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Datasheet

Netherlands

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Netherlands
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): 370,000
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Amsterdam
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 16,381,137
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$45,650
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$747,822,841,856
  • GDP: US$765,817,651,200
  • Agriculture, value added: US$14,433,921,024

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Transient: actionable, under eradication CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark) Widespread Gremmen and DeKam, 1970; Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Absent, confirmed by survey Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Absent, confirmed by survey NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato) Present YesSlawiak et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Widespread Introduced YesKleijburg, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Restricted distribution YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Restricted distribution Introduced EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Transient: actionable, under eradication CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2016.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni (phytophthora disease of alders) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Restricted distribution Introduced IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviae Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesIPPC, 2006; Meffert, 2007; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; Neergaard, 1945.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Phillips and Burdekin, 1992.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Timmer, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present Introduced YesHenricot et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Widespread IPPC, 2006; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororia Widespread Native Vloten and Gremmen, 1953.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight) Widespread Introduced Yesvan Poetern, 1931
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present UK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present IPPC, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesGibbs, 1978.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Braun, 1995.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Puechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (butternut canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present van Dijk et al., 1992
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Native NoOudemans, 1905; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium kamtschaticum (Japanese white pine rust) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Widespread Native NoSchuring, 1999.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present, few occurrences Zadoks, 1959.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution Boerema and Vermeulen, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present only in captivity/cultivation Spitzen-van der Sluijs et al., 2011.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) Present Introduced YesMartel et al., 2013.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Widespread Introduced YesWolff, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm) Widespread Introduced YesEssink and Kleef, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria viridis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcantholyda laricis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present EPPO, 2014; OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present Maan, 1945; Oudejans, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta aceris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite) Eradicated IPPC, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Van Rossem, 1974; Bravenboer, 1975; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesSteffan, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgardhiella subulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Widespread Introduced YesGittenberger et al., 2010; Waardenburg, 1827; Hoek, 1876; Bishop, 1947; Wolff, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Eradicated EPPO, 2016; EPPO, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2016a; IPPC, 2016b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesFurk, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgiope bruennichi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestus Widespread Introduced Meulen, 1946; Bassindale, 1947; Bishop, 1947; Boschma, 1948; Leenhouts, 1948a; Leenhouts, 1948b; Hartog, 1953; Hartog, 1953; Kühl, 1963; Wolf, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus eburneus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Widespread de Barro, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Jonge de, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachypterolus antirrhini Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea) Widespread Introduced YesKetelaars and Gille, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Transient: actionable, under eradication CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Widespread Introduced YesStigter et al., 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella mutica Widespread Introduced Cook et al., 2007a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Native Roman and Palumbi, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCephalcia alashanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCephalcia erythrogaster Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, formerly present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerobasis annulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Nijveldt, 1973; Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp) Present Introduced Brink et al., 1993; Josens et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Restricted distribution Lempke, 1982; Vos and Rutten, 1995; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina americana (rosemary beetle) Present Beenen and Winkelman, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulans Present Fauna Europaea, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysso spiniventris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesWatson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara laportei Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClosterotomus trivialis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Blom et al., 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCopidothrips octarticulatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Huisman et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptamorpha desjardinsi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present CIE, 1979; Kosztarab and Kozar, 1988; Jansen, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtile Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Localised Introduced YesStraten and Muus, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Restricted distribution Wood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Eradicated Introduced YesKiss et al., 2005b; IPPC, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbetti Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips phalaenopsidis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichrooscytus gustavi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp) Present Introduced YesVaate and Klink, 1995; Josens et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus bifoveolatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiplopseustis perieresalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoRohwer, 1916; Coppel et al., 1974; Liston, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2012; NPPO, 2012; Helsen et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Restricted distribution ===, 2010; NPPO The Netherlands, 2010; NPPO The Netherlands, 2013; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Widespread Introduced NoRomeijn, 1994; Huisman and Koster, 1995; Karsholt and Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEarias vernana Present Tuinstra, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanus Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Widespread Introduced NoKloft et al., 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElophila nymphaeata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEricaphis scammelli Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Introduced YesGollasch , 1997; ISSG, 2004; NHM, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present NHM, 1955
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupithecia lariciata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupithecia pulchellata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Aalbers, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Native NoListon, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathotrichus materiarius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Mantel et al., 1988
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Widespread Native Booij and Voerman, 1984; Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplotinea insectella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Widespread Introduced YesBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Eradicated IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus penicilatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab) Present Introduced Breton et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab) Present Introduced YesBreton et al., 2002; Wolff, 2005; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomala Present Introduced YesKelleher et al., 1999; Ketelaars et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHenoticus californicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoridiplosis ficifolii Present EPPO, 2014. Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Present Doom and Frenken, 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia rhododendri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoEPPO/CABI and, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Restricted distribution Native Moraal, 1996; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present Introduced YesMabelis et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Widespread Anon., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Present Native NoEllis, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucothrips nigripennis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Widespread Cox, 2001; Haye and Kenis, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeni Widespread Introduced YesKelleher et al., 1999; Vaate et al., 2002; Usseglio-Polatera and Beisel, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Present NMNH, 2012; Holthuis, 1949.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble) Present Native NoHolthuis, 1949.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced Boer and Vierbergen, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoMartinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present only under cover/indoors Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigriceps Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithophane leautieri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced Shrimp News, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present Huisman et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthodera Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesGrijpma and et al. , 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacaria liturata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotoma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present Lucht, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelita nitida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn) Present Native YesAlthoff and Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMordellistena cattleyana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreae Present Introduced Stock, 1993; Gollasch et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present, few occurrences Introduced Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm) Present Stock, 1993; Bol, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola orientalis (oyster redworm) Present Introduced Stock, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present Bokx and Piron, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoHein, 1956.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesothrips propinquus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider) Present Introduced Bielak-Bielecki and Rozwalka, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNigma walckenaeri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNovelsis horni Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present Roskam et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOcnerostoma piniariella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOecobius navus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parva Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Restricted distribution Introduced Veenenbos, 1981; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Widespread Introduced YesSoes, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrsillus depressus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus crataegi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish) Present Introduced Lewis , 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Widespread Introduced Faasse, 2005; Udekem et al., 2005; Tulp, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Widespread Moraal and, 1993; Moraal, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleae Present EPPO, 2014. Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoni Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced Jansen, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid) Present Native NoDoom & Hille Ris Lambers, 1962
