Cookies on Invasive Species Compendium

Like most websites we use cookies. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible.

Continuing to use www.cabi.org means you agree to our use of cookies. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use.

Datasheet

Sri Lanka

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Sri Lanka
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia
  • Area (km2): 660,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Colombo
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 20,010,000
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$1,540
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$30,790,387,712
  • GDP: US$32,345,733,120
  • Agriculture, value added: US$3,782,576,896

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present EPPO, 2011.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014. CABI/EPPO, 1999
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea) Present Fernando and Linderman, 1993.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Widespread Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaNeofusicoccum mangiferae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Jeyanandarajah and Seneviratne, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Widespread Anon., 1936; Petch and Bisby, 1950; Punithalingam, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present Ricaud et al., 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present CRI/UNDP, 2000; Moore, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Avidov and Harpaz, 1969; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present Introduced YesWijesekera and Kudagamage, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Introduced Williams and Williams, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeae Present Drew and Hancock, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly) Widespread White and Elson-Harris, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Widespread NoDrew and Hancock, 1994; Drew et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Present Native NoNarayanan and Batra, 1960; Hardy, 1977; Tsuruta et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; King, 1937.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoWood-Mason, 1873.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Alcock, 1899.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Present Native YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesJames, 1947.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug) Present Ketipearachchi, 2005; Veilleux et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaConopomorpha cramerella (cocoa pod borer) Present Mumford and Ho, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present Introduced Diakonoff , 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid) Present Introduced YesAzevedo and Figo, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesReuben et al., 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present EPPO, 2014; White and Elson-Harris, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Native NoWu et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDipogon lignosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present Introduced Sirisena et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper) Present Introduced Gunawardana et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurema blanda (three-spot grass yellow butterfly) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994; Williams, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlyptotermes dilatatus (live-wood tea termite (Sri Lanka)) Widespread Jepson, 1926; Pinto, 1941.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present UK CAB International, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Widespread CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Chu and Wood, 1990; Nagarkatti and Sankaran, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Merrill, 1953.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present Gunasena et al., 1990; FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2010. Brown, 1968
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper) Present Viraktamath, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Native New, 2000b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Rajendram and Devarajah, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present Wettasinghe and Mahindapala, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Ganesalingam, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Widespread Talbot, 1939.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Galanihe et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatachardina pseudolobata (lobate lac scale) Present Native NoISSG, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Ben-Dov et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Native Holthuis, 1980; Dore and Frimodt, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesBolton, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Localised Introduced YesPrishanthini and Vinobaba, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread Jesudasan & Yogaratnam, 1984
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale) Present Ben-Dov et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Gimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Introduced FAO, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug) Present Williams, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Ganesalingam, 1977; Taylor and Halliday, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present Native CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid) Present Native NoBlackman and Eastop, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present NHM London UK, 1948
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Ganesalingam, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Ganesalingam and Krishnarajah, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present UK CAB International, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present Rutherford, 1914; Leefmans, 1927; Hutson, 1939; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present Wahundeniya et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present CABI and EPPO, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps Present Schotman, 1989; Delfinado-Baker and Baker, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps clareae Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolor Present Native NoBlandford, 1898; Speyer, 1923; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle) Widespread Native NoCoyle, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAxis axis (Indian spotted deer) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present Long, 2003; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead) Present Native Courtenay and Williams, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present Native Pethiyagoda , 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Widespread Native NoAli and Ripley, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Pethiyagoda, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Widespread Native Grimmett et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Native Dijk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Heemstra and Randall, 1993; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Present Introduced Marambe et al., 2003; Froese and Pauly, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Pethiyagoda, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Amarasinghe and Silva, 1996; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Widespread Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Widespread Native YesJuniper and Parr, 2003; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoISSG, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesKraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced FAO, 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoFujisaki et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced Pethiyagoda, 1991; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoKonig and Weick, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Pethiyagoda, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Present Introduced Pethiyagoda, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail) Present Introduced YesGriffiths et al., 1993; Cowie, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Starmühlner, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced Naggs et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native Poutiers, 1998b.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Absent, invalid record Epa, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Native NoQi ZhongYan, 1998; Zhuang, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEkanayake, 1991; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Present Nugaliyadde et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Sivapalan, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Sivapalan, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Sivapalan, 1968; Gnanapragasam et al., 1991; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Macaron, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Fernando and Furtado, 1963.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Present Native Durairatnam, 1961.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Native NoMageswaran et al., 1985; Coppejans et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern) Widespread Native NoFraser-Jenkins et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Introduced Shaffer-Fehre, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution Native Weerakoon and Gunewardena, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Present Native NoAbeywickrama, 1978; Manton and Sledge, 1954.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern) Present Native NoKato, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Holttum, 1959; Garrison Hanks, 1998; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minima Present GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread YesDias, 1967; Fowler and Holden, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Perrone et al., 2006; Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced YesMidgley and Vivekanandan, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced Midgley and Vivekanandan, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Orwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991; Trounce and Dyason, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979; IRRI, 1989; Scheldeman et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Introduced YesBambaradeniya, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Moody et al., 1984; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native Duke, 1981; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced Kumar et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Townsend, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Introduced YesBambaradeniya et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera baselloides (Madeira vine) Present Introduced Ranamukhaarachchi et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Burke and DiTommaso, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora of China, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Ragone, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustroeupatorium inulifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Widespread Stoney , 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present only in captivity/cultivation Sankar and Ravikumar, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced Chadburn, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoehmeria penduliflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Hooker, 1885.