Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Kazakhstan

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Datasheet

Kazakhstan

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 18,513,930 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 8,820 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 163,361.26 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 181,665.91 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 4.47 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeMetzeltin and Lange-Bertalot (1995)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentAytkhozhina (2005)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBrasier and Kirk (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, LocalizedNativeSolov'ev (1963)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadTurapin (1973); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentChekmenev and Zhikhareva (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeRasmont et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeIbrasheva and Smirnova (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)PresentGninenko et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, LocalizedNativeMordukhai-Boltovskoi and Rivier (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeLecompte et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus superans sibiricus (Siberian silk moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Danzig (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentGruber et al. (1991); Hopper et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeSteinmann (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentSavoiskaya (1970); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentIsin et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps hauseri (Kyrgyz mountain engraver)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1962); Vlasova (1978); Kim and Vasil'ev (1986); Jolivet (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentBarclay and Nikolaeva (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCERIS (2004); Puplesis et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeLopatin (1977); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeniPresent, LocalizedBehning (1938); Zhadin and Gerd (1961); Mordukhai-Boltovskoi (1979); Aladin et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentAustralian Government (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentMazina et al. (1987); Nurmuratov et al. (1994); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Wu et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentKirejtshuk (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentDanilevskaya et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentNativeInvasiveTschernyschev and Dubatov (2002); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentLoebenstein and Manadilova (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeKolomiets et al. (1972); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)Absent, Intercepted onlyDore and Frimodt (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadTurundaevskaya (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentBen-Dov et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentIntroducedAslan et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)PresentNativeZwölfer and Harris (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Houping and Haack (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentAĭmanbetov and Azhbenov (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrirachys sartus (city longhorn beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeArcher (1998); Dubatolov (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMitrofanov (1967); Mitrofanov et al. (1992); Savvaitova and Petr (1999); Mamilov (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeMoheb et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUSGS (2003); Courtenay and Williams (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka)Present, WidespreadNativeWhitehead (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)PresentIntroducedMitrofanov and Petr (1999); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentNativeReshetnikov et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Blanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMitrofanov (1967); Mitrofanov et al. (1992); Savvaitova and Petr (1999); Mamilov (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)PresentBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMylopharyngodon piceus (black amur)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius fluviatilis (monkey goby)Present, LocalizedNativePinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Absent, Formerly presentPinchuk et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Mitrofanov and Petr (1999); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)Present, WidespreadIntroducedLong (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper)PresentIntroducedReshetnikov (2010); Seleznev (1974); Mitrofanov et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedKulikova et al. (2002); Clements et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeZipCodeZoo (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBlanc et