Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Guam

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Datasheet

Guam

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAcidovorax citrulli (fruit blotch)PresentWall and Santos (1988); Wall et al. (1990); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)Present, LocalizedWall (1991); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentCABI and EPPO (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchlub and Yudin (2002); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentMcKenzie and Jackson (1990); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRyan and Egan (1989); Magarey (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdoretus sinicus (Chinese rose beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePemberton (1954); UK, CAB International (1981); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentMoore and Miller (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentAPPPC (1987); Carver (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)Absent, EradicatedWaterhouse (1993); Leblanc (1997); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera frauenfeldi (mango fruit fly)Absent, Never occurredLeblanc (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentNHM (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBarro et al. (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCampbell (2003); CABI and EPPO (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentBEARDSLEY jr. (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedZabin (2005); Zardus and Hadfield (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccidohystrix insolita (eggplant mealybug)PresentMoore and Bamba (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedRueda et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentFullaway (1912); UK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentCABI/EPPO (2011); Campbell (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentBEARDSLEY (1965)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErionota thrax (banana skipper)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentDenmark (1967); Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); Moore (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesMartinez and Bordat (1996); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Present, LocalizedJohnson (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedShrimp News (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus viridis (spherical mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)Present, LocalizedMolet (2013); Moore (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedVaqalo (2018); Meyerdirk et al. (2004); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedHolthuis (1980); Dore and Frimodt (1987); DIAS (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentMuniappan et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaonidia duplex (camphor, scale)PresentMoore et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSepedomerus macropus (liverfluke snail predator fly)PresentKnutson (1962); Neff and Berg (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchreiner and Nafus (1988); ISSG (2009); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveSilva-Krott et al. (1995); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentFirman (1982); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)PresentSchreiner (1991); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchedl (1963); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)Absent, Intercepted onlyInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAstronotus ocellatus (oscar)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCichla ocellaris (peacock cichlid)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicrurus macrocercusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveJenkins (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus coqui (Caribbean tree frog)Absent, Intercepted onlyInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMathies et al. (2012); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFistularia petimbaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Maciolek (1984); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia latipinna (sailfin molly)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRusa marianna (Philippine deer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWiles et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSuncus murinus (Asian house shrew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus indicus (ambon lizard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedBest and Davidson (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTillier et al. (1993); Cowie (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedClarke (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEuglandina rosea (rosy predator snail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCiveyrel and Simberloff (1996); Cowie (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)PresentIntroducedSmith (1992); Cowie (2002); Halwart and Bartley (2006); Hayes et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVeronicella cubensis (Cuban slug)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGomes and Thomé (2004); Badilles et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAngiopteris evecta (king fern)PresentNativePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeStone (1971); Fosberg and Sachet (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeFosberg and Sachet (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)PresentNativeKerr AM (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaThelypteris opulenta (jewelled maiden fern)PresentDonnegan et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeDoty (1961)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentDoty (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeTsuda (1985); Meneses and Abbott (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedDoty and Norris (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (2012); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentSwarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentIntroducedRaulerson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedWaterhouse (1997); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Imada (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentWagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer (2000); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRagone (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedStone (1970); Fosberg et al. (1987); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970); Fosberg et al. (1979); Swarbrick (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens albaPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018); USDA Forest Service (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979); GBIF (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedNMNH (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedStone (1970); PIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativePIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosusPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentWhistler (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGautier (1992); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)PresentNativeFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)PresentWagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatumPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum quadriloculare (bronze-leaved clerodendrum)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMUNE and PARHAM (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentIntroducedRaulerson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedChan and Elevitch (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeWagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentWagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)PresentRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos sulphureus (sulphur cosmos)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria spectabilis (showy rattlepod)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedStone (1970); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedRaulerson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentHock et al. (2008); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentIntroducedUSDA-NRCS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentNativePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedRaulerson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEremochloa ophiuroides (centipedegrass)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron bellioides (bellorita)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedRaulerson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentPIER (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentWagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); Wagner et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNativeFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedRaulerson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, WidespreadCook and Luond (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)PresentFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentWagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentStone (1970); Fosberg et al. (1979); Gunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)PresentGunn and Ritchie (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)PresentInvasiveMeyer (2000); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum sambac (Arabian jasmine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum simplicifolium (Australian wax jasmine)PresentIntroducedNew York Botanical Garden (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970); Caius (1986); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970); Chadhokar (1978); Fosberg et al. (1979); Holm et al. (1979); Dehgan (1982); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveThaman (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDenslow (2002); ILDIS (2007); PIER (2007); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentGBIF (2012); Stone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Fosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Fosberg and Sachet (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970); Fosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse and Norris (1987); Englberger (2009); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania scandensAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Stone (1970); Fosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); Waterhouse and Norris (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMcConnell and Muniappan (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLee (1985); Waterhouse (1997); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Stone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)PresentIntroducedBrennan (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedDonkin (1977); PIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedStone (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentWaterhouse (1997); Stone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentPIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentISSG (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)PresentLee (1985); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970); Fosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tripartita var. mollissima (banana passionfruit)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970); Fosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMeyer (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2003); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea indica (Indian camphorweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudogynoxys chenopodioides (Mexican flamevine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentIntroducedThomson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedRaulerson (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentNativePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1979); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse and Norris (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum quitoense (naranjilla)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); McConnell and Muniappan (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSpace et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentFriday and Okano (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedEnglberger (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)PresentIntroducedPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentStone (1970); Fosberg et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTripsacum latifolium (wideleaf gamagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentIntroducedWagner et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWagner et al. (1999); PIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)Present, WidespreadNativeStone (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedFosberg et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentIntroducedWagner and Lorence (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987); Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry (2002); ISSG (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass)PresentNativePIER (2016)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasivePearson and Grisoni (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusCoconut cadang-cadang viroid (cadang cadang disease)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
enzootic bovine leukosisPresentOIE (1999)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentCABI (Undated)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Production Quantity
Bananas Area Harvested 10 F 10 Im 16 Im 15 Im 14 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 331 Im 493 Im 441 Im 348 Im 350 F