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Soreng et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced Liyanage, 1993; PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalophyllum inophyllum (Alexandrian laurel) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesPIER, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia cathartica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Lock and Ford, 2004; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present Introduced Wright, 1912.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced Vivekanandan, 1983; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus clandestinus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Kew Herbarium, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Sen, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Clayton et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Introduced NoPurseglove, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Native FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Kers, 1986; Philcox, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Widespread Introduced YesWester and Wood, 1977; Bremer, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina paludosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Present Hinkle, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne beckettii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptocoryne wendtii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced YesJayasinghe et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta reflexa (dodder) Present Parker and Riches, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Widespread Native eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Cook, 1908.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Weerakoon and Gunewardena, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced Rooney, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus squarrosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced ICRAF, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Kuganathan et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native Evans, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria setigera (East Indian crabgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDopatrium junceum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Holm et al., 1979; van Mele et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Chandrasena, 1989; Moody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present IRRI, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis nigra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesMeusel and Jäger, 1992; Dassanayake and Fosberg, 1980; Kumudini Senaratna, 2001; Bushana, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Hanelt et al., 2001; Flora of Pakistan, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Native Whistler, 2000; Quattrocchi, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014; WBN Flora Database, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Introduced Mabberly, 2008; Rojo et al., 1999; Starr et al., 2003; Flora of Pakistan, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis cymosa (tropical fimbry) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present IRRI, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present NoOrwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced Mabberley, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nepalense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (mother of cocoa) Present Introduced Hughes, 1987; ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Dassanayake, 1983; Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Introduced Baby et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis citrina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHiptage benghalensis (hiptage) Present Native NoPIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Native Pieterse, 1981; Cook, 1996; Wijeyaratne and Perera, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoGunasena et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Gunn and Ritchie, 1982; Cook, 1996; Perera et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Dassanayake, 1980
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Gilliland et al., 1971; Chandrasena, 1989; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (queen's flower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesMorton, 1994; Evans, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Restricted distribution Reed, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced Gunasena and Wickremasinghe, 1995; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesBambaradeniya et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet) Restricted distribution Native NoDassanayake & Fossberg, 1987
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Introduced Kotalawala, 1976; Moody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnophila chinensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Moody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Bor, 1960; Holm et al., 1979; Chowdhry and Wadhwa, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Widespread Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2012; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peruviana (primrose willow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced YesMoody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Van and Ooststroom Hoogland, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Localised Introduced Meyer, 1998a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass) Present Grassworld, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Evans, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Absent, unreliable record Introduced YesPiyasena and Dharmaratne, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1977; Yogaratnam et al., 1984; Waterhouse and Norris, 1987; Jayasinghe, 1991; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMarambe et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Native Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed) Present IRRI, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse-radish tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Lim, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Chang, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Present Introduced NoPuff, 1991; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Widespread Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Jayasurya, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Premaratne and Premalal, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Widespread Introduced GBIF, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native IRRI, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoDept. and of Agriculture, Sri Lanka, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Dassanayake and Hicks, 1994; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoMansfeld's World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Adikaram et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Reed, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Widespread Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Introduced Parthasarathy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Widespread Haigh, 1951; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Gunawardena, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced YesBurkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoFosberg, 1971; Diong, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhodomyrtus tomentosa (Downy rose-myrtle) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Native YesTropicos, 2012; Tropicos, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced Streets, 1962; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced Daniel, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Hanelt et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced Poorten and Poorten, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; Palm et al., 1988; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced Grieson, 1980; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesDissanayake et al., 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native Tropical Forages, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Native NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Restricted distribution Introduced YesAshton, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present Native Hua and Edmonds, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Pemadasa, 1976; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Restricted distribution Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Austin, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present Native NoSchultze-Kraft, 1992; JSTOR, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoZhenyu and Cheek, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) Present Native NoMunir, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXyris complanata (yellow-eyed grass) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoni Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Restricted distribution CABI and EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCoconut cadang-cadang viroid (cadang cadang disease) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present McKern et al., 1994; Dahal and Albrechtsen, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present Gamage et al., 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Restricted distribution Perera et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Jorgensen et al., 1988; Jorgensen et al., 1992; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1971.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Jorgensen et al., 1988; Jorgensen et al., 1992.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Fernando and Furtado, 1963.
botulism Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present Balanchrandan, 1965; FAO, et al., 1970.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009; Silva et al., 2000.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported Dance, 1991; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Sixl et al., 1988.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesJames, 1947.
classical swine fever Present OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Mohammad et al., 1986; Tokhi et al., 1993.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Herbst, 1994.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Present OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1996.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Vesenjak et al., 1969; Daniels et al., 2002.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
leucocytozoonosis Present Akiba, 1970.
listeriosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Jayaweera et al., 2014.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Present OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Sunil-Chandra and Mahalingam, 1996.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1996.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
Theileria annulata infections Present FAO, 1997.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Thillaiampalam Sivakumar et al., 2014.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Present Schotman, 1989; Delfinado-Baker and Baker, 1982; OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Hubalek and Halouzka, 1999.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Arecanuts Area Harvested 15640 15080 14220 13840 12430
Arecanuts Production Quantity 31600 29880 27860 26840 25870
Arecanuts Yield 20204.6 Fc 19814.3 Fc 19592.1 Fc 19393.1 Fc 20812.5 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 8767 Im 10280 8570 9363 8765
Beans, dry Production Quantity 10531 Im 11700 9260 8878 8513
Beans, dry Seed 175.34 Fc 175.34 Fc 205.6 Fc 171.4 Fc 187.26 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 12012.1 Fc 11381.3 Fc 10805.1 Fc 9482 Fc 9712.49 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 7820 7710 7910 8070 7720
Beans, green Production Quantity 40430 42690 40510 42560 41330
Beans, green Yield 51700.8 Fc 55369.7 Fc 51213.7 Fc 52738.5 Fc 53536.3 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 3490 3680 4020 4460 4390
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 70610 62840 62770 76930 68830
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 202321 Fc 170761 Fc 156144 Fc 172489 Fc 156788 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 3140 2790 2900 3030 3250
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 37820 34170 35830 40020 38110
Carrots and turnips Yield 120446 Fc 122473 Fc 123552 Fc 132079 Fc 117262 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 23090 22710 21840 22470 21890
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 6890 6970 6770 7120 7050
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 2983.98 Fc 3069.13 Fc 3099.82 Fc 3168.67 Fc 3220.65 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 24200 23440 23870 23940 22560
Cassava Production Quantity 292740 282760 277850 240730 219930
Cassava Yield 120967 Fc 120631 Fc 116401 Fc 100556 Fc 97486.7 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1146950 A 1124660 A 999340 A 1110840 A 856543 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2727810 A 3037630 A 2572060 A 2727240 A 2150480 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 110180 A 110180 A 101860 A 109630 A 84950 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 23783.3 Fc 27009.3 Fc 25737.6 Fc 24551.2 Fc 25106.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1146950 A 1124660 A 999340 A 1110840 A 856543 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4018120 A 4469740 A 3788070 A 4017620 A 3193100 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 110180 A 110180 A 101860 A 109630 A 84950 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 35033.2 Fc 39743 Fc 37905.7 Fc 36167.4 Fc 37278.9 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 13310 13260 13560 14800 14090
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 44400 49000 46420 51010 48700
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 33358.4 Fc 36953.2 Fc 34233 Fc 34466.2 Fc 34563.5 Fc
Cinnamon (canella) Area Harvested 29160 28860 28090 26770 25760
Cinnamon (canella) Production Quantity 15940 15790 14600 13430 13360
Cinnamon (canella) Yield 5466.39 Fc 5471.24 Fc 5197.58 Fc 5016.81 Fc 5186.34 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 17990 A 16860 A 15650 A 15050 A 13900 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 12770 A 12330 A 11120 A 10770 A 11430 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 7098.39 Fc 7313.17 Fc 7105.43 Fc 7156.15 Fc 8223.02 Fc
Cloves Area Harvested 7470 7300 7340 7420 7250
Cloves Production Quantity 3870 3770 3790 3990 3070
Cloves Yield 5180.72 Fc 5164.38 Fc 5163.49 Fc 5377.36 Fc 4234.48 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 55895 A 64300 A 56930 A 57850 A 39830 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 143317 A 169120 A 136400 A 142620 A 62100 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1180 A 1180 A 1060 A 1080 A 730 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 25640.4 Fc 26301.7 Fc 23959.3 Fc 24653.4 Fc 15591.3 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 2550 2730 2740 2690 2350
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 1630 1730 1750 1720 1440
Cocoa beans Yield 6392.16 Fc 6337 Fc 6386.86 Fc 6394.05 Fc 6127.66 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 394840 394840 394840 394840 394840
Coconuts Production Quantity 1522560 * 1761680 2168280 2210840 2180440
Coconuts Yield 38561.4 Fc 44617.6 Fc 54915.4 Fc 55993.3 Fc 55223.4 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 8690 8540 8720 8790 10170
Coffee, green Production Quantity 5320 5240 5410 5450 6050
Coffee, green Yield 6121.98 Fc 6135.83 Fc 6204.13 Fc 6200.23 Fc 5948.87 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 147000 F 147000 F 147000 F 154800 F 152600 F
Cotton lint Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 9270 10870 11440 12160 10630
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 10450 11610 13480 11950 10850
Cow peas, dry Seed 203.94 Fc 240 260 251.68 Fc 267.52 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 11272.9 Fc 10680.8 Fc 11783.2 Fc 9827.3 Fc 10207 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 3240 3310 3090 3250 2920
