Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Lithuania

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Datasheet

Lithuania

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 2,786,844 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 19,080 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 53,162.17 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 54,627.41 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 3.22 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2009); IPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Baranauskaite and Vasinauskiene (2001)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentIvanauskas et al. (2016);
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); IPPC (2016); Abraitienë et al. (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Mazylis and Grigelis (1979); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentBrasier et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2013); IPPC (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentTreigienė (1997)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentRuzgas and Liutkevičius (1996); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentMarkovskaja et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentStravinskienė et al. (2015); Treigienė (2000); Kačergius and Jovaišienė (2010); Snieškienė et al. (2012); Lombard et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentJuronis et al. (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGeosmithia morbida (thousand cankers disease)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Halmschlager and Kirisits (2008); Jankovský and Holdenrieder (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013); Schoebel et al. (2014); Burokiene et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMelanconium oblongumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Burokiene and Pulawska (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Valiuškaitė (2002); Valiuškaitė et al. (2005); Frercks and Stanys (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Markovskaja et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, Few occurrencesIPPC (2016); Markovskaja and Treigienė (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010); Markovskaja et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferaePresentMačkinaitė (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentTreigienė (2000); Markovskaja et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeVasiliauskas and Stenlid (1999); Thomsen and Koch (1999)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentBrundza (1961); UK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeVasiliauskas and Stenlid (1998)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)PresentNativeVasiliauskas et al. (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeKorhonen et al. (1992)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyCABI and EPPO (2015); IPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOlenin and Chubarova (1992); Zmudzinski et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus auroguttatus (goldspotted oak borer)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentKarsholt and Razowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlphitophagus bifasciatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJärvekülg (1979); Leppäkoski (1999); Barien (2002); Zaiko et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); IPPC (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentRakauskas et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller)PresentOstrauskas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyrotaenia ljungianaPresentOstrauskas et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactericera cockerelli (tomato/potato psyllid)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); IPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCabera leptographaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, Few occurrencesOstrauskas et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaloptilia syringellaPresentOstrauskas (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIvinskis and Rimšaitė (2006); Ostrauskas and Ivinskis (2010); Snieskiene et al. (2011); Pečiulytė and Kačergius (2012); Menkis et al. (2019); Stankeviciene (2019); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNOBANIS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentTamutis (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus ischnusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChaetogammarus warpachowskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp)PresentIntroducedGasiunas (1964); Arbaciauskas (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora spiraeellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConotrachelus nenuphar (plum curculio)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorticaria serrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Paulavieiute and Mikalauskas (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)PresentSurvilienė and Kazlauskaitė (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentGedminas et al. (2011); Ostrauskas and Ivinskis (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus superans sibiricus (Siberian silk moth)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentIntroducedMalumphy et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElophila nymphaeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpauloecus unicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ojaveer et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRakauskas V et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Ostrauskas and Vierbergen (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedDaunys and Zettler (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeIonaitis (1969); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGronops inaequalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplotinea ditellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplotinea insectellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ostrauskas (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentOstrauskas et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresentIntroducedInvasiveGasiunas (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeJakaitis and Valenta (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)Present, WidespreadZiogas et al. (1976); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadNativePileckis and Monsevicius (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativePileckis and Monsevicius (1997); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeZolubas and Ziogas (1998); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Zeimantiene (1973); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentKaralius and Karaliūtė (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentFauna Europaea (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveIoffe (1968); Razinkovas (1996); Arbaciauskas (2002); Olenin et al. (2007); Audzijonyte et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); Keena et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentSilfverberg (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentPiletskis and Yakaitis (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentRakauskas (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNecrobia ruficollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNecrobia violaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNemapogon variatellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ostrauskas (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeNiklas and Franz (1957); Žiogas and Zolubas (1998); Zolubas (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNiditinea fuscellaPresentOstrauskas (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentOstrauskas (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObesogammarus crassusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedStalažs (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes nasicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus smreczynskiiPresentBalalaikins and Bukejs (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedKouba et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParamysis lacustrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentBuda et al. (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedOstrauskas and Ivinskis (2010); CABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveNoreika (1998); CABI and EPPO (2011); Pečiulytė and Kačergius (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter strigulatellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentBartninkaĭte and Tyakoryute (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Gedminas et al. (2007); Avtzis et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentOstrauskas (2004); Ostrauskas (2001); Ostrauskas (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoidesPresentIntroducedInvasiveGasiunas (1972); Arbaciauskas (2002); Arbaciauskas and Gumuliauskaite (2007); Arbačiauskas et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis fausta (black cherry fruit fly)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis pomonella (apple maggot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSedina buettneri (Blair's wainscot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Ostrauskas and Tamutis (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTineola bisselliella (webbing clothes moth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadGaidiene (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Malumphy and Ostrauskas (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeDubatolov (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeStark (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArgusia sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Blanc et al. (1971); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeWinkler et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2005); Olenin et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeMitchell-Jones et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Winkler et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropercops cinctusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveOjaveer (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNowak and Pielowski (1964); Mitchell-Jones et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Winkler et al. (2000); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNOBANIS (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeShpilev et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWeller (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)Present, LocalizedIntroducedVirbickas (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedLouette et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Winkler et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Jansson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, WidespreadNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentNativeRoch (1924); Olenin and Daunys (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentSkujienė (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveOlenin (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBank (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRangia cuneataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentKasimova (1954); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2016); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveJogaite et al. (2007); Jogaitė et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentEfremenko and Klimakova (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentKarpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Malumphy et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeMalumphy et al. (2010); Malumphy and Ostrauskas (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea nobilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconogonon coriariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeValiunas et al. (2001); Malumphy et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)Present, LocalizedNativeNOBANIS (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentDAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNaturalizedEuro+Med (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gudžinskas (1993); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gudžinskas (1993); DAISIE (2016); Euro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGudzinskas (2005); Kurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); Gudžinskas and Žalneravičius (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micranthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Randall (2012); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia sieversiana (sieversian wormwood)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster salignusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster sedifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstrodaucus orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex hortensis (garden orache)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGudžinskas (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gudžinskas and Sukhorukov (2004); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)Present, LocalizedNativeMarozas (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica elongataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentNative and IntroducedEuro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrunnera macrophyllaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ostrauskas et al. (2005); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGudźinskas (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentIntroducedGudzinskas (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveOchsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratochloa catharticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentTraĭnauskaĭte and Yankyavichyus (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum bulbosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaiturus marrubiastrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla paucifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeČiuberkis and Petraitis (1998); USDA-ARS (2004); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis bicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNOBANIS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedCABI (2005); Malumphy et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasiphora fruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentOstrauskas (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus gratianopolitanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDicentra formosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba nemorosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba sibiricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania botrysPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gudžinskas (1999); Gudžinskas et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedStepanavičienė (2000); NOBANIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, WidespreadKorsmo (1954); Vyšniauskas and Tindžiulis (1987); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus sibiricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium parviflorum (Small flowered hairy willow herb)PresentMalumphy et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium watsoniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron strigosusPresentKarpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum gallicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum marschallianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum strictumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentAleksinas (1984); Shalna and Melamed (1986); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas and Suominen (1979); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSukopp and Starfinger (1995); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus americana (white ash)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea villosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalatella dracunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalatella sedifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Zinikevičiu¯tė and Baleliu¯nas (1998); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedKabuce and Priede (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium bohemicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlebionis coronaria (crowndaisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeTsvelev (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus petiolarisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliopsis helianthoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium ellipticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJahodová et al. (2007); Kabuce (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis pycnotrichaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHonorius nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedBalevičius (1998); Govaerts (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylotelephium spectabilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIberis umbellataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); ISSG (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hulten and Fries (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea coccinea (red morningglory)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris lutescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pumilaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Absent, Formerly presentGudzhinskas (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria grandisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca perennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamprocapnos spectabilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium appelianum (hairy whitetop)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria incarnataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentMalumphy et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium persicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Vyšniauskienė et al. (2011); ILDIS (2015); NOBANIS (2015); DAISIE (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula luzuloides (oakforest woodrush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia vulgarisPresentKarpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum hyssopifolium (hyssop loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Anon (2004); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrothlaspi perfoliatum (thoroughwort pennycress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia fontanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeTraĭnauskaĭte and Yankyavichyus (1994); Sinkevičienė (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta amoenaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea pullaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera rubricaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes vernaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche lucorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentDAISIE (2008); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetasites hybridus (Winter heliotrope)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalacroloma annuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalacroloma septentrionalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus hybridusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum arenariumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeTraĭnauskaĭte and Yankyavichyus (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRockenbach et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeHultén and Fries (1986); Malumphy et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa angustifoliaPresentKarpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa chaixiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycnemum majusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentJalas and Suominen (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum bellardiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum patulumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum weyrichiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeUNEP (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla longifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rupestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedIntroducedMalumphy et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perennePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); Malumphy et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria refractaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa blandaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWeidema (2006); Malumphy et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia hirtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex longifolius (Yard dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex triangulivalvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina saginoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentUselienė and Uselis (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalicornia europaeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia austriacaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia dumetorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia nemorosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia reflexaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaussurea amaraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga rosaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchistophyllidium bifurcumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla sibericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScopolia carniolicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum albumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum hispanicumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum pallidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum reflexumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum stoloniferumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeKomarov et al. (1961); Chater and Walters (1976); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio viscosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeKomarov et al. (1961); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli pallasiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gudzhinskas (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedGudžinskas (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Malumphy et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium polymorphumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium volgensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentOstrauskas et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); ISSG (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIvanauskas et al. (2016); Ostrauskas (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSvirskis (2004); Karpavičienė et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeKirpichnikov (1964); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNOBANIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993); Monstvilaitė et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStraigytė and Beniušis (2011); Roskov et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda maritimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKuusk et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedJomantiene et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeloxys aristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThladiantha dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTiarella cordifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caeruleaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa gesnerianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Malumphy et al. (2010); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum lychnitisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum phlomoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum phoeniceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Karpavičienė et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Euro+Med (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium albinumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthoxalis strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedJukoniene (2003)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeHellgren et al. (2007); Palinauskas et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020); Gallardo et al. (2014); OIE (2020)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentZitikaitė (2002); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Šneideris et al. (2013); Žižytė et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedStaniulis et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (2007); Fedotovas (2019); EPPO (2022)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyIPPC (2016); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, Few occurrencesUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
actinomycosisPresent, Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020); Gallardo et al. (2014); OIE (2020)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresentKęstaitienė et al. (2009)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentŠalomskas et al. (2008)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentDomeika et al. (1983)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Mazylis and Grigelis (1979); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (1996); OIE (2019)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadMoteiunas and Shadzhene (1990)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeHellgren et al. (2007); Palinauskas et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
proliferative enteropathyPresentSereika et al. (2006)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); Gylys et al. (1998); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2PresentOIE (2020)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentCABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
ApplesArea harvested10,18010,13012,37412,25313,242
Production quantity32,07080,68087,36765,57973,583
Yield31,503 Fc79,645 Fc70,605 Fc53,521 Fc55,568 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested
Production quantity
ArtichokesArea harvested11 F10 F10 *
Production quantity110 F100 F100 *
Yield100,000 Fc100,000 Fc100,000 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested174,770225,910141,645172,538202,400
