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Datasheet

Nepal

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Widespread Regmi et al., 1996.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present Balestra et al., 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014. CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present IPPC, 2005.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Ghimire and Pradhanang, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present IPPC, 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Widespread IPPC, 2005; Shrestha et al., 1977; CMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Durrieu, 1980; Ono et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Present Native NoAdhikari, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insulare Present Thapa, 1990.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Joshi, 1985; Ono et al., 1990; Ono, 1991; Ono et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Abdel-Hak and Kamel, 1972.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Present IMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present NHM, 1967
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly) Present White and Elson-Harris, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesDrew, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present YesDrew and Hancock, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Present Kapoor and Malla, 1979; Kapoor, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Present Native YesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Harbach, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtzi Present Native NoSwar and Fernando, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper) Present Native NoSmith, 1994; Smith, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present Kudô, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Chaudhary et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Widespread Smith, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Thapa, 1987; Smith, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Taylor and Halliday, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly) Present Yano, 1978; Knutson and Orth, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid) Present Native NoTao, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesChaudhary et al., 1982; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present Rana and Sharma, 1967; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Knorr and Shah, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps Present Delfinado-Baker et al., 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present IPPC, 2016a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet) Present Native Archer, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoSchedl, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoCockrill, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead) Present Native Courtenay and Williams, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present Native Shrestha , 1994; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Widespread Native NoAli and Ripley, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; FAO, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Widespread Native Grimmett et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Native Dijk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Native NoThe Reptile Database, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix) Widespread Native NoCollar et al., 2014; eBird, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Shrestha, 1994; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Manandhar, 1995; FAO, 1997; Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Widespread Native Juniper and Parr, 2003; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python) Localised Native Swan and Leviton, 1962; Malla, 1968; Zug and Mitchell, 1995; Kabisch, 2002; Schleich and Kästle, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Shrestha, 1994; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Bhardwaj and Hogger, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present Pokharel, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Bhardwaj and Hogger, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Bhardwaj and Hogger, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Present Native NoUSDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Garrison Hanks, 1998; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present Introduced Farm, 1988; Karki and Karki, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Present Introduced YesSankaran, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979; Ranjit and Bhattarai, 1988; IRRI, 1989; Poudyal and Adhikari, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native Parotta and Roshetko, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ramosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Present Ranjit and Suwanketnikom, 2005; Paudel and Kaini, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present eFloras, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present NoSukhorukov, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1977; Kumar et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Dangol, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Nepal Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium minutissimum (Himalayan dwarf mistletoe) Present Native YesHawksworth and Wiens, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Ranjit and Bhattarai, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced Siwakoti and Varma, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora of China, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe rivularis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoehmeria penduliflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Present Verdcourt, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Native NoCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoShouliang and Phillips, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail) Present Native Li and Leeuwenberg, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula latifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present FAO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass) Present Lehmkuhl, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced Sohi et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Wearn and Mabberley, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present Deori et al., 2013; Nepal Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina paludosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster acuminatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster adpressus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Polunin and Stainton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present Singh et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Dangol, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Ranjit and Bhattarai, 1988; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Ranjit and Bhattarai, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016; Dangol, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Moody, 1989; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Bhurer et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Moody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Localised Introduced eFloras, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Rai and Pradhan, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis atropurpurea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Moody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced eFloras, 2012a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced White, 1986; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Quattrocchi, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Quattrocchi, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Nepal Checklist, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Rojo et al., 1999; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry) Present Siwakoti and Varma, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present IRRI, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium himalayense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nepalense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Armstrong et al., 2004; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008. Natural History Museum Herbarium (UK) & Kew Herbarium (UK)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Present Native NoHooker, 1897
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Pieterse, 1981; Verkleij et al., 1983; Cook, 1996; Rai and Pradhan, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila difformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Gunn and Ritchie, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Dobremez et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present Press et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Moody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Dangol, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Native NoFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; Wallich, 1821a; Wallich, 1821b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMurphy et al., 2013; Ellison et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed) Present Ranjit and Bhattarai, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMosla dianthera (miniature beefsteakplant) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia keisak Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Dangol, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora Himalaya Database, 2014; Flora of Nepal Database, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Govaerts, 2014; IUCN Nepal, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Present Acharya et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Parker and Wilson, 1986; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced Thomas, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised Native NoPuff, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoMoody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced YesAneja et al., 1991; Mishra, 1991; Evans, 1997a; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Ranjit and Bhattarai, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum flaccidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Present Introduced YesSiwakoti and Varma, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Present Native eFloras, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Present Reed, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Hara et al., 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native Siwakoti, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced Dangol, 2005; Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Cock and Evans, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Flora of Nepal Editorial Committee, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Flora of Nepal Editorial Committee, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced YesSapkota, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Introduced Nepal Checklist, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present YesMill, 2001; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present GRIN, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Khatri et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present ILDIS, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Native India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present Hua and Edmonds, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Moody, 1989; eFlorasorg, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoZhenyu and Cheek, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present NoISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass) Present Native NoRao and Bhat, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Native Branney, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Flora of Nepal Editorial Committee, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 2013; IPPC, 2005.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present IPPC, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Dahal and Albrechtsen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Shrestha and Albrechtsen, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWest Nile virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis No information available Miranpuri, 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1997; Pradhan and Bohara, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009.