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 32380 33620 31760 31060 28300
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 99938.3 Fc 101571 Fc 102783 Fc 95569.2 Fc 96917.8 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 11320 11010 10760 11440 10160
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 116670 107300 106380 104160 92900
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 103065 Fc 97456.9 Fc 98866.2 Fc 91048.9 Fc 91437 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 116396 A 111755 A 104270 A 103002 A 102925 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 823805 A 785838 A 710207 A 728746 A 725058 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 70776.1 Fc 70317.9 Fc 68112.3 Fc 70750.7 Fc 70445.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 10806 Im 10375 Im 9680 Im 9562 Im 9555 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 64385 Im 61418 Im 55507 Im 56956 Im 56668 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 59582.6 Fc 59198.1 Fc 57341.9 Fc 59564.9 Fc 59307.2 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 2400 2070 1890 1910 1530
Ginger Production Quantity 13660 12050 10780 10050 8270
Ginger Yield 56916.7 Fc 58212.6 Fc 57037 Fc 52617.8 Fc 54052.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 9290 9480 9010 10270 10420
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 16900 14350 13070 10250 9840
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 464.5 Fc 1254.15 Fc 1210 1380 1400
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 18191.6 Fc 15137.1 Fc 14506.1 Fc 9980.53 Fc 9443.38 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 1960 1640 1680 1680 1910
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 31570 26070 26800 27120 29110
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 161071 Fc 158963 Fc 159524 Fc 161429 Fc 152408 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 11930 11090 10300 9900 9320
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 5540 5180 4490 5000 5050
Lemons and limes Yield 4643.76 Fc 4670.87 Fc 4359.22 Fc 5050.51 Fc 5418.45 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 50545 57620 50860 51600 34190
Maize Production Quantity 137797 161690 129770 135900 56440
Maize Seed 1110 F 1110 1000 1020 670
Maize Yield 27262.2 Fc 28061.4 Fc 25515.1 Fc 26337.2 Fc 16507.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 27680 27180 26120 25750 25270
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 87730 86580 82350 78920 84940
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 31694.4 Fc 31854.3 Fc 31527.6 Fc 30648.5 Fc 33613 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 5280 6600 5930 6080 5480
Millet Production Quantity 5430 7330 6450 6510 5500
Millet Seed 70 F 70 60 60 60
Millet Yield 10284.1 Fc 11106.1 Fc 10876.9 Fc 10707.2 Fc 10036.5 Fc
Mustard seed Area Harvested 250 380 360 420 340
Mustard seed Production Quantity 180 420 300 310 260
Mustard seed Seed 5 Fc 5 Fc 7.6 Fc 7.2 Fc 8.4 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 7200 Fc 11052.6 Fc 8333.33 Fc 7380.95 Fc 7647.06 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 127000 124734 124000 116480 116480
Natural rubber Production Quantity 158198 152990 136000 129240 117550
Natural rubber Yield 12456.5 Fc 12265.3 Fc 10967.7 Fc 11095.5 Fc 10091.9 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 1550 1530 1450 1320 1850
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 580 570 480 400 500
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 3741.94 Fc 3725.49 Fc 3310.34 Fc 3030.3 Fc 2702.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 421190 A 427590 A 416750 A 416300 A 417720 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 137128 A 161216 A 185947 A 186569 A 185330 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 442.01 A 768.15 A 912.49 A 734.35 A 799.77 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3255.72 Fc 3770.35 Fc 4461.85 Fc 4481.6 Fc 4436.71 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 421190 A 427590 A 416750 A 416300 A 417720 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 208618 A 242117 A 290256 A 293867 A 290076 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 291.11 A 533.94 A 583.29 A 531.76 A 542.61 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4953.06 Fc 5662.36 Fc 6964.74 Fc 7059.03 Fc 6944.26 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 9590 9390 9580 8970 12600
Onions, dry Production Quantity 118030 120740 127940 106660 149200
Onions, dry Seed 9190 F 9190 F 9190 9400 10560
Onions, dry Yield 123076 Fc 128584 Fc 133549 Fc 118907 Fc 118413 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 6060 5770 5350 5150 4580
Oranges Production Quantity 7230 7150 6630 5770 6380
Oranges Yield 11930.7 Fc 12391.7 Fc 12392.5 Fc 11203.9 Fc 13930.1 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 36430 37340 36180 34070 30520
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 25770 26620 25300 22870 19390
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 7073.84 Fc 7129.08 Fc 6992.81 Fc 6712.65 Fc 6353.21 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 6290 4960 4780 4960 4780
Pineapples Production Quantity 53480 53030 49550 52180 53300
Pineapples Yield 85023.9 Fc 106915 Fc 103661 Fc 105202 Fc 111506 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 53630 52380 48040 47680 49420
Plantains Production Quantity 605440 572480 511680 529920 518720
Plantains Yield 112892 Fc 109294 Fc 106511 Fc 111141 Fc 104962 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 4480 3840 4140 5150 5330
