Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Iceland

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Datasheet

Iceland

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Iceland
  • General data
  • Region: Scandinavia
  • Area (km2): 103,000
  • Climates: Boreal
  • Capital: Reykjavik
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 310,997
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$57,750
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$17,959,354,368
  • GDP: US$19,962,863,616

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Renibacterium salmoninarum Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensis Present, few occurrences Introduced Crosson et al., 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present Jónssen et al., 2000.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present UK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Present Roll-Hansen, 1992.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTricholoma psammopus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApamea remissa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus hortorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus hypnorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus lucorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Hanley-Nicholls, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Native Carlton and Cohen, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Widespread Introduced NoHeie, 1992; Carter and Halldórsson, 1998; Sigurdsson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEristalis intricaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoIINH, 2015; Tuxen, 1938.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeringocrania unimaculella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster) Present, few occurrences Introduced van der Meeren et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeistus terminatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Present Menzies, 1957; Stephensen, 1929; Svavarsson, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMelangyna lasiophthalma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present, few occurrences Introduced Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNemapogon variatella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth) Present Heath and Emmet, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTelmatogeton japonicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUrocerus albicornis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Localised Introduced NoOlafsson, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBlair et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Native NoBirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Present, few occurrences Native NoNOBANIS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011; NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native NoJonsson, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Native Jonsson, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Jonsson, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug) Localised Introduced YesIngimarsdóttir and Ólafsson, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Present Kerney et al., 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced Ólafsson, 2012; Armitage and McMillan, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Native Roth and Sadeghian, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaZonitoides arboreus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present, few occurrences Siggeirsson and Riel, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced Riel and Mulder, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution Siggeirsson & Riel, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesArthurdendyus triangulatus (New Zealand flatworm) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Bloch, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamifera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present YesUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea stricta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamagrostis epigeios Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium helenioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Love and Love, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced Beddows, 1959.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Roskov et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Gunnarsson, 1984; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium watsonii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Native GrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahit Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Present Introduced Jahodová et al., 2007a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed) Present Introduced YesJahodová et al., 2007; Fröberg, 2010; Wasowicz et al., 2013; NOBANIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed) Eradicated Introduced Kabuce, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced Daisie, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium hybridum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Introduced GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenarius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigusticum scoticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus nootkatensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Introduced NoNOBANIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula pallidula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Absent, intercepted only Native Wangerin and Schr÷ter, 1937.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced NOBANIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced Flora Islands, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis discolor (changing forget-me-not) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Native Fitter, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present DAISIE, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pseudoorientale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Native Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present Introduced Juntunen, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla erecta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Chater and, 1981; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoWeidema, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba alpina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga granulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Native YesChater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesleria caerulea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced Kabuce and Priede, 2010; EPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Holm et al., 1991; Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria graminea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoHeywood, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium medium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Tutin et al., 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Introduced Weidema, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus pyriformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present VIDE, 1996; Wetter and Conti, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Widespread Friis et al., 1976.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bacterial kidney disease Present Jónsdóttir et al., 1998.
