Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ghana

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Datasheet

Ghana

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Ghana
  • General data
  • Region: West Africa
  • Area (km2): 239,000
  • Climates: Tropical
  • Capital: Accra
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 23,461,523
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$590
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$13,822,679,040
  • GDP: US$15,147,078,656
  • Agriculture, value added: US$5,090,444,288

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma palmae (lethal yellowing of coconut) Present CABI/EPPO and, 1998a.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Present Subedi et al., 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight) Present Bradbury, 1986; IMI, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew) Present Native UK CAB International, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight) Present Omane et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora megakarya (black pod of cocoa) Widespread Zentmeyer, 1987.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew) Present CMI, 1988.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Absent, reported but not confirmed EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot) Present Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps fusiformis (pearl millet ergot) Present Thakur and King, 1988b; CABI/EPPO, 2006; IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. elaeidis (fusarium wilt of oil palm) Present Renard and Quillec, 1984; UK CAB International, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014. J Flood, 2009, CABI, personal communication
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot) Present Brentu et al., 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka) Present Introduced YesWilson, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.) Present Brentu et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease) Present Introduced YesCMI, 1984; UK CAB International, 1984.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust) Present Ono et al., 1992; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease) Present CABI and EPPO, 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcraea terpsicore Present CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma latum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale) Present Introduced CIE, 1978; NHM, 1937; Nakahara, 1982; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Present CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Present Obeng-Ofori and Sackey, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale) Present CIE, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly) Present Introduced YesVayssières et al., 2004; Drew et al., 2005; Ekesi and Billah, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil) Widespread Haines, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Present Native NoEPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis cosyra (mango fruit fly) Absent, unreliable record CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes sjostedti Present Native Snyder, 1949; Harris, 1966.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite) Present Introduced YesBacchus, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito) Widespread YesKudom et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer) Present Adu-Mensah et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug) Present CIE, 1972; Ben-Dov, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug) Present CIE, 1966; Ben-Dov, 1994; Kaydan and Gullan, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Present IIE, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Present CIE, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer) Present Le Pelley(1968); CABI/EPPO, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia) Present NHM collection.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaliarpha separatella (African white rice borer) Present Martin, 1958.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMesocyclops ogunnus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite) Absent, unreliable record Korang-Amoakoh et al., 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Present CIE, 1979; Remaudiere and Autrique, 1985; Millar, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Afreh-Nuamah, 1983; CABI/EPPO, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native NoDore and Frimodt, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug) Present Muniappan et al., 2009b; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes minei Present CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm) Present IIE, 1990; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present Native YesWheeler, 1922.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug) Present Introduced YesKorang-Amoakoh et al., 1987; Zeddies et al., 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug) Present Introduced YesGreathead, 1971; Muniappan, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Strickland, 1951a; Strickland, 1951b; Padi, 1990; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus kenyae (coffee mealybug) Present Donald, 1955; Le Pelley, 1968; Entwistle, 1972; Cox, 1989; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProstephanus truncatus (larger grain borer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHodges, 1994; IIE, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; Williams, 1986; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Belmain et al., 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present Kestenholz, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Mould, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth) Present Ayertey, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm) Present YesUK CAB International, 1972; Haggis, 1984; Sarpong, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm) Widespread Introduced YesAbrahams et al., 2017; CABI, 2017; Cock et al., 2017; EPPO, 2018; IPPC, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Present CIE, 1967; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Present Obeng-Ofori and Sackey, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Wetterer, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Absent, unreliable record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid) Present CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Restricted distribution IPPC, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer) Present Introduced YesUK CAB International, 1973; Schedl, 1977.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulus Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer) Present Introduced YesCABI/EPPO and, 1997; EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle) Present Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Present, few occurrences Native BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinus Present Native NoBeveridge and Haylor, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish) Present Introduced YesFroese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish) Widespread Native NoLoiselle, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012; Dankwa and et al. , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Localised Native NoJuniper and Parr, 2003; BirdLife International, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird) Localised Native YesGrimes, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia) Present Native IUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia) Present Native Teugels et al., 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish) Present Native Ita, 1984; Teugels et al., 1988; Dankwa et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present Native Hoyo et al., 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia mariae (spotted tilapia) Present Native NoTeugels and Thys, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Native NoTeugels and Thys, 2003; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor) Present Native NoBayless, 2002; Spawls et al., 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail) Present Introduced YesMonney, 2001; Raut and Barker, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Present Peachey et al., 1966; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode) Present CABI Bioscience, 1984; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Present Addoh, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaScutellonema bradys (yam nematode) Present Addoh, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium No information available OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae) Present Native Guiry and Guiry, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced YesdeGraft-Johnson and Akpabey, 2015; Ernest, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern) Widespread Native NoGBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (Kariba weed) Present Introduced YesdeGraft-Johnson and Akpabey, 2015; Greathead and deGroot, 1993; ISSG, 2013; Ernest, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformis Present Native John et al., 2003; John et al., 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia auriculiformis (northern black wattle) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockii Localised Native ILDIS, 2013; Missouri Botanical Garden, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree) Present Native ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present Introduced NoAdams, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed) Restricted distribution Native NoHutchinson and Dalziel, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014; PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth) Present PROTA, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth) Present Introduced NoGrubben, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Hutchinson et al., 1954.