Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Italy

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Datasheet

Italy

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 60,297,396 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 34,530 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 2,081,972.40 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 2,003,576.15 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 1.91 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, WidespreadVibio et al. (1996); Marcone et al. (1997); Parrella et al. (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma phoeniciumPresent, Few occurrencesNigro et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedMarcone et al. (1997); Minucci and Boccardo (1997); Terlizzi et al. (2006); Iriti et al. (2008); Berger et al. (2009); Belli et al. (2010); Calari et al. (2010); Quaglino et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentFaggioli et al. (2004); Zambon et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma ulmi (elm yellows)Present, WidespreadGoidanich (1951); Ciferri (1961); Gualaccini (1963); Pisi et al. (1981); Conti et al. (1987); Lee et al. (1993); Marcone et al. (1994); Lee et al. (1995); Mittempergher (2000); Sfalanga et al. (2002); EPPO (2013)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, LocalizedDaire et al. (1993); Refatti (1993); Carraro et al. (1994); Bertaccini et al. (1995); Bianco et al. (1996); Marcone et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (1998); Angelini et al. (2006); Marzorati et al. (2006); Margaria et al. (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresent, WidespreadBianco et al. (1993); Alma et al. (1996); Bianco et al. (1996); Marcone et al. (1996); Refatti et al. (1998); Martini et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Greatti (2005); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, WidespreadFirrao et al. (1993); Marcone et al. (1996); Frisinghelli et al. (2000); Osler et al. (2001); Seemüller and Schneider (2004); Tedeschi and Alma (2004); Tedeschi and Alma (2006); Ciccotti et al. (2007); Tedeschi and Alma (2007); Pedrazzoli et al. (2008); Casati et al. (2010); Paltrinieri et al. (2010); Danet et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Ragozzino et al. (1983); Marcone et al. (1996); Marcone et al. (1996); Carraro et al. (1998); Seemüller and Schneider (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, WidespreadGiunchedi et al. (1994); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2011)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrenneria salicis (watermark)PresentGrosso et al. (2011)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Ilardi et al. (2016)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCariddi (1990); Cariddi and Piglionica (1992); Finelli et al. (1996); Benedettini et al. (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); Pucci et al. (2013); Migliorini et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentZizzo et al. (2003)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)Present, WidespreadMATTA and GARIBALDI (1970); Bazzi and Mazzucchi (1979); Bradbury (1986); Caponero et al. (1994); D'Ascenzo et al. (1997); Chillemi and Lazzarin (1998); Scortichini et al. (2002); Garibaldi et al. (2005); Garibaldi et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)Present, LocalizedInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987); Marchi et al. (2006); Cinelli et al. (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Scortichini (1994); Balestra et al. (2008); Balestra et al. (2009); Balestra et al. (2009); Ferrante and Scortichini (2009); Ferrante and Scortichini (2010); Marcelletti and Scortichini (2011); Vanneste et al. (2011); Vanneste et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Scortichini (2014); Tontou et al. (2014); Ferrante and Scortichini (2015); Zampella et al. (2015); Cainelli et al. (2016); Mauri et al. (2016); Sawada et al. (2016); Scannavini et al. (2016); Andersen et al. (2018); Donati et al. (2018); Garcia et al. (2018); He Rong et al. (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Loreti et al. (2008); Fiori et al. (2009); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentLi et al. (2007)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Carlucci et al. (2013); Saponari et al. (2013); Saponari et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)PresentCalzolari (1983); Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentBattegazzore et al. (2007)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedCammà et al. (2010); Cornalia (1860); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2019); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveMartini et al. (2003); Garibaldi et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)PresentSantini et al. (2001); Brasier et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); Petri (1917); Vettraino et al. (2002); Belisario et al. (2006); Belisario et al. (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1991); Tamietti (2003); Belisario et al. (2006); Bertetti et al. (2012); Garibaldi et al. (2012); Bertetti et al. (2013); Scanu et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Tantius et al. (1986); Camele et al. (2005); Camele et al. (2005)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora medicaginis (Phytophthora root rot of lucerne)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2013); Ginetti et al. (2014);
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentZazzerini (1983); Tosi and Zazzerini (2004); Tosi and Beccari (2007); Baldini et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria gaisen (black spot of Japanese pear)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentMannerucci et al. (1982); Vannacci and Pecchia (1988); David (2000); Garibaldi et al. (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat)PresentIntroducedFrisullo (1982); Casulli (1990); Logrieco et al. (1990)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose)Present, WidespreadMesturino and Mugnai (1986); Ragazzi et al. (1995); Anselmi (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentPasquini et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSaracchi et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); Gehesquière et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Panconesi (1981); Panconesi (1999)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePanconesi (1972); Cristinzio et al. (1973); Mutto Accordi (1987); Sammarco and Torta (1997); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Present, LocalizedPeper (1999); Garibaldi et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentFreeman et al. (2000); Garibaldi et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010); Polizzi et al. (2011); Mari et al. (2012); Vitale and Infantino (2014); Vitale et al. (2015); Frisullo et al. (2016); Mincuzzi et al. (2017); Camele et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)PresentPennisi et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994); Giordano and Gonthier (2011);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentLorenzini and Zapparoli (2018); Ghillini (1952); Matta et al. (1976); Gomes et al. (2013); Cinelli et al. (2016); Lorenzini et al. (2016); Dissanayake et al. (2017); Prencipe et al. (2017); Bertetti et al. (2018); Guarnaccia et al. (2018); Quaroni et al. (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe gulyae (Phomopsis stem canker of sunflower)PresentDissanayake et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveVegni and Ferro (1964)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); Chérif et al. (2006)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Pollastro et al. (2000); Mondello et al. (2013); Linaldeddu et al. (2014); Quaglia et al. (2014); Giambra et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, Formerly presentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe paeoniaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Corato et al. (1999); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGeosmithia morbida (thousand cankers disease)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2014); Montecchio and Faccoli (2014); Montecchio et al. (2014); Moricca et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Intercepted onlyCarlucci et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO (2012); Guarnaccia et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ogris et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2013); Luchi et al. (2016); Giongo et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1989)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline)PresentJacobs and Wingfield (2001)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Fulton and Brown (1997); Pacheco et al. (2014); Moretti et al. (2015); Landi et al. (2016); Zhou et al. (2016); Abate et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedPorta and Capretti (2000); CABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGibbs (1978)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2004); Balmas et al. (2005); Demontis et al. (2008); Ziadi et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGrasso (1951); Panconesi and Raddi (1991); Graniti (1998); Feducci et al. (2007); Zocca et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentPetri (1942); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasivePorta-Puglia et al. (1996)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeCABI 2009 (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeTraverso (1903); Spaulding (1961); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaEntyloma gaillardianumPresentGaribaldi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeCapretti et al. (1994); Gonthier et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, LocalizedNativeCapretti et al. (1994); Gonthier et al. (2002)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaInonotus rickiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Moricca and Maresi (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentBPI (US National Fungus Collections) (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadVallega and Zitelli (1966); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Present, LocalizedMatta and Gullino (1974); Grasso and Rosa (1983); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut)PresentEPPO (2022); Ciferri (1938)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, WidespreadSimoncelli et al. (2005); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm)PresentMaggiore et al. (2000); Mistri et al. (2002); Castaldelli et al. (2003); Magni et al. (2004); Munari and Mistri (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma boholensePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBranchiomma luctuosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBianchi (1981); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dianthusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides diramphaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPileolaria berkeleyanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudonereis anomalaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPseudopolydora paucibranchiataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirorbis marioniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcanthococcus araucariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcizzia hollisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentDella Beffa (1949); Frediani (1954); Zambelli (1960); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaActias isabellaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaActumnus globulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)Present, LocalizedVacante (1982); Vacante (1985); Manzaroli and Benuzzi (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Eichhorn (1969); Binazzi and Francardi (2001); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaPresent, LocalizedIntroducedMutinelli et al. (2014); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgardhiella subulataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleuroclava guyavaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Patti and Rapisarda (1981); Rapisarda and Longo (2021); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAlocentron curvirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmetropus fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveRelini et al. (1976); Relini et al. (1998); Galil (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastatus tenuipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisopilothrips venustulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Present, LocalizedInvasiveColombo and Limonta (2001); Delvare et al. (2004); Maspero et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2008); Peverieri and Roversi (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); Strangi et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHerard et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2014); Faccoli et al. (2015); Favaro et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthicus czernohorskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAntispila oinophyllaPresentNieukerken et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rose (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Nauen and Elbert (2003); Albanese et al. (2010); Riolo et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis oenotheraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Albanese et al. (2010); Riolo et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApopestes spectrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (elm zigzag sawfly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveZandigiacomo et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyrotaenia ljungianaPresentFaccioli et al. (1993); Alma et al. (2001); Varner et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveGaronna (2012); Bariselli and Bugiani (2013); Garonna et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2014); Nugnes et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidapion validumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidimorpha cinctaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Longo et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta dilutipennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta mucronataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedCasellato et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); Seebens et al. (2017); Nugnes et al. (2018); Nugnes et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)Present, WidespreadMunro (1984); Fimiani (1989); Canovai et al. (1996); Nardi et al. (2005); Nardi et al. (2006); Boccaccio and Petacchi (2009); Matallanas et al. (2013); Kakani et al. (2014); Asch et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2015); Ramezani et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBaeocrara japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagnalliella yuccaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInfantino et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus eburneusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus trigonusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBambusaspis bambusaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Simón et al. (2003); Nannini et al. (2007); Nannini et al. (2009); Nannini et al. (2011); Parrella et al. (2016); Parrella et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); Parrella et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, LocalizedBeitia et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (1999); Simón et al. (2003); Bosco