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Datasheet

UK

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Pileolaria berkeleyana Localised Introduced Eno et al., 1997.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato) Absent, formerly present Bradbury, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas) Present Nisbet et al., 2014; Keane et al., 1996; Vibio et al., 1996; Reeder and Arocha, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutonius Present Budge et al., 2010; OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia caryophylli (bacterial wilt of carnation) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Present Monger and Jeffries, 2016.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato) Restricted distribution Introduced NoCahill et al., 2010; Toth et al., 2011; Elphinstone, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCrosse et al., 1958; Lelliott, 1968; Glasscock, 1969; Stead, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coli Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolytica Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot) Widespread YesBradbury, 1986.
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato) Transient: actionable, under eradication IPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (canker of grapevine) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo) Widespread Native NoCleve, 1896; Meister, 1913; McCall, 1932; Brun, 1965; Dawson, 1973a; Dawson, 1973b; Whitton and Crisp, 1984; Ellwood and Whitton, 2007.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaci Widespread Introduced YesAlderman et al., 1984.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni (phytophthora disease of alders) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora austrocedrae Present EPPO, 2011; IPPC, 2011; IPPC, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Green et al., 2016.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees) Restricted distribution Day, 1938; EPPO, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviae Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora lateralis (Port-Orford-cedar root disease) Localised Introduced YesEPPO, 2011; IPPC, 2011a; IPPC, 2011b; CABI/EPPO, 2012; Forestry Comission, 2013; Green et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014; Schlenzig et al., 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Restricted distribution Brasier and Webber, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; King et al., 2015.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2010; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish) Present Moore, 1959; Ware, 1936; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaApiognomonia errabunda (anthracnose) Present Moore, 1959; Sutton, 1980; Phillips and Burdekin, 1992; Toti et al., 1992.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Higginbotham et al., 1996; O'Hara and Brown, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic) Widespread Cronshey, 1947; Cook, 1976; IMI Herbarium, undated.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight) Widespread Introduced YesHenricot et al., 2000; Henricot and Culham, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight) Absent, reported but not confirmed EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Restricted distribution Cook, 1999; Scott, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Baroncelli et al., 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororia Present Hayes, 1973; Ennos and McConnell, 2003.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut) Transient: actionable, under eradication IPPC, 2012; Hunter et al., 2013; EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast) Present Native Minter, 1994.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight) Restricted distribution Introduced YesLoder, 1919; Miles, 1922; Boyce, 1927; Alcock, 1928; Laing, 1929.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot) Present Introduced YesBeaumont, 1950; Bond and Pope, 1980; Jellis and Punithalingam, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiscula destructiva (anthracnose of dogwood) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe platani Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Restricted distribution UK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; Forestry Commission, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaKabatiella zeae (eyespot) Present Anon, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Spaulding, 1961; Dennis, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLeptographium procerum (white pine root decline) Present Wingfield and Gibbs, 1991.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Widespread Introduced YesGibbs, 1978.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Restricted distribution Introduced YesStipes et al., 1981; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees) Present Braun, 1995.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Barlow et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker) Present Introduced Strouts, 1970; Strouts, 1973; Strouts, 1982; Strouts, 1988; Sánchez and Gibbs, 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight) Present Sutton, 1980; Strouts et al., 1985; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Native UK CAB International, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust) Localised Introduced YesGrove, 1913; Dennis and Foister, 1942; Bennell, 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Restricted distribution Spaulding, 1961; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014; IMI Herbarium, unda.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Widespread Native No
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Restricted distribution Native NoEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxi Widespread Dennis, 1995; Grove, 1913; Foister, 1961; Dennis, 1986.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Present, few occurrences Ogilvie and Thorpe, 1966; Priestley, 1980.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesIMI, 1991; UK CAB International, 1991; Sansford et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) Present Garner et al., 2006; Cunningham and Minting, 2008.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Cunningham et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaAlitta succinea (pile worm) Present ERMS, European Register of Marine Species.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm) Widespread Introduced YesZibrowius and Thorp, 1989; Joyce et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced YesGates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcleris variegana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present, few occurrences Dannreuther, 1944; Jary and Rolfe, 1945; Becker, 1961; Simmonds, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcronicta aceris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops fuchsiae (Fuchsia gall mite) Present, few occurrences Introduced EPPO, 2014; Ostojá-Starzewski et al., 2007; IPPC, 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2009; IPPC, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdelges piceae (balsam woolly adelgid) Present Introduced YesChrystal, 1925; Busby, 1962; Carter, 1971; CABI/EPPO, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAdota maritima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgardhiella subulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgassiziella angulipennis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Widespread CIE, 1969; Bretherton, 1982.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurocanthus woglumi (citrus blackfly) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleuropteridis filicicola Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly) Present Malumphy, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly) Present only under cover/indoors Introduced NoMalumphy and Treseder, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara anthobia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara aulica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmara cursitans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmetastegia pallipes Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Localised YesDarwin, 1854; Bassindale, 1964; Rainbow, 1984; Minchin and Eno, 2002; Southward, 2008; Muxagata and Williams, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphorophora tuberculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAndricus corruptrix Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAndricus grossulariae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnisodactylus binotatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplonyx destructor Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn) Transient: actionable, under eradication ADAS, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle) Present, few occurrences Introduced Forestry Commission, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthocoris butleri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenocerus australis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus flavidus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthrenus olgae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphelonyx cerricola Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis balloticola Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid) Restricted distribution CIE, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid) Restricted distribution UK CAB International, 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis oenotherae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis passeriniana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis salicariae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid) Absent, formerly present Introduced YesFurk, 1979; Martin, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphodius scrofa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAraschnia levana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchiboreoiulus pallidus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgiope bruennichi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia bonnetella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia laevigatella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia trifasciata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014; Ostojá-Starzewski and Baker, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsellus communis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsphondylia borzi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta harwoodi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthous haemorrhoidalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAthrips rancidella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria bella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria fuscata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria fuscipes Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria hislopi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lohsei Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria munda Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria nitidula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria punctithorax Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria pusilla Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria strandi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria testacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria turgida Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus heydeni Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus pellio Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus trifasciatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale) Present only under cover/indoors Introduced Malumphy and Marquart, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAurantothrips orchidaceus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestus Widespread Introduced YesBassindale, 1947; Bishop, 1947; Purchon, 1947; Crisp, 1948; Crisp and Chipperfield, 1948; Harding, 1948; Knight-Jones, 1948; Stubbings, 1950; Crisp and Molesworth, 1951; Southward, 1953; Connell, 1955; Southward and Crisp, 1956; Bassindale and Barrett, 1957; Bassindale, 1958; Crisp, 1958; Aitken and Hillis, 1959; Crisp and Southward, 1959; Crisp, 1960; Powell, 1960; Barnes and Barnes, 1960a; Barnes and Barnes, 1961; Jones, 1961; Moyse and Nelson-Smith, 1963; Barnes and Stone, 1972; Boyd, 1973; Hiscock et al., 1978; Seed and Harris, 1980; Bennell, 1981; Briggs, 1982; Salman, 1982; Hiscock, 1986; Hiscock and Moore, 1986; Wilkinson et al., 1988; Southward, 1991; Howson et al., 1994; Herbert et al., 2007; O'Riordan et al., 2009; Gomes-Filho et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAxinotarsus marginalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 1998; EPPO, 2014; Cuthbertson and Vänninen, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly) Eradicated Bartlett, 1992; Bedford et al., 1993; Cuthbertson, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly) Eradicated YesPowell et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlaps mortisaga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlastobasis phycidella Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlastobasis vittata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Alexander et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea) Widespread Native NoKetelaars and Gille, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Absent, formerly present Holloway, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer) Restricted distribution Introduced YesRHS, 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2003; Tilbury et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella mutica Widespread Introduced Cook et al., 2007a.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab) Widespread Native NoCarlton and Cohen, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly) Absent, formerly present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Widespread Free and Williams, 1978a; Northwood and Verrier, 1986; Colonnelli, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp) Present Introduced Crawford, 1935; Pygott and Douglas, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish) Present only under cover/indoors Introduced Souty-Grosset et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth) Present, few occurrences Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysolina americana (rosemary beetle) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesBarclay and Mann, 2002; Badmin, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid) Present Introduced YesEastop, 1972; Ciesla, 1991; Watson et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Widespread Majerus and Kearns, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMalumphy Reid, 2006; Malumphy et al., 2007; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus) Present Parker, 1974; CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth) Localised Introduced YesMitchell, 2009; Korycinska and Eyre, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDaphnia lumholtzi Absent, invalid record ISSG, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesKiss et al., 2005b; CABI/EPPO, 2012; IPPC, 2013; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly) Absent, intercepted only Bowman and Bartlett, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Absent, intercepted only Kosztarab and Kozár, 1988; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDikerogammarus villosus (killer shrimp) Present, few occurrences Introduced BBC, 2010; BBC, 2011a; BBC, 2011b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoBenson, 1951; Crooke, 1957; Bevan, 1987; Liston, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid) Absent, invalid record EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDreyfusia nordmannianae (silver fir adelges) Present Introduced Carter and Barson, 1973.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila) Present, few occurrences Introduced CABI/EPPO, 2012; IPPC, 2012; EPPO, 2013b; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015; IPPC, 2015; Malumphy, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid) Present Introduced NoBradley, 2000; Clark, 2000; CABI/EPPO, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Widespread Introduced NoHeie, 1992; Carter and Halldórsson, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEphestia kuehniella (Mediterranean flour moth) Present Small, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpiphyas postvittana (light brown apple moth) Restricted distribution Introduced YesAldford, 1984; Carter, 1984; UK CAB International, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Introduced YesGollasch , 1997; Clark and et al, 1998; Zhao and et al. , 1998; Herborg and et al. , 2002; ISSG, 2004; NHM, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid) Widespread CIE, 1975.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid) Present NHM, 1919
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Widespread Native NoNBN Gateway, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Widespread Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; Kirk and Terry, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBenson, 1933; Benson, 1951; Billany and Brown, 1977; Billany, 1978; Bevan, 1987; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGrapholita molesta (Oriental fruit moth) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips) Present Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer) Present Native Razowski, 1996; Anon, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird) Localised Introduced YesBrown et al., 2008a; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Absent, intercepted only Seymour and, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips) Present CIE, 1961; Mound et al., 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale) Introduced, not established NHM, undated glasshouse specimen
