Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Malta

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Datasheet

Malta

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 502,653 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 28,030 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 14,089.98 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 14,989.42 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 0.71 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)AbsentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasivePorta-Puglia and Mifsud (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Luo et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Guarnaccia et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma boholensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthococcus araucariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentSaliba (1963); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)Present, WidespreadMifsud (1995); Mifsud (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAscalenia acaciellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAutographa gamma (silver-Y moth)PresentMifsud et al. (2019); Borg and Sammut (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)PresentIntroducedInfantino et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedMifsud (1995); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBifascioides leucomelanellusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Sammut (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla mauritanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerambyx carinatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerambyx nodulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSchembri et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChonocephalus depressusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeValletta (1973); Valletta (1973); UK, CAB International (1977); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); Borg and Sammut (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)PresentAgius (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiplopseustis perieresalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNativeKarsholt and Razowski (1996); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea ocularisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuclasta variiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium aequinoctialePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGisilia stereodoxaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Mifsud (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1993); Sammut and Borg (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJosephiella microcarpaePresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMifsud (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentSciberras and Sciberras (2010); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentFauna Europaea (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2002); Dawah and Deeming (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium salomonisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna languidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Colazza and Bin (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadSaliba (1963); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOzognathus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresent, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentBorg (1932); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBorg and Attard-Montalto (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusPresentMifsud et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhryneta leprosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Present, WidespreadCABI/EPPO (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1986); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentValletta (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentSaliba (1963); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentNHM (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsilopa fratellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); IPPC (2013); CABI and EPPO (2016); IPPC (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRosalia alpinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScaptomyza adustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSilvanus lewisiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStrumigenys lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentMifsud (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentMifsud and Carapezza (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrachyopella stramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)PresentNativeInvasiveRoques et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchembri (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZizeeria knysnaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChamaeleo chameleonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Absent, Formerly presentDespott (1913); Kraus (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLaudakia stellio (stellion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMediodactylus kotschyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)AbsentFroese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParupeneus forsskali (Red Sea goatfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPelophylax cf. bedriagaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, Few occurrencesNativeVladykov (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Por (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Lanfranco (1993); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); BirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveAxiak et al. (1991); Carabott (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataEucidaris tribuloides (slate pencil urchin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeolidiella indicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBursatella leachiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChelidonura fulvipunctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadNativeCanadian Food Inspection Agency (2009); Taylor (1914)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCachia (1981); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIndothais laceraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Agius et al. (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedIssel (1868)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBarbieri et al. (2016); Pallary (1912); Evans et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPolycerella emertoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentGiusti et al. (1995); Hunt (1997); Bank (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedLamberti and Dandria (1979); Larizza and Lamberti (1995); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedZasada and Gatt (2000); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLamberti et al. (1987); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentLamberti and Dandria (1979); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria pygmaeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativePrice (1970); Cormaci et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedISSG (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia albaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia arborescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)PresentIntroducedMifsud (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMifsud S (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedGISP (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLanfranco (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentIntroducedvon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentIntroducedvon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeGibbs (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeJalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Orwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus amygdalinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris tectorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris xiphiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedMarhold (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum maximumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimonium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeRhodes and Maxted (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyoporum tetrandrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus papyraceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia maximaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentCarlón et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, WidespreadParker and Riches (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeParker (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis variabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeMifsud (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentJalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda phyteumaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina laevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex lunariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Absent, Formerly presentDuthie (1875)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentHaslam et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentPorta-Puglia and Mifsud (2006); Zasada and Gatt (2000); Pace-Lupi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentWestra and Roodin (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentNativeILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum polonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentHaslam et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWigandia urensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentMartelli et al. (1992)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)AbsentEPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesIPPC (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); EPPO (2021)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian leukosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); Abela (1999); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); Abela (1999); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (1999); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leishmaniosisPresentOIE (2019); Headington et al. (2002); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); ESAVS (1992); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentFAO (1997); OIE (1998)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2009)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
ApplesProduction quantity1020211628
Area harvested6 Im4 Im8 Im
Yield35,000 Fc40,000 Fc35,000 Fc
ApricotsProduction quantity2040442138
Area harvested6 Im3 Im5 Im
Yield73,333 Fc70,000 Fc76,000 Fc
ArtichokesProduction quantity1,3001,6201,5101,4861,888
Area harvested169 Im167 Im214 Im
Yield89,349 Fc88,982 Fc88,224 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested522 Im520 Im522 Im
Production quantity2,174 Im2,163 Im2,180 Im
Yield41,648 Fc41,596 Fc41,762 Fc
Beans, greenProduction quantity800850
Berries nesArea harvested45 Im48 Im75 Im
Production quantity121 Im128 Im135 Im
Yield26,889 Fc26,667 Fc18,000 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested
Production quantity
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested267 Im267 Im270 Im
Production quantity767 Im764 Im770 Im
Yield28,727 Fc28,614 Fc28,519 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasProduction quantity4,2304,5003,7054,1034,118
Area harvested263 Im288 Im289 Im
Yield140,875 Fc142,465 Fc142,491 Fc
Carrots and turnipsProduction quantity1,0401,1701,1071,4561,262
Area harvested47 Im61 Im52 Im
Yield235,532 Fc238,689 Fc242,692 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliProduction quantity5,2405,4206,0596,7765,796
Area harvested325 Im364 Im309 Im
Yield186,431 Fc186,154 Fc187,573 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Cereals, TotalArea harvestedAA2,989 A2,647 A2,525 A
Production quantityAA14,587 A12,759 A12,180 A
Yield48,802 Fc48,202 Fc48,238 Fc
CherriesProduction quantity
Cherries, sourArea harvested
Production quantity
ChestnutArea harvested
Production quantity
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA142 A152 A164 A
Production quantity1,050 A1,140 A1,765 A1,920 A2,158 A
Yield124,296 Fc126,316 Fc131,585 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested30 Im34 Im31 Im
Production quantity810770807893822
Yield269,000 Fc262,647 Fc265,161 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested
Production quantity
Eggplants (aubergines)Production quantity4,8405,040792810739
Area harvested28 Im29 Im26 Im
Yield282,857 Fc279,310 Fc284,231 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
FigsProduction quantity30605971122
Area harvested26 Im31 Im54 Im
Yield22,692 Fc22,903 Fc22,593 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested420 A420 A3,045 A2,892 A3,699 A
Production quantity11,830 A13,530 A14,280 A13,198 A16,430 A
Yield281,667 Fc322,143 Fc46,897 Fc45,636 Fc44,417 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested54 Im52 Im53 Im
Production quantity422 Im406 Im424 Im
Yield78,148 Fc78,077 Fc80,000 Fc
Fruit, pome nesProduction quantity
GarlicProduction quantity540580358479616