al. (1971); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMitrofanov (1967); Mitrofanov et al. (1992); Savvaitova and Petr (1999); Mamilov (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentNativeKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Mitrofanov and Petr (1999); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)Present, LocalizedNativeObolenskaya (2008); Sludskii (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Shiganova et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, LocalizedNativeDecksbach (1943)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Present, WidespreadGerman (1972); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentVladimirova (1975); German and Sagitov (1983); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedInvasiveDubinina (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedAdamowski (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentNativeSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeBoratynski (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBuyankin (1975); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeRosenthal et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentNativeKostivkovsky and Young (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentTyurebaev (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedZharasov (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeUSDA (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativeWorld Flora Online (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativeWorld Flora Online (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedTselev and Fedorov (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentZerova and Seregina (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeGodwin (1943)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeWu et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Missouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalogeton glomeratus (halogeton)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentKurkova (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresent, Few occurrencesNativeCook and Luond (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Spataro and Negri (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium appelianum (hairy whitetop)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeHinz et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium pinnatifidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus racemosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigularia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthocerasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeNevskii (1929)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeTeryokhin et al. (2001); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasiveITIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeAntonov and Kambulin (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla longifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed)PresentNativeInvasiveZouhar (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola collina (slender Russian thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale sylvestrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)PresentNativeKomarov et al. (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresentNativeKomarov et al. (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentKhassanov and Vologin (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeKirpichnikov (1964); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentNativeUSDA ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpinacia turkestanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda corniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedAkhatova et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinasterPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica cannabinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeRoskov et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeYakunin and Zhazyltaev (1977)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusPresentOIE (2020); Tantawi et al. (1978); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusPresentBente et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentRyabushkina et al. (2009)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentArtem'eva and Makhmudov (1975); Artem'eva and Makhmudov (1976); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)PresentIntroducedSpiegel et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentEPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentIntroducedDjiemboev (1956); UK, CAB International (1982)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
actinomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
blacklegAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)Knowles et al. (1932); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedInvasiveDubinina (1987)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ecthymaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverPresentBente et al. (2013); WHO (2001); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); Kitching (1998); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeYakunin and Zhazyltaev (1977)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Rift Valley feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresentDesquesnes et al. (2013); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresentLaptev et al. (1987)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentTutushin (1979); Tutushin (1981); Stepanova et al. (1982); Tutushin et al. (1982); Zablotsky (1992); Sabanshiev (1994)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested106 Im100 Im97 Im99 Im95 Im
