Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Lesotho

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Datasheet

Lesotho

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 2,125,268 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 1,380 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 2,922.65 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 2,376.33 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 4.53 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentIntroducedMilliano et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentMunro (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentEbenebe et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); Munro (1984); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)PresentRichardson and Meakins (1986); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); Kopij (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePrins (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Sithole et al. (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, Few occurrencesMorant (1947)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, Transient under surveillanceIntroducedIPPC (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentThind and Muggleton (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentFAO (2019); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFAO (1996); Costa Pierce et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHerbert (2010); Kerney (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentWet (1993); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, WidespreadWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotis venustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus africanus (Ornamental Asparagus)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)Present, WidespreadNativeKleinjan and Edwards (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativePROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotyledon orbiculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrinum bulbispermumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)PresenteMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedPOSA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)PresentNativeHilliard (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee)PresentNativeGuillarmod (1971); Wells et al. (1986); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis obtusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis plana (South African lovegrass)PresentNativePROTA (2015); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentNativeISSG (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass)PresentGibbs-Russel et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeBeentje and Lansdown (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeGibbs Russel et al. (1955)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKobisi (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentIntroducedRamoeli (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOsteospermum jucundumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014); Wells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentGuillarmod (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentNativeWerner et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio pterophorus (African daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentIntroducedLock (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHenderson (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedWelman (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeCJB (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)PresentNativeObilana et al. (1991); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentNativePROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentWells et al. (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentNativePerold and Rooy (1993)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2012)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
dourineAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
glandersAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
heartwaterPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE Handistatus (1996)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (1998)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Khomari (1992); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
BarleyArea harvested1,651 Im1,647 Im1,653 Im1,673 Im1,734 Im
Production quantity459 Im458 Im459 Im464 Im474 Im
Yield2,780 Fc2,781 Fc2,777 Fc2,773 Fc2,734 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested13,497 Im22,488 Im21,3133,33517,294
Production quantity4,030 Im6,213 Im6,6431,3944,382
Yield2,986 Fc2,763 Fc3,117 Fc4,180 Fc2,534 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested56,475 A214,597 A218,960 A55,272 A126,100 A
Production quantity38,818 A159,808 A216,175 A25,828 A83,010 A
Yield6,873 Fc7,447 Fc9,873 Fc4,673 Fc6,583 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested4,070 A4,032 A4,012 A4,015 A4,030 A
Production quantity14,062 A14,263 A14,524 A14,869 A15,368 A
Yield34,550 Fc35,375 Fc36,201 Fc37,034 Fc38,134 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested4,070 Im4,032 Im4,012 Im4,015 Im4,030 Im
Production quantity14,062 Im14,263 Im14,524 Im14,869 Im15,368 Im
Yield34,550 Fc35,375 Fc36,201 Fc37,034 Fc38,134 Fc
MaizeArea harvested50,202 Im134,933 Im165,88240,98199,884
Production quantity35,000110,000 *172,66619,18165,636
Yield6,972 Fc8,152 Fc10,409 Fc4,680 Fc6,571 Fc
OatsArea harvested234 Im229 Im223 Im219 Im197 Im
Production quantity359 Im350 Im341 Im334 Im302 Im
Yield15,342 Fc15,284 Fc15,291 Fc15,251 Fc15,330 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested1,101 Im1,252 Im1,4591,0291,071
Production quantity504 Im752 Im886333276
Yield4,578 Fc6,006 Fc6,073 Fc3,236 Fc2,577 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested7,683 Im7,583 Im7,483 Im7,382 Im7,288 Im
Production quantity130,540 Im128,575 Im126,610 Im124,645 Im123,040 Im
Yield169,908 Fc169,557 Fc169,197 Fc168,850 Fc168,825 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested14,598 A23,740 A22,772 A4,364 A18,365 A
Production quantity4,534 A6,965 A7,529 A1,727 A4,658 A
Yield3,106 Fc2,934 Fc3,306 Fc3,957 Fc2,536 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested7,683 A7,583 A7,483 A7,382 A7,288 A
Production quantity130,540 A128,575 A126,610 A124,645 A123,040 A
Yield169,908 Fc169,557 Fc169,197 Fc168,850 Fc168,825 Fc
SorghumArea harvested2,144 Im69,662 Im44,3594,49915,968
Production quantity1,00040,000 *33,8581,1599,529
Yield4,664 Fc5,742 Fc7,633 Fc2,576 Fc5,968 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested3,537 A3,546 A3,555 A3,564 A3,595 A
Production quantity32,342 A32,216 A32,089 A31,963 A32,122 A
Yield91,439 Fc90,852 Fc90,264 Fc89,683 Fc89,352 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested3,537 Im3,546 Im3,555 Im3,564 Im3,595 Im
Production quantity32,342 Im32,216 Im32,089 Im31,963 Im32,122 Im
Yield91,439 Fc90,852 Fc90,264 Fc89,683 Fc89,352 Fc
WheatArea harvested2,244 Im8,126 Im6,8437,9008,317
Production quantity2,0009,000 *8,8514,6907,069
Yield8,913 Fc11,076 Fc12,934 Fc5,937 Fc8,499 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea2,433 Fm2,418 Fm2,356 Fm2,223 Fm2,276 Fm
AgricultureArea2,433 Fc2,418 Fc2,356 Fc2,223 Fc2,276 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea0 I1 I1 I1 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area0 I1 I1 I1 I
Arable landArea429 Fc414 Fc352 Q219 Q272 W
Country areaArea3,036 Q3,036 Q3,036 Q3,036 Q3,036 W
CroplandArea433 Fm418 Fm356 Fm223 Fm276 Fm
Cropland area certified organicArea0 I1 Fc
Cropland area under organic agric.Area0 I1 Fc
Forest landArea35 Q35 Q35 Q35 Q35 Fm
Land areaArea3,036 Q3,036 Q3,036 Q3,036 Q3,036 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea2,000 Fm2,000 Fm2,000 Fm2,000 Fm2,000 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm
Land under temporary cropsArea277 Q259 W106 Q173 Q204 W
Land with temporary fallowArea152 Q155 W246 Q46 Q68 W
Naturally regenerating forestArea26 Q26 Q26 Q26 Q26 Fm
Other landArea568 Fc583 Fc645 Fc778 Fc725 Fc
Planted ForestArea9 Q9 Q9 Q9 Q9 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Q0 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.