Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

India

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Datasheet

India

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • India
  • General data
  • Region: South Asia
  • Area (km2): 328,800
  • Climates: Boreal, Dry, Subtropical, Tropical
  • Capital: New Delhi
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 1,124,786,997
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$950
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$1,071,025,291,264
  • GDP: US$1,176,890,245,120
  • Agriculture, value added: US$194,993,176,576

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Schneider et al., 1993; Baiswar et al., 2010; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma) Present
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Singh and Garg, 2000; Rana et al., 2012.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutespeach yellows phytoplasma (peach yellows) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Absent, unreliable record Seemüller, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginale Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma ovis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening) Restricted distribution
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola (bacterial leaf streak of rice) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines) Absent, unreliable record Jindal and Sharma, 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Widespread Native Butler, 1907; UK CAB International, 1988; Jensen et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora vignae (Phytophthora stem rot of cowpea) Restricted distribution Nirwan & Upadhyaya, 1972.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; RAO, 1966.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria triticina (leaf blight of wheat) Present Native NoPrasada and Prabhu, 1962.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Basandrai et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Restricted distribution Ramakrishnan & Radhakrishna, 1963; Kaushik and Toky, 1992; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBogo and Mantle, 1999; CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present Native NoGreathead pers. comm; CABI/EPPO, 2006.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Restricted distribution Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella indica (wilt of pigeon pea) Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Restricted distribution Das et al., 2018; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHarpophora maydis (late wilt of maize) Present Payak et al., 1970.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Present
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant) Present Mathur, 1979; CABI/EPPO , 2008.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Reddy et al., 1976; Sutton, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present CMI, 1984; Anon, 1963; Mathur and Neergaard, 1970.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAustropuccinia psidii (myrtle rust) Absent, unreliable record Upadhyay and Bordoloi, 1975, publ. 1976; Walker, 1983; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Restricted distribution Anon., 1961; Arthur and Cummins, 1933; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion insulare Restricted distribution Ivory, 1987.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora euvitis (grape rust fungus) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Restricted distribution Ramakrishnan and Sundaram, 1954; Sarbhoy et al., 1972; Maiti et al., 1981; Kumar and Verma, 1985; Satish et al., 1987; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution Dheepa et al., 2015; Sriram et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust) Present Ryan and Egan, 1989; Magarey, 2000; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaSporisorium sacchari (Asian sugarcane smut) Present Mundkur and Thirumalachar, 1952.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia indica (Karnal bunt of wheat) Widespread IMI, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; IMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges tsugae (hemlock woolly adelgid) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAeolesthes sarta (city longhorn beetle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale) Present Rose, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale) Present CIE, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Restricted distribution Introduced Sankaran et al., 1984; APPPC, 1987; Williams and Williams, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present Greathead and Greathead, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present CIE, 1986; Lokeshwari et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp) Present Native YesVan Stappen, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera carambolae (carambola fruit fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera caryeae Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera correcta (guava fruit fly) Widespread White and Elson-Harris, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Widespread Native YesCABI/EPPO, 2003; Dhillon et al., 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Widespread YesCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera latifrons (Solanum fruit fly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera minax (Chinese citrus fly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly) Restricted distribution Kapoor, 1993; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera tau Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera zonata (peach fruit fly) Widespread Native CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Absent, invalid record CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid) Present CIE, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014; Cherian, 1938.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid) Widespread Haines, 1981; Khandwe et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Vir and Jindal, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Absent, unreliable record NoAlcock, 1899.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCharybdis hellerii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer) Widespread Native YesCIE, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale) Present EPPO, 2014; Kore and Thite, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale) Widespread CIE, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm) Present Native YesJames, 1947; Norris and Murray, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present Native Kajita et al., 2012; Dobzhansky, 1933.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesBarraud, 1934.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Absent, unreliable record Hampson, 1896; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtzi Present Native NoKanaujia, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Native NoSandhu, 1975; Kumar et al., 1985.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug) Present García et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth) Present Mahla, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota torus (banana skipper) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruens Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer) Present CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present Kaydan and Gullan, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014; Kaomud and Tyagi Vikas Kumar(2015).
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Widespread IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Bhatti, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976; Nagarkatti and Sankaran, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA)) Present Merrill, 1953; Devnath, 1985; Devnath, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid) Present Veeresh, 1990; FAO, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Ramaiah and Krishnamurthy Bhat, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdioscopus nitidulus (mango leafhopper) Present Viraktamath, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoNaresh and Malik, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Present CABI/EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp) Localised Introduced NoRosenberry , 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug) Widespread Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present Introduced APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Widespread Ghosh, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapilio demoleus (chequered swallowtail) Widespread Talbot, 1939; APPPC, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present YesSuresh et al., 2010; Muniappan, 2009a; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Present de Freina, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011; Lokeshwari et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Ramakrishna Ayyar, 1921; Varshney, 1985; Shafee et al., 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Localised Introduced YesTanwar et al., 2007; Ghulam et al., 2009; Nagrare et al., 2009; Prishanthini and Vinobaba, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present Muthukumar et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Widespread Krishnamoorthy and Mani, 1994; Mani, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Widespread CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPopillia japonica (Japanese beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Absent, intercepted only IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite) Present CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; Williams, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Widespread Sinha and Sinha, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Widespread EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedon aenescens (snail-killing fly) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer) Restricted distribution Native NoCIE, 1968; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Present Mound and Halsey, 1978; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present NHM London UK, 1905.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Widespread Champ and Dyte, 1977; Ramashrit and Mishra, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant) Present Introduced George and Narendran, 1987; Lakshmikantha et al., 2001; ISSG, 2009; EPPO, 2014; Lokeshwari et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper) Present Native NoAhmed and Mahmood, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Restricted distribution Introduced ICAR-NBAIR, 2018; EPPO, 2018; Sharanabasappa et al., 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Widespread YesIIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Widespread Rutherford, 1914; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Wetterer, 2009; Lokeshwari et al., 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Present Rajulu and Gowri, 1988; CABI and EPPO, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Present Native Misra, 1924; Srivastava et al., 1972; Mound and Halsey, 1978; Martin et al., 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Byrne et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Present Native Banks and, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelaps Present Padhi and Rath, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution Introduced Sridhar et al., 2014; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) No information available OIE, 2009; Phadke et al., 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa jacobsoni (Varroa mite) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian Hornet) Present Native EPPO, 2007; Archer, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella nervata Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Native NoUK CAB International, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus discolor Present Native NoBeeson, 1930; Beeson, 1961; Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres fuscus (jungle myna) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprion Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native NoCockrill, 1977; Borghese, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCallosciurus erythraeus (Pallas's squirrel) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel) Widespread Native
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCettia diphone (Japanese bush-warbler) Present Native NoClement and Juana, 2013; Clements et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChanna marulius (bullseye snakehead) Present Native Courtenay and Williams, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Introduced YesShaji et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Widespread Native Ali and Ripley, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Shireman and Smith, 1983; Shetty et al., 1989; FAO, 1997; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Widespread Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercus Widespread Native NoGrimmett et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDuttaphrynus melanostictus (Asian common toad) Present Native Dijk et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEpinephelus lanceolatus (giant grouper) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesDas and Rampal, 1966; Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko) Widespread Native NoThe Reptile Database, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose) Present Native IUCN, 2016; Prater, 1965; Corbett and Hill, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; FishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced NoCsavas , 1995; Molar and Walker, 1998; Singh and Lakra, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper) Widespread Native NoKapoor et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacaca fascicularis (crab-eating macaque) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamiger Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach) Present Native Kapoor and et al. , 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMonopterus albus (Asian swamp eel) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Shetty et al., 1989; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Widespread Introduced FAO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish) Present Native NoKumaraguru and Rajkumar, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul) Widespread Native BirdLife International, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPython molurus bivittatus (Burmese python) Localised Native Wall, 1912; Whitaker, 1993; Das, 1996; Whitaker and Captain, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native Nazar et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus exulans (Pacific rat) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Introduced, not established DIAS, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Introduced FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrichopodus trichopterus (three spot gourami) Present Introduced
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Widespread Native NoKonig and Weick, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus hellerii Present
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus maculatus (southern platyfish) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish) Present YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Widespread Introduced YesMead, 1961; Raut and Ghose, 1984; Srivastava et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalis Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania) Widespread Native Brot, 1860; Pilsbry-Bequaert, 1927.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel) Present
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel) Present Native DFAS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Native NoPoutiers, 1998a.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Ranamukhaarachchi and Wickramasinghe, 2006; Wu and Xie, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Native NoQi ZhongYan, 1998; Zhuang, 1964.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode) Widespread Christie, 1959; CABI/EPPO, 2002; Khan et al., 2015; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Widespread Prasad et al., 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Present Ahmad, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Restricted distribution Gill and Sharma, 1979; Gill, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus angustus (rice stem nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Absent, unreliable record Hooper, 1972; Maqbool, 1991; Sturhan and Brzeski, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesPrasad, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesPrasad, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Mukherjee & Dasgupta,1983; Sher,1966; Siddiqi,1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera cajani (pigeon pea cyst nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present Wadjid-Khan et al., 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne graminicola (rice root knot nematode) Restricted distribution Rao et al 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Goyal et al., 1976; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Nadakal and Thomas, 1967; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native UNEP, 2004; Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce) Present Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Parimal and Kushari, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Present
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern) Widespread Native YesHolttum, 1976; Shridhar and Varadaraju, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Absent, invalid record Blatter and D'Almeida, 1922.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium japonicum (Japanese climbing fern) Present Native Beddome, 1892; Garrison Hanks, 1998; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMacrothelypteris torresiana (swordfern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaMarsilea minuta (pepperwort) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Widespread YesCook, 1976; Thomas, 1976; Jayanth and Singh, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern) Present Native Chandra et al., 2008; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spicifera Present Native Sahoo et al., 2001; Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp. Present Mairh et al., 1995; Muñoz and Sahoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicornia Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Sahoo et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native Silva et al., 1996; Sahoo et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycus Localised Introduced Mairh et al., 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Present Introduced Silva et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow) Present Native Achigan-Dako, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow) Present Native Rajwar, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Absent, formerly present Native NoWood, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; India Biodiversity, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia colei Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present Sharma and Florence, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier) Present Introduced YesMathew, 1965.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle) Present Introduced CSIRO, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Widespread Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (black thorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native YesHolm and et al. , 1979; Cronk and Fuller , 1995; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (Port Jackson wattle) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced Binggeli , 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes japonica (Japanese chaff flower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Restricted distribution Sharma and Das, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; Trounce and Dyason, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1979; IRRI, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced Sharma, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced Noltie, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Singh et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Native Troup and Joshi, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris) Present Native Gupta, 1993; ICFRE, 1995; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree) Present Native Oyen, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlhagi maurorum (camelthorn) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Häfliger and Scholz, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Native Clayton et al., 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera paronychioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Datta and Biswas, 1979; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover) Present Native Duke, 1981; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1979; Madhusoodanan and Nazeer, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus caudatus (Love-lies-bleeding) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced NoTownsend, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Present Introduced Kumar et al., 2014; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Hooker, 1885.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart) Present Introduced Morton, 1987; Hanelt et al., 2001; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium minutissimum (Himalayan dwarf mistletoe) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry) Present Native Niu et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia elliptica (shoebutton ardisia) Localised Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present Native Galani et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoShukla, 1996; eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Present Sood et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native Flora of China, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced Ragone, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed) Restricted distribution Singh et al., 1995; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Native ISSG, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Present Sabale, 1985; Mustafee, 1989; Saraswat and Rabha, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Present Native Singh, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus compressus (carpet grass) Present Paresh and Misra, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifolius Present Introduced Bor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Widespread Native Parker, 1956; Champion et al., 1965; Stoney , 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Introduced Booth and Wickens, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa bambos (giant thorny bamboo) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet) Present Native India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Present Moody, 1989; Singh et al., 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Restricted distribution Verdcourt, 1976; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem) Present Native NoCook et al., 2005; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Widespread Native NoShouliang and Phillips, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoHammer et al., 2013; Biodiversity India, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromelia pinguin (wild pineapple) Present Introduced No
