Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Namibia

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Datasheet

Namibia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Namibia
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 824,000
  • Climates: Dry
  • Capital: Windhoek
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 2,080,083
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,450
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$7,174,267,904
  • GDP: US$7,015,072,256
  • Agriculture, value added: US$715,323,328

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocida Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present Introduced Day, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma hebraeum Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee) Present Radloff et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Roth, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Widespread Native NoHancock et al., 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Kamwi et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced Espadaler et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Present, few occurrences Morant, 1947.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Stejskal et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native d'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999; González-Ortegón and Cuesta, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Restricted distribution Introduced Rhodes, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Giliomee and Ueckermann, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Stejskal et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Stejskal et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Introduced YesAbrahams et al., 2017; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoFAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt) Unconfirmed record Turon, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Introduced Ryall, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoGreyling, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Widespread Introduced Okeyo, 2003; Hay et al., 1999; Froese and Pauly, 2004; FAO, Food Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced NoFAO, 1997; Hay et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Widespread Native YesCraig, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami) Present Introduced FAO-DIAS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002; Spawls et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced Hay et al., 1999; Bethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced Anonymous, 2002; MacDonald et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Present Introduced Brown et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Introduced DIAS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present EPPO, 2014; Sanderson and Sirgel, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present de Wet, 1993; Greathead and deGroot, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native John et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Widespread Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene fluitans (giant sensitive fern) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Present, few occurrences Native NoVisser, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis venusta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Widespread Ahmed et al., 1977; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus africanus (Ornamental Asparagus) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Absent, unreliable record Kleinjan and Edwards, 1999; Obermeyer, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus declinatus (Bridal Veil) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced Struwig and Siebert, 2013; Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Wilson, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotyledon orbiculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear) Widespread Introduced YesNovoa et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Native Gibbs Russell et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced NoGibbs-Russel et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced POSA, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced YesWells et al., 1986; Boyer and Boyer, 1989; Shapaka et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present PROTA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Native Gibbs Russell et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Widespread Native Merxmuller, 1969; Fox and Young, 1982; Wells et al., 1986; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis bicolor Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Native NoPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005; PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced Brown and Gubb, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present USDA-ARS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesBromilow, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Gibbs-Russel et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Roux, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesCABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Agarie et al., 2009; Weeplian and Ho, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Encyclopedia of Life, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Quattrocchi, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Introduced Cook, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013; Steenkamp et al., 2002; ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Widespread Introduced YesBrown and Gubb, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice) Present Fernandes et al., 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Native NoGibbs et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present NoRao et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass) Widespread Introduced YesJoubert and Cunningham, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced Mairura, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present Introduced YesPoynton, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced YesPasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite) Present Introduced YesStrohbach, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhynchosia caribaea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Widespread Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004; Henschel and Parr, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced YesWells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchmidtia kalahariensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Present Native Hilliard, 1977; Werner et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Introduced NoBrown and Gubb, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Welman, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Native CJB, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoAppa et al., 1992; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Present Parker and Riches, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present Native NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Launert, 1963; Wells et al., 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Widespread Native White, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoAfrica Plants Database, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Introduced Feenstra and Clements, 2008; GBIF, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesBethune et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Perold and Rooy, 1993.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2005; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Reported present or known to be present Native OIE, 2004e; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWest Nile virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Last reported OIE, 2012.
African swine fever Present OIE, 2012; OIE, 2005.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Office International des Epizooties(1999); OIE, 2012.
anthrax Present OIE, 2012; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971); OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2012.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999; OIE, 2004e.
