Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Norfolk Island

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Datasheet

Norfolk Island

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Norfolk Island
  • General data
  • Region: Oceania
  • Area (km2): NaN
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Kingston

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesJones, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Belkin, 1962.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present Holloway, 1977; IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; Williams and Watson, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Present Hawkins, 1942; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Unconfirmed record Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Williams and Watson, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Williams et al., 1990; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Eradicated Introduced NoNaumann, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Eradicated Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Present Introduced YesCovacevich et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoFrancis, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat) Present National Animal Pest Alert, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Present Taylor, 1914.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced YesHutchinson et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present Introduced YesMarshall, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Bridge, 1988; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Khair, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Introduced Gardner, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Restricted distribution Native Braggins, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Present Native Global Species, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Native Krisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Palmer, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced University of Queensland, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Localised Introduced YesDEWHA, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Green, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced University of Queensland, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; PIER, 2002; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Widespread Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced YesQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Widespread Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced YesBiosecurity Queensland, 2011; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Introduced Weeds of Australia, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced YesQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesSwarbrick, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Green, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced YesQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass) Widespread Native NoOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present AVH, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2016; Queensland Government, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Native Orchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced Queensland Government, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Present Introduced YesGangwar and Jayan, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Widespread NZPCN, 2016; Coyne, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Introduced Weeds of Australia, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced YesMorton, 1987; Cronk and Fuller, 1995; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller, 1995; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Introduced GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Introduced YesGreen, 1994; Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016; PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Widespread Introduced YesWeeds of Australia, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced Weeds of Australia, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present Native NoCoyne, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced Biosecurity Queensland, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Widespread Native NoCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced Flora of Australia, 2013; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced YesOrchard, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Localised Introduced YesGBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Streimann, 2002.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Country area Area 4 W 4 W 4 W 4 W 4 W
Forest area Area 0.45999999999999996 Fm 0.45999999999999996 E 0.45999999999999996 Fm 0.45999999999999996 Fm 0.45999999999999996 Fm
Land area Area 4 W 4 W 4 W 4 W 4 W
Other land Area 2.54 Fm 2.54 Fm 2.54 Fm 2.54 Fm 2.54 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 F 1 F
Country area Area 4 W 4 W 4 W 4 Q 4 Q
Forest area Area 0.45999999999999996 Fm 0.45999999999999996 E 0.45999999999999996 Fm 0.45999999999999996 Fm 0.45999999999999996 Fm
Land area Area 4 W 4 W 4 W 4 Q 4 Q
Other land Area 2.54 Fm 2.54 Fm 2.54 Fm 2.54 Fm 2.54 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 F 1 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files