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Restricted distribution Native NoBor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Restricted distribution Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja asiatica (dog tail) Present Native Li and Leeuwenberg, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesSastry and Kavathekar, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Introduced Rashmi Singh et al., 1999; Reshi et al., 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced Kondas, 1983; Pinyopusarerk, 1996; Binggeli, 1997; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentratherum punctatum (lark daisy) Present Introduced Flann, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratocephala testiculata (bur buttercup) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Present Kew Herbarium, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine) Present only in captivity/cultivation Deb, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot) Widespread Bhattacharyya and Pandya, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Widespread Introduced YesGautier, 1992b.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinchona pubescens (quinine tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum burmanni (padang cassia) Present Native NoFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Native FAO, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Balyan et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Introduced YesChandra-Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum bungei (rose glorybower) Present Native Flora Mesoamericana, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban) Present Wearn and Mabberley, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse) Present Introduced YesWester and Wood, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016; ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Ciba, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCopaifera officinalis (copaiba balsam) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant) Smithsonian, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass) Present Native eMonocot, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine) Present Introduced McFadyen and Harvey, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupaniopsis anacardioides (carrotwood) Present Nawa Bahar, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed) Present Introduced YesNaithani and Bennet, 1990; Randhawa et al., 2006; Kosaka et al., 2010; Deka and Sarma, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather) Restricted distribution Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Grierson and Long, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Widespread Clarke, 1894; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Widespread Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Widespread Native NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced Khuroo et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979; Reddy, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Mehrotra et al., 1988; ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo) Present Native Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass) Present Introduced CTAHR, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Widespread Native Shukla, 1996; Singh and Deshpande, 1978; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass) Present Introduced Moorthy and Das, 1992; Saikia and Sarma, 1993; Nedunzhiyan et al., 1996; Saikia and Sarma, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDombeya wallichii (pink ball) Present Introduced NoE-Flora of India, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Kapoor and Ramakrishnan, 1975; Arora et al., 1976; Tadulingam and Venkatanarayana, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Widespread Moody, 1989; Holm et al., 1991; Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Localised Introduced Bor, 1960.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia azurea (anchored water hyacinth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced YesGopal, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive) Localised Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Restricted distribution Kern, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Q-bank, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Restricted distribution Sapru and Raina, 1985; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex australis (Doublegee) Present Introduced Steinheil, 1838.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present IRRI, 1989; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis lehmanniana (Lehmann lovegrass) Present Introduced NoBOR, 1960; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced Hussain, 2002; Rejmanek and Richardson, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced Morton, 1987; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus fortunei (wintercreeper) Present Native NoFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Restricted distribution Kalia and Singh, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lactea (mottled spurge) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Native eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig) Present Native Quattrocchi, 2012; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Pelser et al., 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present Native Wiersema and León, 1999; Quattrocchi, 2012; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree) Present Native Rojo et al., 1999; Starr et al., 2003; Orwa et al., 2009; Flora of Pakistan, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present Hanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus uhdei (tropical ash) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Widespread Neogi and Rao, 1980; Nankar et al., 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced YesSekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak) Present Introduced Mayne , 1947; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present Native WCSP, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008; USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Introduced Kalbag, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Rao and Ramayya, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Restricted distribution Native Pieterse, 1981; Cook and Lüönd, 1982; Buckingham and Bennett, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam) Present Native Reddy, 2008; Chandra Sekar, 2012; India Biodiversity Portal, 2018; USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Restricted distribution Native NoBeerling and Perrins, 1993; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita subsp. scabra (Asian Indigo) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Widespread Native PIER, 2003; Subramanyam, 1962; Raju and Reddy, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory) Present Introduced YesChandra Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory) Present Gunn and Ritchie, 1982; Deva and Naithani, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Native Gilliland et al., 1971; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame) Present Native NoFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2015; India Biodiversity Portal, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Native Green, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Widespread Introduced Caius, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Introduced Chopra et al., 1956; Chadhokar, 1978; Chatterjee et al., 1980; Prasad et al., 1993; Parrotta, 2001; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Wu et al., 2000; Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells) Present Introduced Boiteau and Allorge-Boiteau, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle) Present Native Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Present Introduced YesBurkill, 1935.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Gopal, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick) Present Introduced YesReddy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa chinensis (Chinese sprangletop) Restricted distribution Ohwi, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesGhate, 1991; Binggeli, 1997; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum robustum subsp. walkeri (Sri Lankan privet) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Moody, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass) Present Native Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; Chowdhry and Wadhwa, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012; Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Restricted distribution Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Encyclopedia of Life, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Wangerin and Schr÷ter, 1937.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacaranga tanarius (parasol leaf tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro) Present Introduced YesChandra Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present eFloras, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMartynia annua (tiger's claw) Present Introduced YesReddy, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Introduced NoMoody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree) Present Introduced World Agroforetry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Native Troup and Joshi, 1981; World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Shukla, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Introduced YesReddy, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia cissoides (roadside woodrose) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Staples, 2010; Van Ooststroom and Hoogland, 1953; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Present Introduced Pietschmann et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass) Absent, unreliable record Clayton et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrostegium vimineum (Nepalese browntop) Present Native NoFlora of China Editorial Committee, 2012; ISSG, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Restricted distribution Introduced YesChoudhury, 1972; Muniappan and Viraktamath, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandens Absent, unreliable record Introduced YesSingh et al., 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Restricted distribution Introduced Holm et al., 1977; Thomas and Shantaram, 1984; Waterhouse and Norris, 1987; Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Restricted distribution Introduced Lonsdale et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Native Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1997; Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria vaginalis (pickerel weed) Widespread Kaul, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass) Present Native Kumar, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry) Present Native Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Native Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; Lim, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present eFloras, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native Rabinarayan et al., 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeyraudia reynaudiana (burma reed) Present Native Hooker, 1897.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana plumbaginifolia (Tex-Mex tobacco) Present Introduced YesSudhakar Reddy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Widespread Introduced Candolle Ade, 1885; Jin et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus) Present Introduced Flowers of India, 2017; Donkin, 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNypa fruticans (nipa palm) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema cuspidatum (Cardinal’s guard) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema nitidum (shrubby toothedthread) Absent, invalid record Introduced Ramakrishnan and Subramanian, 1961.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present, few occurrences Parsons and Cuthbertson, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia elatior (red-flower prickly pear) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear) Present Introduced YesUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear) Present Introduced YesMiddleton, 1999; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza rufipogon (wild rice) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Introduced YesDangwal et al., 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaederia foetida (skunkvine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Restricted distribution NoHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Widespread Introduced ILDIS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Present Introduced Häfliger and Scholz, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Restricted distribution Native YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass) Present Introduced Hanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Localised Native Bor, 1960; IRRI, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Widespread Native NoPadhye and Deshpande, 1960; Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora ligularis (sweet granadilla) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present Introduced NoVerma et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Bor, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Restricted distribution Native YesHeper, 1972; Poilecot, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Widespread Introduced YesReed, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria chinensis (Chinese knotweed) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria perfoliata (mile-a-minute weed) Present Native eFloras, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria punctata (dotted smartweed) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed) Present Introduced Alegre and Clavo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Holm et al., 1991; Botanical Survey of India, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Rydberg, 1896; Reddy et al., 1999; Raju et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Widespread Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present Introduced Parthasarathy et al., 2008; FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced FAO, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine) Present Introduced Singh and Khan, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced Troup and Joshi, 1983; Parrotta, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood) Present Introduced Cooper, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979; Sen and Kasera, 1988; Sharma et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage) Present Lukhoba et al., 2006; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus) Present CANBR, 2014; Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native ISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Widespread Tadulingam et al., 1955; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Sefaur and Mukherjee, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Localised Introduced NoRamesh and Khurana, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Native GBIF, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Widespread Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis pallida (mesquite) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present Introduced Morton, 1987; Diong, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002; FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReutealis trisperma (Philippine tung) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhaponticum repens (Russian knapweed) Widespread Introduced YesMaddox et al., 1985; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present only in captivity/cultivation Native Hanelt et al., 2001; Flora of Pakistan, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Native Christopher et al., 1989; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm) Present Introduced NoIPK, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus niveus (Mysore raspberry) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus racemosus (black raspberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Pangtey et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced Klimes and Kapahi, 1990.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola paulsenii (barbwire Russian thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced Troup and Joshi, 1983; ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Introduced Banerjee, 1956.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia parvibracteata (sanchezia) Present Introduced India Biodiversity, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein) Present Introduced Flora of India, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSapium sebiferum (Chinese tallow tree) Present Introduced Bruce and et al. , 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree) Present Introduced Flowers of India, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Komarov et al., 1961; Kakrani and Kalyani, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced Smithsonian Museum of Natural History, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Widespread Introduced Holm et al., 1979; IRRI, 1989; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced Kumar and Sane, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Native Ipor and Oyen, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Widespread Native NoKhare, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced YesChaudhary, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals) Present Introduced India Biodiversity Portal, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle) Present Zutshi and Kaul, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; Boyd et al., 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum erianthum (potato tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade) Present Introduced MADHAVADIAN, 1968; Deb, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree) Restricted distribution Introduced YesRoe, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Present Introduced Som Deva, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple) Present GISIN, 2008; Singh et al., 2012; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Nasir et al., 1972; Grieson, 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Introduced Rangaiah et al., 2004, publ. 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Jaiswal, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced Biodiversity India, 2016; Flowers of India, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed) Present Introduced Naturalis, 2016; Quattrocchi, 2006; JSTOR Global Plants, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail) Present Introduced Devi and Singh, 2005; Moldenke, 1980; Rajendran and Daniel, 1992; Reddy, 2008; Reddy et al., 2008; Sekar, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Unconfirmed record Biodiversity India, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSterculia foetida (Java olive) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga densiflora (witchweed) Widespread Cooke, 1905; Parker and Riches, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Widespread Native NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; Flowers of India, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel) Widespread Native Brandis et al., 1924; Gamble, 1921.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Holm et al., 1997; Kumar and Lall, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells) Widespread Introduced YesSeeman, 1863.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present CAB Abstracts.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2015; ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady) Present Native Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Tithonia) Widespread Introduced Blake, 1921.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon) Present Hua and Edmonds, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToxicodendron succedaneum (wax tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut) Present Native YesISSG, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly) Present Introduced YesReddy, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Moody, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Widespread Native Chakraborty, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Das, 1991; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena sinuata (bur mallow) Present Native Maiti, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass) Present Native NoJSTOR, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass) Restricted distribution Native USDA-ARS, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibba Present Native NoZhenyu and Cheek, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Native NoISSG, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present Introduced Baburaj et al., 1994. CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube) Present Orwa et al., 2009; USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Present, few occurrences Godhe et al., 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Localised Godhe et al., 1996.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006; Ishtiaq et al., 2007; Marzal et al., 2011.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulata Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Mathur et al., 1972; Pandey and Mallick, 1974.