Bananas Yield 331000 Fc 493000 Fc 275625 Fc 232000 Fc 250000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 101 Im 116 Im 115 Im 105 Im 120 F
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 19 A 18 A 15 A 16 A 15 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 46 A 42 A 50 A 48 A 35 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 0.48 A 0.48 A 0.45 A 0.38 A 0.4 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 24210.5 Fc 23333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 30000 Fc 23333.3 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19 A 18 A 15 A 16 A 15 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 46 A 42 A 50 A 48 A 35 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 0.48 A 0.48 A 0.45 A 0.38 A 0.4 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 24210.5 Fc 23333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 30000 Fc 23333.3 Fc
Cherries Production Quantity
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 109 Im 113 Im 116 Im 124 Im 110 F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 164 A 187 A 182 A 202 A 200 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 19 A 18 A 15 A 16 A 15 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 46 A 42 A 50 A 48 A 35 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 0.48 A 0.48 A 0.45 A 0.38 A 0.4 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 24210.5 Fc 23333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 30000 Fc 23333.3 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 8900 F 8400 F 8200 F 9600 F 9650 F
Coconuts Production Quantity 52000 F 49200 * 46125 * 53280 * 53200 *
Coconuts Yield 58427 Fc 58571.4 Fc 56250 Fc 55500 Fc 55129.5 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 20 F 20 Im 16 Im 14 F 15 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 353 Im 405 F 406 Im 397 Im 400 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 176500 Fc 202500 Fc 253750 Fc 283571 Fc 266667 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 31 Im 35 F 35 F 35 F 35 F
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 361 A 353 A 372 A 363 A 356 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2140 A 2393 A 2381 A 3339 A 3044 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 59279.8 Fc 67790.4 Fc 64005.4 Fc 91983.5 Fc 85505.6 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 351 Im 343 Im 356 Im 348 Im 342 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 1600 Im 1659 Im 1709 Im 2722 Im 2424 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 45584.1 Fc 48367.3 Fc 48005.6 Fc 78218.4 Fc 70877.2 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 19 Im 18 Im 15 Im 16 Im 15 F
Maize Production Quantity 46 Im 42 Im 50 Im 48 Im 35 F
Maize Seed 0.48 Fc 0.48 Fc 0.45 Fc 0.38 Fc 0.4 Fc
Maize Yield 24210.5 Fc 23333.3 Fc 33333.3 Fc 30000 Fc 23333.3 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 45 Im 54 Im 49 Im 67 Im 70 F
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 70 F 70 F 70 F 70 F 70 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 180 F 180 F 180 F 180 F 180 F
Nuts, nes Yield 25714.3 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25714.3 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 8900 A 8400 A 8200 A 9600 A 9650 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 4160 A 3936 A 3690 A 4262.4 A 4256 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4674.16 Fc 4685.71 Fc 4500 Fc 4440 Fc 4410.36 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 8900 A 8400 A 8200 A 9600 A 9650 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 6760 A 6396 A 5996.25 A 6926.4 A 6916 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7595.51 Fc 7614.29 Fc 7312.5 Fc 7215 Fc 7166.84 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 6 Im 5 F 5 F 5 F 5 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 13 Im 10 Im 11 Im 10 F 10 F
Onions, dry Yield 21666.7 Fc 20000 Fc 22000 Fc 20000 Fc 20000 Fc
Oranges Production Quantity 55 Im 74 Im 66 Im 78 Im 90 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 344 Im 395 Im 391 Im 346 Im 370 F
Pineapples Area Harvested
Pineapples Production Quantity
Pineapples Yield
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 161 Im 182 Im 163 Im 210 Im 170 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2298 Im 2601 Im 2412 Im 2830 Im 2500 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 142733 Fc 142912 Fc 147975 Fc 134762 Fc 147059 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 170 A 192 A 172 A 221 A 179 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2412 A 2730 A 2532 A 2939 A 2630 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 141882 Fc 142188 Fc 147209 Fc 132986 Fc 146927 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity
String beans Production Quantity 98 Im 113 Im 112 Im 109 Im 110 F
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 9 Im 10 Im 9 Im 11 Im 9 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 114 Im 129 Im 120 Im 109 Im 130 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 126667 Fc 129000 Fc 133333 Fc 99090.9 Fc 144444 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 16 Im 15 F 14 Im 13 Im 15 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 162 Im 254 Im 237 Im 206 Im 160 F
Tomatoes Yield 101250 Fc 169333 Fc 169286 Fc 158462 Fc 106667 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 70 A 70 A 70 A 70 A 70 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 180 A 180 A 180 A 180 A 180 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 25714.3 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25714.3 Fc 25714.3 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 197 Im 192 Im 181 Im 173 Im 200 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1633 Im 1874 Im 1857 Im 1900 F 1850 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 82893.4 Fc 97604.2 Fc 102597 Fc 109827 Fc 92500 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 239 A 232 A 216 A 205 A 235 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 4545 A 5279 A 5547 A 5870 A 5555 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 190167 Fc 227543 Fc 256806 Fc 286341 Fc 236383 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 239 A 232 A 216 A 205 A 235 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4545 A 5279 A 5547 A 5870 A 5555 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 190167 Fc 227543 Fc 256806 Fc 286341 Fc 236383 Fc
Watermelons Production Quantity 1810 Im 2077 Im 2383 Im 2762 Im 2500 F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Production Quantity
Bananas Area Harvested 13 Im 12 Im 16 Im 15 F 15 F
Bananas Production Quantity 208 Im 293 Im 283 Im 291 Im 345 F
Bananas Yield 160000 Fc 244167 Fc 176875 Fc 194000 Fc 230000 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 87 Im 104 Im 110 F 96 Im 100 F
