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Datasheet

Malaysia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Khew et al., 1991; Naderali et al., 2013; Neda et al., 2014; Neda et al., 2015.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriablood disease bacterium (blood disease bacterium of banana) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2016.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Restricted distribution
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia papayae Present Maktar et al., 2008.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocida Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Widespread EPPO, 2014. CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution South and Sharples, 1925; Beeley, 1929; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Native YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; Sutton, 1980; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Jagoe and Henderson, 1953.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present Ono, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present Ryan and Egan, 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus destructor (coconut whitefly) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn) Restricted distribution Native Lingafelter and Hoebeke, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Introduced Lavens and Sorgeloos, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Widespread YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tau Present White and Elson-Harris, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera umbrosa Present White and Elson-Harris, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Abdullah et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle) Absent, unreliable record Kalshoven and Laan, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Native NoQiao Zhang, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab) Widespread Native NoWee and Ng, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present Introduced Chang, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilades pandava Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Widespread Native YesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesNorris and Murray, 1964; Wardhana et al., 2012b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes (termites) Present Tho et al., 1992
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes curvignathus (rubber termite) Present Native Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbetti Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Native NoWu et al., 1986; Chu and Zhang, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Waterhouse, 1993; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruens Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kaydan and Gullan, 2012; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicola Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Widespread Kudô, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Chu and Wood, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present Guan-Soon et al., 1990; Showler and Melcher, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper) Present Viraktamath, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present IIE, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Widespread Introduced NoRosenberry , 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Native New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoNHM
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Mastoi et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Native Holthuis, 1980; Dore and Frimodt, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Loke and Lee, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Dewi Sartiami et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Waterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug) Present Williams, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Seth, 1975; Muda, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid) Present Native NoBlackman and Eastop, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Mariana et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Widespread Champ and Dyte, 1977; Muda, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Introduced YesLee et al., 2002; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Widespread Waterhouse, 1993; CABI and EPPO, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Present Native Mound and Halsey, 1978; Martin, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps Present Koeniger et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet) Present EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus ater Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Native NoWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolor Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle) Widespread Native NoCoyle, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanus Present Native NoGBIF, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprion Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid) Present Introduced Chong et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present Native Kottelat , 1998; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Introduced YesFAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoAlikhuni, 1966; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Native Dijk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Heemstra and Randall, 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Present Introduced Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoFreshwater Fisheries Research Centre Malaysia, FFRC.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Localised Introduced Ang and Gopinath, 1989; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur) Present Department of Fisheries, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Ang and Gopinath, 1989; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Chong et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Orinoco sailfin catfish) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced Hardouin, 1997; Teixeira et al., 2001; FAO, 2005; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat) Present Medway, 1978; Embi, 1980.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Absent, formerly present Introduced Wohlfarth and Hulata, 1983; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present, few occurrences Native NoWells, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced DIAS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel) Present Native NACA, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoPoutiers, 1998a.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present Introduced YesHalwart and Bartley, 2006; Yahaya et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Native Scarlato, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Muhammed, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Sher, 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Muhammad, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Madamba, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Muhammad, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Fernando and Furtado, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaMycale grandis (orange keyhole sponge) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Present Native Phang and Wee, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Mansor and Sam, 1992; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Present Native NoHolttum, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Holttum, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort) Widespread Holttum, 1954; Pancho and Soerjani, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread YesAzmi, 1988; Baki et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Yamamoto and Phang, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Present Native Doty, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Native PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Native Curtis, 1894.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present Introduced Thapa, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (American jointvetch) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Widespread Henderson, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Widespread Introduced NoBarnes and Chandapillai, 1972; IRRI, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Native Krisnawati et al., 2011; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native Govaerts, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Parham, 1958; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native Duke, 1981; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Townsend, 1988; Itoh et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced Jansen et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora of China, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987; Quisumbing, 1951; Bircher and Bircher, 2000; Hanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Widespread Introduced Stoney , 1997; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009; ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Stemmerik, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Restricted distribution Barnes and Chan, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachiaria reptans (sprawling panicum) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail) Present Native Li and Leeuwenberg, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Introduced Washington State Department of Ecology, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia cathartica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Waterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Introduced Toruan-Purba, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Hitchcock, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Introduced Flann, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus Present Native Englberger, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesAzmi, 2002