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomala Present Introduced YesHoldich et al., 2005; Stubbington et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHomarus americanus (American lobster) Present, few occurrences Introduced Stebbing et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Restricted distribution Heritage et al., 1989; Wilson and Day, 1994; Leather et al., 1995; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale) Present Watson and Malumphy, 2004; Malumphy, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoEPPO/CABI and, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant) Present, few occurrences Introduced YesFox, 2010; Boase, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Eradicated Seymour et al., 1985; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug) Present CABI/EPPO, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHalstead, 1989; Cox, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria lignorum (gribble) Widespread YesJones, 1963; Menzies, 1959.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLimnoria quadripunctata (gribble) Widespread Native NoOevering et al., 2001; Borges et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant) Present Introduced YesCornwell, 1978; ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerina Present NoMartinez, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2002; IPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Absent, intercepted only Ledieu and Bartlett, 1983; EPPO, 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 1997; IPPC, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (grape berry moth) Present, few occurrences CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth) Present, few occurrences Cannon et al., 2004; EPPO, 2014. Nettleton, 1996
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present YesCarter , 1984; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoCIE, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Widespread Fowler, 1889; Kirk-Spriggs, 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm) Present, few occurrences Introduced CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm) Present Baird et al., 1951; Hepper, 1956; Campbell, 1970; Davey and Gee, 1976; Dare, 1982; Lauckner, 1983; Aguirre-Macedo and Kennedy, 1999a; Aguirre-Macedo and Kennedy, 1999b.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshii Present CABI/EPPO, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid) Present Pennell, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid) Widespread CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoCrooke, 1957; Rivers and Crooke, 1962; Britton, 1985; Liston, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider) Localised Introduced Spinnen Forum, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug) Present Salisbury et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug) Present, few occurrences Ben-Dov, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth) Widespread Heath and Emmet, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp) Present CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth) Eradicated Moreton, 1974; Seymour et al., 1985; CABI and EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrconectes virilis (virile crayfish) Localised Introduced YesAhern et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle) Present Introduced Wood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish) Present Introduced Lewis , 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp) Present Native Nod'Udekem d'Acoz, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp) Localised Introduced Ashelby et al., 2004; Worsfold and Ashelby, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth) Widespread South, 1939; Lastuvka and Lastuvka, 1995.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale) Present Newstead, 1900; Green, 1925b; CIE, 1979.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer) Eradicated EPPO, 2014; Reid, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianus Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; Malumphy, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid) Present Native NoTheobald, 1929.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth) Absent, reported but not confirmed CABI/EPPO, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Widespread Maitland-Emmet et al., 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present CIE, 1952
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid) Widespread Native NoCarter, 1971.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil) Restricted distribution Native Bevan, 1987; CAB European, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Absent, intercepted only Fergusson , 1920; Allen , 1951; Browne , 1968.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug) Present Malumphy and Badmin, 2012; CABI/EPPO, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth) Present CIE, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite) Present CIE, 1986.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish) Present Introduced YesHoldich and et al. , 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus fallax f. virginalis (Marmorkrebs) Absent, intercepted only Introduced Peay et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProciphilus fraxinifolii Present Baker and Martin, 2011; IPPC, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale) Absent, formerly present Seymour, 1989; Danzig, 1993; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug) Present Introduced Gimpel and Miller, 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle) Present Introduced Howard, 1899.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis cingulata (cherry fruit fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil) Present Denton, 2011; Alonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii Localised Introduced Eno et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer) Present Dyte et al., 1975; Jacobson and Thomas, 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale) Present CIE, 1973; Ben-Dov, 1993.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer) Present Native Allen, 1979; Chandler, 1989.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil) Present CABI/EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; Mound and Halsey, 1978; Malumphy, 2010; Springate and Arnold, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Widespread EPPO, 2014; Smith, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil) Present Champ and Dyte, 1976.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar) Transient: actionable, under eradication IPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant) Present Introduced Vipin Shah et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Introduced NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBílý & Mehl, 1989
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth) Present Introduced Williams et al., 2013; IPPC, 2007; Townsend, 2007; Townsend, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 1998; IPPC, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly) Widespread Rennie, 1916; Oosterbroek and Theowald, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Hanson, 1937.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly) Absent, intercepted only Introduced YesEPPO, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Gorman et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuta absoluta (tomato leafminer) Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014; IPPC, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite) Present OIE, 2009; Fera, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Widespread Native NoEdwards, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer) Present Native NoWood and Bright, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Widespread Native NoDuffy, 1953; Alford, 1984.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoWood and Bright, 1992; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinata Widespread Introduced YesArenas et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Native Maitland and Campbell, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose) Localised Introduced Banks et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmbloplites rupestris (rock bass) Localised Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead) Present Introduced Wheeler , 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead) Present Introduced Bartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser canagica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Localised Introduced Banks et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria balearica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAscidiella aspersa (European sea squirt) Present Native NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Widespread Introduced YesBlair et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsii Present, few occurrences Introduced Banks et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Native NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoSwanton, 1928; Taylor, 1948; Fitter, 1959; Taylor, 1963; Frazer, 1964; Beebee and Griffiths, 2000; Arnold and Ovenden, 2002; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias batrachus (walking catfish) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace) Present Native NoFroese and Pauly, 2004; Etheridge et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow) Absent, unreliable record Introduced Ryall, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; FishBase, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Widespread Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Maitland and Lyle, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe) Present Wheeler, 1992; Winfield et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish) Present Introduced NoBartley, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004; Maitland, 2004; DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed) Widespread Introduced YesCucherousset et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Introduced YesYalden, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present, few occurrences Introduced Pinder and Gozlan, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Widespread Native NoWheeler, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass) Eradicated Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMuntiacus reevesi (Reeves' muntjac) Widespread Introduced Chapman, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Searle and Jones, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret) Present Introduced YesLong, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOdocoileus hemionus (black-tailed deer) Absent, formerly present Introduced NoLong, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat) Eradicated Introduced Danell, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia) Present Introduced Pullin et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia) Present Introduced Romana, 1988; Pullin et al., 1997; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanus Localised Native NoMaitland, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant) Widespread Introduced Stoate, 2002; eBird, 2015; BirdLife International, 2015a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Present Maitland, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2008. CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPimephales promelas (fathead minnow) Present, few occurrences Introduced Godard et al., 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard) Eradicated Introduced Hodgkins et al., 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy) Present Introduced NoWelcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon) Present Introduced YesFAO, 1997; Pinder et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet) Widespread Introduced YesStrubbe and Matthysen, 2009a.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog) Localised Introduced Banks et al., 2000; Marland, 2003; CABI Bioscience et al., 2005; Zavod Symbiosis, 2005; Kraus, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007; Treasurer, 1990; Maitland and Campbell, 1992; Wheeler, 1992; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1974; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Muus and Dahlström, 1974; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2004; Elvira, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout) Introduced Welcomme, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Introduced NoSmith et al., 1998; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Maitland and Campbell, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSciurus carolinensis (grey squirrel) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Introduced Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present Native NoMaitland and Campbell, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Introduced Coombs et al., 1981; Hengeveld, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt) Present World Register of Marine Species, WoRMS.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Localised Wilson, 2005; Frantz et al., 2012; Goulding, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoJ. Marchant, British Trust for Ornithology, Thetford, UK, personal comunication, 2011
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Widespread Native NoParkin and Knox, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesRoch, 1924; Moore, 1952; Chain, 1980; Barnes, 1987.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaGonionemus vertens Widespread Introduced Eno et al., 1997.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent) Present Elson, 1969; Hoffman, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger) Present Native YesRussell, 1938; Hunt, 1952; Russell, 1967.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAllopeas clavulinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion fasciatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion silvaticus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug) Widespread Introduced YesDavies, 1987; Kerney, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail) Widespread Introduced Anderson, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Widespread Introduced NoTaylor, 1914; Reichling, 1950; Kerney and Cameron, 1979; Godan, 1983; Mulvey et al., 1996; Kerney, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster) Present Introduced YesUtting and Spencer, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster) Present Introduced NoFIGIS, 2005; FAO, 2005; FAO, 2007; FAO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet) Widespread Introduced YesSpencer, 1974; Utting and Spencer, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug) Present Introduced YesFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Widespread Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug) Widespread Kerney et al., 1979; Glen et al., 1991.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena rostriformis bugensis (quagga mussel) Present Introduced YesNNSS, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directus Widespread Introduced YesSeverijns, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Widespread Native NoTaylor, 1902-1907; Meiklejohn, 1973; Anderson, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle) Widespread Native NoBrawley et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel) Present Gosling, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail) Present Native Kerney et al., 1983; GBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing) Present Introduced Naylor, 1957.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPinctada imbricata radiata (rayed pearl oyster) Present Introduced Holmes et al., 2015; Turk, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail) Present Introduced Grant and Briggs, 1998; Boycott, 1936; Heywood and Edwards, 1962; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk) Present Introduced Kerckhof et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell) Present Introduced YesUtting et al., 1996; Qi ZhongYan, 1998; Burton et al., 2001; Morgan, 2002; Jensen et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Pennant, 1777; Taylor, 1906-1914; Deblock, 1962; Cowie, 1982; Humphreys et al., 1982; Cowie, 1983; Cowie, 1984b; Cowie, 1986; Cowie, 1987; Fowles and Cowie, 1989; Cowie, 1990.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Widespread Introduced YesKennedy and Fitch, 1990; Lyndon and Pieters, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Restricted distribution Goodey, 1933; Franklin, 1950; Duggan, 1969; Anon, 1973; Roberts, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm) Present MAFF, 1970; Roberts, 1981; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced Minnis et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesMinnis et al., 2002; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode) Present Siddiqi, 1973; CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera glycines (soybean cyst nematode) Absent, unreliable record CABI/EPPO, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm) Present Brown, 1958; Jones, 1965; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne fallax (false Columbia root-knot nematode) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Southey, 1974; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode) Widespread Brown and Taylor, 1987; CABI/EPPO, 2001; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesApharyngostrigea cornu Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesArthurdendyus triangulatus (New Zealand flatworm) Widespread Introduced YesBoag et al., 1994b; Willis and Edwards, 1977; Jones and Boag, 1996; Moore et al., 1998; Murchie et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesAtractolytocestus huronensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesAustralopacifica coxii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesAustraloplana sanguinea (Australian Flatworm) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathi Present Introduced Andrews et al., 1981.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesObama nungara Present, few occurrences Introduced Carbayo et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaci Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaAegagropila linnaei Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoides Widespread Introduced YesTrowbridge, 1999; Provan et al., 2005; Guiry and Guiry, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae) Present Introduced YesWatson, 2001; Holdway et al., 1978.