Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Ethiopia

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Datasheet

Ethiopia

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 112,078,730 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 850 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 94,972.32 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 95,912.59 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 33.52 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
Cucumis dipsaceus (hedgehog gourd)Present, WidespreadNativeLata and Mittal (2015)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaeAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginaleAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter africanus (African greening)PresentCABI and EPPO (1998); Bové (2006); Ajene et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)PresentSaponari et al. (2010); CABI/EPPO (2017); Ajene et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriacitrus huanglongbing (greening) disease (citrus greening)PresentEPPO (2019); Aubert et al. (1988)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentWoubit et al. (2001); Sisay and Zerihun (2003)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022); Bekele et al. (2011)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 1 (bacterial wilt of solanaceous crops)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum race 2 (moko disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2021)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumPresentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, WidespreadBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (banana xanthomonas wilt (BXW))Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveYirgou and Bradbury (1974); Addis et al. (2004); Aritua et al. (2008); Aritua et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013); Hodgetts et al. (2015); Tariku Hunduma et al. (2015); Alemayehu Chala et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas citri (citrus canker)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)PresentEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)PresentKorobko et al. (1985); Bragard and Maraite (1994); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronosclerospora sorghi (sorghum downy mildew)PresentNativeGuiragossian (1986); UK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora colocasiae (taro leaf blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentBekele Kassa and Sommartya (2006)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaClaviceps africana (ergot)PresentEPPO (2022); Hulluka and Gebrekidan (1980); Hulluka (1982); Frederickson et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2006); Herb IMI (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaConiothyrium glycines (red leaf blotch)PresentEPPO (2022); Stewart (1957); Stewart (1957); Hartman and Sinclair (1988); UK, CAB International (1991)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveHawtin and Stewart (1979); UK, CAB International (1993)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaElsinoë australis (citrus scab)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (2015); Getachew Gudero Mengesha et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fusarium wilt)PresentUK, CAB International (1982)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella xylarioides (coffee wilt)Present, WidespreadLejeune (1958); UK, CAB International (1970); Girma et al. (2001); Rutherford (2006); Sihen Getachew et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella fijiensis (black Sigatoka)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveDerso (1999); UK, CAB International (1996); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentGezahgne et al. (2003)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPhakopsora pachyrhizi (soyabean rust)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); Tesfay et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, WidespreadAbdel-Hak and Kamel (1972); Admassu et al. (2009); Woldeab et al. (2009); Hei et al. (2020); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentInserra and Ciccarone (1973); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma variegatum (tropical bont tick)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella orientalis (oriental yellow scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Berhanu Bekele et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis mellifera scutellata (africanized bee)PresentNativeAmssalu et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera cucurbitae (melon fly)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera dorsalis (Oriental fruit fly)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEkesi and Billah (2006); White (2006); CABI and EPPO (2008); Biasazin et al. (2014); Fekadu Massebo and Zenebe Tefera (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentNHM (1975); CABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBagrada hilaris (painted bug)PresentCABI and EPPO (2016); Hill (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)PresentCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentNativeTachbele et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentJeppson et al. (1975); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus chinensis (Chinese bruchid)Present, WidespreadHaines (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallosobruchus maculatus (cowpea weevil)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)PresentNativeEsayas Mendesil (2005); CABI and EPPO (2015); Fekadu Gemechu et al. (2016); Alemu and Taye (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis rosa (Natal fruit fly)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022); Esayas Mendesil (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo partellus (spotted stem borer)PresentUK, CAB International (1989); Assefa and Conlong (2009); Tsedeke Abate (2012); Leul Mengistu and Thangavel Selvaraj (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)PresentNativeInvasiveHall et al. (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)Present, LocalizedIntroducedNHM (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCulex quinquefasciatus (southern house mosquito)Present, WidespreadHarbach (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCylas formicarius (sweet potato weevil)PresentUK, CAB International (1970); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus bivittatus (fruit fly)PresentWhite (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDacus ciliatus (lesser pumpkin fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaphorina citri (Asian citrus psyllid)PresentAjene et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentHaile and Megenasa (1987); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentDaba et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerrisia virgata (striped mealybug)PresentUK, CAB International (1966)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGlycaspis brimblecombei (red gum lerp psyllid)PresentCABI (Undated); Abraham Yirgu and Agena Anjulo (2019); Wondafrash et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1993); Wondafrash et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)PresentCrowe et al. (1977); Cristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Getu (1996); Guteta Negasu et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGiliomee (2011); CABI and EPPO (2007); Birhane Asayehegne Asfaw (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)PresentCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1979); Remaudiere and Autrique (1985); Millar (1994); Guteta Negasu et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNomadacris septemfasciata (red locust)Present, Few occurrencesUVAROV (1923)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)PresentBurks et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022); Samy (1969)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentLegner and Medved (1979); UK, CAB International (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPheidole megacephala (big-headed ant)PresentNativeInvasiveWheeler (1922)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedHemba et al. (2012); Alemu and Taye (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2013); Goftishu et al. (2014); Tebkew Damte and Getachew Tabor (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea operculella (potato tuber moth)PresentCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)PresentUK, CAB International (1986); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentIntroducedNHM (1973)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentCABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); Aysheshim et al. (1996); Ayalew and Ogol (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentNHM (1975); CABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentChamp and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera exempta (black armyworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1972); Haggis (1984); Pogue (2002); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDay et al. (2017); Gebreziher et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)PresentUK, CAB International (1967); Schmutterer (1971); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentAbate (1988); CABI and EPPO (1998); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentByrne et al. (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)PresentSaponari et al. (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus volvulusPresentIntroducedWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)PresentNativeBirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)Present, WidespreadNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCanis lupus familiaris (dogs)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataClarias gariepinusPresentNativeTeugels (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp)PresentIntroducedFroese and Pauly (2022); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Costa Pierce et al. (1993); FishBase (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tedla and Meskel (1981); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHemichromis letourneuxi (African jewelfish)Present, WidespreadNativeGetahun (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHeterotis niloticus (African bonytongue)PresentNativeFroese R and Pauly D (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Froese and Pauly (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLates niloticus (Nile perch)PresentNativeFroese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentIntroducedPullin et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentNativePullin et al. (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProtopterus aethiopicus aethiopicus (marbled lungfish)PresentNativeCUMV (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedNativeJuniper and Parr (2003); BirdLife International (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveAsh et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentIntroducedTedla and Meskel (1981); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSarotherodon galilaeus (mango tilapia)PresentNativeJohnson (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSchilbe mystus (African butter catfish)PresentNativeGetahun (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)Present, WidespreadNativeHoyo et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTilapia zillii (redbelly tilapia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Tedla and Meskel (1981); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)Present, WidespreadNativeAsh and Atkins (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)PresentNativeBayless (2002); Spawls et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)PresentNativeRaut and Barker (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminalisPresent, LocalizedNativeDaget (1998)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, LocalizedNativeMartens (1869); Brown and Lemma (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentEsser et al. (1991); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentSiddiqi (1973); CABI and EPPO (2003); Mekete et al. (2008); Mekete et al. (2008); Gebrehiwot Nega and Seifu Fetena (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentAwol Seid et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne ethiopica (Root-knot nematode)PresentNativeO'Bannon (1975); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentMeressa et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)PresentSharma and McDonald (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002); Gebrehiwot Nega and Seifu Fetena (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)PresentAwol Seid et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)PresentGebrehiwot Nega and Seifu Fetena (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)PresentBerg and Mekete (2010); Peregrine and Bridge (1992); CABI and EPPO (2000); Bogale et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaRadopholus similis (burrowing nematode)PresentO'Bannon (1975); CABI and EPPO (1999); Gebrehiwot Nega and Seifu Fetena (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1999); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesBothriocephalus acheilognathiPresentKuchta et al. (2012); Zekarias and Yimer (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresentOIE (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva reticulata (ribbon sea lettuce)PresentPapenfuss (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum hispidulum (rosy maidenhair fern)PresentNativeSchelpe and Anthony (1986)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCeratopteris thalictroides (watersprite)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris tripartita (giant brake)PresentIntroducedFriis et al. (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGracilaria salicorniaPresentNativePapenfuss (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativePapenfuss (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon hirtum (Indian mallow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon indicum (country mallow)PresentCufodontis (1959)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia angustissima (prairie acacia)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia decurrens (green wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCSIRO (2000); USDA-ARS (2016); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia hockiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2008); ILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2007); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)PresentIntroducedKaitho et al. (1996); ILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mellifera (blackthorn)PresentNativeInvasiveHasan Yusuf et al. (2011); ILDIS (2017); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia nilotica (gum arabic tree)PresentNativeILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia polyacantha (hook thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia reficiens (false umbrella thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Bekele-Tessema et al. (1993); ILDIS (2007); ISSG (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); Weeds of Australia (2016); Witt et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcanthospermum hispidum (bristly starbur)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveStroud and Parker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAeschynomene indica (Indian jointvetch)PresentThulin (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Govaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia chinensis (Chinese albizia)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia lebbeck (Indian siris)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlectra vogelii (yellow witchweed)Present, Few occurrencesNativeStroud and Parker (1989); Hussien et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentStroud and Parker (1989); PROTA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGrubben (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedEncyclopedia of Life (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentStroud and Parker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Sahile et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAponogeton abyssinicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedStroud and Parker (1989); Karlsson et al. (2003); Alemayehu and Desalegn (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedInvasiveKarlsson et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAristolochia littoralis (elegant dutchman's pipe)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArthraxon hispidus (small carpetgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentEPPO (2022); Kleinjan and Edwards (1999); USA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)PresentNativePROTA (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsystasia gangetica (chinese violet)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedKidane Georges and Teshome Regassa (1988)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)PresentHolm et al. (1977)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAzadirachta indica (neem tree)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBalanites aegyptiaca (simple-thorned torchwood)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarleria prionitis (porcupine flower)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Flora of Pakistan (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia monandra (Napoleon's plume)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia purpurea (purple bauhinia)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia tomentosa (yellow bauhinia)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018); Sahile et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia coccinea (scarlet spiderling)PresentIntroducedWhitehouse (1996); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoerhavia diffusa (red spiderling)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa bladhii (Caucasian bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa pertusa (pitted beard grass)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Froman and Persson (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedWarwick and Francis (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum fedtschenkoi (lavender-scallops)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryophyllum proliferum (blooming boxes)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2002); Witt et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia pulcherrima (peacock flower)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra houstoniana var. calothyrsus (calliandra)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCallisia repens (creeping inch-plant)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalotropis procera (apple of sodom)PresentNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna indica (canna lilly)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna x generalis (canna lily)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); GRIIS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCassia fistula (Indian laburnum)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina cunninghamiana (Australian beefwood)PresentIntroducedAbebe (1994); World Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina glauca (scaly oak (Australia))Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCedrela odorata (Spanish cedar)PresentGezahgne et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentNativeCook et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)PresentIntroducedJeffrey (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentella asiatica (Asiatic pennywort)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentHolm et al. (1979); UK, Kew Herbarium (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus jamacaru (Queen of the Night)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum elegans (purple cestrum)PresentNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum nocturnum (night jessamine)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)PresentSahile et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCissus quadrangularis (treebine)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome viscosa (Asian spiderflower)PresentPROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClitoria ternatea (butterfly-pea)PresentNativeILDIS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoccinia grandis (scarlet-fruited ivy gourd)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedPhillips et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentKidanemariam et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina diffusa (spreading dayflower)PresentStroud and Parker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)PresentKinfe and Unger (1985)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCordia alliodora (Ecuador laurel)PresentGezahgne et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassocephalum crepidioides (redflower ragleaf)PresentNativeStroud and Parker (1989); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis vaginiflora (African pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); Flora Zambesiaca (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Mekonnen (1994); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasiveParker and Riches (1993); Feleke and Addisu (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyanthillium cinereum (little ironweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyathula prostrata (pasture weed)PresentNativePROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon citratus (lemongrass)PresentGuteta Negasu et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbopogon schoenanthus (camel grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Shugute Addisu and Gebrekidan Feleke (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon nlemfuensis (African Bermuda-grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon plectostachyus (African stargrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Assefa et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Govaerts (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDalbergia sissooPresentIntroducedICRAF (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); GBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Witt et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelonix regia (flamboyant)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmodium uncinatum (Silver-leaf desmodium)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmostachya bipinnata (halfa grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichrostachys cinerea (sickle bush)PresentNativeWorld Agroforestry Centre (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria abyssinica (East African couchgrass)Present, LocalizedStroud and Parker (1989); Shugute Addisu and Gebrekidan Feleke (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria bicornis (Asian crabgrass)PresentIntroducedVirtual Herbaria Austria (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass)PresentStroud and Parker (1989); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria longiflora (false couch grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria velutina (velvet fingergrass)Present, WidespreadInvasiveTerry and Michieka (1987); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea bulbifera (air potato)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDioscorea cayenensis (Guinea yam)PresentNativePROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDovyalis caffra (kei apple)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentNativeGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrymaria cordata (tropical chickweed)PresentIntroducedStroud and Parker (1989); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDuranta erecta (golden dewdrop)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-pavonis (gulf cockspur grass)PresentTropicos (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa pyramidalisPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta erecta (panic veldtgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveGopal (1987); Aweke (1994); Witt et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElephantopus mollis (elephant's foot)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1979); Getachew Gashaw et al. (2014); Shugute Addisu and Gebrekidan Feleke (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis ciliaris (gophertail lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis japonica (pond lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErythrina poeppigiana (coral tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2015); Gezahgne et al. (2003); Orwa et al. (2009); Birhane Asayehegne Asfaw (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia hirta (garden spurge)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia tirucalli (Indian-tree spurge)PresentNativeGovaerts (2016); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuryops chrysanthemoides (African bush daisy)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentIntroducedeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlacourtia indica (governor's plum)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFlemingia macrophylla (large leaf flemingia)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Guteta Negasu et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadTessema et al. (1999); USDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGliricidia sepium (gliricidia)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGmelina arborea (candahar)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphrena globosa (globe amaranth)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath)PresentMeressa et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)PresentUSDA-ARS (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyptis suaveolens (pignut)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); GBIF (2016); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera hirsuta (hairy indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera spicata (creeping indigo)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera tinctoria (true indigo)PresentNativeBisby et al. (1994); USDA-ARS (2013); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera trita (Asian indigo)PresentNativeILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea alba (white moonflower )PresentIntroducedStaples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea aquatica (swamp morning-glory)PresentBeals (1969)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018); POWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea carneaPresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea hildebrandtiiPresentInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); GRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017); Staples (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea ochracea (fence morning-glory)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJacaranda mimosifolia (jacaranda)Present, PlantedIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum dichotomum (Gold Coast jasmine)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum fluminense (Brazilian jasmine)PresentNativeGovaerts (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJatropha curcas (jatropha)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); PROTA (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002); Weimarck (1946)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Shackleton et al. (2017); Witt et al. (2018); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLaunaea intybacea (bitter lettuce)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena diversifoliaPresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2007); Abraham Yirgu et al. (2015); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentIntroducedFroman and Persson (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)Present, WidespreadIntroducedHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentZipcode Zoo (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeMal et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMacroptilium atropurpureum (siratro)PresentIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedOrwa et al. (2009); Tsegaye Babege et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentMengistu (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)Present, PlantedIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia aegyptia (hairy woodrose)PresentNativeDemissew (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMerremia tuberosa (woodrose)PresentIntroducedISSG (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMikania micrantha (bitter vine)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa diplotricha (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2001); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimosa pigra (giant sensitive plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Thulin (1989); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentNativeKumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoringa oleifera (horse radish tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedPROTA (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMucuna pruriens (velvet bean)PresentNativeILDIS (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)Present, WidespreadWitt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNelsonia canescens (blue pussyleaf)PresentNativeVollesen (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeonotonia wightii (perennial soybean)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativePROTA (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicandra physalodes (apple of Peru)PresentStroud and Parker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOcimum gratissimum (African basil)PresentNativeWCSP (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia corymbosa (flat-top mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOldenlandia lancifolia (calycose mille graines)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. cuspidata (wild olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveHaile et al. (2002); Witt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2018); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2010); Witt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeInvasiveStroud and Parker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)Present, WidespreadNativeStroud and Parker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeBeck-Mennagetta (1930); Stroud and Parker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOryza barthiiPresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentYirefu Firehun and Tana Tamado (2006); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentNativeFröman and Persson (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenium hysterophorus (parthenium weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMedhin (1992); Fasil (1994); Frew et al. (1996); Evans (1997); Kassahun and Mersie (2007); Zuberi et al. (2014); Witt et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum conjugatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedFroman and Persson (1974); Clayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum scrobiculatum (ricegrass paspalum)PresentChance (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentNativeFröman and Persson (1974)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora tarminiana (banana passionfruit)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveClayton and Renvoize (1982)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum pedicellatum (deenanath grass)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveHeper (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Poilecot (1995); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum polystachion (mission grass)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2013); Assefa et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentNativeGBIF (2012); USDA-ARS (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentNativeGovaerts (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Gorfu et al. (1992); Shugute Addisu and Gebrekidan Feleke (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)PresentNativeClayton (1970)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis angulata (cutleaf groundcherry)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentFAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus oocarpa (ocote pine)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus patula (Mexican weeping pine)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017); Gezahgne