Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Malawi

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Datasheet

Malawi

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Malawi
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 118,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Lilongwe
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 13,920,062
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$250
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$3,524,244,480
  • GDP: US$3,562,515,200
  • Agriculture, value added: US$1,078,548,992

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Mwale, 1992.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginale Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present Aubert et al., 1988.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Absent, invalid record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Kranz and Hammat, 1979; Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced De Milliano et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present Peregrine and Siddiqi, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (leaf spot of soybean) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Introduced Millar and Minter, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesPloetz et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOidium anacardii (cashew powdery mildew) Present Malawi Ministry of Agriculture, 1990.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Lawrence, 1951; Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; Sutton, 1980; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present CABI/EPPO, 2015; Murithi et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Tanner and Van Ginkel, 1987.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Absent, unreliable record Soto-Azat et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Ballard, 1913; CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present NHM, 1995
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Introduced CIE, 1978; NHM, 1987; Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Present de Meyer, 1998; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly) Widespread Native NoDe Meyer, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax cainii (smooth marron) Present Introduced Lawrence and Jones, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Pinhey, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesCiesla, 1991; Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesMerelo-Lobo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; Munro, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present Introduced NoChilima, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle) Present Cadahia, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present NHM.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Lee, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present Booth et al., 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid) Present Introduced YesFRIM, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Introduced New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer) Present Martin, 1958.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Widespread YesMunthali and, 1984; Sauti and, 1984; Yaninek, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Millar, 1984; CIE, 1979; Remaudiere and Autrique, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Widespread Kirby, 1902; Smee, 1934; Smee, 1936.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia oryzivora (African rice gall midge) Present CIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Unconfirmed record Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present YesMercer, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Introduced YesNeuenschwander and Herren, 1988; Herren and Neuenschwander, 1991; Neuenschwander, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus boerneri (pine woolly aphid) Widespread Introduced YesChilima, 1991; Day et al., 2003; Mills, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Present Introduced YesBlackman et al., 1995; Chilima, 1991; Chilima and Leather, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present De Lotto, 1964; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Present Introduced Hodges, 1994; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Baker, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present UK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Rose et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present Introduced YesAbrahams et al., 2017; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug) Present Introduced YesNadel et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Present Native Martin, 1987; Martin et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatus Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoTeugels, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoFAO, 1996; Costa et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Present Introduced NoFAO-DIAS, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Native Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhalloceros caudimaculatus (dusky millions fish) Localised Introduced Jubb, 1977; Skelton, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Localised Introduced FAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Widespread Native YesDowsett-Lemaire and Dowsett, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002; Spawls et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalis Absent, invalid record Daget, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne acronea (African cotton root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; Bridge et al., 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Saka, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Keetch and Buckley, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Saka and Siddiqi, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne mayaguensis Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Saka and Siddiqi, 1979; Keetch and Buckley, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Saka and Siddiqi, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus OIE, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern) Localised Native NoSchelpe, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Lemon, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present de Wet, 1993; Greathead and deGroot, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Flora Zambesiaca, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockii Present Native ILDIS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Introduced YesBanda and Morris, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Widespread Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; Holm et al., 1979; Banda and Morris, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Widespread Native NoPhilcox, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Townsend, 1988; PROTA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced NoGrubben, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Townsend, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton abyssinicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Banda and Morris, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora Zambesiaca, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced PROTA, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum fedtschenkoi (lavender-scallops) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum proliferum (blooming boxes) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum aurantiacum (orange cestrum) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Banda and Morris, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Banda & Morris, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced YesBeentje and Hind, 2005; Jansen, 2005; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia aurea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Binns, 1968; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDahlia imperialis (bell tree dahlia) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; Banda and Morris, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass) Present Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass) Widespread YesLaunert & Pope, 1989; Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDovyalis caffra (kei apple) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Wild, 1961; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Prota4U, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Native Clayton, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass) Present Native Launert, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesHarley, 1993; Phiri et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Native Phillips, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Present, few occurrences Introduced Binns, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Banda and Morris, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass) Present Native NoCope, 1999; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesBeentje, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia umbellata (African milk bush) Unconfirmed record Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuryops chrysanthemoides (African bush daisy) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced Terry and Michieka, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Martins, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morningglory) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (blue morning glory) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Witt and Luke, 2017; Fernandes, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced African Plants Database, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Iwarsson and Harvey, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoClayton, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced YesWitt and Luke, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Absent, unreliable record Introduced YesWhittle, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant) Present Introduced Brenan, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; Jeffrey, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native NoClayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru) Present Banda and Morris, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Restricted distribution Native NoStapf, 1906.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice) Present Fernandes et al., 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice) Present Nsapato et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Exell, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Howard-Williams, 1977; Clayton, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Native Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine) Present Introduced NoPROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present Introduced YesHaysom and Murphy, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Introduced Verdcourt, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree ) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present Hansen, 1975; Philcox, 1990; Mielcarek, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Banda and Morris, 1986; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Introduced YesEdwards, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Introduced Kew Herbarium Catalogue, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced Flora Zambesiaca, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Binns, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania) Present Introduced Lock, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Clayton, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora Zambesiaca, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced Terry and Michieka, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Native NoeMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass) Present NoeMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Widespread Native YesShaxson and Riches, 1998; Mohamed et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed) Present M'Boob, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present Hepper, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Terry and Michieka, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Native Ulloa, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Introduced YesChukwuka, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present Native NoISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Banda and Morris, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Banda and Morris, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Howard-Williams and Walker, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria parva Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolense Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivax Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Widespread YesKenyon et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
Virusbluetongue virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava brown streak viruses (cassava brown streak disease) Widespread Nichols, 1950; Thresh et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRice yellow mottle virus Present Ndikumana et al., 2015; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
VirusRift Valley fever virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Present OIE, 2012.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Lawrence et al., 1996; Tjornehoj et al., 1997; OIE, 2012.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2012; Musisi et al., 1989; Lawrence et al., 1996; Tjornchos et al., 1996.
