Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Korea, Republic of

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Datasheet

Korea, Republic of

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 51,709,098 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 33,790 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,747,192.99 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,646,739.22 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 1.62 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Myung et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentHan SangSub et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Chung et al. (2013)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentKim and Jung (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, Transient under surveillanceCABI/EPPO (2013); IPPC (2015); Myung et al. (2016); Myung et al. (2016); IPPC (2020); Lee et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentKang HeeJung et al. (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentChoi et al. (1988); Choi and Han (1989); Choi and Kim (1989); Yu and Lee (2012); Myung et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); Han HyoShim et al. (2003); Koh et al. (2010); Ferrante and Scortichini (2015); Sawada et al. (2016); Son et al. (2016); Yu et al. (2016); Andersen et al. (2018); Garcia et al. (2018); He Rong et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021); Jeong YeonHwa et al. (2007); Kim et al. (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)PresentBradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); Pruvost et al. (1992); Li et al. (2007); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)Present, LocalizedInvasiveChoi et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentKorean Society of Plant Protection (1972); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentKim DaRan et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Koh et al. (1994)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea)PresentHan et al. (1982)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentChoi et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); Choi et al. (2017); Kim et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)PresentSimmons (1993); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentYu (2001); Cho and Shin (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)PresentLee et al. (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentLee and Kim (1990); CABI and EPPO (2004); Hong et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010); Sultana et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentDhanushka Udayanga et al. (2014); Kim ChangKyun et al. (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePunithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentKim YoungSoo et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); Hyun et al. (2007); Hyun et al. (2009); Costanzo et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentLee et al. (2013); La et al. (2013);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe russelliiPresentThi Thuong Thuong Nguyen and Lee HyangBurm (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe sediPresentCho et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentChung and Ser (1992)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2012); Han KyungSook et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella indica (wilt of pigeon pea)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)PresentY. J. La et al. (2007)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentHan JaeGu et al. (2014); Baral and Bemmann (2014); Gross and Han (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Cheon WonSu et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella gibsonii (needle blight of pine)PresentUK, CAB International (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentCho and Shin (2004); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentAmano (1986)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPodosphaera spiraeae (Japanese spiraea powdery mildew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKim et al. (2016)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentBrown (1976); Cho and Shin (2004)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentAnon (2004); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentHyun and Koo (1981); Kim et al. (1982); Yi (1982); UK, CAB International (1983); Yi and Kim (1983); La and Yi (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium miyabeiAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Hiratsuka (1940)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust)PresentUK, CAB International (1994); Lee et al. (2006); Yun et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus)PresentOno (2000); Ito (1938); Kim (1963); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentHiratsuka (1935); Ito (1938); Kim (1963); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)PresentCao ZhiMin et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2008); Demers et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPucciniastrum coryliPresentCho and Shin (2004); Spaulding (1961)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentYang HyoJin et al. (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm)PresentNativeKobayashi (1938)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentKim et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentAPPPC (1987); Lee DongWoon et al. (1997); Lee DongWoon et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer)Present, WidespreadNativeHaack et al. (2002); Schaefer (2005); Williams et al. (2005); Bray et al. (2011); Herms and McCullough (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Lee et al. (1970); APPPC (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKim (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Present, WidespreadGressitt (1951); Duffy (1968); Lee (1982); Kusama and Takakuwa (1984); Lee et al. (1992); Lingafelter and Hoebeke (2002); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)PresentNativeCarter et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014); Lim JonGok et al. (2014); Kim et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphanostigma iaksuiense (yellow scale)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987); Koo HyunNa et al. (2014); Koo HyunNa et al. (2015); Choi and Choi (2016); Yoon et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Cho JumRae et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis ceranaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)PresentNativeSundukov (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips fuscocupreanusPresentNativeOKU (1967); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)PresentNativeLee (1982); CABI and EPPO (2014); Lim JonGok et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); Malumphy et al. (2009); Lee WonHoon et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022); Lee MyeongLyeol et al. (2000); Hsieh ChiaHung et al. (2007); Jahan et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentKim EunSung and Kim YongGyun (2014); Hsieh ChiaHung et al. (2007); Ahmed et al. (2009); Jahan et al. (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrachyponera chinensis (Asian needle ant)PresentNativeGuénard et al. (2018); Nelder et al. (2006); Miner (2014); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); Lee JongHo et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarposina sasakii (peach fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Komarova (1981); Lee et al. (1984); Kim DongSoon et al. (2000); Kim et al. (2001); Kim DongSoon and Lee JoonHo (2002); Kim DongSoon and Lee JoonHo (2011); Son YeRim et al. (2012); Lee et al. (2013); Lee SeongKyun