Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Netherlands

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Datasheet

Netherlands

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, Transient under eradicationNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2009); IPPC (2014); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot)Present, Transient under eradicationNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2009)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, Few occurrencesCABI/EPPO (2013); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, WidespreadNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark)Present, WidespreadGREMMEN and KAM (1970); Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyBradbury (1986); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentInvasiveSlawiak et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKleijburg (1979); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentFels-Klerx et al. (2002)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadHaan et al. (2008); Waleron et al. (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)Present, LocalizedInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Present, Transient under eradicationCABI and EPPO (1999); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella dublinPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella typhimuriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2007); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentBrasier et al. (1999); Brasier et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentEPPO (2009)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviaeAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveIPPC (2006); Meffert (2007); CABI/EPPO (2012); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); IPPC (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); IPPC (2006); CABI/EPPO (2013); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, Few occurrencesNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Absent, Intercepted onlyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentDavid (2000); Neergaard (1945)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentPhillips and Burdekin (1992)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBipolaris victoriae (Victoria blight of oats)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentTimmer (1996); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHenricot et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Present, WidespreadNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); IPPC (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororiaPresent, WidespreadNativeVloten and Gremmen (1953)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2020); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGeosmithia morbida (thousand cankers disease)AbsentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Intercepted onlyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2013); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1989)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); IPPC (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGibbs (1978)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentPuechmaille et al. (2011); Wibbelt et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeOudemans (1905); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium kamtschaticum (Japanese white pine rust)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeSchuring (1999)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, Few occurrencesZadoks (1959)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedBOEREMA and VERMEULEN (1964); CABI and EPPO (2008); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUromyces limoniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMartel et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWolff (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEssink and Kleef (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcantholyda laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2020); OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentMaan (1945); Oudejans (1971); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta acerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2016); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentVan Rossem (1974); Bravenboer (1975); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSteffan (1972); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgardhiella subulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGittenberger et al. (2010); Waardenburg (1827); Hoek (1876); Bishop (1947); Wolff (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2008); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2020); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); IPPC (2016); IPPC (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Furk (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgiope bruennichiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedMeulen (1946); Bassindale (1947); Bishop (1947); Boschma (1948); Leenhouts (1948); Leenhouts (1948); Hartog (1953); Kühl (1963); Wolf (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus eburneusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, Widespreadde Barro (1995); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypterolus antirrhiniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Present, Transient under eradicationCABI and EPPO (1997); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStigter et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedCook et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Present, WidespreadNativeRoman and Palumbi (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCephalcia alashanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCephalcia erythrogasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentNijveldt (1973); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedBrink et al. (1993); Josens et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)Present, LocalizedLempke (1982); Vos and Rutten (1995); Karsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina americana (rosemary beetle)PresentBeenen and Winkelman (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentDanzig and Pellizzari (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysso spiniventrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWatson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara laporteiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClosterotomus trivialisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeKajita et al. (2012); Blom et al. (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCopidothrips octarticulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentHuisman et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptamorpha desjardinsiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988); Jansen (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveStraten and Muus (2010); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedWood and Bright (1992); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Absent, EradicatedKiss et al. (2005); IPPC (2006); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips phalaenopsidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichrooscytus gustaviPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBij de Vaate and Klink (1995); Josens et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus bifoveolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiplopseustis perieresalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeRohwer (1916); Coppel et al. (1974); Liston (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNPPO (2012); Helsen et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, LocalizedNPPO The Netherlands (2010); NPPO The Netherlands (2013); IPPC (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRomeijn (1994); Huisman and Koster (1995); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEarias vernanaPresentTuinstra (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedKloft et al. (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElophila nymphaeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEricaphis scammelliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2004); NHM (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM (1955)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupithecia lariciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupithecia pulchellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGeelen JFM (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius virilis (virile crayfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSoes (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentAalbers (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveNijssen and Stock (1966); Pinkster et al. (1977); Pinkster (1978); Pinkster et al. (1980); Dick and Platvoet (2000); Josens et al. (2005); Platvoet et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeListon (1995); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathotrichus materiariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)Present, WidespreadNativeBooij and Voerman (1984); Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplotinea insectellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBrown et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus penicilatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentIntroducedBreton et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBreton et al. (2002); Wolff (2005); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedInvasiveKelleher et al. (1999); Ketelaars et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHenoticus californicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomalodisca vitripennis (glassy winged sharpshooter)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoridiplosis ficifoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentDoom and Frenken (1980); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia rhododendriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeMoraal (1996); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMabelis et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeEllis (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucothrips nigripennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, WidespreadCox (2001); Haye and Kenis (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKelleher et al. (1999); Vaate et al. (2002); Usseglio-Polatera and Beisel (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentNMNH (2012); Holthuis (1949)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)PresentNativeHolthuis (1949)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedBoer and Vierbergen (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2002); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithophane leautieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedShrimp News (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentHuisman et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacaria liturataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveOudemans (1933); UK, CAB International (1977); Roques and Skrzypczyńska (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentLucht (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelita nitidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMordellistena cattleyanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentIntroducedStock (1993); Gollasch et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentStock (1993); Bol (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedStock (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentBokx and Piron (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeHein (1956)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesothrips propinquusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedBielak-Bielecki and Rozwalka (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNigma walckenaeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNovelsis horniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentRoskam et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOcnerostoma piniariellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOecobius navusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedVeenenbos (1981); CABI and EPPO (1999); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrsillus depressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus crataegiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus smreczynskiiPresentHeijerman and Burgers (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadTol (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedKouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedFaasse (2005); Udekem et al. (2005); Tulp (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadMoraal (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020); Jansen (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeosinus rudisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhradonoma tricolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter geniculellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); Huisman et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadNativeRavensberg (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, LocalizedNativeLucht (1987); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentVos et al. (1993); Kozár et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutusPresentIntroducedSoes and Eekelen (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSoes and Eekelen (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentJansen (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954); Bromand (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtinella errabundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, Few occurrencesIPPC (2016); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, LocalizedNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMaitland (1874)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaitis barbipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda candidaAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentDoom (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2014); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2020); Rossem et al. (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScytodes venustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSedina buettneri (Blair's wainscot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentJansen and Stigter (1996); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSmeringopus pallidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, EradicatedNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)Absent, EradicatedNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda castaneaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStephanitis obertiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStigmella aurellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStigmella pyriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTelmatogeton japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTephritis praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2002); IPPC (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentMoraal (1992); Stigter and Romeijn (1992); Moraal et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThripobius javaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, EradicatedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea pallescentellaPresentHuisman et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)Present, LocalizedOosterbroek and Theowald (1992); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadLuitjes (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al. (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma megatomoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTupiocoris rhododendriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2013); Huisman et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUloborus plumipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUrocerus albicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSmit et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeHensen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella arbutiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeFrankenhuyzen (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaYuccaborus frontalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBlauwe and Faasse (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeNijssen and Groot (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBanks et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedVoslamber et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentGittenberger (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedVoslamber et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresent, LocalizedIntroducedVoslamber et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDijkstra et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedBartley (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveOttens and Ryall (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillum (carpet sea squirt)PresentInvasiveGittenberger (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianumPresentIntroducedGittenberger (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeNijssen and Groot (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedCowx and Nunn (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKleef et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Nijssen and Groot (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMauremys leprosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKessel et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveBeek (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeNijssen and Groot (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWeller (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCranswick and Hall (2010); Hall (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, Few occurrencesNativeNijssen and Groot (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveČirovič and Milenkovič (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePollux and Korosi (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Strubbe and Matthysen (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedZavod Symbiosis (2005); Kraus (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Blanc et al. (1971); Nijssen and Groot (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese R and Pauly D (2012); Copp et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedDijkstra and Dekker (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedOttens (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTriturus carnifexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow)Present, LocalizedIntroducedVerreycken et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoch (1924); Vervoort (1964); Wolff (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene cincta (orange anemone)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresent, LocalizedIntroducedLeloup (1948); Leentvaar (1961); Bakker (1980); Leewis (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentHalliday (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedFaasse and Bayha (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWinter (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentNativeGodan (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella ionicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentIntroducedBij de Vaate and Greijdanus-Klaas (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTaylor (1914); Reichling (1950); Godan (1983); Kerney (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmaal and Lucas (2000); Nehring (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedKennedy et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAdam and Leloup (1934); Nienhuis (1992); Wolff (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al. (1979); Ester and Nijënstein (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKearney and Morton (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMolloy et al. (2007); Schonenberg and Gittenberger (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentIntroducedInvasiveBoer and Bruyne (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeBank et al. (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)Present, WidespreadNativeBrawley et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBij Vaate et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedISSG (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeKerney et al. (1983); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDenker (1907)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBerg et al. (1997); Dorgelo (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedKerckhof et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentInvasiveBorges et al. (2014); de Bruyne (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2020); Gittenberger and Ripken (1987); Bank (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBorgsteede et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentCHRISTIE and PERRY (1959); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, Transient under surveillanceCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentOostenbrink (1955); Heungens (1985); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); Heijbroek (1973); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2011); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentBrinkman (1975); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedKarssen (1996); CABI and EPPO (2003); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentBrinkman (1975); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisAbsent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, WidespreadBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaCeltodoryx ciocalyptoidesPresentIntroducedInvasiveVan Soest et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTrowbridge (1999); Provan et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresentIntroducedStegenga et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentLiebert and Deerns (1920); Otterstrøm and Steemann-Nielsen (1940)
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosaPresentIntroducedRiisberg (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePrud'homme van Reine (1977); Nienhuis (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedGittenberger and Stegenga (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSculthorpe (1967); Pratt et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedChristenhusz and Uffelen (2001); Denters (2003); Verloove and Lambinon (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum hyemale (Horsetail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum palustrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMatteuccia struthiopterisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentGBIF (2010); Hussner (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaDasya baillouvianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveStegenga and Otten (1997); Maggs and Stegenga (1999); Marston and Villalard-Bohnsack (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHeterosiphonia japonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresent, WidespreadNativeStegenga and Mol (1983); Stegenga et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia senticulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedNetherlands Plantenziektenkundige Dienst (1982); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium carinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); Sijtsma (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard (1943); Chauvel et al. (2012); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWageningen University (2009); Kurtto (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedKurtto (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa ochroleucaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone apenninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyosPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWiegers (1983); Wiegers (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedHegi (1929); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); Meisner et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGroeneveld et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentNaber (1977); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2020); Caño et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentKell (2011); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedVerhoeven et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO (2020); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedClapham et al. (1962); Fitter and Peat (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort)Present, Few occurrencesNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalepina irregularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentKarus et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardaminopsis arenosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex crawfordiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina vulgaris (carline thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOchsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium brachypetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa forbesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveReutelingsperger (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum marschalliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedDickoré and Kasperek (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveOEPP/EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus tommasinianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeFreijsen et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentEPPO (2020); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, WidespreadNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Fitter et al. (1989); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChristenhusz and Uffelen (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedChristenhusz and Uffelen (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedvan Ooststroom (1973); Best (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Bouma et al. (1996); USDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveQ-bank (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentEPPO (2020); Adolphi (1999); Bailey and Wisskirchen (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKabuce and Priede (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium saxatilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium lucidum (shining geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1976); Wagenitz (1980); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrummitt (1968); Tiley et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium amplexicaulePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBaas and Holverda (1996); Baas and Duistermaat (1999); Pot (2000); Meijden et al. (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum canadensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWeeda et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTrepl (1984); Weeda et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedAdema and Mennema (1976); Meijden and Holverda (1987); Stolwijk and Zijlstra (1995); Werkgroep Florakartering Drenthe (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe blossfeldiana (flaming katy)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedKalanchoe Growers (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedThompson et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, Few occurrencesHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentGBIF (2016); NDFF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedLoos and Jarvis (1992); Loos (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUK, Center for Ecology and Hydrology (2007); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Flora Europaea (1968); ILDIS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedPeeters-Van der Meijden and Rotteveel (2006); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum hyssopifolium (hyssop loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMibora minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Velde