Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Latvia

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Datasheet

Latvia

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 1,912,789 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 17,740 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 33,932.48 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 34,102.91 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 3.72 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); IPPC (2008); CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)AbsentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Tzukerzis (1964); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); Volkova et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentJuhnevica-Radenkova et al. (2016); Gomes et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentSpaulding (1961)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Volkova et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentIPPC (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentMatisone et al. (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus)PresentZukal et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentBurneviča et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeGrantiņa et al. (2000)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)PresentNativeGrantiņa et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeGrantiņa et al. (2000)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Present, LocalizedPriekule (2007); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)AbsentOIE (2020); Ouellet et al. (2005); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBoccardiella ligericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLagzdins and Pallo (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007); Salmane et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJärvekülg (1979); Leppäkoski and Olenin (2000); Weidema (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus caucasicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentRakauskas et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentIntroducedMihailova (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBaeocrara japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)PresentMetla et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStrake (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentTamutis (2002); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus warpachowskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaContarinia quinquenotata (Hemerocallis gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Apenite and Cinitis (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)PresentBright and Skidmore (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)PresentNativeListon (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentRupais (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holdich et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Barševskis (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeBright and Skidmore (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentBrammanis (1940); Vitola and Ozols (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeOzols (1975); Ozols (1982); Salmane (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeOzols (1985); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)PresentNativePavlovskii (1955); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1962); GEBAUER and SHILOVA (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentFauna Europaea (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentSilfverberg (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentRupais (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeEgli¯te and Zariņš (1993); Šmits et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedJohnsen and Taugbøl (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParamysis lacustrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentZariņš and Egli¯te (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentJankevica and Zarins (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentZarinysh (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentIntroducedInvasiveGrudule et al. (2007); Kalinkina and Berezina (2010); Strode et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentCramer (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveBright and Skidmore (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Barševskis and Savenkov (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadOzols et al. (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentZarinysh (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentTumss (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeStark (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBlair et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNOBANIS (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Blanc et al. (1971); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeWinkler et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)PresentElvira (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Winkler et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropercops cinctusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011); Froese and Pauly (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Behnke (2002); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNOBANIS (2011); Birnbaum (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeShpilev et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)PresentIntroducedPlikss and Aleksejevs (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativePlikss (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Winkler et al. (2000); Plikss (2002); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jansson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOlenin et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaKrynickillus melanocephalusPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); CABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBank et al. (2002); Stalazs et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeZipcodeZoo (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus cellariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentEglitis and Kaktynya (1970); Eglitis and Kaktynya (1972); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEglitis (1973); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentErenfelde (1984); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedVismanis and Jurkane (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeMalumphy and Ostrauskas (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea nobilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconogonon divaricatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeArhipova et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)Present, Few occurrencesNativeNOBANIS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentDAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NOBANIS (2010); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016); Euro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRurane et al. (2004); Kurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace maximaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAposeris foetidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresent, LocalizedInvasiveRutkovska and Jursevska (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia codonocephalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia gnaphalodesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia sieversiana (sieversian wormwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia tournefortianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster salignusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster sedifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus rytilobusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex dimorphostegiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex oblongifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxyris amaranthoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia sedoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentNative and IntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus briziformis (rattlesnake brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus racemosus (bald brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus ripariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLaiviņš et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaucalis platycarposPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea arenariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveOchsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dubiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum bulbosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaiturus marrubiastrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus ratisbonensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium desiccatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium opulifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pratericolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vacheliiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeInvasiveLapinsh et al. (2000); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum algidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum declinatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum hyssopifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum orientalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCousinia tenellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata laevipes (smooth bedstraw)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedDAISIE (2015); NOBANIS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus campestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus versicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)Present, WidespreadInvasiveRutkovska et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops ruthenicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNOBANIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus dahuricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus fibrosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus sibiricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium watsoniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopyrum triticeumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium ciconiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium laciniatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum gallicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum marschallianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas and Suominen (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFerulago sylvaticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966); Malumphy and Ostrauskas (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalatella sedifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedKabuce and Priede (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium rubioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium sylvaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium divaricatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeTsvelev (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rutkovska et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Greuter (2006); DAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBrummitt (1968); Fowler et al. (1991); Hansen et al. (2006); Jahodova et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLaiviņš and Gavrilova (2003); Jahodová et al. (2007); Priede (2008); Kabuce (2010); Zvaigzne and Kotane (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolosteum umbellatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum turkestanicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHornungia petraeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedCook and Luond (1982); Govaerts (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylotelephium carpaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylotelephium spectabilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ISSG (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hulten and Fries (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Absent, Formerly presentGudzhinskas (1991); NOBANIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria grandisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula squarrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus tingitanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus cardiacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium pinnatifidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidotheca suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2015); NOBANIS (2015); DAISIE (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula luzuloides (oakforest woodrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalus sachalinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago cancellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monanthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis discolor (changing forget-me-not)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea pullaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)Absent, Formerly presentUNEP-WCMC (2008); USA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera perangustaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera rubricaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera wieniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche coerulescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetasites hybridus (Winter heliotrope)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeucedanum ostruthiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus aizoon (gold sedum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum arenariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum paniculatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis ixocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeHultén and Fries (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)PresentIntroducedJansons et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa chaixiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycnemum arvensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum alpinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentJalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum bellardiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum cognatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum patulumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Walters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeUNEP (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla inclinataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedVanhellemont (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudolysimachion incanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia giganteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus illyricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perennePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa glabrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa gorenkensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWeidema (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex triangulivalvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentUzule (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia nemorosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaussurea amaraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScabiosa columbariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchistophyllidium bifurcumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScopolia carniolicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum hispanicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum reflexumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sexangularePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeKomarov et al. (1961); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio nemorensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeKomarov et al. (1961); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene conicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene multifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene pendulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene procumbensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene viscosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene wolgensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium polymorphumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium volgensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); ISSG (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNOBANIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeFatare (1989); Malumphy and Ostrauskas (2013); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorbus teodoriiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNOBANIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedRutkovska et al. (2011); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda acuminataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda corniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKuusk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphytum asperumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedBalode (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeloxys aristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThesium arvensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi caerulescens subsp. brachypetalumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pannonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium angulatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinasterPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella eriocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella rimosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum lychnitisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum phlomoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum phoeniceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium albinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedAbolina and Reriha (2004)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
VirusArterivirusPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentDzirkale et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Present, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); IPPC (2009); IPPC (2009)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
African swine feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2020); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (2020)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedVismanis and Jurkane (1967)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2000); OIE (2020)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
ChytridiomycosisAbsentOIE (2020); Ouellet et al. (2005); OIE (2020)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Tzukerzis (1964); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
European foul broodPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome)PresentZukal et al. (2016)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious myonecrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
ApplesArea harvested3,4403,2003,3312,4582,417
Production quantity10,39013,9007,4649,8547,815
Yield30,203 Fc43,438 Fc22,408 Fc40,090 Fc32,333 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested
Production quantity
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested86,800118,30070,30094,40099,300
Production quantity305,400306,300240,900283,200385,100
Yield35,184 Fc25,892 Fc34,267 Fc30,000 Fc38,781 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested840100471 Im319 Im219 Im
Production quantity480400 Im343 Im165 Im
Yield5,714 FcFc8,493 Fc10,752 Fc7,534 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested510500236185173
Production quantity470500353267240
Yield9,216 Fc10,000 Fc14,958 Fc14,432 Fc13,873 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested24,90040,100
Production quantity73,50081,200
Yield29,518 Fc20,249 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested6707001,8622,3422,719
Production quantity23,10018,40065,97880,80380,480
Yield344,776 Fc262,857 Fc354,339 Fc345,017 Fc295,991 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested5105001,3701,372935
Production quantity13,9509,60031,10543,24625,431
Yield273,529 Fc192,000 Fc227,044 Fc315,204 Fc271,989 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested40246133184
Production quantity3002001,4689361,532
Yield75,000 Fc59,675 Fc70,376 Fc83,261 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested13,30025,600MMM
Production quantity13,50025,300MMM
Yield10,150 Fc9,883 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested733,900 A679,800 A633,500 A706,100 A669,500 A
Production quantity3,163,200 A2,057,300 A2,692,500 A2,703,200 A3,021,500 A
Yield43,101 Fc30,263 Fc42,502 Fc38,284 Fc45,131 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested
Production quantity
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsProduction quantity7,2506,3007,3218,4717,430
Area harvested100184138127
Yield630,000 Fc397,880 Fc613,841 Fc585,039 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested810700635546516
Production quantity950500417488598
Yield11,728 Fc7,143 Fc6,567 Fc8,938 Fc11,589 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested200 A100 A101 A60 A60 A
Production quantity227 A260 A180 A
Yield22,475 Fc43,333 Fc30,000 Fc
FigsArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested6,880 A6,300 A6,664 A5,573 A5,025 A
Production quantity14,670 A17,300 A11,702 A14,397 A11,906 A
Yield21,323 Fc27,460 Fc17,560 Fc25,833 Fc23,694 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested330200
Production quantity340200
Yield10,303 Fc10,000 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested600
Production quantity200
Yield3,333 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested430200509178151
Production quantity1,3804001,884610680
Yield32,093 Fc20,000 Fc37,014 Fc34,270 Fc45,033 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested7,1005,7004,7006,9005,900
Production quantity14,40010,6006,30014,20015,300
Yield20,282 Fc18,596 Fc13,404 Fc20,580 Fc25,932 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested200100
Kiwi fruitArea harvested
Production quantity
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesProduction quantity540663345459
Area harvested632951
Yield105,238 Fc118,966 Fc90,000 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryProduction quantity720252615296
Area harvested401593
Yield63,000 Fc410,000 Fc31,828 Fc
LinseedArea harvested100100300100300
Production quantity100100300200300
Yield10,000 Fc10,000 Fc10,000 Fc20,000 Fc10,000 Fc
LupinsArea harvested100200200200100
Production quantity100500200300200
Yield10,000 Fc25,000 Fc10,000 Fc15,000 Fc20,000 Fc
MaizeArea harvested
Production quantity
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested
Production quantity
Nuts nesArea harvested
Production quantity
OatsArea harvested83,20086,80054,00062,10059,300
Production quantity237,800188,200134,000146,100160,400
Yield28,582 Fc21,682 Fc24,815 Fc23,527 Fc27,049 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested140,200 A122,700 A113,400 A100,400 A88,400 A
Production quantity408,800 A231,600 A327,900 A283,400 A293,648 A
Yield29,158 Fc18,875 Fc28,915 Fc28,227 Fc33,218 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested140,200 A122,700 A113,400 A100,400 A88,400 A
Production quantity245,283 A138,963 A196,749 A170,046 A176,198 A
Yield17,495 Fc11,325 Fc17,350 Fc16,937 Fc19,932 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested140,200 A122,700 A113,400 A100,400 A88,400 A
Production quantity155,309 A87,973 A124,481 A107,670 A111,565 A
Yield11,078 Fc7,170 Fc10,977 Fc10,724 Fc12,621 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested700800900300100
Production quantity4004001,400200148 Im
Yield5,714 Fc5,000 Fc15,556 Fc6,667 Fc14,800 Fc
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested3705001,121825917
Production quantity7,6108,00017,65915,15416,628
Yield205,676 Fc160,000 Fc157,529 Fc183,685 Fc181,330 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested
Production quantity
PearsArea harvested200200185158159
Production quantity700400431365451
Yield35,000 Fc20,000 Fc23,297 Fc23,101 Fc28,365 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested13,50011,4009,6008,6003,900
Production quantity27,70022,50029,50023,10011,800
Yield20,519 Fc19,737 Fc30,729 Fc26,860 Fc30,256 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested60100778784
Production quantity6010058104152
Yield10,000 Fc10,000 Fc7,532 Fc11,954 Fc18,095 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested10,0009,90021,50023,10024,804
Production quantity223,700196,200408,300491,600497,320
Yield223,700 Fc198,182 Fc189,907 Fc212,814 Fc200,500 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested6002001008001,400
Production quantity1,1002001009005,000
Yield18,333 Fc10,000 Fc10,000 Fc11,250 Fc35,714 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested39,100 A51,900 A48,300 A40,800 A31,100 A
Production quantity102,400 A104,400 A170,700 A125,400 A104,100 A
Yield26,189 Fc20,116 Fc35,342 Fc30,735 Fc33,473 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested240200575742543
Production quantity2,5001,9003,0736,4185,452
Yield104,167 Fc95,000 Fc53,443 Fc86,496 Fc100,405 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested139,400121,800112,200100,00088,000
Production quantity408,300231,100326,200283,000293,200
Yield29,290 Fc18,974 Fc29,073 Fc28,300 Fc33,318 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested200200187216206
Production quantity90200153176156
Yield4,500 Fc10,000 Fc8,182 Fc8,148 Fc7,573 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested
Production quantity
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested10,000 A9,900 A21,500 A23,100 A24,804 A
Production quantity223,700 A196,200 A408,300 A491,600 A497,320 A
Yield223,700 Fc198,182 Fc189,907 Fc212,814 Fc200,500 Fc
RyeArea harvested43,20021,70031,80035,80037,300
Production quantity191,20081,600129,400140,900159,600
Yield44,259 Fc37,604 Fc40,692 Fc39,358 Fc42,788 Fc
SorghumArea harvested
Production quantity
SoybeansArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
StrawberriesArea harvested490500489450434
Production quantity1,1901,3001,3941,1301,343
Yield24,286 Fc26,000 Fc28,507 Fc25,111 Fc30,945 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested
Production quantity
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAAAAA
Production quantityAAAAA
Sunflower seedArea harvested
Production quantity
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested
Production quantity
TomatoesProduction quantity4,7505,2005,0685,8216,056
Area harvested525 Im550 Im418 F
Yield96,533 Fc105,836 Fc144,880 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
TriticaleArea harvested7,6004,5007,60010,90010,300
Production quantity29,90013,70026,00037,40041,200
Yield39,342 Fc30,444 Fc34,211 Fc34,312 Fc40,000 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested2,260 A2,200 A8,192 A8,617 A8,432 A
Production quantity62,430 A50,000 A156,608 A197,501 A194,408 A
Yield276,239 Fc227,273 Fc191,172 Fc229,199 Fc230,560 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesProduction quantity33022,02834,98449,876
Area harvested1,6892,2812,284
Yield130,420 Fc153,371 Fc218,371 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
WatermelonsArea harvested
Production quantity
WheatArea harvested492,700417,200446,800479,100447,300
Production quantity2,371,0001,431,6002,138,8002,062,3002,250,100
Yield48,123 Fc34,314 Fc47,869 Fc43,045 Fc50,304 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested38,20030,70025,600
Production quantity140,700100,30086,800
Yield36,832 Fc32,671 Fc33,906 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvested18,30016,90010,100
Production quantity17,10019,1009,800
Yield9,344 Fc11,302 Fc9,703 Fc
CherriesArea harvested124117119
Production quantity538481
Yield4,274 Fc7,179 Fc6,807 Fc
CranberriesArea harvested181 Im394 Im175 Im
Production quantity364 Im816 Im350 Im
Yield20,110 Fc20,711 Fc20,000 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested1016060
Production quantity227260180
Yield22,475 Fc43,333 Fc30,000 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested452400353
Production quantity167244378
Yield3,695 Fc6,100 Fc10,708 Fc
GooseberriesArea harvested414022
Production quantity55 Im4736
Yield13,415 Fc11,750 Fc16,364 Fc
MelonseedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantity66 F65 F62 Im
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Peas, greenArea harvested81210
Production quantity433326
Yield53,750 Fc27,500 Fc26,000 Fc
QuincesArea harvested255203148
Production quantity393479141
Yield15,412 Fc23,596 Fc9,527 Fc
VetchesArea harvested200500100
Production quantity200800300
Yield10,000 Fc16,000 Fc30,000 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea1,938 Q1,933 Q1,931 Q1,885 Q1,872 Q
AgricultureArea1,938 Fc1,933 Fc1,931 Fc1,885 Fc1,872 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea250 Q217 Q167 Q161 Q179 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area280 Q269 Q259 Q232 Q203 Q
Arable landArea1,295 Q1,290 Q1,288 Q1,230 Q1,209 Q
Country areaArea6,457 Q6,457 Q6,457 Q6,457 Q6,457 Q
CroplandArea1,303 Q1,298 Q1,296 Q1,237 Q1,215 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea128 Q112 Q93 Q90 Q94 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area144 Q139 Q140 Q126 Q105 Q
Forest landArea3,403 Q3,399 Q3,395 Q3,391 Q3,388 Fm
Inland watersArea248 Q246 Q246 Q244 Q243 Q
Land areaArea6,209 Q6,211 Q6,212 Q6,213 Q6,214 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea1 Fm1 Fm1 Q1 Fm1 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea635 Q635 Q635 Q648 Q657 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea8 Q8 Q8 Q7 Q6 Q
Land used for aquacultureArea5 Q5 Q5 Q5 Q5 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea85 Q75 Q54 Q60 Q58 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea2,949 Q2,951 Q2,953 Q2,955 Q2,957 Fm
Other landArea868 Fc879 Fc886 Fc937 Fc954 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea122 Q105 Q74 Q71 Q85 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area136 Q130 Q119 Q106 Q99 Q
Planted ForestArea454 Q448 Q442 Q437 Q431 Fm
Primary ForestArea16 Fm16 Fm16 Q16 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea1 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea68 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea845 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea13 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.