Borrelia anserina infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present Directorate of Veterinary Services Namibia, 1978; St-George, 1994.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 2 infection Present Geiger et al., 1990.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present AU-IBAR, 2011.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Apel et al., 1989; Kolb et al., 1993.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Bamhare, 2000.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Present OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2012.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Restricted distribution OIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease not reported OIE, 2012; Shaw, 1990.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Present OIE, 2012.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2012.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Voigts et al., 1997.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Last reported OIE, 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Last reported OIE, 2012.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2012; Depner, 1992.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Present OIE, 2012.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
scrapie No information available OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Present OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Bossche et al., 1999.
tuberculosis Last reported OIE, 2012.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Beans, dry Area Harvested 71 Im 85 F 80 F 40 F 80 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 104 Im 130 F 120 63 126
Beans, dry Yield 14647.9 Fc 15294.1 Fc 15000 Fc 15750 Fc 15750 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 167 Im 185 F 150 F 210 F 250 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 6414 Im 6500 F 5189 7355 8781
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 384072 Fc 351351 Fc 345933 Fc 350238 Fc 351240 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 67 Im 75 F 70 F 55 F 50 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 2069 Im 1850 F 1727 1351 1217
Carrots and turnips Yield 308806 Fc 246667 Fc 246714 Fc 245636 Fc 243400 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 286142 A 309900 A 306316 A 227182 A 241380 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 101330 A 115500 A 111738 A 112580 A 116183 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 6132.84 A 6132.84 A 6573 A 6490.19 A 4939.28 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 3541.25 Fc 3727.01 Fc 3647.8 Fc 4955.5 Fc 4813.28 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 286142 A 309900 A 306316 A 227182 A 241380 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 101330 A 115500 A 111738 A 112580 A 116183 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 6132.84 A 6132.84 A 6573 A 6490.19 A 4939.28 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 3541.25 Fc 3727.01 Fc 3647.8 Fc 4955.5 Fc 4813.28 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 73 Im 80 F 75 F 25 F 15 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 789 Im 800 F 752 234 151
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 108082 Fc 100000 Fc 100267 Fc 93600 Fc 100667 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 211 A 203 A 200 A 70 A 300 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1269 A 1200 A 1173 A 397 A 2983 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 60142.2 Fc 59113.3 Fc 58650 Fc 56714.3 Fc 99433.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 283942 A 308000 A 304464 A 224808 A 239011 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 88330 A 103000 A 99290 A 97999 A 104020 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 5978.84 A 5978.84 A 6440 A 6360.55 A 4773.1 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 3110.85 Fc 3344.16 Fc 3261.14 Fc 4359.23 Fc 4352.1 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 2.31 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 4.62 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 153 Im 150 F 110 F 135 F 155 Im
Dates Production Quantity 380 F 375 F 276 333 419 Im
Dates Yield 24836.6 Fc 25000 Fc 25090.9 Fc 24666.7 Fc 27032.3 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A 5 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A 2.31 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 4620 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8734 A 8568 A 8305 A 7817 A 8057 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 43772 A 42225 A 33342 A 39834 A 42416 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 50116.8 Fc 49282.2 Fc 40146.9 Fc 50958.2 Fc 52644.9 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2750 Im 2700 F 2650 Im 2553 Im 2542 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 20003 Im 19000 F 11773 Im 18964 Im 18405 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 72738.2 Fc 70370.4 Fc 44426.4 Fc 74281.2 Fc 72403.6 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 5601 Im 5500 F 5333 Im 5022 Im 5000 F
