Invasive Species Compendium

Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide

Datasheet

Estonia

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Datasheet

Estonia

Summary

  • Last modified
  • 09 February 2017
  • Estonia
  • General data
  • Region: Eastern Europe
  • Area (km2): 450,000
  • Climates: Temperate
  • Capital: Tallinn
  • Selected Statistics, World Bank (2007)
  • Population, total: 1,341,672
  • GNI per capita, Atlas method: US$12,830
  • GNI, Atlas method: US$17,211,850,752
  • GDP: US$20,901,095,424
  • Agriculture, value added: US$504,015,008

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List of Species

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The table lists the species recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full species datasheets). It includes species that are invasive in this region, those for which there is no data on invasive status, and also species that are not invasive in the region but are reported as invasive elsewhere. This summary table is based on all the information available. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the distribution record. For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DomainKingdomPhylumSpeciesDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. sepedonicus (Potato ring rot) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Dermatophilus congolensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaActinobacteria [phylum]Mycobacterium bovis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaBacteroidetesPaenibacillus larvae Present OIE, 2009.
BacteriaFirmicutesBacillus anthracis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma capricolum subsp. capripneumoniae Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma gallisepticum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaFirmicutesMycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides small colony (SC) type Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella ovis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBrucella suis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaBurkholderia pseudomallei Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCampylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCandidatus Liberibacter solanacearum (zebra chip) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2018.
BacteriaProteobacteriaCoxiella burnetii Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaEhrlichia ruminantium Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaErwinia amylovora (fireblight) Transient: actionable, under eradication EPPO, 2014b; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
BacteriaProteobacteriaFrancisella tularensis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella Abortusequi Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella abortusovis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella gallinarum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaSalmonella pullorum Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaTaylorella equigenitalis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
BacteriaProteobacteriaXanthomonas fragariae (angular leaf spot) Eradicated IPPC, 2009; CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora infestans (Phytophthora blight) Present CMI, 1982.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora kernoviae Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPhytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death (SOD)) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaChromistaOomycotaPlasmopara halstedii (downy mildew of sunflower) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaBlumeria graminis (powdery mildew of grasses and cereals) Present Priiliin et al., 1996; CABI/EPPO, 2004.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCiborinia camelliae (flower blight) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaColletotrichum acutatum (black spot of strawberry) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaCrumenulopsis sororia Present Vuorinen, 2000.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGibberella circinata (pitch canker) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaGremmeniella abietina (Brunchorstia disease) Present UK CAB International, 1989; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaHymenoscyphus fraxineus (ash dieback) Present EPPO, 2014; Drenkhan and Hanso, 2010; Rytkönen et al., 2011; CABI/EPPO, 2013; Drenkhan et al., 2015.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaLachnellula willkommii (European larch canker) Present EPPO, 2014; UK CAB International, 1989.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella dearnessii (brown spot needle blight) Absent, intercepted only CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaMycosphaerella pini (Dothistroma blight) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2010; Drenkhan et al., 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaOphiostoma ulmi (Dutch elm disease) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiAscomycotaPseudogymnoascus destructans (white-nose syndrome fungus) Present Puechmaille et al., 2011b.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaAmylostereum areolatum Present Native UK CAB International, 2009.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaCronartium ribicola (white pine blister rust) Present Lepik, 1937; CABI/EPPO, 2000; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum Restricted distribution Native NoHanso and Hanso, 2003.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion annosum sensu lato (Heterobasidion root rot) Present Native NoHanso and Hanso, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaHeterobasidion parviporum Widespread Native NoHanso and Hanso, 2003.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaMelampsoridium hiratsukanum (alder rust) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia graminis (stem rust of cereals) Widespread Lehmann & Kummer, 1937.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaPuccinia horiana (white rust of chrysanthemum) Eradicated EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiBasidiomycotaUrocystis agropyri (flag smut of wheat) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaFungiChytridiomycotaSynchytrium endobioticum (wart disease of potato) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaIsochaetides michaelseni Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaLumbricus rubellus Present Introduced Gates, 1972.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaMarenzelleria neglecta (red gilled mud worm) Widespread Introduced YesKotta and Kotta, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix bavaricus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix heuscheri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPotamothrix moldaviensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaPsammoryctides moravicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaAnnelidaTubifex newaensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAblattaria laevigata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcartia tonsa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAcrolepiopsis assectella (leek moth) Present EPPO, 2014; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAgrotis ipsilon (black cutworm) Present Karsholt and Razowski, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAmphibalanus improvisus (bay barnacle) Widespread YesJärvekülg, 1979; Leppakoski, 2002; Põllumäe et al., 2006; Simm and Põllumäe, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnoplonyx destructor Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAnuraphis catonii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAproceros leucopoda (zigzag sawfly) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2018.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAtomaria lewisi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAttagenus pellio Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaAulacorthum solani solani Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBemisia tabaci (tobacco whitefly) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBlattella germanica (German cockroach) Present Introduced Encyclopedia of Life, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBombus terrestris (bumble bee) Present Native Rasmont et al., 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBruchus signaticornis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaBythotrephes longimanus (spiny waterflea) Widespread Native NoKetelaars and Gille, 1994.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacoecimorpha pronubana (carnation tortrix) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCacyreus marshalli (pelargonium butterfly) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCaenoscelis subdeplanata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercopagis pengoi (fishhook waterflea) Widespread Introduced YesKotta et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCercyon laminatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCeutorhynchus obstrictus (cabbage seed pod weevil) Present Hiiesaar et al., 2003; Colonnelli, 2004; Tarang et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaChelicorophium curvispinum (Caspian mud shrimp) Present Introduced YesHerkül and Kotta, 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCinara cuneomaculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCoccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird) Present de Jong et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaCochliomyia hominivorax (New World screwworm) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDendroctonus micans (great spruce bark beetle) Restricted distribution Bright and Skidmore, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDermestes olivieri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiabrotica virgifera virgifera (western corn rootworm) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiaspidiotus perniciosus (San José scale) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDiprion similis (white pine sawfly) Restricted distribution Native NoViitasaari et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaDrepanosiphum aceris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEdaphus beszedesi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEpauloecus unicolor Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaEriocheir sinensis (Chinese mitten crab) Present Introduced YesKotta , 2004; Ojaveer et al., 2007.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaFrankliniella occidentalis (western flower thrips) Restricted distribution Introduced YesCABI/EPPO, 1999; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGammarus tigrinus Present Introduced YesHerkul and Kotta, 2007; Herkul et al., 2009; Kotta et al., 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGibbium psylloides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGilpinia hercyniae (spruce sawfly) Present Native NoViitasaari et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGmelinoides fasciatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaGnathocerus cornutus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHelicoverpa armigera (cotton bollworm) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylastes ater (black pine bark beetle) Present Native Voolma et al., 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylobius abietis (large pine weevil) Present Voolma, 2001; CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgops palliatus (lesser spruce shoot beetle) Widespread Native NoZolk, 1932; Voolma et al., 1997; Voolma et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaHylurgus ligniperda (red-haired pine bark beetle) Present Native NoCABI/EPPO, 2010. Voolma & iunap, 1994
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps duplicatus (double-spined bark beetle) Present Native Luik, 1986; CABI/EPPO, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps subelongatus (larch bark beetle) Absent, intercepted only EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaIps typographus (eight-toothed bark beetle) Present Native Voolma et al., 1997; BAWBILT, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLasius turcicus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLeptinotarsa decemlineata (Colorado potato beetle) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2003; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLilioceris lilii (lily leaf beetle) Present Native NoFauna Europaea, 2006; CABI/EPPO, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiposcelis divinatorius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza huidobrensis (serpentine leafminer) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza sativae (vegetable leaf miner) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLiriomyza trifolii (American serpentine leafminer) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLithocharis nigriceps Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaLymantria monacha (nun moth) Present Native YesMarushina , 1978.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegastigmus spermotrophus (Douglas-fir seed chalcid) Widespread Introduced YesLuik and Voolma, 1988.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMegatoma pubescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMeligethes aeneus (rape beetle) Widespread Silfverberg, 1992; CABI/EPPO, 2001; Kevvai et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaMonochamus sutor (small white-marmorated longicorn) Present Native YesAlthoff and Danilevsky, 1997; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNecrobia ruficollis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNeodiprion sertifer (European pine sawfly) Widespread Native NoKuusik and Kopvillem, 1970; Mihkelson, 1977; Mihkelson, 1980; Voolma, 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaNopoiulus kochii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOecobius annulipes Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOligota parva Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOmonadus floralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaOtiorhynchus sulcatus (vine weevil) Present Silfverberg, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPacifastacus leniusculus (American signal crayfish) Present Introduced Kouba et al., 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParamysis intermedia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParamysis lacustris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaParatrechina longicornis (crazy ant) Present Introduced ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPhyllonorycter issikii (lime leafminer) Present Introduced YesLeinonen and Kaitila, 2003; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris brassicae (large cabbage white) Present Gri?akova et al., 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPieris rapae (cabbage white butterfly) Present Jõgar et al., 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPityogenes chalcographus (sixtoothed spruce bark beetls) Widespread Native NoVoolma and et al. , 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPontogammarus robustoides Introduced NoTimm, 2005; Herkül et al., 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora angulata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPristiphora laricis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPsylliodes chrysocephala (cabbage stem flea beetle) Present Bonnemaison and Jourdheuil, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaPterocomma pseudopopuleum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaRhyacionia buoliana (European pine shoot moth) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSaperda carcharias (large poplar borer) Present Cramer, 1954.