Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Macedonia

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Datasheet

Macedonia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Macedonia
  • General data
  • Region: Europe
  • Area (km2): 260,000
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 2,037,032
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,470
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$7,061,826,048
  • GDP: US$7,673,937,408
  • Agriculture, value added: US$786,510,080

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Mitrev and Kostadinovska, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaci Present Introduced ISSG, IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present Trajcevski, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present Introduced Logrieco et al., 1990.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present Evans, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread YesBrasier and Kirk, 2001.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Present Native NoMarinkovic, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present Kostic, 1966; Kostic and Joksimovic, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Native NoEichhorn, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Vasilev, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephaga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Present Langourov and Simov, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Widespread Native YesDeschka and Dimic, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus nepos Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present de Jong et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Widespread Hopper et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present Native NoKarsholt and Razowski, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElachertus cidariae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEotetranychus weldoni Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoMuranyi, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Widespread Native Kusevska, 1972; Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus pluchei Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present Native Martinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth) Present Velimirovic, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present EPPO, 2014; Georgieva et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesDzutevski and Cakar , 1955.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present Jelínek, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonarthropalpus flavus (boxwood leafminer) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna languida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Margaritopoulos et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoKusevska, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeotoxoptera oliveri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Present Lastuvka and Lastuvka, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Widespread Native NoKaraman , 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle) Present Native YesKaraman, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Purrini, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStephanitis oberti Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala alta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Present Tsankov et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon telekiae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoCetkovic, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoBalachowsky, 1963; Postner, 1974; Schedl, 1981; Pfeffer, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Freyhof and Kottelat, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Native NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Widespread Native NoFAO, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Muus and Dahlstrom, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoMitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog) Present, few occurrences Introduced Ciairovicia, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoWeller, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Present Introduced BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Localised NoHelix Consulting, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Wiktor, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present Bank, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Present Moravec, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Krnjaic, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Stojanovski et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present, few occurrences Native NoSlageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native Jovanovic, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Lozanovski et al., 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Micevski, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Widespread Introduced YesKonstantinovic et al., 1989; Maceljski and Igrc, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (indigo bush) Present Introduced Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe) Present Native NoAtlas Florae Europaeae, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Localised YesGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Restricted distribution Lozanovski et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Flora Italiana, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Native Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Stace, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula tillaea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Native NoHeywood and Ball, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Widespread Native NoGibbs, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Introduced Jalas and Suominen, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlinus lotoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced Pacanoski and Saliji, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Introduced Flora Europaea, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Kumar, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape) Present Introduced YesKostov and Pacanoski, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Flora Italiana, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Native NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Native NoMeusel and Jäger, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native ISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native Euro+Med Plantbase, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Jalas and Suominen, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present NoCvetkovic and Rizovski, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Rechinger and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native Hayek, 1931; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Hayek, 1931; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Widespread Native Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium angustifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Present Introduced YesEleftherohorinos et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Hayek, 1931; Boulos, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017; Roskov et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoHeywood, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Kostadinovska et al., 2014.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Present Moravec, 2006.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian trichomoniasis Present Kulisic et al., 1996.
avian tuberculosis CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported Knowles et al., 1932; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Stojanovski et al., 2013.
botulism Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Present OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Present Introduced ISSG, IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group; OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine No information available OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Present OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Kyriakis et al., 1997a; Kyriakis et al., 1997b.
European foulbrood Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Widespread Alvar et al., 2012; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
listeriosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009; Cokrevski et al., 2001.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Present OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Durisic et al., 1984.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present Pavlov, 1949; Mikacic, 1952; Pavlov, 1957; FAO, 1997; OIE, 1998.
theileriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis CAB Abstracts data mining OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi No information available OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file