Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Saint Lucia

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Datasheet

Saint Lucia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Saint Lucia
  • General data
  • Region: Caribbean
  • Area (km2): NaN
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Castries
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 167,975
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$5,520
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$927,573,504
  • GDP: US$980,000,000

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Hypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug) Present Malumphy, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, never occurred CPPC; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CPPC; CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesCompton, 2010; Lebourne, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPassalora sequoiae (Passalora needle blight) Present Introduced YesMathurin, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao) Present Kelly et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present Introduced YesJn Pierre, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present Introduced YesHeileman, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present Introduced YesGovernment of Saint Lucia, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAzeta repugnalis (gliricidia moth) Present Introduced YesMathurin, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present Introduced YesHeileman, 2007; EPPO, 2014; Malumphy, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present Introduced YesGovernment of Saint Lucia, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteus Present Native Southward, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present Introduced YesAdamson, 1938.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Belkin and Heinemann, 1976c.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolopothrips inquilinus (white cedar thrips) Present Introduced YesJn Pierre, 2008; Mathurin, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2000; Jn Pierre, 2008; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn) Present Introduced Krauss, 2012; FAO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Introduced YesJn Pierre, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; Heileman, 2007; Mathurin, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Introduced YesJn Pierre, 2008; Kane et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present Introduced YesMathurin, 2010; Seal and Ciomperlik, 2004; Collins et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present Introduced YesAnon, 1984; Anon, 1986d; Heileman, 2007; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSyntomeida epilais (oleander moth) Present Introduced YesMathurin, 2010; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced YesWetterer, 2009; ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Introduced YesMathurin, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Introduced YesYokomi et al., 1994; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; Heileman, 2007; Government of Saint Lucia, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present Introduced YesJn Pierre, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmazona amazonica (orange winged parrot) Restricted distribution Introduced YesKrauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis extremus (Barbados anole) Restricted distribution Introduced YesKrauss, 2012; Gorman, 1976; Corke, 1992; Losos, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMorton and Cox, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis wattsi (Watts' anole) Widespread Introduced YesDaltry, 2009; Underwood, 1959; Gorman, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced YesKrauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Widespread Introduced YesCaribbean Conservation Association, 1991; Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present Introduced YesDaltry, 2009; ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; Jn Pierre, 2008; Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDasyprocta leporina (agouti) Present, few occurrences YesClarke, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum) Widespread YesCaribbean Conservation Association, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus martinicensis (whistling frog) Present Introduced YesDaltry, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Widespread Introduced YesCaribbean Conservation Association, 1991; ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesHoagland et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana) Present Introduced YesMorton and Krauss, 2011; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present YesPost et al., 1990; Lowther and Post, 1999; Toussaint et al., 2009; ISSG, 2011; Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Widespread Introduced YesDaltry, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOphisternon aenigmaticum (obscure swamp eel) Present Introduced FAO, 2010; Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Chakalall, 1993; FAO, 1997; FAO, 2010; Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOrthorhyncus cristatus (Antillean crested hummingbird) Present Introduced Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present Introduced YesDaltry, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPavo cristatus Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Native ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuiscalus lugubris (Carib grackle) Present Native Toussaint, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Widespread Introduced YesCaribbean Conservation Association, 1991; ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Widespread Introduced YesCaribbean Conservation Association, 1991; ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Widespread Introduced YesJn Pierre, 2008; Daltry, 2009; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScinax ruber (Common scinax) Present Introduced Caribbean Conservation Association, 1991; Jn Pierre, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Introduced YesKrauss, 2012; BirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Widespread Introduced YesCaribbean Conservation Association, 1991; Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTiaris bicolor (black-faced grassquit) Present Native Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesKrauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTurdus nudigenis (bare-eyed thrush) Present Introduced YesArnoux and Faivre, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVireo altiloquus (black-whiskered vireo) Present Native Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Widespread Introduced YesJn Pierre, 2008; Pollard et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBiomphalaria glabrata (marsh snail) Present Introduced YesSturrock, 1973; Prentice et al., 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHuttonella bicolor (two-tone gulella) Present Introduced Robinson et al., 2004; Robinson et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLeidyula floridana (Florida leatherleaf) Present Introduced Robinson et al., 2004; Robinson et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Introduced YesPrentice, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStreptostele musaecola Present Introduced YesRobinson et al., 2004; Robinson et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Schotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Introduced YesHunt, 1977; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Introduced YesEdmunds, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Edmunds, 