Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Gibraltar

Toolbox

Datasheet

Gibraltar

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Gibraltar
  • General data
  • Region: Western Europe
  • Area (km2): NaN
  • Climates: Subtropical
  • Capital: Gibralter

Don't need the entire report?

Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need.

Generate report

List of Species

Top of page

The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Present Commonwealth Institute of Entomology, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Introduced YesCIE, 1971; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Present CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, formerly present Introduced Ryall, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Native No
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Present Taylor, 1906-1914; Gittenberger and Ripken, 1987; Bank, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present Introduced YesGISP, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed) Present Native NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Restricted distribution Native NoValdés et al., 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Present Native Linares, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig) Present Introduced Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Introduced NoBall and Akeroyd, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Uotila, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Linares, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron) Present Native NoCross, 1975.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Rechinger and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Boulos, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoHeywood, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoVarnham, 2006.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatum Widespread Gómez, 2003.

List of Species CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

Top of page

The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
babesiosis Present Freidhoff et al., 1988.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Localised Hadjichristodoulau and Papatheodorou, 1999.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Present Yantzis, 1984.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

Top of page

Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Land Usage

Top of page
2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Country area Area 1 W 1 W 1 W 1 W 1 W
Forest area Area Fm Q Fm Fm Fm
Land area Area 1 W 1 W 1 W 1 W 1 W
Other land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Country area Area 1 W 1 W 1 W 1 Q 1 Q
Forest area Area Fm Q Fm Fm Fm
Land area Area 1 W 1 W 1 W 1 Q 1 Q
Other land Area 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm 1 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files