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed) Widespread Introduced YesFarnham et al., 1973; Harries et al., 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp) Present Introduced Fletcher and Manfredi, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBlechnum cordatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaBolbitis fluviatilis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern) Present Corkhill, 1977; Jermy and British, 1978; Hutchinson and Thomas, 1992; Bonafede et al., 1993; Hibernicarum, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail) Present Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturu Localised Introduced YesFarnham and Irvine, 1973; Farnham, 1997; Maggs and Stegenga, 1999; Maggs and Stegenga, 1999; Gavio and Fredericq, 2002; Marston and Villalard-Bohnsack, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodiei Widespread Native NoMaggs and Hommersand, 1993; Hardy and Guiry, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle) Present, few occurrences PROTA, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood) Present Introduced Weber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena inermis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena novae-zelandiae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcaena ovalifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthus spinosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder) Restricted distribution Introduced NoClement and Foster, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Introduced YesWeber , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Widespread Introduced Mitchell, 1974; Cronk and Fuller , 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple) Present, few occurrences NoGBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea distans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ligustica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Missouri Botanical Garden, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum lycoctonum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcroptilon repens (Russian knapweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindrica Localised Introduced Slageren MWvan, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAetheorhiza bulbosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced PROTA, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present, few occurrences NoPFAF, 2016; Miller, 1768.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis avenacea (Pacific bent grass) Localised Introduced GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis hiemalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis lachnantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) Present Introduced Weber , 2003; Hu, 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAkebia quinata (five-leaf akebia) Present YesEPPO, 2012; ISSG, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla conjuncta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla tytthantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochlora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlisma subcordatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium carinatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium pendulinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium subhirsutum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium unifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native McVean, 1953; Duke, 1983; Savill, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia odora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present Naylor, 1972; Flora Europaea, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria aurea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera reineckii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsuta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus capensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed) Present Aellen and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed) Present Brenan, 1961.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus standleyanus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus thunbergii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp) Present Introduced Iamonico, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonna Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Allard, 1943; Salisbury, 1961; Chauvel and Martinez, 2012; EPPO, 2014; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Introduced Allard, 1943; EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus) Present Kurtto, 2009; Natural England, 2009; Stace et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present RHS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnaga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila breviligulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelodesmos pliniana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmpelopsis arborea (peppervine) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoJarvis, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia lycopsoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsonia hubrichtii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsonia orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Stevens et al., 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritacea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa barrelieri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa ochroleuca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone apennina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Hand, 2011; DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1979; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis punctata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias afzelii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias barteri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias coffeefolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias gigantea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias gracilis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias hastifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnubias heterophylla Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interrupta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton abyssinicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton capuronii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton crispus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton desertorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton distachyos Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton elongatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton fenestralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton henkelianus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton krauseanus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton longiplumulosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton madagascariensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton natans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton rigidifolius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton siamensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton ulvaceus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton undulatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia pyrenaica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis collina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAralia racemosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAremonia agrimonioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArisarum proboscideum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristea ecklonii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia rotunda Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoStace, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood) Localised Introduced Stace, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia stelleriana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum maculatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundinaria chino Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundinaria simonii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2007; Thomas, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (Asparagus fern) Unconfirmed record CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula taurina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster novae-angliae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster schreberi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe japonica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe rivularis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus odoratus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex suberecta (peregrine saltbush) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAubrieta deltoidea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat) Localised YesBiological Records Centre, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat) Widespread Roebuck, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena matritensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat) Restricted distribution Native Holm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush) Restricted distribution Introduced NoStace, 1991; Weber, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa caroliniana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa lanigera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa myriophylloides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermedia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea stricta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea verna Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarclaya longifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaumea rubiginosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis aggregata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis gagnepainii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) Present Introduced RHS, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerberis wilsoniae Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBergenia crassifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Localised Introduced YesOnline Atlas of British and Irish Flora, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa aubertii (roundfruit blyxa) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBlyxa japonica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Widespread Native NoStace, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard) Present, few occurrences NoBritish and Irish Flora, BIF.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present Native NoTropicos, 2013; GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome) Present Introduced Tutin and et al. , 1980; Stace , 1997; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome) Present Native YesMortimer et al., 1993; Gibson and Kerchove, 1999; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2004; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush) Present YesGBIF, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Present Introduced YesClapham et al., 1962; Jehlik and Slavik, 1968; GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCabomba caroliniana (Carolina fanwort) Present Introduced GBIF, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp) Present FAO, 2000; Karus et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) Present Native Rees and Brown, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Widespread Native NoPerring, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBiological Records Centre, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCelastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoPatterson, 1974.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass) Present only in captivity/cultivation GBIF, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed) Present Native NoStace, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea iberica Absent, formerly present Introduced NoDunn, 1905; Fraser, 1905; Clement and Foster, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala Present Introduced Clement and Foster, 1994; Preston et al., 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis Present Introduced Dunn, 1905.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle) Present Introduced YesTutin et al., 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail) Widespread Moss et al., 1986; Thomas and Daldorph, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979; Edwards et al., 2000; USDA-ARS, 2004.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard) Widespread Native YesTutin et al., 1964; Clay and Dixon, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Widespread Stace, 1972; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane) Present Introduced YesWurzell, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2009; Stace et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia jubata (purple pampas grass) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced NoRoyal Horticultural Society, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass) Present DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster horizontalis (wall-spray) Widespread Introduced YesBSBI, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; OEPP/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass) Present Introduced Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder) Present Introduced Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native Valentine and, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (citronella grass) Present Humphrey, 1973.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon) Present Weeds of Australia, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass) Present Tutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native Cockayne, 1961.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Widespread Native Heywood and Ball, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015; Thompson, 1986; Fitter et al., 1989; National Museums Northern Ireland, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple) Present Introduced NoGBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple) Present GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed) Present Moore, 1972; Stace, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy) Restricted distribution Introduced YesHilliard, 1977; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present, few occurrences Stace, 1991; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Hafliger and Scholtz, 1980; DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse) Restricted distribution Native NoGibbs, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass) Present, few occurrences Introduced Stace, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Widespread Introduced Sculthorpe, 1971.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex) Absent, intercepted only Introduced NoLousley and Kent, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Widespread Introduced YesStace, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass) Present Introduced Clayton et al., 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane) Present Introduced YesDAISIE, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoSalisbury, 1961.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum) Present Introduced WAC, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Native NoBlamey and Grey-Wilson, 1989.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed) Present Phillipson et al., 1972; Scragg, 1974; Holm et al., 1977; Roberts and Chancellor, 1986; Fisher, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesConolly, 1977; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Localised Introduced YesPashley et al., 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemica Widespread Bailey et al., 1996; Preston et al., 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Widespread Gibson and Newman, 2001; eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present GrassWorld, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present DAISIE, 2014. Tutin, 1976
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers) Widespread Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal) Widespread YesPojar and Mackinnon, 2004; EPPO, 2014; Encyclopedia of Life, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass) Widespread Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb) Localised Introduced YesGlobal Biodiversity Information Facility, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Stace, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coccineum (scarlet ginger lily) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Schilling, 1982; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoCronk and Fuller, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Widespread Wagenitz, 1980; Stace, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope) Present Lorenzi and Jeffery, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue) Present Introduced NoGreuter, 2006; DAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Restricted distribution Introduced YesBrummitt, 1968; Tiley et al., 1996; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed) Localised Introduced NoJahodová et al., 2007; Rijal et al., 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow) Present Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium aurantiacum (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium caespitosum (yellow hawkweed) Restricted distribution Introduced NoSell and West, 1976; Gottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976; Meusel and JSger, 1992.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Widespread Native Phillips, 1994; USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present, few occurrences NoHolm et al., 1979; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Unconfirmed record USDA-NRCS, 2013. CAB Abstracts