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 16 A 15 A 14 A 11 A 15 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 32 A 31 A 28 A 25 A 30 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 0.38 A 0.4 A 0.38 A 0.35 A 0.27999999999999997 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 20000 Fc 20666.7 Fc 20000 Fc 22727.3 Fc 20000 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16 A 15 A 14 A 11 A 15 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 32 A 31 A 28 A 25 A 30 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 0.38 A 0.4 A 0.38 A 0.35 A 0.27999999999999997 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 20000 Fc 20666.7 Fc 20000 Fc 22727.3 Fc 20000 Fc
Cherries Production Quantity
Citrus fruit, nes Production Quantity 94 Im 117 Im 100 F 86 Im 90 F
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 179 A 217 A 180 A 179 A 160 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 16 A 15 A 14 A 11 A 15 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 32 A 31 A 28 A 25 A 30 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 0.38 A 0.4 A 0.38 A 0.35 A 0.27999999999999997 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 20000 Fc 20666.7 Fc 20000 Fc 22727.3 Fc 20000 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 9600 F 10108 Im 9500 F 8096 Im 8176 Im
Coconuts Production Quantity 53200 * 55524 Im 53000 F 53518 Im 55173 Im
Coconuts Yield 55416.7 Fc 54930.8 Fc 55789.5 Fc 66104.3 Fc 67481.6 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 16 F 15 F 15 F 15 F 15 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 410 F 385 Im 410 Im 375 Im 390 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 256250 Fc 256667 Fc 273333 Fc 250000 Fc 260000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 31 Im 30 Im 32 Im 29 Im 30 F
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 337 A 325 A 323 A 309 A 315 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2617 A 2379 A 2456 A 2215 A 2665 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 77655.8 Fc 73200 Fc 76037.1 Fc 71682.9 Fc 84603.2 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 324 Im 313 Im 307 Im 294 Im 300 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 2177 Im 1797 Im 1938 Im 1687 Im 2100 F
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 67191.4 Fc 57412.1 Fc 63127 Fc 57380.9 Fc 70000 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 16 F 15 Im 14 Im 11 Im 15 F
Maize Production Quantity 32 F 31 Im 28 Im 25 Im 30 F
Maize Seed 0.38 Fc 0.4 Fc 0.38 Fc 0.35 Fc 0.27999999999999997 Fc
Maize Yield 20000 Fc 20666.7 Fc 20000 Fc 22727.3 Fc 20000 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 53 Im 72 Im 55 Im 58 Im 60 F
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 65 F 61 Im 60 F 51 Im 50 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 165 F 164 Im 152 F 97 Im 126 F
Nuts, nes Yield 25384.6 Fc 26885.3 Fc 25333.3 Fc 19019.6 Fc 25200 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 9600 A 10108 A 9500 A 8096 A 8176 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 4256 A 4441.92 A 4240 A 4281.44 A 4413.84 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 4433.33 Fc 4394.46 Fc 4463.16 Fc 5288.34 Fc 5398.53 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 9600 A 10108 A 9500 A 8096 A 8176 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 6916 A 7218.12 A 6890 A 6957.34 A 7172.49 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 7204.17 Fc 7141 Fc 7252.63 Fc 8593.55 Fc 8772.61 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 3 F 4 Im 2 F 1 F 1 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 6 F 7 Im 4 F 3 Im 4 Im
Onions, dry Yield 20000 Fc 17500 Fc 20000 Fc 30000 Fc 40000 Fc
Oranges Production Quantity 85 F 100 Im 80 F 93 Im 70 F
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 365 F 319 Im 360 F 338 Im 350 F
Pineapples Area Harvested
Pineapples Production Quantity
Pineapples Yield
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 160 F 154 Im 150 F 116 Im 120 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2400 F 2246 Im 2250 F 1722 Im 1800 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 150000 Fc 145844 Fc 150000 Fc 148448 Fc 150000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 170 A 162 A 158 A 122 A 126 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2525 A 2342 A 2350 A 1802 A 1875 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 148529 Fc 144568 Fc 148734 Fc 147705 Fc 148810 Fc
Spices, nes Production Quantity
String beans Production Quantity 100 F 92 Im 98 F 91 Im 95 F
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 10 F 8 F 8 F 6 F 6 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 125 F 96 Im 100 F 80 Im 75 F
Sweet potatoes Yield 125000 Fc 120000 Fc 125000 Fc 133333 Fc 125000 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 12 F 9 Im 10 Im 9 Im 10 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 140 F 116 Im 133 Im 109 Im 120 F
Tomatoes Yield 116667 Fc 128889 Fc 133000 Fc 121111 Fc 120000 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 65 A 61 A 60 A 51 A 50 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 165 A 164 A 152 A 97 A 126 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 25384.6 Fc 26885.3 Fc 25333.3 Fc 19019.6 Fc 25200 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 190 F 176 Im 180 F 186 Im 170 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 1750 F 1332 Im 1650 F 1604 Im 1550 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 92105.3 Fc 75681.8 Fc 91666.7 Fc 86236.6 Fc 91176.5 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 221 A 204 A 207 A 211 A 196 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 5339 A 4455 A 5197 A 5201 A 4939 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 241584 Fc 218382 Fc 251063 Fc 246493 Fc 251990 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 221 A 204 A 207 A 211 A 196 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5339 A 4455 A 5197 A 5201 A 4939 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 241584 Fc 218382 Fc 251063 Fc 246493 Fc 251990 Fc
Watermelons Production Quantity 2450 F 2070 Im 2400 F 2556 Im 2300 F
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 18 Fm 18 Fm 18 Fm 19 Fm 19 Fm
Arable land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 10 Fm 10 Fm 10 Fm 11 Fm 11 Fm
Country area Area 54 W 54 W 54 W 54 W 54 Fm
Forest area Area 25.88 Fm 25.88 Q 25.88 Fm 25.88 Fm 25.88 Fm
Land area Area 54 W 54 W 54 W 54 W 54 Fm
Other land Area 10.12 Fm 10.12 Fm 10.12 Fm 9.12 Fm 9.12 Fm
Permanent crops Area 9 Fm 9 Fm 9 Fm 10 Fm 10 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 20 Fm 20 Fm 20 Fm 20 F 20 F
Arable land Area 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 Fm 2 F 2 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 12 Fm 12 Fm 12 Fm 12 F 12 F
Country area Area 54 Fm 54 Q 54 Q 54 Q 54 Q
Forest area Area 25.88 Fm 25.88 Q 25.88 Fm 25.88 Fm 25.88 Fm
Land area Area 54 Fm 54 Q 54 Q 54 Q 54 Q
Other land Area 8.12 Fm 8.12 Fm 8.12 Fm 8.12 Fm 8.12 Fm
Permanent crops Area 10 Fm 10 Fm 10 Fm 10 F 10 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 Fm 8 F 8 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 Fm 0.3 W
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files