Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Jamaica

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Datasheet

Jamaica

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Jamaica
  • General data
  • Region: Caribbean
  • Area (km2): 110,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Kingston
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 2,675,800
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,330
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$8,904,425,472
  • GDP: US$11,430,419,456

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Restricted distribution Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2000; IPPC, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Present Plavsic-Banjac et al., 1972; CABI/EPPO and, 1998a; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesSpiroplasma kunkelii (corn stunt spiroplasma) Present Eden-Green, 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Present IPPC, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Widespread EPPO, 2012; Brown et al., 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 1999; IPPC, 2006.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease) Restricted distribution CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis No information available OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CPPC; CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution Native Leather, 1966; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced Bandyopadhyay et al., 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesWilson, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Smith, 1937; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Punithalingham and Waterston, 1970; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Widespread Introduced YesSmith, 1935; MacLachlan, 1938; Simpson et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Widespread Native NoCMI, 1980; Greig and Foster, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora roreri (frosty pod rot) Present IPPC, 2016.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present Ono, 2000; Cockerell, 1891; Cockerell, 1893; Dale, 1955; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumida Present Introduced FERA, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrius cingulatus (pink-spotted hawkmoth) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Darwin, 1854.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly) Widespread Native NoStone, 1942; Norrbom, 2004a; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha suspensa (Caribbean fruit fly) Widespread Native Greene, 1934; Stone, 1942; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisopilothrips venustulus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Native Merrill, 1953; Kondo, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present McDonald et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCactoblastis cactorum (cactus moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present Introduced YesSchotman, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Widespread Introduced Todd, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present CIE, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteus Widespread Southward, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Widespread Introduced YesWalker, 1853.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Introduced Porter, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present Beardsley, 1975; García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present NHM, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994; Kaydan and Gullan, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplaxius crudus (American palm cixiid) Widespread Native Van Duzee, 1907.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Sakimura, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present CPPC; IIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Reid, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesNHM, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present CIE, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps grandicollis (five-spined bark beetle) Present Introduced Garraway and Freeman, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution Spencer and, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced Shrimp News, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug) Present Gowdey, 1926; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Native CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Smith and Cermeli, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Widespread Introduced YesGarraway et al., 2009; IPPC, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Present Introduced Shrimp News, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Introduced YesKempf, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced Ravlin, 1995; Hodges et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014; NAPPO 14(4).
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Wood and Bright , 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Lawrence et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; Gimpel and Miller, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Introduced YesWelbourn, 2006; IPPC, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present Introduced Collins et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present Gowdey, 1923; Vaurie, 1971; O'Brien and Wibmer, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly) Present Johnson, 1894; Gowdey, 1926; Knutson et al., 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Native ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm) Present BMNH; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present Yokomi et al., 1994; Anon., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale) Present CIE, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoRaffaele et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) Widespread Introduced Lynn, 1937; Lynn, 1940; Lynn and Dent, 1943; Stewart, 1977; Stewart and Martin, 1980; Hedges, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret) Present Introduced Long, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Chakalall, 1993; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced FAO, 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Helgen and Wilson, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Present Introduced YesMahon and Aiken, 1977; Kraus, 2009; Santos-Barrera et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011; Schotman, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Natureserve, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present Introduced Lee et al., 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Present Introduced Lee et al., 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaTubastraea coccinea (orange-cup coral) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Introduced White-McLean and Redford, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel) Present Introduced Benson et al., 2001; DFAS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoLeal, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug) Present Introduced Baker, 1925; Maceira-Filgueira, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZachrysia provisoria (Cuban brown snail) Present Introduced YesRosenberg and Muratov, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1973; Hutton et al., 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Widespread CPPC; Sosa Moss, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread CPPC; Sosa, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Widespread Thompson et al., 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Cobb, 1915; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI and EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Steiner & Le Hew, 1933; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Restricted distribution Jamaica, 1963; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum appendiculatum (palm fern) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Taylor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Introduced Lagereim, 1891.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced YesAdams, 1972; ILDIS, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; IABIN, 2003b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Present Introduced YesTrounce and Dyason, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Robinson, 1913; Johnson, 1921.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Introduced Krisnawati et al., 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Native Adams, 1972; Smithsonian Institution, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon virginicus (broomsedge) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2016; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present Introduced Harris, 1912; Morton, 1987; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; MacFadyen, 1837.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Native Harris, 1912; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; MacFadyen, 1837; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Present Introduced YesAdams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present Introduced New York Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia ringens (Dutchman’s pipe) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Panama Checklist, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Native NoPercival, 1974; USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi) Present Introduced MacFadyen, 1837; Morton, 1987; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced Grisebach, 1864.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy) Present Native NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2013; Hutchinson, 1920; Iremonger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia candida (angel's trumpet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced JAMAICA, 1945.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia violacea (brasiletto) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced McDonald et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia fragrans (basketplant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoJamalco South Manchester EIA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens Present Native Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced YesWorld Agroforestry Centre, 2002; IABIN, 2003b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Holm et al., 1991; Barker-Cohen, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native Fernald, 1940.