Production quantity85 Im86 Im90 Im100 Im96 Im
Yield8,019 Fc8,600 Fc9,278 Fc10,101 Fc10,105 Fc
ApplesArea harvested35,17134,68032,95532,46331,645
Production quantity216,540222,482181,057188,099147,561
Yield61,568 Fc64,153 Fc54,941 Fc57,943 Fc46,630 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested4,1933,7403,2823,3603,371
Production quantity22,08920,22417,10718,63017,601
Yield52,681 Fc54,075 Fc52,124 Fc55,446 Fc52,213 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested40 Im39 Im37 Im57 Im54 Im
Production quantity662 Im624 Im582 Im875 Im800 *
Yield165,500 Fc160,000 Fc157,297 Fc153,509 Fc148,148 Fc
BarleyArea harvested2,976,8432,516,9522,068,7661,894,0682,037,246
Production quantity3,830,0693,971,2663,305,2243,231,2682,675,174
Yield12,866 Fc15,778 Fc15,977 Fc17,060 Fc13,131 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested210,804424,507448,839169,36788,274
Production quantity196,388409,800456,044223,66187,651
Yield9,316 Fc9,654 Fc10,161 Fc13,206 Fc9,929 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested1,347 Im1,292 Im1,304 Im1,278 Im1,291 Im
Production quantity3,016 Im2,915 Im2,966 Im2,975 Im2,800 *
Yield22,390 Fc22,562 Fc22,745 Fc23,279 Fc21,689 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested1,732 Im1,868 Im1,8261,6941,653
Production quantity13,654 Im13,806 Im13,73513,59413,563
Yield78,834 Fc73,908 Fc75,219 Fc80,248 Fc82,051 Fc
BuckwheatArea harvested67,53895,753141,42498,41962,455
Production quantity44,99882,704120,37989,61945,412
Yield6,663 Fc8,637 Fc8,512 Fc9,106 Fc7,271 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested21,62919,96219,18020,77819,412
Production quantity581,222546,081505,059548,111498,556
Yield268,723 Fc273,560 Fc263,326 Fc263,794 Fc256,829 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested20,95520,37919,94620,17119,667
Production quantity604,258566,440546,266554,015522,505
Yield288,360 Fc277,953 Fc273,872 Fc274,659 Fc265,676 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested88 Im85 Im87 Im95 Im89 Im
Production quantity2,121 Im1,968 Im1,927 Im2,028 Im1,800 *
Yield241,023 Fc231,529 Fc221,494 Fc213,474 Fc202,247 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested244,394 Im220,137 Im200,006240,299348,000 *
Production quantity388,088 Im292,917 Im260,780448,394646,000 *
Yield15,880 Fc13,306 Fc13,039 Fc18,660 Fc18,563 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested15,284,792 A14,741,891 A14,854,953 A15,144,296 A14,542,276 A
Production quantity17,355,885 A20,037,225 A20,129,018 A20,410,625 A18,585,932 A
Yield11,355 Fc13,592 Fc13,550 Fc13,477 Fc12,781 Fc
CherriesArea harvested690646585558189
Production quantity492513706719761
Yield7,130 Fc7,941 Fc12,068 Fc12,885 Fc40,265 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested49 Im47 Im47 Im45 Im37 Im
Production quantity248 Im240 Im237 Im224 Im200 *
Yield50,612 Fc51,064 Fc50,426 Fc49,778 Fc54,054 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested18,05124,47010,7054,1113,954
Production quantity8,77415,9006,6763,4871,435
Yield4,861 Fc6,498 Fc6,236 Fc8,482 Fc3,629 Fc
Chicory rootsArea harvested98 Im98 Im99 Im98 Im99 Im
Production quantity2,905 Im2,915 Im2,925 Im2,895 Im2,934 Im
Yield296,429 Fc297,449 Fc295,455 Fc295,408 Fc296,364 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested202 Im201 Im199 Im200 Im192 Im
Production quantity452 Im444 Im435 Im431 Im407 Im
Yield22,376 Fc22,090 Fc21,859 Fc21,550 Fc21,198 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested9,59510,2179,6159,8318,749
Production quantity213,910226,037203,177199,800182,570
Yield222,939 Fc221,236 Fc211,313 Fc203,235 Fc208,675 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested64 A62 A61 A66 A57 A
Production quantity1,082 A1,025 A973 A1,027 A900 A
Yield169,063 Fc165,323 Fc159,508 Fc155,606 Fc157,895 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested21,04820,12017,76117,76217,809
Production quantity494,672460,110409,700404,028396,608
Yield235,021 Fc228,683 Fc230,674 Fc227,468 Fc222,701 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested4,8124,2133,9353,7853,896
Production quantity108,06595,23385,63583,32584,254
Yield224,574 Fc226,046 Fc217,624 Fc220,145 Fc216,258 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested131,208 A132,590 A135,477 A109,601 A99,300 A
Production quantityAAAAA
YieldFcFcFcFcFc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested165,096 A158,012 A153,541 A152,431 A151,842 A
Production quantity2,770,911 A2,532,452 A2,430,751 A2,407,692 A2,369,052 A
Yield167,836 Fc160,270 Fc158,313 Fc157,953 Fc156,021 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested64 Im62 Im61 Im66 Im57 Im
Production quantity1,082 Im1,025 Im973 Im1,027 Im900 Im
Yield169,063 Fc165,323 Fc159,508 Fc155,606 Fc157,895 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested1,344 Im1,717 Im1,6981,4931,570
Production quantity9,339 Im11,469 Im11,76411,27610,162
