Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Iran

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Datasheet

Iran

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Iran
  • General data
  • Region: Middle East
  • Area (km2): 164,800
  • Climates: Dry, Subtropical
  • Capital: Tehran
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 71,021,039
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$3,540
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$251,467,481,088
  • GDP: US$286,057,922,560
  • Agriculture, value added: US$28,875,933,696

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Tanacetum balsamita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Present CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Salehi et al., 2016; Vali-Sichani et al., 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma phoenicium Widespread Introduced YesSalehi and Izadpanah, 1995; Salehi et al., 2005; Salehi et al., 2006a; Salehi et al., 2006b; Salehi et al., 2011; Pourali and Salehi, 2012; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; Salehi et al., 2015.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma) Present EPPO, 2014; Mirchenari et al., 2015.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Present Salehi et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch) Absent, unreliable record Harighi, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2011; Mohkami et al., 2011; Salehi et al., 2012.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMazarei et al., 1994; Maroofi and Mostafavi, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; Seidghasemi et al., 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Restricted distribution Mohkami et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Salehi et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; Salehi and Rasoulpour, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Present YesCMI, 1987; Bradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops) Present CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present EPPO, 2014; Osdaghi, 2014; Osdaghi and Zademohamad, 2016.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Restricted distribution Alizadeh and Rahimian, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014; Mirzaee, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2015; Amanifar et al., 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present UK CAB International, 1988; Izadpanah and Afsharifar, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Present Rahmaini & Madjidieh-Ghassemi, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present Native Simmons, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; Abkhoo, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic) Present Mirzaei et al., 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Present Mirabolfathy et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present Zafari and Hamadani, 2009; Mousakhah and Khodaparast, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Sharifnabi and Fatehi, 1996; Kaiser, 1997; Chérif et al., 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present Introduced YesBrasier and Afsharpour, 1979.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesBrasier and Afsharpour, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Amano, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Viennot-Bourgin et al., 1970.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Kaiser et al., 1968; Zakeri and Zad, 1987; Naeimi et al., 2003.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Khabiri, 1962; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Present Dennis, 1986; BPI, US National Fungus Collections.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Bamdadian, 1967; Bamdadian and Torabi, 1978.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut) Present Mundkur, 1942; Vánky, 1985.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Disease not reported Ouellet et al., 2005.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present Gardenhire, 1959; Farahbakhsh, 1961; Baradaran-Anaraki and Daneshvar, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Widespread CIE, 1969; Nikkhoo and Moiini, 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Present EPPO, 2014; Mound and Halsey, 1978; CIE, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Present Introduced YesNasrolahi et al., 2006; Nasrolahi, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present IIE, 1996; Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Ferrer-Suay et al., 2014; UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesHodjat and Eastop, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native Van Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966; Danzig and Pellizzari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Present YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Present Nouri, 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Shahraki et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite) Present Arbabi et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Present Arbabi et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present Khanjani and Kalafchi, 2003; Arbab, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Present Taheri, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesJafari and Sabzewari, 1982; Fischer-Colbrie and Busch-Petersen, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Widespread Native Apel and Spiridonov, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Present Ghahari et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present Native CIE, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Present CIE, 1969; Seghatoleslami, 1977; Abivardi, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesHall et al., 2001; Wardhana et al., 2012b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Native Lecompte et al., 2016; Ghahhari and Hatami, 2000; Mesbah et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Adeli and Soleimani, 1976; Kozar et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread Harbach, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; Salehi et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Restricted distribution Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Present CABI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present Introduced Parchami-Araghi et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present Moghadam, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present NHM, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Moghadam, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Native NoSteinmann, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present Danzig and Pellizari, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present NHM.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoplocampa brevis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present Rezaei et al., 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present Paknia and Kami, 2007; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Present Ganbalani, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Present Native YesCERIS, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnomysis benedeni Localised Native NoBacescu, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoAdldoost, 1995; Martinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Present Introduced Shrimp News, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present Rezwani, 1981; Nassirzadeh and Bassiri, 1994; Eghtedar, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLongicaudus trirhodus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoNHM.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn) Present Farashiani et al., 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; Abdul-Rassoul, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus eucalypti Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992; Bright and Skidmore, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Present IIE, 1991; Mutuura and Munroe, 1970; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Dore and Frimodt, 1987; d'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Present Eckweiler and Hofmann, 1980; Farid, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2015; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Present Chodjai et al., 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Bodenheimer, 1944; CIE, 1979; Kozar et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn) Introduced, not established Introduced DIAS, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus pumilus Present Moghaddam, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid) Widespread Native YesChodjai, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Present Ajamhasani and Salehi, 2004; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Present IIE, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952; Hasanshahi et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967; Golizadeh et al., 2008; Khanjani, 2009; AfiunizadehIsfahani and KarimzadehIsfahani, 2010; Fathi et al., 2011; Hasanshahi et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominulus (European paper wasp) Present Abbasi et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present Masoud et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPortunus segnis Present Native Hosseini, 2009; Naderloo and Turkay, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale) Present Ben-Dov et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present Danzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Bodenheimer, 1944; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced Behdad, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present Arbabi et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Widespread Introduced Zaitsev and Öztürk, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present Mohammadi, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Present Faghih, 1996; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Khormaly