Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Nigeria

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Datasheet

Nigeria

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut)PresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); Okoh et al. (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentOdugbo et al. (2004); Ekong et al. (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)Present, WidespreadNativeHarris (1962); UK, CAB International (1988); Kutama et al. (2010); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentBandyopadhyay et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora megakarya (black pod of cocoa)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedWaller (1981); Wiese (1987); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentEPPO (2020); FUTRELL and WEBSTER (1965); FUTRELL and WEBSTER (1966); Mower et al. (1973); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentThakur and King (1988); CABI and EPPO (2006); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (red leaf blotch)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm)Present, WidespreadWARDLAW (1948); Oritsejafor (1989); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Onesirosan and Fatunla (1976); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedOhler (1979); Shomari (1996); Nayar (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO (2020); Emechebe (1981); Seif and Hillocks (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAlasoardura (1970); UK, CAB International (1984);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)Present, WidespreadEboh (1986); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentANDREWS (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentNativeAkinwande et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAkinlosotu et al. (1993); EPPO (2020); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1978); Nakahara (1982); NHM (1983); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer et al. (2007); Umeh et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDrew et al. (2005); Ekesi and Billah (2006); CABI and EPPO (2008); Umeh et al. (2008); Vayssieres et al. (2008); Asawalam and Nwachukwu (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeFIGIS (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentLale and Kabeh (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadHaines (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, LocalizedNativeUmeh et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Present, Localizedde Meyer (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Meyer (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentBalachowsky (1956); UK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes sjostedtiPresentNativeSnyder (1949); Harris (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCHHOTANI (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveSubra (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus bivittatus (fruit fly)PresentUmeh et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Munro (1984); Umeh et al. (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaraba laisalisPresentOgunwolu (1978);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasyses incrustataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentLibby (1968); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentAkinsola (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, WidespreadAkinlosotu and Leuschner (1981); Anon (1981); Akinlosotu (1982); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Remaudiere and Autrique (1985); Millar (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Ivbijaro and Bolaji (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, LocalizedNativeGOLDING (1934); Golding (1948)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)PresentNativeInvasiveDavis and Peña (1990); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge)PresentUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeDore and Frimodt (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentAlamu et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeInvasiveWheeler (1922)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveZeddies et al. (2001); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAkintola and Ande (2008); Hodges et al. (2008); Muniappan (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Present, WidespreadOnazi (1969); Entwistle (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug)PresentDonald (1955); Pelley (1968); Entwistle (1972); Cox (1989); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUmeh et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHodges (1994); UK, CAB International (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)Present, LocalizedNeuenschwander (1989); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentIvbijaro (1979); Ekundayo (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)Present, Few occurrencesOku et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)Present, WidespreadChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentGoergen (2018); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIITA (2016); Day et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMound and Halsey (1978); Martin (1987); Martin et al. (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO (2020); Borisade et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)PresentIntroducedCockrill (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedNorthern Snakehead Working Group (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeBeveridge and Haylor (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Ajayi (1971); Costa Pierce et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedUkpong et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)Present, WidespreadNativeLoiselle (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Froese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)PresentNativeTeugels and Thys van den Audenaerde (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedNativeJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveElgood et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish)PresentNativeReed Burchard et al. (1967); Olatunde (1977); Adebisi (1981); Paugy et al. (1994); Anonymous (1998); Olaosebikan and Raji (1998); MNHN (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia)PresentNativeTeugels and Thys van den Audenaerde (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentNativeTeugels and Thys van den Audenaerde (2003); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAshaye et al. (2001); Okon et al. (2012); Ademolu et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresentNativeGlaubrecht et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides arachidis (groundnut testa nematode)Present, WidespreadBos (1977); Khan and Misari (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentPeachey et al. (1966); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Khan and Gbadegesin (1991); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Ogbuji (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)Present, WidespreadSiddiqi (1973); Caveness and Badra (1980); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)PresentKolombia et al. (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadAdesiyan and Odihirin (1978); Babatola (1980); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadAdesiyan and Odihirin (1978); Babatola (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentKhan and Misari (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCaveness (1965); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)PresentGOODEY (1935); UNNY and JERATH (1965); Bridge (1972); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadCaveness (1967); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedEyo and Iyaji (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeJohns (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadWet (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeJohn et al. (2003); John et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeAchigan-Dako (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia coleiPresent, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)Present, PlantedNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAdams (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedAdams (1963); Holm et al. (1979); Enyinnia (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Present, LocalizedNativeHutchinson and Dalziel (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); PROTA (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHutchinson et al. (1954); PROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus caudatus (Love-lies-bleeding)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (redshank)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentTaylor (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedBlench (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedHUTCHINSON and DALZIEL (1931); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeHutchinson et al. (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass)PresentAdeyemi (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedHassler (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedWhitehouse (1996); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentKehinde and Fagade (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedOkokon et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAzuwike et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedLarbi et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2020); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedCintron (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedFlann (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentSaliu (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentIntroducedStanfield (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedOkonkwo and Msonthi (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeBerhaut (1974); Unamma and Melifonwu (1988); Holm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentFapohunda et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedHepper (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSafo-Kantaka (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Wilson (1981); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentSalawu and Afolabi (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedGworgwor et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentOparaeke (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHooper and Napper (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)Present, WidespreadImeokparia (1989); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentClayton (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresent, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedHepper (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentHepper (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNCF (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentHutchinson et al. (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentHepper (1972); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)Present, WidespreadNativeStanfield (1970); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentNativePROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedHutchinson and Dalziel (1954); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAdagba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeHutchinson et al. (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAkinyemiju (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentJeffrey (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Adams (1963); Marks (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePlantNet (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedOnyewotu and Stigter (1995); WAC (2005); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentAdeyemi (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1972); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); Holou et al. (2013); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedBOND (1945)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentHeine (1963); Holm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBorokini (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); Salawu and Afolabi (1994); Bako et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedAfrican Plant Database (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedAigbokhan (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedCaius (1986); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)Present, WidespreadIntroducedDalziel (1955); Ogbobe (1988); Ogbobe and Akano (1993); Olowokudeja (1993); Fasola (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedAfrican Plants Database (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Orwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentHepper (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentAdebitan (1998); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeHutchinson et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativeHutchinson and Dalziel (1963); Heine (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedHutchinson et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); Alabi et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedHUTCHINSON and DALZIEL (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda philippica (Queen of Philippines)PresentIntroducedOgbu (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUkpong (1995); Obot et al. (1997); Ukpong (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentHepper (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)Present, LocalizedNativeStanfield (1970); Holm et al. (1979); Ng (1991); Faluyi and Nwokeocha (1993); Coloquio et al. (1998); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentQ-bank (2013); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedLawal et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); Hepper (1972); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Clayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedClayton (1972); Holm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHeper (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Poilecot (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeInvasiveClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentIntroducedAlegre and Clavo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeClayton (1972); Okafor (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentHutchinson and Dalziel (1954)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)Present, Localized, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveBurkart (1976); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975); Mielcarek (1996); Gworgwor et al. (2001); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, LocalizedNativeOkafar and Zitta (1991); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedAwe et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedJSTOR Global Plants (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedEssiett and Bassey (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedHUTCHINSON and DALZIEL (1958); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedHutchinson (1921); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree)PresentNativeGbile (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationJSTOR Global Plants (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, LocalizedHeine (1963); Holm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedHutchinson et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentOkafor (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeKomolafe (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKomolafe (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed)PresentHepper (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020); Dugje et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)Present, WidespreadHepper (1963); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStylosanthes hamata (Caribbean Stylo)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)Present, WidespreadSharma (1990); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedBianco et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)Present, PlantedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAkobundu and Agyakwa (1987); Borokini (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedMuoghalu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHUTCHINSON and DALZIEL (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedHutchinson et al. (1963); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeHUTCHINSON and DALZIEL (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeBurkill (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentAfrican Plant Database (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPrabhakaran Nair (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeWaldenström et al. (2002); Beadell et al. (2006); Hellgren et al. (2007)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria veliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentHoare (1972)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Bock and Harrison (1985)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); Adegbola et al. (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996); Dahal et al. (2000); Dahal et al. (2000); Agindotan et al. (2003)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadThresh et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (1998)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusCotton leaf curl Gezira virus (African cotton leaf curl begomovirus)PresentFarquharson (1912); Jones and Mason (1926); EPPO (2020)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadRaheja and Leleji (1974); Ladipo (1976); Rossel (1977); Gumedzoe (1985); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2015)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresentInvasiveOgbe et al. (1999)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentThottappilly (1992)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)Present, WidespreadESENAM (1966); Pinner et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentLana (1980); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentRossel et al. (1982); Rossel et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentHong and Harrison (1995); EPPO (2020)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2012)
anaplasmosisPresentAkinboade and Dipeolu (1984); Ajayi and Dipeolu (1986); Akinboade et al. (1986); Ilemobade (1992); Egbe-Nwiyi et al. (1997); OIE (2012)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentMohan and Uzoukwu (1985)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOladele and Onwuka (2013)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Molokwu et al. (1987)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009); Ocholi et al. (1988); Egbe-Nwiyi and Chaudhari (1996)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Bida and Eid (1974); Moore and Kemp (1974); Taylor and McCausland (1976); Obi et al. (1983)
Borrelia anserina infectionsPresentSa'idu et al. (1995); Abdu (1987)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedEyo and Iyaji (2014)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentObi and Taylor (1984)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentBaba et al. (1994)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentKemp et al. (1973); CABI (Undated)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentPlowright and Ferris (1959)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadIbu et al. (1996)
bovine parvovirus infectionPresentAkpavie (1990)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2012); Masiga et al. (1998); Kané (2000)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentAgunloye et al. (2001); Nwabuisi (2001); Alakpa and Fagbenro-Beyioku (2002); Udo et al. (2003)
dermatophilosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Digenean infections of fishPresentEzenwaji and Llozumba (1992); Ezenwaji and Inyang (1998)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentDipeolu et al. (1982)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2012); Kitching (1998)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2009)
fowlpoxPresentSa'idu et al. (1994); Oladele et al. (1996); Halle et al. (1998); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentAjayi et al. (1988); Wekhe and Olayimka (1999)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Hall (1931); Okoh et al. (1987)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2012)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitisPresentAmosun et al. (2009)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pneumoniaPresentTijjani et al. (2012)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2012); Nawathe et al. (1982)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentOdugbo et al. (2004); Ekong et al. (2014)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentChima et al. (1995)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentEgwu et al. (1999)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentOjo et al. (1980)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2012)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
nocardiosis of fishPresentOgbulie and Cobiajuru (2003)
oomycete infections in fishPresentCABI (Undated);
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresent, WidespreadOdugbo et al. (2004)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2012)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeWaldenström et al. (2002); Beadell et al. (2006); Hellgren et al. (2007)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
rabiesPresentOIE (2012)
reticuloendotheliosisPresentOkoye et al. (1993)
Rhodococcus equi infectionsPresentAddo and Dennis (1977)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadAdah et al. (2002)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Okoh and Obasaju (1983); Okaiyeto et al. (1995)
small hive beetle infestationPresentNativeAkinwande et al. (2013)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadAnyam and Adekeye (1995); Fatihu (1997); CABI (Undated)
surraPresentHoare (1972)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2012); Ahmed et al. (1994); Jibike et al. (1995); Kalu (1995); Nawathe et al. (1995); Ogunsanmi et al. (2000)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2012)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Belino and Ezeifeka (1984); Pépin et al. (1998)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012); Hayes (1989)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 25000 F 25300 Im 22595 Im 27930 Im 28500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 210000 F 212900 Im 199151 Im 284201 Im 243000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 84000 Fc 84150.2 Fc 88139.4 Fc 101755 Fc 85263.2 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 330000 F 330000 F 330000 F 330000 F 330000 F
