Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Saint Lucia

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Datasheet

Saint Lucia

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 182,790 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 11,020 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 2,014.24 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 2,122.45 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 2.01 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)Absent, Formerly presentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Absent, Never occurredEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCompton (2010); Lebourne (2010); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPassalora sequoiae (Passalora needle blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMathurin (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)PresentKelly et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJn Pierre (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHeileman (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGovernment of Saint Lucia (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSommeijer (1975); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAzeta repugnalis (gliricidia moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMathurin (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHeileman (2007); Malumphy (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentIntroducedInvasiveGovernment of Saint Lucia (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeTavares (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchotman (1989); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresentNativeSouthward (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAdamson (1938)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBelkin and Heinemann (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (bollworm)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolopothrips inquilinus (white cedar thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJn Pierre (2008); Mathurin (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentMalumphy (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentFood and Agriculture Organization (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKairo et al. (2000); Jn Pierre (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedKrauss (2012); FAO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJn Pierre (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Krauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilephedra broadwayiPresentMalumphy (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1986); Heileman (2007); Mathurin (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudacysta perseaePresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJn Pierre (2008); Kane et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2007); Mathurin et al. (2010); Kane et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMathurin (2010); Seal and Ciomperlik (2004); Collins et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Pogue (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAnon (1984); FAO (1986); Heileman (2007); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSyntomeida epilais (oleander moth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMathurin (2010); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWetterer (2009); ISSG (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMathurin (2010); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAubert and Leclant (1992); Yokomi et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (1998); Heileman (2007); Government of Saint Lucia (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveJn Pierre (2008); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmazona amazonica (orange winged parrot)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis extremus (Barbados anole)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (2012); Gorman (1976); Corke (1992); Losos (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMorton and Cox (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis wattsi (Watts' anole)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDaltry (2009); Underwood (1959); Gorman (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCaribbean Conservation Association (1991); Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDaltry (2009); ISSG (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jn Pierre (2008); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Krauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDasyprocta leporina (agouti)Present, Few occurrencesInvasiveClarke (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)Present, WidespreadInvasiveCaribbean Conservation Association (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus martinicensis (whistling frog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDaltry (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCaribbean Conservation Association (1991); ISSG (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHoagland et al. (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveMorton and Krauss (2011); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentInvasivePost et al. (1990); Lowther and Post (1999); Toussaint et al. (2009); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Avibase (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDaltry (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOphisternon aenigmaticum (obscure swamp eel)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedFAO (2010); Krauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chakalall (1993); FAO (1997); FAO (2010); Krauss (2012); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOrthorhyncus cristatus (Antillean crested hummingbird)PresentIntroducedKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDaltry (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesNativeJohnsgard and Carbonell (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatusPresent, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentNativeISSG (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuiscalus lugubris (Carib grackle)PresentNativeToussaint (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCaribbean Conservation Association (1991); ISSG (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCaribbean Conservation Association (1991); ISSG (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJn Pierre (2008); Daltry (2009); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScinax ruber (Common scinax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Caribbean Conservation Association (1991); Jn Pierre (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (2012); BirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCaribbean Conservation Association (1991); Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTiaris bicolor (black-faced grassquit)PresentNativeKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTurdus nudigenis (bare-eyed thrush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveArnoux and Faivre (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVireo altiloquus (black-whiskered vireo)PresentNativeKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveJn Pierre (2008); Pollard et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSturrock (1973); Prentice et al. (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHuttonella bicolor (two-tone gulella)PresentIntroducedRobinson et al. (2004); Robinson et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLeidyula floridana (Florida leatherleaf)PresentIntroducedRobinson et al. (2004); Robinson et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePrentice (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStreptostele musaecolaPresentIntroducedInvasiveRobinson et al. (2004); Robinson et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSchotman (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHunt (1977); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEdmunds (1969); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadEdmunds (1969); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum fluitansPresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum natansPresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss et al. (2008); Graveson (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentNativeGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); Broome et al. (2007); Abadie et al. (2008); Graveson (2012); ISSG (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdonidia merrillii (Christmas palm)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentNativePROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Broome et al. (2007); Krauss (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedKrisnawati et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Graveson (2019); University of Puerto Rico - Río Piedras (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentNativeSmithsonian Institution (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus aethiopicusPresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Institution (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Krauss et al. (2008); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDaltry (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012); ISSG (IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group) (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Plants of the Eastern Caribbean (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Young (2008); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalathea lutea (calathea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama)PresentNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentNativeAguilar-Meléndez et al. (2017); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)Present, WidespreadBroome et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, LocalizedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Daltry (2009); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia schreberiana (pumpwood)PresentNativeGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGraveson (2012); Gautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentIntroducedLombardi (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeRiffle (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss et al. (2008); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKrauss et al. (2008); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus scaber (spiral ginger)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss et al. (2008); Daltry (2009); Kraus and Duffy (2010); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCucumis anguria (West Indian gherkin)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentGraham (2003); Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedMcCormack (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentNativeGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGraveson (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia praetermissa (yellow thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeGraveson (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012); Graveson (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentIntroducedHOWARD and POWELL (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2002); WAC (2005); Broome et al. (2007); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena serrata (arrasa con todo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWillette and Ambrose (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia wagneriana (heliconia)PresentIntroducedKrauss et al. (2008); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHippeastrum puniceum (Barbados lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum timorense (centipede grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedHoward (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003); Krauss (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentCSIRO (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentNativeGraveson (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana x strigocamaraPresentNativeGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentNativeBroome et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012); Kairo et al. (2003); Daltry (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedDaltry (2009); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativePowell (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeGraveson (2012); Queensland Government (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa ceratonia (climbing mimosa)PresentNativeGraveson (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBroome et al. (2007); Krauss et al. (2008); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrauss (2012); Fournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema nitidum (shrubby toothedthread)PresentNativeHoward (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGraveson (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentNativeChase (1929)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum fasciculatum (bull grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum millegrana (yerba brava)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKrauss (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPogostemon cablin (patchouli)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHoward (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentWagner and Lorence (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012); Graveson (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Fournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Broome et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina patens (saltmeadow cordgrass)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)Present, WidespreadNativeGraveson (2012); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeGraveson (2012); Daltry (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2016); Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKrauss et al. (2008); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentUSDA-ARS (2005); Graveson (2012); Krauss (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Powell (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)Present, WidespreadNativeFournet and Hammerton (1991); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow)Present, WidespreadBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedGraveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Broome et al. (2007); Graveson (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveLockhart and Jones (1999)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2018); Homan et al. (1992); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentSchotman (1989)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisPresent, WidespreadHugh-Jones and Hubbert (1988); Camus and Montenegro-James (1994); Camus and Barré (1995); CABI (Undated)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
babesiosisPresentHugh et al. (1988); Camus and Montenegro-James (1994)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine anaplasmosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentJn Pierre (2008)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
AvocadosArea harvested51504337 Im35 Im
Production quantity344335287245 Im229 Im
Yield67,451 Fc67,000 Fc66,744 Fc66,216 Fc65,429 Fc
BananasArea harvested357422386353 Im384 Im
Production quantity16,18219,14317,52716,023 Im17,461 Im
Yield453,277 Fc453,626 Fc454,067 Fc453,909 Fc454,714 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested9111012 Im17 Im
Production quantity181239215216 Im219 Im
Yield201,111 Fc217,273 Fc215,000 Fc180,000 Fc128,824 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvestedImIm
Production quantity27291917 Im17 Im
Yield
CassavaArea harvested807 Im756 Im709 Im667 Im619 Im
Production quantity1,459 Im1,430 Im1,400 Im1,370 Im1,333 Im
Yield18,079 Fc18,915 Fc19,746 Fc20,540 Fc21,535 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvestedAAAAA
Production quantityAAAAA
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested54 A55 A36 A51 A85 A
Production quantity1,532 A1,624 A1,048 A1,228 A1,507 A
Yield283,704 Fc295,273 Fc291,111 Fc240,784 Fc177,294 Fc
Cocoa, beansArea harvested11 Im9 Im12 Im21 Im27 Im
Production quantity20172137 Im46 Im
Yield18,182 Fc18,889 Fc17,500 Fc17,619 Fc17,037 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested1,781 Im1,787 Im1,962 Im1,989 Im2,024 Im
Production quantity9,700 Im9,600 *10,400 *10,400 *10,400 *
Yield54,464 Fc53,721 Fc53,007 Fc52,288 Fc51,383 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested25323333 Im37 Im
Production quantity727908950885 Im849 Im
Yield290,800 Fc283,750 Fc287,879 Fc268,182 Fc229,459 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested1,630 A1,651 A1,563 A1,491 A1,521 A
Production quantity30,270 A32,664 A29,952 A27,723 A28,792 A
Yield185,706 Fc197,844 Fc191,631 Fc185,936 Fc189,297 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested398 Im392 Im385 Im378 Im373 Im
Production quantity4,155 Im3,982 Im3,810 Im3,637 Im3,457 Im