Production quantity588,450619,540519,732545,191811,500
Yield33,670 Fc27,424 Fc36,693 Fc31,598 Fc40,094 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested150190252222176
Production quantity180280345671375
Yield12,000 Fc14,737 Fc13,690 Fc30,225 Fc21,307 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested2,9603,3008,1346,9436,663
Production quantity1,3401,9706,0346,0276,415
Yield4,527 Fc5,970 Fc7,418 Fc8,681 Fc9,628 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested20070857686
Production quantity41010012491113
Yield20,500 Fc14,286 Fc14,588 Fc11,974 Fc13,140 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested55,07069,940FFF
Production quantity127,430149,680FFF
Yield23,140 Fc21,401 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested1,9501,9302,3092,5342,350
Production quantity54,61049,63054,39173,09065,394
Yield280,051 Fc257,150 Fc235,561 Fc288,437 Fc278,272 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,6501,6301,8502,1361,860
Production quantity45,30048,38041,90249,31543,751
Yield274,545 Fc296,810 Fc226,497 Fc230,875 Fc235,220 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested210230251248230
Production quantity1,1801,2301,5291,6371,856
Yield56,190 Fc53,478 Fc60,916 Fc66,008 Fc80,696 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested27,80052,79093131213
Production quantity30,84053,54073101206
Yield11,094 Fc10,142 Fc7,849 Fc7,710 Fc9,671 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested1,349,570 A1,257,230 A1,199,510 A1,326,697 A1,329,091 A
Production quantity5,207,890 A3,999,510 A5,074,188 A5,120,821 A6,066,749 A
Yield38,589 Fc31,812 Fc42,302 Fc38,598 Fc45,646 Fc
CherriesArea harvested20101,0701,0561,114
Production quantity10106611,374467
Yield5,000 Fc10,000 Fc6,178 Fc13,011 Fc4,192 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested750750
Production quantity420490
Yield5,600 Fc6,533 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested
Production quantity
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested1,1001,1101,1981,2451,073
Production quantity22,37016,14019,23217,90919,034
Yield203,364 Fc145,405 Fc160,534 Fc143,847 Fc177,390 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested4,3104,390MMM
Production quantity1,9405,860MMM
Yield4,501 Fc13,349 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested6,000 A1,500 AAA8 A
Production quantity9,800 A1,500 AAA6 A
Yield16,333 Fc10,000 Fc7,500 Fc
FigsArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested22,630 A22,770 A26,947 A25,386 A27,042 A
Production quantity41,970 A94,350 A101,853 A82,798 A91,199 A
Yield18,546 Fc41,436 Fc37,798 Fc32,616 Fc33,725 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested330320
Production quantity410230
Yield12,424 Fc7,188 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested1010ImIm33
Production quantity5
YieldFc1,515 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested430430463516474
Production quantity9708609701,6221,503
Yield22,558 Fc20,000 Fc20,950 Fc31,434 Fc31,709 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested5,83010,9409,74813,28616,997
Production quantity13,82020,23020,31730,90642,081
Yield23,705 Fc18,492 Fc20,842 Fc23,262 Fc24,758 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
GrapesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested6,0001,500
Production quantity9,8001,500
Yield16,333 Fc10,000 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested
Production quantity
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested5050526251
Production quantity370230300390347
Yield74,000 Fc46,000 Fc57,692 Fc62,903 Fc68,039 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested220250
Production quantity2,6402,810
Yield120,000 Fc112,400 Fc
LinseedArea harvested440530399214365
Production quantity330640737196316
Yield7,500 Fc12,075 Fc18,471 Fc9,159 Fc8,658 Fc
LupinsArea harvested3,6402,5502,8743,7733,545
Production quantity3,4102,5203,7454,5644,847
Yield9,368 Fc9,882 Fc13,031 Fc12,096 Fc13,673 Fc
MaizeArea harvested12,77013,3909,92912,42611,700
Production quantity97,97087,59056,97486,23356,400
Yield76,719 Fc65,414 Fc57,381 Fc69,397 Fc48,205 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested
Production quantity
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested5050547558
Production quantity11,46011,36013,79716,37013,824
Yield2,292,000 Fc2,272,000 Fc2,555,000 Fc2,182,667 Fc2,383,448 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested
Production quantity
OatsArea harvested86,110102,96075,98770,75864,152
Production quantity177,870182,440195,928155,073163,362
Yield20,656 Fc17,720 Fc25,784 Fc21,916 Fc25,465 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested250,860 A213,720 A189,001 A161,215 A172,466 A
Production quantity700,830 A444,260 A551,097 A406,062 A518,299 A
Yield27,937 Fc20,787 Fc29,158 Fc25,188 Fc30,052 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested250,860 A213,720 A189,001 A161,215 A172,466 A
Production quantity420,947 A267,231 A330,670 A243,633 A310,979 A
Yield16,780 Fc12,504 Fc17,496 Fc15,112 Fc18,031 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested250,860 A213,720 A189,001 A161,215 A172,466 A
Production quantity265,387 A167,768 A208,877 A153,813 A196,508 A
Yield10,579 Fc7,850 Fc11,052 Fc9,541 Fc11,394 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested6,9005,9506,5156,2067,377
Production quantity5,7104,2706,3485,9315,326
Yield8,275 Fc7,176 Fc9,744 Fc9,557 Fc7,220 Fc
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested1,6201,5701,7021,8581,529
Production quantity23,91020,24026,90128,17026,224
Yield147,593 Fc128,917 Fc158,055 Fc151,615 Fc171,511 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested
Production quantity
PearsArea harvested8208201,0931,0721,142
Production quantity1,7001,5602,4482,4221,930
Yield20,732 Fc19,024 Fc22,397 Fc22,593 Fc16,900 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested75,220106,190154,200148,74879,432
Production quantity155,840213,690449,033398,118228,765
Yield20,718 Fc20,123 Fc29,120 Fc26,765 Fc28,800 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested270180241248218
Production quantity410230290605485
Yield15,185 Fc12,778 Fc12,033 Fc24,395 Fc22,248 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested7407201,0311,0271,070
Production quantity470380409832814
Yield6,351 Fc5,278 Fc3,967 Fc8,101 Fc7,607 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested18,22018,69019,35122,10823,505
Production quantity329,780289,800237,045351,484399,191
Yield180,999 Fc155,056 Fc122,498 Fc158,985 Fc169,832 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested7,2309,36011,57911,28811,295