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Native Gautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysophyllum oliviforme Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Widespread Introduced Woodson and, 1948; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Widespread Native Adams, 1976; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia rosea Present Native NoFrancis, 1993; Riffle, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Henderson et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Present Adams et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Sherff, 1932.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea ignea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Localised Introduced eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; Anon, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura inoxia (Downy Thornapple) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium intortum (Green-leaf desmodium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiodia teres (poorjoe) Present Native Wunderlin and Hansen, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present Introduced Adams, 1972; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Introduced Hammerton, 1973; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009; World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Widespread Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Gopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced Meusel and Jäger, 1992; Pruski, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Campbell, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced YesPIER, 2002; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; Anon, 2003; IABIN, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood) Present Introduced YesAdams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Introduced YesJamaica, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced YesI3N-Jamaica, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHymenachne amplexicaulis (hymenachne) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Introduced Morton, 1989; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperati Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Restricted distribution Adams et al., 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Native CSIRO, 1998; Mitchell and Ahmad, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Adams, 1972; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Native Adams, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Pyrah, 1969.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Kairo et al., 2003; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Absent, unreliable record Hulten, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Widespread Introduced YesISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (devil's claw) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Present Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Adams, 1972; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present Introduced Meyer, 1994b; Meyer, 1998a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa) Present Native Liogier, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Native Barneby, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Restricted distribution Introduced YesAdams, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Introduced Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present YesHolm et al., 1979; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Native Adams, 1972; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeomarica caerulea (walking iris) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2005; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia aurantiaca (jointed cactus) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia tuna Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Native NoDale, 1981; Aneja et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1991; Mahadevappa, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Localised Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum densum (dense crowngrass) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Native Chase, 1929.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Native NoKillip, 1938; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla) Present Introduced YesMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Localised Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Introduced YesAdams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Introduced YesOrchid Species, 2016; eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Native Rodriguez, 1969; Parthasarathy et al., 2008; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper) Present Native Starr et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritum Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Present USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced Parrotta, 1991; AFFA, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present Native Hitchcock, 1893; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2015; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present GBIF, 2015; Wagner and Lorence, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Burkart, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016; Iremonger, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Widespread Introduced YesIABIN, 2015; Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced NoHoward and Proctor, 1957; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaQuamoclit hederifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhynchosia caribaea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus ellipticus (yellow Himalayan raspberry) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus racemosus (black raspberry) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia macrophylla (large leaved ruellia) Present Native Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuellia simplex (Mexican petunia) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced Proctor, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein) Present Introduced YesAdams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria hyacinthoides (African bowstring hemp) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Introduced BRIT Virtual Herbarium, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced Fawcett & Rendle, 1936.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced Irwin and Barneby, 1982; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Present Native NoCallan, 1943; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodriguez, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced YesKairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidatus (whorled dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Acevedo-Rodriguez et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Introduced Britton, 1918; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present, few occurrences Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Present Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Absent, unreliable record Moldenke, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia apetala (Panama tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987; Kairo et al., 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Restricted distribution Introduced YesAsprey and Robbins, 1953.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Fawcett and Rendle, 1910.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Native NoPelton, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Introduced YesTownsend and Newell, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present Introduced YesIABIN, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Introduced Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTibouchina urvilleana (princessflower) Present Introduced Almeda, 2007; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily) Present Introduced Adams, 1972; Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew) Present Introduced NoAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Native Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Azan and Webber, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native YesAzan and Webber, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Native Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Adams, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass) Present Introduced YesI3N-Jamaica, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Present Introduced Lowden, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Localised Introduced New York Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet) Present Introduced Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Localised Hansen et al., 2003.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBennett et al., 1980.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Anon., 1995.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present McGlashan et al., 1993; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present McGlashan et al., 1994; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness No information available OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Last reported Bundy et al., 1983; McGinnis et al., 1988; Camus and Barré, 1995; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; McGinnis et al., 1989.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Thompson et al., 1992.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine papillomatosis Present Pearson et al., 1958.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestation Present OIE, 2009.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever No information available OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Lindo et al., 1998.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) No information available OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Chen et al., 1976.
peste des petits ruminants No information available OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBennett et al., 1980.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever No information available OIE, 2009.