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaScolytus intricatus (European oak bark beetle) Present Native YesBright and Skidmore, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaSirex noctilio (woodwasp) Widespread Native Heidemaa et al., 1998; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaStricticomus tobias Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTachycines asynamorus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetranychus urticae (two-spotted spider mite) Present IIE, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium castaneum (black spruce beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTetropium fuscum (brown spruce longhorn beetle) Widespread Native NoDanilevsky, 2003.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecabius affinis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThecturota marchii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaThrips palmi (melon thrips) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTomicus piniperda (common pine shoot beetle) Widespread Voolma and Luik, 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTremex fuscicornis (Tremex wasp) Present Native NoHeidemaa et al., 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrialeurodes vaporariorum (whitefly, greenhouse) Present Hiiesar et al., 1994; Malumphy and Ostrauskas, 2013.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTropideres dorsalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaTrypodendron laeve Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaVespula germanica (German wasp) Present Native NoRemm, 1983.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaViteus vitifoliae (grapevine phylloxera) Absent, no pest record EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaArthropodaXyleborus dispar (pear blight beetle) Restricted distribution Native NoStark, 1952; Voolma, 1996.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAlburnus alburnus (bleak) Present Native Anon, 1999; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAnser indicus (bar-headed goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoNOBANIS, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAristichthys nobilis (bighead carp) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2011; NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataAspius aspius (asp) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBos taurus (cattle) Present CAB ABSTRACTS Data Mining 2001.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataBranta canadensis (Canada goose) Present, few occurrences Introduced NoBlair et al., 2000.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius auratus auratus (goldfish) Unconfirmed record Froese and Pauly, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCarassius gibelio (Prussian carp) Widespread Introduced YesVetemaa et al., 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCervus elaphus (red deer) Present Native NoIUCN, 2017.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataColumba livia (pigeons) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCoregonus albula (vendace) Widespread Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Kottelat and Freyhof, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCtenopharyngodon idella (grass carp) Introduced, not established NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCygnus olor (mute swan) Present Native ISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataCyprinus carpio (common carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataEsox lucius (pike) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; University of Tartu, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataGymnocephalus cernuus (ruffe) Present Native NoWorld Wide Web Electronic Publication, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataHypophthalmichthys molitrix (silver carp) Present Introduced NoFishBase, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataIctalurus punctatus (channel catfish) Present, few occurrences Introduced NOBANIS, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLepus europaeus (European hare) Widespread Native NoMitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeucaspius delineatus (sunbleak) Present Native Estonian Education and Research Network, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataLeuciscus leuciscus (common dace) Widespread Native NoBlanc et al., 1971; Anon, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeogobius melanostomus (round goby) Localised Introduced YesOjaveer, 2006.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNeovison vison (American mink) Present Introduced YesISSG, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataNyctereutes procyonoides (raccoon dog) Widespread Introduced Lavrov, 1971; Mitchell-Jones et al., 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOncorhynchus mykiss (rainbow trout) Present Introduced The University of Tartu, 1999; Froese and Pauly, 2004; DAISIE, 2011; NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOndatra zibethicus (muskrat) Present Introduced Birnbaum, 2006; NOBANIS, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataOsmerus eperlanus Present Native NoKangur and Kangur, 1998.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerca fluviatilis (perch) Present Native Fishbase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPerccottus glenii (Amur sleeper) Present Introduced Tambets and Järvekülg, 2005; Reshetnikov, 2010.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPetromyzon marinus (sea lamprey) Present Anon, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataPhoxinus phoxinus (European minnow) Widespread Native Froese and Pauly, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataRutilus rutilus (roach) Present Native Kottelat and Freyhof, 2007; Anon, 1999; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo salar (Atlantic salmon) Present Native Anon, 1999; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalmo trutta (sea trout) Present Native Muus and Dahlstrøm, 1990; Froese and Pauly, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSalvelinus fontinalis (brook trout) Present Introduced Jansson, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSander lucioperca (pike-perch) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Froese and Pauly, 2011.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataScardinius erythrophthalmus (rudd) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2004; Anon, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSilurus glanis (wels catfish) Present Native Froese and Pauly, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSqualius cephalus (European chub) Present Native NoAnon, 1999.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataStreptopelia decaocto (Eurasian collared-dove) Present Native NoBirdLife International, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataSus scrofa [ISC] (feral pig) Present Native IUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTinca tinca (tench) Present Native FishBase, 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaChordataTyto alba (Barn owl) Present, few occurrences NoIUCN, 2012.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora (euryhaline hydroid) Present Introduced YesRoch, 1924; Ojaveer et al., 2004.
EukaryotaMetazoaCnidariaCordylophora caspia (freshwater hydroid) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCepaea nemoralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaCornu aspersum (common garden snail) Localised Introduced NoCanadian Food Inspection Agency, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDeroceras laeve (meadow slug) Present Native NoFauna Europea, 2015.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaDreissena polymorpha (zebra mussel) Widespread Introduced YesNOBANIS, 2008.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimacus flavus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax flavus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaMolluscaLimax maximus (leopard slug) Present Introduced Bank et al., 2002e.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAnguillicoloides crassus Present Introduced YesHöglund and Thomas, 1992.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaAphelenchoides fragariae (strawberry crimp nematode) Widespread CABI/EPPO, 2002; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaBursaphelenchus xylophilus (pine wilt nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus destructor (potato tuber nematode) Restricted distribution CABI/EPPO, 2013; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaDitylenchus dipsaci (stem and bulb nematode) Present, few occurrences Krall and Krall, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera pallida (white potato cyst nematode) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaGlobodera rostochiensis (yellow potato cyst nematode) Restricted distribution Introduced YesKoppel and Tsahkna, 1998; CABI/EPPO, 2011; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaHeterodera fici Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne hapla (root knot nematode) Present Krall, 1970; CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaMeloidogyne incognita (root-knot nematode) Present CABI/EPPO, 2002.
EukaryotaMetazoaNematodaTrichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesEchinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaMetazoaPlatyhelminthesTaenia solium Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
EukaryotaPlanctomycetes [kingdom]Chlamydophila abortus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaePteridophytaPteridium aquilinum (bracken) Widespread Native Tutin and et al, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer platanoides (Norway maple) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAcer pseudoplatanus (sycamore) Present Introduced
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea cartilaginea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea millefolium (yarrow) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAchillea nobilis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgeratum houstonianum (Blue billygoatweed) Present Introduced NOBANIS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAgrostis capillaris (common bent) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAjuga reptans (carpet bugle) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAllium oleraceum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlnus glutinosa (European alder) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus myosuroides (black-grass) Present, few occurrences Native NoNOBANIS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlopecurus pratensis (meadow foxtail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum alyssoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAlyssum desertorum (desert madwort) Present, few occurrences Introduced NOBANIS, 2015; DAISIE, 2015; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmaranthus crispus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) Present Introduced Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmbrosia trifida (giant ragweed) Present Introduced EPPO, 2014; DAISIE, 2016; Euro+Med, 2016; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry) Present Introduced YesKurtto, 2009; NOBANIS, 2009; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmmophila arenaria (marram grass) Present Native Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011; USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmorpha fruticosa (indigo bush) Present Introduced Euro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAmsinckia micrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnemone sylvestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnethum graveolens (dill) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthemis cotula (dog fennel) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAnthriscus fumarioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAquilegia vulgaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArabis pendula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArenaria serpyllifolia (thymeleaf sandwort) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAronia x prunifolia Present Introduced Vulla et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArrhenatherum elatius (false oat-grass) Present Native NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia austriaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia gnaphalodes Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaArtemisia siversiana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsarum europaeum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAsperula arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAster lanceolatus (Narrow-leaved michaelmas daisy) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex aucheri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex centralasiatica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex fera Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex megalotheca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex patens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sagittata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex schugnanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex sibirica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAtriplex tatarica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaAxyris amaranthoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBallota nigra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia eriantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hirsuta Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia hyssopifolia (fivehook bassia) Present Introduced Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBassia sedoides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBidens frondosa (beggarticks) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrachypodium sylvaticum (slender false brome) Widespread Native NoPalo et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBrassica nigra (black mustard) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus hordeaceus (soft brome) Present eMonocot, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus lanceolatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus riparius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus scoparius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus secalinus (rye brome) Present Introduced Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus squarrosus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBromus tectorum (downy brome) Present Introduced NoTutin et al., 1980.