et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCavalieri et al. (2014); Nauen et al. (2002); Simón et al. (2003); Bosco et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius palmiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBostrychoplites cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBradinothrips musaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBucculatrix chrysanthemellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuchananiella continuaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacopsylla pulchellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1997); Trematerra et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCampadelli and Sama (1989); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes danaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jensen (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHellrigl (1998); Hellrigl (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); Radeghieri (2004); Bulgarelli et al. (2006); Ferracini and Alma (2007); Ferracini and Alma (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella scauraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla nudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus fumatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus pilosellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus zeaphilusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCephalcia alashanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBogs and Braasch (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFimiani (1989); Gasperi et al. (1991); Kakouli-Duarte et al. (2001); Gasperi et al. (2002); Sannino et al. (2004); Floris et al. (2007); D'Aquino et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); Balmès and Mouttet (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerodontha unisetiorbitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentAlbertini et al. (1988); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis japonica (lady crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedScalici et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedD'Agaro et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeTriggiani (1969); Tremblay (1972); UK, CAB International (1977); Zandigiacomo (1990); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); Zahm (2012); Lanzoni et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysoesthia sexguttellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina americana (rosemary beetle)Present, LocalizedBibolini (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina coerulansPresentFauna Europaea (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)Present, Few occurrencesLongo et al. (1995); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998); Pellizzari and Vacante (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); Longo et al. (1995); Danzig and Pellizzari (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara acutirostrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara brauniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cuneomaculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBinazzi (1978); Binazzi et al. (1998); Watson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara laporteiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClonopsis gallicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidoxenoides perminutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeKajita et al. (2012); Barbagallo et al. (1982); Tumminelli et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCopidothrips octarticulatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveGhesini et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMaceljski (1986); CABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCosmopterix pulchrimellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentCovassi (1975); UK, CAB International (1979); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLiotta and Matranga (1999); Raineri et al. (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCavalcaselle (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); Paparatti and Speranza (2005); Clausi et al. (2010); Torrini et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio nucum (hazelnut weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI/EPPO (2012); Bella (2013); Santi et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDactylotrypes longicollisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia parvulaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDasineura oxycoccana (blueberry gall midge)PresentBosio et al. (1998); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDelottococcus euphorbiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDemyrsus meleoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedBattisti (1984); Wood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentBaldassari (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes voraxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKiss et al. (2005); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Mound and Halsey (1978); International Institute of Entomology (1996); Franco et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes formosensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus osborniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, WidespreadKosztarab and Kozár (1988); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDicrodiplosis pseudococciPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCasellato et al. (2006); Casellato et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeCasale and Currado (1981); Liston (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentHopper et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDolopteryx domesticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDorypteryx pallidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrepanaphis acerifoliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGrassi et al. (2011); Pansa et al. (2011); Grassi and Pallaoro (2012); Mori and Marchesini (2014); Baser et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2016); Kenis et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2015); Bosio et al. (2010); Quacchia et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentNativeGuda et al. (1988); Arzone and Demichelis (1989); Trematerra (1990); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI and EPPO (2008); Espinosa et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)Present, LocalizedTranfaglia (1983); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus mackenzieiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tranfaglia (1983); García Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus maindroniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElasmopus pectenicrusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)Present, LocalizedNativeKloft et al. (1964)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElectra tenellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElophila nymphaeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEndria nebulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpauloecus unicolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth)PresentTrematerra and Fiorilli (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Present, LocalizedZangheri and Cavalloro (1971); Bene and Rumine (1984); Baraldi and Baraldi (1996); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea ocularisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEricaphis scammelliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1975); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErschoviella musculana (Asian walnut moth)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNHM (1968); Tremblay and Biase (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Cravedi and Mazzoni (1990); Colombera et al. (2001); Bressan et al. (2002); Marchesini et al. (2006); Zandigiacomo et al. (2007); Pavan et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (polyphagous shot-hole borer)PresentCarrillo et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFarfantepenaeus aztecus (northern brown shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAquiloni et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerraria crispa (Black flag)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFiorinia pinicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentMaccolini (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Laudonia et al. (2000); Tommasini and Burgio (2004); Spanò et al. (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFurchadaspis zamiaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGalleria mellonella (greater waxmoth)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)Present, LocalizedLaudonia and Garonna (2010); Germinara et al. (2011); Frasconi et al. (2013); Inghilesi et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus maxillosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathotrichus materiariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedArzone and Meotto (1978); Cadahia (1986); CABI and EPPO (2010); Mazza et al. (2012); Inghilesi et al. (2013); Mazza et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGymnaspis aechmeaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentLaudonia and Viggiani (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)Present, WidespreadNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2013); Pansa et al. (2013); Maistrello et al. (2014); Cesari et al. (2015); Bariselli et al. (2016); Lupi et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)PresentIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2007); Brown et al. (2008); Parrella et al. (2015); Menchetti et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1993); Sannino et al. (2004); Sannino et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1961); Ragusa and Russo (1989); Marullo (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bianchi et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHenoticus californicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHerbstia nitidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoplocampa brevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentRusso (1946); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveSüss and Trematerra (1986); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInglisia lounsburyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeLozzia (1993); BAWBILT (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJosephiella microcarpaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaKarnyothrips melaleucusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLamyctes coeculusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); Pucci and Dominici (1988); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveViggiani et al. (2002); CABI and EPPO (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Faccioli et al. (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucostoma edentatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCox (2001); Anderson and Bell (2002); Haye and Kenis (2004); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble)Present, LocalizedMenzies and Becker (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLindingaspis rossi (black araucaria scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Collingwood et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiothrips vaneeckeiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis mendaxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis pearmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentMartinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSüss (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, WidespreadSüss (1995); CABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); Lupi et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitargus balteatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadSilvestri (1912); Viggiani and Tranfaglia (1975); Tranfaglia and Malatesta (1977); Laccone (1978); Deseo et al. (1981); Nuzzaci and Triggiani (1982); Nuzzaci and Triggiani (1982); Genduso (1985); Russo et al. (1985); Delrio et al. (1988); Moleas (1988); Baumgärtner and Baronio (1989); Dalla Montá and Giannone (1991); Varner and Ioriatti (1992); Bagnoli et al. (1993); Delrio et al. (1993); Pavan et al. (1993); Marchesini and Montà (1994); Pavan and Sbrissa (1994); Mattedi et al. (1995); Nucifora et al. (1996); Barani et al. (2008); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha nigripennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); Wu et al. (2015); Contarini et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveCescatti and Battisti (1992); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)Present, LocalizedDAISIE (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale)Present, LocalizedBurban et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegabruchidius dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegalorhipida leucodactylusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegaplatypus mutatusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedTremblay et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2006); Allegro and Griffo (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRoversi et al. (1993); Da Ros (1997); Roques and Skrzypczyńska (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadAudisio (1993); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelillaia desbrochersiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetaphycus anneckeiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetcalfa pruinosa (frosted moth-bug)Present, WidespreadZangheri and Donadini (1980); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMoina weismanniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonelliopsis caryaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus saltuarius (Japanese pine sawyer)Present, LocalizedBense (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); Cesari et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium salomonisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrsidea quadrifasciataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna languidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)PresentNativeTrotti et al. (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis boerneriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentFontanari et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Blackman et al. (1995); Martínez-Torres et al. (1999); Blackman et al. (2007); Albanese et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativePollini (1979); Baronio et al. (1989); Baronio et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeopulvinaria innumerabilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeotoxoptera oliveriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1970); Colazza and Bin (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bella (2007); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOdontofroggatia galiliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligonychus bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); Inghilesi et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRotundo and Tremblay (1982); Porcelli and Parenzan (1993); CABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrientus ishidae (mosaic leafhopper)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gaffuri et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrseolia difficilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Bright and Skidmore (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentTrematerra and Sciarretta (2004); Suma et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus apenninusPresentGordon et al. (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus armatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus auriferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadAbbazzi et al. (1995); Baraldi and Baraldi (1996); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOvaticoccus agaviumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022); Parenzan et al. (1994); Porcelli and Palmieri (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxytelus migratorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedKouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPammene fascianaPresentClausi et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacerceis sculptaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParalithodes camtschaticus (red king crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadArru and Lapietra (1974); Bertucci (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Longo et al. (1995); Fortusini et al. (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Espinosa et al. (2003); ARPAT (2004); Riolo et al. (2004); Colazza et al. (2005); Porcelli et al. (2005); Bariselli and Vai (2009); Nardi et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPealius azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeliococcus serratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRelini et al. (2000); Pipitone et al. (2001); Mori and Vacchi (2002); Cannicci et al. (2004); Russo and Villani (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBolton (1995); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole nodaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus defectusPresentPellizzari and Porcelli (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Beltrà et al. (2010); Suma and Longo (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhibalothrips peringueyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus spinipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveDella Beffa (1936)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhotis lamelliferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2013); Cifuentes et al. (2011); Nannini et al. (2011); Haddi et al. (2012); Zappalà et al. (2012); Roditakis et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1986); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis vitegenellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Duso et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter leucographellaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, WidespreadHiggins (1983); Fabbris (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveToccafondi et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeCecconi (1924); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Panzavolta (2007); Calamassi et al. (2008); Panzavolta and Tiberi (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated); Avtzis et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveTargioni-Tozzetti (1879); Targioni-Tozzetti (1884); Cecconi (1897); Masutti (1964); Masutti (1965); Pennacchio et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlagiolepis obscuriscapaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentMineo (1992); Barbagallo et al. (1993); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlesiothrips perplexusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedCrocetta (2006); Ghisotti (1966); Torchio (1967); Ariani and Serra (1969); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)Present, LocalizedDella Beffa (1961); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMarzano et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Suma and Russo (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia paeoniaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus microcirculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tranfaglia (1973); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveOlazabal and Tirelli (2011); Sabia et al. (2012); Pansera et al. (2014); Lučić et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentNativeBeenen (2006); Howard (1899); Smith (1990); Krafsur and Nariboli (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichodella novaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, LocalizedCiampolini and Trematerra (1992); Duso and Lago (2006); CABI and EPPO (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, WidespreadNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedMizzan and Zanella (1996); Galil et al. (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus dianthiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus falciferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus latusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalosiphum parvaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); Conti et al. (2008); Fanini et al. (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Trematerra and Daolio (1990); Süss et al. (1991); Suma et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, CAB International (1952); De Lotto (1965); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentDe Bellis (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentContarini and Garagnani (1980); Goidànich (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaprinus lugensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScaptomyza adustaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron cementariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSceliphron curvatumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); Turrisi and Altadonna (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Riziero et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyllarus capartiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSilvanus recticollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphonatrophia cupressiPresent, LocalizedCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); Viggiani and Mazzone (1980); Patti and Rapisarda (1981); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, WidespreadNativeSmith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976); Suma et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gelosi and Arcozzi (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Trematerra and Gentile (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolieria filiformisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSomotrichus unifasciatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpilococcus mamillariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1967); Lanzoni et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda nobilis (false widow spider)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedKulczycki et al. (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStenothoe gallensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachinaephagus zealandicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis arundicolensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetramesa maderaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCFIA (2002); Danilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Gobbi et al. (2012); Hellrigl et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThalamita gloriensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLaudonia and Sasso (2012); Inghilesi et al. (2013); CABI and EPPO (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))Absent, Intercepted onlyMazza et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Battisti et al. (2000); Shevelev et al. (2001); Triggiani and Tarasco (2002); Salvato et al. (2005); Stastny et al. (2006); Zovi et al. (2008); Hoch et al. (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentMarziali et al. (2011); Bay (1961); Goidanich (1983); Roversi (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTheresimima ampellophaga (European grapeleaf skeletonizer)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThripobius javaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThylodrias contractusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis ulmiparvifoliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadFaccoli (2001); Faccoli (2006); Peverieri et al. (2006); Peverieri et al. (2008); Tiberi et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToumeyella parvicornis (pine tortoise scale)Present, LocalizedGaronna et al. (2018); Garonna et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrechicus nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentColombo (1993); Giorgini and Viggiani (1994); Nannini et al. (2007); Barone et al. (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTricorynus tabaciPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrigonogenius globulusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrisetacus juniperinus (juniper gall mite)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveSmith (1984); Castagnoli et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyTrematerra and Gentile (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma megatomoidesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps clareaePresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUmbaspis regularisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentIntroducedGreatti (2005); Mazzone et al. (2004); Parrella et al. (2004); OIE (2009); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFederazione Apicoltori Italiani (2013); Bertolino et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVryburgia brevicrurisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVryburgia rimariaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella arbutiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeViggiani (1979); Zöggeler (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusAbsent, Intercepted onlyCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bosso et al. (2012); Francardi et al. (2012); Garonna et al. (2012); Pennacchio et al. (2012); Francardi et al. (2017); Vannini et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pennacchio et al. (2003); CABI and EPPO (2009); Francardi et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedWood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylotrechus stebbingiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Raspi et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeiraphera diniana (douglas fir cone moth (Japan))PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZelleria oleastrellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuxia zejanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); Nigro et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAbudefduf vaigiensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanks et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPiazzini et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus natalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedAmori et al. (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBlair et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)Absent, Formerly presentFroese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBotrylloides violaceus (violet tunicate)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBanks et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationCockrill (1977); Long (2003); Borghese (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveThorington et al. (2012); Bertolino and Lurz (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus canadensis (wapiti)Present, LocalizedIntroducedIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChamaeleo chameleonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChaunax suttkusiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClavelina oblongaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)AbsentShireman and Smith (1983); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidemnum vexillum (carpet sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDiplosoma listerianumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEnchelycore anatina (fangtooth moray)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Gandolfi et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKrumholz (1948)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGandolfi et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiramphus farPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCopp et al. (2005); Ligas (2007); Cowx and Nunn (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedArena et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus sceleratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFarina et al. (2013); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedTandon (1977); Orrù et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, WidespreadNativeLo Valvo et al. (1997); Angelici and Luiselli (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMauremys leprosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMediodactylus kotschyiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTuron et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBianco and Ketmaier (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBonesi and Palazon (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gandolfi et al. (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Bartley (2006); Andaloro et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTomiczek (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCranswick and Hall (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataParexocoetus mento (African sailfin flyingfish)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSantilli and Bagliacca (2011); BirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPinguipes brasilianusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPloceus cucullatus (village weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentIntroducedBiaggini et al. (2009); Capula (1994); Lo Valvo and Nicolini (2001); Corti and Lo Cascio (2002); Bruekers (2003); Lever (2003); Nardelli et al. (2016); Bombieri et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017); Nardelli et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedHolcík (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedBrunetti (1978); Brunetti and Mastrototaro (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBianco and Ketmaier (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Localized, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedViviano and Mori (2021); Ancillotto et al. (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Strubbe and Matthysen (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois miles (lionfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana balcanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTouratier (1992); Zavod Symbiosis (2005); Kraus (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKottelat and Freyhof (2007); Gandolfi et al. (1991); Bianco and Ketmaier (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeGandolfi et al. (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeGandolfi et al. (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elvira (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentNativeBianco and Ketmaier (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Gandolfi et al. (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Muus and Dahlström (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus luridus (dusky spinefoot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAndaloro et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSiganus rivulatus (marbled spinefoot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSphoeroides marmoratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeBoitani et al. (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSymplegma brakenhielmiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSynagrops japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTamias sibiricus (Siberian chipmunk)Present, LocalizedIntroducedArmori and Gippoliti (1995); Bertolino and Genovesi (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, WidespreadIntroducedClergeau and Yésou (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUpeneus poriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZebrasoma xanthurum (yellowtail tang)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaClytia hummelinckiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaClytia linearisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMorri (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene cincta (orange anemone)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertensPresentIntroducedNappi (1918)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentScolari (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPhyllorhiza punctata (Australian spotted jellyfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaRhopilema nomadica (nomad jellyfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeolidiella indicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara demiriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAnadara inaequivalvisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAplysia dactylomelaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLazzari and Rinaldi (1994); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCesari (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBrachidontes pharaonisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedGalil (2006); Sarà et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaBursatella leachiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)PresentHitchcox (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCerithium scabridumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChelidonura fulvipunctataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChlamys lischkeiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChromodoris quadricolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChrysallida fischeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLori et al. (2005); Ciutti and Cappelletti (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadNativeReichling (1950); Taylor (1914); Elmslie (1982); Godan (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNatale (1982); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCuthona perca (Lake Merritt cuthona)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentNativeReise et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGiusti and Oppi (1972); Lori and Cianfanelli (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaErosaria turdus (thrush cowrie)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFulvia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaminoea callidegenitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHebetodiscus inermisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelicodiscus riparbelliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma ancepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHelisoma duryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaIndothais laceraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeBetta (1853); Alzona (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMatta (1969); Ghisotti (1971); Sarà and Mazzola (1997); Occhipinti Ambrogi (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeWelter-Schultes (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStasolla et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPolycerella emertoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCianfanelli et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGhisotti (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRissoina spirataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBartoli et al. (2001); Breber (2002); CIESM (2003); Solidoro et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaStrombus persicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSyphonota geographica (geographic sea hare)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)Present, WidespreadRoch (1940)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2022); Sacchi (1971); Cowie (1982); Cowie (1983); Cowie (1984); Baker (1986); Cowie (1990); Bank (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheora lubrica (Asian semele)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaXerotricha conspurcataPresentBarbato et al. (2017); Manganelli et al. (2005); Hallgrass and Vannozzi (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCanestri-Trotti (1987); Koops and Hartmann (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)Present, WidespreadByars (1920); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)Present, LocalizedOrsenigo (1954); CABI and EPPO (2000); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentTacconi (1972); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentVovlas and Lamberti (1973); Lamberti et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); Inserra and Lamberti (1972); Tacconi (1972); Greco et al. (1985); Greco et al. (1986); Greco et al. (2002); Esquibet et al. (2003); Subbotin et al. (2005); Vovlas et al. (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDracunculus vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI/EPPO (2011); Greco et al. (1994); Greco et al. (2002); Volvas (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGreco et al. (1994); Bendezu et al. (1998); CABI/EPPO (2011); Lombardo et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentAmbrogioni and D'Errico (1995); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ficiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2011); Perin et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)PresentGarofalo (1964); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentAmbrogioni (1969); CABI and EPPO (2002); Vovlas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2002); d'Errico et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadBiraghi (1940); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, WidespreadBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)PresentRoca et al. (1988); Coiro et al. (1989); Roca et al. (1991); Catalano et al. (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema vuitteneziPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentIntroducedInvasiveMinervini et al. (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesObama nungaraPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedCarbayo et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindraceaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveAlongi et al. (1993); Verlaque et al. (2003); Piazzi et al. (2005); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeinesz et al. (2001); FAO-DIAS (2008); Guiry and Guiry (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGuiry and Guiry (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva californicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva ohnoiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Flagella et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlvaria obscuraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMattioli and Simoni (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCuriel et al. (1998); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cecere et al. (2000); Curiel et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedBonafede et al. (1993); Grasso et al. (2000); Marchetti (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium fortuneiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum ramosissimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)PresentInvasiveGarbari et al. (2000); Giardini (2003); Giardini et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria curvilineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria polyrhizaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaChondria pygmaeaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveTolomio (1993); Sfriso and Curiel (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHeterosiphonia japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeFurnari et al. (2003); Serio et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLaurencia caduciramulosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresent, WidespreadNativeGiaccone (1969); Furnari et al. (1999); Gómez Garreta et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia morrowiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPorphyra yezoensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentFrisullo et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCampagna and Rapparini (1997); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)Present, PlantedIntroducedFaedda et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentCABI (Undated); Toma et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedEFSA Panel on Plant Health (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); ILDIS (2007); ISSG (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha australisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcalypha virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthus spinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedAntonaroli (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeMichelotti et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Herard et al. (2009); Michelotti et al. (2012); Moricca et al. (2012); Longa et al. (2016); Francardi et al. (2017); Limonta and Pellizzari (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ageratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ligusticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, LocalizedSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave fourcroydes (henequen)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedGuacchio (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGreuter (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBadalamenti et al. (2012); Longa et al. (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira elegantissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGaribaldi et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Limonta and Pellizzari (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeScanu et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)PresentGarbari and Pedullà (2001); DAISIE (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009); Sartorato et al. (1996); Argenti et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentAellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedEuro+Med (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus polygonioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedAllard (1943); Love (1976); Albasser (1992); Euro+Med (2016); Gentili et al. (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLawalrée (1947); Tutin et al. (1976); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); DAISIE (2016); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015); Euro+Med PlantBase (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Borin et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone halleriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011); Bubici (2015); Bubici (2015); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentContinella et al. (1996); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias heterophyllaPresentGaribaldi et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia atrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctium tomentosumPresentMarullo and Grazia (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGreuter et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristida longespicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGaribaldi et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedRusso et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSusini (1952)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)PresentRichardson and Smythies (1980); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lateriflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Nannini et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoideaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia petraeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia cylindrica (cane cactus)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNovoa et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedEuro+Med (2019); DAISIE (2014); Novoa et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, WidespreadInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena claudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, WidespreadHafliger and Scholz (1981); Speranza et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena matritensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCaño et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota pseudodictamnusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota rupestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)Absent, EradicatedEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentPolizzi et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBeckmannia eruciformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBellevalia trifoliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens vulgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didymaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMazzola and Domina (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorago pygmaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGrossi et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa saccharoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentScortichini et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentKell (2011); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Tutin et al. (1980); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Zanin et al. (1993); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentEPPO (2022); Pignatti (1982); GBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedFlora Italiana (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum fruticosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula stellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula fenestrellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula garganicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Garibaldi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Garibaldi et al. (2012); Garibaldi et al. (2015); Garibaldi et al. (2017); Garibaldi et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009); Pane et al. (2007); Mazza et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeGreco (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Nannini et al. (2011); Garibaldi et al. (2014); Vitale and Infantino (2014); Panno et al. (2016); Tomassoli et al. (2016); Tiberini et al. (2017); Vitale et al. (2017); Luigi et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum baccatum (pepper)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); Tiberini et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)Present, Few occurrencesNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatananche caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Garibaldi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus longispinus (Spiny burrgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica (Iberian starthistle)PresentIntroducedPignatti (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentNativePignatti (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea scabiosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOchsmann (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus macrosiphonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria alpinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria transylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium siculumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadPiccoli and Gerdol (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratostigma plumbaginoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentGaribaldi et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum elegans (purple cestrum)PresentLuigi et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentLuigi et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum bulbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus purpureusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce glyptospermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Nannini et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthe aethiopicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentBrenan and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium probstiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemoides monilifera (boneseed)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCichorium endivia (endives)PresentCrescenzi et al. (2015); Lisa et al. (2002); Garibaldi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Rapparini (1999); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013); Ragozzino et al. (2005); Guarnaccia and Crous (2017); Gusella et al. (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013); Malfitano et al. (2005); Malfitano et al. (2005); Porcelli (2008); Rapisarda and Longo (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1964); Arzone (1979); Pieroni (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome marshalliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Absent, Formerly presentCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCollomia linearisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina virginicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentStace (1972); Nannini et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus sabatiusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Nannini et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum marschalliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGaribaldi et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Cacciola et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNaturalizedCelesti-Grapow et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAfferni and Tavormina (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007); Mazza et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativePignatti (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis aculeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCullen americanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)Present, LocalizedIntroducedFlora Italiana (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedValentine (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclamen purpurascensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclamen repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclanthera pedataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCycloloma atriplicifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentBertea et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeGBIF (2016); Weeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1980); Nannini et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); Bellardi et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus amuricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); DAISIE (2014); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, LocalizedCostalonga and Pavan (2001); DAISIE (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus glomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus hamulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus squarrosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus decumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, LocalizedNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Arcangeli (1894)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanae racemosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedEuro+Med (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentCIFERRI and PIGNATTI (1960); Moore (1972); Nannini et al. (2009); Nannini et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentIlardi et al. (2016); Mazza et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCatalano et al. (1996); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus giganteusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthelium acuminatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra repensPresentCardin et al. (2009); Garibaldi et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrocephala integrifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis lanata (Grecian foxglove)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria debilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeCantele and Zanin (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplachne fuscaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Garibaldi et al. (2004); Nicoletti et al. (2004); Garibaldi et al. (2005); Garibaldi et al. (2011); Garibaldi et al. (2016); Parrella et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Nannini et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedISSG (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBean (1912)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosanthemum floribundumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentCABI (Undated); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Balsari et al. (1992); Zanin et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFerrero and Tinarelli (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeGibbs (1972); Pignatti (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedRicciardi and Anzalone (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentIntroducedUK, Crop Wild Relative Information System (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus pungens (thorny olive)PresentIntroducedDevecchi and Remotti (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); CABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElatine ambiguaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis atropurpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis flavescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis obtusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachyaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Celesti-Grapow et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964); Jalas and Suominen (1979); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis carolinianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis frankiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pectinaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica terminalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHruska (1987); Meusel and Jäger (1992); DAISIE (2012); Swierkosz (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium glaucophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythronium dens-canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptusPresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Frasconi et al. (2013); Inghilesi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); Laudonia and Garonna (2010); Inghilesi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedInghilesi et al. (2013); Mazza et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia davidiiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedSciandrello et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedBellardi et al. (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia myrsinitesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia segetalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Nati (1994); Campagna and Rapparini (1997); USDA-NRCS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedBailey (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentInvasiveBailey and Wisskirchen (2006); Padula et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativePiano et al. (2005); Polizzi et al. (2006); eMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); FAO (2009); Minafra et al. (2012); Lupi et al. (2013); Francardi et al. (2017); Aiello et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentCABI (Undated); Polizzi et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Cacciola et al. (2006); Infantino et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentIntroducedOliva et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGahnia aspera subsp. globosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalanthus reginae-olgaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentCantele et al. (1984); DAISIE (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGardenia jasminoides (cape jasmine)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaura biennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGazania linearisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, LocalizedNativeGibbs (1968); Gibbs and Dingwall (1971); Pignatti (1982); Greuter et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nodosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlinus lotoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)Present, WidespreadNativeFlora Italiana (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium undulatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGraptopetalum paraguayensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Sorrentino et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentGiambra et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnocoronis spilanthoides (Senegal tea plant)PresentArdenghi et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHacquetia epipactisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGambi et al. (2009); Procaccini et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968); Pane et al. (2007); Garibaldi et al. (2008); Scanu et al. (2014); Parise (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedysarum coronariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Tosi and Zazzerini (2004); Tosi and Beccari (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1976); Wagenitz (1980); Pignatti (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrummitt (1968); Tiley et al. (1996); Rosa P. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteranthera rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeuchera sanguineaPresentGaribaldi et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentLuigi et al. (2013); Stradis et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHottonia palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHumulus scandens (Japanese hop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009); EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Zhuang and Beentje (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Present, LocalizedIntroducedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle sibthorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypecoum pendulumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum mutilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIberis semperflorensPresentParrella et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedCelesti-Grapow et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedISSG (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentGaribaldi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpheion uniflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris albicansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris foetidissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pallidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris unguicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris xiphiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Spataro and Negri (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum mesnyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuglans ailanthifoliaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus compressus (flattened rush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus glaucusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga gracillimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedISSG (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeInvasiveINRA (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Garibaldi et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1972); Garibaldi et al. (2003); Simón et al. (2003); Cacciola et al. (2005); Garibaldi et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathraea clandestinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus angulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus grandiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus heterophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentNativeBranca and Donnini (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus tingitanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Landolt (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008); Desfayes (1997); Merluzzi et al. (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus cardiacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)Absent, EradicatedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop)PresentBenvenuti et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Romani and Tabacchi (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum maximumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedMaccioni (1929)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveColonna (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimoniastrum monopetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax)Present, LocalizedIntroducedVujnovic and Wein (2005); Royal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria purpureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Holm et al. (1979); Volenberg et al. (1999); Raimondo and Bazan (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum narbonensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLobelia laxifloraPresentCardin et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Sarno et al. (1986); Magnifico et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus cytisoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentIntroducedUK, Center for Ecology and Hydrology (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); Garibaldi et al. (2007); Garibaldi et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula niveaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Garibaldi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeThompson et al. (1987); Mazza et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2010); Garibaldi et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentNannini et al. (2011); Nannini et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentAhmed et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago blancheanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago italicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago soleiroliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelica altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha requieniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMinuartia laricifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedUotila (2011); Pampanini (1911)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis nyctagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMollugo cervianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)Present, PlantedPane et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)Present, PlantedVivarelli and Alvisi (1934); Limonta and Pellizzari (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia frondosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuhlenbergia schreberiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia keisakPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)PresentAiello et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Ruggiero et al. (2004); Prigioni et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNajas gracillimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella tenuissima (Mexican feather grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCampbell (1982); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006); Garibaldi et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020); Marullo and Grazia (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); DAISIE (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentCarrieri et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea pullaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea dejectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera adriaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentGaribaldi et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera fallacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera oakesianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera pedemontanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera pycnocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera sesitensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera stucchiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Manca et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis alopecuroides (foxtail restharrow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentScholz (1981); Valdés et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007); Schena et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Missouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia tunaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOriganum onitesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithogalum narbonensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedKreutz (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche lavandulaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Holm et al. (1979); Boari and Vurro (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis bowieiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHYPPA (2013); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentValentine (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis variabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxytropis pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum philadelphicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeFlora Italiana (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveOrlando and Grisafi (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009); Mazza et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedUK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentPolizzi et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia)Present, PlantedIntroducedGridelli et al. (2002); Mezzalira and Colonna (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGherbin et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentaglottis sempervirens (evergreen bugloss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeriploca graecaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveINRA (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Baldini (1993); USDA-ARS (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedPane et al. (2007); Grasso et al. (2007);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo)PresentIntroducedOhrnberger (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017); Seljak (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976); Meusel and Jäger (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)PresentNativeLuisi (1983); Schiller and Brunori (1992); Carlucci et al. (2007); Tinivella et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedSechi et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentEPPO (2022); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedCacciola and Polizzi (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago sempervirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentGaribaldi et al. (2020); Garibaldi et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)Present, WidespreadEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Polizzi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeEuro+Med Plantbase (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHafliger and Wolf (1988); Holm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeTutin and Et Al. (1964);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)Present, LocalizedWebb et al. (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)Present, PlantedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008); Giordano et al. (2017); Parise (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedWalters (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveVanhellemont (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma elegans (solitaire palm)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedRoster (1914)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus aconitifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus gramineusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus sativus (radish)PresentGaribaldi et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRetama monosperma (bridal broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReynoutria multifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002); Parise (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentGaribaldi et al. (2005); Garibaldi et al. (2013); Govaerts (2014); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); Garibaldi et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRotala ramosiorPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry)PresentIntroducedHammer et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Parise (2017); Faedda et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia hirtaPresentGaribaldi et al. (2014); Garibaldi et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex cristatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex lunariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentClayton (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria platyphyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentPrigioni et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpichroa origanifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia leucantha (Mexican bush sage)PresentGaribaldi et al. (2016); Cacciola et al. (2002); Garibaldi et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia nemorosaPresentGilardi et al. (2017); Garibaldi et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSantolina rosmarinifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaururus cernuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedMazza et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPolizzi et al. (2001);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus litoralis subsp. thermalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla peruvianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScolymus maculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopoliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sediformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum arachnoideumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePignatti (1982); Martini and Zappa (1993); Tammaro and Giglio (1994); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976); Pignatti (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, WidespreadNativeChater and Walters (1976); Pignatti (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania punicea (red sesbania)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedPignatti (1982); Wang RongLin et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFabbi et al. (2006); Pignatti (1982); Rapparini (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilphium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium angustifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresentNannini et al. (2011); Nannini et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentViggiani (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum chenopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentGolas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBoyd et al. (1984); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentSimón et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCelesti-Grapow et al. (2009); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tenuifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentAnon (1998); Raimondo and Orlando (1978); Garibaldi et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentLoreti et al. (2008); Garibaldi et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018); Nannini et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentLorenzoni (1963); Lorenzoni (1978); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993); Bianco (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Roskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus neglectusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus vaginiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013); Polizzi et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novae-angliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Garibaldi et al. (2012); Garibaldi et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphytum orientalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Present, LocalizedNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamus communisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedTerlizzi et al. (1994); Barro and Pavan (1999); Marcone et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeloxys aristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)PresentGaribaldi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeClapham (1972); Holm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Invasive Species Specialist Group (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentTutin (1981); Viggiani (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium constantinopolitanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium isthmocarpumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mutabilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pannonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squarrosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa agenensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa clusianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Chambers et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1997); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadEuro+Med (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica membranaceaPresentParrella et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed)PresentNativeLowden (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentNativeBicknell (1896); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum nigrum (black mullein)PresentGaribaldi et al. (2016); Garibaldi et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dispermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia melanopsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia pisiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia siculaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015); Šišić et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca difformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort)Present, LocalizedNativeTewksbury et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola obliquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia geniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia ligusticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaldsteinia ternataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWigandia urensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWolffia arrhizaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentSartorato et al. (1996); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMolon (1914); Parrella and Greco (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedAleffi et al. (2008)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsentOIE (2020); Serracca et al. (2014); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, WidespreadMontresor et al. (1990)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia caballiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia gibsoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsentOIE (2020); Narcisi et al. (2010); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsentOIE (2020); Narcisi et al. (2010); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeCorradetti (1970); Beadell et al. (2006); Hellgren et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria buffeliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentMaggiora and Valenti (1903); Rinaldi et al. (1972); Mani et al. (1990); Chiocco (1992); Cerrone et al. (1999)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1969); Loi et al. (1990); EPPO (2014)
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine leukemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virusAbsent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virusPresentLovisolo and Conti (1966); CABI and EPPO (2010)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)PresentTomassoli and Meneghini (2007);
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresentManglli et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); MARTELLI (1969); Polverari et al. (1996); Ciuffo et al. (1999); DeStradis et al. (2008); Zhai et al. (2014); Morelli et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusfowlpox virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentConti et al. (1980); Rosciglione et al. (1983); Rosciglione et al. (1983); Agran et al. (1990); Bonavia et al. (1996); Credi and Giunchedi (1996); Credi (1997); Notte et al. (1997); Saldarelli et al. (1998); Zorloni et al. (2006); Murolo et al. (2008); Bertin et al. (2010); Alabi et al. (2014); CABI (Undated)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020);
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCosmi et al. (2003); Gent et al. (2006); Manglli et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentGoidanich (1938); Grancini (1957); Lovisolo (1957); Conti (1983); CABI and EPPO (2003)
