Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Fiji

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Datasheet

Fiji

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 19 November 2019

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentDjordjevic et al. (1994)
BacteriaProteobacteriaLiberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentFrison and Feliu (1991)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)Absent, Formerly presentBradbury (1986); Ricaud and Autrey (1989); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedGraham (1965); Firman (1972); Walker et al. (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRHODES (1964); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDumbleton (1954); UK, CAB International (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria novae-zelandiaeAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Baumgartner et al. (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion araucariaePresent, WidespreadBuchanan (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRicaud et al. (1989); Ryan and Egan (1989); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)Ouellet et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentLever (1938); Donald (1939); Lever (1940); Lever (1943); Lever (1945); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); APPPC (1987); Carver (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1966); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera kirkiPresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBambusaspis bambusaePresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentVEITCH and GREENWOOD (1921); Simmonds (1925); Greenwood (1929); Lever (1945); UK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)Present, LocalizedIPPC (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSnyder (1949)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBelkin (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentBEARDSLEY (1965); García Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea fornicatus (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Williams and Watson (1988); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976); Chu and Wood (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentFAO (1979); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Williams and Watson (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedBriggs et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentHodgson and Łagowska (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentKielhorn (2009); Spinnen Forum (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Waterhouse and Norris (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentEPPO (2020); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapuana huebneri (taro beetle)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Macfarlane B (1987); Singh (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentWard and Beggs (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Williams and Watson (1988); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentWilliams and Watson (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentPOTTER (1935)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)PresentIntroducedBezzi (1928); Hull (1936); Hull (1937); Thompson and Vockeroth (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1918); EASTOP (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentPartridge (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWard and Wetterer (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips imaginis (plague thrips)PresentNHM (1983); Mound and Houston (1987); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); Williams and Watson (1988); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchedl (1963); Wood and Bright (1992); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres fuscus (jungle myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprionPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedJennings (1988); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedFishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGibbons (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGorman (1975); Simberloff et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); FishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveThomas et al. (2011); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedAndrews (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLewis and Pring (1986); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)Absent, Formerly presentSeeto and Baldwin (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedAndrews (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Welcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedRyan (1980); Andrews (1985); Lewis and Pring (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Absent, Formerly presentBrodie and Barker (2012); South Pacific Commission (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Absent, Intercepted onlyPESTNET (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedFAO (1972); Ritchie (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHutchinson et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadNativeHaynes (1985); Haynes (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentIntroducedDFAS (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentKirby et al. (1977); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentSwaine (1971); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCobb (1915); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadKirby et al. (1978); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrodie et al. (2012); Brodie et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeUNEP (2004); Guiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, WidespreadNativeBrownlie (1977); Kato et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeBrownsey and Perrie (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeHolttum (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentNativeKato (1984); Museum of New Zealand (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis hirsutula (sword fern)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeParham (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadFarrell (1978); Considine (1985); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSouth and Skelton (2003); N'Yeurt et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentPrakash (1990); Namudu and Pickering (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeLittler and Littler (2003); South and Skelton (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSouth and Skelton (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedPrakash (1990); Eldredge (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCasey (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTrounce and Dyason (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParham (1958); Holm et al. (1979); Waterhouse (1997); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentInvasiveSmith (1981); Krisnawati et al. (2011); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Imada (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedParham (1958); Holm et al. (1991); PIER (2014); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Smith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRagone (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1988); Swarbrick (1997); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDuke (1983); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (perfume tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPIER (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedWright (1912)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativePIER (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedRoberts (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosusPresentIntroducedNaturalizedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); Partridge (1986); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatumPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMUNE and PARHAM (1967); PIER (2007); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglberger (2009); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCodiaeum variegatum (garden croton)PresentNativeSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParham (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedParham (1958); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, WidespreadRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence and Wagner (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedMeyer (2000); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985); Franklin et al. (2008); Bishop Museum (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasiveYuncker (1932); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParham (1958); Smith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Smith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentParham (1958); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2009); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorence et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)Present, WidespreadWaterhouse (1997); Smith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveParham (1958); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Present, LocalizedKern (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991); Parham (1958); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentInvasiveGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBelcher (1956); GBIF (2012); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSadaquat Ali et al. (2002); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentIntroducedPIER (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedCook and Luond (1982); PIER (2016); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativePuy et al. (1993); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentParham (1958); Smith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Smith (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum simplicifolium (Australian wax jasmine)PresentNativeAnon (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMUNE and PARHAM (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); PIER (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentInvasiveHEAR (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Smith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNicholson (1981); Smith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKnowles (1907); Meyer (2000); PIER (2015); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (creeping sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Swarbrick (1989); PIER (2008); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePatel (1972); Holm et al. (1977); PIER (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Greenwood (1944)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); Waterhouse (1997); Englberger (2009); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Smith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentIntroducedSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Smith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Smith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Present, LocalizedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)Present, WidespreadParham (1958); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970); Smith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveReed (1977); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); eMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); Parthasarathy et al. (2008); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedFAO (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHartemink (2006); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentGeesink (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985); Diong (1998); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); EPPO (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedGreenwood (1944); PIER (2010); Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCock and Evans (1984); Swarbrick (1989); Mackey et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, LocalizedParham (1958); Holm et al. (1991); Waterhouse (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); PIER (2008); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAuld and Nagatalevu-Seniloli (2003); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedParham (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); Macanawai (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)McClatchey et al. (2000); Moldenke (1945); Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentParham (1958); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedSmith (1985); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997); Swarbrick (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentNativeThomson and Evans (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentFriday and Okano (2006); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981); Englberger (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979); Govaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedWaterhouse (1997); EPPO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMUNE and PARHAM (1967); Holm et al. (1979); Smith (1981); PIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNative and IntroducedClayton et al. (2018); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeSmith (1991); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentKamath (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPrabhakaran Nair (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInstitute of Pacific Islands Forestry (2002); ISSG (2003); PIER (2007)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasivePearson and Grisoni (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2020)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (mosaic of abaca)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2020)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Bananas Area Harvested 511 Im 527 Im 548 2824 450
Bananas Production Quantity 2097 Im 3125 Im 3409 8426 2852
Bananas Yield 41037.2 Fc 59297.9 Fc 62208 Fc 29837.1 Fc 63377.8 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 80 Im 78 Im 73 Im 67 Im 72 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 655 Im 752 Im 745 Im 683 Im 779 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 81875 Fc 96410.3 Fc 102055 Fc 101940 Fc 108194 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 4508 Im 5100 F 3985 6183 6395
Cassava Production Quantity 45665 Im 51690 42332 55773 61379