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Widespread Introduced YesElffers et al., 1964; Kers, 1986; Teng and Teh, 1990; Ismail et al., 1995; Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Wilson, 1981; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina paludosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Itoh et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Widespread Hinkle, 2007; Smithsonian, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Sherff, 1932.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced Tjitrosoedirdjo, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne lingua Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced Kiew, 2008; Forest Research Institute Malaysia, 2015; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Widespread Ridley, 1925; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus cyperoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Widespread Barnes and Chan, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Barnes and Chan, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria setigera (East Indian crabgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Azmi, 1988; Barnes and Chan, 1990; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Moody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Restricted distribution Mansor and Ahmad, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Revilla et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present IRRI, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (euphorbia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Native Corner, 1967; Quattrocchi, 2012; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Quattrocchi, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present NoOrwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced Seegeler, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage) Present Native NoPIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Widespread Pieterse, 1981; Verkleij et al., 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHygrophila polysperma (Indian swampweed) Present Native FNW Disseminules, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Widespread Native Gilliland, 1971; Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993; McDonald and Chandler, 1994; Garrity et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native PIER, 2013; Djarwaningsih, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native Puy et al., 1993; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced Prota4U, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Subramanyam, 1962; Chin and Fong, 1978; Mackeen et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Gilliland et al., 1971; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Introduced Padua et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Wu et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (queen's flower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Present Ohwi, 1984; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesHughes, 1998a; Hughes, 1998b; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Introduced YesMoody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Waterhouse and Mitchell, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnophila chinensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Bakar, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2012; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced World Agroforetry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Restricted distribution Waterhouse, 1993; Turner et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltata Present Van and Hoogland, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Van and Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953; Barnes and Chan, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Native NoEPPO Executive Committee, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania cordata Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse, 1993; Ismail, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Absent, unreliable record Introduced NoMatsubayashi et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; Waterhouse and Norris, 1987; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; Waterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Restricted distribution Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993; Anwar, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native Lock and Heald, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Present Introduced Orchard, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Bor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Widespread Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced YesRezaul Karim, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Häfliger and Scholz, 1980; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Restricted distribution Native YesHolm et al., 1991; Waterhouse, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Abu, 1992; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced YesBakar et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Present Native eFloras, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present YesWaterhouse, 1993; PIER, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Flora Mesoamericana, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum barbatum (knot grass) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Introduced Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987; Diong, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle) Widespread Native Csurhes and Hankamer, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Widespread Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Native Waterhouse, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Native NoPIER, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein) Present Introduced Paydar et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Barnes and Chan, 1990; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced YesBarnes and Chan, 1990; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Narikawa et al., 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Tasrif et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Native Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present Native Hua and Edmonds, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Barnes and Chan, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Introduced YesSteenis CGJJvan, 1948-1954.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Moody, 1989; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Introduced Global Invasive Species Database, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Valkenburg and Bunyapraphatsara, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present Native NoSchultze-Kraft, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoZhenyu and Cheek, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016; Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Localised Usup et al., 2002.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballi Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoni Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Present Anton and Mohamad-Noor, 1996.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoLaird, 1998.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusArterivirus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Ideris and Ibrahim, 1986; Karpinski and Clubb, 1986; Reed and Schrader, 1989.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Restricted distribution YesCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
VirusCoconut cadang-cadang viroid (cadang cadang disease) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Brunt et al., 1990; Dahal and Albrechtsen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusextra small virus Present Tayebeh et al., 2012.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus Present Tayebeh Azam Saedi et al., 2012.
VirusNipah virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Wahab, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Devi and Sam, 1983; Abdul-Aziz and Al-Attar, 1991.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Opitz et al., 1979; Anon., 1985; Babjee, 1985.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian intestinal spirochaetosis Present Amin et al., 2014.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avipox Present Reed and Schrader, 1989; Ideris and Ibrahim, 1986; Karpinski and Clubb, 1986.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Fernando and Furtado, 1964.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Present Dance, 1991.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
chicken anaemia Present Rozanah et al., 1995.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesNorris and Murray, 1964; Wardhana et al., 2012b.
classical swine fever Present OIE, 2009.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Present Zamri-Saad et al., 1993; Fatimah et al., 1994.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Ahmad et al., 1997.
Digenean infections of fish Present Anderson and Shaharom-Harrison, 1986.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1999.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Baloda et al., 1992.
European foulbrood Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Herbst, 1994.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Present Ideris and Ibrahim, 1986; Karpinski and Clubb, 1986; Reed and Schrader, 1989.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009; van den Berg, 2000.
infectious coryza Present Zaini and Kanameda, 1991.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Present OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Bendell, 1970; Simpson et al., 1976.
koi herpesvirus disease Present OIE, 2009; Gilad et al., 2003; Haenen et al., 2004.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
leucocytozoonosis Present Zainal-Abidin, 1995.
listeriosis Widespread Arumugaswamy et al., 1994.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Sabri et al., 2013; Chung et al., 2015.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
mycobacteriosis in fish Present NoAnderson et al., 1987; Shamsudin et al., 1990.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Chandrasekaran et al., 1981.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoLaird, 1998.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Sharifah et al., 1996.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Present OIE, 2009.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Present OIE, 2009.
reticuloendotheliosis Present Chai and Yuasa, 1989.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kuppuswamy, 1936.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine influenza Present Tan et al., 1979.
