Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Lebanon

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Datasheet

Lebanon

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 6,855,713 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 7,380 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 50,560.91 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 51,991.63 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 3.07 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Bradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma phoeniciumPresent, WidespreadInvasiveChoueiri et al. (2001); Abou-Jawdah et al. (2002); Abou-Jawdah et al. (2003); Verdin et al. (2003); Abou-Jawdah et al. (2009); Jawdah et al. (2010); Lova et al. (2011); Molino-Lova et al. (2011); Abou-Jawdah et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); Tedeschi et al. (2015); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedChoueiri et al. (2002); Karimi et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentChoueiri et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)PresentTedeschi et al. (2015)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)PresentChoueiri et al. (2007); Salar et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentLogrieco et al. (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAsterina burtoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentSaad et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentChoueiri et al. (2006);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); Ordoñez et al. (2016); Zheng SiJun et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense tropical race 4 (Foc TR4)PresentOrdoñez et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentGerges et al. (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004); Ziadi et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, LocalizedAbdel-Hak and Kamel (1972)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma boholensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dianthusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides diramphaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides heterocerusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides minaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides operculatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudonereis anomalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentTalhouk (1950); Jalloul (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); Martin (2000); Kfoury et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMoussa and Cocquempot (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Tremblay et al. (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtergatis roseusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Abou-Jawdah et al. (2000); Abrahamian et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentJeppson et al. (1975); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Present, WidespreadAitken (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); Balmès and Mouttet (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis helleriiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Shiber (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentCapinera (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentBaldizzone and Savenkov (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEurytoma amygdali (almond fruit wasp)PresentTalhouk (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Nemer (2015); CABI and EPPO (2018); Nemer et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); CABI and EPPO (2002); Dawah and Deeming (2002); Noujeim et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMicippa thaliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeHolthuis and Gottlies (1958); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresentMartin (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2013); Ibranhim et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhycita diaphanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1986); Mckenna et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMendel et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSteinitz (1929)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); Rubeiz et al. (1997); Bayan (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThalamita indistinctaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThalamita poissoniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentDemolin and Nemer (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019); Popa (1980); Sanford et al. (2007); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeEbner (1930)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataApogon pharaonisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAtherinomorus lacunosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallionymus filamentosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)Absent, Formerly presentIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeKrupp and Schneider (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynoglossus sinusarabiciPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDussumieria elopsoides (slender rainbow sardine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus farPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerklotsichthys punctatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHyporhamphus affinisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus sceleratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus spadiceusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus suezensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMurex forskoehliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNemipterus randalliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParexocoetus mento (African sailfin flyingfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPempheris vanicolensis (Vanikoro sweeper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhallusia nigra (black sea squirt)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPomacanthus maculosus (yellowbar angelfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Butler (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPteragogus pelycusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois miles (lionfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSargocentron rubrumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSaurida undosquamis (brushtooth lizardfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWoodland (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentNativeKrupp and Schneider (1989); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUpeneus poriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMacrorhynchia philippinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)Absent, Intercepted onlyHalliday (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLakkis et al. (1990); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataOphiactis macrolepidotaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataOphiactis savignyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedGalil (2006); Nakhlé et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBursatella leachiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithiopsis pulvisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium scabridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChama pacificaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida maiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)PresentIntroducedGodan (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDiscodoris lilacinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaErgalatax contractaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFinella pupoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGafrarium pectinatum (ribbed venus)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaliotis pustulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHypselodoris infucataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIndothais sacellumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLaternula anatinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMactra olorinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCrocetta et al. (2013); Zibrowius and Bitar (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlocamopherus ocellatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPseudominolia nedymaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRhinoclavis kochiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSpondylus spinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStrombus persicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSyrnola fasciataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2022); Sacchi (1971); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZafra savignyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus gigasPresentVovlas et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIbrahim et al. (2000); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadSaad and Tanveer (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadSaad and Tanveer (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentJawhar et al. (2006);
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa mexicanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa scalpelliformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium parvulumPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBitar et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva ohnoiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria coerulescensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedEdgecombe (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeMed-Checklist (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentTedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHiepko (1988); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnebia decumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeValdés et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena claudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena erianthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didymaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeMouterde (1966); Senatore et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus longiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)PresentEdgecombe (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeRechinger (1992); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedEdgecombe (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativePost (1933)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentNativeGovaerts (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentIntroducedvon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentIntroducedvon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentEdgecombe (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentEDGECOMBE (1970); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEnarthrocarpus lyratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopoa persicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); FAO (2009); Minafra et al. (2012); Tedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium purpureumPresentTedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Lakkis and Novel-Lakkis (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia ibericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedMarhold (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeMal et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Tedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago blancheanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monanthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedUotila (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculata subsp. thracicaPresentTedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort)PresentNativeFlora of Israel (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentTedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis crista-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis alopecuroides (foxtail restharrow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Parker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeEdgecombe (1970); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, WidespreadParker and Wilson (1986); Haidar and Sidahmed (2000); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Parker and Wilson (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNative and IntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeValdes and Scholz (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentPost (1932)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)PresentNativeCross (1975); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Tedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)PresentNativePost (1932)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pinnataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus maculatusPresentTedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sediformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna italica (Senegal senna)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentTedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentChoueiri et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Tedeschi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentEDGECOMBE (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentEdgecombe (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium argutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium constantinopolitanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella arabicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella hierosolymitanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa agenensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativePost (1933)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentEDGECOMBE (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia assyriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentMakkouk et al. (1990)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentFaris-Mukhayyish and Makkouk (1983); CABI and EPPO (2015)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)Present, WidespreadAbou-Jawdah et al. (1997)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2004); Abou-Jawdah et al. (2000); El-Zammar et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentKatul et al. (1993)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentHaidar et al. (1996); Notte et al. (1997); Hanna et al. (2008); Kubaa et al. (2020)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentKatul and Makkouk (1987); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Kanaan-Atallah et al. (2000)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSquash leaf curl virus (leaf curl of squash)PresentSamsatly et al. (2012); Sobh et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)PresentEPPO (2022); Abou Kubaa et al. (2021)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Abou-Jawdah et al. (2006)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, WidespreadMakkouk et al. (1979); Anfoka et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); Barbour et al. (1997); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); Lefèvre (1991); Laak (1992); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentBarbour et al. (1997)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); Kitching (1998); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresent, LocalizedNuwayri-Salti et al. (1997); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsPresentOIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
paratuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019); Garabedian and Djanian (1956); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
surraPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentFAO (1987)
theileriosisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)OIE (2009)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); Popa (1980); Sanford et al. (2007); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Hubálek et al. (1999); OIE (2019)
whirling diseaseAbsent, Intercepted onlyHalliday (1976)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested5,086 Im4,831 Im4,5834,2985,005 Im
Production quantity30,887 Im32,965 Im33,53225,86227,913 Im
Yield60,729 Fc68,236 Fc73,166 Fc60,172 Fc55,770 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested50 Im50 Im50 Im50 Im50 Im
Production quantity91 Im91 Im91 Im91 Im92 Im
Yield18,200 Fc18,200 Fc18,200 Fc18,200 Fc18,400 Fc
ApplesArea harvested13,506 Im13,826 Im16,64116,57312,646 Im
Production quantity216,861 Im239,001 Im316,155344,469210,424 Im
Yield160,566 Fc172,863 Fc189,986 Fc207,850 Fc166,396 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested3,768 Im3,785 Im4,0064,2854,496 Im
Production quantity31,050 Im34,931 Im37,05139,80133,238 Im
Yield82,404 Fc92,288 Fc92,489 Fc92,884 Fc73,928 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested82 Im123 Im11013873 Im
Production quantity600 Im1,075 Im1,045541541 Im
Yield73,171 Fc87,398 Fc95,000 Fc39,203 Fc74,110 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested1,454 Im1,581 Im1,6651,642982 Im
Production quantity17,207 Im18,727 Im19,19318,69512,327 Im
Yield118,343 Fc118,450 Fc115,273 Fc113,855 Fc125,530 Fc
BananasArea harvested2,046 Im2,084 Im2,1932,3202,381 Im
Production quantity78,253 Im76,312 Im78,094109,67585,991 Im
Yield382,468 Fc366,180 Fc356,106 Fc472,737 Fc361,155 Fc
BarleyArea harvested14,000 *14,000 *14,41615,41413,795 Im
Production quantity32,000 *30,000 *35,56148,79037,101 Im
Yield22,857 Fc21,429 Fc24,668 Fc31,653 Fc26,895 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested951 Im959 Im879944761 Im
Production quantity2,878 Im3,223 Im3,2353,7262,211 Im
Yield30,263 Fc33,608 Fc36,803 Fc39,470 Fc29,054 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested1,886 Im1,558 Im1,4311,6051,946 Im
Production quantity16,533 Im12,773 Im11,53112,97317,557 Im
Yield87,662 Fc81,983 Fc80,580 Fc80,829 Fc90,221 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested278 Im503 Im426326 Im220 Im
Production quantity261 Im501 Im610332 Im225 Im
Yield9,388 Fc9,960 Fc14,319 Fc10,184 Fc10,227 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested1,550 Im1,640 Im1,6311,2231,360 Im
Production quantity59,927 Im61,953 Im58,40441,72353,530 Im
Yield386,626 Fc377,762 Fc358,087 Fc341,153 Fc393,603 Fc
CarobsArea harvested337 Im422 Im413356339 Im
Production quantity3,511 Im4,376 Im4,4314,1863,437 Im
Yield104,184 Fc103,697 Fc107,288 Fc117,584 Fc101,386 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested409 Im411 Im456396363 Im
Production quantity5,322 Im10,548 Im11,8029,1116,208 Im
Yield130,122 Fc256,642 Fc258,816 Fc230,076 Fc171,019 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested836 Im765 Im827831875 Im
Production quantity19,032 Im20,110 Im20,95215,06818,558 Im
Yield227,656 Fc262,876 Fc253,349 Fc181,324 Fc212,091 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested56,261 A55,254 A57,555 A57,409 A55,104 A
Production quantity165,443 A164,132 A166,842 A181,172 A180,116 A
Yield29,406 Fc29,705 Fc28,988 Fc31,558 Fc32,687 Fc
CherriesArea harvested4,160 Im4,185 Im5,1274,9195,172 Im
Production quantity29,453 Im39,839 Im44,79532,43226,939 Im
Yield70,800 Fc95,195 Fc87,371 Fc65,932 Fc52,086 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested3,429 Im3,087 Im2,6011,9142,701 Im
Production quantity3,238 Im3,550 Im2,7831,3832,359 Im
Yield9,443 Fc11,500 Fc10,700 Fc7,226 Fc8,734 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested755 Im773 Im586675579 Im
Production quantity11,748 Im8,037 Im7,2269,04212,646 Im
Yield155,603 Fc103,972 Fc123,311 Fc133,956 Fc218,411 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested11,806 A11,159 A11,023 A10,605 A12,016 A
Production quantity309,043 A278,283 A279,204 A335,017 A320,649 A
Yield261,768 Fc249,380 Fc253,292 Fc315,905 Fc266,852 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested3,533 Im3,717 Im4,2043,7513,426 Im
Production quantity128,713 Im124,477 Im110,14798,350127,618 Im
Yield364,316 Fc334,886 Fc262,005 Fc262,197 Fc372,499 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested1,431 Im1,493 Im1,6791,3961,544 Im
Production quantity31,625 Im33,744 Im35,27723,01834,290 Im
Yield220,999 Fc226,015 Fc210,107 Fc164,885 Fc222,085 Fc
FigsArea harvested757 Im617 Im663456828 Im
Production quantity4,048 Im3,974 Im3,9992,1093,953 Im
Yield53,474 Fc64,408 Fc60,317 Fc46,250 Fc47,742 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested61,544 A62,760 A70,059 A69,220 A67,009 A
Production quantity999,775 A1,046,393 A1,159,228 A1,277,849 A1,053,911 A