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeosinus rudis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Absent, formerly present CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhradonoma tricolor Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter geniculella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; Huisman et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Higgins, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Widespread Native NoRavensberg, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Restricted distribution Native Lucht, 1987; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Widespread Native NoElton , 1949; Brakman , 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Vos et al., 1993; Kozár et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus acutus acutus Present Introduced Soes and Eekelen, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced Holdich and et al. , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs) Present, few occurrences Introduced Soes and Eekelen, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Jansen, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus elisae (banana mealybug) Absent, confirmed by survey NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Gimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtinella errabunda Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly) Present, few occurrences IPPC, 2016; EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis mendax (blueberry fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Localised Native NoAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Widespread Introduced Maitland, 1874.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present NHM, 1977
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda candida Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO/CABI and, 1996; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014; Rossem et al., 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Jansen and Stigter, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Champ and Dyte, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Eradicated EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Eradicated EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth) Present Moraal, 1992; Stigter and Romeijn, 1992; Moraal et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Eradicated Introduced CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinea pallescentella Present Huisman et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly) Restricted distribution Oosterbroek and Theowald, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Luitjes, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present EPPO, 2016; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Huisman et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUrocerus albicornis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoHensen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Widespread Native Novan Frankenhuyzen, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinata Widespread Introduced YesBlauwe and Faasse, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Native Nijssen and Groot, 1974; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Widespread Introduced Banks et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Localised Introduced Voslamber et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate) Present Gittenberger, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Introduced Voslamber et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Localised Introduced Voslamber et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel) Localised Introduced YesDijkstra et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Native NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace) Present Introduced NoGroot SJ de, 1990; Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Introduced YesOttens and Ryall, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Introduced, not established DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillum Present YesGittenberger, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianum Present Introduced Gittenberger, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe) Present Native NoNijssen and Groot, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Cowx and Nunn, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagurus ovatus (Hare's tail) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Widespread Introduced YesKleef et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoMitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Widespread Native NoBlanc et al., 1971; Nijssen and Groot, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMauremys leprosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac) Localised Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby) Localised Introduced YesKessel et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesBeek GCWvan, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesISSG, 2011; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog) Present, few occurrences Introduced Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon) Present Introduced NoFroese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat) Widespread Introduced YesDoude van Troostwijk, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanus Present Native NoNijssen and Groot, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoWeller, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present, few occurrences Native NoNijssen and Groot, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread Introduced eBird, 2015; BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Widespread Native Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Present Introduced YesCirovic and Milenkovic, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Localised Introduced YesPollux and Korosi, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced BirdLife International, 2009; Strubbe and Matthysen, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Zavod Symbiosis, 2005; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007; Blanc et al., 1971; Nijssen and Groot, 1974; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1974; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Blanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Muus and Dahlström, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2012; Copp et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present, few occurrences Native NoBlanc et al., 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk) Localised Introduced Dijkstra and Dekker, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoOttens, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUmbra pygmaea (eastern mudminnow) Localised Introduced Verreycken et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesRoch, 1924; Vervoort, 1964; Wolff, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene cincta (orange anemone) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertens Localised Introduced Leloup, 1948; Leentvaar, 1961; Bakker, 1980; Leewis, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Present Halliday, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut) Present Introduced Faasse and Bayha, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug) Widespread Introduced YesDe Winter, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail) Present Native Godan, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCernuella ionica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Introduced NoTaylor, 1914; Reichling, 1950; Godan, 1983; Kerney, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced YesSmaal and Lucas, 2000; Nehring, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Present Introduced NoKennedy et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet) Widespread Introduced YesAdam and Leloup, 1934; Nienhuis, 1992; Wolff, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Kerney et al., 1979; Ester and Nijënstein, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Widespread Introduced YesKearney and Morton, 1970.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present Introduced YesMolloy et al., 2007; Schonenberg and Gittenberger, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directus Present Introduced YesBoer and Bruyne, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Native NoTaylor, 1902-1907; Bank et al., 2002i.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Widespread Native NoBrawley et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present, few occurrences Introduced Bij et al., 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Native Kerney et al., 1983; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing) Present Introduced YesDenker, 1907.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Localised Introduced Berg et al., 1997; Dorgelo, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Present, few occurrences Introduced Kerckhof et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Gittenberger and Ripken, 1987; Bank, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Widespread Introduced YesBorgsteede et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Transient: actionable, under surveillance CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present Oostenbrink, 1955; Heungens, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Restricted distribution Heijbroek, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Brinkman, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Karssen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Brinkman, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Widespread Brown and Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesTrowbridge, 1999; Provan et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Present Introduced Stegenga et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Liebert and Deerns, 1920; Otterstrøm and Steemann-Nielsen, 1940.
EukaryotaPlantaeHeterokontophytaPseudochattonella verruculosa Present Introduced Riisberg, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed) Widespread Introduced YesPrud'homme Reine WFvan, 1977; Nienhuis, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced YesSculthorpe, 1967; Pratt et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla mexicana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Introduced Christenhusz and Uffelen, 2001; Denters, 2003; Verloove and Lambinon, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum hyemale (Horsetail) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum palustre Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMatteuccia struthiopteris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present GBIF, 2010; GBIF, 2010; Hussner, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamifera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaDasya baillouviana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturu Localised Introduced YesStegenga and Otten, 1997; Maggs and Stegenga, 1999; Marston and Villalard-Bohnsack, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHeterosiphonia japonica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Widespread Native NoStegenga and Mol, 1983; Stegenga et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia senticulosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced Netherlands Plantenziektenkundige Dienst, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoBGCI, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Localised Introduced Slageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Localised Introduced Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochlora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium carinatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native NoFlora Europaea, 2008; Sijtsma, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1979; Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Localised Introduced NoMeijden et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Allard, 1943; Chauvel and Martinez, 2012; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Present Introduced YesTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Introduced Wageningen University, 2009; Kurtto, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present Introduced Kurtto, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa ochroleuca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone apennina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Widespread Introduced YesWiegers, 1983; Wiegers, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Introduced Hegi, 1929; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; Meisner et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Groeneveld et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Jones and, 1976; Naber, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014; Caño et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermedia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced Christenhusz et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoGBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Widespread Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Verhoeven et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present EPPO, 2014; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Introduced Clapham et al., 1962; Fitter and Peat, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalepina irregularis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula latifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present Karus et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardaminopsis arenosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex crawfordii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina vulgaris (carline thistle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesOchsmann, 2001a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium brachypetalum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilio Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa forbesii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016. Klinkhamer & de Jong, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Native Tutin et al., 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgare Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Stace, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesReutelingsperger, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum marschallii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoDickoré and Kasperek, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons) Present EPPO, 2014. Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Restricted distribution Introduced YesOEPP/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus tommasinianus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native Freijsen et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Widespread Native NoHeywood and Ball, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Fitter et al., 1989; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Native Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive) Present Introduced Christenhusz and Uffelen, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Introduced Christenhusz and Uffelen, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Introduced Best, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane) Present Introduced NOBANIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present Native Euro+Med Plantbase, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguieriana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia stricta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1991; Bouma et al., 1996; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesMennema and Quene-Boterenbrood, 1985; Q-bank, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced YesDAISIE, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Present EPPO, 2014; Adolphi, 1999; Bailey and Wisskirchen, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Native eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophylla Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Native GrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahit Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present DAISIE, 2014. Tutin, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesKabuce and Priede, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium saxatile Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium lucidum (shining geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Introduced Tutin et al., 1976; Wagenitz, 1980; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoGreuter, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Localised Introduced YesBrummitt, 1968; Tiley et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria hirsuta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium amplexicaule Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium caespitosum (yellow hawkweed) Present Introduced NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Widespread Native NoSell and West, 1976; Meusel and JSger, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranae Present Native USDA-GRIN, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum canadense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Widespread Introduced YesWeeda et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam) Widespread Introduced Trepl, 1984; Weeda et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (Marsh-elder) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus canadensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Present, few occurrences Introduced Adema and Mennema, 1976; Meijden and Holverda, 1987; Stolwijk and Zijlstra, 1995; Werkgroep Florakartering Drenthe, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca saligna Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Introduced Thompson et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus niger Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Introduced DAISIE, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Present, few occurrences Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present GBIF, 2016; NDFF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenarius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium vulgare Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Loos and Jarvis, 1992; Loos, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose) Present Introduced GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Restricted distribution Introduced CEH, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016; Flora Europaea, 1968; EPPO, 2015; ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage) Present, few occurrences Introduced Peeters-Van and Rotteveel, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum hyssopifolium (hyssop loosestrife) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present Introduced GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alcea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013. Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMibora minima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia sibirica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Widespread EPPO, 2011; Velde et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2011; Q-bank, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Native Fitter, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenanthe pimpinelloides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesiana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parviflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Restricted distribution ter Borg, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Localised Introduced Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present DAISIE, 2008; Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemone Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Introduced Haperen and Kogel, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Native NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentaglottis sempervirens (evergreen bugloss) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia prolifera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Vermeer, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Native Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced Ohrnberger, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Introduced, not established Holm et al., 1977; Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979; Molgaard, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago media Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa chaixii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Naumova et al., 1999; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native ISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present, few occurrences Introduced PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Walters, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Native EUNIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermedia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla recta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatior Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardous Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Holm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Widespread Introduced YesBruun, 2005; UK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced NoHaveman et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Visser et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoLuijten and Odé, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Jans and Drost, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Widespread Introduced YesAdema and Mennema, 1978; Ernst and, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native NoReichenbach and Reichenbach, 1854; Chater and Walters, 1976; Heukels and van der Meijden, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native NoReichenbach and Reichenbach, 1854; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Clayton, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present Dirkse et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesKabuce and Priede, 2010; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Boulos, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993; Theunissen et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972; Bouma et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoHeywood, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Sterk et al., 1987; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Clapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Coops et al., 2004; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present Native Oostroom and Reichgelt, 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Present Introduced Oostroom and Reichgelt, 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present BioCASE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Native NoISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Native ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Introduced Sipman, 1977; Meulen et al., 1987.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreae Present Engelsma et al., 2010.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaHaplosporidium armoricanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaKarenia mikimotoi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian metapneumovirus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirus Present De Jong, 1912; Jansen, 1942; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Widespread Oswald and Thung, 1955; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virus Eradicated Verhoeven et al., 1996; Verhoeven and Roenhorst, 1998; EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
VirusCitrus leprosis virus C (leprosis of citrus) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Absent, invalid record Bos, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2010. NPPO, Netherlands, personal communication, 2012
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequid herpesvirus 1 Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusequine arteritis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Widespread Introduced Derks and Lemmers, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Rast, 1979; Boukema, 1980; Rast, 1982; Tobias et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPoplar mosaic virus Present VIDE
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virus Present Pijpers et al., 1993.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Transient: actionable, under eradication Verhoeven et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014a; IPPC, 2014b; EPPO, 2016.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Eradicated EPPO, 2014. NPPO of the Netherlands, 2013
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease never reported Uilenberg et al., 1980; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Widespread Introduced YesBorgsteede et al., 1999.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1971.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Akkermans, 1985.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Davelaar et al., 1983; Wit et al., 1992; Wit et al., 1998.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Hoffrogge et al., 2003; OIE, 2004b.
avian intestinal spirochaetosis Present Feberwee et al., 2008.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infections Present deBoer et al., 1981.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Present OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005; De Jong, 1912; Jansen, 1942.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Alani and Herbert, 1988.
bacterial gill disease Present Farkas , 1985.
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infection Present Introduced YesMartel et al., 2013.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009.
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae) Present Engelsma et al., 2010.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Reported present or known to be present Chiers et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Rondhuis, 1968; Opdenbosch et al., 1986.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 2 infection Present Horner and Raynel, 1988.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Horzinek et al., 1991.
bovine papillomatosis Present Misdorp, 1967.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Verhoeff and Nieuwstadt, 1984.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Poel et al., 1999.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Present OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Reported present or known to be present Laak et al., 1988; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Widespread Steenhuisen et al., 1994.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Akkermans and Kreeft, 1992; Vanrompay et al., 1993.
Chytridiomycosis Present only in captivity/cultivation Spitzen-van der Sluijs et al., 2011.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present Klaasen et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
columnaris disease Present Bootsma and Clerx, 1976.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cowpox Present Willemse and Egberink, 1985.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Asperen et al., 1996; Pilarczyk et al., 2003.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Derzsy's disease Present van and Miltenburg, 1966.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present Toussaint and Cornelisse, 1971.
Digenean infections of fish Present Broek and Jong, 1979.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Reported present or known to be present Sandhu and Leibovitz, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus multilocularis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
enzootic abortion of ewes Present OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Uilenberg et al., 1981.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Present OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Nabuurs et al., 1993; Heuvelink et al., 1996; Heuvelink, 1999; Heuvelink et al., 1999.
European foulbrood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Present OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present Jong de, 1912; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Nieschulz, 1924; Franssen et al., 2000.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Hakze-van der Honing et al., 2011; Berto et al., 2012a.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
inclusion body rhinitis Widespread Gotink and van, 1960; Rondhuis et al., 1980.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Jacobs and van, 2000; Jacobs and van, 2000; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Present OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitis Present Vecht et al., 1987; Sampimon et al., 2006.
koi herpesvirus disease Present OIE, 2009; Haenen et al., 2004.
leishmaniosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present Mulder and Zanen, 1986; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lyme borreliosis Widespread Nohlmans et al., 1995.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Fels et al., 2002.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infections Present Laak et al., 1992.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Widespread Laak et al., 1992.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Widespread Laak et al., 1992a; Laak et al., 1992b.
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infection Present Laak et al., 1988.
Mycoplasma dispar infections Present Laak and Noordergraaf, 1987.
Myicola ostreae infestation Present Introduced Stock, 1993; Gollasch et al., 2009.
