Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Fiji

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Datasheet

Fiji

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 889,953 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 5,800 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 5,163.26 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 5,496.25 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 11.85 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Dactylosternum hydrophiloidesPresentCABI (Undated)
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentDjordjevic et al. (1994); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (citrus greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)PresentEPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis (cassava bacterial blight)PresentFrison and Feliu (1991)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. vasculorum (sugarcane gumming disease)Absent, Formerly presentBradbury (1986); Ricaud and Autrey (1989); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentBradbury (1986); Lan Bui Thi Ngoc et al. (2010); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fimbriata (Ceratocystis blight)Present, LocalizedGraham (1965); Firman (1972); Walker et al. (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRhodes (1964); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhomopsis vexans (Phomopsis blight of eggplant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaTrichoconiella padwickii (stackburn disease)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDumbleton (1954); UK, CAB International (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaArmillaria novae-zelandiaeAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Baumgartner et al. (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion araucariaePresent, WidespreadBuchanan (1988)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhellinus noxius (brown tea root disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia kuehnii (orange rust)PresentRicaud et al. (1989); Ryan and Egan (1989); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)Ouellet et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes aegyptiPresentIntroducedInvasiveHorwood et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentLever (1938); Donald (1939); Lever (1940); Lever (1943); Lever (1945); APPPC (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)PresentChand et al. (2016); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplolepis gracilipes (yellow crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); APPPC (1987); Carver (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiella hartii (yam scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Williams and Watson (1988); García Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1966); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacaspis yasumatsui (cycad aulacaspis scale)PresentThaman (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera kirkiPresentCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera passiflorae (Fijian fruit fly)Present, WidespreadDrew. R. A. I. and Hancock (1995); Leblanc et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera xanthodes (Pacific fruit fly)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBambusaspis bambusaePresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentBarro et al. (1998); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentBarro et al. (1998); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentVeitch and Greenwood (1921); Simmonds (1925); Greenwood (1929); Lever (1945); UK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoptotermes gestroi (Asian subterranean termite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEvans et al. (2013); IPPC (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSnyder (1949)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBelkin (1962)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichromothrips corbettiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus minutus (bamboo borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus neobrevipes (grey pineapple mealybug)PresentBeardsley (1965); García Morales et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElytroteinus subtruncatusPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea destruensPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea perbrevis (tea shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuwallacea piceusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966); Williams and Watson (1988); Ben-Dov (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaemaphysalis longicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976); Chu and Wood (1990); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeteropsylla cubana (leucaena psyllid)PresentFAO (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentFAO (1979); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Williams and Watson (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLitopenaeus vannamei (whiteleg shrimp)PresentIntroducedBriggs et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMaconellicoccus hirsutus (pink hibiscus mealybug)PresentIntroducedHodgson and Łagowska (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrobrachium rosenbergii (giant freshwater prawn)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentKielhorn (2009); Spinnen Forum (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); Waterhouse and Norris (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes rhinoceros (coconut rhinoceros beetle)PresentBedford (1986); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPapuana huebneri (taro beetle)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Macfarlane B (1987); Singh (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPenaeus monodon (giant tiger prawn)PresentIntroducedDIAS (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentWard and Beggs (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Williams and Watson (1988); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)PresentWilliams and Watson (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichus erythrinae (Erythrina gall wasp)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentPotter (1935)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScyphophorus acupunctatus (agave weevil)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSimosyrphus grandicornis (common hover fly)PresentIntroducedBezzi (1928); Hull (1936); Hull (1937); Thompson and Vockeroth (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitobion miscanthi (indian grain aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1918); Eastop (1966); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentPartridge (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis geminata (tropical fire ant)PresentIntroducedISSG (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSolenopsis papuana (Papuan thief ant)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera litura (taro caterpillar)PresentInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); Tikoca et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWard and Wetterer (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips imaginis (plague thrips)PresentNHM (1983); Mound and Houston (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentEssig (1949); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUnaspis citri (citrus snow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1962); Williams and Watson (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1973); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus similisPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus morigerus (brown twig beetle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSchedl (1963); Roberts (1977); Wood and Bright (1992); Wylie et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres fuscus (jungle myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmphiprionPresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jennings (1988); Welcomme (1988); FishBase (2004); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemidactylus frenatus (common house gecko)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGibbons (1985); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHerpestes auropunctatus (small Indian mongoose)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGorman (1975); Simberloff et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIguana iguana (iguana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveThomas et al. (2011); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLutjanus kasmira (blueline snapper)Present, WidespreadNativeAllen (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Andrews (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLewis and Pring (1986); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis aureus (blue tilapia)Absent, Formerly presentSeeto and Baldwin (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Pullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedAndrews (1985)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWelcomme (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPterois volitans (lionfish)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus tanezumi (Asian house rat)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhinella marina (cane toad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRhodeus ocellatus ocellatus (rosy bitterling)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSturnus vulgaris (common starling)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSPREP (South Pacific Regional Environment Programme) (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXiphophorus helleriiPresentIntroducedRyan (1980); Andrews (1985); Lewis and Pring (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaEchinodermataAcanthaster planci (crown-of-thorns starfish)PresentInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Absent, Formerly presentBrodie and Barker (2012); South Pacific Commission (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Absent, Intercepted onlyPESTNET (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHutchinson et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1972); Ritchie (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, WidespreadNativeHaynes (1985); Haynes (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilopsis sallei (Caribbean false mussel)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPerna viridis (Asian green mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DFAS (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides besseyi (rice leaf nematode)PresentKirby et al. (1977); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)PresentSwaine (1971); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentTaylor et al. (1982); CABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002); Singh et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentBridge (1988); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentCobb (1915); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadKirby et al. (1978); CABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesPlatydemus manokwari (New guinea flatworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrodie et al. (2012); Brodie et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentNativeUNEP (2004); Guiry and Guiry (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum capillus-venerisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)Present, WidespreadNativeBrownlie (1977); Kato et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeBrownsey and Perrie (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyclosorus parasiticus (parasitic maiden fern)PresentNativeHolttum (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDeparia petersenii subsp. petersenii (Petersen’s lady fern)PresentNativeKato (1984); Museum of New Zealand (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaDiplazium esculentum (vegetable fern)PresentSmithsonian Museum of Natural History (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaLygodium microphyllum (old world climbing fern)PresentNativePIER (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaNephrolepis brownii (Asian swordfern)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeParham (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, WidespreadFarrell (1978); Considine (1985); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAcanthophora spiciferaPresentNativeSouth and Skelton (2003); N'Yeurt et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaEucheuma spp.PresentPrakash (1990); Namudu and Pickering (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativeLittler and Littler (2003); South and Skelton (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeSouth and Skelton (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaKappaphycusPresentIntroducedPrakash (1990); Eldredge (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus esculentus (okra)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbrus precatorius (rosary pea)PresentNativePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia confusaPresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia crassicarpa (northern wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedCasey (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedCSIRO (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia glauca (wild dividivi)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mangium (brown salwood)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcmella uliginosa (marsh para cress)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcrocarpus fraxinifolius (shingle tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAdenanthera pavonina (red-bead tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveTrounce and Dyason (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParham (1958); Holm et al. (1979); Waterhouse (1997); Macanawai (2016); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia procera (white siris)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAleurites moluccanus (candlenut tree)PresentInvasiveSmith (1981); Krisnawati et al. (2011); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda blanchetii (purple allamanda)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllamanda cathartica (yellow allamanda)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia cucullata (Chinese taro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlocasia macrorrhizos (giant taro)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia purpurata (red ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Imada (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlpinia zerumbet (shell ginger)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)Present, LocalizedParham (1958); Holm et al. (1991); Franklin et al. (2008); PIER (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Smith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona glabra (pond apple)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona reticulata (bullock's heart)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona squamosa (sugar apple)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2010); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAntigonon leptopus (coral vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArdisia crenata (coral berry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia elegans (elegant Dutchman’s pipe)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015); Weeds of Australia (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtocarpus altilis (breadfruit)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedRagone (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1988); Swarbrick (1997); USDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAverrhoa bilimbi (bilimbi)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBambusa vulgaris (common bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria cristata (Philippine violet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarringtonia asiatica (sea poison tree)PresentNativeGovaerts and Tulig (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedZipcodeZoo (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBorreria latifolia (broadleaf buttonweed)PresentMacanawai (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDuke (1983); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBreynia disticha (snowbush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedPIER (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja madagascariensis (smokebush)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaladium bicolor (heart of Jesus)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalopogonium mucunoides (calopo)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCananga odorata (ylang-ylang)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Yusuf and Sinohin (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentPIER (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia grandis (pink shower)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia javanica (pink shower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCastilla elastica (Mexican rubber tree)PresentIntroducedWright (1912)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentNativePIER (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentIntroducedRoberts (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum diurnum (day jessamine)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista nictitans (sensitive partridge pea)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCheilocostus speciosus (crepe ginger )PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris barbata (purpletop chloris)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon aciculatus (golden false beardgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); Partridge (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum verum (cinnamon)PresentIntroducedInvasivePacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome gynandraPresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum chinense (Chinese glory bower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWaterhouse (1993); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum paniculatum (pagoda flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum speciosissimum (Java glory bower)PresentInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClerodendrum wallichii (Wallich's glorybower)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationFlora of China Editorial Committee (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClidemia hirta (Koster's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMUNE and PARHAM (1967); PIER (2007); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEnglberger (2009); PIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCocos nucifera (coconut)PresentIntroducedGovaerts et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedSmith (1979); Macanawai (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColubrina asiatica (latherleaf)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCombretum indicum (Rangoon creeper)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)Present, WidespreadIntroducedParham (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedParham (1958); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordyline fruticosa (ti plant)Present, WidespreadRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCosmos caudatus (wild cosmos)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991); Macanawai (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrotalaria retusa (rattleweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLorence and Wagner (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedMeyer (2000); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea carthagenensis (Colombian waxweed)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985); Franklin et al. (2008); Bishop Museum (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuphea hyssopifolia (false heather)PresentIntroducedHEAR (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasiveYuncker (1932); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon nardus (citronella grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus compressus (annual sedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParham (1958); Smith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus iria (rice flatsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Smith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura metel (Hindu datura)PresentHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentParham (1958); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2009); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDerris elliptica (tuba root)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium incanum (creeping beggerweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium aristatum (angelton bluestem)PresentIntroducedSetshogo (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium caricosum (nadi blue grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDieffenbachia seguine (dumb cane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHEAR (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria eriantha (pangola grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria fuscescens (yellow crab grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria insularis (sourgrass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea alata (white yam)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2013); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlorence et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)Present, WidespreadWaterhouse (1997); Smith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEclipta prostrata (eclipta)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveParham (1958); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeis guineensis (African oil palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis dulcis (Chinese water chestnut)Present, LocalizedKern (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Macanawai (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia fosbergii (Florida tassel-flower)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmilia sonchifolia (red tasselflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991); Parham (1958); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipremnum pinnatum (centipede tongavine)PresentInvasiveGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis amabilis (Japanese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis unioloides (Chinese lovegrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErechtites valerianifolius (tropical burnweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBelcher (1956); GBIF (2012); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEtlingera elatior (torch ginger)PresentIntroducedSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hypericifolia (graceful spurge)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcataria moluccana (batai wood)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); ILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benghalensis (banyan)PresentIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus benjamina (weeping fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus elastica (rubber plant)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus religiosa (sacred fig tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis dichotoma (tall fringe rush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis littoralis (lesser fimbristylis)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGossypium barbadense (Gallini cotton)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHaematoxylum campechianum (logwood)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium coronarium (white butterfly ginger lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSadaquat Ali et al. (2002); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium flavescens (wild ginger)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentIntroducedPIER (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemigraphis alternata (red ivy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeterotis rotundifolia (pink lady)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus tiliaceus (coast cottonwood)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)Present, LocalizedCook and Luond (1982); PIER (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens walleriana (busy lizzy)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, WidespreadInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); PIER (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativePuy et al. (1993); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentParham (1958); Smith (1991); Franklin et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carnea subsp. fistulosa (bush morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hederifolia (scarlet-creeper )PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentStaples (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea quamoclit (cypress vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIschaemum rugosum (saramollagrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1977); Smith (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxora finlaysoniana (white jungle flame)PresentIntroducedCouncil of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum multiflorum (star jasmine)PresentIntroducedSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha gossypiifolia (bellyache bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga nemoralis (white kyllinga)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKyllinga polyphylla (navua sedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMUNE and PARHAM (1967)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentPacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLespedeza cuneata (sericea lespedeza)PresentIntroducedPIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); PIER (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia crustacea (Malaysian false pimpernel)PresentSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLivistona chinensis (Chinese fan palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)PresentInvasiveHEAR (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia octovalvis (primrose willow)PresentRaven (1963); Macanawai (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaesopsis eminii (umbrella tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus arboreus (wax mallow)PresentIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvaviscus penduliflorus (Turk's cap mallow)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelaleuca quinquenervia (paperbark tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelastoma malabathricum (Banks melastoma)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia peltataPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009); Waterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia umbellata (hogvine)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Smith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesosphaerum pectinatum (comb bushmint)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNicholson (1981); Smith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKnowles (1907); Meyer (2000); PIER (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Swarbrick (1989); PIER (2008); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pudica (sensitive plant)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePatel (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Macanawai (2016); PIER (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Greenwood (1944)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica charantia (bitter gourd)PresentIntroducedScholz (1988); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997); Waterhouse (1997); Englberger (2009); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMonochoria hastata (hastate-leaved pondweed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); PIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); Smith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorinda citrifolia (Indian mulberry)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuntingia calabura (Jamaica cherry)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurraya paniculata (orange jessamine)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMussaenda erythrophylla (red flag bush)PresentIntroducedSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyroxylon balsamum (Peru balsam)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum tenuiflorum (holy basil)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Smith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1979); Smith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentCABI (Undated); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum notatum (Bahia grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum paniculatum (Russell River grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)Present, LocalizedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora foetida (red fruit passion flower)Present, WidespreadParham (1958); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora quadrangularis (giant granadilla)PresentIntroducedPIER (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora suberosa (corkystem passionflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveStone (1970); Smith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveReed (1977); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedSmith (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaius tankervilleae (nun’s-hood orchid)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); eMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllanthus urinaria (leafflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); Greenwood (1944)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSpace and Flynn (2002); Parthasarathy et al. (2008); PIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta racemosa (bay rum tree)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus caribaea (Caribbean pine)Present, PlantedFAO (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus elliottii (slash pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper aduncum (spiked pepper)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHartemink (2006); PIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiper auritumPresentIntroducedEnglberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)PresentIntroducedPIER (2002); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus amboinicus (Indian borage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2014); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlectranthus scutellarioides (coleus)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentGeesink (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPseudelephantopus spicatus (false elephant’s foot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); Space and Imada (2004); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985); Diong (1998); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPterocarpus indicus (red sandalwood)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPtychosperma macarthurii (Macarthur palm)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria montana var. lobata (kudzu)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPueraria phaseoloides (tropical kudzu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)PresentNativeWaterhouse (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoystonea oleracea (Caribbean royal palm)PresentIntroducedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRusselia equisetiformis (firecracker plant)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedGreenwood (1944); PIER (2010); Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum (2012);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSamanea saman (rain tree)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002); PIER (2002); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanchezia speciosa (shrubby whitevein)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScaevola taccada (beach naupaka)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1985); Englberger (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchizolobium parahyba (Brazilian fern tree)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedPIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna alata (candle bush)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bacillaris (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedSmith (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedPIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna multijuga (November shower)Present, PlantedPIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCock and Evans (1984); Swarbrick (1989); Mackey et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2016); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedIrwin and Barneby (1982); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2007); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania cannabina (corkwood tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1977); Waterhouse and Norris (1987); Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mammosum (nipplefruit nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); PIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum mauritianum (tobacco tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)Present, LocalizedParham (1958); Holm et al. (1991); Waterhouse (1997); Staines et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHolm et al. (1991); PIER (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveAuld and Nagatalevu-Seniloli (2003); PIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathoglottis plicata (Philippine ground orchid)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpermacoce verticillata (shrubby false buttonwood)PresentIntroducedParham (1958)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2008); Macanawai (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta cayennensis (blue snakeweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); PIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachytarpheta urticifolia (rattail)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)McClatchey et al. (2000); Moldenke (1945); Moldenke (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStictocardia tiliifolia (spottedheart)PresentPacific Invasives Initiative (2019); PIER (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSynedrella nodiflora (synedrella)PresentParham (1958); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium cumini (black plum)Present, PlantedIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSyzygium jambos (rose apple)Present, PlantedIntroducedSmith (1985); PIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTabebuia heterophylla (pink trumpet tree)PresentIntroducedPIER (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1997); Swarbrick (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTectona grandis (teak)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTerminalia catappa (Singapore almond)PresentNativeThomson and Evans (2006); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda arguens (Christmas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThemeda quadrivalvis (grader grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThespesia populnea (portia tree)PresentFriday and Okano (2006); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia erecta (bush clockvine)PresentIntroducedSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia fragrans (whitelady)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia grandiflora (Bengal trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981); Englberger (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaToona ciliata (toon)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979); Govaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)Present, LocalizedWaterhouse (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriphasia trifolia (limeberry)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurnera ulmifolia (West Indian holly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMUNE and PARHAM (1967); Holm et al. (1979); Smith (1981); PIER (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa decumbens (signal grass)PresentIntroducedPIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa distachya (signal grass)PresentIntroducedInvasivePIER (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa mutica (para grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa reptans (sprawling signalgrass)PresentNative and IntroducedClayton et al. (2018); PIER (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeSmith (1991); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex trifoliaPresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedPIER (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentKamath (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthosoma sagittifolium (elephant ear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSmith (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedPrabhakaran Nair (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber zerumbet (shampoo ginger)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInstitute of Pacific Islands Forestry (2002); ISSG (2003); PIER (2007)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusBanana bunchy top virus (bunchy top of banana)PresentInvasivePearson and Grisoni (2002); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCowpea mild mottle virus (angular mosaic of beans)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
American foul broodPresent, LocalizedOIE (2019); Djordjevic et al. (1994); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anthraxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018);
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
camel poxAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentRaju et al. (1988)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)Ouellet et al. (2005)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus granulosusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
European foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
glandersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
infectious myonecrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsentOIE (2019); Miles et al. (1964); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
leishmaniosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
myxomatosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
surraAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentFAO (1997)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2019)
tularaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white spot diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
BananasArea harvested509489436415527
Production quantity5,0864,8884,3564,1485,273
Yield99,921 Fc99,959 Fc99,908 Fc99,952 Fc100,057 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested3113062096212
Production quantity4,6684,5813,132934179
Yield150,096 Fc149,706 Fc149,856 Fc150,645 Fc149,167 Fc
CassavaArea harvested3,0412,8932,7252,5472,984
Production quantity76,03072,34868,13563,67774,612
Yield250,016 Fc250,080 Fc250,037 Fc250,008 Fc250,040 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested2,390 A2,759 A3,354 A3,180 A2,476 A
Production quantity7,172 A8,284 A10,067 A9,541 A7,428 A
Yield30,008 Fc30,025 Fc30,015 Fc30,003 Fc30,000 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested201910910
Production quantity262251135115135
Yield131,000 Fc132,105 Fc135,000 Fc127,778 Fc135,000 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested66 A62 A38 A38 A95 A
Production quantity995 A990 A684 A690 A1,421 A
Yield150,758 Fc159,677 Fc180,000 Fc181,579 Fc149,579 Fc
Cocoa, beansArea harvested98610 F30 F
Production quantity17161237
Yield18,889 Fc20,000 Fc20,000 Fc3,000 Fc2,333 Fc
CoconutsArea harvested3,9703,7833,7773,9763,320
Production quantity23,82222,70022,66323,85619,919
Yield60,005 Fc60,005 Fc60,003 Fc60,000 Fc59,997 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested14 Im14 Im14 Im14 Im15 Im
Production quantity8 Im8 Im8 Im8 Im8 Im
Yield5,714 Fc5,714 Fc5,714 Fc5,714 Fc5,333 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested90 Im90 Im89 Im89 Im88 Im
Production quantity1,257 Im1,248 Im1,240 Im1,231 Im1,242 Im
Yield139,667 Fc138,667 Fc139,326 Fc138,315 Fc141,136 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested115110625257
Production quantity2,5262,4241,3661,1381,243
Yield219,652 Fc220,364 Fc220,323 Fc218,846 Fc218,070 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested5,157 A4,345 A3,890 A3,371 A4,222 A
Production quantity33,703 A30,401 A28,784 A26,142 A33,322 A
Yield65,354 Fc69,968 Fc73,995 Fc77,550 Fc78,925 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested2,894 Im2,371 Im2,052 Im1,838 Im1,678 Im
Production quantity3,981 Im4,310 Im4,639 Im4,968 Im5,300 Im
