Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide







  • Population, total
  • 33,701 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentUK, CAB International (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentMalumphy et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentMalumphy et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentEPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentMalumphy et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)PresentMalumphy et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentWilson et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentMalumphy et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentRyall (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentGittenberger and Ripken (1987); Bank (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedAnon (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGISP (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, LocalizedNativeValdés et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)PresentNativeLinares (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedBall and Akeroyd (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedUotila (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentLinares (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)PresentNativeCross (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeRechinger and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentBoulos (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentRatter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedVarnham (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, WidespreadGómez (2003)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
babesiosisPresentFreidhoff et al. (1988)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)PresentCABI (Undated)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Country areaArea1 W1 W1 W1 W1 W
Forest landArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Land areaArea1 W1 W1 W1 W1 W
Naturally regenerating forestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Other landArea1 Fc1 Fc1 Fc1 Fc1 Fc
Planted ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm0 Fm
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, Reproduced with permission.