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBryonia alba (white bryony) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBuglossoides arvensis (corn gromwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBunias orientalis (Turkish warty-cabbage) Widespread Introduced YesKull et al., 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum gerardi Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaBupleurum rotundifolium (hare's ear) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCalendula arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina microcarpa (smallseed falseflax) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCamelina sativa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCampanula rotundifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarduus nutans (nodding thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex acutiformis (Swamp sedge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCarex ovalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCentaurea stoebe subsp. micranthos (spotted knapweed) Present Native YesOchsmann, 2001a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCerastium tomentosum (boreal chickweed) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaenorrhinum minus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChaerophyllum bulbosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium acuminatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium bonus-henricus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium botrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium capitatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium desiccatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium foliosum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium glaucum (Oak-leaved goosefoot) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium schraderianum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium urbicum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChenopodium vulvaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChorispora tenella (blue mustard) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaChrysanthemum segetum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium arvense (creeping thistle) Present Native YesKuill et al., 1999.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCirsium vulgare (spear thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaClinopodium vulgare Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCollomia linearis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConium maculatum (poison hemlock) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConringia orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida hispanica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConsolida regalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConvolvulus arvensis (bindweed) Present Stace, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaConyza canadensis (Canadian fleabane) Present Introduced YesCronquist, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum algidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum declinatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCorispermum leptopterum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCornus sericea (redosier dogwood) Present Introduced EPPO, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCoronopus squamatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCrataegus monogyna (hawthorn) Present CABI, 2005.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta epithymum (alfalfa dodder) Present Native USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCuscuta europaea (European dodder) Present Native USDA, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCyclachaena xanthiifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCymbalaria muralis (Kenilworth ivy) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCynoglossum officinale (hound's tongue) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaCytisus scoparius (Scotch broom) Present Native NoHeywood and Ball, 1968; USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDactylis glomerata (cocksfoot) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDanthonia decumbens (heath grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDelphinium elatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDescurainia sophia (flixweed) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus carthusianorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDianthus fisheri Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ciliaris (southern crabgrass) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDigitaria ischaemum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDiplotaxis tenuifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDraba sibirica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaDysphania ambrosioides (Mexican tea) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinocystis lobata (wild cucumber) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEchinops sphaerocephalus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElodea canadensis (Canadian pondweed) Present Introduced NOBANIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElsholtzia ciliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus sibiricus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaElymus trachycaulus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEpilobium ciliatum (northern willowherb) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErigeron annuus (annual fleabane) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErodium cicutarium (common storksbill) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum diffusum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaErysimum repandum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuclidium syriacum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEupatorium cannabinum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia esula (leafy spurge) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003a.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaEuphorbia peplus (petty spurge) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum esculentum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFagopyrum tataricum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFalcaria vulgaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia japonica (Japanese knotweed) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFallopia sachalinensis (giant knotweed) Widespread Introduced YesRoyal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2008; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca arundinacea (tall fescue) Present Native eMonocot, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFestuca pratensis (meadow fescue) Present Native GrassWorld, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFibigia clypeata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFilipendula ulmaria (queen-of-the-meadow) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria vesca (wild strawberry) Present Native Darrow, 1966.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFragaria viridis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaFrangula alnus (alder buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea granulosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGagea minima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalega orientalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis angustifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis ladanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis pubescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGaleopsis tetrahit Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga parviflora (gallant soldier) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalinsoga quadriradiata (shaggy soldier) Present Introduced Kabuce and Priede, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGalium rubioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium columbinum (longstalk cranesbill) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium dissectum (cutleaf geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium divaricatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium molle (dovefoot geranium) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pratense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pusillum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium pyrenaicum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium robertianum (herb-robert) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium rotundifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGeranium sibiricum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlechoma hederacea (ground ivy) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria fluitans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria maxima (reed sweet-grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGlyceria striata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGrindelia squarrosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila muralis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila paniculata (baby’s breath) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaGypsophila perfoliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHedera helix (ivy) Widespread Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) Present EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pratense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHelictotrichon pubescens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHemerocallis lilioasphodelus (yellow daylily) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum mantegazzianum (giant hogweed) Restricted distribution EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum persicum (Persian hogweed) Present Introduced Fröberg, 2010; EPPO, 2015; NOBANIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHeracleum sosnowskyi (Sosnowskyi's hogweed) Present Introduced YesPärn, 2005; EPPO, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHerniaria glabra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHesperis matronalis (damesrocket) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHirschfeldia incana (shortpod mustard) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHolcus lanatus (common velvet grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum jubatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHordeum marinum (seaside barley) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrilla verticillata (hydrilla) Present Native Govaerts, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHydrocharis morsus-ranae Present Native USDA-GRIN, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHyoscyamus niger (black henbane) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypericum perforatum (St John's wort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaHypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) Present Native USDA-NRCS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens glandulifera (Himalayan balsam) Present Introduced ISSG, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaImpatiens parviflora (small balsam) Present Introduced Eek, 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaInula britannica (british yellowhead) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIpomoea purpurea (tall morning glory) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIsatis tinctoria (dyer's woad) Present Introduced NoUSDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaIva xanthiifolia (Marsh-elder) Absent, formerly present Introduced Gudzhinskas, 1991.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus effusus (common rush) Present Native Kirschner, 2002.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaJuncus tenuis (slender rush) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKnautia arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria grandis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaKoeleria macrantha Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLactuca tatarica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003; USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLamium galeobdolon (yellow archangel) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus annuus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLathyrus hirsutus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLembotropis nigricans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium africanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium densiflorum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium perfoliatum (clasping pepperweed) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium ruderale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLepidium virginicum (Virginian peppercress) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucanthemum vulgare (oxeye daisy) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeucojum vernum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLeymus arenarius Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLilium martagon Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLinaria repens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLithospermum officinale Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera alpigena Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLonicera ruprechtiana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLupinus polyphyllus (garden lupin) Present Introduced EPPO, 2015; ILDIS, 2015; NOBANIS, 2015; DAISIE, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLuzula luzuloides (oakforest woodrush) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLychnis coronaria (rose campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaLythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMahonia aquifolium (Oregongrape) Present, few occurrences Introduced DAISIE, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalcolmia africana (Malcolm stock) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva alcea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva moschata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva pusilla (round-leaved mallow) Present USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva sylvestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMalva verticillata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMarrubium vulgare (horehound) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMatricaria perforata (false chamomile) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago laciniata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago lupulina (black medick) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMedicago monspeliaca Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus albus (honey clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMelilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMentha aquatica (watermint) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus guttatus (Monkeyflower) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMimulus moschatus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyagrum perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis arvensis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosotis palustris (True forget-me-not) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyosoton aquaticum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyriophyllum spicatum (spiked watermilfoil) Present Native Feldmann and Nõges, 2007.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaMyrrhis odorata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNepeta sibirica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNeslia paniculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNonea pulla Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaNymphoides peltata (yellow floating-heart) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera rubricaulis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOenothera villosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrlaya grandiflora Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaOrobanche purpurea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver argemone Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPapaver dubium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaParthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper) Present Introduced GRIIS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPastinaca sativa (parsnip) Present Native NoEuro+Med PlantBase, 2011.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetasites hybridus (Winter heliotrope) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPetrorhagia saxifraga Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass) Present Native USDA-ARS(2003).