avian influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
blackleg No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue No information available OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present FAO, et al., 1970.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Joshi et al., 1997.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009; Jha et al., 1993.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
buffalopox Present Singh et al., 2012.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Present OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Sherchand and Shrestha, 1996; Ono et al., 2001; Pandey et al., 2002; Shariff et al., 2002.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present Ghimire et al., 1997.
dourine No information available OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009; Roberts et al., 1994.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Present OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders No information available OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater No information available OIE, 2009.
horse pox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1997.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009; Wakai, 1998; Daniels et al., 2002.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitis Present Joshi et al., 1998.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
listeriosis No information available Shrestha et al., 1993; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease No information available OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Jha and Beier, 1996.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009; Joshi et al., 1974.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections No information available OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Present OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009; Thakuri et al., 1992.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever No information available OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1994.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present OIE, 1998.
theileriosis Present OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Present Delfinado-Baker et al., 1985; OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 18 11 11 11 11
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 9 8 9 11 11
Almonds, with shell Yield 5000 Fc 7272.73 Fc 8181.82 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 5048 4510 4240 4003 3856
Apples Production Quantity 42704 41754 39134 36396 34546
Apples Yield 84595.9 Fc 92580.9 Fc 92297.2 Fc 90921.8 Fc 89590.3 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 163 133 115 84 84
Apricots Production Quantity 971 797 725 567 567
Apricots Yield 59570.6 Fc 59924.8 Fc 63043.5 Fc 67500 Fc 67500 Fc
Arecanuts Area Harvested 2698 2264 2098 2084 2054
Arecanuts Production Quantity 7620 4266 3977 3972 3922
Arecanuts Yield 28243.1 Fc 18842.8 Fc 18956.2 Fc 19059.5 Fc 19094.5 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 7992 5813 5714 4992 3742
Bananas Production Quantity 121742 91042 88849 76792 53257
Bananas Yield 152330 Fc 156618 Fc 155494 Fc 153830 Fc 142322 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 28461 26600 25817 26106 26580
Barley Production Quantity 30240 27587 23224 28082 28293
Barley Seed 1300 F 1300 F 1200 F 1300 F 1300 F
Barley Yield 10625.1 Fc 10371 Fc 8995.62 Fc 10756.9 Fc 10644.5 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 42745 Im 40742 Im 39951 Im 41051 Im 41000 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 33611 Im 27163 Im 26442 Im 28331 Im 29000 F
Beans, dry Yield 7863.14 Fc 6667.08 Fc 6618.61 Fc 6901.42 Fc 7073.17 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 7901 8000 7845 7832 7970
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 5808 5532 5385 5377 5895
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 7350.97 Fc 6915 Fc 6864.24 Fc 6865.42 Fc 7396.49 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 307 Im 294 Im 281 Im 273 F 227 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 7639 Im 7080 Im 6486 Im 6000 F 5000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 248827 Fc 240816 Fc 230819 Fc 219780 Fc 220264 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 3468510 A 3383150 A 3418020 A 3417510 A 3304340 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 7121270 A 6422720 A 6607740 A 6637510 A 6103300 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 189400 A 189400 A 186500 A 187400 A 200900 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20531.2 Fc 18984.4 Fc 19332 Fc 19422.1 Fc 18470.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3468510 A 3383150 A 3418020 A 3417510 A 3304340 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 8606540 A 7762650 A 8114130 A 8069160 A 7329020 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 189400 A 189400 A 186500 A 187400 A 200900 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 24813.3 Fc 22945 Fc 23739.2 Fc 23611.2 Fc 22180 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 9124 8646 8479 9238 9972
Chick peas Production Quantity 8130 7064 6877 7319 8085
Chick peas Seed 900 F 900 F 900 F 800 F 800 F
Chick peas Yield 8910.57 Fc 8170.25 Fc 8110.63 Fc 7922.71 Fc 8107.7 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 25554 Im 24055 Im 22344 Im 21000 F 20000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 19078 Im 18580 Im 16000 F 16362 15569
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 7465.76 Fc 7723.97 Fc 7160.76 Fc 7791.43 Fc 7784.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 8101 6394 6152 4721 4780