et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)Present, WidespreadNativeWee and Ng (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)PresentNativeInvasiveUK, CAB International (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentDanzig and Pellizzari (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentPan ShiQing et al. (2002); Dobzhansky (1933)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMalumphy et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadFonseca et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Lim JuRak et al. (2016); Yang ChangYeol et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus superans sibiricus (Siberian silk moth)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007); Jeong JunSeong et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentDanzig (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, WidespreadNativeKanzawa (1939); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentLee YoungSu et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir japonica (Japanese mitten crab)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentNativeISSG (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentLee YoungIn et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle)PresentNativeKim (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNakahara (1997); Lee GwanSeok et al. (2001); Yoon et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium psylloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)PresentNativeSmith (1974); Pschorn-Walcher (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Kirk et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaemaphysalis longicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentNativeMajerus (2004); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); Kim InSoo et al. (1997); Kim Juil et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentAPPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab)PresentNativeHwang et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeHo and Kun (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyCristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAPPPC (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps subelongatus (larch bark beetle)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeguminivora glycinivorella (soyabean pod borer)PresentAPPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentAhn SooJeong et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble)PresentKuhne (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentLee HeungSik et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza chinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)PresentEPPO (2022); Rameswor Maharjan et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHirao (1988); Way (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)PresentMorimoto (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLycorma delicatula (spotted lanternfly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKim HyoJoong et al. (2013); Han JungMin et al. (2008); Kang et al. (2011); Kim IlKwon et al. (2011); Kim JaeGeun et al. (2011); Lee JungSu et al. (2011); Moon et al. (2011); Yoon ChangMann et al. (2011); Choi DuckSoo et al. (2012); Jang YiKweon et al. (2013); Park et al. (2013); Lee YoungSu et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)PresentAPPPC (1987); Harrison et al. (2014); Wu et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth)PresentNativeInvasiveLee and Lee (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)PresentKim YeYeun et al. (2011); Lee HeungSu and Wilson (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer)Present, LocalizedPark et al. (1992); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)PresentLee (1982); Shin TaeYoung et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresent, WidespreadNativeKim (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); APPPC (1987); Park ChungYoul et al. (2018); Yoon et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)PresentNativeTakeuchi (1940)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentKim SeungTae et al. (2012); Kielhorn (2009); Spinnen Forum (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentKodoi et al. (2003); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, WidespreadNativeRathbun (1902); Kim (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina flavipesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentPaik (1978); Danzig (1980); Danzig (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleaePresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)Present, WidespreadNativeShrimp News (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentAPPPC (1987); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentCatling et al. (1977); UK, CAB International (1986); Kim DongHwan et al. (2000); Lee SangHyeob et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentNativeKumata et al. (1983); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentPaik (1972); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentCho MyoungRae et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Reed et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentAPPPC (1987); Ben-Dov et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentDanzig (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGimpel and Miller (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentNativeSoh et al. (2001); Eyun et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)PresentEPPO (2022); Lee GwanSeok et al. (2001); CABI and EPPO (2010); Hyun JaeWook et al. (2012); Kim DongSoon et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Houping and Haack (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly)PresentKnutson and Orth (1984); Rozkošný et al. (2010); Cho YoungJae et al. (2011); Lim et al. (2012); Park et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)Present, LocalizedLee et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant)Absent, EradicatedIPPC (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, Transient under eradicationIPPC (2020); IPPC (2019); Lee GwanSeok et al. (2020); Suh SooJung et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveAPPPC (1987); Kim InSoo et al. (1997); Kim YongGyun et al. (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMiura et al. (1985); CABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPalmer (1992); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); Cho KiJong et al. (1999); Cho KiJong et al. (2000); Park ChangGyu et al. (2010); Kim DongSoon et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)PresentKim JaeJin et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentLee et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentEPPO (2022); Lee JongWook et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Woo and Lee (1997); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)AbsentOIE (2019); Delfinado and Baker (1974); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveChoi MoonBo et al. (2012); Archer (1984); Kim JeongKyu et al. (2006); Archer (2012); Arca et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)PresentNativeCarpenter and Kojima (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus glabratus (redbay ambrosia beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisAbsent, Intercepted onlyChoo et al. (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentNativeChoo et al. (1983); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentNativeAPPPC (1987); Wood and Bright (1992); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCoyle (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon)PresentNativeGlobal Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanusPresentNativeKim