Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Comoros

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Datasheet

Comoros

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Comoros
  • General data
  • Region: Southern Africa
  • Area (km2): 223,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Moroni
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 628,410
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$680
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$425,451,520
  • GDP: US$448,540,832
  • Agriculture, value added: US$210,825,280

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter africanus (African greening) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014; Grygiel et al., 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Widespread Introduced YesJones and Mourichon, 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Present EPPO, 2014; Aubert, 1984; Seif and Hillocks, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly) Present Introduced YesBorowiec et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present Msaidie and Soilihi, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Introduced YesKassim and Soilihi, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Absent, invalid record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present CIE, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977; Dufay, 1982; Zhang, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present Matile-Ferrero, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesSubra, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; Matile-Ferrero, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoceratitis cyanescens (tomato fruit fly) Absent, unreliable record Msaidie and Soilihi, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust) Present Bruner, 1910; Chopard, 1958b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1973; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Present Introduced YesMeirte, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesHaltenorth and Diller, 1996; Simberloff et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoAllen, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Trewavas, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoKonig and Weick, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Morelet, 1860; Starmühlner, 1976b.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present Vuong, 1972; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern) Present Native NoTardieu-Blot, 1958.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort) Present Merlier and Montagu, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Native PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced Royal Museum for Central Africa, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Oyen, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Puy et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Ragone, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present Native Govaerts and Tulig, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced PROTA, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Introduced FAO, 2009; Kueffer et al., 2004; PIER, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Widespread Introduced YesWester and Wood, 1977; Roby and Dossar, 2000; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2013; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Widespread Introduced YesF Barthelat, IUCN Caribbean, Saint-Claude, Guadeloupe, personal observation; Legris, 1969; Leuschner, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Widespread Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced YesVos, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesRoby and Dossar, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Deroin, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced Leavold et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008; EPPO, 2014; India Biodiversity Portal, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2014; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced YesAbdou, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Widespread Introduced YesVos, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Present Introduced YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Introduced Leonard, 1951.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoReneaud, 1978; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
anaplasmosis Present AU-IBAR, 2011.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
contagious ecthyma Present Hamers et al., 1993.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present John et al., 1990.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants OIE, 2012.
heartwater Present OIE, 2012; Plessis et al., 1989.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006.
Q fever Present Tissot-Dupont et al., 1995; OIE, 2012.