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgyreia nervosa (elephant creeper) Present Introduced Csurhes, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Absent, formerly present Ahmed et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree) Widespread Introduced YesVietmeyer, 1992; Chamberlain , 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia) Present Introduced PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto) Present Introduced Hassler, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling) Present Introduced Whitehouse, 1996; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling) Widespread Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1954; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet) Present Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom) Present Native YesUSDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine) Present EPPO, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum) Present Introduced ICRAF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassytha filiformis (love-vine) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia)) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCecropia peltata (trumpet tree) Present Introduced YesMissouri Botanical Garden, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present Native Cook et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) Present Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Pierce and Opoku, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed) Present Introduced YesGautier, 1992b; Timbilla and Braimah, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange) FAO, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower) Present Native Berhaut, 1974; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower) Present PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum thomsoniae (bleeding glory bower) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea) Present Native ILDIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut) Present Introduced Govaerts et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro) Present Introduced Safo-Kantaka, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew) Restricted distribution Carson, 1977; Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower) Present Terry, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane) Present Introduced Adams, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Widespread Introduced Adams, 1963; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum) Present Introduced PROTA, 2014; Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed) Present ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge) Present Hooper and Napper, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge) Present Native Govaerts, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge) Present Clayton, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus) Present Introduced YesdeGraft-Johnson and Akpabey, 2015; Ernest, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge) Present Holm et al., 1979; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissoo Present Introduced ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Hepper, 1963; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush) Present Native World Agroforestry Centre, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Hepper, 1972; Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass) Present Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato) Present Native Govaerts, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam) Present Native PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present Introduced YesLabrada, 2003; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalis Present Native Hutchinson et al., 1972; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) Present Introduced YesdeGraft-Johnson and Akpabey, 2015; EPPO, 2014; Ernest, 2015. de Graft-Johnson, 1993
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Widespread Native Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower) Present Adams, 1963; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia) Present Laycock et al., 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge) Present Introduced Hutchinson and Daliziel, 1958.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1979; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant) Present Introduced Quattrocchi, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis) Present YesNapper, 1972; Holou et al., 2013; Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia ) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002; WAC, 2005; PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar) Present Introduced IUCN, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Heine, 1963; Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo) Present Native Bisby et al., 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo) Present Native ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory) Present Introduced Gunn and Ritchie, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1977; EPPO, 2014; Clayton et al., 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine) Present Introduced Asase, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha) Present Introduced NoMissouri Botanical Garden, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush) Widespread Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2009; IRVINE, 1961; Csurhes, 1999; Asase et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia speciosa (Pride of India) Present Introduced African Plants Database, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeersia hexandra (southern cut grass) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Hepper, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifolia Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena) Present Introduced YesHolm et al., 1979; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnocharis flava (yellow bur-head) Present Introduced YesdeGraft-Johnson and Akpabey, 2015; Labrada and Fornasari, 2002; Anning and Yeboah-Gyan, 2007; Ernest, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel) Present Hepper, 1963; PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow) Present Raven, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa acutangula (angled luffa) Present Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present Zipcode Zoo, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango) Present Introduced Orwa et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla) Present Introduced Govaerts, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop) Present Native GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose) Present Native Hutchinson et al., 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine) Present Native Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1963; Heine, 1963; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint) Present Introduced Hutchinson et al., 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant) Present Introduced Anon., 2001a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (catclaw mimosa) Present Introduced YesdeGraft-Johnson and Akpabey, 2015; Irvine, 1961; EPPO, 2014; Ernest, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd) Present Native Scholz, 1988; Holm et al., 1991; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree) Present Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean) Present Native ILDIS, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed) Present Introduced NoHolm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid) Present Native Garay and Taylor, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthii Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice) Present Hepper, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza punctata (wild rice) Present Native Akromah, 1987; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Present Q-bank, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass) Present Native NoHepper and ed., 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium) Present Native Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2012; Hepper, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (sour paspalum) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum) Restricted distribution Native YesHolm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower) Present GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass) Widespread Native YesHeper, 1972; Poilecot, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass) Present Native Clayton, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) Present Introduced NoMairura, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present FAO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree) Present Introduced GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine) Present Introduced Soerianegara and Lemmens, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce) Widespread Introduced YesdeGraft-Johnson and Akpabey, 2015; Holm et al., 1979; Ernest, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1954.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite) Present Introduced Pasiecznik et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosa Present Hansen, 1975; Mielcarek, 1996; Johnson et al., 1998; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhizophora mangle (red mangrove) Present Native Duke, 1983.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass) Restricted distribution Native Haizel, 1973; USDA-ARS, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane) Present Clayton and Renvoize, 1982; Holm et al., 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass) Present Introduced Ghana Herbarium, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower) Present only in captivity/cultivation Hanelt et al., 2001; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod) Present Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna) Present Introduced Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1958; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia) Present Introduced NoILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna surattensis (golden senna) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014; ILDIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Clayton, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida) Widespread Introduced YesHolm et al., 1977; Niber, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals) Present Introduced Missouri Botanical Garden, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry) Restricted distribution Heine, 1963; Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood) Present Introduced Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1963.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphenoclea zeylanica (wedgewort) Present Holm et al., 1977.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Native GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed) Present Native NoHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed) Present Hepper, 1963; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979; Kroschel et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum) Present Introduced NoMorton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple) Present Introduced Morton, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia rosea (pink poui) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia) Present Introduced ILDIS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond) Introduced PROTA, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn) Present Native Clayton et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine) Present Hutchinson and Dalziel, 1958.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons) Restricted distribution Hutchinson et al., 1963; Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail) Present Native YesBurkill, 2000; Anning and Yeboah-Gyan, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed) Present Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass) Present Native Clayton et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean) Present Native GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoPrabhakaran Nair, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZoysia matrella (Manila grass) Present Introduced eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia trautmanni Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolense Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma vivax Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusBanana streak disease Present Native YesDiekmann and Putter, 1996.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic) Widespread Thresh et al., 1997; CABI and EPPO, 1998.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusCowpea aphid-borne mosaic virus Widespread Thottappilly et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize) Present McKinney, 1929; Pinner et al., 1988; CABI and EPPO, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRice yellow mottle virus Present Awoderu, 1991a; Anno-Nyako et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca) Present ISSCT, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Present EPPO, 2014.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Present OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Last reported OIE, 2012.
African swine fever Present OIE, 2012.
