Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Norfolk Island

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Datasheet

Norfolk Island

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJones (1990); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBelkin (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentHolloway (1977); Holloway (1982); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Williams and Watson (1990); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentHawkins (1942); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhlyctinus callosus (vine calandra)PresentEPPO (2020); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentWilliams and Watson (1988); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentWilliams and Watson (1990); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedIPPC (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Absent, EradicatedNaumann (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)Absent, EradicatedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCovacevich et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeFrancis (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat)PresentNational Animal Pest Alert (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentTaylor (1914)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHutchinson et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentNair and Saraswathy (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMarshall (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentKhair (1982); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedGardner (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, LocalizedNativeBraggins (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass)PresentNativeGlobal Species (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentNativeKrisnawati et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Lange et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentPalmer (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentIntroducedUniversity of Queensland (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDEWHA (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Government (2018); Green (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentIntroducedUniversity of Queensland (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedWeeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBiosecurity Queensland (2011); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWeeds of Australia (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Government (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Government (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSwarbrick (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Green (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass)Present, WidespreadNativeOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentAVH (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Queensland Government (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentNativeOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedQueensland Government (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGangwar and Jayan (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveQueensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax)Present, WidespreadNew Zealand Plant Conservation Network (2016); Coyne (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentIntroducedWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMorton (1987); Cronk and Fuller (1995); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGreen (1994); Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWeeds of Australia (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWeeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentNativeCoyne (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedBiosecurity Queensland (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedGreen (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, WidespreadNativeCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedFlora of Australia (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOrchard (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativeStreimann (2002)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm
AgricultureArea1 Fc1 Fc1 Fc1 Fc1 Fc
Country areaArea4 W4 W4 W4 W4 W
Forest landArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Land areaArea4 W4 W4 W4 W4 W
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Other landArea3 Fc3 Fc3 Fc3 Fc3 Fc
Planted ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.