1969; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum fluitans Present Introduced YesKrauss, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum natans Present Introduced YesKrauss, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Present Introduced YesKrauss et al., 2008; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; Broome et al., 2007; Abadie et al., 2008; Graveson, 2012; ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Native PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced Krisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Native Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Graveson, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Unconfirmed record Introduced YesKrauss, 2012; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Introduced Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Krauss et al., 2008; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Widespread Introduced YesDaltry, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012; ISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007; Young, 2008; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalathea lutea (calathea) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant) Localised Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium caeruleum (jicama) Present Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Restricted distribution Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present Native Aguilar-Meléndez et al., 2017; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Widespread Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Localised Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Daltry, 2009; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia schreberiana (pumpwood) Present Native Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris radiata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Graveson, 2012; Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Widespread Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native NoRiffle, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present Introduced YesKrauss et al., 2008; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry) Widespread Introduced YesKrauss et al., 2008; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus scaber (spiral ginger) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCostus spicatus (spiked spiralflag ginger) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced YesKrauss et al., 2008; Daltry, 2009; Kraus and Duffy, 2010; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Graham, 2003; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced McCormack, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Fournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane) Present Native NoGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Widespread Introduced Graveson, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (Pigeonberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present, few occurrences Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Native Graveson, 2012; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesGraveson, 2012; Graveson, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005; Broome et al., 2007; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (Mediterranean seagrass) Present Introduced YesWillette and Ambrose, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Widespread Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia wagneriana (heliconia) Present Introduced Krauss et al., 2008; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHippeastrum puniceum (Barbados lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced GRIIS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (Busy-lizzy) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum timorense (centipede grass) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced Howard, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003; Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Present NoCSIRO, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Native Graveson, 2012; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana x strigocamara Present Native Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Native Kairo et al., 2003; Daltry, 2009; Gardener, 2009; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Widespread Introduced YesFournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced NoDaltry, 2009; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Powell, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Native Graveson, 2012; Queensland Government, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa ceratonia (climbing mimosa) Present Native Graveson, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced YesBroome et al., 2007; Krauss et al., 2008; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced YesKrauss, 2012; Fournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema nitidum (shrubby toothedthread) Present Native Howard, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Localised Introduced Graveson, 2012; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeltophorum pterocarpum (copperpod) Localised Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Localised Introduced Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPogostemon cablin (patchouli) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Howard, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Wagner and Lorence, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012; Graveson, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Native Broome et al., 2007; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Fournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Fournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Native Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996; Broome et al., 2007; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Present Fournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina patens (saltmeadow cordgrass) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Widespread Native Graveson, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present, few occurrences Native NoGraveson, 2012; Daltry, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Fournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2016; Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Present Fournet and Hammerton, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyngonium podophyllum (arrowhead vine) Localised Introduced YesKrauss et al., 2008; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced YesGraveson, 2012; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Widespread Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Present USDA-ARS, 2005; Graveson, 2012; Krauss, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Widespread Introduced YesGraveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced YesAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018; Powell, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Widespread Native Fournet and Hammerton, 1991; Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Widespread Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced Broome et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Broome et al., 2007; Graveson, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesLockhart and Jones, 1999.
Virusbluetongue virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent Homan et al., 1992.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Schotman, 1989.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosis Widespread Knowles and Montrose, 1982; Hugh-Jones and Hubbert, 1988; Camus and Montenegro-James, 1994; Camus and Barré, 1995.