et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumiiPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeLepage (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius cuvieri (Japanese crucian carp)Present, WidespreadIntroducedJang et al. (2002); Jang et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika)Absent, EradicatedWon ChangMan and Smith (1999); McCullough (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead)PresentNativeFood and Agriculture Organization (1997); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentRyall (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, Few occurrencesBirdLife International (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly)Present, WidespreadNativeNah (1989); Jang et al. (2002); Jang et al. (2003); Junkil et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Absent, Formerly presentWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill)Present, LocalizedIntroducedKim et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedJang et al. (2002); Froese and Pauly (2004); Bartley (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentNativeWard and Wurster-Hill (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Jang et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadNativeSwitzer (2011); eBird (2015); NIES (National Institute for Environmental Studies) (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeZipCodeZoo (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentNativeBaruš (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeShaffer and Nakamura (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDIAS (2004); Kraus (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Kawamura et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus asotus (Amur catfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Kobayakawa (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)Present, WidespreadNativeObolenskaya (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAsterias amurensis (northern Pacific seastar)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentCho et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)Present, LocalizedNativeCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentNativeInvasiveAguirre and Poss (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbula amurensis (Amur River clam)PresentNativeCoan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentNativeYo and Hong (1996); Kang et al. (2000); DIAS (2005); Choi KwangSik (2008); Harris (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentIntroducedDaguin and Borsa (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMochida (1991); Halwart and Bartley (2006); Lee and Oh (2006); Hayes et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresentIntroducedHayes et al. (2008); Matsukura et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentNativeQi (1998); Park KyungIl and Choi KwangSik (2001); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentNativeKim et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentKim and Han (1989); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)Present, LocalizedChoo et al. (1987); Choi and Kim (1993); CABI and EPPO (2002); Khan et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHan et al. (2008); Han et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)PresentYoung Ho Kim and Seung Hwan Ohh (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentChoi (1975); Park et al. (1993); Na SeungYong et al. (1998); Park et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)PresentYokoo (1936); CABI and EPPO (2011); Kang Heonil et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentChoi (1981); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentChoi (1981); CABI and EPPO (2002); Ma et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, LocalizedCho et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2002); Ma et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadChoi (1975); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedKim et al. (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaCeltodoryx ciocalyptoidesPresentNativeSim and Byeon (1989)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, LocalizedNativeChavanich et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresent, WidespreadNativeLee and Kang (1986); Han Taejun et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Present, WidespreadNativeYoshida (1983); Lee and Yoo (1992); Phillips (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedLee and Yoon (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentNativeJung et al. (2014); Chang et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern)PresentNativeChang et al. (2014); Garrison Hanks (1998); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresentNativeLee and Kang (2001); Gavio and Fredericq (2002); Lee (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentChoi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLee et al. (1997); Park GeunJe et al. (2001); Kang ByeungHoa and Shim SangIn (2002); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha australisPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)PresentSuh SooJung (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Ma et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Lee and Nguyen (2017); Kwon and Seo (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentKu et al. (1993); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina altissimaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kang et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, PlantedIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCho et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentIntroducedNIER (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kil et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus arenicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kang and Shim (1995); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Kang ByeungHoa and Shim SangIn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentOh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2019); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKim et al. (1993); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Ryu TaeBok et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge)PresentIntroducedJong-Cheol et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015); Cho et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentNativeNiu HongYu et al. (2012); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crispa (coral berry)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Global Compendium of Weeds (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeFlora of China (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster subulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex prostrataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hafliger and Scholz (1981); Yamaguchi (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)PresentCho et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHan YongGu et al. (2009); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018); Cho et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentKorea Republic, KPNI (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBracteantha bracteataPresentAktaruzzaman et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedKim et al. (2013); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life (2018); Dumin et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentIntroducedCooper and Moerkerk (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus racemosus (bald brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedChoi et al. (2014);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedStuart (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia gladiata (sword