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana) Restricted distribution YesCABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Restricted distribution CMI, 1969; Tandon et al., 1990; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscamelpox virus Present Chauhan and Kaushik, 1987.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Widespread CABI and EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Present Mali and Kulthe, 1980a; Mali et al., 1988; Mali et al., 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virus Present Nariani et al., 1977; Verma and Verma, 1979; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGoatpox virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusIndian citrus ringspot virus Widespread Ahlawat, 1997a; Ahlawat, 1997b; Pant and Ahlawat, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; Kumar and Rawal, 1999; Pawan and Poonam, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize) Present Paliwal and Raychaudhuri, 1966; Paliwal et al., 1968; Rishi and Ram, 1976; Singh, 1983; Rao et al., 1998a; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusNewcastle disease virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPapaya ringspot virus Present Capoor and Varma, 1948; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
VirusPlantago asiatica mosaic virus Present
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Restricted distribution Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Present, few occurrences He et al., 1987; Owens et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2018.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato) Present Kumar et al., 1991; Jain et al., 1993; Jeeva et al., 2004a.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusWhite spot syndrome virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Present EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Mohan and Pathak, 1967; Miranpuri, 1988; Chitravel et al., 1998; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971); Nair, 1997; OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread Oberoi et al., 1996; Maiti and Sarkar, 1997a; Maiti and Sarkar, 1997b.
avian chlamydiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Present Jana et al., 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Present OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infections Present
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian trichomoniasis Present Bhattacharya et al., 1997.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Pandey and Mallick, 1974; Mathur et al., 1972.
babesiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present Singh and Roychoudhury, 1982; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine ephemeral fever Present Sen, 1931; FAO, et al., 1970; Prasad et al., 1997.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine immunodeficiency virus infection Present Bhatia et al., 2008.
bovine papillomatosis Present Pattanayak and Nayak, 1972; Prasad et al., 1980; Bhowmik and Nandi, 1986; Wadhwa et al., 1996.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Localised Singh, 1991.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Present
bovine viral diarrhoea No information available OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009; Katoch et al., 1996.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) No information available OIE, 2009.
buffalopox Present Lal and Singh, 1977.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Das and Paranjape, 1986; Dance, 1991.
camel pox Present Chauhan and Kaushik, 1987.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cercarial dermatitis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
chicken anaemia Present Bhatt et al., 2011.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Gupta et al., 1976.
Chrysomya bezziana infestation Present Native YesJames, 1947; Norris and Murray, 1964.
Chytridiomycosis Present
classical swine fever Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Clostridium novyi infections Widespread Ramachandran and Harbola, 1997.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Lefèvre, 1991; Laak, 1992.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Present Patel et al., 2011.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Pande et al., 1972; Mathan et al., 1985; Pal et al., 1989; Pal, 1991; Morgan et al., 2000b; Sehgal et al., 2001; Kava et al., 2002; Kumar et al., 2002; Nighot et al., 2002; Clark et al., 2003; Shalani et al., 2003.
cysticercosis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Present
Digenean infections of fish Present Madhavi, 1979; Madhavi and Rukmini, 1991; Madhavi and Rukmini, 1992; Mohan et al., 1999.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Sandhu and Leibovitz, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Rao and Gupta, 1967.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Echinococcus multilocularis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection) Present Koshi and Lalitha , 1976.
encephalomyocarditis Present Tesh and Wallace, 1977.
enzootic abortion of ewes Absent, reported but not confirmed OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Alstad and Pearson, 1995.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Present OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Kapur et al., 1982; Tripathi and Soni, 1984; Arora et al., 1986; Sanjiv et al., 1996; Pal et al., 1999.
European foulbrood Present Singh and Garg, 2000; OIE, 2009; Rana et al., 2012.
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtles Present Silas et al., 1984.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Mathur et al., 1972; Pandey and Mallick, 1974; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
gangrenous cholecystitis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
giardiasis Present Padmavathi et al., 1978.
glanders Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Arankalle et al., 2003; Kulkarni and Arankalle, 2008.
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fish Present Singhal et al., 1986; Shanavas et al., 1989; Shanavas, 1991.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infection with Perkinsus olseni Present Sanil et al., 2010.
infectious bovine keratoconjunctivitis Widespread Bedford, 1992.
infectious bursal disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; van den Berg, 2000.
infectious coryza Present Anjaneya, et al., 2014.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009; Office International des Epizooties, 2004.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 1997.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Daniels et al., 2002.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced pneumonia Present Kaushik and Kalra, 1983; Lehreena, et al., 2010.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
leucocytozoonosis Present Samaddar et al., 1978.
listeriosis Gugnani, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Rajesh et al., 2000.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009; Konsam et al., 1989; Sikdar and Uppal, 1996.
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infections Present Kumar et al., 1992.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Widespread Kumar et al., 1992.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Widespread Garg et al., 1999.
Mycoplasma iowae infections Present Prasad and Kumar, 1975.
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infections Widespread Nayak and Bhowmik, 1990.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Alexander, 1997.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
nocardiosis of fish Present Chakrabarty and Dastidar, 1991.
oomycete infections in fish Present Srivastava , 1980; Toor and et al. , 1983; Jha and et al. , 1984; Krishna and et al. , 1990; Singhal et al., 1990; Sati , 1991; Khulbe, 1992; Mohanta and Patra , 1992; Das and Das , 1993; Srivastava and et al. , 1994.
paratuberculosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Datta, 1934; Juneja et al., 1991.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present
peste des petits ruminants Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006; Ishtiaq et al., 2007; Marzal et al., 2011.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported Damodaran, 1960; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Widespread Native Malik and Yadav, 2002; Malik and Vaidya, 2005; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Kandavel et al., 1989; Singh et al., 1999.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
reticuloendotheliosis Present Swain et al., 1997.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Moitra, 1972; Rao et al., 1982; Rahman and Baxi, 1983a; Rahman and Baxi, 1983b; Wani et al., 2003.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Present Murthy et al., 1981; Sarma et al., 1985.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Present Malik et al., 1995; Gulati et al., 1999; Varshney et al., 2002.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
sickle cell anaemia Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Mishra et al., 1996; Muhammad et al., 1997; Umakanthan, 1997.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Present Singh et al., 1994.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Lakshmanachar and Raja, 1992; Rajesh et al., 2001.
surra Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Present Singh et al., 1978; Das and Mallick, 1981.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Utpal et al., 1997; Bhikane and Kulkarni, 1998.
Theileria annulata infections Present OIE, 1998.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Shastri et al., 1985.
theileriosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
tick-borne fever Present Raghavachari and Reddy, 1959.
torovirus infections Present Koopmans and Horzinek, 1994.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Present Padhi and Rath, 2012; OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis in freshwater fish Present Qadri, 1962.
