Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide


Sint Maarten



Sint Maarten


  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Sint Maarten
  • General data
  • Region: Caribbean
  • Climates: Tropical, Tropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced YesMatile-Ferrero and Etienne, 1996; Etienne et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Pollard, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Wetterer, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Present Wetterer and Davis, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; Powell and Henderson, 2012; Van and Buurt Debrot, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoPowell et al., 2005; Powell, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present Introduced Burg et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced Burg et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present Native Aguilar-Meléndez et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced YesBurg et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Howard, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Widespread Introduced NoStoffers, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Fournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Localised Introduced UPRRP, 2016.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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