rinderpest No information available OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Present Introduced FERA, 2010; OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis No information available OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 364 Im 354 Im 338 Im 307 Im 337 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 2451 Im 2288 Im 2305 Im 1851 Im 2107 Im
Avocados Yield 67335.2 Fc 64632.8 Fc 68195.3 Fc 60293.2 Fc 62522.3 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 7712 Im 7500 F 6600 F 4500 F 10600 F
Bananas Production Quantity 68386 Im 63850 * 52765 36200 84511 Im
Bananas Yield 88674.8 Fc 85133.3 Fc 79947 Fc 80444.4 Fc 79727.4 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 116 300 282 228 236
Beans, dry Production Quantity 376 Im 294 296 236 248
Beans, dry Seed 8.12 Fc 8.12 Fc 21 Fc 19.74 Fc 15.96 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 32413.8 Fc 9800 Fc 10496.5 Fc 10350.9 Fc 10508.5 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 202 185 163 124 128
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 211 178 171 125 133
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 14.14 Fc 14.14 Fc 12.95 Fc 11.41 Fc 8.68 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 10445.5 Fc 9621.62 Fc 10490.8 Fc 10080.7 Fc 10390.6 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 1865 1495 1469 1208 1295
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 33046 24515 25896 20648 22110
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 177190 Fc 163980 Fc 176283 Fc 170927 Fc 170734 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1983 1480 1627 1277 1349
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 32004 21026 25437 18925 19365
Carrots and turnips Yield 161392 Fc 142068 Fc 156343 Fc 148199 Fc 143551 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 1087 998 751 806 992
Cassava Production Quantity 20533 18490 13995 14991 18519
Cassava Yield 188896 Fc 185271 Fc 186352 Fc 185993 Fc 186683 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 115 84 113 114 125
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 1301 787 1279 1204 1490
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 113130 Fc 93690.5 Fc 113186 Fc 105614 Fc 119200 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 2145 A 2018 A 1871 A 1515 A 1400 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2724.33 A 2364.33 A 2351.33 A 1898.33 A 1674.33 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 36.56 A 36.56 A 34.4 A 31.9 A 25.85 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 12700.8 Fc 11716.2 Fc 12567.2 Fc 12530.2 Fc 11959.5 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2145 A 2018 A 1871 A 1515 A 1400 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2725 A 2365 A 2352 A 1899 A 1675 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 36.56 A 36.56 A 34.4 A 31.9 A 25.85 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 12704 Fc 11719.5 Fc 12570.8 Fc 12534.7 Fc 11964.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 923 952 877 526 659
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 13293 11206 10565 5338 6596
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 144020 Fc 117710 Fc 120468 Fc 101483 Fc 100091 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 964 828 801 635 688
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 14998 10017 10804 7869 8556
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 155581 Fc 120978 Fc 134881 Fc 123921 Fc 124360 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15655 A 15224 A 16237 A 15216 A 15462 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 197221 A 184141 A 195659 A 181440 A 180017 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 125980 Fc 120954 Fc 120502 Fc 119243 Fc 116425 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2144 A 2017 A 1870 A 1514 A 1399 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2723 A 2363 A 2350 A 1897 A 1673 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 36.45 A 36.45 A 34.29 A 31.79 A 25.74 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 12700.6 Fc 11715.4 Fc 12566.8 Fc 12529.7 Fc 11958.5 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 4555 Im 4554 Im 4553 Im 3400 F 3500 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 1260 Im 1368 1108 1015 1915
Cocoa beans Yield 2766.19 Fc 3003.95 Fc 2433.56 Fc 2985.29 Fc 5471.43 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 50430 Im 43866 Im 48000 F 60000 F 56000 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 300000 F 289830 * 263900 * 329730 * 311000 *
Coconuts Yield 59488.4 Fc 66071.7 Fc 54979.2 Fc 54955 Fc 55535.7 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 9001 Im 9000 F 20669 Im 11250 F 11250 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 11381 Im 9121 12456 9035 15117
Coffee, green Yield 12644.2 Fc 10134.4 Fc 6026.42 Fc 8031.11 Fc 13437.3 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 222 196 195 210 228
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 232 199 206 222 245
Cow peas, dry Seed 13.76 Fc 13.76 Fc 12.15 Fc 12.09 Fc 13.02 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 10450.5 Fc 10153.1 Fc 10564.1 Fc 10571.4 Fc 10745.6 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 1111 887 848 821 792
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 16025 11681 11428 11217 11252
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 144239 Fc 131691 Fc 134764 Fc 136626 Fc 142071 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 33 34 34 27 36
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 391 817 404 311 423
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 118485 Fc 240294 Fc 118824 Fc 115185 Fc 117500 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 295 Im 256 Im 289 Im 200 F 200 F