Taura syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Habibah et al., 1998.
theileriosis Present OIE, 2009.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tropical pulmonary eosinophilia Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Present Koeniger et al., 2002; OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Arunasalam et al., 1995; Cheah et al., 1999.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease Present OIE, 2009.
white tail disease Present Tayebeh et al., 2012.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Arecanuts Area Harvested 692 Im 680 643 636 1300 F
Arecanuts Production Quantity 646 Im 650 618 2035 2200 F
Arecanuts Yield 9335.26 Fc 9558.82 Fc 9611.2 Fc 31996.9 Fc 16923.1 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 31300 31144 27454 22650 25576
Bananas Production Quantity 334302 332639 279762 272331 260911
Bananas Yield 106806 Fc 106807 Fc 101902 Fc 120234 Fc 102014 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 4942 4917 1406 1750 1700
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 144280 143562 60894 73100 65800
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 291947 Fc 291971 Fc 433101 Fc 417714 Fc 387059 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 7164 Im 7295 Im 7292 Im 7183 Im 7000 *
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 15118 Im 13543 Im 12830 Im 12935 Im 13000 *
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 21102.7 Fc 18564.8 Fc 17594.6 Fc 18007.8 Fc 18571.4 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 2907 2769 3075 2316 2396
Cassava Production Quantity 39047 37187 68508 35209 38711
Cassava Yield 134321 Fc 134298 Fc 222790 Fc 152025 Fc 161565 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 692707 A 686484 A 682104 A 662917 A 679848 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1827600 A 1691640 A 1711260 A 1602410 A 1616200 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 20038.8 A 20038.8 A 19860.7 A 19741.5 A 19189.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 26383.5 Fc 24642.1 Fc 25088 Fc 24172.1 Fc 23773 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 692707 A 686484 A 682104 A 662917 A 679848 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2715080 A 2512430 A 2547440 A 2385960 A 2407080 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 20038.8 A 20038.8 A 19860.7 A 19741.5 A 19189.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 39195.3 Fc 36598.6 Fc 37346.7 Fc 35991.8 Fc 35406.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 2098 Im 2018 Im 2279 Im 2208 Im 2135 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 2170 Im 2087 Im 2589 Im 2615 Im 2270 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 10343.2 Fc 10341.9 Fc 11360.3 Fc 11843.3 Fc 10632.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 2986 2971 2594 2712 2500 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 29686 29538 34823 30796 29000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 99417.3 Fc 99421.1 Fc 134244 Fc 113555 Fc 116000 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 4473 4451 4440 4000 F 3500 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 21114 21009 20586 18400 F 16000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 47203.2 Fc 47200.6 Fc 46364.9 Fc 46000 Fc 45714.3 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9435 A 9361 A 9338 A 8738 A 8803 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 88691 A 88095 A 84652 A 72592 A 76926 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 94002.1 Fc 94108.5 Fc 90653.2 Fc 83076.2 Fc 87386.1 Fc
Cloves Area Harvested 993 Im 955 Im 1078 Im 1043 Im 1009 Im
Cloves Production Quantity 210 Im 202 Im 250 Im 252 Im 219 Im
Cloves Yield 2114.8 Fc 2115.18 Fc 2319.11 Fc 2416.11 Fc 2170.47 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9030 A 8600 A 7176 A 6315 A 6606 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 49983 A 47602 A 36396 A 32959 A 32075 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 212.21 A 212.21 A 202.1 A 168.64 A 148.4 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 55352.2 Fc 55351.2 Fc 50719.1 Fc 52191.6 Fc 48554.3 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 21722 Im 21389 Im 20561 20622 28209
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 15975 Im 18929 Im 18152 27955 35180
Cocoa beans Yield 7354.3 Fc 8849.88 Fc 8828.36 Fc 13555.9 Fc 12471.2 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 108828 105659 100362 111925 119701
Coconuts Production Quantity 577647 550140 459640 555120 530040
Coconuts Yield 53078.9 Fc 52067.5 Fc 45798.2 Fc 49597.5 Fc 44280.3 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 20442 Im 20050 Im 20000 F 26000 F 28000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 16478 15768 16332 23061 21213
Coffee, green Yield 8060.86 Fc 7864.34 Fc 8166 Fc 8869.62 Fc 7576.07 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 20000 F 20000 F 20000 F 20600 F 23400 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 3855 3836 3780 2856 3050
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 61023 60719 76298 53922 56400
