Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Maldives

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Datasheet

Maldives

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  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentRoistacher and Civerolo (1989); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentEPPO (2020); Watson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWatson et al. (1995); EPPO (2020); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentNHM (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentWatson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentNHM (1995); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrontispa longissima (coconut hispine beetle)PresentRethinam and Singh (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadSubra (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentWatson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWatson et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentNativeWatson et al. (1995); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedMuniappan (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentNHM (1976); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNHM (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Present, WidespreadNativeAli and Ripley (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeRandall and Anderson (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Absent, Formerly presentAnderson and Baldock (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMead (1961); Muniappan (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeUNEP (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.Presentde Reviers (1989); Vairappan (2006); Vairappan et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSilva et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedde Reviers (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)Present, LocalizedNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedISSG (2012); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016); ILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedRagone (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPIER (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeSelvam (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedInvasivePallewatta et al. (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (2005); ILDIS (2007); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedFosberg (1957)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentSpicer and Newbery (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeTopp (1988)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Arecanuts Area Harvested 7 F 7 F 7 F 5 F 2 F
Arecanuts Production Quantity 10 Im 9 F 9 F 6 F 3
Arecanuts Yield 14285.7 Fc 12857.1 Fc 12857.1 Fc 12000 Fc 15000 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 255 Im 250 F 170 F 320 F 350 F
Bananas Production Quantity 7000 F 6500 * 4340 * 8210 * 8910 F
Bananas Yield 274510 Fc 260000 Fc 255294 Fc 256563 Fc 254571 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F 2 F
Cassava Production Quantity 3 F 3 2 2 4
Cassava Yield 30000 Fc 30000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 67 A 72 A 73 A 72 A 72 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 168 A 163 A 144 A 145 A 138 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 0.54 A 0.54 A 0.61 A 0.65 A 0.61 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 25074.6 Fc 22638.9 Fc 19726 Fc 20138.9 Fc 19166.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 67 A 72 A 73 A 72 A 72 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 168 A 163 A 144 A 145 A 138 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 0.54 A 0.54 A 0.61 A 0.65 A 0.61 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 25074.6 Fc 22638.9 Fc 19726 Fc 20138.9 Fc 19166.7 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 9 Im 8 Im 7 F 7 F 9 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 8 Im 6 Im 5 F 5 F 5 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 8888.89 Fc 7500 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7142.86 Fc 5555.56 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 65 Im 60 F 23 F 17 F 18 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 210 F 214 80 59 63
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 32307.7 Fc 35666.7 Fc 34782.6 Fc 34705.9 Fc 35000 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3 A 4 A 4 A 4 A 3.75 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 28 A 35 A 34 A 33 A 30 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 93333.3 Fc 87500 Fc 85000 Fc 82500 Fc 80000 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 67 A 72 A 73 A 72 A 72 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 168 A 163 A 144 A 145 A 138 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 0.54 A 0.54 A 0.61 A 0.65 A 0.61 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 25074.6 Fc 22638.9 Fc 19726 Fc 20138.9 Fc 19166.7 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 1027 Im 1000 F 1200 F 500 F 500 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 6700 F 6400 * 5170 * 2075 * 2070 *