American foulbrood of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
anthrax Present OIE, 2012; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971); OIE, 1997.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease No information available OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Last reported OIE, 2012.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) No information available OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis No information available OIE, 2012; Permin et al., 1999.
blackleg Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue No information available OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections No information available Barnes, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Present AU-IBAR, 2011; Turkson and Boadu, 1992.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever No information available OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Present OIE, 2012; Masiga et al., 1998; Kané, 2000.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis No information available OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever No information available OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Present Adjei et al., 1987; Adjei et al., 2003.
Denman island disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Digenean infections of fish Present Ukoli, 1966.
dourine No information available OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis No information available OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes No information available OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis No information available OIE, 2009.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present Permin et al., 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) No information available OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
equine influenza No information available OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis No information available OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis No information available OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood No information available OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Present OIE, 2012; Kitching, 1998.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders No information available OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Present OIE, 2012; Stewart, 1933.
horse pox Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2012.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis No information available OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
listeriosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Present OIE, 2012.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections No information available OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Present OIE, 2012.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis No information available OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Present OIE, 2012.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever No information available OIE, 2012.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease No information available OIE, 2009.
rabies Present OIE, 2012.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
rinderpest Last reported OIE, 2012.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Present Armah et al., 2003.
scrapie No information available OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2012.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra No information available OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
theileriosis No information available OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis No information available OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Present OIE, 2012.
tuberculosis Present OIE, 2012; Lawn, 2000.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees No information available OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi No information available OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Avocados Area Harvested 1817 Im 1770 Im 1754 Im 1685 Im 1650 F
Avocados Production Quantity 8500 F 8400 Im 8539 Im 8000 P 7900 F
Avocados Yield 46780.4 Fc 47457.6 Fc 48683 Fc 47477.7 Fc 47878.8 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 7509 Im 7316 Im 7250 7200 7200 F
Bananas Production Quantity 60000 F 64500 Im 65000 63000 57500 F
Bananas Yield 79904.1 Fc 88162.9 Fc 89655.2 Fc 87500 Fc 79861.1 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 2089 Im 2200 F 2450 Im 2695 Im 2450 F
Beans, green Production Quantity 28000 F 27600 Im 23258 Im 29250 Im 22500 F
Beans, green Yield 134035 Fc 125455 Fc 94930.6 Fc 108534 Fc 91836.7 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 60223 Im 59001 Im 59000 52000 62000 F
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 35736 Im 30000 F 27000 22000 40511 Im
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 5933.95 Fc 5084.66 Fc 4576.27 Fc 4230.77 Fc 6534.03 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 889364 875013 885800 839920 800530
Cassava Production Quantity 14240900 13504100 12230600 11351100 10217900
Cassava Yield 160125 Fc 154330 Fc 138074 Fc 135145 Fc 127639 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1642870 A 1602100 A 1570750 A 1437190 A 1270220 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 2464480 A 2743010 A 2476820 A 2196280 A 1611120 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 45778.3 A 45778.3 A 44009.2 A 42103 A 37272.7 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 15001.1 Fc 17121.4 Fc 15768.4 Fc 15281.8 Fc 12683.8 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1642870 A 1602100 A 1570750 A 1437190 A 1270220 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2618990 A 2906720 A 2607170 A 2296820 A 1672840 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 45778.3 A 45778.3 A 44009.2 A 42103 A 37272.7 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 15941.6 Fc 18143.2 Fc 16598.3 Fc 15981.3 Fc 13169.7 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 13500 F 13700 Im 12141 Im 15258 Im 12500 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 88000 F 90000 F 93641 F 93641 Im 81000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 65185.2 Fc 65693.4 Fc 77127.9 Fc 61371.7 Fc 64800 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 70000 F 73500 Im 50756 Im 79976 Im 78000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 270000 F 294100 Im 176195 Im 282194 Im 279000 F