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Widespread Introduced YesBeerling and Perrins, 1993; Prowse, 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam) Widespread Introduced Clement and Foster, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyers woad) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush) Present, few occurrences Introduced Kent, 1958; Clement and Foster, 1994; Poland, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus planifolius (broadleaf rush) Last reported Introduced BSBI, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tatarica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea) Present Introduced CAPM-CEH, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native YesINRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minuta Widespread Introduced YesDAISIE, 2008; Landolt, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed) Present Hossel & Baker, 1979
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress) Widespread Native YesMorris, 1982.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed) Present Native NoRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop) Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptospermum scoparium (manuka) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced Dawson, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet) Present NoGBIF, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet) Present NoWeber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria dalmatica (dalmatian toadflax) Present Introduced Stace, 1991; Leo's Dictionaries, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass) Present Introduced Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel) Widespread Introduced Roderick and Thomas, 1997; Thomas et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) Present NoClapham et al., 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera maackii (Amur honeysuckle) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoLuken and Thieret, 1997; Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose) Localised Introduced YesCEH, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present EPPO, 2015; ILDIS, 2015; NOBANIS, 2015; DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; Clement and Foster, 1994; Preston CD Pearman DA Dines TD, 2002; Flora of Derbyshire, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present GBIF, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Unconfirmed record
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover) Present Clapham et al., 1962.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry) Present Introduced World Agroforestry Centre, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Unconfirmed record DAISIE, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal) Present USDA-ARS, 2013. Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose) Present Introduced ISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiconia calvescens (miconia) Present only in captivity/cultivation Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMicrolaena stipoides (meadow rice grass, meadow ricegrass) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBiological Records Centre, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather) Localised Introduced YesOrchard, 1981; Chicken, 1977; Maskell et al., 2006; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil) Eradicated Introduced Stace, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Native Murphy et al., 1993; Wade, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass) Present Introduced YesCampbell, 1982; Campbell and Vere, 1995.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress) Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress) Present USDA-ARS, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco) Present YesISSG, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle) Present Native Tutin et al., 1976; Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape) Restricted distribution ter Borg, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape) Present Native Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape) Localised Introduced Chater and Webb, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel) Widespread Introduced YesBiological Records Centre, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel) Indigenous, localized Valentine, 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup) Present Valentine, 1968; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed) Present Native Biological Records Centre, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass) Localised Introduced NoStace, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present NoTutin, 1980; Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaulownia tomentosa (paulownia) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass) Present Weber, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesRich and Woodruff, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass) Present Introduced Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native Daniels, 1978; Holm et al., 1979; , 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass) Present Bhan and Froud-Williams, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass) Present Introduced YesBiological Records Centre, 2015; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Widespread Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhormium tenax (New Zealand flax) Localised YesStace, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo) Present Introduced USDA-APHIS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aureosulcata (yellow groove bamboo) Present Introduced EPPO, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry) Localised NoStace, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice) Present only under cover/indoors NoParthasarathy et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present Shaw and Usher, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine) Present Introduced Mitchell, 1974; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native Holm et al., 1979; Roberts and Boddrell, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain) Present Holm et al., 1979; Bastin and Thomas, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Widespread NoRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native Ryves et al., 1996; Farmer, 2004; Online Atlas of the British and Irish Flora, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Widespread Phillips, 1980; ISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed) Present, few occurrences Native Stace, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Widespread Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper) Present Hafliger and Wolf, 1988.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Widespread TUTIN and ET, 1964; Holm et al., 1979; GRIN, 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria) Restricted distribution Stace, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native YesSimmonds, 1946; INRA, 2001; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass) Present Native NoHubbard, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Walters, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present EUNIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Widespread Native YesFitter et al., 1980; Rose, 2006; WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Introduced YesCronk and Fuller , 1995; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava) Present, few occurrences Introduced Diong, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Widespread Chater and, 1981; Holm et al., 1991; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron) Widespread Introduced YesElton, 1958; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust) Present Introduced Yes
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa multiflora (Multiflora rose) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Present Bruun, 2005; UK Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary) Present Hanelt et al., 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus armeniacus (Himalayan blackberry) Present Introduced NoAllen, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus fruticosus (blackberry) Present Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry) Present YesDAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower) Present USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock) Present Rechinger and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native YesHolm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead) Present Introduced Preston and Croft, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Localised NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present USDA-ARS, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Widespread Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort) Present Introduced NoHayward and Druce, 1919; Lousley, 1961; MacPherson, 1997; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native YesChater and Walters, 1976; Stace, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native YesChater and Walters, 1976; Stace, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail) Localised Introduced Ryves et al., 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail) Present Sell and Murrell, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail) Restricted distribution Holm et al., 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irio Present USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum rostratum (prickly nightshade) Present Vallejo-Marin, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato) Present Randall, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Present Introduced YesEPPO, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod) Present Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilis Present Introduced GBIF, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle) Widespread EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Boulos, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass) Restricted distribution Introduced Stace, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) Present Introduced YesMullins and Marks, 1987; Maskell and Raybould, 2001.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Widespread Holm et al., 1991; Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass) Present Introduced Online Atlas of the British & Irish Flora, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Randall, 2012; DAISIE, 2014; Govaerts, 2014; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Widespread Chater and Heywood, 1972; Holm et al., 1977; Holm et al., 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoHeywood, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion) Present Introduced Champness and Morris, 1948; Bostock and Benton, 1979; Westerman and Roddick, 1981; Wilman and Derrick, 1994; Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach) Localised Hanson and Mason, 1985.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present Clapham, 1972; Holm et al., 1991; USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Holm et al., 1991; Linton and Goulder, 2003; Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail) Present Native Lousley and Tutin, 1947.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Widespread Native YesHolm et al., 1997; ILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Widespread USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle) Widespread Holm et al., 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVallisneria spiralis (eelweed) Present Harris and Lording, 1973; Preston and Croft, 1997.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass) Present Introduced YesCopping, 1987.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present NoISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain) Present Introduced Clement and Foster, 1994.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena rigida (stiff verbena) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoMacpherson, 1993; Don, 1833.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard) Present Euro+Med, 2012; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVernicia fordii (tung-oil tree) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue) Widespread Native Hubbard, 1984.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria) Present only in captivity/cultivation NoWoolverton, 1903; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr) Present GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZelkova serrata (Japanese selkova) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber montanum (cassumunar ginger) Present Introduced Sims, 1812; Pereira and Carson, 1852.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Introduced Richards, 1963.
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringens Present Murray et al., 2012.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutum Localised Nascimento et al., 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equi Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreae Present Laing et al., 2014.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictum Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006; Wood et al., 2007; Cosgrove et al., 2008.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Present Miles and Stocker, 1948; JENNINGS, 1954; Edwards, 1955; Poulding, 1960; Pomeroy, 1962; Keymer and Blackmore, 1964; Green, 1969; Kear and Brown, 1976; Nuttall et al., 1985.
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf) Widespread Henry et al., 1993; Plumb, 1995; EPPO, 2014.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusChrysanthemum stem necrosis virus Eradicated CABI/EPPO, 2005; IPPC, 2010; EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusElm mottle virus Widespread Native YesJones, 1974; Thomas et al., 1983; CABI/EPPO, 2004; EPPO, 2014.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus) Present Saldarelli et al., 2005; Immanuel et al., 2015.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Virusinfluenza A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; Mumford et al., 2008; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV) Present Fletcher, 1984; Brunt, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2009.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Restricted distribution Introduced NoCABI/EPPO, 2007; EPPO, 2014.
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virus Present Pritchard et al., 1999.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2011; IPPC, 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2014.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusStrawberry vein banding virus (vein banding of strawberry) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
Acanthocephalan infections of fish Present Awachie, 1965.
acarapisosis of honey bees Restricted distribution EPPO, 2009; OIE, 2009.
Actinobacillus suis infections Present Escande et al., 1996.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Widespread Introduced YesKennedy and Fitch, 1990; Lyndon and Pieters, 2005.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; , 1971; OIE, 1997.
astrovirus infections Present Kurtz and Lee, 1987; Woode and Bridger, 1987; Gough and Stuart, 1993; McNulty, 1993; McNulty and McFerran, 1996.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumonia Widespread Leach et al., 1976.
Aujeszky's disease Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian adenoviruses infections Widespread McFerran et al., 1972; McDougall and Peters, 1974; McCracken et al., 1976; McFerran et al., 1977.
avian chlamydiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Present OIE, 2009; Cook, 1983; Cook and Huggins, 1986; Parsons et al., 1992; Adzhar et al., 1997.
avian influenza Present OIE, 2009; Wood et al., 1994; Perdue and Suarez, 2000.
avian intestinal spirochaetosis Present Griffiths et al., 1987.
avian leukosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infections Widespread Randall et al., 1977; Jones et al., 1978.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Present OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Blaxland et al., 1982.
avian nephritis Widespread Connor et al., 1987; Nicholas et al., 1988; Frazier et al., 1990.
avian trichomoniasis Present Cooper and Petty, 1988; Cousquer, 2003.
avian tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Present Miles and Stocker, 1948; JENNINGS, 1954; Edwards, 1955; Poulding, 1960; Pomeroy, 1962; Keymer and Blackmore, 1964; Green, 1969; Kear and Brown, 1976; Nuttall et al., 1985.
babesiosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Alani and Herbert, 1988; Gray et al., 1990; Rutter, 1990.
bacterial kidney disease Present Bruno, 2004.
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infection Absent, intercepted only Introduced Cunningham et al., 2015.
Bibersteinia trehalosi infections Present Watson and Scholes, 2010; Collins, 2011.
blackleg Reported present or known to be present Harwood, 1984; Malone et al., 1986; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Present OIE, 2009.
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae) Present Laing et al., 2014.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infection Present Introduced Andrews et al., 1981.
botulism Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine adenoviruses infections Widespread Darbyshire et al., 1965a; Darbyshire et al., 1965b; Phillip and Sands, 1972.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine coronavirus infection Present Derbyshire and Brown, 1978; Paton et al., 1998.
bovine enterovirus infection Present Huck and Cartwright, 1964.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 2 infection Present O'Connor et al., 1994.
bovine papillomatosis Present Jarrett et al., 1978a; Meischke, 1979a; Lindholm et al., 1984; Jarrett et al., 1984a.
bovine papular stomatitis Present Gibbs and Osborne, 1974.
bovine parainfluenza 3 infection Widespread Stott et al., 1980.
bovine parvovirus infection Widespread Huck et al., 1975; Lucas and Westcott, 1985.
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infection Present Paton et al., 1998.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Present OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Present OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis No information available Scott et al., 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
channel catfish virus disease Present
chicken anaemia Widespread McNulty et al., 1988; Chettle et al., 1989.