et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQ-bank (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenanthe pimpinelloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, LocalizedBorg (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)Present, LocalizedIntroducedChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentDAISIE (2008); Valentine (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedHaperen and Kogel (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentaglottis sempervirens (evergreen bugloss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentVermeer (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, WidespreadNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); Govaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Molgaard (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago mediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa chaixiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeNaumova et al. (1999); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhinanthus angustifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBruun (2005); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedHaveman et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus chlorothyrsosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus senticosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentVisser et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedLuijten and Odé (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeJans and Drost (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum telephiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAdema and Mennema (1978); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeReichenbach and Reichenbach (1854); Chater and Walters (1976); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeReichenbach and Reichenbach (1854); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentDirkse et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKabuce and Priede (2010); Royal Botanic Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeBoulos (1976); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina anglica (common cordgrass)PresentIntroducedChristiansen and Møller (1983); Groenendijk (1986); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993); Theunissen et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Bouma et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria pallida (common chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedSterk et al. (1987); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Coops et al. (2004); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentNativeOostroom and Reichgelt (1962)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)PresentNativeILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentIntroducedOostroom and Reichgelt (1962)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedSipman (1977); Meulen et al. (1987)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresentEngelsma et al. (2010)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaHaplosporidium armoricanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaKarenia mikimotoiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentAregawi et al. (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian metapneumovirusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentJong (1912); Jansen (1942); OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, WidespreadOswald and Thung (1955); UK, CAB International (1969); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusAbsent, EradicatedNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); Verhoeven et al. (1996); Verhoeven and Roenhorst (1998); EPPO (2020)
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2014)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Bos (1970); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentKoot and Dorst (1959); Dorst (1988); Runia (1988); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDerks and Lemmers (1996); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, LocalizedNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentRast (1979); Boukema (1980); Rast (1982); Tobias et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2009); CABI (Undated)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentPlant Protection Service of the Netherlands (2010); EPPO (2020)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2007); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusPoplar mosaic virusPresentBrunt et al. (1996)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentPijpers et al. (1993)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesVerhoeven et al. (2008); NPPO of the Netherlands (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); IPPC (2014); IPPC (2014); EPPO (2020)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virusPresent, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2020)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Absent, EradicatedNPPO of the Netherlands (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009); EPPO (2009)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2009)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Uilenberg et al. (1980); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anguillicolosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBorgsteede et al. (1999)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadAkkermans (1985)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2009); Davelaar et al. (1983); Wit et al. (1992); Wit et al. (1998)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Hoffrogge et al. (2003); OIE (2004)
avian intestinal spirochaetosisPresentFeberwee et al. (2008)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2009)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); Jong (1912); Jansen (1942)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009); Alani and Herbert (1988)
bacterial gill diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresentIntroducedInvasiveMartel et al. (2013)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresentOIE (2009)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)PresentEngelsma et al. (2010)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismPresentChiers et al. (1998); OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentRondhuis (1968); Opdenbosch et al. (1986)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 2 infectionPresentHorner and Raynel (1988)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentHorzinek et al. (1991)
bovine papillomatosisPresentMisdorp (1967)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadVerhoeff and Nieuwstadt (1984)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentPoel et al. (1999)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2009)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2000)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresentOIE (2009)
caseous lymphadenitisPresentLaak et al. (1988); OIE Handistatus (2005)
chicken anaemiaPresent, WidespreadSteenhuisen et al. (1994)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentAkkermans and Kreeft (1992); Vanrompay et al. (1993)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationCABI (Undated)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentKlaasen et al. (1999); OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
columnaris diseasePresentBootsma and Clerx (1976)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
cowpoxPresentWillemse and Egberink (1985)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadAsperen et al. (1996); Pilarczyk et al. (2003)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentToussaint and Cornelisse (1971)
Digenean infections of fishPresentBroek and Jong (1979)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisPresentSandhu and Leibovitz (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus multilocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2009); OIE (1999)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentUilenberg et al. (1981)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentNabuurs et al. (1993); Heuvelink et al. (1996); Heuvelink (1999); Heuvelink et al. (1999)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentNieschulz (1924); Franssen et al. (2000)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadBerto et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
inclusion body rhinitisPresent, WidespreadRondhuis et al. (1980); CABI (Undated)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentPuechmaille et al. (2011); Wibbelt et al. (2013)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2009)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresentOIE (2009)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitisPresentVecht et al. (1987); Sampimon et al. (2006)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentOIE (2009); Haenen et al. (2004)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentMulder and Zanen (1986); OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadNohlmans et al. (1995)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentFels-Klerx et al. (2002)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentLaak et al. (1992)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresent, WidespreadLaak et al. (1992);
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentLaak et al. (1988)
Mycoplasma dispar infectionsPresentLaak and Noordergraaf (1987)