Grapes Production Quantity 22000 F 21500 F 20000 F 19764 Im 20000 F
Grapes Yield 39278.7 Fc 39090.9 Fc 37502.3 Fc 39354.8 Fc 40000 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 754 Im 720 F 772 F 713 Im 750 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 260 Im 356 Im 400 F 370 F 329 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 49.01 Fc 49.01 Fc 46.8 Fc 50.18 Fc 46.35 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 3448.28 Fc 4944.44 Fc 5181.35 Fc 5189.34 Fc 4386.67 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 30000 F 28000 F 27127 27694 27356
Maize Production Quantity 60000 F 58000 F 57320 58101 55523
Maize Seed 900 Fc 900 Fc 840 Fc 813.81 Fc 830.82 Fc
Maize Yield 20000 Fc 20714.3 Fc 21130.2 Fc 20979.6 Fc 20296.5 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 19 Im 15 F 12 F 37 F 60 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 120 Im 150 F 120 376 609
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 63157.9 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 101622 Fc 101500 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 235130 Im 260000 F 257735 186197 194788
Millet Production Quantity 24193 Im 40000 F 37301 35512 44450
Millet Seed 4702.6 Fc 4702.6 Fc 5200 Fc 5154.7 Fc 3723.94 Fc
Millet Yield 1028.92 Fc 1538.46 Fc 1447.26 Fc 1907.23 Fc 2281.97 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 912 A 843 A 930 A 827 A 863 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 184.34 A 229.28 A 236.6 A 210.16 A 200.23 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 19.15 A 19.15 A 18.19 A 19.59 A 17.99 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2021.27 Fc 2719.81 Fc 2544.09 Fc 2541.23 Fc 2320.16 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 912 A 843 A 930 A 827 A 863 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 152.62 A 188.8 A 193.8 A 171.68 A 162.99 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 15.16 A 15.16 A 14.39 A 15.51 A 14.23 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 1673.46 Fc 2239.62 Fc 2083.87 Fc 2075.94 Fc 1888.64 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1162 Im 1000 F 950 F 720 F 550 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 20000 F 19800 F 18742 14316 10791
Onions, dry Yield 172117 Fc 198000 Fc 197284 Fc 198833 Fc 196200 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 211 Im 203 Im 200 F 70 F 300 F
Oranges Production Quantity 1269 Im 1200 F 1173 397 2983
Oranges Yield 60142.2 Fc 59113.3 Fc 58650 Fc 56714.3 Fc 99433.3 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 47 Im 50 F 45 F 40 F 175 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 427 Im 550 F 500 F 442 1912
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 90851.1 Fc 110000 Fc 111111 Fc 110500 Fc 109257 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 1000 F 950 F 930 F 650 F 690 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 13000 F 12500 F 12136 8578 8822
Potatoes Yield 130000 Fc 131579 Fc 130495 Fc 131969 Fc 127855 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 17513 Im 16500 F 16000 F 15500 F 15000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 18843 Im 19000 F 20968 Im 18000 F 17500 F
Pulses, nes Seed 1576.17 Fc 1576.17 Fc 1485 Fc 1440 Fc 1395 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 10759.4 Fc 11515.2 Fc 13105 Fc 11612.9 Fc 11666.7 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 17584 A 16585 A 16080 A 15540 A 15080 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 18947 A 19130 A 21088 A 18063 A 17626 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1576.17 A 1576.17 A 1485 A 1440 A 1395 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 10775.1 Fc 11534.5 Fc 13114.4 Fc 11623.5 Fc 11688.3 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 40157 Im 39000 F 38876 Im 38771 Im 39000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 344569 Im 330000 F 315000 F 320655 Im 330000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 85805.5 Fc 84615.4 Fc 81026.9 Fc 82704.9 Fc 84615.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 41157 A 39950 A 39806 A 39421 A 39690 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 357569 A 342500 A 327136 A 329233 A 338822 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 86879.3 Fc 85732.2 Fc 82182.6 Fc 83517.2 Fc 85367.1 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F 5 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F 7