tuberculosis Thoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Ureaplasma infections Present Kapoor and Garg, 1989.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009; Phadke et al., 1966.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009; Hayes, 1989.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
white tail disease Present Hameed et al., 2004.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 600000 F 569600 427680 604281 565415
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 435000 F 419600 212880 397286 396517
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 7250 Fc 7366.57 Fc 4977.55 Fc 6574.52 Fc 7012.85 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 289100 282900 274000 264000 252000
Apples Production Quantity 2891000 1777200 1985000 2001000 1624000
Apples Yield 100000 Fc 62820.8 Fc 72445.3 Fc 75795.4 Fc 64444.4 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 4886 Im 4965 Im 4800 Im 4587 Im 4411 Im
Apricots Production Quantity 16739 Im 16803 Im 15425 Im 15304 Im 14102 Im
Apricots Yield 34259.1 Fc 33842.9 Fc 32135.4 Fc 33363.8 Fc 31970.1 Fc
Arecanuts Area Harvested 400100 400100 387100 386600 382700
Arecanuts Production Quantity 478000 478000 481300 476000 483300
Arecanuts Yield 11947 Fc 11947 Fc 12433.5 Fc 12312.5 Fc 12628.7 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 816744 Im 830000 770300 709000 658000
Bananas Production Quantity 29667000 Im 29780000 26469500 26217000 23823000
Bananas Yield 363235 Fc 358795 Fc 343626 Fc 369774 Fc 362052 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 705400 623800 705700 602600 646200
Barley Production Quantity 1662900 1354700 1689100 1200000 1330000
Barley Seed 92400 Fc 84648 Fc 74856 Fc 84684 Fc 72312 Fc
Barley Yield 23573.9 Fc 21716.9 Fc 23935.1 Fc 19913.7 Fc 20581.9 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 10100000 F 11000000 F 6000000 F 8000000 F 10000000 F
Beans, dry Production Quantity 4470000 4890000 2430000 3010000 3930000
Beans, dry Seed 303000 Fc 303000 Fc 330000 Fc 180000 Fc 240000 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 4425.74 Fc 4445.45 Fc 4050 Fc 3762.5 Fc 3930 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 218352 Im 209286 Im 194718 Im 196112 Im 189176 Im
Beans, green Production Quantity 617869 Im 586388 Im 529328 Im 535722 Im 513822 Im
Beans, green Yield 28296.9 Fc 28018.5 Fc 27184.3 Fc 27317.2 Fc 27161.1 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 298 Im 303 Im 293 Im 280 F 693 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 2344 Im 2353 Im 2160 Im 2143 Im 1975 Im
Berries Nes Yield 78657.7 Fc 77656.8 Fc 73720.1 Fc 76535.7 Fc 28499.3 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 369000 300500 310200 266000 249000
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 7949000 7281400 6869600 5910000 5584000
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 215420 Fc 242309 Fc 221457 Fc 222180 Fc 224257 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 33473 Im 32083 Im 29850 Im 30063 Im 29000 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 514889 Im 488655 Im 441105 Im 446433 Im 428183 Im
Carrots and turnips Yield 153822 Fc 152310 Fc 147774 Fc 148499 Fc 147649 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 953200 923000 893000 868000 854000
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 674600 613000 695000 665000 620000
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 7077.21 Fc 6641.39 Fc 7782.75 Fc 7661.29 Fc 7259.95 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 221400 231900 280200 270000 255500
Cassava Production Quantity 8076000 8059800 9623000 9056000 8232300
Cassava Yield 364770 Fc 347555 Fc 343433 Fc 335407 Fc 322204 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 1250000 * 884680 734900 866200 787000
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 2339000 1350000 1009000 1171100 1053000
Castor oil seed Seed 12500 Fc 12500 Fc 8846.8 Fc 7349 Fc 8662 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 18712 Fc 15259.8 Fc 13729.8 Fc 13520 Fc 13379.9 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 369000 347900 348900 312000 302000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 6745000 6569000 6531900 5777000 5538000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 182791 Fc 188819 Fc 187214 Fc 185160 Fc 183377 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 99025700 A 100076000 A 97171600 A 101156000 A 100834000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 233672000 A 219899000 A 205604000 A 217539000 A 212344000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 7734400 A 7635160 A 7663500 A 7468580 A 7754690 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 23597.1 Fc 21973.2 Fc 21158.9 Fc 21505.4 Fc 21058.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 99025700 A 100076000 A 97171600 A 101156000 A 100834000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 285520000 A 267838000 A 250783000 A 266835000 A 260486000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 7734400 A 7635160 A 7663500 A 7468580 A 7754690 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 28832.9 Fc 26763.5 Fc 25808.3 Fc 26378.7 Fc 25833.3 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 3248 Im 3301 Im 3191 Im 3049 Im 2932 Im
Cherries Production Quantity 13392 Im 13443 Im 12340 Im 12243 Im 11282 Im
Cherries Yield 41231.5 Fc 40724 Fc 38671.3 Fc 40154.2 Fc 38478.8 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 9210000 8210000 7890000 7543700 7493900
Chick peas Production Quantity 8220000 7480000 7060000 5748600 6333700
Chick peas Seed 336000 Fc 368400 Fc 328400 Fc 315600 Fc 301748 Fc
Chick peas Yield 8925.08 Fc 9110.84 Fc 8948.04 Fc 7620.4 Fc 8451.81 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 869467 Im 792100 767230 779050 808170
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 1445950 Im 1223400 1202940 1269850 1294150
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 16630.3 Fc 15445 Fc 15679 Fc 16300 Fc 16013.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 7670 Im 7352 Im 6840 Im 6889 Im 6645 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 65894 Im 62537 Im 56452 Im 57134 Im 54798 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 85911.3 Fc 85061.2 Fc 82532.2 Fc 82935.1 Fc 82465 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 47000 F 63000 F 50700 F 36200 F 31000 F
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 589000 * 781800 * 634200 * 453000 * 389900 *
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 125319 Fc 124095 Fc 125089 Fc 125138 Fc 125774 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 755500 A 1000700 A 939080 A 865800 A 801200 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 7464000 A 9638000 A 8623080 A 8015000 A 7145000 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 98795.5 Fc 96312.6 Fc 91824.8 Fc 92573.3 Fc 89178.7 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 25857100 A 28756000 A 27500900 A 27579500 A 28929000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 42946000 A 43071700 A 34431000 A 40229100 A 40109200 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1540400 A 1420800 A 1603080 A 1549470 A 1535520 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 16609 Fc 14978.3 Fc 12520 Fc 14586.6 Fc 13864.7 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 56500 46300 34049 31885 30341
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 14400 12900 11820 10560 10180
Cocoa beans Yield 2548.67 Fc 2786.18 Fc 3471.47 Fc 3311.9 Fc 3355.2 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 1960000 * 1895900 1895200 1903200 1940000
Coconuts Production Quantity 11200000 F 10840000 10824300 10148300 10894000
Coconuts Yield 57142.9 Fc 57176 Fc 57114.3 Fc 53322.3 Fc 56154.6 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 360485 355502 350500 344508 343040
Coffee, green Production Quantity 302000 289600 262300 262000 288000
Coffee, green Yield 8377.6 Fc 8146.23 Fc 7483.59 Fc 7605.05 Fc 8395.52 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 542000 F 542000 * 541000 * 507000 * 545000 *
Cotton lint Production Quantity 5984000 5683000 4083400 3787000 4400000
Cottonseed Production Quantity 12465800 11543800 8294400 7692000 8938000
Cottonseed Seed 222320 Fc 243560 Fc 222840 Fc 206200 Fc 188200 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 25104 Im 24062 Im 22387 Im 22547 Im 21750 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 160990 Im 152787 Im 137920 Im 139586 Im 133880 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 64129.2 Fc 63497.2 Fc 61607.2 Fc 61908.9 Fc 61554 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 680000 612400 600300 561000 568000
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 11896000 10563000 10377600 9678000 9453000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 174941 Fc 172485 Fc 172874 Fc 172513 Fc 166426 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 12869100 A 11999600 A 11241200 A 10330600 A 10370000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 7294440 A 7588500 A 6236480 A 5699200 A 6412080 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 5668.18 Fc 6323.94 Fc 5547.88 Fc 5516.81 Fc 6183.3 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 5409 Im 5497 Im 5314 Im 5077 Im 4883 Im
Figs Production Quantity 18113 Im 18182 Im 16691 Im 16560 Im 15260 Im
Figs Yield 33486.8 Fc 33076.2 Fc 31409.5 Fc 32617.7 Fc 31251.3 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6284040 A 6403420 A 6177440 A 5885860 A 5607840 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 74836100 A 75121200 A 68975200 A 68591000 A 62691300 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 119089 Fc 117314 Fc 111657 Fc 116535 Fc 111792 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1265000 1105000 1083000 1112000 1016200
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 7583000 7201000 7234000 7321000 6244400
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 59944.7 Fc 65167.4 Fc 66795.9 Fc 65836.3 Fc 61448.5 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 443000 453000 432000 382600 389600
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 4383000 4401600 4001000 3657000 3451400
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 98939.1 Fc 97165.6 Fc 92615.7 Fc 95582.9 Fc 88588.3 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 200600 164860 166210 206120 159200
Garlic Production Quantity 1057800 833970 831100 1068500 776300
Garlic Yield 52731.8 Fc 50586.6 Fc 50003 Fc 51838.7 Fc 48762.6 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 149100 107540 108640 104360 106100
Ginger Production Quantity 702000 385330 380100 390080 393400
Ginger Yield 47082.5 Fc 35831.3 Fc 34987.1 Fc 37378.3 Fc 37078.2 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 8500 F 10800 F 9000 F 8500 F 8100 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 196000 * 260600 * 216000 * 200000 * 178000 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 230588 Fc 241296 Fc 240000 Fc 235294 Fc 219753 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 111000 106400 80000 68000 65000
Grapes Production Quantity 1235000 880700 1878000 1735000 1685300