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 626 A 578 A 598 A 618 A 608 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 760 A 660 A 748 A 572 A 584 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 12140.6 Fc 11418.7 Fc 12508.4 Fc 9255.66 Fc 9605.26 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 31334 A 30472 A 30243 A 26059 A 33068 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 364543 A 340365 A 342842 A 291196 A 345489 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 116341 Fc 111698 Fc 113362 Fc 111745 Fc 104478 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 4120 Im 4007 Im 3830 Im 3477 Im 3814 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 34935 Im 32618 Im 32855 Im 26382 Im 30024 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 84793.7 Fc 81402.6 Fc 85783.3 Fc 75875.8 Fc 78720.5 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 162 148 149 106 105
Ginger Production Quantity 444 486 459 298 241
Ginger Yield 27407.4 Fc 32837.8 Fc 30805.4 Fc 28113.2 Fc 22952.4 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1841 Im 1790 Im 1711 Im 1297 Im 1405 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 47093 Im 43970 Im 44290 Im 38119 Im 33058 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 255801 Fc 245642 Fc 258854 Fc 293901 Fc 235288 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2013 1751 1916 1950 2729
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 2643 2007 2704 2825 3728
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 13129.7 Fc 11462 Fc 14112.7 Fc 14487.2 Fc 13660.7 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1680 Im 1634 Im 1562 Im 1419 Im 1557 Im
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 25868 Im 24152 Im 24328 Im 21699 Im 24013 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 153976 Fc 147809 Fc 155749 Fc 152918 Fc 154226 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 768 534 509 429 449
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 11185 7203 7325 6011 6300
Lettuce and chicory Yield 145638 Fc 134888 Fc 143910 Fc 140117 Fc 140312 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 2144 2017 1870 1514 1399
Maize Production Quantity 2723 2363 2350 1897 1673
Maize Seed 36.45 Fc 36.45 Fc 34.29 Fc 31.79 Fc 25.74 Fc
Maize Yield 12700.6 Fc 11715.4 Fc 12566.8 Fc 12529.7 Fc 11958.5 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 51 Im 40 Im 47 Im 39 Im 36 Im
Maize, green Production Quantity 88 Im 66 Im 70 Im 60 F 55 F
Maize, green Yield 17254.9 Fc 16500 Fc 14893.6 Fc 15384.6 Fc 15277.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 498 Im 484 Im 463 Im 449 Im 520 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 2762 Im 2579 Im 2598 Im 2781 Im 2440 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 55461.8 Fc 53285.1 Fc 56112.3 Fc 61937.6 Fc 46923.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 52443 A 45617 A 49916 A 61950 A 58729 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 25004.3 A 23949.1 A 22139.5 A 27451.9 A 26296.6 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4767.91 Fc 5250.03 Fc 4435.36 Fc 4431.3 Fc 4477.62 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 52443 A 45617 A 49916 A 61950 A 58729 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 39792.9 A 38280 A 35118.2 A 43712.4 A 41548.4 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7587.84 Fc 8391.61 Fc 7035.46 Fc 7056.08 Fc 7074.6 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 559 480 474 385 369
Okra Production Quantity 5513 4202 4377 3432 3379
Okra Yield 98622.5 Fc 87541.7 Fc 92341.8 Fc 89142.9 Fc 91571.8 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1003 989 863 795 787
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 13908 11194 10181 10190 10840
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 138664 Fc 113185 Fc 117972 Fc 128176 Fc 137738 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 95 59 59 50 26
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1015 555 721 455 215
Onions, dry Yield 106842 Fc 94067.8 Fc 122203 Fc 91000 Fc 82692.3 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 11311 Im 11000 F 11926 Im 11500 F 11500 F
Oranges Production Quantity 116074 Im 108376 118440 112701 112632
Oranges Yield 102620 Fc 98523.6 Fc 99312.4 Fc 98000.9 Fc 97940.9 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 203 235 213 245 213
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 2624 2333 2337 2520 2743
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 129261 Fc 99276.6 Fc 109718 Fc 102857 Fc 128779 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 274 258 421 325 430
Papayas Production Quantity 5846 5314 10671 7156 9201
Papayas Yield 213358 Fc 205969 Fc 253468 Fc 220185 Fc 213977 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 792 630 678 468 516
Peas, dry Production Quantity 905 682 768 506 554
Peas, dry Seed 64.15 Fc 64.15 Fc 51.03 Fc 54.92 Fc 37.91 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 11426.8 Fc 10825.4 Fc 11327.4 Fc 10812 Fc 10736.4 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 830 723 746 565 725
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 965 749 847 668 868
Pigeon peas Seed 49.8 Fc 49.8 Fc 43.38 Fc 44.76 Fc 33.9 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 11626.5 Fc 10359.6 Fc 11353.9 Fc 11823 Fc 11972.4 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 979 1061 1029 910 807
Pineapples Production Quantity 17607 19749 21368 20351 18102
Pineapples Yield 179847 Fc 186136 Fc 207658 Fc 223637 Fc 224312 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 1732 1584 1325 875 1098
Plantains Production Quantity 35335 29826 24621 15035 19087
