Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Finland

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Datasheet

Finland

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 5,520,314 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 50,010 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 276,085.22 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 269,296.31 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 2.31 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Salmonella entericaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
yellow head virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Bradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, LocalizedBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)PresentMunyaneza et al. (2011)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusPresentOIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Lemmetty et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2013); Lemmetty et al. (2013);
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveMunyaneza et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentInvasiveLaurila et al. (2008); Degefu et al. (2013); Wolf et al. (2014); CABI and EPPO (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022); Soukainen et al. (2015);
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, WidespreadInvasiveNykyri et al. (2012); Pasanen et al. (2013); Waleron et al. (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi (chestnut bleeding canker)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella enteritidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2013)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeCleve (1896); Hustedt (1924); Cleve-Euler (1955); Metzeltin and Lange-Bertalot (1995); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedInvasiveWestman and Savolainen (2001); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Hermansen et al. (2000)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022); Lilja et al. (2007); Rytkönen et al. (2012); CABI/EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentTahvonen (1979); David (2000)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentPeusha et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBotryotinia porri (Botrytis rot of garlic)PresentTahvonen (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororiaPresent, WidespreadVloten and Gremmen (1953)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasivePunithalingam (1993); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaEntoleuca mammataAbsent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe vanbruntianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker)PresentEPPO (2022); UK, CAB International (1989)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Müller et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentMüller et al. (2019)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeHansen and Knudsen (1997)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)Present, WidespreadKari (1957); UK, CAB International (1983); Kurkela and Jalkanen (1998); EPPO (2022); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresent, WidespreadNativeKorhonen and Piri (1994)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporumPresent, WidespreadNativeKorhonen and Piri (1994)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust)PresentEPPO (2022); Kurkela et al. (1999); Hantula et al. (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)PresentGustavsson (1958)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Absent, EradicatedCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia komaroviiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBoccardia redekiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaBoccardiella ligericaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentIntroducedGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentIntroducedInvasiveGates (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNorkko et al. (1993); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix heuscheriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaTubificoides pseudogasterPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentBitidningen (1991)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Markkula (1981); CABI and EPPO (2007); Itamies et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrotona pseudoteneraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)Absent, EradicatedLiro and Roivainen (1951); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveLeppäkoski and Olenin (2000); Weidema (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora chinensis (black and white citrus longhorn)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplophora glabripennis (Asian longhorned beetle)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArgyresthia laevigatellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArmadillidium nasatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAsperogronops inaequalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta castanopteraPresentClayhills (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBaeocrara japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, Few occurrencesCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Cuthbertson and Vänninen (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)Absent, EradicatedLemmetty and Vänninen (2014);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentIntroducedHuldén and Huldén (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBohemiellina flavipennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentPekkarinen and Kaarnam (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea)Present, WidespreadNativeKetelaars and Gille (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBuszko (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCatops fuliginosusPresentClayhills (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUitto et al. (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentTulisalo et al. (1976); Colonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)Presentde Jong et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentMarkkula and Myllymaki (1960); Fauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeosoma floridanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptopleurum subtilePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, LocalizedFurniss (1996); Bright and Skidmore (2002); Lännenpää et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated); Mikkola and Ståhls (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDichrooscytus gustaviPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeKangas (1963); Viitasaari and Varama (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentIntroducedKyrki and Itaemies (1984); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEdwardsiana ishidaiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaElatobium abietinum (green spruce aphid)PresentNativeHeikinheimo (1963); Kloft et al. (1964); Heie (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEndria nebulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpitrix tuberis (tuber flea beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaErgasilus brianiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); NHM (2004); Ojaveer et al. (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeHarz and Kaltenbach (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinusPresentIntroducedInvasivePienimäki et al. (2004); Packalén et al. (2008); Sareyka et al. (2011); Kotta et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeReeks (1941); Viitasaari and Varama (1987); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathotrichus materiariusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemimysis anomalaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveSalemaa and Hietalahti (1993); Leppäkoski and Olenin (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)Present, WidespreadNilssen (1984); Selander (1993); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps subelongatus (larch bark beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLamyctes coeculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)Presentvan der Heyden (2020); Heyden (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentNativeJonko (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucothrips nigripennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeCox (2001); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLionychus quadrilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis pearmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)Present, LocalizedNativeEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrolophus melanotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegalepthyphantes collinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegalepthyphantes nebulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAnnila (1982); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadSilfverberg (1992); CABI and EPPO (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveTomminen et al. (1989); Althoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus urussovii (white mottled sawyer)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentLeather (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Heie (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, WidespreadNativeKangas (1941); Kangas (1963); Juutinen (1967); Viitasaari and Varama (1987)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesticella mogera (cave-dwelling spider)PresentIntroducedNentwig et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNoctua pronuba (common yellow underwing moth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrsillus depressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)Absent, Intercepted onlySiitonen (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryctes nasicornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadSilfverberg (1992); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLavikainen and Laine (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)PresentFibiger and Kristensen (1974); Vuola and Korpela (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLeinonen and Kaitila (2003); CABI and EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Present, Few occurrencesHiggins (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNativeHeliövaara and Väisänen (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)Present, LocalizedNativeKangas (1938); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, WidespreadNativeMartikainen et al. (2001); Voolma et al. (2004); Avtzis et al. (2008); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora angulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954); Bromand (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPtinella johnsoniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentZetterstedt (1828); Loyttyniemi (1972)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda populnea (small poplar borer)PresentLoyttyniemi (1972); Yang (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, LocalizedNativeSmith (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda castaneaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda grossaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedSorvari (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria atricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTegenaria domesticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTelmatogeton japonicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003); Aho (2006); Slama (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))Absent, Intercepted onlyDiakonoff (1974); Karvonen (1983); CABI and EPPO (2002); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips)Absent, Intercepted onlyCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis nevskyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek and Theowald (1992); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadLekander et al. (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrechicus nigricepsPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp)PresentNativeSmith (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron domesticumPresentToivanen et al. (2009); Martikainen (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron laevePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, LocalizedNativePekkarinen and Hulden (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)AbsentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVitula edmandsiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeAnnila (1977); Martikainen et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentNativeWelcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedHolcík (1991); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBlair et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedBlair et al. (2000); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta hutchinsiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCastor canadensis (beaver)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace)Present, WidespreadNativeMutenia and Salonen (1992); Froese and Pauly (2004); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedShireman and Smith (1983); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2021); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Koli (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe)PresentNativeKoli (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace)Present, WidespreadNativeKoli (1990); Winkler et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus dolomieu (smallmouth bass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); FAO (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)Absent, Formerly presentSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveOjaveer (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHelle and Kauhala (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Koli (1990); Froese and Pauly (2004); DAISIE (2011); NOBANIS (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus tshawytscha (chinook salmon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDanell (1996); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanusPresentNativeKoli (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRuusila and Kojola (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCranswick and Hall (2010); Hall (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentNativeFishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)Present, Few occurrencesNativeKoli (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, WidespreadNativeRask et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRangifer tarandus (reindeer)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)Present, WidespreadNativeKoli (1990); Winkler et al. (2000); Froese and Pauly (2004); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeKoli (1990); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeKoli (1990); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Jansson (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus namaycush (lake trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Koli (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilhouettea aegyptiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)Absent, Formerly presentFroese R and Pauly D (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)Present, WidespreadNativeKoli (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, Few occurrencesIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoch (1924); Arndt (1984); Jormalainen et al. (1994)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentUspenskaya (1957)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAethusa cynapiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveValovirta (1995)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCongeria leucophaetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)PresentIntroducedLeppäkoski and Olenin (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKoivunen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)PresentKerney et al. (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNOBANIS (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)PresentIntroducedEsmark (1886); Routio and Valta (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeKerney et al. (1983)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus cellariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCarlsson (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTrichia hispidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaVallonia excentricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHeikkilä and Tilikkala (1992); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentTiilikkala (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum hyemale (Horsetail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer rufinerve (grey snake-bark maple)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedBGCI (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilagineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea crithmifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea nobilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea salicifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconogonon divaricatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis scabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga genevensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga pyramidalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla balticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla cymatophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla gibberulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla glabricaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla glaucescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla heptagonaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla hirsuticaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla leiophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla micansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla monticolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla plicataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla propinquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla sarmaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla semilunarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla subcrenataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paradoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)Present, PlantedNativeBoratynski (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedEuro+Med (2019); GRIIS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedNOBANIS (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier lamarckii (snowy mespilus)Present, Few occurrencesNOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveKurtto (2009); NOBANIS (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnacyclus clavatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHiepko (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnaphalis margaritaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace elongataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndrosace filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone apenninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentIntroducedHand (2011); Randall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Randall (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis ruthenicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis tinctoriaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus caucalis (bur chervil)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctium tomentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnica chamissonisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifoliaPresentIntroducedEnenonen (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia biennis (biennial wormwood)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia ponticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia stellerianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum maculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster salignusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster sibiricusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstilbe japonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAurinia saxatilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, LocalizedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2018); Kell (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus arvensis (field brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus inermis (Awnless brome)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus japonicus (Japanese brome)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lepidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus racemosus (bald brome)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRäsänen (1995); Saarinen (2000); NOBANIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium bulbocastanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia pulchraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula alliariifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula aparinoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lactifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapnoides sempervirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine impatiens (narrowleaf bittercress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardaminopsis arenosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex caryophylleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex maclovianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex vulpinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina acaulisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarlina vulgaris (carline thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macrocephala (giant knapweed)PresentIntroducedKurtto and Lahti (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea macroptilonPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea pannonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea phrygiaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea scabiosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria alpinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria giganteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)Present, WidespreadToivonen (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum submersumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aromaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum aureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum bulbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium missouriensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa forbesiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChionodoxa sardensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); Jutila (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium oleraceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium rivularePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCochlearia officinalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConopodium majusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedStace (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveKarlsson (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorrigiola litoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster dielsianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster laetevirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotoneaster multiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus flabellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)Present, PlantedNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis biennisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis capillaris (smooth hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis nicaeensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis setosaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis tectorum (narrowleaf hawksbeard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus tommasinianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata laevipes (smooth bedstraw)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum columnaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus decumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDasiphora glabrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDeschampsia cespitosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus carthusianorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDicentra formosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDoronicum pardalianchesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba nemorosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops exaltatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)PresentIntroducedDandy (1980); NOBANIS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus fibrosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedKorsmo (1954); Holm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium watsoniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpimedium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpipactis helleborinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEranthis hyemalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron acerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErophila vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus nanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia virgataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia fennicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia nemorosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia vernalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentScragg (1974); Holm et al. (1991); Erviö et al. (1994); DAISIE (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedJalas and Suominen (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentJonsell and Karlsson (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca trachyphylla (sheep fescue)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilaginella uliginosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago arvensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago lutescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula kamtschaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis angustifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis speciosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)PresentDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedKabuce and Priede (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium albumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium glaucumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium pumilumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium saxatilePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana septemfidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentianella aureaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium macrorrhizumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum aleppicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeum macrophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria canadensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria grandisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGnaphalium sylvaticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola neglectaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHablizia thamnoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus pauciflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum arenariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBrummitt (1968); Tiley et al. (1996); Niinikoski and Korpelainen (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNielsen et al. (2005); Jahodová et al. (2007); Fröberg (2010); GBIF (2015); NOBANIS (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis tristisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus mollis (German velvetgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLempiainen (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum maculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIllecebrum verticillatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)Present, WidespreadIntroducedEPPO (2022); Kurtto (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedHulten and Fries (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula ensifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris lutescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris setosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)Absent, Formerly presentGudzhinskas (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJovibarba globiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus articulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus bufoniusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus ensifolius (swordleaf rush)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedPohjakallio and Hämet-Ahti (1974); Piirainen (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus squarrosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia elatinePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKickxia spuriaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tataricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamprocapnos spectabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentToivonen (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontodon hispidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontodon saxatilis (lesser hawkbit)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy)PresentIntroducedNissinen (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigusticum scoticumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria genistifolia (broomleaf toadflax)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus nootkatensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFlora Europaea (1968); Valtonen et al. (2006); ILDIS (2015); NOBANIS (2015); DAISIE (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula campestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula luzuloides (oakforest woodrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula multifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton americanus (American skunk cabbage)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedAlberternst and Nawrath (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysichiton camtschatcensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia ciliataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia nummularia (Moneywort)PresentSantala et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLysimachia punctataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum virgatum (European wand loosestrife)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMaianthemum stellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMeconopsis cambricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNative and IntroducedNOBANIS (2017); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentDAISIE (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMisopates orontiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMolopospermum peloponnesiacumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMontia sibiricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis discolor (changing forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis sparsifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosurus minimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeFitter (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta faasseniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea pullaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea tetragonaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontites vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOdontites vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera perangustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera rubricaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOmphalodes vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeMoore and Frankton (1974); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOphrys insectiferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, LocalizedBorg (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche hederaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche lucorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrontium aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver pseudoorientalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentaglottis sempervirens (evergreen bugloss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetasites fragransPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetasites hybridus (Winter heliotrope)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeucedanum ostruthiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus aizoon (gold sedum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhedimus hybridusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhlomoides tuberosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyteuma nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyteuma spicatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPicris hieracioides (hawkweed oxtongue)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella aurantiaca (orange hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)PresentNativeSell and West (1976); Hultén and Fries (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimpinella saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago mediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa chaixiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa trivialis (rough-stalked meadow grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedKurtto and Lahti (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum bistortaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum hydropiper (marsh pepper)PresentHolm et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedUotila (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla anglicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla argenteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla goldbachiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla inclinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla neumannianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla subarenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrenanthes purpureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)PresentIntroducedVanhellemont (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus cymbalariaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus polyanthemosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhinanthus majorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhinanthus minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRibes spicatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa ferrugineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWeidema (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRubus parviflorus (thimbleberry)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia hirtaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRudbeckia laciniata (cutleaf coneflower)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentIntroducedRechinger and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex pseudoalpinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex triangulivalvisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria sagittifoliaPresentElo et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia nemorosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSanguisorba officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga granulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaxifraga hypnoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-venerisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScleranthus perennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScopolia carniolicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentIntroducedNatureGate (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum anacampserosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum ewersiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum forsterianumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum hispanicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum lydiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum reflexumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum telephiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio cannabifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio erucifoliusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBornkamm (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, LocalizedIntroducedChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio nemorensisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio squalidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio viscosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedChater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)Absent, Formerly presentFlora Nordica (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedKurtto and Lahti (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinacalia tanguticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium strictissimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSmyrnium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedISSG (2020); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentIntroducedHolm et al. (1979); Randall (2012); Hiltunen et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoldanella montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago graminifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedKorsmo (1930); Hultén (1950); Hanf (1982); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNative and IntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); Seebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentBoulos (1976); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus wightianus (perennial sowthistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet)PresentIntroducedRoskov et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria hebecalyxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)Present, WidespreadChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedKuusi et al. (1982); Kuusi and Autio (1985); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi caerulescens subsp. brachypetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrapa natans (waterchestnut)PresentGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008); Horppila and Nurminen (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha x glauca (hybrid cattail)PresentNativeLuther (1947)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaValerianella dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBioCASE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum phlomoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica austriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica gentianoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica opacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia sylvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum rossicum (European swallowwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola hirtaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaldsteinia geoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaldsteinia trifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)UK, CAB International (1969); EPPO (2014); CABI (Undated)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentLinnasalmi (1966); Linnasalmi (1966); Linnasalmi and Toivianinen (1974); CABI and EPPO (2015)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusfowlpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentEPPO (2012)
VirusPepino mosaic virusAbsent, Confirmed absent by surveyCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); Santala and Soukainen (2015);
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2014)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, Transient under eradicationUK, CAB International (1978); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2019)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
acarapisosis of honey beesPresentBitidningen (1991); OIE (2009)
Actinobaculum suis infectionsPresentLeman et al. (1986)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
African swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2019); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
atrophic rhinitis of swinePresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Aujeszky's diseasePresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
avian chlamydiosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
avian encephalomyelitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019);
avian leukosis sarcoma virus infectionsPresentSandelin and Estola (1974)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
avian tuberculosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009)
