Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Malawi

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Datasheet

Malawi

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentMwale (1992)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019); Aubert et al. (1988)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentKranz and Hammat (1979); Bradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedMilliano et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2006);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (red leaf blotch)PresentEPPO (2020); UK, CAB International (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentIntroducedMillar and Minter (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella indica (wilt of pigeon pea)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasivePloetz et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)Present, Few occurrencesIvory (1994); UK, CAB International (1994); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew)PresentMalawi, Ministry of Agriculture (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentLawrence (1951); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970); Sutton (1980); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Murithi et al. (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Soto-Azat et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentBallard (1913); UK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1978); Nakahara (1982); NHM (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Present, WidespreadHaines (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)Present, WidespreadHaines (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly)Presentde Meyer (1998); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Present, WidespreadNativeMeyer (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron)PresentIntroducedLawrence and Jones (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Pinhey (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiesla (1991); Watson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveMerelo-Lobo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Munro (1984); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedChilima (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentCadahia (1986); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentLEE (1971); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentBooth et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFRIM (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNew (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer)PresentMartin (1958)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, WidespreadInvasiveYaninek (1988); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Remaudiere and Autrique (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, WidespreadKirby (1902); Smee (1934); SMEE (1936)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge)PresentUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentInvasiveMercer (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHerren and Neuenschwander (1991); Neuenschwander (2003); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChilima (1991); Chilima and Leather (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentDe Lotto (1964); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentIntroducedHodges (1994); UK, CAB International (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentBen-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentBaker (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDay et al. (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNadel et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2017); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)PresentNativeMartin (1987); Martin et al. (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentFAO (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO (1996); Costa Pierce et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)PresentIntroducedFAO-DIAS (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJubb (1977); Skelton (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveDowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)Daget (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1970); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne acronea (African cotton root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); Bridge et al. (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne enterolobii (Pacara earpod tree root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedTrudgill et al. (2000); Blok et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentSaka (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadKeetch and Buckley (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensisPresentEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadKeetch and Buckley (1984); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentSaka and Siddiqi (1979); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, LocalizedNativeSchelpe (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeLEMON (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentWet (1993); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentFlora Zambesiaca (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBanda and Morris (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Banda and Morris (1985); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Present, WidespreadNativePhilcox (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentTownsend (1988); PROTA (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentTownsend (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton abyssinicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedBanda and Morris (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora Zambesiaca (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum fedtschenkoi (lavender-scallops)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum proliferum (blooming boxes)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))PresentIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum aurantiacum (orange cestrum)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine )PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentBanda and Morris (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeentje and Hind (2005); Jansen (2005); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeBinns (1968); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDahlia imperialis (bell tree dahlia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Banda and Morris (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)PresentTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Present, WidespreadInvasiveTerry and Michieka (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDovyalis caffra (kei apple)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedWild (1961); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeClayton (1989); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentNativeLaunert (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHarley (1993); Phiri et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativePhillips (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBinns (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentBanda and Morris (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)PresentNativeCope (1999); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeentje (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuryops chrysanthemoides (African bush daisy)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedTerry and Michieka (1987); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)PresentMartins (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morningglory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe integra (Never die)PresentIntroducedHargreaves (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); Fernandes (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India)PresentIntroducedAfrican Plants Database (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIwarsson and Harvey (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresent, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeClayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Whittle (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Leavold et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Brenan (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Jeffrey (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentBanda and Morris (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia microdasys (angel's wings)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)Present, LocalizedNativeStapf (1906)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al. (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice)PresentNsapato et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); Howard-Williams (1977); Clayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedFAO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Haysom and Murphy (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975); Philcox (1990); Mielcarek (1996); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentBanda and Morris (1986); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdwards (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Kew Herbarium Catalogue (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedFlora Zambesiaca (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna didymobotrya (African senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Binns (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentIntroducedLock (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentClayton (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum campylacanthum (bitter apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora Zambesiaca (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedTerry and Michieka (1987); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveShaxson and Riches (1998); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed)PresentM'Boob (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentHepper (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentNativeUlloa (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia vogelii (Vogel's tephrosia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveChukwuka (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Muoghalu (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentBanda and Morris (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentBanda and Morris (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeAnon (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeHoward-Williams and Walker (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); Nyirenda et al. (1993)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, WidespreadInvasiveKenyon et al. (1997); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996)
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease)Present, WidespreadNICHOLS (1950); Thresh et al. (1994); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresentInvasiveCABI (Undated)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentNdikumana et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2020)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2012)
anaplasmosisPresentLawrence et al. (1996); Tjornehoj et al. (1997); OIE (2012)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2009)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2012); Musisi et al. (1989); Lawrence et al. (1996); Tjornehoj et al. (1996)
bluetongueAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009); Haresnape et al. (1988); OIE (1999)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2009)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Soto-Azat et al. (2009)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentPeng et al. (2001); Cranendonk et al. (2003)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2009)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
European foul broodPresentMwale (1992)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentKitching (1998)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2012)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leptospirosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2012)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2012)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2012)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2012); Mwiyeriwa (1992)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria parva infectionsPresent, WidespreadMoodie (1977); Chinombo et al. (1989); Norval et al. (1992)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2012)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2012)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 50 F 50 Im 50 Im 54 Im 66 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 6250 Fc 6250 Fc 6250 Fc 6750 Fc 8250 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 13676 Im 18010 Im 20500 F 20200 F 20000 F
Bananas Production Quantity 357675 Im 410378 Im 400000 F 394000 F 390000 F
Bananas Yield 261535 Fc 227861 Fc 195122 Fc 195050 Fc 195000 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 279579 290090 273525 260287 260306
Beans, dry Production Quantity 288414 153815 164712 124702 128632
Beans, dry Seed 19570.5 Fc 19570.5 Fc 20306.3 Fc 19146.8 Fc 18220.1 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 10316 Fc 5302.32 Fc 6021.83 Fc 4790.94 Fc 4941.57 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3809 Im 4086 Im 3873 Im 4284 Im 3600 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 77012 Im 87357 Im 66231 Im 54786 Im 60000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 202184 Fc 213796 Fc 171007 Fc 127885 Fc 166667 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 197732 195828 188418 183014 172539
Cassava Production Quantity 4259300 4000990 3823240 3491180 3238940
Cassava Yield 215408 Fc 204311 Fc 202913 Fc 190760 Fc 187722 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1874110 A 1893310 A 1792560 A 1780120 A 1394470 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3885770 A 3573620 A 3762690 A 2807580 A 3402460 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 59866.2 A 59866.2 A 60438.4 A 57619.8 A 57172.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20733.9 Fc 18875 Fc 20990.5 Fc 15771.9 Fc 24399.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1874110 A 1893310 A 1792560 A 1780120 A 1394470 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3924970 A 3610280 A 3807970 A 2845840 A 3440140 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 59866.2 A 59866.2 A 60438.4 A 57619.8 A 57172.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 20943.1 Fc 19068.7 Fc 21243.2 Fc 15986.8 Fc 24670 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 111880 Im 113351 Im 104376 Im 99454 Im 98000 F
Chick peas Production Quantity 66244 Im 47921 Im 48455 Im 38136 Im 40000 F
Chick peas Seed 7831.6 Fc 7831.6 Fc 7934.57 Fc 7306.32 Fc 6961.78 Fc
Chick peas Yield 5920.99 Fc 4227.66 Fc 4642.35 Fc 3834.54 Fc 4081.63 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 2956 3921 4802 3400 F 3400 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 1397 2002 2388 3722 2917
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 4725.98 Fc 5105.84 Fc 4972.93 Fc 10947.1 Fc 8579.41 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 500 F 492 F 500 F 493 Im 489 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2650 F 2500 F 2400 F 2336 Im 2340 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 53000 Fc 50813 Fc 48000 Fc 47383.4 Fc 47852.8 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 500 A 492 A 500 A 493 A 489 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2650 A 2500 A 2400 A 2336 A 2340 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 53000 Fc 50813 Fc 48000 Fc 47383.4 Fc 47852.8 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1811340 A 1832660 A 1726870 A 1715520 A 1334370 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3805390 A 3497840 A 3669390 A 2728570 A 3322370 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 56321.6 A 56321.6 A 57005.1 A 53899.6 A 53519.7 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 21008.7 Fc 19086.1 Fc 21248.8 Fc 15905.2 Fc 24898.4 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 2363 Im 2000 F 3000 F 1300 F 1500 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 4015 4176 5510 1122 1403
Coffee, green Yield 16991.1 Fc 20880 Fc 18366.7 Fc 8630.77 Fc 9353.33 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 14000 F 7900 F 19000 F 20500 F 18000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 34500 F 19000 F 48000 * 48000 * 40000 *
Cottonseed Seed 1788.48 Fc 1788.48 Fc 1416.27 Fc 2514.9 Fc 2094.78 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 70599 67196 55095 81187 Im 80000 F
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 31928 26352 28464 52437 Im 55000 F