et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present Minaei et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Native YesWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Present Native NoCIE, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Khormaly et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present Forghani and Marouf, 2015; CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Widespread CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Present Native Farahbakhsh, 1961; Mound and Halsey, 1978; Martin et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present Banks and, 1977; EPPO, 2014; Forghani and Marouf, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Present Baniameri and Cheraghian, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Cheraghian and Emamzadeh, 2013; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009; Crane, 1979; Rahmani et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoBlüthgen and Gusenleitner, 1970; Archer, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoBright and Skidmore, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (moth, wood leopard) Present CIE, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Native Coad, 1995; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmatitlania nigrofasciata (convict cichlid) Present, few occurrences Introduced Esmaeili et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced Coad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAquila chrysaetos (Golden eagle) Widespread Native NoFerguson-Lees and Christie, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoBorghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Widespread Native
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Localised Native NoFirouz, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClupeonella cultriventris (Black Sea kilka) Widespread Native NoWhitehead, 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Localised Native Ryall, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Shireman and Smith, 1983; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Widespread Introduced NoFAO, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Present Native Sibley and Monroe, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse) Localised Introduced Grubb, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesMotabar, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe) Present Native NoCoad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemiculter leucisculus (common sawbelly) Widespread Introduced YesHolcík and Razavi, 1992; Coad, 1995; Abbasi, 2005; Patimar and Kiabi, 2005; Patimar et al., 2008; Esmaeili et al., 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes javanicus (small Indian mongoose) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis macrochirus (bluegill) Localised Introduced Coad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Localised Native NoHoffman and Smith, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present Native Coad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Coad, 1996; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Localised Native Pinchuk et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Coad, 1996; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Localised NoZarringhabaie et al., 2012; Clements et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Sommer, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced Coad, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Introduced Butler, 2003; Lever, 2005; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Coad, 1995; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Coad, 1996; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Native Coad, 1996; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Coad, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present Native NoBogutskaya, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced Coad, 1995; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoKonig and Weick, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut) Present Shiganova et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaKrynickillus melanocephalus Present Korol and Korniushin, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Localised Native Mousson, 1863; Starmühlner, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoDoroudi, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode) Present Bamdadian, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present Deimi et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Present Kheiri, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present Abivardi and Sharafeh, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2009; Karani and Karegar, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; Gitty and Maafi, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Present Maafi et al., 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present Maafi et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Taylor et al., 1982; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Maafi and Mahdavian, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Gharabadiyan et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present Abivardi & Sharafeh, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Bahmani et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Widespread Abivardi and Sharafeh, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Behdani et al., 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present Pourjam et al., 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread Abivardi et al., 1970; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Rashidifard et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present Mojtahedi et al., 1980; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced YesMokhayer, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Sohrabipour and Rabiei, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced YesKhoshravesh et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Sohrabipour and Rabii, 1999; Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Sohrabipour and Rabii, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Sohrabipour and Rabii, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Absent, formerly present Faseli, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced Dommergues et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native Rhoads and Block , 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea setacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Present, few occurrences Native NoSlageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Native NoRechinger, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Luna, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn) Present Native NoILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native Yaltirik, 1967; Boratynski, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Native GBIF, 2008; Mirkamali, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea armeniaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum argenteum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum hirsutum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplex Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1979; Aellen, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Widespread Bischof, 1978; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis austriaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera intermedia (interrupted windgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe) Present Mousavi, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoRechinger, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Nematollahi et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower) Present Introduced YesBabaie et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus crenatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus glycyphylloides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstrodaucus orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex dimorphostegia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush) Present Introduced Sanadgol, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Localised GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena clauda Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena eriantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present Native Beer et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Native Akhani and Khoshravesh, 2013; Komarov et al., 1970; Scott, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radians Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella didyma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Native NoCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Present Native NoBor, 1970.