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 38571.4 Fc 40013.6 Fc 34714.1 Fc 35284.8 Fc 35769.2 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 70972 A 71193 A 70585 A 67748 A 66330 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 575000 A 602100 A 606681 A 593735 A 522373 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 81017.9 Fc 84572.9 Fc 85950.4 Fc 87638.8 Fc 78753.7 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1445390 A 1420870 A 1408350 A 1304390 A 1161290 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2155010 A 2415110 A 2215730 A 1994900 A 1487500 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 34916.9 A 34916.9 A 34041.7 A 33171 A 29968.7 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 14909.6 Fc 16997.4 Fc 15732.8 Fc 15293.7 Fc 12809 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 1650000 F 1625000 F 1656000 F 1822500 F 1463000 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 700000 F 632037 710638 680781 614500 *
Cocoa beans Yield 4242.42 Fc 3889.46 Fc 4291.29 Fc 3735.42 Fc 4200.27 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 58000 F 57800 Im 55000 * 55000 * 55000 *
Coconuts Production Quantity 300000 F 292000 * 273800 * 316300 * 316000 *
Coconuts Yield 51724.1 Fc 50519 Fc 49781.8 Fc 57509.1 Fc 57454.6 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 9200 F 9100 Im 9000 F 9500 F 11000 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 1300 F 1200 * 1860 * 1620 * 1860 *
Coffee, green Yield 1413.04 Fc 1318.68 Fc 2066.67 Fc 1705.26 Fc 1690.91 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 39400 F 39400 F 39400 F 39400 F 39400 F
Cotton lint Production Quantity 9300 F 9300 F 9060 F 8800 F 7000 F
Cottonseed Production Quantity 14000 F 13900 Im 13599 Im 13208 Im 10500 F
Cottonseed Seed 1040 Fc 1040 Fc 1036 Fc 981.44 Fc 1022.76 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 9 Im 10 F 11 Im 9 Im 10 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 117 Im 125 F 120 Im 118 Im 100 F
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 130000 Fc 125000 Fc 109091 Fc 131111 Fc 100000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 1800 F 1700 F 1335 Im 1660 Im 1600 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 4800 F 4200 Im 3759 Im 4727 Im 6000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 26666.7 Fc 24705.9 Fc 28157.3 Fc 28475.9 Fc 37500 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 26000 A 25900 A 24536 A 25569 A 25000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 9300 A 9300 A 9060 A 8800 A 7000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3576.92 Fc 3590.73 Fc 3692.53 Fc 3441.67 Fc 2800 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 446510 A 437516 A 433642 A 416432 A 407863 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 4416730 A 4363630 A 4395640 A 4146160 A 3961180 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 98916.7 Fc 99736.5 Fc 101366 Fc 99563.8 Fc 97120.4 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 15500 F 15400 Im 15265 Im 14650 Im 14343 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 67000 F 66000 Im 66936 Im 62712 Im 60759 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 43225.8 Fc 42857.1 Fc 43849.3 Fc 42806.8 Fc 42361.4 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 70 F 70 F 70 F 70 F 70 F
Ginger Production Quantity 88 F 90 Im 81 Im 93 Im 86 Im
Ginger Yield 12571.4 Fc 12857.1 Fc 11571.4 Fc 13285.7 Fc 12285.7 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 356780 353376 336500 350660 341640
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 465103 530887 485100 470100 301770
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 28542.4 Fc 28542.4 Fc 28270.1 Fc 26920 Fc 28052.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 13036.1 Fc 15023.3 Fc 14416 Fc 13406.2 Fc 8832.98 Fc
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Area Harvested 30000 F 29500 Im 27913 Im 29088 Im 28441 Im
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Production Quantity 72000 F 71400 Im 69913 Im 67901 Im 53978 Im
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Yield 24000 Fc 24203.4 Fc 25046.8 Fc 23343.3 Fc 18978.9 Fc
Kolanuts Area Harvested 72471 Im 71000 F 70000 F 71000 F 71000 F
Kolanuts Production Quantity 24000 F 21300 Im 18039 Im 22600 Im 20500 F
Kolanuts Yield 3311.67 Fc 3000 Fc 2577 Fc 3183.1 Fc 2887.32 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 6972 Im 6793 Im 6731 Im 6465 Im 6330 F
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 45000 F 46000 Im 46681 Im 43735 Im 42373 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 64543.9 Fc 67716.8 Fc 69352.3 Fc 67648.9 Fc 66940 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 1023180 991669 954400 846260 790070
Maize Production Quantity 1683980 1871700 1619590 1470080 1219600
Maize Seed 30695.3 Fc 30695.3 Fc 29750.1 Fc 28632 Fc 25387.8 Fc
Maize Yield 16458.3 Fc 18874.2 Fc 16969.7 Fc 17371.5 Fc 15436.6 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 715 Im 697 Im 691 Im 664 Im 650 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 7100 F 7000 F 7000 P 7019 Im 6800 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 99300.7 Fc 100430 Fc 101302 Fc 105708 Fc 104615 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 178676 176600 186700 182230 162710
Millet Production Quantity 183921 218952 245550 193840 113040
Millet Seed 1786.76 Fc 1786.76 Fc 1766 Fc 1867 Fc 1822.3 Fc
Millet Yield 10293.5 Fc 12398.2 Fc 13152.1 Fc 10637.1 Fc 6947.33 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 25000 F 25000 F 25475 25175 17000 F
Natural rubber Production Quantity 15000 F 15000 * 19134 16550 11000 *
Natural rubber Yield 6000 Fc 6000 Fc 7510.89 Fc 6573.98 Fc 6470.59 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 8250 F 8083 Im 8095 Im 8200 F 8200 F
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 1350 F 1300 F 924 Im 1158 Im 1050 F
Nuts, nes Yield 1636.36 Fc 1608.31 Fc 1141.45 Fc 1412.2 Fc 1280.49 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 49 Im 48 Im 47 Im 43 Im 38 F
Oats Production Quantity 42 F 40 Im 39 Im 34 Im 25 F
Oats Yield 8571.43 Fc 8333.33 Fc 8297.87 Fc 7906.98 Fc 6578.95 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 360000 F 360000 * 352800 337800 299900
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 2004300 F 2004300 2103600 1896760 1684500
