Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Spain

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Datasheet

Spain

Summary

  • Population, total
  • 47,076,781 (2019)
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method (current US$)
  • 30,390 (2019)
  • GNI, Atlas method (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,430,766.79 (2019)
  • GDP (current US$ in millions)
  • 1,393,490.52 (2019)
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added (% of GDP)
  • 2.61 (2019)

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region(from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available.When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Domain Kingdom Phylum Species Distribution Origin Invasive References
yellow head virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis (bacterial canker of tomato)Present, Few occurrencesCABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter sepedonicus (potato ring rot)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (1997)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Curtobacterium flaccumfaciens pv. flaccumfaciens (bacterial wilt of dry beans)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); González et al. (2005); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (sugarcane ratoon stunting disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvaePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus thuringiensis kurstakiPresentCABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); Cebrián et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma solani (Stolbur phytoplasma)Present, LocalizedAvinent and Llácer (1995); Batlle et al. (1995); Quaglino et al. (2013); Sabaté et al. (2014); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaFirmicutesCandidatus Phytoplasma trifolii (clover proliferation phytoplasma)PresentCastro and Romero (2002); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine flavescence doree phytoplasma (flavescence dorée of grapevine)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Batlle et al. (1997); Daire et al. (1997); CABI and EPPO (1998)
BacteriaFirmicutesGrapevine yellows phytoplasmasPresentLaviña et al. (1995); Daire et al. (1997); Daire et al. (1997); CABI (Undated);
BacteriaFirmicutesMelissococcus plutoniusAbsentOIE (2020); Flores et al. (2000); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma agalactiaePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniaeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) typeAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma putrefaciensPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma synoviaePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma mali (apple proliferation)Present, LocalizedAvinet and Llácer (1995); Seemüller and Schneider (2004); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma prunorum (apricot chlorotic leafroll)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Llacer and Medina (1988); Torres et al. (2004); Sabaté et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2010)
BacteriaFirmicutesPhytoplasma pyri (pear decline)Present, Few occurrencesAvinet and Llácer (1995); CABI/EPPO (2013); Sabaté et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaAnaplasma marginalePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella abortusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella melitensisAbsentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomalleiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Hepatobacter penaeiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter africanus (African greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter asiaticus (Asian greening)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveAlfaro-Fernández et al. (2012); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetiiPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaDickeya solani (black leg disease of potato)PresentPalacio-Bielsa et al. (2006); Toth et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantiumAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveLlop et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2013); Marco-Noales et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaProteobacteriaEscherichia coliPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaMannheimia haemolyticaPresentRedondo et al. (1994)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPasteurella multocidaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPectobacterium parmentieri (black leg disease of potato)Present, LocalizedSuárez et al. (2017);
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive)PresentCABI (Undated); Cambra et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas savastanoi pv. savastanoi (oleander knot)PresentInvasiveBradbury (1986); UK, CAB International (1987)
BacteriaProteobacteriaPseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (bacterial canker of kiwifruit)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Abelleira et al. (2011); Balestra et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); Abelleira et al. (2014); Abelleira et al. (2015); Ferrante and Scortichini (2015); Corrado et al. (2017); Garcia et al. (2018); He Rong et al. (2019)
BacteriaProteobacteriaRalstonia solanacearum (bacterial wilt of potato)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Caruso et al. (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella AbortusequiAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella choleraesuisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella typhimuriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaVibrio parahaemolyticusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas axonopodis pv. phaseoli (bean blight)Present, Few occurrencesBradbury (1986); CABI and EPPO (2007); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. cerealis (bacterial leaf streak of grasses)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2014)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas translucens pv. translucens (bacterial leaf streak of barley)Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); Noval (1989); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXenohaliotis californiensisPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedBalseiro et al. (2006); Crosson et al. (2014); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylella fastidiosa (Pierce's disease of grapevines)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
BacteriaProteobacteriaXylophilus ampelinus (bacterial blight of grapevine)Absent, Formerly presentEPPO (2022); Bradbury (1986); López et al. (1987); Willems et al. (1987); CABI and EPPO (1999); Manceau et al. (2000); Sarró et al. (2005); CABI (Undated)
BacteriaSpirochaetesLeptospira interrogansPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaChromistaBacillariophytaDidymosphenia geminata (didymo)PresentNativeCleve (1896); Margalef (1952); Margalef (1953); Margalef (1956)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces astaciPresentIntroducedInvasiveCuellar and Coll (1984); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaAphanomyces invadansAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPeronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew)PresentInvasiveGómez Tenorio et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora alni species complex (alder Phytophthora)Present, LocalizedInvasivePintos Varela et al. (2010); Solla et al. (2010); Aguayo et al. (2013); Pintos-Varela et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cambivora (root rot of forest trees)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora cinnamomi (Phytophthora dieback)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1991); Brasier et al. (1993); Tuset et al. (2002); Sánchez et al. (2005); Moralejo et al. (2009); Acedo et al. (2013); Vita et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight)PresentUK, CAB International (1982); Tantius et al. (1986); Carter et al. (1990); Andrivon et al. (1994); Segura et al. (2007)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (Sudden Oak Death (SOD))Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); Moralejo and Werres (2002); Pintos Varela et al. (2003); Moralejo et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2013);
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); García-Carneros and Molinero-Ruiz (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara viticola (grapevine downy mildew)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaAlternaria japonica (pod spot of radish)PresentBassimba et al. (2013);
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals)PresentMarin et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCalonectria pseudonaviculata (Buxus blight)PresentIntroducedInvasivePintos Varela et al. (2009); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis fagacearum (oak wilt)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCeratocystis platani (canker stain of plane)Absent, EradicatedRuperez and Munoz (1980); Cadahía (1983); CABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight)Present, LocalizedMansilla et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Barrau et al. (2001); Garrido et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCryphonectria parasitica (blight of chestnut)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Zamora et al. (2008); Aguín et al. (2009); Bascón et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCyclaneusma minus (Cyclaneusma needle-cast)PresentNativeMinter (1994)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiaporthe eres (apple leaf, branch and fruit fungus)PresentLeón et al. (2020); Díaz et al. (2013); Guarnaccia et al. (2018)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymascella thujina (cedar leaf blight)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDidymella fabae (leaf and pod spot)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1993); Rubiales and Trapero-Casas (2002); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaDiplodia seriata (grapevine trunk disease)PresentCABI and EPPO (2005); Armengol et al. (2001); Aroca et al. (2006); Moral et al. (2007); Gramaje et al. (2012); Luque et al. (2014)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaErysiphe plataniPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaFusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense (Panama disease of banana)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker)Present, Few occurrencesDwinell (1999); Landeras et al. (2005); Pérez-Sierra et al. (2007); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGlomerella acutataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Santamaría et al. (2003)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGuignardia citricarpa (citrus black spot)Absent, Intercepted onlyCABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHarpophora maydis (late wilt of maize)PresentMolinero-Ruiz et al. (2010)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback)PresentStroheker et al. (2021); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMonilinia fructigena (brown rot)PresentCABI and EPPO (2000); Fulton and Brown (1997); Pizzuolo et al. (2006); Villarino et al. (2013); Hrustić et al. (2015); Papavasileiou et al. (2016); Villarino et al. (2016); Zhou et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2010); Lombardero et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma novo-ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveMunoz and Ruperez (1980)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Mitchell and Brasier (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhoma tracheiphila (mal secco)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPhyllactinia guttata (powdery mildew of hardwood trees)PresentBraun (1995)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudocercospora angolensis (leaf spot of Citrus spp.)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSeiridium cardinale (cypress canker)PresentIntroducedTorres (1969); Giménez Verdú (1991); CABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaSphaeropsis sapinea (Sphaeropsis blight)PresentTorres Juan (1964); Punithalingham and Waterston (1970); Manzanos et al. (2017)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatumPresentNativeCABI 2009 (2009)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaChrysomyxa rhododendri (European Rhododendron rust)PresentNativeCABI/EPPO (2012); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosumPresentPrieto-Recio et al. (2012); Mesanza and Iturritxa (2012);
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaInonotus rickiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia buxiPresentNativeCABI (Undated); Gonzalez Fragoso (1918); Jordán De Urries Y Azara (1942)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals)Present, LocalizedSantiago (1955); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2008)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaTilletia controversa (dwarf bunt of wheat)Absent, Invalid presence record(s)EPPO (2022); CABI/EPPO (2012)
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat)PresentUK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); Garner et al. (2005); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaBatrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaFicopomatus enigmaticus (tubeworm)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRioja (1924); Borja et al. (2006); Martínez and Adarraga (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides dianthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides diramphaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaHydroides elegansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellusPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus terrestrisPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPolydora cornutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaSpirorbis marioniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcalyptris plataniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcantharctus posteliPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcarapis woodi (honeybee mite)PresentEPPO (2022); Garrido-Bailón et al. (2012); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Gaedike (1971); Gomez-Bustillo (1979); Isart et al. (1981); CABI and EPPO (2007); García del Pino and Morton (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaActias isabellaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAculops lycopersici (tomato russet mite)PresentPlanes (1941); Arnó et al. (1994); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAedes albopictus (Asian tiger mosquito)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAethina tumidaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAglyptinus agathidioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm)PresentGarrido et al. (1979); Caballero et al. (1989)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurodicus dispersus (whitefly)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveManzano et al. (1995); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); NHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurothrixus floccosus (woolly whitefly)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAleurotrachelus atratus (palm-infesting whitefly)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmblyomma latumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveNoel (2011); Reise et al. (1999); Macho et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnthonomus grandis (Mexican cotton boll weevil)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAonidiella aurantii (red scale)PresentCABI (Undated); Campos Rivela et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphaenogaster senilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis craccivora (groundnut aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Cambra et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis gossypii (cotton aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1968); Nauen and Elbert (2003); Cambra et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis salicariaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraecola (Spirea aphid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1969); Melia (1995); Cambra et al. (2004); Marroquín et al. (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphis spiraephagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAphodius scrofaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApis melliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaApopestes spectrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAppendiseta robiniaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArchips xylosteanus (apple, leafroller)PresentGarcia-Navas et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAromia bungii (red necked longicorn)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaArtemia (brine shrimp)PresentNativeVan (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAspidiotus destructor (coconut scale)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta amiculaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta atramentariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta dilutipennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta luridipennisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta mucronataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta sordidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtheta trinotataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAustrominius modestusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedFischer-Piette and Prenant (1956); Fischer-Piette and Forest (1961); Barnes and Barnes (1965); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBactrocera oleae (olive fruit fly)PresentCABI and EPPO (2015); NHM (1987); Matallanas et al. (2013); Kakani et al. (2014); Asch et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBalanus amphitrite (striped barnacle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBambusaspis bambusaePresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly)Present, LocalizedCAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Cuadrado et al. (2001); Lozano et al. (2004); Stansly et al. (2004); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2010); Fiallo-Olivé et al. (2014); Ruiz et al. (2014); Ruiz et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MEAM1) (silverleaf whitefly)Present, Few occurrencesCahill et al. (1996); Beitia et al. (1997); Guirao et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (MED) (silverleaf whitefly)PresentAhmed et al. (2009); Monci et al. (2000); Nauen et al. (2002); Stansly et al. (2005); Simón et al. (2007); Shatters et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBisnius parcusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlastobasis maroccanellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee)PresentNativeEstoup et al. (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBoophilus microplusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBorkhausenia nefraxPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBostrychoplites cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus lewisi (citrus flat mite)PresentCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBrevipalpus phoenicis (false spider mite)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchidius lividimanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchophagus roddi (alfalfa seed chalcid)PresentUK, CAB International (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuchananiella continuaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBuprestis decoraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCalacarus carinatus (purple tea mite)PresentIntroducedVázquez (1991); CABI and EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallidiellum rufipenne (Japanese cedar longhorn beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Bahillo and Iturrondobeitia (1995); CABI and EPPO (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCallinectes sapidus (blue crab)Present, LocalizedIntroducedJensen (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCameraria ohridella (horsechestnut leafminer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); EPPO (2010); Olivella (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella muticaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaprella scauraPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarcinus maenas (European shore crab)Present, WidespreadNativeRoman and Palumbi (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla emeryiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla mauritanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCardiocondyla nudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus ligneusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus neposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus tersusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCarpophilus zeaphilusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCerataphis lataniae (palm aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); CABI and EPPO (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeratitis capitata (Mediterranean fruit fly)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFimiani (1989); Kourti et al. (1992); Epsky et al. (1999); Kakouli-Duarte et al. (2001); Gasperi et al. (2002); Salah Oukil et al. (2002); Leza et al. (2008); Navarro-Llopis et al. (2010); Monzó et al. (2011); Navarro-Campos et al. (2011); Martinez-Ferrer et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil)PresentColonnelli (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelura terebransPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax destructor (yabby)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAnon (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCherax quadricarinatus (redclaw crayfish)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedSouty-Grosset et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChilo suppressalis (striped rice stem borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUK, CAB International (1977); Alfaro et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChionaspis pinifoliae (pine leaf scale)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysodeixis chalcites (golden twin-spot moth)PresentNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Pérez-López and Tinaut (1993); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); Murillo et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus aonidum (circular scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomphalus dictyospermi (dictyospermum scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1969); Pina et al. (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChrysomya bezziana (Old World screw-worm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChymomyza procnemisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara confinisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cupressi sensu lato (Cypress aphid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveWatson et al. (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara laporteiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara nudaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara pruinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCirrospilus ingenuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClavigesta sylvestranaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaClonopsis gallicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird)PresentNativeKajita et al. (2012); Núñez Pérez et al. (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaColeophora deauratella (red clover casebearer)PresentFauna Europaea (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCordalia obscuraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCorythucha ciliata (sycamore lace bug)PresentIntroducedMaceljski (1986); CABI and EPPO (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCrocidosema plebejana (cotton tipworm)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptamorpha desjardinsiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptococcus fagisuga (beech coccus)PresentSoria et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCryptotermes brevis (powderpost termite)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedNunes et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCtenarytaina eucalypti (blue gum psyllid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCadahia (1980)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio elephas (chestnut weevil)PresentEPPO (2022); Vázquez et al. (1990); Leiva and Fernández-Alés (2005); Espelta et al. (2009); Bonal et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCurculio nucum (hazelnut weevil)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCyclope neriteaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCydalima perspectalis (box tree moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasivePérez-Otero et al. (2014); Dinca et al. (2017); Gómez-Undiano et al. (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); Wood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendrolimus pini (pine-tree lappet)PresentBelmonte (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes dermestinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes leechiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes murinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDerolus mauritanicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDialeurodes citri (citrus whitefly)Present, LocalizedInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); Franco et al. (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale)Present, LocalizedKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus uvaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDinoderus bifoveolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiplopseustis perieresalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiuraphis noxia (Russian wheat aphid)PresentEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDohrniphora papuanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDorypteryx pallidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrepanaphis acerifoliaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrosophila suzukii (spotted wing drosophila)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2016); Arnó et al. (2012); Calabria et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDryocosmus kuriphilus (Oriental chestnut gall wasp)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDuponchelia fovealis (Southern European marshland pyralid)PresentCABI