Potatoes Production Quantity 59360 51930 61700 74820 77390
Potatoes Seed 7700 F 7700 F 8320 11030 10710
Potatoes Yield 132500 Fc 135234 Fc 149034 Fc 145282 Fc 145197 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 18037 A 21150 A 20010 A 21523 A 19395 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20981 A 23310 A 22740 A 20828 A 19363 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 379.28 A 415.34 A 465.6 A 423.08 A 454.78 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 11632.2 Fc 11021.3 Fc 11364.3 Fc 9677.09 Fc 9983.5 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 10410 9790 10180 8880 8980
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 127890 119440 116910 97090 96950
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 122853 Fc 122002 Fc 114843 Fc 109336 Fc 107962 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 1091050 1060360 942410 1052990 816713
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 3874800 4300620 3651670 3875000 3131000
Rice, paddy Seed 109000 F 109000 100800 108550 84220
Rice, paddy Yield 35514.4 Fc 40558.1 Fc 38748.2 Fc 36800 Fc 38336.6 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 34470 A 33160 A 34010 A 35560 A 34420 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 399370 A 381150 A 386820 A 368120 A 346480 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 7700 A 7700 A 8320 A 11030 A 10710 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 115860 Fc 114943 Fc 113737 Fc 103521 Fc 100662 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F F
Seed cotton Yield
Sesame seed Area Harvested 14360 18390 10880 9510 9260
Sesame seed Production Quantity 11300 16950 8530 6340 6300
Sesame seed Seed 287.2 Fc 287.2 Fc 367.8 Fc 217.6 Fc 190.2 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 7869.08 Fc 9216.97 Fc 7840.07 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6803.46 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 70 80 140 170 160
Sorghum Production Quantity 90 100 180 210 160
Sorghum Seed F F F
Sorghum Yield 12857.1 Fc 12500 Fc 12857.1 Fc 12352.9 Fc 10000 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 2450 4500 1660 1260 2860
Soybeans Production Quantity 3840 7520 3790 3030 4800
Soybeans Seed 147 Fc 180 F 330 120 210
Soybeans Yield 15673.5 Fc 16711.1 Fc 22831.3 Fc 24047.6 Fc 16783.2 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 1028 Im 1029 Im 1000 1000 680
Spices, nes Production Quantity 8437 Im 8293 Im 7750 7140 4400
Spices, nes Yield 82072 Fc 80592.8 Fc 77500 Fc 71400 Fc 64705.9 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 12190 14850 13730 12910 14150
Sugar cane Production Quantity 729010 914850 919530 799450 782510
Sugar cane Yield 598039 Fc 616061 Fc 669723 Fc 619249 Fc 553011 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 5790 5880 6000 6470 6530
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 47270 46460 47270 52570 49160
Sweet potatoes Yield 81640.8 Fc 79013.6 Fc 78783.3 Fc 81251.9 Fc 75283.3 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 221969 221969 221969 221969 212720
Tea Production Quantity 327500 331400 290000 318700 305220
Tea Yield 14754.3 Fc 14930 Fc 13064.9 Fc 14357.9 Fc 14348.4 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 2060 2560 2210 2140 2680
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 3470 4200 3810 3770 4150
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 16844.7 Fc 16406.3 Fc 17239.8 Fc 17616.8 Fc 15485.1 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 7620 7260 7140 7740 6670
Tomatoes Production Quantity 75890 75330 73920 84700 65150
Tomatoes Yield 99593.2 Fc 103760 Fc 103529 Fc 109432 Fc 97676.2 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23090 A 22710 A 21840 A 22470 A 21890 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6890 A 6970 A 6770 A 7120 A 7050 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 2983.98 Fc 3069.13 Fc 3099.82 Fc 3168.67 Fc 3220.65 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 6250 F 6114 Im 6200 F 6100 F 6100 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 63000 F 62200 Im 63000 F 62000 F 62000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 100800 Fc 101734 Fc 101613 Fc 101639 Fc 101639 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 78150 A 75954 A 77020 A 78420 A 78790 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 758690 A 733400 A 732240 A 723310 A 720580 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Seed 9190 A 9190 A 9190 A 9400 A 10560 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 97081.3 Fc 96558.4 Fc 95071.4 Fc 92235.4 Fc 91455.8 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 78150 A 75954 A 77020 A 78420 A 78790 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 758690 A 733400 A 732240 A 723310 A 720580 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Seed 9190 A 9190 A 9190 A 9400 A 10560 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 97081.3 Fc 96558.4 Fc 95071.4 Fc 92235.4 Fc 91455.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Arecanuts Area Harvested 11970 11720 10880 8000 F 7000 F
Arecanuts Production Quantity 24610 24990 23830 15000 F 12000 F
Arecanuts Yield 20559.7 Fc 21322.5 Fc 21902.6 Fc 18750 Fc 17142.9 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 8700 9640 8610 12010 11250
Beans, dry Production Quantity 7980 9000 7810 10610 10320
Beans, dry Seed 175.3 Fc 174 F 192.8 Fc 172.2 Fc 240.2 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 9172.41 Fc 9336.1 Fc 9070.85 Fc 8834.3 Fc 9173.33 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 7810 7720 7470 6290 6550