Coconuts Yield 65238.6 Fc 64000 Fc 43083.3 Fc 41500 Fc 41400 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 719 A 726 A 610 A 715 A 680.75 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10578 A 10046 A 8035 A 11704 A 12010 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 147121 Fc 138375 Fc 131721 Fc 163692 Fc 176423 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 251 Im 220 F 210 F 200 F 220 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 2400 F 2369 2400 F 2400 F 2500 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 95617.5 Fc 107682 Fc 114286 Fc 120000 Fc 113636 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 3 Im 4 F 4 F 4 F 3.75 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 28 Im 35 Im 34 Im 33 Im 30
Lemons and limes Yield 93333.3 Fc 87500 Fc 85000 Fc 82500 Fc 80000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 24 Im 27 Im 29 Im 27 Im 26 Im
Maize Production Quantity 120 Im 117 Im 94 F 90 F 82 F
Maize Seed 0.54 Fc 0.54 Fc 0.61 Fc 0.65 Fc 0.61 Fc
Maize Yield 50000 Fc 43333.3 Fc 32413.8 Fc 33333.3 Fc 31538.5 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 9 F 9 F 6 F 11 F 7 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 50 F 53 33 68 41
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 55555.6 Fc 58888.9 Fc 55000 Fc 61818.2 Fc 58571.4 Fc
Millet Area Harvested F F
Millet Production Quantity F F
Millet Seed
Millet Yield
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 437 Im 426 Im 416 Im 410 F 400 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2144 Im 2028 Im 2100 F 2000 F 2100 F
Nuts, nes Yield 49061.8 Fc 47605.6 Fc 50480.8 Fc 48780.5 Fc 52500 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 1027 A 1000 A 1200 A 500 A 500 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 536 A 512 A 413.6 A 166 A 165.6 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5219.08 Fc 5120 Fc 3446.67 Fc 3320 Fc 3312 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1027 A 1000 A 1200 A 500 A 500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 871 A 832 A 672.1 A 269.75 A 269.1 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 8481.01 Fc 8320 Fc 5600.83 Fc 5395 Fc 5382 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 8 Im 7 Im 5 F 4 F 3 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 35 Im 30 Im 25 F 20 F 18 F
Onions, dry Yield 43750 Fc 42857.1 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 60000 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 201 Im 243 Im 220 F 180 F 100 F
Papayas Production Quantity 1100 F 1089 1228 993 529
Papayas Yield 54726.4 Fc 44814.8 Fc 55818.2 Fc 55166.7 Fc 52900 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 113 Im 114 Im 97 Im 77 Im 100 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 89 Im 86 Im 72 Im 62 Im 75 F
Pulses, nes Seed 4.52 Fc 4.52 Fc 4.56 Fc 3.88 Fc 3.08 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 7876.11 Fc 7543.86 Fc 7422.68 Fc 8051.95 Fc 7500 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 113 A 114 A 97 A 77 A 100 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 89 A 86 A 72 A 62 A 75 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4.52 A 4.52 A 4.56 A 3.88 A 3.08 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7876.11 Fc 7543.86 Fc 7422.68 Fc 8051.95 Fc 7500 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 446 Im 438 Im 433 Im 441 Im 493 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2265 Im 2046 Im 2111 Im 2125 Im 2300 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 50784.8 Fc 46712.3 Fc 48752.9 Fc 48185.9 Fc 46653.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 491 A 485 A 469 A 522 A 528 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2343 A 2121 A 2239 A 2284 A 2380 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 47718.9 Fc 43732 Fc 47739.9 Fc 43754.8 Fc 45075.8 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 43 Im 45 Im 44 Im 45 F 46 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 48 Im 46 Im 50 Im 55 F 56 F
Sorghum Yield 11162.8 Fc 10222.2 Fc 11363.6 Fc 12222.2 Fc 12173.9 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 38 Im 40 F 15 F 65 F 24 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 37 Im 38 12 65 24
Sweet potatoes Yield 9736.84 Fc 9500 Fc 8000 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 6 F 6 F 20 F 15 F 9 F
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 38 Im 34 114 92 52
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 63333.3 Fc 56666.7 Fc 57000 Fc 61333.3 Fc 57777.8 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 11 Im 8 F 3 F 0.3 F 0.5 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 150 F 151 58 5 8 F