Seed cotton Yield 14000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 18812 Im 20000 F 19602 10917 16867
Sorghum Production Quantity 4137 Im 5000 F 4669 4386 4047
Sorghum Seed 376.24 Fc 376.24 Fc 400 Fc 392.04 Fc 218.34 Fc
Sorghum Yield 2199.13 Fc 2500 Fc 2381.9 Fc 4017.59 Fc 2399.36 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 158 Im 123 Im 158 Im 114 Im 108 P
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 182 Im 200 Im 180 Im 148 F 155
Sunflower seed Seed 1.11 Fc 1.11 Fc 0.86 Fc 1.11 Fc 0.8 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 11519 Fc 16260.2 Fc 11392.4 Fc 12982.5 Fc 14351.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1264 Im 1300 F 1250 F 1300 F 1500 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 7781 Im 8500 F 8105 8669 9991
Tomatoes Yield 61558.5 Fc 65384.6 Fc 64840 Fc 66684.6 Fc 66606.7 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2927 Im 3100 F 3943 Im 2972 Im 2884 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 18500 F 18000 F 16950 Im 17543 Im 16171 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 63204.7 Fc 58064.5 Fc 42987.6 Fc 59027.6 Fc 56071.4 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 5919 A 6110 A 6783 A 5822 A 5834 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 59927 A 60000 A 55734 A 56158 A 54172 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 101245 Fc 98199.7 Fc 82167.2 Fc 96458.3 Fc 92855.7 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5919 A 6110 A 6783 A 5822 A 5834 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 59927 A 60000 A 55734 A 56158 A 54172 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 101245 Fc 98199.7 Fc 82167.2 Fc 96458.3 Fc 92855.7 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 212 Im 320 F 300 F 500 F 410 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 3947 Im 4000 F 3769 6248 5158
Watermelons Yield 186179 Fc 125000 Fc 125633 Fc 124960 Fc 125805 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2200 F 1900 F 1852 2374 2369
Wheat Production Quantity 13000 F 12500 F 12448 14581 12163
Wheat Seed 154 Fc 154 Fc 133 Fc 129.64 Fc 166.18 Fc
Wheat Yield 59090.9 Fc 65789.5 Fc 67213.8 Fc 61419.6 Fc 51342.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Beans, dry Area Harvested 67 F 53 F 40 F 27 F 15 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 100 F 80 F 60 F 40 F 20 F
Beans, dry Yield 14925.4 Fc 15094.3 Fc 15000 Fc 14814.8 Fc 13333.3 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 210 F 180 F 150 F 120 F 90 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 5760 4168 3474 4000 F 3000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 274286 Fc 231556 Fc 231600 Fc 333333 Fc 333333 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 45 F 42 F 38 F 33 F 29 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 1100 F 1000 F 900 F 800 F 700 F
Carrots and turnips Yield 244444 Fc 238095 Fc 236842 Fc 242424 Fc 241379 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 299780 A 277385 A 304857 A 296946 A 242251 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 135936 A 104638 A 118535 A 97380 A 99949 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 5219.61 A 6393.04 A 5849.54 A 6446.31 A 6255.22 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 4534.53 Fc 3772.3 Fc 3888.22 Fc 3279.38 Fc 4125.84 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 299780 A 277385 A 304857 A 296946 A 242251 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 135936 A 104638 A 118535 A 97380 A 99949 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 5219.61 A 6393.04 A 5849.54 A 6446.31 A 6255.22 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 4534.53 Fc 3772.3 Fc 3888.22 Fc 3279.38 Fc 4125.84 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 13 F 11 F 9 F 7 F 5 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 130 F 110 F 90 F 70 F 50 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 250 A 220 A 200 A 180 A 183 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4230 A 4362 A 3442 A 1100 A 1117 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 169200 Fc 198273 Fc 172100 Fc 61111.1 Fc 61038.3 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 297612 A 274951 A 302872 A 295300 A 240605 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 123078 A 93623 A 110273 A 87091 A 89460 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 5053.78 A 6241.28 A 5679.16 A 6307.36 A 6140 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 4135.52 Fc 3405.08 Fc 3640.91 Fc 2949.24 Fc 3718.13 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 77.55 Fc 33.33 Fc 3122.79 Fc 508.53 Fc 559.02 Fc
