Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Korea, Republic of

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Datasheet

Korea, Republic of

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Korea, Republic of
  • General data
  • Region: East Asia
  • Area (km2): 990,000
  • Climates: Subtropical, Temperate
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 48,456,000
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$19,730
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$955,802,189,824
  • GDP: US$969,794,584,576
  • Agriculture, value added: US$25,807,921,152

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Fallopia dumetorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Han et al., 2013; Back et al., 2010.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Transient: actionable, under eradication CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2015; Myung et al., 2016a.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present Kang et al., 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present, few occurrences Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present Korean Society of Plant Protection, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea) Present Han et al., 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present Choi et al., 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988; Choi et al., 2017.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear) Present Anon, 1972; Simmons, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Yu, 2001; Cho and Shin, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Lee et al., 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Lee and Kim, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesPunithalingam, 1993; UK CAB International, 1993.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present Lee et al., 2013; La et al., 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Han et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present La et al., 2007.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback) Present Han et al., 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Cho and Shin, 2004; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Brown, 1976; Cho and Shin, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Cho and Shin, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Hyun and Koo, 1981; Kim et al., 1982; Yi, 1982; Yi and Kim, 1983; La and Yi, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium miyabei Absent, unreliable record Hiratsuka, 1940.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaGymnosporangium yamadae (Japanese apple rust) Present IMI, 1994; UK CAB International, 1994; Yun et al., 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present Ono, 2000; Ito, 1938; Kim, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Hiratsuka, 1935a; Hiratsuka, 1935b; Ito, 1938; Kim, 1963; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPucciniastrum coryli Present Cho and Shin, 2004; Spaulding, 1961.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Yang et al., 2009.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAmynthas agrestis (crazy worm) Present Native NoKobayashi, 1938.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Kim et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle) Present APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrilus planipennis (emerald ash borer) Widespread Native NoHaack et al., 2002; Schaefer, 2005; Williams et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Kim & Kim,1981; CIE, 1969; Lee et al., 1970; APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Introduced YesKim, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn) Widespread Gressitt, 1951; Duffy, 1968; Lee, 1982; Kusama and Takakuwa, 1984; Lingafelter and Hoebeke, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Lim et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphanostigma iaksuiense (yellow scale) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983; APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Widespread Native YesCho et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips fuscocupreanus Present Native NoOku, 1967; APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn) Present Native NoLee, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Lim et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Present Kim and Kim, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; Lee et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab) Present Introduced NoSmithsonian Marine Station, SMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarposina sasakii (peach fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014; Komarova, 1981; Lee et al., 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab) Widespread Native Wee and Ng, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Present Native YesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Hua, 2002; Dobzhansky, 1933.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Widespread Introduced YesMalumphy Reid, 2006; Malumphy et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Fonseca et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Widespread Native NoPark, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus superans sibiricus (Siberian silk moth) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present IIE, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Present Danzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Widespread Native Kanzawa, 1939; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir japonica (Japanese mitten crab) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Native ISSG, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present Lee et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaExomala orientalis (oriental beetle) Present Native NoKim, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesNakahara, 1997; Lee et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium psylloides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Native NoSmith, 1974; Pschorn-Walcher, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug) Present Native CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Present Native NoMajerus, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus sanguineus (Asian shore crab) Present Native NoHwang et al., 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab) Unconfirmed record Native NoSakai, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Present Native NoHo and Kun, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesAPPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps subelongatus (larch bark beetle) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present Ahn et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Present Kuhne, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza chinensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Restricted distribution Introduced Hirao, 1988; Korea NPQO, 1990; Way, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil) Present Morimoto, 1992; CABI and EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced NoRosenberry , 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLycorma delicatula (spotted laternfly) Widespread Introduced YesKim et al., 2013; Kim et al., 2011b; Park et al., 2013; Lee et al., 2014; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present APPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria mathura (pink gypsy moth) Present Native YesLee and Lee, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesNam and Kim , 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present Kim et al., 2011; Lee and Wilson, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus alternatus (Japanese pine sawyer) Restricted distribution Park et al., 1992; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer) Present Lee, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreae Widespread Native Kim, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Present Native NoTakeuchi, 1940.