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm) Present Stock, 1993; Bol, 2002.
Mytilicola orientalis infestation (oyster redworm) Present Introduced Stock, 1993.
myxomatosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Widespread Wouda et al., 1997; Wouda et al., 1999a.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection Present van Beek et al., 1994; van Veen et al., 2000a.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Kalis et al., 2000.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Kouwenhoven et al., 1976; Yadin and Moraal, 1978; Bisgaard et al., 1991.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pike fry rhabdovirus disease Present Bootsma, 1971.
porcine circovirus infections Widespread Anon., 1999.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
porcine epidemic diarrhoea Present Pijpers et al., 1993.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Huysman, 1991.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992.
proliferative enteropathy Present Heijden et al., 2004.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis No information available Houwers and Terpstra, 1984; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Present Ijzer et al., 2016.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Moraal et al., 1990.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Rimmelzwaan et al., 1991.
ryegrass staggers Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
scrapie Present OIE, 2009; Schreuder, 1995.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Miltenburg et al., 1996; Elbers et al., 1998.
strangles Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Widespread Vecht et al., 1985; van et al., 1987.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Landman et al., 1994; Dorrestein et al., 1996; Chamanza et al., 1998; Landman et al., 1998.
summer mastitis Present Sol et al., 1987; Vecht et al., 1988.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Widespread Masurel et al., 1983; Elbers et al., 1990; Elbers et al., 1992; Loeffen et al., 1999.
swine vesicular disease Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread van and van, 1997.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Mohammed, 1978.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tick-borne fever Present Siebinga and Jongejan, 2000.
torovirus infections Present Koopmans and Horzinek, 1994; Weiss and Horzinek, 1996.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; Litjens et al., 1989; Cook et al., 1993a.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Present OIE, 2009; Houwers, 1980; Pépin et al., 1998.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
whirling disease Present Halliday, 1976.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome) Present Puechmaille et al., 2011b; Wibbelt et al., 2013.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 168 Im 164 Im 137 Im 166 Im 160 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 436 Im 424 Im 372 Im 298 Im 280 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 25952.4 Fc 25853.7 Fc 27153.3 Fc 17951.8 Fc 17500 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 8266 8681 9129 9300 9400
Apples Production Quantity 418000 334000 407000 375000 391000
Apples Yield 505686 Fc 384748 Fc 445832 Fc 403226 Fc 415957 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2415 2253 2138 2100 2100
Asparagus Production Quantity 17000 14300 14500 14000 14500
Asparagus Yield 70393.4 Fc 63470.9 Fc 67820.4 Fc 66666.7 Fc 69047.6 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 33862 33352 44455 50200 45000
Barley Production Quantity 204702 204444 309619 310200 260000
Barley Seed 6000 F 6000 F 5000 7000 8000
Barley Yield 60451.8 Fc 61298.9 Fc 69647.7 Fc 61792.8 Fc 57777.8 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 1335 2006 1383 900 1100
Beans, dry Production Quantity 4338 6400 * 4400 * 2200 3500
Beans, dry Seed 410 Fc 410 Fc 410 Fc 410 Fc 410 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 32494.4 Fc 31904.3 Fc 31814.9 Fc 24444.4 Fc 31818.2 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 4900 5276 5598 7400 7300
Beans, green Production Quantity 44000 47000 49000 64000 70000
Beans, green Yield 89795.9 Fc 89082.6 Fc 87531.3 Fc 86486.5 Fc 95890.4 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 242 Im 245 Im 249 Im 249 Im 247 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1368 Im 1111 Im 1272 Im 1004 Im 1185 Im
Berries Nes Yield 56528.9 Fc 45346.9 Fc 51084.3 Fc 40321.3 Fc 47975.7 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 941 Im 952 Im 968 Im 962 Im 953 Im
Blueberries Production Quantity 5722 Im 4648 Im 5322 Im 4199 Im 4956 Im
Blueberries Yield 60807.7 Fc 48823.5 Fc 54979.3 Fc 43648.7 Fc 52004.2 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 491 564 592 314 300
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 1478 Im 2180 Im 2000 F 1800 1500
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 30101.8 Fc 38652.5 Fc 33783.8 Fc 57324.8 Fc 50000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 4675 Im 4700 * 4900 * 5100 * 5200 *
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 249000 277000 281500 308000 289000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 532620 Fc 589362 Fc 574490 Fc 603922 Fc 555769 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested
Canary seed Production Quantity
Canary seed Seed
Canary seed Yield
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9000 8518 9100 8500 8800
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 482000 481000 561000 496000 543000
Carrots and turnips Yield 535556 Fc 564687 Fc 616484 Fc 583529 Fc 617045 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 4675 4675 4675 4600 4400
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 57000 60700 59000 66000 62000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 121925 Fc 129840 Fc 126203 Fc 143478 Fc 140909 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 206349 A 210419 A 220796 A 235591 A 212300 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1609680 A 1803150 A 1994420 A 1963010 A 1519600 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 129560 A 129560 A 125738 A 119724 A 155778 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 78007.8 Fc 85693.3 Fc 90328.7 Fc 83322.7 Fc 71578 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 206349 A 210419 A 220796 A 235591 A 212300 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1609680 A 1803150 A 1994420 A 1963010 A 1519600 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 129560 A 129560 A 125738 A 119724 A 155778 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 78007.8 Fc 85693.3 Fc 90328.7 Fc 83322.7 Fc 71578 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 708 710 707 700 700
Cherries Production Quantity 554 Im 450 F 468 Im 370 F 360 F
Cherries Yield 7824.86 Fc 6338.03 Fc 6619.52 Fc 5285.71 Fc 5142.86 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 4667 Im 4700 4400 3400 2600
Chicory roots Production Quantity 194701 Im 159774 Im 204000 144900 105900
Chicory roots Yield 417187 Fc 339945 Fc 463636 Fc 426176 Fc 407308 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 1357 1403 1331 1300 1200
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 365000 365000 370000 335000 320000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 2689760 Fc 2601570 Fc 2779860 Fc 2576920 Fc 2666670 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 55308 A 56696 A 69908 A 79091 A 72300 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 434404 A 433600 A 592382 A 596848 A 529600 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 14560 A 14560 A 15738 A 20723.9 A 34778.2 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 78542.7 Fc 76478.1 Fc 84737.4 Fc 75463.4 Fc 73250.4 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 656 664 626 600 600