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultry Present Sykes et al., 1997; McDonald et al., 1998.
Chytridiomycosis Present Garner et al., 2006; Cunningham and Minting, 2008.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium novyi infections Widespread Duran, 1994.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Reported present or known to be present Chanter N et al., 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cold-water disease Present Austin, 1992.
contagious agalactia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
cowpox Present Bennett et al., 1990; Baxby et al., 1994; Chantrey et al., 1999.
crayfish plague Widespread Introduced YesAlderman et al., 1984; OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultry Widespread Native Corbett-Feeney, 1987; Richardson et al., 1991; Fewtrell and Delahunty, 1995; Bukhari and Smith, 1996; Gould et al., 1996; Bukhari et al., 1997; Chalmers et al., 1997; McLauchlin et al., 2000; Pretty et al., 2000; Lowery et al., 2001; Lowery et al., 2001; Pedraza-Diaz et al., 2001; Bodley-Tickell et al., 2002; Chalmers et al., 2002; Crook et al., 2002; Harrison et al., 2002; Hoveyda et al., 2002; Howe et al., 2002; Hunter and Syed, 2002; Mabbett, 2002; Mayon-White, 2002; Moore et al., 2002; Glaberman et al., 2002b; Daniels et al., 2003; Gasser et al., 2003; Gatei et al., 2003; Gibbons-Matthews and Prescott, 2003; Harwood, 2003; Hunter et al., 2003; Nichols et al., 2003; Pepperell et al., 2003; Said et al., 2003; Smerdon et al., 2003; Strachan et al., 2003; Sturdee et al., 2003.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Derzsy's disease Present Gough et al., 1981.
Dichelobacter nodosus infection Widespread Roberts and Walker, 1973; Walker et al., 1973; Thorley, 1976; Thorley and Calder, 1977; Hindmarsh et al., 1989; Green and George, 2008.
Digenean infections of fish Present Wootten, 1974; Evans, 1978; McKeown and Irwin, 1997.
dourine Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Reported present or known to be present Sandhu and Leibovitz, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Asplin, 1965.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Echinococcus multilocularis Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
encephalomyocarditis Present Sangar et al., 1977.
enteric redmouth disease Present Horne and Barnes , 1999.
enzootic abortion of ewes Present OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
eperythrozoonosis in pigs Present JENNINGS and SEAMER, 1956; Gresham et al., 1994.
epitheliocystis Present Longshaw et al., 2004.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Present OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Escherichia coli infections Present Richards et al., 1998.
European foulbrood Present Budge et al., 2010; OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported , 2002; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Present OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Reported present or known to be present Green, 1969; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
giardiasis Present Deas, 1959; Taylor et al., 1993.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
grass sickness Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001
Gyrodactylus salaris infection Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Haemophilus somnus infection Present Gill, 1992; McDowell et al., 1994; Cassidy et al., 1997; Otter and Farrer, 1997.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
hepatitis E virus infection Widespread Berto et al., 2012a; Berto et al., 2012b.
hexamitosis and spironucleosis of fish Present Paull and Matthews, 2001.
Hirudinea as vectors and disease agents in fish Present Harding, 1910; Mann, 1955; Elliott and Mann, 1979.
horse pox No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
inclusion body rhinitis Widespread Done, 1955; Plowright et al., 1976.
infection with Marteilia refringens Present Murray et al., 2012.
infectious bursal disease Present OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Present OIE, 2009; Hughes et al., 1991a; Graham et al., 2000.
infectious pancreatic necrosis Present Ball et al., 1971.
infectious salmon anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Rodger and et al. , 1998.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitis Present Timofte et al., 2014.
koi herpesvirus disease Present OIE, 2009; Walster, 1999; Denham, 2003; Haenen et al., 2004.
leishmaniosis Present OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present Low and Donachie, 1997; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lyme borreliosis Localised Robertson et al., 1999.
malignant catarrhal fever Reported present or known to be present Selman et al., 1974; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mannheimia haemolytica infections Present Harwood et al., 1995.
Marek's disease Present OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mycoplasma bovigenitalium infections Present Davidson and Stuart, 1960.
Mycoplasma bovirhinis bovine respiratory disease Widespread Ross, 1993.
Mycoplasma bovis infections Widespread Thomas et al., 1975.
Mycoplasma conjunctivae infection Present Baker et al., 2001.
Mycoplasma dispar infections Present Gourlay and Leach, 1970; Rebhun et al., 1995.
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infections Widespread Whittlestone, 1979.
Mycoplasma iowae infections Present Timms, 1967; Baxter-Jones, 1991.
Mycoplasma meleagridis infections Present Blaxland et al., 1982.
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm) Present Baird et al., 1951; Hepper, 1956; Campbell, 1970; Davey and Gee, 1976; Dare, 1982; Lauckner, 1983; Aguirre-Macedo and Kennedy, 1999a; Aguirre-Macedo and Kennedy, 1999b.
myxomatosis Present OIE, 2009.
Myxozoan infections of fish Present Andrews, 1979; Seagrave et al., 1981; Davies, 1985; Crawshaw and Sweeting, 1986; Lom et al., 1991; McGeorge et al., 1996a; Feist et al., 2002; Ozer et al., 2002; Longshaw et al., 2003.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
neosporosis Widespread Davison et al., 1999a; Davison et al., 1999c; Davison et al., 1999d.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
nocardiosis of fish Present Alderman et al., 1986; Fisheries and Oceans Canada, 2004a.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
oomycete infections in fish Present Willoughby , 1970; Pickering and Willoughby , 1977; Bucke and et al. , 1979.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009; Cetinkaya et al., 1998.
Pasteurella multocida infections Present Curtis, 1979; Bisgaard et al., 1991; Davies, 2004.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Plasmodium relictum infection Present Native NoBeadell et al., 2006; Wood et al., 2007; Cosgrove et al., 2008.
porcine adenovirus infection Widespread Haig et al., 1964; Clarke et al., 1967.
porcine circovirus infections Widespread Edwards and Sands, 1994; Gresham et al., 2000; Kennedy et al., 2000.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
porcine epidemic diarrhoea Present Pritchard et al., 1999.
Porcine hemagglutinating encephalomyelitis Present Cartwright et al., 1969.
porcine intestinal spirochaetosis Widespread Taylor et al., 1980; Thomson et al., 1998.
porcine parvovirus infection Present Nash, 1990.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009; ESAVS, 1992.
proliferative enteropathy Present Hands et al., 2010; Bae et al., 2013.
Pseudomonas infections in fish Present Stewart et al., 1983.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Reported present or known to be present McFadyean, 1938; Hunter and Munro, 1983; Pritchard and Done, 1990; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Present Westcott and Choudhury, 2015.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
red sea bream iridoviral disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Rhodococcus equi infections Present Craig and Davis, 1940; Roberts and Hamilton, 1968; Jeckel et al., 2011.
Riemerella anatipestifer infection Widespread Asplin, 1955; Harry, 1969; Timms and Marshall, 1989.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultry Localised Gough et al., 1990; Tennant et al., 1991.
Sapelovirus A infections Present Schock et al., 2014.
scrapie Present OIE, 2009; Ghani et al., 2000; Matthews L et al., 2001.
Serratia infections in fish Present McIntosh and Austin , 1990.
sheep and goat pox Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Bucke and Finlay, 1979.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread Fenlon et al., 1995; Fitzpatrick, 2000.
Staphylococcus hyicus infection Present Pepper and Taylor, 1977; Noble and Allaker, 1992.
strangles No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants) Widespread Elliott et al., 1977; Windsor, 1977; Heard, 1984.
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in poultry Present Buxton, 1952; Randall and Pearson, 1991.
summer mastitis Present Teale et al., 1990; Bouman and Booth, 1992; Berry and Booth, 1999.
surra Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Reported present or known to be present Thomson et al., 1998; Pearce, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine influenza Widespread Pritchard et al., 1987; Roberts et al., 1987; Wibberley et al., 1988; Brown et al., 1995b.
swine vesicular disease Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tetanus Widespread Preece and Bostelmann, 1996; Whitehead and Ellicott, 1996.
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infections Present Brocklesby and Barnett, 1972; Morzaria et al., 1974; Morzaria et al., 1977; Uilenberg et al., 1977b; Joyner et al., 1979; Uilenberg et al., 1985.
theileriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
tick-borne fever Present Hudson, 1950; Tutt and Loving, 1955; Ogden et al., 1998b.
torovirus infections Present Koopmans et al., 1991a; Scott et al., 1987.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Pritchard, 1982; Brown and Paton, 1991; Anon, 1997.
Trichinella Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Reported present or known to be present Thoen, 1999; OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
turkey coronavirus infections Present Cavanagh et al., 2001.
turkey rhinotracheitis Restricted distribution OIE, 2009; Jones et al., 1986; Wyeth et al., 1987; Cook et al., 1988; Cook et al., 1993a; Cavanagh et al., 1999.
turkey viral hepatitis Present McDonald et al., 1982.
Ureaplasma infections Present Gourlay et al., 1979.
varroosis of honey bees Present OIE, 2009; Fera, 2010.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vibriosis in fish Present Bruno and et al. , 1985; Austin , 1987; Toranzo and Barja , 1990.
viral erythrocytic necrosis Present Johnston and Davies, 1973; Smail and Egglestone, 1980.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Present OIE, 2009; Ross and et al. , 1995.
visna/maedi Present OIE, 2009; Barber, 1981; Dawson and Wilesmith, 1985; Pritchard et al., 1995; Pépin et al., 1998; Buchanan, 2001.