Cow peas, dry Seed 4235.94 Fc 4235.94 Fc 4031.76 Fc 3305.7 Fc 4871.22 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 4522.44 Fc 3921.66 Fc 5166.35 Fc 6458.79 Fc 6875 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 60194 A 47787 A 84408 A 70276 A 61123 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 14137 A 8019 A 19101 A 20633 A 18132 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2348.57 Fc 1678.07 Fc 2262.94 Fc 2936 Fc 2966.48 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 101480 A 102696 A 109449 A 107006 A 106311 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1053660 A 1061420 A 1062610 A 1027750 A 1004510 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 103830 Fc 103355 Fc 97087.6 Fc 96045.9 Fc 94487.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 44721 Im 43704 Im 46764 Im 44974 Im 44580 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 228548 Im 232540 Im 229708 Im 213402 Im 213724 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 51105.3 Fc 53207.9 Fc 49120.7 Fc 47450.1 Fc 47941.7 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 397 Im 388 Im 415 Im 399 Im 396 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 1543 Im 1570 Im 1551 Im 1441 Im 1443 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 38866.5 Fc 40463.9 Fc 37373.5 Fc 36115.3 Fc 36439.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 291854 295236 266946 266115 258111
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 304868 297487 275176 243215 261810
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 23348.3 Fc 23348.3 Fc 23618.9 Fc 21355.7 Fc 21289.2 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10445.9 Fc 10076.2 Fc 10308.3 Fc 9139.47 Fc 10143.3 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 835 Im 887 Im 761 Im 636 Im 660 Im
Lentils Area Harvested 2329 Im 2360 Im 2173 Im 2071 Im 2041 Im
Lentils Production Quantity 3459 Im 2502 Im 2530 Im 1991 Im 2088 Im
Lentils Yield 14851.9 Fc 10601.7 Fc 11642.9 Fc 9613.71 Fc 10230.3 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1675380 1696270 1609000 1596960 1215360
Maize Production Quantity 3699150 3419410 3582500 2634700 3226420
Maize Seed 54282.2 Fc 54282.2 Fc 54959.2 Fc 52131.5 Fc 51741.3 Fc
Maize Yield 22079.5 Fc 20158.4 Fc 22265.4 Fc 16498.2 Fc 26547 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 7000 F 6200 Im 6186 Im 5898 Im 5846 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 112000 F 96400 Im 82659 Im 78443 Im 67000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 160000 Fc 155484 Fc 133623 Fc 132999 Fc 114608 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 46351 47892 42538 43988 44878
Millet Production Quantity 32911 24495 26866 31869 32251
Millet Seed 695.27 Fc 695.27 Fc 718.38 Fc 638.07 Fc 659.82 Fc
Millet Yield 7100.39 Fc 5114.63 Fc 6315.76 Fc 7244.93 Fc 7186.37 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 160 F 160 F 160 F 160 F 160 F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 100 F 100 Im 133 F 133 Im 116 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 6250 Fc 6250 Fc 8312.5 Fc 8312.5 Fc 7250 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 3216 Im 3151 Im 3200 F 3900 F 3051 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 3284 Im 2757 Im 2909 Im 3742 Im 3394 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 10211.4 Fc 8749.6 Fc 9090.63 Fc 9594.87 Fc 11124.2 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 434829 A 428504 A 447266 A 417458 A 405856 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 193400 A 184999 A 200076 A 170548 A 178990 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 12212.8 A 12212.8 A 12118.6 A 11892.3 A 11247.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4447.73 Fc 4317.31 Fc 4473.31 Fc 4085.4 Fc 4410.18 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 438407 A 432030 A 450946 A 420893 A 409196 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 114475 A 109839 A 109500 A 95168 A 100778 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 7881.5 A 7881.5 A 7896.85 A 7406.84 A 7220.98 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2611.16 Fc 2542.4 Fc 2428.22 Fc 2261.1 Fc 2462.83 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 3127 Im 2516 Im 2315 Im 2361 Im 2800 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 66658 Im 51099 Im 45808 Im 56106 Im 56000 F
Onions, dry Yield 213169 Fc 203096 Fc 197875 Fc 237637 Fc 200000 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 24676 Im 25000 F 29000 F 30000 F 12000 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 16588 Im 12000 F 14000 F 15000 F 5000 F
Peas, dry Yield 6722.32 Fc 4800 Fc 4827.59 Fc 5000 Fc 4166.67 Fc
Peas, green Production Quantity 1209 Im 1285 Im 1102 Im 1100 F 1200 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1200 F 1200 Im 1400 F 1400 F 1400 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 1100 F 1100 Im 997 Im 1076 Im 1312 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 9166.67 Fc 9166.67 Fc 7121.43 Fc 7685.71 Fc 9371.43 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 190437 190437 175734 167787 161508
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 195516 193005 184156 149873 159365
Pigeon peas Seed 15235 Fc 15235 Fc 15235 Fc 14058.7 Fc 13423 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 10266.7 Fc 10134.9 Fc 10479.3 Fc 8932.34 Fc 9867.31 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 35186 Im 33902 Im 35084 Im 35042 Im 35000 F
Plantains Production Quantity 351246 Im 318031 Im 346296 Im 338127 Im 330000 F
Plantains Yield 99825.5 Fc 93808.9 Fc 98704.8 Fc 96491.9 Fc 94285.7 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 182696 228738 211691 205043 188176
Potatoes Production Quantity 3123980 3673540 3427760 2993820 2858810
Potatoes Seed 146157 Fc 146157 Fc 182990 Fc 169353 Fc 164034 Fc