Virusmyxoma virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentVidela (1953); CABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, Few occurrencesRoggero et al. (2001); Parrella and Crescenzi (2005); Davino et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentBetti et al. (1982); Conti and Marte (1983); Wetter et al. (1984); Betti et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (2009); CABI (Undated)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virusPresentIntroducedParrella et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); Myrta et al. (1998); Myrta et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2007); Rizza et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusPoplar mosaic virusPresentCABI (Undated)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2014); Serio (2007); Malandraki et al. (2010); Luigi et al. (2011); Milanović et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry)Present, LocalizedPisi (1983); CABI and EPPO (2002); Ratti et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentEPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentParrella et al. (2006)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Panno et al. (2019)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveParrella et al. (2018); CABI and EPPO (2016); Panno et al. (2016); Luigi et al. (2019); Bragard et al. (2020); Parrella et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1978); Paradies et al. (2000); Sialer and Gallitelli (2000); Ciuffo et al. (2005); Parrella and Crescenzi (2005); Polizzi and Bellardi (2007); Bubici et al. (2008); Carrieri et al. (2011); Spanò et al. (2011); Spanò et al. (2011); Testa et al. (2011); Parrella et al. (2013); Parrella et al. (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, LocalizedPolizzi and Areddia (1992); Sialer et al. (2001); Accotto et al. (2003); Parrella et al. (2008); Nannini et al. (2009); Nannini et al. (2011); Parrella et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusWest Nile virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Credi et al. (1997)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2020); EPPO (2009); OIE (2020)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
African swine feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
amyloodiniosisPresentAiello and D’Alba (1986)
anguillicolosisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCanestri-Trotti (1987); Koops and Hartmann (1989)
anthraxPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); Battisti et al. (1994); OIE (1997); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Aujeszky's diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
avian adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadMandelli et al. (1976); Capua et al. (1995)
avian chlamydiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian influenzaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Zanella (2000); Capua and Mutinelli (2001); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020);
avian intestinal spirochaetosisPresentBano et al. (2008)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2020); Bertuzzi (1997); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian trichomoniasisPresentCatelli et al. (1999)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentCerrone et al. (1999); Maggiora and Valenti (1903); Rinaldi et al. (1972); Mani et al. (1990); Chiocco (1992)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Prosperi et al. (1990); Ceci et al. (1997); Rosignoli et al. (2000)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)AbsentOIE (2020); Narcisi et al. (2010); OIE (2020)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)AbsentOIE (2020); Narcisi et al. (2010); OIE (2020)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentIntroducedInvasiveMinervini et al. (1985)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresent, WidespreadCancellotti et al. (1976)
bovine anaplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
bovine babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentStraub (1994)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentCavirani et al. (1995)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine herpesvirus 2 infectionPresentMartin et al. (1987)
bovine immunodeficiency virus infectionPresentCavirani et al. (1998)
bovine papular stomatitisPresentLoda et al. (1974)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadMaglione and Rosati (1988); Moriconi and Gnaccarini (1991)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentCancellotti et al. (1980)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
bovine tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2018); OIE (2009)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); Martini et al. (1998); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); Capuano et al. (1996); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
buffalopoxPresentHutrya et al. (1946)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentGiovannini et al. (1988); Cavirani et al. (2001)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, WidespreadSimoncelli et al. (2005); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
Clostridium novyi infectionsPresent, WidespreadValente et al. (1991)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious agalactiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
cowpoxPresentFondati and Grivetto (1997)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedCammà et al. (2010); Cornalia (1860); OIE (2019); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadMattalia et al. (2002); Vito et al. (2002); Bertolino et al. (2003); Manfredi et al. (2003)
cysticercosisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Derzsy's diseasePresentMandelli (1984)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentPedrona et al. (1989)
dourineAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentCABI (Undated)
encephalomyocarditisPresentSidori et al. (1988)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentLucangeli et al. (2000); CABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
enzootic bovine leukosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
eperythrozoonosis in pigsPresentVezzoli et al. (2003)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine infectious anaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine influenzaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentCaprioli et al. (1993); Conedera et al. (1997); Mosso et al. (1998); Bonardi et al. (1999); Galiero et al. (1999)
European foul broodPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Greatti (2005); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
fowlpoxPresentChiocco (1992); OIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentBotti (1956)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Haemophilus somnus infectionPresentBiolatti et al. (1991)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadBartolo et al. (2011); Martinelli et al. (2011)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsentOIE (2020); Serracca et al. (2014); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsentOIE (2020); Pretto et al. (2014); OIE (2020)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentGhittino (1972)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
koi herpesvirus diseasePresentHaenen et al. (2004); OIE (2018); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Lactococcus garvieae (Enterococcus seriolicida) infection in fishPresentCeschia et al. (1992)
leishmaniosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Bourdeau et al. (2014); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
lyme borreliosisPresent, LocalizedBurioni et al. (1988)
malignant catarrhal feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Mammalian orthoreovirus infectionsPresentFlammini et al. (1980)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentZizzo et al. (2003)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentGreco and Bozzetta (1997); Prearo et al. (2004)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsPresentOIE (2009); Montagna and Goffredo (1989); Brajon et al. (1991)
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infectionsPresentMazzolini et al. (1993)
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory diseasePresentBuonavoglia (1992)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresent, WidespreadThomas et al. (1975)
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infectionPresentGrattarola et al. (1999)
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infectionsPresentBarigazzi et al. (1990)
Mycoplasma iowae infectionsPresentDottori et al. (1996)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentBergonier and Poumarat (1996)
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)PresentNativeTrotti et al. (1998)
myxomatosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
neosporosisPresentPasquali et al. (1998)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentLombardi et al. (1999)
paratuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); Whittington et al. (2019); OIE (2020)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentCasolari and Fabio (1988); Guasticchi (1989)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeCorradetti (1970); Beadell et al. (2006); Hellgren et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
porcine circovirus infectionsPresent, WidespreadMarcoto et al. (1999)
porcine enterovirus infectionsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
porcine intestinal spirochaetosisPresentMontanari (1998)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentBonaduce and Iovane (1991)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
pseudotuberculosis in fishPresentCeschia et al. (1991); Doimi et al. (1991)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Q feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
reticuloendotheliosisPresentRosati et al. (1999)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresent, WidespreadPascucci et al. (1981); Giovannetti and Pascucci (1983)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedIovane et al. (1988); Legrottaglie et al. (1997); Martella et al. (2003)
Sapelovirus A infectionsPresentSozzi et al. (2010)
scrapiePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2020); Kitching (1994); OIE (2020)
small hive beetle infestationPresent, LocalizedIntroducedMutinelli et al. (2014); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
spring viraemia of carpPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Ghittino et al. (1980); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadVicenzoni et al. (1994)
Staphylococcus hyicus infectionPresentGelmini et al. (1993); Terreni (1997)
streptococcosis in fish caused by Streptococcus iniaePresentInvasiveGhittino and Prearo (1992)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)Present, WidespreadSala et al. (1985)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultryPresentAgrimi (1956); Casagrande Proietti et al. (1998); Esposito (2000); Passamonti et al. (2000); Terregino et al. (2000)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresent, WidespreadDonatelli et al. (1991); Castrucci et al. (1993); Castrucci et al. (1994); Pozzi et al. (1994); Barigazzi et al. (1996)
swine vesicular diseasePresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadCoda et al. (1996)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentCABI (Undated);
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentCeci et al. (1997); Onuma et al. (1998); Ceci and Carelli (1999); Savini et al. (1999); CABI (Undated);
tick-borne feverPresentCinco et al. (1997); Cinco et al. (1998)
torovirus infectionsPresentPignatelli et al. (2009)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
TrichinellaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
tropical pulmonary eosinophiliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
tuberculosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Sala and Antonini (1998); OIE (2020)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); Ercolini et al. (1991); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
turkey viral hepatitisPresentMandelli et al. (1966)
varroosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2020); Mazzone et al. (2004); Parrella et al. (2004); Greatti (2005); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vibriosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
West Nile feverPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Cantile et al. (2000); OIE (2020)
whirling diseasePresentScolari (1954)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested52,04057,99057,59857,42158,112
Production quantity77,30079,80079,59974,58470,399
Yield14,854 Fc13,761 Fc13,820 Fc12,989 Fc12,114 Fc
ApplesArea harvested55,00057,44053,58652,77554,720
Production quantity2,303,6902,466,9901,921,2722,455,6162,473,608
Yield418,853 Fc429,490 Fc358,540 Fc465,299 Fc452,048 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested17,91017,81017,36317,37018,718
Production quantity272,990229,020266,372237,021217,569
Yield152,423 Fc128,591 Fc153,414 Fc136,454 Fc116,235 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested39,42039,72040,48243,83841,299
Production quantity378,820373,430387,803365,991401,335
Yield96,098 Fc94,016 Fc95,796 Fc83,487 Fc97,178 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested7,1607,0206,6876,4766,397
Production quantity49,91047,54046,41943,71944,055
Yield69,707 Fc67,721 Fc69,417 Fc67,509 Fc68,868 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested15 Im15 Im15 Im
Production quantity341 Im345 Im349 Im
Yield227,333 Fc230,000 Fc232,667 Fc
BarleyArea harvested261,410262,480250,526246,370242,895
Production quantity1,104,9901,040,990984,281988,285955,131
Yield42,270 Fc39,660 Fc39,289 Fc40,114 Fc39,323 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested18,25016,14018,61818,68617,058
Production quantity154,390153,330154,851162,952148,713
Yield84,597 Fc95,000 Fc83,173 Fc87,205 Fc87,181 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested1,3004,500 F8,117 Im8,102 Im
Production quantity6,39030,000 F60,830 Im61,806 Im
Yield49,154 Fc66,667 Fc74,941 Fc76,285 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested172 Im172 Im173 Im
Production quantity1,671 Im1,667 Im1,682 Im
Yield97,151 Fc96,919 Fc97,225 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested65,59056,83051,13550,16742,157
Production quantity132,310115,24092,767100,01379,972
Yield20,172 Fc20,278 Fc18,142 Fc19,936 Fc18,970 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested23,98013,97013,85113,48514,631
Production quantity457,810296,510289,839271,330290,799
Yield190,913 Fc212,248 Fc209,255 Fc201,209 Fc198,755 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested11,08011,62015,07115,59811,605
Production quantity492,220528,180553,563590,580532,946
Yield444,242 Fc454,544 Fc367,303 Fc378,625 Fc459,238 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested15,67015,18015,95616,25915,624
Production quantity368,150346,410371,568388,281385,972
Yield234,939 Fc228,202 Fc232,870 Fc238,810 Fc247,038 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested32,96034,35033,20528,72536,955
Production quantity106,110107,34095,96091,975126,698
Yield32,194 Fc31,249 Fc28,899 Fc32,019 Fc34,284 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested3,066,520 A3,092,700 A3,140,579 A3,253,985 A3,275,506 A
Production quantity16,363,450 A16,548,350 A16,251,718 A18,219,221 A17,694,875 A
Yield53,362 Fc53,508 Fc51,748 Fc55,990 Fc54,022 Fc
CherriesArea harvested29,21029,16029,27429,11330,123
Production quantity98,600114,800118,25994,888111,119
Yield33,756 Fc39,369 Fc40,397 Fc32,593 Fc36,888 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested1,604 Im1,602 Im1,622 Im
Production quantity7,586 Im7,574 Im7,584 Im
Yield47,294 Fc47,278 Fc46,757 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested36,28036,33022,076 Im22,132 Im21,487 Im
Production quantity39,98032,79053,422 Im53,145 Im50,913 Im
Yield11,020 Fc9,026 Fc24,199 Fc24,013 Fc23,695 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested10,2807,87010,32311,03711,521
Production quantity249,640168,480250,072271,256282,896
Yield242,840 Fc214,079 Fc242,247 Fc245,770 Fc245,548 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested140,740 A136,191 A147,983 A143,293 A150,047 A
Production quantity2,895,940 A2,506,765 A2,811,523 A2,766,416 A3,151,565 A
Yield205,765 Fc184,062 Fc189,990 Fc193,060 Fc210,039 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested2,0502,0402,0382,0822,070
Production quantity60,60054,44054,44459,90358,265
Yield295,610 Fc266,863 Fc267,144 Fc287,719 Fc281,473 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested19040145144137