West Nile fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
whirling disease Present Elson, 1969; Hoffman, 1970.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
white-nose syndrome (white-nose syndrome) Present Barlow et al., 2015.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
yersiniosis Present Macleod et al., 1992; Hannam, 1993; Otter, 1996.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 15629 15698 15550 15516 14960
Apples Production Quantity 233750 235450 229000 242900 243100
Apples Yield 149562 Fc 149987 Fc 147267 Fc 156548 Fc 162500 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 1970 1710 1580 1435 1415
Asparagus Production Quantity 5100 3900 3500 3218 3000
Asparagus Yield 25888.3 Fc 22807 Fc 22151.9 Fc 22425.1 Fc 21201.4 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 970000 921000 1143000 1032000 898000
Barley Production Quantity 5494000 5252000 6668000 6144000 5079000
Barley Seed 135000 F 135000 F 171000 160000 F 155000
Barley Yield 56639.2 Fc 57025 Fc 58337.7 Fc 59534.9 Fc 56559 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 1685 1705 1755 1765 1930
Beans, green Production Quantity 15279 15600 15200 15807 16900
Beans, green Yield 90676.6 Fc 91495.6 Fc 86609.7 Fc 89558.1 Fc 87564.8 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 644 Im 645 * 670 * 620 * 600 *
Berries Nes Production Quantity 5866 Im 5950 * 6100 * 5300 * 5400 *
Berries Nes Yield 91087 Fc 92248.1 Fc 91044.8 Fc 85483.9 Fc 90000 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 22857 Im 32000 * 37000 * 22000 * 30000 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 133878 Im 160000 * 180000 * 100000 F 110000 F
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 58572 Fc 50000 Fc 48648.7 Fc 45454.6 Fc 36666.7 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 9973 Im 9818 10019 10046 10226
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 279353 Im 291300 277500 279100 258600
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 280109 Fc 296700 Fc 276974 Fc 277822 Fc 252885 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 11135 11548 11262 11028 11238
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 694104 763100 718700 719270 752277
Carrots and turnips Yield 623353 Fc 660807 Fc 638164 Fc 652222 Fc 669405 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 16757 Im 16496 16528 16666 16816
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 180577 Im 188300 186200 188900 190400
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 107762 Fc 114149 Fc 112657 Fc 113345 Fc 113226 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 3076000 A 3012500 A 3075000 A 3272480 A 2883000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 21484500 A 20946000 A 21619000 A 24282400 A 19124200 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 446080 A 446000 A 482000 A 504000 A 487000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 69845.6 Fc 69530.3 Fc 70305.7 Fc 74201.9 Fc 66334.4 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3076000 A 3012500 A 3075000 A 3272480 A 2883000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 21484500 A 20946000 A 21619000 A 24282400 A 19124200 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 446080 A 446000 A 482000 A 504000 A 487000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 69845.6 Fc 69530.3 Fc 70305.7 Fc 74201.9 Fc 66334.4 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 499 Im 500 456 F 447 447
Cherries Production Quantity 1183 Im 1200 1250 F 1200 1220
Cherries Yield 23707.4 Fc 24000 Fc 27412.3 Fc 26845.6 Fc 27293.1 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 72 72 74 62 F 100
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 19100 19200 19400 16300 14900
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 2652780 Fc 2666670 Fc 2621620 Fc 2629030 Fc 1490000 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1107000 A 1073500 A 1300000 A 1192270 A 1053000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6227500 A 6068000 A 7543000 A 7055420 A 5903200 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 155080 A 155000 A 192000 A 182000 A 176000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 56255.7 Fc 56525.4 Fc 58023.1 Fc 59176.3 Fc 56060.8 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 117 114 116 103 103
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 66500 64600 57700 48925 49400
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 5683760 Fc 5666670 Fc 4974140 Fc 4750000 Fc 4796120 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 2558 2511 2472 2435 2553
Currants Production Quantity 12060 17300 15800 13700 12500
Currants Yield 47146.2 Fc 68896.9 Fc 63915.9 Fc 56262.8 Fc 48962 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 9320 A 8620 A 10132 A 11946 A 12063 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 13776 A 14499 A 17294 A 14712 A 17500 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 14781.1 Fc 16820.2 Fc 17068.7 Fc 12315.4 Fc 14507.2 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 9320 Im 8620 Im 10132 Im 11946 Im 12063 Im
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 13776 Im 14499 Im 17294 Im 14712 Im 17500 F
Flax fibre and tow Yield 14781.1 Fc 16820.2 Fc 17068.7 Fc 12315.4 Fc 14507.2 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 29512 A 29559 A 29213 A 28932 A 28179 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 423310 A 429350 A 414368 A 431564 A 406863 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 143437 Fc 145252 Fc 141844 Fc 149165 Fc 144385 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity
Gooseberries Area Harvested 279 Im 277 * 290 * 265 * 268 *
Gooseberries Production Quantity 2514 Im 2550 * 2600 * 2200 * 2300 *
Gooseberries Yield 90107.5 Fc 92057.8 Fc 89655.2 Fc 83018.9 Fc 85820.9 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 639 Im 640 F 726 Im 717 Im 700 F
Grapes Production Quantity 986 Im 1000 F 1018 Im 1064 Im 1000 F
Grapes Yield 15430.4 Fc 15625 Fc 14022 Fc 14839.6 Fc 14285.7 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 1132 Im 1159 Im 1212 Im 1240 Im 1200 F
Hops Production Quantity 1622 Im 1551 Im 1520 Im 1770 Im 1500 F
Hops Yield 14328.6 Fc 13382.2 Fc 12541.3 Fc 14274.2 Fc 12500 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 1718 1704 1683 1647 1824
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 40700 42400 37200 42590 49100
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 236903 Fc 248826 Fc 221034 Fc 258591 Fc 269189 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 2601 2616 2506 2029 1982
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 26168 27140 26680 21390 22310
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 100607 Fc 103746 Fc 106464 Fc 105421 Fc 112563 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 6280 6280 6571 5818 6308
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 132500 133900 134300 124170 116100
Lettuce and chicory Yield 210987 Fc 213217 Fc 204383 Fc 213424 Fc 184052 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 36000 44000 28000 16078 12500
Linseed Production Quantity 71000 72000 54000 29298 23000
Linseed Seed 2880 Fc 2880 Fc 3520 Fc 2240 Fc 1286.24 Fc
Linseed Yield 19722.2 Fc 16363.6 Fc 19285.7 Fc 18222.4 Fc 18400 Fc
Maize Area Harvested
Maize Production Quantity
Maize Yield
Mixed grain Area Harvested 6000 5500 7000 3000 3000
Mixed grain Production Quantity 23500 23000 30000 15000 13000
Mixed grain Seed 1080 Fc 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F
Mixed grain Yield 39166.7 Fc 41818.2 Fc 42857.1 Fc 50000 Fc 43333.3 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 69300 69300 69400 70200 71500
Mustard seed Production Quantity
Oats Area Harvested 109000 124000 129000 135022 129000
Oats Production Quantity 613000 685000 744000 783574 712000
Oats Seed 17000 F 17000 18000 19000 18000
Oats Yield 56238.5 Fc 55241.9 Fc 57674.4 Fc 58033.1 Fc 55193.8 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 741000 A 686000 A 598000 A 614232 A 693500 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1699530 A 1383360 A 1181220 A 1202280 A 1279290 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 7313.4 A 7313.4 A 7225.2 A 5857.2 A 5475.93 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 22935.6 Fc 20165.6 Fc 19752.8 Fc 19573.6 Fc 18446.9 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 741000 A 686000 A 598000 A 614232 A 693500 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 1072890 A 872600 A 745460 A 760006 A 809090 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 4490.7 A 4490.7 A 4403.48 A 3599.8 A 3405.06 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 14479 Fc 12720.1 Fc 12465.9 Fc 12373.3 Fc 11666.8 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 1706 1680 1694 1702 2073
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 14800 14400 13900 15350 19900
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 86752.6 Fc 85714.3 Fc 82054.3 Fc 90188 Fc 95996.1 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 8448 8589 8850 8575 8373
Onions, dry Production Quantity 300900 364500 354900 349200 304050
Onions, dry Yield 356179 Fc 424380 Fc 401017 Fc 407230 Fc 363131 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1675 1680 1507 1472 1536
Pears Production Quantity 30370 32800 20500 19800 20643
Pears Yield 181313 Fc 195238 Fc 136032 Fc 134511 Fc 134395 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 30000 42000 42000 29876 37000
Peas, dry Production Quantity 123000 147000 151200 91000 130000 F
Peas, dry Seed 7000 F 7000 F 7000 F 7000 F 7000 F
Peas, dry Yield 41000 Fc 35000 Fc 36000 Fc 30459.2 Fc 35135.1 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 37276 35849 37496 34928 33318
Peas, green Production Quantity 424723 372830 400890 364320 238510
Peas, green Yield 113940 Fc 104000 Fc 106915 Fc 104306 Fc 71585.9 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 850 870 864 880 888
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 12930 13200 12900 25000 13800
Plums and sloes Yield 152118 Fc 151724 Fc 149306 Fc 284091 Fc 155405 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 146000 138000 144000 144000 140200
Potatoes Production Quantity 6115000 6056000 6396000 5999000 5635000
Potatoes Seed 320000 F 320000 F 339000 338000 335000
Potatoes Yield 418836 Fc 438841 Fc 444167 Fc 416597 Fc 401926 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 97143 Im 136000 * 149000 * 96300 * 93800 *
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 351429 Im 420000 * 508200 * 450000 F 455000 *
Pulses, nes Seed 55000 F 55000 F 55000 F 55000 F 55000 F