bean)PresentHan et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); Jung et al. (1997); Ma et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Lee et al. (2000); Kim JaeHyun et al. (2002); Jeong Yeonhwa et al. (2003); Jeong YeonHwa et al. (2007); Myung et al. (2015); Oo MayMoe et al. (2017); Kim et al. (2018); Park ChungYoul et al. (2018); Vargas et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); GRIIS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine parvifloraPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentCho et al. (2017); Choi et al. (2014); Kwon JinHyeuk et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)PresentNativeHou (1955); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentipeda minimaPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, PlantedNativeEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Kang et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium ochrocentrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Roskov et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedBaik et al. (1986); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentKwon et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentCiba Geigy (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kim HaSong et al. (2003); Oh et al. (2007); Hong et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lee WonHoon et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis alternifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis verticillataPresentCho et al. (2016); Choi et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentCho et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKil et al. (2004); Randall (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Govaerts and Barker (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder)PresentNativeFlora of China (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclospermum leptophyllumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentHammer et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus amuricusPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeKim et al. (1982); Govaerts (2014); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentPark and Kim (1971); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus microiria (Asian flatsedge)PresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentMyung et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Oh et al. (2007); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014); Holm et al. (1979); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentIntroducedLee and Choi (1989); Park et al. (1996); Ko et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia virginianaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplachne fuscaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba nemorosaPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracopis amplexicaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasivePark et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania pumilio (clammy goosefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014); Holm et al. (1991); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa esculentaPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis multicaulisPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); Darbyshire et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Lee WonHoon et al. (2016); Park et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron strigosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011); Lee SeungYeol et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriochloa villosaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2013); Lee et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2017); Lee and Nguyen (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kang et al. (1996); Oh et al. (2007); Flora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia dumetorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentNativeKim JeongYeon and Park ChongWook (2000); USDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chang TaeHyun and Lee YongSe (2016); eMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, PlantedChoi et al. (2013); Seo et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentNativePelser et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Choi et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadKang et al. (1996); Oh et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium spuriumPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGardenia jasminoides (cape jasmine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium calvicepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium purpureumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentChoi et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentPark et al. (2015); Jeong YeonHwa et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis (beach sunflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kil et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus salicifoliusPresentZhao et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Park GeunJe et al. (2001); Khan et al. (2007); Cho SungEun et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentPark et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pusillumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHosta plantagineaPresentCheon and Jeon (2016); Park et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHovenia dulcisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentNativeEPPO (2019); Cho et al. (2013); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Yoon et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedPieterse (1981); Lee DoJin et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocleys nymphoides (water poppy)PresentCho et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentKim et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); Ryu TaeBok et al. (2017); Hong et al. (2019); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentCho et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea coccinea (red morningglory)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedStaples (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea lacunosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentKwon JinHyeuk et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); Wu et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentChoi and Shin (2008); Choi GugSeoun (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentAfroz et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentUSDA-ARS (2003); Ma et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLapsana communis (nipplewort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); Seo et al. (2014); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium bonariensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedKim (2005); Kim and Ewing (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)PresentHafliger and Scholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedKang ByeungHoa and Shim SangIn (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Lee ByongChul et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentNativeJang et al. (2020); Lee et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentCsurhes and Edwards (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentOhwi (1965); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubia var. anagallideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLiriope muscari (monkeygrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Oo MayMoe and Oh SangKeun (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLisaea heterocarpaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia chinensis (Chinese lobelia)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hong