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider) Present Kim et al., 2012; Kielhorn, 2009; Spinnen Forum, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present Kodoi et al., 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Widespread Native NoRathbun, 1902; Kim, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina flavipes Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Paik, 1978; Danzig, 1980a; Danzig, 1980b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleae Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Widespread Native NoShrimp News, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present APPPC, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present IIE, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer) Present Native NoKumata et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Widespread Native NoCho , 1957; Ko , 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Paik, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes chinensis antennalis (Asian paper wasp) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Cho et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014; Reed et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale) Present APPPC, 1987; Ben-Dov et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Danzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Gimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinus Present Native NoSoh et al., 2001; Eyun et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer) Present Shin & Shung, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus schevyrewi (banded elm bark beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992; Houping and Haack, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly) Present Knutson and Orth, 1984; Rozkošný et al., 2010; Cho et al., 2011; Lim et al., 2012; Park et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis invicta (red imported fire ant) Eradicated IPPC, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present YesAPPPC, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoBílý & Mehl, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecodiplosis japonensis (pine needle gall midge) Widespread Introduced Ko, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced Palmer, 1992; CABI and EPPO, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Present Kim et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps Present Woo and Lee, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) No information available OIE, 2009; Delfinado and Baker, 1974.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet) Present Introduced YesChoi et al., 2012; Archer, 1984; Kim et al., 2006; EPPO, 2007; Archer, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoCarpenter and Kojima, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similis Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoChoo et al., 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoMurayama, 1931; Choo et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle) Present Native NoChoo et al., 1983; Murayama, 1930; APPPC, 1987; Wood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus mutilatus (camphor shoot beetle) Widespread Native NoCoyle, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbbottina rivularis (Chinese false gudgeon) Present Native NoGBIF, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcanthogobius flavimanus Present Native NoKim et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcentrogobius pflaumii Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoLepage, 2010b.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoBirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Native NoCourtenay and et al. , 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius cuvieri (Japanese crucian carp) Widespread Introduced Jang et al., 2002; Jang et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus nippon (sika) Eradicated Native Won and Smith, 1999; McCullough, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna argus argus (northern snakehead) Present Native W. Courtenay, USGS, USA, personal communication, 2010; Food and Agriculture Organization, 1997; Froese Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, formerly present Introduced Ryall, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Present, few occurrences BirdLife International, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly) Widespread Native NoNah, 1989; Jang et al., 2002; Jang et al., 2003; Junkil et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis cyanellus (green sunfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Localised Introduced Kim et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Present Introduced Jang et al., 2002; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Present Native Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog) Present Native Ward and Wurster-Hill, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Jang et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread Native Switzer, 2011; eBird, 2015; NIES, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Present Native ZipCodeZoo, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Native Barus, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Shaffer and Nakamura, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesDIAS, 2004; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat) Present Native Musser and Carleton, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Kawamura et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus asotus (Amur catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Kobayakawa, 1989b.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk) Widespread Native NoObolenskaya, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZosterops japonicus (Japanese white-eye) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAsterias amurensis (northern Pacific seastar) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel) Localised Native CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam) Present Native YesAguirre and Poss, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbula amurensis (Amur River clam) Present Native Coan, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced DIAS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Introduced Daguin and Borsa, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Present Introduced YesMochida, 1991; Halwart and Bartley, 2006; Lee and Oh, 2006; Hayes et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea insularum (island applesnail) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Native NoQi ZhongYan, 1998; Park and Choi, 2001; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Present Native Kim et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Kim and Han, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Restricted distribution Choo et al., 1987; Choi and Kim, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Present Young and Seung, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Park SoDeuk et al., 1998; Choi, 1975; Park et al., 1993; Na SeungYong et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode) Present Shepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Yokoo, 1936; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Choi, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Choi, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Shepherd and Barker, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Restricted distribution Cho et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Kim & Minagawa, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Absent, invalid record Park Khan, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Choi, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Kim et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPoriferaCeltodoryx ciocalyptoides Present Native Sim and Byeon, 1989.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Localised Native NoChavanich et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusa Widespread Native Lee and Kang, 1986; Han et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed) Widespread Native Yoshida, 1983; Lee and Yoo, 1992; Phillips, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp) Present Introduced Lee and Yoon, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Native Jung et al., 2014; Chang et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Chang et al., 2014; Garrison Hanks, 1998; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturu Present Native Lee and Kang, 2001; Gavio and Fredericq, 2002; Lee, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Widespread Introduced YesLee et al., 1997; Park et al., 2001; Kang and Shim, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Present Ku et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina altissima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoKang et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Present Native Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus japonicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Introduced Nier, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced Kil et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus arenicola Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Kang and Shim, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesKim et al., 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Shim et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (indigo bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Introduced NoJong-Cheol et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Native Niu et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crispa (coral berry) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced Global Compendium of Weeds, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora of China, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Lee et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster subulatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Hafliger and Scholz, 1981; Yamaguchi, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced YesHan et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radians Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present KPNI, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Introduced Cooper and Moerkerk, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome) Present Introduced Cooper and Moerkerk , 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Choi