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 813023 Im 682524 Im 650000 F 727603 Im 660000 F
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 24637.1 Fc 20682.5 Fc 19697 Fc 22048.6 Fc 20000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 3737090 3481900 3129030 3778000 3875000
Cassava Production Quantity 52403500 42533200 36822300 44582000 43410000
Cassava Yield 140225 Fc 122155 Fc 117680 Fc 118004 Fc 112026 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 16566200 A 16104700 A 13877000 A 18899000 A 19410000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 20526800 A 23100400 A 20047700 A 28817400 A 26110100 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 427216 A 427216 A 398351 A 334388 A 449176 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 12390.8 Fc 14343.9 Fc 14446.7 Fc 15248.1 Fc 13451.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16566200 A 16104700 A 13877000 A 18899000 A 19410000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 22047800 A 24589800 A 21228600 A 30209000 A 27171000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 427216 A 427216 A 398351 A 334388 A 449176 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 13308.9 Fc 15268.7 Fc 15297.7 Fc 15984.4 Fc 13998.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 33500 F 33600 F 33000 F 33000 F 31200 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 65221 Im 50000 F 45000 F 50000 F 49500 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 19469 Fc 14881 Fc 13636.4 Fc 15151.5 Fc 15865.4 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 57382 Im 60000 F 76365 Im 93000 F 92500 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 449594 Im 500000 F 844523 Im 725000 F 723000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 78351.1 Fc 83333.3 Fc 110590 Fc 77957 Fc 78162.2 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 743000 F 741300 Im 745743 Im 713468 Im 732000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 3500000 F 3488400 Im 3769420 Im 3400000 F 3325000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 47106.3 Fc 47057.9 Fc 50545.8 Fc 47654.6 Fc 45423.5 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 743000 A 741300 A 745743 A 713468 A 732000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3500000 A 3488400 A 3769420 A 3400000 A 3325000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 47106.3 Fc 47057.9 Fc 50545.8 Fc 47654.6 Fc 45423.5 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13948600 A 13634900 A 12005100 A 16485000 A 16933000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 17428400 A 20066300 A 17632400 A 25977000 A 23941000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 296339 A 296339 A 274859 A 240794 A 328476 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 12494.7 Fc 14716.9 Fc 14687.4 Fc 15758 Fc 14138.7 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 1270000 F 1272430 1354340 1349130 1359550
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 400000 F 399200 363510 367020 360570
Cocoa beans Yield 3149.61 Fc 3137.3 Fc 2684.04 Fc 2720.42 Fc 2652.13 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 37000 F 36200 Im 39000 * 41000 41000
Coconuts Production Quantity 215000 F 211050 * 194360 * 234000 225500
Coconuts Yield 58108.1 Fc 58301.1 Fc 49835.9 Fc 57073.2 Fc 55000 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 1221 Im 1033 Im 1100 F 1400 F 1800 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 2450 F 2400 * 2040 * 3000 * 2520 *
Coffee, green Yield 20065.5 Fc 23233.3 Fc 18545.5 Fc 21428.6 Fc 14000 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 100000 F 220000 F 130000 F 182000 F 167000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 130000 F 228000 F 180000 F 231000 F 212000 F
Cottonseed Seed 15574.2 Fc 15574.2 Fc 23914.2 Fc 22474.8 Fc 25620 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 3189980 2859760 2320590 4289000 4491000
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 1860800 3368250 2371640 2916000 2800000 F
Cow peas, dry Seed 111649 Fc 111649 Fc 100092 Fc 81220.6 Fc 150115 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 5833.27 Fc 11778.1 Fc 10220 Fc 6798.79 Fc 6234.69 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 260570 A 399570 A 375866 A 428000 A 435000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 101388 A 221205 A 131027 A 182692 A 167838 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3891.01 Fc 5536.08 Fc 3486 Fc 4268.5 Fc 3858.34 Fc
Fonio Area Harvested 160000 F 161300 Im 130000 F 119000 121000
Fonio Production Quantity 80000 F 78000 F 65000 F 70000 69000
Fonio Seed 2080 Fc 2080 Fc 2096.9 Fc 1690 Fc 1547 Fc
Fonio Yield 5000 Fc 4835.71 Fc 5000 Fc 5882.35 Fc 5702.48 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1694000 A 1687020 A 1702730 A 1655450 A 1712500 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9870000 A 9779930 A 10021600 A 9352110 A 9799000 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 58264.5 Fc 57971.6 Fc 58855.9 Fc 56492.9 Fc 57220.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 160000 F 157900 Im 158876 Im 152000 F 170000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 1250000 F 1212000 Im 1082040 Im 976000 1084000
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 78125 Fc 76757.4 Fc 68105.9 Fc 64210.5 Fc 63764.7 Fc
Garlic Production Quantity 614 Im 657 Im 699 Im 600 F 500 F
Ginger Area Harvested 48910 52330 52330 55690 48660
Ginger Production Quantity 160000 F 162223 168800 175070 162390
Ginger Yield 32713.2 Fc 31000 Fc 32256.8 Fc 31436.5 Fc 33372.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2342810 2789180 2643330 2336400 2202640
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2962760 3799240 2977620 2872740 2847370
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 163997 Fc 163997 Fc 195243 Fc 185033 Fc 163548 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 12646.2 Fc 13621.4 Fc 11264.7 Fc 12295.6 Fc 12927.1 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 1000 A 1000 A 1286 A 1000 A 1000 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 1388 A 1205 A 1027 A 692 A 838 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 13880 Fc 12050 Fc 7986 Fc 6920 Fc 8380 Fc
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Area Harvested 343000 F 342750 342750 255539 Im 250000 F
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Production Quantity 326000 F 325610 332770 433369 Im 425000 F
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Yield 9504.37 Fc 9499.93 Fc 9708.83 Fc 16959 Fc 17000 Fc
Kolanuts Area Harvested 230000 F 270143 270140 150000 F 125000 F
Kolanuts Production Quantity 138000 F 170190 162080 140000 F 100000 F
Kolanuts Yield 6000 Fc 6300 Fc 5999.85 Fc 9333.33 Fc 8000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 6008470 4149310 3350560 3845000 3944000
Maize Production Quantity 9180270 7676850 7358260 7525000 6724000
Maize Seed 150212 Fc 150212 Fc 103733 Fc 83764 Fc 96125 Fc
Maize Yield 15278.9 Fc 18501.5 Fc 21961.3 Fc 19570.9 Fc 17048.7 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 200000 F 187300 Im 128112 Im 159248 Im 162500 F
Maize, green Production Quantity 740000 F 705700 Im 538458 Im 677170 Im 579000 F
Maize, green Yield 37000 Fc 37677.5 Fc 42030.3 Fc 42523 Fc 35630.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 115000 F 114900 Im 128874 Im 123297 Im 126500 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 795000 F 790200 Im 831489 Im 750000 P 734000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 69130.4 Fc 68772.9 Fc 64519.5 Fc 60828.7 Fc 58023.7 Fc