and EPPO (2008); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); Karsholt and Razowski (1996); Ueda (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDysmicoccus brevipes (pineapple mealybug)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEchinothrips americanusPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEctopsocus titschakiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpichoristodes acerbella (South African carnation tortrix)Present, Few occurrencesSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpuraea ocularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab)PresentIntroducedCuesta et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriosoma lanigerum (woolly aphid)PresentUK, CAB International (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEssigella californica (Monterey pine aphid)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEulachnus rileyi (pine needle aphid)PresentNHM (1961)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuophryum rufumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEupoecilia ambiguella (grapevine moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEuxesta pechumaniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFaxonius limosus (Spiny-cheek crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFerraria crispa (Black flag)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaForficula auricularia (European earwig)PresentNativeRomeu-Dalmau et al. (2012); Pavón-Gozalo et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGonipterus scutellatus (eucalyptus snout beetle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSánchez García et al. (2009); CABI and EPPO (2010); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGreenidea ficicolaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGynaikothrips ficorum (Cuban laurel thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1983); Jacot-Guillarmod and Brothers (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGypsonoma aceriana (poplar twig borer)PresentNativeRazowski (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGyropus ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHalyomorpha halys (brown marmorated stink bug)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Roca-Cusachs et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHaplothrips rivnayiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHarmonia axyridis (harlequin ladybird)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBrown et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1993); Torres-Vila et al. (2002); Avilla and González-Zamora (2010); Valverde et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeliothrips haemorrhoidalis (black tea thrips)PresentUK, CAB International (1961); Melia (1976); Mansilla and Puerto (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia lataniae (latania scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemiberlesia rapax (greedy scale (USA))PresentMerrill (1953)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus penicilatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHemigrapsus takanoi (brush-clawed shore crab)PresentIntroducedInvasiveNoël et al. (1997); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHeterota plumbeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHister bipunctatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHolocnemus plucheiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoplandrothrips consobrinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHoplocampa brevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil)PresentEspanol (1965); CABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle)PresentNativeCABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHyphantria cunea (mulberry moth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypogeococcus pungens (cactus mealybug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBeltrà and Soto (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypoponera punctatissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHypothenemus hampei (coffee berry borer)Present, LocalizedCristancho et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIcerya purchasi (cottony cushion scale)PresentIntroducedInvasiveUK, CAB International (1971); Getu (1996); Rubiales and Fernández-Aparicio (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIdiopterus nephrelepidisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIllinoia azaleaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaInsignorthezia insignis (greenhouse orthezia)PresentNHM (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps cembrae (large larch bark beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJapananus hyalinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaJosephiella microcarpaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaKarnyothrips americanusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaKarnyothrips melaleucusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLamyctes coeculusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius neglectus (invasive garden ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Castro Gil et al. (2010); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLathys lepidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeistus nubivagusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1962); DEL RIVERO et al. (1969); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptocybe invasa (blue gum chalcid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSánchez (2003); Pujade-Villar and Riba-Flinch (2004); CABI and EPPO (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptoglossus occidentalis (western conifer-seed bug)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (2018); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLernaea cyprinaceaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeucoptera malifoliella (pear leaf blister moth)PresentEPPO (2022); Vercher et al. (2005); Miñarro et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLicinus punctatulusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle)PresentNativeCox (2001); CABI and EPPO (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLinepithema humile (Argentine ant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveEspadaler and Gómez (2003); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis brunneaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis corrodensPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis decolorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis mendaxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis pearmaniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza cicerinaPresentTormos and Garrido (1991); Martinez (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer)Present, WidespreadEchevarría et al. (1994); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLissorhoptrus oryzophilus (rice water weevil)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaListroderes costirostris (vegetable weevil)Present, LocalizedMorrone (1993); CABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigricepsPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLobesia botrana (European grapevine moth)Present, WidespreadCoscollá (1981); Coscolla and Davila-Zurita (1983); Coscollá (1992); Torres-Vila (1995); Coscollá (1997); Sáenz-de-Cabezón et al. (2006); Sáenz-de-Cabezón Irigaray et al. (2010); Vacas et al. (2011); CABI/EPPO (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLuperomorpha xanthoderaPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria dispar (gypsy moth)Present, WidespreadGiese and Schneider (1979); Harrison et al. (2014); Wu et al. (2015); Castedo-Dorado et al. (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth)PresentNativeInvasiveRausell et al. (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMacrosiphum euphorbiae (potato aphid)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1984)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMagdalis memnoniaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMarsupenaeus japonicus (kuruma shrimp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMatsucoccus feytaudi (maritime pine bast scale)Present, WidespreadBurban et al. (1999); CABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegalorhipida leucodactylusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRoques and Skrzypczyńska (2003); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMetaphycus anneckeiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonelliopsis caryaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveAlthoff and Danilevsky (1997); CABI and EPPO (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium destructor (Singapore ant)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium pharaonis (pharaoh ant)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonomorium salomonisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMycetoporus nigricollisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyicola ostreaePresentIntroducedVillalba et al. (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyrmecopora sulcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna languidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMythimna unipuncta (rice armyworm)PresentIntroducedUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMytilicola intestinalis (mussel red worm)Present, WidespreadAndreu (1963); Pascual et al. (1987); Robledo et al. (1994); Robledo et al. (1994); Villalba et al. (1997); Carballal et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzaphis turanicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis boerneriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzocallis walshiiPresentCABI/EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus cerasi (black cherry aphid)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMyzus persicae (green peach aphid)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1979); Kephalogianni et al. (2002); Cambra et al. (2004); Fenton et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNearctaphis bakeriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly)Present, LocalizedNativeGarcia-Viedma and Robredo-Junco (1962); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeotoxoptera oliveriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNesothrips propinquusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNezara viridula (green stink bug)PresentUK, CAB International (1970)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNipaecoccus nipae (spiked mealybug)PresentBen-Dov (1994); CABI and EPPO (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaObolodiplosis robiniae (black locust gall midge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOceanaspidiotus spinosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parvaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOphelimus maskelli (Eucalyptus gall wasp)Present, LocalizedCABI/EPPO (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOpogona sacchari (banana moth)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCABI and EPPO (1999); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOrthotomicus erosus (Mediterranean pine beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992); Arias et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOryzaephilus surinamensis (saw toothed grain beetle)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOstrinia nubilalis (European maize borer)PresentMutuura and Munroe (1970); UK, CAB International (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOxycarenus hyalinipennis (cotton, seed bug)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOzognathus cornutusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Kouba et al. (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon elegans (rock shrimp)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalaemon macrodactylus (oriental shrimp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCuesta et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPalmiothrips palmaePresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPammene fascianaPresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParacerceis sculptaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParaleyrodes mineiPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParanthrene tabaniformis (poplar clearwing moth)Present, WidespreadDafauce and Astisao (1964); Templado (1964); Dafauce (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina flavipesPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParomalus ludertiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParthenolecanium persicae (peach scale)PresentGómez-Menor Ortega (1946); Gomez-Menor Ortega (1958); UK, CAB International (1979); Martín Mateo (1984); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPaysandisia archon (South American palm borer)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSarto Monteys Vi and Aguilar (2005); Tapia et al. (2010); Sarto I Monteys et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPectinophora gossypiella (pink bollworm)PresentAlvarado et al. (1990); UK, CAB International (1990); Durán et al. (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPentarthrum huttoniPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPercnon gibbesi (sally lightfoot crab)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDeudero et al. (2005); Müller (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPeriphyllus acericolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus peruvianusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2014); Beltrà et al. (2010); Beltrà et al. (2012); Beltrà et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhenacoccus solenopsis (cotton mealybug)PresentIntroducedGavrilov-Zimin and Danzig (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhilonthus umbratilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhloeomyzus passerinii (poplar woolly aphid)PresentNativeAparisi (1971)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoetalia circumvagansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoetalia pallidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha recurva (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, LocalizedIntroducedPerez Moreno (2001); CABI and EPPO (2009); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhoracantha semipunctata (eucalyptus longhorned borer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMartinez Egea (1982); CABI and EPPO (2007); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhthorimaea absoluta (tomato leafminer)Present, WidespreadIntroducedCifuentes et al. (2011); González-Cabrera et al. (2011); Cabello et al. (2012); Haddi et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2013); Roditakis et al. (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhycita diaphanaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllocnistis citrella (citrus leaf miner)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1986); Urbaneja et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white)PresentHiggins (1983); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPineus pini (pine woolly aphid)PresentNativeNHM (1990)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPissodes castaneus (small banded pine weevil)PresentNativeRomanyk (1960); Viedma (1963); CAB International and European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (1998); Pestaña and Santolamazza-Carbone (2010); Santolamazza-Carbone et al. (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityokteines curvidens (fir engraver beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveBezares (1929); Plaza Infante and Gil Sanchez (1982); Martín and Cobos (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlanococcus citri (citrus mealybug)PresentRipolles and Garcia (1989); CABI and EPPO (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPlutella xylostella (diamondback moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1967)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolistes dominula (European paper wasp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPolyphagotarsonemus latus (broad mite)PresentUK, CAB International (1986)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrays citri (citrus flower moth)Present, WidespreadDomínguez García-tejero (1943); Gomez de Aizpurua (1990); Garrido and Ventura (1993); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPrenolepis jaegerskioeldiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProcambarus clarkii (red swamp crayfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaProdiplosis vacciniiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudaulacaspis pentagona (mulberry scale)Present, LocalizedKosztarab and Kozár (1988); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudococcus viburni (obscure mealybug)PresentIntroducedGomez-Menor Ortega (1937); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPseudodiaptomus marinusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle)PresentBonnemaison and Jourdheuil (1954)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPyrrhalta luteola (elm leaf beetle)PresentNativeGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaQuadrastichodella novaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRamonda myconiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaReticulaphis distyliiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhagoletis completa (walnut husk fly)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhinocyllus conicus (thistle-head weevil)Present, LocalizedNativeAlonso-Zarazaga and Talamelli (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhithropanopeus harrisii (Harris mud crab)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedMariscal et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhizoecus falciferPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhopalapion longirostrePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhynchophorus ferrugineus (red palm weevil)Present, LocalizedLlácer et al. (2009); Dembilio et al. (2010); Llácer and Jacas (2010); Llácer et al. (2012); CABI and EPPO (2016); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyzopertha dominica (lesser grain borer)PresentPascual-Villalobos et al. (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaissetia oleae (olive scale)PresentUK, CAB International (1952); De Lotto (1965); Ben-Dov (1993)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer)PresentZarco and Ceballos (1956)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScaptomyza adustaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScaptomyza vittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScaurus punctatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips aurantii (South African citrus thrips)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScirtothrips dorsalis (chilli thrips)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle)PresentNativeInvasiveWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSesamia cretica (greater sugarcane borer)Present, LocalizedNativeUK, CAB International (1968); Cayrol (1972); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphonatrophia cupressiPresent, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSiphoninus phillyreae (ash whitefly)PresentCABI/EPPO (2013); Mound and Halsey (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); CABI and EPPO (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus granarius (grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus oryzae (lesser grain weevil)PresentRiudavets et al. (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitophilus zeamais (greater grain weevil)PresentChamp and Dyte (1976)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSitotroga cerealella (grain moth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Champ and Dyte (1977)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSophonia orientalis (two-spotted leafhopper)PresentCABI (Undated); Wilson et al. (2011); Ueda (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphaeroma walkeriPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphenophorus meridionalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSphodrus leucophthalmusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera frugiperda (fall armyworm)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSpodoptera littoralis (cotton leafworm)Present, LocalizedUK, CAB International (1967); Cabello (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSteatoda nobilis (false widow spider)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSternochetus mangiferae (mango seed weevil)Absent, EradicatedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStictocephala altaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobiasPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachyta nanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis arundicolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTakecallis taiwanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTapinoma melanocephalum (ghost ant)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTecia solanivora (potato tuber moth)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTemnothorax longispinosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetramesa maderaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetramorium caldariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite)PresentInternational Institute of Entomology (1996); Ledesma et al. (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle)Present, WidespreadNativeDanilevsky (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumastocoris peregrinus (bronze bug)PresentEPPO (2022); Vivas et al. (2015); Nascimento-Machado et al. (2019)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumatotibia leucotreta (false codling moth (FCM))Absent, Intercepted onlyEPPO (2022); Tejedo et al. (2006); EPPO (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary)Present, WidespreadNativeUK, CAB International (1977); Cuevas et al. (1983); Schmidt et al. (1999); Hódar et al. (2002); Hódar et al. (2003); Hódar and Zamora (2004); Hódar et al. (2004); Cayuela et al. (2011); Hódar et al. (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThaumetopoea processionea (oak processionary moth)PresentGomez Bustillo (1978); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTinocallis ulmiparvifoliaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTipula paludosa (European crane fly)PresentOosterbroek and Theowald (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle)Present, WidespreadFernández and Costas (1999); Gallego et al. (2004); Faccoli (2006)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaToxoptera citricida (black citrus aphid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI and EPPO (1998); Ilharco (2006); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrachyopella stramineaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes ricini (castor bean whitefly)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse)PresentAlbajes et al. (1994); Arno and Gabarra (1994); Malumphy et al. (2009); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2010); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrichocorixa verticalisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrioza erytreae (African citrus psyllid)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Siverio et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrogoderma granarium (khapra beetle)Absent, Confirmed absent by surveyCastane et al. (2020); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropilaelapsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTuberculatus kuricolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUrocerus albicornisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); López et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaUroleucon erigeronensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVarroa destructor (Varroa mite)PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespa velutina (Asian hornet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedLópez et al. (2011); Goldarazena et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp)Present, WidespreadNativeMadero Montero (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula vulgaris (wasp, common)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera)Present, WidespreadEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWahlgreniella arbutiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaWasmannia auropunctata (little fire ant)PresentIntroducedEspadaler et al. (2020); Espadaler et al. (2018)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborinus saxesenii (fruit-tree pinhole borer)PresentNativeWood and Bright (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle)Present, LocalizedNativeLombardero et al. (1997)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus perforans (island pinhole borer)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus compactus (shot-hole borer)Present, Transient under eradicationEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus crassiusculus (Asian ambrosia beetle)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Gallego et al. (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylosandrus germanus (black timber bark beetle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXylotrechus arvicolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZaprionus tuberculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZeuzera pyrina (wood leopard moth)PresentUK, CAB International (1952)