blackleg Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Wandera, 1971.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Gunnarsson, 1979.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Present OIE, 2009; Sigurdarson, 2000.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Pépin et al., 1998.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Xenohaliotis californiensis infection Present, few occurrences Introduced Crosson et al., 2014.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Berries Nes Production Quantity 34 Im 35 Im 34 Im 28 Im 26 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 19 Im 18 18 18 18
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 634 589 695 434 340
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 333684 Fc 327222 Fc 386111 Fc 241111 Fc 188889 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 10 Im 9 9 9 9
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 755 612 720 653 526
Carrots and turnips Yield 755000 Fc 680000 Fc 800000 Fc 725556 Fc 584444 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 11 10 10 10 10
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 105 108 102 107 112
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 95454.6 Fc 108000 Fc 102000 Fc 107000 Fc 112000 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 27 Im 25 25 25 25
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 1582 1458 1452 1516 1343
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 585926 Fc 583200 Fc 580800 Fc 606400 Fc 537200 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 34 A 35 A 34 A 28 A 26 A
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 583 579 553 526 575
Potatoes Area Harvested 516 712 712 712 712
Potatoes Production Quantity 7222 12460 9500 12500 13000
Potatoes Seed 516 Fc 516 Fc 712 Fc 712 Fc 712 Fc
Potatoes Yield 139961 Fc 175000 Fc 133427 Fc 175562 Fc 182584 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 516 A 712 A 712 A 712 A 712 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7222 A 12460 A 9500 A 12500 A 13000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 516 A 516 A 712 A 712 A 712 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 139961 Fc 175000 Fc 133427 Fc 175562 Fc 182584 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 4 4 4 4 4
Tomatoes Production Quantity 1605 1653 1481 1621 1603
Tomatoes Yield 4012500 Fc 4132500 Fc 3702500 Fc 4052500 Fc 4007500 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 71 A 66 A 66 A 66 A 66 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5264 A 4999 A 5003 A 4857 A 4499 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 741408 Fc 757424 Fc 758030 Fc 735909 Fc 681667 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 71 A 66 A 66 A 66 A 66 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5264 A 4999 A 5003 A 4857 A 4499 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 741408 Fc 757424 Fc 758030 Fc 735909 Fc 681667 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Berries Nes Production Quantity 22 Im 20 Im 21 Im 19 Im 20 F
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 18 20 40 35 25
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 307 346 583 824 558
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 170556 Fc 173000 Fc 145750 Fc 235429 Fc 223200 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 9 22 20 20 20
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 398 340 374 347 302
Carrots and turnips Yield 442222 Fc 154545 Fc 187000 Fc 173500 Fc 151000 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 10 10 20 15 13
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 83 44 83 71 80
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 83000 Fc 44000 Fc 41500 Fc 47333.3 Fc 61538.5 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 25 30 3 3 3
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 1124 1147 930 896 1012
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 449600 Fc 382333 Fc 3100000 Fc 2986670 Fc 3373330 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 22 A 20 A 21 A 19 A 20 A
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 488 438 461 465 450
Potatoes Area Harvested 712 750 750 800 800
Potatoes Production Quantity 14240 13800 12000 7090 8800
Potatoes Seed 712 Fc 712 Fc 750 Fc 750 Fc 800 Fc
Potatoes Yield 200000 Fc 184000 Fc 160000 Fc 88625 Fc 110000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 712 A 750 A 750 A 800 A 800 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 14240 A 13800 A 12000 A 7090 A 8800 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 712 A 712 A 750 A 750 A 800 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 200000 Fc 184000 Fc 160000 Fc 88625 Fc 110000 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 4 4 4 4 4
Tomatoes Production Quantity 1724 1508 1318 1074 948
Tomatoes Yield 4310000 Fc 3770000 Fc 3295000 Fc 2685000 Fc 2370000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 66 A 86 A 87 A 77 A 65 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4124 A 3823 A 3749 A 3677 A 3350 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 624848 Fc 444535 Fc 430920 Fc 477532 Fc 515385 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 66 A 86 A 87 A 77 A 65 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4124 A 3823 A 3749 A 3677 A 3350 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 624848 Fc 444535 Fc 430920 Fc 477532 Fc 515385 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 1591 Fm 1591 Fm 1824 Fm 1876 Fm 1876 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area 5.9 Q 5.9 Q 5.9 Q 4.7 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 2.3 Q 0.8 Q 2.3 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 8.2 Q 5.9 Q 6.7 Q 7 Q 6.2 Q
Arable land Area 123 Fm 123 W 124 Fm 125 Fm 125 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 123 Fm 123 W 124 Fm 125 Fm 125 Fm
Country area Area 10300 Q 10300 Q 10300 Q 10300 W 10300 W
Fallow land Area 1 W 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Forest area Area 30.8 Fm 29.9 Q 29 Fm 28.1 Fm 27.2 Fm
Inland water Area 275 Fm 275 Fm 275 Fm 275 Fm 275 Fm
Land area Area 10025 Q 10025 Q 10025 Q 10025 Q 10025 Q
Other land Area 8403.2 Fm 8404.1 Fm 8172 Fm 8120.9 Fm 8121.8 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 154 W
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 1314 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1468 Fm 1468 W 1700 Fm 1751 W 1751 W
Temporary crops Area 8 W 7 Q 7 Q 7 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 114 W 116 Fm 117 Fm 117 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 1881 Fm 1882 Fm 1884 Fm 1885 Fm 1887 Fm
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area organic, total Area 5 Q 5 I
Arable land Area 129 W 129 W 129 W 129 W 129 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 129 W 129 W 129 W 129 W 129 W
Country area Area 10300 W 10300 Q 10300 Q 10300 Q 10300 Q
Fallow land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Forest area Area 26.3 Fm 25.4 Q 24 Fm 22.6 Fm 21.2 Fm
Inland water Area 275 Fm 275 Fm 275 Fm 275 Fm 275 Fm
Land area Area 10025 Q 10025 Q 10025 Q 10025 Q 10025 Q
Other land Area 8117.7 Fm 8117.6 Fm 8117 Fm 8117.4 Fm 8116.8 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 1752 W 1753 W 1755 W 1756 W 1758 W
Temporary crops Area 7 Q 7 Q 7 Q 7 Q 7 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 121 Fm 121 Fm 121 Fm 121 Fm 121 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files