Beans, green Production Quantity 40550 40790 39600 31690 32650
Beans, green Yield 51920.6 Fc 52836.8 Fc 53012.1 Fc 50381.6 Fc 49847.3 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 4080 4100 3870 3720 3630
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 59390 63910 60510 52220 49340
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 145564 Fc 155878 Fc 156357 Fc 140376 Fc 135923 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 2960 3100 2880 2490 2540
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 36250 36930 34340 27210 28160
Carrots and turnips Yield 122466 Fc 119129 Fc 119236 Fc 109277 Fc 110866 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 19950 22790 22640 22390 23750
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 6810 6200 6130 5490 5340
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 3413.53 Fc 2720.49 Fc 2707.6 Fc 2451.99 Fc 2248.42 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 23560 23450 23140 26280 26380
Cassava Production Quantity 226080 223210 220780 228840 224980
Cassava Yield 95959.3 Fc 95185.5 Fc 95410.5 Fc 87077.6 Fc 85284.3 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 948663 A 950200 A 748720 A 946340 A 848790 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2283140 A 2213610 A 1793120 A 2083740 A 1937970 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 94580 A 97247 A 80791 A 101935 A 88434 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 24067 Fc 23296.3 Fc 23949.1 Fc 22018.9 Fc 22832.2 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 948663 A 950200 A 748720 A 946340 A 848790 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3396030 A 3294530 A 2668240 A 3106450 A 2890180 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 94580 A 97247 A 80791 A 101935 A 88434 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 35798.1 Fc 34672 Fc 35637.3 Fc 32825.9 Fc 34050.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 17900 20430 16640 18740 16290
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 66550 66990 53230 58690 46350
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 37178.8 Fc 32790 Fc 31989.2 Fc 31318 Fc 28453 Fc
Cinnamon (canella) Area Harvested 25620 26100 25090 26110 24600 F
Cinnamon (canella) Production Quantity 12990 13380 12810 13020 12920
Cinnamon (canella) Yield 5070.26 Fc 5126.44 Fc 5105.62 Fc 4986.6 Fc 5252.03 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13260 A 14110 A 13220 A 13640 A 11540 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 11010 A 11120 A 10310 A 10140 A 26920 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 8303.17 Fc 7880.94 Fc 7798.79 Fc 7434.02 Fc 23327.6 Fc
Cloves Area Harvested 7740 7970 8060 8180 11000 F
Cloves Production Quantity 3140 3260 3270 3350 4100 F
Cloves Yield 4056.85 Fc 4090.34 Fc 4057.07 Fc 4095.35 Fc 3727.27 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 38170 A 34940 A 29030 A 34900 A 29200 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 54030 A 48530 A 40240 A 35250 A 30700 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 690 A 607 A 511 A 615 A 524 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 14155.1 Fc 13889.5 Fc 13861.5 Fc 10100.3 Fc 10513.7 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 2420 2870 2910 2980 4850
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 1560 1880 1970 2030 2920
Cocoa beans Yield 6446.28 Fc 6550.52 Fc 6769.76 Fc 6812.08 Fc 6020.62 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 394840 394840 394840 446952 443952
Coconuts Production Quantity 2115840 1683400 1969160 1947120 1817920
Coconuts Yield 53587.3 Fc 42635 Fc 49872.3 Fc 43564.4 Fc 40948.6 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 10600 11300 11860 11800 14820
Coffee, green Production Quantity 6460 7240 7670 9110 9780
Coffee, green Yield 6094.34 Fc 6407.08 Fc 6467.12 Fc 7720.34 Fc 6599.19 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 148100 F 191200 F 177200 F 136300 F 127250 F
Cotton lint Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Production Quantity F F F F F
Cottonseed Seed
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 10650 11360 9660 13840 11780
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 10120 11180 9160 12900 10440
Cow peas, dry Seed 233.86 Fc 234.3 Fc 249.92 Fc 212.52 Fc 304.48 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 9502.35 Fc 9841.55 Fc 9482.4 Fc 9320.81 Fc 8862.48 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 2850 3160 2670 3160 2836 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 24680 26830 22910 23390 26000 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 86596.5 Fc 84905.1 Fc 85805.2 Fc 74019 Fc 91678.4 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 10170 9790 9330 10630 9700 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 88370 83640 80380 74470 70000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 86892.8 Fc 85434.1 Fc 86152.2 Fc 70056.4 Fc 72164.9 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 101856 A 107720 A 104620 A 106980 A 106414 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 713809 A 767690 A 756900 A 811273 A 830290 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 70080.2 Fc 71267.2 Fc 72347.5 Fc 75834.1 Fc 78024.5 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 9456 Im 10000 F 9500 F 10200 F 13004 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 55789 Im 60000 F 57000 F 62000 F 65000 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 58998.5 Fc 60000 Fc 60000 Fc 60784.3 Fc 49984.6 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 1360 1350 1253 Im 1250 1290