Cottonseed Production Quantity 155.1 Fc 66.66 Fc 6245.58 Fc 1017.06 Fc 1118.04 Fc
Dates Area Harvested 158 Im 160 F 210 Im 208 Im 218 Im
Dates Production Quantity 410 Im 400 F 637 Im 651 Im 604 Im
Dates Yield 25949.4 Fc 25000 Fc 30333.3 Fc 31298.1 Fc 27706.4 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 50 A 50 A 3800 A 3800 A 3800 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 77.55 A 33.33 A 3122.79 A 508.53 A 559.02 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 15510 Fc 6666 Fc 8217.87 Fc 1338.24 Fc 1471.11 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7858 A 6387 A 5690 A 4817 A 4766 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 42140 A 35607 A 30879 A 26543 A 24871 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 53626.9 Fc 55749.2 Fc 54268.9 Fc 55102.8 Fc 52184.2 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 2600 F 2167 Im 2150 F 1909 Im 2000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 18000 F 14945 Im 15000 F 15092 Im 14000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 69230.8 Fc 68966.3 Fc 69767.4 Fc 79057.1 Fc 70000 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 4800 F 3800 F 3100 F 2500 F 2350 F
Grapes Production Quantity 19000 F 15500 F 11500 F 9500 F 9000 F
Grapes Yield 39583.3 Fc 40789.5 Fc 37096.8 Fc 38000 Fc 38297.9 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 650 F 536 P 550 F 352 Im 412 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 145 47 242 45 118
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 48.75 Fc 42.25 Fc 34.84 Fc 35.75 Fc 22.88 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 2230.77 Fc 876.87 Fc 4400 Fc 1278.41 Fc 2864.08 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 28904 18014 24992 23400 21000 F
Maize Production Quantity 60853 40723 28244 28891 27800
Maize Seed 820.68 Fc 867.12 Fc 540.42 Fc 749.76 Fc 702 Fc
Maize Yield 21053.5 Fc 22606.3 Fc 11301.2 Fc 12346.6 Fc 13238.1 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 50 F 40 F 30 F 20 F 15 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 500 F 400 F 300 F 200 F 150 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 245800 236100 254400 251900 197815 F
Millet Production Quantity 58852 * 47900 74400 52200 56055
Millet Seed 3895.76 Fc 4916 Fc 4722 Fc 5088 Fc 5038 Fc
Millet Yield 2394.3 Fc 2028.8 Fc 2924.53 Fc 2072.25 Fc 2833.71 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 835 A 699 A 4480 A 4260 A 4342 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 154.88 A 90.87 A 3326.56 A 679.62 A 694.94 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 18.88 A 16.5 A 13.61 A 14.01 A 9.05 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 1854.85 Fc 1300 Fc 7425.36 Fc 1595.35 Fc 1600.51 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 835 A 699 A 4480 A 4260 A 4342 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 86.36 A 58.8 A 1114.94 A 301.69 A 283.99 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 14.94 A 13.06 A 10.78 A 11.1 A 7.18 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 1034.25 Fc 841.2 Fc 2488.71 Fc 708.19 Fc 654.05 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 450 F 400 F 350 F 300 F 250 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 9000 F 8000 F 7000 F 6000 F 5000 F
Onions, dry Yield 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 250 F 220 F 200 F 180 F 183 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 4230 4362 3442 1100 F 1117 Im
Oranges Yield 169200 Fc 198273 Fc 172100 Fc 61111.1 Fc 61038.3 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 55 F 50 Im 51 F 61 Im 55 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 600 F 560 Im 550 F 584 Im 587 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 109091 Fc 112000 Fc 107843 Fc 95737.7 Fc 106727 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 540 F 460 F 380 F 310 F 230 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 3769 5201 4202 4000 F 3000 F
Potatoes Yield 69796.3 Fc 113065 Fc 110579 Fc 129032 Fc 130435 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 14900 F 14243 Im 14000 F 13500 F 8260 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 17000 F 15638 Im 16000 F 15000 F 9267 Im