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentIntroducedStock (1993); Gollasch et al. (2009)
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentStock (1993); Bol (2002)
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm)PresentIntroducedStock (1993)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
neosporosisPresent, WidespreadWouda et al. (1997); Wouda et al. (1999)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentVeen et al. (2000); CABI (Undated)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2009); Kalis et al. (2000)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentKouwenhoven et al. (1976); Yadin and Moraal (1978); Bisgaard et al. (1991)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pike fry rhabdovirus diseasePresentBootsma (1971)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentPijpers et al. (1993)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentHuysman (1991)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2009); ESAVS (1992)
proliferative enteropathyPresentHeijden et al. (2004)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Q feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentIjzer et al. (2016)
rabiesPresentOIE (2009)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Rhodococcus equi infectionsPresentMoraal et al. (1990)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedRimmelzwaan et al. (1991)
ryegrass staggersPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
scrapiePresentOIE (2009); Schreuder (1995)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadMiltenburg et al. (1996); Elbers et al. (1998)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)Present, WidespreadVecht et al. (1985); CABI (Undated)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentLandman et al. (1994); Dorrestein et al. (1996); Chamanza et al. (1998); Landman et al. (1998)
summer mastitisPresentSol et al. (1987); Vecht et al. (1988)
surraPresentAregawi et al. (2019); OIE (2009)
swine dysenteryPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresent, WidespreadMasurel et al. (1983); Elbers et al. (1990); Elbers et al. (1992); Loeffen et al. (1999)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentMohammed (1978)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tick-borne feverPresentSiebinga and Jongejan (2000)
torovirus infectionsPresentKoopmans and Horzinek (1994); Weiss and Horzinek (1996)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
TrichinellaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisPresentOIE (2009); Litjens et al. (1989); Cook et al. (1993)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2009); Houwers (1980); Pépin et al. (1998)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
whirling diseasePresentHalliday (1976)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 168 Im 164 Im 137 Im 166 Im 160 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 436 Im 424 Im 372 Im 298 Im 280 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 25952.4 Fc 25853.7 Fc 27153.3 Fc 17951.8 Fc 17500 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 8266 8681 9129 9300 9400
Apples Production Quantity 418000 334000 407000 375000 391000
Apples Yield 505686 Fc 384748 Fc 445832 Fc 403226 Fc 415957 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2415 2253 2138 2100 2100
Asparagus Production Quantity 17000 14300 14500 14000 14500
Asparagus Yield 70393.4 Fc 63470.9 Fc 67820.4 Fc 66666.7 Fc 69047.6 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 33862 33352 44455 50200 45000
Barley Production Quantity 204702 204444 309619 310200 260000
Barley Seed 6000 F 6000 F 5000 7000 8000
Barley Yield 60451.8 Fc 61298.9 Fc 69647.7 Fc 61792.8 Fc 57777.8 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 1335 2006 1383 900 1100
Beans, dry Production Quantity 4338 6400 * 4400 * 2200 3500
Beans, dry Seed 410 Fc 410 Fc 410 Fc 410 Fc 410 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 32494.4 Fc 31904.3 Fc 31814.9 Fc 24444.4 Fc 31818.2 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 4900 5276 5598 7400 7300
Beans, green Production Quantity 44000 47000 49000 64000 70000
Beans, green Yield 89795.9 Fc 89082.6 Fc 87531.3 Fc 86486.5 Fc 95890.4 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 242 Im 245 Im 249 Im 249 Im 247 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1368 Im 1111 Im 1272 Im 1004 Im 1185 Im
Berries Nes Yield 56528.9 Fc 45346.9 Fc 51084.3 Fc 40321.3 Fc 47975.7 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 941 Im 952 Im 968 Im 962 Im 953 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 5722 Im 4648 Im 5322 Im 4199 Im 4956 Im
Blueberries Yield 60807.7 Fc 48823.5 Fc 54979.3 Fc 43648.7 Fc 52004.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 491 564 592 314 300
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 1478 Im 2180 Im 2000 F 1800 1500
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 30101.8 Fc 38652.5 Fc 33783.8 Fc 57324.8 Fc 50000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 4675 Im 4700 * 4900 * 5100 * 5200 *
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 249000 277000 281500 308000 289000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 532620 Fc 589362 Fc 574490 Fc 603922 Fc 555769 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested
Canary seed Production Quantity
Canary seed Seed
Canary seed Yield
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9000 8518 9100 8500 8800
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 482000 481000 561000 496000 543000
Carrots and turnips Yield 535556 Fc 564687 Fc 616484 Fc 583529 Fc 617045 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 4675 4675 4675 4600 4400
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 57000 60700 59000 66000 62000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 121925 Fc 129840 Fc 126203 Fc 143478 Fc 140909 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 206349 A 210419 A 220796 A 235591 A 212300 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1609680 A 1803150 A 1994420 A 1963010 A 1519600 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 129560 A 129560 A 125738 A 119724 A 155778 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 78007.8 Fc 85693.3 Fc 90328.7 Fc 83322.7 Fc 71578 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 206349 A 210419 A 220796 A 235591 A 212300 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1609680 A 1803150 A 1994420 A 1963010 A 1519600 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 129560 A 129560 A 125738 A 119724 A 155778 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 78007.8 Fc 85693.3 Fc 90328.7 Fc 83322.7 Fc 71578 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 708 710 707 700 700
Cherries Production Quantity 554 Im 450 F 468 Im 370 F 360 F
Cherries Yield 7824.86 Fc 6338.03 Fc 6619.52 Fc 5285.71 Fc 5142.86 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 4667 Im 4700 4400 3400 2600
Chicory roots Production Quantity 194701 Im 159774 Im 204000 144900 105900
Chicory roots Yield 417187 Fc 339945 Fc 463636 Fc 426176 Fc 407308 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 1357 1403 1331 1300 1200
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 365000 365000 370000 335000 320000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 2689760 Fc 2601570 Fc 2779860 Fc 2576920 Fc 2666670 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 55308 A 56696 A 69908 A 79091 A 72300 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 434404 A 433600 A 592382 A 596848 A 529600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 14560 A 14560 A 15738 A 20723.9 A 34778.2 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 78542.7 Fc 76478.1 Fc 84737.4 Fc 75463.4 Fc 73250.4 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 656 664 626 600 600
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 430000 435000 435000 425000 430000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 6554880 Fc 6551200 Fc 6948880 Fc 7083330 Fc 7166670 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 746 785 860 900 800
Currants Production Quantity 3693 Im 3000 Im 3435 Im 2711 Im 3200 F
Currants Yield 49504 Fc 38216.6 Fc 39941.9 Fc 30122.2 Fc 40000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 101 104 97 100 100
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 46000 46000 46000 43000 41000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 4554460 Fc 4423080 Fc 4742270 Fc 4300000 Fc 4100000 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3056 A 2896 A 3059 A 2918 A 3600 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 14054 A 16519 A 21097 A 15331 A 15200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 45988.2 Fc 57040.8 Fc 68967 Fc 52539.4 Fc 42222.2 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 2156 1896 2159 2618 3500
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 7954 10519 14597 13331 14200
Flax fibre and tow Yield 36892.4 Fc 55480 Fc 67610 Fc 50920.6 Fc 40571.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 21255 A 21510 A 21854 A 21727 A 21602 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 820510 A 666549 A 762949 A 603545 A 710682 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 386032 Fc 309879 Fc 349112 Fc 277786 Fc 328989 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested F
Garlic Production Quantity F
Grapes Area Harvested 198 Im 200 * 190 * 180 * 160 *
Grapes Production Quantity 1108 Im 900 F 880 F 875 * 860 *
