Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Grenada

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Datasheet

Grenada

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 112,003 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 9,840 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,102.27 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,210.60 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 4.90 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2009)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2007); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMoniliophthora perniciosa (witches' broom disease of cacao)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAceria guerreronis (coconut mite)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus cocois (coconut whitefly)PresentMound and Halsey (1978); Schotman (1989); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnastrepha obliqua (West Indian fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNorrbom (2004); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidomytilus albus (tapioca scale)PresentNativeSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiella hartii (yam scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Presentde Barro (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)PresentNativeTavares (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Schotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChthamalus proteusPresent, WidespreadNativeSouthward (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAdamson (1938)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBelkin and Heinemann (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentSchotman (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypsipyla grandella (mahogany shoot borer)PresentFood and Agriculture Organization (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEtienne et al. (1998); Kairo et al. (2000); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedAhmed et al. (2015); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRaoiella indica (red palm mite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelbourn (2006); IPPC (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus palmarum (South American palm weevil)Present, WidespreadEsser and Meredith (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSchistocerca nitens (gray bird grasshopper)PresentNativeDirsh (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentEPPO (2022); Simmons et al. (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Present, WidespreadCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentNativeHopkins (1915)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmazona amazonica (orange winged parrot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis aeneus (bronze anole)Present, WidespreadNativeLazell (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnolis sagrei (brown anole)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDidelphis marsupialis (common opossum)Present, WidespreadNativeIUCN (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)PresentIntroducedKaiser (1992); Hedges (1999); Kraus et al. (1999); Powell et al. (2011); Powell and Henderson (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHoagland et al. (1989); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentNativeHenderson and Powell (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Fraguglione (1963)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Avibase (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Chakalall (1993); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesNativeJohnsgard and Carbonell (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCharles (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster)PresentNativeLeal (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSchotman (1989); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)Present, WidespreadEdmunds (1969); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRhadinaphelenchus cocophilus (red ring nematode)Present, WidespreadSINGH (1972); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadEdmunds (1969); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthocereus tetragonusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum australe (spiny-bur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Institution (2012); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene americana (shyleaf)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia niopoides (silk tree)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedKrisnawati et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera halimifolia (hairy joyweed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentNativeSmithsonian Institution (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon glomeratus (bushy bluestem)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona muricata (soursop)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); World Agroforestry Centre (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria lupulina (hophead Philippine violet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBatis maritima (saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBocconia frutescens (plume poppy)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanavalia ensiformis (jack bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentNativeAguilar-Meléndez et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)Present, WidespreadBroome et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarludovica palmata (Panama hat plant)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChromolaena odorata (Siam weed)PresentNativeGautier (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedFAO (2009); Zumbroich (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus verticillata (possum grape vine)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum indicum (Turk's turban)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClusia roseaPresentNativeRiffle (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNaturalizedGould (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia obliqua (clammy cherry)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia madagascariensis (Madagascar rubbervine)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Fournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites hieraciifolius (American burnweed)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tithymaloides (devil's backbone)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia strobilifera (wild hops)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentIntroducedHOWARD and POWELL (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedWAC (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHalophila stipulacea (halophila seagrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRuiz and Ballentine (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliconia bihai (macaw flower)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus elatus (blue mahoe)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHippeastrum puniceum (Barbados lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveLemke and Roberts (1993); Maddi (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedIUCN (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedHoward (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentCSIRO (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJusticia pectoralis (freshcut)PresentAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonurus japonicus (honeyweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa mucronata (mucronate sprangletop )PresentNativeBroome et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); Kairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativePowell (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentNativePowell (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia)PresentIntroducedMeyer (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)PresentNativeQueensland Government (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa casta (graceful mimosa)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Broome et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007); Fournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea ampla (dot-leaf water-lily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontonema nitidum (shrubby toothedthread)PresentNativeHoward (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira insignis (wild chestnut)PresentIntroducedBornstein (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)Present, LocalizedNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetiveria alliacea (guinea hen weed)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2018); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentNativeRodriquez (1969); Seidemann (2005); Parthasarathy et al. (2008); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)PresentNativeStarr et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHoward (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentWagner and Lorence (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007); USDA-ARS (2012); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterolepis glomerata (false meadowbeauty)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus rosifolius (roseleaf raspberry)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia occidentalis (West Indian sage)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); Fournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida repens (Javanese fanpetals)PresentBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpondias purpurea (red mombin)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta jamaicensis (Jamaica vervain)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong (2016); Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia candida (white tephrosia)PresentIntroducedKairo et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedGibson (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); Acevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus cistoides (false puncture vine)PresentFournet and Hammerton (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta semitriloba (burweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)Present, WidespreadNativeFournet and Hammerton (1991); Broome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentIntroducedAcevedo-Rodríguez and Strong (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVachellia macracantha (porknut)PresentNativeBroome et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