Yield162,449 Fc166,729 Fc165,465 Fc184,607 Fc157,279 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested5,500 F6,000 F6,000 F6,000 F6,000 F
Production quantity54,244 Im57,000 F57,000 F57,000 F58,350 F
Yield98,625 Fc95,000 Fc95,000 Fc95,000 Fc97,250 Fc
GarlicArea harvested285 Im364 Im37695171 Im
Production quantity2,858 Im4,304 Im5,0001,0861,763 Im
Yield100,281 Fc118,242 Fc132,979 Fc114,316 Fc103,099 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested554 Im1,057 Im1,155604 Im474 Im
Production quantity8,295 Im9,634 Im9,6808,910 Im8,552 Im
Yield149,729 Fc91,145 Fc83,810 Fc147,517 Fc180,422 Fc
GrapesArea harvested7,030 Im6,550 Im10,13610,44311,170 Im
Production quantity62,014 Im51,665 Im77,440118,754105,752 Im
Yield88,213 Fc78,878 Fc76,401 Fc113,716 Fc94,675 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested1,248 Im1,328 Im1,453 Im1,631 Im1,871 Im
Production quantity6,297 Im6,497 Im6,882 Im7,479 Im8,236 Im
Yield50,457 Fc48,923 Fc47,364 Fc45,855 Fc44,019 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested3,650 Im3,619 Im3,5193,5343,602 Im
Production quantity105,391 Im103,357 Im103,979115,740106,332 Im
Yield288,742 Fc285,595 Fc295,479 Fc327,504 Fc295,203 Fc
LentilsArea harvested1,154 Im1,524 Im1,218902731 Im
Production quantity1,578 Im2,179 Im2,151862945 Im
Yield13,674 Fc14,298 Fc17,660 Fc9,557 Fc12,927 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested1,391 Im1,368 Im1,2101,1981,422 Im
Production quantity32,805 Im31,650 Im24,90720,60732,122 Im
Yield235,838 Fc231,360 Fc205,843 Fc172,012 Fc225,893 Fc
LupinsArea harvested39 Im39 Im39 Im38 Im38 Im
Production quantity88 Im88 Im87 Im86 Im84 Im
Yield22,564 Fc22,564 Fc22,308 Fc22,632 Fc22,105 Fc
MaizeArea harvested1,000 *936 Im1,078674954 Im
Production quantity3,000 *3,569 Im4,8642,7453,404 Im
Yield30,000 Fc38,130 Fc45,121 Fc40,727 Fc35,681 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested884 Im618 Im788766677 Im
Production quantity17,694 Im20,589 Im24,94719,70314,685 Im
Yield200,158 Fc333,155 Fc316,586 Fc257,219 Fc216,913 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested298 Im300 Im302 Im304 Im318 Im
Production quantity3,449 Im3,361 Im3,272 Im3,184 Im3,235 Im
Yield115,738 Fc112,033 Fc108,344 Fc104,737 Fc101,730 Fc
OatsArea harvested120 Im122 Im126 Im131 Im136 Im
Production quantity132 Im134 Im140 Im145 Im149 Im
Yield11,000 Fc10,984 Fc11,111 Fc11,069 Fc10,956 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested63,269 A67,310 A62,886 A61,466 A65,096 A
Production quantity140,977 A151,680 A164,777 A165,313 A140,925 A
Yield22,282 Fc22,535 Fc26,202 Fc26,895 Fc21,649 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,299 A1,380 A1,506 A1,686 A1,926 A
Production quantity2,485 A2,562 A2,710 A2,938 A3,226 A
Yield19,127 Fc18,567 Fc17,991 Fc17,425 Fc16,750 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested63,269 A67,310 A62,886 A61,466 A65,096 A
Production quantity31,557 A33,928 A36,840 A37,007 A31,702 A
Yield4,988 Fc5,041 Fc5,858 Fc6,021 Fc4,870 Fc
OkraArea harvested427 Im291 Im235340 Im404 Im
Production quantity973 Im833 Im813848 Im889 Im
Yield22,787 Fc28,625 Fc34,596 Fc24,941 Fc22,005 Fc
OlivesArea harvested61,970 Im65,930 Im61,38059,78063,170 Im
Production quantity134,500 Im145,000 F157,710157,646132,500 F
Yield21,704 Fc21,993 Fc25,694 Fc26,371 Fc20,975 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested2,203 Im2,201 Im2,5193,0293,119 Im
Production quantity81,396 Im93,341 Im102,420109,76598,699 Im
Yield369,478 Fc424,085 Fc406,590 Fc362,380 Fc316,444 Fc
OrangesArea harvested6,378 Im5,423 Im5,5025,6266,671 Im
Production quantity166,454 Im138,547 Im143,386188,844176,678 Im
Yield260,981 Fc255,480 Fc260,607 Fc335,663 Fc264,845 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested3,374 Im4,631 Im4,4884,2313,926 Im
Production quantity46,916 Im73,258 Im69,39163,33752,119 Im
Yield139,052 Fc158,190 Fc154,615 Fc149,697 Fc132,753 Fc
PearsArea harvested2,376 Im2,657 Im2,2431,9981,871 Im
Production quantity32,202 Im47,190 Im42,66528,64724,564 Im
Yield135,530 Fc177,606 Fc190,214 Fc143,378 Fc131,288 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested866 Im868 Im869 Im883 Im713 Im
Production quantity4,007 Im3,889 Im3,766 Im3,619 Im3,713 Im
Yield46,270 Fc44,804 Fc43,337 Fc40,985 Fc52,076 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested1,424 Im1,449 Im1,4971,8161,532 Im
Production quantity9,518 Im9,764 Im10,43312,9168,980 Im
Yield66,840 Fc67,384 Fc69,693 Fc71,123 Fc58,616 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested2,987 Im3,022 Im3,0543,2122,703 Im
Production quantity35,074 Im35,333 Im37,61242,18132,300 Im
Yield117,422 Fc116,919 Fc123,157 Fc131,323 Fc119,497 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested21,009 Im23,429 Im22,28422,10120,106 Im
Production quantity572,109 Im645,901 Im651,922631,973524,265 Im
Yield272,316 Fc275,684 Fc292,552 Fc285,948 Fc260,751 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested197 Im196 Im195 Im194 Im174 Im
Production quantity601 Im602 Im603 Im603 Im572 Im
Yield30,508 Fc30,714 Fc30,923 Fc31,082 Fc32,874 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested7,085 A7,354 A6,415 A5,399 A5,548 A
Production quantity12,924 A14,309 A13,521 A10,905 A10,411 A