Melonseed Area Harvested 470000 F 469690 489590 724000 743000
Melonseed Production Quantity 510000 F 507340 402550 493000 490000
Melonseed Seed 51000 Fc 50734 Fc 40255 Fc 49300 Fc 49000 Fc
Melonseed Yield 10851.1 Fc 10801.6 Fc 8222.19 Fc 6809.39 Fc 6594.89 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 2889020 4364140 3787730 4904000 5056000
Millet Production Quantity 1271100 5170430 4929950 9064000 8090000
Millet Seed 46224.3 Fc 46224.3 Fc 69826.2 Fc 60603.7 Fc 78464 Fc
Millet Yield 4399.76 Fc 11847.5 Fc 13015.6 Fc 18482.9 Fc 16000.8 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 345000 F 345000 F 345000 F 340000 F 340000 F
Natural rubber Production Quantity 143500 F 143500 F 145000 F 110424 Im 143000 F
Natural rubber Yield 4159.42 Fc 4159.42 Fc 4202.9 Fc 3247.76 Fc 4205.88 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 2756 Im 2700 F 2200 F 2700 F 2700 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 8130 Im 6825 Im 6500 F 6063 Im 5500 F
Nuts, nes Yield 29499.3 Fc 25277.8 Fc 29545.5 Fc 22455.6 Fc 20370.4 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 3200000 F 3200000 F 3200000 F 3200000 F 3150000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 8500000 F 8500000 F 8500000 F 8500000 F 8500000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 26562.5 Fc 26562.5 Fc 26562.5 Fc 26562.5 Fc 26984.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 7298030 A 7500100 A 7336060 A 7654480 A 7507920 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2582730 A 2687760 A 2519930 A 2666790 A 2629090 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 116651 A 116491 A 118763 A 119464 A 120026 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3538.94 Fc 3583.63 Fc 3434.99 Fc 3483.96 Fc 3501.75 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 7641030 A 7842850 A 7678810 A 7910020 A 7757920 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3168820 A 3349560 A 3226930 A 3217070 A 3173060 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 72019.4 A 71939.6 A 77571.2 A 76904.2 A 72569.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4147.11 Fc 4270.84 Fc 4202.38 Fc 4067.08 Fc 4090.09 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 450 F 440 Im 520 Im 510 Im 500 F
Okra Area Harvested 376570 397290 390000 F 387000 430000 F
Okra Production Quantity 1060620 1083620 1050000 F 1039000 1280000
Okra Yield 28165.3 Fc 27275.3 Fc 26923.1 Fc 26847.5 Fc 29767.4 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 14000 F 13800 Im 9461 Im 11760 Im 12000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 236000 F 235500 Im 179706 Im 226000 F 225000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 168571 Fc 170652 Fc 189944 Fc 192177 Fc 187500 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 192050 150000 F 135000 F 120000 F 90000 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1238090 1346220 1300000 F 1365670 1238220
Onions, dry Yield 64467.1 Fc 89748 Fc 96296.3 Fc 113806 Fc 137580 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1000 F 1000 F 1286 Im 1000 F 1000 F
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 1388 Im 1205 Im 1027 Im 692 Im 838 Im
Other Bastfibres Yield 13880 Fc 12050 Fc 7986 Fc 6920 Fc 8380 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 970820 F 970820 1233050 1180000 * 1170000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 1350000 F 1350000 F 1380000 F 1330000 F 1309000 F
Papayas Area Harvested 94000 F 93700 Im 94236 Im 90158 Im 92500 F
Papayas Production Quantity 705000 F 703800 Im 763619 Im 688782 Im 765000 F
Papayas Yield 75000 Fc 75112.1 Fc 81032.6 Fc 76397.2 Fc 82702.7 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 132000 F 130000 F 125000 F 114525 Im 117500 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 920000 F 910000 F 875000 F 810332 Im 900000 F
Pineapples Yield 69697 Fc 70000 Fc 70000 Fc 70755.9 Fc 76595.7 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 450000 F 449220 450000 F 462000 474000
Plantains Production Quantity 2700000 F 2675530 2700000 F 2727000 2991000 F
Plantains Yield 60000 Fc 59559.5 Fc 60000 Fc 59026 Fc 63101.3 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 260000 F 268924 Im 250000 F 263000 269000
Potatoes Production Quantity 950000 F 900300 Im 914778 Im 1105000 662000
Potatoes Seed 221000 Fc 221000 Fc 228585 Fc 212500 Fc 223550 Fc
Potatoes Yield 36538.5 Fc 33477.9 Fc 36591.1 Fc 42015.2 Fc 24609.7 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 125000 F 147881 Im 120000 F 124153 Im 130000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 55000 F 54000 F 50000 F 53017 Im 53000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 8125 Fc 8125 Fc 9612.26 Fc 7800 Fc 8069.94 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 4400 Fc 3651.58 Fc 4166.67 Fc 4270.3 Fc 4076.92 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3314980 A 3007640 A 2440590 A 4413150 A 4621000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1915800 A 3422250 A 2421640 A 2969020 A 2853000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 119774 A 119774 A 109704 A 89020.6 A 158185 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5779.22 Fc 11378.5 Fc 9922.35 Fc 6727.65 Fc 6173.99 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 2579540 2432630 1836880 2382000 2451000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 4567320 4472520 3546250 4179000 3186000
Rice, paddy Seed 128977 Fc 128977 Fc 121632 Fc 91844 Fc 119100 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 17706 Fc 18385.5 Fc 19305.8 Fc 17544.1 Fc 12998.8 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8281440 A 8073440 A 7594300 A 8920000 A 9137000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 96459700 A 83256200 A 72609200 A 89409000 A 82636000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 221000 A 221000 A 228585 A 212500 A 223550 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 116477 Fc 103124 Fc 95610.1 Fc 100234 Fc 90441.1 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 259570 398570 374580 427000 434000
Seed cotton Production Quantity 283160 602440 363510 492000 451000
Seed cotton Yield 10908.8 Fc 15115 Fc 9704.47 Fc 11522.3 Fc 10391.7 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 380000 F 324570 308230 317080 299280
Sesame seed Production Quantity 229167 149410 119710 121610 117700
Sesame seed Seed 4560 Fc 4560 Fc 3894.84 Fc 3698.76 Fc 3804.96 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6030.71 Fc 4603.32 Fc 3883.79 Fc 3835.31 Fc 3932.77 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 4891150 4960130 4736830 7617000 7812000
Sorghum Production Quantity 6897060 7140970 5279170 9318000 9058000
Sorghum Seed 97823 Fc 97823 Fc 99202.6 Fc 94736.6 Fc 152340 Fc
Sorghum Yield 14101.1 Fc 14396.7 Fc 11144.9 Fc 12233.2 Fc 11595 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 608650 281890 281330 609000 638000
Soybeans Production Quantity 563810 285050 426590 591000 580000 *
Soybeans Seed 17042.2 Fc 17042.2 Fc 7892.92 Fc 7877.24 Fc 17052 Fc
Soybeans Yield 9263.29 Fc 10112.1 Fc 15163.3 Fc 9704.43 Fc 9090.91 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 3284 Im 3563 Im 3600 F 3777 Im 3300 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 4650 F 4600 Im 4000 F 4959 Im 4600 F
Spices, nes Yield 14159.6 Fc 12910.5 Fc 11111.1 Fc 13129.5 Fc 13939.4 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 74000 F 73060 73060 71890 63000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1450000 F 1401680 1401680 1412070 1506000