Production quantity14,83014,02024,18222,96225,810
Yield20,512 Fc14,979 Fc20,884 Fc20,342 Fc22,851 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested141,160 A188,040 A236,224 A231,982 A156,979 A
Production quantity301,510 A379,910 A707,348 A636,257 A454,706 A
Yield21,359 Fc20,204 Fc29,944 Fc27,427 Fc28,966 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested42034021813387
Production quantity2,1102,4801,7821,7271,251
Yield50,238 Fc72,941 Fc81,743 Fc129,850 Fc143,793 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested241,700205,320180,932153,607163,525
Production quantity692,480435,900543,518399,439512,162
Yield28,650 Fc21,230 Fc30,040 Fc26,004 Fc31,320 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested1,4301,4201,6321,5001,495
Production quantity1,0601,4001,8762,2332,960
Yield7,413 Fc9,859 Fc11,495 Fc14,887 Fc19,799 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested
Production quantity
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested18,220 A18,690 A19,351 A22,108 A23,505 A
Production quantity329,780 A289,800 A237,045 A351,484 A399,191 A
Yield180,999 Fc155,056 Fc122,498 Fc158,985 Fc169,832 Fc
RyeArea harvested41,12021,28025,84332,56438,759
Production quantity108,06043,99063,06677,448107,835
Yield26,279 Fc20,672 Fc24,404 Fc23,783 Fc27,822 Fc
SorghumArea harvested
Production quantity
SoybeansArea harvested1,8201,920
Production quantity2,3103,450
Yield12,692 Fc17,969 Fc
SpinachArea harvested15040231317
Production quantity590120744255
Yield39,333 Fc30,000 Fc32,174 Fc32,308 Fc32,353 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested8808301,1091,0481,288
Production quantity2,1401,6702,6863,6203,993
Yield24,318 Fc20,120 Fc24,220 Fc34,542 Fc31,002 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested14,12015,54017,14615,15112,242
Production quantity1,001,610888,620956,947933,512619,482
Yield709,356 Fc571,828 Fc558,117 Fc616,139 Fc506,030 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested14,120 A15,540 A17,146 A15,151 A12,242 A
Production quantity1,001,610 A888,620 A956,947 A933,512 A619,482 A
Yield709,356 Fc571,828 Fc558,117 Fc616,139 Fc506,030 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested
Production quantity
TomatoesArea harvested560570565590505
Production quantity11,71012,19011,97411,5657,746
Yield209,107 Fc213,860 Fc211,929 Fc196,017 Fc153,386 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
TriticaleArea harvested105,41057,07075,819100,895121,979
Production quantity347,030153,280247,505331,456468,502
Yield32,922 Fc26,858 Fc32,644 Fc32,852 Fc38,408 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested8,900 A8,640 A12,998 A13,757 A10,472 A
Production quantity177,850 A166,300 A213,453 A257,021 A190,294 A
Yield199,831 Fc192,477 Fc164,220 Fc186,829 Fc181,717 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested7070
Production quantity40120
Yield5,714 Fc17,143 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested
Production quantity
WheatArea harvested895,760772,890811,947880,534836,200
Production quantity3,843,8502,838,9003,917,3723,844,4914,380,330
Yield42,912 Fc36,731 Fc48,247 Fc43,661 Fc52,384 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested1,100 F1,000 F1,000 *
Production quantity2,300 F2,200 F2,100 *
Yield20,909 Fc22,000 Fc21,000 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested8 F
Production quantity6 F
Yield7,500 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested7,0126,5485,514
Production quantity4,4947,2482,741
Yield6,409 Fc11,069 Fc4,971 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested72 Im71 Im70 *
Production quantity498 Im494 Im500 *
Yield69,167 Fc69,577 Fc71,429 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested67,13767,45561,404
Production quantity229,767209,272192,487
Yield34,224 Fc31,024 Fc31,348 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvested48,49943,56536,691
Production quantity53,22149,92236,533
Yield10,974 Fc11,459 Fc9,957 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Yield
GooseberriesArea harvested500 *
Production quantity200 *
Yield4,000 Fc
Mustard seedArea harvested1,155 Im1,188 Im1,199 Im
Production quantity494 Im496 Im495 Im
Yield4,277 Fc4,175 Fc4,128 Fc
QuincesArea harvested419411409
Production quantity248620719
Yield5,919 Fc15,085 Fc17,579 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested2,6372,796764 Im
Production quantity37,05851,1145,749 Im
Yield140,531 Fc182,811 Fc75,249 Fc
VetchesArea harvested4347181,303
Production quantity6211,3412,797
Yield14,309 Fc18,677 Fc21,466 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea2,947 Q2,935 Q2,954 Q3,006 Q2,952 Q
AgricultureArea2,947 Fc2,935 Fc2,954 Fc3,006 Fc2,952 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea214 Q200 Q134 Q132 Q144 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area240 Q234 Q222 Q214 Q164 Q
Arable landArea2,115 Q2,104 Q2,143 Q2,172 Q2,350 Q
Coastal waters used for aquac. or holding facilitiesArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q
Country areaArea6,529 Q6,529 Q6,529 Q6,529 Q6,529 Q
CroplandArea2,151 Q2,139 Q2,178 Q2,207 Q2,384 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea136 Q132 Q92 Q94 Q106 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area155 Q156 Q151 Q150 Q117 Q
Forest landArea2,198 Q2,196 Q2,190 Q2,187 Q2,184 Fm
Inland watersArea266 Q265 Q264 Q264 Q264 Q
Land areaArea6,263 Q6,264 Q6,264 Q6,265 Q6,265 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea4 Fm4 Fm4 Q4 Q4 Q
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea796 Q796 Q777 Q799 Q568 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea36 Q36 Q35 Q35 Q34 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea205 Q199 Q227 Q311 Q544 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea1,800 Q1,829 Q1,847 Q1,770 Q1,720 Q
Land used for aquacultureArea10 Q10 Q10 Q10 Q9 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea110 Q76 Q69 Q91 Q86 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea1,593 Q1,592 Q1,594 Q1,602 Q1,608 Fm
Other landArea1,118 Fc1,133 Fc1,120 Fc1,072 Fc1,129 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea696 Q694 Q674 Q603 Q368 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea100 Q102 Q102 Q196 Q200 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea78 Q69 Q42 Q37 Q38 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area85 Q79 Q71 Q64 Q47 Q
Planted ForestArea605 Q604 Q596 Q585 Q575 Fm
Primary ForestArea26 Fm26 Fm26 Q26 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea2 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea34 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea303 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea1 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.