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 430000 435000 435000 425000 430000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 6554880 Fc 6551200 Fc 6948880 Fc 7083330 Fc 7166670 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 746 785 860 900 800
Currants Production Quantity 3693 Im 3000 Im 3435 Im 2711 Im 3200 F
Currants Yield 49504 Fc 38216.6 Fc 39941.9 Fc 30122.2 Fc 40000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 101 104 97 100 100
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 46000 46000 46000 43000 41000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 4554460 Fc 4423080 Fc 4742270 Fc 4300000 Fc 4100000 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3056 A 2896 A 3059 A 2918 A 3600 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 14054 A 16519 A 21097 A 15331 A 15200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 45988.2 Fc 57040.8 Fc 68967 Fc 52539.4 Fc 42222.2 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 2156 1896 2159 2618 3500
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 7954 10519 14597 13331 14200
Flax fibre and tow Yield 36892.4 Fc 55480 Fc 67610 Fc 50920.6 Fc 40571.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 21255 A 21510 A 21854 A 21727 A 21602 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 820510 A 666549 A 762949 A 603545 A 710682 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 386032 Fc 309879 Fc 349112 Fc 277786 Fc 328989 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested F
Garlic Production Quantity F
Grapes Area Harvested 198 Im 200 * 190 * 180 * 160 *
Grapes Production Quantity 1108 Im 900 F 880 F 875 * 860 *
Grapes Yield 55959.6 Fc 45000 Fc 46315.8 Fc 48611.1 Fc 53750 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 900 1000 900 300 100
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 6100 6000 6500 2000 1000
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 67777.8 Fc 60000 Fc 72222.2 Fc 66666.7 Fc 100000 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 2850 2950 3000 3200 3300
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 90000 100000 96000 95000 114000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 315789 Fc 338983 Fc 320000 Fc 296875 Fc 345455 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 1400 1000 900 1100 600
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 9000 7000 6000 7500 4000
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 64285.7 Fc 70000 Fc 66666.7 Fc 68181.8 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 3285 3400 3475 3600 3000
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 83500 83300 86000 90500 85500
Lettuce and chicory Yield 254186 Fc 245000 Fc 247482 Fc 251389 Fc 285000 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 2156 1422 2163 2618 3500
Linseed Production Quantity 1195 1422 2499 2162 2400
Linseed Seed 150.92 Fc 150.92 Fc 99.54 Fc 151.41 Fc 183.26 Fc
Linseed Yield 5542.67 Fc 10000 Fc 11553.4 Fc 8258.21 Fc 6857.14 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 16570 16733 18846 22100 19300
Maize Production Quantity 204400 196903 244911 252300 230600
Maize Seed 8000 F 8000 F 10000 13000 26000
Maize Yield 123355 Fc 117673 Fc 129954 Fc 114163 Fc 119482 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested
Mixed grain Production Quantity
Mixed grain Yield
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 68 73 76 100 100
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 304000 266000 230000 255000 240000
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 44705900 Fc 36438400 Fc 30263200 Fc 25500000 Fc 24000000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 1458 1683 1569 1491 2000
Oats Production Quantity 8409 7847 9632 7248 8000
Oats Seed 291.6 Fc 291.6 Fc 336.6 Fc 313.8 Fc 298.2 Fc
Oats Yield 57674.9 Fc 46625.1 Fc 61389.4 Fc 48611.7 Fc 40000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 4631 A 4764 A 5478 A 5860 A 7600 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 5053.05 A 8208.46 A 9102.77 A 7567.06 A 8932 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 113.63 A 113.63 A 87.66 A 120.24 A 138.98 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 10911.4 Fc 17230.2 Fc 16617 Fc 12913.1 Fc 11752.6 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 4631 A 4764 A 5478 A 5860 A 7600 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3207.31 A 5235.68 A 5735.97 A 4821.2 A 5630 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 65.11 A 65.11 A 51.4 A 69.46 A 79.94 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6925.74 Fc 10990.1 Fc 10470.9 Fc 8227.3 Fc 7407.89 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1460 Im 1468 Im 1410 Im 1410 Im 1400 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 36977 Im 35060 Im 34755 Im 33362 Im 32000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 253267 Fc 238828 Fc 246489 Fc 236610 Fc 228571 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 29842 28866 26026 26100 26200
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1540900 1302000 1269000 1236000 1085000
Onions, dry Yield 516353 Fc 451050 Fc 487589 Fc 473563 Fc 414122 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 70 Im 71 Im 70 Im 73 Im 70 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 2658 Im 2520 Im 2498 Im 2398 Im 2300 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 379714 Fc 354930 Fc 356857 Fc 328493 Fc 328571 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity
Pears Area Harvested 8203 7995 7800 7500 7300
Pears Production Quantity 336000 274000 295000 172000 260000
Pears Yield 409606 Fc 342714 Fc 378205 Fc 229333 Fc 356164 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 437 950 1213 900 900
Peas, dry Production Quantity 2050 F 4500 5600 4200 3400
Peas, dry Seed 600 Fc 600 Fc 600 Fc 600 Fc 525 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 46910.8 Fc 47368.4 Fc 46166.5 Fc 46666.7 Fc 37777.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 3943 4023 5522 6900 6400
Peas, green Production Quantity 20500 20900 30500 37500 38000
Peas, green Yield 51990.9 Fc 51951.3 Fc 55233.6 Fc 54347.8 Fc 59375 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 257 267 281 300 300
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 6349 Im 5158 Im 5906 Im 4660 Im 5500 F
Plums and sloes Yield 247043 Fc 193184 Fc 210178 Fc 155333 Fc 183333 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 510 710 680 842 700 F
Poppy seed Production Quantity 492 Im 800 F 700 * 1010 680 F
Poppy seed Seed 4.08 Fc 4.08 Fc 5.68 Fc 5.44 Fc 6.74 Fc
Poppy seed Yield 9647.06 Fc 11267.6 Fc 10294.1 Fc 11995.3 Fc 9714.29 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 159233 156969 154971 151900 156900
Potatoes Production Quantity 7333470 6843530 7180980 6922700 6870400
Potatoes Seed 310000 F 310000 F 298000 263000 309000
Potatoes Yield 460550 Fc 435980 Fc 463376 Fc 455741 Fc 437884 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 30 48 46
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2293 A 3568 A 3234 A 2114 A 2300 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7866 A 13080 A 12000 A 8200 A 8400 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1230 A 1230 A 1230 A 1230 A 1155 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 34304.4 Fc 36659.2 Fc 37105.8 Fc 38789 Fc 36521.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 265 264 245 200 200