Potatoes Yield 170993 Fc 160600 Fc 161923 Fc 146009 Fc 151922 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 679500 A 688434 A 639903 A 640786 A 613855 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 602149 A 435595 A 442317 A 382139 A 390085 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 46873 A 46873 A 47507.6 A 43817.5 A 43476.1 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 8861.65 Fc 6327.33 Fc 6912.25 Fc 5963.6 Fc 6354.68 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 61559 59098 63967 63124 58091
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 117733 110106 135988 114885 113166
Rice, paddy Seed 3447.3 Fc 3447.3 Fc 3309.49 Fc 3582.15 Fc 3534.94 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 19125.2 Fc 18631.1 Fc 21259.1 Fc 18199.9 Fc 19480.8 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 337 Im 350 F 499 Im 353 Im 333 Im
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 380428 A 424566 A 400109 A 388057 A 360715 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7383620 A 7674880 A 7251500 A 6485350 A 6098080 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 146157 A 146157 A 182990 A 169353 A 164034 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 194087 Fc 180770 Fc 181238 Fc 167124 Fc 169055 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 59616 47209 83830 69826 60673
Seed cotton Production Quantity 52448 29165 72572 76761 63290
Seed cotton Yield 8797.64 Fc 6177.85 Fc 8657.04 Fc 10993.2 Fc 10431.3 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 578 F 578 F 578 Im 450 F 450 F
Sisal Production Quantity 137 Im 119 Im 101 Im 133 Im 132 Im
Sisal Yield 2370.24 Fc 2058.82 Fc 1747.4 Fc 2955.56 Fc 2933.33 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 89607 88498 75332 74569 74131
Sorghum Production Quantity 73330 53932 60025 61999 63698
Sorghum Seed 1344.1 Fc 1344.1 Fc 1327.47 Fc 1129.98 Fc 1118.54 Fc
Sorghum Yield 8183.51 Fc 6094.15 Fc 7968.06 Fc 8314.31 Fc 8592.63 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 70955 75186 86796 73942 79465
Soybeans Production Quantity 69596 73356 85098 64489 71295
Soybeans Seed 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3100 F 2600 F
Soybeans Yield 9808.47 Fc 9756.6 Fc 9804.37 Fc 8721.57 Fc 8971.87 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 850 F 850 F 850 F 850 F 850 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 690 F 690 Im 677 Im 731 Im 892 Im
Spices, nes Yield 8117.65 Fc 8117.65 Fc 7964.71 Fc 8600 Fc 10494.1 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 23000 F 23000 F 23000 F 23000 F 23000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2500000 F 2500000 F 2500000 F 2500000 F 2500000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1086960 Fc 1086960 Fc 1086960 Fc 1086960 Fc 1086960 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 12404 10873 9694 7575 7607
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 10584 9175 8089 5745 5913
Sunflower seed Seed 124.04 Fc 124.04 Fc 108.73 Fc 96.94 Fc 75.75 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 8532.73 Fc 8438.33 Fc 8344.34 Fc 7584.16 Fc 7773.1 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 24569 Im 22468 Im 20699 Im 20553 Im 19500 F
Tea Production Quantity 52000 F 51589 52555 41637 48140
Tea Yield 21164.9 Fc 22961.1 Fc 25390.1 Fc 20258.4 Fc 24687.2 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 162714 165577 183052 161626 118551
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 174928 172922 208155 160238 118000 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10750.6 Fc 10443.6 Fc 11371.4 Fc 9914.12 Fc 9953.52 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 4406 Im 4271 Im 4346 Im 4930 Im 4500 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 39230 Im 41683 Im 35748 Im 30373 Im 40000 F
Tomatoes Yield 89037.7 Fc 97595.4 Fc 82254.9 Fc 61608.5 Fc 88888.9 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3216 A 3151 A 3200 A 3900 A 3051 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3284 A 2757 A 2909 A 3742 A 3394 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 10211.4 Fc 8749.6 Fc 9090.63 Fc 9594.87 Fc 11124.2 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 3578 Im 3526 Im 3680 Im 3435 Im 3340 Im
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 3924 Im 3670 Im 3955 Im 3500 Im 3609 Im
Tung Nuts Yield 10967 Fc 10408.4 Fc 10747.3 Fc 10189.2 Fc 10805.4 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F
Vanilla Production Quantity 20 F 20 Im 15 Im 16 Im 19 Im
Vanilla Yield 2500 Fc 2500 Fc 1875 Fc 2000 Fc 2375 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 64893 Im 68016 Im 67516 Im 61106 Im 52597 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 211494 Im 182168 Im 162012 Im 121699 Im 185000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 32591.2 Fc 26783.1 Fc 23996.1 Fc 19916 Fc 35173.1 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 76235 A 78889 A 78050 A 72681 A 63497 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 396438 A 364479 A 311662 A 264700 A 342860 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 52002.1 Fc 46201.5 Fc 39931.1 Fc 36419.4 Fc 53996.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 76235 A 78889 A 78050 A 72681 A 63497 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 396438 A 364479 A 311662 A 264700 A 342860 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 52002.1 Fc 46201.5 Fc 39931.1 Fc 36419.4 Fc 53996.3 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1216 1548 1726 1479 2005
Wheat Production Quantity 1850 2341 2590 2386 4605
Wheat Seed 97.28 Fc 97.28 Fc 123.84 Fc 138.08 Fc 118.32 Fc
Wheat Yield 15213.8 Fc 15122.7 Fc 15005.8 Fc 16132.5 Fc 22967.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 111 Im 107 Im 86 Im 85 Im 84 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 49 Im 46 Im 62 Im 56 Im 40 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 4414.41 Fc 4299.07 Fc 7209.3 Fc 6588.24 Fc 4761.9 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 19500 F 19000 F 18000 16900 F 16500 F