Grapes Yield 55959.6 Fc 45000 Fc 46315.8 Fc 48611.1 Fc 53750 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 900 1000 900 300 100
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 6100 6000 6500 2000 1000
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 67777.8 Fc 60000 Fc 72222.2 Fc 66666.7 Fc 100000 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 2850 2950 3000 3200 3300
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 90000 100000 96000 95000 114000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 315789 Fc 338983 Fc 320000 Fc 296875 Fc 345455 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 1400 1000 900 1100 600
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 9000 7000 6000 7500 4000
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 64285.7 Fc 70000 Fc 66666.7 Fc 68181.8 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 3285 3400 3475 3600 3000
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 83500 83300 86000 90500 85500
Lettuce and chicory Yield 254186 Fc 245000 Fc 247482 Fc 251389 Fc 285000 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 2156 1422 2163 2618 3500
Linseed Production Quantity 1195 1422 2499 2162 2400
Linseed Seed 150.92 Fc 150.92 Fc 99.54 Fc 151.41 Fc 183.26 Fc
Linseed Yield 5542.67 Fc 10000 Fc 11553.4 Fc 8258.21 Fc 6857.14 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 16570 16733 18846 22100 19300
Maize Production Quantity 204400 196903 244911 252300 230600
Maize Seed 8000 F 8000 F 10000 13000 26000
Maize Yield 123355 Fc 117673 Fc 129954 Fc 114163 Fc 119482 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested
Mixed grain Production Quantity
Mixed grain Yield
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 68 73 76 100 100
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 304000 266000 230000 255000 240000
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 44705900 Fc 36438400 Fc 30263200 Fc 25500000 Fc 24000000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 1458 1683 1569 1491 2000
Oats Production Quantity 8409 7847 9632 7248 8000
Oats Seed 291.6 Fc 291.6 Fc 336.6 Fc 313.8 Fc 298.2 Fc
Oats Yield 57674.9 Fc 46625.1 Fc 61389.4 Fc 48611.7 Fc 40000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 4631 A 4764 A 5478 A 5860 A 7600 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 5053.05 A 8208.46 A 9102.77 A 7567.06 A 8932 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 113.63 A 113.63 A 87.66 A 120.24 A 138.98 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 10911.4 Fc 17230.2 Fc 16617 Fc 12913.1 Fc 11752.6 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 4631 A 4764 A 5478 A 5860 A 7600 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3207.31 A 5235.68 A 5735.97 A 4821.2 A 5630 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 65.11 A 65.11 A 51.4 A 69.46 A 79.94 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6925.74 Fc 10990.1 Fc 10470.9 Fc 8227.3 Fc 7407.89 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1460 Im 1468 Im 1410 Im 1410 Im 1400 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 36977 Im 35060 Im 34755 Im 33362 Im 32000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 253267 Fc 238828 Fc 246489 Fc 236610 Fc 228571 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 29842 28866 26026 26100 26200
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1540900 1302000 1269000 1236000 1085000
Onions, dry Yield 516353 Fc 451050 Fc 487589 Fc 473563 Fc 414122 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 70 Im 71 Im 70 Im 73 Im 70 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 2658 Im 2520 Im 2498 Im 2398 Im 2300 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 379714 Fc 354930 Fc 356857 Fc 328493 Fc 328571 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity
Pears Area Harvested 8203 7995 7800 7500 7300
Pears Production Quantity 336000 274000 295000 172000 260000
Pears Yield 409606 Fc 342714 Fc 378205 Fc 229333 Fc 356164 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 437 950 1213 900 900
Peas, dry Production Quantity 2050 F 4500 5600 4200 3400
Peas, dry Seed 600 Fc 600 Fc 600 Fc 600 Fc 525 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 46910.8 Fc 47368.4 Fc 46166.5 Fc 46666.7 Fc 37777.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 3943 4023 5522 6900 6400
Peas, green Production Quantity 20500 20900 30500 37500 38000
Peas, green Yield 51990.9 Fc 51951.3 Fc 55233.6 Fc 54347.8 Fc 59375 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 257 267 281 300 300
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 6349 Im 5158 Im 5906 Im 4660 Im 5500 F
Plums and sloes Yield 247043 Fc 193184 Fc 210178 Fc 155333 Fc 183333 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 510 710 680 842 700 F
Poppy seed Production Quantity 492 Im 800 F 700 * 1010 680 F
Poppy seed Seed 4.08 Fc 4.08 Fc 5.68 Fc 5.44 Fc 6.74 Fc
Poppy seed Yield 9647.06 Fc 11267.6 Fc 10294.1 Fc 11995.3 Fc 9714.29 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 159233 156969 154971 151900 156900
Potatoes Production Quantity 7333470 6843530 7180980 6922700 6870400
Potatoes Seed 310000 F 310000 F 298000 263000 309000
Potatoes Yield 460550 Fc 435980 Fc 463376 Fc 455741 Fc 437884 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 30 48 46
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2293 A 3568 A 3234 A 2114 A 2300 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7866 A 13080 A 12000 A 8200 A 8400 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1230 A 1230 A 1230 A 1230 A 1155 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 34304.4 Fc 36659.2 Fc 37105.8 Fc 38789 Fc 36521.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 265 264 245 200 200
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 18000 18000 18500 16500 14000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 679245 Fc 681818 Fc 755102 Fc 825000 Fc 700000 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 1965 2632 2635 2400 3400
Rapeseed Production Quantity 6757 11521 11964 9500 11800
Rapeseed Seed 27.51 Fc 27.51 Fc 36.85 Fc 36.89 Fc 33.6 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 34386.8 Fc 43772.8 Fc 45404.2 Fc 39583.3 Fc 34705.9 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 42 Im 43 Im 35 Im 36 Im 42 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 716 Im 582 Im 666 Im 526 Im 621 Im
Raspberries Yield 170476 Fc 135349 Fc 190286 Fc 146111 Fc 147857 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 159233 A 156969 A 154971 A 151900 A 156900 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7333470 A 6843530 A 7180980 A 6922700 A 6870400 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 310000 A 310000 A 298000 A 263000 A 309000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 460550 Fc 435980 Fc 463376 Fc 455741 Fc 437884 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 1629 2252 2304 2100 2000
Rye Production Quantity 6411 10242 11243 8000 11000
Rye Seed F F F F
Rye Yield 39355.4 Fc 45479.6 Fc 48797.7 Fc 38095.2 Fc 55000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested
Spinach Area Harvested 1800 1821 1690 1800 2300
Spinach Production Quantity 34000 29500 32000 38500 44000
Spinach Yield 188889 Fc 161999 Fc 189349 Fc 213889 Fc 191304 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1652 1632 1635 1600 1700
Strawberries Production Quantity 47000 42700 43000 42200 43000
Strawberries Yield 284504 Fc 261642 Fc 262997 Fc 263750 Fc 252941 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 73329 70560 72702 72200 82100
Sugar beet Production Quantity 5857980 5280430 5734970 5218500 5511500
Sugar beet Yield 798863 Fc 748360 Fc 788832 Fc 722784 Fc 671315 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1702 1676 1628 1600 1500
Tomatoes Production Quantity 815000 815000 800000 730000 685000
Tomatoes Yield 4788480 Fc 4862770 Fc 4914000 Fc 4562500 Fc 4566670 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 1789 2676 2734 3200 4000
Triticale Production Quantity 10482 14164 16977 19100 20000
Triticale Seed 268.35 Fc 268.35 Fc 401.4 Fc 410.1 Fc 480 Fc
Triticale Yield 58591.4 Fc 52929.8 Fc 62095.8 Fc 59687.5 Fc 50000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 12843 14573 11797 11797 8937
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 404993 382518 324859 327250 256653
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 315341 Fc 262484 Fc 275374 Fc 277401 Fc 287180 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 87307 A 87778 A 84304 A 87580 A 83707 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5049530 A 4787800 A 4746110 A 4620510 A 4369950 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 578365 Fc 545444 Fc 562976 Fc 527576 Fc 522053 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 87307 A 87778 A 84304 A 87580 A 83707 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5049530 A 4787800 A 4746110 A 4620510 A 4369950 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 578365 Fc 545444 Fc 562976 Fc 527576 Fc 522053 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 151041 153723 150888 156500 140000
Wheat Production Quantity 1175280 1369550 1402040 1366160 990000
Wheat Seed 115000 F 115000 F 110000 99000 121000
Wheat Yield 77812 Fc 89092.1 Fc 92919.3 Fc 87294.6 Fc 70714.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 158 Im 161 Im 150 F 115 Im 153
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 250 F 104 Im 169 Im 189 Im 200
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 15822.8 Fc 6459.63 Fc 11266.7 Fc 16434.8 Fc 13071.9 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 9562 9737 10217 10296 11177