et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); eMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentIntroducedKang et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentNativeHuxley (1999); Lee et al. (2016); Lee WonHoon et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCho et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentHan et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sinensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentKim et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentJoa et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedISSG (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Seo et al. (2013); Han SangSub et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeKil et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentKim et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Taehyeon (1958); Taehyeon (1964); Yi (1993); Namsuk and Seonghui (1999); Hong et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cho et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentNativeGBIF (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentChoi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Yang et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Yeon et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentJeong YeonHwa et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeISSG (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedLee HJ et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOphiopogon japonicusPresentKwon JinHyeuk et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); Thi Thuong Thuong Nguyen and Lee HyangBurm (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis triangularisPresentCho et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedLee et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine)Present, LocalizedNativePuff (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParapholis incurvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentInvasiveShabbir and Adkins (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Oh et al. (2007); Ryu TaeBok et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeKim KyungMoon et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentKwon et al. (2016); Kil et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Yoo TaeKyung and Jung HeeSuk (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveKim TaeGyun et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys nigraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Clayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis wrightiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeFlora of China Editorial Committee (2016); Lee JungHan et al. (2014); Chang TaeHyun and Lee YongSe (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, Few occurrencesHolm et al. (1979); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentPark SungJun et al. (2005); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)PresentReed (1977); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentKim (1993); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina var. ternataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentNativeEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentChoi et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReynoutria multifloraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac)PresentIntroducedKim and Chung (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentZhao et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (multiflora rose)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); eFloras (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentAktaruzzaman et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentKim et al. (1993); Jung et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentCheon et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia hirtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Oh et al. (2007); Ryu TaeBok et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Oh et al. (2007); Lee (2013); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex dentatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Shim et al. (2001); Oh et al. (2007); Hong et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativeKorea National Arboretum (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Bir et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentPark et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentYoon et al. (2018); Choi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedLee et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum kamtschaticumPresentChoi et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum mexicanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentKim et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentKim et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKil et al. (2006); Hong SunHee et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); Park JiSoo et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Anon (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentOh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium angustifoliumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium atlanticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011); Choi et al. (2015); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Park GeunJe et al. (2001); Oh et al. (2007); Ryu TaeBok et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cho and Kim (1997); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedKil et al. (2004); CABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentChoi and Choi (2015); Jeong YeonHwa et al. (2007); Aktaruzzaman et al. (2014); Kim et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedCho et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018); Ma et al. (2007); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018); Aktaruzzaman et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk)PresentNativeSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)PresentNativeOhwi (1965)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum laevigatum (rock dandelion)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedPark WanGuen et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationNativeKim (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetrapanax papyriferPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1991); Oh et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona sinensis (Chinese Toona)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia ohiensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriadica sebifera (Chinese tallow tree)PresentIntroducedGRIIS (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentJeong HyeGwang et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Lee DoJin et al. (2001); Kim Changkyun et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Cho et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina alternifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola sororiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex)PresentNativeMunir (1987); Park et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Oh et al. (2007); Lee (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Ma et al. (2007); Hwang KiSeon et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPrabhakaran Nair (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, WidespreadKim et al. (1996)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
VirusArterivirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusPresentYoon et al. (2016); Yoon et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentYoon et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); Cho et al. (2015); Kim NamYeon et al. (2018); Cho InSook et al. (2020); CABI (Undated)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)Present, WidespreadLee HeeJu et al. (2015)