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum paniculatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPhleum pratense (timothy grass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella caespitosa (yellow hawkweed) Present Native NoSell and West, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPilosella officinarum (mouse-ear hawkweed) Present Native NoHultén and Fries, 1986.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPinus contorta (lodgepole pine) Present Introduced Kuznetsova et al., 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago arenaria Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago lanceolata (ribwort plantain) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPlantago maxima Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa bulbosa (bulbous bluegrass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa compressa (Canada bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa nemoralis (wood bluegrass) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPoa pratensis (smooth meadow-grass) Present Native ISSG, 2015; Euro+Med, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolemonium caeruleum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum arenastrum (common knotweed) Present Native GBIF, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum aviculare (prostrate knotweed) Present Jalas and Suominen, 1979.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum lapathifolium (pale persicaria) Present Lauringson et al., 2000.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPolygonum persicaria (redshank) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPopulus nigra (black poplar) Present
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPortulaca oleracea (purslane) Present Introduced Walters, 1964.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotamogeton crispus (curlyleaf pondweed) Present Native UNEP, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla intermedia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla norvegica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla reptans (sulfur cinquefoil) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPotentilla supina Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrimula elatior Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunella vulgaris (self-heal) Present Native WCSP, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPrunus serotina (black cherry) Present Introduced Vanhellemont, 2009.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPuccinellia distans (weeping alkali grass) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaPulicaria vulgaris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus ficaria (fig buttercup) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus flammula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRanunculus sardous Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRaphanus raphanistrum (wild radish) Present Chater and, 1981; USDA, 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRapistrum perenne Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaReseda luteola Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRhamnus cathartica (buckthorn) Present Native Tutin et al., 1968.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRicinus communis (castor bean) Present Introduced DAISIE, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRorippa austriaca (Austrian fieldcress) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRosa rugosa (rugosa rose) Localised Introduced NoWeidema, 2006.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex acetosella (sheep's sorrel) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex confertus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) Present Native Rechinger and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex stenophyllus (narrowleaf dock) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaRumex thyrsiflorus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSagina procumbens Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix cinerea (grey sallow) Present Native NoUSDA-ARS, 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalix fragilis (crack willow) Present Native
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalsola kali (common saltwort) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia nemorosa Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia nutans Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSalvia verticillata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSambucus nigra (elder) Present Native Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2003.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScandix pecten-veneris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaScrophularia auriculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSecurigera varia (crown vetch) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2016.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSedum reflexum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio jacobaea (common ragwort) Widespread Native Komarov et al., 1961; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSenecio vulgaris Widespread Native Komarov et al., 1961; Chater and Walters, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSherardia arvensis (field madder) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSideritis montana Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene chalcedonica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dichotoma Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene dioica Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene latifolia subsp. alba (white campion) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilene vulgaris (bladder campion) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSilybum marianum (variegated thistle) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2013.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSisyrinchium montanum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolanum sisymbriifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSolidago canadensis (Canadian goldenrod) Localised Introduced NOBANIS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus asper (spiny sow-thistle) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2018.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSonchus oleraceus (common sowthistle) Present Native Boulos, 1976; USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpartium junceum (Spanish broom) Present Introduced USDA-ARS, 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergula arvensis (corn spurry) Present Ratter and Akeroyd, 1993.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpergularia rubra Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSpiraea chamaedryfolia (germander meadowsweet) Present Introduced Roskov et al., 2017.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys arvensis (staggerweed) Present Native Govaerts, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStachys officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria graminea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaStellaria media (common chickweed) Present Chater and Heywood, 1972.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda acuminata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaSuaeda corniculata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTanacetum vulgare (tansy) Widespread Native NoHeywood, 1976.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeloxys aristata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTeucrium chamaedrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum aquilegiifolium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum lucidum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum minus Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThalictrum simplex Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThesium arvense Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThesium refractum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi arvense (field pennycress) Present USDA et al., 1998.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThlaspi perfoliatum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus pulegioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaThymus serpyllum Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTridax ciliata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium aureum (hop clover) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium lupinaster Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrifolium medium Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTrigonella caerulea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTulipa sylvestris Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTurgenia latifolia Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha angustifolia (lesser bulrush) Present Native Chambers et al., 2008.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaTypha latifolia (broadleaf cattail) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2010.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaUrtica dioica (stinging nettle) Widespread Native USDA-ARS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVerbascum thapsus (common mullein) Present Native USDA-ARS, 2014.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica anagallis-aquatica (blue water speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica beccabunga (European speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica chamaedrys Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica filiformis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica officinalis Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica polita Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica prostrata Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVeronica serpyllifolia (thymeleaf speedwell) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia ciliatula Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia lutea Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia onobrychioides Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaVicia villosa (hairy vetch) Present Native ILDIS, 2015.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaViola selkirkii Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaPlantaeSpermatophytaZygophyllum fabago (Syrian caper-bean) Present Datamining 2011 - Invasive Species Databases.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaBabesia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaMikrocystos mackini Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaToxoplasma gondii Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTritrichomonas foetus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma equiperdum Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
EukaryotaProtistaProtozoaTrypanosoma evansi Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican horse sickness virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusAfrican swine fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusalcelaphine herpesvirus 1 Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusArterivirus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusavian infectious bronchitis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbluetongue virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine herpesvirus 1 Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine leukemia virus Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusbovine viral diarrhea virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruscaprine arthritis encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusclassical swine fever virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusduck hepatitis A virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine arteritis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine infectious anaemia virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusequine influenzavirus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfoot-and-mouth disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusfowlpox virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusGallid herpesvirus 2 Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious bursal disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfectious haematopoietic necrosis virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusinfluenza A virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusJapanese encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruslumpy skin disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusmyxoma virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNairobi sheep disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusNewcastle disease virus Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPepino mosaic virus Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2014.
Viruspeste des petits ruminants virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusPlum pox virus (sharka) Absent, formerly present EPPO, 2014; Roy and Smith, 1994; CABI/EPPO, 2007.
VirusPotato spindle tuber viroid (spindle tuber of potato) Absent, confirmed by survey EPPO, 2018.
Virusrabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrabies virus Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusRift Valley fever virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusrinderpest virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusspring viraemia of carp virus Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusSuid herpesvirus 1 Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusswine vesicular disease virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusTaura syndrome virus No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
VirusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvesicular stomatitis virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusviral hemorrhagic septicaemia virus OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Virusvisna/maedi virus Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Viruswestern equine encephalitis virus Disease never reported OIE, 2009.