Cassava Yield 101298 Fc 101353 Fc 106228 Fc 90203.8 Fc 95979.7 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 3304 A 3315 A 4331 A 5397 A 5733 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 7121.38 A 6066.23 A 8318.88 A 8369.86 A 10240.3 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 253.59 A 253.59 A 256.85 A 365.33 A 457.63 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 21553.8 Fc 18299.3 Fc 19207.8 Fc 15508.4 Fc 17862 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3304 A 3315 A 4331 A 5397 A 5733 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 10161 A 8625 A 12194 A 12231 A 15185 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 253.59 A 253.59 A 256.85 A 365.33 A 457.63 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 30753.6 Fc 26018.1 Fc 28155.2 Fc 22662.6 Fc 26487 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 150 Im 146 Im 137 Im 140 Im 141 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 736 Im 845 Im 837 Im 1005 Im 989 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 49066.7 Fc 57876.7 Fc 61094.9 Fc 71785.7 Fc 70141.8 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 174 A 170 A 177 A 174 A 171 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 350 A 470 A 418 A 492 A 566 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 20114.9 Fc 27647.1 Fc 23615.8 Fc 28275.9 Fc 33099.4 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 491 A 465 A 278 A 320 A 171 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 1033 A 941 A 557 A 636 A 336 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 0.42000000000000004 A 0.42000000000000004 A 0.35 A 0.5600000000000002 A 0.7 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 21038.7 Fc 20236.6 Fc 20036 Fc 19875 Fc 19649.1 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 75 F 75 F 70 F 240 F 250 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 10 Im 6 5 13 14
Cocoa beans Yield 1333.33 Fc 800 Fc 714.29 Fc 541.67 Fc 560 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 60000 F 60000 60000 60000 60000
Coconuts Production Quantity 213538 Im 206250 235000 187500 187500
Coconuts Yield 35589.7 Fc 34375 Fc 39166.7 Fc 31250 Fc 31250 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 30 F 30 F 30 F 30 F 30 F
Coffee, green Production Quantity 18 F 18 Im 15 F 13 Im 14 Im
Coffee, green Yield 6000 Fc 6000 Fc 5000 Fc 4333.33 Fc 4666.67 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 85 Im 83 Im 78 F 75 F 72 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 1050 Im 1205 Im 1194 Im 1166 Im 1175 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 123529 Fc 145181 Fc 153077 Fc 155467 Fc 163194 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 563 Im 549 Im 516 Im 589 Im 800 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 3204 Im 3676 Im 3642 Im 3866 Im 4000 F
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 56909.4 Fc 66958.1 Fc 70581.4 Fc 65636.7 Fc 50000 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2885 A 2847 A 2930 A 5427 A 3171 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13789 A 15373 A 16305 A 29931 A 23965 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 47795.5 Fc 53997.2 Fc 55648.5 Fc 55152 Fc 75575.5 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1524 Im 1489 Im 1547 Im 1514 Im 1490 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 5901 Im 6120 Im 6306 Im 10042 Im 8944 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 38720.5 Fc 41101.4 Fc 40762.8 Fc 66327.6 Fc 60026.8 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested F F F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity F F F
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield
Ginger Area Harvested 70 F 70 F 87 F 70 F 89 F
Ginger Production Quantity 2338 F 2338 3041 2448 3111
Ginger Yield 334000 Fc 334000 Fc 349540 Fc 349714 Fc 349551 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 394 F 394 Im 389 Im 369 Im 308 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 288 F 288 Im 281 Im 226 Im 215 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 31.52 Fc 31.52 Fc 31.52 Fc 31.12 Fc 29.52 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 7309.64 Fc 7309.64 Fc 7223.65 Fc 6124.66 Fc 6980.52 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 485 Im 460 F 270 F 310 F 160 F
Maize Production Quantity 1011 Im 923 525 604 304
Maize Yield 20845.4 Fc 20065.2 Fc 19444.4 Fc 19483.9 Fc 19000 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 20 F 20 Im 18 F 17 Im 30 F
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 91 Im 110 Im 120 200 210
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 45500 Fc 55000 Fc 66666.7 Fc 117647 Fc 70000 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 60394 A 60394 A 60389 A 60369 A 60308 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 17192.5 A 16609.4 A 18906.8 A 15085.9 A 15081.7 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 11.98 A 11.98 A 11.98 A 11.83 A 11.22 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2846.72 Fc 2750.18 Fc 3130.83 Fc 2498.94 Fc 2500.78 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 60394 A 60394 A 60389 A 60369 A 60308 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 27846.3 A 26898.9 A 30634.3 A 24442.8 A 24439.5 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 9.46 A 9.46 A 9.46 A 9.34 A 8.86 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 4610.78 Fc 4453.9 Fc 5072.83 Fc 4048.9 Fc 4052.45 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 134 Im 131 Im 123 Im 140 Im 190 F