Tomatoes Yield 136364 Fc 188750 Fc 193333 Fc 166667 Fc 160000 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 437 A 426 A 416 A 410 A 400 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2144 A 2028 A 2100 A 2000 A 2100 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 49061.8 Fc 47605.6 Fc 50480.8 Fc 48780.5 Fc 52500 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1287 Im 1400 F 2000 F 2100 F 150 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 2100 F 2115 2300 F 2770 * 2300 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 16317 Fc 15107.1 Fc 11500 Fc 13190.5 Fc 153333 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 1371 A 1475 A 2031 A 2121.3 A 171.5 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2495 A 2510 A 2463 A 2854 A 2389 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 18198.4 Fc 17017 Fc 12127 Fc 13454 Fc 139300 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1371 A 1475 A 2031 A 2121.3 A 171.5 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2495 A 2510 A 2463 A 2854 A 2389 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 18198.4 Fc 17017 Fc 12127 Fc 13454 Fc 139300 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Arecanuts Area Harvested 260 F 40 F 8 F 51 F 52 Im
Arecanuts Production Quantity 333 51 11 38 F 44 Im
Arecanuts Yield 12807.7 Fc 12750 Fc 13750 Fc 7450.98 Fc 8461.54 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 320 F 200 F 320 F 120 F 100 F
Bananas Production Quantity 10313 6154 9081 3300 F 3000 F
Bananas Yield 322281 Fc 307700 Fc 283781 Fc 275000 Fc 300000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 14 F 25 F 55 F 16 Im 18 F
Cassava Production Quantity 28 58 133 70 F 75 F
Cassava Yield 20000 Fc 23200 Fc 24181.8 Fc 43750 Fc 41666.7 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 70 A 68 A 67 A 71 A 62 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 135 A 120 A 132 A 177 A 106 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 0.5900000000000001 A 1 A 0.58 A 0.6 A 0.6599999999999999 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 19285.7 Fc 17647.1 Fc 19701.5 Fc 24929.6 Fc 17096.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 70 A 68 A 67 A 71 A 62 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 135 A 120 A 132 A 177 A 106 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 0.5900000000000001 A 1 A 0.58 A 0.6 A 0.6599999999999999 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 19285.7 Fc 17647.1 Fc 19701.5 Fc 24929.6 Fc 17096.8 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 8 Im 7 F 8 F 8 Im 6 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 5 F 5 F 6 F 6 F 8 Im
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 6250 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7500 Fc 7500 Fc 13333.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 180 F 30 F 29 F 12 F 14 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 497 87 104 35 F 40 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 27611.1 Fc 29000 Fc 35862.1 Fc 29166.7 Fc 28571.4 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 0.2 A 0.6 A 0.5 A A A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2 A 5 A 4 A A A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 100000 Fc 83333.3 Fc 80000 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 70 A 68 A 67 A 71 A 62 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 135 A 120 A 132 A 177 A 106 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 0.5900000000000001 A 1 A 0.58 A 0.6 A 0.6599999999999999 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 19285.7 Fc 17647.1 Fc 19701.5 Fc 24929.6 Fc 17096.8 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 600 F 3600 F 6800 F 7000 F 6500 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 2562 17035 * 36312 * 37446 * 23435 *
Coconuts Yield 42700 Fc 47319.4 Fc 53400 Fc 53494.3 Fc 36053.8 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 850.2 A 750.6 A 860.5 A 390 A 380 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14605 A 10497 A 13788 A 6200 A 6000 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 171783 Fc 139848 Fc 160232 Fc 158974 Fc 157895 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 250 F 260 F 260 F 270 F 280 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 2600 F 2600 F 2800 F 2900 F 3000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 104000 Fc 100000 Fc 107692 Fc 107407 Fc 107143 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 0.2 F 0.6 F 0.5 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 2 5 4
Lemons and limes Yield 100000 Fc 83333.3 Fc 80000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 25 F 24 25 F 25 F 20 F
Maize Production Quantity 80 F 80 F 84 80 F 60 F
Maize Seed 0.5900000000000001 Fc 1 F 0.54 Fc 0.5600000000000002 Fc 0.5600000000000002 Fc
Maize Yield 32000 Fc 33333.3 Fc 33600 Fc 32000 Fc 30000 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 80 F 190 F 80 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 464 1303 552
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 58000 Fc 68578.9 Fc 69000 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 2 F 5 Im 4 Im
Millet Production Quantity 2 F 50 F 4 F
Millet Seed F 0.04 Fc 0.04 Fc 0.1 Fc
Millet Yield 10000 Fc 100000 Fc 10000 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 390 F 350 F 300 F 270 F 260 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 2000 F 1500 F 1200 F 1100 F 1100 F