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 67640 26712 23813 16362 15569
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 83495.9 Fc 41776.7 Fc 38707.7 Fc 34657.9 Fc 32571.1 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 757 Im 685 685 565 129
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 4700 Im 4285 4286 3522 1027
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 62087.2 Fc 62554.7 Fc 62569.3 Fc 62336.3 Fc 79612.4 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23577 A 22901 A 22483 A 19915 A 15832 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 263876 A 259189 A 248766 A 226406 A 171875 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 111921 Fc 113178 Fc 110646 Fc 113686 Fc 108562 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1204530 A 1170730 A 1167130 A 1161770 A 1162140 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2400450 A 2182290 A 2246580 A 2197830 A 2133040 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 27300 A 27300 A 27400 A 27300 A 27300 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 19928.5 Fc 18640.4 Fc 19248.7 Fc 18918 Fc 18354.4 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 247 176 177 174 174
Coconuts Production Quantity 412 * 354 357 354 354
Coconuts Yield 16680.2 Fc 20113.6 Fc 20169.5 Fc 20344.8 Fc 20344.8 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 1752 1650 1531 1495 1395
Coffee, green Production Quantity 402 307 268 500 460
Coffee, green Yield 2294.52 Fc 1860.61 Fc 1750.49 Fc 3344.48 Fc 3297.49 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 47.25 Fc 38.15 Fc 20.65 Fc 24.15 Fc 15.75 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 85.05 Fc 68.67 Fc 37.17 Fc 43.47 Fc 28.35 Fc
Cottonseed Seed 4.5 Fc 4.5 Fc 3.63 Fc 3 Fc 2.25 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 10709 A 13224 A 11778 A 11665 A 11776 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 14465.3 A 21003.2 A 17678.7 A 17012.2 A 16830.8 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 13507.6 Fc 15882.6 Fc 15009.9 Fc 14583.9 Fc 14292.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 143930 A 130169 A 126772 A 116310 A 104725 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1456120 A 1327460 A 1283560 A 1178880 A 1068880 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 101169 Fc 101980 Fc 101249 Fc 101357 Fc 102066 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 79184 70722 68785 63432 57595
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 794164 706972 686213 630563 575095
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 100293 Fc 99964.9 Fc 99762 Fc 99407.7 Fc 99851.6 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 5773 5381 5026 4616 4806
Garlic Production Quantity 41183 39482 34238 32317 30308
Garlic Yield 71337.3 Fc 73373 Fc 68121.8 Fc 70010.8 Fc 63062.8 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 19081 18041 15838 14007 13025
Ginger Production Quantity 216289 210790 178987 161171 158905
Ginger Yield 113353 Fc 116839 Fc 113011 Fc 115065 Fc 122000 Fc
Jute Area Harvested 10559 13103 11678 11590 11726
Jute Production Quantity 14418 20965 17658 16988 16815
Jute Yield 13654.7 Fc 16000.2 Fc 15120.7 Fc 14657.5 Fc 14339.9 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 10559 A 13103 A 11678 A 11590 A 11726 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 14418 A 20965 A 17658 A 16988 A 16815 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 13654.7 Fc 16000.2 Fc 15120.7 Fc 14657.5 Fc 14339.9 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 3818 3645 3479 2978 2990
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 29003 29519 23091 23738 24835
Lemons and limes Yield 75963.9 Fc 80984.9 Fc 66372.5 Fc 79711.2 Fc 83060.2 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 207591 187437 183798 189497 189181
Lentils Production Quantity 206869 151757 147725 161147 164694
Lentils Seed 8000 F 8000 F 8000 F 8000 F 8000 F
Lentils Yield 9965.22 Fc 8096.43 Fc 8037.36 Fc 8503.93 Fc 8705.63 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 15593 Im 14272 Im 13062 Im 12982 Im 13244 Im
Linseed Production Quantity 8070 Im 6988 Im 6255 Im 6194 Im 6251 Im
Linseed Seed 467.79 Fc 467.79 Fc 428.16 Fc 391.86 Fc 389.46 Fc
Linseed Yield 5175.4 Fc 4896.3 Fc 4788.7 Fc 4771.22 Fc 4719.87 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 906253 875660 875428 870166 870401
Maize Production Quantity 2067520 1855180 1930670 1878650 1819930
Maize Seed 21000 F 21000 F 21000 F 21000 F 21000 F
Maize Yield 22813.9 Fc 21186.1 Fc 22054 Fc 21589.6 Fc 20909.1 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 18429 Im 16667 16278 14781 14540
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 139654 Im 127315 121842 110736 136270
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 75779.5 Fc 76387.5 Fc 74850.7 Fc 74917.8 Fc 93720.8 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 269820 268473 265889 265496 265160
Millet Production Quantity 302691 299523 292683 291098 284813
Millet Seed 5000 F 5000 F 5200 F 5000 F 5000 F
Millet Yield 11218.3 Fc 11156.5 Fc 11007.7 Fc 10964.3 Fc 10741.2 Fc
Mustard seed Area Harvested 213706 198540 181361 180328 184218
Mustard seed Production Quantity 176186 155050 135494 134286 135660
Mustard seed Seed 1910 Fc 1910 Fc 1910 Fc 1910 Fc 1900 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 8244.32 Fc 7809.51 Fc 7470.96 Fc 7446.76 Fc 7364.1 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 12584 11766 11849 12015 11712
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 5517 5231 7037 7086 6792