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaZizeeria knysnaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaBugula neritina (brown bryozoan)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaSchizoporella errata (branching bryozoan)PresentNativeInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaBryozoaTricellaria inopinataPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFernández-Pulpeiro et al. (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres cristatellusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAcridotheres tristis (common myna)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak)PresentIntroducedInvasiveElvira (1998); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlopochen aegyptiaca (Egyptian goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBanks et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmazona amazonica (orange winged parrot)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus melas (black bullhead)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmeiurus nebulosus (brown bullhead)PresentIntroducedWelcomme (1988)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAmmotragus lervia (aoudad)Present, LocalizedIntroducedCassinello et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBanks et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBalistoides conspicillum (clown triggerfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBoiga irregularis (brown tree snake)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedBanks et al. (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubalus bubalis (Asian water buffalo)Absent, Formerly presentLong (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBubulcus ibis (cattle egret)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBufo blombergi (Columbian giant toad)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBufo mauritanicusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCaiman crocodylusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCamelus dromedarius (dromedary camel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCapra hircus (goats)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarpodacus mexicanus (house finch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer)PresentNativeIUCN (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChamaeleo chameleonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataChrysemys picta (painted turtle)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMateo (1997); Barbadillo et al. (1999); Pleguezuelos (2004); Kraus (2009); Van Dijk (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorella eumyota (orange-tipped sea squirt)PresentIntroducedInvasiveVarela et al. (2008); El-Nagar et al. (2010); WoRMS (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCorvus splendens (house crow)Absent, Formerly presentRyall (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCynops pyrrhogaster (Japanese fire-bellied salamander)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2021)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataDicologlossa hexophthalmaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus asinus (donkeys)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus caballus [ISC] (horse)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGrubb (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEquus ferusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataErinaceus europaeus (European hedgehog)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFelis catus (cat)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFistularia petimbaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataFundulus heteroclinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGallotia gallotiPresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia affinis (western mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGambusia holbrooki (eastern mosquitofish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypostomus plecostomus (suckermouth catfish)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Froese R and Pauly D (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Froese and Pauly (2004); Cowx and Nunn (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLagocephalus sceleratusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLampropeltis californiae (California kingsnake)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeiothrix lutea (red-billed leiothrix)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHeinzel et al. (1998); Global Invasive Species Database (2008); Herrando et al. (2010); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepomis gibbosus (pumpkinseed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveElvira and Almodóvar (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMacrochelys temminckii (alligator snapping turtle)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicrocosmus squamigerPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTuron et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMicropterus salmoides (largemouth bass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedSan Feliu (1973); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMisgurnus anguillicaudatus (oriental weatherloach)PresentFranch et al. (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMus musculus (house mouse)PresentCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela erminea (ermine)PresentNativeInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMustela furo (ferret)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyiopsitta monachus (monk parakeet)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataMyocastor coypus (coypu)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Welcomme (1988); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis mossambicus (Mozambique tilapia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOryctolagus cuniculus (rabbits)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries (sheep)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOvis aries musimon (European mouflon)Present, WidespreadIntroducedWeller (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOxyura jamaicensis (ruddy duck)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveHall (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPantherophis guttatus (corn snake)Absent, Formerly presentPleguezuelos (2004); Kraus (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPasser domesticus (house sparrow)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fishbase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerophora japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1978)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhasianus colchicus (common pheasant)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2015); eBird (2015); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow)Present, LocalizedNativeFroese and Pauly (2008)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPloceus cucullatus (village weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPodarcis sicula (Italian wall lizard)PresentIntroducedRivera et al. (2011); Mertens and Wermuth (1960); Meijide (1981); Valverde (2005); Valdeon et al. (2010); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPoecilia reticulata (guppy)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPolyandrocarpa zorritensisPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTuron and Perera (1988); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataProcyon lotor (raccoon)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPseudorasbora parva (topmouth gudgeon)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCaoila and Sostoa A. de (2002); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula eupatria (Alexandrine parakeet)Present, Few occurrences, Confirmed present by surveyIntroducedAncillotto et al. (2016); Postigo (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPsittacula krameri (rose-ringed parakeet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedBirdLife International (2009); Strubbe and Matthysen (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus cafer (red-vented bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered bulbul)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataQuelea quelea (weaver bird)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRana catesbeiana (American bullfrog)PresentIntroducedKraus (2009); Santos-Barrera et al. (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus norvegicus (brown rat)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRattus rattus (black rat)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elvira (1995); FAO (1997); Froese and Pauly (2004); Kottelat and Freyhof (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon)PresentNativeMuus and Dahlström (1974); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout)PresentNativeBlanc et al. (1971); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elvira (2001); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Elvira (1995); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Doadrio et al. (1991); Froese and Pauly (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFroese R and Pauly D (2012); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub)PresentNativeElvira (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Fujisaki et al. (2010)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela clava (Asian tunicate)PresentIntroducedInvasiveInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStyela plicata (pleated sea squirt)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig)PresentNativeIUCN (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTeira perspicillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataThreskiornis aethiopicus (sacred ibis)PresentIntroducedLever (2005); Clergeau and Yésou (2006); Juana (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench)PresentNativeFishBase (2004)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTrachemys scripta elegans (red-eared slider)PresentIntroducedInvasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl)PresentNativeBruce (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataUromastyx acanthinura (Bell's Dabb Lizard)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVaranus niloticus (Nile monitor)Absent, Formerly presentPleguezuelos (2004); Kraus (2009); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataVulpes vulpes (red fox)PresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataXenopus laevis (African clawed frog)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataZenopsis conchifer (Buckler dory)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaClytia linearisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoca (1987); Escot et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaDiadumene lineataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaMyxobolus cerebralis (whirling disease agent)PresentCordero del Campillo et al. (1975)
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaPelagia noctiluca (mauve stinger)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveKramp (1974)
EukaryotaMetazoaCtenophoraMnemiopsis leidyi (sea walnut)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAchatina fulica (giant African land snail)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaAeluropus littoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArcuatula senhousia (Asian date mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Bachelet et al. (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaArion vulgaris (Spanish slug)Present, LocalizedNativeChevallier (1981)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCandidula intersecta (wrinkled dune snail)Present, WidespreadNativeManga Gonzalez (1979)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaChlamys lischkeiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCorbicula fluminea (Asian clam)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail)Present, WidespreadNativeReichling (1950); Taylor (1914); Godan (1983); Iglesias et al. (1996); Iglesias and Castillejo (1999)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrassostrea virginica (eastern oyster)PresentIntroducedFIGIS (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula aculeataPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCrepidula fornicata (American slipper limpet)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveRolan (1983); Rolan et al. (1985); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras invadens (tramp slug)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug)PresentNativeCastillejo (1997); Fauna Europea (2015)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras reticulatum (grey field slug)Present, WidespreadCastillejo (1996)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBinimelis et al. (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaEnsis directusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFerrissia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFossaria viridisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaFulvia fragilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaGibbula albidaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaHaminoea callidegenitaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug)Present, WidespreadNativeGraells (1846); Wiktor and Jurkowska (2007); Bank (2011)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLittorina littorea (common periwinkle)Present, WidespreadNativeBrawley et al. (2009); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMagallana gigas (Pacific oyster)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Cigarría (1999); Sanchez-Mata and Mora (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMarisa cornuarietis (giant ramshorn)Present, LocalizedIntroducedArias and Torralba-Burrial (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMelanoides tuberculata (red-rimmed melania)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedGasull (1974); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaMytilus galloprovincialis (Mediterranean mussel)PresentNativeHickman (1992)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaOxychilus alliarius (garlic snail)PresentNativeWelter-Schultes (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPetricolaria pholadiformis (false angel wing)PresentIntroducedZorita et al. (2013)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPhysella acutaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPlanorbella duryiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedInvasiveBaker (1998); Lopez et al. (2010); Anonymous (2011); EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPomacea maculataPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveHorgan et al. (2012); Andre and Lopez (2013); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaPotamopyrgus antipodarum (New Zealand mudsnail)Present, WidespreadIntroducedMúrria et al. (2008); Hinz et al. (1994); Alonso (2006); Soler (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRapana venosa (veined rapana whelk)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Rolán and Bañón (2007)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaRuditapes philippinarum (Japanese carpet shell)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Goulletquer (1997); Cigarría and Fernández (2000); Fernandez et al. (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaSinanodonta woodiana (Chinese pond mussel)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTeredo navalis (naval shipworm)PresentRoch (1940)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheba pisana (white garden snail)PresentEPPO (2022); Cowie (1982); Cain (1984); Cowie (1984); Gittenberger and Ripken (1987); Cowie (1990); Bank (2007); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaTheora lubrica (Asian semele)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaXerotricha conspurcataPresentKetaren et al. (2012)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAguilar et al. (2005)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguina tritici (wheat seed gall nematode)PresentBenlloch (1947); CABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2002); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode)Present, Transient under eradicationBraasch (2001); Abelleira et al. (2011); CABI and EPPO (2015); Zamora et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); Abelleira et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode)Absent, Formerly presentCABI/EPPO (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2009); Talavera and Jiménez (1997); Vovlas et al. (2011); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedTalavera et al. (1998); García-Álvarez et al. (2005); Andrés et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveMartinez-Beringola et al. (1988); Andrés et al. (2006); CABI/EPPO (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera tabacum (tobacco cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2004); Espárrago and Blanco (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHelicotylenchus multicinctus (banana spiral nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera ciceri (chickpea cyst nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera goettingiana (pea cyst eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2003); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne arenaria (peanut root-knot nematode)PresentCABI and EPPO (2003); Castillo et al. (2001); Castillo et al. (2006); López-Pérez et al. (2011); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne chitwoodi (columbia root-knot nematode)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode)PresentPinochet et al. (1989); CABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode)Present, WidespreadShepherd and Barker (1990); CABI and EPPO (2002); Castillo and Jiménez-Díaz (2003); Cara et al. (2011); López-Robles et al. (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne javanica (sugarcane eelworm)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2002)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus coffeae (banana root nematode)Present, WidespreadCABI and EPPO (2000); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaPratylenchus goodeyi (banana lesion nematode)Present, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2000)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinellaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTylenchulus semipenetrans (citrus root nematode)Present, WidespreadArias et al. (1968); CABI and EPPO (1999); Javier Sorribas et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema diversicaudatum (dagger nematode)Present, LocalizedBrown and Taylor (1987); CABI and EPPO (2001); Abelleira et al. (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaXiphinema index (fan-leaf virus nematode)Present, LocalizedAlfaro Garcia (1971); Arias and Navacerrada (1973); CABI and EPPO (2000); Troncoso et al. (2004); Palomares-Rius et al. (2012); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesGyrodactylus salarisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesObama nungaraPresentIntroducedLago-Barcia et al. (2015); Carbayo et al. (2016)
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia soliumPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila psittaciPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa racemosa var. cylindraceaPresentIntroducedInvasivePena Martín et al. (2003); Gamundí-Boyeras et al. (2006); Zaleski and Murray (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCaulerpa taxifolia (killer algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFAO-DIAS (2008); Guiry and Guiry (2008); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaCodium fragile subsp. tomentosoidesPresent, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveProvan et al. (2005); Guiry and Guiry (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeChlorophytaUlva pertusaPresent, WidespreadIntroducedBaamonde López et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeHaptophytaPrymnesium parvum (golden algae)PresentIntroducedInvasiveComin and Ferrer (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaColpomenia peregrinaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaSargassum muticum (wire weed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveFernández et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaePhaeophytaUndaria pinnatifida (Asian kelp)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Salinas et al. (1996); DIAS (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAdiantum raddianum (delta maidenhair fern)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaAzolla filiculoides (water fern)PresentNativeInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaChristella dentata (soft fern)PresentNativeGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaCyrtomium falcatum (Japanese holly fern)PresentIntroducedCasasayas and Farras (1986); Segarra-Moragues (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaEquisetum arvense (field horsetail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Cirujeda et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin and et al. (1964)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteris vittata (Chinese ladder brake fern)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia auriculata (giant salvinia)PresentCueto and Fuentes Carretero (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia minimaPresentIntroducedMadeira et al. (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaSalvinia molesta (kariba weed)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaAsparagopsis armata (Harpoon weed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaBonnemaisonia hamiferaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaDasya sessilisPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaGrateloupia turuturuPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveBárbara and Cremades (2004); Bárbara et al. (2005); Clerk et al. (2005); Barreiro et al. (2006); Figueroa et al. (2007); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHeterosiphonia japonicaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaHypnea musciformisPresentNativeBárbara et al. (2005); Diaz-Tapia and Bárbara (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaLophocladia lallemandiiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia harveyiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Seebens et al. (2017);
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaNeosiphonia sphaerocarpaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeRhodophytaPolysiphonia brodieiPresent, WidespreadNativeGómez Garreta et al. (2001); Gorostiaga et al. (2004); Bárbara et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbelmoschus moschatus (musk mallow)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedArgüelles et al. (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon grandifolium (hairy Indian mallow)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAbutilon theophrasti (velvet leaf)Present, WidespreadIntroducedFraga et al. (2001); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia caven (Roman cassie)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia cyclops (coastal wattle)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia dealbata (acacia bernier)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia farnesiana (huisache)Present, PlantedIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia karroo (sweet thorn)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia longifolia (golden wattle)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveEFSA Panel on Plant Health (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia mearnsii (black wattle)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2007); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia melanoxylon (Australian blackwood)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia saligna (coojong)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSanz-Elorza et al. (2001); ILDIS (2007); Randall (2012); ISSG (2016); Missouri Botanical Garden (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcacia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer negundo (box elder)Present, PlantedIntroducedTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ageratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow)PresentNativeMissouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea ptarmicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes aspera (devil's horsewhip)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchyranthes siculaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAconitum variegatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAegilops cylindricaPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedSlageren (1994)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave americana (century plant)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDana et al. (2003); Goldarazena (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave fourcroydes (henequen)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBadano and Pugnaire (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgave sisalana (sisal hemp)PresentIntroducedInvasiveBadano and Pugnaire (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina adenophora (Croftonweed)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratina riparia (mistflower)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum conyzoides (billy goat weed)PresentIntroducedGISD (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgropyron cristatum (crested wheatgrass)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent)PresentNativeTutin (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis castellanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis nebulosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAilanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Sanz-Elorza et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAizoon canariensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga chamaepitysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlbizia julibrissin (silk tree)Present, PlantedIntroducedBerbegal et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlchemilla xanthochloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlkanna lycopsoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium nigrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium paniculatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium roseumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium triquetrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium ursinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder)PresentNativeBoratynski (1980); Haque et al. (2014); Pintos-Varela et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe brevifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe feroxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe latifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe succotrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloe vera (true aloe)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass)PresentNativeFlora Europaea (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus rendleiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus utriculatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAloysia citrodora (lemon verbena)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlstroemeria pulchellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera caracasanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera philoxeroides (alligator weed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera pungens (Khaki weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlternanthera sessilis (sessile joyweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveMartin Marcos et al. (2006); Sanz-Elorza et al. (2008); DAISIE (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlthaea hirsutaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum linifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum simplexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus blitum (livid amaranth)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Carretero (1990); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus cruentus (red amaranth)PresentIntroducedPrado et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus deflexus (Perennial Pigweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus dubius (spleen amaranth)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus hybridus (smooth pigweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Aellen and Akeroyd (1993); Cavero et al. (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus muricatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus palmeri (Palmer amaranth)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedEuro+Med (2019); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus polygonioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus spinosus (spiny amaranth)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus tuberculatus (rough-fruited water-hemp)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSanchez Gullon and Verloove (2013); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus viridis (slender amaranth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Carretero (1989); Jordá et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaryllis belladonnaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Allard (1943); Euro+Med (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia psilostachya (perennial ragweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveLawalrée (1947); Tutin et al. (1976); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia tenuifolia (lacy ragweed)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed)PresentIntroducedEuro+Med (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmi visnagaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (false indigo-bush)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel)PresentHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnchusa stylosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAndropogon distachyosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill)PresentHand (2011); Randall (2012); DAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnnona cherimola (cherimoya)PresentGuirardo Sánchez et al. (2001); Morton (1987)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnredera cordifolia (Madeira vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis altissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis triumfettiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApera interruptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaApium leptophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAptenia lancifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArceuthobium oxycedri (juniper dwarf mistletoe)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArctotheca calendula (capeweed)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone mexicana (Mexican poppy)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArgemone ochroleuca (pale Mexican pricklypoppy)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArmeria arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArnoseris minimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia arborescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia canariensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia verlotiorumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArum italicum (Italian arum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArundo donax (giant reed)Present, PlantedIntroducedSanz-Elorza et al. (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias curassavica (bloodflower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsclepias syriaca (common milkweed)PresentGBIF (2010); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus asparagoides (bridal creeper)PresentIntroducedValdés (1980); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus densiflorus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus falcatus (sicklethorn)PresentNativeNSW Weedwise (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsparagus setaceus (asparagus fern)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperugo procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsphodelus tenuifolius (onionweed)Present, LocalizedRichardson and Smythies (1980); EPPO (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster squamatusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus alopecuroidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus boeticusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus cymbicarposPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus hamosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus onobrychisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus penduliflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAstragalus stellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAthamanta siculaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex portulacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex semibaccata (Australian saltbush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Dana et al. (1998); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex suberecta (peregrine saltbush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia cylindrica (cane cactus)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveNovoa et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAustrocylindropuntia subulata (Eve’s needle cactus)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveSanz-Elorza et al. (2004); DAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena barbata (slender oat)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena brevisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena byzantina (Red Oats)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena fatua (wild oat)Present, LocalizedAibar et al. (1988); Recasens et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena matritensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAvena sterilis (winter wild oat)PresentNativeRecasens et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxonopus fissifoliusPresent, LocalizedIntroducedBartoli et al. (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaccharis halimifolia (groundsel-bush)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveCaño et al. (2013); Campos and Herrera (1997); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBacopa monnieri (water hyssop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBaldellia ranunculoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea intermediaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBarbarea vernaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBasella alba (malabar spinach)PresentIntroducedPFAF (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia)PresentNativeEuro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBauhinia variegata (mountain ebony)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBellevalia romanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBerteroa incana (hoary alyssum)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens aureaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2014); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens pilosa (blackjack)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens subalternansPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBifora radiansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiscutella auriculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBiserrula pelecinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBixa orellana (annatto)PresentIntroducedOrwa et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBontia daphnoides (white alling)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Francis (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBoreava apteraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa insculptaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBothriochloa ischaemum (yellow bluestem)Present, WidespreadNativeCook et al. (2005); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBougainvillea spectabilis (great bougainvillea)PresentIntroducedSanz Elorza et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBowlesia incanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium distachyon (purple false brome)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome)PresentNativeGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica barrelieriPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica juncea (mustard)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica rapa (field mustard)PresentKell (2011); Bassimba et al. (2013); Euro+Med (2018); USDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica tournefortii (African mustard)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza maxima (large quaking grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBriza minor (small quaking grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus diandrus (great brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome)Present, WidespreadNativeAcedo and Llamas (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus madritensis (compact brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rigidus (ripgut brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus rubens (red brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Tutin et al. (1980); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Gardens Kew (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus sterilis (barren brome)PresentNativeJahandiez and Maire (1931); Maire (1955); Tutin et al. (1980); Valdes et al. (1987); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBroussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrugmansia suaveolens (white angel's trumpet)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia creticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuddleja davidii (butterfly bush)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Font (2007); GBIF (2009); Goldarazena (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedDana et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum fruticosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCaesalpinia decapetala (Mysore thorn)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalamintha nepetaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalceolaria tripartitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula stellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula suffruticosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalliandra tweediiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalystegia silvaticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula lusitanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula patulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculus (rampion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCanna flaccidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCannabis sativa (hemp)PresentFAO (2009); Casano et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)PresentNativePozuelo et al. (1989); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsella rubellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCapsicum annuum (bell pepper)PresentFAO (2009); Guerrero Díaz et al. (2003); Lozano et al. (2004); Andrés Ares et al. (2005); Moralejo et al. (2009); Remesal et al. (2010); Villanueva et al. (2013); Lomas-Cano et al. (2014); Pérez-Hernández et al. (2014); Ruiz et al. (2016); Cara et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardamine flexuosa (wavy bittercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum grandiflorum (balloon vine)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCardiospermum halicacabum (balloon vine)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus crispus (curly plumeless thistle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus pycnocephalus (Italian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex pendula (hanging sedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus chilensis (sea fig)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarpobrotus edulis (hottentot fig)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2008); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCascabela thevetia (yellow oleander)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCasuarina equisetifolia (casuarina)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatananche caeruleaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatapodium rigidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCatharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015); Moralejo et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus biflorus (Indian sandbur)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus ciliaris (Buffel grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCenchrus spinifexPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea debeauxii (meadow knapweed)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea depressaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea hyalolepisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea jacea (brown knapweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea melitensis (Maltese starthistle)Present, WidespreadNativeDostal (1976); Spain, Flora de Aragón (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea napifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea scabiosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea solstitialis (yellow starthistle)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentranthus macrosiphonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCephalaria syriacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium dichotomumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium siculumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCeratophyllum demersum (coontail)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCereus hildmannianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerinthe majorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCestrum foetidissimumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum hirsutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecrista fasciculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaecytisus albus (White Spanish Broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce humistrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce polygonifoliaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChamaesyce serpensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthe aethiopicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChasmanthe floribundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium album (fat hen)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Font et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium murale (nettleleaf goosefoot)Present, WidespreadCABI (Undated); Jordá et al. (2001); Jordá et al. (2001); Córdoba et al. (2004); Font et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium pumilioPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris gayana (Rhodes grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDana et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChloris virgata (feather finger grass)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChondrilla juncea (rush skeletonweed)PresentNativeCirujeda et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum corymbosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysopogon zizanioides (vetiver)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedMickovski et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCinnamomum camphora (camphor laurel)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Lete et al. (1997); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantiifolia (lime)PresentFAO (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCitrus aurantium (sour orange)PresentFAO (2013); Siverio et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis vitalba (old man's beard)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1964); Seijo et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClematis viticellaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCleome spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgarePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoincya monensis (star-mustard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoix lacryma-jobi (Job's-tears)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaColocasia esculenta (taro)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012); García-de-Lomas et al. (2012); EPPO (2021)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommelina benghalensis (wandering jew)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommicarpus africanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCommicarpus helenaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed)Present, LocalizedStace (1972); Jordá et al. (2001); Córdoba et al. (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus betonicifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus sabatiusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza blakeiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza bonariensis (hairy fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCronquist (1976); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza primulaefoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza sumatrensis (tall fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCarretero (1989); Jordá et al. (2001); Córdoba et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorchorus depressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoreopsis bicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla scorpioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronilla valentinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Jordá et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCortaderia selloana (pampas grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSanz-Elorza et al. (2004); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorymbia citriodora (lemon-scented gum)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula coronopifolia (brassbuttons)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotula mexicanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCotyledon macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrambe hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula arborescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula helmsii (Australian swamp stonecrop)PresentEPPO (2022); OEPP/EPPO (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula multicavaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrassula rupestrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis bellidifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis bursifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis sanctaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrepis zacinthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocosmia x crocosmiiflora (montbretia)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrocus serotinusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCruciata glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrupina vulgaris (bearded creeper)PresentNativeBolòs et al. (1993); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrypsis schoenoides (swamp pricklegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2015); USDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCullen americanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus arizonica (Arizona cypress)PresentIntroducedSanz-Elorza et al. (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCupressus sempervirens (Mediterranean cypress)PresentIntroducedGovaerts (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta campestris (field dodder)PresentIntroducedInvasiveRacasens and Conesa (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder)PresentNativeValentine (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta monogyna (eastern dodder)PresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta scandensPresentNativevon Raab-Straube (2018); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCutandia memphiticaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclospermum leptophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia imbricata (imbricate prickly pear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia rosea (hudson pear)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCylindropuntia spinosiorPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynara cardunculus (cardoon)PresentNativeWeeds of Australia (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynodon dactylon (Bermuda grass)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasiveTutin et al. (1980); Achon et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus alternifolius (Umbrella flatsedge)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus auricomusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus difformis (small-flowered nutsedge)PresentIntroducedInvasivePamplona and Evangelista (1981); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus eragrostis (Tall flatsedge)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus esculentus (yellow nutsedge)Present, LocalizedCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus imbricatus (shingle flatsedge)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus longusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus michelianusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus papyrus (papyrus)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rigensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyperus rotundus (purple nutsedge)PresentHolm et al. (1979); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus decumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom)Present, LocalizedNativeHeywood and Ball (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus striatus (striated broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactyloctenium aegyptium (crowfoot grass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); Onaindia and Amezaga (2000); Roskov et al. (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura ferox (fierce thornapple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura innoxia (downy thorn apple)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDatura stramonium (jimsonweed)PresentMoore (1972); Jordá et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus carota (carrot)PresentCebrián et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDaucus durieuaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelairea odorata (Cape ivy)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDesmazeria marinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus armeria (Deptford pink)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus subacaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichanthium annulatum (Kleberg's bluestem)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDichondra micranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitalis luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria debilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria sanguinalis (large crabgrass)PresentNativeCarretero (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDinebra retroflexaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplachne fuscaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis vimineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus fullonum (common teasel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDipsacus strigosusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDisphyma crassifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDittrichia graveolens (stinkwort)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDolichandra unguis-cati (cat's claw creeper)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDorycnium pentaphyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba aizoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDracaena fragrans (corn plant)PresentIntroducedBetancort and Pérez de Paz (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosanthemum floribundumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDrosanthemum hispidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEcballium elateriumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Jordá et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa colona (junglerice)PresentCarretero (1989); DAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)PresentPuiggrós and Marqués (1989); Holm et al. (1991); DAISIE (2014); Achon et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium italicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium pininanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchium plantagineum (Paterson's curse)Present, WidespreadNativeGibbs (1972); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEgeria densa (leafy elodea)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Pulgar and Izco (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta calycina (perennial veldtgrass)PresentIntroducedValdés et al. (2009); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEhrharta longiflora (longflowered veldtgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Ruiz Téllez et al. (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEinadia nutansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)PresentCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElatine hungaricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleocharis bonariensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine indica (goose grass)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSanz Elorza (1999); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEleusine tristachyaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed)Present, WidespreadIntroducedInvasivePalet et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus elongatus (tall wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus hispidus (intermediate wheatgrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus repens (quackgrass)Present, LocalizedHolm et al. (1991); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEmex spinosa (spiny emex)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1964); Jalas and Suominen (1979); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb)PresentIntroducedInvasiveFernández