Apples Production Quantity 365000 359000 436000 359000 354000
Apples Yield 381719 Fc 368697 Fc 426740 Fc 348679 Fc 316722 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2959 2301 2100 2423 2200
Asparagus Production Quantity 14000 15000 15000 15000 14000
Asparagus Yield 47313.3 Fc 65189.1 Fc 71428.6 Fc 61906.7 Fc 63636.4 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 44623 50600 48000 54925 56940
Barley Production Quantity 268700 307100 287600 349067 315300
Barley Seed 6000 6000 10000 16000 10000
Barley Yield 60215.6 Fc 60691.7 Fc 59916.7 Fc 63553.4 Fc 55374.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 1139 1099 2284 2075 1138
Beans, dry Production Quantity 1900 4000 8100 7200 5043
Beans, dry Seed 410 Fc 420 Fc 470 Fc 958.1 Fc 580 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 16681.3 Fc 36396.7 Fc 35464.1 Fc 34698.8 Fc 44314.6 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 7400 7100 7297 6800 6200
Beans, green Production Quantity 70000 70500 73000 65000 62000
Beans, green Yield 94594.6 Fc 99295.8 Fc 100041 Fc 95588.2 Fc 100000 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 242 Im 241 Im 242 Im 244 Im 259 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1069 Im 1012 Im 1166 Im 946 Im 956 Im
Berries Nes Yield 44173.6 Fc 41991.7 Fc 48181.8 Fc 38770.5 Fc 36911.2 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 935 Im 931 Im 933 Im 941 Im 1000 F
Blueberries Production Quantity 4472 Im 4235 Im 4878 Im 3957 Im 4000 F
Blueberries Yield 47828.9 Fc 45488.7 Fc 52283 Fc 42051 Fc 40000 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 513 441 517 600 500
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 2694 2829 3400 2764 2929
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc 230 Fc 290 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 52514.6 Fc 64149.7 Fc 65764 Fc 46066.7 Fc 58580 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 7500 F 7841 Im 8377 Im 8000 F 8100
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 269000 268000 282500 281500 255000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 358667 Fc 341793 Fc 337233 Fc 351875 Fc 314815 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested
Canary seed Production Quantity
Canary seed Seed
Canary seed Yield
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9000 7980 8550 8400 8000
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 541000 487000 471000 432000 422000
Carrots and turnips Yield 601111 Fc 610276 Fc 550877 Fc 514286 Fc 527500 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 4200 4000 3900 3700 3700
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 52500 56000 55000 53000 53000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 125000 Fc 140000 Fc 141026 Fc 143243 Fc 143243 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 213220 A 216483 A 216753 A 218598 A 226310 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1674670 A 1775180 A 1823090 A 1819710 A 1740490 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 100000 A 100875 A 95955 A 85952.2 A 73076.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 78541.8 Fc 82000.9 Fc 84108.9 Fc 83244.7 Fc 76907.1 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 213220 A 216483 A 216753 A 218598 A 226310 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1674670 A 1775180 A 1823090 A 1819710 A 1740490 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 100000 A 100875 A 95955 A 85952.2 A 73076.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 78541.8 Fc 82000.9 Fc 84108.9 Fc 83244.7 Fc 76907.1 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 610 606 555 470 Im 500 *
Cherries Production Quantity 350 F 300 F 250 F 220 F 200
Cherries Yield 5737.7 Fc 4950.5 Fc 4504.5 Fc 4680.85 Fc 4000 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 2400 4300 4900 4800 4300
Chicory roots Production Quantity 99100 181000 212300 208100 179500
Chicory roots Yield 412917 Fc 420930 Fc 433265 Fc 433542 Fc 417442 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 1200 1236 1205 1213 1235
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 318000 345000 318000 315000 310000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 2650000 Fc 2791260 Fc 2639000 Fc 2596870 Fc 2510120 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 72120 A 79783 A 79466 A 89353 A 91095 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 490269 A 600489 A 599185 A 689613 A 683845 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 22000 A 18875 A 58955 A 37952.2 A 27076.9 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 67979.6 Fc 75265.3 Fc 75401.4 Fc 77178.5 Fc 75069.4 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 600 631 623 639 658
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 440000 440000 435000 430000 433000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 7333330 Fc 6973060 Fc 6982340 Fc 6729260 Fc 6580550 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 800 800 800 800 800
Currants Production Quantity 3355 Im 3177 Im 3659 Im 2968 Im 3000
Currants Yield 41937.5 Fc 39712.5 Fc 45737.5 Fc 37100 Fc 37500 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 100 90 89 85 77
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 40000 42000 41000 39000 33000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 4000000 Fc 4666670 Fc 4606740 Fc 4588240 Fc 4285710 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3900 A 4700 A 4485 A 6053 A 6196 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 22400 A 26800 A 27600 A 37600 A 39000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 57435.9 Fc 57021.3 Fc 61538.5 Fc 62118 Fc 62943.8 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 3900 4600 4485 4553 4096
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 22400 26800 27400 26700 24700
Flax fibre and tow Yield 57435.9 Fc 58260.9 Fc 61092.5 Fc 58642.7 Fc 60302.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 21132 A 21036 A 21246 A 21106 A 22422 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 641036 A 608434 A 701351 A 568722 A 574756 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 303348 Fc 289235 Fc 330110 Fc 269460 Fc 256336 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested
Garlic Production Quantity
Grapes Area Harvested 100 * 90 * 55 * 22 F 11 F
Grapes Production Quantity 730 * 680 * 470 * 200 F 100
Grapes Yield 73000 Fc 75555.6 Fc 85454.6 Fc 90909.1 Fc 90909.1 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 100 1500 2100
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 200 10900 14300
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 72666.7 Fc 68095.2 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 3047 2725 3050 3500 F 3300
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 102000 82000 104000 104000 95000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 334756 Fc 300917 Fc 340984 Fc 297143 Fc 287879 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 700 600 900 900 900
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 4000 4000 5500 6000 6000
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 57142.9 Fc 66666.7 Fc 61111.1 Fc 66666.7 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 2700 2600 2750 2366 Im 1800
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 71500 74000 73000 68000 66000
Lettuce and chicory Yield 264815 Fc 284615 Fc 265455 Fc 287405 Fc 366667 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 4400 4600 4485 4553 4096
Linseed Production Quantity 3400 3641 5300 5347 4100
Linseed Seed 245 Fc 308 Fc 322 Fc 313.95 Fc 318.71 Fc
Linseed Yield 7727.27 Fc 7915.22 Fc 11817.2 Fc 11743.9 Fc 10009.8 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 19797 20748 22400 24547 23700
Maize Production Quantity 181200 253132 264685 286382 315278
Maize Seed 15000 12000 48000 20000 15000
Maize Yield 91529 Fc 122003 Fc 118163 Fc 116667 Fc 133029 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested
Mixed grain Production Quantity
Mixed grain Yield
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 100 77 85 100 100
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 235000 245000 260000 263000 270000
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 23500000 Fc 31818200 Fc 30588200 Fc 26300000 Fc 27000000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 1600 1700 2046 2500 2462
Oats Production Quantity 8969 9472 11000 15164 12700
Oats Seed 400 Fc 320 Fc 340 Fc 409.2 Fc 500 *
Oats Yield 56056.3 Fc 55717.7 Fc 53763.4 Fc 60656 Fc 51584.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 8300 A 6996 A 6490 A 5996 A 5148 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 9352 A 7085.43 A 8089 A 5736.41 A 3956 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 185.71 A 224.16 A 221.66 A 212.91 A 210.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 11267.5 Fc 10127.8 Fc 12463.8 Fc 9567.06 Fc 7684.54 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 8300 A 6996 A 6490 A 5996 A 5148 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5823 A 4349.03 A 4930 A 3464.39 A 2437.9 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 106.36 A 127.52 A 124.93 A 119.88 A 118.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7015.66 Fc 6216.45 Fc 7596.3 Fc 5777.84 Fc 4735.63 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1500 F 1800 F 1200 F 2200 F 310 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 33000 F 36000 F 24000 F 45000 F 6175 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 220000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 204545 Fc 199194 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 24600 22500 26000 23000 14789