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus brachystachys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus briziformis (rattlesnake brome) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus racemosus (bald brome) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Naderi and Rahiminejad, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native Maire, 1955; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Native NoKostivkovsky and Young, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Native Rechinger, 1968; Hultén and Fries, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina laxa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina rumelica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lactiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present Native YesPitcher and Russo, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarthamus glaucus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced Lock and Simpson, 1991; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea depressa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea diffusa (diffuse knapweed) Present Introduced YesRechinger, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Present Native NoRechinger, 1963; Parsa, 1978; Khaniki, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala Present Native NoShoeb et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Introduced YesRechinger, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea virgata (squarrose knapweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native WHO, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Moore and Frankton, 1974; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis orientalis (oriental virginsbower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Present Native Rechinger, 1992; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColutea orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; Gharabadiyan et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Fatehi et al., 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster hissaricus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster insignis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus biflorus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus speciosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Native ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper) Present Native Kupicha, 1975; Rechinger, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis aculeata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress) Present Native Govaerts, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphitica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum glochidiatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Present Native Dastgheib and Beigi, 1988; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2014; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Widespread Introduced Peterson & Prasad, 1998; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus laciniatus (cutleaf teasel) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elaterium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced Fatemi, 1979; Holm et al., 1991; Jafari and Moussavi, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Present Introduced NoSiddiqi, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremopoa persica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum cuspidatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguieriana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Hübl and Holzner, 1982; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Native eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana septemfida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed) Present Native Rechinger, 1987; Jahodová et al., 2007; Fröberg, 2010; Ahmad, 2013; Rijal et al., 2014; GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Mirkamali, 1979; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Cook and Lüönd, 1982; EPPO, 2014; Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranae Present Native USDA-GRIN, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of Pakistan, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus pusillus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Pahlevani and Sajedi, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present Introduced NoMoazzeni and Zarre, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKochia indica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tatarica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLallemantia iberica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus incurvus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Waterhouse, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Restricted distribution Native YesBoluri, 1977; Ghadiri, 1994; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Haidari, 1975; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Mal et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola longipetala Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago fischeriana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orthoceras Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (Yellow sweet clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Native NoFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed) Restricted distribution Sharifi, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009; Lim, 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Native Holm et al., 1991; Filizadeh, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNoaea mucronata (thorny saltwort) Widespread Native YesKoocheki and Mohalati, 1994; Meybodi and Arzani, 2005; Mirghaffari, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea lutea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive) Present Introduced International Olive Council, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galli Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis crista-galli Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Rechinger, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass) Present Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Parker and Wilson, 1986; Teimoury et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present ter Borg, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche purpurea Present Yousefi et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Native Parker and Wilson, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemone Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced Lock and Simpson, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present Introduced GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum flaccidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia prolifera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifraga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella saxifraga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Mirkamaly Maddah, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native ISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Mosaferi et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Zehzad and Azimzadeh, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon fugax Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla multifida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatior Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced Pasiecznik et al., 2001; Pasiecznik et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (Scarlet firethorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Holm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhagadiolus stellatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoemeria refracta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Zarandi et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex vesicarius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclarea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia spinosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia scopolii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Native Luneva, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSerratula quinquefolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Lock and Simpson, 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Tselev, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotoma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmilax excelsa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present Gharabadiyan et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Holm et al., 1977; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia marina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphaerophysa salsula (swainsonpea) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpinacia turkestanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys cretica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria graminea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipagrostis pungens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye) Present Native Frederiksen, 1986; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Widespread Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix chinensis (five-stamen tamarisk) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix ramosissima (saltcedar) Widespread Native NoBaum, 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Present Introduced Hosseini et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium polium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachomitum venetum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium echinatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium medium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella calliceras Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella stellata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum polonicum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa agenensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa clusiana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Bischof, 1971; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native Karami et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Present Rad and Scholz, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Mohammad et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Hamzeh'ee et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Native NoISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica biloba (twolobe speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica polita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllos Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia assyriaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybrida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia lutea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Native Roskov et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced YesMirshekari and Siyami, 2013; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube) Present Orwa et al., 2009; USDA_ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulata Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria hirci Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; Bananej et al., 2007.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Present Mahlooji and Makoui, 1990.