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 158296 Fc 158287 Fc 201847 Fc 188803 Fc 184918 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 104319 A 103763 A 104435 A 83591 A 87583 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1079450 A 1073890 A 1029760 A 1000890 A 922636 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 103475 Fc 103494 Fc 98602.5 Fc 119737 Fc 105344 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 12985 Im 12916 Im 13000 F 12800 F 14394 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 104301 Im 103764 Im 99500 F 98000 F 89382 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 80324.2 Fc 80337.6 Fc 76538.5 Fc 76562.5 Fc 62096.7 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 17136 Im 17045 Im 17155 18342 19200 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 99716 Im 99202 Im 95125 103732 115000 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 58190.9 Fc 58200.1 Fc 55450.3 Fc 56554.4 Fc 59895.8 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 1103 1061 1198 1089 880
Ginger Production Quantity 8670 8337 9402 10544 10150
Ginger Yield 78603.8 Fc 78576.8 Fc 78480.8 Fc 96822.8 Fc 115341 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1579 1571 1611 1830 1822
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 9830 9781 8515 8464 9261
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 62254.6 Fc 62259.7 Fc 52855.4 Fc 46251.4 Fc 50828.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 198 189 190 176 224
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 607 578 657 706 823
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 15.84 Fc 15.84 Fc 15.12 Fc 15.2 Fc 14.08 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 30656.6 Fc 30582 Fc 34578.9 Fc 40113.6 Fc 36741.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 819 789 720 1109 1518
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 4636 4468 4885 7699 8676
Lemons and limes Yield 56605.6 Fc 56628.6 Fc 67847.2 Fc 69422.9 Fc 57154.2 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 9030 8600 7176 6315 6606
Maize Production Quantity 49983 47602 36396 32959 32075
Maize Seed 212.21 Fc 212.21 Fc 202.1 Fc 168.64 Fc 148.4 Fc
Maize Yield 55352.2 Fc 55351.2 Fc 50719.1 Fc 52191.6 Fc 48554.3 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 15249 15173 18049 5453 5640
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 74772 74400 67250 23573 27270
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 49034 Fc 49034.5 Fc 37259.7 Fc 43229.4 Fc 48351.1 Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Area Harvested
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Production Quantity
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Yield
Natural rubber Area Harvested 1117390 Im 1081950 Im 1058000 1247000 1248000
Natural rubber Production Quantity 996673 Im 899001 Im 857019 1072400 1199600
Natural rubber Yield 8919.65 Fc 8309.08 Fc 8100.37 Fc 8599.84 Fc 9612.18 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 1795 Im 1727 Im 1950 F 1680 F 710 F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 613 589 1672 730 310
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 3415.04 Fc 3410.54 Fc 8574.36 Fc 4345.24 Fc 4366.2 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 4010000 F 4010000 F 4010000 * 3900000 * 3741000 *
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 87825000 F 87825000 F 87825000 F 88672000 F 79100000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 219015 Fc 219015 Fc 219015 Fc 227364 Fc 211441 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 4263230 A 4255850 A 4239940 A 4161190 A 4008340 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2385380 A 2378070 A 2461600 A 2524590 A 2264450 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 6.02 A 6.02 A 5.75 A 5.78 A 5.35 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5595.25 Fc 5587.77 Fc 5805.75 Fc 6066.98 Fc 5649.35 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 4263230 A 4255850 A 4239940 A 4161190 A 4008340 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 21015100 A 19090000 A 19737900 A 19962100 A 17823100 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 4.75 A 4.75 A 4.54 A 4.56 A 4.22 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 49294 Fc 44855.9 Fc 46552.4 Fc 47972.2 Fc 44465.1 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 144203 Im 140000 F 129388 Im 149089 Im 147418 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 178500 Im 170000 F 137503 Im 166447 Im 152159 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 12378.4 Fc 12142.9 Fc 10627.2 Fc 11164.3 Fc 10321.6 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 2023 Im 2013 Im 1702 1527 1450 F
Okra Production Quantity 35757 Im 35579 Im 25739 17858 15000 F
Okra Yield 176752 Fc 176746 Fc 151228 Fc 116948 Fc 103448 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 2564 Im 2550 Im 2567 Im 1799 Im 1963 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 53111 Im 52837 Im 50666 Im 38029 Im 42989 Im
Oranges Yield 207141 Fc 207204 Fc 197374 Fc 211390 Fc 218996 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 4292000 F 4292000 * 4504000 * 4577000 * 4097000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 18912000 * 16993000 * 17564900 17734400 15823700
Papayas Area Harvested 2681 2668 3648 2317 2190
Papayas Production Quantity 44928 44704 45812 45993 36937