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 18000 18000 18500 16500 14000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 679245 Fc 681818 Fc 755102 Fc 825000 Fc 700000 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 1965 2632 2635 2400 3400
Rapeseed Production Quantity 6757 11521 11964 9500 11800
Rapeseed Seed 27.51 Fc 27.51 Fc 36.85 Fc 36.89 Fc 33.6 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 34386.8 Fc 43772.8 Fc 45404.2 Fc 39583.3 Fc 34705.9 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 42 Im 43 Im 35 Im 36 Im 42 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 716 Im 582 Im 666 Im 526 Im 621 Im
Raspberries Yield 170476 Fc 135349 Fc 190286 Fc 146111 Fc 147857 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 159233 A 156969 A 154971 A 151900 A 156900 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7333470 A 6843530 A 7180980 A 6922700 A 6870400 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 310000 A 310000 A 298000 A 263000 A 309000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 460550 Fc 435980 Fc 463376 Fc 455741 Fc 437884 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 1629 2252 2304 2100 2000
Rye Production Quantity 6411 10242 11243 8000 11000
Rye Seed F F F F
Rye Yield 39355.4 Fc 45479.6 Fc 48797.7 Fc 38095.2 Fc 55000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested
Spinach Area Harvested 1800 1821 1690 1800 2300
Spinach Production Quantity 34000 29500 32000 38500 44000
Spinach Yield 188889 Fc 161999 Fc 189349 Fc 213889 Fc 191304 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1652 1632 1635 1600 1700
Strawberries Production Quantity 47000 42700 43000 42200 43000
Strawberries Yield 284504 Fc 261642 Fc 262997 Fc 263750 Fc 252941 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 73329 70560 72702 72200 82100
Sugar beet Production Quantity 5857980 5280430 5734970 5218500 5511500
Sugar beet Yield 798863 Fc 748360 Fc 788832 Fc 722784 Fc 671315 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1702 1676 1628 1600 1500
Tomatoes Production Quantity 815000 815000 800000 730000 685000
Tomatoes Yield 4788480 Fc 4862770 Fc 4914000 Fc 4562500 Fc 4566670 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 1789 2676 2734 3200 4000
Triticale Production Quantity 10482 14164 16977 19100 20000
Triticale Seed 268.35 Fc 268.35 Fc 401.4 Fc 410.1 Fc 480 Fc
Triticale Yield 58591.4 Fc 52929.8 Fc 62095.8 Fc 59687.5 Fc 50000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 12843 14573 11797 11797 8937
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 404993 382518 324859 327250 256653
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 315341 Fc 262484 Fc 275374 Fc 277401 Fc 287180 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 87307 A 87778 A 84304 A 87580 A 83707 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5049530 A 4787800 A 4746110 A 4620510 A 4369950 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 578365 Fc 545444 Fc 562976 Fc 527576 Fc 522053 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 87307 A 87778 A 84304 A 87580 A 83707 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5049530 A 4787800 A 4746110 A 4620510 A 4369950 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 578365 Fc 545444 Fc 562976 Fc 527576 Fc 522053 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 151041 153723 150888 156500 140000
Wheat Production Quantity 1175280 1369550 1402040 1366160 990000
Wheat Seed 115000 F 115000 F 110000 99000 121000
Wheat Yield 77812 Fc 89092.1 Fc 92919.3 Fc 87294.6 Fc 70714.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 158 Im 161 Im 150 F 115 Im 153
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 250 F 104 Im 169 Im 189 Im 200
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 15822.8 Fc 6459.63 Fc 11266.7 Fc 16434.8 Fc 13071.9 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 9562 9737 10217 10296 11177
Apples Production Quantity 365000 359000 436000 359000 354000
Apples Yield 381719 Fc 368697 Fc 426740 Fc 348679 Fc 316722 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 2959 2301 2100 2423 2200
Asparagus Production Quantity 14000 15000 15000 15000 14000
Asparagus Yield 47313.3 Fc 65189.1 Fc 71428.6 Fc 61906.7 Fc 63636.4 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 44623 50600 48000 54925 56940
Barley Production Quantity 268700 307100 287600 349067 315300
Barley Seed 6000 6000 10000 16000 10000
Barley Yield 60215.6 Fc 60691.7 Fc 59916.7 Fc 63553.4 Fc 55374.1 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 1139 1099 2284 2075 1138
Beans, dry Production Quantity 1900 4000 8100 7200 5043
Beans, dry Seed 410 Fc 420 Fc 470 Fc 958.1 Fc 580 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 16681.3 Fc 36396.7 Fc 35464.1 Fc 34698.8 Fc 44314.6 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 7400 7100 7297 6800 6200
Beans, green Production Quantity 70000 70500 73000 65000 62000
Beans, green Yield 94594.6 Fc 99295.8 Fc 100041 Fc 95588.2 Fc 100000 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 242 Im 241 Im 242 Im 244 Im 259 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1069 Im 1012 Im 1166 Im 946 Im 956 Im
Berries Nes Yield 44173.6 Fc 41991.7 Fc 48181.8 Fc 38770.5 Fc 36911.2 Fc
Blueberries Area Harvested 935 Im 931 Im 933 Im 941 Im 1000 F
Blueberries Production Quantity 4472 Im 4235 Im 4878 Im 3957 Im 4000 F
Blueberries Yield 47828.9 Fc 45488.7 Fc 52283 Fc 42051 Fc 40000 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 513 441 517 600 500
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 2694 2829 3400 2764 2929
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 220 Fc 220 Fc 220 Fc 230 Fc 290 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 52514.6 Fc 64149.7 Fc 65764 Fc 46066.7 Fc 58580 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 7500 F 7841 Im 8377 Im 8000 F 8100
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 269000 268000 282500 281500 255000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 358667 Fc 341793 Fc 337233 Fc 351875 Fc 314815 Fc
Canary seed Area Harvested
Canary seed Production Quantity
Canary seed Seed
Canary seed Yield
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9000 7980 8550 8400 8000
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 541000 487000 471000 432000 422000
Carrots and turnips Yield 601111 Fc 610276 Fc 550877 Fc 514286 Fc 527500 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 4200 4000 3900 3700 3700
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 52500 56000 55000 53000 53000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 125000 Fc 140000 Fc 141026 Fc 143243 Fc 143243 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 213220 A 216483 A 216753 A 218598 A 226310 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1674670 A 1775180 A 1823090 A 1819710 A 1740490 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 100000 A 100875 A 95955 A 85952.2 A 73076.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 78541.8 Fc 82000.9 Fc 84108.9 Fc 83244.7 Fc 76907.1 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 213220 A 216483 A 216753 A 218598 A 226310 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1674670 A 1775180 A 1823090 A 1819710 A 1740490 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 100000 A 100875 A 95955 A 85952.2 A 73076.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 78541.8 Fc 82000.9 Fc 84108.9 Fc 83244.7 Fc 76907.1 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 610 606 555 470 Im 500 *