et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1979); Witt et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPithecellobium dulce (Manila tamarind)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentIntroducedVerdcourt (1971)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Feleke and Addisu (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum nepalense (Nepal persicaria)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Stroud and Parker (1989); Denchev and Denchev (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentBlundell (1992); Feleke and Addisu (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca pilosa (kiss-me-quick)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)Cufodontis (1953)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca quadrifida (chickenweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Shiferaw et al. (2004); Sertse and Pasiecznik (2005); Witt et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); World Agroforestry Centre (2002); FAO (2013); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamphicarpa fistulosaPresentHansen (1975); Mielcarek (1996); EAH (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)PresentNative and IntroducedISSG (2013); Witt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentGuteta Negasu et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRottboellia cochinchinensis (itch grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1977); Tesfaye Awas et al. (2001); Yirefu Firehun and Tana Tamado (2006); USA, USDA-ARS (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum spontaneum (wild sugarcane)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSacciolepis indica (glen woodgrass)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia leucantha (Mexican bush sage)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentMissouri Botanical Garden (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna bicapsularis (Christmas bush)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna didymobotrya (African senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna hirsuta (hairy senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna italica (Senegal senna)PresentNativeILDIS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Thulin (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna occidentalis (coffee senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Walkey et al. (1994); Bufebo et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna septemtrionalis (smooth senna)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); ILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna siamea (yellow cassia)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna spectabilis (whitebark senna)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania grandiflora (sesbania)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sericea (silky sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania sesban (sesban)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014); ILDIS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum campylacanthum (bitter apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum seaforthianum (Brazilian nightshade)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentBekele et al. (2011); Lemessa and Zeller (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)PresentMahuku et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus pyramidalis (giant rat’s tail grass)PresenteMonocot (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus tenuissimus (tropical dropseed)PresentIntroducedNaturalis (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga asiatica (witch weed)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveSherif et al. (1987); Mohamed et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga aspera (witchweed)PresentParker and Riches (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga gesnerioides (cowpea witchweed)Present, WidespreadParker and Riches (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStriga hermonthica (witchweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979); Shugute Addisu and Gebrekidan Feleke (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)PresentIntroducedTerry and Michieka (1987); Holm et al. (1991); Holm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarindus indica (tamarind)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix aphylla (athel)Present, Widespread, PlantedNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma stans (yellow bells)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTephrosia vogelii (Vogel's tephrosia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThunbergia alata (black eyed Susan)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveHedberg and Edwards (2014); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia rotundifolia (red sunflower)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachypogon spicatus (spiked crinkleawn)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia spathacea (boat lily)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentStroud and Parker (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriumfetta rhomboidea (diamond burbark)PresentNativeEdwards et al. (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)Present, WidespreadNativeLye (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010); Assefa et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrena lobata (caesar weed)PresentNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa panicoides (liverseed grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)PresentPrain (1917)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena bonariensis (clusterflower vervain)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Feenstra and Clements (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentIntroducedNaturalis Biodiversity Center (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)PresentInvasiveWitt and Luke (2017); Holm et al. (1991); Mohammed and Tamrat Bekele (2010); Nigussie Seboka Tadesse et al. (2017); Witt et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZingiber officinale (ginger)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEndrias Geta and Asfaw Kifle (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZinnia peruviana (Peruvian zinnia)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus spina-christi (Christ's thorn jujube)PresentNativeOrwa et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeAshford et al. (1976)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma congolensePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiAbsentOIE (2018); Hoare (1972); OIE (2018)
VirusAfrican cassava mosaic virus (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
VirusArterivirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentYusuf et al. (1992)
Virusbluetongue virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruscamelpox virusPresentOIE (2018); Tefera and Gebreah (2001); OIE (2018)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCassava mosaic disease (African cassava mosaic)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1998)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine arteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusequine influenzavirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentKatul et al. (1993); Abraham et al. (2000); Berhanu Bekele et al. (2005); Abraham et al. (2012)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2Absent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018);
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)PresentEPPO (2022)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentMahuku et al. (2015);
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); CABI (Undated);
VirusMaize lethal necrosis diseasePresentMahuku et al. (2015)
VirusMaize streak virus (streak disease of maize)PresentPinner et al. (1988); CABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
Virusmyxoma virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNewcastle disease virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentSidaros et al. (2009)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrabies virusPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusRice yellow mottle virusPresentRakotomalala et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); Mahuku et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentAdane (2010)