Oil palm fruit Yield 55675 Fc 55675 Fc 59625.8 Fc 56150.4 Fc 56168.7 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 800780 A 797076 A 768836 A 769029 A 721540 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 226731 A 251056 A 232036 A 229543 A 164154 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 11376.5 A 11376.5 A 11271 A 10730.1 A 11181.7 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2831.37 Fc 3149.71 Fc 3018.02 Fc 2984.85 Fc 2275.05 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 830780 A 826576 A 796749 A 798117 A 749981 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 335397 A 353935 A 347407 A 345870 A 285409 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 8729.12 A 8729.12 A 8646.79 A 8233.03 A 8579.48 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4037.13 Fc 4281.94 Fc 4360.31 Fc 4333.58 Fc 3805.55 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 219 Im 250 Im 231 Im 242 Im 211 Im
Okra Area Harvested 20000 F 21100 Im 14424 Im 17930 Im 19500 F
Okra Production Quantity 80000 F 82500 Im 71350 Im 89731 Im 108000 F
Okra Yield 40000 Fc 39099.5 Fc 49466.2 Fc 50045.2 Fc 55384.6 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 4384 Im 5000 F 4900 F 4229 Im 5600 F
Onions, dry Production Quantity 48000 F 50000 F 49129 Im 44400 Im 43000 F
Onions, dry Yield 109489 Fc 100000 Fc 100263 Fc 104989 Fc 76785.7 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 64000 F 64400 Im 63854 Im 61283 Im 60000 F
Oranges Production Quantity 530000 F 556100 Im 560000 550000 480000 F
Oranges Yield 82812.5 Fc 86350.9 Fc 87700.1 Fc 89747.6 Fc 80000 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 80 Im 86 Im 91 Im 87 Im 74 Im
Palm kernels Production Quantity 36000 F 36000 * 36000 * 36000 * 36000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 120000 F 120000 * 130000 * 128000 * 122000 *
Papayas Area Harvested 1000 F 970 Im 958 Im 919 Im 900 F
Papayas Production Quantity 4300 F 4200 Im 4269 Im 4000 P 4100 F
Papayas Yield 43000 Fc 43299 Fc 44561.6 Fc 43525.6 Fc 45555.6 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 4908 Im 5324 Im 5379 Im 5981 Im 4900 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 3082 Im 3102 Im 3215 Im 3584 Im 3100 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 6279.54 Fc 5826.45 Fc 5976.95 Fc 5992.31 Fc 6326.53 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 12500 F 12300 Im 12239 Im 11746 Im 11500 F
Pineapples Production Quantity 75000 F 73700 Im 74715 Im 70000 P 68000 F
Pineapples Yield 60000 Fc 59918.7 Fc 61046.7 Fc 59594.8 Fc 59130.4 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 336497 327870 324900 311820 305290
Plantains Production Quantity 3619830 3537730 3562500 3337690 3233750
Plantains Yield 107574 Fc 107900 Fc 109649 Fc 107039 Fc 105924 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 256533 Im 253486 Im 240000 F 261468 Im 251061 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 24000 F 23100 Im 21625 Im 21946 Im 21740 Im
Pulses, nes Seed 3848 Fc 3848 Fc 3802.29 Fc 3600 Fc 3922.02 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 935.55 Fc 911.29 Fc 901.04 Fc 839.34 Fc 865.93 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 256533 A 253486 A 240000 A 261468 A 251061 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 24000 A 23100 A 21625 A 21946 A 21740 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3848 A 3848 A 3802.29 A 3600 A 3922.02 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 935.55 Fc 911.29 Fc 901.04 Fc 839.34 Fc 865.93 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 197480 181228 162400 132800 108930
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 463975 491603 391440 301920 185340
Rice, paddy Seed 10861.4 Fc 10861.4 Fc 9967.54 Fc 8932 Fc 7304 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 23494.8 Fc 27126.2 Fc 24103.5 Fc 22734.9 Fc 17014.6 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 31 Im 30 F 27 Im 26 Im 25 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 168 Im 160 Im 150 Im 138 Im 125 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 54193.6 Fc 53333.3 Fc 55555.6 Fc 53076.9 Fc 50000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1571060 A 1538730 A 1563690 A 1511440 A 1430350 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 21966200 A 20939600 A 19634800 A 18046700 A 16386100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 139818 Fc 136084 Fc 125567 Fc 119401 Fc 114560 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 26000 F 25900 Im 24536 Im 25569 Im 25000 F
Seed cotton Production Quantity 27000 F 26500 Im 25905 Im 25159 Im 20000 F
Seed cotton Yield 10384.6 Fc 10231.7 Fc 10558 Fc 9839.65 Fc 8000 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 243482 252555 267200 275860 208470
Sorghum Production Quantity 287069 324422 350550 330950 154830
Sorghum Seed 2434.82 Fc 2434.82 Fc 2525.55 Fc 2672 Fc 2758.6 Fc
Sorghum Yield 11790.2 Fc 12845.6 Fc 13119.4 Fc 11997 Fc 7426.97 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 5700 F 5700 F 5700 F 5700 F 5700 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 145000 F 145000 F 145000 F 145000 F 145000 F
Sugar cane Seed 4350 Fc 4350 Fc 4350 Fc 4350 Fc 4350 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 254386 Fc 254386 Fc 254386 Fc 254386 Fc 254386 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 73500 F 73400 Im 74565 Im 72073 Im 68206 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 130000 F 120000 F 122148 Im 112268 Im 101937 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 17687.1 Fc 16348.8 Fc 16381.4 Fc 15577 Fc 14945.5 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 204363 205342 224600 251850 238000
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 1299650 1354800 1504000 1688330 1690100
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 63595.2 Fc 65977.7 Fc 66963.5 Fc 67037.1 Fc 71012.6 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 5950 Im 6000 F 6058 Im 5318 Im 5750 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 4114 Im 4000 F 4163 Im 3462 Im 2700 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 6914.29 Fc 6666.67 Fc 6871.9 Fc 6509.97 Fc 4695.65 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 58000 F 60000 F 53000 F 47000 F 30000 F
Tomatoes Production Quantity 340000 F 350000 F 317520 284000 180000 F