Virusbluetongue virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscamelpox virus Present Baxby, 1972.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virus Present EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Kaiser et al., 1968; Kaiser and Mossahebi, 1975; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus Present Bente et al., 2013.
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virus Present Rahimian and Izadpanah, 1977; Rahimian and Izadpanah, 1978; Moradi and Jafarpour, 2011; Nematollahi et al., 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virus Present Keshavarz and Izadpanah, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virus Present Makkouk et al., 2002.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Habili et al., 2003; Roomi et al., 2006.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present Introduced Shahraeen and Ghotbi, 2003; Ghotbi et al., 2005; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Izadpanah, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Pourrahim et al., 2003.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Present Introduced NoCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2014; Arezou et al., 2008; EPPO, 2018.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Restricted distribution Native Lefeuvre et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak) Present Native Foulad and Izadpanah, 1986; Stenger et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Reported present or known to be present Hashemi-Fesharki, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Present OIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971); OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Present Sasani et al., 1998.
Aujeszky's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Al-Sheikhly and Mutalib, 1979.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Present Asasi et al., 2008.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
avian intestinal spirochaetosis Present Zarabi et al., 2014.
avian leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian nephritis Present Aghakhan et al., 1994.
avian trichomoniasis Present Bozorgmehri-Fard and Moeinvaziri, 1985.
avian tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Present OIE, 2009; Hashemi, 1991; Tavasou and Rahbari, 1998.
blackleg No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced YesMokhayer, 1976.
botulism Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Present Afshar, 1969.
bovine anaplasmosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present FAO, et al., 1970; Hazrati et al., 1975.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Bazargani et al., 2010.
bovine papular stomatitis Present Dezfuli et al., 1997.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Present Ezzi et al., 2013; Farzinpour et al., 2014.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Sakhaee et al., 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present OIE, 2009; Hadad and Jamalludeen, 1992.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available Dance, 1991; Ellis and Titball, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Present Baxby, 1972.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported Keyvanfar and Ghadimi, 1995; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
chicken anaemia Present Aghakhan et al., 1994.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesHall et al., 2001; Hall et al., 2009; Wardhana et al., 2012b.
Chytridiomycosis Disease not reported Ouellet et al., 2005.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Present OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Bente et al., 2013.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Dalimi et al., 2001; Banai et al., 2002; Naghibi and Vahedi, 2002; Talari et al., 2002; Nouri and Khalaji, 2003.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Echinococcus multilocularis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
enteric redmouth disease Present Soltani et al., 1999.
enzootic abortion of ewes Present OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Tadayon et al., 1980.
European foulbrood Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater No information available OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Fallahi et al., 2003.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pneumonia Present Azizi et al., 2013.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Widespread Mohebali, 2013; OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Sasani et al., 2002.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Present Bergonier and Poumarat, 1996.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infection Present Banani et al., 2000.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Talatchian, 1965; Muhammed and Ivoghli, 1983.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease not reported Naghshineh and Sohrabi, 1972; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Native Kovacova et al., 1996; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Widespread Morshedi, 1998; Keyvanfar et al., 2001.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Present OIE, 2009; Fernandez, 1991; OIE, 1999.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Khan-Nazer and Niyakan, 1995.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Samadieh and Shakeri, 1976.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Ale-Agha et al., 1988; Aslani et al., 1998.
Theileria annulata infections Present Rafyi and Maghami, 1962; Arshadi, 1976; Hooshmand-Rad, 1977; Hashemi-Fesharki, 1998; OIE, 1998.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Uilenberg and Hashemi-Fesharki, 1984; Uilenberg et al., 1985.
theileriosis Present OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Seifi, 1995.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE(1997); OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Present Esmaeili et al., 2014; OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Ureaplasma infections Present Sassani and Vand, 1997.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009; Crane, 1979; Rahmani et al., 2006.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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