Papayas Yield 167579 Fc 167556 Fc 125581 Fc 198502 Fc 168662 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 12529 Im 12052 Im 13608 13487 13023
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 19456 Im 18708 Im 23210 22218 20145
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 15528.8 Fc 15522.7 Fc 17056.1 Fc 16473.6 Fc 15468.8 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 15533 15456 15791 13291 11780
Pineapples Production Quantity 332736 331081 357654 384673 316210
Pineapples Yield 214212 Fc 214209 Fc 226492 Fc 289424 Fc 268430 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 1516 1508 752 599 442
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 21200 21095 11185 4858 5446
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 139842 Fc 139887 Fc 148737 Fc 81101.8 Fc 123213 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 683677 677884 674928 656602 673242
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2665100 2464830 2511040 2353000 2375000
Rice, paddy Seed 19826.6 Fc 19826.6 Fc 19658.6 Fc 19572.9 Fc 19041.5 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 38981.9 Fc 36360.7 Fc 37204.6 Fc 35836 Fc 35277.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 365 348 656 700 F 670 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 3031 2887 6366 6500 F 6450 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 83041.1 Fc 82959.8 Fc 97042.7 Fc 92857.1 Fc 96268.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5544 A 5281 A 5040 A 4325 A 4887 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 66285 A 63128 A 88369 A 59937 A 74798 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2044.8 A 2044.8 A 1947.6 A 1178.1 A 1178.1 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 119562 Fc 119538 Fc 175335 Fc 138583 Fc 153055 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Seed
Soybeans Yield
Spices, nes Area Harvested 74 Im 71 Im 80 40
Spices, nes Production Quantity 764 Im 735 Im 912 340
Spices, nes Yield 103243 Fc 103521 Fc 114000 Fc 85000 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 13000 F 13000 F 15000 F 14340 15203
Sugar cane Production Quantity 800000 F 800000 F 850000 F 850000 F 950000 F
Sugar cane Yield 615385 Fc 615385 Fc 566667 Fc 592748 Fc 624877 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 2272 2164 1309 1309 1821
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 24207 23054 13495 18228 29637
Sweet potatoes Seed 2044.8 Fc 2044.8 Fc 1947.6 Fc 1178.1 Fc 1178.1 Fc
Sweet potatoes Yield 106545 Fc 106534 Fc 103094 Fc 139251 Fc 162751 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 2533 2459 1519 1990 2780
Tea Production Quantity 20626 19738 7223 9548 5540
Tea Yield 81429.1 Fc 80268.4 Fc 47551 Fc 47979.9 Fc 19928.1 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 9360 Im 9000 F 8207 7720 7726
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 7425 Im 7200 F 2473 6278 6453
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 7932.69 Fc 8000 Fc 3013.28 Fc 8132.12 Fc 8352.32 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1354 1347 1114 1039 1110
Tomatoes Production Quantity 134338 133670 29902 26752 35638
Tomatoes Yield 992157 Fc 992353 Fc 268420 Fc 257478 Fc 321063 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7164 A 7295 A 7292 A 7183 A 7000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15118 A 13543 A 12830 A 12935 A 13000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 21102.7 Fc 18564.8 Fc 17594.6 Fc 18007.8 Fc 18571.4 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 27080 Im 26944 Im 22784 Im 16475 Im 16519 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 550134 Im 547397 Im 396010 Im 290359 Im 307078 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 203151 Fc 203161 Fc 173811 Fc 176242 Fc 185894 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 58244 A 57952 A 49004 A 37138 A 36012 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1213490 A 1207450 A 873522 A 717711 A 668778 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 208346 Fc 208354 Fc 178255 Fc 193255 Fc 185710 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 58244 A 57952 A 49004 A 37138 A 36012 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1213490 A 1207450 A 873522 A 717711 A 668778 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 208346 Fc 208354 Fc 178255 Fc 193255 Fc 185710 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 14488 14416 14872 10180 9241
Watermelons Production Quantity 237072 235893 238671 220066 154416
Watermelons Yield 163633 Fc 163633 Fc 160483 Fc 216175 Fc 167099 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Arecanuts Area Harvested 1800 F 923 Im 873 Im 878 Im 800 F
Arecanuts Production Quantity 3000 F 1614 Im 1466 Im 1440 Im 1300 F
Arecanuts Yield 16666.7 Fc 17486.5 Fc 16792.7 Fc 16400.9 Fc 16250 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 25000 F 30000 F 30000 F 26000 F 24342
Bananas Production Quantity 380000 F 450000 F 510000 F 530000 F 500000 F
Bananas Yield 152000 Fc 150000 Fc 170000 Fc 203846 Fc 205406 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 1655 1800 F 1800 F 1500 F 1092
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 45957 35000 F 35377 28982 23970
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 277686 Fc 194444 Fc 196539 Fc 193213 Fc 219505 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 14423 Im 13745 Im 13152 Im 12960 Im 12761 Im