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 4384.14 Fc 4445.86 Fc 5938.9 Fc 5897.63 Fc 5799.18 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 476981 A 436551 A 399539 A 397101 A 405118 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 233398 A 201582 A 180821 A 179003 A 180619 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1404.8 A 1404.8 A 1379.39 A 1356.2 A 1348.51 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4893.23 Fc 4617.61 Fc 4525.75 Fc 4507.73 Fc 4458.43 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 476981 A 436551 A 399539 A 397101 A 405118 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 123255 A 107176 A 95529.7 A 94630.2 A 95547 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 852.05 A 852.05 A 838.04 A 825.23 A 820.67 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2584.06 Fc 2455.06 Fc 2391 Fc 2383.03 Fc 2358.5 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 217968 Im 199500 181361 180328 184218
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 172797 Im 149625 135494 134286 135660
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 7927.63 Fc 7500 Fc 7470.96 Fc 7446.76 Fc 7364.1 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 4089 3971 3874 3799 3072
Oranges Production Quantity 50679 50518 49331 48408 36736
Oranges Yield 123940 Fc 127217 Fc 127339 Fc 127423 Fc 119583 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 1826 2211 2128 2111 2106
Papayas Production Quantity 24702 31060 30227 29742 29672
Papayas Yield 135279 Fc 140479 Fc 142044 Fc 140891 Fc 140893 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 2089 2082 2006 1998 1993
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 14390 14326 13803 13776 13743
Peaches and nectarines Yield 68884.6 Fc 68808.8 Fc 68808.6 Fc 68948.9 Fc 68956.4 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 3177 2900 2858 2855 2845
Pears Production Quantity 32565 34420 33871 33852 33852
Pears Yield 102502 Fc 118690 Fc 118513 Fc 118571 Fc 118988 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 136 Im 123 91 76 73
Persimmons Production Quantity 757 Im 690 527 509 489
Persimmons Yield 55661.8 Fc 56097.6 Fc 57912.1 Fc 66973.7 Fc 66986.3 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 17469 21296 20883 21363 20988
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 14107 18647 18152 18841 19245
Pigeon peas Seed 1200 F 1200 F 1200 F 1100 F 1100 F
Pigeon peas Yield 8075.45 Fc 8756.1 Fc 8692.24 Fc 8819.45 Fc 9169.53 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 828 708 705 701 701
Pineapples Production Quantity 10073 10073 9995 9980 9980
Pineapples Yield 121655 Fc 142274 Fc 141773 Fc 142368 Fc 142368 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1481 1399 1369 1362 1358
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 10521 9825 9604 9564 9536
Plums and sloes Yield 71039.8 Fc 70228.7 Fc 70153.4 Fc 70220.3 Fc 70220.9 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 182600 185342 181900 156737 153534
Potatoes Production Quantity 2508040 2517700 2424050 2054820 1943250
Potatoes Seed 220000 F 220000 F 220000 F 200000 F 154000 F
Potatoes Yield 137352 Fc 135841 Fc 133263 Fc 131100 Fc 126568 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 26248 30382 29793 29773 29270
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 23924 26185 25490 25490 25410
Pulses, nes Seed 787.44 Fc 787.44 Fc 911.46 Fc 893.79 Fc 893.19 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 9114.6 Fc 8618.59 Fc 8555.7 Fc 8561.45 Fc 8681.24 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 311078 A 296503 A 290749 A 298754 A 298381 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 292449 A 236348 A 230071 A 246505 A 252329 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 10887.4 A 10887.4 A 11011.5 A 10793.8 A 10793.2 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9401.15 Fc 7971.18 Fc 7913.05 Fc 8251.1 Fc 8456.6 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 1496480 1481290 1555940 1549260 1439530
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 4460280 4023820 4523690 4299260 3680840
Rice, paddy Seed 89100 Fc 89100 Fc 89100 Fc 89100 Fc 88000 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 29805.1 Fc 27164.3 Fc 29073.7 Fc 27750.4 Fc 25569.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 31120 Im 31587 Im 31000 F 27000 F 26800 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 160371 Im 160988 Im 155000 F 135000 F 134000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 51533.1 Fc 50966.5 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 213720 A 216929 A 212900 A 183737 A 180334 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2668410 A 2678690 A 2579050 A 2189820 A 2077250 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 220000 A 220000 A 220000 A 200000 A 154000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 124855 Fc 123482 Fc 121139 Fc 119182 Fc 115189 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 150 F 121 100 75 50
Seed cotton Production Quantity 135 109 59 69 45
Seed cotton Yield 9000 Fc 9008.26 Fc 5900 Fc 9200 Fc 9000 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 29317 23942 23478 23214 23214
Soybeans Production Quantity 28318 22041 21456 21003 20961
Soybeans Yield 9659.24 Fc 9206 Fc 9138.77 Fc 9047.56 Fc 9029.46 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 2816 Im 2651 Im 2462 Im 2393 Im 2200 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 20905 Im 20360 Im 17533 Im 17274 Im 15570 Im
Spices, nes Yield 74236.5 Fc 76801.2 Fc 71214.5 Fc 72185.5 Fc 70772.7 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 62998 61000 58101 62962 64019
