Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Gabon

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Datasheet

Gabon

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 2,172,579 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 7,170 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 15,578.25 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 16,874.45 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 5.55 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora megakarya (black pod of cocoa)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)PresentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)PresentEPPO (2022); Seif and Hillocks (1993); UK, CAB International (1996)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)PresentBell et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentPoligui et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedEkesi and Billah (2006); CABI and EPPO (2008); Vayssieres et al. (2008); Poligui et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentNativePoligui et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadInvasiveCoffinet et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus bivittatus (fruit fly)PresentWhite (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedWilliams (1986); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMononychellus tanajoa (cassava green mite)Present, WidespreadYaninek (1988); Yaninek and Herren (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, Few occurrencesMorant (1947)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentNativeDore and Frimodt (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacoccus marginatus (papaya mealybug)PresentIntroducedIPPC (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeMikissa et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus manihoti (cassava mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBoussienguet (1986); Zeddies et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhryneta leprosaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug)PresentBoussienguet and Herren (1991); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera eridania (southern armyworm)PresentGoergen (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Rose et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveIPPC (2019); FAO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictococcus vayssierei (cassava brown root scale)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedWetterer (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2014); Wetterer and Porter (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Froese R and Pauly D (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2022); FAO (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveCraig (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRachycentron canadum (cobia)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Daget (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentIntroducedMorelet (1885)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentBarat et al. (1969); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentLoubana et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentLoubana et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentO'Bannon (1977); CABI and EPPO (1999); Loubana et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeGuiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla pinnata (mosquito fern)Present, LocalizedNativeDyer et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeLawson and John (1987); John et al. (2003); John et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeJohn et al. (2003); John et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedSosef et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedORSTOM (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentIntroducedORSTOM (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlysicarpus vaginalis (alyce clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedAhmed et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeORSTOM (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedHassler (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedORSTOM (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome rutidosperma (fringed spiderflower)PresentNativeBerhaut (1974); Kers and Jonsell (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedSosef et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSafo-Kantaka (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedUSA, Missouri Botanical Garden (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentNativePROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedORSTOM (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentFAO (2009); Duke (1983)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentNativePhillips (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia coccinea (scarlet tasselflower)PresentJeffrey (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia praetermissa (yellow thistle)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEntada gigas (sea-bean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentNative and IntroducedInvasiveHolou et al. (2013); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuntumia elastica (West African rubber tree)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHevea brasiliensis (rubber)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Missouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentNativeKumar (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBarreto et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentORSTOM (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaManilkara zapota (sapodilla)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaranta arundinacea (arrowroot)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelicoccus bijugatus (Spanish lime)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea lotus (white Egyptian lotus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOeceoclades maculata (monk orchid)PresentNativeGaray and Taylor (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza longistaminata (perennial wild rice)PresentFernandes et al. (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPachira aquatica (pachira nut)PresentIntroducedFlore du Gabon (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentParmentier et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeMichez et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum virgatum (sword grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedMairura (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedMorton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentLukhoba et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRauvolfia caffra (quinine tree )PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentParmentier et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016); JSTOR Global Plants (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentUsman et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida linifolia (flaxleaf fanpetals)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentMavoungou et al. (2013); Gautier-Hion et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedHutchinson et al. (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentNativeQuattrocchi (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)PresentIntroducedCJB (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativePasqualet (1926)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeGenesys (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)PresentIntroducedMissouri Botanical Garden (2016)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Legg et al. (2004);
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)Present, LocalizedInvasiveFouré and Manser (1982); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998)
VirusEast African cassava mosaic virusPresentNativeInvasiveLegg et al. (2004);
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Lefèvre and Calvez (1986)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
ChytridiomycosisPresentBell et al. (2011)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2012)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fibropapillomatosis of sea turtlesPresentFormia et al. (2007)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Kitching (1998)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
heartwaterPresentCCTA (1962)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); OIE Handistatus (1997)
leishmaniosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2012)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
rabiesPresentCABI (Undated)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2012)
trypanosomosisPresentOIE (2012)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
BananasArea harvested2,349 Im2,333 Im2,317 Im2,299 Im2,274 Im
Production quantity19,977 Im19,561 Im19,142 Im18,718 Im18,213 Im
Yield85,045 Fc83,845 Fc82,615 Fc81,418 Fc80,092 Fc
CassavaArea harvested64,212 Im62,981 Im61,744 Im60,502 Im58,710 Im
Production quantity337,209 Im330,081 Im322,953 Im315,825 Im305,663 Im
Yield52,515 Fc52,410 Fc52,305 Fc52,201 Fc52,063 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested30,820 A30,276 A29,731 A29,188 A28,531 A
Production quantity49,115 A48,249 A47,381 A46,515 A45,415 A
Yield15,936 Fc15,936 Fc15,937 Fc15,936 Fc15,918 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested238 A239 A240 A241 A241 A
Production quantity1,414 A1,396 A1,378 A1,360 A1,335 A
Yield59,412 Fc58,410 Fc57,417 Fc56,432 Fc55,394 Fc
Cocoa, beansArea harvested3,207 Im1,591 Im1,579 Im1,567 Im1,592 Im
Production quantity200 *100 *100 *100 *100 *
Yield624 Fc629 Fc633 Fc638 Fc628 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested251 Im260 Im268 Im271 Im271 Im
Production quantity86 Im89 Im92 Im93 Im93 Im
Yield3,426 Fc3,423 Fc3,433 Fc3,432 Fc3,432 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested48 Im47 Im45 Im44 Im43 Im
Production quantity253 Im245 Im238 Im230 Im228 Im
Yield52,708 Fc52,128 Fc52,889 Fc52,273 Fc53,023 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested66,369 A67,039 A66,141 A66,890 A64,338 A
Production quantity399,155 A397,540 A385,932 A384,310 A372,490 A
Yield60,142 Fc59,300 Fc58,350 Fc57,454 Fc57,896 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested238 Im239 Im240 Im241 Im241 Im
Production quantity1,414 Im1,396 Im1,378 Im1,360 Im1,335 Im
Yield59,412 Fc58,410 Fc57,417 Fc56,432 Fc55,394 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested9,791 Im9,654 Im9,508 Im9,353 Im9,247 Im
Production quantity26,317 Im25,188 Im24,059 Im22,931 Im21,706 Im
Yield26,879 Fc26,091 Fc25,304 Fc24,517 Fc23,474 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested32,520 Im30,632 Im33,567 Im27,866 Im28,903 Im