List of Species CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Species which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database and selected invasive species databases). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

List of Animal Diseases

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The table lists the animal diseases recorded in the Compendium for this region (from the full disease datasheets). For further information, please follow the link to the datasheet.

DiseaseDistributionOriginInvasiveReferences
acarapisosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
actinomycosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aeromonas infection in fish Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
African horse sickness Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
African swine fever Present Nurmoja et al., 2017.
American foulbrood of honey bees Present OIE, 2009.
anaplasmosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
anguillicolosis Present Introduced YesHöglund and Thomas, 1992.
anthrax Disease not reported OIE, 2009; FAO Animal Health Yearbook(1971).
atrophic rhinitis of swine Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Aujeszky's disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian chlamydiosis No information available OIE, 2009.
avian encephalomyelitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian infectious bronchitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian influenza Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
avian leukosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma gallisepticum) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian mycoplasmosis (Mycoplasma synoviae) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
avian tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
babesiosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
blackleg Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bluetongue Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Borrelia anserina infections Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
botulism No information available OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine anaplasmosis No information available OIE, 2009.
bovine genital campylobacteriosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine herpesvirus 1 infections Present OIE, 2009.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
bovine tuberculosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
bovine venereal trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
bovine viral diarrhoea Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
BP virus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella abortus) Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella melitensis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella ovis) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
brucellosis (Brucella suis) Disease not reported OIE, 2009; OIE, 2000a.
Burkholderia pseudomallei infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
camel pox No information available OIE, 2009.
caprine arthritis encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
caseous lymphadenitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
classical swine fever Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Clostridium perfringens enteritis and enterotoxaemia OIE Handistatus, 2005.
coccidiosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious agalactia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious bovine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious caprine pleuropneumonia Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ecthyma Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
contagious equine metritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
contagious ophthalmia Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
crayfish plague No information available OIE, 2009.
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever No information available OIE, 2009.
Denman island disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dermatophilosis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
dourine Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
duck viral enteritis Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
duck virus hepatitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Echinococcus Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic abortion of ewes Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
enzootic bovine leukosis Present OIE, 2009; OIE, 1999.
epizootic haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
epizootic lymphangitis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
epizootic ulcerative syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
equine coital exanthema Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
equine encephalomyelitis (Eastern) Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
equine infectious anaemia Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine influenza Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine piroplasmosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine rhinopneumonitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
equine viral arteritis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
European foulbrood Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
foot-and-mouth disease in pigs Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
foot-and-mouth disease in ruminants Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl cholera Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowl typhoid Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
fowlpox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Fusobacterium necrophorum infections Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
glanders Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Gyrodactylus salaris infection No information available OIE, 2009.
haemorrhagic septicaemia Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
haplosporidiosis of pacific oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
heartwater Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
horse pox Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Infection with Pseudogymnoascus destructans in bats (white-nose syndrome) Present Puechmaille et al., 2011b.
infectious bursal disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious coryza Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
infectious haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis No information available OIE, 2009.
infectious laryngotracheitis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
infectious salmon anaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
Japanese encephalitis No information available OIE, 2009.
koi herpesvirus disease No information available OIE, 2009.
leishmaniosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
leptospirosis Present OIE, 2009.
listeriosis Serological evidence and/or isolation of the agent OIE Handistatus, 2005.
lumpy skin disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
lyme borreliosis Widespread Postic and Korenberg, 1997.
malignant catarrhal fever Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Marek's disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Mikrocytos roughleyi (Australian winter disease) of oysters Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Mycoplasma agalactiae infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
myxomatosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nairobi sheep disease Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
Newcastle disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Nipah virus infection No information available OIE, 2009.
Oncorhynchus masou virus disease Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
paratuberculosis Present OIE, 2009.
peste des petits ruminants Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine enterovirus infections Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome Present OIE, 2009.
pullorum disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
pulmonary adenomatosis Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Q fever Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
rabbit haemorrhagic disease Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
rabies Disease not reported OIE, 2009; Kulonen and Boldina, 1993.
red sea bream iridoviral disease No information available OIE, 2009.
Rift Valley fever Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
rinderpest Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
scrapie Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
sheep and goat pox Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
small hive beetle infestation No information available OIE, 2009.
spherical baculovirosis No information available OIE, 2009.
spring viraemia of carp No information available OIE, 2009.
Staphylococcus aureus infections Widespread
strangles Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
surra Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
swine dysentery Disease not reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine erysipelas Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
swine vesicular disease Disease never reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
Taura syndrome No information available OIE, 2009.
theileriosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
toxoplasmosis Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
transmissible gastroenteritis and porcine respiratory coronovirus infection Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Trichinella Reported present or known to be present OIE Handistatus, 2005.
trichomonosis Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Tropilaelaps infestation of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
trypanosomosis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
tuberculosis Last reported OIE Handistatus, 2005.
tularaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
turkey rhinotracheitis No information available OIE, 2009.
varroosis of honey bees Disease not reported OIE, 2009.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
vesicular stomatitis Disease never reported OIE, 2009.
viral haemorrhagic septicaemia No information available OIE, 2009.
visna/maedi Present OIE, 2009.
West Nile fever No information available OIE, 2009.
white spot disease No information available OIE, 2009.
yellow head disease No information available OIE, 2009.

List of Animal Diseases CSV Output

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Generate a spreadsheet of the List of Animal Diseases which also includes records from basic datasheets.

Basic datasheets include data mined from various sources (including the CAB Abstracts database). Further confirmation of distribution status should be sought before use.