Grapes Yield 111261 Fc 82772.6 Fc 234750 Fc 255147 Fc 259277 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 4190000 5946680 5477500 6164900 6292000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 6933000 8265000 5428500 7168100 9182500
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 293300 Fc 293300 Fc 416268 Fc 383425 Fc 431543 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 16546.5 Fc 13898.5 Fc 9910.54 Fc 11627.3 Fc 14593.9 Fc
Jute Area Harvested 618592 Im 767630 811200 785600 816000
Jute Production Quantity 1237270 Im 1799100 2021500 1734000 1840000
Jute Yield 20001.4 Fc 23437.1 Fc 24919.9 Fc 22072.3 Fc 22549 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 691118 A 857630 A 931200 A 920600 A 960000 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 1310440 A 1905500 A 2153080 A 1912200 A 2012080 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 18961.2 Fc 22218.2 Fc 23121.6 Fc 20771.2 Fc 20959.2 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 219000 295600 316050 302800 294900
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 2108000 2629200 2571530 2501700 2310200
Lemons and limes Yield 96255.7 Fc 88944.5 Fc 81364.7 Fc 82618.9 Fc 78338.4 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1597400 1479400 1375900 1310000 1470000
Lentils Production Quantity 943800 1031600 953300 810000 910000
Lentils Seed 47922 Fc 47922 Fc 44382 Fc 41277 Fc 39300 Fc
Lentils Yield 5908.35 Fc 6973.1 Fc 6928.56 Fc 6183.21 Fc 6190.48 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 167362 Im 160413 Im 149247 Im 150315 Im 144999 Im
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 1059850 Im 1005850 Im 907973 Im 918940 Im 881375 Im
Lettuce and chicory Yield 63326.8 Fc 62703.8 Fc 60836.9 Fc 61134.3 Fc 60784.9 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 338810 342000 407900 468000 426000
Linseed Production Quantity 147000 153700 169200 163000 167900
Linseed Seed 440.45 Fc 4404.53 Fc 4446 Fc 5302.7 Fc 6084 Fc
Linseed Yield 4338.71 Fc 4494.15 Fc 4148.08 Fc 3482.91 Fc 3941.31 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 7270000 8553200 8261600 8173800 8117300
Maize Production Quantity 21570000 21725800 16719500 19731400 18955400
Maize Seed 935000 Fc 799700 Fc 940852 Fc 908776 Fc 899118 Fc
Maize Yield 29669.9 Fc 25400.8 Fc 20237.6 Fc 24139.8 Fc 23351.8 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 2297000 2312300 2309000 2201000 2154000
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 15188000 15026700 12750000 13997000 13734000
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 66121 Fc 64985.9 Fc 55218.7 Fc 63593.8 Fc 63760.4 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 10500000 * 11791800 11002700 11039100 11695500
Millet Production Quantity 12710000 13293000 8776800 11371800 12673000
Millet Seed 315000 Fc 315000 Fc 353754 Fc 330081 Fc 331173 Fc
Millet Yield 12104.8 Fc 11273.1 Fc 7976.95 Fc 10301.4 Fc 10835.8 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 41000 41000 37000 37000 37000
Natural rubber Area Harvested 485665 Im 477000 468000 463000 459000
Natural rubber Production Quantity 891344 Im 862000 831400 864500 825345
Natural rubber Yield 18353.1 Fc 18071.3 Fc 17765 Fc 18671.7 Fc 17981.4 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 95168 Im 86700 90200 91990 81930
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 16501 Im 15700 15720 15450 13650
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 1733.88 Fc 1810.84 Fc 1742.79 Fc 1679.53 Fc 1666.06 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 38292300 A 38113800 A 38212200 A 37598700 A 38157000 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 25367300 A 24957200 A 20337000 A 19969800 A 23443400 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 766621 A 747270 A 762051 A 756227 A 755222 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 6624.66 Fc 6548.08 Fc 5322.12 Fc 5311.3 Fc 6143.93 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 39542300 A 38998500 A 38947100 A 38464900 A 38944000 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 12451600 A 11878900 A 10053500 A 10089800 A 11924000 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 289082 A 266314 A 292656 A 286339 A 296651 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3148.94 Fc 3046 Fc 2581.33 Fc 2623.11 Fc 3061.83 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 310000 F 388730 375500 339400 360000 F
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 92000 108000 100000 117000 110000
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 2967.74 Fc 2778.28 Fc 2663.12 Fc 3447.26 Fc 3055.56 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 498000 452000 432000 407000 396000
Okra Production Quantity 5784000 4803000 4528000 4179000 4070000
Okra Yield 116145 Fc 106261 Fc 104815 Fc 102678 Fc 102778 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 1110090 Im 1064000 756200 834000 821000
Onions, dry Production Quantity 15929600 Im 15118000 12158800 13565000 13900000
Onions, dry Yield 143498 Fc 142086 Fc 160788 Fc 162650 Fc 169306 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 481000 631300 563330 518300 467200
Oranges Production Quantity 4571000 5966400 5201350 4860300 4266900
Oranges Yield 95031.2 Fc 94509.7 Fc 92332.2 Fc 93773.9 Fc 91329.2 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 72526 Im 90000 F 120000 135000 144000
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 73173 Im 106400 131580 178200 172080
Other Bastfibres Yield 10089.2 Fc 11822.2 Fc 10965 Fc 13200 Fc 11950 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 43932 Im 42108 Im 39177 Im 39458 Im 38062 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 948869 Im 900523 Im 812895 Im 822715 Im 789083 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 215986 Fc 213860 Fc 207493 Fc 208504 Fc 207315 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 104307 Im 106000 95700 98000 83000
Papayas Production Quantity 4180080 Im 4196000 3913500 3629000 2909000
Papayas Yield 400748 Fc 395849 Fc 408934 Fc 370306 Fc 350482 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 36409 Im 37000 F 34731 Im 33187 Im 31916 Im
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 243074 Im 244000 F 231365 Im 229557 Im 211530 Im
Peaches and nectarines Yield 66762.1 Fc 65945.9 Fc 66616.3 Fc 69170.8 Fc 66277.1 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 37970 Im 38586 Im 37301 Im 35643 Im 34278 Im
Pears Production Quantity 334774 Im 336049 Im 308487 Im 306078 Im 282042 Im
Pears Yield 88168 Fc 87090.9 Fc 82702.1 Fc 85873.2 Fc 82280.8 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 727200 764400 718300 680000 * 810000 *
Peas, dry Production Quantity 593200 674700 658200 750000 * 850000 *
Peas, dry Seed 36360 Fc 36360 Fc 38220 Fc 35915 Fc 34000 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 8157.32 Fc 8826.53 Fc 9163.3 Fc 11029.4 Fc 10493.8 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 370000 364900 348000 313000 297000
Peas, green Production Quantity 3571000 3029400 2916000 2491000 2402000
Peas, green Yield 96513.5 Fc 83020 Fc 83793.1 Fc 79584.7 Fc 80875.4 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 184000 195920 238710 197330 246000
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 52000 51020 47400 47010 69000
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 2826.09 Fc 2604.12 Fc 1985.67 Fc 2382.3 Fc 2804.88 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 4420000 3470000 3380000 3728500 3561600
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 2860000 2460000 2270000 3075900 2314100
Pigeon peas Seed 77200 Fc 88400 Fc 69400 Fc 67600 Fc 74570 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 6470.59 Fc 7089.34 Fc 6715.98 Fc 8249.7 Fc 6497.36 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 89000 91900 84000 80000 87000
Pineapples Production Quantity 1415000 1386800 1341000 1245000 1362000
Pineapples Yield 158989 Fc 150903 Fc 159643 Fc 155625 Fc 156552 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 24601 Im 25000 F 24180 Im 23105 Im 22220 Im
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 199241 Im 200000 F 191464 Im 189970 Im 175052 Im
Plums and sloes Yield 80989 Fc 80000 Fc 79182.8 Fc 82220.3 Fc 78781.3 Fc
Poppy seed Production Quantity
Potatoes Area Harvested 1863200 1835300 1828300 1796000 1742800
Potatoes Production Quantity 42339400 36577300 34390900 34658000 28599600
Potatoes Seed 2981120 Fc 2981120 Fc 2936480 Fc 2925280 Fc 2873600 Fc
Potatoes Yield 227240 Fc 199299 Fc 188103 Fc 192973 Fc 164101 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1890650 Im 1650000 F 1612310 Im 1600000 F 1500000 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 700000 * 700000 * 700000 * 670000 * 700000 *
Pulses, nes Seed 75626.2 Fc 75626.2 Fc 66000 Fc 64492.2 Fc 64000 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 3702.43 Fc 4242.42 Fc 4341.6 Fc 4187.5 Fc 4666.67 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 27945300 A 26573800 A 20976500 A 22862200 A 24835500 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 17787000 A 17236300 A 14071500 A 14064500 A 15037800 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 876108 A 919708 A 876402 A 704884 A 753618 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 6364.95 Fc 6486.2 Fc 6708.22 Fc 6151.86 Fc 6054.96 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 502081 Im 481235 Im 447737 Im 450943 Im 434994 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 4695540 Im 4456300 Im 4022660 Im 4071260 Im 3904830 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 93521.6 Fc 92601.3 Fc 89844.3 Fc 90283.3 Fc 89767.4 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 6506400 5580000 6298100 5830000 6790000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 8179000 6608100 7200700 5834000 7438000
Rapeseed Seed 45544.8 Fc 45544.8 Fc 39060 Fc 44086.7 Fc 40810 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 12570.7 Fc 11842.5 Fc 11433.1 Fc 10006.9 Fc 10954.3 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 44100000 * 42862400 41918300 45537400 43910000
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 155700000 143963000 135673000 148036000 144570000
Rice, paddy Seed 3225000 Fc 3307500 Fc 3214680 Fc 3143870 Fc 3415310 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 35306.1 Fc 33587.3 Fc 32366 Fc 32508.7 Fc 32924.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2197800 A 2186100 A 2232800 A 2189000 A 2121000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 51462000 A 45731800 A 45133600 A 44808000 A 37899100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2981120 A 2981120 A 2936480 A 2925280 A 2873600 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 234152 Fc 209194 Fc 202139 Fc 204696 Fc 178685 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 229060 287800 294600 350500 * 350000
Safflower seed Production Quantity 150000 178800 189200 225000 240000
Safflower seed Seed 2290.6 Fc 2290.6 Fc 2878 Fc 2946 Fc 3505 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 6548.5 Fc 6212.65 Fc 6422.27 Fc 6419.4 Fc 6857.14 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 12178000 11142000 10310000 9410000 9410000
Seed cotton Production Quantity 19178000 17760000 12761000 11834000 13751000
Seed cotton Yield 15748.1 Fc 15939.7 Fc 12377.3 Fc 12576 Fc 14613.2 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 1780000 * 2079280 1942100 1809100 1799000