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2718230 2592500 2354410 2485440 2599790
Sugar cane Seed 116202 Fc 116202 Fc 116202 Fc 116202 Fc 125924 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 431479 Fc 425000 Fc 405227 Fc 394752 Fc 406097 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 14913 14600 14445 12573 9641
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 179494 174867 172058 150738 109277
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 120361 Fc 119772 Fc 119113 Fc 119890 Fc 113346 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 17451 17127 16718 17500 16420
Tea Production Quantity 17438 16607 16208 16160 15168
Tea Yield 9992.55 Fc 9696.39 Fc 9694.94 Fc 9234.29 Fc 9237.52 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 1135 2534 2542 2687 2729
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1238 2491 2497 2614 2648
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10907.5 Fc 9830.31 Fc 9822.97 Fc 9728.32 Fc 9703.19 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3714 A 1302 A 1242 A 1183 A 1158 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6029 A 5248 A 4993 A 4660 A 4532 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 16233.2 Fc 40307.2 Fc 40201.3 Fc 39391.4 Fc 39136.4 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 244102 235097 225154 220086 198322
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 3203560 3003820 2754410 2553000 2328950
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 131239 Fc 127769 Fc 122334 Fc 116000 Fc 117433 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 258283 A 247166 A 236613 A 229696 A 208135 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3320020 A 3077090 A 2818950 A 2607680 A 2379830 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 128542 Fc 124495 Fc 119137 Fc 113527 Fc 114341 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 258283 A 247166 A 236613 A 229696 A 208135 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3320020 A 3077090 A 2818950 A 2607680 A 2379830 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 128542 Fc 124495 Fc 119137 Fc 113527 Fc 114341 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 3696 1291 1231 1172 1147
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 6020 5240 4984 4649 4521
Walnuts, with shell Yield 16287.9 Fc 40588.7 Fc 40487.4 Fc 39667.2 Fc 39415.9 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 767499 731131 694950 706481 702664
Wheat Production Quantity 1745810 1556540 1343860 1572070 1515140
Wheat Seed 73000 F 73000 * 70000 * 71000 * 85600 *
Wheat Yield 22746.7 Fc 21289.5 Fc 19337.5 Fc 22252.1 Fc 21562.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Almonds, with shell Area Harvested 11 11 11 11 11
Almonds, with shell Production Quantity 11 11 11 11 11
Almonds, with shell Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 3757 3660 3558 3458 3389
Apples Production Quantity 33336 35130 34036 33050 32307
Apples Yield 88730.4 Fc 95983.6 Fc 95660.5 Fc 95575.5 Fc 95329 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 84 84 84 78 F 73 F
Apricots Production Quantity 567 567 567 518 F 473 F
Apricots Yield 67500 Fc 67500 Fc 67500 Fc 66410.3 Fc 64794.5 Fc
Arecanuts Area Harvested 2024 1999 1974 1900 F 1850 F
Arecanuts Production Quantity 3864 3816 3768 3600 F 3500 F
Arecanuts Yield 19090.9 Fc 19089.5 Fc 19088.2 Fc 18947.4 Fc 18918.9 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 3702 3627 3577 3100 F 2950 F
Bananas Production Quantity 52634 51590 50888 52000 F 47400 F
Bananas Yield 142177 Fc 142239 Fc 142264 Fc 167742 Fc 160678 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 26227 26428 27467 27555 27722
Barley Production Quantity 27786 29341 30670 31711 30790
Barley Seed 1300 F 1300 F 1300 F 1300 F 1300 F
Barley Yield 10594.4 Fc 11102.2 Fc 11166.1 Fc 11508.3 Fc 11106.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 41500 F 43962 Im 43807 Im 43000 F 41500 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 29200 F 29411 Im 28940 Im 30000 F 29000 F
Beans, dry Yield 7036.14 Fc 6690.1 Fc 6606.25 Fc 6976.74 Fc 6987.95 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 8003 7836 7720 7860 7500 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 5827 5680 5514 5589 5300 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 7281.02 Fc 7248.6 Fc 7142.49 Fc 7110.69 Fc 7066.67 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 182 F 136 F 136 F 100 F 50 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 4000 F 3000 F 3000 F 2200 F 1100 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 219780 Fc 220588 Fc 220588 Fc 220000 Fc 220000 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 3360340 A 3352700 A 3344380 A 3336550 A 3323560 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 6254860 A 6338980 A 6263300 A 5984280 A 5838620 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 181300 A 181681 A 177700 A 179800 A 178000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 18613.8 Fc 18907.1 Fc 18727.9 Fc 17935.5 Fc 17567.4 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3360340 A 3352700 A 3344380 A 3336550 A 3323560 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7656550 A 7767490 A 7747060 A 7360400 A 7214780 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 181300 A 181681 A 177700 A 179800 A 178000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 22785.1 Fc 23167.9 Fc 23164.4 Fc 22059.9 Fc 21708 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 10163 11770 9560 9738 13183
Chick peas Production Quantity 8405 10439 8114 7654 11029
Chick peas Seed 900 F 900 F 900 F 900 F 900 F