Plantains Yield 204013 Fc 188295 Fc 185819 Fc 171829 Fc 173834 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 806 788 514 299 455
Potatoes Production Quantity 15333 11222 8708 4929 7477
Potatoes Seed 1128.4 Fc 1128.4 Fc 1103.2 Fc 719.6 Fc 418.6 Fc
Potatoes Yield 190236 Fc 142411 Fc 169416 Fc 164850 Fc 164330 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2162 A 2034 A 2064 A 1595 A 1833 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2689 A 2102 A 2288 A 1757 A 2048 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 149.97 A 149.97 A 140.51 A 142.92 A 109.47 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 12437.6 Fc 10334.3 Fc 11085.3 Fc 11015.7 Fc 11172.9 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 2630 2355 2271 1951 1979
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 49432 40830 40801 34119.4 34635
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 187954 Fc 173376 Fc 179661 Fc 174882 Fc 175013 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F 1 F
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F 2 F
Rice, paddy Seed 0.11000000000000001 Fc 0.11000000000000001 Fc 0.11000000000000001 Fc 0.11000000000000001 Fc 0.11000000000000001 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 1515 1315 1115 957 1015
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 27925 23690 20940 16880 17315
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 184323 Fc 180152 Fc 187803 Fc 176385 Fc 170591 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 14037 A 13360 A 11831 A 10264 A 11273 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 240502 A 224699 A 202388 A 164881 A 182490 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 1128.4 A 1128.4 A 1103.2 A 719.6 A 418.6 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 171334 Fc 168188 Fc 171066 Fc 160640 Fc 161882 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 626 Im 578 Im 598 Im 618 Im 608 Im
Sisal Production Quantity 465 Im 404 Im 459 Im 372 Im 384 Im
Sisal Yield 7428.12 Fc 6989.62 Fc 7675.59 Fc 6019.42 Fc 6315.79 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 176 201 214 317 332
Spices, nes Production Quantity 1053 1249 1584 2131 2423
Spices, nes Yield 59829.6 Fc 62139.3 Fc 74018.7 Fc 67224 Fc 72981.9 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 937 807 781 668 717
Spinach Production Quantity 15693 12886 12938 11184 12192
Spinach Yield 167481 Fc 159678 Fc 165659 Fc 167425 Fc 170042 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 763 522 584 463 486
String beans Production Quantity 8717 5621 6322 5446 5596
String beans Yield 114246 Fc 107682 Fc 108253 Fc 117624 Fc 115144 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 26200 F 26200 F 26200 29900 30800
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1334600 F 1334600 F 1334600 1652000 1968000
Sugar cane Yield 509389 Fc 509389 Fc 509389 Fc 552508 Fc 638961 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 2306 2122 2004 1533 1576
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 42091 34512 34229 25797 26055
Sweet potatoes Yield 182528 Fc 162639 Fc 170803 Fc 168278 Fc 165324 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 823 Im 800 F 1038 Im 1000 F 1000 F
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 8186 Im 7643 8601 8921 10314
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 99465.4 Fc 95537.5 Fc 82861.3 Fc 89210 Fc 103140 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 776 Im 1212 Im 1215 Im 1210 Im 1200 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1558 Im 1480 Im 1917 Im 1563 Im 2000 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 20077.3 Fc 12211.2 Fc 15777.8 Fc 12917.4 Fc 16666.7 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1595 1281 1278 1155 1165
Tomatoes Production Quantity 26950 19006 21190 19387 19576
Tomatoes Yield 168966 Fc 148368 Fc 165806 Fc 167853 Fc 168034 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1789 Im 1497 Im 1486 Im 1291 Im 1301 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 21207 Im 15834 Im 16746 Im 14268 Im 14536 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 118541 Fc 105772 Fc 112692 Fc 110519 Fc 111729 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 17129 A 14334 A 14233 A 12363 A 12459 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 266763 A 199179 A 210649 A 179476 A 182836 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 155738 Fc 138956 Fc 148000 Fc 145172 Fc 146750 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 17129 A 14334 A 14233 A 12363 A 12459 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 266763 A 199179 A 210649 A 179476 A 182836 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 155738 Fc 138956 Fc 148000 Fc 145172 Fc 146750 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 665 727 776 810 646
Watermelons Production Quantity 12666 10606 12393 12230 9573
Watermelons Yield 190466 Fc 145887 Fc 159704 Fc 150988 Fc 148189 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 8323 8137 7447 6669 7235
Yams Production Quantity 134620 136785 124516 102284 113124
Yams Yield 161745 Fc 168102 Fc 167203 Fc 153372 Fc 156357 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 326 Im 306 Im 435 Im 496 Im 493 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 2048 Im 2032 Im 2805 Im 3167 Im 3191 Im
Avocados Yield 62822.1 Fc 66405.2 Fc 64482.8 Fc 63850.8 Fc 64726.2 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 10900 F 10903 Im 15500 F 14500 F 13500 F
Bananas Production Quantity 87958 Im 90570 Im 125000 F 115000 F 109000 F
Bananas Yield 80695.4 Fc 83068.9 Fc 80645.2 Fc 79310.3 Fc 80740.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 283 245 206 224 221
Beans, dry Production Quantity 301 257 211 228 218