blackleg OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009; Haresnape et al., 1988; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present FAO, et al., 1970.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Chytridiomycosis Absent, unreliable record Soto-Azat et al., 2009.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever No information available OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Peng et al., 2001; Cranendonk et al., 2003.
Denman island disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus OIE, 2012.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Present Mwale, 1992; OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Last reported OIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera No information available OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid No information available OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater No information available OIE, 2009; Meza J de, 1938.
horse pox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2012.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2012.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease No information available OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2012; Mwiyeriwa, 1992.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria parva infections Widespread Moodie, 1977; Chinombo et al., 1989; Norval et al., 1992.
theileriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Present OIE, 2012.
tuberculosis Present OIE, 2012.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 50 F 50 Im 50 Im 54 Im 66 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 6250 Fc 6250 Fc 6250 Fc 6750 Fc 8250 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 13676 Im 18010 Im 20500 F 20200 F 20000 F
Bananas Production Quantity 357675 Im 410378 Im 400000 F 394000 F 390000 F
Bananas Yield 261535 Fc 227861 Fc 195122 Fc 195050 Fc 195000 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 279579 290090 273525 260287 260306
Beans, dry Production Quantity 288414 153815 164712 124702 128632
Beans, dry Seed 19570.5 Fc 19570.5 Fc 20306.3 Fc 19146.8 Fc 18220.1 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 10316 Fc 5302.32 Fc 6021.83 Fc 4790.94 Fc 4941.57 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3809 Im 4086 Im 3873 Im 4284 Im 3600 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 77012 Im 87357 Im 66231 Im 54786 Im 60000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 202184 Fc 213796 Fc 171007 Fc 127885 Fc 166667 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 197732 195828 188418 183014 172539
Cassava Production Quantity 4259300 4000990 3823240 3491180 3238940
Cassava Yield 215408 Fc 204311 Fc 202913 Fc 190760 Fc 187722 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1874110 A 1893310 A 1792560 A 1780120 A 1394470 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 3885770 A 3573620 A 3762690 A 2807580 A 3402460 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 59866.2 A 59866.2 A 60438.4 A 57619.8 A 57172.9 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20733.9 Fc 18875 Fc 20990.5 Fc 15771.9 Fc 24399.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1874110 A 1893310 A 1792560 A 1780120 A 1394470 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3924970 A 3610280 A 3807970 A 2845840 A 3440140 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 59866.2 A 59866.2 A 60438.4 A 57619.8 A 57172.9 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 20943.1 Fc 19068.7 Fc 21243.2 Fc 15986.8 Fc 24670 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 111880 Im 113351 Im 104376 Im 99454 Im 98000 F
Chick peas Production Quantity 66244 Im 47921 Im 48455 Im 38136 Im 40000 F
Chick peas Seed 7831.6 Fc 7831.6 Fc 7934.57 Fc 7306.32 Fc 6961.78 Fc
Chick peas Yield 5920.99 Fc 4227.66 Fc 4642.35 Fc 3834.54 Fc 4081.63 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 2956 3921 4802 3400 F 3400 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 1397 2002 2388 3722 2917
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 4725.98 Fc 5105.84 Fc 4972.93 Fc 10947.1 Fc 8579.41 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 500 F 492 F 500 F 493 Im 489 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2650 F 2500 F 2400 F 2336 Im 2340 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 53000 Fc 50813 Fc 48000 Fc 47383.4 Fc 47852.8 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 500 A 492 A 500 A 493 A 489 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2650 A 2500 A 2400 A 2336 A 2340 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 53000 Fc 50813 Fc 48000 Fc 47383.4 Fc 47852.8 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1811340 A 1832660 A 1726870 A 1715520 A 1334370 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3805390 A 3497840 A 3669390 A 2728570 A 3322370 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 56321.6 A 56321.6 A 57005.1 A 53899.6 A 53519.7 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 21008.7 Fc 19086.1 Fc 21248.8 Fc 15905.2 Fc 24898.4 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 2363 Im 2000 F 3000 F 1300 F 1500 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 4015 4176 5510 1122 1403
