Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide







  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Monaco
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 32,700

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Present Leraut, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present de Jong et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoFauna Europaea, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Widespread Introduced YesBernard, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianus Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native Vladykov, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Native NoCaziot, 1910.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Absent, unreliable record Godan, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Introduced YesMeinesz et al., 2001; UNEP, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Localised GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Stace, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoGreuter, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Introduced NoBall and Akeroyd, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Rechinger and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Native Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Boulos, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoHeywood, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Introduced

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file