Download CSV file

Agricultural Production

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20112010200920082007
Apples Area Harvested 3329 3319 4222 4039 4331
Apples Production Quantity 2702 1983 5446 2248 4087
Apples Yield 8116.55 Fc 5974.69 Fc 12899.1 Fc 5565.73 Fc 9436.62 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 117800 104600 140676 136500 136100
Barley Production Quantity 294400 254822 376945 349100 362769
Barley Seed 25000 F 24562 25734 29922 36048
Barley Yield 24991.5 Fc 24361.6 Fc 26795.3 Fc 25575.1 Fc 26654.6 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 93 355 80 77 84
Beans, dry Production Quantity 80 402 123 108 119
Beans, dry Yield 8602.15 Fc 11323.9 Fc 15375 Fc 14026 Fc 14166.7 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 1062 1031 1168 1153 1221
Berries Nes Production Quantity 388 471 501 403 120
Berries Nes Yield 3653.48 Fc 4568.38 Fc 4289.38 Fc 3495.23 Fc 982.8 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested 300 300 148 400 270
Buckwheat Production Quantity 200 100 91 200 337
Buckwheat Yield 6666.67 Fc 3333.33 Fc 6148.65 Fc 5000 Fc 12481.5 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 558 632 620 584 746
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 20648 16280 18615 19751 19095
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 370036 Fc 257595 Fc 300242 Fc 338202 Fc 255965 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 622 588 647 538 587
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 24517 22817 20885 15556 20126
Carrots and turnips Yield 394164 Fc 388044 Fc 322798 Fc 289145 Fc 342862 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 41 47 17 15 29
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 339 355 155 173 294
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 82682.9 Fc 75531.9 Fc 91176.5 Fc 115333 Fc 101379 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 296924 A 275274 A 316413 A 309300 A 292236 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 770725 A 678472 A 873466 A 864200 A 879475 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 68300 A 67633 A 71025 A 71526 A 86170 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 25957 Fc 24647.2 Fc 27605.3 Fc 27940.5 Fc 30094.7 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 296924 A 275274 A 316413 A 309300 A 292236 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 770725 A 678472 A 873466 A 864200 A 879475 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 68300 A 67633 A 71025 A 71526 A 86170 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 25957 Fc 24647.2 Fc 27605.3 Fc 27940.5 Fc 30094.7 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 275 276 338 341 350
Cherries Production Quantity 105 126 108 98 108
Cherries Yield 3818.18 Fc 4565.22 Fc 3195.27 Fc 2873.9 Fc 3085.71 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 168024 A 155574 A 202794 A 201700 A 192736 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 410325 A 350872 A 530946 A 521700 A 533749 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 36300 A 35814 A 39025 A 43610 A 53482 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 24420.6 Fc 22553.4 Fc 26181.5 Fc 25865.2 Fc 27693.3 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 298 290 270 261 283
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 11074 12110 9377 8568 9727
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 371611 Fc 417586 Fc 347296 Fc 328276 Fc 343710 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 907 980 960 1061 1016
Currants Production Quantity 780 536 912 734 483
Currants Yield 8599.78 Fc 5469.39 Fc 9500 Fc 6918 Fc 4753.94 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 78 A 72 A 85 A 100 A 136 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 66 A 69 A 82 A 126 A 129 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 8461.54 Fc 9583.33 Fc 9647.06 Fc 12600 Fc 9485.29 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 78 Im 72 Im 85 Im 100 136
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 66 Im 69 Im 82 Im 126 Im 129 Im
Flax fibre and tow Yield 8461.54 Fc 9583.33 Fc 9647.06 Fc 12600 Fc 9485.29 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 7041 A 7093 A 8275 A 8147 A 8575 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5834 A 5071 A 9156 A 5486 A 6625 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 8285.75 Fc 7149.3 Fc 11064.7 Fc 6733.77 Fc 7725.95 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 75 70 66 77 80
Garlic Production Quantity 167 110 74 165 178
Garlic Yield 22266.7 Fc 15714.3 Fc 11212.1 Fc 21428.6 Fc 22250 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 183 183 231 231 230
Gooseberries Production Quantity 141 147 117 121 69
Gooseberries Yield 7704.92 Fc 8032.79 Fc 5064.94 Fc 5238.1 Fc 3000 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 115 173 236 200 136
Linseed Production Quantity 101 157 175 192 159
Linseed Yield 8782.61 Fc 9075.14 Fc 7415.25 Fc 9600 Fc 11691.2 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 3767 3754 2581 3300 3697
Mixed grain Production Quantity 8832 7371 5766 7500 9082
Mixed grain Seed 800 F 800 F 800 F 800 F 800 F
Mixed grain Yield 23445.7 Fc 19635.1 Fc 22340.2 Fc 22727.3 Fc 24565.9 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 125 Im 105 Im 100 Im 91 Im 100 F
Oats Area Harvested 28400 30300 36134 34200 31450
Oats Production Quantity 62400 54500 86504 77500 85209
Oats Seed 6000 F 5869 7286 7932 9547
Oats Yield 21971.8 Fc 17986.8 Fc 23939.8 Fc 22660.8 Fc 27093.5 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 89112 A 98361 A 82289 A 77887 A 74136 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 86580 A 78712.1 A 81705.4 A 66810.4 A 80260.2 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 9715.87 Fc 8002.37 Fc 9929.09 Fc 8577.86 Fc 10826.1 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 89112 A 98361 A 82289 A 77887 A 74136 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 54829.1 A 49843.3 A 51738.2 A 42303.8 A 50823.7 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 6152.83 Fc 5067.39 Fc 6287.38 Fc 5431.44 Fc 6855.46 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 230 238 232 230 246
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1301 2155 1914 2440 1353
Onions, dry Yield 56565.2 Fc 90546.2 Fc 82500 Fc 106087 Fc 55000 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 8457 6860 4830 4709 5608
Peas, dry Production Quantity 15402 12076 7470 3191 9385
Peas, dry Seed 1500 F 1500 F 1500 F 1500 F 2000 F
Peas, dry Yield 18212.1 Fc 17603.5 Fc 15465.8 Fc 6776.39 Fc 16735 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 102 133 121 94 96
Peas, green Production Quantity 91 91 158 95 107
Peas, green Yield 8921.57 Fc 6842.11 Fc 13057.9 Fc 10106.4 Fc 11145.8 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 441 449 540 538 569
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 266 251 69 * 114 48
Plums and sloes Yield 6031.75 Fc 5590.2 Fc 1277.78 Fc 2118.96 Fc 843.59 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 9235 9359 9103 8800 11150
Potatoes Production Quantity 164716 163373 139050 125200 191754
Potatoes Seed 29000 F 29000 * 29000 * 29000 * 29000 *
Potatoes Yield 178361 Fc 174562 Fc 152752 Fc 142273 Fc 171977 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested 111 3 4
Pulses, nes Production Quantity 75 7 10
Pulses, nes Yield 6756.76 Fc 23333.3 Fc 25000 Fc
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 8550 A 7326 A 4913 A 4790 A 5692 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 15482 A 12553 A 7600 A 3309 A 9504 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1500 A 1500 A 1500 A 1500 A 2000 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 18107.6 Fc 17134.9 Fc 15469.2 Fc 6908.14 Fc 16697.1 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 88997 98188 82053 77687 74000
Rapeseed Production Quantity 144194 131022 135992 111149 133600
Rapeseed Yield 16202.1 Fc 13344 Fc 16573.7 Fc 14307.3 Fc 18054 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 245 266 219 220 210
Raspberries Production Quantity 160 282 213 256 210
Raspberries Yield 6530.61 Fc 10601.5 Fc 9726.03 Fc 11636.4 Fc 10000 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 33 63 36 34 182
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 460 344 717 438 3446
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 139394 Fc 54603.2 Fc 199167 Fc 128824 Fc 189341 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9268 A 9422 A 9139 A 8834 A 11332 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 165176 A 163717 A 139767 A 125638 A 195200 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 29000 A 29000 A 29000 A 29000 A 29000 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 178222 Fc 173760 Fc 152935 Fc 142221 Fc 172256 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 13300 12600 15292 21400 16850
Rye Production Quantity 30900 25100 39069 65600 60967
Rye Seed 2500 F 2626 3381 3326 6257
Rye Yield 23233.1 Fc 19920.6 Fc 25548.7 Fc 30654.2 Fc 36182.2 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 599 589 597 564 648
Strawberries Production Quantity 1292 1275 1790 1512 1500
Strawberries Yield 21569.3 Fc 21646.9 Fc 29983.3 Fc 26808.5 Fc 23148.2 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested
Sugar beet Production Quantity
Sugar beet Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 167 168 174 175 200
Tomatoes Production Quantity 6414 5184 4699 5392 6800
Tomatoes Yield 384072 Fc 308571 Fc 270057 Fc 308114 Fc 340000 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 4457 4020 7963 5900 4369
Triticale Production Quantity 13593 8979 22571 21800 15385
Triticale Seed 2000 F 1957 1824 1630 830 *
Triticale Yield 30498.1 Fc 22335.8 Fc 28344.8 Fc 36949.2 Fc 35214 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1138 876 877 718 1100
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 23574 14787 14747 12359 13000
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 207153 Fc 168801 Fc 168153 Fc 172131 Fc 118182 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3231 A 3042 A 3024 A 2692 A 3367 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 88250 A 73994 A 70724 A 64590 A 70780 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 273135 Fc 243241 Fc 233876 Fc 239933 Fc 210217 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3231 A 3042 A 3024 A 2692 A 3367 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 88250 A 73994 A 70724 A 64590 A 70780 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 273135 Fc 243241 Fc 233876 Fc 239933 Fc 210217 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 128900 119700 113619 107600 99500
