Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Northern Mariana Islands

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Datasheet

Northern Mariana Islands

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • General data
  • Region: Oceania
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 83,800

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present Wall and Santos, 1988; Wall et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, never occurred CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present Hodges and Tenorio, 1984; CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle) Present Introduced YesPemberton, 1954; CIE, 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968; Carver, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present NAPPO 15:2; CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesWaterhouse, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera frauenfeldi (mango fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tryoni (Queensland fruit fly) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present de Barro et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Native NoMoore Tudela, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Clarke , 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Rueda et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper) Present Waterhouse and Norris, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurema blanda (three-spot grass yellow butterfly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; Beardsley, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Reddy et al., 2009; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present Moore, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Muniappan, 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; Silva-Krott et al., 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Introduced YesWood, 1960.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Introduced YesSchedl, 1963; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Widespread Introduced YesBaker, 1951.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Myers, 1999; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRusa marianna (Philippine deer) Localised Introduced YesWiles et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesSPREP, 2000; Kessler, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Widespread Introduced YesTillier et al., 1993; Cowie, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail) Present Introduced YesCiveyrel and Simberloff, 1996; Cowie, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug) Widespread Introduced Robinson and Hollingsworth, 2005; Badilles et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm) Widespread Introduced YesEldredge and Smith , 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern) Present Introduced Yoshioka, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Meneses and Abbott, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced YesWagner et al., 2012; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusa Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Swarbrick, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced YesSpace et al., 2000; ILDIS, 2002; PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Wagner et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Wagner et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Wagner et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Wagner et al., 2014b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced PIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2009; Wagner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Ragone, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1979; Swarbrick, 1997; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Introduced PIER, 2015; Wagner et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Seaver, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native PIER, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Introduced YesMeyer, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesGautier, 1992b; PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass) Present Native Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced YesFosberg, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Fosberg, et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Native Wagner et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced YesRobinson, 2006; Wagner et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced PIER, 2012; Fosberg et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Present Introduced HEAR, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Introduced PIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009; PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Localised Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Introduced Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane) Present Introduced HEAR, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop) Present Introduced PIER, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Little and Skolmen, 1989; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Introduced PIER, 2014; Wagner et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced Govaerts and Barker, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced PIER, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1987; PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Introduced Wagner et al., 2012; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced PIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Wagner et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Introduced YesIRVINE, 1961; Chadhokar, 1978; Fosberg et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1979; Dehgan, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesMeyer, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Widespread Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Native Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present NoHEAR, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Introduced PIER, 2016; Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Introduced PIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced NoFosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Present Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1975; Fosberg et al., 1979; Space et al., 2000; Raulerson, 2006; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Widespread Introduced YesWaterhouse and Norris, 1987; PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Absent, unreliable record Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1979; Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; Space and Imada, 2004; PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1979; Fosberg et al., 1980; Raulerson, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Wagner et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present NoPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present YesFosberg et al., 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present PIER, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Widespread Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1979; Meyer, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1979; PIER, 2013; Wagner et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present Introduced PIER, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced Space and et al. , 2000; PIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Wagner et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced Space and et al. , 2000; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1975; Fosberg et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Introduced PIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present Introduced NoPIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present Introduced YesFosberg et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present NoFriday and Okano, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced NoFosberg, et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Fosberg et al., 1979; PIER, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present PIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced PIER, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced PIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced Fosberg et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Beadell et al., 2006.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
bluetongue Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE, 1999.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Beadell et al., 2006.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Arable land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 1.92 Fm 1.92 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Country area Area 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 W 46 W
Forest area Area 30.15 Fm 30.32 Q 30.48 Fm 30.65 Fm 30.81 Fm
Land area Area 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 Fm 46 W 46 W
Other land Area 12.85 Fm 12.68 Fm 12.52 Fm 12.35 Fm 12.19 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Arable land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Country area Area 46 W 46 Q 46 Q 46 Q 46 Q
Forest area Area 30.98 Fm 31.14 Q 31.31 Fm 31.47 Fm 31.64 Fm
Land area Area 46 W 46 Q 46 Q 46 Q 46 Q
Other land Area 12.02 Fm 11.86 Fm 11.69 Fm 11.53 Fm 11.36 Fm
Permanent crops Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 Fm 0.1 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files