Yield69,487 Fc66,797 Fc69,282 Fc75,526 Fc64,726 Fc
GarlicArea harvested2,3112,2602,0021,7201,338
Production quantity49,12544,88138,83133,48127,594 *
Yield212,570 Fc198,588 Fc193,961 Fc194,657 Fc206,233 Fc
GrapesArea harvested14,58714,40214,74214,55014,616
Production quantity90,40588,54781,22375,04163,401
Yield61,976 Fc61,482 Fc55,096 Fc51,575 Fc43,378 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested33 Im32 Im32 Im32 Im10 Im
Production quantity46 Im46 Im46 Im45 Im17 Im
Yield13,939 Fc14,375 Fc14,375 Fc14,063 Fc17,000 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested3,630 Im3,555 Im3,844 Im3,865 Im4,087 Im
Production quantity92,075 Im89,423 Im95,878 Im95,601 Im100,600 *
Yield253,650 Fc251,541 Fc249,422 Fc247,351 Fc246,146 Fc
LentilsArea harvested101,937294,574330,528103,96638,044
Production quantity75,386253,552313,156139,72441,091
Yield7,395 Fc8,607 Fc9,474 Fc13,439 Fc10,801 Fc
LinseedArea harvested1,245,0381,076,891858,657633,615622,545
Production quantity1,007,244933,533683,338561,771491,389
Yield8,090 Fc8,669 Fc7,958 Fc8,866 Fc7,893 Fc
MaizeArea harvested156,280150,062136,677135,116137,737
Production quantity895,978862,094784,695762,360734,093
Yield57,332 Fc57,449 Fc57,412 Fc56,423 Fc53,297 Fc
Maize, greenArea harvested33 Im32 Im32 Im43 Im39 Im
Production quantity966 Im913 Im863 Im1,121 Im1,000 *
Yield292,727 Fc285,313 Fc269,688 Fc260,698 Fc256,410 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested45,74742,00438,79343,39746,256
Production quantity1,041,153893,857812,498898,004973,028
Yield227,589 Fc212,803 Fc209,444 Fc206,928 Fc210,357 Fc
MilletArea harvested50,90643,42040,85355,81943,903
Production quantity42,61740,23737,93561,16134,674
Yield8,372 Fc9,267 Fc9,286 Fc10,957 Fc7,898 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantity516 Im510 F510 F510 Im507 Im
Mustard seedArea harvested39,86076,20722,32217,78727,676
Production quantity12,82945,69415,1217,38911,491
Yield3,219 Fc5,996 Fc6,774 Fc4,154 Fc4,152 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested101 Im88 Im129 Im223 Im412 Im
Production quantity62 Im60 Im96 Im181 Im375 Im
Yield6,139 Fc6,818 Fc7,442 Fc8,117 Fc9,102 Fc
OatsArea harvested243,480235,226213,277209,892204,330
Production quantity267,006336,129284,586335,375243,770
Yield10,966 Fc14,290 Fc13,343 Fc15,978 Fc11,930 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested2,912,019 A2,913,212 A2,592,193 A2,093,548 A2,018,043 A
Production quantity2,932,298 A3,041,000 A2,698,888 A2,189,105 A1,821,383 A
Yield10,070 Fc10,439 Fc10,412 Fc10,456 Fc9,025 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested2,912,019 A2,913,212 A2,592,193 A2,093,548 A2,018,043 A
Production quantity1,643,932 A1,700,671 A1,484,722 A1,201,063 A1,007,908 A
Yield5,645 Fc5,838 Fc5,728 Fc5,737 Fc4,994 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested2,912,019 A2,913,212 A2,592,193 A2,093,548 A2,018,043 A
Production quantity949,873 A998,119 A881,505 A705,390 A567,911 A
Yield3,262 Fc3,426 Fc3,401 Fc3,369 Fc2,814 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested9,889 Im9,365 Im18,690 Im34,5505,786
Production quantity6,338 Im6,476 Im10,901 Im10,1703,176
Yield6,409 Fc6,915 Fc5,833 Fc2,944 Fc5,489 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested32,79928,77326,66527,21325,085
Production quantity916,205813,516744,264757,347685,936
Yield279,339 Fc282,736 Fc279,116 Fc278,303 Fc273,445 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested233 Im225 Im227 Im216 Im203 Im
Production quantity4,437 Im4,251 Im4,243 Im3,994 Im3,800 *
Yield190,429 Fc188,933 Fc186,916 Fc184,907 Fc187,192 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested972680539438390
Production quantity3,6572,4471,8641,4051,353
Yield37,623 Fc35,985 Fc34,583 Fc32,078 Fc34,692 Fc
PearsArea harvested1,8871,9081,9221,8951,977
Production quantity13,86413,63414,23114,12014,283
Yield73,471 Fc71,457 Fc74,043 Fc74,512 Fc72,246 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested88,021101,458100,67260,55844,782
Production quantity108,130136,541131,17876,72542,338
Yield12,285 Fc13,458 Fc13,030 Fc12,670 Fc9,454 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested524 Im495 Im503 Im486 Im442 Im
Production quantity2,131 Im2,006 Im2,029 Im1,957 Im1,800 *
Yield40,668 Fc40,525 Fc40,338 Fc40,267 Fc40,724 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested1,8471,7241,3451,327882
Production quantity9,6678,3126,7015,4104,429
Yield52,339 Fc48,213 Fc49,822 Fc40,769 Fc50,215 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested192,328192,326182,895186,242189,814
Production quantity3,912,1033,806,9923,551,1143,545,6953,521,048
Yield203,408 Fc197,945 Fc194,161 Fc190,381 Fc185,500 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested418,813 A845,009 A890,744 A338,002 A175,054 A
Production quantity388,678 A815,793 A907,054 A443,597 A172,515 A
Yield9,280 Fc9,654 Fc10,183 Fc13,124 Fc9,855 Fc
QuincesArea harvested184 Im181 Im179 Im174 Im131 Im
Production quantity928 Im918 Im911 Im877 Im700 *
Yield50,435 Fc50,718 Fc50,894 Fc50,402 Fc53,435 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested269,093365,408251,092161,104220,621
Production quantity240,793394,341278,975169,761138,170
Yield8,948 Fc10,792 Fc11,110 Fc10,537 Fc6,263 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested101,970101,480104,50094,31998,753