Coffee, green Yield 16991.1 Fc 20880 Fc 18366.7 Fc 8630.77 Fc 9353.33 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 14000 F 7900 F 19000 F 20500 F 18000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 34500 F 19000 F 48000 * 48000 * 40000 *
Cottonseed Seed 1788.48 Fc 1788.48 Fc 1416.27 Fc 2514.9 Fc 2094.78 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 70599 67196 55095 81187 Im 80000 F
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 31928 26352 28464 52437 Im 55000 F
Cow peas, dry Seed 4235.94 Fc 4235.94 Fc 4031.76 Fc 3305.7 Fc 4871.22 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 4522.44 Fc 3921.66 Fc 5166.35 Fc 6458.79 Fc 6875 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 60194 A 47787 A 84408 A 70276 A 61123 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 14137 A 8019 A 19101 A 20633 A 18132 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2348.57 Fc 1678.07 Fc 2262.94 Fc 2936 Fc 2966.48 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 101480 A 102696 A 109449 A 107006 A 106311 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1053660 A 1061420 A 1062610 A 1027750 A 1004510 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 103830 Fc 103355 Fc 97087.6 Fc 96045.9 Fc 94487.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 44721 Im 43704 Im 46764 Im 44974 Im 44580 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 228548 Im 232540 Im 229708 Im 213402 Im 213724 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 51105.3 Fc 53207.9 Fc 49120.7 Fc 47450.1 Fc 47941.7 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 397 Im 388 Im 415 Im 399 Im 396 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 1543 Im 1570 Im 1551 Im 1441 Im 1443 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 38866.5 Fc 40463.9 Fc 37373.5 Fc 36115.3 Fc 36439.4 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 291854 295236 266946 266115 258111
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 304868 297487 275176 243215 261810
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 23348.3 Fc 23348.3 Fc 23618.9 Fc 21355.7 Fc 21289.2 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10445.9 Fc 10076.2 Fc 10308.3 Fc 9139.47 Fc 10143.3 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 835 Im 887 Im 761 Im 636 Im 660 Im
Lentils Area Harvested 2329 Im 2360 Im 2173 Im 2071 Im 2041 Im
Lentils Production Quantity 3459 Im 2502 Im 2530 Im 1991 Im 2088 Im
Lentils Yield 14851.9 Fc 10601.7 Fc 11642.9 Fc 9613.71 Fc 10230.3 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1675380 1696270 1609000 1596960 1215360
Maize Production Quantity 3699150 3419410 3582500 2634700 3226420
Maize Seed 54282.2 Fc 54282.2 Fc 54959.2 Fc 52131.5 Fc 51741.3 Fc
Maize Yield 22079.5 Fc 20158.4 Fc 22265.4 Fc 16498.2 Fc 26547 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 7000 F 6200 Im 6186 Im 5898 Im 5846 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 112000 F 96400 Im 82659 Im 78443 Im 67000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 160000 Fc 155484 Fc 133623 Fc 132999 Fc 114608 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 46351 47892 42538 43988 44878
Millet Production Quantity 32911 24495 26866 31869 32251
Millet Seed 695.27 Fc 695.27 Fc 718.38 Fc 638.07 Fc 659.82 Fc
Millet Yield 7100.39 Fc 5114.63 Fc 6315.76 Fc 7244.93 Fc 7186.37 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 160 F 160 F 160 F 160 F 160 F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 100 F 100 Im 133 F 133 Im 116 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 6250 Fc 6250 Fc 8312.5 Fc 8312.5 Fc 7250 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 3216 Im 3151 Im 3200 F 3900 F 3051 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 3284 Im 2757 Im 2909 Im 3742 Im 3394 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 10211.4 Fc 8749.6 Fc 9090.63 Fc 9594.87 Fc 11124.2 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 434829 A 428504 A 447266 A 417458 A 405856 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 193400 A 184999 A 200076 A 170548 A 178990 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 12212.8 A 12212.8 A 12118.6 A 11892.3 A 11247.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4447.73 Fc 4317.31 Fc 4473.31 Fc 4085.4 Fc 4410.18 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 438407 A 432030 A 450946 A 420893 A 409196 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 114475 A 109839 A 109500 A 95168 A 100778 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 7881.5 A 7881.5 A 7896.85 A 7406.84 A 7220.98 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2611.16 Fc 2542.4 Fc 2428.22 Fc 2261.1 Fc 2462.83 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 3127 Im 2516 Im 2315 Im 2361 Im 2800 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 66658 Im 51099 Im 45808 Im 56106 Im 56000 F