Pulses, nes Yield 36176.5 Fc 30882.3 Fc 34107.4 Fc 46729 Fc 48507.5 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 150000 A 210000 A 228000 A 148176 A 160800 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 608307 A 727000 A 839400 A 641000 A 695000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 62000 A 62000 A 62000 A 62000 A 62000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 40553.8 Fc 34619.1 Fc 36815.8 Fc 43259.4 Fc 43221.4 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 705000 642000 570000 598154 681000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 2758000 2230000 1912000 1973030 2108000
Rapeseed Seed 9165 Fc 9165 Fc 8346 Fc 7410 Fc 7776 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 39120.6 Fc 34735.2 Fc 33543.9 Fc 32985.3 Fc 30954.5 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 1767 Im 1770 1757 1701 1571
Raspberries Production Quantity 16761 Im 17000 15300 15500 14800
Raspberries Yield 94855.7 Fc 96045.2 Fc 87080.3 Fc 91122.9 Fc 94207.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 146000 A 138000 A 144000 A 144000 A 140200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6115000 A 6056000 A 6396000 A 5999000 A 5635000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 320000 A 320000 A 339000 A 338000 A 335000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 418836 Fc 438841 Fc 444167 Fc 416597 Fc 401926 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 7000 6000 5000 4953 6000
Rye Production Quantity 37000 38000 36000 31542 34200
Rye Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F
Rye Yield 52857.1 Fc 63333.3 Fc 72000 Fc 63682.6 Fc 57000 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity
Strawberries Area Harvested 4972 4968 4921 4879 4656
Strawberries Production Quantity 106890 102900 109900 104900 92100
Strawberries Yield 214984 Fc 207126 Fc 223329 Fc 215003 Fc 197809 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 113000 118000 114000 119654 125000
Sugar beet Production Quantity 8504000 6527000 8457000 7500000 6733000
Sugar beet Yield 752566 Fc 553136 Fc 741842 Fc 626807 Fc 538640 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 216 217 213 216 213
Tomatoes Production Quantity 89800 89320 86800 88690 85600
Tomatoes Yield 4157410 Fc 4116130 Fc 4075120 Fc 4106020 Fc 4018780 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 15000 17000 16000 17296 17000
Triticale Production Quantity 60000 70000 65000 81303 65000
Triticale Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F
Triticale Yield 40000 Fc 41176.5 Fc 40625 Fc 47006.8 Fc 38235.3 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 16012 Im 15763 16585 14955 15250
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 210113 Im 219099 206610 207356 190170
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 131222 Fc 138996 Fc 124576 Fc 138653 Fc 124702 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 115966 A 114161 A 116932 A 110975 A 111169 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2569020 A 2678890 A 2608880 A 2554790 A 2382720 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 221532 Fc 234659 Fc 223111 Fc 230213 Fc 214333 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 115966 A 114161 A 116932 A 110975 A 111169 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2569020 A 2678890 A 2608880 A 2554790 A 2382720 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 221532 Fc 234659 Fc 223111 Fc 230213 Fc 214333 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1969000 1939000 1775000 2080210 1830000
Wheat Production Quantity 15257000 14878000 14076000 17227000 13221000
Wheat Seed 291000 F 291000 290000 322000 311000
Wheat Yield 77486 Fc 76730.3 Fc 79301.4 Fc 82813.8 Fc 72245.9 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 15560 8450 9170 9140 9850
Apples Production Quantity 269239 218100 170400 143900 179400
Apples Yield 173033 Fc 258107 Fc 185823 Fc 157440 Fc 182132 Fc
Asparagus Area Harvested 1454 1150 788 790 810
Asparagus Production Quantity 2400 2300 1700 1700 1700
Asparagus Yield 16506.2 Fc 20000 Fc 21573.6 Fc 21519 Fc 20987.7 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 882000 938000 1010000 1078000 1101000
Barley Production Quantity 5239000 5495000 5816000 6370000 6128000
Barley Seed 135000 143000 132000 151000 162000
Barley Yield 59399.1 Fc 58582.1 Fc 57584.2 Fc 59090.9 Fc 55658.5 Fc
Beans, green Area Harvested 1930 2020 2470 1870 1840
Beans, green Production Quantity 18100 20700 23100 20400 19300
Beans, green Yield 93782.4 Fc 102475 Fc 93522.3 Fc 109091 Fc 104891 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 500 * 551 * 550 * 550 * 800 *
Berries Nes Production Quantity 4140 * 3490 * 3700 * 3700 * 3900 *
Berries Nes Yield 82800 Fc 63339.4 Fc 67272.7 Fc 67272.7 Fc 48750 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Area Harvested 42000 * 32500 * 31800 * 45000 * 24000 *
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Production Quantity 120000 * 100000 * 113500 * 170000 * 110000 *
Broad beans, horse beans, dry Yield 28571.4 Fc 30769.2 Fc 35691.8 Fc 37777.8 Fc 45833.3 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 10556 12830 9400 13040 12900
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 305800 309400 267000 285000 286700
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 289693 Fc 241154 Fc 284043 Fc 218558 Fc 222248 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 10621 12570 12400 12710 12100
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 701259 813200 768100 698900 822300
Carrots and turnips Yield 660257 Fc 646937 Fc 619435 Fc 549882 Fc 679587 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 17656 18650 17180 19250 15600
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 195500 220400 233800 188000 169500
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 110727 Fc 118177 Fc 136088 Fc 97662.3 Fc 108654 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 2862600 A 2917900 A 3133200 A 3060100 A 3245800 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 20832400 A 20997500 A 22028000 A 21510800 A 22966000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 409000 A 417000 A 427000 A 450000 A 463000 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 72774.4 Fc 71961 Fc 70305.1 Fc 70294.3 Fc 70756.1 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2862600 A 2917900 A 3133200 A 3060100 A 3245800 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 20832400 A 20997500 A 22028000 A 21510800 A 22966000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 409000 A 417000 A 427000 A 450000 A 463000 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 72774.4 Fc 71961 Fc 70305.1 Fc 70294.3 Fc 70756.1 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 400 400 390 380 430
Cherries Production Quantity 1100 1100 1100 1000 1300
Cherries Yield 27500 Fc 27500 Fc 28205.1 Fc 26315.8 Fc 30232.6 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 100 55 55 55 55
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 16000 13600 13600 13000 12900
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 1600000 Fc 2472730 Fc 2472730 Fc 2363640 Fc 2345450 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1027600 A 1050900 A 1143200 A 1223100 A 1249800 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 6085400 A 6134500 A 6555000 A 7222770 A 6993000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 155000 A 163000 A 152000 A 169000 A 182000 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 59219.5 Fc 58373.8 Fc 57339.1 Fc 59053 Fc 55952.9 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 113 120 130 138 169
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 56500 59900 61400 77000 73600
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 5000000 Fc 4991670 Fc 4723080 Fc 5579710 Fc 4355030 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 2596 2700 2950 2600 2330
Currants Production Quantity 15555 19700 18200 19100 13000
Currants Yield 59919.1 Fc 72963 Fc 61694.9 Fc 73461.5 Fc 55794 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 12000 A 11509 A 14958 A 18954 A 20178 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 18000 A 16364 A 25596 A 36649 A 26251 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 15000 Fc 14218.4 Fc 17111.9 Fc 19335.8 Fc 13009.7 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 12000 F 11509 Im 14958 Im 18954 Im 20178 Im
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 18000 F 16364 Im 25596 Im 36649 Im 26251 Im
Flax fibre and tow Yield 15000 Fc 14218.4 Fc 17111.9 Fc 19335.8 Fc 13009.7 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 28930 A 21105 A 21420 A 20961 A 21906 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 422386 A 364114 A 295118 A 270810 A 296180 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 146003 Fc 172525 Fc 137777 Fc 129197 Fc 135205 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity
Gooseberries Area Harvested 295 * 215 215 215 212
Gooseberries Production Quantity 1860 * 1610 1610 1610 1580
Gooseberries Yield 63050.8 Fc 74883.7 Fc 74883.7 Fc 74883.7 Fc 74528.3 Fc
Grapes Area Harvested 1013 Im 739 Im 750 F 756 734
Grapes Production Quantity 1872 Im 1614 Im 1308 Im 1200 1500
Grapes Yield 18479.8 Fc 21840.3 Fc 17440 Fc 15873 Fc 20436 Fc
Hops Area Harvested 1177 1340 1340 1460 1820
Hops Production Quantity 1381 2110 2110 1950 2550
Hops Yield 11733.2 Fc 15746.3 Fc 15746.3 Fc 13356.2 Fc 14011 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Area Harvested 1776 1700 2010 2010 1900
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Production Quantity 46300 49700 40200 35900 38000
Leeks, other alliaceous veg Yield 260698 Fc 292353 Fc 200000 Fc 178607 Fc 200000 Fc
Leguminous vegetables, nes Area Harvested 1902 1890 2150 2420 2100
Leguminous vegetables, nes Production Quantity 22080 22550 22080 27300 10300
Leguminous vegetables, nes Yield 116088 Fc 119312 Fc 102698 Fc 112810 Fc 49047.6 Fc
Lettuce and chicory Area Harvested 6319 5860 6300 5967 5200
Lettuce and chicory Production Quantity 132600 141100 152700 142200 125900
Lettuce and chicory Yield 209843 Fc 240785 Fc 242381 Fc 238311 Fc 242115 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 36000 48000 31000 34000 13000
Linseed Production Quantity 49000 89000 52000 59000 18000
Linseed Seed 1000 Fc 2880 Fc 3840 Fc 2480 Fc 2720 Fc
Linseed Yield 13611.1 Fc 18541.7 Fc 16774.2 Fc 17352.9 Fc 13846.2 Fc
Maize Area Harvested
Maize Production Quantity
Maize Yield
Mixed grain Area Harvested 3500 F 3400 4000 4200 3800
Mixed grain Production Quantity 15000 F 15100 17300 17800 18000
Mixed grain Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000
Mixed grain Yield 42857.1 Fc 44411.8 Fc 43250 Fc 42380.9 Fc 47368.4 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 68000 74000 74000 81000 84700
