fc 236862 Fc 236861 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 1250 F 1500 Im 1200 1200 500
Linseed Production Quantity 1900 F 2250 Im 1800 1800 1000
Linseed Seed 70 Fc 87.5 Fc 105 Fc 84 Fc 84 Fc
Linseed Yield 15200 Fc 15000 Fc 15000 Fc 15000 Fc 20000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 19686 19235 15000 18291 14178
Maize Production Quantity 227054 210253 168000 197182 148847
Maize Seed 230 F 230 F 230 F 230 210
Maize Yield 115338 Fc 109308 Fc 112000 Fc 107803 Fc 104984 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 7200 F 7115 5987 Im 6292 Im 5688 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 100000 F 96500 104073 Im 100067 Im 90254 Im
Maize, green Yield 138889 Fc 135629 Fc 173832 Fc 159038 Fc 158674 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 34 Im 42 F 39 Im 41 41
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 10042 Im 8600 F 8840 Im 8500 8500
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 2953530 Fc 2047620 Fc 2266670 Fc 2073170 Fc 2073170 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 6278 5000 8000 5927 7353
Oats Production Quantity 28478 25000 29000 29934 34987
Oats Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1100 900
Oats Yield 45361.6 Fc 50000 Fc 36250 Fc 50504.5 Fc 47581.9 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 2778 A 2922 A 3200 A 3200 A 2500 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3064.8 A 3651.9 A 3534 A 3534 A 3030 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 44.1 A 55.13 A 66.15 A 52.92 A 52.92 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 11032.4 Fc 12498 Fc 11043.8 Fc 11043.8 Fc 12120 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2778 A 2922 A 3200 A 3200 A 2500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1847.94 A 2202.62 A 2150 A 2150 A 1870 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 24.5 A 30.63 A 36.75 A 29.4 A 29.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6652.05 Fc 7538.06 Fc 6718.75 Fc 6718.75 Fc 7480 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 4855 5230 4993 5680 5490
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 210000 165000 250000 210000 210000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 432544 Fc 315488 Fc 500701 Fc 369718 Fc 382514 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 550 F 541 575 575 575
Oranges Production Quantity 5665 Im 7000 7000 6000 7500
Oranges Yield 103000 Fc 129390 Fc 121739 Fc 104348 Fc 130435 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 150 F 82 Im 80 F 61 Im 55 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 2000 F 916 Im 1050 F 871 Im 786 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 133333 Fc 111707 Fc 131250 Fc 142787 Fc 142909 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1000 F 981 1270 1270 1336
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 8700 F 8602 9261 7326 11015
Peaches and nectarines Yield 87000 Fc 87686 Fc 72921.3 Fc 57685 Fc 82447.6 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 750 F 720 950 905 952
Pears Production Quantity 33000 F 32000 F 40000 F 39896 42307
Pears Yield 440000 Fc 444444 Fc 421053 Fc 440840 Fc 444401 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 10500 F 12500 F 10000 9107 10925
Peas, dry Production Quantity 32000 F 38000 F 30000 31200 29457
Peas, dry Seed 4000 F 5000 F 5500 F 6000 6000
Peas, dry Yield 30476.2 Fc 30400 Fc 30000 Fc 34259.4 Fc 26962.9 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 8900 F 8747 10070 10070 8273
Peas, green Production Quantity 73565 Im 63000 63000 58000 45125
Peas, green Yield 82657.3 Fc 72024.7 Fc 62562.1 Fc 57596.8 Fc 54544.9 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 200 F 195 230 F 270 F 282
Persimmons Production Quantity 2428 Im 3000 3000 3000 2900 F
Persimmons Yield 121400 Fc 153846 Fc 130435 Fc 111111 Fc 102837 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 330 F 333 390 390 394
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 1850 F 1830 2143 2030 1700
Plums and sloes Yield 56060.6 Fc 54954.9 Fc 54948.7 Fc 52051.3 Fc 43147.2 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 11717 11030 11080 10930 10611
Potatoes Production Quantity 501000 500000 500000 500000 500000
Potatoes Seed 50100 Fc 50001.8 Fc 50001.4 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Potatoes Yield 427584 Fc 453309 Fc 451264 Fc 457457 Fc 471209 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested
Pulses, nes Production Quantity
Pulses, nes Yield
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12200 A 14000 A 11804 A 10911 A 11425 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 35100 A 40800 A 33302 A 34502 A 30457 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4000 A 5000 A 5500 A 6000 A 6000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 28770.5 Fc 29142.9 Fc 28212.5 Fc 31621.3 Fc 26658.2 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 7418 9500 7600 7600 6600
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 154000 124000 108000 126000 156000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 207603 Fc 130526 Fc 142105 Fc 165789 Fc 236364 Fc
Quinces Area Harvested 81 Im 80 Im 76 Im 71 Im 74 Im
Quinces Production Quantity 976 Im 1206 Im 1236 Im 996 Im 1098 Im
Quinces Yield 120494 Fc 150750 Fc 162632 Fc 140282 Fc 148378 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 1528 Im 1422 Im 2000 2000 2000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 3113 Im 3724 Im 4000 4000 4000
