Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Norway

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Datasheet

Norway

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 5,347,896 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 82,500 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 441,210.21 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 403,336.36 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 1.93 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Vibrio vulnificusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, EradicatedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, LocalizedNémeth (1986); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, LocalizedMunyaneza et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEdwardsiella lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSletten (1987); Sletten (1990); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentStuen et al. (2007)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)PresentDees et al. (2017)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentBradbury (1986)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella choleraesuisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enterica subsp. diarizonaePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)Present, WidespreadNativeSkulberg (1982); Lindstrom (1991)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedInvasiveHåstein T. and Unestam (1971); Taugbøl et al. (1993); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2018); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)Present, LocalizedStrømeng et al. (2012); Bjelke et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Talgø et al. (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora austrocedriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Talgø et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Hermansen et al. (2000)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentTalgø (2009)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Herrero et al. (2006); Herrero et al. (2011); Rytkönen et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentFlückiger and Braun (1999)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentǺssveen and Gunnarstorp (1996); CABI and EPPO (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)Present, WidespreadRoed (1952); Hoftun (1978)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJorstad and Roll-Hasen (1943); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSundheim (1973); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe syringae-japonicaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Present, LocalizedInvasiveJankovský and Holdenrieder (2009); Talgø et al. (2009); Timmermann et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentJacobs and Wingfield (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2000); Côté et al. (2004); Hrustić et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Solheim and Vuorinen (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGibbs (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPodosphaera spiraeae (Japanese spiraea powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeCABI 2009 (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeJøestad (1962); Gjaerum (1974); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1983); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gjærum et al. (2004); Hantula et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, Few occurrencesGustavsson (1958)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTricholoma psammopusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, Transient under eradicationCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dianthusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentHaanshus (1933); Fjelddalen et al. (1960); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrotina parensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrotona pseudoteneraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEichhorn (1969); Eichhorn (1969); Steffan (1972); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdistemia watsoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgardhiella subulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlphitophagus bifasciatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBroch (1924); Sneli (1972); Brattegard and Holthe (1997); Reise et al. (1999); Hopkins (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus olgaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgiope bruennichiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArocatus longicepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAurantothrips orchidaceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBaeocrara japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedStenseth and Singh (1990); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBohemiellina flavipennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBostrychoplites cornutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)AbsentEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentIntroducedCook et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Present, WidespreadNativeRoman and Palumbi (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpelimus zealandicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorophium sextonaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus acutangulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus cellarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptophagus subfumatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia ambiguaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, WidespreadWood and Bright (1992); Furniss (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentThe International Barcode of Life Consortium (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Present, WidespreadNativeKloft et al. (1964); Heie (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Ojaveer et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Aagaard (1972); Harz and Kaltenbach (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGabronthus thermarumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium psylloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeBejer-Petersen (1966); Nigitz (1974); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathotrichus materiariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGracilia minutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplotinea insectellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBrown et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, Formerly presentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHenoticus californicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedJørstad et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCHRISTIANSEN (1971); Christiansen and Sandvik (1974); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeLekander et al. (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeBakke (1975); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps subelongatus (larch bark beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeBakke (1989); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlySeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Aarvik et al. (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cox (2001); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentRathke (1799); Sars (1899); Somme (1940); Nair (1959); Santhakumaran (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1984); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaselia gregariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWall (1984); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentSilfverberg (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveBakke and Kvamme (1992); Althoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrmecocephalus concinnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMysis relictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentHeie (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Heie (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNausibius clavicornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNecrobia ruficollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNematus spiraeaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeAustarå et al. (1987); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpilio canestriniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Seybold et al. (2016); ISSG (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes nasicornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstearius melanopygiusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentAarvik (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus corruptorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus crataegiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus smreczynskiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadAndersen (1991); Silfverberg (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeGonzález-Ortegón and Cuesta (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParalithodes camtschaticus (red king crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHjelset et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentFibiger and Kristensen (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllodrepa puberulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeKrokene and Solheim (1996); Avtzis et al. (2008); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora angulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora wesmaeliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProasellus coxalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtinella johnsoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentKangas (1942)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadNativeSmith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria atricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria domesticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTelmatogeton japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTephritis praecoxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Johansson et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Isaksen (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecturota marchiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThoracochaeta seticostaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThylodrias contractusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea murariellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea pallescentellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek and Theowald (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadBakke (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTracheliastes polycolpusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrechicus nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeMidtgaard et al. (1994); Midtgaard et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron laevePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUloborus plumipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, LocalizedNativeLøken (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeHesjedal and Edland (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelotes puritanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella japonica (orange ripple bryozoan)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Loxton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Appleby (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser canagicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBlair et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)Present, Few occurrencesNOBANIS (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClavelina lepadiformis (light bulb tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveBlanc et al. (1971); Sandlund (1992); Amundsen et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillum (carpet sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Gerstmeier and Romig (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeGerstmeier and Romig (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSterud and Jørgensen (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveThulin (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSimonsen and Matzow (2000); Froese and Pauly (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWikan (1983); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveDanell (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCranswick and Hall (2010); Hall (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerophora japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHesthagen and Sandlund (1996); Hesthagen and Sandlund (2006); Museth et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Appleby (1999); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Jansson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)Present, LocalizedRosvold and Andersen (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FishBase (2004); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, Few occurrencesIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHopkins (2002); Leppakoski et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentIntroducedEdwards (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentHastein (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion rufusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveProschwitz and Winge (1994); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBithynia tentaculata (mud bithynia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSverdrup et al. (2006); Taylor (1914); Andersen (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveBergan (1969); Bergstad (1974); Hoisaeter (1986); Sjotun (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHutchinson et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al. (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentIntroducedInvasiveSeverijns (2002); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelicella italaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedEsmark (1886); Gederaas et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001); Brawley et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLucilla singleyanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Mortensen (1993); Aune et al. (1998); Nehring (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMilax gagatesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeKerney et al. (1983); Encyclopedia of Life (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedRustad (1955); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRangia cuneataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMortensen (1993); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)Present, LocalizedNair (1962); Jones et al. (1972); Santhakumaran and Sneli (1984); Hopkins (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTrichia hispidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaViviparus viviparusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMellergaard (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); Stoeen (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, Few occurrencesVestad and Foss (1971); Vestad (1973); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolgado and Magnusson (2010); CABI/EPPO (2011); Holgado et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOEydvin (1978); CABI/EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Stoeen (1974); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, LocalizedBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesOnchocleidus disparPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaCeltodoryx ciocalyptoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTrowbridge (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentJohnsen and Lein (1989); Eikrem and Throndsen (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRueness (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaDasya baillouvianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaDasya sessilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHeterosiphonia japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresent, WidespreadNativeKapraun and Rueness (1983); Rueness (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Diaci (1995); Fremstad and Elven (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea nobilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum lycoctonumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconogonon divaricatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga genevensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlcea biennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla heptagonaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla plicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla propinquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla sarmaticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla semilunarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla speciosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla subcrenataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium carinatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium hollandicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium victorialisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeBoratynski (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fykse (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedEPPO (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NOBANIS (2010); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)Present, Few occurrencesNOBANIS (2009); Kurtto (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)Present, WidespreadIntroducedKurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia retrorsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus clavatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ouren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone apenninaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemonidium canadensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus fumarioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabidopsis arenosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabidopsis suecicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis pendulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis planisiliquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctium tomentosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnica chamissonisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedJehlík (1984); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia sieversiana (sieversian wormwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia stellerianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum maculatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster cordifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster patulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster salignusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster sedifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster sibiricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)PresentIntroducedTommeras (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadBylterud (1984); Fykse (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxyris amaranthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis aggregataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens ferulifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens vulgataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora testiculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentKell (2011); Brodal et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus kalmiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus racemosus (bald brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias erucagoPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJehlik and Slavik (1968); Fremstad and Elven (1997); NOBANIS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium bulbocastanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia pulchraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina alyssumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lactifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula mediumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardaminopsis arenosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardaminopsis halleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus hamulosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex bohemicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex muskingumensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex praecoxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex vulpinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina acaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina vulgaris (carline thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaucalis platycarposPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea algeriensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea asperaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea cheiranthifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea dilutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macroptilonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea phrygiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria alpinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria giganteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dubiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratochloa catharticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratochloa sitchensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum bulbosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum prescottiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum temulumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus purpureusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChelone glabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium berlandieriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium borbasioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium desiccatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium hircinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium missouriensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium multifidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium opulifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pratericolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium probstiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium simplexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium striatiformePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa forbesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum carinatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium dissectumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium helenioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium rivularePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia amoenaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia pulchellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClarkia unguiculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColeostephus myconisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCollomia linearisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kielland-Lund and Often (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorrigiola litoralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster adpressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster ascendensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster atropurpureusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster cashmiriensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster dielsianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster divaricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster hissaricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster hjelmqvistiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNOBANIS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster laetevirensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster moupinensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nanshanPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster rotundifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster tomentosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster villosulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis biennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis nicaeensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis setosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia aureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus purpureusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus speciosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus tommasinianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata laevipes (smooth bedstraw)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata pedemontana (piedmont bedstraw)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclospermum leptophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum columnaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum glochidiatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynosurus echinatus (hedgehog dogtailgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus decumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus elongatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentNativeHeywood and Ball (1968); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeFitter et al. (1989); Roskov et al. (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDarmera peltataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasiphora fruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasiphora glabrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia incanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus carthusianorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus cruentusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDicentra formosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeGBIF (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum columnaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum orientalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum pardalianchesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba nemorosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania pumilio (clammy goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Balvoll (1985); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa esculentaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops bannaticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElatine alsinastrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRørslett (1995); NOBANIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus athericusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedKorsmo (1954); Holm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus trachycaulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium brunnescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium glandulosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium komarovianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium watsoniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpimedium alpinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopoa persicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopyrum triticeumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron acerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron speciosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeGBIF (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium ciconiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucaria hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum gallicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum supinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythronium dens-canisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia amygdaloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia virgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuthamia graminifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentInvasiveFremstad and Elven (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresent, WidespreadFremsted and Elven (1997); Jonsell and Karlsson (2000); Bailey and Wisskirchen (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca gautieriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca trachyphylla (sheep fescue)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago lutescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago pyramidataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula kamtschaticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula rubraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrankenia pulverulentaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria vaillantiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus elwesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis angustifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis speciosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadGreve (2001); DAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedKabuce and Priede (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium albumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium pumilumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium rotundifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta purpureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana septemfidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium divaricatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium endressiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nodosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium platypetalumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum coccineumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum macrophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum quellyonPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia capitataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGilia tricolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus imbricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus palustrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlebionis carinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlebionis coronaria (crowndaisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeGrøstad and Halvorsen (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGroenlandia densaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHablizia thamnoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera colchicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus decapetalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus laetiflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus petiolarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lid (1974); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum arenariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliopsis helianthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedGreuter (2006); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis citrinaPresentStrømeng et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Strømeng et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemizonia pungensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrummitt (1968); Tiley et al. (1996); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAlm and Jensen (1993); Nielsen et al. (2005); Jahodová et al. (2007); Fröberg (2010); Alm (2013); Rijal et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria hirsutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria polygamaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis pycnotrichaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis tristisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeuchera sanguineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHonorius nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta lancifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresent, LocalizedNativeHalvorsen (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrophyllum virginianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylotelephium spectabilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenolobus procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypecoum pendulumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris glabra (smooth cat's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypoestes phyllostachyaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIberis umbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIllecebrum verticillatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Fremstad and Elven (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fremstad and Elven (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens scabridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula conyzaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula ensifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea coccinea (red morningglory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea lacunosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NOBANIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris chrysographesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris lutescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pumilaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Absent, Formerly presentOuren (1987); Gederaas et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxia campanulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGrøstad (2003); Piirainen (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus glaucusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia spuriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria grandisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamarckia aureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium confertumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamprocapnos spectabilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula marginataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula squarrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus incurvusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia pentagoniaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia speculum-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontodon saxatilis (lesser hawkbit)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus cardiacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium bonariensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Halvorsen and Grøstad (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium neglectumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptinella squalidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemella serotinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum maximumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus canadensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia przewalskiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigusticum scoticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria incarnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria purpureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria supinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum grandiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia inflataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia urensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium remotumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedJunttila et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera alpigenaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLopezia racemosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus hispanicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus nootkatensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus perennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora Europaea (1968); ILDIS (2015); NOBANIS (2015); DAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula forsteriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula luzuloides (oakforest woodrush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula niveaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton camtschatcensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia nummularia (Moneywort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia punctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum hyssopifolium (hyssop loosestrife)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMadia sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaianthemum stellatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalope trifidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMantisalca salmanticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeGBIF (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMeconopsis cambricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monanthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelampodium montanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelampyrum nemorosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelica altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha gentilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentNativeGederaas et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrothlaspi perfoliatum (thoroughwort pennycress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMinuartia laricifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMolopospermum peloponnesiacumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonarda didymaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis sparsifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNectaroscordum siculumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNemophila menziesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta faasseniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta racemosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea pullaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontites vernusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontites vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera cambricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fallaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera hoelscheriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera perangustaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera wieniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera x albipercurvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes linifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeWilliams (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithogalum narbonensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche gracilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche hederaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche lucorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrontium aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOsteospermum jucundumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1968); DAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis dilleniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis triangularisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver atlanticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pseudoorientalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Randall (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria erectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentaglottis sempervirens (evergreen bugloss)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetasites albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetasites hybridus (Winter heliotrope)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetunia integrifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeucedanum ostruthiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhacelia campanulariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeOdland (1997); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus aizoon (gold sedum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus hybridusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus kamtschaticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhiladelphus pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum arenariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis griseaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis virginianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyteuma nigrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyteuma scheuchzeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyteuma spicatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris hieracioides (hawkweed oxtongue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSell and West (1976); Gottschlich (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella majorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedSkrøppa et al. (1980); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlagiobothrys scouleriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHǻland (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago mediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)Present, WidespreadEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); DAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa chaixiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycnemum majusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum alpinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum bellardiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum bistortaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum patulumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum weyrichiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon viridis (water bent)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lid and Lid (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla albaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla anglicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla atrosanguineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla inclinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrenanthes purpureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula florindaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula juliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, Few occurrences, PlantedIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtilostemon aferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulicaria dysentericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulsatilla vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuschkinia scilloidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPycnanthemum pilosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Csurhes et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus aconitifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus illyricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus lanuginosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus psilostachysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perennePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhinanthus majorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodanthe manglesiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCross (1975); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron sutchuenensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRodgersia podophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria hybridaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa carolinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa micrantha (smallflower sweetbrier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa pendulinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bruun (2005); Weidema (2006); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus sylvaticusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia hirtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex longifolius (Yard dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obovatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pseudoalpinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pulcherPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex triangulivalvisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina apetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina micropetalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia nemorosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamolus valerandiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba canadensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanvitalia procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga cuneifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga granulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga hostiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga rosaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga rotundifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga umbrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchistophyllidium bifurcumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizanthus pinnatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla sibericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScopolia carniolicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia chrysanthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scorodoniaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia vernalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScutellaria altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeZipcodeZoo (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum anacampserosPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum dasyphyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum ewersiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum forsterianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum hispanicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum lydiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum reflexumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sexangularePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum stoloniferumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum telephiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio cannabifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio erucifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedOften (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeLid (1944); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio nemorensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio ovatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sarracenicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio squalidusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio viscosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, LocalizedIntroducedOuren (1987); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesleria caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene antirrhinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conoideaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene csereiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene otitesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene pendulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinacalia tanguticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium luteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium strictissimumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium volgensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum alatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ouren (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum chenopodioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum decipiensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentGolas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Dees et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSunding (1989); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago rugosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedKorsmo (1930); Hultén (1950); Hanf (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Boulos (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); DAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys creticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys germanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)Present, WidespreadChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphytum asperumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphytum tauricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum macrophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976); Olsen et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHaugland and Tawfiq (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTellima grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum delavayiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi caerulescens subsp. brachypetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus odoratissimusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTiarella cordifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium rubensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella balansaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caeruleaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum compactumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum majus (common nasturtium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTropaeolum speciosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa gesnerianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Often (1998); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella carinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella eriocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella rimosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum chaixiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum lychnitisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum nigrum (black mullein)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum phlomoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum phoeniceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum speciosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum virgatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena hastataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica catenataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica cymbalariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica gentianoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica opacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum rossicum (European swallowwort)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLauvanger and Borgen (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaldsteinia geoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaldsteinia ternataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaldsteinia trifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum annuumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia angustifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, LocalizedBalech and Tangen (1985)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium tamarensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium aureolumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaKarenia mikimotoiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaKarlodinium veneficumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentHolt and Krogsrud (1973); Weli et al. (2004)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusHawaiia minusculaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBlystad et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2007); Blystad et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Absent, Intercepted onlyMráz et al. (1996); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2021); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Absent, EradicatedUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Actinobaculum suis infectionsPresentLeman et al. (1986)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anguillicolosisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMellergaard (1988)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentWeli et al. (2004); Holt and Krogsrud (1973)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Hardeng (1991); Brun-Hansen et al. (1998)
bacterial kidney diseasePresentDale et al. (1997); Håstein et al. (2001)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentSaxegaard and Bratberg (1971)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentSchiott and Hyldgaard-Jensen (1966)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresentGulliksen et al. (2009)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentKrogsrud and OEdegaard (1977)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentBerdal et al. (1997); Ǻkerstedt and Hofshagen (2004)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ophthalmiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
cowpoxPresentTryland et al. (1998); Tryland et al. (1998)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedInvasiveHåstein T. and Unestam (1971); Taugbøl et al. (1993); OIE (2018); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadNativeRobertson and Gjerde (2001); Robertson and Gjerde (2004); CABI (Undated)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentRogdo et al. (2012)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentBinde et al. (1984)
European foul broodPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)Holt and Krogsrud (1973); OIE Handistatus (2005)
furunculosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated);
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hexamitosis and spironucleosis of fishPresentMo et al. (1990); Poppe et al. (1992); Sterud et al. (1998); Sterud and Poynton (2002); Sterud et al. (2003)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusPresentOIE (2019); Poppe et al. (1989); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentHastein and Krogsrud (1976)
infectious salmon anaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
louping illPresentCABI (Undated)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadBogsrud and Odegaard (1987)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentLøken et al. (1998); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentStuen et al. (2007)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Monogenean infections of fishPresentJohnsen and Jensen (1986); Bakke and MacKenzie (1993); Mo (1994)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentǺkerstedt and Hofshagen (2004)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentHemmingsen et al. (1991); Larsen et al. (1997); Karlsbakk et al. (2002); Sterud et al. (2003)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
neosporosisPresentBjerkǻs and Dubey (1991)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
oomycete infections in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2020); Saxegaard and Fodstad (1985); OIE (2020)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentBaalsrud (1987); Falk et al. (1991)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
piscirickettsiosisPresentOlsen et al. (1993)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006); CABI (Undated)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pseudotuberculosis in fishPresentSpeilberg et al. (1991)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Krogsrud et al. (1996); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rhodococcus equi infectionsPresentHolth and Amundsen (1936)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapiePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadRefsdal (1996); Waage et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)PresentJordhøy (1995)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentTaksdal (1999)