Tomatoes Yield 58620.7 Fc 58333.3 Fc 59909.4 Fc 60425.5 Fc 60000 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 68473 A 67084 A 67095 A 60200 A 70200 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 37086 A 31300 A 27924 A 23158 A 41561 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 5416.15 Fc 4665.79 Fc 4161.86 Fc 3846.84 Fc 5920.37 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1108 Im 1178 Im 1085 Im 1029 Im 1050 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 11000 F 10000 Im 7651 Im 9622 Im 8200 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 99278 Fc 84889.6 Fc 70516.1 Fc 93508.3 Fc 78095.2 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 157390 A 164688 A 127961 A 154528 A 138210 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 781997 A 818611 A 649073 A 744129 A 646874 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 49685.3 Fc 49706.8 Fc 50724.3 Fc 48155 Fc 46803.7 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 157390 A 164688 A 127961 A 154528 A 138210 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 781997 A 818611 A 649073 A 744129 A 646874 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 49685.3 Fc 49706.8 Fc 50724.3 Fc 48155 Fc 46803.7 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 403798 384942 378700 347570 323590
Yams Production Quantity 6295450 5960490 5777900 4894850 4375990
Yams Yield 155906 Fc 154841 Fc 152572 Fc 140831 Fc 135233 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Avocados Area Harvested 1500 F 2067 Im 2004 Im 2042 Im 1974 Im
Avocados Production Quantity 7350 F 10652 Im 9083 Im 8884 Im 8694 Im
Avocados Yield 49000 Fc 51533.6 Fc 45324.3 Fc 43506.4 Fc 44042.6 Fc
Bananas Area Harvested 7000 6580 4500 F 4200 F 4000 F
Bananas Production Quantity 56000 26320 18000 F 16000 F 14000 F
Bananas Yield 80000 Fc 40000 Fc 40000 Fc 38095.2 Fc 35000 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 2400 F 2233 Im 2164 Im 2363 Im 2320 Im
Beans, green Production Quantity 22000 F 17930 Im 16706 Im 15882 Im 25580 Im
Beans, green Yield 91666.7 Fc 80295.6 Fc 77199.6 Fc 67211.2 Fc 110259 Fc
Cashew nuts, with shell Area Harvested 59000 52000 45000 F 30000 F 17000 F
Cashew nuts, with shell Production Quantity 34000 F 29000 F 25000 F 16500 F 9000 F
Cashew nuts, with shell Yield 5762.71 Fc 5576.92 Fc 5555.56 Fc 5500 Fc 5294.12 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 790000 750000 783947 807200 F 794440 F
Cassava Production Quantity 9638000 9567000 9738810 10239300 9731040
Cassava Yield 122000 Fc 127560 Fc 124228 Fc 126850 Fc 122489 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 1438040 A 1360030 A 1332720 A 1461540 A 1597610 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 1835780 A 1852450 A 1749720 A 1961320 A 2061970 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 33405.1 A 35865 A 34000 A 33358.7 A 35718 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 12765.9 Fc 13620.7 Fc 13129 Fc 13419.6 Fc 12906.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1438040 A 1360030 A 1332720 A 1461540 A 1597610 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1919030 A 1948020 A 1830250 A 2040840 A 2155210 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 33405.1 A 35865 A 34000 A 33358.7 A 35718 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 13344.8 Fc 14323.4 Fc 13733.2 Fc 13963.7 Fc 13490.3 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dry Area Harvested 12000 10560 11000 F 11500 F 12000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Production Quantity 78000 68640 60000 F 55000 F 50000 F
Chillies and peppers, dry Yield 65000 Fc 65000 Fc 54545.4 Fc 47826.1 Fc 41666.7 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 77000 F 99810 Im 79611 Im 86592 Im 96853 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 277000 F 243685 Im 229181 Im 175509 Im 212435 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 35974 Fc 24414.9 Fc 28787.6 Fc 20268.5 Fc 21933.8 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 65200 A 70445 A 57704 A 53239 A 51455 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 508000 A 543299 A 440126 A 375896 A 367481 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 77914.1 Fc 77123.9 Fc 76273.1 Fc 70605.4 Fc 71417.9 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1313040 A 1240030 A 1213330 A 1344540 A 1474800 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1669030 A 1661020 A 1588440 A 1802030 A 1875210 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 27413.9 A 28990 A 27400 A 26792.1 A 29283 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 12711.2 Fc 13395 Fc 13091.6 Fc 13402.7 Fc 12715.1 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 1835000 1850000 2000000 F 1500000 F 1195000
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 734000 740000 737000 * 497000 * 340562
Cocoa beans Yield 4000 Fc 4000 Fc 3685 Fc 3313.33 Fc 2849.89 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 55000 * 55000 * 55000 * 55000 * 55000 *
Coconuts Production Quantity 315000 * 315000 * 315000 * 315000 * 315000 *
Coconuts Yield 57272.7 Fc 57272.7 Fc 57272.7 Fc 57272.7 Fc 57272.7 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 10000 F 7000 F 6500 F 5000 F 6059 Im
Coffee, green Production Quantity 1740 * 1200 * 1140 900 1464
Coffee, green Yield 1740 Fc 1714.29 Fc 1753.85 Fc 1800 Fc 2416.24 Fc
Coir Production Quantity 39400 F 39400 F 39400 F 39400 F 39400 F
Cotton lint Production Quantity 8000 * 8709 * 6532 * 7000 * 6000 *
Cottonseed Production Quantity 11400 F 10500 F 9500 * 7800 * 8300 F
Cottonseed Seed 1000 Fc 960 Fc 1000 Fc 1000 Fc 768 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 8 F 11 Im 10 Im 11 Im 10 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 80 F 118 Im 111 Im 108 Im 102 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 100000 Fc 107273 Fc 111000 Fc 98181.8 Fc 102000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 1500 F 3682 Im 3414 Im 3451 Im 3088 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 5630 6400 15511 Im 15062 Im 14252 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 37533.3 Fc 17381.9 Fc 45433.5 Fc 43645.3 Fc 46152.8 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 24000 A 25000 A 25000 A 19200 A 19200 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 8000 A 8709 A 6532 A 7000 A 6000 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 3333.33 Fc 3483.6 Fc 2612.8 Fc 3645.83 Fc 3125 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 399233 A 394655 A 371256 A 372931 A 360885 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 3602630 A 3505220 A 2968570 A 2857400 A 2793890 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 90238.9 Fc 88817.3 Fc 79960.2 Fc 76620.1 Fc 77417.8 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 14047 Im 13613 Im 13200 F 14177 Im 13702 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 54488 Im 52771 Im 45000 F 48485 Im 47448 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 38789.8 Fc 38765.2 Fc 34090.9 Fc 34199.8 Fc 34628.5 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 70 F 75 Im 70 Im 69 Im 67 Im