Onions, dry Production Quantity 942000 1082000 1224700 808800 816700
Onions, dry Yield 382927 Fc 480889 Fc 471038 Fc 351652 Fc 552235 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 65 F 78 Im 83 Im 79 Im 60 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 2200 F 2247 Im 2364 Im 2000 2000
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 338462 Fc 288077 Fc 284819 Fc 253165 Fc 333333 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity
Pears Area Harvested 6914 6692 6493 6386 6329
Pears Production Quantity 222000 195000 210000 159000 171000
Pears Yield 321088 Fc 291393 Fc 323425 Fc 248982 Fc 270185 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1056 2321 2700 2900 1700
Peas, dry Production Quantity 4600 9800 10700 F 10000 F 7000
Peas, dry Seed 435 Fc 975 F 1111.8 Fc 1140 Fc 1335 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 43560.6 Fc 42223.2 Fc 39629.6 Fc 34482.8 Fc 41176.5 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 5800 5400 5100 6000 6300
Peas, green Production Quantity 34000 34000 35000 38000 40000
Peas, green Yield 58620.7 Fc 62963 Fc 68627.4 Fc 63333.3 Fc 63492.1 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 226 297 308 400 400
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 4300 F 5500 F 7318 Im 5936 Im 6000
Plums and sloes Yield 190265 Fc 185185 Fc 237597 Fc 148400 Fc 150000 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 600 300 390 F 480 F 571
Poppy seed Production Quantity 500 300 500 * 700 * 1000
Poppy seed Seed 5.6 Fc 4.8 Fc 2.4 Fc 3.12 Fc 3.84 Fc
Poppy seed Yield 8333.33 Fc 10000 Fc 12820.5 Fc 14583.3 Fc 17513.1 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 155800 156000 163905 158644 165200
Potatoes Production Quantity 6239600 6777000 7487700 6468760 7362740
Potatoes Seed 204000 267000 279000 271000 410000
Potatoes Yield 400488 Fc 434423 Fc 456832 Fc 407753 Fc 445686 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2708 A 3861 A 5501 A 5575 A 3338 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9194 A 16629 A 22200 A 19964 A 14972 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1065 A 1615 A 1801.8 A 2328.1 A 2205 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 33951.3 Fc 43069.2 Fc 40356.3 Fc 35809.9 Fc 44853.2 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 200 165 160 200 200
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 11500 12000 11000 12000 11000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 575000 Fc 727273 Fc 687500 Fc 600000 Fc 550000 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 3300 2096 1615 963 481
Rapeseed Production Quantity 11600 7736 7500 3363 1455
Rapeseed Seed 47.6 Fc 46.2 Fc 29.34 Fc 22.61 Fc 13.48 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 35151.5 Fc 36908.4 Fc 46439.6 Fc 34922.1 Fc 30249.5 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 43 Im 42 Im 43 Im 47 Im 46 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 560 Im 530 Im 610 Im 495 Im 500
Raspberries Yield 130233 Fc 126190 Fc 141860 Fc 105319 Fc 108696 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 155800 A 156000 A 163905 A 158644 A 165200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6239600 A 6777000 A 7487700 A 6468760 A 7362740 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 204000 A 267000 A 279000 A 271000 A 410000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 400488 Fc 434423 Fc 456832 Fc 407753 Fc 445686 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 2400 2535 3400 3535 3567
Rye Production Quantity 10900 10885 16600 17900 16800
Rye Seed 1000 1000
Rye Yield 45416.7 Fc 42938.9 Fc 48823.5 Fc 50636.5 Fc 47098.4 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 100
Spinach Area Harvested 2400 2131 2067 2100 1968
Spinach Production Quantity 39000 43000 40000 43000 43000
Spinach Yield 162500 Fc 201783 Fc 193517 Fc 204762 Fc 218496 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1700 1600 1600 1500 1900
Strawberries Production Quantity 39200 39000 37000 36000 35000
Strawberries Yield 230588 Fc 243750 Fc 231250 Fc 240000 Fc 184211 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 82781 91300 97700 102787 108900
Sugar beet Production Quantity 5414100 5931000 6292200 6209800 6250200
Sugar beet Yield 654027 Fc 649617 Fc 644033 Fc 604143 Fc 573939 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1500 1396 1352 1257 1200
Tomatoes Production Quantity 680000 660000 655000 595000 555000
Tomatoes Yield 4533330 Fc 4727790 Fc 4844670 Fc 4733490 Fc 4625000 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 3700 4100 3620 3846 4426
Triticale Production Quantity 20500 19900 19300 21100 23767
Triticale Seed 600 Fc 555 Fc 615 Fc 543 Fc 576.9 Fc
Triticale Yield 55405.4 Fc 48536.6 Fc 53314.9 Fc 54862.2 Fc 53698.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 8222 7570 8014 9107 8743
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 233449 235558 255160 249505 251626
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 283932 Fc 311173 Fc 318393 Fc 273971 Fc 287803 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 83793 A 78221 A 82902 A 82069 A 69840 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4132150 A 4233310 A 4380220 A 3864810 A 3744500 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 493138 Fc 541198 Fc 528362 Fc 470921 Fc 536154 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 83793 A 78221 A 82902 A 82069 A 69840 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4132150 A 4233310 A 4380220 A 3864810 A 3744500 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 493138 Fc 541198 Fc 528362 Fc 470921 Fc 536154 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 141100 136700 137287 129245 135215
Wheat Production Quantity 1184400 1174690 1223900 1130100 1056640
Wheat Seed 78000 82000 37000 48000 46000
Wheat Yield 83940.5 Fc 85932 Fc 89149 Fc 87438.6 Fc 78145.2 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1894.8 Q 1908.7 Q 1917.4 Q 1929.3 Q 1914.4 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 43.3 Q 41.7 Q 47.5 W 46.9 W 45.5 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 4.2 Q 4.1 Q 1.8 Fm 3.5 Fm 1.5 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 202 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 47.5 Q 45.8 Q 49.3 W 50.4 W 47 W
Arable land Area 1042.4 Q 1059 Q 1054.7 Q 1066.6 Q 1059.8 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1078.8 Q 1095.4 Q 1090.2 Q 1101.5 Q 1093.7 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 17.1 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 1.9 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 19 Q
Country area Area 4154 Fm 4154 Fm 4154 Q 4154 Q 4154 Q
Fallow land Area 7.2 Q 7.3 Q 7.4 Q 7.6 Q 17.1 Q
Forest area Area 365 Fm 365 Q 365 Fm 365 Fm 365 Fm
Inland water Area 781 Fm 781 Fm 781 Fm 778 Fm 778 Fm
Land area Area 3373 Fm 3373 Fm 3373 Q 3376 Q 3376 Q
Other land Area 1113.2 Fm 1099.3 Fm 1090.6 Fm 1081.7 Fm 1096.6 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 766.4 Q 768.7 Q 784.8 Q 791.6 Q 794.3 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 49.6 Q 44.6 Q 42.4 Q 36.3 Q 26.4 Q
Permanent crops Area 36.4 Q 36.4 Q 35.5 Q 34.9 Q 33.9 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 0.4 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 0.1 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 0.5 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 816 Q 813.3 Q 827.2 Q 827.8 Q 820.7 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 25.7 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 2.2 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 27.9 Q
Temporary crops Area 862.9 Q 869.7 Q 857.4 Q 868.4 Q 847 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 172.3 Q 182 Q 189.9 Q 190.6 Q 195.7 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 486 Q 479 Fm 472 Fm 464 Fm 457 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1919.6 Q 1937.7 Q 1949.4 Q 1923 W 1949 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 47 W 46.9 W 46.1 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 1.4 Fm 1.9 Fm 2.1 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 48.4 W 48.8 W 48.2 W
Arable land Area 1069.8 Q 1111 Q 1127.5 Q 906 W 916 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1102.5 Q 1142.8 Q 1158.6 Q 938 W 949 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area
Arable land organic, total Area
Country area Area 4154 Q 4154 Q 4153 W 4153 Q 4153 Q
Fallow land Area 20.5 Q 34.9 Q 25.3 Q 4 W 6 W
Forest area Area 365 Fm 365 Q 364 Fm 363 Fm 362 Fm
Inland water Area 778 Fm 778 Fm 777 Fm 777 Fm 777 Fm
Land area Area 3376 Q 3376 Q 3376 Q 3376 Q 3376 Q
Other land Area 1091.4 Fm 1073.3 Fm 1062.6 Fm 1090 Fm 1065 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 794.7 Q 770.6 Q 756.7 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 22.5 Q 24.3 Q 34.1 Q
Permanent crops Area 32.7 Q 31.8 Q 31.1 Q 32 Q 33 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area
Permanent crops organic, total Area
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 817.1 Q 794.9 Q 790.8 Q 985 W 1000 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area
Temporary crops Area 847.2 Q 871 Q 880.9 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 202.1 Q 205.1 Q 221.3 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 432 Fm 408 I 380 Fm 351 I 390 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files