Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Montenegro

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Datasheet

Montenegro

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Montenegro
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 599,006
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$5,270
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$3,153,953,536
  • GDP: US$3,476,594,688
  • Agriculture, value added: US$288,383,520

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Radonjic et al., 2016.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Widespread Balaz et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present Latinovic and Maras, 2005.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present Latinovic et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback) Present Milenkovic et al., 2017.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaInonotus rickii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Present Pajović et al., 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Radonjic and Hrncic, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present Perovic et al., 2007; Perovic et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Radonjic, 2006; Radonjic and Hrncic, 2011; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesRadonjic and Hrncic, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid) Present Malumphy et al., 2013; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present Radonjic and Hrncic, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoFauna Europaea, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoMartinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLyphia tetraphylla Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna languida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present Radonjic and Hrncic, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Protic and Roganovic, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpilio parietinus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present Radonjic and Hrncic, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Introduced YesRadonjic and Hrncic, 2011; Radonjic and Hrncic, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Hrncic, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron deforme Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Roganovic, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStephanitis oberti Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala alta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Radonjic and Hrncic, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Radonjic and Hrncic, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present Hrncic and Radonjic, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoCetkovic, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Roganovic, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Freyhof and Kottelat, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Native NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Localised Introduced YesĆirović et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Olenin et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoMitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Present Introduced BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Blanc et al., 1971; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Localised Introduced NoHelix Consulting, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Wiktor and Jurkowska, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present Sacchi, 1971; Bank, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Pajovic et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Pajovic et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present Pajovic et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (indigo bush) Present Introduced Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Hand, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present, few occurrences Introduced Stesevic et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Introduced ISSG, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Cakovic et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane) Present Introduced YesCakovic et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced Simovich-Tosic and Skuhrava, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoGreuter, 2006; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced ISSG, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (Marsh-elder) Present Introduced Steševic and Jovanovic, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Kumar, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Flora Italiana, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Native NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present Native Karadzic and Vujanovic, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Native Virtual Herbaria Austria, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Introduced Stesevic and Jovovic, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Native NoISSG, 2014.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present Luigi et al., 2016; EPPO, 2018.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
babesiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bluetongue Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Present OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 12.2 Fm 12.1 Fm 13.1 Fm 14.3 Fm 15.3 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 0.13 W
Arable land Area 8.9 Fm 8.7 Fm 8.4 Fm 8.3 Fm 8 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 12.2 Fm 12.1 Fm 13.1 Fm 14.3 Fm 15.3 Fm
Country area Area 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W
Fallow land Area 5 Fm
Forest area Area 3.3 Fm 3.4 W 14.01 Fm 14.2 Fm 14.4 Fm
Land area Area 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W
Other land Area 22 Fm 22 Fm 10.39 Fm 9 Fm 7.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 3.3 Fm 3.4 W 4.7 Fm 6 Fm 7.3 Fm
Temporary crops Area 3.7 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 16.6 Fm 17.7 Fm 18.9 Fm 20 W 20 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area
Arable land Area 7.9 Fm 7.7 Fm 7.6 Fm 7.4 Fm 7.4 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 16.6 Fm 17.7 Fm 18.9 Fm 20 W 20 Fm
Country area Area 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 14.59 Fm 14.79 Q 14.98 Fm 15.17 Fm 15.37 Fm
Land area Area 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W 37.5 W
Other land Area 6.31 Fm 5.01 Fm 3.62 Fm 2.33 Fm 2.13 Fm
Permanent crops Area 8.7 Fm 10 Fm 11.3 Fm 12.6 W 12.6 Fm
Temporary crops Area
Total area equipped for irrigation Area
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files