Okra Production Quantity 880 Im 1010 Im 1001 Im 1063 Im 1100 F
Okra Yield 65671.6 Fc 77099.2 Fc 81382.1 Fc 75928.6 Fc 57894.7 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 174 Im 170 Im 177 Im 174 Im 171 Im
Oranges Production Quantity 350 Im 470 Im 418 Im 492 Im 566 Im
Oranges Yield 20114.9 Fc 27647.1 Fc 23615.8 Fc 28275.9 Fc 33099.4 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 10 F 10 Im 13 Im 12 Im 14 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 153 Im 176 Im 174 Im 154 Im 165 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 153000 Fc 176000 Fc 133846 Fc 128333 Fc 117857 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 247 Im 241 Im 250 F 600 F 750 F
Papayas Production Quantity 2112 Im 2190 2446 7265 9091
Papayas Yield 85506.1 Fc 90871.4 Fc 97840 Fc 121083 Fc 121213 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1800 F 1800 F 1800 F 1800 F 1800 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 117 F 117 Im 152 Im 160 F 160 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 650 Fc 650 Fc 844.44 Fc 888.89 Fc 888.89 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 409 Im 400 F 390 298 280
Pineapples Production Quantity 3238 Im 3358 3606 3506 2302
Pineapples Yield 79168.7 Fc 83950 Fc 92461.5 Fc 117651 Fc 82214.3 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 9 Im 10 Im 9 Im 10 Im 9 Im
Potatoes Production Quantity 64 Im 72 Im 70 Im 82 Im 76 Im
Potatoes Seed 9 Fc 9 Fc 10 Fc 9 Fc 10 Fc
Potatoes Yield 71111.1 Fc 72000 Fc 77777.8 Fc 82000 Fc 84444.4 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 5511 Im 4400 F 2000 F 452 Im 500 F
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 2209 Im 1836 683 92 88
Pulses, nes Seed 440.88 Fc 440.88 Fc 352 Fc 160 Fc 36.16 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 4008.35 Fc 4172.73 Fc 3415 Fc 2035.4 Fc 1760 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 5511 A 4400 A 2000 A 452 A 500 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 2209 A 1836 A 683 A 92 A 88 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 440.88 A 440.88 A 352 A 160 A 36.16 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 4008.35 Fc 4172.73 Fc 3415 Fc 2035.4 Fc 1760 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 271 Im 264 Im 248 Im 275 Im 257 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 1646 Im 1889 Im 1871 Im 2064 Im 1849 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 60738 Fc 71553 Fc 75443.6 Fc 75054.6 Fc 71945.5 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 2813 Im 2850 F 4053 5077 5562
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 9128 Im 7684 11637 11595 14849
Rice, paddy Seed 253.17 Fc 253.17 Fc 256.5 Fc 364.77 Fc 456.93 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 32449.3 Fc 26961.4 Fc 28712.1 Fc 22838.3 Fc 26697.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 1114 Im 1260 Im 1128 Im 1453 Im 1174 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 2966 Im 3357 Im 3279 Im 3837 Im 3536 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 26624.8 Fc 26642.9 Fc 29069.2 Fc 26407.4 Fc 30119.3 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 17297 A 19570 A 16919 A 25024 A 16722 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 110047 A 124566 A 121660 A 142343 A 131192 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 9 A 9 A 10 A 9 A 10 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 63622 Fc 63651.5 Fc 71907.3 Fc 56882.6 Fc 78454.7 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 6 Im 5 Im 8 Im 10 Im 11 F
Sorghum Production Quantity 22 Im 18 Im 32 F 32 F 32 F
Sorghum Seed 0.42000000000000004 Fc 0.42000000000000004 Fc 0.35 Fc 0.5600000000000002 Fc 0.7 Fc
Sorghum Yield 36666.7 Fc 36000 Fc 40000 Fc 32000 Fc 29090.9 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 45000 F 45000 49000 51000 54000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 1751000 F 1751000 2089000 2321000 2513000
Sugar cane Yield 389111 Fc 389111 Fc 426327 Fc 455098 Fc 465370 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 5038 Im 5700 F 3800 F 3620 1523
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 6594 Im 7464 4894 4611 2294
Sweet potatoes Yield 13088.5 Fc 13094.7 Fc 12879 Fc 12737.6 Fc 15062.4 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 5391 Im 6100 F 6957 10236 6385
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 53256 Im 60283 69863 74009 61662
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 98786.9 Fc 98824.6 Fc 100421 Fc 72302.7 Fc 96573.2 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 650 F 650 F 650 F 500 F 500 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 343 F 343 F 343 257 266