VirusBanana streak diseasePresentNativeInvasiveDiekmann and Putter (1996)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, WidespreadLett et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
ApplesArea harvested109 Im107 Im106 Im103 Im108 Im
Production quantity475 Im469 Im463 Im448 Im471 Im
Yield43,578 Fc43,832 Fc43,679 Fc43,495 Fc43,611 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested280 Im277 Im274 Im272 Im268 Im
Production quantity1,555 Im1,556 Im1,556 Im1,557 Im1,553 Im
Yield55,536 Fc56,173 Fc56,788 Fc57,243 Fc57,948 Fc
BananasArea harvested7,500 Im9,005 Im11,884 Im11,310 Im10,174 Im
Production quantity25,41630,50440,24038,28234,427
Yield33,888 Fc33,875 Fc33,861 Fc33,848 Fc33,838 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested102 Im102 Im102 Im102 Im102 Im
Production quantity136 Im134 Im132 Im130 Im128 Im
Yield13,333 Fc13,137 Fc12,941 Fc12,745 Fc12,549 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested457 Im637 Im506 Im679 Im521 Im
Production quantity4,5626,3605,0476,7715,198 Im
Yield99,825 Fc99,843 Fc99,743 Fc99,720 Fc99,770 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested13 Im13 Im13 Im13 Im12 Im
Production quantity77 Im77 Im77 Im77 Im77 Im
Yield59,231 Fc59,231 Fc59,231 Fc59,231 Fc64,167 Fc
CassavaArea harvested27 Im27 Im27 Im28 Im28 Im
Production quantity235 Im233 Im231 Im229 Im227 Im
Yield87,037 Fc86,296 Fc85,556 Fc81,786 Fc81,071 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested161 Im191 Im109 Im287 Im152 Im
Production quantity9191,0876201,639870 Im
Yield57,081 Fc56,911 Fc56,881 Fc57,108 Fc57,237 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested358 A357 A356 A355 A353 A
Production quantity358 A357 A356 A356 A354 A
Yield10,000 Fc10,000 Fc10,000 Fc10,028 Fc10,028 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested18 Im17 Im17 F17 Im17 Im
Production quantity106 Im103 Im102 Im101 Im100 Im
Yield58,889 Fc60,588 Fc60,000 Fc59,412 Fc58,824 Fc
Cinnamon (cannella)Production quantity82 Im82 Im81 Im81 Im80 Im
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested410 A412 A416 A420 A425 A
Production quantity3,570 A3,606 A3,640 A3,674 A3,717 A
Yield87,073 Fc87,524 Fc87,500 Fc87,476 Fc87,459 Fc
ClovesProduction quantity40 Im39 Im38 Im38 Im37 Im
Cocoa, beansArea harvested1,377 Im977 Im1,131 Im888 Im1,030 Im
Production quantity1,000 *700 *800 *600 *700 *
Yield7,262 Fc7,165 Fc7,073 Fc6,757 Fc6,796 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested1,620 Im1,638 Im1,642 Im1,647 Im1,653 Im
Production quantity5,953 Im6,000 *6,000 *6,000 *6,000 *
Yield36,747 Fc36,630 Fc36,541 Fc36,430 Fc36,298 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested537 Im559 Im469 Im1,045 Im631 Im
Production quantity5,1985,4114,54610,1326,128 Im
Yield96,797 Fc96,798 Fc96,930 Fc96,957 Fc97,116 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested161 A161 A161 A162 A156 A
Production quantityAAAAA
YieldFcFcFcFcFc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested12,423 A14,551 A17,106 A17,107 A15,196 A
Production quantity64,745 A76,708 A80,402 A85,969 A74,096 A
Yield52,117 Fc52,717 Fc47,002 Fc50,254 Fc48,760 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested180 Im177 Im174 Im172 Im169 Im
Production quantity1,278 Im1,262 Im1,246 Im1,230 Im1,209 Im
Yield71,000 Fc71,299 Fc71,609 Fc71,512 Fc71,538 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested1,127 Im1,058 Im997 Im943 Im881 Im
Production quantity2,488 Im2,494 Im2,500 Im2,506 Im2,496 Im
Yield22,076 Fc23,573 Fc25,075 Fc26,575 Fc28,331 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesProduction quantity1,103 Im1,110 Im1,117 Im1,125 Im1,125 Im
GingerArea harvested272 Im2,150 F1,900 F1,900 F1,327 Im
Production quantity8706,8546,0026,1234,234 Im
Yield31,985 Fc31,879 Fc31,589 Fc32,226 Fc31,907 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested141 Im142 Im144 Im145 Im148 Im
Production quantity1,554 Im1,576 Im1,597 Im1,618 Im1,650 Im
Yield110,213 Fc110,986 Fc110,903 Fc111,586 Fc111,486 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested17 Im17 Im18 Im18 Im19 Im
Production quantity262 Im271 Im279 Im288 Im298 Im
Yield154,118 Fc159,412 Fc155,000 Fc160,000 Fc156,842 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested425 Im520 Im430 Im672 Im456 Im
Production quantity3,2924,0173,3175,1813,504 Im
Yield77,459 Fc77,250 Fc77,140 Fc77,098 Fc76,842 Fc
MaizeArea harvested358 Im357 Im356 Im355 Im353 Im
Production quantity358 Im357 Im356 Im356 Im354 Im
Yield10,000 Fc10,000 Fc10,000 Fc10,028 Fc10,028 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested332 Im309 Im288 Im273 Im255 Im
Production quantity1,447 Im1,467 Im1,476 Im1,504 Im1,514 Im
Yield43,584 Fc47,476 Fc51,250 Fc55,092 Fc59,373 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested327 Im269 Im177 Im273 Im190 Im
Production quantity5,6334,6063,0164,6463,241 Im