babesiosis Present Hugh et al., 1988; Camus and Montenegro-James, 1994.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Jn Pierre, 2008.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 46 Im 50 F 40 F 70 F 44 F
Avocados Production Quantity 327 Im 320 F 252 458 284
Avocados Yield 71087 Fc 64000 Fc 63000 Fc 65428.6 Fc 64545.4 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 2671 Im 2000 F 3800 F 4200 F 3200 F
Bananas Production Quantity 23810 Im 21702 * 39726 43798 32389
Bananas Yield 89142.6 Fc 108510 Fc 104542 Fc 104281 Fc 101216 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 36 Im 30 F 28 F 27 F 21 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 451 Im 400 F 313 369 283
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 125278 Fc 133333 Fc 111786 Fc 136667 Fc 134762 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 2 F 1 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 15 Im 14 Im 16 22 16
Carrots and turnips Yield 150000 Fc 140000 Fc 160000 Fc 110000 Fc 160000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 566 Im 528 Im 437 Im 360 F 340 F
Cassava Production Quantity 1251 Im 1151 Im 898 Im 1100 F 1030 F
Cassava Yield 22102.5 Fc 21799.2 Fc 20549.2 Fc 30555.6 Fc 30294.1 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed A A A A A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed A A A A A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 214 A 250 A 262 A 246 A 271 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1852 A 2162 A 2102 A 2061 A 2182 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 86542.1 Fc 86480 Fc 80229 Fc 83780.5 Fc 80516.6 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed A A A A A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 73 Im 70 Im 72 Im 69 Im 50 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 130 F 120 F 110 100 81
Cocoa beans Yield 17808.2 Fc 17142.9 Fc 15277.8 Fc 14492.8 Fc 16200 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 2641 Im 2782 Im 3038 Im 3750 F 4088 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 14938 Im 13951 Im 12087 Im 15000 F 13827 Im
Coconuts Yield 56561.9 Fc 50147.4 Fc 39786 Fc 40000 Fc 33823.4 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested
Coffee, green Production Quantity
Coffee, green Yield
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 40 Im 39 F 38 F 39 F 44 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 539 Im 510 F 625 504 566
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 134750 Fc 130769 Fc 164474 Fc 129231 Fc 128636 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4217 A 3745 A 5408 A 5725 A 4618 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 34424 A 31682 A 48813 A 53839 A 41669 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 81631.5 Fc 84598.1 Fc 90260.7 Fc 94041.9 Fc 90231.7 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 310 Im 337 Im 308 Im 283 Im 310 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 3043 Im 2453 Im 2008 Im 2296 Im 1986 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 98161.3 Fc 72789.3 Fc 65194.8 Fc 81130.7 Fc 64064.5 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 516 Im 562 Im 514 Im 458 F 465 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3403 Im 3229 Im 2901 Im 3200 F 3363 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 65949.6 Fc 57455.5 Fc 56439.7 Fc 69869 Fc 72322.6 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 12 Im 9 Im 11 Im 4 Im 6 Im
Ginger Production Quantity 16 Im 15 F 11 9 9
Ginger Yield 13333.3 Fc 16666.7 Fc 10000 Fc 22500 Fc 15000 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 129 Im 152 Im 144 F 140 F 166 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 1092 Im 1356 Im 1155 1121 1329
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 84651.2 Fc 89210.5 Fc 80208.3 Fc 80071.4 Fc 80060.2 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 40 Im 42 Im 53 Im 43 Im 50 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 275 Im 221 Im 247 254 257
Lemons and limes Yield 68750 Fc 52619.1 Fc 46603.8 Fc 59069.8 Fc 51400 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 15 Im 16 Im 15 F 13 F 11 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 192 Im 167 Im 180 155 130
Lettuce and chicory Yield 128000 Fc 104375 Fc 120000 Fc 119231 Fc 118182 Fc
Maize Area Harvested
Maize Production Quantity
Maize Seed
Maize Yield
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 40 Im 41 Im 50 F 86 F 70 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 223 Im 243 Im 323 644 527
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 55750 Fc 59268.3 Fc 64600 Fc 74883.7 Fc 75285.7 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 91 Im 94 Im 90 Im 80 F 80 F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 57 Im 50 Im 51 Im 30 F 30 F
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 6263.74 Fc 5319.15 Fc 5666.67 Fc 3750 Fc 3750 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 2641 A 2782 A 3038 A 3750 A 4088 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1195.04 A 1116.08 A 966.96 A 1200 A 1106.16 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4524.95 Fc 4011.79 Fc 3182.88 Fc 3200 Fc 2705.87 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2641 A 2782 A 3038 A 3750 A 4088 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1941.94 A 1813.63 A 1571.31 A 1950 A 1797.51 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7353.05 Fc 6519.16 Fc 5172.19 Fc 5200 Fc 4397.04 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 45 Im 56 Im 65 F 63 F 55 F