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 38508 Im 35086 Im 32011 Im 27282 Im 23646 Im
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 26699 Fc 25526.4 Fc 24339.3 Fc 21050.9 Fc 18529.9 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 3000 F 3500 F 4000 F 4600 F 5800 F
Cassava Production Quantity 70000 F 78000 F 81000 F 93000 F 100000 F
Cassava Yield 233333 Fc 222857 Fc 202500 Fc 202174 Fc 172414 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 670000 A 701200 A 704700 A 695800 A 701500 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1538730 A 1618440 A 1582090 A 1577420 A 1535630 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 19679.2 A 19292.5 A 20197.3 A 20304.3 A 20046.2 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 22966.1 Fc 23081 Fc 22450.5 Fc 22670.6 Fc 21890.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 670000 A 701200 A 704700 A 695800 A 701500 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2267000 A 2389000 A 2336000 A 2329000 A 2267350 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 19679.2 A 19292.5 A 20197.3 A 20304.3 A 20046.2 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 33835.8 Fc 34070.2 Fc 33148.9 Fc 33472.3 Fc 32321.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 1996 Im 2205 Im 2221 Im 2270 Im 2237 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 2181 Im 2170 Im 2284 Im 2398 Im 2740 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 10926.9 Fc 9841.27 Fc 10283.7 Fc 10563.9 Fc 12248.5 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 2500 F 2500 F 2400 F 2400 F 2400 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 29000 F 29000 F 27000 F 27000 F 27000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 116000 Fc 116000 Fc 112500 Fc 112500 Fc 112500 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 2800 F 2000 F 1113 Im 1109 Im 1100 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 13500 F 10000 F 5934 Im 5997 Im 6000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 48214.3 Fc 50000 Fc 53315.4 Fc 54075.7 Fc 54545.4 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7138 A 6225 A 5252 A 4812 A 4812 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 70308 A 60974 A 54930 A 45273 A 37830 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 98498.2 Fc 97950.2 Fc 104589 Fc 94083.5 Fc 78616 Fc
Cloves Area Harvested 943 Im 1042 Im 1050 Im 1073 Im 1057 Im
Cloves Production Quantity 210 Im 209 Im 220 Im 231 Im 264 Im
Cloves Yield 2226.94 Fc 2005.76 Fc 2095.24 Fc 2152.84 Fc 2497.63 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 25000 A 25000 A 24000 A 24000 A 23000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 80000 A 75000 A 72000 A 72000 A 70000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 155.24 A 587.5 A 587.5 A 564 A 564 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 32000 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 30434.8 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 31326 33398 41612 44800 48035
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 31937 27964 33400 36200 47661
Cocoa beans Yield 10195 Fc 8372.96 Fc 8026.53 Fc 8080.36 Fc 9922.14 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 115000 * 175000 * 178000 * 179000 * 180000 *
Coconuts Production Quantity 512700 571000 * 624000 * 580000 * 712000 *
Coconuts Yield 44582.6 Fc 32628.6 Fc 35056.2 Fc 32402.2 Fc 39555.6 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 43300 F 53000 F 52000 F 53000 F 52000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 32779 40000 * 39200 * 40000 * 39200 *
Coffee, green Yield 7570.21 Fc 7547.17 Fc 7538.46 Fc 7547.17 Fc 7538.46 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 23400 F 23400 F 25700 F 23900 F 28500 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 3011 2779 Im 2640 Im 2728 Im 2503 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 55539 78635 Im 68163 Im 60108 Im 45000 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 184454 Fc 282962 Fc 258193 Fc 220337 Fc 179784 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 93277 A 99694 A 98913 A 98112 A 88618 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1077120 A 1209280 A 1284160 A 1317920 A 1229520 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 115476 Fc 121299 Fc 129828 Fc 134328 Fc 138744 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 14001 Im 14114 Im 13948 Im 12400 F 8961 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 97249 Im 95261 Im 97969 Im 95000 F 72124 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 69458.6 Fc 67494 Fc 70238.7 Fc 76612.9 Fc 80486.6 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 26622 Im 27850 Im 26976 Im 32000 F 28440 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 144000 F 173000 F 201000 F 230000 F 220000 F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 54090.6 Fc 62118.5 Fc 74510.7 Fc 71875 Fc 77355.8 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 871 1091 Im 1099 Im 1123 Im 1107 Im
Ginger Production Quantity 9966 2199 Im 2315 Im 2431 Im 2778 Im
Ginger Yield 114420 Fc 20155.8 Fc 21064.6 Fc 21647.4 Fc 25094.8 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1307 Im 1304 Im 1216 Im 1200 F 1143