Yield172,263 Fc171,227 Fc170,395 Fc170,183 Fc170,579 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea harvested1,564 Im1,600 F1,700 F1,680 F1,600 F
Production quantity2,6722,6962,7752,5403,096
Yield17,084 Fc16,850 Fc16,324 Fc15,119 Fc19,350 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested1,781 A1,799 A1,803 A1,809 A1,809 A
Production quantity6,008 A6,054 A6,053 A6,052 A6,050 A
Yield33,734 Fc33,652 Fc33,572 Fc33,455 Fc33,444 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,781 A1,799 A1,803 A1,809 A1,809 A
Production quantity494 A497 A497 A497 A496 A
Yield2,773 Fc2,765 Fc2,757 Fc2,746 Fc2,742 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,781 A1,799 A1,803 A1,809 A1,809 A
Production quantity779 A785 A785 A785 A785 A
Yield4,376 Fc4,366 Fc4,356 Fc4,341 Fc4,340 Fc
OrangesArea harvested72 Im76 Im80 Im85 Im89 Im
Production quantity476 Im497 Im518 Im538 Im560 Im
Yield66,111 Fc65,395 Fc64,750 Fc63,294 Fc62,921 Fc
PapayasArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Pigeon peasArea harvested350 Im226 Im300 F378 Im447 Im
Production quantity472 Im302 Im400 F515 Im616 Im
Yield13,486 Fc13,363 Fc13,333 Fc13,624 Fc13,781 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested29 Im35 Im42 Im67 Im32 Im
Production quantity382446534840408 Im
Yield131,724 Fc127,429 Fc127,143 Fc125,373 Fc127,500 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested793 Im1,153 Im1,775 Im1,964 Im1,768 Im
Production quantity6,1598,95113,76915,233 Im13,677 Im
Yield77,667 Fc77,632 Fc77,572 Fc77,561 Fc77,359 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested212 Im210 Im209 Im208 Im208 Im
Production quantity748 Im747 Im746 Im744 Im745 Im
Yield35,283 Fc35,571 Fc35,694 Fc35,769 Fc35,817 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested452 A328 A402 A480 A549 A
Production quantity608 A436 A532 A645 A744 A
Yield13,451 Fc13,293 Fc13,234 Fc13,438 Fc13,552 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested22 Im22 Im23 Im23 Im24 Im
Production quantity386 Im380 Im375 Im370 Im364 Im
Yield175,455 Fc172,727 Fc163,043 Fc160,870 Fc151,667 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested412 Im411 Im409 Im408 Im404 Im
Production quantity2,353 Im2,361 Im2,370 Im2,379 Im2,371 Im
Yield57,112 Fc57,445 Fc57,946 Fc58,309 Fc58,688 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested3,596 A879 A885 A833 A943 A
Production quantity11,114 A3,538 A3,575 A3,447 A3,759 A
Yield30,907 Fc40,250 Fc40,395 Fc41,381 Fc39,862 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested161 Im161 Im161 Im162 Im156 Im
Production quantity55 Im54 Im53 Im52 Im50 Im
Yield3,416 Fc3,354 Fc3,292 Fc3,210 Fc3,205 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested111 Im112 Im112 Im113 Im113 Im
Production quantity66 Im66 Im66 Im65 Im66 Im
Yield5,946 Fc5,893 Fc5,893 Fc5,752 Fc5,841 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested165 Im164 Im163 Im163 Im163 Im
Production quantity7,384 Im7,362 Im7,340 Im7,318 Im7,315 Im
Yield447,515 Fc448,902 Fc450,307 Fc448,957 Fc448,773 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested165 A164 A163 A163 A163 A
Production quantity7,384 A7,362 A7,340 A7,318 A7,315 A
Yield447,515 Fc448,902 Fc450,307 Fc448,957 Fc448,773 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested2,821 Im113 Im128 Im84 Im202 Im
Production quantity7,886315357234564 Im
Yield27,955 Fc27,876 Fc27,891 Fc27,857 Fc27,921 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested864 Im953 Im928 Im1,570 Im1,133 Im
Production quantity6,4447,1116,92511,7228,451 Im
Yield74,583 Fc74,617 Fc74,623 Fc74,662 Fc74,590 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested2,699 A3,114 A2,697 A4,506 A3,145 A
Production quantity23,426 A26,959 A23,393 A38,342 A27,001 A
Yield86,795 Fc86,574 Fc86,737 Fc85,091 Fc85,854 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested220 Im219 Im219 Im217 Im216 Im
Production quantity2,548 Im2,516 Im2,486 Im2,450 Im2,409 Im
Yield115,818 Fc114,886 Fc113,516 Fc112,903 Fc111,528 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested1,304 Im1,716 Im938 Im1,274 Im887 Im
Production quantity15,76920,75211,34515,41010,722 Im
Yield120,928 Fc120,932 Fc120,949 Fc120,958 Fc120,879 Fc
YamsArea harvested336 Im328 Im321 Im313 Im309 Im
Production quantity640 Im629 Im617 Im605 Im597 Im
Yield19,048 Fc19,177 Fc19,221 Fc19,329 Fc19,320 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea8 Fm8 Fm8 Fm8 Fm8 Fm
AgricultureArea8 Fc8 Fc8 Fc8 Fc8 Fc
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area0 I0 I0 I0 I0 I
Arable landArea3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm3 Fm
Country areaArea34 W34 W34 W34 W34 W
CroplandArea7 Fm7 Fm7 Fm7 Fm7 Fm
Cropland area under organic agric.Area0 I0 I
Forest landArea18 Q18 Q18 Q18 Q18 Fm
Land areaArea34 W34 W34 W34 W34 W
Land area equipped for irrigationArea2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm1 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea17 Q17 Q17 Q17 Q17 Fm
Other landArea8 Fc8 Fc8 Fc8 Fc8 Fc
Planted ForestArea0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Q0 Fm
Primary ForestArea2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm2 Fm
Agriculture area certified organicArea
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.