Area harvested43 Im59 Im76 Im
Yield83,256 Fc81,186 Fc81,053 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Production quantity1020769
Area harvested1 Im1 Im1 Im
Yield70,000 Fc60,000 Fc90,000 Fc
GrapesArea harvested4204202,321 Im2,224 Im2,885 Im
Production quantity3,2404,1103,6283,7075,110
Yield77,143 Fc97,857 Fc15,631 Fc16,668 Fc17,712 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested
Production quantity
HopsArea harvested
Production quantity
Kiwi fruitArea harvested
Production quantity
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesProduction quantity160200226258249
Area harvested11 Im13 Im12 Im
Yield205,455 Fc198,462 Fc207,500 Fc
Lemons and limesProduction quantity350310357466428
Area harvested25 Im32 Im28 Im
Yield142,800 Fc145,625 Fc152,857 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested168 Im196 Im213 Im
Production quantity2,5102,8903,2753,7834,092
Yield194,940 Fc193,010 Fc192,113 Fc
LinseedArea harvested
Production quantity
LupinsArea harvested
Production quantity
MaizeArea harvested
Production quantity
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested137 Im121 Im142 Im
Production quantity2,0802,7602,8612,5252,984
Yield208,832 Fc208,678 Fc210,141 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction quantity6406408731,6762,021
Area harvestedMMM
Nuts nesArea harvested
Production quantity
OatsArea harvested
Production quantity
OilcropsArea harvestedAA63 A31 A93 A
Production quantity30 AA60 A30 A90 A
Yield9,524 Fc9,677 Fc9,677 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvestedAA63 A31 A93 A
Production quantity7 AA13 A7 A20 A
Yield2,095 Fc2,129 Fc2,129 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested
Production quantity
OlivesProduction quantity3060 Im30 *90 *
Area harvested63 Im31 Im93 Im
Yield9,524 Fc9,677 Fc9,677 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested492 Im469 Im446 Im
Production quantity8,0308,8108,4888,2348,108
Yield172,520 Fc175,565 Fc181,794 Fc
OrangesProduction quantity6908108929661,187
Area harvested57 Im63 Im76 Im
Yield156,491 Fc153,333 Fc156,184 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesProduction quantity330410623184765
Area harvested50 Im15 Im61 Im
Yield124,600 Fc122,667 Fc125,410 Fc
PearsProduction quantity70200222334
Area harvested1 Im1 Im2 Im
Yield220,000 Fc230,000 Fc170,000 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested
Production quantity
Peas, greenProduction quantity13014015975152
Area harvested37 Im17 Im35 Im
Yield42,973 Fc44,118 Fc43,429 Fc
Plums and sloesProduction quantity4040
PotatoesArea harvested690690700700700
Production quantity8,9909,3608,7406,8258,017
Yield130,290 Fc135,652 Fc124,857 Fc97,500 Fc114,529 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Pulses, TotalArea harvestedAA606 A612 A618 A
Production quantityAA1,713 A1,718 A1,729 A
Yield28,267 Fc28,072 Fc27,977 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsProduction quantity2,7802,8401,4161,4101,362
Area harvested68 Im67 Im64 Im
Yield208,235 Fc210,448 Fc212,813 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested
Production quantity
RaspberriesArea harvested
Production quantity
Rice, paddyArea harvested
Production quantity
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested690 A690 A700 A700 A700 A
Production quantity8,990 A9,360 A8,740 A6,825 A8,017 A
Yield130,290 Fc135,652 Fc124,857 Fc97,500 Fc114,529 Fc
RyeArea harvested
Production quantity
SorghumArea harvested
Production quantity
SoybeansArea harvested
Production quantity
SpinachProduction quantity190180185237233
Area harvested17 Im21 Im21 Im
Yield108,824 Fc112,857 Fc110,952 Fc
StrawberriesProduction quantity1,5701,470934804788
Area harvested50 Im43 Im42 Im
Yield186,800 Fc186,977 Fc187,619 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested
Production quantity
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Sunflower seedArea harvested
Production quantity
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested5 Im4 Im6 Im
Production quantity8776110
Yield174,000 Fc190,000 Fc183,333 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested
Production quantity
TomatoesProduction quantity9,84011,19010,90212,38011,977
Area harvested282 Im320 Im307 Im
Yield386,596 Fc386,875 Fc390,130 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
TriticaleArea harvested
Production quantity
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvestedAA5,262 A5,001 A5,316 A
Production quantity43,850 A47,660 A73,516 A76,248 A76,850 A
Yield139,711 Fc152,466 Fc144,564 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesProduction quantity75080030,985 Im30,654 Im30,906 Im
Area harvested2,431 Im2,405 Im2,424 Im
Yield127,458 Fc127,459 Fc127,500 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesProduction quantity20202,6691,5382,509
Area harvested851 Im491 Im797 Im
Yield31,363 Fc31,324 Fc31,481 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
WatermelonsProduction quantity3,3903,2803,5603,1563,636
Area harvested94 Im83 Im96 Im
Yield378,723 Fc380,241 Fc378,750 Fc
WheatArea harvested2,467 Im2,127 Im2,003 Im
Production quantity12,413 Im10,596 Im10,000 F
Yield50,316 Fc49,817 Fc49,925 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested124 Im127 Im126 Im
Production quantity324 Im328 Im326 Im
Yield26,129 Fc25,827 Fc25,873 Fc
CarobsArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested79 Im79 Im77 Im
Production quantity407 Im408 Im398 Im
Yield51,519 Fc51,646 Fc51,688 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested88 Im88 Im88 Im
Production quantity235 Im235 Im234 Im
Yield26,705 Fc26,705 Fc26,591 Fc
VetchesArea harvested215 Im218 Im222 Im
Production quantity622 Im626 Im633 Im
Yield28,930 Fc28,716 Fc28,514 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea10 Q10 Q10 Q10 Q10 Q
AgricultureArea10 Fc10 Fc10 Fc10 Fc10 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea4 Q4 Q4 Q4 Q4 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 W0 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area0 Q0 Q0 Q0 W0 Q
Arable landArea9 Q9 Q9 Q9 Q9 Q
Coastal waters used for aquac. or holding facilitiesArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q
Country areaArea32 Q32 Q32 Q32 Q32 Q
CroplandArea10 Q10 Q10 Q10 Q10 Q
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm
Forest landArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Fm
Land areaArea32 Q32 Q32 Q32 Q32 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea4 Q4 Q4 Q4 Q4 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea8 Fm8 Fm8 Fm8 Fm8 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q1 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Fm
Other landArea21 Fc21 Fc21 Fc21 Fc21 Fc
Planted ForestArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.