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentChoi and Choi (2016)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019);
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentHeo et al. (1985); Moon et al. (1985); Choi et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresentGenbank (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentNativeKim et al. (2015); Lim SeungMo et al. (2016); Kwon et al. (2017); Kwak et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)PresentOh et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresent, WidespreadLee DongKyu et al. (2010)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)AbsentEPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentNativeInvasiveYun et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); Do JeongWan et al. (2006); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)PresentChoi et al. (2014); Choi and Choi (2015); Yoon et al. (2017); Yoon et al. (2018); Yoon et al. (2018); Cho SangYun et al. (2020); Kwak HaeRyun et al. (2020); Kwak et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)PresentLee HyeJung et al. (2010); Kim SueHoon et al. (2011); Kil et al. (2014); Oh et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
Akabane virus infectionPresentOem et al. (2012); Lee et al. (2002)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisPresentBaek et al. (1989); Baek et al. (1994); Baek and Son (1995); Lee JooMook et al. (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
anguillicolosisPresentNativeKim et al. (1989)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (2019)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2019); Kim et al. (1987); Kim JaeHong et al. (1997); Rhee JaeKu et al. (1998); Song et al. (1998); OIE (2019)
avian influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2004); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019);
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2019); Sato (1996); OIE (2019)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Kang and Jang (1988)
bacterial gill diseasePresentCABI (Undated)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedKim et al. (1986)
botulismPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentCho et al. (1985); CABI (Undated)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentLee et al. (1995); Chung ChungWon et al. (1997)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentChung ChungWon et al. (1998)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentShirakawa et al. (1994)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentCho KyoungOh et al. (1999)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadKim et al. (1988)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentPark et al. (1988)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2000); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
chicken anaemiaPresentSeong HwanWoo et al. (1996)
chronic wasting diseasePresentSohn HyunJoo et al. (2002)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Chuzan virus infectionPresentYang DaRam et al. (2018)
ChytridiomycosisPresentYang HyoJin et al. (2009); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentPark et al. (1994); OIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious agalactiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious equine metritisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
crayfish plagueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentNativeYu JaeRan et al. (2004)
cyprinid herpesvirus 1 infectionPresentFijan (1999)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck virus hepatitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Park (1985); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
encephalomyocarditisPresentPar et al. (1990)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentLee and Park (1980); Cha and Kim (1996); Chae et al. (1998)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentYong et al. (2000)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Glässer's diseasePresent, WidespreadYang et al. (1990); Sohn HyunJoo et al. (1998)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadJung et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsentOIE (2019); Yang HyunSung et al. (2012); OIE (2019)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
infectious myonecrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentHah et al. (1984)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); KONO and KIM (1969); OIE (2019)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitisPresentNam et al. (2009)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentChoi DongLim et al. (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Lactococcus garvieae (Enterococcus seriolicida) infection in fishPresentKim and Lee (1994)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
leucocytozoonosisPresentAkiba (1970)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresentPark et al. (1993)
Mammalian orthoreovirus infectionsPresentKwon HyungJun et al. (2012)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentKang HeeJung et al. (2001)
Marek's diseasePresentOIE (2009)
Monogenean infections of fishPresentCABI (Undated)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresentKim et al. (1989)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentKim et al. (1989)
Myicola ostreae infestationPresent, WidespreadNativeKim (2004)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentCho JaeBum and Kim KiHong (2003)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresentChoi ChangSun et al. (2000)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresent, WidespreadLee DongKyu et al. (2010); Kweon et al. (1994); CABI (Undated)
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitisPresentRho SeMi et al. (2011)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentHwang EuiKyung et al. (1998)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
proliferative enteropathyPresentLee SangWon et al. (2001)
pullorum diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); Kim JaeHoon et al. (1995); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
reticuloendotheliosisPresentSeong HwanWoo et al. (1997)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresent, WidespreadKang and Koh (1993); Kolodzieyski et al. (2002)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresentKim et al. (1987); Hwang et al. (1994)
Sapelovirus A infectionsPresentBak GeonYong et al. (2016)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadPark HeeMyung et al. (1999); Su et al. (1999); Yoo JongHyun et al. (1999)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentPark and Kang (1987); Park CheongKyu and Jang EunHee (1999)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)PresentJung ByeongYeal et al. (1997)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine influenzaPresentLyoo YongSoo et al. (1997); Lyoo YoungSoo and Kim LoMi (1998)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); Do JeongWan et al. (2006); OIE (2019)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentPurnell and Rae (1981); Kim SamJu et al. (1998); Onuma et al. (1998); CABI (Undated)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
torovirus infectionsPresentCong YingYing et al. (2013)
toxoplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); Chae et al. (1998); Chae ChanHee et al. (2000); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); Woo and Lee (1997); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); Delfinado and Baker (1974); OIE (2019)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white spot diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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