Alonso (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis atrovirens (thalia lovegrass)PresentIntroducedClayton et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis papposaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pectinaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEragrostis pilosa (India lovegrass)PresentNativeClayton et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica ciliarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica lusitanica (Spanish heath)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErica terminalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron karvinskianus (Karwinsky’s fleabane)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEriobotrya japonica (loquat)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveOrwa et al. (2009); Palou et al. (2013); González-Domínguez et al. (2017); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium botrys (long-beaked stork's bill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium malacoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucaria hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErucastrum nasturtiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEscallonia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus camaldulensis (red gum)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2015); Valente and Hodkinson (2009); Nascimento-Machado et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus cladocalyx (sugar gum)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum)Present, PlantedIturritxa et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus gomphocephalusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus paniculata (grey ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus robusta (swamp mahogany)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEucalyptus sideroxylon (black ironbark)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEugenia uniflora (Surinam cherry)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuonymus japonicus (Japanese spindle tree)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium trapezoideum (crofton weed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia chamaesycePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia dulcisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia lagascaePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia maculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia milii (crown-of-thorns)PresentIntroducedArechavaleta et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia platyphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia segetalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia seguierianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia terracina (false caper)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia trigona (African milk weed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedOrtiz (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphrasia strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgarisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia baldschuanica (Russian vine)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Dalmau et al. (1993); Caballero et al. (1995); USDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia dumetorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed)PresentIntroducedInvasiveIzco (1974); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2008); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia x bohemicaPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue)PresentNativeeMonocot (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca heterophyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue)PresentNativeGrassWorld (2016); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFibigia clypeataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus carica (common fig)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014); FAO (2009); Minafra et al. (2012); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus microcarpa (Indian laurel tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFicus pumila (creeping fig)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilago lutescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFimbristylis bisumbellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFoeniculum vulgare (fennel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry)PresentNativeDarrow (1966)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFraxinus pennsylvanica (downy ash)PresentCABI Data Mining (undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFuchsia coccineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria capreolataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFumaria densifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFurcraea foetida (Mauritius hemp)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaillardia pulchella (Indian blanket)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega officinalis (goatsrue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalenia secundaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahitPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier)Present, WidespreadBosque and Izquierdo (1997); DAISIE (2014); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium aparine (cleavers)PresentHolm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium tricornutumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta americanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta pensylvanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGamochaeta subfalcataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGastridium phleoides (nit grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaudinia fragilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaultheria shallon (salal)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGazania linearisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista monspessulana (Montpellier broom)Present, LocalizedNativeGibbs (1968); Gibbs and Dingwall (1971); Greuter et al. (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista sagittalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGenista stenopetalaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana acaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGentiana luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium endressiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nepalensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium nodosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium phaeumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGladiolus italicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlaucium flavumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Estal et al. (1998); ILDIS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria declinata (small sweet grass)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus fruticosusPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGomphocarpus physocarpus (balloon cotton bush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGratiola officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrevillea robusta (silky oak)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGunnera tinctoria (giant rhubarb)PresentIntroducedSanz-Elorza et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGymnostyles stoloniferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila pilosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHainardia cylindricaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHakea sericea (silky hakea)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveEPPO (2021); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedychium gardnerianum (kahili ginger)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedysarum coronariumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Córdoba et al. (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus annuus (sunflower)PresentFAO (2009); Molinero-Ruiz et al. (2003); García-Ruiz et al. (2014); García-Carneros and Molinero-Ruiz (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDana et al. (2001); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum orbicularePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelichrysum orientalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium curassavicum (salt heliotrope)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeliotropium supinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelminthotheca echioides (bristly oxtongue)PresentNativeGreuter (2006); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemarthria compressaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeteropogon contortus (spear grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus rosa-sinensis (China-rose)PresentParrella et al. (2013); Parrella et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHibiscus trionum (Venice mallow)PresentHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard)PresentNativeGBIF (2015); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum secalinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHunnemannia fumariifolia (Mexican tulip poppy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla)PresentIntroducedZhuang and Beentje (2017); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranaePresentNativeUSA, USDA-GRIN (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle bonariensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle ranunculoides (floating pennywort)Absent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)Fried G et al. (2009); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2004); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocotyle verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHylocereus undatus (dragon fruit)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2016); Dana et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus albusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia hirta (coolatai grass)PresentWay et al. (2015); Hernández-Castellano and Hidalgo (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyparrhenia rufa (Jaragua grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum androsaemumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum calycinum (Aaron's beard)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Goldarazena (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum hircinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)PresentNativeUSDA-NRCS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balfouriiPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens balsamina (garden balsam)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022); Dana et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam)PresentIntroducedDana et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImperata cylindrica (cogon grass)Present, LocalizedNativeHolm et al. (1979); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIndigofera suffruticosa (Anil indigo)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedLuarca (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea cairica (five-fingered morning glory)PresentIntroducedBrandes and Fritzsch (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea imperatiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea indica (ocean blue morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGRIIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea nil (white edge morning-glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveGuillot Ortiz (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea sagittataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea triloba (three-lobe morning glory)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris albicansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris foetidissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris pallidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIris xiphiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2015); Spataro and Negri (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (marsh-elder)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIxia paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJasminum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus compressus (flattened rush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush)PresentNativeKirschner (2002); Âlvarez (1981)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe daigremontiana (devil's backbone)PresentIntroducedDana et al. (2005); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe delagoensis (chandelier plant)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe pinnata (cathedral bells)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKalanchoe proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKleinia neriifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macranthaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca salignaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagarosiphon major (African elodea)PresentIntroducedScher (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagerstroemia indica (Indian crape myrtle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagoecia cuminoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLagurus ovatus (hare's tail)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)PresentNativeInvasiveINRA (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLampranthus multiradiatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLantana camara (lantana)Present, LocalizedIntroducedSobrino et al. (2002); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLappula barbataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus angulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus aphacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus clymenumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus heterophyllusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus inconspicuusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus japonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nigerPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus nissoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus ochrusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus odoratus (sweet pea)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus palustrisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus pannonicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus setifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus sphaericusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus tingitanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus vernusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLavandula dentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLawsonia inermis (Egyptian privet)Present, PlantedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLegousia pentagoniaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna aequinoctialis (lesser duckweed)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna minutaPresentIntroducedDAISIE (2008); Galán de Mera and Castroviejo (2005); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLemna perpusilla (duckweed)PresentUSDA-ARS (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens ervoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLens nigricansPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis leonurusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeonotis nepetifolia (Christmas candlestick)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontodon hispidusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeontopodium alpinumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium didymum (lesser swine-cress)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium draba (hoary cress)Present, LocalizedNativeInvasiveEPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium graminifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium heterophyllumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium latifolium (perennial pepperweed)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium spinosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeptochloa fusca (sprangletop)PresentIntroducedInvasiveOsca (2013); DAISIE (2018); GRIIS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucaena leucocephala (leucaena)PresentIntroducedDana et al. (2005); DAISIE (2013); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum maximumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum japonicum (Japanese privet)PresentIntroducedSobrino et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum lucidum (broad-leaf privet)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum sinense (Chinese privet)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLigustrum vulgare (common privet)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilaeopsis attenuataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagonPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium pyrenaicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimnobium laevigatum (South American spongeplant)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLimoniastrum monopetalumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria vulgaris (common toadflax)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015); USDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLindernia dubiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum narbonensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum perennePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinum trigynumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium multiflorum (Italian ryegrass)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)PresentNativeeMonocot (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium rigidum (rigid ryegrass)PresentNativeCABI (Undated); Cirujeda et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLolium temulentum (darnel)PresentNativeLopez F. (1973); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera etrusca (Etruscan honeysuckle)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2014); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus angustissimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus conimbricensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus cytisoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus maritimusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLotus subbiflorus (hairy bird's-foot trefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia grandiflora (water primrose)PresentIntroducedCarretero (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia hyssopifolia (water primrose)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFerrer and Laguna (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia palustris (marsh seedbox)PresentNativePOWO (2020); Campos and Herrera (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia peploides (water primrose)PresentIntroducedUK, Center for Ecology and Hydrology (2007); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLudwigia repensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuffa aegyptiaca (loofah)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus angustifolius (narrow-leaf lupin)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017); Trapero-Casas et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus hispanicusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus micranthusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula niveaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLycium ferocissimum (African boxthorn)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia flexuosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia maritimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalope trifidaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva neglecta (common mallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestrisPresentCirujeda et al. (2011); Jordá et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalvella leprosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMangifera indica (mango)PresentCABI (Undated); Baeza-Montañez et al. (2010); Arjona-Girona and López-Herrera (2016); Arjona-Girona and López-Herrera (2018); Gutiérrez-Barranquero et al. (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatthiola lunataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago coronataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago italicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago murexPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago orbicularisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago polymorpha (bur clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago praecoxPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago rigidulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago turbinataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMegathyrsus maximus (Guinea grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelia azedarach (Chinaberry)PresentIntroducedWorld Agroforestry Centre (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis minutiflora (molasses grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelinis repens (natal redtop)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedVerloove and Sánchez Gullón (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha cervinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha pulegium (pennyroyal)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha suaveolensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum crystallinum (crystalline iceplant)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMesembryanthemum purpureocroceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMinuartia laricifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMirabilis jalapa (four o'clock flower)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMiscanthus sinensis (eulalia)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaModiola caroliniana (Carolina bristlemallow)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoenchia erectaPresentDenchev and Denchev (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoluccella laevisPresentSaavedra et al. (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoluccella spinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMomordica balsamina (common balsam apple)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoorochloa eruciformis (sweet signal grass)PresentSanz-Elorza et al. (2001); Kumar (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorella faya (firetree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMoricandia arvensisPresentCórdoba et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus alba (mora)PresentCastillo et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMorus nigra (black mulberry)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuehlenbeckia complexaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMurdannia nudiflora (doveweed)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGovaerts (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMuscari neglectum (starch grape hyacinth)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum aquaticum (parrot's feather)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum heterophyllum (broadleaf watermilfoil)PresentIntroducedCirujano et al. (1997); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil)PresentNativeMartinez-Taberner and Moyà (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNajas gracillimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNandina domestica (Nandina)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2013);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus assoanusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus bulbocodiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus calcicolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus cyclamineusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus minorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNarcissus papyraceusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella neesiana (Chilean needlegrass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella poeppigianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella tenuissima (Mexican feather grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNassella trichotoma (serrated tussock grass)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium microphyllum (one-row watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNasturtium officinale (watercress)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNerium oleander (oleander)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020); Álvarez et al. (2005); Goldarazena (2011); Milek and Pellizzari (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana glauca (tree tobacco)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Jordá et al. (2001); DAISIE (2013); USDA-ARS (2013); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana paniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNicotiana tabacum (tobacco)PresentIntroducedRandall (2012); Espárrago and Blanco (2002); Kephalogianni et al. (2002); Font et al. (2005); Rodríguez-Molina et al. (2007); Fiallo-Olivé et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNigella hispanicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNopalea cochenillifera (cochineal cactus)Absent, Formerly presentHanelt (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNothoscordum x borbonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphaea mexicana (yellow waterlily)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera affinisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera biennis (common evening primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera drummondiiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera glazioviana (redsepal evening-primrose)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera longifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera roseaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera rubricaulisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera speciosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera strictaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOlea europaea subsp. europaea (European olive)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); González et al. (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis aequidentataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnobrychis caput-galliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis mitissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnonis natrixPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acanthium (scotch thistle)PresentNativeTutin et al. (1976); Caballero (1984)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum acaulon (horse thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOnopordum illyricum (Illyrian thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOplismenus hirtellus subsp. undulatifolius (wavyleaf basketgrass)PresentValdés et al. (2009); USDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ammophilaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia dillenii (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia engelmannii (cactus apple)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSanz-Elorza et al. (2006); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia ficus-indica (prickly pear)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia humifusaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia maximaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia monacantha (common prickly pear)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia phaeacanthaPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia stricta (erect prickly pear)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018); Houérou (2002); Dana et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia tomentosa (velvet tree pear)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia tunaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOpuntia x bernichianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrbea variegata (carrion-flower)PresentIntroducedSánchez Gómez et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithogalum narbonensePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus compressusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrnithopus perpusillusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cernua (nodding broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972); Castejon-Muñoz et al. (1993); Pujadas-Salvà and Velasco (2000); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche crenata (crenate broomrape)PresentChater and Webb (1972); Román et al. (2002); Rubiales et al. (2003); Landa et al. (2006); Córdoba et al. (2008); Fernández-Aparicio et al. (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche cumana (sunflower broomrape)PresentIntroducedInvasivePineda-Martos et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche lavandulaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche minor (common broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche ramosa (branched broomrape)PresentNativeChater and Webb (1972)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis articulataPresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis bowieiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis corniculata (creeping woodsorrel)PresentPeralta and Royuela (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis debilis (pink woodsorrel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis latifolia (sorrel)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis pes-caprae (Bermuda buttercup)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Valentine (1968); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis tetraphyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOxalis variabilisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPanicum repens (torpedo grass)PresentIntroducedTutin et al. (1980); Jordá et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemonePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubiumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver hybridumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParentucellia viscosa (yellow glandweed)PresentNativeJuan et al. (1998)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParietaria judaicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParkinsonia aculeata (Mexican palo-verde)PresentIntroducedPasiecznik (1989); Hyde et al. (1990)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus vitaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalidium geminatum (Egyptian paspalidium)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum dilatatum (dallisgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum distichum (knotgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); UK, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2009); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum sauraePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum urvillei (Vasey grass)PresentIntroducedLitzler (1979); Sánchez (1981); Viera and Vesa (1990); GBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPaspalum vaginatum (seashore paspalum)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora caerulea (blue passionflower)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDana et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPassiflora edulis (passionfruit)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip)PresentNativeEuro+Med PlantBase (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum clandestinum (Kikuyu grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedValdés et al. (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum macrourum (African feather grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum purpureum (elephant grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPennisetum setaceum (fountain grass)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2012); Dana et al. (2005); Antonio Devesa and Arnelas (2006); Seebens et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPentas lanceolata (Egyptian starcluster)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPeriploca graecaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria maculosa (redshank)PresentNativeInvasiveINRA (2001); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPersicaria wallichii (Himalayan knotweed)PresentIntroducedGBIF (2015); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia proliferaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifragaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris aquatica (bulbous canarygrass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris minor (littleseed canarygrass)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris paradoxa (awned canary-grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhaseolus lunatus (lima bean)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass)PresentNativeKew (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm)PresentIntroducedFerry and Gómez (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhotinia serratifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhragmites australis (common reed)Present, WidespreadNativeHolm et al. (1991); Jordá et al. (2000); Cirujeda et al. (2011); Achon et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys aurea (golden bamboo)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2017); USDA-APHIS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhyllostachys reticulata (giant timber bamboo)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis fuscomaculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhysalis peruviana (Cape gooseberry)Present, LocalizedIntroducedGBIF (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed)Present, LocalizedNativeSell and West (1976); Gottschlich (1996)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPimenta dioica (allspice)PresentIntroducedParthasarathy et al. (2008); FAO (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus halepensis (Aleppo pine)Present, PlantedNativeDiaz et al. (1996); Santamaría et al. (2003); Lopes et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus pinaster (maritime pine)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2007); Arias et al. (2005); Landeras et al. (2005); Abelleira et al. (2011); Mesanza and Iturritxa (2012); Prieto-Recio et al. (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus radiata (radiata pine)Present, Widespread, PlantedIntroducedLanderas et al. (2005); Mesanza and Iturritxa (2012); Zamora et al. (2015); Manzanos et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPiptatherum miliaceum (smilograss)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Córdoba et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPistia stratiotes (water lettuce)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPittosporum undulatum (Australian cheesewood)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Córdoba et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago coronopus (Buck's-horn plantain)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1979); Iraola Calvo et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago major (broad-leaved plantain)PresentHolm et al. (1979); Patón et al. (1997); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago sempervirensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPluchea carolinensis (sourbush)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa annua (annual meadowgrass)Present, WidespreadEdmondson (1980); Holm et al. (1991); Clayton et al. (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2016); USDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass)PresentNativeISSG (2015); Euro+Med (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolycarpon tetraphyllum (fourleaf allseed)PresentNativeInvasiveHYPPA (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)PresentNativeGBIF (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum capitatum (pinkhead smartweed)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2019); Holm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolypogon monspeliensis (annual beard grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012); Jordá et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia cordata (pickerel weed)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPontederia rotundifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus alba (silver-leaf poplar)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane)PresentIntroducedCarretero (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed)PresentNativeEUNIS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatiorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis glandulosa (honey mesquite)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedPasiecznik (1989); Pasiecznik and Peñalvo (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis juliflora (mesquite)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaProsopis velutina (velvet mesquite)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedPasiecznik and Peñalvo (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal)PresentNativeWCSP (2016); Polunin and Smythies (1989)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry)Present, PlantedIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium cattleianum (strawberry guava)Present, Few occurrencesIntroducedPopenoe (1920); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPsidium guajava (guava)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPyracantha coccinea (scarlet firethorn)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus aconitifoliusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammulaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus gramineusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardousPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda alba (white mignonette)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteolaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda odorataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRetama monosperma (bridal broom)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn)PresentNativeTutin (1968)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhododendron ponticum (rhododendron)Present, LocalizedNativeCross (1975); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhynchosia caribaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean)Present, PlantedIntroducedInvasiveCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRidolfia segetumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRivina humilis (bloodberry)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedGBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRobinia pseudoacacia (black locust)PresentIntroducedILDIS (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRoldana petasitisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa curvisiliquaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosmarinus officinalis (rosemary)PresentMoralejo et al. (2009); Govaerts (2014); Royal Botanic Garden (2014); USDA-ARS (2014); González et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRostraria cristataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex bucephalophorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex conglomeratusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex crispus (curled dock)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex cristatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex lunariaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)PresentNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex patientiaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex scutatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex vesicariusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuschia caroliPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRuta chalepensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSaccharum ravennae (ravenna grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagittaria latifolia (broadleaf arrowhead)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalicornia europaeaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow)Present, LocalizedNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2008)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix eleagnosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow)PresentNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalpichroa origanifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola vermiculata (Mediterranean saltwort)Present, Localized, PlantedNativeSerrano et al. (1992)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia aethiopis (Mediterranean sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia coccinea (scarlet sage)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia glutinosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia lavandulifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia microphyllaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia pratensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia sclareaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia viridisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus canadensis (American black elderberry)PresentIntroducedPOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSansevieria trifasciata (mother-in-law’s tongue)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSantolina rosmarinifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSatureja montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchefflera actinophylla (umbrella tree)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus molle (false pepper tree)Present, PlantedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper tree)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus arabicus (Arabian schismus)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchismus barbatus (common Mediterranean grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchkuhria pinnataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectiella supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus litoralis subsp. thermalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSchoenoplectus mucronatus (ricefield bulrush)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla bifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScilla peruvianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScorpiurus muricatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia caninaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecale montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSechium edule (chayote)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera securidacaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum anglicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum arboroseumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum dendroideumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum mexicanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum praealtumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum rubrotinctumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sarmentosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sediformePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum sexangularePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum arachnoideumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSempervivum tectorumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio angulatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio deltoideusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio inaequidens (South African ragwort)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); Guillerm et al. (1990); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort)Present, LocalizedNativeWillkomm and Lange (1870); Merino (1906); Chater and Walters (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio lineatusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio parviflorusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio pterophorus (African daisy)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio sylvaticus (woodland groundsel)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgarisPresent, LocalizedNativeChater and Walters (1976); Jordá et al. (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna corymbosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenna obtusifolia (sicklepod)PresentRecasens and Conesa (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSesbania herbaceaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli libanotisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSeseli tortuosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria faberi (giant foxtail)PresentRecasens and Conesa (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria palmifolia (palm grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria parviflora (knotroot foxtail)PresentIntroducedInvasiveSanz-Elorza et al. (2001); Belmonte (1983); Campos and Herrera (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria verticillata (bristly foxtail)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSetaria viridis (green foxtail)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSicyos angulatus (burcucumber)PresentCABI (Undated); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSida acuta (sida)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montanaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotomaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene gallica (common catchfly)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSinapis arvensis (wild mustard)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisymbrium irioPresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2013); Córdoba et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium angustifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum americanumPresent, Only undercover/indoorsJordá et al. (2001);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum capsicastrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum carolinense (horsenettle)PresentEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum chenopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011); Golas et al. (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum elaeagnifolium (silverleaf nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCarretero (1989); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum heterodoxumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum juvenalePresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum luteumPresentSánchez-Campos et al. (2000)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum microcarpumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nigrum (black nightshade)PresentJordá et al. (2001); Font et al. (2004); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum nitidibaccatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum robustumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium (sticky nightshade)PresentIntroducedInvasiveCampos and Herrera (2009); CABI Data Mining (2011); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum torvum (turkey berry)PresentColmenares et al. (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum tuberosum (potato)PresentCABI (Undated); Andrés et al. (2006); Baeza-Montañez et al. (2010); Roca et al. (2016); Sarwar et al. (2017); Suárez et al. (2017); Sarwar et al. (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum viarum (tropical soda apple)Absent, No presence record(s)Monte and Zaragoza (2004); MAGRAMA (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)PresentIntroducedEPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva pterospermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSoliva sessilisPresentIntroducedGBIF (2009)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus arvensis (perennial sowthistle)Present, LocalizedJordá et al. (2000); EPPO (2022); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle)PresentAlcaraz Ariza (1984); Jordá et al. (2001); USDA-ARS (2014); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus tenerrimus (field sowthistle)PresentCórdoba et al. (2004)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSorghum halepense (Johnson grass)Present, LocalizedIntroducedHolm et al. (1991); Jordá et al. (2000); Achon et al. (2017); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina densifloraPresentIntroducedInvasiveISSG (2016); DAISIE (2016); USDA-ARS (2016); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina patens (saltmeadow cordgrass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); SanLeón et al. (1999)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartina versicolorPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom)PresentNative and IntroducedGavilán et al. (2016); Peñas (2009); USDA-ARS (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpathodea campanulata (African tulip tree)PresentIntroducedSanchez (2001)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry)PresentHolm et al. (1991); Ratter and Akeroyd (1993)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula morisonii (Morison's spurry)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSphagneticola trilobata (wedelia)PresentIntroducedVerloove and Sanchez (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus africanus (rat’s tail grass)PresentCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSporobolus indicus (rat tail grass)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed)PresentNativeGovaerts (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys byzantinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys rectaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria gramineaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed)PresentChater and Heywood (1972); Holm et al. (1977); Holm et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStenotaphrum secundatum (buffalo grass)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); DAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSternbergia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa capillataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa papposaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStipa tenacissimaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSymphyotrichum novi-belgii (New York aster)Present, Only in captivity/cultivationIntroducedEuro+Med (2006)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaeniatherum caput-medusae (medusahead wildrye)PresentNativeFrederiksen (1986); Widmer and Sforza (2004); Missouri Botanical Garden (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes erecta (Mexican marigold)PresentIntroducedInvasiveDAISIE (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTagetes minuta (stinking Roger)Present, LocalizedIntroducedAbdala and Seeligmann (1995)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix canariensis (Canary Island tamarisk)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix gallica (French tamarisk)Present, WidespreadNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTamarix parviflora (small-flower tamarisk)Present, LocalizedNativeBaum (1978)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum balsamitaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy)Present, WidespreadNativeTutin et al. (1976)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTaraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)PresentIntroducedSoria et al. (1991)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTecoma capensis (Cape honeysuckle)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTetragonia tetragonioides (New Zealand spinach)Present, WidespreadIntroducedGBIF (2013); Campos and Herrera (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium poliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifoliumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minusPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThapsia villosaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi alliaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress)PresentNativeHolm et al. (1991); USDA-ARS (2019)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTithonia diversifolia (Mexican sunflower)Present, LocalizedIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2018)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrachelium caeruleumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia cerinthoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia fluminensis (wandering Jew)PresentIntroducedRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2003)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia pallida (purple queen)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTradescantia zebrina (wandering jew)PresentIntroducedDAISIE (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTragus racemosus (stalker bur grass)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTribulus terrestris (puncture vine)PresentCABI (Undated);