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 8254 Im 8700 P 9524 P 8700 F 8391
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 63152.3 Fc 66717.8 Fc 78322.4 Fc 72500 Fc 73412.1 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 238 350 F 350 F 300 F 354
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 803 1700 F 1696 1581 1320
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 17.92 Fc 19.04 Fc 28 Fc 28 Fc 24 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 33739.5 Fc 48571.4 Fc 48457.1 Fc 52700 Fc 37288.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 985 Im 993 Im 981 Im 872 Im 734 Im
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 6550 Im 6004 Im 5758 Im 5306 Im 4899 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 66497.5 Fc 60463.2 Fc 58695.2 Fc 60848.6 Fc 66743.9 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 25000 F 25000 * 24000 * 24000 * 23000 *
Maize Production Quantity 80000 F 75000 * 72000 * 72000 * 70000 *
Maize Seed 155.24 Fc 587.5 Fc 587.5 Fc 564 Fc 564 Fc
Maize Yield 32000 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 30434.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 5616 5805 Im 5737 Im 5100 F 5083
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 26247 25043 P 20264 Im 19650 F 19570
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 46736.1 Fc 43140.4 Fc 35321.6 Fc 38529.4 Fc 38500.9 Fc
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Area Harvested
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Production Quantity
Manila Fibre (Abaca) Yield
Natural rubber Area Harvested 1251000 1237000 1275000 1315000 1250000 F
Natural rubber Production Quantity 1283600 1126000 1168700 985600 890000
Natural rubber Yield 10260.6 Fc 9102.67 Fc 9166.27 Fc 7495.06 Fc 7120 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 1483 Im 1638 Im 1650 Im 1687 Im 1663 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 601 Im 598 Im 629 Im 660 Im 754 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 4052.6 Fc 3650.79 Fc 3812.12 Fc 3912.27 Fc 4533.97 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 3678000 * 3552000 * 3402000 * 3260000 * 3375000 *
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 79400000 F 74800000 F 69881000 F 66775000 F 59546000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 215878 Fc 210586 Fc 205412 Fc 204831 Fc 176433 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 3941520 A 3877350 A 3682060 A 3541580 A 3658210 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 2278360 A 2197610 A 2051430 A 2028280 A 1847140 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 6.81 A 7.24 A 10.64 A 10.64 A 9.12 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5780.4 Fc 5667.8 Fc 5571.41 Fc 5727.04 Fc 5049.3 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3941520 A 3877350 A 3682060 A 3541580 A 3658210 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 17891100 A 16904900 A 15790600 A 15146800 A 13550800 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 5.38 A 5.71 A 8.4 A 8.4 A 7.2 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 45391.3 Fc 43599.1 Fc 42885.1 Fc 42768.3 Fc 37042.2 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 148286 Im 150000 F 101713 Im 102284 Im 102855 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 153397 Im 150000 F 161474 Im 158522 Im 149977 Im
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 10344.7 Fc 10000 Fc 15875.5 Fc 15498.2 Fc 14581.4 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 1450 F 1450 F 1210 F 1210 F 1210 F
Okra Production Quantity 15000 F 15000 F 12500 F 12500 F 12500 F
Okra Yield 103448 Fc 103448 Fc 103306 Fc 103306 Fc 103306 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 2046 Im 1928 Im 1942 Im 1631 Im 1835 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 42004 Im 36270 Im 33714 Im 25270 Im 18540 Im
Oranges Yield 205298 Fc 188122 Fc 173605 Fc 154936 Fc 101035 Fc
Palm kernels Production Quantity 4125000 3964000 3661500 3627240 3268640
Palm oil Production Quantity 15880700 14961700 13976200 13354800 11909300
Papayas Area Harvested 4300 F 5400 F 7000 F 7800 F 7000 F
Papayas Production Quantity 60000 F 65000 F 70000 F 78000 F 70000 F
Papayas Yield 139535 Fc 120370 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 12128 13400 13500 13800 13600
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 19092 19000 20000 21000 24000
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 15742.1 Fc 14179.1 Fc 14814.8 Fc 15217.4 Fc 17647.1 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 10600 F 10300 F 10000 F 10000 F 9980
Pineapples Production Quantity 299318 340000 F 330000 * 320000 * 310000 F
Pineapples Yield 282375 Fc 330097 Fc 330000 Fc 320000 Fc 310621 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 385 Im 492 Im 500 F 439 Im 410 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 5300 F 5500 F 6000 F 5200 F 5000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 137662 Fc 111789 Fc 120000 Fc 118451 Fc 121951 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 645000 * 676200 680700 671800 678500
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2187000 2314000 2264000 2257000 2197350