Ginger Production Quantity 6760 6700 5690 4840 5080
Ginger Yield 49705.9 Fc 49629.6 Fc 45411 Fc 38720 Fc 39379.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 11660 10920 9980 11380 9110
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 9820 9040 7930 6580 5730
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 1570 1470 1474.2 Fc 1347.3 Fc 1536.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 8421.96 Fc 8278.39 Fc 7945.89 Fc 5782.07 Fc 6289.79 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 1710 1028 Im 883 Im 929 Im 876 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 24800 11880 Im 10278 Im 9369 Im 8773 Im
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 145029 Fc 115564 Fc 116399 Fc 100850 Fc 100148 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 8970 9680 9180 9700 7630
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 4970 5210 4860 5090 21300 F
Lemons and limes Yield 5540.69 Fc 5382.23 Fc 5294.12 Fc 5247.42 Fc 27916.1 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 32000 28410 23430 27060 23410
Maize Production Quantity 47530 41800 35200 29650 26410
Maize Seed 630 560 460 530 460
Maize Yield 14853.1 Fc 14713.1 Fc 15023.5 Fc 10957.1 Fc 11281.5 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 25320 27200 26330 28630 27070
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 85360 92830 91910 100120 97450
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 33712.5 Fc 34128.7 Fc 34906.9 Fc 34970.3 Fc 35999.3 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 5970 6290 5250 7560 5570
Millet Production Quantity 6330 6500 4770 5400 4140
Millet Seed 60 47 * 50 80 60
Millet Yield 10603 Fc 10333.9 Fc 9085.71 Fc 7142.86 Fc 7432.68 Fc
Mustard seed Area Harvested 370 430 220 360 260
Mustard seed Production Quantity 250 310 190 280 200
Mustard seed Seed 6.8 Fc 7 F 8.6 Fc 4.4 Fc 7.2 Fc
Mustard seed Yield 6756.76 Fc 7209.3 Fc 8636.36 Fc 7777.78 Fc 7692.31 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 116480 116470 116470 114680 114680
Natural rubber Production Quantity 109140 104350 94700 92010 90520
Natural rubber Yield 9369.85 Fc 8959.39 Fc 8130.85 Fc 8023.19 Fc 7893.27 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 2510 4640 * 4830 * 4800 * 5300 F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 690 1710 * 1750 * 2050 * 2010 *
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 2749 Fc 3685.34 Fc 3623.19 Fc 4270.83 Fc 3792.45 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 419280 A 418920 A 413330 A 470052 A 461162 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 180281 A 145371 A 164368 A 163571 A 150719 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 868.8 A 804.18 A 809.61 A 647.44 A 828.92 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4299.77 Fc 3470.13 Fc 3976.68 Fc 3479.84 Fc 3268.25 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 419280 A 418920 A 413330 A 470052 A 461162 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 281595 A 225213 A 260649 A 258094 A 240080 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 592.68 A 557.23 A 561.61 A 479.93 A 573.67 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6716.15 Fc 5376.03 Fc 6306.07 Fc 5490.75 Fc 5205.97 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 13040 10350 7470 7670 7870
Onions, dry Production Quantity 134370 109280 76970 67820 66890
Onions, dry Seed 11730 10900 14070 14440 14820
Onions, dry Yield 103044 Fc 105585 Fc 103039 Fc 88422.4 Fc 84993.6 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 4290 4430 4040 3940 3910
Oranges Production Quantity 6040 5910 5450 5050 5620
Oranges Yield 14079.3 Fc 13340.9 Fc 13490.1 Fc 12817.3 Fc 14373.4 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 30490 31150 31330 30030 28500 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 18600 18290 18560 17860 17700
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 6100.36 Fc 5871.59 Fc 5924.03 Fc 5947.39 Fc 6210.53 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 4960 5260 5190 4830 4800
Pineapples Production Quantity 57170 58460 57680 48860 50920
Pineapples Yield 115262 Fc 111141 Fc 111137 Fc 101159 Fc 106083 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 48860 51150 50380 49680 50000 F
Plantains Production Quantity 504480 545280 540000 590153 Im 590000 F
Plantains Yield 103250 Fc 106604 Fc 107185 Fc 118791 Fc 118000 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 5300 5610 5490 6310 6610
Potatoes Production Quantity 78490 79450 81270 71750 88710
Potatoes Seed 10650 11270 11030 12670 13280
Potatoes Yield 148094 Fc 141622 Fc 148033 Fc 113708 Fc 134206 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19350 A 21000 A 18270 A 25850 A 23030 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 18100 A 20180 A 16970 A 23510 A 20760 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 409.16 A 408.3 A 442.72 A 384.72 A 544.68 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 9354.01 Fc 9609.52 Fc 9288.45 Fc 9094.78 Fc 9014.33 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 8160 9080 7230 8190 9200 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 78170 87400 73730 71150 100000 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 95796.6 Fc 96255.5 Fc 101978 Fc 86874.2 Fc 108696 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 910493 915260 719690 911440 819590
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 3342000 3246000 2628000 3071200 2859480
Rice, paddy Seed 93890 96640 80280 101320 87910