rabies Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
Rift Valley fever Restricted distribution AU-IBAR, 2011.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
tetanus Widespread Hamers et al., 1993.
Theileria parva infections Present Introduced YesDeken et al., 2007.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2012.
tuberculosis Present OIE, 2012.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested 8066 Im 10623 Im 12092 Im 12200 F 12200 F
Bananas Production Quantity 64190 Im 73648 Im 71786 Im 58597 Im 62301 Im
Bananas Yield 79581 Fc 69328.8 Fc 59366.5 Fc 48030.3 Fc 51066.4 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 10610 Im 10332 Im 11800 F 11500 F 11200 F
Cassava Production Quantity 67690 Im 61564 Im 65000 F 64000 F 62000 F
Cassava Yield 63798.3 Fc 59585.8 Fc 55084.8 Fc 55652.2 Fc 55357.1 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 23600 A 21500 A 19629 A 19047 A 15837 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 24475.5 A 22491 A 20203.7 A 17921 A 16189 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 2795 A 2795 A 2532.5 A 2328.23 A 2261.18 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 10371 Fc 10460.9 Fc 10292.8 Fc 9408.83 Fc 10222.3 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 23600 A 21500 A 19629 A 19047 A 15837 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 33300 A 30483 A 27543 A 24581 A 21850 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 2795 A 2795 A 2532.5 A 2328.23 A 2261.18 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 14110.2 Fc 14178.1 Fc 14031.8 Fc 12905.4 Fc 13796.8 Fc
Cinnamon (canella) Production Quantity 9 Im 14 Im 13 Im 19 Im 23 Im
Cloves Area Harvested 6447 Im 8562 Im 10398 Im 11000 F 13000 F
Cloves Production Quantity 2386 Im 2926 Im 2921 Im 3000 * 3500 *
Cloves Yield 3700.95 Fc 3417.43 Fc 2809.19 Fc 2727.27 Fc 2692.31 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2600 A 2500 A 2129 A 2047 A 1837 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6800 A 6483 A 5503 A 4581 A 4850 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 65 A 65 A 62.5 A 53.23 A 51.18 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 26153.8 Fc 25932 Fc 25847.8 Fc 22379.1 Fc 26401.7 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 116 Im 100 Im 97 Im 86 Im 83 Im
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 23.2 Fc 20 Fc 29 Im 21 Im 20 Im
Cocoa beans Yield 2000 Fc 2000 Fc 2989.69 Fc 2441.86 Fc 2409.64 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 33531 Im 33187 Im 31918 Im 29442 Im 28265 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 97135 Im 82832 Im 73333 Im 79199 Im 80410 Im
Coconuts Yield 28968.7 Fc 24959.2 Fc 22975.4 Fc 26900 Fc 28448.6 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 873 Im 739 Im 728 Im 613 Im 604 Im
Coffee, green Production Quantity 129 Im 97 Im 116 Im 111 Im 121 Im
Coffee, green Yield 1477.66 Fc 1312.58 Fc 1593.41 Fc 1810.77 Fc 2003.31 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8823 A 11363 A 12884 A 12962 A 12955 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 68217 A 77745 A 75833 A 62355 A 66065 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 77317.2 Fc 68419.4 Fc 58858.3 Fc 48106 Fc 50995.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 757 Im 740 Im 792 Im 762 Im 755 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 4027 Im 4097 Im 4047 Im 3758 Im 3764 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 53196.8 Fc 55364.9 Fc 51098.5 Fc 49317.6 Fc 49854.3 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1191 Im 1211 Im 1126 Im 1090 F 1000 P
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 1282 Im 1243 Im 962 Im 900 F 840 P
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 77.42 Fc 77.42 Fc 78.72 Fc 73.19 Fc 70.85 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10764.1 Fc 10264.2 Fc 8543.52 Fc 8256.88 Fc 8400 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2600 F 2500 F 2129 Im 2047 Im 1837 Im
Maize Production Quantity 6800 F 6483 Im 5503 Im 4581 Im 4850 Im
Maize Seed 65 Fc 65 Fc 62.5 Fc 53.23 Fc 51.18 Fc
Maize Yield 26153.8 Fc 25932 Fc 25847.8 Fc 22379.1 Fc 26401.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 34722 A 34398 A 33044 A 30532 A 29265 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 8257.96 A 7098.9 A 6232.2 A 6677.92 A 6752 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 29.42 A 29.42 A 29.91 A 27.81 A 26.92 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2378.31 Fc 2063.75 Fc 1886.03 Fc 2187.19 Fc 2307.19 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 34722 A 34398 A 33044 A 30532 A 29265 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 13012.2 A 11141.1 A 9821.89 A 10565.9 A 10705.3 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 23.23 A 23.23 A 23.62 A 21.96 A 21.25 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3747.52 Fc 3238.87 Fc 2972.37 Fc 3460.59 Fc 3658.06 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 90 Im 94 Im 93 Im 86 Im 74 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 240 Im 255 Im 219 Im 183 Im 190 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 26666.7 Fc 27127.7 Fc 23548.4 Fc 21279.1 Fc 25675.7 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 479 Im 508 Im 399 Im 470 Im 419 Im