Bananas Production Quantity 380000 F 370000 F 360000 350000 F 330000 F
Bananas Yield 194872 Fc 194737 Fc 200000 Fc 207101 Fc 200000 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 242568 233845 211058 232762 217802
Beans, dry Production Quantity 117274 85759 76964 109832 94037
Beans, dry Seed 18221.4 Fc 16979.8 Fc 16369.2 Fc 14774.1 Fc 16293.3 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 4834.69 Fc 3667.34 Fc 3646.58 Fc 4718.64 Fc 4317.55 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3500 F 3300 F 3000 3000 F 2960 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 58000 F 55000 F 50000 45000 F 40000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 165714 Fc 166667 Fc 166667 Fc 150000 Fc 135135 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 163598 153687 156645 110196 102929
Cassava Production Quantity 2832140 2197640 2532080 1735070 1540180
Cassava Yield 173116 Fc 142995 Fc 161644 Fc 157453 Fc 149635 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1928660 A 1674520 A 1683260 A 1772700 A 1635840 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2755830 A 1288630 A 1701440 A 2113810 A 1679940 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 44576.1 A 42228.3 A 42046.7 A 40831.4 A 41193.4 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 14288.8 Fc 7695.53 Fc 10108 Fc 11924.3 Fc 10269.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1928660 A 1674520 A 1683260 A 1772700 A 1635840 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2786290 A 1302380 A 1717990 A 2143180 A 1710580 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 44576.1 A 42228.3 A 42046.7 A 40831.4 A 41193.4 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 14446.7 Fc 7777.6 Fc 10206.4 Fc 12089.9 Fc 10456.9 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 88000 F 97608 Im 87545 Im 95251 Im 89500 F
Chick peas Production Quantity 35000 F 27774 Im 31561 Im 42098 Im 37000 F
Chick peas Seed 6860 Fc 6160 Fc 6832.56 Fc 6128.15 Fc 6667.57 Fc
Chick peas Yield 3977.27 Fc 2845.46 Fc 3605.12 Fc 4419.69 Fc 4134.08 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 3326 Im 2917 Im 3338 Im 3316 Im 3320 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 3572 2056 Im 2765 Im 2492 Im 1831 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 10739.6 Fc 7048.34 Fc 8283.4 Fc 7515.08 Fc 5515.06 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 511 Im 474 Im 472 Im 488 Im 478 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2362 Im 2168 Im 2299 Im 2206 Im 1981 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 46223.1 Fc 45738.4 Fc 48707.6 Fc 45204.9 Fc 41443.5 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 511 A 474 A 472 A 488 A 478 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2362 A 2168 A 2299 A 2206 A 1981 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 46223.1 Fc 45738.4 Fc 48707.6 Fc 45204.9 Fc 41443.5 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1874980 A 1623540 A 1638480 A 1716310 A 1577090 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2692840 A 1259380 A 1666600 A 2053490 A 1617040 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 41162.6 A 39182 A 39144.2 A 38270.5 A 37987.4 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 14362 Fc 7756.96 Fc 10171.7 Fc 11964.6 Fc 10253.3 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 2100 F 1500 F 2280 2489 3234
Coffee, green Production Quantity 2091 1181 1590 2584 2980
Coffee, green Yield 9957.14 Fc 7873.33 Fc 6973.68 Fc 10381.7 Fc 9214.59 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 16000 F 14000 F 14650 F 10200 F 10000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 39100 F 33000 F 34800 27000 * 27000 *
Cottonseed Seed 1820.19 Fc 1866.99 Fc 2656.05 Fc 1903.41 Fc 1311.18 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 119048 Im 118167 Im 105984 Im 115313 Im 108351 Im
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 59067 Im 51309 Im 58306 Im 77771 Im 68354 Im
Cow peas, dry Seed 4800 Fc 7142.88 Fc 7090.02 Fc 6359.04 Fc 6918.78 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 4961.61 Fc 4342.08 Fc 5501.4 Fc 6744.34 Fc 6308.57 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 62683 A 88985 A 63872 A 44216 A 47223 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 16128 A 14124 A 14762 A 10306 A 10107 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2572.95 Fc 1587.23 Fc 2311.18 Fc 2330.83 Fc 2140.27 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 107169 A 100774 A 97609 A 98424 A 101375 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 985563 A 941724 A 936099 A 878539 A 822279 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 91963.4 Fc 93449.1 Fc 95902.9 Fc 89260.6 Fc 81112.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 46629 Im 43245 Im 43102 Im 44540 Im 43643 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 215744 Im 198000 F 207382 Im 195000 F 198985 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 46268.2 Fc 45785.6 Fc 48114.2 Fc 43780.9 Fc 45593.8 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 414 Im 384 Im 383 Im 396 Im 366 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 1457 Im 1337 Im 1418 Im 1333 Im 1313 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 35193.2 Fc 34817.7 Fc 37023.5 Fc 33661.6 Fc 35874.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 244567 248276 218028 229996 205726
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 203071 141078 153414 190112 157874