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 5276.92 Fc 5276.92 Fc 5276.92 Fc 5140 Fc 5320 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 304 Im 285 Im 250 F 270 F 230 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 2262 Im 3538 Im 3300 3600 3000
Tomatoes Yield 74407.9 Fc 124140 Fc 132000 Fc 133333 Fc 130435 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 703 Im 685 Im 644 Im 616 Im 710 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 7795 Im 8945 Im 8862 Im 8254 Im 8315 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 110882 Fc 130584 Fc 137609 Fc 133994 Fc 117113 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2431 A 2359 A 2202 A 2321 A 2672 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 19242 A 23024 A 22760 A 22962 A 23242 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 79152.6 Fc 97600.7 Fc 103361 Fc 98931.5 Fc 86983.5 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2431 A 2359 A 2202 A 2321 A 2672 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 19242 A 23024 A 22760 A 22962 A 23242 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 79152.6 Fc 97600.7 Fc 103361 Fc 98931.5 Fc 86983.5 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 131 Im 128 Im 120 137 186
Watermelons Production Quantity 861 Im 988 Im 1134 1107 1870
Watermelons Yield 65725.2 Fc 77187.5 Fc 94500 Fc 80802.9 Fc 100538 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 1237 Im 1400 F 1040 3522 1236
Yams Production Quantity 1502 Im 1700 1222 4031 2245
Yams Yield 12142.3 Fc 12142.9 Fc 11750 Fc 11445.2 Fc 18163.4 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Bananas Area Harvested 600 F 477 Im 500 F 450 F 387 Im
Bananas Production Quantity 4500 F 3800 F 3500 F 3200 F 2325 Im
Bananas Yield 75000 Fc 79664.6 Fc 70000 Fc 71111.1 Fc 60077.5 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 75 F 68 Im 69 Im 70 F 62 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 750 F 621 Im 658 Im 600 F 759 Im
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 100000 Fc 91323.5 Fc 95362.3 Fc 85714.3 Fc 122419 Fc
Cassava Area Harvested 2400 F 3697 Im 3600 F 3300 F 3000 F
Cassava Production Quantity 50021 59648 60303 40339 41432
Cassava Yield 208421 Fc 161342 Fc 167508 Fc 122239 Fc 138107 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 6000 A 6763 A 6439 A 6777 A 5691 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 9460.24 A 10895.1 A 10508.8 A 11390.2 A 9232.28 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 501.35 A 496 A 576.7 A 549.77 A 585.98 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 15767.1 Fc 16109.8 Fc 16320.5 Fc 16807.1 Fc 16222.6 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 6000 A 6763 A 6439 A 6777 A 5691 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 13700 A 15953 A 15290 A 16553 A 13512 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 501.35 A 496 A 576.7 A 549.77 A 585.98 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 22833.3 Fc 23588.6 Fc 23745.9 Fc 24425.3 Fc 23742.8 Fc
Chillies and peppers, green Area Harvested 160 Im 145 Im 174 Im 152 Im 148 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Production Quantity 1081 Im 805 Im 956 Im 693 Im 727 Im
Chillies and peppers, green Yield 67562.5 Fc 55517.2 Fc 54942.5 Fc 45592.1 Fc 49121.6 Fc
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 162 A 156 A 153 A 147 A 150 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 610 A 599 A 477 A 718 A 543 A
Citrus Fruit,Total + (Total) Yield 37654.3 Fc 38397.4 Fc 31176.5 Fc 48843.5 Fc 36200 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 500 A 363 A 339 A 277 A 391 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 968 A 764 A 932 A 1049 A 660 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 0.77 A 1 A 0.7 A 0.77 A 0.9800000000000001 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 19360 Fc 21046.8 Fc 27492.6 Fc 37870 Fc 16879.8 Fc
Cocoa beans Area Harvested 310 Im 284 Im 250 F 300 F 300 F
Cocoa beans Production Quantity 12 15 12 38 16
Cocoa beans Yield 387.1 Fc 528.17 Fc 480 Fc 1266.67 Fc 533.33 Fc
Coconuts Area Harvested 61481 Im 60000 61200 60000 65114
Coconuts Production Quantity 187500 187500 160000 F 130000 F 170000 *
Coconuts Yield 30497.2 Fc 31250 Fc 26143.8 Fc 21666.7 Fc 26108.1 Fc
Coffee, green Area Harvested 33 Im 30 27 Im 30 F 28 Im
Coffee, green Production Quantity 12 Im 15 11 Im 13 Im 15 F
Coffee, green Yield 3636.36 Fc 5000 Fc 4074.07 Fc 4333.33 Fc 5357.14 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 85 F 69 Im 71 Im 72 Im 66 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 1200 F 1054 Im 1124 Im 1028 Im 1070 Im
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 141176 Fc 152754 Fc 158310 Fc 142778 Fc 162121 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines) Area Harvested 750 F 615 Im 628 Im 635 Im 580 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Production Quantity 3700 F 3355 Im 3577 Im 3273 Im 3405 Im