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 400 Im 424 Im 322 Im 324 Im 344 Im
Pigeon peas Yield 8350.73 Fc 8346.46 Fc 8070.18 Fc 6893.62 Fc 8210.02 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 46 Im 48 Im 43 Im 41 Im 39 Im
Potatoes Production Quantity 741 Im 800 F 760 F 670 Im 641 Im
Potatoes Yield 161087 Fc 166667 Fc 176744 Fc 163415 Fc 164359 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 15017 Im 14000 F 10478 Im 12500 F 12200 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 13410 Im 12000 F 11427 Im 9800 F 9700 F
Pulses, nes Seed 901.02 Fc 901.02 Fc 840 Fc 628.68 Fc 750 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 8929.88 Fc 8571.43 Fc 10905.7 Fc 7840 Fc 7950.82 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15496 A 14508 A 10877 A 12970 A 12619 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13810 A 12424 A 11749 A 10124 A 10044 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 901.02 A 901.02 A 840 A 628.68 A 750 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 8911.98 Fc 8563.55 Fc 10801.7 Fc 7805.71 Fc 7959.43 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 21000 F 19000 F 17500 F 17000 F 14000 P
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 26500 F 24000 F 22040 Im 20000 F 17000 P
Rice, paddy Seed 2730 Fc 2730 Fc 2470 Fc 2275 Fc 2210 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 12619 Fc 12631.6 Fc 12594.3 Fc 11764.7 Fc 12142.9 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15566 A 15618 A 17347 A 16583 A 16208 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 91645 A 87054 A 86680 A 85020 A 83244 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 58875.1 Fc 55739.5 Fc 49968.3 Fc 51269.4 Fc 51359.8 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested
Sisal Production Quantity
Sisal Yield
Spices, nes Area Harvested 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F 50 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 56 Im 70 Im 63 Im 68 Im 83 Im
Spices, nes Yield 11200 Fc 14000 Fc 12600 Fc 13600 Fc 16600 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 2792 Im 2916 Im 3101 Im 2680 Im 2576 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 6836 Im 7306 Im 6270 Im 6373 Im 6025 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 24484.2 Fc 25054.9 Fc 20219.3 Fc 23779.8 Fc 23389 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 1381 Im 1422 Im 1439 Im 1557 Im 1404 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 11730 Im 12659 Im 10111 Im 9765 Im 9389 Im
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 84938.4 Fc 89022.5 Fc 70264.1 Fc 62716.8 Fc 66873.2 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 65 Im 63 Im 64 Im 72 Im 66 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 714 Im 759 Im 651 Im 545 Im 718 Im
Tomatoes Yield 109846 Fc 120476 Fc 101719 Fc 75694.4 Fc 108788 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 135 Im 179 Im 217 Im 250 F 250 F
Vanilla Production Quantity 42 Im 66 F 49 Im 50 * 76 *
Vanilla Yield 3111.11 Fc 3687.15 Fc 2258.06 Fc 2000 Fc 3040 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 679 Im 712 Im 707 Im 639 Im 550 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 5588 Im 5937 Im 5092 Im 4263 Im 4422 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 82297.5 Fc 83384.8 Fc 72022.6 Fc 66713.6 Fc 80400 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 834 A 869 A 864 A 797 A 690 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 6542 A 6951 A 5962 A 4991 A 5330 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 78441.3 Fc 79988.5 Fc 69004.6 Fc 62622.3 Fc 77246.4 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 834 A 869 A 864 A 797 A 690 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6542 A 6951 A 5962 A 4991 A 5330 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 78441.3 Fc 79988.5 Fc 69004.6 Fc 62622.3 Fc 77246.4 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 737 Im 900 F 964 Im 805 Im 989 Im
Yams Production Quantity 4648 Im 4725 Im 4539 Im 4212 Im 5189 Im
Yams Yield 63066.5 Fc 52500 Fc 47085.1 Fc 52323 Fc 52467.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested 12200 F 11300 F 11000 F 10800 F 10500 F
Bananas Production Quantity 70000 F 65000 F 62000 F 61000 F 60891
Bananas Yield 57377.1 Fc 57522.1 Fc 56363.6 Fc 56481.5 Fc 57991.4 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 10900 F 10700 F 10500 F 10500 F 10361 Im
Cassava Production Quantity 60000 F 59000 F 58000 F 58000 F 54876