Pulses, nes Seed 1350 Fc 1341 Fc 1281.87 Fc 1260 Fc 1215 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 11409.4 Fc 10979.4 Fc 11428.6 Fc 11111.1 Fc 11219.1 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 14967 A 14296 A 14040 A 13527 A 8275 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 17100 A 15718 A 16060 A 15040 A 9287 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1350 A 1341 A 1281.87 A 1260 A 1215 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 11425.1 Fc 10994.7 Fc 11438.8 Fc 11118.5 Fc 11223 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 38000 F 37000 F 36000 F 34500 F 33500 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 320000 F 315000 F 305000 F 295000 F 285000 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 84210.5 Fc 85135.1 Fc 84722.2 Fc 85507.3 Fc 85074.6 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 38540 A 37460 A 36380 A 34810 A 33730 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 323769 A 320201 A 309202 A 299000 A 288000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 84008.6 Fc 85478.1 Fc 84992.3 Fc 85894.9 Fc 85383.9 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 50 F 50 F 3800 F 3800 F 3800
Seed cotton Production Quantity 235 101 9463 1541 1694
Seed cotton Yield 47000 Fc 20200 Fc 24902.6 Fc 4055.26 Fc 4457.89 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 22908 P 20837 P 23480 P 20000 F 21790
Sorghum Production Quantity 3373 Im 5000 F 7629 P 6000 F 5605
Sorghum Seed 337.34 Fc 458.16 Fc 416.74 Fc 469.6 Fc 400 Fc
Sorghum Yield 1472.41 Fc 2399.58 Fc 3249.15 Fc 3000 Fc 2572.28 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 135 F 113 Im 130 F 108 P 130 F
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 44 83 105 306 170
Sunflower seed Seed 0.76 Fc 0.95 Fc 0.79 Fc 0.9099999999999999 Fc 0.76 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 3259.26 Fc 7345.13 Fc 8076.92 Fc 28333.3 Fc 13076.9 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1300 F 1230 F 1150 F 1080 F 1000 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 7249 5393 5062 7000 F 6500 F
Tomatoes Yield 55761.5 Fc 43845.5 Fc 44017.4 Fc 64814.8 Fc 65000 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2900 F 2962 Im 2746 Im 2776 Im 2484 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 15000 F 11723 Im 11761 Im 11933 Im 12000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 51724.1 Fc 39578 Fc 42829.6 Fc 42986.3 Fc 48309.2 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 5293 A 5115 A 4654 A 4539 A 4058 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 43029 A 35644 A 32108 A 32065 A 29272 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 81294.2 Fc 69685.2 Fc 68990.1 Fc 70643.3 Fc 72134.1 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5293 A 5115 A 4654 A 4539 A 4058 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 43029 A 35644 A 32108 A 32065 A 29272 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 81294.2 Fc 69685.2 Fc 68990.1 Fc 70643.3 Fc 72134.1 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 320 F 240 F 160 F 162 Im 145 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 4190 4690 3271 1678 Im 1435 Im
Watermelons Yield 130938 Fc 195417 Fc 204438 Fc 103580 Fc 98965.5 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 2168 2434 1985 1646 1646
Wheat Production Quantity 12858 11015 8262 10289 10489
Wheat Seed 165.83 Fc 151.76 Fc 170.38 Fc 138.95 Fc 115.22 Fc
Wheat Yield 59308.1 Fc 45254.7 Fc 41622.2 Fc 62509.1 Fc 63724.2 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 38809 Fm 38809 Fm 38808 Fm 38808 Fm 38808 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.1 I 0.1 I 0.4 I 0.1 I
Arable land Area 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm 800 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 809 Fm 809 Fm 808 Fm 808 Fm 808 Fm
Country area Area 82429 W 82429 W 82429 W 82429 W 82429 W
Forest area Area 7215.8 Fm 7290 Q 7364.2 Fm 7438.4 Fm 7512.6 Fm
Inland water Area 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm
Land area Area 82329 Fm 82329 Fm 82329 Fm 82329 Fm 82329 Fm
Other land Area 36304.2 Fm 36230 Fm 36156.8 Fm 36082.6 Fm 36008.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 9 Fm 9 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 38000 Fm 38000 Fm 38000 Fm 38000 Fm 38000 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 38820 Fm 38820 Fm 38820 Fm 38820 F 38820 F
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 813 Fm 814 Fm 815 Fm 815 F 816 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 820 Fm 820 Fm 820 Fm 820 F 820 F
Country area Area 82429 W 82429 W 82429 W 82429 Q 82429 Q
Forest area Area 7586.8 Fm 7661 Q 7735.2 Fm 7809.4 Fm 7883.6 Fm
Inland water Area 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm
Land area Area 82329 Fm 82329 Fm 82329 Fm 82329 Q 82329 Q
Other land Area 35922.2 Fm 35848 Fm 35773.8 Fm 35699.6 Fm 35625.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 7 Fm 6 Fm 5 Fm 5 F 4 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 38000 Fm 38000 Fm 38000 Fm 38000 F 38000 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 F 8 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files