Onions, dry Yield 213169 Fc 203096 Fc 197875 Fc 237637 Fc 200000 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 24676 Im 25000 F 29000 F 30000 F 12000 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 16588 Im 12000 F 14000 F 15000 F 5000 F
Peas, dry Yield 6722.32 Fc 4800 Fc 4827.59 Fc 5000 Fc 4166.67 Fc
Peas, green Production Quantity 1209 Im 1285 Im 1102 Im 1100 F 1200 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1200 F 1200 Im 1400 F 1400 F 1400 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 1100 F 1100 Im 997 Im 1076 Im 1312 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 9166.67 Fc 9166.67 Fc 7121.43 Fc 7685.71 Fc 9371.43 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 190437 190437 175734 167787 161508
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 195516 193005 184156 149873 159365
Pigeon peas Seed 15235 Fc 15235 Fc 15235 Fc 14058.7 Fc 13423 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 10266.7 Fc 10134.9 Fc 10479.3 Fc 8932.34 Fc 9867.31 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 35186 Im 33902 Im 35084 Im 35042 Im 35000 F
Plantains Production Quantity 351246 Im 318031 Im 346296 Im 338127 Im 330000 F
Plantains Yield 99825.5 Fc 93808.9 Fc 98704.8 Fc 96491.9 Fc 94285.7 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 182696 228738 211691 205043 188176
Potatoes Production Quantity 3123980 3673540 3427760 2993820 2858810
Potatoes Seed 146157 Fc 146157 Fc 182990 Fc 169353 Fc 164034 Fc
Potatoes Yield 170993 Fc 160600 Fc 161923 Fc 146009 Fc 151922 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 679500 A 688434 A 639903 A 640786 A 613855 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 602149 A 435595 A 442317 A 382139 A 390085 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 46873 A 46873 A 47507.6 A 43817.5 A 43476.1 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 8861.65 Fc 6327.33 Fc 6912.25 Fc 5963.6 Fc 6354.68 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 61559 59098 63967 63124 58091
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 117733 110106 135988 114885 113166
Rice, paddy Seed 3447.3 Fc 3447.3 Fc 3309.49 Fc 3582.15 Fc 3534.94 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 19125.2 Fc 18631.1 Fc 21259.1 Fc 18199.9 Fc 19480.8 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 337 Im 350 F 499 Im 353 Im 333 Im
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 380428 A 424566 A 400109 A 388057 A 360715 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7383620 A 7674880 A 7251500 A 6485350 A 6098080 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 146157 A 146157 A 182990 A 169353 A 164034 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 194087 Fc 180770 Fc 181238 Fc 167124 Fc 169055 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 59616 47209 83830 69826 60673
Seed cotton Production Quantity 52448 29165 72572 76761 63290
Seed cotton Yield 8797.64 Fc 6177.85 Fc 8657.04 Fc 10993.2 Fc 10431.3 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 578 F 578 F 578 Im 450 F 450 F
Sisal Production Quantity 137 Im 119 Im 101 Im 133 Im 132 Im
Sisal Yield 2370.24 Fc 2058.82 Fc 1747.4 Fc 2955.56 Fc 2933.33 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 89607 88498 75332 74569 74131
Sorghum Production Quantity 73330 53932 60025 61999 63698
Sorghum Seed 1344.1 Fc 1344.1 Fc 1327.47 Fc 1129.98 Fc 1118.54 Fc
Sorghum Yield 8183.51 Fc 6094.15 Fc 7968.06 Fc 8314.31 Fc 8592.63 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 70955 75186 86796 73942 79465
Soybeans Production Quantity 69596 73356 85098 64489 71295
Soybeans Seed 3000 F 3000 F 3000 F 3100 F 2600 F
Soybeans Yield 9808.47 Fc 9756.6 Fc 9804.37 Fc 8721.57 Fc 8971.87 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 850 F 850 F 850 F 850 F 850 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 690 F 690 Im 677 Im 731 Im 892 Im
Spices, nes Yield 8117.65 Fc 8117.65 Fc 7964.71 Fc 8600 Fc 10494.1 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 23000 F 23000 F 23000 F 23000 F 23000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2500000 F 2500000 F 2500000 F 2500000 F 2500000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1086960 Fc 1086960 Fc 1086960 Fc 1086960 Fc 1086960 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 12404 10873 9694 7575 7607
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 10584 9175 8089 5745 5913
Sunflower seed Seed 124.04 Fc 124.04 Fc 108.73 Fc 96.94 Fc 75.75 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 8532.73 Fc 8438.33 Fc 8344.34 Fc 7584.16 Fc 7773.1 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 24569 Im 22468 Im 20699 Im 20553 Im 19500 F
Tea Production Quantity 52000 F 51589 52555 41637 48140