et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present Introduced Stuart, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1977; Jung et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Present Native Hou, 1955; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilio Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Kang et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium ochrocentrum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018; Flora of North America Editorial Committee, 2018; Roskov et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Kim et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis alternifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis tinctoria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced YesKil et al., 2004; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced Govaerts and Barker, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced PIER, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta japonica (Japanese dodder) Present Native Flora of China, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present Hammer et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Kim et al., 1982; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Park and Kim, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1989; Park et al., 1996; Ko et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia virginiana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplachne fusca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracopis amplexicaulis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced YesPark et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesGopal, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed) Present Introduced Darbyshire et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron strigosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present Native NoFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum esculentum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Kang et al., 1996; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia dumetorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present Native NoKim and Park, 2000; USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig) Present Native Pelser et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Widespread Kang et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGardenia jasminoides (cape jasmine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium calviceps Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium purpureum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (Globe amaranth) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus debilis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present Introduced Park et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum pusillum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHovenia dulcis Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Pieterse, 1981; Lee et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced GRIIS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea coccinea (red morningglory) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea lacunosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacquemontia tamnifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Wu et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium bonariense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced Kim, 2005; Kim and Ewing, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Present Hafliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Introduced Kang and Shim, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced Lee et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Csurhes and Edwards, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum obtusifolium (border privet) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Ohwi, 1965; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubia var. anagallidea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum virginianum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLiriope muscari (monkeygrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLisaea heterocarpa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia chinensis (Chinese lobelia) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Kang et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present Native Huxley, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present Native NoGBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sinensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced ISSG, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Native Kil et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Native NoFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; Taehyeon, 1958; Taehyeon, 1964; Yi, 1993; Namsuk and Seonghui, 1999; Hong et al., 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia) Present Native NoGBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Holm et al., 1991; Yeon et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native ISSG, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera stricta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Localised Native NoPuff, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present YesShabbir and Adkins, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Introduced GRIIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native Kim et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present NoYoo and Jung, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Present Native eFloras, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Widespread Native YesKim et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago virginica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present, few occurrences Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Park et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Present Reed, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Kim, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Native PIER, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina var. ternata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Native Novan der Maesen, 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhus typhina (staghorn sumac) Present Introduced Kim and Chung, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts; eFloras, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Aktaruzzaman et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Present Kim et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex dentatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced Shim et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Native Korea National Arboretum, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifolia Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Introduced Lee et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum mexicanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail) Present Kim et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Introduced YesKil et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced Anon, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium atlanticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present Park et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Present Introduced Cho and Kim, 1997; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced Cho et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Present Introduced Kang et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Present Native NoOhwi, 1965.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum laevigatum (rock dandelion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Park et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native NoKim, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona sinensis (Chinese Toona) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelospermum jasminoides (star-jasmine) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia ohiensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Jeong et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax ciliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Lee et al., 2001; Kim et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola sororia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex rotundifolia (beach vitex) Present Native NoMunir, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoPrabhakaran Nair, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Introduced NoeMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Widespread Kim et al., 1996.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virus Present Yoon et al., 2016; Yoon et al., 2017.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virus Present Lee et al., 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Cho et al., 2015.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequid herpesvirus 1 Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Virusinfluenza A virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Heo et al., 1985; Moon et al., 1985; Choi et al., 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virus Present Native Kim et al., 2015; Lim et al., 2016; Kwon et al., 2017; Kwak et al., 2018.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Present Oh et al., 2017.