Ginger Production Quantity 70 F 83 Im 78 Im 73 Im 70 Im
Ginger Yield 10000 Fc 11066.7 Fc 11142.9 Fc 10579.7 Fc 10447.8 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 480000 450000 431667 464700 384000
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 520000 420000 389649 439000 520000
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 27331.2 Fc 38400 Fc 36000 Fc 34533.4 Fc 37176 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10833.3 Fc 9333.33 Fc 9026.61 Fc 9446.96 Fc 13541.7 Fc
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Area Harvested 38362 Im 36211 Im 34958 Im 36819 Im 31305 Im
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Production Quantity 72244 Im 64180 Im 61444 Im 65000 F 60000 F
Karite Nuts (Sheanuts) Yield 18832.2 Fc 17723.9 Fc 17576.5 Fc 17653.9 Fc 19166.3 Fc
Kolanuts Area Harvested 69817 Im 71094 Im 70561 Im 62182 Im 78294 Im
Kolanuts Production Quantity 27934 Im 25464 Im 22719 Im 19900 Im 20650 Im
Kolanuts Yield 4001.03 Fc 3581.74 Fc 3219.77 Fc 3200.28 Fc 2637.49 Fc
Lemons and limes Area Harvested 6200 F 7945 Im 7704 Im 7849 Im 7586 Im
Lemons and limes Production Quantity 38000 F 43299 Im 40126 Im 39036 Im 37825 Im
Lemons and limes Yield 61290.3 Fc 54498.4 Fc 52084.6 Fc 49733.7 Fc 49861.6 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 793000 750000 732955 791900 939600
Maize Production Quantity 1189000 1171000 1157620 1288600 1400000
Maize Seed 23702.1 Fc 23790 Fc 22500 Fc 21988.7 Fc 23757 Fc
Maize Yield 14993.7 Fc 15613.3 Fc 15793.9 Fc 16272.3 Fc 14900 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 636 650 F 600 F 550 F 1071 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 6996 6600 6000 F 5500 F 5494 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 110000 Fc 101538 Fc 100000 Fc 100000 Fc 51297.8 Fc
Millet Area Harvested 200000 185000 182232 206600 198010
Millet Production Quantity 165000 185000 143798 175740 159120
Millet Seed 1627.1 Fc 2000 Fc 1850 Fc 1822.32 Fc 2066 Fc
Millet Yield 8250 Fc 10000 Fc 7890.93 Fc 8506.29 Fc 8035.96 Fc
Natural rubber Area Harvested 24972 Im 23895 Im 20497 Im 20328 Im 20144 Im
Natural rubber Production Quantity 10500 * 10000 * 9300 * 9200 * 8800 *
Natural rubber Yield 4204.71 Fc 4184.98 Fc 4537.25 Fc 4525.78 Fc 4368.55 Fc
Nuts, nes Area Harvested 8768 Im 8467 Im 8097 Im 7546 Im 7384 Im
Nuts, nes Production Quantity 1638 Im 1493 Im 1332 Im 1167 Im 1211 Im
Nuts, nes Yield 1868.16 Fc 1763.32 Fc 1645.05 Fc 1546.51 Fc 1640.03 Fc
Oats Area Harvested 35 Im 33 Im 32 Im 35 Im 38 Im
Oats Production Quantity 26 Im 24 Im 21 Im 23 Im 24 Im
Oats Yield 7428.57 Fc 7272.73 Fc 6562.5 Fc 6571.43 Fc 6315.79 Fc
Oil palm fruit Area Harvested 333000 325200 317600 240000 F 180000 F
Oil palm fruit Production Quantity 2097400 2024600 1955300 1600000 F 1100000 F
Oil palm fruit Yield 62985 Fc 62257.1 Fc 61564.9 Fc 66666.7 Fc 61111.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 892000 A 855200 A 829267 A 778900 A 638200 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 249566 A 210588 A 197494 A 215377 A 245883 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 10895.9 A 15081.6 A 14190 A 13632.7 A 14518.6 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2797.83 Fc 2462.44 Fc 2381.55 Fc 2765.15 Fc 3852.75 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 930362 A 891411 A 864225 A 815719 A 669505 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 356311 A 319692 A 305817 A 315638 A 337903 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 8359.36 A 11673.6 A 10960 A 10520 A 11275.7 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3829.81 Fc 3586.35 Fc 3538.62 Fc 3869.44 Fc 5047.05 Fc
Oilseeds, Nes Production Quantity 254 Im 255 Im 237 Im 232 Im 216 Im
Okra Area Harvested 19000 F 15565 Im 20179 Im 22102 Im 20094 Im
Okra Production Quantity 105000 F 113084 Im 119948 Im 125937 Im 128765 Im
Okra Yield 55263.2 Fc 72652.8 Fc 59442 Fc 56979.9 Fc 64081.3 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 5500 F 2899 Im 2090 Im 3150 Im 4484 Im
Onions, dry Production Quantity 42500 F 44950 Im 40562 Im 48509 Im 51709 Im
Onions, dry Yield 77272.7 Fc 155053 Fc 194077 Fc 153997 Fc 115319 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 59000 F 62500 F 50000 F 45390 Im 43869 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 470000 500000 400000 F 336860 Im 329656 Im
Oranges Yield 79661 Fc 80000 Fc 80000 Fc 74214.6 Fc 75145.6 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 80 F 77 Im 72 Im 70 F 50 F
Palm kernels Production Quantity 40000 * 39000 * 37000 * 37000 * 36000 *
Palm oil Production Quantity 121000 * 117000 * 114000 * 108400 * 108000 *
Papayas Area Harvested 850 800 550 F 500 F 453 Im
Papayas Production Quantity 3800 3575 2500 F 2400 F 1869 Im
Papayas Yield 44705.9 Fc 44687.5 Fc 45454.6 Fc 48000 Fc 41258.3 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 4800 F 4500 F 4400 F 4200 F 4050 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 3000 F 2900 F 2700 F 2900 F 2700 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 6250 Fc 6444.44 Fc 6136.36 Fc 6904.76 Fc 6666.67 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 11000 F 10500 F 11506 Im 11723 Im 11330 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 66000 P 70000 F 67000 F 71637 Im 70105 Im
Pineapples Yield 60000 Fc 66666.7 Fc 58230.5 Fc 61108.1 Fc 61875.6 Fc
Plantains Area Harvested 299000 290000 281192 286500 276900
Plantains Production Quantity 2900000 2792000 2380860 2328600 2278800
Plantains Yield 96990 Fc 96275.9 Fc 84670.3 Fc 81277.5 Fc 82296.9 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 230325 Im 210000 F 187983 Im 180000 F 180600
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 18921 Im 18000 F 16211 Im 12806 Im 15000 F