Tea Yield 21164.9 Fc 22961.1 Fc 25390.1 Fc 20258.4 Fc 24687.2 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 162714 165577 183052 161626 118551
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 174928 172922 208155 160238 118000 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 10750.6 Fc 10443.6 Fc 11371.4 Fc 9914.12 Fc 9953.52 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 4406 Im 4271 Im 4346 Im 4930 Im 4500 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 39230 Im 41683 Im 35748 Im 30373 Im 40000 F
Tomatoes Yield 89037.7 Fc 97595.4 Fc 82254.9 Fc 61608.5 Fc 88888.9 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3216 A 3151 A 3200 A 3900 A 3051 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3284 A 2757 A 2909 A 3742 A 3394 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 10211.4 Fc 8749.6 Fc 9090.63 Fc 9594.87 Fc 11124.2 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 3578 Im 3526 Im 3680 Im 3435 Im 3340 Im
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 3924 Im 3670 Im 3955 Im 3500 Im 3609 Im
Tung Nuts Yield 10967 Fc 10408.4 Fc 10747.3 Fc 10189.2 Fc 10805.4 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F 80 F
Vanilla Production Quantity 20 F 20 Im 15 Im 16 Im 19 Im
Vanilla Yield 2500 Fc 2500 Fc 1875 Fc 2000 Fc 2375 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 64893 Im 68016 Im 67516 Im 61106 Im 52597 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 211494 Im 182168 Im 162012 Im 121699 Im 185000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 32591.2 Fc 26783.1 Fc 23996.1 Fc 19916 Fc 35173.1 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 76235 A 78889 A 78050 A 72681 A 63497 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 396438 A 364479 A 311662 A 264700 A 342860 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 52002.1 Fc 46201.5 Fc 39931.1 Fc 36419.4 Fc 53996.3 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 76235 A 78889 A 78050 A 72681 A 63497 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 396438 A 364479 A 311662 A 264700 A 342860 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 52002.1 Fc 46201.5 Fc 39931.1 Fc 36419.4 Fc 53996.3 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1216 1548 1726 1479 2005
Wheat Production Quantity 1850 2341 2590 2386 4605
Wheat Seed 97.28 Fc 97.28 Fc 123.84 Fc 138.08 Fc 118.32 Fc
Wheat Yield 15213.8 Fc 15122.7 Fc 15005.8 Fc 16132.5 Fc 22967.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 111 Im 107 Im 86 Im 85 Im 84 Im
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 49 Im 46 Im 62 Im 56 Im 40 F
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 4414.41 Fc 4299.07 Fc 7209.3 Fc 6588.24 Fc 4761.9 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 19500 F 19000 F 18000 16900 F 16500 F
Bananas Production Quantity 380000 F 370000 F 360000 350000 F 330000 F
Bananas Yield 194872 Fc 194737 Fc 200000 Fc 207101 Fc 200000 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 242568 233845 211058 232762 217802
Beans, dry Production Quantity 117274 85759 76964 109832 94037
Beans, dry Seed 18221.4 Fc 16979.8 Fc 16369.2 Fc 14774.1 Fc 16293.3 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 4834.69 Fc 3667.34 Fc 3646.58 Fc 4718.64 Fc 4317.55 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3500 F 3300 F 3000 3000 F 2960 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 58000 F 55000 F 50000 45000 F 40000 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 165714 Fc 166667 Fc 166667 Fc 150000 Fc 135135 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 163598 153687 156645 110196 102929
Cassava Production Quantity 2832140 2197640 2532080 1735070 1540180
Cassava Yield 173116 Fc 142995 Fc 161644 Fc 157453 Fc 149635 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1928660 A 1674520 A 1683260 A 1772700 A 1635840 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2755830 A 1288630 A 1701440 A 2113810 A 1679940 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 44576.1 A 42228.3 A 42046.7 A 40831.4 A 41193.4 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 14288.8 Fc 7695.53 Fc 10108 Fc 11924.3 Fc 10269.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1928660 A 1674520 A 1683260 A 1772700 A 1635840 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2786290 A 1302380 A 1717990 A 2143180 A 1710580 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 44576.1 A 42228.3 A 42046.7 A 40831.4 A 41193.4 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 14446.7 Fc 7777.6 Fc 10206.4 Fc 12089.9 Fc 10456.9 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 88000 F 97608 Im 87545 Im 95251 Im 89500 F
Chick peas Production Quantity 35000 F 27774 Im 31561 Im 42098 Im 37000 F
Chick peas Seed 6860 Fc 6160 Fc 6832.56 Fc 6128.15 Fc 6667.57 Fc