bacterial kidney diseasePresentRimaila-Pärnänen (2002)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bluetongueAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine adenoviruses infectionsPresentSihvonen and Tuomi (1978)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2018)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
BP virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
chicken anaemiaPresentRikula (1994)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentPuolakkainen et al. (1988); Laurila et al. (1997)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
ChytridiomycosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cold-water diseasePresentWiklund et al. (1994)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
contagious ophthalmiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedInvasiveWestman and Savolainen (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentRimhanen-Finne et al. (2002); Horman et al. (2004)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Digenean infections of fishPresentValtonen and Gibson (1997)
dourineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentValtonen et al. (1992)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine coital exanthemaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine influenzaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
equine piroplasmosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine rhinopneumonitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
equine viral arteritisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentRidell et al. (1996)
European foul broodPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
fowlpoxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
ichthyophthiriosisPresentValtonen and Keranen (1981)
inclusion body rhinitisPresentGarry-Anderson and Andersson (1963)
infection with Marteilia refringensAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infection with Perkinsus olseniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious bursal diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno (1999)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
leishmaniosisPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
leptospirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
lyme borreliosisPresent, WidespreadJunttila et al. (1994)
Marek's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Mycoplasma bovis infectionsPresentNicolet (1994); Nicolet (1994)
Mycoplasma dispar infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2019)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentBrummer-Korvenkontio et al. (1991); Feist and Rintamäki (1994)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019); Whittington et al. (2019)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentHärtel et al. (2004)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine intestinal spirochaetosisPresent, WidespreadCABI (Undated)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentSchulman et al. (1982)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Pseudomonas infections in fishPresentWiklund and Bylund (1990)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedSihvonen and Miettinen (1985)
scrapieAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
sheep and goat poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
spherical baculovirosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
spring viraemia of carpAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadHonkanen-Buzalski et al. (1996); Taponen and Laitala (1996)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)PresentSihvonen et al. (1986); Sihvonen et al. (1988)
surraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
swine dysenteryPresentFossi (1996); OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Taura syndromeAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tetanusPresent, WidespreadFinni et al. (1998)
theileriosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tickborne encephalitisPresentTraavik (1994)
tick-borne feverPresentTuomi (1966)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
TrichinellaPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
trypanosomosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2019); Thoen (1999); OIE (2019)
tularaemiaPresentOIE (2019); Syrjälä et al. (1985); Rossow et al. (2014); OIE (2018); OIE (2019)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2019); OIE (2009)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2009); OIE (2019)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
whirling diseasePresentUspenskaya (1957)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
white tail diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2019); OIE (2019)
yellow head diseaseAbsentOIE (2019); OIE (2019)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
ApplesArea harvested650630684666666
Production quantity8,0907,2006,7586,4016,027
Yield124,462 Fc114,286 Fc98,801 Fc96,111 Fc90,495 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested
Production quantity
ArtichokesArea harvested
Production quantity
AsparagusArea harvested3050172623
Production quantity2060111314
Yield6,667 Fc12,000 Fc6,471 Fc5,000 Fc6,087 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested
Production quantity
BananasArea harvested
Production quantity
BarleyArea harvested397,900405,100358,300435,900451,600
Production quantity1,701,9601,353,1901,460,1001,580,7001,569,000
Yield42,774 Fc33,404 Fc40,751 Fc36,263 Fc34,743 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested4050474838
Production quantity6090878760
Yield15,000 Fc18,000 Fc18,511 Fc18,125 Fc15,789 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested250330351352388
Production quantity130130303267292
Yield5,200 Fc3,939 Fc8,632 Fc7,585 Fc7,526 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested8090
Production quantity200130
Yield25,000 Fc14,444 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested15,20016,100
Production quantity30,17024,160
Yield19,849 Fc15,006 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested770890754723743
Production quantity25,40023,30026,21322,44724,394
Yield329,870 Fc261,798 Fc347,653 Fc310,470 Fc328,318 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested1,8401,8402,7791,9711,776
Production quantity77,34066,72063,82374,41164,491
Yield420,326 Fc362,609 Fc229,662 Fc377,529 Fc363,125 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested540570526472476
Production quantity4,0503,2904,2883,4044,592
Yield75,000 Fc57,719 Fc81,521 Fc72,119 Fc96,471 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested1,5003,4003,4002,6002,500
Production quantity1,0203,243 Im2,670 Im2,694 Im
Yield6,800 Fc9,538 Fc10,269 Fc10,776 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested948,000 A906,800 A864,500 A998,100 A1,019,800 A
Production quantity4,036,110 A2,768,190 A3,421,643 A3,566,470 A3,685,494 A
Yield42,575 Fc30,527 Fc39,579 Fc35,733 Fc36,139 Fc
CherriesArea harvested
Production quantity
Cherries, sourArea harvested
Production quantity
ChestnutArea harvested
Production quantity
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested1010865
Production quantity1,0201,0601,016641487
Yield1,020,000 Fc1,060,000 Fc1,270,000 Fc1,068,333 Fc974,000 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested250250252253266
Production quantity56,13055,33050,76349,45048,597
Yield2,245,200 Fc2,213,200 Fc2,014,405 Fc1,954,545 Fc1,826,955 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested1,3301,7401,7401,6561,607
Production quantity1,8701,4201,8881,3601,113
Yield14,060 Fc8,161 Fc10,851 Fc8,213 Fc6,926 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested
Production quantity
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvestedA
Production quantityA
FigsArea harvested
Production quantity
Flax fibre and towArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested7,090 A13,400 A7,095 A6,774 A6,542 A
Production quantity29,670 A25,570 A24,104 A21,523 A23,149 A
Yield41,848 Fc19,082 Fc33,973 Fc31,773 Fc35,385 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested605537
Production quantity175110202
Yield29,167 Fc20,000 Fc54,595 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested
Production quantity