Sesame seed Production Quantity 769000 893000 588400 640300 756900
Sesame seed Seed 71200 Fc 7120 Fc 8317.12 Fc 7768.4 Fc 7236.4 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 4320.22 Fc 4294.76 Fc 3029.71 Fc 3539.33 Fc 4207.34 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 7381700 7787200 7530900 7764000 8470000
Sorghum Production Quantity 7003100 6698200 7245600 7925900 7150800
Sorghum Seed 198000 Fc 221451 Fc 233616 Fc 225927 Fc 232920 Fc
Sorghum Yield 9487.11 Fc 8601.55 Fc 9621.16 Fc 10208.5 Fc 8442.5 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 9950000 9554190 9734700 9510800 8880000
Soybeans Production Quantity 12282000 12736000 9964500 9905400 10968000
Soybeans Seed 597000 Fc 597000 Fc 573251 Fc 584082 Fc 570648 Fc
Soybeans Yield 12343.7 Fc 13330.3 Fc 10236.1 Fc 10414.9 Fc 12351.4 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 765000 F 725600 541000 578000 559500
Spices, nes Production Quantity 1525000 F 1474900 1029700 1063000 1104000
Spices, nes Yield 19934.6 Fc 20326.6 Fc 19033.3 Fc 18391 Fc 19731.9 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 563 Im 572 Im 553 Im 528 Im 508 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 2344 Im 2353 Im 2160 Im 2143 Im 1975 Im
Stone fruit, nes Yield 41634.1 Fc 41136.4 Fc 39059.7 Fc 40587.1 Fc 38877.9 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 4944390 4174600 4415400 5055200 5150000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 342382000 292302000 285029000 348188000 355520000
Sugar cane Seed 17119100 Fc 14615100 Fc 14251500 Fc 17409400 Fc 17776000 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 692466 Fc 700192 Fc 645534 Fc 688772 Fc 690330 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 850000 F 897220 1476600 1812800 1910000
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 499000 651000 850700 1158000 1463000
Sunflower seed Seed 10200 Fc 10200 Fc 10766.6 Fc 17719.2 Fc 21753.6 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 5870.59 Fc 7255.75 Fc 5761.21 Fc 6387.91 Fc 7659.69 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 113200 118900 124300 123000 122700
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 1046600 1094700 1119700 1094000 1067200
Sweet potatoes Yield 92455.8 Fc 92069 Fc 90080.4 Fc 88943.1 Fc 86976.4 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 580000 F 579000 579000 578458 567020
Tea Production Quantity 966733 991182 972700 987000 973000
Tea Yield 16667.8 Fc 17118.9 Fc 16799.7 Fc 17062.6 Fc 17159.9 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 533384 Im 444280 390690 350000 370000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 1009910 Im 745670 622830 490000 520000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 18934 Fc 16783.8 Fc 15941.8 Fc 14000 Fc 14054 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 865000 634400 599100 566000 596000
Tomatoes Production Quantity 16826000 12433200 11148800 10303000 10055000
Tomatoes Yield 194520 Fc 195984 Fc 186092 Fc 182032 Fc 168708 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 984000 A 953800 A 923800 A 898800 A 884800 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 710600 A 651000 A 731000 A 702000 A 653000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 7221.54 Fc 6825.33 Fc 7912.97 Fc 7810.41 Fc 7380.2 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2083000 2332000 2275400 2414000 2282000
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 27557000 31724000 28006300 31402000 29146000
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 132295 Fc 136038 Fc 123083 Fc 130083 Fc 127721 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 7570560 A 7256230 A 6751140 A 6800500 A 6558990 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 105795000 A 100405000 A 90634800 A 91727500 A 87979200 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 139746 Fc 138371 Fc 134251 Fc 134884 Fc 134135 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7570560 A 7256230 A 6751140 A 6800500 A 6558990 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 105795000 A 100405000 A 90634800 A 91727500 A 87979200 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 139746 Fc 138371 Fc 134251 Fc 134884 Fc 134135 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 30800 * 30800 * 30800 * 30800 * 30800 *
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 36000 * 38000 * 36000 * 37000 * 33000 *
Walnuts, with shell Yield 11688.3 Fc 12337.7 Fc 11688.3 Fc 12013 Fc 10714.3 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 27893 Im 26735 Im 24874 Im 25052 Im 24166 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 375135 Im 356021 Im 321377 Im 325259 Im 311963 Im
Watermelons Yield 134491 Fc 133167 Fc 129202 Fc 129834 Fc 129092 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 29068600 28457400 27752400 28038600 27994500
Wheat Production Quantity 86874000 80803600 80679400 78570200 75806700
Wheat Seed 2969000 Fc 2906860 Fc 2845740 Fc 2775240 Fc 2803860 Fc
Wheat Yield 29885.9 Fc 28394.6 Fc 29071.1 Fc 28022.2 Fc 27079.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Area Harvested 473089 446931 410573 476618 547028
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Production Quantity 268776 261170 227099 254737 162362
Anise, badian, fennel, corian. Yield 5681.3 Fc 5843.63 Fc 5531.27 Fc 5344.68 Fc 2968.07 Fc
Apples Area Harvested 226600 230700 201200 250000 240000
Apples Production Quantity 1814000 1739000 1521600 1470000 1160000
Apples Yield 80053 Fc 75379.3 Fc 75626.2 Fc 58800 Fc 48333.3 Fc
Apricots Area Harvested 4169 Im 3806 Im 3670 Im 3089 Im 3118 Im
Apricots Production Quantity 12889 Im 11599 Im 10923 Im 10367 Im 9745 Im
Apricots Yield 30916.3 Fc 30475.6 Fc 29762.9 Fc 33561 Fc 31254 Fc
Arecanuts Area Harvested 381100 364300 365000 353400 290000
Arecanuts Production Quantity 483100 452700 439200 415900 400000
Arecanuts Yield 12676.5 Fc 12426.6 Fc 12032.9 Fc 11768.5 Fc 13793.1 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 604200 569500 589600 498600 475300
Bananas Production Quantity 20997800 18887800 16744500 13856600 13304400
Bananas Yield 347531 Fc 331656 Fc 283998 Fc 277910 Fc 279916 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 629900 616500 657000 701600 659500
Barley Production Quantity 1220600 1207100 1297600 1407400 1424500
Barley Seed 77544 Fc 75588 Fc 73980 Fc 78840 Fc 84192 Fc
Barley Yield 19377.7 Fc 19579.9 Fc 19750.4 Fc 20059.9 Fc 21599.7 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 8549300 8047000 8782800 9274600 7851300
Beans, dry Production Quantity 3270000 2630800 2883900 4230800 2618800
Beans, dry Seed 300000 Fc 256479 Fc 241410 Fc 263484 Fc 278238 Fc
Beans, dry Yield 3824.87 Fc 3269.29 Fc 3283.58 Fc 4561.71 Fc 3335.5 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 182700 Im 168474 Im 155806 Im 206955 Im 165483 Im
Beans, green Production Quantity 478211 Im 417249 Im 382836 Im 461571 Im 403374 Im
Beans, green Yield 26174.7 Fc 24766.4 Fc 24571.3 Fc 22303 Fc 24375.6 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 655 Im 598 Im 577 Im 486 Im 491 Im
Berries Nes Production Quantity 1805 Im 1624 Im 1529 Im 1451 Im 1364 Im
Berries Nes Yield 27557.3 Fc 27157.2 Fc 26499.1 Fc 29856 Fc 27780 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 253500 287800 255100 233800 258100
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 5637300 6113500 5594600 5392000 5678200
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 222379 Fc 212422 Fc 219310 Fc 230624 Fc 220000 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 28007 Im 25826 Im 23884 Im 31725 Im 25368 Im
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 398507 Im 347706 Im 319029 Im 384642 Im 336145 Im
Carrots and turnips Yield 142288 Fc 134634 Fc 133574 Fc 121243 Fc 132507 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 837000 820000 780000 770000 750000
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 573000 544000 535000 500000 470000
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 6845.88 Fc 6634.15 Fc 6858.97 Fc 6493.51 Fc 6266.67 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 244600 244700 220000 207000 238900
Cassava Production Quantity 7854900 7462800 5949600 5426200 6515900
Cassava Yield 321132 Fc 304978 Fc 270436 Fc 262135 Fc 272746 Fc
Castor oil seed Area Harvested 639000 864200 743000 717200 583000
Castor oil seed Production Quantity 762000 990700 793400 796700 428000
Castor oil seed Seed 7870 Fc 6390 Fc 8642 Fc 7430 Fc 7172 Fc
Castor oil seed Yield 11924.9 Fc 11463.8 Fc 10678.3 Fc 11108.5 Fc 7341.34 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 288600 238500 267900 280000 270000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 5323100 4514800 4940200 4800000 4890000
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 184446 Fc 189300 Fc 184405 Fc 171429 Fc 181111 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 99236800 A 99519200 A 97805700 A 98603100 A 94470900 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 196453000 A 194147000 A 188321000 A 192374000 A 170762000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 7668110 A 7490620 A 7459620 A 7335160 A 7289070 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 19796.4 Fc 19508.5 Fc 19254.6 Fc 19509.9 Fc 18075.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 99236800 A 99519200 A 97805700 A 98603100 A 94470900 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 242786000 A 239997000 A 229845000 A 236593000 A 206636000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 7668110 A 7490620 A 7459620 A 7335160 A 7289070 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 24465.3 Fc 24115.7 Fc 23500.2 Fc 23994.5 Fc 21873 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 2771 Im 2530 Im 2440 Im 2054 Im 2073 Im
Cherries Production Quantity 10312 Im 9280 Im 8739 Im 8294 Im 7796 Im
Cherries Yield 37214 Fc 36679.8 Fc 35815.6 Fc 40379.8 Fc 37607.3 Fc
Chick peas Area Harvested 6896200 6714600 7048100 5906400 6416200
Chick peas Production Quantity 5575400 5469400 5717500 4236800 5473000
Chick peas Seed 299756 Fc 275848 Fc 268584 Fc 281924 Fc 236256 Fc
Chick peas Yield 8084.74 Fc 8145.53 Fc 8112.12 Fc 7173.24 Fc 8529.97 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 758000 654900 737500 774300 828600
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 1234100 1014600 1185500 1235700 896900
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 16281 Fc 15492.4 Fc 16074.6 Fc 15958.9 Fc 10824.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 6418 Im 5918 Im 5473 Im 7270 Im 5813 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 51000 F 45751 Im 41978 Im 50611 Im 44230 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 79464 Fc 77308.2 Fc 76700.2 Fc 69616.2 Fc 76088.1 Fc
Citrus fruit, nes Area Harvested 31000 F 10000 F 9600 * 9600 F 8307 Im
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 384600 * 125000 * 120000 * 120000 * 100000 *