Cassava Yield 55045.9 Fc 55140.2 Fc 55238.1 Fc 55238.1 Fc 52964 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 19000 A 17194 A 20586 A 20540 A 19523 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 18462 A 16093 A 18738.1 A 17731.5 A 16494.7 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 1865.93 A 2260 A 2004.85 A 2456.1 A 2441.41 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 9716.84 Fc 9359.66 Fc 9102.35 Fc 8632.68 Fc 8448.83 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19000 A 17194 A 20586 A 20540 A 19523 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25122 A 22087 A 25832 A 24587 A 22815 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 1865.93 A 2260 A 2004.85 A 2456.1 A 2441.41 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 13222.1 Fc 12845.8 Fc 12548.3 Fc 11970.3 Fc 11686.2 Fc
Cinnamon (canella) Production Quantity 17 Im 16 Im 21 Im 20 Im 19 Im
Cloves Area Harvested 9000 F 5500 F 12000 F 10908 Im 10952 Im
Cloves Production Quantity 2500 * 1500 * 3200 * 3013 2869
Cloves Yield 2777.78 Fc 2727.27 Fc 2666.67 Fc 2762.19 Fc 2619.61 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2000 A 2194 A 2096 A 2179 A 1730 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5122 A 4087 A 4529 A 4000 A 3835 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 45.93 A 50 A 54.85 A 52.4 A 54.48 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 25610 Fc 18628.1 Fc 21607.8 Fc 18357 Fc 22167.6 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 84 F 75 Im 82 Im 81 F 77 Im
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 28 F 33 Im 26 Im 27 F 30 Im
Cocoa beans Yield 3333.33 Fc 4400 Fc 3170.73 Fc 3333.33 Fc 3896.1 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 28000 F 32408 Im 30968 Im 28471 Im 27000 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 80000 F 90819 Im 95060 Im 77000 F 76821
Coconuts Yield 28571.4 Fc 28023.6 Fc 30696.2 Fc 27045.1 Fc 28452.2 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 622 Im 800 F 670 Im 665 F 569 Im
Coffee, green Production Quantity 95 Im 120 F 89 Im 100 F 102 Im
Coffee, green Yield 1527.33 Fc 1500 Fc 1328.36 Fc 1503.76 Fc 1792.62 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity A A A A A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12990 A 12070 A 11726 A 11550 A 11240 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 73800 A 68700 A 65829 A 64600 A 64300 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 56812.9 Fc 56918 Fc 56139.3 Fc 55930.7 Fc 57206.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 790 F 770 F 726 Im 750 F 740 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 3800 F 3700 F 3829 Im 3600 F 3409
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 48101.3 Fc 48051.9 Fc 52741.1 Fc 48000 Fc 46067.6 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 1090 F 1070 F 1000 P 1050 F 1040 F
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 900 F 880 F 840 P 870 F 860 F
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 65 Fc 70.85 Fc 69.55 Fc 65 Fc 68.25 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 8256.88 Fc 8224.3 Fc 8400 Fc 8285.71 Fc 8269.23 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2000 F 2194 Im 2096 Im 2179 Im 1730 Im
Maize Production Quantity 5122 Im 4087 Im 4529 Im 4000 F 3835
Maize Seed 45.93 Fc 50 Fc 54.85 Fc 52.4 Fc 54.48 Fc
Maize Yield 25610 Fc 18628.1 Fc 21607.8 Fc 18357 Fc 22167.6 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 29090 A 33478 A 31968 A 29521 A 28040 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 6742 A 7599.92 A 7924 A 6490.6 A 6472.48 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 24.7 A 26.92 A 26.43 A 24.7 A 25.93 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2317.63 Fc 2270.12 Fc 2478.73 Fc 2198.64 Fc 2308.3 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 29090 A 33478 A 31968 A 29521 A 28040 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 10670 A 12070.5 A 12609.8 A 10271 A 10244.7 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 19.5 A 21.25 A 20.86 A 19.5 A 20.47 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3667.93 Fc 3605.49 Fc 3944.51 Fc 3479.22 Fc 3653.61 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 96 Im 90 Im 70 F 78 Im 75 Im
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 181 * 177 * 174 * 170 * 167 *
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 18854.2 Fc 19666.7 Fc 24857.1 Fc 21794.9 Fc 22266.7 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 450 F 447 Im 443 Im 440 F 427 Im
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 330 F 262 Im 302 Im 320 F 325 Im
Pigeon peas Yield 7333.33 Fc 5861.3 Fc 6817.16 Fc 7272.73 Fc 7611.24 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 42 F 40 Im 39 Im 35 F 25 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 600 F 502 Im 568 Im 500 F 352
Potatoes Yield 142857 Fc 125500 Fc 145641 Fc 142857 Fc 140800 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 12000 F 12000 F 12000 F 12000 F 11500 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 9500 F 9300 F 9300 F 9500 F 9200 F