GarlicArea harvested4010392724
Production quantity70107514173
Yield17,500 Fc10,000 Fc19,231 Fc52,222 Fc30,417 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested15,60015,40010,10013,60011,400
Production quantity46,21038,89028,90037,30034,600
Yield29,622 Fc25,253 Fc28,614 Fc27,426 Fc30,351 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested
Production quantity
GrapesArea harvested
Production quantity
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
Kiwi fruitArea harvested
Production quantity
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested3030333032
Production quantity730520628597476
Yield243,333 Fc173,333 Fc190,303 Fc199,000 Fc148,750 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested
Production quantity
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested550670700630645
Production quantity13,62014,35014,09915,04815,709
Yield247,636 Fc214,179 Fc201,414 Fc238,857 Fc243,550 Fc
LinseedArea harvested500800
Production quantity400500
Yield8,000 Fc6,250 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested
Production quantity
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested1010
Production quantity1,3301,3201,3201,3451,248
Yield1,330,000 Fc1,320,000 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested
Production quantity
OatsArea harvested297,500288,700269,500304,900281,100
Production quantity1,187,480831,5201,013,9001,035,100979,600
Yield39,915 Fc28,802 Fc37,622 Fc33,949 Fc34,849 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested32,000 A54,800 A55,200 A60,400 A55,300 A
Production quantity42,300 A71,400 A91,300 A93,900 A85,300 A
Yield13,219 Fc13,029 Fc16,540 Fc15,546 Fc15,425 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested32,000 A54,800 A55,200 A60,400 A55,300 A
Production quantity25,392 A42,855 A54,780 A56,340 A51,180 A
Yield7,935 Fc7,820 Fc9,924 Fc9,328 Fc9,255 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested32,000 A54,800 A55,200 A60,400 A55,300 A
Production quantity16,062 A27,117 A34,694 A35,682 A32,414 A
Yield5,019 Fc4,948 Fc6,285 Fc5,908 Fc5,861 Fc
OlivesArea harvested
Production quantity
Onions, dryArea harvested1,2401,2601,1971,1301,198
Production quantity31,44023,30026,25226,24227,870
Yield253,548 Fc184,921 Fc219,315 Fc232,230 Fc232,638 Fc
OrangesArea harvested
Production quantity
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested
Production quantity
PearsArea harvested4050
Production quantity250230
Yield62,500 Fc46,000 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested11,9008,6004,20010,20011,900
Production quantity34,20020,1509,10025,10025,300
Yield28,739 Fc23,430 Fc21,667 Fc24,608 Fc21,261 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested4,9504,7204,0373,6563,472
Production quantity8,8606,2907,0967,1675,846
Yield17,899 Fc13,326 Fc17,577 Fc19,603 Fc16,838 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested
Production quantity
PotatoesArea harvested21,40021,40021,20021,70021,900
Production quantity618,900600,300611,900587,600532,100
Yield289,206 Fc280,514 Fc288,632 Fc270,783 Fc242,968 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested27,100 A24,700 A4,200 A10,200 A11,900 A
Production quantity64,370 A44,310 A9,100 A25,100 A25,300 A
Yield23,753 Fc17,939 Fc21,667 Fc24,608 Fc21,261 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested100100918273
Production quantity2,3002,3501,6861,9722,001
Yield230,000 Fc235,000 Fc185,275 Fc240,488 Fc274,110 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested31,50053,30055,20060,40055,300
Production quantity41,90070,90091,30093,90085,300
Yield13,302 Fc13,302 Fc16,540 Fc15,546 Fc15,425 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested340400429435436
Production quantity1,3109501,0711,3121,009
Yield38,529 Fc23,750 Fc24,965 Fc30,161 Fc23,142 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested
Production quantity
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantityFcFc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested21,400 A21,400 A21,200 A21,700 A21,900 A
Production quantity618,900 A600,300 A611,900 A587,600 A532,100 A
Yield289,206 Fc280,514 Fc288,632 Fc270,783 Fc242,968 Fc
RyeArea harvested37,90016,40028,90026,00031,400
Production quantity185,26042,990113,50086,800107,500
Yield48,881 Fc26,213 Fc39,273 Fc33,385 Fc34,236 Fc
SorghumArea harvested
Production quantity
SpinachArea harvested4010557149
Production quantity4501501,0281,023805
Yield112,500 Fc150,000 Fc186,909 Fc144,085 Fc164,286 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested4,40010,1603,8033,5853,387
Production quantity17,82015,51013,86112,00014,455
Yield40,500 Fc15,266 Fc36,448 Fc33,473 Fc42,678 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested10,5009,80011,80011,60012,400
Production quantity501,400355,400430,300433,600406,500
Yield477,524 Fc362,653 Fc364,661 Fc373,793 Fc327,823 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested10,500 A9,800 A11,800 A11,600 A12,400 A
Production quantity501,400 A355,400 A430,300 A433,600 A406,500 A
Yield477,524 Fc362,653 Fc364,661 Fc373,793 Fc327,823 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested
Production quantity
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested
Production quantity
TomatoesArea harvested90100108111113
Production quantity40,45039,32039,38640,62138,891
Yield4,494,444 Fc3,932,000 Fc3,646,852 Fc3,659,550 Fc3,441,681 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvestedAA
Production quantityAA
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested10,530 A10,570 A11,063 A9,661 A9,256 A
Production quantity263,270 A237,460 A250,202 A256,878 A247,785 A
Yield250,019 Fc224,655 Fc226,161 Fc265,892 Fc267,702 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested420425323
Production quantity12,43112,26912,231
Yield295,976 Fc288,682 Fc378,669 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested
Production quantity
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested
Production quantity
WatermelonsArea harvested
Production quantity
WheatArea harvested197,600177,800194,300215,100241,800
Production quantity914,180501,600802,000823,900992,100
Yield46,264 Fc28,211 Fc41,276 Fc38,303 Fc41,030 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested700
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
GooseberriesArea harvested282521
Production quantity487351
Yield17,143 Fc29,200 Fc24,286 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea2,272 Q2,270 Fc2,275 Q2,273 Q2,267 Q
AgricultureArea2,272 Fc2,270 Fc2,275 Fc2,273 Fc2,267 Fc
Agriculture area certified organicArea236 Q214 Q198 Q192 Q189 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area297 Q259 Q238 Q225 Q211 Q
Arable landArea2,244 Q2,242 Q2,246 Q2,242 Q2,231 Q
Country areaArea33,845 Q33,845 Q33,845 Q33,845 Q33,842 Q
CroplandArea2,247 Q2,245 Q2,249 Q2,246 Q2,234 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea234 Q214 Q196 Q189 Q186 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area295 Q257 Q236 Q221 Q207 Q
Forest landArea22,409 Q22,409 Q22,409 Q22,409 Q22,376 Fm
Inland watersArea3,453 Q3,453 Q3,454 Q3,454 Q3,453 Fm
Land areaArea30,392 Q30,392 Q30,391 Q30,391 Q30,389 Q
Land area equipped for irrigationArea55 Fm55 Fm55 Q70 Fm86 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea24 Q25 Q26 Q28 Q33 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q3 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea763 Q717 Q688 Q690 Q652 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea1,234 Q1,271 Q1,297 Q1,281 Q1,332 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea246 Q254 Q261 Q271 Q247 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea15,041 Q15,041 Q15,041 Q15,041 Q15,099 Fm
Other landArea5,711 Fc5,713 Fc5,707 Fc5,709 Fc5,746 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea1 Q1 Q2 Q3 Q3 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area2 Q1 Q2 Q4 Q3 Q
Planted ForestArea7,368 Q7,368 Q7,368 Q7,368 Q7,276 Fm
Primary ForestArea230 Fm230 Fm230 Q230 Fm
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea8 Q8 Fm9 Fm
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea8 Q8 Q9 Q
Cropland area under conservation tillageArea654 Q
Cropland area under conventional tillageArea1,400 Q
Cropland area under zero or no tillageArea215 Q
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.