Production quantity560,668482,945489,485447,830422,225
Yield54,984 Fc47,590 Fc46,841 Fc47,480 Fc42,756 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity373,966 Fc322,124 Fc326,486 Fc298,703 Fc281,624 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested192,328 A192,326 A182,895 A186,242 A189,814 A
Production quantity3,912,103 A3,806,992 A3,551,114 A3,545,695 A3,521,048 A
Yield203,408 Fc197,945 Fc194,161 Fc190,381 Fc185,500 Fc
RyeArea harvested21,15321,52931,14236,03437,858
Production quantity23,20622,52038,83541,28137,100
Yield10,971 Fc10,460 Fc12,470 Fc11,456 Fc9,800 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested262,768279,513297,467223,291234,759
Production quantity199,789214,149224,809167,243148,839
Yield7,603 Fc7,662 Fc7,557 Fc7,490 Fc6,340 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested131,208132,590135,477109,60199,300
Production quantity344,364343,619330,491286,700273,900
Yield26,246 Fc25,916 Fc24,395 Fc26,159 Fc27,583 Fc
SorghumArea harvested8,2872,9526,3196,8782,458
Production quantity6,6122,3054,2347,958517
Yield7,979 Fc7,808 Fc6,700 Fc11,570 Fc2,103 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested138,842123,623125,493106,098106,039
Production quantity282,185255,437252,319231,168220,354
Yield20,324 Fc20,663 Fc20,106 Fc21,788 Fc20,780 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested847798978846876
Production quantity6,8006,3656,2346,4276,555
Yield80,283 Fc79,762 Fc63,742 Fc75,969 Fc74,829 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested14,96116,52616,87912,0857,491
Production quantity485,499504,541463,197345,020174,140
Yield324,510 Fc305,301 Fc274,422 Fc285,494 Fc232,466 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested14,961 A16,526 A16,879 A12,085 A7,491 A
Production quantity485,499 A504,541 A463,197 A345,020 A174,140 A
Yield324,510 Fc305,301 Fc274,422 Fc285,494 Fc232,466 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested815,288849,583882,963807,470701,307
Production quantity838,710847,705902,888754,858534,047
Yield10,287 Fc9,978 Fc10,226 Fc9,348 Fc7,615 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested349506332357461
Production quantity1,1791,6041,1431,0101,401
Yield33,782 Fc31,700 Fc34,428 Fc28,291 Fc30,390 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested30,50030,31729,48528,98928,623
Production quantity790,501765,453739,007705,550687,687
Yield259,181 Fc252,483 Fc250,638 Fc243,385 Fc240,257 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested1,135 A1,184 A1,641 A737 A918 A
Production quantity3,961 A3,235 A1,582 A1,332 A1,057 A
Yield34,899 Fc27,323 Fc9,640 Fc18,073 Fc11,514 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested165,688 A157,458 A150,282 A153,040 A146,843 A
Production quantity4,274,274 A4,009,589 A3,764,239 A3,780,328 A3,565,397 A
Yield257,971 Fc254,645 Fc250,478 Fc247,016 Fc242,803 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested14,560 Im13,932 Im13,95415,18114,472
Production quantity372,074 Im352,233 Im343,791350,030331,580
Yield255,545 Fc252,823 Fc246,375 Fc230,571 Fc229,118 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested1,584 Im1,562 Im1,705 Im1,570 Im1,587 Im
Production quantity38,318 Im36,995 Im39,511 Im35,580 Im35,000 *
Yield241,907 Fc236,844 Fc231,736 Fc226,624 Fc220,542 Fc
VetchesArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested9289961,415415411
Production quantity3,8143,0891,3961,051586
Yield41,099 Fc31,014 Fc9,866 Fc25,325 Fc14,258 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested55,78253,55554,58950,12548,192
Production quantity1,340,9931,248,6131,281,5101,172,8391,114,555
Yield240,399 Fc233,146 Fc234,756 Fc233,983 Fc231,274 Fc
WheatArea harvested11,413,94111,354,38011,911,98912,373,45211,569,536
Production quantity11,296,64313,944,10814,802,86514,985,37913,746,967
Yield9,897 Fc12,281 Fc12,427 Fc12,111 Fc11,882 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea216,037 Fm216,214 Fm216,242 Fm216,260 Fm216,799 Fm
AgricultureArea216,037 Fc216,214 Fc216,242 Fc216,260 Fc216,799 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea1,767 W1,775 W1,750 W1,722 W1,702 W
Agriculture area certified organicArea142 I184 I246 Fm
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area192 I277 I303 I303 I291 I
Arable landArea29,748 Fm29,657 Fm29,642 Fm29,601 Fm29,470 Fm
Country areaArea272,490 W272,490 W272,490 W272,490 W272,490 W
CroplandArea29,880 W29,789 W29,774 W29,733 W29,602 W
Forest landArea3,396 Q3,367 Q3,338 Q3,308 Q3,263 Fm
Forestry area actually irrigatedArea8 W8 W8 W9 W9 W
Inland watersArea2,520 Fm2,520 Fm2,520 Fm2,520 Fm2,520 Fm
Land areaArea269,970 Fm269,970 Fm269,970 Fm269,970 Fm269,970 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea2,066 Fm2,066 Fm2,066 Fm2,066 Fm2,066 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea186,156 W186,425 W186,468 W186,527 W187,197 W
Land under permanent cropsArea132 Fm132 Fm132 Fm132 Fm132 Fm
Land with temporary fallowArea4,067 W4,547 W4,980 W4,798 W4,725 W
Naturally regenerating forestArea2,975 Q2,946 Q2,917 Q2,888 Q2,838 Fm
Other landArea50,537 Fc50,389 Fc50,390 Fc50,402 Fc49,907 Fc
Planted ForestArea421 Q421 Q421 Q421 Q426 Fm
Cropland area under organic agric.Area277 I
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.