Beans, dry Seed 16.52 Fc 19.81 Fc 17.15 Fc 18 F 18 F
Beans, dry Yield 10636 Fc 10489.8 Fc 10242.7 Fc 10178.6 Fc 9864.25 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 145.9 125 113 127 120
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 155.8 130 116 128 118
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Seed 8.96 Fc 10.21 Fc 8.75 Fc 18 F 8.89 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 10678.5 Fc 10400 Fc 10265.5 Fc 10078.7 Fc 9833.33 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 1458.6 1203 1262 1414 1140
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 25675.7 20222 22366 25859 19297
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 176030 Fc 168096 Fc 177227 Fc 182878 Fc 169272 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 1568 1503 1238 1603 1350
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 22887.2 20533 17476 23475 18946
Carrots and turnips Yield 145964 Fc 136613 Fc 141163 Fc 146444 Fc 140341 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 951.1 750 910 898 723
Cassava Production Quantity 17710.7 13224 16758 17248 13634
Cassava Yield 186213 Fc 176320 Fc 184154 Fc 192071 Fc 188575 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 125.4 113 100 131 139
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 1544.6 1141 1209 1533 1587
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 123174 Fc 100973 Fc 120900 Fc 117023 Fc 114173 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1542 A 1536 A 1359 A 1672 A 1496 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1896.43 A 1931 A 1607.67 A 2052.34 A 1761.67 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 23.89 A 26.31 A 26.21 A 26 A 29.66 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 12298.5 Fc 12571.6 Fc 11829.8 Fc 12274.8 Fc 11775.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1542 A 1536 A 1359 A 1672 A 1496 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1897.1 A 1932 A 1611 A 2057 A 1765 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 23.89 A 26.31 A 26.21 A 26 A 29.66 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 12302.9 Fc 12578.1 Fc 11854.3 Fc 12302.6 Fc 11798.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 737.6 537 499 594 491
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 7440.1 5722 4610 5595 4444
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 100869 Fc 106555 Fc 92384.8 Fc 94191.9 Fc 90509.2 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 721.3 581 586 721 551
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 9240.2 7139 7416 9226 6646
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 128105 Fc 122874 Fc 126553 Fc 127961 Fc 120617 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 15657 A 16223 A 18687 A 20113 A 19878 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 179212 A 179960 A 208077 A 228134 A 211111 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 114461 Fc 110929 Fc 111349 Fc 113426 Fc 106203 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1541 A 1535 A 1352 A 1659 A 1485 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1895.1 A 1929 A 1601 A 2043 A 1755 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 23.78 A 26.2 A 26.1 A 25 A 28.2 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 12297.9 Fc 12566.8 Fc 11841.7 Fc 12314.7 Fc 11818.2 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 1800 F 1800 F 2834 Im 2737 Im 2766 Im
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 595 550 1177 Im 1150 F 1000 P
Cocoa beans Yield 3305.56 Fc 3055.56 Fc 4153.14 Fc 4201.68 Fc 3615.33 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 57000 F 51000 F 51000 F 51000 F 51000 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 310500 * 265600 * 265600 * 265600 * 265600 *
Coconuts Yield 54473.7 Fc 52078.4 Fc 52078.4 Fc 52078.4 Fc 52078.4 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 11250 F 8400 F 5600 F 6100 F 5600 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 12390 8897 2400 * 3300 F 2760 *
Coffee, green Yield 11013.3 Fc 10591.7 Fc 4285.71 Fc 5409.84 Fc 4928.57 Fc
Cow peas, dry Area Harvested 214.6 188 205 256 224
Cow peas, dry Production Quantity 228.6 202 213 264 223
Cow peas, dry Seed 14.14 Fc 13.31 Fc 11.66 Fc 12.71 Fc 15.87 Fc
Cow peas, dry Yield 10652.4 Fc 10744.7 Fc 10390.2 Fc 10312.5 Fc 9955.36 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 877.1 882 878 1010 856
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 12966.6 13712 13713 16134 13516
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 147835 Fc 155465 Fc 156185 Fc 159743 Fc 157897 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 26.5 32 20 19 22
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 316.7 376 204 202 221
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 119509 Fc 117500 Fc 102000 Fc 106316 Fc 100455 Fc
Fibre Crops Nes Production Quantity 200 F 200 F 200 F 79 Im 74 Im
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 612 A 527 A 511 A 489 A 446 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 503 A 462 A 445 A 311 A 285 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 8218.95 Fc 8766.6 Fc 8708.41 Fc 6359.92 Fc 6390.13 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 33699.2 A 32881 A 42369 A 43934 A 42645 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 354526 A 336410 A 424002 A 448020 A 423547 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 105203 Fc 102311 Fc 100074 Fc 101976 Fc 99319.3 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 3693 Im 3462 Im 4922 Im 5607 Im 5575 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 29182 Im 28960 Im 39969 Im 45127 Im 45469 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 79019.8 Fc 83651.1 Fc 81204.8 Fc 80483.3 Fc 81558.7 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 107.3 152 145 133 129