Pulses, nes Seed 732 Fc 720 Fc 720 Fc 720 Fc 720 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 7916.67 Fc 7750 Fc 7750 Fc 7916.67 Fc 8000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 12450 A 12447 A 12443 A 12440 A 11927 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 9830 A 9562 A 9602 A 9820 A 9525 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 732 A 720 A 720 A 720 A 720 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 7895.58 Fc 7682.17 Fc 7716.79 Fc 7893.89 Fc 7986.08 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 17000 F 15000 F 18490 Im 18361 Im 17793 Im
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 20000 F 18000 F 21303 Im 20587 Im 18980 Im
Rice, paddy Seed 1820 Fc 2210 Fc 1950 Fc 2403.7 Fc 2386.93 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 11764.7 Fc 12000 Fc 11521.4 Fc 11212.4 Fc 10667.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15702 A 15130 A 15033 A 14457 A 14775 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 80300 A 78598 A 77971 A 77200 A 73599 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 51140 Fc 51948.4 Fc 51866.6 Fc 53399.7 Fc 49813.2 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested
Sisal Production Quantity
Sisal Yield
Spices, nes Area Harvested 50 F 63 Im 51 Im 50 Im 49 F
Spices, nes Production Quantity 60 F 48 Im 64 Im 61 Im 59 F
Spices, nes Yield 12000 Fc 7619.05 Fc 12549 Fc 12200 Fc 12040.8 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 2600 F 2365 Im 2514 Im 1832 Im 2350 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 6000 F 6678 Im 6884 Im 5500 F 5434
Sweet potatoes Yield 23076.9 Fc 28236.8 Fc 27382.7 Fc 30021.8 Fc 23123.4 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 1380 F 1350 F 1338 Im 1340 F 1330 F
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 9500 F 9300 F 9042 Im 9200 F 9137
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 68840.6 Fc 68888.9 Fc 67578.5 Fc 68656.7 Fc 68699.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 70 F 65 F 48 Im 60 F 57 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 650 F 600 F 563 Im 550 F 502
Tomatoes Yield 92857.1 Fc 92307.7 Fc 117292 Fc 91666.7 Fc 88070.2 Fc
Vanilla Area Harvested 375 F 325 F 300 F 550 F 717 Im
Vanilla Production Quantity 75 * 65 * 60 * 110 * 140
Vanilla Yield 2000 Fc 2000 Fc 2000 Fc 2000 Fc 1952.58 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 600 F 525 F 496 Im 450 F 200 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 4000 F 3500 F 3071 Im 3000 F 1312
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 66666.7 Fc 66666.7 Fc 61915.3 Fc 66666.7 Fc 65600 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 766 A 680 A 614 A 588 A 332 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4831 A 4277 A 3808 A 3720 A 1981 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 63067.9 Fc 62897.1 Fc 62019.5 Fc 63265.3 Fc 59668.7 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 766 A 680 A 614 A 588 A 332 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4831 A 4277 A 3808 A 3720 A 1981 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 63067.9 Fc 62897.1 Fc 62019.5 Fc 63265.3 Fc 59668.7 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 780 F 675 Im 642 Im 750 F 709 Im
Yams Production Quantity 4200 F 3118 Im 3477 Im 4000 F 3800 F
Yams Yield 53846.2 Fc 46192.6 Fc 54158.9 Fc 53333.3 Fc 53596.6 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 155 Fm 155 Fm 158 Fm 150 Fm 150 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 1.04 I 1.3 I 1.1 I
Arable land Area 82 Fm 82 Fm 85 Fm 80 Fm 80 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 140 Fm 140 Fm 143 Fm 135 Fm 135 Fm
Country area Area 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W
Forest area Area 2.6 Fm 3 E 3.4 Fm 3.8 Fm 4.2 Fm
Land area Area 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W
Other land Area 28.5 Fm 28.1 Fm 24.7 Fm 32.3 Fm 31.9 Fm
Permanent crops Area 58 Fm 58 Fm 58 Fm 55 Fm 55 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 15 Fm 15 Fm 15 Fm 15 Fm 15 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 150 Fm 148 Fm 148 Fm 147 F 147 F
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 80 Fm 80 Fm 80 Fm 80 F 80 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 135 Fm 133 Fm 133 Fm 132 F 132 F
Country area Area 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W
Forest area Area 4.6 Fm 5 E 5.6 Fm 6.2 Fm 6.8 Fm
Land area Area 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W 186.1 W
Other land Area 31.5 Fm 33.1 Fm 32.5 Fm 32.9 Fm 32.3 Fm
Permanent crops Area 55 Fm 53 Fm 53 Fm 52 F 52 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 15 Fm 15 Fm 15 Fm 15 F 15 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm 0.13 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files