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virus Widespread Lee et al., 2010.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present Native YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Present Do et al., 2006.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present Lee et al., 2010; Kim et al., 2011.
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
VirusWhite spot syndrome virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish No information available OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Akabane virus infection Present Oem et al., 2012; Lee et al., 2002.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent Baek et al., 1989; Baek et al., 1989; Baek et al., 1994; Baek and Son, 1995; Lee et al., 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Present Native Kim et al., 1989.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971).
atrophic rhinitis of swine Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Present OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Kim et al., 1987; Kim et al., 1997; Rhee et al., 1998; Song et al., 1998.
avian influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2004b.
avian leukosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009; Sato, 1996.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kang and Jang, 1988.
bacterial gill disease Present Ko and Heo , 1997.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Kim et al., 1986.
botulism Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Choi et al., 1982; Cho et al., 1985.
bovine anaplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Lee et al., 1995; Chung et al., 1997.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Chung et al., 1998.
bovine ephemeral fever Present Shirakawa et al., 1994.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Cho et al., 1999.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Kim et al., 1988.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Park et al., 1988.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Present Seong et al., 1996.
chronic wasting disease Present Sohn et al., 2002.
Chytridiomycosis Present Yang et al., 2009.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present Park et al., 1994; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Native Yu et al., 2004.
cyprinid herpesvirus 1 infection Present Fijan, 1999.
Denman island disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Present OIE, 2009; Park, 1985.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Kokuska , 1973.
encephalomyocarditis Present Par et al., 1990.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic haemorrhagic disease Present Anon., 1999b.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Lee and Park, 1980; Cha and Kim, 1996b; Chae et al., 1998.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Present OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Yong et al., 2000.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Glässer's disease Widespread Yang et al., 1990; Sohn et al., 1998.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Choi et al., 2003; Jung et al., 2007.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infection with Perkinsus olseni Present Yang et al., 2012.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Present OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Hah et al., 1984.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kono and Kim, 1969.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitis Present Nam et al., 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009; Choi et al., 2004.
Lactococcus garvieae (Enterococcus seriolicida) infection in fish Present Kim and Lee, 1994.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
leucocytozoonosis Present Akiba, 1970.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lyme borreliosis Present Park et al., 1993.
malignant catarrhal fever Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mammalian orthoreovirus infections Present Kwon et al., 2012.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Kang et al., 2001.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Monogenean infections of fish Present Kim et al., 2000.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Present Kim et al., 1989.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Present Kim et al., 1989.
Myicola ostreae infestation Widespread Native Kim, 2004.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Cho and Kim, 2003.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
porcine circovirus infections Present Choi et al., 2000.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine epidemic diarrhoea Widespread Lee et al., 2010; Kweon et al., 1994.
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis Present Rho et al., 2011.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Hwang et al., 1998.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
proliferative enteropathy Present Lee et al., 2001.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009; Kim et al., 1995.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Present OIE, 2009.
reticuloendotheliosis Present Seong et al., 1997.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Widespread Kang and Koh, 1993; Kolodzieyski et al., 2002.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Present Kim et al., 1987; Hwang et al., 1994.
Sapelovirus A infections Present Bak et al., 2016.
scrapie No information available OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Park et al., 1999; Su et al., 1999; Yoo et al., 1999.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Present Park and Kang, 1987; Park and Jang, 1999.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Present Jung et al., 1997.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available Yoon et al., 1993; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Lyoo et al., 1997; Lyoo and Kim, 1998.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Present Do et al., 2006.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Purnell and Rae, 1981; Purnell et al., 1981; Kim et al., 1998; Onuma et al., 1998.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
torovirus infections Present Cong et al., 2013.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Anon, 1997; Chae et al., 1998; Chae et al., 2000.
Trichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Present Woo and Lee, 1997; OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE(1997); OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009; Delfinado and Baker, 1974.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Present OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Present OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

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