Rice, paddy Seed 19524 Fc 18705 Fc 19609.8 Fc 19740.3 Fc 19482.2 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 33907 Fc 34220.6 Fc 33259.9 Fc 33596.3 Fc 32385.4 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 650 F 720 F 900 F 1200 F 1500 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 6200 F 7000 F 8700 F 10000 F 13500 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 95384.6 Fc 97222.2 Fc 96666.7 Fc 83333.3 Fc 90000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5641 A 6366 A 7144 A 8200 A 9400 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 104645 A 112000 A 116573 A 129576 A 136348 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1638.9 A 1791.9 A 1931.4 A 2019.6 A 2160 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 185508 Fc 175935 Fc 163176 Fc 158020 Fc 145051 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested
Soybeans Production Quantity
Soybeans Seed
Soybeans Yield
Spices, nes Area Harvested
Spices, nes Production Quantity
Spices, nes Yield
Sugar cane Area Harvested 12000 * 12000 * 12000 * 13000 * 21228
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1000000 F 950000 F 950000 F 1000000 F 1600000 F
Sugar cane Yield 833333 Fc 791667 Fc 791667 Fc 769231 Fc 753722 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1991 2146 Im 2244 Im 2400 F 2100 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 28445 27000 F 26873 26576 22848
Sweet potatoes Seed 1638.9 Fc 1791.9 Fc 1931.4 Fc 2019.6 Fc 2160 Fc
Sweet potatoes Yield 142868 Fc 125815 Fc 119755 Fc 110733 Fc 108800 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 3320 3500 3500 3500 3400
Tea Production Quantity 6213 2850 3900 4125 * 5100 *
Tea Yield 18713.9 Fc 8142.86 Fc 11142.9 Fc 11785.7 Fc 15000 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 10650 F 13000 F 12100 F 13000 F 10000 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 8900 F 11400 F 13850 * 13526 * 12404
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 8356.81 Fc 8769.23 Fc 11446.3 Fc 10404.6 Fc 12404 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1901 1300 F 1250 F 1200 F 789
Tomatoes Production Quantity 63282 35000 F 34188 32362 21955
Tomatoes Yield 332888 Fc 269231 Fc 273504 Fc 269683 Fc 278264 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 14423 A 13745 A 13152 A 12960 A 12761 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 38508 A 35086 A 32011 A 27282 A 23646 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 26699 Fc 25526.4 Fc 24339.3 Fc 21050.9 Fc 18529.9 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 16695 Im 16325 Im 19287 Im 19000 F 18500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 298689 Im 308972 Im 283504 Im 250000 F 240000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 178909 Fc 189263 Fc 146992 Fc 131579 Fc 129730 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 35867 A 32946 A 35387 A 34677 A 33399 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 661676 A 639107 A 598732 A 546152 A 515425 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 184480 Fc 193986 Fc 169195 Fc 157497 Fc 154323 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 35867 A 32946 A 35387 A 34677 A 33399 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 661676 A 639107 A 598732 A 546152 A 515425 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 184480 Fc 193986 Fc 169195 Fc 157497 Fc 154323 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 8270 6300 F 6300 F 6200 F 6495
Watermelons Production Quantity 148909 132000 F 132000 F 130000 F 140000 F
Watermelons Yield 180059 Fc 209524 Fc 209524 Fc 209677 Fc 215550 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 7870 Fm 7870 Fm 7870 Fm 7870 Fm 7870 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 1.6 I 1.6 I 1.6 I 1.5 I
Arable land Area 1800 Fm 1800 Fm 1800 Fm 1800 Fm 1800 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 7585 Fm 7585 Fm 7585 Fm 7585 Fm 7585 Fm
Country area Area 33080 Fm 33080 Fm 33080 W 33080 Q 33080 Q
Forest area Area 20369.2 Fm 20456 Q 20542.8 Fm 20629.6 Fm 20716.4 Fm
Inland water Area 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm
Land area Area 32855 Fm 32855 Fm 32855 Fm 32855 Fm 32855 Fm
Other land Area 4615.8 Fm 4529 Fm 4442.2 Fm 4355.4 Fm 4268.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 5785 Fm 5785 Fm 5785 Fm 5785 Fm 5785 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 285 Fm 285 Fm 285 Fm 285 Fm 285 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 365 Fm 365 Fm 365 Fm 365 Fm 365 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 7870 Fm 7870 Fm 7870 Fm 7870 F 7870 F
Agricultural area organic, total Area 2.4 I 1.2 I
Arable land Area 1800 Fm 1800 Fm 1800 Fm 1800 F 1800 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 7585 Fm 7585 Fm 7585 Fm 7585 F 7585 F
Country area Area 33080 Q 33080 Q 33080 Q 33080 Q 33080 Q
Forest area Area 20803.2 Fm 20890 Q 21030.2 Fm 21170.4 Fm 21310.6 Fm
Inland water Area 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm 225 Fm
Land area Area 32855 Fm 32855 Fm 32855 Fm 32855 Q 32855 Q
Other land Area 4181.8 Fm 4095 Fm 3954.8 Fm 3814.6 Fm 3674.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 5785 Fm 5785 Fm 5785 Fm 5785 F 5785 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 285 Fm 285 Fm 285 Fm 285 F 285 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 365 Fm 365 Fm 365 Fm 365 F 365 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files