Chick peas Yield 3977.27 Fc 2845.46 Fc 3605.12 Fc 4419.69 Fc 4134.08 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 3326 Im 2917 Im 3338 Im 3316 Im 3320 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 3572 2056 Im 2765 Im 2492 Im 1831 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 10739.6 Fc 7048.34 Fc 8283.4 Fc 7515.08 Fc 5515.06 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 511 Im 474 Im 472 Im 488 Im 478 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 2362 Im 2168 Im 2299 Im 2206 Im 1981 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 46223.1 Fc 45738.4 Fc 48707.6 Fc 45204.9 Fc 41443.5 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 511 A 474 A 472 A 488 A 478 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2362 A 2168 A 2299 A 2206 A 1981 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 46223.1 Fc 45738.4 Fc 48707.6 Fc 45204.9 Fc 41443.5 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1874980 A 1623540 A 1638480 A 1716310 A 1577090 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2692840 A 1259380 A 1666600 A 2053490 A 1617040 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 41162.6 A 39182 A 39144.2 A 38270.5 A 37987.4 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 14362 Fc 7756.96 Fc 10171.7 Fc 11964.6 Fc 10253.3 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 2100 F 1500 F 2280 2489 3234
Coffee, green Production Quantity 2091 1181 1590 2584 2980
Coffee, green Yield 9957.14 Fc 7873.33 Fc 6973.68 Fc 10381.7 Fc 9214.59 Fc
Cotton lint Production Quantity 16000 F 14000 F 14650 F 10200 F 10000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 39100 F 33000 F 34800 27000 * 27000 *
Cottonseed Seed 1820.19 Fc 1866.99 Fc 2656.05 Fc 1903.41 Fc 1311.18 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 119048 Im 118167 Im 105984 Im 115313 Im 108351 Im
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 59067 Im 51309 Im 58306 Im 77771 Im 68354 Im
Cow peas, dry Seed 4800 Fc 7142.88 Fc 7090.02 Fc 6359.04 Fc 6918.78 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 4961.61 Fc 4342.08 Fc 5501.4 Fc 6744.34 Fc 6308.57 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 62683 A 88985 A 63872 A 44216 A 47223 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 16128 A 14124 A 14762 A 10306 A 10107 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 2572.95 Fc 1587.23 Fc 2311.18 Fc 2330.83 Fc 2140.27 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 107169 A 100774 A 97609 A 98424 A 101375 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 985563 A 941724 A 936099 A 878539 A 822279 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 91963.4 Fc 93449.1 Fc 95902.9 Fc 89260.6 Fc 81112.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 46629 Im 43245 Im 43102 Im 44540 Im 43643 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 215744 Im 198000 F 207382 Im 195000 F 198985 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 46268.2 Fc 45785.6 Fc 48114.2 Fc 43780.9 Fc 45593.8 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 414 Im 384 Im 383 Im 396 Im 366 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 1457 Im 1337 Im 1418 Im 1333 Im 1313 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 35193.2 Fc 34817.7 Fc 37023.5 Fc 33661.6 Fc 35874.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 244567 248276 218028 229996 205726
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 203071 141078 153414 190112 157874
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 20648.9 Fc 19565.4 Fc 19862.1 Fc 17442.2 Fc 18399.7 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 8303.29 Fc 5682.31 Fc 7036.44 Fc 8265.88 Fc 7673.99 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 597 Im 477 Im 522 Im 501 Im 422 Im
Lentils Area Harvested 1900 F 2050 F 1746 Im 1900 F 1200 F
Lentils Production Quantity 1800 F 2000 F 1850 F 1800 F 1100 F
Lentils Yield 9473.68 Fc 9756.1 Fc 10595.7 Fc 9473.68 Fc 9166.67 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1762840 1513930 1537650 1617920 1488450
Maize Production Quantity 2611490 1225230 1608350 1983440 1556980
Maize Seed 39377.5 Fc 37500 F 37500 F 37500 F 37196
Maize Yield 14814.1 Fc 8093.04 Fc 10459.8 Fc 12259.2 Fc 10460.4 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 6115 Im 5671 Im 5652 Im 6100 8388 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 66000 F 60219 Im 65000 F 60000 50000 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 107931 Fc 106188 Fc 115004 Fc 98360.7 Fc 59609 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 41491 41192 37368 38758 34234
Millet Production Quantity 27037 15970 17349 24615 20900
Millet Seed 673.17 Fc 622.37 Fc 617.88 Fc 560.52 Fc 581.37 Fc
Millet Yield 6516.35 Fc 3876.97 Fc 4642.74 Fc 6350.95 Fc 6105.04 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 212 Im 204 Im 164 Im 168 Im 165 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 100 Im 92 Im 90 Im 86 Im 63 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 4716.98 Fc 4509.8 Fc 5487.8 Fc 5119.05 Fc 3818.18 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 3000 F 2950 F 2800 F 2650 F 2400 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2850 F 2800 F 2700 F 2500 F 2300 F