Sugar cane Seed 29000 Fc 28033.6 Fc 28033.6 Fc 28241.4 Fc 30120 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 195946 Fc 191853 Fc 191853 Fc 196421 Fc 239048 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 940000 F 933500 Im 956792 Im 1106000 1131000
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 2725000 F 2703500 Im 2746820 Im 3318000 2432000
Sweet potatoes Yield 28989.4 Fc 28960.9 Fc 28708.6 Fc 30000 Fc 21503.1 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 455301 520130 482460 728000 739000
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 3265740 2957090 3033340 5387000 4996000
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 71727.1 Fc 56852.9 Fc 62872.4 Fc 73997.3 Fc 67604.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 17925 Im 18075 Im 19440 Im 18000 19000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 17000 F 17200 Im 14103 Im 12000 9000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 9483.96 Fc 9515.91 Fc 7254.63 Fc 6666.67 Fc 4736.84 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 264430 272950 270000 F 265000 250000 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 1504670 1799960 1750000 F 1823840 1701400
Tomatoes Yield 56902.4 Fc 65944.7 Fc 64814.8 Fc 68824.1 Fc 68056 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 332756 A 332700 A 332200 A 332700 A 332700 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 821153 A 689349 A 656500 A 733666 A 665500 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 24677.3 Fc 20719.8 Fc 19762.2 Fc 22051.9 Fc 20003 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 740000 F 737300 Im 504329 Im 626900 639700
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 6000000 F 5945600 Im 4536380 Im 5705000 4861720
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 81081.1 Fc 80640.2 Fc 89948.8 Fc 91003.4 Fc 76000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1869430 A 1843940 A 1535860 A 1690840 A 1705200 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 11439600 A 11830200 A 10398900 A 11846500 A 10851800 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 61192.8 Fc 64156.9 Fc 67707.4 Fc 70062.8 Fc 63639.7 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1869430 A 1843940 A 1535860 A 1690840 A 1705200 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11439600 A 11830200 A 10398900 A 11846500 A 10851800 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 61192.8 Fc 64156.9 Fc 67707.4 Fc 70062.8 Fc 63639.7 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 38000 F 37200 Im 35000 P 32000 26000
Wheat Production Quantity 52000 F 51000 F 50000 F 53000 44000
Wheat Seed 1900 Fc 1900 Fc 1860 Fc 1750 Fc 1600 Fc
Wheat Yield 13684.2 Fc 13709.7 Fc 14285.7 Fc 16562.5 Fc 16923.1 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 2889050 2868990 2776020 3045000 3123000
Yams Production Quantity 37115500 34162100 29092000 35017000 31136000
Yams Yield 128470 Fc 119074 Fc 104798 Fc 114998 Fc 99699 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 28000 F 27750 F 25650 Im 28006 Im 27500 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 240000 F 237500 F 267523 Im 250019 Im 235000 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 85714.3 Fc 85585.6 Fc 104297 Fc 89273.4 Fc 85454.6 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 320000 309000 292000 277000 273000
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 636000 594000 555000 524000 514000
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 19875 Fc 19223.3 Fc 19006.8 Fc 18917 Fc 18827.8 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 3810000 3782000 3531000 3490000 3446000
Cassava Production Quantity 45721000 41565000 38845000 36304000 34120000
Cassava Yield 120003 Fc 109902 Fc 110011 Fc 104023 Fc 99013.4 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 19147000 A 18310000 A 17716000 A 17371000 A 17027000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 27518000 A 24843200 A 23210800 A 21698400 A 20398000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 461159 A 464996 A 440639 A 424155 A 413446 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 14372 Fc 13568.1 Fc 13101.6 Fc 12491.2 Fc 11979.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19147000 A 18310000 A 17716000 A 17371000 A 17027000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 28864000 A 26031000 A 24321000 A 22736000 A 21373000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 461159 A 464996 A 440639 A 424155 A 413446 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 15075 Fc 14216.8 Fc 13728.3 Fc 13088.5 Fc 12552.4 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 31000 F 30750 F 32609 Im 32034 Im 31075 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 49000 F 48000 F 65382 Im 61470 Im 58676 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 15806.5 Fc 15609.8 Fc 20050.3 Fc 19189 Fc 18882.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 92000 F 91500 F 74800 Im 81359 Im 91000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 721500 F 721000 F 819643 Im 766015 Im 720000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 78423.9 Fc 78797.8 Fc 109578 Fc 94152.5 Fc 79120.9 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 747353 Im 731000 F 834286 Im 824805 Im 807740 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 3300000 F 4276660 Im 3996060 Im 3735270 Im 3510790 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 44155.8 Fc 58504.2 Fc 47898 Fc 45286.7 Fc 43464.4 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 747353 A 731000 A 834286 A 824805 A 807740 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3300000 A 4276660 A 3996060 A 3735270 A 3510790 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 44155.8 Fc 58504.2 Fc 47898 Fc 45286.7 Fc 43464.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16359000 A 15756000 A 15310000 A 15105000 A 14787000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 24751000 A 22398000 A 20925000 A 19562000 A 18391000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 337309 A 325596 A 312939 A 303855 A 300146 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 15129.9 Fc 14215.5 Fc 13667.5 Fc 12950.7 Fc 12437.3 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 1104000 F 1088700 Im 1062000 1002000 1030000
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 485000 441000 412000 385000 362000
Cocoa beans Yield 4393.12 Fc 4050.7 Fc 3879.47 Fc 3842.32 Fc 3514.56 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 39000 39000 39000 39000 38000
Coconuts Production Quantity 225000 209000 195000 182000 171000
Coconuts Yield 57692.3 Fc 53589.7 Fc 50000 Fc 46666.7 Fc 45000 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 3710 3670 3580 3540 3330
Coffee, green Production Quantity 5340 4990 4660 4360 4100
Coffee, green Yield 14393.5 Fc 13596.7 Fc 13016.8 Fc 12316.4 Fc 12312.3 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 208000 F 193000 F 171000 F 159000 F 150000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 270000 F 308997 Im 284057 Im 266764 Im 250000 F
Cottonseed Seed 26040 Fc 40680 Fc 39540 Fc 37920 Fc 36120 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 4406000 4140000 3986000 3726000 3668000
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 3040000 2815000 2631000 2459000 2311000
Cow peas, dry Seed 157185 Fc 154210 Fc 144900 Fc 139510 Fc 130410 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 6899.68 Fc 6799.52 Fc 6600.6 Fc 6599.57 Fc 6300.44 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 679000 A 660000 A 633000 A 603000 A 612000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 209299 A 194320 A 172130 A 160227 A 151116 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3082.46 Fc 2944.24 Fc 2719.27 Fc 2657.16 Fc 2469.22 Fc