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 20648.9 Fc 19565.4 Fc 19862.1 Fc 17442.2 Fc 18399.7 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 8303.29 Fc 5682.31 Fc 7036.44 Fc 8265.88 Fc 7673.99 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 597 Im 477 Im 522 Im 501 Im 422 Im
Lentils Area Harvested 1900 F 2050 F 1746 Im 1900 F 1200 F
Lentils Production Quantity 1800 F 2000 F 1850 F 1800 F 1100 F
Lentils Yield 9473.68 Fc 9756.1 Fc 10595.7 Fc 9473.68 Fc 9166.67 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1762840 1513930 1537650 1617920 1488450
Maize Production Quantity 2611490 1225230 1608350 1983440 1556980
Maize Seed 39377.5 Fc 37500 F 37500 F 37500 F 37196
Maize Yield 14814.1 Fc 8093.04 Fc 10459.8 Fc 12259.2 Fc 10460.4 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 6115 Im 5671 Im 5652 Im 6100 8388 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 66000 F 60219 Im 65000 F 60000 50000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 107931 Fc 106188 Fc 115004 Fc 98360.7 Fc 59609 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 41491 41192 37368 38758 34234
Millet Production Quantity 27037 15970 17349 24615 20900
Millet Seed 673.17 Fc 622.37 Fc 617.88 Fc 560.52 Fc 581.37 Fc
Millet Yield 6516.35 Fc 3876.97 Fc 4642.74 Fc 6350.95 Fc 6105.04 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 212 Im 204 Im 164 Im 168 Im 165 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 100 Im 92 Im 90 Im 86 Im 63 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 4716.98 Fc 4509.8 Fc 5487.8 Fc 5119.05 Fc 3818.18 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 3000 F 2950 F 2800 F 2650 F 2400 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2850 F 2800 F 2700 F 2500 F 2300 F
Nuts, nes Yield 9500 Fc 9491.53 Fc 9642.86 Fc 9433.96 Fc 9583.33 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 386451 A 413240 A 364075 A 333983 A 258810 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 143119 A 103295 A 116476 A 120221 A 75692.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 10943.6 A 10003 A 10912.1 A 9209.8 A 7690.11 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3703.43 Fc 2499.65 Fc 3199.22 Fc 3599.6 Fc 2924.63 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 389631 A 416640 A 367425 A 338030 A 262551 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 79774 A 56234.9 A 62240.8 A 70699.5 A 53698.9 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 7003.09 A 6559.71 A 6864.06 A 5924.27 A 5755.45 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2047.43 Fc 1349.72 Fc 1693.97 Fc 2091.51 Fc 2045.27 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2700 F 2600 F 2500 2400 F 2380 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 54000 F 52000 F 50000 45000 F 40000 F
Onions, dry Yield 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 187500 Fc 168067 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 30000 F 27000 F 32000 F 21000 F 19500 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 15000 F 12500 F 16500 F 10000 F 9000 F
Peas, dry Yield 5000 Fc 4629.63 Fc 5156.25 Fc 4761.9 Fc 4615.38 Fc
Peas, green Production Quantity 1100 F 1000 F 950 F 900 F 850 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1806 Im 1740 Im 1399 Im 1390 Im 1388 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 979 Im 925 Im 1244 Im 1121 Im 1125 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 5420.82 Fc 5316.09 Fc 8892.07 Fc 8064.75 Fc 8105.19 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 150173 155990 138585 147659 139652
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 130987 63883 93084 116985 105315
Pigeon peas Seed 12920.6 Fc 12013.8 Fc 12479.2 Fc 11086.8 Fc 11812.7 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 8722.41 Fc 4095.33 Fc 6716.74 Fc 7922.65 Fc 7541.25 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 34000 F 32000 F 30000 30000 F 32000 F
Plantains Production Quantity 320000 F 310000 F 300000 270000 F 240000 F
Plantains Yield 94117.6 Fc 96875 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc 75000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 173062 164421 180572 143924 110734
Potatoes Production Quantity 2309430 1485880 2182620 1884200 1403800
Potatoes Seed 150541 Fc 138450 Fc 131537 Fc 144458 Fc 115139 Fc
Potatoes Yield 133445 Fc 90370.4 Fc 120873 Fc 130916 Fc 126772 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 631689 A 634660 A 576918 A 613885 A 576005 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 359128 A 243225 A 278265 A 358486 A 314806 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 42802 A 42296.5 A 42771 A 38348.1 A 41692.3 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5685.2 Fc 3832.37 Fc 4823.3 Fc 5839.63 Fc 5465.33 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 52031 48993 42568 54393 56029
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 91450 41270 49722 88184 92027
Rice, paddy Seed 3253.1 Fc 2913.74 Fc 2743.61 Fc 2383.81 Fc 3046.01 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 17576.1 Fc 8423.65 Fc 11680.6 Fc 16212.4 Fc 16424.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 353 Im 337 Im 329 Im 297 Im 312 Im
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 336660 A 318108 A 337217 A 254120 A 213663 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5141920 A 3683860 A 4715030 A 3619570 A 2944290 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 150541 A 138450 A 131537 A 144458 A 115139 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 152733 Fc 115805 Fc 139822 Fc 142435 Fc 137801 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 62233 88535 63447 43706 46773
Seed cotton Production Quantity 58569 50363 53581 40446 39992
Seed cotton Yield 9411.24 Fc 5688.48 Fc 8445 Fc 9254.11 Fc 8550.23 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 450 F 450 F 425 Im 510 Im 450 F