Nuts, nes Yield 9500 Fc 9491.53 Fc 9642.86 Fc 9433.96 Fc 9583.33 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 386451 A 413240 A 364075 A 333983 A 258810 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 143119 A 103295 A 116476 A 120221 A 75692.4 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 10943.6 A 10003 A 10912.1 A 9209.8 A 7690.11 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3703.43 Fc 2499.65 Fc 3199.22 Fc 3599.6 Fc 2924.63 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 389631 A 416640 A 367425 A 338030 A 262551 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 79774 A 56234.9 A 62240.8 A 70699.5 A 53698.9 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 7003.09 A 6559.71 A 6864.06 A 5924.27 A 5755.45 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2047.43 Fc 1349.72 Fc 1693.97 Fc 2091.51 Fc 2045.27 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 2700 F 2600 F 2500 2400 F 2380 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 54000 F 52000 F 50000 45000 F 40000 F
Onions, dry Yield 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 200000 Fc 187500 Fc 168067 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 30000 F 27000 F 32000 F 21000 F 19500 F
Peas, dry Production Quantity 15000 F 12500 F 16500 F 10000 F 9000 F
Peas, dry Yield 5000 Fc 4629.63 Fc 5156.25 Fc 4761.9 Fc 4615.38 Fc
Peas, green Production Quantity 1100 F 1000 F 950 F 900 F 850 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1806 Im 1740 Im 1399 Im 1390 Im 1388 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 979 Im 925 Im 1244 Im 1121 Im 1125 Im
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 5420.82 Fc 5316.09 Fc 8892.07 Fc 8064.75 Fc 8105.19 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 150173 155990 138585 147659 139652
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 130987 63883 93084 116985 105315
Pigeon peas Seed 12920.6 Fc 12013.8 Fc 12479.2 Fc 11086.8 Fc 11812.7 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 8722.41 Fc 4095.33 Fc 6716.74 Fc 7922.65 Fc 7541.25 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 34000 F 32000 F 30000 30000 F 32000 F
Plantains Production Quantity 320000 F 310000 F 300000 270000 F 240000 F
Plantains Yield 94117.6 Fc 96875 Fc 100000 Fc 90000 Fc 75000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 173062 164421 180572 143924 110734
Potatoes Production Quantity 2309430 1485880 2182620 1884200 1403800
Potatoes Seed 150541 Fc 138450 Fc 131537 Fc 144458 Fc 115139 Fc
Potatoes Yield 133445 Fc 90370.4 Fc 120873 Fc 130916 Fc 126772 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 631689 A 634660 A 576918 A 613885 A 576005 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 359128 A 243225 A 278265 A 358486 A 314806 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 42802 A 42296.5 A 42771 A 38348.1 A 41692.3 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 5685.2 Fc 3832.37 Fc 4823.3 Fc 5839.63 Fc 5465.33 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 52031 48993 42568 54393 56029
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 91450 41270 49722 88184 92027
Rice, paddy Seed 3253.1 Fc 2913.74 Fc 2743.61 Fc 2383.81 Fc 3046.01 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 17576.1 Fc 8423.65 Fc 11680.6 Fc 16212.4 Fc 16424.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 353 Im 337 Im 329 Im 297 Im 312 Im
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 336660 A 318108 A 337217 A 254120 A 213663 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5141920 A 3683860 A 4715030 A 3619570 A 2944290 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 150541 A 138450 A 131537 A 144458 A 115139 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 152733 Fc 115805 Fc 139822 Fc 142435 Fc 137801 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 62233 88535 63447 43706 46773
Seed cotton Production Quantity 58569 50363 53581 40446 39992
Seed cotton Yield 9411.24 Fc 5688.48 Fc 8445 Fc 9254.11 Fc 8550.23 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 450 F 450 F 425 Im 510 Im 450 F
Sisal Production Quantity 128 Im 124 Im 112 Im 106 Im 107 Im
Sisal Yield 2844.44 Fc 2755.56 Fc 2635.29 Fc 2078.43 Fc 2377.78 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 70644 68419 63459 59627 54404
Sorghum Production Quantity 54309 18175 40905 45438 39155
Sorghum Seed 1111.96 Fc 1059.66 Fc 1026.29 Fc 210 F 210
Sorghum Yield 7687.7 Fc 2656.43 Fc 6445.89 Fc 7620.37 Fc 7197.08 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 72000 * 69000 * 76000 * 54000 *
Soybeans Production Quantity 55000 * 40000 * 49000 * 41000 *
Soybeans Seed 2700 F 2000 F 2500 F 2000 F
Soybeans Yield 7638.89 Fc 5797.1 Fc 6447.37 Fc 7592.59 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1172 Im 1129 Im 908 Im 902 Im 903 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 665 Im 628 Im 845 Im 762 Im 560 Im