Rice, paddy Yield 36705.4 Fc 35465.3 Fc 36515.7 Fc 33696.1 Fc 34889.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 35510 A 35680 A 35050 A 40160 A 40690 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 346190 A 343840 A 341770 A 344640 A 361150 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 10650 A 11270 A 11030 A 12670 A 13280 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 97490.9 Fc 96367.7 Fc 97509.3 Fc 85816.7 Fc 88756.4 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested F F F F F
Seed cotton Production Quantity F F F F F
Seed cotton Yield
Sesame seed Area Harvested 9340 9650 6990 8810 6580
Sesame seed Production Quantity 5970 6160 4350 5490 4070
Sesame seed Seed 185.2 Fc 187 F 193 Fc 139.8 Fc 176.2 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 6391.86 Fc 6383.42 Fc 6223.18 Fc 6231.56 Fc 6185.41 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 200 240 350 280 220
Sorghum Production Quantity 170 230 270 200 150
Sorghum Seed 1 5 4
Sorghum Yield 8500 Fc 9583.33 Fc 7714.29 Fc 7142.86 Fc 6818.18 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 3070 3080 1300 2550 1260
Soybeans Production Quantity 5180 4990 1890 2960 1160
Soybeans Seed 220 185 F 184.8 Fc 78 Fc 191.25 Fc
Soybeans Yield 16873 Fc 16201.3 Fc 14538.5 Fc 11607.8 Fc 9206.35 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 670 710 710 990 990
Spices, nes Production Quantity 3690 3860 3850 3730 3940
Spices, nes Yield 55074.6 Fc 54366.2 Fc 54225.3 Fc 37676.8 Fc 39798 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 18780 16910 16760 16800 17510
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1136600 991550 990430 1015480 963050
Sugar cane Yield 605218 Fc 586369 Fc 590949 Fc 604452 Fc 550000 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 6650 6620 6420 7570 7700
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 41620 41180 39720 44050 47460
Sweet potatoes Yield 62586.5 Fc 62205.4 Fc 61869.2 Fc 58190.2 Fc 61636.4 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 212720 212720 212720 210620 210620
Tea Production Quantity 310800 317200 308090 303230 310000
Tea Yield 14610.8 Fc 14911.6 Fc 14483.4 Fc 14397 Fc 14718.5 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 2510 3040 3480 3110 3150
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 3710 4210 4390 3810 3820
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 14780.9 Fc 13848.7 Fc 12614.9 Fc 12250.8 Fc 12127 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 6640 6220 5980 5930 5420
Tomatoes Production Quantity 61040 56900 53770 44980 41240
Tomatoes Yield 91927.7 Fc 91479.1 Fc 89916.4 Fc 75851.6 Fc 76088.6 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19950 A 22790 A 22640 A 22390 A 23750 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6810 A 6200 A 6130 A 5490 A 5340 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 3413.53 Fc 2720.49 Fc 2707.6 Fc 2451.99 Fc 2248.42 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 5900 F 5800 F 5500 F 7466 Im 7043 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 60000 F 58000 F 56000 F 65145 Im 61000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 101695 Fc 100000 Fc 101818 Fc 87255.6 Fc 86610.8 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 81220 A 80778 A 69923 A 75215 A 71955 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 674170 A 642550 A 561718 A 526134 A 530403 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Seed 11730 A 10900 A 14070 A 14440 A 14820 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 83005.4 Fc 79545.2 Fc 80333.8 Fc 69950.7 Fc 73713.1 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 81220 A 80778 A 69923 A 75215 A 71955 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 674170 A 642550 A 561718 A 526134 A 530403 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Seed 11730 A 10900 A 14070 A 14440 A 14820 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 83005.4 Fc 79545.2 Fc 80333.8 Fc 69950.7 Fc 73713.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 2620 Fm 2620 Fm 2510 Fm 2595 Fm 2390 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 2.7 I 3.5 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 0.4 I 0.2 I
Agricultural area organic, total Area 43.7 I 21.2 I 22.3 I 17 I
Arable land Area 1200 Fm 1200 Fm 1100 Fm 1200 Fm 1000 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 2180 Fm 2180 Fm 2070 Fm 2155 Fm 1950 Fm
Country area Area 6561 W 6561 W 6561 Q 6561 W 6561 W
Forest area Area 1845.4 Fm 1860 Q 1874.6 Fm 1889.2 Fm 1903.8 Fm
Inland water Area 290 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm
Land area Area 6271 W 6271 W 6271 Q 6271 W 6271 W
Other land Area 1805.6 Fm 1791 Fm 1886.4 Fm 1786.8 Fm 1977.2 Fm
Permanent crops Area 980 Fm 980 Fm 970 Fm 955 Fm 950 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 570 Fm 570 Fm 570 Fm 570 Fm 570 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 2440 Fm 2510 Fm 2310 Fm 2370 Fm 2356 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 17 I 10 I
Arable land Area 1050 Fm 1100 Fm 900 Fm 950 Fm 936 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 2000 Fm 2070 Fm 1870 Fm 1930 Fm 1916 Q
Country area Area 6561 W 6561 W 6561 W 6561 Q 6561 Q
Forest area Area 1918.4 Fm 1933 Q 1962.8 Fm 1992.6 Fm 2022.4 Fm
Inland water Area 290 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm 290 Fm
Land area Area 6271 W 6271 W 6271 W 6271 W 6271 W
Other land Area 1912.6 Fm 1828 Fm 1998.2 Fm 1908.4 Fm 1892.6 Fm
Permanent crops Area 950 Fm 970 Fm 970 Fm 980 Fm 980 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 Fm 440 F 440 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 570 I 570 Fm 570 Fm 570 Fm 570 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files