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax procumbens (coat buttons)PresentHolm et al. (1979)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium cernuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium diffusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium glomeratumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium hirtum (rose clover)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium isthmocarpumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lappaceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ligusticumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium mediumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium micranthumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium montanumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium nigrescensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium ornithopodioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium pallidumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium patensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium phleoidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium purpureumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium retusumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium scabrumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spadiceumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium spumosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squamosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium squarrosumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium stellatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium striatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium strictumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium suffocatumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriglochin scilloidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella stellataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum monococcumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTriticum polonicumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa clusianaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurbina corymbosa (Christmas vine)PresentIntroducedCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush)PresentNativeChambers et al. (2008); CABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha domingensis (southern cattail)PresentNativeCook (1980)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail)PresentNativeUSA, USDA-ARS (2010)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha laxmanniiPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUlex europaeus (gorse)Present, WidespreadNativeInvasiveHolm et al. (1997); ILDIS (2007)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrochloa platyphylla (broadleaf signalgrass)PresentIntroducedNaturalizedDAISIE (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle)Present, WidespreadNativeUSDA-ARS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica morifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica urens (annual nettle)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1997)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUtricularia gibbaPresent, Few occurrencesNativeCABI (Undated)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVentenata dubia (North Africa grass)PresentBecerra et al. (2002); IUCN (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein)PresentNativeISSG (2014); USDA-ARS (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena brasiliensisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena litoralis (blue vervain)PresentIntroducedUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbena supinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbesina encelioides (golden crownbeard)Present, WidespreadIntroducedNaturalizedEuro+Med (2012); GBIF (2012); EPPO (2022)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrysPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica longifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica politaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell)PresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica triphyllosPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia bithynicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia dispermaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia hybridaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia luteaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioidesPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia parvifloraPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia peregrinaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch)PresentNativeILDIS (2015)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVigna marina (beach bean)PresentNativeGBIF (2014)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca difformisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVinca major (Big periwinkle)PresentWitt and Luke (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort)Present, LocalizedNativeTewksbury et al. (2002)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola suavisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitex agnus-castus (chaste tree)PresentNativePOWO (2020)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVitis cinereaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia bromoides (squirreltail fescue)PresentNativeUSDA-ARS (2012)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia geniculataPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia myuros (annual fescue)PresentNativeRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVulpia unilateralisPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWaltheria indicaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWigandia urensPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaWisteria sinensis (Chinese wisteria)PresentIntroducedCampos and Herrera (2009); GBIF (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium spinosum (bathurst burr)PresentIntroducedJordá et al. (2000); GBIF (2013); Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2013); USDA-ARS (2013)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXanthium strumarium (common cocklebur)Present, WidespreadHolm et al. (1991); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaXeranthemum annuumPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYoungia japonica (oriental false hawksbeard)PresentIntroducedVerloove (2017)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca aloifolia (Spanish bayonet)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveFerrer Merino and Donat (2011); GBIF (2016)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaYucca recurvifoliaPresentCABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZiziphus mauritiana (jujube)Present, PlantedIntroducedCABI (2005)
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean)PresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaPlantaeStreptophytaCampylopus introflexusPresentIntroducedFrahm (1981); Casas et al. (1988)
EukaryotaProtistaParamyxeaMarteilia refringensPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); López-Sanmartín et al. (2015); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaAlexandrium minutumPresent, WidespreadVila et al. (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia bigeminaPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia canisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia divergensPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia equiPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia ovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia exitiosaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Carrasco et al. (2012); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBonamia ostreaePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Conchas et al. (2003); Montes et al. (2003); Seebens et al. (2017); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaGymnodinium catenatumPresent, WidespreadEstrada et al. (1984); Seebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaHaplosporidium armoricanumPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaKarenia mikimotoiPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); CABI Data Mining (2011)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackiniAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPerkinsus olseniPresentIntroducedSeebens et al. (2017); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaPlasmodium relictumPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006); Hellgren et al. (2007); Marzal et al. (2008); CABI (Undated);
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria annulataPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria orientalisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTheileria ovisPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondiiPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdumAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansiPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedTamarit et al. (2010); OIE (2018); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican horse sickness virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAfrican swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusavian metapneumovirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusAvipoxvirusPresent, WidespreadVogelsang (1938); Groth (1963); Orós et al. (1997); Hernández et al. (2001); Buenestado et al. (2004)
VirusBanana streak diseaseAbsent, Unconfirmed presence record(s)EPPO (2022)
VirusBarley yellow dwarf viruses (barley yellow dwarf)PresentFereres et al. (1989); Comas et al. (1993)
Virusbluetongue virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine leukemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2020)
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruscamelpox virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusclassical swine fever virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusCrimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusCucumber green mottle mosaic virusPresentCélix et al. (1996); CABI and EPPO (2015); Crespo et al. (2017); Crespo et al. (2018); Crespo et al. (2020)
VirusCucurbit aphid-borne yellows virus (Cucurbit aphid-borne yellows)Present, WidespreadJuarez et al. (2004);
VirusCucurbit yellow stunting disorder virusPresent, LocalizedCABI and EPPO (2004); Célix et al. (1996); Berdiales et al. (1999); EPPO (2022)
Virusduck hepatitis A virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Viruseastern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusEggplant mottled dwarf virus (tomato vein yellowing virus)PresentEPPO (2022); Aramburu et al. (2006); CABI and EPPO (2008); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2011); Parrella et al. (2013); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2016)
Virusepizootic haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequid herpesvirus 1PresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusequine arteritis virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusequine infectious anaemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
Virusequine influenzavirusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusFaba bean necrotic yellows virusPresentOrtiz et al. (2006)
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusGrapevine virus A (grapevine closterovirus)PresentZabalgogeazcoa et al. (1997); Notte et al. (1997); Fiore et al. (2016); Ruiz-García and Olmos (2017); Ruiz-García et al. (2017)
VirusHaliotid herpesvirus 1Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious bursal disease virusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious myonecrosis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfectious pancreatic necrosis virusPresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Virusinfectious salmon anemia virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusinfluenza A virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE Handistatus (2005); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
VirusIris yellow spot virus (iris yellow spot)Present, LocalizedEPPO (2022); Córdoba-Sellés et al. (2007); CABI and EPPO (2014)
VirusJapanese encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Viruslumpy skin disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusMacrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusMaize chlorotic mottle virusPresentAchon et al. (2017)
VirusMaize dwarf mosaic virus (dwarf mosaic of maize)Present, WidespreadFelip and Aguilar (1987); Achon et al. (1996); Achon (1999); Angeles Achon and Sobrepere (2001); CABI and EPPO (2003); Achon et al. (2017); CABI (Undated)
Virusmyxoma virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNairobi sheep disease virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNewcastle disease virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusNipah virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusPapaya ringspot virusPresentCABI and EPPO (2003)
VirusPepino mosaic virusPresent, WidespreadJordá et al. (2001); Jordá et al. (2001); Córdoba et al. (2004); Córdoba-Sellés et al. (2007); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2008); CABI and EPPO (2015); Verbeek et al. (2015); Alcaide et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusPepper mild mottle virus (PMMV)PresentCABI and EPPO (2009); Wetter et al. (1984); Marte and Wetter (1986); Alonso et al. (1989); García-Luque et al. (1990); García-Luque et al. (1993); Ruiz et al. (2016); CABI (Undated)
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka)Present, LocalizedIntroducedRoy and Smith (1994); Cambra et al. (2004); CABI and EPPO (2007); García-Ibarra et al. (2012); EPPO (2022)
Virusporcine epidemic diarrhea virusPresentCarvajal et al. (1995)
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato)PresentCABI and EPPO (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrabies virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusred sea bream iridovirusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusRift Valley fever virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusrinderpest virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusspring viraemia of carp virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusSugarcane mosaic virus (sugarcane mosaic)PresentISSCT (1989); EPPO (2022)
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusSweet potato feathery mottle virus (internal cork disease of sweet potato)PresentCABI (Undated); Valverde et al. (2004); Trendo et al. (2007); EPPO (2022)
VirusTaura syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusTomato brown rugose fruit virus (Tomato brown rugose fruit virus)Present, Few occurrencesEPPO (2022); EPPO (2019); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2021)
VirusTomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (Tomato New Delhi virus)Present, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveRuiz et al. (2017); Juárez et al. (2014); Ruiz et al. (2015); CABI and EPPO (2016); Bragard et al. (2020); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato spotted wilt orthotospovirus (tomato spotted wilt)Present, WidespreadUK, CAB International (1978); Jordá et al. (2000); Aramburu and Martí (2003); Alfaro-Fernández et al. (2010); Soler et al. (2010); Fiallo-Olivé et al. (2014); Verbeek et al. (2015); EPPO (2022)
VirusTomato yellow leaf curl virus (leaf curl)Present, LocalizedMoriones et al. (1993); Font et al. (2000); Sánchez-Campos et al. (2000); Jordá et al. (2001); Morilla et al. (2003); Font et al. (2005); Fiallo-Olivé et al. (2014); EPPO (2022)
Virustransmissible gastroenteritis virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvesicular stomatitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicemia virusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Virusvisna/maedi virusPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusWest Nile virusPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
VirusWheat streak mosaic virus (wheat streak)PresentAchon et al. (2006)
VirusWhite spot syndrome virusAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

Disease Distribution Origin Invasive References
abalone viral ganglioneuritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Acanthocephalan infections of fishPresentSanmartín et al. (2000)
acarapisosis of honey beesAbsentOIE (2020); EPPO (2009); Garrido-Bailón et al. (2012); OIE (2020)
actinomycosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
acute hepatopancreatic necrosis diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Aeromonas infection in fishAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
African horse sicknessAbsentOIE (2020); Mellor and Boorman (1995); OIE (2020)
African swine feverAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
American foul broodPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
amoebic gill diseasePresentDyková et al. (1995); Rodger and McArdle (1996); Dyková et al. (1998)
anguillicolosisPresent, LocalizedIntroducedInvasiveAguilar et al. (2005)
anthraxAbsentOIE (2020); Food & Agriculture Organization (1972); Serrano (1994); OIE (1997); OIE (2020)
atypical non-progressive proliferative pneumoniaPresentLivingston and Gauer (1979)
Aujeszky's diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian chlamydiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian encephalomyelitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
avian infectious bronchitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian influenzaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2018); OIE (2018); OIE (2019); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); Poveda et al. (1990); OIE (2020)
avian trichomoniasisPresentMartínez-Moreno et al. (1989); Ponce Gordo et al. (2002)
avipoxPresent, WidespreadVogelsang (1938); Groth (1963); Orós et al. (1997); Hernández et al. (2001); Buenestado et al. (2004)
babesiosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009); Alani and Herbert (1988); Habela et al. (1990); García Cuadrado (1993); Marín et al. (1995); Ferrer et al. (1998)
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infectionPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
Bibersteinia trehalosi infectionsPresentGonzalez et al. (2013)
blacklegPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
bluetonguePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bonamiosis (Bonamia exitiosa)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); Abollo et al. (2008); Carrasco et al. (2012); OIE (2020)
bonamiosis (Bonamia ostreae)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); Conchas et al. (2003); Montes et al. (2003); OIE (2020)
Borrelia anserina infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
botulismAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
bovine anaplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
bovine babesiosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine coronavirus infectionPresentAlvarez et al. (1987); De la Fuente et al. (1998)
bovine enterovirus infectionPresentBarrandeguy et al. (1988)
bovine genital campylobacteriosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
bovine herpesvirus 1 infectionsPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine parainfluenza 3 infectionPresent, WidespreadCatalán et al. (1994)
bovine spongiform encephalopathyPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
bovine tuberculosisPresentOIE (2018); OIE (2018)
bovine venereal trichomonosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
bovine viral diarrhoeaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella abortus)AbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis)AbsentOIE (2020); Reviriego et al. (2000); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella ovis)PresentOIE (2020); Blasco et al. (1982); OIE (2020)
brucellosis (Brucella suis)Present, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Burkholderia pseudomallei infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
camel poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
caprine arthritis encephalitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
caseous lymphadenitisAbsent, No presence record(s)Redondo et al. (1988); OIE Handistatus (2005)
chlamydial infections of livestock and poultryPresentAstorga et al. (1994); Cubero-Pablo et al. (2000)
Chrysomya bezziana infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
ChytridiomycosisPresent, WidespreadGarner et al. (2005); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
classical swine feverAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
coccidiosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Cochliomyia hominivorax infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
cold-water diseasePresentToranzo and Baria (1993)
contagious agalactiaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious bovine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious caprine pleuropneumoniaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
contagious equine metritisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
crayfish plaguePresentIntroducedInvasiveCuellar and Coll (1984); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
cryptosporidiosis in livestock and poultryPresentGarcía-Rodríguez et al. (1989); García-Rodríguez et al. (1990); Leon et al. (1993); Causapé et al. (1996); Moles et al. (1998); Ares-Mazás et al. (1999); Torres et al. (2000); Causapé et al. (2002); Clavel et al. (2002)
Denman island diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
dermatophilosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Dichelobacter nodosus infectionPresentHurtado et al. (1998)
dourineAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
duck viral enteritisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
duck virus hepatitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
EchinococcusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
Echinococcus granulosusPresentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
Echinococcus multilocularisAbsentOIE (2020); CABI Data Mining (2001); OIE (2020)
Edwardsiella septicaemia (Edwardsiella tarda infection)PresentNougayrede et al. (1994); CABI (Undated)
enteric redmouth diseasePresentRodríguez et al. (1999); Romalde et al. (2003); CABI (Undated)
enzootic abortion of ewesPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
enzootic bovine leukosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haematopoietic necrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic haemorrhagic diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
epizootic lymphangitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
epizootic ulcerative syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine encephalomyelitis (Western)Absent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine infectious anaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
equine influenzaPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
equine piroplasmosisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine rhinopneumonitisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
equine viral arteritisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
Escherichia coli infectionsPresentBlanco et al. (1993); Blanco et al. (1993); Blanco et al. (1996); Blanco et al. (1996); Blanco et al. (1996); Blanco et al. (1997); Blanco et al. (1997); Blanco et al. (1997); Blanco et al. (1997); Blanco et al. (1998)
European foul broodAbsentOIE (2020); Flores et al. (2000); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in pigsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminantsAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
fowl choleraAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
fowl typhoidAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
fowlpoxPresentVogelsang (1938); Groth (1963); Orós et al. (1997); OIE Handistatus (2005)
Fusobacterium necrophorum infectionsPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
giardiasisPresentDíaz et al. (1996); Quílez et al. (1996)
glandersAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Glässer's diseasePresent, WidespreadRúbies et al. (1999)
Gyrodactylus salaris infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
haplosporidiosis of pacific oystersAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
heartwaterAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
hepatitis E virus infectionPresent, WidespreadCasas et al. (2011)
horse poxAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
inclusion body rhinitisPresentBernabé et al. (1990)
infection with Marteilia refringensPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); López-Sanmartín et al. (2015); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus marinusAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infection with Perkinsus olseniPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Elandaloussi et al. (2009); OIE (2020)
Infection with salmonid alphavirusPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Raynard et al. (1992); OIE (2020)
infectious bursal diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2019); OIE (2020)
infectious coryzaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
infectious haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious laryngotracheitisPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious myonecrosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
infectious pancreatic necrosisPresentReno (1999)
infectious salmon anaemiaAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Japanese encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
koi herpesvirus diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Lactococcus garvieae (Enterococcus seriolicida) infection in fishPresentPalacios et al. (1993)
leishmaniosisPresent, WidespreadBourdeau et al. (2014); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
leptospirosisPresentOIE (2009)
listeriosisPresentVazquez-Boland et al. (1991); OIE Handistatus (2005); CABI (Undated)
louping illPresentBalseiro et al. (2012)
lumpy skin diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
lyme borreliosisPresent, LocalizedEstrada-Peña et al. (1995)
malignant catarrhal feverPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
Mannheimia haemolytica infectionsPresentRedondo et al. (1994)
Marek's diseasePresent, LocalizedOIE (2009)
mycobacteriosis in fishPresentGómez et al. (1996); Gómez (2001)
Mycoplasma agalactiae infectionsPresent, LocalizedOIE (2009); Goncer Coca and Rodríguez Ferri (1990); Real et al. (1994); Pérez Gómez et al. (1996); Rodríguez et al. (1996)
Mycoplasma hyorhinis infectionsPresentCopes et al. (1995)
Mycoplasma meleagridis infectionsPresentPoveda et al. (1990)
Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides (LC) infectionsPresentGarrido et al. (1987)
Myicola ostreae infestationPresentIntroducedVillalba et al. (1993)
Mytilicola intestinalis infestation (mussel red worm)Present, WidespreadAndreu (1963); Pascual et al. (1987); Robledo et al. (1994); Robledo et al. (1994); Villalba et al. (1997); Carballal et al. (2001)
myxomatosisPresentOIE (2020); Dalton et al. (2015); OIE (2020)