Pulses, nes Seed 3765.92 Fc 3454.88 Fc 3150 Fc 2819.75 Fc 2700 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 821.49 Fc 857.14 Fc 862.37 Fc 711.44 Fc 830.56 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 230325 A 210000 A 187983 A 180000 A 180600 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 18921 A 18000 A 16211 A 12806 A 15000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 3765.92 A 3454.88 A 3150 A 2819.75 A 2700 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 821.49 Fc 857.14 Fc 862.37 Fc 711.44 Fc 830.56 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 125000 120000 119392 117000 122810
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 250000 287000 241807 238810 280000
Rice, paddy Seed 5991.15 Fc 6875 Fc 6600 Fc 6566.56 Fc 6435 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 20000 Fc 23916.7 Fc 20253.2 Fc 20411.1 Fc 22799.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 24 Im 20 F 30 F 40 F 30 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 103 Im 100 F 150 F 200 F 150 F
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 42916.7 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc 50000 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1443880 A 1436520 A 1442070 A 1484890 A 1454120 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15683700 A 15271100 A 15455100 A 15968500 A 15600100 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 108622 Fc 106306 Fc 107173 Fc 107540 Fc 107282 Fc
Seed cotton Area Harvested 24000 F 25000 * 25000 * 19200 19200
Seed cotton Production Quantity 18988 20200 18700 * 15600 * 18313
Seed cotton Yield 7911.67 Fc 8080 Fc 7480 Fc 8125 Fc 9538.02 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 320000 305000 298107 346000 337150
Sorghum Production Quantity 315000 305000 287000 337670 316070
Sorghum Seed 2084.7 Fc 3200 Fc 3050 Fc 2981.07 Fc 3460 Fc
Sorghum Yield 9843.75 Fc 10000 Fc 9627.42 Fc 9759.25 Fc 9374.76 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 5500 F 5500 F 5500 F 5500 F 5500 F
Sugar cane Production Quantity 140000 F 140000 F 140000 F 140000 F 140000 F
Sugar cane Seed 4200 Fc 4200 Fc 4200 Fc 4200 Fc 4200 Fc
Sugar cane Yield 254545 Fc 254545 Fc 254545 Fc 254545 Fc 254545 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 68851 Im 68500 F 77255 Im 79551 Im 77438 Im
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 97567 Im 95000 F 107893 Im 111477 Im 108905 Im
Sweet potatoes Yield 14170.8 Fc 13868.6 Fc 13965.8 Fc 14013.3 Fc 14063.5 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 260000 255000 270000 276700 282200
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 1660000 1686000 1716000 1804700 1860000
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 63846.2 Fc 66117.6 Fc 63555.6 Fc 65222.3 Fc 65910.7 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 5060 Im 5500 F 3950 * 3950 * 3950 *
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 2500 2500 1350 * 1350 * 1350 *
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 4940.71 Fc 4545.45 Fc 3417.72 Fc 3417.72 Fc 3417.72 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 33000 F 37342 Im 29561 Im 34161 Im 35093 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 176264 200300 223516 Im 202136 Im 205178 Im
Tomatoes Yield 53413.3 Fc 53639.3 Fc 75611.8 Fc 59171.6 Fc 58466.9 Fc
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 67768 A 60467 A 53097 A 37546 A 24384 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 35638 A 30493 A 26332 A 17667 A 10211 A
Treenuts,Total + (Total) Yield 5258.82 Fc 5042.92 Fc 4959.23 Fc 4705.43 Fc 4187.58 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1000 F 1113 Im 1288 Im 950 F 750 F
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 8000 F 8579 Im 8024 Im 7500 F 6000 F
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 80000 Fc 77080 Fc 62298.1 Fc 78947.4 Fc 80000 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 139408 A 162655 A 138317 A 152780 A 162692 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 636554 A 635123 A 653631 A 590713 A 644071 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 45661.2 Fc 39047.3 Fc 47256 Fc 38664.3 Fc 39588.4 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 139408 A 162655 A 138317 A 152780 A 162692 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 636554 A 635123 A 653631 A 590713 A 644071 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 45661.2 Fc 39047.3 Fc 47256 Fc 38664.3 Fc 39588.4 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 325000 363000 310834 321400 300010
Yams Production Quantity 4288000 3923000 3892260 3812800 3900000
Yams Yield 131938 Fc 108072 Fc 125220 Fc 118631 Fc 129996 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 15900 Fm 15800 Fm 15750 Fm 15600 Fm 15400 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 30 W 11 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 12 I 29.1 I 26.7 I 24.5 I
Arable land Area 4800 Fm 4700 Fm 4650 Fm 4500 Fm 4300 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 7600 Fm 7500 Fm 7450 Fm 7300 Fm 7100 Fm
Country area Area 23854 W 23854 W 23854 W 23854 W 23854 W
Forest area Area 4824.6 Fm 4940 Q 5055.4 Fm 5170.8 Fm 5286.2 Fm
Inland water Area 1100 Fm 1100 W 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1100 Fm
Land area Area 22754 Fm 22754 Fm 22754 Fm 22754 Fm 22754 Fm
Other land Area 2029.4 Fm 2014 Fm 1948.6 Fm 1983.2 Fm 2067.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2800 Fm 2800 Fm 2800 Fm 2800 Fm 2800 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 8300 Fm 8300 Fm 8300 Fm 8300 Fm 8300 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 34 Fm 34 Fm 34 Fm 34 Fm 34 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 15300 Fm 15100 Fm 15100 Fm 14835 Fm 14631 Fm
Agricultural area irrigated Area 18 W 11 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 22.3 I 17.3 I
Arable land Area 4200 Fm 4000 Fm 4000 Fm 4185 F 4181 F
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 7000 Fm 6800 Fm 6800 Fm 6535 Fm 6331 Q
Country area Area 23854 W 23854 W 23854 W 23854 Q 23854 Q
Forest area Area 5401.6 Fm 5517 Q 5632.4 Fm 5747.8 Fm 5863.2 Fm
Inland water Area 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1100 Fm 1100 Fm
Land area Area 22754 Fm 22754 Fm 22754 Fm 22754 Q 22754 Q
Other land Area 2052.4 Fm 2137 Fm 2021.6 Fm 2171.2 Fm 2259.8 Fm
Permanent crops Area 2800 Fm 2800 Fm 2800 Fm 2350 Fm 2150 F
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 8300 Fm 8300 Fm 8300 Fm 8300 Fm 8300 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 33 Fm 33 Fm 32 Fm 32 Fm 31 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files