Wheat Production Quantity 360400 327600 342520 342500 345726
Wheat Seed 32000 F 31819 32000 F 27916 32688
Wheat Yield 27959.7 Fc 27368.4 Fc 30146.4 Fc 31830.9 Fc 34746.3 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
crop20062005200420032002
Apples Area Harvested 5118 6539 8895 8590 9924
Apples Production Quantity 2835 10663 2159 4899 17160
Apples Yield 5539.27 Fc 16306.8 Fc 2427.21 Fc 5703.14 Fc 17291.4 Fc
Barley Area Harvested 142057 144165 127236 131431 129965
Barley Production Quantity 302699 366717 293477 253607 249400
Barley Seed 35306 40000 F 40000 F 34092 32165
Barley Yield 21308.3 Fc 25437.3 Fc 23065.6 Fc 19295.8 Fc 19189.8 Fc
Beans, dry Area Harvested 78 158 109 476 144
Beans, dry Production Quantity 43 35 60 258 187
Beans, dry Yield 5512.82 Fc 2215.19 Fc 5504.59 Fc 5420.17 Fc 12986.1 Fc
Berries Nes Area Harvested 860 820 454 415 321
Berries Nes Production Quantity 170 456 794 343 419
Berries Nes Yield 1976.74 Fc 5560.98 Fc 17489 Fc 8265.06 Fc 13053 Fc
Buckwheat Area Harvested 101 676 231 80 68
Buckwheat Production Quantity 83 485 144 159 67
Buckwheat Yield 8217.82 Fc 7174.56 Fc 6233.77 Fc 19875 Fc 9852.94 Fc
Cabbages and other brassicas Area Harvested 775 808 815 857 736
Cabbages and other brassicas Production Quantity 19223 17803 16586 17285 9383
Cabbages and other brassicas Yield 248039 Fc 220334 Fc 203509 Fc 201692 Fc 127486 Fc
Carrots and turnips Area Harvested 569 565 716 761 653
Carrots and turnips Production Quantity 13357 15579 14623 19639 11040
Carrots and turnips Yield 234745 Fc 275735 Fc 204232 Fc 258068 Fc 169066 Fc
Cauliflowers and broccoli Area Harvested 81 72 161 92 50 *
Cauliflowers and broccoli Production Quantity 446 645 847 512 319
Cauliflowers and broccoli Yield 55061.7 Fc 89583.3 Fc 52608.7 Fc 55652.2 Fc 63800 Fc
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Area Harvested 280235 A 282094 A 260979 A 263166 A 260155 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Production Quantity 619292 A 760073 A 608148 A 505726 A 524652 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Seed 76059 A 68760 A 69290 A 63910 A 64808 A
Cereals (Rice Milled Eqv + (Total) Yield 22099 Fc 26944 Fc 23302.6 Fc 19217 Fc 20166.9 Fc
Cereals,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 280235 A 282094 A 260979 A 263166 A 260155 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 619292 A 760073 A 608148 A 505726 A 524652 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Seed 76059 A 68760 A 69290 A 63910 A 64808 A
Cereals,Total + (Total) Yield 22099 Fc 26944 Fc 23302.6 Fc 19217 Fc 20166.9 Fc
Cherries Area Harvested 397 500 846 841 981
Cherries Production Quantity 191 181 96 1435
Cherries Yield 4811.08 Fc 3620 Fc 1134.75 Fc 14627.9 Fc
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 189393 A 196621 A 182586 A 196010 A 194755 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 399702 A 496665 A 411514 A 360841 A 376232 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Seed 49380 A 50760 A 51290 A 46055 A 47105 A
Coarse Grain, Total + (Total) Yield 21104.4 Fc 25260 Fc 22538.1 Fc 18409.3 Fc 19318.2 Fc
Cucumbers and gherkins Area Harvested 295 328 337.8 289 312
Cucumbers and gherkins Production Quantity 9553 9906 6705 6749 8132
Cucumbers and gherkins Yield 323831 Fc 302012 Fc 198490 Fc 233529 Fc 260641 Fc
Currants Area Harvested 1033 1456 2131 2153 2185
Currants Production Quantity 566 2050 1104 1681 3411
Currants Yield 5479.19 Fc 14079.7 Fc 5180.67 Fc 7807.71 Fc 15611 Fc
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 207 A 163 A 130 A 109 A 107 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 100 A 200 A 108 A 50 A 100 A
Fibre Crops Primary + (Total) Yield 4830.92 Fc 12269.9 Fc 8307.69 Fc 4587.16 Fc 9345.79 Fc
Flax fibre and tow Area Harvested 207 163 130 109 107
Flax fibre and tow Production Quantity 100 200 108 50 100
Flax fibre and tow Yield 4830.92 Fc 12269.9 Fc 8307.69 Fc 4587.16 Fc 9345.79 Fc
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 9429 A 11778 A 15690 A 15562 A 17578 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5926 A 16554 A 8163 A 9836 A 28384 A
Fruit excl Melons,Total + (Total) Yield 6284.87 Fc 14055 Fc 5202.68 Fc 6320.52 Fc 16147.5 Fc
Garlic Area Harvested 79 92 94 107 108
Garlic Production Quantity 158 273 369 120 252
Garlic Yield 20000 Fc 29673.9 Fc 39255.3 Fc 11215 Fc 23333.3 Fc
Gooseberries Area Harvested 264 362 589 582 668
Gooseberries Production Quantity 52 74 487 775 1088
Gooseberries Yield 1969.7 Fc 2044.2 Fc 8268.25 Fc 13316.2 Fc 16287.4 Fc
Linseed Area Harvested 207 163 130 109 107
Linseed Production Quantity 140 209 108 58 98
Linseed Yield 6763.29 Fc 12822.1 Fc 8307.69 Fc 5321.1 Fc 9158.88 Fc
Mixed grain Area Harvested 4856 4469 5109 5648 6286
Mixed grain Production Quantity 10059 9928 11154 10481 10722
Mixed grain Seed 800 F 800 F 800 F 960 1358
Mixed grain Yield 20714.6 Fc 22215.3 Fc 21832.1 Fc 18557 Fc 17057 Fc
Mushrooms and truffles Production Quantity 120 F 98 Im 96 Im 100 * 100 *
Oats Area Harvested 32596 33724 35356 36460 35200
Oats Production Quantity 63648 84168 72710 63351 61741
Oats Seed 8603 7500 F 7500 F 7895 9891
Oats Yield 19526.3 Fc 24957.9 Fc 20565.1 Fc 17375.5 Fc 17540.1 Fc
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Area Harvested 62699 A 46809 A 50495 A 46437 A 32962 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Production Quantity 50853.6 A 49971.9 A 41226.8 A 41577.5 A 38380.7 A
Oilcakes Equivalent + (Total) Yield 8110.75 Fc 10675.7 Fc 8164.54 Fc 8953.54 Fc 11643.9 Fc
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 62699 A 46809 A 50495 A 46437 A 32962 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 32200.4 A 31638.6 A 26105 A 26329.6 A 24303 A
Oilcrops Primary + (Total) Yield 5135.72 Fc 6759.09 Fc 5169.83 Fc 5669.96 Fc 7373.04 Fc
Onions, dry Area Harvested 249 301 403 303 306
Onions, dry Production Quantity 1994 2168 2494 1531 1026
Onions, dry Yield 80080.3 Fc 72026.6 Fc 61885.9 Fc 50528.1 Fc 33529.4 Fc
Peas, dry Area Harvested 4542 4282 4236 3973 2227
Peas, dry Production Quantity 5499 5655 3227 4774 4828
Peas, dry Seed 1793 1450 * 1400 * 1469 802
Peas, dry Yield 12107 Fc 13206.5 Fc 7618.04 Fc 12016.1 Fc 21679.4 Fc
Peas, green Area Harvested 114 120 152 132 118
Peas, green Production Quantity 218 218 194 120 329
Peas, green Yield 19122.8 Fc 18166.7 Fc 12763.2 Fc 9090.91 Fc 27881.4 Fc
Plums and sloes Area Harvested 623 836 1298 1294 1524
Plums and sloes Production Quantity 282 507 913 129 2453
Plums and sloes Yield 4526.48 Fc 6064.59 Fc 7033.9 Fc 996.91 Fc 16095.8 Fc
Potatoes Area Harvested 11510 13959 16102 16979 16023
Potatoes Production Quantity 152632 209772 166521 244383 210861
Potatoes Seed 30060 30000 * 35000 * 55294 41904
Potatoes Yield 132608 Fc 150277 Fc 103416 Fc 143933 Fc 131599 Fc
Pulses, nes Area Harvested
Pulses, nes Production Quantity
Pulses, nes Yield
Pulses,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 4620 A 4440 A 4345 A 4449 A 2371 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 5542 A 5690 A 3287 A 5032 A 5015 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Seed 1793 A 1450 A 1400 A 1469 A 802 A
Pulses,Total + (Total) Yield 11995.7 Fc 12815.3 Fc 7565.02 Fc 11310.4 Fc 21151.4 Fc
Rapeseed Area Harvested 62492 46646 50365 46328 32855
Rapeseed Production Quantity 84609 83067 68598 69235 63865
Rapeseed Yield 13539.2 Fc 17808 Fc 13620.2 Fc 14944.5 Fc 19438.4 Fc
Raspberries Area Harvested 320 Im 400 F 382 457 517
Raspberries Production Quantity 307 Im 300 F 317 401 535
Raspberries Yield 9593.75 Fc 7500 Fc 8298.43 Fc 8774.62 Fc 10348.2 Fc
Roots and Tubers, nes Area Harvested 80 159 217
Roots and Tubers, nes Production Quantity 1972 3130 6689
Roots and Tubers, nes Yield 246500 Fc 196855 Fc 308249 Fc
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Area Harvested 11590 A 14118 A 16319 A 16979 A 16023 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Production Quantity 154604 A 212902 A 173210 A 244383 A 210861 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Seed 30060 A 30000 A 35000 A 55294 A 41904 A
Roots and Tubers,Total + (Total) Yield 133394 Fc 150802 Fc 106140 Fc 143933 Fc 131599 Fc
Rye Area Harvested 7282 7422 8107 15233 17918
Rye Production Quantity 17830 20385 18059 23316 41444
Rye Seed 3807 2100 F 2100 F 2168 2661
Rye Yield 24485 Fc 27465.6 Fc 22275.8 Fc 15306.2 Fc 23129.8 Fc
Strawberries Area Harvested 814 865 1095 1230 1458
Strawberries Production Quantity 1523 2323 2293 1608 1883
Strawberries Yield 18710.1 Fc 26855.5 Fc 20940.6 Fc 13073.2 Fc 12915 Fc
Sugar beet Area Harvested
Sugar beet Production Quantity
Sugar beet Yield
Tomatoes Area Harvested 175 188 211 105 153
Tomatoes Production Quantity 6730 5183 4135 2382 4194
Tomatoes Yield 384571 Fc 275691 Fc 195972 Fc 226857 Fc 274118 Fc
Triticale Area Harvested 2501 6165 6547 7158 5318
Triticale Production Quantity 5383 14982 15970 9927 12858
Triticale Seed 864 360 * 890 * 940 * 1030 *
Triticale Yield 21523.4 Fc 24301.7 Fc 24392.8 Fc 13868.4 Fc 24178.3 Fc
Vegetables fresh nes Area Harvested 1100 2300 * 2662 2340 2189
Vegetables fresh nes Production Quantity 9500 11000 * 15532 15999 8900
Vegetables fresh nes Yield 86363.6 Fc 47826.1 Fc 58347.1 Fc 68371.8 Fc 40657.8 Fc
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Area Harvested 3437 A 4774 A 5551.8 A 4986 A 4625 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Production Quantity 61299 A 62873 A 61581 A 64437 A 43675 A
Vegetables Primary + (Total) Yield 178350 Fc 131699 Fc 110921 Fc 129236 Fc 94432.4 Fc
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Area Harvested 3437 A 4774 A 5551.8 A 4986 A 4625 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Production Quantity 61299 A 62873 A 61581 A 64437 A 43675 A
Vegetables&Melons, Total + (Total) Yield 178350 Fc 131699 Fc 110921 Fc 129236 Fc 94432.4 Fc
Wheat Area Harvested 90842 85473 78393 67156 65400
Wheat Production Quantity 219590 263408 196634 144885 148420
Wheat Seed 26679 18000 F 18000 F 17855 17703
Wheat Yield 24172.7 Fc 30817.7 Fc 25083.1 Fc 21574.4 Fc 22694.2 Fc
Agricultural Production: MT
* = Unofficial figure | A = Aggregate, may include official, semi-official or estimated data | F = FAO estimate | Fc = Calculated data | Im = FAO data based on imputation methodology | M = Data not available | P = Provisional official data