Ginger Production Quantity 259 702 361 402 295
Ginger Yield 24137.9 Fc 46184.2 Fc 24896.5 Fc 30225.6 Fc 22868.2 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 1650 Im 2110 Im 3000 F 2710 Im 2694 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 39338 Im 31518 Im 43500 F 46451 Im 36605 Im
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 238412 Fc 149374 Fc 145000 Fc 171406 Fc 135876 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 2459.1 2504 2000 2457 2738
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 3413.4 3175 2572 3121 3015
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 13880.7 Fc 12679.7 Fc 12860 Fc 12702.5 Fc 11011.7 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 1507 Im 1413 Im 2009 Im 2289 Im 2276 Im
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 21608 Im 22943 Im 29084 Im 31707 Im 26432 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 143384 Fc 162371 Fc 144769 Fc 138519 Fc 116134 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 459.3 356 349 348 267
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 6405 4777 4891 4787 3574
Lettuce and chicory Yield 139451 Fc 134185 Fc 140143 Fc 137557 Fc 133858 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1541 1535 1352 1659 1485
Maize Production Quantity 1895.1 1929 1601 2043 1755
Maize Seed 23.78 Fc 26.2 Fc 26.1 Fc 25 28.2 Fc
Maize Yield 12297.9 Fc 12566.8 Fc 11841.7 Fc 12314.7 Fc 11818.2 Fc
Maize, green Area Harvested 40 Im 41 Im 47 Im 5 F 5 F
Maize, green Production Quantity 60 F 61 Im 71 Im 6 Im 6 F
Maize, green Yield 15000 Fc 14878 Fc 15106.4 Fc 12000 Fc 12000 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 447 Im 386 Im 549 Im 625 Im 621 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 2307 Im 2540 Im 3506 Im 3958 Im 3988 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 51610.7 Fc 65803.1 Fc 63861.6 Fc 63328 Fc 64219 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 59459.1 A 53504 A 53000 A 53457 A 53738 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 26137.1 A 22454.5 A 22225.4 A 22434 A 22393.7 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4395.81 Fc 4196.79 Fc 4193.46 Fc 4196.64 Fc 4167.2 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 59459.1 A 53504 A 53000 A 53457 A 53738 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 41389 A 35480.5 A 35299.6 A 35464.3 A 35432.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6960.92 Fc 6631.37 Fc 6660.3 Fc 6634.17 Fc 6593.57 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 404.1 321 278 338 301
Okra Production Quantity 3651.7 3021 2599 3059 2455
Okra Yield 90366.3 Fc 94112.1 Fc 93489.2 Fc 90503 Fc 81561.5 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 766.8 781 675 641 603
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 11037.1 10874 8698 8648 8225
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 143937 Fc 139232 Fc 128859 Fc 134914 Fc 136401 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 29.8 41 57 73 92
Onions, dry Production Quantity 234.3 311 402 602 1050
Onions, dry Yield 78624.2 Fc 75853.7 Fc 70526.3 Fc 82465.8 Fc 114130 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 11500 F 11500 F 12700 F 14000 F 13800 F
Oranges Production Quantity 106852 111501 124000 F 137000 F 135000 F
Oranges Yield 92914.8 Fc 96957.4 Fc 97637.8 Fc 97857.1 Fc 97826.1 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield
Papayas Area Harvested 499 399 343 427 418
Papayas Production Quantity 11299.9 8844 7618 9646 9333
Papayas Yield 226451 Fc 221654 Fc 222099 Fc 225902 Fc 223278 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 569.3 660 703 932 824
Peas, dry Production Quantity 622 686 727 956 836
Peas, dry Seed 41.8 Fc 50 F 53.46 Fc 56.94 Fc 75.49 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 10925.7 Fc 10393.9 Fc 10341.4 Fc 10257.5 Fc 10145.6 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 784.5 563 899 926 1035
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 934.3 584 978 954 1186
Pigeon peas Seed 43.5 Fc 47.07 Fc 33.78 Fc 53.94 Fc 55.56 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 11909.5 Fc 10373 Fc 10878.8 Fc 10302.4 Fc 11458.9 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 920.8 682 901 1031 981
Pineapples Production Quantity 20532.6 14551 19267 22799 20571
Pineapples Yield 222987 Fc 213358 Fc 213840 Fc 221135 Fc 209694 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 1256.4 520 1032 1135 1179
Plantains Production Quantity 21986.4 8953 17760 20189 20884
Plantains Yield 174995 Fc 172173 Fc 172093 Fc 177877 Fc 177133 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 512.6 495 416 450 363
Potatoes Production Quantity 8558.7 7729 6504 6710 5394
Potatoes Seed 637 Fc 717.64 Fc 693 Fc 650 F 650 F
Potatoes Yield 166966 Fc 156141 Fc 156346 Fc 149111 Fc 148595 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1997.3 A 1781 A 2126 A 2465 A 2424 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2241.7 A 1859 A 2245 A 2530 A 2581 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 124.92 A 140.4 A 124.8 A 159.59 A 173.81 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 11223.7 Fc 10438 Fc 10559.7 Fc 10263.7 Fc 10647.7 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 2035.3 1771 1660 2078 1733
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 36484 31311 29694 39102 30947
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 179256 Fc 176798 Fc 178880 Fc 188171 Fc 178575 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 1 1 7 13 11
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 2 3 10 14 10