Spices, nes Yield 5674.06 Fc 5562.44 Fc 9306.17 Fc 8447.89 Fc 6201.55 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 22500 F 22000 F 20000 20500 F 24000 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 2450000 F 2400000 F 2100000 2100000 2600000 F
Sugar cane Yield 1088890 Fc 1090910 Fc 1050000 Fc 1024390 Fc 1083330 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 7651 7429 6600 6281 6311
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 5450 2672 3660 3868 4107
Sunflower seed Seed 76.07 Fc 76.51 Fc 74.29 Fc 66 Fc 62.81 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 7123.25 Fc 3596.72 Fc 5545.45 Fc 6158.26 Fc 6507.68 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 19000 F 18000 F 18694 18694 18800
Tea Production Quantity 45009 38000 50090 41693 39200
Tea Yield 23689 Fc 21111.1 Fc 26794.7 Fc 22302.9 Fc 20851.1 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 136527 141527 136012 127521 122033
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 121600 93598 106187 94312 89401
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 8906.66 Fc 6613.44 Fc 7807.18 Fc 7395.8 Fc 7325.97 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 4400 F 5505 Im 4300 F 4390 Im 4200 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 39000 F 37777 Im 38000 F 41562 Im 37000 F
Tomatoes Yield 88636.4 Fc 68623.1 Fc 88372.1 Fc 94674.3 Fc 88095.2 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3000 A 2950 A 2800 A 2650 A 2400 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2850 A 2800 A 2700 A 2500 A 2300 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 9500 Fc 9491.53 Fc 9642.86 Fc 9433.96 Fc 9583.33 Fc
Tung Nuts Area Harvested 3180 Im 3400 F 3350 F 4047 Im 3741 Im
Tung Nuts Production Quantity 2889 Im 2100 F 2050 F 2375 Im 2080 Im
Tung Nuts Yield 9084.91 Fc 6176.47 Fc 6119.4 Fc 5868.54 Fc 5560.01 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 106 Im 102 Im 82 Im 81 Im 85 Im
Vanilla Production Quantity 14 Im 13 Im 18 Im 13 Im 20 Im
Vanilla Yield 1320.75 Fc 1274.51 Fc 2195.12 Fc 1604.94 Fc 2352.94 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 57363 Im 53761 Im 41991 Im 38104 Im 36474 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 184000 F 183000 F 182000 F 180000 F 179000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 32076.4 Fc 34039.6 Fc 43342.6 Fc 47239.1 Fc 49076.1 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 67963 A 65166 A 51791 A 47894 A 46014 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 336697 A 329254 A 321472 A 312963 A 297272 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 49541.2 Fc 50525.4 Fc 62071 Fc 65344.9 Fc 64604.7 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 67963 A 65166 A 51791 A 47894 A 46014 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 336697 A 329254 A 321472 A 312963 A 297272 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 49541.2 Fc 50525.4 Fc 62071 Fc 65344.9 Fc 64604.7 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1656 1987 2213 2000 F 2720
Wheat Production Quantity 1999 1730 1668 1502 1520
Wheat Seed 160.4 Fc 132.48 Fc 158.96 Fc 177.04 Fc 160 Fc
Wheat Yield 12071.3 Fc 8706.59 Fc 7537.28 Fc 7510 Fc 5588.24 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 5580 Fm 5580 Fm 5480 Fm 5375 Fm 4975 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 29 Q 37 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.82 I 0.99 I 0.8 I 0.3 I
Arable land Area 3600 Fm 3600 Fm 3500 Fm 3400 Fm 3000 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3730 Fm 3730 Fm 3630 Fm 3525 Fm 3125 Fm
Country area Area 11848 W 11848 W 11848 Q 11848 W 11848 W
Forest area Area 3204 Fm 3237 Q 3270 Fm 3303 Fm 3336 Fm
Inland water Area 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm
Land area Area 9428 Fm 9428 Fm 9428 Q 9428 Q 9428 Q
Other land Area 644 Fm 611 Fm 678 Fm 750 Fm 1117 Fm
Permanent crops Area 130 Fm 130 Fm 130 Fm 125 Fm 125 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 74 Fm 74 Fm 74 Fm 74 Fm 74 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 5275 Fm 5170 Fm 4970 Fm 4970 Fm 4820 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 28 Q 30 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.3 I 0.3 I
Arable land Area 3300 Fm 3200 Fm 3000 Fm 3000 Fm 2850 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 3425 Fm 3320 Fm 3120 Fm 3120 Fm 2970 Fm
Country area Area 11848 W 11848 W 11848 W 11848 Q 11848 Q
Forest area Area 3369 Fm 3402 E 3435 Fm 3468 Fm 3501 Fm
Inland water Area 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm 2420 Fm
Land area Area 9428 Q 9428 Q 9428 Q 9428 Q 9428 Q
Other land Area 784 Fm 856 Fm 1023 Fm 990 Fm 1107 Fm
Permanent crops Area 125 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 Fm 1850 F 1850 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 73.5 I 71 Fm 71 W 63 W 56 I
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files