Virusswine vesicular disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusvisna/maedi virusAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
VirusWest Nile virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Aeromonas infection in fishPresentOIE (2009)
African horse sicknessPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
African swine feverAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018); CABI (Undated)
American foul broodAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
anaplasmosisPresentMekonnen et al. (1992); Yilma et al. (1995); Solomon et al. (1998); OIE (2012)
anthraxPresentOIE (2018); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); OIE (1997); OIE (2018)
atrophic rhinitis of swineAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentPerreau (1973)
Aujeszky's diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian chlamydiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018);
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
avian tuberculosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avipoxPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
babesiosisPresentOIE (2009); Mekonnen et al. (1992); Yilma et al. (1995); Solomon et al. (1998)
Bibersteinia trehalosi infectionsPresentSisay and Zerihun (2003)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetongueAbsentOIE (2018); Lefèvre and Calvez (1986); OIE (2018)
Bonamia roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi infectionPresentKuchta et al. (2012); Zekarias and Yimer (2007)
bovine anaplasmosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
bovine babesiosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentAbraham et al. (1992)
bovine ephemeral feverPresentCABI (Undated)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine respiratory syncytial virus infectionPresentWoldemeskel et al. (2000)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine tuberculosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine viral diarrhoeaAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)PresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2018); Bekele and Kasali (1990); OIE (2012)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)AbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
caprine arthritis encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationPresentNativeInvasiveHall et al. (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
classical swine feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemiaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious agalactiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2018); Masiga et al. (1998); Kané (2000); OIE (2018)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaPresentOIE (2018); Thiaucourt et al. (1992); OIE (2018)
contagious ecthymaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
contagious equine metritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentMohammed Awole et al. (2002); Mengistu Legesse and Berhanu Erko (2004)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dourineAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EchinococcusPresentOIE (2012)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
enzootic abortion of ewesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); Heinonen and Assefa (1995); OIE (2018)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
epizootic lymphangitisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
equine coital exanthemaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine influenzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine piroplasmosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
equine viral arteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentAbraham et al. (1992)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsPresentOIE (2018); Kitching (1998); OIE (2018)
fowl choleraPresentOIE (2009)
fowl typhoidPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2009)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
glandersAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsentOIE (2018)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious bursal diseasePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2012)
infectious coryzaPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious laryngotracheitisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Klebsiella pneumoniae-induced mastitisPresentMekibib et al. (2010)
leishmaniosisPresentSeife Bashaye et al. (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
lumpy skin diseasePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentSisay and Zerihun (2003); Woubit et al. (2001)
myxomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); Pegrum (1976); OIE (2018)
Newcastle diseasePresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
paratuberculosisPresentOkuni et al. (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
peste des petits ruminantsPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeAshford et al. (1976)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2009); OIE (2018)
pulmonary adenomatosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Q feverAbsentOIE (2018); Graham et al. (2000); OIE (2018)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rabiesPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Rift Valley feverAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rinderpestAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, WidespreadAbraham et al. (1992)
scrapieAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
sheep and goat poxPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
small hive beetle infestationAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadTakele and Zerihun (2000)
stranglesPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
surraPresentHoare (1972); OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
swine erysipelasAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine vesicular diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentBecerra et al. (1983)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
TrichinellaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
trypanosomosisAbsentOIE (2018); OIE (2012); OIE (2018)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2012)
tularaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
varroosis of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); OIE (2018)
visna/maediAbsentOIE (2018); Pépin et al. (1998); Ayelet et al. (2001); OIE (2018)
West Nile feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2018); Hayes (1989); OIE (2018)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested7,170 Im7,892 Im6,933 Im6,000 F5,900 F
Production quantity6,123 Im6,590 Im5,628 Im4,800 F4,700 F
Yield8,540 Fc8,350 Fc8,118 Fc8,000 Fc7,966 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested20,90819,75918,02117,83513,665
Production quantity104,49284,79481,43264,98259,331
Yield49,977 Fc42,914 Fc45,187 Fc36,435 Fc43,418 Fc
BananasArea harvested67,38766,08159,29863,21353,689
Production quantity539,443501,529493,602538,302485,165
Yield80,051 Fc75,896 Fc83,241 Fc85,157 Fc90,366 Fc
BarleyArea harvested950,742800,1951,014,1981,171,2131,133,655
Production quantity2,378,0101,748,9201,960,2762,221,0682,054,375
Yield25,012 Fc21,856 Fc19,328 Fc18,964 Fc18,122 Fc
Bastfibres, otherArea harvested2,414 Im2,309 Im2,215 Im2,130 Im2,031 Im
Production quantity529 Im536 Im543 Im550 Im558 Im
Yield2,191 Fc2,321 Fc2,451 Fc2,582 Fc2,747 Fc
Beans, dryArea harvested281,083332,518688,470709,341740,053
Production quantity485,547563,922825,423869,847899,944
Yield17,274 Fc16,959 Fc11,989 Fc12,263 Fc12,161 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested1,942 Im1,886 Im1,830 Im1,774 Im1,762 Im
Production quantity8,017 Im7,781 Im7,545 Im7,309 Im7,257 Im
Yield41,282 Fc41,257 Fc41,230 Fc41,201 Fc41,186 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested466,698492,272437,106427,697448,293
Production quantity1,006,7521,041,954921,762878,010853,577