summer mastitisPresentRøn (1987)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tickborne encephalitisPresentTraavik (1994)
tick-borne feverPresentOveras (1959)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaPresentOIE (2019); Berdal et al. (1996); Nordstoga et al. (2014); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ureaplasma infectionsPresentFarstad et al. (1996)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vibriosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated);
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
whirling diseasePresentHastein (1971)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested1,4891,4511,3781,3681,373
Production quantity15,59314,87812,66412,52210,800
Yield104,721 Fc102,536 Fc91,901 Fc91,535 Fc78,660 Fc
BarleyArea harvested129,919147,951134,857137,556123,292
Production quantity581,000440,900574,100634,800510,700
Yield44,720 Fc29,800 Fc42,571 Fc46,148 Fc41,422 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested173 Im149 Im136 Im130 Im94 Im
Production quantity1,3081,1311,032995721
Yield75,607 Fc75,906 Fc75,882 Fc76,538 Fc76,702 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested5354556355
Production quantity15684122193148
Yield29,434 Fc15,556 Fc22,182 Fc30,635 Fc26,909 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested1918192020
Production quantity44263094
Yield23,158 Fc14,444 Fc15,789 Fc4,500 Fc2,000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested1,3441,2851,3651,5681,461
Production quantity32,36431,61337,91139,21837,441
Yield240,804 Fc246,016 Fc277,736 Fc250,115 Fc256,270 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,8231,6691,4761,6661,540
Production quantity49,28243,29051,88952,58952,152
Yield270,335 Fc259,377 Fc351,551 Fc315,660 Fc338,649 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested9671,0701,0051,0641,019
Production quantity11,70712,15711,52514,13312,532
Yield121,065 Fc113,617 Fc114,677 Fc132,829 Fc122,983 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested273,927 A279,763 A286,602 A285,066 A282,717 A
Production quantity1,323,700 A743,100 A1,307,300 A1,326,000 A1,357,900 A
Yield48,323 Fc26,562 Fc45,614 Fc46,516 Fc48,030 Fc
CherriesArea harvested182178184192189
Production quantity689956623686612
Yield37,857 Fc53,708 Fc33,859 Fc35,729 Fc32,381 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested97941027767
Production quantity18,47517,46216,48417,46016,031
Yield1,904,639 Fc1,857,660 Fc1,616,078 Fc2,267,532 Fc2,392,687 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested267289287284279
Production quantity631676695763863
Yield23,633 Fc23,391 Fc24,216 Fc26,866 Fc30,932 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested4,223 A4,299 A4,283 A4,388 A4,448 A
Production quantity31,625 A29,684 A27,326 A27,996 A27,895 A
Yield74,888 Fc69,049 Fc63,801 Fc63,801 Fc62,714 Fc
GooseberriesArea harvestedMMF
Production quantityMMF
Grain, mixedArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested141140135163160
Production quantity2,7023,3352,7173,2803,618
Yield191,631 Fc238,214 Fc201,259 Fc201,227 Fc226,125 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested1,0219041,010788726
Production quantity26,57627,51128,54118,91714,618
Yield260,294 Fc304,325 Fc282,584 Fc240,063 Fc201,350 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested2832401148
Production quantity10114215627526
Yield36,071 Fc44,375 Fc39,000 Fc24,123 Fc32,500 Fc
OatsArea harvested54,80369,83067,62176,16963,255
Production quantity233,700156,600282,700358,700285,800
Yield42,644 Fc22,426 Fc41,807 Fc47,093 Fc45,182 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested3,421 A3,276 A2,312 A4,146 A3,479 A
Production quantity15,000 A7,250 A10,300 A11,450 A10,400 A
Yield43,847 Fc22,131 Fc44,550 Fc27,617 Fc29,894 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested3,421 A3,276 A2,312 A4,146 A3,479 A
Production quantity9,000 A4,350 A6,180 A6,870 A6,240 A
Yield26,308 Fc13,278 Fc26,730 Fc16,570 Fc17,936 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested3,421 A3,276 A2,312 A4,146 A3,479 A
Production quantity5,700 A2,755 A3,914 A4,351 A3,952 A
Yield16,662 Fc8,410 Fc16,929 Fc10,494 Fc11,360 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested1,0931,1441,0751,1211,145
Production quantity29,00819,03427,19532,03930,743
Yield265,398 Fc166,381 Fc252,977 Fc285,807 Fc268,498 Fc
PearsArea harvested6262616559
Production quantity416553249239159
Yield67,097 Fc89,194 Fc40,820 Fc36,769 Fc26,949 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested2,7703,2592,6182,4602,096
Production quantity4,0003,0003,8005,2003,640
Yield14,440 Fc9,205 Fc14,515 Fc21,138 Fc17,366 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested721 Im338 Im617 Im648 Im662 Im
Production quantity4,1411,9413,5483,7243,792
Yield57,434 Fc57,426 Fc57,504 Fc57,469 Fc57,281 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested432435428445433
Production quantity2,5461,9481,8591,8591,279
Yield58,935 Fc44,782 Fc43,435 Fc41,775 Fc29,538 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested11,68511,61411,72811,98411,836
Production quantity332,200326,400315,500350,800305,200
Yield284,296 Fc281,040 Fc269,014 Fc292,724 Fc257,857 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested2,770 A3,259 A2,618 A2,460 A2,096 A
Production quantity4,000 A3,000 A3,800 A5,200 A3,640 A
Yield14,440 Fc9,205 Fc14,515 Fc21,138 Fc17,366 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested3,4213,2762,3124,1463,479
Production quantity15,0007,25010,30011,45010,400
Yield43,847 Fc22,131 Fc44,550 Fc27,617 Fc29,894 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested388396405405405
Production quantity2,4082,5992,9942,9422,843
Yield62,062 Fc65,631 Fc73,926 Fc72,642 Fc70,198 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested11,685 A11,614 A11,728 A11,984 A11,836 A
Production quantity332,200 A326,400 A315,500 A350,800 A305,200 A
Yield284,296 Fc281,040 Fc269,014 Fc292,724 Fc257,857 Fc
RyeArea harvested9,2223,3298,3694,57210,413
Production quantity50,0007,90050,00023,10066,200
Yield54,218 Fc23,731 Fc59,744 Fc50,525 Fc63,574 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested1,3311,4161,4661,5461,635
Production quantity9,1427,9648,0908,78311,187
Yield68,685 Fc56,243 Fc55,184 Fc56,811 Fc68,422 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested3638333533
Production quantity11,31112,80110,57411,14111,512
Yield3,141,944 Fc3,368,684 Fc3,204,242 Fc3,183,143 Fc3,488,485 Fc
TriticaleArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested7,856 A7,364 A7,372 A7,757 A7,364 A
Production quantity194,604 A179,862 A198,459 A203,246 A189,441 A
Yield247,714 Fc244,245 Fc269,206 Fc262,016 Fc257,253 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested412501378383449
Production quantity7,6299,4456,8879,4756,255
Yield185,170 Fc188,523 Fc182,196 Fc247,389 Fc139,310 Fc
WheatArea harvested79,98358,65375,75566,76985,757
Production quantity459,000137,700400,500309,400495,200
Yield57,387 Fc23,477 Fc52,868 Fc46,339 Fc57,745 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea986 Q985 Q984 Q986 Q987 Q
AgricultureArea986 Fc985 Fc984 Fc986 Fc987 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea42 Q44 Q45 Q44 Q46 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area46 Q47 Q48 Q48 Q50 Q
Arable landArea803 Q801 Q805 Q807 Q808 Q
Coastal watersArea24,001 Q24,001 Q24,001 Q24,001 Q24,001 Q
Coastal waters used for aquac. or holding facilitiesArea54 Q52 Q45 Q41 Q
Country areaArea62,522 Q62,522 Q62,519 Q62,518 Q62,522 Q
CroplandArea806 Q805 Q808 Q810 Q811 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea34 Q35 Q36 Q36 Q37 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area38 Q38 Q39 Q39 Q40 Q
EEZ used for aquac. or holding facilitiesArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q
Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)Area78,764 Q78,764 Q78,764 Q78,764 Q78,764 Q
Forest landArea12,164 Q12,157 Q12,149 Q12,141 Q12,133 Fm
Inland watersArea2,010 Q2,008 Q2,003 Q1,998 Q2,010 Q
Land areaArea36,511 Q36,512 Q36,515 Q36,519 Q36,511 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea84 Fm84 Fm84 Q84 Fm87 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea180 Q181 Q176 Q176 Q176 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea479 Q473 Q475 Q480 Q479 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea323 Q328 Q328 Q325 Q328 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea1 Q1 Q2 Q2 Q2 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea12,056 Q12,049 Q12,041 Q12,033 Q12,024 Fm
Other landArea23,360 Fc23,371 Fc23,382 Fc23,392 Fc23,391 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea20 Q20 Q20 Q20 Q20 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea160 Q161 Q156 Q156 Q156 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea8 Q8 Q9 Q8 Q8 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area9 Q9 Q9 Q9 Q9 Q
Planted ForestArea108 Q108 Q108 Q108 Q109 Fm
Primary ForestArea160 Fm160 Fm160 Q160 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea34 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea53 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea302 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea466 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.