Oranges Production Quantity 485 Im 585 Im 700 F 686 596
Oranges Yield 107778 Fc 104464 Fc 107692 Fc 108889 Fc 108364 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 254 Im 262 Im 250 F 229 F 161 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 215 Im 188 Im 190 F 172 121
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 8464.57 Fc 7175.57 Fc 7600 Fc 7510.92 Fc 7515.53 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 5 F 5 F 4 5 F 4 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 72 Im 55 F 44 63 49
Pineapples Yield 144000 Fc 110000 Fc 110000 Fc 126000 Fc 122500 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 415 Im 500 Im 430 F 377 F 254 F
Plantains Production Quantity 1694 Im 1518 Im 1457 1319 889
Plantains Yield 40819.3 Fc 30360 Fc 33883.7 Fc 34986.7 Fc 35000 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 25 Im 27 Im 28 Im 27 Im 25 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 67 Im 48 Im 58 Im 47 Im 50 F
Pulses, nes Seed 1.5 Fc 1.5 Fc 1.62 Fc 1.68 Fc 1.62 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 26800 Fc 17777.8 Fc 20714.3 Fc 17407.4 Fc 20000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 25 A 27 A 28 A 27 A 25 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 67 A 48 A 58 A 47 A 50 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1.5 A 1.5 A 1.62 A 1.68 A 1.62 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 26800 Fc 17777.8 Fc 20714.3 Fc 17407.4 Fc 20000 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 12 Im 13 Im 15 Im 16 F 15 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 277 Im 257 Im 294 317 301
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 230833 Fc 197692 Fc 196000 Fc 198125 Fc 200667 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 509 Im 442 Im 375 F 373 F 355 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2000 Im 1697 Im 1500 F 1491 1419
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 39292.7 Fc 38393.7 Fc 40000 Fc 39973.2 Fc 39971.8 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1347 A 1303 A 1157 A 1042 A 971 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4667 A 4393 A 3908 A 4256 A 3894 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 34647.4 Fc 33714.5 Fc 33777 Fc 40844.5 Fc 40103 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 128 Im 146 Im 155 Im 230 F 282 Im
Spices, nes Production Quantity 114 Im 135 Im 171 Im 140 F 188 Im
Spices, nes Yield 8906.25 Fc 9246.58 Fc 11032.3 Fc 6086.96 Fc 6666.67 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested
Sugar cane Production Quantity
Sugar cane Yield
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 26 Im 43 Im 42 F 65 F 58 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 306 Im 362 Im 397 604 529
Sweet potatoes Yield 117692 Fc 84186.1 Fc 94523.8 Fc 92923.1 Fc 91206.9 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 95 Im 111 Im 110 F 101 F 82 F
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 537 Im 559 Im 550 F 507 409
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 56526.3 Fc 50360.4 Fc 50000 Fc 50198 Fc 49878.1 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 9 Im 8 Im 12 F 14 F 13 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 292 Im 247 Im 320 346 328
Tomatoes Yield 324444 Fc 308750 Fc 266667 Fc 247143 Fc 252308 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 144 Im 228 Im 237 Im 170 F 160 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1099 Im 1226 Im 1252 Im 1200 F 1150 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 76319.4 Fc 53771.9 Fc 52827 Fc 70588.2 Fc 71875 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 265 A 344 A 356 A 289 A 277 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 3036 A 2984 A 3193 A 3060 A 3007 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 114566 Fc 86744.2 Fc 89691 Fc 105882 Fc 108556 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 265 A 344 A 356 A 289 A 277 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3036 A 2984 A 3193 A 3060 A 3007 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 114566 Fc 86744.2 Fc 89691 Fc 105882 Fc 108556 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 8 Im 9 Im 10 F 8 F 12 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 171 Im 163 Im 193 147 233
Watermelons Yield 213750 Fc 181111 Fc 193000 Fc 183750 Fc 194167 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 145 Im 172 Im 184 Im 135 F 130 F
Yams Production Quantity 534 Im 584 Im 508 504 471
Yams Yield 36827.6 Fc 33953.5 Fc 27608.7 Fc 37333.3 Fc 36230.8 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 6 Im 7 Im 9 F 8 F 6 F
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 39 Im 40 Im 55 F 50 36
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 65000 Fc 57142.9 Fc 61111.1 Fc 62500 Fc 60000 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 50 F 30 F 50 F 40 F 45 F
Avocados Production Quantity 323 215 329 280 F 300 F
Avocados Yield 64600 Fc 71666.7 Fc 65800 Fc 70000 Fc 66666.7 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 3400 F 3200 F 3800 F 4800 F 3600 F