Yield21,572 Fc21,166 Fc21,088 Fc20,529 Fc19,041 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested42,49948,45834,12842,27941,140
Production quantity435,863463,049344,992391,578414,484
Yield102,558 Fc95,557 Fc101,088 Fc92,618 Fc100,750 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested4,0742,5564,9032,5783,823
Production quantity18,22510,14817,3339,03418,465
Yield44,735 Fc39,703 Fc35,352 Fc35,043 Fc48,300 Fc
Castor oil seedArea harvested6,587 Im6,599 Im5,819 Im6,344 Im7,285 Im
Production quantity11,157 Im10,919 Im9,399 Im10,000 *11,000 *
Yield16,938 Fc16,546 Fc16,152 Fc15,763 Fc15,100 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested3,101,1773,076,5953,023,2843,017,9142,866,053
Production quantity5,735,7105,403,4795,283,4015,020,4404,928,850
Yield18,495 Fc17,563 Fc17,476 Fc16,635 Fc17,197 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested10,478,217 A10,390,466 A11,327,016 A11,303,228 A11,018,260 A
Production quantity29,672,647 A28,364,295 A28,763,752 A26,587,342 A25,837,228 A
Yield28,318 Fc27,298 Fc25,394 Fc23,522 Fc23,449 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested208,838239,786242,704225,608258,486
Production quantity435,193459,173499,426444,146520,965
Yield20,839 Fc19,149 Fc20,578 Fc19,687 Fc20,154 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested174,464172,142152,753180,701142,795
Production quantity313,115307,457264,723329,804289,677
Yield17,947 Fc17,861 Fc17,330 Fc18,251 Fc20,286 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested11,40910,47310,2079,8327,450
Production quantity67,20362,24863,24061,79450,545
Yield58,903 Fc59,437 Fc61,957 Fc62,850 Fc67,846 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested9,468 A11,382 A9,067 A7,768 A8,216 A
Production quantity48,867 A62,058 A50,004 A40,154 A50,496 A
Yield51,613 Fc54,523 Fc55,149 Fc51,692 Fc61,461 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvested758,523764,863725,961700,475653,910
Production quantity482,561494,574449,230469,091457,014
Yield6,362 Fc6,466 Fc6,188 Fc6,697 Fc6,989 Fc
Cow peas, dryArea harvested220,037 Im217,765243,205233,275246,339
Production quantity374,332 Im366,953380,002364,918343,757
Yield17,012 Fc16,851 Fc15,625 Fc15,643 Fc13,955 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested81 Im80 Im78 Im76 Im77 Im
Production quantity1,923 Im1,853 Im1,783 Im1,713 Im1,716 Im
Yield237,407 Fc231,625 Fc228,590 Fc225,395 Fc222,857 Fc
Fibre crops nesArea harvested341,465 Im336,412 Im331,425 Im326,542 Im321,710 Im
Production quantity22,036 Im21,889 Im21,743 Im21,596 Im21,585 Im
Yield645 Fc651 Fc656 Fc661 Fc671 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested494,926 A479,746 A424,644 A389,654 A423,700 A
Production quantity23,321 A23,165 A23,010 A22,854 A22,834 A
Yield471 Fc483 Fc542 Fc587 Fc539 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested152,989 A153,658 A135,789 A137,058 A120,135 A
Production quantity1,027,955 A1,019,085 A962,589 A977,892 A936,099 A
Yield67,191 Fc66,322 Fc70,889 Fc71,349 Fc77,921 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested274 Im296 Im324 Im359 Im404 Im
Production quantity2,096 Im2,240 Im2,419 Im2,640 Im2,914 Im
Yield76,496 Fc75,676 Fc74,660 Fc73,538 Fc72,129 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested20,731 Im18,901 Im17,413 Im16,180 Im15,189 Im
Production quantity114,415 Im116,330 Im118,245 Im120,160 Im122,581 Im
Yield55,190 Fc61,547 Fc67,906 Fc74,265 Fc80,704 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested7,303 Im7,087 Im6,868 Im6,652 Im6,435 Im
Production quantity54,240 Im52,492 Im50,744 Im48,997 Im47,395 Im
Yield74,271 Fc74,068 Fc73,885 Fc73,658 Fc73,652 Fc
GarlicArea harvested18,34421,75419,41215,38111,846
Production quantity152,595195,740178,222138,664118,767
Yield83,185 Fc89,979 Fc91,810 Fc90,153 Fc100,259 Fc
GingerArea harvested4,160 Im4,044 Im3,931 Im3,819 Im3,688 Im
Production quantity11,741 Im11,534 Im11,328 Im11,121 Im10,926 Im
Yield28,224 Fc28,521 Fc28,817 Fc29,120 Fc29,626 Fc
GrapesArea harvested4,265 Im3,612 Im3,153 Im2,813 Im2,554 Im
Production quantity4,249 Im4,362 Im4,475 Im4,588 Im4,731 Im
Yield9,962 Fc12,076 Fc14,193 Fc16,310 Fc18,524 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested87,92584,23780,84274,86167,062
Production quantity156,533144,091145,173129,636114,574
Yield17,803 Fc17,105 Fc17,958 Fc17,317 Fc17,085 Fc
HopsArea harvested33,702 Im37,275 Im38,11231,36728,333
Production quantity44,342 Im48,431 Im49,05240,07440,964
Yield13,157 Fc12,993 Fc12,870 Fc12,776 Fc14,458 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested597 Im593 Im589 Im584 Im582 Im
Production quantity3,771 Im3,699 Im3,627 Im3,556 Im3,493 Im
Yield63,166 Fc62,378 Fc61,579 Fc60,890 Fc60,017 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested1,4801,8491,4601,4261,099
Production quantity7,9619,4487,9257,7817,335
Yield53,791 Fc51,098 Fc54,281 Fc54,565 Fc66,742 Fc
LentilsArea harvested87,44499,754119,046113,685100,693
Production quantity119,329140,812175,144166,274147,637
Yield13,646 Fc14,116 Fc14,712 Fc14,626 Fc14,662 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested32324514544117
Production quantity3832161537280
Yield11,858 Fc8,816 Fc10,552 Fc16,364 Fc6,838 Fc
LinseedArea harvested69,15083,62779,04580,35485,416
Production quantity79,69596,68688,21087,91297,611
Yield11,525 Fc11,562 Fc11,159 Fc10,941 Fc11,428 Fc
MaizeArea harvested2,274,3062,415,0243,166,7923,002,1592,957,510
Production quantity9,635,73510,119,84710,488,1938,846,7878,211,424
Yield42,368 Fc41,904 Fc33,119 Fc29,468 Fc27,765 Fc
Mangoes, mangosteens, guavasArea harvested18,71422,25717,84318,44816,798
Production quantity108,948136,980108,181104,874112,923
Yield58,217 Fc61,545 Fc60,629 Fc56,848 Fc67,224 Fc
MatéArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
MelonseedArea harvestedMMMMM
Production quantityMMMMM
MilletArea harvested455,580446,909456,057456,172465,508
Production quantity1,125,9581,035,6301,030,8231,017,0591,036,444
Yield24,715 Fc23,173 Fc22,603 Fc22,296 Fc22,265 Fc
Mustard seedArea harvested4,306 Im4,274 Im4,241 Im4,209 Im4,218 Im
Production quantity2,683 Im2,663 Im2,642 Im2,621 Im2,629 Im
Yield6,231 Fc6,231 Fc6,230 Fc6,227 Fc6,233 Fc
Nutmeg, mace and cardamomsArea harvested420 Im416 Im411 Im406 Im396 Im
Production quantity168 Im164 Im161 Im158 Im153 Im
Yield4,000 Fc3,942 Fc3,917 Fc3,892 Fc3,864 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested52,515 Im53,567 Im54,617 Im55,666 Im56,583 Im
Production quantity55,081 Im56,477 Im57,882 Im59,299 Im60,859 Im
Yield10,489 Fc10,543 Fc10,598 Fc10,653 Fc10,756 Fc
OatsArea harvested21,28210,78020,28229,29830,804
Production quantity45,75422,12337,82256,03949,800
Yield21,499 Fc20,522 Fc18,648 Fc19,127 Fc16,167 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested1,041,900 A968,901 A993,169 A918,446 A1,015,475 A
Production quantity1,142,891 A1,094,951 A1,096,218 A1,055,206 A1,099,174 A
Yield10,969 Fc11,301 Fc11,038 Fc11,489 Fc10,824 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested1,035,313 A962,302 A987,350 A912,102 A1,008,190 A
Production quantity603,497 A592,140 A579,236 A559,779 A583,529 A
Yield5,829 Fc6,153 Fc5,867 Fc6,137 Fc5,788 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested1,041,900 A968,901 A993,169 A918,446 A1,015,475 A
Production quantity340,974 A319,183 A335,711 A328,936 A344,035 A
Yield3,273 Fc3,294 Fc3,380 Fc3,581 Fc3,388 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested257,991257,950290,495281,206281,036
Production quantity291,637296,323323,345302,432282,552
Yield11,304 Fc11,488 Fc11,131 Fc10,755 Fc10,054 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested36,37328,18531,67333,60329,517
Production quantity273,859262,478293,888327,475291,946
Yield75,292 Fc93,127 Fc92,788 Fc97,454 Fc98,908 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested3,285 Im3,229 Im3,172 Im3,112 Im3,035 Im
Production quantity43,597 Im42,224 Im40,850 Im39,476 Im37,853 Im
Yield132,715 Fc130,765 Fc128,783 Fc126,851 Fc124,722 Fc
OrangesArea harvested3,6175,4173,7062,6203,547
Production quantity29,66941,25030,56120,65631,191
Yield82,027 Fc76,149 Fc82,464 Fc78,840 Fc87,936 Fc
PapayasArea harvested3,6974,0103,4843,4893,338
Production quantity51,94759,20554,35550,39653,038
Yield140,511 Fc147,643 Fc156,013 Fc144,443 Fc158,892 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested34 Im33 Im32 Im31 Im30 Im