Land Usage

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2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20112010200920082007
Agricultural area Area 945 Q 949 Q 931 Q 907 Q 914 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 102 Q 82 Q 74 Q 71.9 Q 55.2 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 32 Q 39 Q 23 Q 15.3 Q 24 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 134 Q 121 Q 97 Q 87.2 Q 79.2 Q
Arable land Area 632 Q 645 Q 596 Q 598 Q 598 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 638 Q 652 Q 604 Q 606 Q 607 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 40 Q 33 Q 32 Q 30 Q 45.3 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 15 Q 20 Q 12 Q 8 Q 21.2 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 55 Q 53 Q 44 Q 38 Q 66.5 Q
Country area Area 4523 Q 4523 Q 4523 Q 4523 Q 4523 Q
Fallow land Area 46 Q 42 Q 30 Q 20 Q 19 Q
Forest area Area 2210 Fm 2217 Q 2224 Fm 2231 Fm 2238 Fm
Inland water Area 284 Fm 284 Fm 284 Fm 284 Fm 284 Fm
Land area Area 4239 Q 4239 Q 4239 Q 4239 Q 4239 Q
Other land Area 1084 Fm 1073 Fm 1084 Fm 1101 Fm 1087 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 111 Q 107 Q 124 Q 124 Q 146 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 196 Q 190 Q 203 Q 177 Q 161 Q
Permanent crops Area 6 Q 7 Q 8 Q 8 Q 9 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 1 Q 1 Q 1 Q 0.9 Q 0.6 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 0.3 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 1 Q 1 Q 1 Q 1.2 Q 0.6 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 307 Q 297 Q 327 Q 301 Q 307 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 58 Q 47 Q 41 Q 41 Q 9.2 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 14 Q 15 Q 11 Q 7 Q 2.2 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 72 Q 62 Q 52 Q 48 Q 11.4 Q
Temporary crops Area 417 Q 404 Q 426 Q 415 Q 398 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 169 Q 199 Q 140 Q 163 Q 181 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files

2011-2007 | 2006-2002
land use20062005200420032002
Agricultural area Area 899 Q 882 W 770 W 829 Q 698 Q
Agricultural area certified organic Area 44 Q 35.7 Q 25.06 Q
Agricultural area in conversion to organic Area 27.8 Q 22.7 Q 20.47 Q
Agricultural area organic, total Area 71.8 Q 58.4 Q 45 Q
Arable land Area 558 Q 591 W 518 W 545 Q 613 Q
Arable land and Permanent crops Area 568 Q 603 W 534 W 561 Q 631 Q
Arable land area certified organic Area 36.2 Q 28.8 Q 20.5 Q
Arable land area in conversion to organic Area 23.2 Q 17 Q 15.41 Q
Arable land organic, total Area 59.4 Q 45.8 Q 35.92 Q
Country area Area 4523 Q 4523 W 4523 W 4523 Q 4523 Q
Fallow land Area 16 Q 26 W 21 W 27 W 24 W
Forest area Area 2245 Fm 2252 Q 2250.2 Fm 2248.4 Fm 2246.6 Fm
Inland water Area 284 Fm 284 Fm 284 Fm 284 Fm 284 Fm
Land area Area 4239 Q 4239 W 4239 W 4239 Q 4239 Q
Other land Area 1095 Fm 1105 Fm 1218.8 Fm 1161.6 Fm 1294.4 Fm
Perm. meadows & pastures - Cultivated Area 137 Q 143 Q 169 Q 171 Q
Perm. meadows & pastures - Nat. grown Area 194 Q 136 Q 67 Q 97 Q
Permanent crops Area 10 Q 12 W 16 W 16 Q 18 Q
Permanent crops area certified organic Area 0.5 Q 0.4 Q
Permanent crops area in conversion to organic Area 0.7 Q 0.5 Q
Permanent crops organic, total Area 1.2 Q 0.9 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures Area 331 Q 279 Q 236 W 268 Q 67 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area certified organic Area 7.9 Q 6.5 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures area in conversion to organic Area 3.95 Q 5.2 Q
Permanent meadows and pastures organic, total Area 11.85 Q 11.7 Q
Temporary crops Area 378 Q 363 Q 343 Q 342 Q 324 Q
Temporary meadows and pastures Area 164 Q 202 Q 154 Q 176 Q 265 Q
Total area equipped for irrigation Area 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 Fm 4 F 4 F
Land Usage: (1000 Ha)
E = Expert sources from FAO (including other divisions) | Fm = Manual Estimation | I = Country data reported by International Organizations where the country is a member (Semi-official) - WTO, EU, UNSD, etc. | Q = Official data reported on FAO Questionnaires from countries | W = Data reported on country official publications or web sites (Official) or trade country files