Fonio Area Harvested 175000 F 198000 180000 165000 F 166000
Fonio Production Quantity 80000 F 95000 F 81000 83000 83000
Fonio Seed 1573 Fc 2275 Fc 2574 Fc 2340 Fc 2145 Fc
Fonio Yield 4571.43 Fc 4797.98 Fc 4500 Fc 5030.3 Fc 5000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1729350 A 1730000 A 2006690 A 1987720 A 1951550 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9670500 A 10645200 A 11212100 A 10480300 A 9850500 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 55919.8 Fc 61532.7 Fc 55873.5 Fc 52725.3 Fc 50475.2 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 190000 F 218500 F 376109 Im 375676 Im 372858 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 1200000 F 1401000 F 2026180 Im 1893950 Im 1780130 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 63157.9 Fc 64119 Fc 53872.2 Fc 50414.4 Fc 47742.8 Fc
Garlic Production Quantity
Ginger Area Harvested 191000 181000 170000 167000 162000
Ginger Production Quantity 134000 125000 117000 110000 105000
Ginger Yield 7015.71 Fc 6906.08 Fc 6882.35 Fc 6586.83 Fc 6481.48 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2224000 2187000 2097000 1985000 1878000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 3825000 3478000 3250000 3037000 2855000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 154185 Fc 155680 Fc 153090 Fc 146790 Fc 138950 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 17198.7 Fc 15903.1 Fc 15498.3 Fc 15299.8 Fc 15202.3 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 1000 A 1000 A 1000 A 1000 A 1000 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 1299 A 1320 A 1130 A 1227 A 1116 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 12990 Fc 13200 Fc 11300 Fc 12270 Fc 11160 Fc
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Area Harvested 267050 Im 259691 Im 248000 F 247000 247000
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Production Quantity 490699 Im 450350 Im 414000 410000 371000
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Yield 18374.8 Fc 17341.8 Fc 16693.5 Fc 16599.2 Fc 15020.2 Fc
Kolanuts Area Harvested 94500 F 94250 F 94000 F 94000 F 94000 F
Kolanuts Production Quantity 85500 F 85250 F 88000 F 85000 F 85000 F
Kolanuts Yield 9047.62 Fc 9045.09 Fc 9361.7 Fc 9042.55 Fc 9042.55 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 3905000 3589000 3479000 3469000 3282000
Maize Production Quantity 7100000 5957000 5567000 5203000 4890000
Maize Seed 98600 Fc 97625 Fc 89725 Fc 86975 Fc 86725 Fc
Maize Yield 18181.8 Fc 16597.9 Fc 16001.7 Fc 14998.6 Fc 14899.5 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 162000 F 161500 F 150170 Im 163963 Im 161000 F
Maize, green Production Quantity 577000 F 576500 F 655714 Im 612812 Im 576000 F
Maize, green Yield 35617.3 Fc 35696.6 Fc 43664.8 Fc 37375 Fc 35776.4 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 126000 F 125500 F 142487 Im 140868 Im 137953 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 731500 F 731000 F 897578 Im 839000 Im 788578 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 58055.6 Fc 58247 Fc 62993.7 Fc 59559.3 Fc 57162.8 Fc
Melonseed Area Harvested 732000 694000 659000 625000 587000
Melonseed Production Quantity 483000 451000 422000 394000 370000
Melonseed Seed 48300 Fc 45100 Fc 42200 Fc 39400 Fc 37000 Fc
Melonseed Yield 6598.36 Fc 6498.56 Fc 6403.64 Fc 6304 Fc 6303.24 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 4971000 4685000 4620000 4536000 4490000
Millet Production Quantity 7705000 7168000 6699000 6260000 5884000
Millet Seed 80896 Fc 79536 Fc 74960 Fc 73920 Fc 72576 Fc
Millet Yield 15499.9 Fc 15299.9 Fc 14500 Fc 13800.7 Fc 13104.7 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 354797 Im 339500 F 339000 339000 339000
Natural rubber Production Quantity 142500 F 158600 Im 142000 142000 112000
Natural rubber Yield 4016.38 Fc 4671.58 Fc 4188.79 Fc 4188.79 Fc 3303.83 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 2600 F 2550 F 2410 Im 2286 Im 2253 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 5300 F 5150 F 5100 F 7297 Im 7682 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 20384.6 Fc 20196.1 Fc 21161.8 Fc 31920.4 Fc 34096.8 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 3075000 F 3350000 F 3320000 F 3300000 F 3180000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 8300000 F 8500000 F 8700000 F 8632000 F 8500000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 26991.9 Fc 25373.1 Fc 26204.8 Fc 26157.6 Fc 26729.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 7575000 A 7726000 A 7499000 A 7273000 A 7000000 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 3052410 A 2903920 A 2659860 A 2489990 A 2338500 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 116795 A 122106 A 118153 A 112754 A 106721 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4029.58 Fc 3758.63 Fc 3546.95 Fc 3423.61 Fc 3340.71 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 7842050 A 7985690 A 7747000 A 7520000 A 7247000 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3478650 A 3248610 A 2988620 A 2801390 A 2628710 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 69671.7 A 70934.5 A 68953.8 A 65734.1 A 62223.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4435.9 Fc 4068.03 Fc 3857.78 Fc 3725.25 Fc 3627.3 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 763 Im 700 F 815 Im 765 Im 717 Im
Okra Area Harvested 370000 F 350000 F 330000 F 300000 F 285000 F
Okra Production Quantity 1000000 F 950000 F 870000 F 810000 F 750000 F
Okra Yield 27027 Fc 27142.9 Fc 26363.6 Fc 27000 Fc 26315.8 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 11500 F 11250 F 10260 Im 11202 Im 11000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 221000 F 220500 F 250446 Im 234060 Im 220000 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 192174 Fc 196000 Fc 244099 Fc 208945 Fc 200000 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 90000 F 80000 F 80000 F 65000 F 50887 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1175020 1182520 1147090 658657 632741
Onions, dry Yield 130558 Fc 147815 Fc 143386 Fc 101332 Fc 124342 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 1299 Im 1320 Im 1130 Im 1227 Im 1116 Im
Other Bastfibres Yield 12990 Fc 13200 Fc 11300 Fc 12270 Fc 11160 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 1200000 F 1230000 1065000 995000 935000
Palm oil Production Quantity 1287000 1170000 1094000 1022000 961000
Papayas Area Harvested 92000 F 91500 F 93991 Im 92923 Im 91000 F
Papayas Production Quantity 759000 F 755500 F 859359 Im 803275 Im 755000 F
Papayas Yield 82500 Fc 82568.3 Fc 91429.9 Fc 86445.2 Fc 82967 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 117000 F 116500 F 119813 Im 118451 Im 116000 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 895000 F 890000 F 1011880 Im 945843 Im 889000 F
Pineapples Yield 76495.7 Fc 76394.9 Fc 84454.9 Fc 79851 Fc 76637.9 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 457000 447000 440000 435000 426000
Plantains Production Quantity 2785000 2591000 2421000 2263000 2127000
Plantains Yield 60940.9 Fc 57964.2 Fc 55022.7 Fc 52023 Fc 49929.6 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 266000 260000 246000 235000 224000
Potatoes Production Quantity 838000 776000 726000 678000 637000
Potatoes Seed 228650 Fc 226100 Fc 221000 Fc 209100 Fc 199750 Fc
Potatoes Yield 31503.8 Fc 29846.2 Fc 29512.2 Fc 28851.1 Fc 28437.5 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 125000 F 181605 Im 160586 Im 184009 Im 178282 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 51000 F 114242 Im 106775 Im 99795 Im 93789 Im