Mustard seed Production Quantity
Oats Area Harvested 121000 91000 108000 122000 126000
Oats Production Quantity 728000 532000 627000 749000 753000
Oats Seed 17000 17000 17000 15000 17000
Oats Yield 60165.3 Fc 58461.5 Fc 58055.6 Fc 61393.4 Fc 59761.9 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 611000 A 640700 A 588600 A 576000 A 445000 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 1164870 A 1197330 A 998040 A 1099650 A 892140 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 5941.8 A 6299.4 A 7042.26 A 5911.68 A 5941.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 19065 Fc 18687.8 Fc 16956.2 Fc 19091.2 Fc 20048.1 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 611000 A 640700 A 588600 A 576000 A 445000 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 735350 A 753948 A 629544 A 693554 A 564140 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 3714.14 A 3848.5 A 4271.94 A 3622.54 A 3629.48 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 12035.2 Fc 11767.6 Fc 10695.6 Fc 12040.9 Fc 12677.3 Fc
Onions (inc. shallots), green Area Harvested 2153 2070 1810 1990 1800 F
Onions (inc. shallots), green Production Quantity 24500 24100 14400 16400 11300
Onions (inc. shallots), green Yield 113795 Fc 116425 Fc 79558 Fc 82412.1 Fc 62777.8 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 8236 8560 8590 8480 8390
Onions, dry Production Quantity 358800 413600 340900 373600 283400
Onions, dry Yield 435648 Fc 483178 Fc 396857 Fc 440566 Fc 337783 Fc
Pears Area Harvested 1600 1670 1670 1740 2040
Pears Production Quantity 28400 23400 22700 29600 34200
Pears Yield 177500 Fc 140120 Fc 135928 Fc 170115 Fc 167647 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 44000 43000 62280 73500 85000
Peas, dry Production Quantity 145000 161000 214866 288000 292000
Peas, dry Seed 7000 F 7000 F 7000 F 10500 F 13000
Peas, dry Yield 32954.6 Fc 37441.9 Fc 34500 Fc 39183.7 Fc 34352.9 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 32845 31930 32360 38310 36020
Peas, green Production Quantity 299690 312800 315100 399050 406000
Peas, green Yield 91243.7 Fc 97964.3 Fc 97373.3 Fc 104163 Fc 112715 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 1000 1050 980 1000 950
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 14100 14300 13600 15100 12600
Plums and sloes Yield 141000 Fc 136190 Fc 138776 Fc 151000 Fc 132632 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 141000 137400 148700 145000 158000
Potatoes Production Quantity 5864000 5979000 6316500 5918000 6966000
Potatoes Seed 386000 389000 369000 369000 416000
Potatoes Yield 415887 Fc 435153 Fc 424781 Fc 408138 Fc 440886 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 142200 * 151600 * 148000 * 116500 * 140000 *
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 493000 * 616200 * 547500 * 464800 * 520800 *
Pulses, nes Seed 55000 F 55000 F 54000 F 50000 F 43000 F
Pulses, nes Yield 34669.5 Fc 40646.4 Fc 36993.2 Fc 39897 Fc 37200 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 228200 A 227100 A 242080 A 235000 A 249000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 758000 A 877200 A 875866 A 922800 A 922800 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 62000 A 62000 A 61000 A 60500 A 56000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 33216.5 Fc 38626.2 Fc 36180.8 Fc 39268.1 Fc 37060.2 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 575000 592700 557600 542000 432000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 1890000 1902100 1608800 1770800 1468000
Rapeseed Seed 8853 Fc 7475 Fc 7705.1 Fc 7248.8 Fc 7046 Fc
Rapeseed Yield 32869.6 Fc 32092.1 Fc 28852.2 Fc 32671.6 Fc 33981.5 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 1466 1430 1295 1260 1260
Raspberries Production Quantity 12220 12200 10000 8500 7300
Raspberries Yield 83356.1 Fc 85314.7 Fc 77220.1 Fc 67460.3 Fc 57936.5 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 141000 A 137400 A 148700 A 145000 A 158000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5864000 A 5979000 A 6316500 A 5918000 A 6966000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 386000 A 389000 A 369000 A 369000 A 416000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 415887 Fc 435153 Fc 424781 Fc 408138 Fc 440886 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 7000 5900 6000 4300 5000
Rye Production Quantity 42700 39500 32500 25200 29000
Rye Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000
Rye Yield 61000 Fc 66949.1 Fc 54166.7 Fc 58604.7 Fc 58000 Fc
Stone fruit, nes Production Quantity
Strawberries Area Harvested 4500 3900 3450 3320 3300
Strawberries Production Quantity 73900 68600 52500 47100 41400
Strawberries Yield 164222 Fc 175897 Fc 152174 Fc 141867 Fc 125455 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested 131000 148000 154000 162000 169000
Sugar beet Production Quantity 7400000 8687000 9042000 9168000 9557000
Sugar beet Yield 564886 Fc 586959 Fc 587143 Fc 565926 Fc 565503 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 200 190 190 180 480
Tomatoes Production Quantity 84100 79540 78290 76840 100900
Tomatoes Yield 4205000 Fc 4186320 Fc 4120530 Fc 4268890 Fc 2102080 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 14100 12600 15200 14600 14000
Triticale Production Quantity 60700 52900 62200 60770 65000
Triticale Seed 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000 F 1000
Triticale Yield 43049.7 Fc 41984.1 Fc 40921.1 Fc 41623.3 Fc 46428.6 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 14738 14892 13022 14151 14852
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 181054 157695 141237 151674 132497
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 122848 Fc 105892 Fc 108460 Fc 107183 Fc 89211.6 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 110599 A 114487 A 108855 A 121361 A 114216 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 2512680 A 2714590 A 2547610 A 2587960 A 2579000 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 227189 Fc 237109 Fc 234037 Fc 213245 Fc 225800 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 110599 A 114487 A 108855 A 121361 A 114216 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2512680 A 2714590 A 2547610 A 2587960 A 2579000 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 227189 Fc 237109 Fc 234037 Fc 213245 Fc 225800 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 1835000 1867000 1990000 1837000 1996000
Wheat Production Quantity 14747000 14863000 15473000 14288000 15973000
Wheat Seed 254000 254000 275000 281000 281000
Wheat Yield 80365.1 Fc 79609 Fc 77753.8 Fc 77779 Fc 80025.1 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 17164 Q 17224 Q 17325 Q 17684 Q 17647 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 604.1 Q 650.3 Q 606.3 Q 577.2 W 511.9 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 32.7 Q 47.6 Q 113.7 Q 142.4 W 147.6 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 636.8 Q 697.9 Q 720 Q 719.6 W 659.5 W
Arable land Area 6062 Q 5970 Q 6049 Q 6005 Q 6085 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 6107 Q 6016 Q 6092 Q 6051 Q 6131 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 191.5 Q 205 Q 191.3 Q 177.4 W 151.9 W
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 8.2 Q 11.6 Q 30.6 Q 46 W 53.6 W
Arable land organic, total Area 199.7 Q 216.6 Q 221.9 Q 223.4 W 205.5 W
Country area Area 24361 Q 24361 Q 24361 Q 24361 Q 24361 Q
Fallow land Area 156 Q 174 Q 244 Q 175 Q 165 Q
Forest area Area 2888.2 Fm 2881 Q 2873.8 Fm 2866.6 Fm 2859.4 Fm
Inland water Area 168 Fm 168 Fm 168 Fm 168 Fm 168 Fm
Land area Area 24193 Q 24193 Q 24193 Q 24193 Q 24193 Q
Other land Area 4140.8 Fm 4088 Fm 3994.2 Fm 3642.4 Fm 3686.6 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 5877 Q 5925 Q 5865 Q 6036 Q 5965 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 5180 Q 5283 Q 5368 Q 5597 Q 5551 W
Permanent crops Area 45 Q 46 Q 43 Q 46 Q 46 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 2 Q 2 Q 1.9 Q 1.5 W 1.6 W
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 0.2 Q 0.2 Q 0.3 Q 0.4 W 0.4 W
Permanent crops organic, total Area 2.2 Q 2.2 Q 2.2 Q 1.9 W 2 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 11057 Q 11208 Q 11233 Q 11633 Q 11516 W
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 411 Q 443 Q 413 Q 398.3 W 358.4 W
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 24.4 Q 35.7 Q 82.7 Q 96 W 93.6 W
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 435.4 Q 478.7 Q 495.7 Q 494.3 W 452 W
Temporary crops Area 4628 Q 4564 Q 4564 Q 4689 Q 4744 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 1278 Q 1232 Q 1241 Q 1141 Q 1176 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 95 Fm 95.1 Q 213 Q 195 Q 152 Q
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 17838 Q 16956 Q 17051 Q 16956 Q 16976 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 489.6 W 524.4 W 612.4 W
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 113.8 W 80.3 W 47.2 W
Agricultural area organic, total Area 603.4 W 604.7 W 659.6 W
Arable land Area 6094 Q 5729 Q 5819 Q 5659 Q 5786 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 6139 Q 5776 Q 5868 Q 5708 Q 5836 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 137.5 W 142 W 143.1 W
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 41.5 W 32.6 W 19.8 W
Arable land organic, total Area 179 W 174.6 W 162.9 W
Country area Area 24361 Q 24361 Q 24361 Q 24361 Q 24361 Q
Fallow land Area 197 Q 140 Q 29 Q 29 Q 33 W
Forest area Area 2852.2 Fm 2845 Q 2834.6 Fm 2824.2 Fm 2813.8 Fm
Inland water Area 168 Fm 168 Fm 168 Fm 168 Fm 168 Fm
Land area Area 24193 Q 24193 Q 24193 Q 24193 Q 24193 Q
Other land Area 3502.8 Fm 4392 Fm 4307.4 Fm 4412.8 Fm 4403.2 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 5967 Q 5590 Q 5620 Q 5683 Q 5422 W
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 5732 W 5590 Q 5563 Q 5565 Q 5718 W
Permanent crops Area 45 Q 47 Q 49 Q 49 Q 50 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 1.6 W 1.5 W 1.5 W
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 0.2 W 0.2 W 0.2 W
Permanent crops organic, total Area 1.8 W 1.7 W 1.7 W
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 11699 W 11180 Q 11183 Q 11248 Q 11140 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 350.5 W 380.9 W 467.8 W
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 72.1 W 47.5 W 27.2 W
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 422.6 W 428.4 W 495 W
Temporary crops Area 4760 Q 4396 Q 4544 Q 4429 Q 4523 W
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 1137 Q 1193 Q 1246 Q 1201 Q 1230 W
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 182 Q 228 Q 225 Fm 223 Q 227 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files