Production quantity190 Im183 Im176 Im170 Im163 Im
Yield55,882 Fc55,455 Fc55,000 Fc54,839 Fc54,333 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested223,657216,786220,508212,531221,416
Production quantity390,564360,811368,519348,145356,477
Yield17,463 Fc16,644 Fc16,712 Fc16,381 Fc16,100 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested587 Im575 Im562 Im549 Im533 Im
Production quantity3,877 Im3,738 Im3,599 Im3,460 Im3,333 Im
Yield66,048 Fc65,009 Fc64,039 Fc63,024 Fc62,533 Fc
Pepper (piper spp.)Area harvested169,195 Im176,736 Im179,466198,091153,150
Production quantity374,413 Im328,841 Im347,284425,395322,655
Yield22,129 Fc18,606 Fc19,351 Fc21,475 Fc21,068 Fc
PineapplesArea harvested482536610629221
Production quantity1,1641,1521,3755,269 Im276
Yield24,149 Fc21,493 Fc22,541 Fc83,768 Fc12,489 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested70,36266,63569,61166,92370,131
Production quantity924,528933,109968,970921,4031,039,737
Yield131,396 Fc140,033 Fc139,198 Fc137,681 Fc148,256 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested95,96887,99992,09792,28673,712
Production quantity129,511110,407119,690115,80381,529
Yield13,495 Fc12,546 Fc12,996 Fc12,548 Fc11,060 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested1,729,262 A1,817,423 A2,186,222 A2,165,692 A2,248,098 A
Production quantity3,253,908 A3,304,448 A3,576,568 A3,484,240 A3,520,993 A
Yield18,817 Fc18,182 Fc16,360 Fc16,088 Fc15,662 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested23,04620,68120,58423,86930,453
Production quantity42,04638,21638,07643,43955,043
Yield18,244 Fc18,479 Fc18,498 Fc18,199 Fc18,075 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested57,57663,36253,10748,41845,454
Production quantity170,630171,854151,018136,001139,780
Yield29,636 Fc27,123 Fc28,437 Fc28,089 Fc30,752 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity113,810 Fc114,627 Fc100,729 Fc90,713 Fc93,233 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested61,058 Im60,16961,60851,85353,575
Production quantity1,657,097 Im1,588,4941,508,6091,233,2471,266,050
Yield271,397 Fc264,005 Fc244,872 Fc237,835 Fc236,314 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested189,149 A171,127 A195,422 A196,134 A184,592 A
Production quantity4,386,707 A4,070,616 A4,325,703 A4,413,434 A3,997,903 A
Yield231,918 Fc237,871 Fc221,352 Fc225,021 Fc216,581 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested7,5616,4897,9676,7387,361
Production quantity9,5718,0399,5777,9547,420
Yield12,658 Fc12,389 Fc12,021 Fc11,805 Fc10,080 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested150,000 *140,000 *90,000 *60,000 *99,000 *
Production quantity154,622 Im140,000 F130,000 F115,000 F130,000 F
Yield10,308 Fc10,000 Fc14,444 Fc19,167 Fc13,131 Fc
Sesame seedArea harvested375,120294,819370,141337,927388,246
Production quantity262,654201,665255,903267,867302,273
Yield7,002 Fc6,840 Fc6,914 Fc7,927 Fc7,786 Fc
SisalArea harvested1,047 Im1,025 Im1,004 Im982 Im959 Im
Production quantity756 Im740 Im724 Im708 Im691 Im
Yield7,221 Fc7,220 Fc7,211 Fc7,210 Fc7,205 Fc
SorghumArea harvested1,828,1821,829,6621,896,3891,881,9711,854,711
Production quantity5,265,5805,024,3685,169,2534,752,0964,765,621
Yield28,802 Fc27,461 Fc27,258 Fc25,251 Fc25,695 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested54,54364,72038,07336,63638,166
Production quantity125,623149,45586,46881,23589,554
Yield23,032 Fc23,093 Fc22,711 Fc22,174 Fc23,464 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested314,108361,756345,413290,901281,143
Production quantity304,369323,829303,585267,309238,753
Yield9,690 Fc8,952 Fc8,789 Fc9,189 Fc8,492 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested32,06927,82727,49231,22829,358
Production quantity1,499,1341,294,0811,136,0201,407,6801,376,981
Yield467,471 Fc465,045 Fc413,218 Fc450,775 Fc469,031 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested32,069 A27,827 A27,492 A31,228 A29,358 A
Production quantity1,499,134 A1,294,081 A1,136,020 A1,407,680 A1,376,981 A
Yield467,471 Fc465,045 Fc413,218 Fc450,775 Fc469,031 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested5,671 Im5,5055,9626,3027,232
Production quantity6,670 Im6,8947,4257,1106,518
Yield11,762 Fc12,523 Fc12,454 Fc11,282 Fc9,013 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested52,40640,22258,84771,75555,364
Production quantity1,755,8551,512,1121,799,3842,207,8201,634,520
Yield335,048 Fc375,942 Fc305,773 Fc307,689 Fc295,232 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested4,097 Im3,820 Im3,577 Im3,363 Im3,166 Im
Production quantity9,141 Im9,120 Im9,099 Im9,077 Im9,056 Im
Yield22,311 Fc23,874 Fc25,438 Fc26,991 Fc28,604 Fc
TeaArea harvested11,701 Im11,326 Im10,944 Im10,738 Im9,752 Im
Production quantity12,969 Im12,448 Im11,926 Im11,601 Im10,543 Im
Yield11,084 Fc10,991 Fc10,897 Fc10,804 Fc10,811 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested2,868 Im2,963 Im3,059 Im3,154 Im3,279 Im
Production quantity1,940 Im2,005 Im2,070 Im2,134 Im2,213 Im
Yield6,764 Fc6,767 Fc6,767 Fc6,766 Fc6,749 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested6,0124,3225,2356,2999,524
Production quantity34,94723,58427,77528,36565,209
Yield58,129 Fc54,567 Fc53,056 Fc45,031 Fc68,468 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested52,515 A53,567 A54,617 A55,666 A56,583 A
Production quantity55,081 A56,477 A57,882 A59,299 A60,859 A
Yield10,489 Fc10,543 Fc10,598 Fc10,653 Fc10,756 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested127,220 A124,019 A113,787 A118,109 A111,246 A
Production quantity1,059,331 A1,091,068 A997,444 A1,026,779 A1,025,717 A
Yield83,268 Fc87,976 Fc87,659 Fc86,935 Fc92,203 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested21 Im12 Im225395254
Production quantity65 Im46 Im9141,501487
Yield30,952 Fc38,333 Fc40,622 Fc38,000 Fc19,173 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested1,673 Im1,651 Im1,628 Im1,603 Im1,586 Im
Production quantity15,006 Im14,264 Im13,523 Im12,782 Im12,082 Im
Yield89,695 Fc86,396 Fc83,065 Fc79,738 Fc76,179 Fc
VetchesArea harvested145,537130,543143,086151,269159,106
Production quantity312,680260,416286,602297,097317,107
Yield21,485 Fc19,949 Fc20,030 Fc19,640 Fc19,931 Fc
WheatArea harvested1,789,3721,747,9391,696,9071,696,0831,664,565
Production quantity5,315,2704,838,0744,642,9664,537,8524,650,934
Yield29,705 Fc27,679 Fc27,361 Fc26,755 Fc27,941 Fc
YamsArea harvested5,3234,1015,3565,6035,522
Production quantity49,22736,90148,74050,96457,596
Yield92,480 Fc89,980 Fc91,001 Fc90,958 Fc104,303 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea37,903 Fm37,540 Fm37,332 Fm37,121 Fm36,910 Fm
AgricultureArea37,903 Fc37,540 Fc37,332 Fc37,121 Fc36,910 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea789 Q691 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea185 I185 I185 I185 I160 I
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area186 I186 I186 I186 I161 I
Arable landArea16,187 Q15,969 Q15,846 Fm15,721 Fm15,596 Fm
Country areaArea113,626 Fc113,626 Fc113,626 Fc113,626 Fc113,626 Fc
CroplandArea17,903 Q17,540 Q17,332 Fm17,121 Fm16,910 Fm
Cropland area actually irrigatedArea789 Q691 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea185 I6 Fc
Cropland area under organic agric.Area186 I7 Fc
Forest landArea17,215 Q17,288 Q17,361 Q17,434 Q17,507 Fm
Inland watersArea696 Fc698 Fc695 Fc699 Fc704 Fc
Land areaArea112,930 Fc112,928 Fc112,930 Fc112,927 Fc112,923 Fc
Land area equipped for irrigationArea858 Fm858 Fm858 Fm858 I800 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea20,000 Fm20,000 Fm20,000 Fm20,000 Fm20,000 Fm
Land under permanent cropsArea1,716 Q1,571 Q1,486 Fm1,400 Fm1,314 Fm
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea1,764 Q2,189 Q2,137 Fm2,084 Fm2,031 Fm
Land under temporary cropsArea13,873 Q13,138 Q13,069 Fm13,001 Fm12,933 Fm
Land with temporary fallowArea550 Q642 Q640 Fm636 Fm632 Fm
Naturally regenerating forestArea16,104 Q16,223 Q16,342 Q16,462 Q16,581 Fm
Other landArea57,813 Fc58,100 Fc58,238 Fc58,373 Fc58,506 Fc
Planted ForestArea1,111 Q1,065 Q1,018 Q972 Q926 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Q0 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc.
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.