Yield13,756 Fc18,178 Fc22,607 Fc27,029 Fc31,585 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested50 F50 F40 FFF
Production quantity238236182FF
Yield47,600 Fc47,200 Fc45,500 Fc
GingerArea harvested313395303262244
Production quantity9,3989,8947,5856,5486,109
Yield300,256 Fc250,481 Fc250,330 Fc249,924 Fc250,369 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested437 Im429 Im421 Im413 Im410 Im
Production quantity360 Im355 Im351 Im347 Im344 Im
Yield8,238 Fc8,275 Fc8,337 Fc8,402 Fc8,390 Fc
MaizeArea harvested467402320289358
Production quantity1,4001,2089618671,073
Yield29,979 Fc30,050 Fc30,031 Fc30,000 Fc29,972 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested46403030 Im13
Production quantity371319240260144
Yield80,652 Fc79,750 Fc80,000 Fc86,667 Fc110,769 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested14 Im13 Im12 F12 F15 F
Production quantity196 Im192 Im193 Im207 Im260 F
Yield140,000 Fc147,692 Fc160,833 Fc172,500 Fc173,333 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested4,407 A4,212 A4,198 A4,389 A3,730 A
Production quantity24,182 A23,055 A23,014 A24,203 A20,263 A
Yield54,872 Fc54,736 Fc54,821 Fc55,145 Fc54,324 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested4,407 A4,212 A4,198 A4,389 A3,730 A
Production quantity2,043 A1,951 A1,946 A2,040 A1,724 A
Yield4,635 Fc4,632 Fc4,637 Fc4,649 Fc4,623 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested4,407 A4,212 A4,198 A4,389 A3,730 A
Production quantity3,205 A3,058 A3,051 A3,205 A2,693 A
Yield7,272 Fc7,259 Fc7,269 Fc7,303 Fc7,219 Fc
OkraArea harvested309167100518 Im
Production quantity2,7611,53588474174 Im
Yield89,353 Fc91,916 Fc88,400 Fc148,000 Fc96,667 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
OrangesArea harvested6662383895
Production quantity9959906846901,421
Yield150,758 Fc159,677 Fc180,000 Fc181,579 Fc149,579 Fc
PapayasArea harvested444326404290454
Production quantity4,0053,2853,4343,1744,201
Yield90,203 Fc100,767 Fc85,000 Fc109,448 Fc92,533 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested1,186 Im1,215 Im1,244 Im1,331 Im1,444 Im
Production quantity88 Im91 Im94 Im102 Im112 Im
Yield742 Fc749 Fc756 Fc766 Fc776 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested705601530450982
Production quantity7,1586,0085,9065,1358,839
Yield101,532 Fc99,967 Fc111,434 Fc114,111 Fc90,010 Fc
Plantains and othersArea harvested155154147107254
Production quantity6,1845,3935,1373,7503,814
Yield398,968 Fc350,195 Fc349,456 Fc350,467 Fc150,157 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested32232222
Production quantity4424270266267
Yield146,667 Fc120,000 Fc117,391 Fc120,909 Fc121,364 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested749629612582996
Production quantity2,2461,8871,8361,7462,988
Yield29,987 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested749 A629 A612 A582 A996 A
Production quantity2,246 A1,887 A1,836 A1,746 A2,988 A
Yield29,987 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested339 Im328 Im317 Im306 Im300 Im
Production quantity2,142 Im2,097 Im2,052 Im2,007 Im2,008 Im
Yield63,186 Fc63,933 Fc64,732 Fc65,588 Fc66,933 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested1,9162,3503,0272,8832,110
Production quantity5,7487,0519,0818,6496,329
Yield30,000 Fc30,004 Fc30,000 Fc30,000 Fc29,995 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity3,834 Fc4,703 Fc6,057 Fc5,769 Fc4,221 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested1,302 Im1,287 Im1,283 Im1,260 Im1,355 Im
Production quantity3,652 Im3,616 Im3,610 Im3,612 Im3,945 Im
Yield28,049 Fc28,096 Fc28,137 Fc28,667 Fc29,114 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested8,002 A7,857 A7,365 A6,676 A8,609 A
Production quantity143,757 A138,248 A127,836 A117,170 A153,313 A
Yield179,651 Fc175,955 Fc173,572 Fc175,509 Fc178,085 Fc
SorghumArea harvested7 Im7 Im7 Im8 Im8 Im
Production quantity24 Im25 Im25 Im25 Im26 Im
Yield34,286 Fc35,714 Fc35,714 Fc31,250 Fc32,500 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested35,120 Im37,00038,00039,00041,000
Production quantity1,514,918 Im1,697,0001,631,0001,387,0001,845,000
Yield431,355 Fc458,649 Fc429,211 Fc355,641 Fc450,000 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested35,120 A37,000 A38,000 A39,000 A41,000 A
Production quantity1,514,918 A1,697,000 A1,631,000 A1,387,000 A1,845,000 A
Yield431,355 Fc458,649 Fc429,211 Fc355,641 Fc450,000 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested901890885718842
Production quantity9,0538,5428,4117,7248,364
Yield100,477 Fc95,978 Fc95,040 Fc107,577 Fc99,335 Fc
Taro (cocoyam)Area harvested2,5752,4652,1491,9193,046
Production quantity51,50949,27142,98538,37960,928
Yield200,035 Fc199,882 Fc200,023 Fc199,995 Fc200,026 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested763 Im729 Im697 Im671 Im641 Im
Production quantity468 Im462 Im455 Im451 Im434 Im
Yield6,134 Fc6,337 Fc6,528 Fc6,721 Fc6,771 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested4137313021
Production quantity495448374356254
Yield120,732 Fc121,081 Fc120,645 Fc118,667 Fc120,952 Fc
VanillaArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested3,714 A3,305 A3,350 A2,767 A3,135 A
Production quantity37,996 A34,036 A33,205 A26,744 A29,810 A
Yield102,305 Fc102,983 Fc99,119 Fc96,653 Fc95,088 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested2,489 Im2,248 Im2,532 Im2,214 Im2,629 Im
Production quantity23,88521,45224,02220,88924,575
Yield95,962 Fc95,427 Fc94,874 Fc94,350 Fc93,477 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested274239201191204
Production quantity5,4894,7804,0133,8104,070
Yield200,328 Fc200,000 Fc199,652 Fc199,476 Fc199,510 Fc
YamsArea harvested180320300210360
Production quantity3,4694,4474,4253,5125,197
Yield192,722 Fc138,969 Fc147,500 Fc167,238 Fc144,361 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea425 Fm425 Fm425 Fm425 Fm425 Fm
AgricultureArea425 Fc425 Fc425 Fc425 Fc425 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea41 I17 I12 I11 I9 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area41 I17 I13 I11 I9 I
Arable landArea165 Fm165 Fm165 Fm165 Fm165 Fm
Country areaArea1,827 I1,827 I1,827 I1,827 I1,827 I
CroplandArea250 Fm250 Fm250 Fm250 Fm250 Fm
Cropland area certified organicArea41 I17 I
Cropland area under organic agric.Area41 I17 I
Forest landArea1,127 Q1,120 Q1,113 Q1,107 Q1,100 Fm
Land areaArea1,827 Fm1,827 Fm1,827 Fm1,827 Fm1,827 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm4 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea175 Fm175 Fm175 Fm175 Fm175 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea85 Fm85 Fm85 Fm85 Fm85 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea928 Q925 Q923 Q920 Q917 Fm
Other landArea275 Fc282 Fc289 Fc295 Fc302 Fc
Planted ForestArea199 Q195 Q191 Q187 Q182 Fm
Primary ForestArea411 Fm411 Fm411 Q413 Fm
Land with temporary fallowArea
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.