Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Greenland

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Datasheet

Greenland

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Greenland
  • General data
  • Region: North America
  • Area (km2): 341,700
  • Climates: Boreal
  • Capital: Nuuk
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 56,757

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Present Native NoBoyer, 1927; Foged, 1958.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Present Native NoCrane, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Bright and Skidmore, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Localised Native Fox et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Localised Native Fox et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Localised Native NoRobins and , 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Native Nielsen and Bertelsen, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Introduced Roth and Sadeghian, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla subcrenata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctium tomentosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Introduced Tropicos, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErophila verna Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilaginella uliginosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium uliginosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium hybridum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigusticum scoticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pseudoorientale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present USDA-NRCS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Introduced USDA-NRCS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick) Absent, unreliable record Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia nuttalliana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced YesUSDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Present Flora, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sepium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
anthrax Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
babesiosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
camel pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
crayfish plague Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Clausen et al., 1980.
European foulbrood Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
glanders Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious bursal disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Marek's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
paratuberculosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral erythrocytic necrosis Present Reno and Nicholson, 1981.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 235.9 Fm 235.9 Fm 235.9 Fm 235.9 Fm 235.9 Fm
Arable land Area 0.9 Fm 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 0.9 Fm 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W
Country area Area 41045 W 41045 W 41045 W 41045 W 41045 W
Forest area Area 0.22000000000000003 Fm 0.22000000000000003 Q 0.22000000000000003 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm
Land area Area 41045 W 41045 W 41045 W 41045 W 41045 W
Other land Area 40808.9 Fm 40808.9 Fm 40808.9 Fm 40808.9 Fm 40808.9 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 235 Fm 235 Fm 235 Fm 235 Fm 235 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 235.9 Fm 235.9 Fm 235.9 Fm 235.9 Fm 235.9 Fm
Arable land Area 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W 0.9 W
Country area Area 41045 W 41045 W 41045 W 41045 Q 41045 Q
Forest area Area 0.2 Fm 0.2 Q 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm 0.2 Fm
Land area Area 41045 W 41045 W 41045 W 41045 Q 41045 Q
Other land Area 40808.9 Fm 40808.9 Fm 40808.9 Fm 40808.9 Fm 40808.9 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 235 Fm 235 Fm 235 E 235 F 235 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files