Citrus fruit, nes Yield 124065 Fc 125000 Fc 125000 Fc 125000 Fc 120380 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 748000 A 473600 A 561900 A 451140 A 501407 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6139000 A 4620100 A 5021500 A 3623500 A 4524200 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 82072.2 Fc 97552.8 Fc 89366.4 Fc 80318.8 Fc 90230.1 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 28943200 A 29476500 A 29304300 A 30814900 A 26950100 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 34294100 A 33670500 A 32992200 A 38042900 A 26140100 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 1575410 A 1556510 A 1546840 A 1532690 A 1575060 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 11848.8 Fc 11422.8 Fc 11258.5 Fc 12345.6 Fc 9699.44 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 29471 27811 25157 21893 16130
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 10175 9250 9230 8397 6780
Cocoa beans Yield 3452.55 Fc 3326.02 Fc 3668.96 Fc 3835.47 Fc 4203.35 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 1946800 1935000 1933700 1921800 1930000
Coconuts Production Quantity 10190000 8829000 8380000 8630000 8920000
Coconuts Yield 52342.3 Fc 45627.9 Fc 43336.6 Fc 44905.8 Fc 46217.6 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 341351 333338 325124 320615 320737
Coffee, green Production Quantity 274000 275500 270500 275275 301000
Coffee, green Yield 8026.93 Fc 8264.88 Fc 8319.9 Fc 8585.84 Fc 9384.64 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 509500 * 441500 * 419000 * 531500 * 447000 *
Cotton lint Production Quantity 3847000 3145000 2792800 2334000 1466080
Cottonseed Production Quantity 7815000 6388000 5673000 4741100 2978000
Cottonseed Seed 188200 Fc 182840 Fc 173542 Fc 175732 Fc 151958 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 21005 Im 19369 Im 17913 Im 23794 Im 19026 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 124601 Im 108717 Im 99751 Im 120266 Im 105102 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 59319.7 Fc 56129.4 Fc 55686.4 Fc 50544.7 Fc 55241.3 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 559700 526500 516400 500000 500000
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 9364300 8600800 8477300 7830000 8350000
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 167309 Fc 163358 Fc 164162 Fc 156600 Fc 167000 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 10070900 A 9578700 A 9713000 A 8617700 A 8708300 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5860620 A 5097140 A 4650630 A 4359310 A 3516910 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 5819.36 Fc 5321.33 Fc 4788.05 Fc 5058.55 Fc 4038.57 Fc
Figs Area Harvested 4615 Im 4213 Im 4063 Im 3420 Im 3452 Im
Figs Production Quantity 13948 Im 12552 Im 11821 Im 11219 Im 10546 Im
Figs Yield 30223.2 Fc 29793.5 Fc 29094.3 Fc 32804.1 Fc 30550.4 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5351850 A 4821530 A 4649950 A 3914200 A 3952480 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 57639900 A 51494600 A 48502100 A 46008800 A 43232100 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 107701 Fc 106801 Fc 104307 Fc 117543 Fc 109380 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1005800 921700 751100 480000 630000
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 6737100 5729400 4693000 6650000 6530000
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 66982.5 Fc 62161.2 Fc 62481.7 Fc 138542 Fc 103651 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 369400 355100 340700 340000 260000
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 3242700 3114400 3230500 2930000 2720000
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 87782.9 Fc 87704.9 Fc 94819.5 Fc 86176.5 Fc 104615 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 134900 144100 138900 111500 114808 Im
Garlic Production Quantity 598200 646600 691100 457000 500000 F
Garlic Yield 44344 Fc 44871.6 Fc 49755.2 Fc 40986.6 Fc 43551 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 110600 95300 85100 88200 64275 Im
Ginger Production Quantity 391200 359000 301900 280200 194057 Im
Ginger Yield 35370.7 Fc 37670.5 Fc 35475.9 Fc 31768.7 Fc 30191.7 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Area Harvested 7200 F 6700 F 6600 F 6440 Im 6500 F
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Production Quantity 158000 * 148000 * 145000 * 142000 * 140000 *
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos) Yield 219444 Fc 220896 Fc 219697 Fc 220497 Fc 215385 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 66000 60500 57800 52100 47500
Grapes Production Quantity 1649600 1564700 1474800 1247800 1184200
Grapes Yield 249939 Fc 258628 Fc 255156 Fc 239501 Fc 249305 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 5615100 6736000 6640400 5987000 5935500
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 4863500 7993300 6774400 8126500 4121100
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 440440 Fc 393057 Fc 471520 Fc 464828 Fc 419090 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 8661.47 Fc 11866.5 Fc 10201.8 Fc 13573.6 Fc 6943.14 Fc
Jute Area Harvested 791000 759800 773900 849000 864500
Jute Production Quantity 1857000 1795000 1692000 1845000 1853840
Jute Yield 23476.6 Fc 23624.6 Fc 21863.3 Fc 21731.5 Fc 21444.1 Fc
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Area Harvested 928900 A 901600 A 926400 A 1019800 A 1038600 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Production Quantity 2013620 A 1952140 A 1857830 A 2025310 A 2050830 A
Jute & Jute-like Fibres + (Total) Yield 21677.5 Fc 21652 Fc 20054.3 Fc 19859.8 Fc 19746.1 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 268700 78900 167800 146200 161300
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 2159000 1033100 1493300 1439600 1413700
Lemons and limes Yield 80349.8 Fc 130938 Fc 88992.9 Fc 98467.9 Fc 87644.1 Fc
Lentils Area Harvested 1510000 1470000 1400000 1380000 1470000
Lentils Production Quantity 946200 994200 1037800 873200 974400
Lentils Seed 44100 Fc 45300 Fc 44100 Fc 42000 Fc 41400 Fc
Lentils Yield 6266.23 Fc 6763.27 Fc 7412.86 Fc 6327.54 Fc 6628.57 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 140035 Im 129131 Im 119421 Im 158625 Im 126838 Im
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 820290 Im 715720 Im 656691 Im 791748 Im 691921 Im
Lettuce and chicory Yield 58577.5 Fc 55425.9 Fc 54989.6 Fc 49913.2 Fc 54551.6 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 436800 448700 476500 450100 535800
Linseed Production Quantity 172500 169700 196500 176700 209100
Linseed Seed 5538 Fc 5678.4 Fc 5833.1 Fc 6194.5 Fc 5851.3 Fc
Linseed Yield 3949.18 Fc 3782.04 Fc 4123.82 Fc 3925.79 Fc 3902.58 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 7894000 7588300 7430400 7343400 6635200
Maize Production Quantity 15097000 14709900 14172000 14984300 11151700
Maize Seed 892903 Fc 868340 Fc 834713 Fc 817344 Fc 807774 Fc
Maize Yield 19124.7 Fc 19385 Fc 19073 Fc 20405.1 Fc 16806.9 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 2080700 1970400 1906700 1623400 1575800
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 12663100 11829700 11490000 12733200 10020200
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 60859.8 Fc 60037.1 Fc 60261.2 Fc 78435.4 Fc 63588 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 11752000 12179400 11886200 13470100 10355400
Millet Production Quantity 10346900 10509200 10841300 14638800 6493900
Millet Seed 350865 Fc 352560 Fc 365382 Fc 356586 Fc 404103 Fc
Millet Yield 8804.37 Fc 8628.67 Fc 9120.91 Fc 10867.6 Fc 6271.03 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 35000 40000 40000 40000 40000
Natural rubber Area Harvested 454000 447000 440000 428000 408000
Natural rubber Production Quantity 852895 802625 749665 711650 649435
Natural rubber Yield 18786.2 Fc 17955.8 Fc 17037.8 Fc 16627.3 Fc 15917.5 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Area Harvested 104000 95800 95200 95600 88500
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Production Quantity 17000 17800 16900 16700 15400
Nutmeg, mace and cardamoms Yield 1634.62 Fc 1858.04 Fc 1775.21 Fc 1746.86 Fc 1740.11 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 37325800 A 37612600 A 35578000 A 31491800 A 31023400 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 19742400 A 19377900 A 16522500 A 15826600 A 11488600 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 732916 A 689620 A 686459 A 670074 A 587313 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 5289.2 Fc 5151.98 Fc 4644.03 Fc 5025.62 Fc 3703.2 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 37964800 A 38476800 A 36321000 A 32209000 A 31606400 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 9968970 A 10356900 A 8901230 A 8393620 A 6539850 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 295012 A 275814 A 293190 A 283989 A 251910 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 2625.85 Fc 2691.74 Fc 2450.71 Fc 2605.99 Fc 2069.15 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Area Harvested 403000 F 360000 F 373000 F 363000 F 283000 F
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 121000 108000 112000 109000 86000
Oilseeds, Nes Yield 3002.48 Fc 3000 Fc 3002.68 Fc 3002.75 Fc 3038.87 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 391800 357300 353100 370000 350000
Okra Production Quantity 3974600 3512400 3631400 3530000 3320000
Okra Yield 101445 Fc 98303.9 Fc 102843 Fc 95405.4 Fc 94857.1 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 768000 703600 613800 553800 424700
Onions, dry Production Quantity 10847000 9432500 7760600 6267600 4209500
Onions, dry Yield 141237 Fc 134061 Fc 126435 Fc 113174 Fc 99117 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 441100 378000 377900 288900 325300
Oranges Production Quantity 3437400 3314000 3263200 1921900 2870500
Oranges Yield 77927.9 Fc 87672 Fc 86350.9 Fc 66524.8 Fc 88241.6 Fc
Other Bastfibres Area Harvested 137900 141800 152500 170800 174100
Other Bastfibres Production Quantity 156618 157140 165834 180306 196992
Other Bastfibres Yield 11357.4 Fc 11081.8 Fc 10874.4 Fc 10556.6 Fc 11314.9 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 36759 Im 33897 Im 31348 Im 41639 Im 33295 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 734394 Im 640774 Im 587926 Im 708841 Im 619467 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 199786 Fc 189036 Fc 187548 Fc 170235 Fc 186054 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 72500 67800 73800 58200 68000
Papayas Production Quantity 2482100 2139300 2535100 1692100 2147200
Papayas Yield 342359 Fc 315531 Fc 343509 Fc 290739 Fc 315765 Fc
Peaches and nectarines Area Harvested 30164 Im 27536 Im 26556 Im 22351 Im 22560 Im
Peaches and nectarines Production Quantity 193342 Im 173989 Im 163851 Im 155504 Im 146176 Im
Peaches and nectarines Yield 64096.9 Fc 63186 Fc 61700.2 Fc 69573.6 Fc 64794.3 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 32396 Im 29574 Im 28521 Im 24005 Im 24230 Im
Pears Production Quantity 257791 Im 231987 Im 218470 Im 207340 Im 194902 Im
Pears Yield 79574.9 Fc 78442.9 Fc 76599.7 Fc 86373.7 Fc 80438.3 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 777800 791200 709500 663600 670300
Peas, dry Production Quantity 709900 785600 725200 591500 607600
Peas, dry Seed 40500 Fc 38890 Fc 39560 Fc 35475 Fc 33180 Fc
Peas, dry Yield 9127.02 Fc 9929.22 Fc 10221.3 Fc 8913.5 Fc 9064.6 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 286100 276300 285200 305200 300000
Peas, green Production Quantity 2270000 1944800 1901200 2061800 2040000
