Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

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Falkland Islands

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Datasheet

Falkland Islands

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Falkland Islands
  • General data
  • Region: South America
  • Climates: Subtropical

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present IMI, 1991; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestris Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid) Present Introduced NoLow, 1986; Carter and Halldórsson, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig) Localised Introduced YesMaczey et al., 2016.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa zea (American cotton bollworm) Present, few occurrences EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid) Present Introduced NoHänel et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil) Present Reid, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret) Present Introduced NoISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats) Restricted distribution Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt) Present Native Kott, 1969.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Localised Introduced Flux, 1990; Otley et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLycalopex griseus (South American gray fox) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMolothrus bonariensis (shiny cowbird) Present Avibase, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Introduced, not established Froese and Pauly, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Introduced Welcomme, 1988; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Lever, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present, few occurrences Native NoBruce, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug) Unconfirmed record Introduced YesProschwitz TVon, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Present Introduced Zaheer et al., 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Introduced Varnham, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (woodland bittercress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine glacialis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Introduced GBIF, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass) Localised Introduced Falklands Conservation, 2012.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia fontana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Ulibarri, 1981.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Introduced Kew, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry) PIER, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed) Present Introduced Gottschlich, 1996.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa flabellata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Introduced WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Introduced ISSG, 2013; GBIF, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio squalidus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio viscosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Present Introduced Hultén and Fries, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Introduced GISD, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse) Present Introduced YesILDIS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexus Present Native Hassel and Söderström, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAvipoxvirus Localised Introduced YesMunro, 2006.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

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List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
actinomycosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
African swine fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anthrax Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
atrophic rhinitis of swine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian chlamydiosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avipox Localised Introduced YesMunro, 2006.
babesiosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
blackleg Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine tuberculosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Last reported Reichel et al., 1994.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious ecthyma Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious ophthalmia Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck viral enteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Echinococcus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Echinococcus granulosus Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
enzootic abortion of ewes Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
enzootic bovine leukosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine infectious anaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine piroplasmosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine viral arteritis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
fowl cholera Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
fowl typhoid Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
fowlpox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious bursal disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious coryza Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Japanese encephalitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
leptospirosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
listeriosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
malignant catarrhal fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
myxomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
neosporosis Present Barber et al., 1997.
Newcastle disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
pullorum disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabies Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
spring viraemia of carp Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
strangles Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine dysentery Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Trichinella Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
visna/maedi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
white spot disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
yellow head disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file