Myxozoan infections of fishPresentAlvarez-Pellitero et al. (1982); Gonzalez-Lanza and Alvarez-Pellitero (1984); Gonzalez-Lanza and Alvarez-Pellitero (1985); Alvarez-Pellitero (1989); Palenzuela et al. (1997); Székely et al. (2000)
Nairobi sheep diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
necrotizing hepatopancreatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
neosporosisPresent, WidespreadFondevila et al. (1998); Quintanilla-Gozalo et al. (1999)
Newcastle diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Nipah virus infectionAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Oncorhynchus masou virus diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale infectionPresentPagès et al. (1995)
paratuberculosisPresentWhittington et al. (2019); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Pasteurella multocida infectionsPresentFerrer et al. (1999); Felix et al. (2003)
peste des petits ruminantsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Plasmodium relictum infectionPresentNativeBeadell et al. (2006); Hellgren et al. (2007); Marzal et al. (2008); CABI (Undated);
porcine circovirus infectionsPresent, WidespreadSegalés et al. (1997); Allan et al. (1998); Allan et al. (1998); Plana-Durán et al. (1999)
porcine enterovirus infectionsAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
porcine epidemic diarrhoeaPresentCarvajal et al. (1995)
porcine parvovirus infectionPresentPerea et al. (1988)
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndromePresentOIE (2020); ESAVS (1992); OIE (2020)
proliferative enteropathyPresentRubio Nistal et al. (2005)
pseudotuberculosis in fishPresentToranzo et al. (1991)
pullorum diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Q feverPresentOIE (2020); Fernández Solà and Pérez Vidal (2003); Villa Espinosa et al. (2003); OIE (2020)
rabbit haemorrhagic diseasePresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rabiesAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020)
Ranavirus infection in amphibiansPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2018); OIE (2020)
red sea bream iridoviral diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Rhodococcus equi infectionsPresentCABI (Undated)
Riemerella anatipestifer infectionPresentLeon et al. (1980)
Rift Valley feverAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rinderpestAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
rotavirus infections in livestock and poultryPresent, LocalizedAlvarez et al. (1985); García Sanchez et al. (1992)
Sapelovirus A infectionsPresentVilar et al. (2016)
scrapiePresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Serratia infections in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2PresentOIE (2020)
sheep and goat poxAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
small hive beetle infestationAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
spring viraemia of carpAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Staphylococcus aureus infectionsPresent, WidespreadContreras et al. (1995)
stranglesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
streptococcosis in fish caused by Streptococcus iniaePresentInvasiveCABI (Undated)
Streptococcus and Enterococcus infections in pigs (and ruminants)Present, WidespreadPrieto et al. (1993)
surraPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedTamarit et al. (2010); OIE (2018); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
swine dysenteryAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE Handistatus (2005)
swine erysipelasPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
swine influenzaPresent, WidespreadCastro et al. (1988); Yus et al. (1989); Yus et al. (1992)
Taura syndromeAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Tenacibaculum maritimum infectionPresentAlsina and Blanch (1993); Pazos et al. (1993)
Theileria annulata infectionsPresentViseras et al. (1997); OIE (1998); Viseras and García-Fernández (1999); CABI (Undated)
Theileria orientalis/Theileria buffeli infectionsPresentGimenez et al. (2009)
theileriosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
tick-borne feverPresentJuste et al. (1989)
torovirus infectionsPresentPignatelli et al. (2010)
toxoplasmosisPresentOIE Handistatus (2005)
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infectionAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
TrichinellaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
trichomonosisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey beesAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
trypanosomosisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
tuberculosisPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
tularaemiaPresent, LocalizedOIE (2020); Anda et al. (2001); García del Blanco et al. (2004); OIE (2020)
turkey rhinotracheitisAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
varroosis of honey beesPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
Venezuelan equine encephalitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
vesicular stomatitisAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2009)
vibriosis in fishPresentCABI (Undated)
viral erythrocytic necrosisPresentPinto et al. (1989)
viral haemorrhagic septicaemiaAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
visna/maediPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
West Nile feverPresentOIE (2020); OIE (2009); OIE (2020); CABI (Undated)
whirling diseasePresentCordero del Campillo et al. (1975)
white spot diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
white tail diseaseAbsentOIE (2020); OIE (2020)
winter diseasePresentCABI Data Mining (2001)
Xenohaliotis californiensis infectionPresent, Few occurrencesIntroducedBalseiro et al. (2006); Crosson et al. (2014); OIE (2020); OIE (2020)
yellow head diseaseAbsent, No presence record(s)OIE (2020); OIE (2020)

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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Crop   2019 2018 2017 2016 2015
Almonds, with shellArea harvested687,230657,770633,562583,673548,604
Production quantity340,420339,030255,503199,167211,084
Yield4,954 Fc5,154 Fc4,033 Fc3,412 Fc3,848 Fc
ApplesArea harvested29,64029,93030,55030,87230,721
Production quantity638,840562,960587,034621,164593,592
Yield215,533 Fc188,092 Fc192,155 Fc201,206 Fc193,220 Fc
ApricotsArea harvested20,24020,57021,00220,35318,822
Production quantity145,830176,290162,872139,605153,667
Yield72,050 Fc85,702 Fc77,551 Fc68,592 Fc81,642 Fc
ArtichokesArea harvested14,49015,58016,40316,04515,002
Production quantity199,940208,460223,150225,619204,111
Yield137,985 Fc133,800 Fc136,042 Fc140,616 Fc136,056 Fc
AsparagusArea harvested13,37014,69013,75512,58911,251
Production quantity58,61068,40063,43359,86958,771
Yield43,837 Fc46,562 Fc46,116 Fc47,557 Fc52,236 Fc
AvocadosArea harvested14,10012,16011,81211,44111,329
Production quantity97,73089,59092,93691,50986,636
Yield69,312 Fc73,676 Fc78,679 Fc79,983 Fc76,473 Fc
BananasArea harvested9,0609,0909,0769,0408,975
Production quantity398,720386,230421,313408,716381,983
Yield440,088 Fc424,895 Fc464,206 Fc452,119 Fc425,608 Fc
BarleyArea harvested2,693,5102,569,4602,597,5272,563,1952,598,896
Production quantity7,744,1509,554,1605,785,9449,176,1596,705,106
Yield28,751 Fc37,184 Fc22,275 Fc35,800 Fc25,800 Fc
Beans, greenArea harvested7,5407,8908,5099,4509,445
Production quantity143,290138,930163,649181,725179,947
Yield190,040 Fc176,084 Fc192,325 Fc192,302 Fc190,521 Fc
Berries nesArea harvested2502701,454 Im1,395 Im1,312 Im
Production quantity4,4603,9209,915 Im9,540 Im9,005 Im
Yield178,400 Fc145,185 Fc68,191 Fc68,387 Fc68,636 Fc
BlueberriesArea harvested4,0303,7203,2602,2601,803
Production quantity53,38043,52035,35524,94521,060
Yield132,457 Fc116,989 Fc108,451 Fc110,376 Fc116,805 Fc
Broad beans, horse beans, dryArea harvested22,07023,23036,57447,10950,072
Production quantity24,04035,56048,46853,62565,532
Yield10,893 Fc15,308 Fc13,252 Fc11,383 Fc13,088 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicasArea harvested12,2506,5506,6086,7994,995
Production quantity284,110213,310217,329229,618165,771
Yield231,927 Fc325,664 Fc328,888 Fc337,723 Fc331,874 Fc
Carrots and turnipsArea harvested6,6706,5506,4446,7056,692
Production quantity384,300382,430389,844404,962410,865
Yield576,162 Fc583,863 Fc604,972 Fc603,970 Fc613,964 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoliArea harvested39,54040,44039,33234,53632,263
Production quantity707,510725,260688,778640,083607,186
Yield178,935 Fc179,342 Fc175,119 Fc185,338 Fc188,199 Fc
Cereals nesArea harvested9,1206,6701,9466,13129,441 Im
Production quantity25,85017,6504,28415,41236,758 Im
Yield28,344 Fc26,462 Fc22,014 Fc25,138 Fc12,485 Fc
Cereals, TotalArea harvested5,975,710 A6,027,610 A6,011,747 A6,203,674 A6,212,892 A
Production quantity20,589,030 A25,348,920 A16,653,669 A24,056,790 A20,149,310 A
Yield34,455 Fc42,055 Fc27,702 Fc38,778 Fc32,431 Fc
CherriesArea harvested27,47027,37027,59226,94626,492
Production quantity118,380106,580114,433100,50394,145
Yield43,094 Fc38,940 Fc41,473 Fc37,298 Fc35,537 Fc
Cherries, sourArea harvested130130130120100
Production quantity380420370430420
Yield29,231 Fc32,308 Fc28,462 Fc35,833 Fc42,000 Fc
ChestnutArea harvested37,12036,68036,45136,17435,898
Production quantity188,930184,77015,62316,17816,413
Yield50,897 Fc50,374 Fc4,286 Fc4,472 Fc4,572 Fc
Chillies and peppers, greenArea harvested21,43020,58020,49819,62318,263
Production quantity1,402,3801,275,4601,277,9081,175,6351,102,522
Yield654,400 Fc619,757 Fc623,431 Fc599,111 Fc603,692 Fc
Citrus Fruit, TotalArea harvested296,460 A297,620 A294,262 A295,331 A384,363 A
Production quantity6,010,050 A6,777,990 A6,330,530 A7,085,819 A7,635,560 A
Yield202,727 Fc227,740 Fc215,132 Fc239,928 Fc198,655 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkinsArea harvested7,4207,5007,5107,4378,146
Production quantity739,200643,660634,824630,980705,776
Yield996,226 Fc858,213 Fc845,305 Fc848,434 Fc866,408 Fc
CurrantsArea harvested2020MMM
Production quantity9030900 F900 F900 F
Yield45,000 Fc15,000 Fc
Eggplants (aubergines)Area harvested3,4703,6203,5803,7533,836
Production quantity245,150238,330225,912242,643244,540
Yield706,484 Fc658,370 Fc631,039 Fc646,531 Fc637,487 Fc
Fibre Crops PrimaryArea harvested170 A140 A63,010 A60,843 A63,354 A
Production quantity290 A750 A39 A40 A38 A
Yield17,059 Fc53,571 Fc6 Fc7 Fc6 Fc
FigsArea harvested14,60013,98013,56412,61312,751
Production quantity51,60047,75036,38045,71826,479
Yield35,342 Fc34,156 Fc26,821 Fc36,247 Fc20,766 Fc
Flax fibre and towArea harvested18 Im19 F18 F
Production quantity19 Im20 F18 F
Yield10,556 Fc10,526 Fc10,000 Fc
Fruit PrimaryArea harvested1,556,100 A1,560,080 A1,582,227 A1,579,578 A1,665,112 A
Production quantity18,317,660 A20,000,010 A18,484,973 A19,466,863 A19,718,151 A
Yield117,715 Fc128,199 Fc116,829 Fc123,241 Fc118,419 Fc
Fruit, citrus nesArea harvested1,3001,1301,0891,0211,480 F
Production quantity1,4801,7101,9822,0175,000 F
Yield11,385 Fc15,133 Fc18,200 Fc19,755 Fc33,784 Fc
Fruit, pome nesArea harvested3,0203,630
Production quantity35,66038,500
Yield118,079 Fc106,061 Fc
Fruit, stone nesArea harvested460500
Production quantity1,5601,930
Yield33,913 Fc38,600 Fc
Fruit, tropical fresh nesArea harvested34,11034,39015,06316,5249,787 Im
Production quantity662,670675,840163,271173,645119,571 Im
Yield194,274 Fc196,522 Fc108,392 Fc105,087 Fc122,173 Fc
GarlicArea harvested27,35028,43026,63024,31719,996
Production quantity271,350273,480274,712209,795178,416
Yield99,214 Fc96,194 Fc103,159 Fc86,275 Fc89,226 Fc
Grain, mixedArea harvested43,93048,6104,2457,2607,200 F
Production quantity86,170159,8606,40711,01410,000 F
Yield19,615 Fc32,886 Fc15,093 Fc15,171 Fc13,889 Fc
Grapefruit (inc. pomelos)Area harvested2,4302,2402,0661,7941,976
Production quantity70,47070,62078,75272,23671,758 Im
Yield290,000 Fc315,268 Fc381,181 Fc402,653 Fc363,148 Fc
GrapesArea harvested936,890939,920937,763935,105941,056
Production quantity5,745,4506,983,2605,387,4036,102,8515,799,131
Yield61,325 Fc74,296 Fc57,450 Fc65,264 Fc61,624 Fc
Hazelnuts, with shellArea harvested13,02013,51012,80613,13713,301
Production quantity12,3708,03010,4879,51011,423
Yield9,501 Fc5,944 Fc8,189 Fc7,239 Fc8,588 Fc
Hemp tow wasteArea harvested17014010 F10 F10 F
Production quantity29075020 F20 F20 F
Yield17,059 Fc53,571 Fc20,000 Fc20,000 Fc20,000 Fc
HopsArea harvested590570571522520
Production quantity970920711967917 Im
Yield16,441 Fc16,140 Fc12,452 Fc18,525 Fc17,635 Fc
Kiwi fruitArea harvested1,5501,4701,4851,8981,502
Production quantity24,51023,83021,46321,40921,135
Yield158,129 Fc162,109 Fc144,532 Fc112,798 Fc140,712 Fc
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetablesArea harvested2,8602,8503,0892,6832,847
Production quantity80,28081,64095,24881,80392,614
Yield280,699 Fc286,456 Fc308,346 Fc304,894 Fc325,304 Fc
Lemons and limesArea harvested46,84046,01043,08741,21838,484
Production quantity884,8901,087,230925,615955,578886,272 Im
Yield188,918 Fc236,303 Fc214,825 Fc231,835 Fc230,296 Fc
Lettuce and chicoryArea harvested35,36033,87034,50835,64634,314
Production quantity1,009,810938,530976,112929,944927,378
Yield285,580 Fc277,098 Fc282,865 Fc260,883 Fc270,262 Fc
LinseedArea harvested20131711 F
Production quantity1011119 F
Yield5,000 Fc8,462 Fc6,471 Fc8,182 Fc
LupinsArea harvested2,4502,9803,6143,5774,442 Im
Production quantity1,7102,8803,1273,3733,294 Im
Yield6,980 Fc9,664 Fc8,652 Fc9,430 Fc7,416 Fc
MaizeArea harvested356,830322,370333,628359,275398,257
Production quantity4,184,4603,842,5203,775,6454,069,5084,564,416
Yield117,268 Fc119,196 Fc113,169 Fc113,270 Fc114,610 Fc
Melons, other (inc.cantaloupes)Area harvested19,69019,03020,47320,68622,144
Production quantity660,190664,350655,677649,767692,056
Yield335,292 Fc349,107 Fc320,264 Fc314,110 Fc312,525 Fc
Mushrooms and trufflesArea harvested550550535577661
Production quantity170,160166,250159,018148,037218,795
Yield3,093,818 Fc3,022,727 Fc2,972,299 Fc2,565,633 Fc3,310,061 Fc
Nuts nesArea harvested39,60029,3901,743 Im1,800 Im1,988 Im
Production quantity13,1508,2804,309 Im4,429 Im4,953 Im
Yield3,321 Fc2,817 Fc24,722 Fc24,606 Fc24,914 Fc
OatsArea harvested453,430556,500558,767509,849490,041
Production quantity841,2001,547,460843,2591,110,117790,432
Yield18,552 Fc27,807 Fc15,091 Fc21,773 Fc16,130 Fc
OilcropsArea harvested3,395,510 A3,374,520 A3,458,027 A3,409,885 A3,241,525 A
Production quantity6,918,830 A10,998,720 A7,766,455 A8,265,992 A7,080,252 A
Yield20,376 Fc32,593 Fc22,459 Fc24,241 Fc21,842 Fc
Oilcrops, Cake EquivalentArea harvested793,610 A795,520 A903,198 A888,191 A890,155 A
Production quantity471,535 A583,414 A565,157 A562,827 A525,086 A
Yield5,942 Fc7,334 Fc6,257 Fc6,337 Fc5,899 Fc
Oilcrops, Oil EquivalentArea harvested3,395,510 A3,374,520 A3,458,027 A3,409,885 A3,241,525 A
Production quantity1,695,456 A2,633,614 A1,872,755 A1,984,786 A1,707,829 A
Yield4,993 Fc7,804 Fc5,416 Fc5,821 Fc5,269 Fc
Oilseeds nesArea harvested19,99024,230
Production quantity21,51034,030
Yield10,760 Fc14,045 Fc
OlivesArea harvested2,601,9002,579,0002,554,8292,521,6942,351,370
Production quantity5,965,0809,819,5706,549,4997,082,5505,947,700
Yield22,926 Fc38,075 Fc25,636 Fc28,086 Fc25,295 Fc
Onions, dryArea harvested26,52024,39024,76224,96923,480
Production quantity1,458,9201,288,0301,299,5341,384,0981,229,842
Yield550,121 Fc528,098 Fc524,810 Fc554,327 Fc523,783 Fc
OrangesArea harvested140,310139,630140,505142,171147,420
Production quantity3,226,8703,639,8503,357,1633,673,9152,935,370
Yield229,981 Fc260,678 Fc238,935 Fc258,415 Fc199,116 Fc
Peaches and nectarinesArea harvested77,70080,31084,21985,32086,506
Production quantity1,545,6101,450,9301,799,6851,421,6781,581,510
Yield198,920 Fc180,666 Fc213,691 Fc166,629 Fc182,821 Fc
PearsArea harvested20,62021,33021,88822,54722,878
Production quantity330,670332,320360,957349,247355,410
Yield160,364 Fc155,799 Fc164,911 Fc154,897 Fc155,350 Fc
Peas, dryArea harvested145,400149,020173,854155,409161,746
Production quantity163,840268,670186,406273,954193,389
Yield11,268 Fc18,029 Fc10,722 Fc17,628 Fc11,956 Fc
Peas, greenArea harvested16,69013,83014,26315,66313,740
Production quantity126,980109,270104,472117,12684,705
Yield76,081 Fc79,009 Fc73,247 Fc74,779 Fc61,648 Fc
Plums and sloesArea harvested14,85014,64015,19915,27816,064
Production quantity179,840152,980172,325193,598217,291
Yield121,104 Fc104,495 Fc113,379 Fc126,717 Fc135,266 Fc
PotatoesArea harvested66,65067,49070,87872,13671,676
Production quantity2,259,3202,010,9302,239,4702,246,2042,284,073
Yield338,983 Fc297,960 Fc315,961 Fc311,385 Fc318,666 Fc
Pulses nesArea harvested250,630297,69081,66990,64162,201 Im
Production quantity213,420383,54065,377116,82869,029 Im
Yield8,515 Fc12,884 Fc8,005 Fc12,889 Fc11,098 Fc
Pulses, TotalArea harvested420,550 A472,920 A521,386 A460,227 A463,404 A
Production quantity403,010 A690,650 A476,139 A647,720 A501,751 A
Yield9,583 Fc14,604 Fc9,132 Fc14,074 Fc10,828 Fc
Pumpkins, squash and gourdsArea harvested14,95015,16014,95714,24711,894 Im
Production quantity734,640717,650702,278678,652556,753 Im
Yield491,398 Fc473,384 Fc469,531 Fc476,347 Fc468,096 Fc
RapeseedArea harvested70,26078,53095,80191,45971,040
Production quantity144,770179,980153,665225,165149,198
Yield20,605 Fc22,919 Fc16,040 Fc24,619 Fc21,002 Fc
RaspberriesArea harvested2,4902,5702,4822,1211,847
Production quantity59,99043,71043,52921,98316,724
Yield240,924 Fc170,078 Fc175,379 Fc103,645 Fc90,547 Fc
Rice, paddyArea harvested103,370105,010107,604109,272109,290
Production quantity778,780798,880835,178835,400847,026
Yield75,339 Fc76,077 Fc77,616 Fc76,451 Fc77,503 Fc
Rice, paddy (rice milled equivalent)Production quantity519,446 Fc532,853 Fc557,064 Fc557,212 Fc564,966 Fc
Roots and Tubers, TotalArea harvested66,650 A67,490 A73,539 A74,584 A73,641 A
Production quantity2,259,320 A2,010,930 A2,310,131 A2,305,549 A2,322,259 A
Yield338,983 Fc297,960 Fc314,137 Fc309,121 Fc315,349 Fc
RyeArea harvested138,090136,250108,080155,256179,048
Production quantity261,550404,280139,178377,355331,930
Yield18,941 Fc29,672 Fc12,877 Fc24,305 Fc18,539 Fc
SorghumArea harvested6,5605,9706,9588,1248,375
Production quantity25,73026,18030,13836,36150,335
Yield39,223 Fc43,853 Fc43,314 Fc44,758 Fc60,101 Fc
SoybeansArea harvested1,5701,4801,6929951,317
Production quantity5,1704,3504,5992,8694,106
Yield32,930 Fc29,392 Fc27,181 Fc28,834 Fc31,177 Fc
SpinachArea harvested4,3004,5004,3535,1083,717
Production quantity79,22081,53078,80286,99066,989
Yield184,233 Fc181,178 Fc181,029 Fc170,301 Fc180,223 Fc
StrawberriesArea harvested7,2607,0306,8196,8677,214
Production quantity351,960344,680360,416377,596397,369
Yield484,793 Fc490,299 Fc528,547 Fc549,870 Fc550,830 Fc
Sugar beetArea harvested30,18035,30036,67132,87437,605
Production quantity2,752,7102,870,9103,292,7503,014,3583,605,112
Yield912,097 Fc813,289 Fc897,917 Fc916,943 Fc958,679 Fc
Sugar Crops PrimaryArea harvested30,180 A35,300 A36,690 A32,891 A37,612 A
Production quantity2,752,710 A2,870,910 A3,293,850 A3,014,838 A3,605,423 A
Yield912,097 Fc813,289 Fc897,751 Fc916,615 Fc958,583 Fc
Sunflower seedArea harvested701,770691,280724,629717,672738,851
Production quantity782,290960,790841,740772,180769,195
Yield11,147 Fc13,899 Fc11,616 Fc10,760 Fc10,411 Fc
Tangerines, mandarins, clementines, satsumasArea harvested105,580108,610107,515109,127195,003
Production quantity1,826,3401,978,5801,967,0182,382,0733,737,160 Im
Yield172,982 Fc182,173 Fc182,953 Fc218,284 Fc191,646 Fc
Tobacco, unmanufacturedArea harvested8,6708,5108,7568,9509,022
Production quantity27,77025,98029,67929,23829,534
Yield32,030 Fc30,529 Fc33,896 Fc32,668 Fc32,736 Fc
TomatoesArea harvested56,94056,13060,85262,71558,134
Production quantity5,000,5604,768,6005,163,4665,233,5424,832,700
Yield878,216 Fc849,564 Fc848,529 Fc834,496 Fc831,304 Fc
Treenuts, TotalArea harvested788,410 A748,350 A715,344 A659,392 A615,204 A
Production quantity572,410 A555,290 A309,211 A249,825 A260,791 A
Yield7,260 Fc7,420 Fc4,323 Fc3,789 Fc4,239 Fc
TriticaleArea harvested250,780213,090195,884227,792215,620
Production quantity599,970675,420355,840550,838449,983
Yield23,924 Fc31,696 Fc18,166 Fc24,182 Fc20,869 Fc
Vegetables PrimaryArea harvested323,960 A324,749 A330,669 A327,119 A313,455 A
Production quantity13,259,340 A12,633,316 A13,146,752 A13,136,700 A12,513,475 A
Yield409,289 Fc389,018 Fc397,580 Fc401,588 Fc399,211 Fc
Vegetables, fresh nesArea harvested5,76015,65916,60917,36927,896 Im
Production quantity105,880263,196331,546394,410570,444 Im
Yield183,819 Fc168,080 Fc199,618 Fc227,077 Fc204,490 Fc
Vegetables, leguminous nesArea harvested6,5005,9806,7746,1196,064 Im
Production quantity57,05050,90059,21057,40052,977 Im
Yield87,769 Fc85,117 Fc87,408 Fc93,806 Fc87,363 Fc
Walnuts, with shellArea harvested11,44011,00010,3679,6348,926
Production quantity17,54015,18015,74414,92314,319
Yield15,332 Fc13,800 Fc15,187 Fc15,490 Fc16,042 Fc
WatermelonsArea harvested21,46020,40020,02619,15619,147
Production quantity1,200,0901,092,4001,113,1921,092,0751,039,698
Yield559,222 Fc535,490 Fc555,873 Fc570,096 Fc543,008 Fc
WheatArea harvested1,920,0902,063,6802,096,0582,256,8482,176,354
Production quantity6,041,1708,322,5104,875,9577,873,1356,362,694
Yield31,463 Fc40,328 Fc23,263 Fc34,886 Fc29,236 Fc
Anise, badian, fennel, corianderArea harvested9,5917,4203,808 Im
Production quantity6,8604,6682,371 Im
Yield7,153 Fc6,291 Fc6,226 Fc
Bastfibres, otherArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
Beans, dryArea harvested10,3109,3558,802
Production quantity19,67517,76117,125
Yield19,083 Fc18,986 Fc19,456 Fc
Canary seedArea harvested38214020 F
Production quantity29916930 F
Yield7,827 Fc12,071 Fc15,000 Fc
CarobsArea harvested2,3682,6851,962
Production quantity1,2332,4991,663
Yield5,207 Fc9,307 Fc8,476 Fc
Chick peasArea harvested51,85633,70837,869
Production quantity56,49837,42027,348
Yield10,895 Fc11,101 Fc7,222 Fc
Chicory rootsArea harvested6913412 Im
Production quantity2,3955,480393 Im
Yield347,101 Fc408,955 Fc327,500 Fc
Chillies and peppers, dryArea harvested2,1071,9501,683 Im
Production quantity6,4785,7264,970 Im
Yield30,745 Fc29,364 Fc29,531 Fc
Coffee, greenArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
CranberriesArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
DatesArea harvested492501603 Im
Production quantity1,8481,9752,929 Im
Yield37,561 Fc39,421 Fc48,574 Fc
Fruit, fresh nesArea harvested21,282 Im21,262 Im20,345 Im
Production quantity199,364 Im198,638 Im190,727 Im
Yield93,677 Fc93,424 Fc93,746 Fc
GooseberriesArea harvested201820
Production quantity361914
Yield18,000 Fc10,556 Fc7,000 Fc
Groundnuts, with shellArea harvested228475554 Im
Production quantity6619961,580 Im
Yield28,991 Fc20,968 Fc28,520 Fc
HempseedArea harvested1498475
Production quantity846365123
Yield56,779 Fc43,452 Fc16,400 Fc
LentilsArea harvested36,50426,42730,548 Im
Production quantity24,35729,82723,746 Im
Yield6,672 Fc11,287 Fc7,773 Fc
MilletArea harvested668532350 F
Production quantity1,5401,322600 F
Yield23,054 Fc24,850 Fc17,143 Fc
Onions, shallots, greenArea harvested698769819 Im
Production quantity17,52723,76922,373 Im
Yield251,103 Fc309,090 Fc273,175 Fc
PeppermintArea harvested345134 Im
Production quantity80301156 Im
Yield23,529 Fc59,020 Fc45,882 Fc
PersimmonsArea harvested18,52617,83315,987 Im
Production quantity404,131321,247268,764 Im
Yield218,143 Fc180,142 Fc168,114 Fc
PistachiosArea harvested20,41514,9746,487 Im
Production quantity7,5455,6182,599 Im
Yield3,696 Fc3,752 Fc4,006 Fc
Poppy seedArea harvested11,000 F10,800 F11,000 F
Production quantity11,900 F11,800 F12,000 F
Yield10,818 Fc10,926 Fc10,909 Fc
Pyrethrum, driedArea harvestedMMM
Production quantityMMM
QuincesArea harvested1,4201,4061,382 Im
Production quantity8,4059,78710,712 Im
Yield59,190 Fc69,609 Fc77,511 Fc
Roots and tubers nesArea harvested516540398 Im
Production quantity8,3598,7486,978 Im
Yield161,996 Fc162,000 Fc175,327 Fc
Safflower seedArea harvested6,7045,8753,981 Im
Production quantity5,0344,4563,341 Im
Yield7,509 Fc7,585 Fc8,392 Fc
Seed cottonArea harvested62,98260,81463,326
Production quantity198,500165,600193,000 *
Yield31,517 Fc27,231 Fc30,477 Fc
Spices nesArea harvested4,327 Im4,119 Im3,722 Im
Production quantity4,343 Im4,243 Im4,054 Im
Yield10,037 Fc10,301 Fc10,892 Fc
Sugar caneArea harvested19177 Im
Production quantity1,100480311 Im
Yield578,947 Fc282,353 Fc444,286 Fc
Sweet potatoesArea harvested2,1451,9081,567
Production quantity62,30250,59731,208
Yield290,452 Fc265,183 Fc199,158 Fc
VetchesArea harvested127,00594,001107,724 Im
Production quantity72,231114,932102,288 Im
Yield5,687 Fc12,227 Fc9,495 Fc
Flag
No flag = Official data
* = Unofficial figure
A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official, estimated or calculated data
F = FAO estimate
Fc = Calculated data
Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology
M = Data not available

Units
Area harvested = ha
Production quantity = tonnes
Yield = hg/ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.

Land Usage

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Land Use   2018 2017 2016 2015 2014
Agricultural landArea26,183 Q26,296 Q26,266 Q26,577 Q26,578 Q
AgricultureArea26,183 Fc26,296 Fc26,266 Fc26,577 Fc26,578 Fc
Agriculture area actually irrigatedArea3,704 Q3,664 Q3,614 Q3,598 Q3,828 Q
Agriculture area certified organicArea1,930 Q1,683 Q1,400 Q1,411 Q1,449 Q
Agriculture area under organic agric.Area2,247 Q2,082 Q2,019 Q1,969 Q1,663 Q
Arable landArea11,884 Q12,254 Q12,337 Q12,278 Q12,278 Q
Country areaArea50,596 Q50,594 Q50,594 Q50,592 Q50,594 Q
CroplandArea16,770 Q16,985 Q17,033 Q17,188 Q17,188 Q
Cropland area certified organicArea892 Q751 Q647 Q697 Q725 Q
Cropland area under organic agric.Area1,060 Q997 Q966 Q954 Q843 Q
Forest landArea18,564 Q18,559 Q18,555 Q18,551 Q18,550 Fm
Inland watersArea635 Q639 Q637 Q626 Fm573 Fm
Land areaArea49,960 Q49,955 Q49,956 Q49,966 Q50,021 Fm
Land area equipped for irrigationArea3,923 Fm3,923 Fm3,923 Fm3,923 Fm3,923 Fm
Land under perm. meadows and pasturesArea9,413 Q9,310 Q9,233 Q9,389 Q9,390 Q
Land under permanent cropsArea4,886 Q4,731 Q4,696 Q4,910 Q4,910 Q
Land under temp. meadows and pasturesArea1,090 Q1,185 Q1,131 Q1,114 Q1,148 Q
Land under temporary cropsArea7,768 Q7,895 Q7,918 Q8,122 Q8,088 Q
Land with temporary fallowArea3,027 Q3,174 Q3,289 Q3,042 Q3,042 Q
Naturally regenerating forestArea15,976 Q15,973 Fm15,972 Fm15,932 Q15,935 Fm
Other landArea5,213 Fc5,100 Fc5,135 Fc4,838 Fc4,893 Fc
Perm. meadows & pastures area certified organicArea1,038 Q933 Q753 Q714 Q724 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures area under organic agric.Area1,187 Q1,085 Q1,052 Q1,014 Q820 Q
Planted ForestArea2,588 Q2,587 Q2,584 Q2,620 Q2,615 Fm
Primary ForestArea0 Fm0 Fm0 Q0 Fm
Flag
Fc = Calculated data
Fm = Manual Estimation
Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries

Units
Area = 1000 ha

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, (2021). FAOSTAT - Food and agriculture data, http://www.fao.org/faostat/. Reproduced with permission.