Production quantity34,037 Im32,000 F35,000 F29,000 F30,000 F
Yield10,466 Fc10,447 Fc10,427 Fc10,407 Fc10,380 Fc
MaizeArea harvested30,219 Im29,678 Im29,137 Im28,597 Im27,937 Im
Production quantity47,279 Im46,454 Im45,628 Im44,803 Im43,731 Im
Yield15,645 Fc15,653 Fc15,660 Fc15,667 Fc15,653 Fc
Oil palm fruitArea harvested6,054 Im5,840 Im5,469 Im5,142 Im4,784 Im
Production quantity20,291 Im21,000 F21,000 F21,000 F21,000 F
Yield33,517 Fc35,959 Fc38,398 Fc40,840 Fc43,896 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested43,291 A41,113 A43,600 A37,496 A38,127 A
Production quantity58,471 A57,082 A60,022 A53,961 A54,882 A
Yield13,507 Fc13,884 Fc13,767 Fc14,391 Fc14,395 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested43,291 A41,113 A43,600 A37,496 A38,127 A
Production quantity16,840 A16,040 A17,133 A14,804 A15,122 A
Yield3,890 Fc3,901 Fc3,929 Fc3,948 Fc3,966 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested43,291 A41,113 A43,600 A37,496 A38,127 A
Production quantity15,372 A14,904 A15,794 A13,983 A14,268 A
Yield3,551 Fc3,625 Fc3,622 Fc3,729 Fc3,742 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested194 Im191 Im187 Im182 Im174 Im
Production quantity1,437 Im1,395 Im1,353 Im1,301 Im1,236 Im
Yield74,072 Fc73,037 Fc72,353 Fc71,484 Fc71,034 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested53,797 Im54,622 Im53,889 Im54,815 Im52,402 Im
Production quantity350,010 Im350,000 F340,000 F340,000 F330,000 F
Yield65,061 Fc64,077 Fc63,093 Fc62,027 Fc62,975 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested288 Im291 Im295 Im300 Im305 Im
Production quantity516 Im498 Im479 Im461 Im441 Im
Yield17,917 Fc17,113 Fc16,237 Fc15,367 Fc14,459 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested288 A291 A295 A300 A305 A
Production quantity516 A498 A479 A461 A441 A
Yield17,917 Fc17,113 Fc16,237 Fc15,367 Fc14,459 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested601 Im598 Im594 Im591 Im594 Im
Production quantity1,836 Im1,795 Im1,753 Im1,712 Im1,684 Im
Yield30,549 Fc30,017 Fc29,512 Fc28,968 Fc28,350 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity1,225 Fc1,197 Fc1,169 Fc1,142 Fc1,123 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested126,308 A122,658 A119,042 A115,457 A111,258 A
Production quantity667,006 A653,841 A640,662 A627,470 A611,724 A
Yield52,808 Fc53,306 Fc53,818 Fc54,347 Fc54,982 Fc
Rubber, naturalArea harvested17,324 Im17,034 Im16,733 Im16,429 Im16,174 Im
Production quantity27,687 Im26,833 Im25,976 Im25,128 Im24,554 Im
Yield15,982 Fc15,753 Fc15,524 Fc15,295 Fc15,181 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested4,717 Im4,641 Im4,564 Im4,488 Im4,440 Im
Production quantity4,143 Im4,082 Im4,022 Im3,961 Im3,882 Im
Yield8,783 Fc8,796 Fc8,812 Fc8,826 Fc8,743 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested4,807 Im4,747 Im4,687 Im4,626 Im4,506 Im
Production quantity300,172 Im295,235 Im290,298 Im285,362 Im278,236 Im
Yield624,448 Fc621,940 Fc619,368 Fc616,866 Fc617,479 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested4,807 A4,747 A4,687 A4,626 A4,506 A
Production quantity300,172 A295,235 A290,298 A285,362 A278,236 A
Yield624,448 Fc621,940 Fc619,368 Fc616,866 Fc617,479 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested2,119 Im2,083 Im2,039 Im1,989 Im1,936 Im
Production quantity4,227 Im4,136 Im4,030 Im3,910 Im3,780 Im
Yield19,948 Fc19,856 Fc19,765 Fc19,658 Fc19,525 Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area harvested15,521 Im15,221 Im14,920 Im14,618 Im14,211 Im
Production quantity94,776 Im92,770 Im90,765 Im88,760 Im86,069 Im
Yield61,063 Fc60,949 Fc60,834 Fc60,720 Fc60,565 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested47 Im47 Im47 Im47 Im49 Im
Production quantity398 Im398 Im399 Im403 Im414 Im
Yield84,681 Fc84,681 Fc84,894 Fc85,745 Fc84,490 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested12,694 A11,989 A11,329 A10,710 A9,954 A
Production quantity55,578 A54,286 A52,997 A51,710 A49,748 A
Yield43,783 Fc45,280 Fc46,780 Fc48,282 Fc49,978 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested12,599 Im11,895 Im11,237 Im10,619 Im9,862 Im
Production quantity54,927 Im53,643 Im52,360 Im51,077 Im49,106 Im
Yield43,596 Fc45,097 Fc46,596 Fc48,100 Fc49,793 Fc
YamsArea harvested44,456 Im42,373 Im40,339 Im38,348 Im36,401 Im
Production quantity230,794 Im226,854 Im222,914 Im218,975 Im216,212 Im
Yield51,915 Fc53,537 Fc55,260 Fc57,102 Fc59,397 Fc
Flag
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea2,213 Fc2,201 Fc2,189 Fc2,177 Fc2,165 Fc
AgricultureArea2,213 Fc2,201 Fc2,189 Fc2,177 Fc2,165 Fc
Arable landArea325 Fm325 Fm325 Fm325 Fm325 Fm
Country areaArea26,767 W26,767 W26,767 W26,767 W26,767 W
CroplandArea495 Fm495 Fm495 Fm495 Fm495 Fm
Forest landArea23,554 Q23,566 Q23,578 Q23,590 Q23,602 Fm
Inland watersArea1,000 Fm1,000 Fm1,000 Fm1,000 Fm1,000 Fm
Land areaArea25,767 W25,767 W25,767 W25,767 W25,767 W
Land area equipped for irrigationArea4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea1,718 Fc1,706 Fc1,694 Fc1,682 Fc1,670 Fc
Land under permanent cropsArea170 Fm170 Fm170 Fm170 Fm170 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea23,524 Q23,536 Q23,548 Q23,560 Q23,572 Fm
Other landArea0 Fc0 Fc0 Fc0 Fc0 Fc
Planted ForestArea30 Q30 Q30 Q30 Q30 Fm
Primary ForestArea12,804 Fm12,804 Fm12,804 Q13,110 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries
W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.