Bananas Production Quantity 36909 32752 45726 50000 F 65000 F
Bananas Yield 108556 Fc 102350 Fc 120332 Fc 104167 Fc 180556 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 20 F 12 F 15 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 264 162 198
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 132000 Fc 135000 Fc 132000 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1 F 1 F
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 14 1 10
Carrots and turnips Yield 140000 Fc 100000 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 269 Im 382 Im 377 Im 324 Im 325 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 1021 Im 1184 Im 1076 Im 988 Im 1001 Im
Cassava Yield 37955.4 Fc 30994.8 Fc 28541.1 Fc 30493.8 Fc 30800 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed A A A A A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed A A A A A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 196 A 225 A 300 A 354 A 491 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1880 A 1896 A 2364 A 2880 A 3875 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 95918.4 Fc 84266.7 Fc 78800 Fc 81355.9 Fc 78920.6 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed A A A A A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 40 F 49 Im 39 Im 40 F 40 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 55 65 33 Im 32 Im 31 Im
Cocoa beans Yield 13750 Fc 13265.3 Fc 8461.54 Fc 8000 Fc 7750 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 3500 F 2500 F 3200 F 3500 F 3300 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 14000 F 10000 F 13000 F 14000 F 13200 F
Coconuts Yield 40000 Fc 40000 Fc 40625 Fc 40000 Fc 40000 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested
Coffee, green Production Quantity
Coffee, green Yield
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 45 F 39 F 42 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 583 508 557
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 129556 Fc 130256 Fc 132619 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4692 A 4354 A 5198 A 6283 A 5178 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 45601 A 39666 A 54082 A 58544 A 74230 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 97188.8 Fc 91102.4 Fc 104044 Fc 93178.4 Fc 143357 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 300 F 224 Im 248 Im 250 F 230 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 1860 F 1306 Im 1539 Im 1550 F 1400 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 62000 Fc 58303.6 Fc 62056.4 Fc 62000 Fc 60869.6 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 450 F 383 Im 425 Im 473 Im 424 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3150 F 1966 Im 2317 Im 2334 Im 1839 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 70000 Fc 51331.6 Fc 54517.7 Fc 49344.6 Fc 43372.6 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 8 Im 11 Im 7 Im 6 Im 4 F
Ginger Production Quantity 7 9 9 19 Im 11 Im
Ginger Yield 8750 Fc 8181.82 Fc 12857.1 Fc 31666.7 Fc 27500 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 102 Im 130 F 200 F 250 F 386 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 1056 1018 1500 2000 F 2973
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 103529 Fc 78307.7 Fc 75000 Fc 80000 Fc 77020.7 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 40 F 45 F 40 F 47 F 50 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 236 366 206 280 F 300
Lemons and limes Yield 59000 Fc 81333.3 Fc 51500 Fc 59574.5 Fc 60000 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 8 F 6 F 9 F
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 97 73 104
Lettuce and chicory Yield 121250 Fc 121667 Fc 115556 Fc
Maize Area Harvested
Maize Production Quantity
Maize Seed
Maize Yield
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 105 F 75 F 117 F 110 F 158 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 785 581 878 800 F 1096
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 74761.9 Fc 77466.7 Fc 75042.7 Fc 72727.3 Fc 69367.1 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 69 Im 66 Im 54 Im 60 Im 53 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 20 Im 18 Im 13 Im 15 Im 18 Im
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 2898.55 Fc 2727.27 Fc 2407.41 Fc 2500 Fc 3396.23 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 3500 A 2500 A 3200 A 3500 A 3300 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1120 A 800 A 1040 A 1120 A 1056 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 3200 Fc 3200 Fc 3250 Fc 3200 Fc 3200 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3500 A 2500 A 3200 A 3500 A 3300 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1820 A 1300 A 1690 A 1820 A 1716 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5200 Fc 5200 Fc 5281.25 Fc 5200 Fc 5200 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 54 F 50 F 60 F 57 Im 55 F
Oranges Production Quantity 588 512 658 600 F 602
Oranges Yield 108889 Fc 102400 Fc 109667 Fc 105263 Fc 109455 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 146 F 187 F 370 F 460 F 600 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 110 140 279 350 F 450 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 7534.25 Fc 7486.63 Fc 7540.54 Fc 7608.7 Fc 7500 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 3 F 17 F 3 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 37 235 34