Peas, green Yield 79342.9 Fc 70387.3 Fc 66662 Fc 67555.7 Fc 68000 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 260200 228330 233360 216000 219000
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 92900 73020 73190 64000 62000
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 3570.33 Fc 3198 Fc 3136.36 Fc 2962.96 Fc 2831.05 Fc
Pigeon peas Area Harvested 3580700 3518500 3515600 3358900 3327700
Pigeon peas Production Quantity 2738000 2346900 2346400 2185800 2259800
Pigeon peas Seed 71232 Fc 71614 Fc 70370 Fc 70312 Fc 67178 Fc
Pigeon peas Yield 7646.55 Fc 6670.17 Fc 6674.25 Fc 6507.49 Fc 6790.88 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 82400 82800 80900 90000 80000
Pineapples Production Quantity 1262600 1278900 1234200 1310000 1180000
Pineapples Yield 153228 Fc 154457 Fc 152559 Fc 145556 Fc 147500 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 21000 F 20738 Im 20000 F 15000 F 18191 Im
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 160000 F 148662 Im 140000 F 100000 F 90000 F
Plums and sloes Yield 76190.5 Fc 71685.8 Fc 70000 Fc 66666.7 Fc 49475 Fc
Poppy seed Production Quantity
Potatoes Area Harvested 1569200 1523900 1484700 1337200 1259500
Potatoes Production Quantity 29174600 28787700 27925800 23161400 24456100
Potatoes Seed 2788480 Fc 2510720 Fc 2438240 Fc 2375520 Fc 2139520 Fc
Potatoes Yield 185920 Fc 188908 Fc 188091 Fc 173208 Fc 194173 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1548300 1482400 1513900 1339000 1700000 *
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 759300 649200 834500 618900 1000000 *
Pulses, nes Seed 60000 Fc 61932 Fc 59296 Fc 60556 Fc 53560 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 4904.09 Fc 4379.38 Fc 5512.25 Fc 4622.11 Fc 5882.35 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 22862300 A 22023700 A 22969900 A 21922500 A 21435500 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13998800 A 12876100 A 13545300 A 12737000 A 12933600 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 815588 A 750063 A 723320 A 753751 A 709812 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 6123.09 Fc 5846.47 Fc 5896.98 Fc 5810.01 Fc 6033.73 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 420103 Im 387391 Im 358262 Im 475875 Im 380514 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 3634200 Im 3170910 Im 2909390 Im 3507750 Im 3065470 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 86507.4 Fc 81853 Fc 81208.4 Fc 73711.6 Fc 80561.3 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 7276500 7316400 5428100 4544000 5073000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 8131200 7593100 6291400 3879800 5082600
Rapeseed Seed 47530 Fc 50935.5 Fc 51214.8 Fc 37996.7 Fc 31808 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 11174.6 Fc 10378.2 Fc 11590.4 Fc 8538.29 Fc 10018.9 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 43810000 43659800 41906700 42592500 41176100
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 139137000 137690000 124697000 132789000 107730000
Rice, paddy Seed 3293250 Fc 3285750 Fc 3274490 Fc 3143000 Fc 3194440 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 31759.2 Fc 31537 Fc 29755.9 Fc 31176.6 Fc 26163.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1936600 A 1901900 A 1837800 A 1676100 A 1630300 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 38096000 A 37429900 A 35054500 A 29717900 A 32102300 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 2788480 A 2510720 A 2438240 A 2375520 A 2139520 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 196716 Fc 196803 Fc 190742 Fc 177304 Fc 196910 Fc
Safflower seed Area Harvested 364600 369100 363900 369500 404300
Safflower seed Production Quantity 228600 173600 134900 178500 230000
Safflower seed Seed 3500 Fc 3646 Fc 3691 Fc 3639 Fc 3695 Fc
Safflower seed Yield 6269.88 Fc 4703.33 Fc 3707.06 Fc 4830.85 Fc 5688.84 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 9142000 8677100 8786600 7597900 7669700
Seed cotton Production Quantity 12023000 9828000 8728000 7294000 4582000
Seed cotton Yield 13151.4 Fc 11326.4 Fc 9933.31 Fc 9600.02 Fc 5974.16 Fc
Sesame seed Area Harvested 1647000 1723200 1844000 1700300 1444400
Sesame seed Production Quantity 618000 641100 674100 782100 441300
Sesame seed Seed 7196 Fc 6588 Fc 6892.8 Fc 7376 Fc 6801.2 Fc
Sesame seed Yield 3752.28 Fc 3720.4 Fc 3655.64 Fc 4599.78 Fc 3055.25 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 8667300 9092300 9330700 9299800 9300000
Sorghum Production Quantity 7629600 7244300 6681300 7012400 7070000
Sorghum Seed 254100 Fc 260019 Fc 272769 Fc 279921 Fc 278994 Fc
Sorghum Yield 8802.74 Fc 7967.51 Fc 7160.56 Fc 7540.38 Fc 7602.15 Fc
Soybeans Area Harvested 8334000 7707500 7571200 6554700 6105500
Soybeans Production Quantity 8857000 8273500 6876300 7818900 4654700
Soybeans Seed 532800 Fc 500040 Fc 462450 Fc 454272 Fc 393282 Fc
Soybeans Yield 10627.5 Fc 10734.4 Fc 9082.18 Fc 11928.7 Fc 7623.78 Fc
Spices, nes Area Harvested 499300 512400 507600 633600 397500
Spices, nes Production Quantity 1020000 1075100 966100 954700 738800
Spices, nes Yield 20428.6 Fc 20981.7 Fc 19032.7 Fc 15067.9 Fc 18586.2 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Area Harvested 480 Im 438 Im 422 Im 355 Im 358 Im
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity 1805 Im 1624 Im 1529 Im 1451 Im 1364 Im
Stone fruit, nes Yield 37604.2 Fc 37077.6 Fc 36232.2 Fc 40873.2 Fc 38100.6 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 4201100 3661500 3938400 4520300 4411600
Sugar cane Production Quantity 281172000 237088000 233862000 287383000 297208000
Sugar cane Seed 14058600 Fc 11854400 Fc 11693100 Fc 14369200 Fc 14860400 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 669282 Fc 647516 Fc 593800 Fc 635761 Fc 673697 Fc
Sunflower seed Area Harvested 2160000 2339600 2160600 2003500 1642200
Sunflower seed Production Quantity 1228000 1439000 1186700 930400 872600
Sunflower seed Seed 22920 Fc 25920 Fc 28075.2 Fc 25927.2 Fc 24042 Fc
Sunflower seed Yield 5685.19 Fc 6150.62 Fc 5492.46 Fc 4643.87 Fc 5313.6 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 122800 133300 133100 131900 131900
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 1066500 1179400 1179100 1130300 1130300
Sweet potatoes Yield 86848.5 Fc 88477.1 Fc 88587.5 Fc 85693.7 Fc 85693.7 Fc
Tea Area Harvested 555611 521000 520000 516000 510000
Tea Production Quantity 949000 907000 879000 846000 854000
Tea Yield 17080.3 Fc 17408.8 Fc 16903.8 Fc 16395.3 Fc 16745.1 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 372800 366500 369700 330000 350000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 552200 549100 549900 490000 550000
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 14812.2 Fc 14982.3 Fc 14874.2 Fc 14848.5 Fc 15714.3 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 546100 505400 502800 478800 458100
Tomatoes Production Quantity 9820400 8825400 8125600 7616700 7462300
Tomatoes Yield 179828 Fc 174622 Fc 161607 Fc 159079 Fc 162897 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 867800 A 850800 A 810500 A 800500 A 780200 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 609000 A 576000 A 569000 A 531000 A 500000 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 7017.75 Fc 6770.1 Fc 7020.36 Fc 6633.35 Fc 6408.61 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 2247400 2010200 1736800 3370000 2310000
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 27480800 22123700 19172700 34740000 27180000
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 122278 Fc 110057 Fc 110391 Fc 103086 Fc 117662 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 6334470 A 5841230 A 5402010 A 7175420 A 5763190 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 81882200 A 71454700 A 65564700 A 79040800 A 69180600 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 129265 Fc 122328 Fc 121371 Fc 110155 Fc 120039 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6334470 A 5841230 A 5402010 A 7175420 A 5763190 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 81882200 A 71454700 A 65564700 A 79040800 A 69180600 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 129265 Fc 122328 Fc 121371 Fc 110155 Fc 120039 Fc
Walnuts, with shell Area Harvested 30800 * 30800 * 30500 * 30500 * 30200 *
Walnuts, with shell Production Quantity 36000 * 32000 * 34000 * 31000 * 30000 *
Walnuts, with shell Yield 11688.3 Fc 10389.6 Fc 11147.5 Fc 10163.9 Fc 9933.77 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 23339 Im 21522 Im 19904 Im 26438 Im 21140 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 290342 Im 253329 Im 232436 Im 280240 Im 244906 Im
Watermelons Yield 124402 Fc 117707 Fc 116779 Fc 105999 Fc 115850 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 26483600 26382900 26594700 25195700 26344700
Wheat Production Quantity 69354500 68636900 72156200 65760800 72766300
Wheat Seed 2799450 Fc 2648360 Fc 2638290 Fc 2659470 Fc 2519570 Fc
Wheat Yield 26187.7 Fc 26015.7 Fc 27131.8 Fc 26100 Fc 27620.8 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 179799 Fm 179759 Q 179963 Q 179708 W 179709 W
Agricultural area certified organic Area 800 I 858 I
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 380 I 160 I
Agricultural area irrigated Area 63256 Q 63196 W 62286 W 61707 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 780 I 1180 I 1018 I 1030.3 I
Arable land Area 157350 Fm 157510 Fm 157823 Fm 157920 Fm 158104 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 169650 Fm 169610 Q 169623 Q 169320 W 169284 W
Country area Area 328726 Q 328726 Q 328726 Q 328726 W 328726 W
Fallow land Area 26237 Q 24857 Q 25148 W 25973 W
Forest area Area 68579 Fm 68434 Q 68289 Fm 68144 Fm 67999 Fm
Inland water Area 31407 Fm 31407 Fm 31407 Fm 31407 Fm 31407 Fm
Land area Area 297319 Fm 297319 Fm 297319 Fm 297319 Fm 297319 Fm
Other land Area 48941 Fm 49126 Fm 49067 Fm 49467 Fm 49611 Fm
Permanent crops Area 12300 Fm 12100 Fm 11800 Fm 11400 Fm 11180 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 10149 Fm 10149 Q 10340 Q 10388 W 10425 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 66750 Fm 66735.1 Fm 66700 Fm 66334 I 65771 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 179973 W 179858 W 180083 W 180309 W 180037 W
Agricultural area certified organic Area
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area
Agricultural area irrigated Area 60411 W 59206 W 56959 W 53871 W 56922 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 432.3 I 185.9 I
Arable land Area 158720 Fm 159213 Fm 159450 Fm 159865 Fm 159934 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 169520 W 169443 W 169660 W 169865 W 169534 W
Country area Area 328726 W 328726 W 328726 W 328726 Q 328726 Q
Fallow land Area 24638 W 24176 W 25143 W 25491 W 33471 W
Forest area Area 67854 Fm 67709 Q 67245.2 Fm 66781.4 Fm 66317.6 Fm
Inland water Area 31407 Fm 31407 Fm 31407 Fm 31407 Fm 31407 Fm
Land area Area 297319 Fm 297319 W 297319 W 297319 Q 297319 Q
Other land Area 49492 Fm 49752 Fm 49990.8 Fm 50228.6 Fm 50964.4 Fm
Permanent crops Area 10800 Fm 10230 Fm 10210 Fm 10000 Fm 9600 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 10453 W 10415 W 10423 W 10444 W 10503 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 65209 Fm 64646 I 63962 I 63277 Fm 62593 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files