Yield18,241 Fc19,457 Fc21,077 Fc20,198 Fc18,765 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested1,414 Im1,244 Im1,2341,1911,379 Im
Production quantity29,998 Im35,228 Im36,63125,13527,725 Im
Yield212,150 Fc283,183 Fc296,848 Fc211,041 Fc201,051 Fc
QuincesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested21,058 A23,477 A22,331 A22,147 A20,150 A
Production quantity572,847 A646,644 A652,670 A632,726 A525,001 A
Yield272,033 Fc275,437 Fc292,271 Fc285,694 Fc260,546 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested51 Im52 Im53 Im55 Im55 Im
Production quantity180 Im183 Im185 Im188 Im189 Im
Yield35,294 Fc35,192 Fc34,906 Fc34,182 Fc34,364 Fc
SorghumArea harvested141 Im196 Im220 F213 Im219 Im
Production quantity311 Im429 Im480 F455 Im462 Im
Yield22,057 Fc21,888 Fc21,818 Fc21,362 Fc21,096 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested473 Im469 Im465 Im460 Im456 Im
Production quantity917 Im873 Im829 Im786 Im733 Im
Yield19,387 Fc18,614 Fc17,828 Fc17,087 Fc16,075 Fc
SpinachArea harvested286 Im145 Im110114218 F
Production quantity2,064 Im892 Im8832,6324,276 Im
Yield72,168 Fc61,517 Fc80,273 Fc230,877 Fc196,147 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested255 Im265 Im317310267 Im
Production quantity2,201 Im2,619 Im3,2203,2412,397 Im
Yield86,314 Fc98,830 Fc101,577 Fc104,548 Fc89,775 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested177 Im168 Im160 Im154 Im238 Im
Production quantity4,542 Im4,542 Im4,542 Im4,488 Im6,595 Im
Yield256,610 Fc270,357 Fc283,875 Fc291,429 Fc277,101 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested177 A168 A160 A154 A238 A
Production quantity4,542 A4,542 A4,542 A4,488 A6,595 A
Yield256,610 Fc270,357 Fc283,875 Fc291,429 Fc277,101 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested1,224 Im1,060 Im8478411,269 Im
Production quantity28,903 Im26,745 Im22,15921,52329,087 Im
Yield236,136 Fc252,311 Fc261,617 Fc255,922 Fc229,212 Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area harvested49 Im48 Im47 Im46 Im44 Im
Production quantity738 Im743 Im748 Im753 Im736 Im
Yield150,612 Fc154,792 Fc159,149 Fc163,696 Fc167,273 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested9,377 Im8,464 Im8,1308,5468,523 Im
Production quantity11,810 Im11,737 Im11,68712,29511,192 Im
Yield12,595 Fc13,867 Fc14,375 Fc14,387 Fc13,132 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested5,866 Im6,524 Im5,4465,3634,816 Im
Production quantity272,488 Im248,735 Im226,771249,877281,810 Im
Yield464,521 Fc381,261 Fc416,399 Fc465,928 Fc585,154 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested7,441 A7,146 A6,563 A5,881 A6,602 A
Production quantity37,982 A41,521 A41,400 A31,827 A33,414 A
Yield51,044 Fc58,104 Fc63,081 Fc54,118 Fc50,612 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested29,645 A30,244 A29,085 A28,255 A27,635 A
Production quantity729,868 A723,748 A693,071 A660,540 A754,543 A
Yield246,203 Fc239,303 Fc238,292 Fc233,778 Fc273,039 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested4,558 Im4,778 Im4,004 Im3,493 Im3,089 Im
Production quantity10,657 Im11,395 Im12,133 Im12,872 Im13,546 Im
Yield23,381 Fc23,849 Fc30,302 Fc36,851 Fc43,852 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested1,309 Im1,400 Im1,5301,6011,319 Im
Production quantity13,611 Im14,889 Im16,69614,97613,785 Im
Yield103,980 Fc106,350 Fc109,124 Fc93,542 Fc104,511 Fc
VetchesArea harvested171 Im178 Im188 Im198 Im210 Im
Production quantity273 Im277 Im286 Im294 Im302 Im
Yield15,965 Fc15,562 Fc15,213 Fc14,848 Fc14,381 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested2,057 Im2,015 Im1,6781,2791,279 Im
Production quantity3,646 Im5,195 Im4,5962,7812,266 Im
Yield17,725 Fc25,782 Fc27,390 Fc21,744 Fc17,717 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested1,304 Im1,358 Im1,3021,1041,535 Im
Production quantity60,004 Im63,296 Im64,03158,60266,786 Im
Yield460,153 Fc466,097 Fc491,790 Fc530,815 Fc435,088 Fc
WheatArea harvested41,000 *40,000 *41,71540,97740,000 *
Production quantity130,000 *130,000 *125,797129,037139,000 *
Yield31,707 Fc32,500 Fc30,156 Fc31,490 Fc34,750 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea658 Fm658 Fm658 Fm658 Fm658 Fm
AgricultureArea658 Fc658 Fc658 Fc658 Fc658 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea1 I1 I1 I1 I1 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area1 I1 I1 I1 I1 I
Arable landArea132 Fm132 Fm132 Fm132 Fm132 Fm
Country areaArea1,045 W1,045 W1,045 W1,045 W1,045 W
CroplandArea258 Fm258 Fm258 Fm258 Fm258 Fm
Forest landArea142 Q142 Q141 Q140 Q140 Fm
Inland watersArea22 Fm22 Fm22 Fm22 Fm22 Fm
Land areaArea1,023 Fm1,023 Fm1,023 Fm1,023 Fm1,023 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea104 Fm104 Fm104 Fm104 Fm104 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea400 Fm400 Fm400 Fm400 Fm400 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea126 Fm126 Fm126 Fm126 Fm126 Fm
Land under temporary cropsArea120 Fm120 Fm120 Fm120 Fm120 Fm
Land with temporary fallowArea12 Fm12 Fm12 Fm12 Fm12 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea142 Fm141 Fm141 Fm140 Q139 Fm
Other landArea223 Fc223 Fc224 Fc225 Fc225 Fc
Planted ForestArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Q0 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.