Sisal Production Quantity 128 Im 124 Im 112 Im 106 Im 107 Im
Sisal Yield 2844.44 Fc 2755.56 Fc 2635.29 Fc 2078.43 Fc 2377.78 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 70644 68419 63459 59627 54404
Sorghum Production Quantity 54309 18175 40905 45438 39155
Sorghum Seed 1111.96 Fc 1059.66 Fc 1026.29 Fc 210 F 210
Sorghum Yield 7687.7 Fc 2656.43 Fc 6445.89 Fc 7620.37 Fc 7197.08 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 72000 * 69000 * 76000 * 54000 *
Soybeans Production Quantity 55000 * 40000 * 49000 * 41000 *
Soybeans Seed 2700 F 2000 F 2500 F 2000 F
Soybeans Yield 7638.89 Fc 5797.1 Fc 6447.37 Fc 7592.59 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1172 Im 1129 Im 908 Im 902 Im 903 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 665 Im 628 Im 845 Im 762 Im 560 Im
Spices, nes Yield 5674.06 Fc 5562.44 Fc 9306.17 Fc 8447.89 Fc 6201.55 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 22500 F 22000 F 20000 20500 F 24000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2450000 F 2400000 F 2100000 2100000 2600000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1088890 Fc 1090910 Fc 1050000 Fc 1024390 Fc 1083330 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 7651 7429 6600 6281 6311
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5450 2672 3660 3868 4107
Sunflower seed Seed 76.07 Fc 76.51 Fc 74.29 Fc 66 Fc 62.81 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 7123.25 Fc 3596.72 Fc 5545.45 Fc 6158.26 Fc 6507.68 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 19000 F 18000 F 18694 18694 18800
Tea Production Quantity 45009 38000 50090 41693 39200
Tea Yield 23689 Fc 21111.1 Fc 26794.7 Fc 22302.9 Fc 20851.1 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 136527 141527 136012 127521 122033
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 121600 93598 106187 94312 89401
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 8906.66 Fc 6613.44 Fc 7807.18 Fc 7395.8 Fc 7325.97 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 4400 F 5505 Im 4300 F 4390 Im 4200 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 39000 F 37777 Im 38000 F 41562 Im 37000 F
Tomatoes Yield 88636.4 Fc 68623.1 Fc 88372.1 Fc 94674.3 Fc 88095.2 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3000 A 2950 A 2800 A 2650 A 2400 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2850 A 2800 A 2700 A 2500 A 2300 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 9500 Fc 9491.53 Fc 9642.86 Fc 9433.96 Fc 9583.33 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 3180 Im 3400 F 3350 F 4047 Im 3741 Im
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 2889 Im 2100 F 2050 F 2375 Im 2080 Im
Tung Nuts Yield 9084.91 Fc 6176.47 Fc 6119.4 Fc 5868.54 Fc 5560.01 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 106 Im 102 Im 82 Im 81 Im 85 Im
Vanilla Production Quantity 14 Im 13 Im 18 Im 13 Im 20 Im
Vanilla Yield 1320.75 Fc 1274.51 Fc 2195.12 Fc 1604.94 Fc 2352.94 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 57363 Im 53761 Im 41991 Im 38104 Im 36474 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 184000 F 183000 F 182000 F 180000 F 179000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 32076.4 Fc 34039.6 Fc 43342.6 Fc 47239.1 Fc 49076.1 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 67963 A 65166 A 51791 A 47894 A 46014 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 336697 A 329254 A 321472 A 312963 A 297272 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 49541.2 Fc 50525.4 Fc 62071 Fc 65344.9 Fc 64604.7 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 67963 A 65166 A 51791 A 47894 A 46014 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 336697 A 329254 A 321472 A 312963 A 297272 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 49541.2 Fc 50525.4 Fc 62071 Fc 65344.9 Fc 64604.7 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1656 1987 2213 2000 F 2720
Wheat Production Quantity 1999 1730 1668 1502 1520
Wheat Seed 160.4 Fc 132.48 Fc 158.96 Fc 177.04 Fc 160 Fc
Wheat Yield 12071.3 Fc 8706.59 Fc 7537.28 Fc 7510 Fc 5588.24 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 5580 Fm 5580 Fm 5480 Fm 5375 Fm 4975 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 29 Q 37 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.82 I 0.99 I 0.8 I 0.3 I
Arable land Area 3600 Fm 3600 Fm 3500 Fm 3400 Fm 3000 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3730 Fm 3730 Fm 3630 Fm 3525 Fm 3125 Fm
Country area Area 11848 W 11848 W 11848 Q 11848 W 11848 W
Forest area Area 3204 Fm 3237 Q 3270 Fm 3303 Fm 3336 Fm
Inland water Area 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm
Land area Area 9428 Fm 9428 Fm 9428 Q 9428 Q 9428 Q
Other land Area 644 Fm 611 Fm 678 Fm 750 Fm 1117 Fm
Permanent crops Area 130 Fm 130 Fm 130 Fm 125 Fm 125 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 74 Fm 74 Fm 74 Fm 74 Fm 74 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 5275 Fm 5170 Fm 4970 Fm 4970 Fm 4820 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 28 Q 30 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.3 I 0.3 I
Arable land Area 3300 Fm 3200 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 2850 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3425 Fm 3320 Fm 3120 Fm 3120 Fm 2970 Fm
Country area Area 11848 W 11848 W 11848 W 11848 Q 11848 Q
Forest area Area 3369 Fm 3402 E 3435 Fm 3468 Fm 3501 Fm
Inland water Area 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm
Land area Area 9428 Q 9428 Q 9428 Q 9428 Q 9428 Q
Other land Area 784 Fm 856 Fm 1023 Fm 990 Fm 1107 Fm
Permanent crops Area 125 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 F 1850 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 73.5 I 71 Fm 71 W 63 W 56 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files