Nuts, nes Yield 51282.1 Fc 42857.1 Fc 40000 Fc 40740.7 Fc 42307.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 600 A 3600 A 6800 A 7000 A 6500 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 204.96 A 1362.8 A 2904.96 A 2995.68 A 1874.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3416 Fc 3785.56 Fc 4272 Fc 4279.54 Fc 2884.31 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 600 A 3600 A 6800 A 7000 A 6500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 333.06 A 2214.55 A 4720.56 A 4867.98 A 3046.55 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5551 Fc 6151.53 Fc 6942 Fc 6954.26 Fc 4687 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 3 F 3 F 2 F 12 Im 10 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 16 F 15 F 9 60 F 50 F
Onions, dry Yield 53333.3 Fc 50000 Fc 45000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 200 F 100 F 200 F
Papayas Production Quantity 1226 435 1351
Papayas Yield 61300 Fc 43500 Fc 67550 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 90 F 50 F 75 Im 71 Im 84 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 70 F 20 F 54 Im 47 Im 62 Im
Pulses, nes Seed 4 Fc 3 F 2 Fc 3 Fc 2.84 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 7777.78 Fc 4000 Fc 7200 Fc 6619.72 Fc 7380.95 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 90 A 50 A 75 A 71 A 84 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 70 A 20 A 54 A 47 A 62 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 4 A 3 A 2 A 3 A 2.84 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7777.78 Fc 4000 Fc 7200 Fc 6619.72 Fc 7380.95 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 500 F 450 F 826 Im 750 F 800 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2200 F 2000 F 3863 Im 3500 F 3600 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 44000 Fc 44444.4 Fc 46767.6 Fc 46666.7 Fc 45000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 714 A 640 A 1061 A 976 A 1026 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3060 A 2478 A 4472 A 3990 A 4115 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 42857.1 Fc 38718.8 Fc 42148.9 Fc 40881.2 Fc 40107.2 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 45 F 44 40 F 41 Im 38 Im
Sorghum Production Quantity 55 F 40 F 46 47 Im 42 Im
Sorghum Yield 12222.2 Fc 9090.91 Fc 11500 Fc 11463.4 Fc 11052.6 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 80 F 120 F 120 F 160 F 160 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 80 120 121 160 F 160 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 10000 Fc 10000 Fc 10083.3 Fc 10000 Fc 10000 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 120 F 45 F 60 F 50 F 48 F
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 752 300 355 260 F 280 F
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 62666.7 Fc 66666.7 Fc 59166.7 Fc 52000 Fc 58333.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 0.4 F 0.5 F 0.77 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 7 8 12
Tomatoes Yield 175000 Fc 160000 Fc 155844 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 390 A 350 A 300 A 270 A 260 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2000 A 1500 A 1200 A 1100 A 1100 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 51282.1 Fc 42857.1 Fc 40000 Fc 40740.7 Fc 42307.7 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 155 F 160 F 160 F 160 F 170 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 2300 F 2350 F 2450 F 2400 F 2500 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 148387 Fc 146875 Fc 153125 Fc 150000 Fc 147059 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 338.4 A 193.5 A 191.77 A 184 A 194 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2820 A 2460 A 2575 A 2495 A 2590 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 83333.3 Fc 127132 Fc 134275 Fc 135598 Fc 133505 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 338.4 A 193.5 A 191.77 A 184 A 194 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2820 A 2460 A 2575 A 2495 A 2590 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 83333.3 Fc 127132 Fc 134275 Fc 135598 Fc 133505 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm
Arable land Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 6 Fm 6 Fm 6 Fm 6 Fm 6 Fm
Country area Area 30 W 30 W 30 W 30 W 30 W
Forest area Area 0.9 Fm 0.9 Q 0.9 Fm 0.9 Fm 0.9 Fm
Land area Area 30 W 30 W 30 W 30 W 30 W
Other land Area 22.1 Fm 22.1 Fm 22.1 Fm 22.1 Fm 22.1 Fm
Permanent crops Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 8 Fm 9 Fm 11 Fm 12 Fm 12 Fm
Arable land Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 7 Fm 8 Fm 10 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm
Country area Area 30 W 30 W 30 W 30 Q 30 Q
Forest area Area 0.9 Fm 0.9 E 0.9 Fm 0.9 Fm 0.9 Fm
Land area Area 30 W 30 W 30 W 30 Q 30 Q
Other land Area 21.1 Fm 20.1 Fm 18.1 Fm 17.1 Fm 17.1 Fm
Permanent crops Area 4 Fm 5 Fm 7 Fm 8 Fm 8 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 F 1 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files