Eggplants (aubergines) Yield 49333.3 Fc 54552.8 Fc 56958.6 Fc 51543.3 Fc 58706.9 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2769 A 2445 A 2410 A 2368 A 2208 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 19359 A 16096 A 17455 A 15320 A 13880 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 69913.3 Fc 65832.3 Fc 72427.4 Fc 64695.9 Fc 62862.3 Fc
Fruit Fresh Nes Area Harvested 1412 Im 1363 Im 1336 Im 1281 Im 1306 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Production Quantity 8033 Im 6631 Im 7152 Im 6224 Im 7748 Im
Fruit Fresh Nes Yield 56890.9 Fc 48650 Fc 53532.9 Fc 48587 Fc 59326.2 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Area Harvested 60 F 61 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Production Quantity 299 19 Im
Fruit, tropical fresh nes Yield 49833.3 Fc 3114.75 Fc
Ginger Area Harvested 92 F 104 F 108 F 89 F 100 F
Ginger Production Quantity 3209 3652 3770 3290 3710
Ginger Yield 348804 Fc 351154 Fc 349074 Fc 369663 Fc 371000 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Area Harvested 300 F 163 Im 187 Im 172 Im 128 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Production Quantity 300 F 174 Im 176 Im 237 Im 160 Im
Groundnuts, with shell Seed 24.64 Fc 22 F 13.04 Fc 14.96 Fc 13.76 Fc
Groundnuts, with shell Yield 10000 Fc 10674.9 Fc 9411.76 Fc 13779.1 Fc 12500 Fc
Maize Area Harvested 490 F 353 Im 328 Im 263 Im 374 Im
Maize Production Quantity 939 730 900 F 1014 631
Maize Yield 19163.3 Fc 20679.9 Fc 27439 Fc 38555.1 Fc 16871.7 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Area Harvested 25 F 32 Im 31 Im 30 F 31 Im
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Production Quantity 243 210 681 227 29
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas Yield 97200 Fc 65625 Fc 219677 Fc 75666.7 Fc 9354.84 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 61781 A 60163 A 61387 A 60172 A 65242 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 15114 A 15066.1 A 12866.9 A 10490.1 A 13660.8 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Seed 9.36 A 8.36 A 4.96 A 5.68 A 5.23 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 2446.38 Fc 2504.22 Fc 2096.03 Fc 1743.35 Fc 2093.87 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 61781 A 60163 A 61387 A 60172 A 65242 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 24465 A 24427.2 A 20852.8 A 16971.1 A 22148 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Seed 7.39 A 6.6 A 3.91 A 4.49 A 4.13 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 3959.96 Fc 4060.17 Fc 3396.94 Fc 2820.43 Fc 3394.75 Fc
Okra Area Harvested 180 F 149 Im 152 Im 154 Im 141 Im
Okra Production Quantity 1050 F 959 Im 1022 Im 935 Im 973 Im
Okra Yield 58333.3 Fc 64362.4 Fc 67236.8 Fc 60714.3 Fc 69007.1 Fc
Oranges Area Harvested 162 Im 156 Im 153 Im 147 Im 150 F
Oranges Production Quantity 610 Im 599 Im 477 Im 718 Im 543 Im
Oranges Yield 37654.3 Fc 38397.4 Fc 31176.5 Fc 48843.5 Fc 36200 Fc
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Area Harvested 20 Im 9 Im 8 Im 7 Im 8 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Production Quantity 188 Im 191 Im 215 Im 164 Im 170 Im
Other melons (inc.cantaloupes) Yield 94000 Fc 212222 Fc 268750 Fc 234286 Fc 212500 Fc
Papayas Area Harvested 240 F 160 F 140 F 200 F 100 F
Papayas Production Quantity 2768 1871 1582 2177 1289
Papayas Yield 115333 Fc 116938 Fc 113000 Fc 108850 Fc 128900 Fc
Pepper (Piper spp.) Area Harvested 1800 F 1800 F 1800 F 1800 F 1800 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Production Quantity 160 F 160 F 160 F 160 F 160 F
Pepper (Piper spp.) Yield 888.89 Fc 888.89 Fc 888.89 Fc 888.89 Fc 888.89 Fc
Pineapples Area Harvested 330 F 257 Im 250 F 200 F 173 Im
Pineapples Production Quantity 3205 2985 4063 2475 1927
Pineapples Yield 97121.2 Fc 116148 Fc 162520 Fc 123750 Fc 111387 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 10 F 9 F 10 F 10 F 10 F
Potatoes Production Quantity 80 F 70 F 114 Im 110 Im 109 Im
Potatoes Seed 9 Fc 9 F 9 Fc 10 Fc 10 Fc
Potatoes Yield 80000 Fc 77777.8 Fc 114000 Fc 110000 Fc 109000 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 1000 F 300 F 500 F 700 F 729 Im
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 187 154 200 F 299 697
Pulses, nes Seed 40 Fc 24 F 24 Fc 40 Fc 56 Fc
Pulses, nes Yield 1870 Fc 5133.33 Fc 4000 Fc 4271.43 Fc 9561.04 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 1000 A 300 A 500 A 700 A 729 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 187 A 154 A 200 A 299 A 697 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 40 A 24 A 24 A 40 A 56 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 1870 Fc 5133.33 Fc 4000 Fc 4271.43 Fc 9561.04 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Area Harvested 250 F 154 Im 140 F 135 F 98 Im
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Production Quantity 2000 F 1133 Im 1073 Im 1161 Im 1200 F