Cherries Production Quantity 350 F 300 F 250 F 220 F 200
Cherries Yield 5737.7 Fc 4950.5 Fc 4504.5 Fc 4680.85 Fc 4000 Fc
Chicory roots Area Harvested 2400 4300 4900 4800 4300
Chicory roots Production Quantity 99100 181000 212300 208100 179500
Chicory roots Yield 412917 Fc 420930 Fc 433265 Fc 433542 Fc 417442 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 1200 1236 1205 1213 1235
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 318000 345000 318000 315000 310000
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 2650000 Fc 2791260 Fc 2639000 Fc 2596870 Fc 2510120 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 72120 A 79783 A 79466 A 89353 A 91095 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 490269 A 600489 A 599185 A 689613 A 683845 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 22000 A 18875 A 58955 A 37952.2 A 27076.9 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 67979.6 Fc 75265.3 Fc 75401.4 Fc 77178.5 Fc 75069.4 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 600 631 623 639 658
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 440000 440000 435000 430000 433000
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 7333330 Fc 6973060 Fc 6982340 Fc 6729260 Fc 6580550 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 800 800 800 800 800
Currants Production Quantity 3355 Im 3177 Im 3659 Im 2968 Im 3000
Currants Yield 41937.5 Fc 39712.5 Fc 45737.5 Fc 37100 Fc 37500 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 100 90 89 85 77
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 40000 42000 41000 39000 33000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 4000000 Fc 4666670 Fc 4606740 Fc 4588240 Fc 4285710 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3900 A 4700 A 4485 A 6053 A 6196 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 22400 A 26800 A 27600 A 37600 A 39000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 57435.9 Fc 57021.3 Fc 61538.5 Fc 62118 Fc 62943.8 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 3900 4600 4485 4553 4096
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 22400 26800 27400 26700 24700
Flax fibre and tow Yield 57435.9 Fc 58260.9 Fc 61092.5 Fc 58642.7 Fc 60302.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 21132 A 21036 A 21246 A 21106 A 22422 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 641036 A 608434 A 701351 A 568722 A 574756 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 303348 Fc 289235 Fc 330110 Fc 269460 Fc 256336 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested
Garlic Production Quantity
Grapes Area Harvested 100 * 90 * 55 * 22 F 11 F
Grapes Production Quantity 730 * 680 * 470 * 200 F 100
Grapes Yield 73000 Fc 75555.6 Fc 85454.6 Fc 90909.1 Fc 90909.1 Fc
Hemp Tow Waste Area Harvested 100 1500 2100
Hemp Tow Waste Production Quantity 200 10900 14300
Hemp Tow Waste Yield 72666.7 Fc 68095.2 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 3047 2725 3050 3500 F 3300
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 102000 82000 104000 104000 95000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 334756 Fc 300917 Fc 340984 Fc 297143 Fc 287879 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 700 600 900 900 900
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 4000 4000 5500 6000 6000
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 57142.9 Fc 66666.7 Fc 61111.1 Fc 66666.7 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 2700 2600 2750 2366 Im 1800
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 71500 74000 73000 68000 66000
Lettuce and chicory Yield 264815 Fc 284615 Fc 265455 Fc 287405 Fc 366667 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 4400 4600 4485 4553 4096
Linseed Production Quantity 3400 3641 5300 5347 4100
Linseed Seed 245 Fc 308 Fc 322 Fc 313.95 Fc 318.71 Fc
Linseed Yield 7727.27 Fc 7915.22 Fc 11817.2 Fc 11743.9 Fc 10009.8 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 19797 20748 22400 24547 23700
Maize Production Quantity 181200 253132 264685 286382 315278
Maize Seed 15000 12000 48000 20000 15000
Maize Yield 91529 Fc 122003 Fc 118163 Fc 116667 Fc 133029 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested
Mixed grain Production Quantity
Mixed grain Yield
Mushrooms and truffles Area Harvested 100 77 85 100 100
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 235000 245000 260000 263000 270000
Mushrooms and truffles Yield 23500000 Fc 31818200 Fc 30588200 Fc 26300000 Fc 27000000 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 1600 1700 2046 2500 2462
Oats Production Quantity 8969 9472 11000 15164 12700
Oats Seed 400 Fc 320 Fc 340 Fc 409.2 Fc 500 *
Oats Yield 56056.3 Fc 55717.7 Fc 53763.4 Fc 60656 Fc 51584.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 8300 A 6996 A 6490 A 5996 A 5148 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 9352 A 7085.43 A 8089 A 5736.41 A 3956 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 185.71 A 224.16 A 221.66 A 212.91 A 210.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 11267.5 Fc 10127.8 Fc 12463.8 Fc 9567.06 Fc 7684.54 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 8300 A 6996 A 6490 A 5996 A 5148 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5823 A 4349.03 A 4930 A 3464.39 A 2437.9 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 106.36 A 127.52 A 124.93 A 119.88 A 118.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7015.66 Fc 6216.45 Fc 7596.3 Fc 5777.84 Fc 4735.63 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1500 F 1800 F 1200 F 2200 F 310 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 33000 F 36000 F 24000 F 45000 F 6175 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 220000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 204545 Fc 199194 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 24600 22500 26000 23000 14789
Onions, dry Production Quantity 942000 1082000 1224700 808800 816700
Onions, dry Yield 382927 Fc 480889 Fc 471038 Fc 351652 Fc 552235 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 65 F 78 Im 83 Im 79 Im 60 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 2200 F 2247 Im 2364 Im 2000 2000
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 338462 Fc 288077 Fc 284819 Fc 253165 Fc 333333 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity
Pears Area Harvested 6914 6692 6493 6386 6329
Pears Production Quantity 222000 195000 210000 159000 171000
Pears Yield 321088 Fc 291393 Fc 323425 Fc 248982 Fc 270185 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 1056 2321 2700 2900 1700
Peas, dry Production Quantity 4600 9800 10700 F 10000 F 7000
Peas, dry Seed 435 Fc 975 F 1111.8 Fc 1140 Fc 1335 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 43560.6 Fc 42223.2 Fc 39629.6 Fc 34482.8 Fc 41176.5 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 5800 5400 5100 6000 6300
Peas, green Production Quantity 34000 34000 35000 38000 40000
Peas, green Yield 58620.7 Fc 62963 Fc 68627.4 Fc 63333.3 Fc 63492.1 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 226 297 308 400 400
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 4300 F 5500 F 7318 Im 5936 Im 6000
Plums and sloes Yield 190265 Fc 185185 Fc 237597 Fc 148400 Fc 150000 Fc
Poppy seed Area Harvested 600 300 390 F 480 F 571
Poppy seed Production Quantity 500 300 500 * 700 * 1000
Poppy seed Seed 5.6 Fc 4.8 Fc 2.4 Fc 3.12 Fc 3.84 Fc
Poppy seed Yield 8333.33 Fc 10000 Fc 12820.5 Fc 14583.3 Fc 17513.1 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 155800 156000 163905 158644 165200
Potatoes Production Quantity 6239600 6777000 7487700 6468760 7362740