Rice, paddy Seed 0.11000000000000001 Fc 0.11000000000000001 Fc 0.11000000000000001 Fc 1 F 1.46 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 20000 Fc 30000 Fc 14285.7 Fc 10769.2 Fc 9090.91 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 1023.8 849 910 1045 1103
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 17914 14351 15679 18354 19499
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 174976 Fc 169034 Fc 172297 Fc 175636 Fc 176782 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11571.5 A 10738 A 11957 A 12967 A 12416 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 194656 A 167836 A 193747 A 218145 A 206691 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 637 A 717.64 A 693 A 650 A 650 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 168220 Fc 156301 Fc 162036 Fc 168231 Fc 166471 Fc
Sisal Area Harvested 612 Im 527 Im 511 Im 489 Im 446 Im
Sisal Production Quantity 303 Im 262 Im 245 Im 232 Im 211 Im
Sisal Yield 4950.98 Fc 4971.54 Fc 4794.52 Fc 4744.38 Fc 4730.94 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 259.8 363 212 229 230
Spices, nes Production Quantity 1878.3 2334 1194 1700 1347
Spices, nes Yield 72297.9 Fc 64297.5 Fc 56320.8 Fc 74235.8 Fc 58565.2 Fc
Spinach Area Harvested 797.1 709 670 766 665
Spinach Production Quantity 13707.8 11845 11535 13668 11342
Spinach Yield 171971 Fc 167066 Fc 172164 Fc 178433 Fc 170556 Fc
String beans Area Harvested 545.6 541 535 625 489
String beans Production Quantity 6204.8 6058 6041 7087 4977
String beans Yield 113724 Fc 111978 Fc 112916 Fc 113392 Fc 101779 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 30000 27600 30900 30600 34200
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1745300 1368700 1993100 1775700 1965500
Sugar cane Yield 581767 Fc 495906 Fc 645016 Fc 580294 Fc 574708 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 1653.1 1535 1158 1400 1238
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 27467.8 25237 18639 23595 20012
Sweet potatoes Yield 166159 Fc 164410 Fc 160959 Fc 168536 Fc 161648 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Area Harvested 1000 F 1200 F 978 Im 1114 Im 1108 Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Production Quantity 11414 13998 11493 Im 12976 Im 13074 Im
Tangerines, mandarins, clem. Yield 114140 Fc 116650 Fc 117515 Fc 116481 Fc 117996 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 695 Im 522 Im 710 Im 569 Im 871 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1533 Im 1419 Im 1681 Im 1443 Im 1831 Im
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 22057.5 Fc 27183.9 Fc 23676.1 Fc 25360.3 Fc 21021.8 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 1350.3 1189 1088 1370 1122
Tomatoes Production Quantity 23090 20434 18654 25025 19395
Tomatoes Yield 170999 Fc 171859 Fc 171452 Fc 182664 Fc 172861 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1422 Im 1268 Im 1173 Im 1412 Im 1172 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 16468 Im 14318 Im 13460 Im 16911 Im 13196 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 115809 Fc 112918 Fc 114749 Fc 119766 Fc 112594 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 13387.5 A 11945 A 11059 A 13263 A 11010 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 204030 A 177399 A 166779 A 209458 A 163448 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 152403 Fc 148513 Fc 150808 Fc 157927 Fc 148454 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13387.5 A 11945 A 11059 A 13263 A 11010 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 204030 A 177399 A 166779 A 209458 A 163448 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 152403 Fc 148513 Fc 150808 Fc 157927 Fc 148454 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 760.3 613 443 709 503
Watermelons Production Quantity 14056.2 11266 8350 14134 8068
Watermelons Yield 184877 Fc 183785 Fc 188488 Fc 199351 Fc 160398 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 7430.9 7109 8563 9174 8989
Yams Production Quantity 123005 107295 136167 152238 148152
Yams Yield 165532 Fc 150928 Fc 159018 Fc 165945 Fc 164815 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 449 Fm 449 Fm 449 Fm 449 Fm 464 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.54 I 0.54 I 0.48 I 0.44000000000000005 I
Arable land Area 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 120 Fm 125 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 220 Fm 220 Fm 220 Fm 220 Fm 235 W
Country area Area 1099 W 1099 W 1099 W 1099 W 1099 W
Forest area Area 336.68 Fm 337.1 Q 337.52 Fm 337.94 Fm 338.36 Fm
Inland water Area 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm
Land area Area 1083 Fm 1083 Fm 1083 Fm 1083 Fm 1083 Fm
Other land Area 297.32 Fm 296.9 Fm 296.48 Fm 296.06 Fm 280.64 Fm
Permanent crops Area 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 100 Fm 110 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 229 Fm 229 Fm 229 Fm 229 Fm 229 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 467 Fm 467 Fm 472 Fm 474 Fm 474 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area
Arable land Area 128 Fm 128 Fm 133 Fm 135 Fm 135 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 238 Fm 238 Fm 243 Fm 245 Fm 245 Fm
Country area Area 1099 W 1099 W 1099 W 1099 Q 1099 Q
Forest area Area 338.78 Fm 339.2 Q 339.54 Fm 339.88 Fm 340.22 Fm
Inland water Area 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm 16 Fm
Land area Area 1083 Fm 1083 Fm 1083 Fm 1083 Q 1083 Q
Other land Area 277.22 Fm 276.8 Fm 271.46 Fm 269.12 Fm 268.78 Fm
Permanent crops Area 110 Fm 110 Fm 110 Fm 110 F 110 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 229 Fm 229 Fm 229 Fm 229 F 229 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 Fm 25 F 25 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files