Pumpkins, squash and gourds Yield 80000 Fc 73571.4 Fc 76642.9 Fc 86000 Fc 122449 Fc
Rice, paddy Area Harvested 5500 F 6400 P 6100 P 6500 F 5300 P
Rice, paddy Production Quantity 12732 15189 14358 15504 12852
Rice, paddy Seed 500.58 Fc 495 Fc 576 Fc 549 Fc 585 Fc
Rice, paddy Yield 23149.1 Fc 23732.8 Fc 23537.7 Fc 23852.3 Fc 24249.1 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 1250 F 1200 F 1000 F 900 F 992 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 3700 F 3500 F 3000 F 2500 F 3881 Im
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 29600 Fc 29166.7 Fc 30000 Fc 27777.8 Fc 39123 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 13379 A 15225 A 13210 A 9710 A 9112 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 137278 A 154470 A 132975 A 93124 A 93349 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 9 A 9 A 9 A 10 A 10 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 102607 Fc 101458 Fc 100662 Fc 95905.3 Fc 102446 Fc
Sorghum Area Harvested 10 F 10 F 11 Im 14 Im 17 Im
Sorghum Production Quantity 29 Im 34 Im 32 Im 35 Im 29 Im
Sorghum Seed 0.77 Fc 1 F 0.7 Fc 0.77 Fc 0.9800000000000001 Fc
Sorghum Yield 29000 Fc 34000 Fc 29090.9 Fc 25000 Fc 17058.8 Fc
Sugar cane Area Harvested 58000 58000 61000 61000 65000
Sugar cane Production Quantity 3192000 2826000 2971000 2817000 3216000
Sugar cane Yield 550345 Fc 487241 Fc 487049 Fc 461803 Fc 494769 Fc
Sweet potatoes Area Harvested 750 F 719 Im 700 F 800 F 760 F
Sweet potatoes Production Quantity 4749 4555 3032 7292 7221
Sweet potatoes Yield 63320 Fc 63351.9 Fc 43314.3 Fc 91150 Fc 95013.2 Fc
Taro (cocoyam) Area Harvested 8000 F 8600 F 7000 F 4000 F 3750 F
Taro (cocoyam) Production Quantity 76156 83751 65545 39083 36796
Taro (cocoyam) Yield 95195 Fc 97384.9 Fc 93635.7 Fc 97707.5 Fc 98122.7 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufactured Area Harvested 400 F 250 F 220 F 350 F 270 F
Tobacco, unmanufactured Production Quantity 318 333 224 385 238
Tobacco, unmanufactured Yield 7950 Fc 13320 Fc 10181.8 Fc 11000 Fc 8814.81 Fc
Tomatoes Area Harvested 240 Im 241 Im 259 Im 228 Im 242 Im
Tomatoes Production Quantity 2800 F 2893 Im 3306 Im 2700 F 2228 Im
Tomatoes Yield 116667 Fc 120041 Fc 127645 Fc 118421 Fc 92066.1 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 740 Im 772 Im 789 Im 798 Im 729 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 8492 Im 8167 Im 8707 Im 7966 Im 7697 Im
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 114757 Fc 105790 Fc 110355 Fc 99824.6 Fc 105583 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 2723 A 2415 A 2468 A 2458 A 2287 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 25197 A 22403 A 24378 A 21818 A 21196 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 92534 Fc 92766.1 Fc 98776.3 Fc 88763.2 Fc 92680.4 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 2723 A 2415 A 2468 A 2458 A 2287 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 25197 A 22403 A 24378 A 21818 A 21196 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 92534 Fc 92766.1 Fc 98776.3 Fc 88763.2 Fc 92680.4 Fc
Watermelons Area Harvested 223 Im 193 Im 178 Im 207 Im 213 Im
Watermelons Production Quantity 3936 Im 3225 Im 3740 Im 3298 Im 2967 Im
Watermelons Yield 176502 Fc 167098 Fc 210112 Fc 159324 Fc 139296 Fc
Yams Area Harvested 969 Im 1000 F 900 F 700 F 600 F
Yams Production Quantity 2572 2946 981 3800 3910
Yams Yield 26542.8 Fc 29460 Fc 10900 Fc 54285.7 Fc 65166.7 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 427.6 Fm 427.6 Fm 427.6 Fm 428 Fm 427 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.1 I 0.1 I 0.1 I 0.1 I
Arable land Area 167.6 Fm 167.6 Fm 167.6 Fm 169 Fm 169 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 252.6 Fm 252.6 Fm 252.6 Fm 253 Fm 252 Fm
Country area Area 1827 Fm 1827 Fm 1827 Fm 1827 Fm 1827 Q
Fallow land Area 34.2 W
Forest area Area 1017.4 Fm 1014.08 Q 1010.72 Fm 1007.35 Fm 1003.99 Fm
Land area Area 1827 Fm 1827 Fm 1827 Fm 1827 Fm 1827 Q
Other land Area 382 Fm 385.32 Fm 388.68 Fm 391.65 Fm 396.01 Fm
Permanent crops Area 85 Fm 85 Fm 85 W 84 Fm 83 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 175 Fm 175 Fm 175 Fm 175 Fm 175 Fm
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 428 Fm 428 Fm 428 Fm 428 Fm 428 Fm
Agricultural area organic, total Area 0.1 I 0.1 I
Arable land Area 170 Fm 170 Fm 170 Fm 170 Fm 170 Fm
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 253 Fm 253 Fm 253 Fm 253 Fm 253 Fm
Country area Area 1827 Q 1827 Fm 1827 Fm 1827 Q 1827 Q
Fallow land Area
Forest area Area 1000.62 Fm 997.26 Q 993.9 Fm 990.53 Fm 987.17 Fm
Land area Area 1827 Q 1827 Fm 1827 Fm 1827 Q 1827 Q
Other land Area 398.38 Fm 401.74 Fm 405.1 Fm 408.47 Fm 411.83 Fm
Permanent crops Area 83 Q 83 Fm 83 Fm 83 Fm 83 Fm
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 175 Fm 175 Fm 175 Fm 175 F 175 F
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 Fm 3 F 3 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files