Chick peas Yield 8270.2 Fc 8869.16 Fc 8487.45 Fc 7859.93 Fc 8366.08 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 18000 F 17800 F 17600 F 17500 F 17467 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 13784 14250 F 14100 F 14000 F 14428 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 7657.78 Fc 8005.62 Fc 8011.36 Fc 8000 Fc 8260.15 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 4293 3945 3467 3344 3325
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 13784 12624 11966 10868 7082
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 32108.1 Fc 32000 Fc 34514 Fc 32500 Fc 21299.3 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 132 131 131 127 F 124 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 1051 1048 1036 1100 F 1450 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 79621.2 Fc 80000 Fc 79084 Fc 86614.2 Fc 116935 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15207 A 14606 A 13931 A 15277 A 17474 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 164075 A 156956 A 148010 A 139100 A 130950 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 107894 Fc 107460 Fc 106245 Fc 91051.9 Fc 74939.9 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1138850 A 1135160 A 1120350 A 1122880 A 1111820 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2053140 A 2035220 A 1904150 A 1883710 A 1824130 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 26300 A 26100 A 25800 A 23800 A 23300 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 18028.3 Fc 17928.9 Fc 16996 Fc 16775.8 Fc 16406.7 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 174 173 173 172 171
Coconuts Production Quantity 354 354 352 350 347
Coconuts Yield 20344.8 Fc 20462.4 Fc 20346.8 Fc 20348.8 Fc 20292.4 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 1285 1078 925 764 596
Coffee, green Production Quantity 300 250 218 188 139
Coffee, green Yield 2334.63 Fc 2319.11 Fc 2356.76 Fc 2460.73 Fc 2332.21 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 19.95 Fc 4.2 Fc 4.55 Fc 21.35 Fc 52.5 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 35.91 Fc 7.56 Fc 8.19 Fc 38.43 Fc 94.5 Fc
Cottonseed Seed 1.5 Fc 1.77 Fc 0.6 Fc 0.48 Fc 3.54 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 12034 A 12200 A 11806 A 11969 A 11799 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 17120 A 17665.2 A 16894.5 A 17057.3 A 17006.5 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 14226.3 Fc 14479.7 Fc 14310.1 Fc 14251.3 Fc 14413.5 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 105874 A 103889 A 101257 A 97410 A 96349 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1026480 A 1028020 A 980120 A 972483 A 897598 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 96953.3 Fc 98953.3 Fc 96795.3 Fc 99834 Fc 93161.1 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 56548 55348 54112 51016 49764
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 535449 552879 511397 510000 472758
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 94689.3 Fc 99891.4 Fc 94507.1 Fc 99968.6 Fc 95000 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 4175 4135 4085 3842 3071
Garlic Production Quantity 28717 28614 28283 22667 16031
Garlic Yield 68783.2 Fc 69199.5 Fc 69236.2 Fc 58997.9 Fc 52201.2 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 12994 12000 11930 11830 9189
Ginger Production Quantity 154197 154200 152704 150593 87909
Ginger Yield 118668 Fc 128500 Fc 128000 Fc 127298 Fc 95667.6 Fc
Jute Area Harvested 11975 12180 11790 11851 11697
Jute Production Quantity 17100 17661 16890 17036 16954
Jute Yield 14279.8 Fc 14500 Fc 14325.7 Fc 14375.2 Fc 14494.3 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 11975 A 12180 A 11790 A 11851 A 11697 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 17100 A 17661 A 16890 A 17036 A 16954 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 14279.8 Fc 14500 Fc 14325.7 Fc 14375.2 Fc 14494.3 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 2883 2878 2797 2550 F 2500 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 23063 22954 22067 19500 F 18000 F
Lemons and limes Yield 79996.5 Fc 79756.8 Fc 78895.2 Fc 76470.6 Fc 72000 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 183170 188895 187380 183294 180210
Lentils Production Quantity 157963 160716 158671 149963 148384
Lentils Seed 8000 F 8000 F 8000 F 8000 F 8000 F
Lentils Yield 8623.85 Fc 8508.22 Fc 8467.87 Fc 8181.56 Fc 8233.95 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 13500 F 13087 Im 13000 F 16500 F 12700 F
Linseed Production Quantity 6400 F 6500 Im 6100 F 8000 F 6000 F
Linseed Seed 397.32 Fc 405 Fc 392.61 Fc 390 Fc 495 Fc
Linseed Yield 4740.74 Fc 4966.76 Fc 4692.31 Fc 4848.48 Fc 4724.41 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 850947 849892 834285 836190 825980
Maize Production Quantity 1734420 1716040 1590100 1569140 1510770
Maize Seed 20000 F 20000 F 20000 F 18000 F 18000 F
Maize Yield 20382.2 Fc 20191.3 Fc 19059.4 Fc 18765.3 Fc 18290.6 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 17525 17580 17067 16100 F 15700 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 143406 134586 140183 138500 F 126500 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 81829.4 Fc 76556.3 Fc 82136.9 Fc 86024.8 Fc 80573.3 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 261673 258839 258597 259130 258120
Millet Production Quantity 290936 289838 283378 282860 282570
Millet Seed 5000 F 4800 F 4500 F 4500 F 4000 F
Millet Yield 11118.3 Fc 11197.6 Fc 10958.3 Fc 10915.8 Fc 10947.2 Fc
Mustard seed Area Harvested 188062 187823 186741 186720 187820
Mustard seed Production Quantity 139322 141989 132865 124931 134950