Rapeseed Yield 20373 Fc 26188.5 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 343 Im 339 Im 322 Im 300 302
Raspberries Production Quantity 382 Im 472 Im 484 Im 390 400
Raspberries Yield 11137 Fc 13923.3 Fc 15031.1 Fc 13000 Fc 13245 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13117 A 12492 A 12280 A 11915 A 11596 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 517800 A 517500 A 520000 A 517500 A 516000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 51791.5 A 51797.1 A 52052.6 A 51778.9 A 51610 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 394755 Fc 414265 Fc 423453 Fc 434326 Fc 444981 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Yield
Spinach Area Harvested 322 Im 392 Im 381 Im 400 396
Spinach Production Quantity 1965 Im 1683 Im 1930 F 1905 1886
Spinach Yield 61024.8 Fc 42933.7 Fc 50656.2 Fc 47625 Fc 47626.3 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 100 F 95 F 95 F 95 F 95 F
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 2300 F 2200 F 2200 F 2200 F 2200 F
Stone fruit, nes Yield 230000 Fc 231579 Fc 231579 Fc 231579 Fc 231579 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 180 F 175 220 246 311
Strawberries Production Quantity 3966 Im 4900 4862 5600 6590
Strawberries Yield 220333 Fc 280000 Fc 221000 Fc 227642 Fc 211897 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1400 F 1462 1200 F 985 985
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 16800 F 17500 20000 17500 16000
Sweet potatoes Seed 1691.5 Fc 1795.3 Fc 2051.2 Fc 1778.9 Fc 1610 Fc
Sweet potatoes Yield 120000 Fc 119699 Fc 166667 Fc 177665 Fc 162437 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 688 Im 680 950 950 1077
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 5665 Im 7000 7000 7000 9880
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 82340.1 Fc 102941 Fc 73684.2 Fc 73684.2 Fc 91736.3 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity F F F F F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 745 745 730 796 609
Tomatoes Production Quantity 92000 90000 95000 100000 87000
Tomatoes Yield 1234900 Fc 1208050 Fc 1301370 Fc 1256280 Fc 1428570 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 3660 Im 4459 Im 4337 Im 4558 Im 4120 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 146639 Im 150000 F 144000 F 120081 Im 108305 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 400653 Fc 336398 Fc 332027 Fc 263451 Fc 262876 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 40172 A 44476 A 42350 A 44253 A 40003 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1017570 A 911213 A 986316 A 928810 A 901100 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 253302 Fc 204877 Fc 232896 Fc 209886 Fc 225258 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 40172 A 44476 A 42350 A 44253 A 40003 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1017570 A 911213 A 986316 A 928810 A 901100 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 253302 Fc 204877 Fc 232896 Fc 209886 Fc 225258 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity
Watermelons Area Harvested 245 F 247 Im 240 F 235 235
Watermelons Production Quantity 2650 F 2267 Im 2600 F 2500 2500
Watermelons Yield 108163 Fc 91781.4 Fc 108333 Fc 106383 Fc 106383 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 37962 39415 39062 42900 42187
Wheat Production Quantity 261798 318946 319000 320500 301498
Wheat Seed 9000 F 8500 F 8500 F 8600 8700
Wheat Yield 68963.2 Fc 80919.9 Fc 81665.1 Fc 74708.6 Fc 71467 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 11371 Fm 11408 Fm 11490 Q 11374 Q 11487 Q
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 124.5 I 124.5 I 100 I 63.9 I
Arable land Area 471 Q 499 Q 471 Q 453 Q 431 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 542 Q 570 Q 542 Q 522 Q 500 Q
Country area Area 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q
Forest area Area 8260.6 Fm 8269 Q 8277.4 Fm 8285.8 Fm 8294.2 Fm
Inland water Area 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm
Land area Area 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q
Other land Area 6699.4 Fm 6654 Fm 6563.6 Fm 6671.2 Fm 6549.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 71 Q 71 Q 71 Q 69 Q 69 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 10829 Q 10838 Q 10948 Q 10852 Q 10987 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 619 Q 619 Q 619 Q 619 Q 619 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 11375 Q 11712 Q 11890 Q 11858 W 12099 W
Agricultural area irrigated Area 384 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 63.9 I 46.9 I
Arable land Area 399 Q 425 Q 420 Q 415 W 476 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 462 Q 488 Q 483 Q 470 W 534 W
Country area Area 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q 26771 Q
Forest area Area 8302.6 Fm 8311 Q 8302 Fm 8293 Fm 8284 Fm
Inland water Area 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm
Land area Area 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q 26331 Q
Other land Area 6653.4 Fm 6308 Fm 6139 Fm 6180 Fm 5948 Fm
Permanent crops Area 63 Q 63 Q 63 Q 55 W 58 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 10913 Q 11224 Q 11407 Q 11388 W 11565 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 433 Q 533 Q 553 Q 490 Q 468 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files