Pulses, nes Seed 8450 Fc 8125 Fc 11804.3 Fc 10438.1 Fc 11960.6 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 4080 Fc 6290.69 Fc 6649.09 Fc 5423.38 Fc 5260.71 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4531000 A 4321610 A 4146590 A 3910010 A 3846280 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3091000 A 2929240 A 2737780 A 2558800 A 2404790 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 165635 A 162335 A 156704 A 149948 A 142371 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 6821.89 Fc 6778.13 Fc 6602.48 Fc 6544.22 Fc 6252.24 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 2725000 2494000 2348000 2210000 2185000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 4042000 3567000 3334000 3116000 2928000
Rice, paddy Seed 122550 Fc 136250 Fc 124700 Fc 117400 Fc 110500 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 14833 Fc 14302.3 Fc 14199.3 Fc 14099.5 Fc 13400.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8844000 A 8655000 A 8208000 A 8081000 A 7957000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 92214000 A 84614000 A 79079000 A 73905000 A 69459000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 228650 A 226100 A 221000 A 209100 A 199750 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 104267 Fc 97763.1 Fc 96343.8 Fc 91455.3 Fc 87292.9 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 678000 659000 632000 602000 611000
Seed cotton Production Quantity 563000 521000 487000 455000 428000
Seed cotton Yield 8303.83 Fc 7905.92 Fc 7705.7 Fc 7558.14 Fc 7004.91 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 197000 * 196000 * 165000 167000 166000
Sesame seed Production Quantity 100000 * 100000 * 78000 * 80000 * 73000 *
Sesame seed Seed 3591.36 Fc 2364 Fc 2352 Fc 1980 Fc 2004 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 5076.14 Fc 5102.04 Fc 4727.27 Fc 4790.42 Fc 4397.59 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 7308000 7284000 7031000 6935000 6849000
Sorghum Production Quantity 9866000 9178000 8578000 8016000 7534000
Sorghum Seed 156240 Fc 146160 Fc 145680 Fc 140620 Fc 138700 Fc
Sorghum Yield 13500.3 Fc 12600.2 Fc 12200.3 Fc 11558.8 Fc 11000.2 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 630000 601000 587000 555000 540000
Soybeans Production Quantity 605000 565000 528000 494000 464000
Soybeans Seed 17864 Fc 17640 Fc 16828 Fc 16436 Fc 15540 Fc
Soybeans Yield 9603.17 Fc 9401 Fc 8994.89 Fc 8900.9 Fc 8592.59 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 3430 Im 3250 F 7288 Im 7159 Im 6945 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 4824 Im 4500 F 13372 Im 12572 Im 12001 Im
Spices, nes Yield 14064.1 Fc 13846.2 Fc 18348 Fc 17561.1 Fc 17280.1 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 47000 F 44000 F 43000 42000 40000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 987000 914000 854000 798000 750000
Sugar cane Seed 19740 Fc 18280 Fc 17080 Fc 15960 Fc 15000 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 210000 Fc 207727 Fc 198605 Fc 190000 Fc 187500 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1021000 989000 954000 895000 877000
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 3462000 3205000 2996000 2800000 2631000
Sweet potatoes Yield 33907.9 Fc 32406.5 Fc 31404.6 Fc 31284.9 Fc 30000 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 712000 667000 640000 633000 616000
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 5473000 5068000 4736000 4426000 4160000
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 76868 Fc 75982 Fc 74000 Fc 69921 Fc 67532.5 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 23000 25000 25000 26000 28000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 14000 15000 15000 16000 17000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 6086.96 Fc 6000 Fc 6000 Fc 6153.85 Fc 6071.43 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 250000 F 250000 F 240000 F 215000 F 210000 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 2079010 2042860 1805090 1324430 1284060
Tomatoes Yield 83160.4 Fc 81714.4 Fc 75212.1 Fc 61601.4 Fc 61145.7 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 322600 A 311550 A 294410 A 279286 A 275253 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 641300 A 599150 A 560100 A 531297 A 521682 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 19879.1 Fc 19231.3 Fc 19024.5 Fc 19023.4 Fc 18952.8 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 750000 F 725000 F 908676 Im 670000 F 660000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 5651000 5185000 4845000 4528000 4256000
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 75346.7 Fc 71517.2 Fc 53319.3 Fc 67582.1 Fc 64484.8 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1753500 A 1697000 A 1819560 A 1534530 A 1496390 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 11664500 A 11115900 A 10660500 A 9183990 A 8673800 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 66521.4 Fc 65503.1 Fc 58588.5 Fc 59848.9 Fc 57965 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1753500 A 1697000 A 1819560 A 1534530 A 1496390 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11664500 A 11115900 A 10660500 A 9183990 A 8673800 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 66521.4 Fc 65503.1 Fc 58588.5 Fc 59848.9 Fc 57965 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 63000 60000 58000 56000 55000
Wheat Production Quantity 71000 66000 62000 58000 54000
Wheat Seed 1300 Fc 3150 Fc 3000 Fc 2900 Fc 2800 Fc
Wheat Yield 11269.8 Fc 11000 Fc 10689.7 Fc 10357.1 Fc 9818.18 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 3035000 2957000 2837000 2828000 2794000
Yams Production Quantity 36720000 34000000 31776000 29697000 27911000
Yams Yield 120988 Fc 114981 Fc 112006 Fc 105011 Fc 99896.2 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 76200 Fm 76200 Fm 74200 Fm 77000 Fm 78000 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 5 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 7 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 12 I 8.2 I 3.1 I 3.2 I
Arable land Area 36000 Fm 36000 Fm 34000 Fm 37000 Fm 37500 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 39200 Fm 39200 Fm 37200 Fm 40000 Fm 40500 Fm
Country area Area 92377 W 92377 W 92377 W 92377 W 92377 W
Forest area Area 8631.4 Fm 9041 Q 9450.6 Fm 9860.2 Fm 10269.8 Fm
Inland water Area 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm
Land area Area 91077 Fm 91077 Fm 91077 Fm 91077 Fm 91077 Fm
Other land Area 6245.6 Fm 5836 Fm 7426.4 Fm 4216.8 Fm 2807.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 3200 Fm 3200 Fm 3200 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 37000 Fm 37000 Fm 37000 Fm 37000 Fm 37500 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 293 Fm 293 Fm 293 Fm 293 Fm 293 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 78000 Fm 76500 Fm 74500 Fm 73900 Fm 73800 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 3 I
Arable land Area 37000 Fm 35000 Fm 33000 Fm 32000 Fm 32000 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 40000 Fm 38000 Fm 36000 Fm 34900 Fm 34800 Fm
Country area Area 92377 W 92377 W 92377 W 92377 Q 92377 Q
Forest area Area 10679.4 Fm 11089 Q 11498.6 Fm 11908.2 Fm 12317.8 Fm
Inland water Area 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm 1300 Fm
Land area Area 91077 Fm 91077 Fm 91077 Fm 91077 Q 91077 Q
Other land Area 2397.6 Fm 3488 Fm 5078.4 Fm 5268.8 Fm 4959.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 2900 F 2800 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 38000 Fm 38500 Fm 38500 Fm 39000 Fm 39000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 293 Fm 293 Fm 293 I 292 Fm 291 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files