Yield104,397 Fc101,582 Fc98,961 Fc96,217 Fc92,681 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested517 Im512 Im507 Im502 Im497 Im
Production quantity3,637 Im3,599 Im3,559 Im3,521 Im3,491 Im
Yield70,348 Fc70,293 Fc70,197 Fc70,139 Fc70,241 Fc
GingerArea harvested1111 Im1 Im
Production quantity11192220 Im17 Im
Yield110,000 Fc190,000 Fc220,000 Fc200,000 Fc170,000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested19271318 Im39 Im
Production quantity594875413458 Im714 Im
Yield312,632 Fc324,074 Fc317,692 Fc254,444 Fc183,077 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested19151114 Im20 Im
Production quantity550439338339 Im340 Im
Yield289,474 Fc292,667 Fc307,273 Fc242,143 Fc170,000 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested15141414 Im14 Im
Production quantity212201202194 Im185 Im
Yield141,333 Fc143,571 Fc144,286 Fc138,571 Fc132,143 Fc
MaizeArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested98677253 Im40 Im
Production quantity1,089743796533 Im400 Im
Yield111,122 Fc110,896 Fc110,556 Fc100,566 Fc100,000 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea harvested95 Im94 Im93 Im91 Im90 Im
Production quantity35 Im35 Im34 Im34 Im34 Im
Yield3,684 Fc3,723 Fc3,656 Fc3,736 Fc3,778 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested1,781 A1,787 A1,962 A1,989 A2,024 A
Production quantity9,700 A9,600 A10,400 A10,400 A10,400 A
Yield54,464 Fc53,721 Fc53,007 Fc52,288 Fc51,383 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,781 A1,787 A1,962 A1,989 A2,024 A
Production quantity776 A768 A832 A832 A832 A
Yield4,357 Fc4,298 Fc4,241 Fc4,183 Fc4,111 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,781 A1,787 A1,962 A1,989 A2,024 A
Production quantity1,261 A1,248 A1,352 A1,352 A1,352 A
Yield7,080 Fc6,984 Fc6,891 Fc6,797 Fc6,680 Fc
OrangesArea harvested16131219 Im26 Im
Production quantity388310297431 Im453 Im
Yield242,500 Fc238,462 Fc247,500 Fc226,842 Fc174,231 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested222 Im223 Im224 Im228 Im235 Im
Production quantity171 Im172 Im173 Im175 Im181 Im
Yield7,703 Fc7,713 Fc7,723 Fc7,675 Fc7,702 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested3443 Im4 Im
Production quantity55798461 Im61 Im
Yield183,333 Fc197,500 Fc210,000 Fc203,333 Fc152,500 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested137136118102 Im90 Im
Production quantity2,7122,6592,3602,051 Im1,795 Im
Yield197,956 Fc195,515 Fc200,000 Fc201,078 Fc199,444 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested25 Im25 Im25 Im25 Im25 Im
Production quantity52 Im52 Im52 Im52 Im51 Im
Yield20,800 Fc20,800 Fc20,800 Fc20,800 Fc20,400 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested25 A25 A25 A25 A25 A
Production quantity52 A52 A52 A52 A51 A
Yield20,800 Fc20,800 Fc20,800 Fc20,800 Fc20,400 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested19211716 Im16 Im
Production quantity547600501475 Im457 Im
Yield287,895 Fc285,714 Fc294,706 Fc296,875 Fc285,625 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested433 Im435 Im437 Im439 Im439 Im
Production quantity1,670 Im1,681 Im1,691 Im1,702 Im1,705 Im
Yield38,568 Fc38,644 Fc38,696 Fc38,770 Fc38,838 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested1,302 A1,313 A1,236 A1,193 A1,190 A
Production quantity4,450 A5,556 A4,967 A4,678 A4,746 A
Yield34,178 Fc42,315 Fc40,186 Fc39,212 Fc39,882 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested144 Im147 Im150 Im154 Im160 Im
Production quantity128 Im129 Im129 Im129 Im130 Im
Yield8,889 Fc8,776 Fc8,600 Fc8,377 Fc8,125 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvestedAAAAA
Production quantityAAAAA
Sweet potatoesArea harvested23352627 Im40 Im
Production quantity530808607548 Im626 Im
Yield230,435 Fc230,857 Fc233,462 Fc202,963 Fc156,500 Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area harvested12292324 Im39 Im
Production quantity300723569513 Im506 Im
Yield250,000 Fc249,310 Fc247,391 Fc213,750 Fc129,744 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested91089 Im10 Im
Production quantity275315240259 Im272 Im
Yield305,556 Fc315,000 Fc300,000 Fc287,778 Fc272,000 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested302 A309 A299 A297 A304 A
Production quantity3,298 A3,608 A3,430 A3,335 A3,278 A
Yield109,205 Fc116,764 Fc114,716 Fc112,290 Fc107,829 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested225 Im221 Im217 Im213 Im210 Im
Production quantity1,329 Im1,316 Im1,303 Im1,289 Im1,279 Im
Yield59,067 Fc59,548 Fc60,046 Fc60,516 Fc60,905 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested15131212 Im13 Im
Production quantity564500481424 Im391 Im
Yield376,000 Fc384,615 Fc400,833 Fc353,333 Fc300,769 Fc
YamsArea harvested20342725 Im43 Im
Production quantity442736597470 Im506 Im
Yield221,000 Fc216,471 Fc221,111 Fc188,000 Fc117,674 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam)Area harvested7241411 Im10 Im
Production quantity4917810375 Im70 Im
Yield70,000 Fc74,167 Fc73,571 Fc68,182 Fc70,000 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea11 Fm11 Fm11 Fm11 Fm11 Fm
AgricultureArea11 Fc11 Fc11 Fc11 Fc11 Fc
Arable landArea3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm
Country areaArea62 W62 W62 W62 W62 W
CroplandArea10 Fm10 Fm10 Fm10 Fm10 Fm
Forest landArea21 Q21 Q21 Q21 Q21 Fm
Inland watersArea1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm
Land areaArea61 Fm61 Fm61 Fm61 Fm61 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea7 Fm7 Fm7 Fm7 Fm7 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea18 Fm18 Fm18 Fm18 Fm18 Fm
Other landArea30 Fc30 Fc30 Fc30 Fc30 Fc
Planted ForestArea3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Fm
Primary ForestArea17 Fm17 Fm17 Q17 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.