Production quantity960240802810914
Yield50,526 Fc60,000 Fc55,310 Fc56,250 Fc66,715 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested9,5509,7609,44910,03110,147
Production quantity300,620314,270286,473317,585300,182
Yield314,785 Fc321,998 Fc303,178 Fc316,604 Fc295,833 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested1,630 A1,230 A1,294 A929 A670 A
Production quantity9,670 A6,220 A5,974 A5,773 A3,583 A
Yield59,325 Fc50,569 Fc46,167 Fc62,142 Fc53,478 Fc
FigsArea harvested2,1502,2302,3362,2602,423
Production quantity11,83010,65011,36311,29713,112
Yield55,023 Fc47,758 Fc48,643 Fc49,987 Fc54,115 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested720560835198140
Production quantity1,9601,5902,530658429
Yield27,222 Fc28,393 Fc30,299 Fc33,232 Fc30,643 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested1,113,420 A1,095,481 A1,124,142 A1,119,696 A1,148,390 A
Production quantity17,253,720 A17,771,815 A16,559,639 A18,156,339 A18,310,038 A
Yield154,961 Fc162,228 Fc147,309 Fc162,154 Fc159,441 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested1,5601,5511,6491,5511,551
Production quantity30,97030,86519,85038,05830,658
Yield198,526 Fc199,001 Fc120,376 Fc245,377 Fc197,666 Fc
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested542 Im539 Im537 Im
Production quantity7,431 Im7,385 Im7,447 Im
Yield137,103 Fc137,013 Fc138,678 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested3,4103,4703,4733,3033,044
Production quantity29,27029,98029,98329,56827,123
Yield85,836 Fc86,398 Fc86,332 Fc89,519 Fc89,103 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested
Production quantity
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested280290271271269
Production quantity5,2105,1604,8334,8584,960
Yield186,071 Fc177,931 Fc178,339 Fc179,262 Fc184,387 Fc
GrapesArea harvested697,910675,820670,085668,087672,858
Production quantity7,900,1208,513,6407,169,7458,201,9147,915,008
Yield113,197 Fc125,975 Fc106,998 Fc122,767 Fc117,633 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested79,35078,59073,77269,28572,214
Production quantity98,530132,700131,281120,572101,643
Yield12,417 Fc16,885 Fc17,796 Fc17,402 Fc14,075 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested910670459731530
Production quantity7,7104,6303,4445,1153,154
Yield84,725 Fc69,104 Fc75,033 Fc69,973 Fc59,509 Fc
HopsArea harvested30
Production quantity50
Yield16,667 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested25,08026,62024,61524,24427,308
Production quantity524,490562,190541,150523,595598,558
Yield209,127 Fc211,191 Fc219,846 Fc215,969 Fc219,188 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested540370374379359
Production quantity13,6509,3309,3329,3579,226
Yield252,778 Fc252,162 Fc249,519 Fc246,887 Fc256,992 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested23,13025,71025,11522,64725,466
Production quantity445,950424,630418,102435,471388,435
Yield192,802 Fc165,161 Fc166,475 Fc192,286 Fc152,531 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested33,69027,99034,06934,34331,329
Production quantity758,980538,670735,873735,967626,525
Yield225,283 Fc192,451 Fc215,995 Fc214,299 Fc199,982 Fc
LinseedArea harvested3,000 *3,000 *3,000 *
Production quantity2,000 *2,000 *2,000 *
Yield6,667 Fc6,667 Fc6,667 Fc
LupinsArea harvested4504403,337 Im3,330 Im3,358 Im
Production quantity8109004,721 Im4,717 Im4,748 Im
Yield18,000 Fc20,455 Fc14,147 Fc14,165 Fc14,139 Fc
MaizeArea harvested628,800591,210645,742660,727727,366
Production quantity6,279,1206,199,1506,048,4996,839,4997,073,896
Yield99,859 Fc104,855 Fc93,667 Fc103,515 Fc97,254 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested24,02024,17023,97024,71624,796
Production quantity591,630605,740605,744632,322595,601
Yield246,307 Fc250,616 Fc252,709 Fc255,835 Fc240,200 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesProduction quantity70,86069,56069,55868,36259,484
Area harvested
Nuts nesArea harvested3,840621 Im638 Im676 Im
Production quantity3,8502,131 Im2,127 Im2,200 Im
Yield10,026 Fc34,316 Fc33,339 Fc32,544 Fc
OatsArea harvested103,790107,450108,459107,059108,956
Production quantity244,310249,700229,041260,798261,366
Yield23,539 Fc23,239 Fc21,118 Fc24,360 Fc23,988 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested1,545,490 A1,587,020 A1,597,519 A1,560,447 A1,586,735 A
Production quantity3,569,660 A3,430,050 A4,000,857 A3,520,517 A4,223,150 A
Yield23,097 Fc21,613 Fc25,044 Fc22,561 Fc26,615 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested406,020 A444,900 A455,626 A415,500 A438,858 A
Production quantity985,153 A1,078,753 A1,003,843 A1,059,933 A1,074,172 A
Yield24,264 Fc24,247 Fc22,032 Fc25,510 Fc24,477 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,545,490 A1,587,020 A1,597,519 A1,560,447 A1,586,735 A
Production quantity805,689 A761,096 A900,305 A795,771 A943,941 A
Yield5,213 Fc4,796 Fc5,636 Fc5,100 Fc5,949 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested20
Production quantity95,680 Im95,419 Im94,896 Im
YieldFc
OlivesArea harvested1,139,4701,142,1201,141,8931,144,9471,147,877
Production quantity2,194,1101,953,5402,597,9742,038,3032,732,894
Yield19,256 Fc17,105 Fc22,751 Fc17,803 Fc23,808 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested14,06015,19012,24812,71011,877
Production quantity477,910496,360410,536450,645378,300
Yield339,908 Fc326,768 Fc335,186 Fc354,559 Fc318,515 Fc
OrangesArea harvested81,85082,80086,32484,67586,840
Production quantity1,650,2101,592,4001,621,6821,590,3031,905,103
Yield201,614 Fc192,319 Fc187,860 Fc187,813 Fc219,381 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested60,43064,30063,82965,76172,153
Production quantity1,224,9401,090,6801,250,7211,427,5731,422,856
Yield202,704 Fc169,624 Fc195,949 Fc217,085 Fc197,200 Fc
PearsArea harvested28,71031,34031,72930,97332,323
Production quantity429,290752,590772,578701,928753,667
Yield149,526 Fc240,137 Fc243,493 Fc226,626 Fc233,167 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested22,93017,92017,04614,11311,181
Production quantity70,98050,91048,52839,51126,240
Yield30,955 Fc28,410 Fc28,469 Fc27,996 Fc23,468 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested16,20018,05015,23216,25514,940
Production quantity79,650116,18085,89799,07874,702
Yield49,167 Fc64,366 Fc56,392 Fc60,952 Fc50,001 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested11,94011,72012,67611,57412,822
Production quantity215,020197,730206,966220,729199,964
Yield180,084 Fc168,712 Fc163,274 Fc190,711 Fc155,954 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested46,81046,43048,57148,13850,416
Production quantity1,338,4301,307,6001,346,9361,368,9201,369,101
Yield285,928 Fc281,628 Fc277,313 Fc284,374 Fc271,561 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested26,86031,4401,141 Im1,266 Im1,278 Im
Production quantity41,48052,4304,289 Im5,415 Im5,207 Im
Yield15,443 Fc16,676 Fc37,590 Fc42,773 Fc40,743 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested115,830 A106,630 A111,493 A99,712 A86,364 A
Production quantity245,580 A219,480 A207,786 A195,578 A156,677 A
Yield21,202 Fc20,583 Fc18,637 Fc19,614 Fc18,141 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested19,08019,01018,573 Im18,443 Im18,427 Im
Production quantity569,120548,440589,208 Im582,018 Im580,711 Im
Yield298,281 Fc288,501 Fc317,239 Fc315,577 Fc315,141 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested14,15014,44015,58013,54212,243
Production quantity37,99039,70041,44434,82528,073
Yield26,848 Fc27,493 Fc26,601 Fc25,716 Fc22,930 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested360350354335312
Production quantity2,2801,9902,2772,2452,238
Yield63,333 Fc56,857 Fc64,322 Fc67,015 Fc71,731 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested220,030217,190234,133234,133227,331
Production quantity1,492,6201,470,0901,598,0271,587,3461,518,229
Yield67,837 Fc67,687 Fc68,253 Fc67,797 Fc66,785 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity995,578 Fc980,550 Fc1,065,884 Fc1,058,760 Fc1,012,659 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested46,810 A46,430 A48,959 A48,762 A50,770 A
Production quantity1,338,430 A1,307,600 A1,355,430 A1,381,376 A1,376,648 A
Yield285,928 Fc281,628 Fc276,850 Fc283,289 Fc271,154 Fc
RyeArea harvested3,9103,5403,5924,1724,113
Production quantity12,88010,96011,09713,17013,183
Yield32,941 Fc30,960 Fc30,894 Fc31,568 Fc32,052 Fc
SorghumArea harvested46,80039,60040,90143,84045,374
Production quantity322,850303,710240,694313,788294,218
Yield68,985 Fc76,694 Fc58,848 Fc71,576 Fc64,843 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested273,330326,590322,417288,060308,979
Production quantity1,042,8301,186,3501,019,7811,081,3401,116,982
Yield38,153 Fc36,325 Fc31,629 Fc37,539 Fc36,151 Fc
SpinachArea harvested6,2905,9705,9746,5026,224
Production quantity99,52091,98091,97791,88292,385
Yield158,219 Fc154,070 Fc153,962 Fc141,313 Fc148,433 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested4,7405,3204,8554,8815,597
Production quantity125,130146,550125,335131,436143,177
Yield263,987 Fc275,470 Fc258,157 Fc269,281 Fc255,810 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested29,97034,41037,97232,29738,124
Production quantity1,779,1301,941,4802,453,5682,046,2972,183,878
Yield593,637 Fc564,220 Fc646,152 Fc633,587 Fc572,835 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested29,970 A34,410 A37,972 A32,297 A38,124 A
Production quantity1,779,130 A1,941,480 A2,453,568 A2,046,297 A2,183,878 A
Yield593,637 Fc564,220 Fc646,152 Fc633,587 Fc572,835 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested118,520103,870114,446110,716114,449
Production quantity294,730250,460243,671268,331248,007
Yield24,868 Fc24,113 Fc21,291 Fc24,236 Fc21,670 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested33,92025,84034,62434,14935,921
Production quantity763,600453,710747,056697,726822,409
Yield225,118 Fc175,584 Fc215,762 Fc204,318 Fc228,949 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested14,43015,69016,24415,71715,197
Production quantity41,86049,53056,39848,47051,406
Yield29,009 Fc31,568 Fc34,719 Fc30,839 Fc33,826 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested91,41097,17099,750103,940107,187
Production quantity5,252,6905,753,2306,015,8686,437,5726,410,249
Yield574,630 Fc592,079 Fc603,095 Fc619,355 Fc598,044 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested176,180 A177,410 A161,908 A157,268 A160,222 A
Production quantity230,460 A257,740 A282,495 A266,282 A241,078 A
Yield13,081 Fc14,528 Fc17,448 Fc16,932 Fc15,046 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested14,18015,15017,44916,541M
Production quantity61,10061,76077,65486,48857,659 Im
Yield43,089 Fc40,766 Fc44,503 Fc52,287 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested329,740 A323,390 A463,926 A476,762 A467,396 A
Production quantity9,911,660 A10,138,270 A12,487,354 A13,046,726 A12,807,840 A
Yield300,590 Fc313,500 Fc269,167 Fc273,653 Fc274,025 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested5,300134,205 Im135,803 Im135,743 Im
Production quantity156,6502,008,786 Im2,024,228 Im2,057,445 Im
Yield295,566 Fc149,680 Fc149,056 Fc151,569 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested7,6207,5507,5537,5927,914
Production quantity47,85045,30045,30446,45246,527
Yield62,795 Fc60,000 Fc59,981 Fc61,185 Fc58,791 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested4,6704,5003,971 Im3,979 Im3,895 Im
Production quantity10,80012,45012,189 Im12,205 Im12,055 Im
Yield23,126 Fc27,667 Fc30,695 Fc30,674 Fc30,950 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested13,73012,97012,84012,20511,580
Production quantity650,420572,240570,762534,001494,533
Yield473,722 Fc441,203 Fc444,519 Fc437,526 Fc427,058 Fc
WheatArea harvested1,754,6401,821,7301,806,5721,912,4181,882,516
Production quantity6,739,4707,104,6506,966,4658,037,8727,394,495
Yield38,409 Fc38,999 Fc38,562 Fc42,030 Fc39,280 Fc
Agave fibres nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Beans, dryArea harvested6,0015,8955,870
Production quantity11,17611,70212,215
Yield18,624 Fc19,851 Fc20,809 Fc
CarobsArea harvested5,5765,4775,772
Production quantity28,91028,92531,522
Yield51,847 Fc52,812 Fc54,612 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Chick peasArea harvested20,02513,94011,626
Production quantity33,54122,32816,761
Yield16,750 Fc16,017 Fc14,417 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested13,612 Im13,586 Im13,622 Im
Production quantity58,435 Im58,359 Im58,243 Im
Yield42,929 Fc42,955 Fc42,757 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
HempseedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
LentilsArea harvested4,9813,2153,099
Production quantity3,6632,8762,484
Yield7,354 Fc8,946 Fc8,015 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Mustard seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
PersimmonsArea harvested2,4162,4162,598
Production quantity49,67548,62647,322
Yield205,608 Fc201,267 Fc182,148 Fc
PistachiosArea harvested3,8703,8133,838
Production quantity3,8733,6493,868
Yield10,008 Fc9,570 Fc10,078 Fc
Poppy seedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Pyrethrum, driedProduction quantity303 Im303 Im306 Im
QuincesArea harvested654132
Production quantity721837594
Yield110,923 Fc204,146 Fc185,625 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Sesame seedArea harvested183 Im182 Im187 Im
Production quantity307 Im299 Im298 Im
Yield16,776 Fc16,429 Fc15,936 Fc
Spices nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Sweet potatoesArea harvested388624354
Production quantity8,49412,4567,547
Yield218,918 Fc199,615 Fc213,192 Fc
VetchesArea harvested7,827 Im7,786 Im7,795 Im
Production quantity9,101 Im9,016 Im9,050 Im
Yield11,628 Fc11,580 Fc11,610 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea12,405 Q12,827 Q12,812 W12,945 Q13,162 Q
AgricultureArea12,451 Q12,827 Fc12,812 Fc12,945 Fc13,162 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea1,310 Q1,277 Q1,201 Q1,094 Q987 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area1,958 Q1,909 Q1,796 Q1,493 Q1,388 Q
Arable landArea6,723 Q6,736 Q6,697 W6,601 Q6,728 Q
Country areaArea30,207 Q30,134 Q30,134 Q30,134 Q30,134 Q
CroplandArea9,160 Q9,218 Q9,149 W9,048 Q9,121 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea952 Q916 Q866 Q791 Q673 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area1,418 Q1,365 Q1,290 Q1,066 Q911 Q
Forest landArea9,459 Q9,405 Q9,351 Q9,297 Q9,243 Fm
Inland watersArea434 Fc720 Fm720 Fm720 Fm720 Fm
Land areaArea29,773 Q29,414 Fm29,414 Fm29,414 Fm29,414 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea4,124 Fm4,124 Fm4,124 Q4,084 Fm4,044 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea3,245 Q3,608 Q3,663 Q3,897 Q4,041 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea2,437 Q2,482 Q2,452 Q2,447 Q2,393 Q
Land under protective coverArea46 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea2,211 Q2,215 Q2,115 Q2,013 Q1,996 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea4,247 Q4,255 Q4,305 Q4,317 Q4,355 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea265 Q266 Q277 Q271 Q377 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea8,816 Fm8,763 Fm8,710 Fm8,657 Q8,605 Fm
Other landArea7,863 Fc7,183 Fc7,251 Fc7,172 Fc7,009 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures - CultivatedArea1,112 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. growingArea2,133 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea357 Q360 Q335 Q302 Q315 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area540 Q544 Q506 Q426 Q477 Q
Planted ForestArea643 Q642 Q641 Q640 Q639 Fm
Primary ForestArea93 Fm93 Fm93 Q93 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea2,553 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.