Potatoes Seed 204000 267000 279000 271000 410000
Potatoes Yield 400488 Fc 434423 Fc 456832 Fc 407753 Fc 445686 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2708 A 3861 A 5501 A 5575 A 3338 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9194 A 16629 A 22200 A 19964 A 14972 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1065 A 1615 A 1801.8 A 2328.1 A 2205 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 33951.3 Fc 43069.2 Fc 40356.3 Fc 35809.9 Fc 44853.2 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 200 165 160 200 200
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 11500 12000 11000 12000 11000
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 575000 Fc 727273 Fc 687500 Fc 600000 Fc 550000 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 3300 2096 1615 963 481
Rapeseed Production Quantity 11600 7736 7500 3363 1455
Rapeseed Seed 47.6 Fc 46.2 Fc 29.34 Fc 22.61 Fc 13.48 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 35151.5 Fc 36908.4 Fc 46439.6 Fc 34922.1 Fc 30249.5 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 43 Im 42 Im 43 Im 47 Im 46 Im
Raspberries Production Quantity 560 Im 530 Im 610 Im 495 Im 500
Raspberries Yield 130233 Fc 126190 Fc 141860 Fc 105319 Fc 108696 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 155800 A 156000 A 163905 A 158644 A 165200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6239600 A 6777000 A 7487700 A 6468760 A 7362740 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 204000 A 267000 A 279000 A 271000 A 410000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 400488 Fc 434423 Fc 456832 Fc 407753 Fc 445686 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 2400 2535 3400 3535 3567
Rye Production Quantity 10900 10885 16600 17900 16800
Rye Seed 1000 1000
Rye Yield 45416.7 Fc 42938.9 Fc 48823.5 Fc 50636.5 Fc 47098.4 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 100
Spinach Area Harvested 2400 2131 2067 2100 1968
Spinach Production Quantity 39000 43000 40000 43000 43000
Spinach Yield 162500 Fc 201783 Fc 193517 Fc 204762 Fc 218496 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 1700 1600 1600 1500 1900
Strawberries Production Quantity 39200 39000 37000 36000 35000
Strawberries Yield 230588 Fc 243750 Fc 231250 Fc 240000 Fc 184211 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 82781 91300 97700 102787 108900
Sugar beet Production Quantity 5414100 5931000 6292200 6209800 6250200
Sugar beet Yield 654027 Fc 649617 Fc 644033 Fc 604143 Fc 573939 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1500 1396 1352 1257 1200
Tomatoes Production Quantity 680000 660000 655000 595000 555000
Tomatoes Yield 4533330 Fc 4727790 Fc 4844670 Fc 4733490 Fc 4625000 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 3700 4100 3620 3846 4426
Triticale Production Quantity 20500 19900 19300 21100 23767
Triticale Seed 600 Fc 555 Fc 615 Fc 543 Fc 576.9 Fc
Triticale Yield 55405.4 Fc 48536.6 Fc 53314.9 Fc 54862.2 Fc 53698.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 8222 7570 8014 9107 8743
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 233449 235558 255160 249505 251626
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 283932 Fc 311173 Fc 318393 Fc 273971 Fc 287803 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 83793 A 78221 A 82902 A 82069 A 69840 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4132150 A 4233310 A 4380220 A 3864810 A 3744500 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 493138 Fc 541198 Fc 528362 Fc 470921 Fc 536154 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 83793 A 78221 A 82902 A 82069 A 69840 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4132150 A 4233310 A 4380220 A 3864810 A 3744500 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 493138 Fc 541198 Fc 528362 Fc 470921 Fc 536154 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 141100 136700 137287 129245 135215
Wheat Production Quantity 1184400 1174690 1223900 1130100 1056640
Wheat Seed 78000 82000 37000 48000 46000
Wheat Yield 83940.5 Fc 85932 Fc 89149 Fc 87438.6 Fc 78145.2 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1894.8 Q 1908.7 Q 1917.4 Q 1929.3 Q 1914.4 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 43.3 Q 41.7 Q 47.5 W 46.9 W 45.5 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 4.2 Q 4.1 Q 1.8 Fm 3.5 Fm 1.5 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 202 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 47.5 Q 45.8 Q 49.3 W 50.4 W 47 W
Arable land Area 1042.4 Q 1059 Q 1054.7 Q 1066.6 Q 1059.8 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1078.8 Q 1095.4 Q 1090.2 Q 1101.5 Q 1093.7 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 17.1 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 1.9 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 19 Q
Country area Area 4154 Fm 4154 Fm 4154 Q 4154 Q 4154 Q
Fallow land Area 7.2 Q 7.3 Q 7.4 Q 7.6 Q 17.1 Q
Forest area Area 365 Fm 365 Q 365 Fm 365 Fm 365 Fm
Inland water Area 781 Fm 781 Fm 781 Fm 778 Fm 778 Fm
Land area Area 3373 Fm 3373 Fm 3373 Q 3376 Q 3376 Q
Other land Area 1113.2 Fm 1099.3 Fm 1090.6 Fm 1081.7 Fm 1096.6 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 766.4 Q 768.7 Q 784.8 Q 791.6 Q 794.3 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 49.6 Q 44.6 Q 42.4 Q 36.3 Q 26.4 Q
Permanent crops Area 36.4 Q 36.4 Q 35.5 Q 34.9 Q 33.9 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 0.4 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 0.1 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 0.5 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 816 Q 813.3 Q 827.2 Q 827.8 Q 820.7 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 25.7 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 2.2 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 27.9 Q
Temporary crops Area 862.9 Q 869.7 Q 857.4 Q 868.4 Q 847 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 172.3 Q 182 Q 189.9 Q 190.6 Q 195.7 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 486 Q 479 Fm 472 Fm 464 Fm 457 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1919.6 Q 1937.7 Q 1949.4 Q 1923 W 1949 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 47 W 46.9 W 46.1 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 1.4 Fm 1.9 Fm 2.1 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 48.4 W 48.8 W 48.2 W
Arable land Area 1069.8 Q 1111 Q 1127.5 Q 906 W 916 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1102.5 Q 1142.8 Q 1158.6 Q 938 W 949 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area
Arable land organic, total Area
Country area Area 4154 Q 4154 Q 4153 W 4153 Q 4153 Q
Fallow land Area 20.5 Q 34.9 Q 25.3 Q 4 W 6 W
Forest area Area 365 Fm 365 Q 364 Fm 363 Fm 362 Fm
Inland water Area 778 Fm 778 Fm 777 Fm 777 Fm 777 Fm
Land area Area 3376 Q 3376 Q 3376 Q 3376 Q 3376 Q
Other land Area 1091.4 Fm 1073.3 Fm 1062.6 Fm 1090 Fm 1065 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 794.7 Q 770.6 Q 756.7 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 22.5 Q 24.3 Q 34.1 Q
Permanent crops Area 32.7 Q 31.8 Q 31.1 Q 32 Q 33 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area
Permanent crops organic, total Area
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 817.1 Q 794.9 Q 790.8 Q 985 W 1000 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area
Temporary crops Area 847.2 Q 871 Q 880.9 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 202.1 Q 205.1 Q 221.3 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 432 Fm 408 I 380 Fm 351 I 390 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files