Pineapples Yield 123333 Fc 138235 Fc 113333 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 188 F 200 F 255 F 256 Im 230 Im
Plantains Production Quantity 657 715 895 700 F 720 F
Plantains Yield 34946.8 Fc 35750 Fc 35098 Fc 27343.8 Fc 31304.3 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 14 Im 15 Im 17 Im 14 Im 15 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 51 Im 58 Im 66 Im 68 Im 62 Im
Pulses, nes Seed 1.5 Fc 0.8400000000000001 Fc 0.9 Fc 1.02 Fc 0.8400000000000001 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 36428.6 Fc 38666.7 Fc 38823.5 Fc 48571.4 Fc 41333.3 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 14 A 15 A 17 A 14 A 15 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 51 A 58 A 66 A 68 A 62 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1.5 A 0.8400000000000001 A 0.9 A 1.02 A 0.8400000000000001 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 36428.6 Fc 38666.7 Fc 38823.5 Fc 48571.4 Fc 41333.3 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 13 F 10 F 9 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 256 198 182
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 196923 Fc 198000 Fc 202222 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 301 F 550 F 540 F 733 Im 774 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 1205 2200 F 2160 3221 Im 4311 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 40033.2 Fc 40000 Fc 40000 Fc 43942.7 Fc 55697.7 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 832 A 1186 A 1237 A 1409 A 1490 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3597 A 4568 A 4824 A 6101 A 7391 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 43233.2 Fc 38516 Fc 38997.6 Fc 43300.2 Fc 49604 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 284 Im 270 Im 220 F 230 F 220 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 194 Im 178 Im 130 F 140 F 130 F
Spices, nes Yield 6830.99 Fc 6592.59 Fc 5909.09 Fc 6086.96 Fc 5909.09 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested
Sugar cane Production Quantity
Sugar cane Yield
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 55 F 22 F 50 F 60 F 85 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 498 204 391 550 F 778
Sweet potatoes Yield 90545.4 Fc 92727.3 Fc 78200 Fc 91666.7 Fc 91529.4 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 78 F 85 F 104 F 58 Im 55 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 392 423 523 370 Im 305 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 50256.4 Fc 49764.7 Fc 50288.5 Fc 63793.1 Fc 55454.6 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 12 F 8 F 9 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 307 192 218
Tomatoes Yield 255833 Fc 240000 Fc 242222 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 150 F 299 Im 308 Im 267 Im 236 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1050 F 1164 Im 1163 Im 1166 Im 1084 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 70000 Fc 38929.8 Fc 37759.7 Fc 43670.4 Fc 45932.2 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 260 A 379 A 400 A 267 A 236 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2775 A 2396 A 2561 A 1166 A 1084 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 106731 Fc 63219 Fc 64025 Fc 43670.4 Fc 45932.2 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 260 A 379 A 400 A 267 A 236 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2775 A 2396 A 2561 A 1166 A 1084 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 106731 Fc 63219 Fc 64025 Fc 43670.4 Fc 45932.2 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 11 F 5 F 7 F
Watermelons Production Quantity 204 98 129
Watermelons Yield 185455 Fc 196000 Fc 184286 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 120 F 130 F 150 F 180 F 200 F
Yams Production Quantity 429 456 574 600 F 689
Yams Yield 35750 Fc 35076.9 Fc 38266.7 Fc 33333.3 Fc 34450 Fc
Yautia (cocoyam) Area Harvested 9 F 17 F 16 F 54 Im 51 Im
Yautia (cocoyam) Production Quantity 52 101 100 372 Im 307 Im
Yautia (cocoyam) Yield 57777.8 Fc 59411.8 Fc 62500 Fc 68888.9 Fc 60196.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm
Arable land Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 10 Fm 10 Fm 10 Fm 10 Fm 10 Fm
Country area Area 62 W 62 W 62 W 62 W 62 W
Forest area Area 47 Fm 47 Q 47 Fm 47 Fm 47 Fm
Inland water Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 61 Fm 61 Fm 61 Fm 61 Fm 61 Fm
Other land Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Permanent crops Area 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 Fm 7 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 12 Fm 11 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm 13 Fm
Arable land Area 3 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 11 Fm 10 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm
Country area Area 62 W 62 W 62 W 62 Q 62 Q
Forest area Area 47 Fm 47 Q 46.94 Fm 46.88 Fm 46.82 Fm
Inland water Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land area Area 61 Fm 61 Fm 61 Fm 61 Q 61 Q
Other land Area 2 Fm 3 Fm 1.06 Fm 1.12 Fm 1.18 Fm
Permanent crops Area 8 Fm 8 Fm 9 Fm 9 Fm 9 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 2 Fm 2 F 2 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 F 3 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files