Mustard seed Seed 1940 Fc 1970 F 1970 Fc 1970 Fc 1970 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 7408.3 Fc 7559.72 Fc 7114.93 Fc 6690.82 Fc 7185.07 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 11498 11500 F 11093 Im 11000 F 10840
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 6646 6800 F 6500 F 6300 F 6179
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 5780.14 Fc 5913.04 Fc 5859.55 Fc 5727.27 Fc 5700.18 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 412958 A 411485 A 408744 A 411680 A 409581 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 184737 A 187332 A 175953 A 167264 A 177334 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 1376.28 A 1398.65 A 1390.25 A 1388.54 A 1456.26 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4473.5 Fc 4552.58 Fc 4304.72 Fc 4062.97 Fc 4329.65 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 412958 A 411485 A 408744 A 411680 A 409581 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 97948.7 A 99602.6 A 93358.3 A 88668.7 A 94471.2 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 837.7 A 851.23 A 846.71 A 845.78 A 883.02 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2371.88 Fc 2420.56 Fc 2284.03 Fc 2153.83 Fc 2306.53 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 188063 187823 186741 186720 187820
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 139322 141989 132865 124931 134950
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 7408.26 Fc 7559.72 Fc 7114.93 Fc 6690.82 Fc 7185.07 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 3015 2970 2857 2300 F 2250 F
Oranges Production Quantity 36024 35474 33813 33500 F 32500 F
Oranges Yield 119483 Fc 119441 Fc 118351 Fc 145652 Fc 144444 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 2100 2090 2084 1700 F 1650 F
Papayas Production Quantity 29586 29445 29359 29500 F 27000 F
Papayas Yield 140886 Fc 140885 Fc 140878 Fc 173529 Fc 163636 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 1990 1980 1972 2550 F 1500 F
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 13721 13653 13597 17500 F 12300 F
Peaches and nectarines Yield 68949.8 Fc 68954.6 Fc 68950.3 Fc 68627.4 Fc 82000 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 2838 2805 2775 2500 F 2250 F
Pears Production Quantity 33764 33362 32317 32500 F 30000 F
Pears Yield 118971 Fc 118938 Fc 116458 Fc 130000 Fc 133333 Fc
Persimmons Area Harvested 71 66 63 51 F 49 F
Persimmons Production Quantity 476 443 423 415 F 410 F
Persimmons Yield 67042.3 Fc 67121.2 Fc 67142.9 Fc 81372.6 Fc 83673.5 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 20703 19337 22459 26000 F 28000 F
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 19085 17841 19468 23500 F 25000 F
Pigeon peas Seed 1100 F 1100 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F
Pigeon peas Yield 9218.47 Fc 9226.35 Fc 8668.24 Fc 9038.46 Fc 8928.57 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 701 701 701 560 F 550 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 9980 9980 9980 10000 F 9000 F
Pineapples Yield 142368 Fc 142368 Fc 142368 Fc 178571 Fc 163636 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1351 1342 1333 1020 F 1000 F
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 9489 9425 9363 9400 F 8500 F
Plums and sloes Yield 70236.9 Fc 70231 Fc 70240.1 Fc 92156.9 Fc 85000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 150864 146789 143027 140171 135093
Potatoes Production Quantity 1974760 1738840 1643360 1531320 1472760
Potatoes Seed 151000 F 147000 F 143000 F 140000 F 135000 F
Potatoes Yield 130897 Fc 118458 Fc 114899 Fc 109247 Fc 109018 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 29240 28113 27932 51000 F 47000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 25339 24324 23728 40000 * 37000 *
Pulses, nes Seed 878.1 Fc 880 F 843.39 Fc 837.96 Fc 1530 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 8665.87 Fc 8652.22 Fc 8494.92 Fc 7843.14 Fc 7872.34 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 292779 A 299913 A 298858 A 320892 A 317393 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 245819 A 248411 A 244435 A 256706 A 255713 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 10878.1 A 10880 A 10743.4 A 10738 A 11430 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 8396.06 Fc 8282.77 Fc 8178.97 Fc 7999.76 Fc 8056.67 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 1549450 1541730 1559440 1544660 1544660
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 4209280 4289830 4455720 4132500 4132600
Rice, paddy Seed 88000 Fc 88000 Fc 86900 Fc 88000 Fc 88000 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 27166.3 Fc 27824.8 Fc 28572.6 Fc 26753.5 Fc 26754.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 26000 F 25500 F 25000 F 25000 F 24000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 130000 F 127500 F 125000 F 125000 F 120000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 176864 A 172289 A 168027 A 165171 A 159093 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2104760 A 1866340 A 1768360 A 1656320 A 1592760 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 151000 A 147000 A 143000 A 140000 A 135000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 119004 Fc 108326 Fc 105243 Fc 100279 Fc 100115 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 59 20 16 118 102
Seed cotton Production Quantity 57 12 13 61 150
Seed cotton Yield 9661.02 Fc 6000 Fc 8125 Fc 5169.49 Fc 14705.9 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 23100 22559 22073 21450 20968
Soybeans Production Quantity 20580 19820 19363 18681 18022
Soybeans Yield 8909.09 Fc 8785.85 Fc 8772.26 Fc 8709.09 Fc 8595 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 2150 F 2300 F 2219 Im 2200 F 2093
Spices, nes Production Quantity 15000 F 16000 F 15717 Im 15500 F 15174
Spices, nes Yield 69767.4 Fc 69565.2 Fc 70829.2 Fc 70454.6 Fc 72498.8 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 62058 59082 59425 60425 59477
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2462570 2376100 2305330 2343050 2247990
Sugar cane Seed 128038 Fc 124116 Fc 118164 Fc 118850 Fc 120850 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 396817 Fc 402170 Fc 387939 Fc 387762 Fc 377960 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 9177 8627 8146 10300 F 12600 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 103937 97480 91094 85000 F 79000 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 113258 Fc 112994 Fc 111827 Fc 82524.3 Fc 62698.4 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 16012 16000 15012 12643 12365
Tea Production Quantity 13043 12500 11651 8198 7518
Tea Yield 8145.77 Fc 7812.5 Fc 7761.12 Fc 6484.22 Fc 6080.06 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 2733 3003 3398 3597 3813
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2718 3016 3310 3460 3763
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 9945.12 Fc 10043.3 Fc 9741.02 Fc 9619.13 Fc 9868.87 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1147 A 1123 A 1102 A 942 A 1061 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4437 A 4335 A 4244 A 4111 A 4011 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 38683.5 Fc 38602 Fc 38511.8 Fc 43641.2 Fc 37804 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 189832 180823 172586 165988 161048
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 2190100 2065190 1890100 1799970 1738090
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 115370 Fc 114211 Fc 109516 Fc 108440 Fc 107924 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 198482 A 189039 A 180274 A 173274 A 167494 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2236600 A 2109430 A 1933350 A 1835710 A 1762300 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 112685 Fc 111587 Fc 107245 Fc 105942 Fc 105216 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 198482 A 189039 A 180274 A 173274 A 167494 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2236600 A 2109430 A 1933350 A 1835710 A 1762300 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 112685 Fc 111587 Fc 107245 Fc 105942 Fc 105216 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1136 1112 1091 931 Im 1050 F
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4426 4324 4233 4100 F 4000 F
Walnuts, with shell Yield 38961.3 Fc 38884.9 Fc 38799.3 Fc 44038.7 Fc 38095.2 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 672040 675807 664589 669014 667077
Wheat Production Quantity 1394130 1442440 1387190 1344190 1258050
Wheat Seed 67000 * 67581 65000 * 68000 * 66700 *
Wheat Yield 20744.8 Fc 21344 Fc 20872.9 Fc 20092.1 Fc 18859.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 4259 Fm 4259 Fm 4259 Fm 4259 Fm 4259 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 8 I 8 I 7.7 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 0.2 I 0.5 I 0.6 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 1168 Q 1168 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 9.8 I 8.2 Fm 8.5 I 8.3 Fm
Arable land Area 2355 Q 2355 Q 2355 Q 2355 Q 2355 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 2473 Q 2473 Q 2473 Q 2473 Q 2473 Q
Country area Area 14718 Q 14718 Q 14718 Q 14718 Q 14718 Q
Fallow land Area 18 Q 18 Q 18 Q 18 Q 18 Q
Forest area Area 3636 Fm 3636 Q 3636 Fm 3636 Fm 3636 Fm
Inland water Area 383 Fm 383 Fm 383 Fm 383 Fm 383 Fm
Land area Area 14335 Q 14335 Q 14335 Q 14335 Q 14335 Q
Other land Area 6440 Fm 6440 Fm 6440 Fm 6440 Fm 6440 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 20 Q 20 Q 20 Q 20 Q 20 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 1766 Q 1766 Q 1766 Q 1766 Q 1766 Q
Permanent crops Area 118 Q 118 Q 118 Q 118 Q 118 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1786 Q 1786 Q 1786 Q 1786 Q 1786 Q
Temporary crops Area 2326 Q 2326 Q 2326 Q 2326 Q 2326 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 11 Q 11 Q 11 Q 11 Q 11 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1168 Fm 1168 Fm 1168 Fm 1168 Q 1168 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 4259 Fm 4259 Fm 4259 Fm 4259 Fm 4259 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area 1168 Q 1168 Q 1168 Q 1168 Q 1168 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 7.8 I 1 I
Arable land Area 2355 Q 2355 Q 2355 Q 2355 Q 2355 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 2473 Q 2473 Q 2473 Q 2473 Q 2473 Q
Country area Area 14718 Q 14718 Q 14718 Q 14718 Q 14718 Q
Fallow land Area 18 Q 18 Q 18 Q 18 Q 18 Q
Forest area Area 3636 Fm 3636 Q 3688.8 Fm 3741.6 Fm 3794.4 Fm
Inland water Area 383 Fm 383 Fm 383 Fm 383 Fm 383 Fm
Land area Area 14335 Q 14335 Q 14335 Q 14335 Q 14335 Fm
Other land Area 6440 Fm 6440 Fm 6387.2 Fm 6334.4 Fm 6281.6 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 20 Q 20 Fm 20 Fm 20 Fm 20 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 1766 Q 1766 Fm 1766 Fm 1766 Fm 1766 Fm
Permanent crops Area 118 Q 118 Q 118 Q 118 Q 118 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1786 Q 1786 Fm 1786 Fm 1786 Fm 1786 Q
Temporary crops Area 2326 Q 2326 Q 2326 Q 2326 Q 2326 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 11 Q 11 Q 11 Q 11 Q 11 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 1168 Q 1168 Q 1168 Q 1168 Q 1168 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files